Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

     Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles on this timeline are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear. (Note: Detailed data source transcription for all news article quotes - this timeline - generally didn't begin until 2003.) [E.M. / D.R.D.]      *Color Code

January 2000

2000 - Astronomic Configuration - January 1st, 2000: "Sun [10 Capricorn], Moon [10 Scorpio], Mercury [1 Capricorn], Venus [1 Sagittarius], Mars [27 Aquarius], Jupiter [25 Aries], Saturn [10 Taurus R.], Uranus [14-16 Aquarius], Neptune [3 Aquarius], Pluto [11 Sagittarius], Chiron [11 Sagittarius]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200001.html]

2000 - Map of Europe - "Map of Europe, 2000 A.D."

2000 - Status / U.S. Oil Refinineries - "From 1993 to 2003, the market share of the five-biggest U.S. refineries grew to 52 percent from 35 percent, according to Public Citizen. For the top ten refiners, market share rose to 79 percent from 56 percent. Meanwhile, the Consumer Federation of America says 77 percent of the market on the East Coast and 67 percent on the West Coast were controlled by the top four refiners as of 2000. [....] Between 1997 and 2002, the number of U.S. refineries dropped to 153 from 282. Refining capacity in that period rose 2.4 percent to 16.8 million barrels a day, according to the Energy Department. However, domestic demand for gasoline surged 27 percent in that period." [Based on article by Jim Efstathiou Jr., Bloomberg News, May 2004]

2000 - U.S. Influence / Central Asia - "By the start of this year, the US has already begun 'to quietly build influence' in Central Asia. The US has established significant military-to-military relationships with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Soldiers from those countries have been trained by Americans. The militaries of all three have an ongoing relationship with the National Guard of a US state – Kazakhstan with Arizona, Kyrgyzstan with Montana, Uzbekistan with Louisiana. The countries also participate in NATO's Partnership for Peace program. [Washington Post, 8/27/02]

2000 - Diabetes Epidemic / United States - "An epidemic is raging in America. But unlike scourges that ravaged earlier populations, only to die back and later be tamed by vaccines, this one is quietly spreading, bringing devestating complications and occasionally death. Researchers predict that of the babies born in 2000, a staggering 33 percent of males and 38 percent of females will develop this disease in their lifetimes. In addition to its human toll, this epidemic has another victim - the health-care system that is reeling under heavy cost of treating this disease in so many people. The disease: Type 2 Diabetes." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 11/03/2003]

2000  - Trivia / New Year - January 1st, 2000: "The Jewish calendar year was 5760 and the new year scheduled for September 30. The Hindu year was 1921. The Chinese year was 4697 with the new year on February 5th. The Muslim lunar year was 1420 with the new year on April 6th." [Link: 1]

2000  - Peace Talks / Syria & Israel - January 3rd, 2000: "President Clinton opened peace talks between Syria and Israel in Shepherdstown, West Virginia."

2000  - Trivia / Catholic Church, China - January 6th, 2000: "In China the state-controlled Catholic Church ordained 5 new bishops while the Pope elevated 12 prelates in St. Peter's Basilica."

2000  - AOL / Time Warner - January 10th, 2000: "The largest media conglomerate today is AOL, which bought out Time Warner for $160 billion early in 2000. Time Warner Inc, with 1997 revenues of more that $13 billion, was the second largest of the international media leviathans when it was bought by AOL.  Levin, chairman and CEO of Time Warner, had bought Turner Broadcasting System in 1996 from Ted Turner, who had been one of the few Gentile entrepreneurs in the media business.  Ted Turner, as the company president, is the number three man at the new AOL, after Case and Levin." [Link: 1]

2000  - Earth Temperature Warming - January 12th, 2000: "Scientists reported that the temperature of the Earth's surface had risen 0.7-1.4 degrees Fahrenheit over the past century and that the Earth has been warming for the past 300 years."

2000  - Land Return / Ute Indians - January 14th, 2000: "The federal government announced the return of 84,000 acres in northern Utah to the Ute Indians. The land was taken in 1916 for the rights to oil shale reserves."

2000 - Record Close / Dow Jones Industrial Average - "[....] On Jan. 14, 2000 ... the Dow Jones industrial average closed at 11,722.98, a record that stands to this day [January 2005]. [....]" [Based on: A.P.,01/13/05]

*Trivia: [....] "From the end of 1995 through early 2000, the Dow soared 132 percent, propelled by the enthusiasm over technology and the Internet .[....] Shortly after March 2000, the decline began, exacerbated over the next few years by a litany of bad news - a disputed election, bankruptcies, shenanigans at WorldCom and Enron, 9/11, the recession, war and Afghanistan. Oct. 9, 2002, would be the final day of reckoning on Wall Street, with the Dow, Nasdaq and S&P 500. The final tally: The Dow had fallen 37.8 percent from its high, the S&P 500 lost 49.5 percent, and the tech-heavy, start-up friendly Nasdaq tumbled 77.9 percent. [....]" [Based on: A.P.,01/13/05]

2000  - Earthquakes / China - January 15th, 2000: "In China 5.9 and 6.5 earthquakes hit in Yunnan province and 4 people were killed."

2000  - Stalled Talks / Syria & Israel - January 17th, 2000: "The Clinton administration announced that talks between Israel and Syria had been postponed indefinitely."

2000  - Foreign Relations / Russia & Chechnya - January 18th, 2000: "In Chechnya Russian troops began moving through the streets of Grozny in the most intense ground attack in 4 months."

2000  - "Pacific Decadal Oscillation" - January 19th, 2000: "Scientists noted a 'giant horseshoe pattern' of warm air over the western Pacific Ocean called the 'Pacific Decadal Oscillation'. It was expected to effect weather for the next 20 years."

2000  - Ice Storm / U.S.A. - January 23rd, 2000: "An ice storm in the Southeast and Midwest knocked out electrical services to a half-million customers. The storm caused a truck to jackknife north of Kansas City resulting in a multicar accident the killed 10 people."

2000  - Chemical Spill / Texas - January 25th, 2000: "In Texas a tanker truck with 9000 gallons of furfural overturned and spilled the toxic chemical, which is used in manufacturing, into a drainage ditch that flows into San Martin Lake. An estimated 6 million fish and dozens of ducks were soon found dead."

2000  - Snow Storm / North Carolina - January 25th, 2000: "A snow storm hit the East Coast and left Raleigh, NC, with over a foot of snow. At least 5 deaths were blamed on the storm."

2000  - Russian Death Toll / Chechnya - January 25th, 2000: "The Russian government announced that 1,055 servicemen had been killed and 3,206 wounded in Chechnya since October 1st."

2000  - Super Bowl 34 - January 30th, 2000: "In Atlanta the St. Louis Rams defeated the Tennessee Titans 23-16 in Super Bowl XXXIV."

2000  - Trivia / Nitrogen Fertilizers - January 31st, 2000: "It was reported that nitrogen-based fertilizers were likely suspects in the rapid decline of the spotted frog in the Pacific Northwest."

February 2000

2000 - Flooding / Madagascar - "Flood date(s): February-March 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 150+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000 - Flooding / Mozambique - "Flood date(s): February-March 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 700." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000  - Millennium Wheel / Britain - February 1st, 2000: "In Britain the Millennium Wheel, the world's largest Ferris wheel, began operating after a month long delay."

2000  - Oill Spill / Bolivia - February 2nd, 2000: "In Bolivia an oil spill was reported to have leaked some 5,000 barrels into the Desaguadero River, which empties into Lake Titicaca. The spill was reported to have reached Lake Poopo and Lake Uru Uru and was spreading to the communities of the Aymara Indians."

2000  - Nuclear Warheads? / Israel - February 2nd, 2000: "In Israel an Israeli Arab legislator, Issam Mahoul, announced that the country possessed up to 300 nuclear warheads and that 3 new German-made submarines would be fitted with nuclear weapons."

2000  - Miss Tennessee / U.S.A. - February 4th,  2000: "Lynette Cole, Miss Tennessee, won the Miss USA pageant."

2000  - Chinese Golden Dragon Year - February 5th, 2000: "The Chinese new year 4697." [Link: 1]

2000  - Israeli Air Attacks / Lebanon - February 7th, 2000: "Israeli jets launched air attacks deep into Lebanon. Power was knocked out at Baalbek, headquarters of the Hezbollah, and at Beirut and Tripoli. 18 civilians were injured."

2000  - NYC Bomb - February 11th, 2000: "An early morning bomb exploded in NYC on the corner of Wall and Water streets in front of an office building owned by Barclay's Bank. One person was slightly injured."

2000  - Cyanide Spill / Romania - February 13th, 2000: "In Yugoslavia the cyanide spill from Romania reached the Danube and weakened to non lethal levels. Life in the Tisa [Tisza] River in Hungary and Serbia was devastated and Serbia threatened to demand compensation at an international court."

2000  - NEAR Spacecraft / Eros - February 14th, 2000: "The Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous [NEAR] spacecraft began its orbit around the asteroid Eros."

2000  - Falun Gong Protest / China - February 17th, 2000: "In China authorities detained Chen Zixiu [60] for heading to Beijing to protest for the Falun Gong. She was unable to pay a fine of $120 and was beaten and died on Feb 21. The government denied mistreatment."

2000  - Foreign Relations / China & Taiwan - February 21st, 2000: "China warned Taiwan that a prolonged lack of negotiations could provoke a military attack."

2000  - Cyclone / Mozambique - February 22nd, 2000: "Cyclone Eline hit Mozambique and 3 people were electrocuted in Beira from fallen power cables. Earlier torrential rains killed 67 people and displaced some 211,000."

2000  - Famine / Ethiopia - February 23rd, 2000: "It was reported that Ethiopia faced severe famine and the UN World Food Program planned an appeal to raise $50 million for emergency aid."

2000  - Grammy Winner / Carlos Santana - February 23rd, 2000: "Carlos Santana won 8 Grammy awards at the 42nd annual ceremony for his album 'Supernatural'."

2000  - Pope John Paul II / St. Catherine's Monastery, Egypt - February 26th, 2000: "Pope John Paul II visited the 6th century St. Catherine's monastery in Egypt, built on the reputed site where Moses encountered the burning bush. He met with Greek Orthodox Archbishop Damianos and held a short prayer service in an olive garden outside the monastery."

2000  - Volcanic Eruption / Iceland - February 27th, 2000: "In Iceland the Mount Hekla volcano erupted."

2000  - Foreign Relations / Iraq & Syria - February 28th, 2000: "It was reported that Iraq and Syria had established diplomatic ties that were cut in August 1980 when Damascus sided with Iran just before the Iran-Iraq war."

2000 - Died / Pierre Plantard - February 2000: "Reportedly died this month in history: Self-proclaimed 'Priori of Zion' spokesman, Pierre Plantard." [E.M.] [Link: http://www.priory-of-sion.com/]

2000 - GENOME - A hardcover edition of Matt Ridley's book: GENOME (Copyright 1999) was published in February 2000 by HarperCollins Publishers."

March 2000

2000  - Flood Status / Madagascar - March 3rd, 2000: "In Madagascar an estimated 600,000 people were affected by flooding from tropical storm Gloria and at least 55 people were reported killed."

2000  - AIDS Trivia / U.S.A. - March 4th, 2000: "On the AIDS crises it was reported that 1 in every 50 black men in the US was HIV positive. It was also reported that 1 in 300 of all people in the US were HIV positive."

2000  - Cloned Piglets / Scotland - March 5th, 2000: "PPL Therapeutics of Scotland cloned 5 piglets in Blacksburg, Virginia."

2000  - Increased Gasoline Prices / California - March 6th, 2000: "Gasoline prices in California reached an average $1.63 per gallon."

2000  - Land Allocation Rules / Israel - March 8th, 2000: "In Israel the supreme court ruled that the government may no longer allocate land based on religion or ethnicity and may no longer prevent Arab citizens from living where they choose."

2000  - Record / NASDAQ - March 9th, 2000: "The US NASDAQ market reached a record 5,000, ten weeks after passing 4,000."

2000  - Metal Pollutants / Romania - March 10th, 2000: "In Romania some 20,000 tons of metal pollutants escaped into the Vaser River from the state-owned Baia Borsa mine after a dam broke following heavy rains and melting snow."

2000  - Women's Rights / Morocco - March 12th, 2000: "In Morocco some 500,000 Muslim fundamentalist marched in Casablanca in opposition to the government's plan to extend women's rights. In Rabat another 200-300,000 people marched in support of the plan."

2000  - Begged Forgiveness / Pope John Paul II - March 12th, 2000: "In Rome Pope John Paul II begged for God's forgiveness for sins committed or condoned by Roman Catholics over the last 2,000 years."

2000  - Blizzards / Mongolia - "March 13th, 2000: "In Mongolia the Red Cross reported that winter blizzards had killed over 1 million head of livestock and that some 300,000 people were short of food. The dead animal number was soon raised to 1.8 million, or 1 in every 15 in the nation."

2000  - Same Sex Couples? / Vermont - March 16th, 2000: "The Vermont state House of Representatives voted 76-69 for a bill to give same-sex couples all the rights and responsibilities granted to married heterosexuals."

2000  - Famine / Kenya - March 18th, 2000: "In Kenya it was reported that some 10,000 cattle, 25,000 camels and 20,000 goats had starved to death over the last 3 months. 2 million people faced famine and 20 died in the last 2 weeks in the Wajir district."

2000  - MTBE Contamination / U.S.A. - March 20th, 2000: "The Clinton administration moved to phase out the fuel additive MTBE to avoid further contamination of groundwater."

2000  - Trivia / Tobacco Regulation - March 21st, 2000: "The US Supreme court ruled 5 to 4 that the FDA lacks the power to regulate tobacco products."

2000  - Depleted Uranium  Rounds / Kosovo - March 21st, 2000: "NATO acknowledged that depleted uranium rounds were used during the 1999 Kosovo war whenever American A-10 ground attack aircraft engaged armored vehicles."

2000  - Citrus Canker / Florida - March 22nd, 2000: "Four Florida counties were declared agricultural disaster areas due to a spreading citrus canker. Half the lime crop was already destroyed in the southern part of the state."

2000  - Genetic Code / Fruit Fly - March 23rd, 2000: "Scientists reported that the genetic code of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, had been decoded. 60% of the flies 13,600 genes are identical to human genes."

2000  - President Vladimir Putin / Russia - March 26th, 2000: "Russia elected Vladimir Putin as its 2nd post-Communist president with 52.5% vote."

2000  - Holy Land Tour / Pope John Paul II - March 26th, 2000: "Pope John Paul II ended his Holy Land tour with a message of contrition at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, a visit to Al Aqsa Mosque and a Mass at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the traditional site for the resurrection of Jesus."

2000  - Tobacco Law Suit - March 27th, 2000: "A San Francisco jury ordered Phillip Morris and R.J. Reynolds to pay $20 million in punitive damages to Leslie Whiteley [40]."

2000  - Jewish Same Sex Couples? - March 29th, 2000: "The Central Conference of American Rabbis adopted a resolution stating 'a Jewish same gender couple is worthy of affirmation through appropriate Jewish ritual.' "

2000  - Death Toll / Ugandan Doomsday Sect - March 29th, 2000: "In Uganda the doomsday sect body count reached 644."

2000  - Volcanic Eruption / Japan - March 30th, 2000: "In Japan Mount Usu erupted on Hokaido following 22 years of dormancy. Evacuations from Date, Sobetsu and Abuta preceded the eruption."

2000 - "No Strings Attached" / 'N Sync - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 26-April 1: " 'N Sync's album 'No Strings Attached' sold 2.4 million copies its first week out. It set an all-time record for first-week sales." [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 03/27/06]

2000  - Proposed Nuclear Missile Cuts / Russia - March 31st, 2000: "In Russia President Putin called for a quick ratification of the START II nuclear arms reduction treaty and deeper cuts in nuclear missiles."

April 2000

2000 - Merger / Monsanto, Upjohn, & Pharmacia - "April 1st, 2000: "Monsanto merges with Pharmacia & Upjohn to become Pharmacia Corporation, which moves its headquarters to Peapack, N.J. The agriculture business is separated into a subsidiary named 'new' Monsanto Co."

2000  - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Lebanon - April 3rd, 2000: "US defense chief Cohen said that the US would join an int'l. force in south Lebanon when Israel pulls out."

2000  - Record Losses / U.S. Stock Market - April 4th, 2000: "The US stock markets hit intraday record losses as the Nasdaq fell 554 but recovered with a loss of 74.79. The Dow fell 504 but recovered with a net loss of 57."

*Trivia: "[....] On Jan. 14, 2000 ... the Dow Jones industrial average closed at 11,722.98, a record that stands to this day [January 2005]. [....] From the end of 1995 through early 2000, the Dow soared 132 percent, propelled by the enthusiasm over technology and the Internet .[....] Shortly after March 2000, the decline began, exacerbated over the next few years by a litany of bad news - a disputed election, bankruptcies, shenanigans at WorldCom and Enron, 9/11, the recession, war and Afghanistan. Oct. 9, 2002, would be the final day of reckoning on Wall Street, with the Dow, Nasdaq and S&P 500. The final tally: The Dow had fallen 37.8 percent from its high, the S&P 500 lost 49.5 percent, and the tech-heavy, start-up friendly Nasdaq tumbled 77.9 percent. [....]" [Based on: A.P.,01/13/05]

*Trivia: "[....] During the high-flying stock market days of the 1990s, the Fed chief in December 1996 famously questioned whether Wall Street investors were engaging in 'irrational exuberance.' Despite the warning, stocks continued to soar. In 2000, the stock market bubble began to rupture and wiped out trillions of dollars in paper wealth." [Based on: A.P. article by Jeannine Aversa, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 08/27/05]

2000  - Trivia / Genetic Foods - April 5th, 2000: "A 261-page report by the 12-person National Research Council said 'it was not aware of any evidence suggesting foods on the market today are unsafe to eat as a result of genetic modification'."

2000  - Muslim New Year - April 6th, 2000: "The Muslim new year 1421 began with the new moon."

2000  - Elections / Bosnia & Serbia - April 9th, 2000: "In Bosnia the moderate Social Democratic party claimed victory in 20 cities of the Muslim-Croat Federation. In the Serb Republic the Serbian Democratic Party won 56.5% of the vote."

2000  - Premier Costas Simitis / Greece - April 9th, 2000: "In Greece Premier Costas Simitis declared a narrow victory over the New Democracy opposition."

2000  - President Eduard Shevardnadze / Georgia - April 9th, 2000: "In Georgia President Eduard Shevardnadze won re-election with some 82% of the vote. Dzhumber Patiashvili, ex-Communist leader, trailed with 17% and charged that there was widespread vote rigging."

2000  -  Elections / South Korea - April 13th, 2000: "In South Korea election results gave 115 seats to the ruling Millennium Democratic Party of President Kin Dae Jung. The opposition Grand National Party won 133 seats."

2000  - Global Human Order - April 14th, 2000: "Leaders of developing nations called for a 'New Global Human Order' to spread the world's wealth and power. The Group of 77, expanded to 133, made the call during a 3 day summit in Havana."

2000  - Milosevic Protest / Serbia - April 14th, 2000: "In Serbia some 100,000 people rallied against President Milosevic in Belgrade."

2000  - Stock Market Plunge / United States - April 14th, 2000: "US stock markets plunged with the Dow down 617.78 to 10305.77 and the Nasdaq down 355.49 to 3321.29. Inflation fears were cited."

2000  - WTO Protest  / Washington D.C. - April 15th, 2000: "An estimated 600 people were arrested in Washington DC prior to the meeting of the IMF and World Bank."

2000  - WTO Protestors / Washington D.C. - April 16th, 2000: "In Washington DC police blocked some 10,000 protesters from disrupting the meetings of the World Bank and the IMF. Finance ministers and central bankers issued a statement that pledged to seek greater debt relief for the poorest countries and to reform the IMF to prevent future financial crises."

2000  - U.S. Threats / Philippine Rebels - April 17th, 2000: "In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf rebels on Basilan Island threatened to kidnap and kill Americans if the US does not release the men convicted for bombing the World Trade Center in New York."

2000  - Expulsion / Cheng Kejie, China - April 20th, 2000: "In China the Communist party announced that Cheng Kejie, a deputy chairman in the national legislature, was expelled and charged with amassing $4.5 million in bribes and kickbacks."

2000  - Execution / Li Chenglong, China - April 23rd, 2000: "In China Li Chenglong [48], deputy mayor of Guigang city, was executed. He had been convicted of corruption during his term as Communist Party secretary of Yulin city between 1991 and 1996."

2000  - Hostage Abductions / Philippines - April 23rd, 2000: "Philippine gunmen abducted 20 people from a Malaysian resort on Sipadan Island. Islamic insurgents took credit for the attack. They later freed 2 hostages and demanded $2.4 million in ransom for 19 captives."

2000  - AIDS Trivia / Russia - April 24th, 2000: "It was reported that officially 5,000 new AIDS cases were registered in Irkutsk, Russia, over the last year along with 8,500 heroin addicts. 40% of Russian prostitutes were reported to be HIV-positive."

2000  - Drought / India - April 25th, 2000: "In India it was reported that some 50 million people faced severe drought in Rajasthan and Gujarat."

2000  - Trivia / Church vs. State, U.S.A. - April 25th, 2000: "The Ohio state motto, 'with God, all things are possible,' was declared unconstitutional by a federal appeals court."

2000  - Trivia / Microsoft  Corporation - April 28th, 2000: "The U.S. Justice Deptartment and 17 states filed to split Microsoft Corporation into 2 corporations."

2000  - Drought / Pakistan - April 29th, 2000: "In Pakistan it was reported that the worst drought in 100 years ravaged southern Sindh and Baluchistan provinces. Up to 500 people were dead from diseases related to the drought."

2000  - Status / Earth Temperature - April 30th, 2000: "It was reported by the Royal Swedish Academy that the Earth is currently hotter than at any time in recorded human history."

2000  - Gay Rights March / Washington D.C. - April 30th, 2000: "The 4th annual gay rights rally, billed as the Millennium March, was held in Washington DC. The crowd in the national Mall was estimated from 200-750 thousand."

2000 - Terrorist Report - April 2000: "A walk-in at the FBI's Newark, N.J., office claimed he was supposed to meet five or six people in the United States to hijack a plane and either fly it to Afghanistan or blow it up." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch (S.L.P.D.) 9/19/02]

May 2000

2000  - Terrorist  Report - May 1st, 2000: "A U.S. State Department annual report on efforts to combat terrorism listed Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan and Syria as state sponsors for terrorism. The report indicated a shift from the Middle East to South Asia with Afghanistan and Pakistan listed as threatening."

2000  - May Day Protests - May 1st, 2000: "May Day marches and protests took place around the world. In Berlin violence erupted as some 10,000 anarchists marched against "capitalism and imperialism" after some 1200 neo-Nazis rallied. In London some 2,000 demonstrators caused havoc in London. Tens of thousands gathered in Madrid and some 15,000 demonstrated in both Russia and Istanbul. Hundreds of thousands demonstrated in Sao Paulo, Brazil and some 20,000 marched in Quito, Ecuador."

2000  - AIDS Status / Rwanda - May 2nd, 2000: "In Rwanda health minister Ezechias Rwabuhihi reported that some 500,000 Rwandans, 6% of the population, were infected with AIDS."

2000  - Earthquake / Indonesia - May 4th, 2000: "In Indonesia a 6.5 earthquake was centered in the Maluku Sea off Pelang Island and at least 17 people were killed."

2000  - Hostage Status / Sierra Leone - May 4th, 2000: "In Sierra Leone rebels seized more UN troops and brought the total of hostages to 90."

2000  - E-Mail Virus / "I Love You" - May 4th, 2000: "The e-mail virus 'I Love You' bug hit millions of computers around the world. It was considered the most virulent, most damaging [$2.6 bil], most costly and most rapidly spread virus to date."

2000  - Inauguration / Vladimir Putin - May 7th, 2000: "In Russia President Putin was inaugurated. He named Mikhail Kasyanof as the prime minister and pledged to restore the country to world-power status."

2000  - Genome Mapping / Chromosome 21 - May 8th, 2000: "Scientists announced that they had mapped chromosome 21 which is associated with Down syndrome, epilepsy, Lou Gehrig's disease and Alzheimer's."

2000  - Los Alamos Fire - May 11th, 2000: "At Los Alamos 25,000 people were evacuated and the fire destroyed at least 150-260 homes. Flames scorched parts of the nuclear weapons facility. The Los Alamos fire toll covered 30,000 acres with 191 housing structures burned."

2000  - Conflict / Ethiopia & Eritrea - May 14th, 2000: "Ethiopia claimed a major victory against Eritrea and claimed that 8 divisions had been destroyed over the last 2 days. Eritrea said 25,000 Ethiopian soldiers were killed or wounded."

2000  - Opposition Supporters / Serbia - May 15th, 2000: "In Serbia some 20,000 opposition supporters rallied in Belgrade for free elections and the resignation of President Milosevic."

2000 - Flooding / Timor Island - "Flood date(s): May 17th, 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 50+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000  - Large Oil Reserve? / Caspian Sea - May 15th, 2000: "A consortium of Western oil companies found a large oil reserve in the northern Caspian Sea off the coast of Kazakstan. The 480-sq. mile Kashagan field was estimated at 8 to 50 billion barrels of oil."

2000  - Proposed Islamic State - May 17th, 2000: "In the Philippines Islamic rebels asked for $2 million for the freedom of ailing German hostage Renate Wallert. They also issued written conditions that included the creation of an independent Islamic state and a global probe into the plight of the Muslim minority."

2000  - Computer Virus - May 18th, 2000: "Another computer virus, described as a complex polymorph, began to spread around the world."

2000  - Refugees / Ethiopia - May 18th, 2000: "Ethiopian troops captured Barentu in Eritrea and some 250-550 thousand refugees were reported displaced by the fighting."

2000  - World Bank Loans / Iran - May 18th, 2000: "The World Bank approved 2 loans for Iran totaling $232 million."

2000  - NATO Petition - May 19th, 2000: "Nine countries banded together to petition entry into NATO in 2002. They included Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia."

2000  - Women's Rights / Israel - May 22nd, 2000: "In Israel the Supreme Court ruled that women may read out loud from the Torah and wear a prayer shawl at the Western Wall."

2000  - Foreign Relations / Israel & Lebanon - May 22nd, 2000: "Israel's 22-year occupation of southern Lebanon crumbled as Islamic guerrillas and civilians laid claim to disputed lands."

2000  - Ethiopian Zalambessa - May 23rd, 2000: "Ethiopian forces reclaimed Zalambessa, which was seized by Eritrea 2 years ago."

2000  - Israeli Occupation End / Southern Lebanon - May 23rd, 2000: "The South Lebanon Army abandoned its positions and Israel's 22-year occupation of its 'security zone' ended."

2000  - New U.S. Bills - May 24, 2000: "New US $5 and $10 bills were scheduled to be shipped to banks. The engravings of Lincoln and Hamilton would be larger and off center."

2000  - Computer Virus / "Killer Resume" - May 26th, 2000: "The 'Killer Resume' computer virus began to circulate."

2000  - Weizman  Resignation - May 28th, 2000: "In Israel President Weizman announced that he would resign July 10 due to past financial misdealings."

2000  - Hostage Release / Sierra Leone - May 28th, 2000: "In Sierra Leone the last 85 UN peacekeepers were released by rebels into Liberia and returned to Freetown."

2000  - Trivia / Speed of Light - May 30th, 2000: "It was reported that physicists had conducted experiments in which light beams appeared to travel faster than the speed of light."

2000  - Peace Talks / Ethiopia - May 31st, 2000: "Ethiopia declared victory over Eritrea as peace talks continued in Algeria."

June 2000

2000  - Pesticide Ban / Chlorpyrifos - June 1st, 2000: "The organophosphate pesticide called chlorpyrifos, sold under names including Dursban, was reported to pose a risk to children. The EPA announced a ban on its use for most applications on June 8th."

2000  - Resettlement / Zimbabwe Farms - June 1st, 2000: "In Zimbabwe President Mugabe announced that the state would begin seizing 804 mostly white-owned farms and resettle them with landless blacks."

2000  - Missing? / U.S. Nuclear Secrets - June 1st, 2000: "At Los Alamos hard drives with classified nuclear secrets were discovered missing. They were found June 16 behind a photocopier."

2000  - Genesis / IBM "Blue Gene" Computer - June 4th, 2000: "It was reported that IBM planned to build the 'Blue Gene' computer over the next five years to model the way human proteins fold into shapes that give them unique biological properties."

2000  - Earthquake / Indonesia - June 4th, 2000: "In Indonesia a 7.3 earthquake hit Sumatra and over 100 people were killed with relentless aftershocks."

2000  - Independence / West Papua - June 4th, 2000: "In West Papua separatists made a declaration of independence from Indonesia. Thaha Alhamid read the declaration before thousands gathered in Jayapura. 500 West Papuans had gathered for a 'congress' that resulted in the declaration."

2000  - Oil Well & Pipeline Project / World Bank - June 6th, 2000: "The World Bank approved a $3.7 billion oil well and pipeline project led by Exxon and Mobile to link oil fields in Chad across 663 miles to the Atlantic coast of Cameroon."

2000  - Fuel Price Increases / Nigeria - June 8th, 2000: "In Nigeria rioting in Lagos and a nationwide strike began after a 50% increase in fuel prices."

2000  - Death Toll / Congo Civil War - June 9th, 2000: "In Congo the 22-month civil war averaged some 2,600 deaths every day. The total was estimated at 1.7 million dead."

2000  - Same Sex Couples Benefits / Brazil - June 9th, 2000: "In Brazil legal rights for same-sex couples were extended to include inheritance, pension and social security benefits."

2000  - Computer Virus / "Serbian Badman Trojan" - June 9th, 2000: "The FBI began discussions on the 'Serbian Badman Trojan' computer virus disguised as a movie clip and embedded in some 2000 commercial and home computers."

2000  - Trivia / Stanley Cup - June 10th, 2000: "In Dallas the New Jersey Devils beat the Dallas Stars 2-1 to win hockey's Stanley Cup."

2000  - German Music Festival - June 10th, 2000: "In Germany the 3-day Rock of the Ring music festival in Neurburg drew some 100,000 people to see 90 bands."

2000  - Flooding / Chile - June 12th, 2000: "In Chile the worst rains in 20 years began and caused flooding in Santiago and a large portion of the central and southern parts of the country. "

2000  - Fuel Prices Reduction / Nigeria - June 13th, 2000: "In Nigeria a national strike ended after the government agreed to a substantial reduction in the 50% increase to fuel prices."

2000  - Foreign Relations / North & South Korea - June 13th, 2000: "President Kim Jong Il of North Korea met with Pres. Kim Dae Jung of South Korea in the 1st meeting ever between leaders of the 2 countries. They agreed to try to satisfy their people's desire for reconciliation. Border loudspeakers that blasted insults at South Korea were shut off."

2000  - Trivia / Atomic Energy, Germany - June 14th, 2000: "In Germany Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder agreed with heads of the nuclear power industry to end the use of atomic energy. With an expected life span of 32 years closure would occur by 2020." [S.L.P.D.]

2000  - Elections / Ethiopia - June 16th, 2000: "In Ethiopia the election board announced that the 4-party Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front won a landslide victory in 4 key regions in the may 14 elections."

2000  - Sugar Molecule Discovered? / Milky Way - June 16th, 2000: "Scientists reported the discovery of the sugar molecule, glucoaldehyde, near the center of the Milky Way at Sagittarius North, 26,000 light-years away."

2000  - Drought / Iran - June 17th, 2000: "In Iran thousands of dead fish were reported to be spread over 5,400 acres of the dried up Arjang Lagoon, near the city of Shiraz, due to a 2-year drought."

2000  - Drought / Kenya - June 17th, 2000: "In Kenya an ongoing drought was reported to have caused hungry baboons into villages in search of food. A crop failure for the 3rd consecutive year placed 22 million Kenyans on the brink of starvation."

2000  - Black & White Relations / Zimbabwe - June 17th, 2000: "Zimbabwe President Mugabe said that whites may live in Zimbabwe, but they will never have a voice equal to that of blacks."

2000 - Tiger Woods / U.S. Open - June 18th, 2000: "Tiger Woods won the US Open Golf Championship at Pebble Beach by 12 under par and 15 strokes ahead of his nearest rival."

2000 - Trivia / State Farm Insurance Co. - June 19th, 2000: "A class-action lawsuit is filed in Madison County [Illinois] accusing State Farm of selling thousands of wrecked vehicles nationwide without salvage titles." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A4, 01/24/05]

2000  - Oil-Related Pollutants / Caspian Sea - June 22nd, 2000: "In Kazakstan some 11,000 seals were reported found dead on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Infectious disease linked to weakened immune systems due to oil-related pollutants were blamed."

2000  - Oil Spill / South Africa - June 23rd, 2000: "A Panamanian registered tanker sank off Cape Town, South Africa and at least 1,300 tons of oil seeped out. Oil began to soak the local penguins at Robben Island."

2000  - Red Tide / East China Sea - June 24th, 2000: "A red tide of algal bloom over 2,700 square miles was reported over the East China Sea. China's environmental protection agency blamed pollutants and weather conditions."

2000  - Montenegro Representation - June 25th, 2000: "Montenegro told the UN that it no longer wants to be represented by Yugoslavia."

2000  - Green Party Nomination / Ralph Nader - June 25th, 2000: "The US Green party nominated Ralph Nader as its presidential candidate with running mate Winona LaDuke, an Ojibwe activist from Minnesota."

2000  - Roughly Mapped / Human Genome - June 26th, 2000: "Public and private gene researchers, Celera Genomics and the National Human Genome Research Institute, announced at the White House that they had roughly mapped the human genome."

2000  - Democracy / Poland - June 27th, 2000: "In Poland 107 participants joined to endorse a declaration of the 'community of democracies'. France alone excluded itself."

2000  - Drought / China - June 28th, 2000: "In China the government announced a $48 million emergency plan to fight the drought in the northern provinces of Shanxi, Hebei, Gansu, and Ningxia."

2000  - Non-Gay Boy Scouts / U.S.A. - June 28th,  2000: "The US Supreme Court ruled that the Boy Scouts can exclude gays from its organization. The court also ruled that Nebraska's ban on 'partial-birth abortion' put an 'undue burden' on a woman's right to terminate a pregnancy."

2000  - Democratic Reforms / Peru - June 29th, 2000: "The OAS said it would set up a permanent office in Lima, Peru, to oversee democratic reforms."

2000  - Hostage Release / Sierra Leone - June 29th, 2000: "In Sierra Leone 21 UN peacekeepers were freed by rebels and arrived in Liberia."

2000  - Same-Sex Unions / Canada - June 30th, 2000: "In Canada a bill that erased virtually all legal distinctions between heterosexual marriages and same-sex unions went into effect."

July 2000

2000 - Trivia / Mad Cow Disease - July 2000: "The U.S. Secretary of Agriculture issues a Declaration of Extraordinary Emergency after four sheep in Vermont test positive for Transmissable Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE). The sheep came from one of three flocks that have been quarantined by the state of Vermont since 1998 after learning the sheep may have been exposed to BSE-contaminated feed in Belgium and the Netherlands, from where they originated." [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

2000  - Elections / Mongolia - July 2nd, 2000: "In Mongolia the People's Revolutionary Party won 72 seats of the 76-member legislature."

2000  - Muslim Relations / Philippines - July 5th, 2000: "In the Philippines the army carried out a large offensive against Muslim separatists and bombarded the 25,000-acre Camp Abubakar on southern Mindanao."

2000  - Diamond Mines / Sierra Leone - July 5th, 2000: "The UN Security Council placed a diamond ban on the rebels of Sierra Leone to strangle their ability to finance the civil war. 90% of the diamond mines were in rebel hands."

2000  - Heat Wave / Southeast Europe - July 6th, 2000: "A heat wave in Southeast Europe left 25 people dead as temperatures rose to 113 degrees in some places."

2000  - Elections / Serbia - July 6th, 2000: "In Serbia President Milosevic changed the constitution to allow himself to run for re-election. He also reduced Montenegro's power in the Yugoslav federation by changing how delegates are selected for the upper house."

2000  - Torrential Rains / China - July 7th, 2000: "Three days of torrential rains over central China left at least 22 people dead in Sichuan. Thousands of buildings, 17 bridges and 7 hydroelectric power stations were damaged. In Guangxi Zhuang a bus fell into the Liujiang River in Liuzhou and at least 65 people were killed."

2000  - Love Parade / Germany - July 8th, 2000: "In Germany over a million people gathered in Berlin for the techno music Love Parade at Tiergarten park."

2000  - Volcanic Eruption / Mount Oyama - July 9th, 2000: "In Japan the Mount Oyama volcano erupted for a 5th time on the island of Miyake. The eruptions began July 9 after 17 years of dormancy."

2000  - Togo  Treaty - July 12th, 2000: "In Togo 36 African heads of state signed a draft treaty seen as a step toward an African Union."

2000  - Trivia / Waco Report - July 14th, 2000: "In Waco, Texas, a federal jury decided that federal agents were not responsible for the deaths of 80 Branch Davidians in 1993."

2000  - Locusts / Xinjiang Province, China - July 15th, 2000: "From China it was reported that an attack force of 700,000 ducks and chickens, trained to hunt and eat insects at the sound of a whistle, were placed in the locust-plagued fields of Xinjiang province."

2000  - Missle Tests / Iran - July 15th, 2000: "Iran test-fired an upgraded version of its 800-mil range, Shabab-3 missile."

2000  - Oil Leak / Araucaria - July 16th, 2000: "An oil leak in Parana state began near the Getulio Vargas Refinery in Araucaria and dumped over 1 million gallons of crude into a tributary of the Iguacu River. Petrobras was later fined $94 million for the country's worst spill in 25 years."

2000  - ABM Treaty Violation / U.S.A. - July 18th, 2000: "Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Russia's President Putin denounced the U.S. proposed missile defense program as a violation of the 1972 ABM treaty. They also vowed to strengthen a strategic partnership between their countries."

2000  - Trivia / African Nation Loans - July 19th, 2000: "The U.S. announced a plan to offer sub-Saharan African nations $1 billion in loans through the Export-Import Bank to finance the purchase of American AIDS drugs and medical services."

2000  - Trivia / Speed of Light - July 20th, 2000: "It was reported that an experiment at Princeton showed light traveling beyond its previous known limit."

2000  - Fined / Portland Industries - July 20th, 2000: "Willamette Industries of Portland was fined $11.2 million under the federal Clean Air Act plus $8 million in contributions to environmental projects. It also agreed to install an estimated $74 million worth of pollution control equipment. The company estimated the new equipment at $28 million."

2000  - Trivia / Norm Mineta - July 21st, 2000: "Norm Mineta, the 1st Asian American to serve in a president's cabinet, was sworn in as the 33rd US secretary of commerce."

2000  - Warming Climate / Greenland - July 21st, 2000: "It was reported that warming climate was causing Greenland to lose 11 cubic miles of ice a year, or 12.5 trillion gallons, enough to raise sea level by .005 inches annually."

2000 - G-8 Talks - July 22nd, 2000: "G-8 talks ended in Okinawa and leaders pledged to do more to provide schooling, health care and food to the poorest nations. President Clinton said the US would send $300 million in surplus farm crops to provide school lunches in the developing world."

2000  - Falun Gong Protest / China - July 22nd, 2000: "In Beijing some 100 people were rounded up in a scattered protest marking the first anniversary of the banning of Falun Gong."

2000  - Labor Strike / Mexican Women - "July 22nd, 2000: Mexican women staged a one-day strike, more symbolic than massive, over housework."

2000  - Torrential Rains / South Korea - July 22nd, 2000: "In South Korea torrential rains in Seoul and Kyonggi caused floods and landslides and killed 9 people with 4 missing."

2000  - Tiger Woods / British Open - July 23rd, 2000: "Tiger Woods won the British Open with a record 19-under par score."

*Trivia: "Tiger Woods, 24, became the youngest to win all 4 of golf majors, with record score in British open July 23." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 557]  

2000 - Last Broadcast [of "Live With Regis and Kathie Lee] / Kathie Lee Gifford - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 23-29, 2000: Kathie Lee Gifford hosted her last broadcast of "Live With Regis and Kathie Lee. [Based on: Article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 07/24/06]

2000  - Anti-American Protests / South Korea - July 25th, 2000: "In Seoul, South Korea, thousands clashed with police in the biggest anti-American protests in 2 years."

2000  - U.S. Protests / Cuba - July 26th, 2000: In Cuba over 1 million protestors marched in Havana against the U.S. trade embargo."

2000  - Layoffs / Bank of America - July 28th, 2000: "Bank of America, which merged with NationsBank in 1998, announced the layoff of 10,000 people over the next year to cut costs."

2000  - Poppy Ban / Afghanistan - July 28th, 2000: "In Afghanistan rulers ordered a complete ban on growing poppies. Defiers of the ban were threatened with jail."

2000  - Drought / China - July 29th, 2000: "In China it was reported that the Songhua River had completely dried up under the drought that has ruined 35 million acres. 16.2 million Chinese were left short of water."

2000  - Destruction / Nuclear Test Facility, Kazakstan - July 30th, 2000: "In Kazakstan the last nuclear test facility was destroyed with a controlled detonation of 100 tons of explosives."

2000  - Farm Resettlement / Zimbabwe - July 31st, 2000: "In Zimbabwe Vice President Joseph Msika announced that 3,000 white-owned farms would be resettled by landless black families."

August 2000

2000 - Flooding / Bhutan - "Flood date(s): August 2nd, 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 200." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000 - Flooding / Himachal Pradesh, India - "Flood date(s): August 2nd, 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 120+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000  - Cholera Blueprint - August 3rd, 2000: "It was reported that scientists had developed the genetic blueprint of the cholera bacterium."

2000  - West Nile Virus / N.Y. - August 4th, 2000: "NY officials issued a statewide alert for West Nile encephalitis after the 1st case of the year was reported on Staten Island."

2000  - Death Toll / Chechnyan War - August 4th, 2000: "It was reported that the war in Chechnya had killed 2,508 Russian soldiers since 8/2/99. A mother's group put the figure up to 6,000."

2000  - Royal Birthday / England - August 4th, 2000: "In England the Queen Mum celebrated her 100th birthday."

2000  - Protest / U.S. Military Exercises, Vieques - August 6th, 2000: "In San Juan, Puerto Rico, thousands rallied to protest new U.S. military exercises on Vieques."

2000  - Trivia / Nuclear Waste Sites - August 8th, 2000: "Some 109 nuclear waste sites in 27 states, Puerto Rico and territorial islands of the Pacific would remain dangerous for centuries according to a new report by the US National Research Council."

2000  - Firestone Recall - August 9th, 2000: "Bridgestone / Firestone Inc. announced the recall of 6.5 million tires used mainly on Ford SUVs and light trucks due to 46 [88] deaths and over [250] 300 accidents related to the tires."

2000  - Kurst Submarine Disaster - August 12th, 2000: "A Russian nuclear submarine, the Kurst, became trapped on the floor of the Barents Sea during naval exercises. 118 sailors were trapped in the Oscar-II class submarine that was thought to have suffered a torpedo-room explosion."

2000  - Somali Government? - August 13th, 2000: "Over 2,000 Somali leaders gathered in Djibouti to form a central government with a new 225-member parliament."

2000  - Islamic Militants / Kyrgyzstan  - August 14th, 2000: "In Kyrgyzstan a 4-day clash between Islamic militants and government troops left as many as 95 people dead. The militants were said to belong to the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, which was trying to carve out an independent state."

2000  - Korean Reunions - August 15th, 2000: "One hundred people from North Korea and 100 people from South Korea held temporary reunions with family members not seen in 50 years. South Korea released 3,586 prisoners in an amnesty."

2000  - Wild Fires / Montana   - August 16th,  2000: "Montana Gov. Marc Racicot declared the whole state a disaster area due to the raging fires."

2000  - Trivia / Philippine Hostages - August 16th, 2000: "It was reported that Libya had paid millions to free 9 Westerners held hostage by Muslim rebels in the Philippines."

2000  - Volcanic Eruption / Mount Oyama  - August 18th, 2000: "In Japan the Mount Oyama volcano erupted for a 5th time on the island of Miyake. The eruptions began July 9 after 17 years of dormancy."

2000  - Catholic Woodstock :) - August 20th, 2000: "At the Vatican some 2 million young people closed the 6-day World Youth festival dubbed the Catholic Woodstock."

2000  - Earthquake / China - August 21st, 2000: "In China an earthquake in Wuding county, Yunnan province, left 177,000 people homeless and 211 injured."

2000  - Typhoon / Taiwan - August 22nd, 2000: "In Taiwan Typhoon Bilis struck with winds over 100 mph and 3 people were killed."

2000  - Guidelines / Stem Cell Research, U.S.A. - August 23rd, 2000: "The Clinton administration released guidelines for federally funded scientists to conduct research on human embryonic stem cells."

2000  - Dedicated / U.S. Radio Telescope - August 25th, 2000: "In West Virginia the new $75 million Robert C. Boyd Green Bank Telescope, the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope, was dedicated following almost 10 years of construction."

2000  - Embezzling / American Cancer Society - August 25th, 2000: "Daniel Wiant [35], former executive of the American Cancer Society, pleaded guilty to embezzling nearly $8 million form the charity."

2000  - Elections / Somalia - August 26th, 2000: "In Somalia Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, a former interior minister, won the presidential elections."

2000  - Status / Nigerian Debt - August 26th, 2000: "President Clinton visited Nigeria. President Obasanjo, head of 110 million people, pressed Clinton to help reduce the country's $32 billion debt."

2000  - Abduction / Jeffrey Schilling - August 28th, 2000: "In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf guerrillas abducted Jeffrey Schilling [24], their first American hostage."

2000  - U.S. Aid / Colombia - August 30th, 2000: "President Clinton stopped in Colombia and pledged that US aid would not lead to military escalation in the drug war. The recent $1.5 billion military aid package was part of a broader $7.5 billion Colombian plan to fight drugs, help refugees and strengthen government institutions. It was reported that many professional and entrepreneurs were leaving Colombia and Venezuela due to civil war and economic policies. On August 31st, a meeting of South American presidents opened in Brasilia. They expressed concern over the civil war in Colombia and planned to discuss the creation of a South American trade block."

2000  - Robot-Created Robots? - August 31st, 2000: "It was reported that computer scientists had created a robot to design and build other robots almost entirely without human help."

2000 - Results / Texas Air Quality Study - "In the summer of 2000, in a news item that received little national attention, the University of Texas released the results of its $20 million Texas Air Quality Study. The study revealed that Houston's industries had been vastly underreporting the magnitude of their emissions. Scientists found it hard to believe the instrument readings from aircraft measuring industrial plumes. The various chemicals were 6 to 15 times higher than what the Houston Ship Channel's factories had been reporting to state and federal agencies. Some chemicals were at levels 100 times higher." [Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Crimes Against Nature, pp. 17-18]

2000 - Identified? / Mohamed Atta, U.S.A. - Summer 2000: "More than a year before the Sept. 11 attacks [Summer 2000], a small, highly classified military intelligence unit ['Able Danger'] identified Mohamed Atta and three other future hijackers as likely members of an al-Qaida cell operating in the United States, according to a former defense intelligence official and a Republican member of Congress. The account is the first assertion that Atta, an Egyptian who became the lead hijacker in the plot, was identified by any U.S. government agency as a potential threat before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Among the 19 hijackers, only Khalid al-Mihdhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi had been identified as  potential threats by the CIA before the summer of 2000, and information about them was not given to the FBI until the spring of 2001. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article, p. A3, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/09/05] - [Brackets text inserted for clarity - E.M.]

September 2000

2000 - Palestinian Restrictions - "Security restrictions, progressively tightened since September 2000, have made movement to and from Palestinian enclaves ever more difficult and time consuming and, whenever the Israelis clamp down, impossible." [N.G.M. / October / page 109]

2000  - Experimental Antioxidant - September 1st, 2000: "It was reported that an experimental antioxidant extended the lives of nematode worms by an average 44%."

2000  - Religious Vanity / Catholic Church - September 5th, 2000: "The Vatican issued a statement that declared efforts to depict all religions as equal are wrong and reasserted that the Catholic Church is the one true church."

2000  - Toxic Algal Bloom / U.S. Gulf Coast  - September 5th, 2000: "Oyster harvesting was shut down in Galveston Bay as a large toxic algal bloom began to spread from the Texas Gulf Coast to the Florida panhandle. Millions of fish began to die."

2000  - Taliban Offensive / Taloqan - September 6th, 2000: "In Afghanistan the Taliban captured Taloqan, 160 miles north of Kabul. The Taliban lost about 500 soldiers, while the opposition lost about 300."

2000  - Ozone Layer / Antarctica - September 7th, 2000: "Scientists reported that the ozone layer over Antarctica had grown to 11 million square miles."

2000  - Trivia / Gasoline Prices, France - September 7th, 2000: "In France taxi drivers began 'Operation Escargot', driving into cities at a snails pace, to protest gasoline prices."

2000  - Birthday Celebration / California - September 9th, 2000: "California celebrated its 150th birthday."

2000  - Sam-Sex Marriages / Netherlands - September 12th, 2000: "In the Netherlands a bill was passed that converted same-sex partnerships into full-fledged marriages."

2000  - Status / World Gasoline Prices - September 15th, 2000: "Truckers across Europe blocked highways to protest high fuel costs. Protests hit Spain, Germany, Ireland, Poland and the Czech Republic."

2000  - Summer Olympic Games / Sidney Australia - September 15th, 2000: "In Australia the XXVII Olympic Games opened in Sidney. The US [97], Russia [88] and China [59] topped the medal count."  

2000  - Korean Railroad - September 17th, 2000: "In Korea a ground-breaking ceremony was held at Imjingak for a railroad to connect the capitals of North and South Korea."

2000  - Smallest Transistor - September 18th, 2000: "It was reported that scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab had fashioned the smallest transistor using a buckyball, single molecule of carbon-60."

2000  - Status / World Oil Demand - September 19th, 2000: "Current world oil demand was running at 76 million barrels a day."

2000 - Flooding / Bangladesh, India - "Flood date(s): September 19th-30th, 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 1,000+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000  - End / U.S. Whitewater Probe - September 20th, 2000: "Robert Ray, the independent counsel who succeeded Kenneth Starr, ended the $52 million Whitewater probe without charges against the Clintons."

2000  - Trivia / Euro Low - "The euro hit a 20-month low of 84.44 to the dollar."

2000  - Torrential Rains / India - September 21st, 2000: "In West Bengal, India, the release of water from 2 dams left tens of thousands of people stranded. Floods following torrential rains left at least 59 people dead."

2000  - Floods / Southeast Asia - September 21st, 2000: "In Southeast Asia the death toll from floods reached 235. The Red Cross issued an appeal for emergency aid to Cambodia."

2000  - Flooding / Bangladesh - September 24th, 2000: "In Bangladesh flooding forced some 60,000 to flee their homes and at least 9 people sere killed."

2000  - Flooding  / Thailand - September 25th, 2000: "In Thailand flooding left 47 people dead."

2000  World Bank Protestors - September 26th, 2000: "The annual meetings of the World Bank and IMF officials officially opened in Prague with delegates from 182 nations. Protestors numbered far less than the expected 20,000. An estimated 6,000 protestors battled police with homemade gasoline bombs and cobblestones from the streets."

2000  - Asian Swamp Eel / Flordia - September 27th,  2000: "It was reported that the Asian swamp eel, Monopterus albus, was within a mile of the fragile Florida Everglades National Park."

2000 - Palestinian Uprising - September 28th, 2000: "The uprising erupted on Sept. 28, 2000, after Ariel Sharon, then Israel's opposition leader, visited a sensitive Jerusalem hilltop revered by both Jews and Muslims. Palestinian riots broke out, and five months later Sharon defeated Ehud Barak in a special election for prime minister." [A.P., 09/29/04]

2000  - French Abortion Pill - September 28th, 2000: "The US FDA approved the French abortion pill, RU-486. It will be sold as Mifeprex by Danco Laboratories."

2000 - Declassification? / Project 112, U.S.A. - September, 2000: "Since September 2000: "The Department of Defense has been actively pursuing declassification of relevant medical information from all 109 planned chemical and biological tests in Project 112. DoD is committed to providing the VA with the medically relevant information it needs to settle benefits claims as quickly and efficiently as possible and evaluate and treat veterans who were involved in those tests. This requires analyzing historical documents recording the planning and execution of SHAD tests. A June 2003 completion date is anticipated." [Links: 1]

2000 - Trivia / Al-Aqsa - "After September 2000 Arafat's control over group is disputed; Israel links them to Tanzim and says its terrorist attacks have killed more than 100, injured 400; affiliated with Fatah."

2000 - "Blueprint For U.S. World Domination" - "The neo-conservative think-tank Project for the New American Century writes a 'blueprint' for the 'creation of a global Pax Americana.' The document, entitled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces And Resources For A New Century, was written for the Bush team even before the election for President took place. It was commissioned by future Vice President Cheney, future Defense Secretary Rumsfeld, future Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, Florida Governor and President Bush's brother Jeb Bush, and future Chief of Staff for Cheney Lewis Libby. The report calls itself a 'blueprint for maintaining global U.S. preeminence, precluding the rise of a great power rival, and shaping the international security order in line with American principles and interests.' The plan shows Bush intended to take military control of Persian Gulf oil whether or not Saddam Hussein was in power and should retain control of the region even if there is no threat. It says: 'The United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein.' The report calls for the control of space through a new 'US Space Forces,' the political control of the internet, the subversion of any growth in political power of even close allies, and advocates 'regime change' in China, North Korea, Libya, Syria, Iran and others. It also mentions that 'advanced forms of biological warfare that can 'target' specific genotypes may transform biological warfare from the realm of terror to a politically useful tool.' A British Member of Parliament says of the report, 'This is a blueprint for US world domination - a new world order of their making. These are the thought processes of fantasist Americans who want to control the world.' " [Sunday Herald, 9/14/02]

October 2000

2000  - Falun Gong Protest / China - October 1st, 2000: "In China Falun Dafa staged one of the biggest Tiananmen Square protests since it was banned 14 months earlier."

2000  - 1st British Bill of Rights - October 2nd, 2000: "Britain's 1st bill of rights went into effect."

2000  - Earthquake / Japan - October 5th, 2000: "In western Japan a 7.3 earthquake struck and at least 106 people were injured."

2000  - Oil Spill / Peru - October 6th, 2000: "In Peru a 5,000 barrel oil spill by an Argentine company threatened the water resources of some 10,000 inhabitants in the northern jungle."

2000  - President Vojislav Kostunica /  Yugoslavia - October 7th, 2000: "In Serbia Vojislav Kostunica was sworn in as the 1st popularly elected president of Yugoslavia. He was backed by an 18-party coalition."

2000  - Genome Mapping / Lab Mouse - October11th, 2000: "Celera Genomics announced the completion of the mapping of the lab mouse's genome."

2000  - Bombing / USS Cole - October 12th, 2000: "A U.S. Navy destroyer, the USS Cole, refueling in Yemen suffered an enormous explosion in what appeared to be a terrorist attack. At least 6 sailors were killed with 11 missing. The death toll was revised to 17. The 8,600-ton Cole was returned to the U.S. aboard the Norwegian ship Blue Marlin."

2000 - Flooding / France, Britan, Italy, Switzerland - "Flood date(s): October 12th-17th, 2000, Number of recorded deaths: 35." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2000  - Miss Hawaii / US.A. - October14th, 2000: "Angelo Perez Baraquio [24], Miss Hawaii, was crowned Miss America in Atlanta City, NJ."

2000  - Heavy Rains / Alps - October 15th, 2000: "At least 31 people were killed as landslides due to heavy rains continued in the Alps of Switzerland and Italy. 23 died in northern Italy and 8 in southern Switzerland."

2000  - Fatality / Missouri Governor - October 16th, 2000: "Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan, his son, Roger Carnahan, and chief of staff Chris Sifford were killed in a plane crash near St. Louis. Roger Carnahan piloted the twin-engine Cessna in stormy weather."

2000 - Trivia / Pharmacia - October 18th, 2000: "Pharmacia sells about 15 percent of its holdings in Monsanto in an initial public offering."

2000  - High School Riot / Bosnia - October 18th, 2000: "In Bosnia over 1,000 Bosnian Serb high school students rioted in Brcko and demanded an end to the city's multiethnic status."

2000  - Member Deaths / Falun Gong - October 18th, 2000: "In China a human rights group reported that 3 members of Falun Gong died after their arrest by police. 57 Falun Gong members have died under police custody during the 15-month crackdown."

2000  - PPA Warning - October 19th,  2000: "A panel of US scientists recommended that the FDA ban the drug ingredient phenylpropanolamine [PPA], a common ingredient in decongestants and appetite suppressants due to the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in young women. The FDA issued a warning on PPA on November 6."

2000  - Ancient Bacteria? - October 19th, 2000: "It was reported that scientists had brought to life 4 strains of bacteria entombed in salt crystals of New Mexico rock for 250 million years."

2000  - Trivia / U.N. War Crimes Tribunal? - October 22nd, 2000: "Arab nations demanded a UN war crimes tribunal for Israelis responsible for Palestinian deaths and formally ended economic cooperation with Israel. Ehud Barak suspended Israeli participation in the peace process. He called for a 'timeout' to decide whether negotiations can be salvaged."

2000  - World Series Winners / N.Y. Yankees - October 25th, 2000: "The NY Yankees won the baseball World Series 4 games to 1 over the NY Mets."

2000  - Fluoroquinolone Ban - October 26th, 2000: "The US FDA planned to ban 2 fluoroquinolone antibiotics used by poultry farmers due to fears that humans might become infected with germs that resist treatment."

2000  - Trivia / Global Warming - October 26th, 2000: "UN sponsored scientists reported that pollution had contributed substantially to global warming."

2000  - Falun Gong  Protest  / China - October 26th, 2000: "In China at least 100 Falun Gong sect members were dragged from Tiananmen Square following a protest one the year anniversary of a government ban of the cult."

2000  - Mismanaged Funds? / China - October 27th, 2000: In China the state media reported that auditors had found over $11 billion in mismanaged funds in government offices and businesses."

2000  - Elections / Kosovo - October 28th, 2000: "In Kosovo municipal elections were held. Ibrahim Rugova declared victory for his League for a Democratic Kosovo and won 21 of 27 contested municipalities."

2000  - Heavy Storm / Western Europe - October 30th, 2000: "A heavy storm swept over Western Europe and at least 8 people were killed."

2000  - Chemical Spill / English Channel - October 31st, 2000: "An Italian cargo ship sank in the English Channel with 6,000 tons of chemicals that included the toxic styrene, a known carcinogen, along with isopropyl alcohol and methyl ethyl ketone."

November 2000

2000  - UN Membership / Yugoslavia - November 1st, 2000: "Yugoslavia was accepted into the United Nations."

2000  -  Flooding / Texas - November 3rd, 2000: "Five people died in central Texas over the last 2 days in car accidents due to flooding."

2000  - Regenerated Stem Cell Neurons - November 5th, 2000: "It was reported that brain stem cells from cadavers could regenerate into healthy neurons."

2000 - Dollars to Euros? / Saddam Hussein - November 6th, 2000: "A Radio Free Europe article discusses Saddam's switch for his oil sales from dollars to Euro's on November 6th, 2000." [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "[....] The man that actually did demand Euro for his oil was Saddam Hussein in 2000. At first, his demand was met with ridicule, later with neglect, but as it became clearer that he meant business, political pressure was exerted to change his mind. When other countries, like Iran, wanted payment in other currencies, most notably Euro and Yen, the danger to the dollar was clear and present, and a punitive action was in order. Bush's Shock-and-Awe in Iraq was not about Saddam's nuclear capabilities, about defending human rights, about spreading democracy, or even about seizing oil fields; it was about defending the dollar, ergo the American Empire. It was about setting an example that anyone who demanded payment in currencies other than U.S. Dollars would be likewise punished.

"Many have criticized Bush for staging the war in Iraq in order to seize Iraqi oil fields. However, those critics can't explain why Bush would want to seize those fields - he could simply print dollars for nothing and use them to get all the oil in the world that he needs. He must have had some other reason to invade Iraq.

"History teaches that an empire should go to war for one of two reasons: (1) to defend itself or (2) benefit from war; if not, as Paul Kennedy illustrates in his magisterial The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, a military overstretch will drain its economic resources and precipitate its collapse. Economically speaking, in order for an empire to initiate and conduct a war, its benefits must outweigh its military and social costs. Benefits from Iraqi oil fields are hardly worth the long-term, multi-year military cost. Instead, Bush must have went into Iraq to defend his Empire. Indeed, this is the case: two months after the United States invaded Iraq, the Oil for Food Program was terminated, the Iraqi Euro accounts were switched back to dollars, and oil was sold once again only for U.S. dollars. No longer could the world buy oil from Iraq with Euro. Global dollar supremacy was once again restored. Bush descended victoriously from a fighter jet and declared the mission accomplished - he had successfully defended the U.S. dollar, and thus the American Empire. [....]"

[Based on: Article (The Proposed Iranian Oil Bourse) by Krassimir Petrov, Ph. D.]

2000  - Trivia / U.S Elections - November 7th, 2000: "In US elections Al Gore conceded to George Bush and then retracted his concession based on an early prediction of the vote in Florida, which was reversed as too close to call. Hillary Clinton won the NY Senate seat."

2000  - Foreign Relations / Saudi Arabia & Iraq - November 8th, 2000: "Saudi Arabia opened its border with Iraq and signed export contracts to nearly $600 million under exceptions to U.S. sanctions."

2000  -  Elections / Bosnia - November 11th, 2000: "General elections were held in Bosnia."

2000  - Ebola  Virus / Uganda - November 12th, 2000: "Uganda confirmed a new case of Ebola in Masindi, the 3rd district to confirm the deadly virus."

2000  - Fire Ants / U.S.A. - "November 15th, 2000: The US government announced a plan to use the gnat-like phorid fly to control fire ants."

2000  - Earthquake / New Guinea - November 16th, 2000: "In Papua New Guinea a tidal wave followed a magnitude 8.0 earthquake and left at least one person dead and at some 5,000 people homeless."

2000  - Weapons Exports / China - November 21st, 2000: "President Clinton agreed not to punish China for exporting missile components to Iran and Pakistan after China promised to end future technological cooperations with countries seeking to develop missile weaponry."

2000  - Mad Cow Disease / Spain - November 22nd, 2000: "In Spain the government reported its 1st case of mad cow disease. On November 24th, Germany and the Portuguese Azores Islands recorded new cases of mad cow disease. Main land Portugal has reported 467 cases since 1990."

2000  - Global Warming Conference - November 25th, 2000: "In the Netherlands the last day of the Global Warming conference at the Hague produced only a declaration of intent to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A compromise between US and EU negotiators failed. An increase of 4.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit was predicted in the coming 100 years if greenhouse gas emissions were not reduced."

2000  - Certified Winner? / George W. Bush - November 26th, 2000: "In Florida Sec. of State Katherine Harris certified Gov. George W. Bush as winner in the state's presidential election, 2,912,790 to 2,912,253."

2000  - Ramadan Begins - November 27th, 2000: "The Muslim holiday of Ramadan began."

2000  - Drug Trade / Brazil - November 30th, 2000: "In Brazil a 5,000 page report, begun in April 1999, was released and covered the $25 billion drug trafficking trade and implicated almost 200 public authorities including 10 national and state legislators."

December 2000

2000 - Terrorist Report - December 2000: "By December 2000, the FBI and FAA said in a classified assessment that their investigations 'do not suggest plans to target domestic civil aviation.' The FBI considered attacks on U.S. soil 'anomalies' from terrorists' focus on overseas targets." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/2002]

2000  - Fishing Reductions - December 1st, 2000: "The European Commission demanded reductions in fishing including 60% cuts of cod and hake catches due to overfishing."

2000 - From Here to Eternity - December 1st, 2000: "[...] 'The information content or the consciousness that makes us aware of being ourselves, of having a certain identity, is just present in many different Nows. There are two things that distinguish my position from what people might just intuitively think. First of all, the Nows are not on one timeline. They're just there. And second, there is nothing corresponding to motion. I'm taking a very radical position on that. I'm saying the Nows are really like snapshots. The impression of motion only arises because the snapshots have got an extraordinarily special structure.' We are part of that special structure. [....]" [Based on: Discover Magazine article (From Here to Eternity / Imagine a universe with no past or future, where time is an illusion and everyone is immortal. Welcome to that world, says physicist Julian Barbour), by Tim Folger - From the December 2000 issue; published online December 1, 2000]

*Link: http://discovermagazine.com/2000/dec/cover/?searchterm=barbour

2000 - Trivia / Mad Cow Disease - December 2000: "U.S. government bans all imports of rendered animal protein products from Europe, regardless of species." [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

2000  - Russian Arms Exports / Iran - December 1st, 2000: "Russia as of this date declared that it would no longer abide by a 1995 deal to halt arms exports to Iran. The US threatened sanctions."

2000  - "Lost City" / Atlantic Ocean - December 4th, 2000: "Scientists found a deep-sea garden of hot springs and towering spires that they called the 'Lost City' over 3,200 feet deep in the Atlantic Ocean."

2000  - IMF Loans / Turkey - December 6th, 2000: "The IMF agreed to grant Turkey $7.5 billion in emergency loans."

2000  - Manipulated Study / Army Corps of Engineers - December 6th, 2000: "A Pentagon investigation concluded in a 168-page report that 3 top Army Corps of Engineers officials manipulated a study to justify a construction binge on the Mississippi and Illinois Rivers."

2000  - Elections / Romania - December 10th, 2000: "In Romania Ion Iliescu, former Communist turned social democrat, won the presidential runoff elections over nationalist Corneliu Vadim Tudor 70-30%."

2000  - Foreign Relations / Yugoslavia & Slovenia - December 10th, 2000: "Slovenia re-established diplomatic ties with Yugoslavia."

2000  - Peacekeeping Force / Ethiopia - December 12th, 2000: "Ethiopia and Eritrea planned to sign a peace pact in Algiers. A 4,200 UN peacekeeping force was set to patrol the border. President Zenawi and President Afwerki signed the accord, which established a commission to mark the 620-mile border, exchange prisoners, returned displaced people and hear claims for war damages."

2000  - Disaster Area / Wyoming - December 13th, 2000: "President Clinton declared Wyoming a disaster area following a month of storms."

2000  - Genome Mapping / 1st Plant - December 13th, 2000: "It was reported that scientists had decoded the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana, a common spindly weed, making it the 1st plant to have its genetic material fully described."

2000  - Trivia / U.S. Budget - December 15th, 2000: "The US 106th Congress closed with a final $450 billion budget package that included increases in education spending, expanded Medicare payments, and modest tax breaks for investments in poor communities."

2000  - Volcanic Eruption / Mexico - December 18th, 2000: "In Mexico Popocatepetl volcano began spraying hot rock and ashes in its biggest eruption in 1,200 years."

*Commentary: "A portent to the administration of George W. Bush?" [E.M.]

2000  - U.S. President George W. Bush - December 18th, 2000: "US electors voted for their party's candidates. In the 224 years of the Electoral College only 9 electors had switched votes. The DC elector withheld her vote to protest lack of representation. Bush won 271 votes, one over the constitutional minimum, and became the official president-elect."

*Trivia: "George W. Bush will go down as the worst environmental president in our nation's history. In a ferocious three-year attack, his administration has launched over 300 major rollbacks of U.S. environmental laws, rollbacks that are weakening the protection of our country's air, water, public lands, and wildlife." [Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 3]

2000  - Trivia / U.S. Sulfur Reduction - December 20th, 2000: "A new EPA regulation required oil refineries to remove 97% of the sulfur from diesel fuel by 2006."

2000  - Salmon Statistics / Columbia River - December 20th, 2000: "It was reported that four-fifths of the salmon spawning in the last free-flowing reach of the Columbia River had reverted to female sex for unknown reasons. Water temperature and environmental pollutants were suspect."

2000  - Trivia / World Debt Relief - December 22nd, 2000: "The US, Japan, Europe and other industrial powers agreed to provide debt relief to 22 poor nations: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Bolivia, Guyana, Honduras and Nicaragua."

2000  - Trivia / U.S. Census - December 28th, 2000: "U.S. census results set the population at 281,421,906, a gain of 13.2% since 1990."

2000  - Closure / Montgomery Ward - December 28th, 2000: "GE Capital Corp. announced the closure of Montgomery Ward & Co. following 128 years of retail."

2000  - Military Partnership / Russia & Iran - December 28th, 2000: "Iran and Russia announced an expanded military and security partnership."

2000  - Record Snow Fall / U.S. East Coast - December 30th, 2000: "A record snow fall covered the US northern East Coast."

*Trivia: "Winter Storm, TX, OK, AR. Storm date(s): December 27th, 2000. Number of reported dead: 40+." [The World Almanac And Book Of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2000  - Gulf Nations Defense Pact - December 31st, 2000: "Six Persian Gulf nations [Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates] signed a regional defense pact."

2000 - Trivia / Working Income - "Swedish and U.S. official statistics state that in the year 2000, roughly 140 percent of the average working man's income went to necessities such as food, living, clothing, education medical care, as compared to 75 percent in the early 1970s. Today it is barely enough for both parents to work to make ends meet." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 14]

2000 - Trivia / U.S. Farm Subsidies - "[....] An Associated Press review of Agriculture Department records for 2000 found that almost two-thirds of the $27 billion in farm subsidies offered that year went to just 10 percent of the nation's farmers.... At least 20 Fortune 500 companies were among the top recipients, according to the AP review. This results, in part, because of rules that base subsidy payments on farm acreage, rather than financial need. [....]" [Based on: Commentary article (The Daily News, Longview, Wash.) p. B9, S.L.P.D., 08/12/05]

2000  - Alan Greenspan Biography - "Justin Martin, authored the biography 'Greenspan: The Man Behind the Money'. It was about Alan Greenspan [74], the chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve."

2000 - U.S. After-Tax Income Gap - "The Congressional Budget Office last week [September 2003] announced that in the year 2000, the famous 'richest 1 percent' of Americans had the same amount of after-tax income as the poorest 40 percent combined. That's 2.8 million people with the same after-tax income as the poorest 112 million. The gap between the richest 1 percent and the poorest 40 percent more than doubled between 1979 and 2000." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 09/29/2003]

2000 - President Hugo Chavez / Venezuela - "In 2000, Hugo Chavez was re-elected to a six-year term." [E.M.]

2000 - Resignation / W. Stephen Thayer III - "WASHINGTON - A key overseer [W. Stephen Thayer III] of the Bush administration's unsuccessful efforts to create a more comprehensive screening process for airline passengers resigned in disgrace four years ago [2000] from the New Hampshire Supreme Court to avoid prosecution over his conduct on the bench." [Based on article by Michael J. Sniffen & Leslie Miller, A.P., 07/29/04]

2000 - Fraud Settlement / Gambro Healthcare - "Gambro Healthcare and two subsidiaries  paid $53 million in a health care fraud settlement in 2000. Those allegations involved medically unnecessary laboratory tests and billing problems, and federal officials said those problems weren't corrected until the current investigation [2004] began." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 12/03/04]

2000 - Pagan Religions Recognized / U.S. Air Force - "The Air Force recognized the religious categories of Pagan, Gardnerian Wiccan, Seaz Wiccan, Dianic Wiccan, Shaman and Druid in 2000. Many bases now have circles and hold services. Dog tags also can identify a person as Wiccan. [....] The Department of Veterans Affairs so far has refused to allow a Wiccan emblem on the headstones or markers of soldiers. Wiccans don't meet the emblem requirements, said Nacincik [Mike Nacincik of Veterans Affairs]. The department's bureaucratic hurdles include a written request from the recognized head of the organization, a list of national officers and a membership tally. The VA demands are impossible, McCollum [Chaplain Patrick McCollum] said: Wiccans have no hierarchy or governing board for the religion's numerous sects."  [By Randy Myers, Knight Ridder Newspapers, 08/21/04]

2000  - Trivia / Genome Research - "Matt Ridley authored 'Genome' a look at what scientists were finding as they read the 70-120,000 genes of the human genome."

2000 - Trivia / Physics Revolution - "Presently we are in a crucial period during which the laws of physics are being rewritten - just as they were between 1890 and 1910, when the revolutions in twentieth-century physics that led to relativity and quantum physics began." [Three Roads To Quantum Gravity, Lee Smolin]

2000  - Time - "Alexander Waugh authored 'Time' Its Origin, Its Enigma, Its History."

2000 - GENOME - A hardcover edition of Matt Ridley's book: GENOME (Copyright 1999) was published in February 2000 by HarperCollins Publishers."

*Trivia: "[....] I began to think about the human genome as a sort of autobiography in its own right - a record, written in 'genetish', of all the vicissitudes and inventions that had characterised the history of our species and its ancestors since the very dawn of life. There are genes that have not changed much since the very first single-celled creatures populated the primeval ooze. There are genes that were developed when our ancestors were worm-like. There are genes that must have first appeared when our ancestors were fish. There are genes that exist in their present form only because of recent epidemics of disease. And there are genes that can be used to write the history of human migrations in the last few thousand years [1000 B.C - 2000 A.D.]. From four billion years ago to just a few hundred years ago [1700 A.D.], the genome has been a sort of autobiography for our species, recording the important events as they occurred. [....]" [Based on: GENOME, The Aurobiography of a Species in 23 chapters, by Matt Ridley (Copyright 1999), 2000 paperback edition, p. 5] - [Brackets text added - D.R.D.]

*Trivia: "[....] ... We have no fossil record of the way life was four billion years ago. We have only this great book of life, the genome. The genes in the cells ofyour little finger are the direct descendants of the first replicator molecules; through an unbroken chain of tens of billions of copyings, they come to us today still bearing a digital message that has traces of those earliest struggles of life. If the human genome can tell us things about what happened in the primeval soup, how much more can it tell us about what else happened during the succeeding four million millennia. It is a record of our history written in the code for a working machine." [Based on: GENOME, The Aurobiography of a Species in 23 chapters, by Matt Ridley (Copyright 1999), 2000 paperback edition, p. 22]

2000 - The Battle For God - "Karen Armstrong authors The Battle for God, A History of Fundamentalism."

2000 - The Rosetta Stone of God - "Copyright 2000: The Rosetta Stone of God, by James Davis. Edited by Joan Klemp, Anthony Moore, and Mary Carroll Moore."

2000 - Genesis Of the Grail Kings - "First published in Great Britain in 1999: Genesis Of the Grail Kings, by Laurence Gardner. First published in the United States in 2000."

2000 - Dialogue in the Age of Criticism - "Copyright 2000: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, by Doug Marman."  

*Trivia: "This book [Dialogue in the Age of Criticism] has been a long journey. It began with the criticisms of David Lane and the many fascinating spiritual lessons to be learned from those challenges. This led to deeper insights into the spiritual path, and eventually to the changes and conflicts that we face in our society and civilization.
   "It has been a journey of viewpoints, interpretations and states of consciousness, as the spiritual path always is. I think it has shown some glimpses into the amazing thing we call this movement of ECKANKAR, both inwardly and outwardly.
   "It has brought out some new information on Paul [Paul Twitchell], the founder of this movement, and the meaning and purpose that dialogue can play in discovering truth. It also explains some of the significant differences between the ECK teachings and those of Sant Mat, while at the same time showing the inner connections that tie them together, along with many other spiritual teachings.
   "This book has evolved through the discussions and responses of many people who have been drawn to this dialogue, and I hope I have represented their ideas faithfully.
   "However, I realize that this book largely shows my own perspectives. Each person will tell the story differently. Different insights. Different lessons.
   "I see no line separating spiritual seekers of truth. Whatever name they might call themselves - Buddhist, Christian, Sufi or ECKist - they are to me all brothers and sisters on The Path. The only difference is in how we each see ourselves, which shapes our thinking and goals.
   "For this reason I hope the words on these pages will have a meaning for many others. I hope that something can be drawn from these chapters that might help the path of whoever might read them. And I hope they read it all as poetry.
   "I have been blessed in many ways by the care and guidance of some very great teachers. More than anything I hope my appreciation for them can be seen and felt in these writings. It is in their honor that I dedicate this book." [Doug Marman, Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Conclusion, Chap. 12]  

2000 - "Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire" - 2000: "734 pages, 3.8 million first printing, 18 million in print." [Based on: article in S.L.P.D., p. A10, 07/13/05]

2000 - Notable Albums of 2000 - "Marshall Mathers LP" (Eminem); "Hybrid Theory" (Linkin Park); "Country Grammar" (Nelly)

2000 - Storm Trivia / 2000 - "Number of notable storms this year: at least 1. Number of storm deaths: 40+." [E.M.]

2000 - Flood Trivia / 2000 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 7. Number of flood deaths: 2,255." [E.M.]

2000 - Volcano Trivia / 2000- "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 5." [E.M.]

2000 - Earthquake Trivia / 2000 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 122." [E.M.]

2000 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 2000 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 2,422." [E.M.]

January 2001

2001 - Astronomic Configuration - January 1st, 2001: "Sun [10-11 Capricorn], Moon [21 Pisces], Mercury [14 Capricorn], Venus [27 Aquarius], Mars [5 Scorpio], Jupiter [2 Gemini R.], Saturn [24 Taurus R.], Uranus [18 Aquarius], Neptune [5 Aquarius], Pluto [13-14 Sagittarius], Chiron [23 Sagittarius]."  

2001 - Flooding / Mozambique - "Flood date(s): January-February 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 84." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001  - Disposition / Israel & Palestine - January 7th, 2001: "President Bill Clinton told the people of Israel that 'there is no choice for you but to divide this land into two states for two people.' "

2001  - Religious Intolerance / Taliban  - January 8th, 2001: "In Afghanistan the Taliban ordered the death penalty for anyone who converts from Islam to a different religion."

2001  - Trivia / Mad Cow Disease, Britain - January 8th, 2001: "It was reported that Britain was culling 20-30 thousand older cows per week in the mad cow crises and that it would take 3 years to catch up with the backlog for rendering their remains to powder."

2001 - Earthquake / El Salvador - January 13th, 2001: "A 7.6 earthquake that hit El Salvador killed at least 100 people and left 1,200 people missing. A 1,500-foot landslide destroyed houses. The death toll by January 15th had risen to nearly 600; with a total 1,893 people injured."

2001 - Formally Launched / Wikipedia - January 15th, 2001: "[....] Wikipedia was formally launched on January 15, 2001, as a single English-language edition at www.wikipedia.com [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2001  - Sex Scandal / Bill Clinton - January 19th, 2001 "President Bill Clinton admitted that he misled prosecutors about his relationship with Monica Lewinsky and struck a deal with independent counsel Robert Ray to accept a 5-year suspension of his Arkansas law license and pay a $25,000 fine."

2001  - U.N. Sanctions / Afghanistan  - January 19th, 2001: "In Afghanistan UN sanctions began following a 30-day deadline for the handover of Osama bin Laden. The sanctions coincided with the worst drought in 30 years."

*Related Links: http://tinyurl.com/3mlzzk5

2001  - Presidential Pardons / Bill Clinton - January 20th, 2001: "President Bill Clinton in his final hours issued 36 commutations and 140 pardons that included Susan McDougal, Patricia Hearst, Henry Cisneros, John Deutch and Roger Clinton. It was later revealed that Hugh Rodham, the brother of Hillary Rodham Clinton, received $400,000 to help 2 felons win clemency."

2001  - U.S. President George W. Bush - January 20th, 2001: "The 43rd American President, George W. Bush [Republican], begins his term. Some 25,000 protesters gathered in Washington DC for the inauguration of President Bush along with some 7,000 police."

*Trivia: "Former Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill says [January 2004] the United States began laying the groundwork for an invasion of Iraq just days after President George W. Bush took office in January 2001 - more than two years before the start of the U.S.-led war that ousted Saddam Hussein." [A.P.]

2001  - British Cloning  Laws - January 22nd, 2001: "In Britain the House of Lords passed legislation that effectively legalized the creation of cloned human embryos."

2001  - Falun Gong Protesters / China - January 23rd, 2001: "In China 5 people believed to members of Falun Gong set themselves on fire in Tiananmen Square. One woman died."

2001  - Chinese Golden Snake Year - January 24, 2001: "The Chinese lunar calendar marked this as the new year, 4698, Year of the Snake. It is celebrated in Vietnam as Tet and in Korea as Solnol." [Link: 1]

2001  - Genome Mapping / Rice - January 26th,  2001: "Scientists announced that they had decoded the genetic blueprint of rice. It was the 1st important plant to have its genome decoded."

2001  - Earthquake / India & Pakistan - January 26th, 2001: "A 7.9 earthquake in hit India and Pakistan and India prepared to celebrate Republic Day. It was an intraplate earthquake along a thrust fault 300 miles south of the boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. Some 20,000 people were killed and over 14,000 injured across Gujarat state. 10 people were reported killed in Pakistan. The quake caused an underground river, either the Saraswati or Indus, to reappear that had disappeared in a 19th century quake. On January 31st, in India,  the death count reached 12,000 and an additional 13,000 were believed still buried."

2001  - Conviction / Pan Am Flight 103 - January 30th, 2001: "In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicted Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, a Libyan intelligence officer, of murder in the 1998 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103. A 2nd Libyan, Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, was acquitted."

2001 - Separation / Nicole Kidman & Tom Cruise - Entertainment highlights during the week of January 30th-February 5th, 2001: "Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman announced their separation after 10 years of marriage." [A.P.]

2001  - Trivia / Mad Cow Disease, Germany - January 31st,  2001: "Germany plans were announced to destroy 400,000 cattle due to the mad cow crises."

2001 - World Social Forum / Porto Alegre, Brazil- January 31st, 2001: "[....] The World Social Forum was first held in Brazil in 2001 [01/3101-02/05/01] and coincides each year with the World Economic Forum of business leaders and politicians in Davos, Switzerland." [Based on: News Services article (Marchers protest globalist capitalism), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 01/21/07]

2001 - National Geographic Channel / U.S.A. - January 2001: "[....] In the United States, The National Geographic Channel, launched in January 2001, is a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film and Fox Cable Networks. The National Geographic provides programming expertise and the Fox Networks Group provides its expertise on distribution, marketing, and ad sales. It is primarily a digital cable and satellite channel there. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Geographic_Channel] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

February 2001

2001  - Trivia / California Power - Feburary 1st, 2001: "California state lawmakers enacted legislation to spend up to $10 billion for power. Governor Davis ordered large retail outlets to dim lights with penalties beginning March 15th."

2001  - Ariel Sharon / Israel - February 6th, 2001: "In Israel Ariel Sharon won the elections over Ehud Barak 62.6 to 37.2% with a record low turnout of 62%. On February 7th, Ariel Sharon signaled an end to the peace process begun in 1993 in Oslo and planned something in the spirit of Oslo on an interim level."

2001  - Non-Cooperation / Israel - February 10th,  2001: "Israel said it would not cooperate with the newly arrived UN human rights mission for a fact-finding tour of Palestinian areas."

2001  - Trivia / Human Genome Research - February 11th, 2001: "It was reported that scientists had found the human genome to consist of 30,000 genes and that only some 300 were unique to humans as when compared to mice."

2001 - Nothing Is Secret / PROMIS - February 12th, 2001: "Good morning, Mr. McDade. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police has reason to believe that the national security of Canada has been compromised. A trojan horse, or back door, allegedly has been found in computer systems in the nation's top law-enforcement and intelligence organizations. 'Your mission, should you decide to accept it, is to establish whether this is the PROMIS software reportedly stolen in the early 1980s from William and Nancy Hamilton, owners of Inslaw Inc., and reportedly modified for international espionage. As always, should you or any of your associates be caught, the governments of Canada and the United States will disavow any knowledge of your actions. This recording will self-destruct in five seconds. Good luck, Sean.' Sounds like the opening taped message from an episode of the 1960s TV action series Mission Impossible. But just such a mission was offered - and accepted - by two investigators of the National Security Section of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
   "The Mounties then covertly entered the United States in February of last year and for nearly eight months conducted a secret investigation into the theft of the PROMIS software and whether and by whom it had been obtained for backdoor spying. PROMIS is a universal bridge to the forest of computer systems. It allows covert and undetectable surveillance, and it and its related successors are unimaginably important in the new age of communications warfare. In this exclusive investigative series Insight tracks the Mounties and explores the mysteries pursued by the RCMP, including allegations involving a gang of characters believed to be associated with the suspected theft of PROMIS, swarms of spies (or the 'spookloop' as the Mounties called them), the Mafia, big-time money laundering, murder, international arms smuggling and illegal drugs - to name but a few aspects of the still-secret RCMP probe. But the keystone to this RCMP investigation is PROMIS, that universal bridge and monitoring system, which stands for Prosecutor's Management Information System - a breakthrough computer software program originally developed in the early 1970s by the Hamiltons for case management by U.S. prosecutors.
   "The first version of PROMIS was owned by the government since the development money was provided by the Department of Justice (DOJ), but something went awry on the way to proprietary development. For more than 15 years the story of the allegedly pirated Hamilton software, and how it may have wound up in the hands of the spy agencies of the world, has been hotly pursued by law-enforcement agencies, private detectives, journalists, congressional investigators, U.S. Customs and assorted U.S. attorneys. Even independent researchers have taken on the role of counterespionage agents in a quest to uncover the truth about this allegedly ongoing penetration of security. But each new U.S. investigation has failed fully to determine what happened. While the Mounties encountered a similar fate, officers Sean McDade and Randy Buffam have been the most successful to date." [Based on article by Kelly Patricia O'Meara] [Link: 1]

2001 - Earthquake / El Salvador - February 13th, 2001: "A 6.1 earthquake in El Salvador left at least 173 people dead."

*Trivia: "Earthquake location: San Vicente, El Salvador. Earthquake magnitude: 6.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 255."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

2001  - Trivia / Chechnyan Rebels - February 14th, 2001: "In Chechnya rebels opened fire on Russian positions and 12 Russian soldiers were killed."

2001  - Decreased Opium Production / Afghanistan - February 15th, 2001: "A UN team confirmed that the Taliban had nearly wiped out opium production in Afghanistan."

2001  - Fatality / Hamas Activist - February 19th, 2001: "In the West Bank Mahmoud Madani [25], a Hamas activist, was shot to death from long range."

2001  - Song of the Year / U2 - February 21st, 2001: "In the Grammy Awards U2 won for Song of the Year for 'Beautiful Day'."

2001 - Volcanic Eruption / Io - February 22, 2001: "The most powerful eruption ever detected on any planet in our Solar System has been seen on Io, one of Jupiter's moons." [Links: 1, 2]

2001  - Mismanagement / Native American Trust Funds - February 23rd, 2001: "A US federal appeals court upheld that the US government mismanaged and neglected Native American trust funds."

2001  - Japanese Superconductor - February 24th, 2001: "It was reported that Japanese physicists created a superconductor using magnesium dibromide at minus 389º F."

2001  - Year of The Iron Snake / Tibet - February 24th, 2001: "Ugyen Thinley Dorje [15], the 17th Karmapa Lama, led prayers to mark the Tibetan Year of the Iron Snake in northern India."

2001  - Statue Destructions / Afghanistan - February 26th, 2001: "In Afghanistan Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar ordered the destruction of all statues including the Buddha statues carved into the stone cliffs of Bamiyan."

2001  - Trivia / U.S. Air Pollution - February 27th, 2001: "The U.S. Supreme Court voted that the nation's health, and not industry costs, must guide government in fighting air pollution."

2001  - Strong Earthquake / Seattle - February 28th, 2001: "In Washington state a 6.8 magnitude slab earthquake shook Seattle. It was centered 32.6 miles below the surface along the boundary of the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate and the continental North American plate. Damages were later estimated at $2 billion."

March 2001

2001  - Prison Terms / Falun Gong Members - March 2nd, 2001: "In China 37 members of the banned Falun Gong were sentenced to prison terms of 3-10 years. Most had been convicted of 'using a cult to obstruct the law'."

2001  - Afghan Buddha Destruction - March 3rd, 2001: "In Afghanistan the Taliban began the destruction of the giant Buddha of Bamiyan despite int'l. protests."

2001  - School Shooting / California - March 5th, 2001: "Charles Andrew Williams [15], a freshman at Santana High School in Santee, California, a San Diego suburb, shot and killed 2 students and wounded 13 others."

2001  - Foot & Mouth Disease / Europe - March 6th, 2001: "The EU ordered all livestock markets closed for 2 weeks to contain foot-and-mouth disease."

2001  - Hispanic Population / United States - March 7th, 2001: "Census 2000 results showed that the Hispanic population at 35.3 million, just above the 34.7 million African Americans."

2001  - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon - March 7th, 2001: "In Israel Ariel Sharon took office as the nation's 11th Prime Minister. He insisted that Palestinians must reduce violence before he would resume negotiations for peace."

*Trivia: "Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon: ... born to Russian immigrant parents in the farming community of Kfar Malal, north of Tel Aviv. During a 29-year military career that spawned four wars, he gained a reputation as a daring but maverick officer. As defense minister, he oversaw the 1982 invasion of Lebanon. He resigned in 1983 after an Israeli commission found him indirectly responsible for an Israeli-allied Lebanese militia's massacre of hundreds of Palestinian refugees at the Sabra and Chatilla camps." [St. Louis post-Dispatch, p. A8, 02/09/05]

2001  - AIDS Vaccine? - March 8th, 2001: "A new AIDS vaccine was reported to be successful in monkeys."

2001  - Flooding / Ukraine, Hungary - March 8th, 2001: "Flooding in the Ukraine and northeastern Hungary left at least 5 people dead. Tens of thousands were driven from their homes as the Tisza and other Carpathian streams rose."

2001  - Decline / U.S. Stock Market - March 9th, 2001: "The DJIA fell 213.63 to 10,644, while the Nasdaq fell almost 116 to close at 2052. Intel and Cisco announced thousands of job cuts."

2001 - Timeline Trivia / Mad Cow Disease - March 12th, 2001: "Mad cow, first diagnosed in 1986 in the United Kingdom, is thought to have resulted from the feeding of meat and bone meal containing infected sheep parts to cattle. The outbreak probably was then made worse by 'amplification'- feeding meat-and-bone meal made from those cattle to young calves. [....]" [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

2001  - Errant Bomb / Kuwait - March 12th, 2001: "A US Navy fighter dropped an errant 500-pound bomb in Kuwait that hit an observation post and killed 6 people. Cmdr. David Zimmerman was later reprimanded and relieved of command."

2001  - Decline / U.S. Stock Market - March 12th, 2001: "The DJIA fell 436 to 10,208. The Nasdaq fell 129 to 1923. The 61% Nasdaq drop since March 10th, 2000, was the largest in its 30 year history."

2001  - Largest University Donation - March 12th, 2001: "An anonymous donor pledged a no-strings-attached $360 million to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute [RPI] of Troy, NY, the largest donation to a university in US history."

2001  - Sealed Off / Ramallah - March 12th, 2001: "Israel sealed off the city of Ramallah, the unofficial seat of the Palestinian Authority."

2001  - Trivia / CO2 Emissions - March 13th, 2001: "President Bush backed off from seeking reductions in carbon dioxide emissions due to projected higher energy costs from a shift from coal to natural gas. On March 28th, the EU expressed concern over President Bush's abandonment of the Kyoto Treaty for cutting carbon dioxide emissions."

2001  - Decline / Nikkei Average - March 13th, 2001: "Japan's Nikkei Stock Average fell 351 to 11,819, a 16-year low."

2001  - Decline / US Stock Market - March 14th, 2001: "The DJIA fell 317 to close at 9,973. The Nasdaq fell 42 to close at 1,972."

2001 - Foreign Relations / Taliban & United States - "British based Jane's Intelligence Review reports that the U.S. is working with India, Iran and Russia 'in a concerted front against Afghanistan's Taliban regime.' India is supplying the Northern Alliance with military equipment, advisers and helicopter technicians and both India and Russia are using bases in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan for their operations." [Jane's Intelligence Review, 3/15/01]

2001  - Trivia / U.S. Federal Judges - March 18th, 2001: "It was reported that the Bush administration planned to sidestep the American Bar Association in the screening of federal judges, an 'indication that they want to pick judges of the hard right'."

2001  - Proposition / U.S. Satellite Deployments - March 18th, 2001: "It was reported that the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office was planning a $25 billion project for some 12 satellites to be deployed by 2005."

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - March 20th, 2001: "The US Federal Reserve lowered interest rates 0.5% but stocks dropped. The DJIA fell 238 to 9,720; the Nasdaq fell 93 to 1,857."

2001  - Oil Spill / Brazil - March 20th, 2001: "The damaged Brazilian P-36 Petrobras oil platform sank 75 miles offshore. 400,000 gallons of fuel and crude oil began leaking into the sea. An immediate revenue loss of $50 million per month was expected."

2001  - Status / AIDS, South Africa - March 20th, 2001: "In South Africa new AIDS statistics indicated that 25% of the adult population, one of every 9 people, was infected with HIV."

2001  - Descent / Mir Space Station - March 21st, 2001: "Russia's Mission Control took command of the Mir space station and prepared it for its final descent into the South Pacific. On March 22nd, the 135-ton Mir crashed into open seas between Chile and New Zealand."

2001  - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Taiwan - March 22nd, 2001: "President Bush met with Chinese Deputy Premier Qian Qichen and said the US would support Taiwan's military needs."

2001  - School Shooting / California - March 22nd, 2001: "In California Jason Hoffman [18] opened fire at Granite Hills High School in San Diego County. 10 people were injured."

2001  - "In God We Trust" - March 23rd, 2001: "Mississippi Gov. Ronnie Musgrove signed a law that mandated public schools to display 'In God We Trust' in classrooms, cafeterias and auditoriums."

2001  - Strong Earthquake / Japan - March 24th, 2001: "In Japan a 6.4 earthquake near Hiroshima killed 2 people and injured at least 160."

2001  - Pokemon Possession? - March 25th, 2001: "In Saudi Arabia the Higher Committee for Scientific Research and Islamic Law claimed that Pokemon games and cards have 'possessed the minds' of Saudi children."

2001  - Coverups / U.S. Chemical Industry - March 26th, 2001: "The Bill Moyers PBS special 'Trade Secrets' focused on the coverup by the American chemical industry of health problems caused by numerous products including vinyl chloride and polychlorinated biphenyls."

2001  - Neutrinos Detected? - March 26th, 2001: "It was reported that scientists had detected high-energy neutrinos for the 1st time in the Antarctic Muon and neutrino Detector Array  [Amanda]."

2001  - Population Increase / China - March 27th, 2001: "China reported that its population stood at 1.26 billion, an 11.7% increase over the last decade."

2001  - Oil Spill / Baltic Sea - March 29th, 2001: "An oil tanker collided with a freighter in the Baltic Sea and some 550,000 gallons of oil were spilled and drifted toward Denmark."

2001  - Fraud Scheme / Bruce Rozet  - March 30th, 2001: "A Bruce Rozet, a landlord-developer, admitted to taking part in a $3.4 million fraud scheme against HUD and agreed to pay $10.2 million in fines and penalties."

2001  - Gay Marriage Legislation / Netherlands - March 31st, 2001: "In the Netherlands legislation enacted in 2000 to legalize gay marriages went into effect at midnight."

2001 - Terrorist Report - March 2001: "An intelligence source claimed bin Laden operatives were planning a strike in the following month." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001 - "Global Day of Prayer" / Cape Town, South Africa - March 2001: "[....] What is now the Global Day of Prayer originated from an event in March 2001 in Cape Town, South Africa, where about 45,000 Christians gathered in a rugby stadium to pray. Since then, the event has grown each year and has spread to the rest of Africa. Last year [2004], 22 million people in 58 African countries took part in the Day of Prayer for Africa. This year [2005], the event was celebrated in 160 countries on six continents, according to organizers. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 05/16/05]

April 2001

2001  - U.S. Military Plane Crash / China - April 1st, 2001: "A US Navy EP-3 surveillance plane with 24 aboard collided with a Chinese fighter jet over the South China Sea and was forced to land in China. The fighter jet crashed. Chinese pilot Wang Wei parachuted out of his F-8 jet but had not been found. Zhao Yu, a 2nd pilot, later blamed the US plane banked and hit Wei's plane."

2001  - Surrender / President Milosevic  - April 1st, 2001: "In Serbia President Milosevic surrendered to authorities in Belgrade."

2001 - X20.0 Solar Flare - April 2nd, 2001: On this date in history an X20 solar flare ["2nd-largest solar flare" since 1976] blasted from the Sun. [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

*Trivia: "At 21:51 UT, Monday 2 April 2001, active region 9393 unleashed a major solar flare. Now reclassified as at least an X20, it appears to be the biggest X-ray flare on record, most likely bigger than the one on 16 August 1989, also an X20 flare, and definitely more powerful that the famous 6 March 1989 flare which was related to the disruption of the power grids in Canada. The big explosion, which took place near the Sun's northwest limb, hurled a coronal mass ejection (CME) into space - at a whopping speed of roughly 7.2 million km/h - but not directly towards Earth. The shock arrived at SOHO at 14:20 UT [... .]"

[Based on: http://sohowww.nascom.nasa.gov/hotshots/X17/]

2001  - Trivia / U.S. Population Center - April 2nd, 2001: "The town of Edgar Springs, Missouri, was named the population center of the US. It marked the point where the US would balance if its 281 million population were equally distributed. The actual center was 3 miles east of town."

2001  - Decline / U.S. Stock Market - April 3rd, 2001: "The DJIA fell 292 to 9,485. The Nasdaq fell almost 110 to 1,673."

2001  - Marijuana Seizure / U.S.A. - April 3rd, 2001: "U.S. agents seized over 7 tons of marijuana from a tractor-trailer at the Tijuana border. It was believed to be the largest seizure along the US-Mexican border and was valued at $12.1 million."

2001  - Trivia / Napalm  Destruction, U.S.A. - April 4th, 2001: "The US Pentagon reportedly destroyed its last canister of napalm, a jellied gasoline used extensively during the Vietnam war. It was developed in 1942 by Harvard and Army chemists who combined naphthene and palmitate. It was made by Dow Chemical from 1965-1969."

2001  - Point Gain / US Stock Market - April 5th, 2001: "The DJIA rose 402 to 9,918, its 2nd largest point gain ever. The Nasdaq rose 146 to 1,785, its 3rd biggest % increase."

2001  - Oil Pipeline / Turkey - April 5th, 2001: "Presidents Robert Kocharian of Armenia and Heydar Aliyev of Azerbaijan met in Key West, Fla., for negotiations on Nagorno-Karabakh. A new $2.7 billion oil pipeline from Baku to Ceyhan, Turkey, was expected to pass just north of the area. Halliburton Co., was a finalist in engineering bids for the line and Vice President Chaney was the former chief executive of Halliburton. National Security Advisor Condoleeza Rice formerly served on the Board of Directors for Chevron, a player in the pipeline bid."

2001  - Bankruptcy / PG&E - April 6th, 2001: "In California PG&E filed for bankruptcy with $9 billion in debt. Just before filing the utility awarded bonuses and raises to 6,000 senior managers and other employees. SF Judge Dennis Montali was assigned the case."

2001  - Launch / Mars Odyssey Spacecraft - April 7th, 2001: "The $297 million Mars Odyssey was launched and expected to arrive near Mars on October 24th. A 2-year orbit to map the planet's chemistry and minerals was planned." [Link: 1]

2001  - Jewish Passover - April 7th, 2001: "The weeklong Jewish Passover began at sundown."

2001  - Trivia / Tiger Woods - April 8th, 2001: "Eldrick Tiger Woods won the Masters golf tournament, his 4th straight major championship."

2001  - Foot-And-Mouth Disease / Asia - April 8th, 2001: "It was reported that foot-and-mouth disease was endemic in Asia and that 3,282 cases were confirmed in Hong Kong over the past year."

2001  - Decline / S&P 500 - April 9th, 2001: "The WSJ noted that this was the 10th time since WW II that the S&P 500 dropped by 20% or more. 9 of the previous occasions showed an average gain of 18% a year later. In 1973, however, stocks fell an additional 35%."

2001  - Merger / American Airlines & TWA - April 9th, 2001: "American Airlines completed the acquisition of Trans World Airlines [TWA] and became the world's largest air carrier."

2001  - Point Gain / US Stock Market - April 10th, 2001: "The DJIA went up 257 to 10,102. The Nasdaq increased 106 to 1,852."

2001  - Tornadoes / Midwest U.S. - April 12th, 2001: "Tornadoes killed at least 4 people in Iowa, Missouri and Oklahoma."

2001  - Hostage Rescue / Jeffrey Schilling - April 12th, 2001: "In the Philippines government troops raided the Abu Sayyaf rebel camp on Jolo Island and freed Jeffrey Schilling. Some of the rebels were killed and others wounded."

2001  - Earthquake / China - April 13th, 2001: "In China a 5.9 earthquake hit Yunan province and at least 7 people were killed. 42,000 homes were destroyed in the Shidian area."

2001  - Status / Kyoto Treaty - April 15th, 2001: "Australia indicated that it would not ratify the Kyoto treaty to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions and said the treaty is probably defunct now that the US has repudiated it."

2001 - X14.4 Solar Flare - April 15th, 2001: "On this date in history an X14.4 solar flare ["6th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun." [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

2001  - Trivia / U.S. Confederate Emblem - April 17th, 2001: "In Mississippi voters decided to keep the Confederate emblem on the state flag by a margin of 65 to 35%."

2001  - Famine / North Korea - April 17th, 2001: "It was reported that the most recent harvest in North Korea was the worst since the famine of 1997 and that only two-thirds of the food it needs was produced. Dr. Vollertsen, a German physician who worked there for 18 months [1999-2000] wrote in an editorial: 'Peasants, slaves to the regime, lead lives of utter destitution. [....] North Korea suffers from society-wide fear and depression because of the cruel system. [....] The people can't help themselves, they are brainwashed, and too afraid to overthrow their rulers."

2001  - Missles Launched / Iran - April 18th, 2001: "Iran launched 56 Scud missiles against an Iraq-based opposition group. At least 3 People's Mujahideed camps were hit."

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - April 18 2001: "The US Federal Reserve lowered short term interest rates by a half point to 4.5%. The DJIA rose 399 to 10,615. Nasdaq rose 156 to 2079."

2001  - Free Trade Protests - April 19th, 2001: "Thousands of protesters gathered in Quebec City to oppose the Summit of the Americas and plans for a hemispheric free trade zone. On April 20th, in Quebec City,  protestors pushed to interrupt the Summit of the Americas and held that the free trade efforts put corporate interests ahead of workers, human rights and the environment. 2001  On April 22nd, In Quebec City, Canada, 34 Western leaders affirmed the creation of a free trade zone by 2005 and agreed that only democratic nations could  join."

2001  - U.S. Arms  Exports / Taiwan - April 24th, 2001: "President Bush said that the annual process of selling arms to Taiwan, a US policy since 1982, would end. China condemned the recent $5 billion arms sale."

2001  - U.S. Military Exercises / Vieques Island - April 26th, 2001: "A US federal judge ruled that military exercises could resume on Vieques Island. Puerto Ricans mobilized for mass demonstrations. On April 27th the US Navy resumed bombing exercises on Vieques Island where 14 protesters were arrested."

2001  - Ethiopian Hijacking - April 26th, 2001: "Six hijackers seized an Ethiopian plane with 50 passengers and diverted it to Sudan where they surrendered. They wanted to draw attention to economic conditions in Ethiopia and recent student protests for greater academic freedom during which 41 people were killed in Addis Ababa."

2001  - Status / U.S. GDP - April 27th, 2001: "The US GDP was reported at 2% growth due to buying by American consumers. The DJIA rose 117 to 10,810. The Nasdaq rose 40 to 2,075."

2001  - Transistors - April 27th, 2001: "It was reported that IBM scientists had assembled transistors using carbon nanotubules. The structures were first discovered in 1991 by Sumio Iijima of NEC Fundamental Research Labs in Tsukuba, Japan."

2001  - Pioneer 10 Contact - April 29th, 2001: "NASA scientists reported that they had contacted the Pioneer 10 spacecraft, launched in 1972, after 8 months of no communication."

2001 - Terrorist Report - April 2001: "A U.S. intelligence source with terrorist connections speculated that bin Laden would be interested in commercial pilots as potential terrorists. The source was offering speculation rather than specific knowledge, U.S. intelligence officials say." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001 - Terrorist Report - April 2001: "U.S. intelligence received reports of a possible terrorist plot in New York and California." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

May 2001

2001 - Terrorist Reports - May-July 2001: "The National Security Agency received at least 33 communications suggesting a terrorist attack was imminent. None provided any specific information on locations, dates or methods."

2001 - Terrorist Report - May 2001: "The Pentagon learned that seven bin Laden associates had departed various places for Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001 - Terrorist Reports - May 2001: "U.S. intelligence received reports that al-Qaida operatives were planning to enter the United States from Canada to conduct bombings." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001  - U.S. Missle Defense - May 1st, 2001: "President Bush committed the U.S. to a missile defense shield. He also presented his case for withdrawing from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with Russia."

2001  - May Day Protests - May 1st, 2001: "May Day protests rallies took place around the world as people demonstrated against global trade and for workers' rights."

2001  -  Rebellion / Philippines - May 1st, 2001: "In the Philippines President Arroyo declared a 'state of rebellion' and ordered the arrest of 2 senators and several military officials loyal to former President Estrada. Some 40,000 protesters marched on Malacanang Palace and 3 people were killed."

2001  - Decrease / Hydroxyl Radical - May 4th, 2001: "It was reported that the hydroxyl radical, a critical air-cleaning molecule, was decreasing."

2001  - Papal Visit / Umayyad Mosque - May 6th, 2001: "In Syria Pope John Paul II prayed in the Great Umayyad Mosque, the 1st time a pontiff ever visited and prayed in a Muslim house of worship."

2001  - Death Toll / Congo War - May 7th, 2001: "A report by the Int'l. Rescue Committee estimated the death toll in Congo's 33-month war at 2 1/2 million people, mostly due to disease and malnutrition."

2001 - Trivia / Dick Cheney - "[....] On May 8, 2001, President Bush placed Mr. Cheney in charge of  '[A]ll federal programs dealing with weapons of mass destruction, consequence management within the Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other federal agencies'. [....] Mr. Cheney subsequently played a direct role in supervising training exercises that simultaneously occurred during the 911 attacks. [....]"

*Link: http://www.agoracosmopolitan.com/home/Frontpage/2007/09/07/01751.html - [T.D. 09/09/07]

2001  - Earthquakes / El Salvador - May 8-9th, 2001: "In El Salvador some 100 small earthquakes hit the country over a 24-hour period."

2001  - Miss Puerto Rico - May 11th, 2001: "Denise Quinones of Puerto Rico won the Miss Universe contest held in Bayamon, Puerto Rico."

2001  - Fighting / Mogadishu - May 12, 2001: "In Somalia Aidid forces gained control of the seaport at Mogadishu in fighting with the Suleiman clan militia. 40 people were left dead including 21 civilians."

2001  - IMF Loans / Turkey - May 15th, 2001: "The IMF approved $8 billion in loans to Turkey."

2001  - Point Gain / US Stock Market - May 16th, 2001: "The DJIA rose 342 to 11,215. The Nasdaq rose 80 to 2,166."

2001  - U.S. Aid / Afghanistan - May 17th, 2001: "The U.S. dreamed of an oil pipeline from Turkmenistan across Afghanistan into Pakistan. It was part of their plan for dismantling the former Soviet empire and linking Central Asia directly to Western corporations and markets. The Taliban was their hope for establishing some stability in Afghanistan's chaos. Robert Scheer documents that as recently as May 17, 2001, U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell announced a $43 million aid package to the Taliban which 'in addition to other recent aid, makes the U.S. the main sponsor of the Taliban.' The US pledged $43 million in aid to Afghanistan." [Link: 1]

2001  - Energy Rationing / Brazil - May 18th, 2001: "Brazil ordered consumers and businesses to cut energy use by 20% due to shortages created by drought. Rationing was to start June 1st."

2001  - Poultry Slaughter / China - May 18th, 2001: "In Hong Kong officials ordered the slaughter of some 1.2 million chickens and other poultry to halt a deadly flu virus."

2001  - Execution Trivia / China - May 19th, 2001: "It was reported that China's 'Strike Hard' anti-crime campaign had resulted in at least 801 executions in the last 3 weeks of April."

2001  - Hexyl-PVP - May 21st, 2001: "Joerg C. Tiller of MIT said a new polymer, called hexyl-PVP, could be used as a surface coating and was able to kill common disease-causing organisms."

2001  - Toxic Chemicals Treaty - May 22nd, 2001: "Delegates from 127 countries formally adopted a global treaty banning 12 toxic chemicals called persistent organic pollutants [POPS]."

2001  - Wedding Hall Collapse / Israel - May 24th, 2001: "In Jerusalem a Jewish wedding hall collapsed and at least 25 people were killed."

2001 - High Resolution Face on Mars? - May 24th, 2001: "On May 24, 2001, without any fan fair or public notice, NASA released a long awaited high resolution, 'full faced' view of the Face on Mars (figure 1).  It appeared to the world that NASA had finally hit it's mark and 'scotched this thing for good'. Once again the 'Face' was declared 'a pile of rocks' and maintained  no resemblance to a human face! The New York Times was reported to say: 'NASA released a new image [of the 'Face on Mars'] that shows the area in far sharper detail, but reduces any resemblance to a human face.' [....] The truth  was, the new  image wasn't new! It was almost two months old. The actual image, which was taken earlier in the year on April 8th, was held back form the public for almost two months (sitting 'in the can' as they say, somewhere at NASA/JPL). This down time, conveniently provided NASA with a sufficient time frame to prepare a carefully orchestrated strategy of ground zero 'damage control'.  So, subsequently, a highly negative propaganda campaign was simultaneously released, on the coat tails of the new image, and posted on several official NASA web sites. This media blitz was designed to stop the 'Face' dead in it's tracks. Although NASA was actually forced into taking the picture in the first place, by the attorneys for FACETS and finally forced to release the photo by the current administration, there was no way NASA was going to let this Lion lay! NASA and company were 'hell bent' on discrediting any scientific analysis of this image and God forbid that someone in the media had noticed the 'cat-like' appearance of the eastern side of this 'pile of rocks' before they could divert their attention elsewhere. Oh yes, an all out 'War' was on and the real debate was just getting started ... again." [Link: 1]

2001 - Trivia / U.S. Senate Majority - May 24th, 2001: "Sen. James Jeffords (R, VT) announced May 24 he was leaving his party, giving Democrats control of the Senate." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 557]

2001  - Tax Cut & Refund Checks / U.S.A. - May 26th, 2001: "The US Congress cleared a $1.35 trillion tax cut. Some 100 million refund checks were due to be mailed out by October1st."

2001  - Convictions / Bin Laden Followers - May 29, 2001: "Four followers of Osama bin Laden were convicted for the 1998 bombings of 2 US embassies in Africa that killed 224 people."

June 2001

2001 - Terrorist Report - June 2001: "The CIA's Counterterrorism Center learned that key bin Laden operatives were disappearing, while others were preparing for martyrdom." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001 - Shanghai Cooperation Organization - June, 2001: "China, Russia and four Central Asian countries create the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Its explicit purpose is to oppose U.S. dominance, especially in Central Asia." [Guardian, 10/23/01]

2001 - Foreign Relations / Russia & Central Asia - June, 2001: "Russian defense minister Igor Sergeyev writes, 'The actions of Islamic extremists in Central Asia give Russia the chance to strengthen its position in the region.' " [Guardian, 1/16/02]

2001 - Foreign Relations / Russia & Taliban - June, 2001: "Russian President Putin tells a meeting of the Confederation of Independent States that military action against the Taliban may happen, possibly with Russian involvement using bases and forces from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan as well." [IndiaReacts, 6/26/01]

2001  - Democratic Control / U.S. Senate - "June 5th, 2001: The US Senate went under Democratic control as Vermont Sen. James Jeffords changed his party affiliation from Republican to Independent."

2001 - Trivia / AIDS Epidemic - "Twenty years after doctors in Los Angeles reported the first cases of AIDS, the devastating epidemic that followed in the United States is becoming a footnote to a larger story of global catastrophe. Since June 5, 1981, when University of California at Los Angeles immunologist Michael Gottlieb and colleagues described five cases of rare pneumonia among gay men, AIDS has killed nearly 450,000 Americans—including 18,600 in San Francisco alone. Yet two decades into the epidemic, the outbreak of AIDS in America turned out to be just a foreshock, an early warning of a worldwide pandemic the likes of which have not been seen since the Black Death of the Middle Ages. The epidemic is relentlessly expanding. Twenty-two million already are dead. Thirty-six million are believed to be infected. In sub-Saharan Africa alone, 25 million are living with HIV. Six million are infected in India and Southeast Asia. AIDS rates in the Caribbean are the highest outside Africa, and the disease is making inroads in Latin America, China, and the nations of the former Soviet Union. AIDS is leaving a legacy of orphans. According to the United Nations, there are 13 million AIDS orphans in the world today, 95 percent of them in Africa."

2001  - Trivia / Greenhouse Gases - June 6th, 2001: "A report by the National Academy of Sciences concluded that industrial greenhouse gases would likely raise temperatures 2.5-10.4 degrees Fahrenheit before the end of the century."

2001  - Nuclear Waste Storage / Siberia - June 6th, 2001: "In Russia lawmakers approved a plan for storing nucelar waste in Siberia to earn an estimated $20 billion over 10 years."

2001 - Tropical Storm Allison / SE United States - "Tropical Storm date(s): June 6th-17th, 2001: Number of recorded fatalities: 47."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2001  - School Stabbing / Japan - June 7th, 2001: "In Japan Mamoru Takuma [37] stabbed at least 29 people at the Ikeda Elementary School in Osaka and killed 8 children."

2001  - Trivia / Tropical Storm Allison, U.S.A. - June 10th, 2001: "Tropical storm Allison hung over Texas and Louisiana and killed at least 16 people. President Bush declared 28 counties disaster areas due to flooding."

2001  - Intel Transistors - June 11th, 2001: "It was reported that Intel researchers had developed tiny silicon transistors that would allow production of chips with 1 billion transistors by 2007."

2001  - Execution / Timothy McVeigh - June 11th, 2001: "Timothy McVeigh [33] was executed by lethal injection at the federal prison in Terra Haute, Indiana, for the April 19, 1995, Oklahoma City bombing. For his final statement he issued a hand-written copy of 'Invictus', a poem written in 1875 by William Ernest Henley, whose last 2 lines read 'I am the master of my fate: I am the captain of my soul'."

2001  - Debt Status / Berlin, Germany - June 12th, 2001: "It was reported that Berlin suffered from a $30 million debt. The left-right coalition under mayor Eberhard Diepgen recently collapsed."

2001  - Life Sentence / Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-'Owhali - June 12th, 2001: "In NYC Mohamed Rashed Daoud Al-'Owhali was sentenced to life in prison for the 1998 bombing on the US Embassy in Kenya."

2001  - Increased Gasoline Prices / Zimbabwe - "June 13th, 2001: In Zimbabwe the government increased gas prices by over 70% and labor unions threatened to shut down the economy."

2001  - Phenol / Oil Spill - June 14th, 2001: "A tanker capsized in a sea lane between Malaysia and Singapore. The MT Endah Lestari with 660 tons of phenol rolled as it was towed. Unknown amounts of phenol and a large amount of diesel oil was spilled."

2001  - Shanghai Five Member / Uzbekistan - June 14th, 2001: "A forum in China inducted Uzbekistan as the 6th member of a regional group [the Shanghai Five] that included China, Russia, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The 5-year-old group hoped to counterbalance US influence and fight Islamic separatism."

2001  - Peacekeepers / Congo - June 15th, 2001: "The UN voted to keep peacekeepers in Congo for another year."

2001  - Debt  Cancellation / Tanzania - June 15th, 2001: "The US cancelled $16 million of Tanzania's debt and committed to canceling the remaining $10 million by the end of the year."

2001  - Tropical Storm Allison / Pennsylvania - June 16th, 2001: "Tropical Strom Allison moved into southeastern Pennsylvania and killed 4 people. This raised the toll from Allison to at least 43."

2001  - Fuel Price Increases / Jakarta - June 18th, 2001: "In Indonesia police fired warning shots at students in Jakarta protesting a 30% increase in fuel prices."

2001  - Trivia / Neutrinos - June 19th, 2001: "It was reported that scientists at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory had found that neutrinos ejected from the sun shifted form."

2001  - Syrian Pullout / Beirut, Lebanon - June 19th, 2001: "Syria completed a pullout of its forces from Beirut."

2001  -  Civilian Casulties / Iraq - June 19th, 2001: "Iraq claimed that 23 civilians were killed when Western planes bombed a soccer field during a match in the northern town of Tall Afar. US and Britain denied responsibility and blamed a malfunctioning Iraqi anti-aircraft missile."

2001  - Arms Deal / U.S. & Israel - June 19th, 2001: "Israel reached an agreement with Lockheed to purchase 50 F-15 fighters for $2 billion."

2001  - Falun Gong Suicides / China - June 21st, 2001: "In China jailed Falun Gong members attempted a group suicide in a northeast labor camp. 10-14 reportedly died by hanging."

2001  - Terrorist Reports - June 22nd, 2001: "US forces in the Middle East were put on high alert following intelligence reports on possible terrorist attacks."

2001  - Major Earthquake / Peru - June 23rd, 2001: "In southern Peru a 7.9 earthquake killed at least 55 people. 12,500 people lost their homes. On June 25th, the June 23 Peru earthquake was revised to 8.1 magnitude with the death toll at 102."

*Trivia: "Earthquake location: Arequipa, Peru. Earthquake magnitude: 8.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 102."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p.

2001  - Volcanic Eruption / Philippines - June 24th, 2001: "In Legazpi, Philippines, the Mayon volcano erupted and at least 7,000 villagers fled their homes."

2001  - Typhoon Chebi / China   - June 25th, 2001: "In China Typhoon Chebi killed 73 people in Fujian province and left 83 missing. Damage was estimated at $425 million."

2001 - Trivia / Taliban Disposition - June 26th, 2001: "The Indian magazine IndiaReacts reports more details of the cooperative efforts of the US, India, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and Iran against the Taliban regime: 'India and Iran will 'facilitate' US and Russian plans for 'limited military action' against the Taliban if the contemplated tough new economic sanctions don't bend Afghanistan's fundamentalist regime.' " [IndiaReacts, 6/26/01]

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - June 27th, 2001: "The Federal Reserve cut interest rates by one-quarter percent. to 3.75%."

2001  - Trivia / Microsoft  Corporation - June 28th, 2001: "A US federal appeals court reversed the order to breakup Microsoft Corp. into two parts."

2001  - Chinese Railway Project - June 29th, 2001: "In China a new $2.4 billion 700-mile railway project was begun to connect Lhasa, Tibet, to the Chinese interior."

2001  - MAP Probe - June 30th, 2001: "NASA launched its Microwave Anisotropy Probe [MAP] to orbit the Sun and gauge variations in radiation temperature of up to 20 millionths of a degree."

2001  - Ethnic Violence / Nigeria - June 30th, 2001: "It was reported that some 50,000 people had been driven from their homes in central Nigeria during 2 weeks of ethnic violence in which as many as 200 people died in Nassarawa state."

2001 - Boeing Contracts / Darleen Druyun - June, 2001: "Darleen Druyun hands Boeing $4 billion upset win over Lockheed to upgrade cargo planes." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. G2, 12/12/04]

July 2001

2001 - Terrorist Report - July 2001: "A U.S. intelligence source reported that numerous people in Afghanistan were 'talking about an impending attack.' " [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001  - Israeli Strikes / Lebanon, Etc. - July 1st, 2001: "Israel hit a Syrian radar site in Lebanon. In the West Bank Israeli helicopters rocketed a car with 3 Islamic Jihad members. Israeli infantry killed 2 Hamas members."

2001  - Artificial Heart - July 2nd, 2001: "In Louisville, Ky., the 1st self-contained artificial heart made by Abiomed was implanted at Jewish Hospital to Robert L. Tools [59]."

2001  - Typhoon Utor / Philippines - July 3rd, 2001: "In the Philippines 53 people were left dead in landslides from Typhoon Utor as the storm moved toward Taiwan."

2001  - Deaths / Indonesian Muslims - July 3rd, 2001: "In Indonesia a Christian gang killed 18 Muslims, including women and children, on the island of Sulawesi."

2001  - Hostage Release / Philippines - July 3rd, 2001: "In the Philippines Abu Sayyaf rebels freed 2 hostages and warned the government to withdraw from Muslim-majority islands or face more kidnappings."

2001  - Trivia / East Timor Demands - July 4th, 2001: "Australia's interim cabinet approved East Timor's demands for 90% of the revenues from oil and gas reserves in the Timor Sea."

2001  - Cease-Fire? / Macedonia - July 5th, 2001: "In Macedonia the government and ethnic Albanian rebels signed a cease-fire agreement under pressure from Western powers. Fighting continued."

2001  - Trivia / Nanotechnology - July 5th, 2001: "Scientists at Delft Univ. of Tech. in the Netherlands reported the creation of nanotechnology transistors built from a single molecule."

2001  - Typhoon Durian / Vietnam - July 5th,  2001: "Flooding from Typhoon Durian killed 25 people in Vietnam."

2001  - Execution Trivia / China - July 7th, 2001: "It was reported that China had executed 1,781 people over the last 3 months."

2001  - Flooding / Virginia   - July 8th, 2001: "In West Virginia Gov. Bob Wise declared a state of emergency due to flooding in 8 counties."

2001  - Standard of Living / Norway - July 9th, 2001: "The UN ranked Norway as the country with the world's highest standard of living. PM Jens Stolenberg credited the nation's welfare system. Norway was followed by Australia and Canada. The US ranked 6th."

2001  - Leading Small Arms Exporter / The United States - July 9th, 2001: "The Bush administration announced that it opposed a UN draft to restrict the sale of small arms. The US was the leading exporter of small arms."

2001 - Terrorist Report - July 2001: "Two months before the September 11th attacks, President George W. Bush was warned by the CIA that bin Laden was planning an attack that could involve hijacking an airplane. The briefing from the CIA said: 'We believe that bin Laden will launch a significant terorrist attack against U.S. or Israeli interests in the coming weeks. The attack will be spectacular and designed to inflict mass casualties.' "

2001  - Droughts / East Asia - July 13th, 2001: "It was reported that record droughts persisted in Afghanistan, northern China, North Korea, Mongolia and Tajikistan."

2001  - Solar-Powered Plane - July 14th, 2001: "NASA launched an unmanned solar-powered plane named Helios over Hawaii."

2001  - Flooding / South Korea - July 15th, 2001: "In South Korea landslides and flooding killed at least 40 people."

2001 - G8 Summit / Genoa, Italy - July 15th, 2001: "Members of the G8 countries, in Italy for an upcoming Genoa, Italy G8 summit, discuss the Taliban, the Afghanistan pipeline, and the handing over of bin Laden. According to Pakistani representative Ambassador Niaz Naik, the US delegation, led by former Clinton Ambassador to Pakistan Tom Simmons warned of a 'military option' if the Taliban don't change position. [The book Bin Laden: The Forbidden Truth, released 11/11//01 [the link is an excerpt containing Chapter 1] FTW."

*Trivia: "The Italian national debt in the summer of 2001 was astronomically 2,391,663,000,000,000 lire ($145,831,500,000), roughly equivalent to 105 percent of the GNP." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 14]

2001  - Oil Pipeline / Siberia to China - July 17th, 2001: "In Moscow Russia and China agreed to plan a $1.7 billion pipeline for oil from Siberia to northeastern China."

2001  - Computer Worm / "Code Red" - July 19th, 2001: "The Code Red computer worm began hitting Internet-connected computers."

2001  - Explosion / Office of Yasser Arafat - July 20th, 2001: "In the West Bank an explosion leveled the office of Yasser Arafat in Hebron and Rajai Abu Rajab, an activist in the Tanzim, was found dead."

2001  - Trivia / World Small Arms Sales - July 21st, 2001: "Over 140 UN nations agreed on a voluntary pact to stem small arms into conflict zones. It required manufacturers to compile records of sales and to mark weapons to enable their traces. The US managed to keep out some restrictions."

2001  - Flooding / India - July 23rd, 2001: "It was reported that flooding in India's Orissa state had killed some 83 people and left over 600,000 stranded."

2001  - Flooding / Pakistan   - July 23rd, 2001: "In Pakistan flash floods killed at least 150 people. In Islamabad 24 inches of rain broke a 100-year record."

2001  - Trivia / Global Warming - July 23rd, 2001: "World nations without the US accepted rules to cut emissions of waste gases linked to global warming."

*Trivia: "American and international panels of experts concluded as early as 2001 that smokestack and tailpipe discharges of heat-trapping gases were the most likely cause of recent global warming." [New York Times, 08/26/04]

2001  - Trivia / "Code Red" Worm - July 23rd, 2001: "The US Pentagon shut down public access to its web sites due to a computer worm called the Code Red worm. It defaced web sites with the words 'Hacked by Chinese'."

2001  - State of Emergency / Indonesia - July 23rd, 2001: "In Indonesia President Wahid declared a state of emergency. The military refused to carry out his orders and parliament met to remove him. The parliament ousted Wahid with a 591 to 0 vote and swore in Megawati Sukarnoputri as the country's 5th president."

2001  - Job Cuts / Hewlett-Packard   - July 26th, 2001: "Hewlett-Packard announced 6,000 worldwide job cuts and JDS Uniphase announced another 7,000 cuts."

2001  - 1st Indian President / Peru - July 28th, 2001: "In Peru Pres. Toledo was inaugurated as the nation's 1st president of Indian descent. He promised a government at the service of its people."

2001  - Pentium III-M - July 30th, 2001: "Intel rolled out its new Pentium III-M processor based on .13 micron chip technology."

2001 - Typhoon Toraji / Taiwan - "Typhoon date(s): July 30th, 2001. Number of recorded deaths: 200." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2001  - Catholic Condom Rejection - July 30th, 2001: "In South Africa Catholic bishops denounced condoms as 'immoral and misguided' weapons against AIDS."

2001 - Asian Tiger Mosquito / U.S.A. - July 30, 2001: "Introduced into the United States in the 1980s, the Asian tiger mosquito is an aggressive carrier of serious human diseases—and is expanding its range faster than a prairie fire. Scientists fear that global warming is likely to make it easier for the nasty biter to spread across North America."

2001  - Legal Medical Marijuana / Canada - July 30th, 2001: "In Canada medicinal use of marijuana became legal."

August 2001

2001 - Flooding / Taiwan - "Flood date(s): August 1st-6th, 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 100+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001 - Flooding / N Thailand- "Flood date(s): August 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 170." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001  - Same-Sex Couples / Germany - August 1st, 2001: "In Germany legislation went into effect offering legal status to same-sex couples."

2001 - Flooding / South Vietnam & Cambodia - "Flood date(s): August-November 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 360." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001  - Energy Legislation / Artic Wildlife Refuge - August 1st, 2001: "The US House passed energy legislation that included opening the Arctic national Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas drilling."

2001  - Debt Relief / Belize - August 2nd, 2001: "Belize agreed to conserve 23,000 acres in exchange for the cancellation of a US debt that included $1.4 million in debt relief and $10 million savings in interest payments over 26 years."

2001  - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Taliban  - August 5th, 2001: "In Afghanistan the Taliban closed a US relief organization office and arrested 24 of its workers for propagating Christianity."

2001 - Trivia / "Axis of Evil?" - August 6th, 2001: "Richard Perle, Head of the Defense Policy Board and foreign policy advisor to Bush, is asked about new challenges now the Cold War is over, and cites three: 'We're concerned about Saddam Hussein, we're concerned about the North Koreans, about some future Iranian government that may have the weapon they're now trying so hard to acquire...' [Australian Broadcasting Corp., 8/6/01] Note that these three nations are the same three named in Bush's famous January 29, 2002 'Axis of Evil' speech. [CNN, 1/29/02] High US officials are later talking about attacking all three, even though there are few to no connections between any of them and al-Qaeda. [Newsweek, 8/11/02]." [Link 1]

2001  - Hurricane Barry, / SE U.S.A. - August 6th, 2001: "Hurricane Barry hit the Florida Panhandle along with parts of Alabama and Georgia."

2001 - U.S. Presidential Briefing / Purported Hijack Plot - August 6th, 2001: "WASHINGTON - A secret intelligence report prepared for President Bill Clinton in December 1998 reported on a suspected plot by Osama bin Laden to hijack a U.S. airliner in an effort to force the United States to release imprisoned conspirators in the 1993 World Trade Center attacks. The one-page declassified version of the President's Daily Brief dated Dec. 4, 1998, contains chilling information the CIA had gleaned from several sources indicating that al-Qaida was working with U.S.-based operatives of the Egyptian group Gama at al-Islamiyya in the purported hijack plot. The briefing shows that the intelligence community and the White House were aware of al-Qaida's interest in hijacking U.S. airliners long before the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. The day the briefing was prepared, then-CIA director George Tenet said in a memo that 'we are at war,' and that no resources should be spared to defeat the terrorists. A report by the presidential commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks will include the newly declassified document and a previously declassified presidential briefing from Aug. 6, 2001, when it is released this week [July 2004]. It will also contain details of what the commission's executive director, Philip Zelikow, described Saturday [07/17/04] as an 'energetic response' to the hijack threat information by the Clinton administration, including its efforts to determine if the reports were true. The Aug. 6, 2001, brief prepared for President George W. Bush mentioned 1998 intelligence concerning a plot by bin-Laden 'to hijack a U.S. aircraft to gain the release of 'Blind Sheik' Omar Abdel Rahman and other U.S.-held extremists.' The 2001 brief said intelligence officials 'have not been able to corroborate' the plot reports from 1998. The 1998 brief is titled: 'Bin Laden preparing to hijack U.S. aircraft and other attacks.' It was declassified, with some parts covered up, by the White House last Monday [July 2004] at the request of the Sept. 11 commission. The text of the 1998 brief was read to a reporter by an administration official. [....] A White House official said Saturday [07/17/04] that the Bush national security team was not apprised by the Clinton administration about the intelligence report on a suspected hijack plot to free Rahman." [Based on article by: Susan Schmidt, The Washington Post, 07/18/04 - emphasis by E.M.] 

2001  - Trivia / Philippine Rebels - August 7th, 2001: "In the Philippines the Islamic and National fronts signed a separate unity pact to bridge their 23-year split. Muslim separatists agreed to a cease-fire with the government. Only the Abu Sayyaf was left fighting the government."

2001  - Protests / Lebanon - August 8th, 2001: "In Lebanon up to 250 people were arrested in protests that demanded Syrian withdrawal from Lebanon."

2001  - President Khatami / Iran - August 8th, 2001: "In Iran President Khatami was sworn in as president. Political in-fighting with conservatives delayed the ceremony by 3 days."

2001 - Flooding / NE Iran - "Flood date(s): August 10th-12th, 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 247+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001  - Debt Status / Argentina - August 10th, 2001: "In Argentina nearly 1 million people gathered to pray to St. Cayetano, patron of work and bread, for an easing of the economic crises that has left 1 in 3 Argentines in poverty. The government struggled to keep from defaulting on a $127 billion debt."

2001  - U.S. & British Bombings / Iraq - August 10th, 2001: "About 20 US and British jets bombed air-defense installation south of Baghdad in retaliation for increased anti-aircraft activity. Iraqis claimed 1 civilian was killed and 11  wounded."

2001  - West Nile Virus / Atlanta - August 11th, 2001: "A woman [71] who lived near downtown Atlanta died of the West Nile virus, the first reported death from the disease outside the Northeast since the virus emerged on the East Coast in 1999. Tests done by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed the cause of death. The virus, which can cause deadly swelling of the brain, has killed nine people in New York and New Jersey since 1999."

2001  - Flooding / Iran - August 12th, 2001: "In Iran flash floods followed heavy rains and at least 181 people were killed. Kalaleh in Golestan province was the hardest hit."

2001  - Decline? / U.S. Prison Population - August 13th, 2001: "It was reported that the US state-prison population had declined in 2000 for the 1st time since 1972."

2001  - Wildfires / U.S.A. - August 14th, 2001: "Some 18,000 firefighters in 8 US Western states battle 315,000 burning acres."

2001  - U.S. Bombing / Iraq - August 14th, 2001: "US warplanes attacked an Iraqi air defense system modernized with fiber optics by Chinese technicians."

2001  - Israeli Invasion / Jenin - August 14th, 2001: "Israeli tanks rolled into Palestinian-controlled Jenin. Bulldozers destroyed a Palestinian police station and Israeli forces took back with them some 70 Palestinians, who had been jailed in Jenin for collaboration with Israel. In Nablus Shadi Affori [19], a Fatah member, was killed in an explosion at his home."

2001 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Pakistan - Mid-August, 2001: "According to former National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane, mujaheddin leader Abdul Haq returns to Peshawar, Pakistan from the US. With support from the US, he launches subversive operations in Afghanistan. [Wall Street Journal, 11/2/01] He is later killed entering Afghanistan in October, 2001, after his position is betrayed to the Taliban by the ISI. [Toronto Star, 11/5/01]." [Link 1]

2001  - "Time Evolution" - August 15th, 2001: "It was reported that scientists had found data that suggested that 'there is a time evolution of the laws of physics'."

2001  - Peacekeepers / Macedonia - August 15th, 2001: "NATO authorized 400 first wave peacekeepers for Macedonia."

2001  - Wildfires / U.S.A. - August 16th, 2001: "Wild fires in the 10 Western US states covered over 50,000 acres, half in Oregon. 20,000 fighters fought 42 major blazes."

2001  - Dalits Recognition / India - August 16th, 2001: "In Nepal the government outlawed discrimination against members of the lowest caste, the Dalits, who would be free to enter any temple or religious structure."

2001  - Marijuana Trivia / Jamaica - August 16th, 2001: "A Jamaica government commission recommended that marijuana, aka ganja, be legalized for personal use by adults."

2001 - Detainment / Zacarias Moussaoui - August 16th, 2001:  "The Immigration and Naturalization Service detained Zacarias Moussaoui, who was attending flight school in Minnesota. He was later accused of ties to the September 11th hijackers." [S.L.P.D., 9/19/2002]

2001  - Women's Rights / Brazil - August 17th, 2001: "The Brazilian Congress approved a legal civil code that made women equal to men."

2001  - Drought / Central America - August 18th, 2001: "It was reported that a month-long drought ravaged Central America. Honduras lost 80% of its basic grains, El Salvador lost 80% of grains in its eastern provinces, Nicaragua lost 50% and Guatemala lost 80% of its beans in the eastern provinces. Hundreds of thousands of peasants were affected."

2001  - Statin Warnings - August 20th, 2001: "The US consumer group Public Citizen petitioned the government to give warning brochures to users of statins for reducing cholesterol due to some associated deaths from muscle cell destruction, arhabdomyolysis."

2001  - MTBE Contamination / California - August 20th, 2001: "Four oil companies [Chevron, Shell, Texaco and Unocal] agreed to clean up MTBE contamination in California caused by leaking storage tanks. 4 others [ARCO, Exxon, Mobil and Tosco] declined to settle the suit."

2001  - Debt Relief? / Argentina - August 21st, 2001: "In Argentina it was planned to begin the use of the patacon, a negotiable bond, as legal tender in the Buenos Aires province. The IMF announced plans to add $8 billion to a $14 billion rescue package."

2001  - Trivia / Pyroprocessing - August 21st, 2001: "It was reported that nuclear waste researchers had developed a process, pyroprocessing, to remove long term radioactive elements from waste and transmute them to less radioactive elements."

2001 - NATO Deployment / Macedonia - August 22nd, 2001: "NATO sends soldiers to Macedonia to oversee the disarmament of ethnic Albanian rebels." [Sources: NATO, The Associated Press, the World Book, the Encyclopedia Britannica]

2001 - Terrorist Report - August 23rd, 2001: "The CIA, acting on old information about a terrorist meeting in Malaysia, asked that two eventual September 11th hijackers, Khalid al-Mihdhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi, be put on the State Department's watch list for denying visas. But they were already in the United States, and an FBI manhunt did not turn them up before the attacks." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/2002]

*Trivia: "More than a year before the Sept. 11 attacks, a small, highly classified military intelligence unit identified Mohamed Atta and three other future hijackers as likely members of an al-Qaida cell operating in the United States, according to a former defense intelligence official and a Republican member of Congress. The account is the first assertion that Atta, an Egyptian who became the lead hijacker in the plot, was identified by any U.S. government agency as a potential threat before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Among the 19 hijackers, only Khalid al-Mihdhar and Nawaf al-Hazmi had been identified as  potential threats by the CIA before the summer of 2000, and information about them was not given to the FBI until the spring of 2001. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article, p. A3, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/09/05]

*Trivia: "[....] Weldon [Rep. Curt Weldon, R-Pa.] said that in September 2000, Able Danger recommended that its information on the hijackers be given to the FBI 'so they could bring that cell in and take out the terrorists.' However, Weldon said Pentagon lawyers rejected the recommendation because they said Atta and the others were in the country legally, so information on them could not be shared with law enforcement. [....]" [Based on: A.P., 08/10/05]

2001  - Carbon Nanotube - August 26th, 2001: "IBM computer scientists reported that they had constructed a working logic circuit within a single molecule of carbon fiber known as a carbon nanotube."

2001  - IMF Loan / Indonesia - August 27th, 2001: "In Indonesia PM Megawati reached an agreement with the IMF to restart a $5 billion loan that was halted last December."

2001  - Computer Chip / 2-GHz Pentium 4 - August 27th, 2001: "Intel unveiled a 2-GHz Pentium 4 chip."

2001  - Job Cut / Gateway - August 28th, 2001: "Gateway announced that it would cut 4,800 workers, 25% of its global work force, due to the bleak market."

2001  - U.S. Bombing / Iraq - August 30th, 2001: "U.S. warplanes bombed an Iraqi radar site near Basra's airport."

2001 - Debt Status / Italy - "The Italian national debt in the summer of 2001 was astronomically 2,391,663,000,000,000 lire ($145,831,500,000), roughly equivalent to 105 percent of the GNP." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 14]

2001  - 17-Year Low / Nikkei Index - August 30th, 2001: "In Japan the Nikkei fell to a 17-year low, 10,938, as the government reported declines in industrial output and consumer spending."

2001  - Superconductivity - August 31st, 2001: "It was reported that scientists at Lucent Tech. achieved superconductivity with carbon-60 [buckyballs] at minus 249 degrees by combining the carbon molecules with compounds of chloroform and bromoform."

2001  - AIDS Trivia / Thailand - August 31st, 2001: "In Thailand officials reported that AIDS accounted for 16% of all deaths in 1998."

2001 - Time Machine? - "In August 2001, a new model of the time machine meant for a human was set in a remote forest in Russia's Volgograd Region. When the machine even operated on car batteries and had low capacity, it still managed to change the time by three per cent; the change was registered with symmetrical crystal oscillators." [Olga Zharina, 03/01/2004, Pravada]     

2001 - Terrorist Report - August 2001: "U.S. intelligence learned of a possible plot to bomb the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, from an airplane, or crash an airplane into it. Two people, reportedly acting on instruction from bin Laden, met in October 2000 to discuss the plot." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02]

2001 - Terrorist Report - Late Summer, 2001: "The CIA learned that an al-Qaida operative was considering
mounting terrorist operations in the United States. No specifics were provided." [S.L.P.D. 9/19/02] 

September 2001

2001  - Racism Conference - September 1st, 2001: "At the UN World Conference Against Racism a variety of African leaders demanded apologies, an in some cases financial reparations, from Western countries that benefited from slavery and colonization of African countries for over 3 centuries."

2001  - Trivia / Ivermectine - September 1st, 2001: "Scientists gathered in the French Alps to discuss a medicine called ivermectine given to livestock to protect them from parasites. Dung from the animals was toxic and virtually indestructible and threatened the survival of insects, birds and bats."

2001  - Congo Pull-Out - September 2nd, 2001: "Namibia confirmed that it had pulled all its troops from all of Congo except the capital. Uganda said it had pulled 6 of 10 battalions."

2001  - Burning Man Festival / Nevada - September 2nd, 2001: "The Nevada Burning Man festival came to a close. Also burned was 'The Mausoleum', a plywood temple built over several weeks and dedicated to the dead."

2001  - Trivia / Snail Neurons - September 3rd, 2001: "It was reported that scientists at the Max Planck Inst. for Biochemistry in Germany had affixed snail neurons to transistor chips and demonstrated communication."

2001 - Hewlett-Packard / Compaq - September 3rd, 2001: "Hewlett-Packard announced plans to buy Compaq Computer in a $25 billion stock swap. The bid was expected to eliminate as many as 15,000 jobs."

2001  - U.S. Pullout / Racism Conference - September 3rd, 2001: "The US delegates pulled out of the UN Conference on Racism due to extremist diatribes against Israel by Arab nations."

2001 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Taliban - September 4th, 2001: "Bush's Cabinet-rank advisers have their second ever meeting on terrorism [see June 3, 2001]. [Washington Post, 5/17/02] Back in January, terrorism 'czar' Richard Clarke had proposed an ambitious plan to 'roll back' al-Qaeda's operations around the world. The plan was strengthened and finally approved at this meeting. It no longer plans a 'roll back' of al-Qaeda but aims to 'eliminate' it altogether. The plan calls for significant support to the Northern Alliance, the last remaining resistance to the Taliban in Afghanistan. At the same time, the US military would launch air strikes on training camps and special-operations missions in Afghanistan. In the words of a senior Bush Administration official, the proposals amounted to 'everything we've done since 9/11.' The plan was awaiting Bush's signature on 9/11. Clinton's limited missile attack in 1998 faced a lot of controversy - this new ambitious plan would have faced much more opposition had it not been for 9/11. [Time, 8/4/02] A senior Bush administration official dismisses the allegations: 'This idea that there was somehow a kind of - some sort of full-blown plan for going after al-Qaeda is just incorrect.' [CNN, 8/5/02]." [Link 1]

2001  - Terrorist Threat Warning / U.S.A. - September 7th, 2001: "The U.S. State Department issued a memo that warned Americans 'may be the target of a terrorist threat'."

2001 - Biological Weapons Development / U.S.A. - September 7th, 2001: "Donald Rumsfeld confirmed on Tuesday that the United States of America is proceeding with experiments begun in 1997 to develop an extremely virulent form of anthrax, using genetic engineering techniques. The 1972 Convention of Biological Weapons prohibits the development or acquisition of weapons which spread disease. However, it permits development of vaccines and protective measures. The White House has declared that such development is being performed but that it is purely of a defensive nature. [....]" [Pravada, 9-7-2001]

2001 - U.S. Plan to Remove al-Qaeda - September 9th, 2001: "A formal National Security Presidential Directive, stating a 'game plan to remove al-Qaeda from the face of the Earth,' is placed on Bush's desk for his signature. The plan deals with all aspects of a war against al-Qaeda, ranging from diplomatic initiatives to military operations in Afghanistan, sources say on condition of anonymity. According to NBC News reporter Jim Miklaszewski, the 'directive outlines essentially the same war plan ... put into action after the September 11 attacks. The administration most likely was able to respond so quickly to the attacks because it simply had to pull the plans off the shelf.' The plan includes an effort to persuade the Taliban to turn over bin Laden and a military invasion if it refuses. It was prepared through a process of consultation over many months, involving the Pentagon, CIA, State Department and other security and intelligence agencies. It is reported Bush was expected to sign the directive, but hadn't finished reviewing it by 9/11. [NBC News, 5/16/02, Los Angeles Times, 5/18/02] FTW." [Link Source: 1]

2001 - Fatality / Ahmad Shah Massood, Afghanistan - September 9th, 2001: "About 20,000 Afghans paid tribute Wednesday [09/09/04] to slain anti-Taliban commander Ahmad Shah Massood, packing a stadium in Kabul ringed with security personnel to guard against attacks by still-active Islamic militia. At the ceremony, Afghan leaders eulogized 'The Lion of Panjshir,' fabled for his defiance of occupying Soviet forces in the 1980's, and later the Taliban. He was killed by suspected al-Qaida suicide attackers two days before the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, in the United States." [Based on: News Services, 09/09/04]

2001 - Terrorist Report - September 10th, 2001: "The National Security Agency intercepted two communications suggesting terrorist attacks were imminent, but no specific information was provided. These were not translated until September 12th. It's unclear if these were references to the September 11th attacks." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 9/19/02]

2001  - Decline / Nikkei Average - September 10th, 2001: "The Nikkei closed at 10,195, the lowest point since August 1984."

2001 - Pentagon Accountability? - September 10th, 2001: " 'According to some estimates we cannot track $2.3 trillion in transactions,' Rumsfeld admitted. $2.3 trillion — that's $8,000 for every man, woman and child in America. (CBS, 1/29/02) [....]"

[Based on: http://www.911myths.com/html/rumsfeld__9_11_and__2_3_trilli.html]

*Trivia: "In fiscal 1999, a defense audit found that about $2.3 trillion of balances, transactions and adjustments were inadequately documented. These 'unsupported' transactions do not mean the department ultimately cannot account for them, she advised, but that tracking down needed documents would take a long time. Auditors, she said, might have to go to different computer systems, to different locations or access different databases to get information." [See article at site for reference link.]

[Based on: http://www.911myths.com/html/rumsfeld__9_11_and__2_3_trilli.html]

*Links: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kpWqdPMjmo

2001  - Mad Cow Disease / Japan - September 10th, 2001: "In Japan the government reported that a dairy cow had tested positive for mad-cow disease. It was the 1st instance of the disease in Asian animals."

2001 - Astronomic Configuration - September 11th, 2001: "Sun [18 Virgo], Moon [24 Gemini], Mercury [13 Libra], Venus [18 Leo], Mars [1 Capricorn], Jupiter [11 Cancer], Saturn [14 Gemini], Uranus [21 Aquarius R], Neptune [6 Aquarius R], Pluto [12 Sagittarius], Chiron [23 Sagittarius]."

*Trivia: "A popular birthdate for the United States is July 4th, 1776. The astronomic configuration for that date was: Sun [12 Cancer], Moon [13 Aquarius], Mercury [24 Cancer], Venus [1 Cancer], Mars [20 Gemini], Jupiter [5 Cancer], Saturn [14 Libra], Uranus [8 Gemini], Neptune [22 Virgo], Pluto [27 Capricorn R]."

*Trivia: "The Birthdate of the first American State was December 7th, 1787. The astronomic configuration for that date was: Sun [14 Sagittarius], Moon [15 Scorpio], Mercury [17 Sagittarius R], Venus [27  Sagittarius], Mars [26 Cancer R], Jupiter [22 Gemini R], Saturn [23 Aquarius], Uranus [29 Cancer], Neptune [20 Libra], Pluto [14 Aquarius]."

2001 - The Complete 9/11 Timeline - September 11th, 2001: "At 8:45 a.m. American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 92 people, crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.  9:03 a.m. United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 carrying 65 people, crashed into the South Tower of the WTC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.  9:38 a.m. American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Va. It was enroute from Washington DC to LA.  9:40 a.m. The FAA grounded all domestic flights and ordered all airborne craft to land immediately. 10:00 a.m. The South Tower of the WTC collapsed. 10:10 a.m. United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 carrying 45 people, crashed southeast of Pittsburgh. The plane had left Newark for SF but was believed to be directed by hijackers to Camp David. Passengers appeared to have overcome the hijackers. 10:29 a.m. The North Tower of the WTC collapsed. 5:25 p.m. Building 7 of the WTC complex collapsed. Four groups of terrorists used knives, hijacked 4 airplanes, and were suspected to be linked to Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda organization and appeared to be a franchise operation." [Link: 1] [*Further Reading: ]

2001  - Explosions / Afghanistan - September 11th, 2001: "In Afghanistan explosions resounded north of Kabul near the airport just hours following terrorist attacks in the US."

*Trivia: "The National Security Agency first began to conduct warrantless eavesdropping on telephone calls and e-mail messages between the United States and Afghanistan months before President George W. Bush officially authorized a broader version of the agency's special domestic collection program, according to current and former government officials. The security agency surveilance of telecommunications between the United States and Afghanistan began in the immediate aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington, the officials said. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Warrantless taps first targeted Afghanistan), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 12/18/05]

2001 - U.S. Military Women / Afghanistan - 2001: "Six female U.S. soldiers have died [as of July 2005?] in the Afghanistan conflict." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A10, 07/10/05]

2001 - NATO Defense Clause - September 12th, 2001: "The day after terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, NATO invokes for the first time its mutual defense clause, which states that an attack against one member is an attack against all." [Sources: NATO, The Associated Press, the World Book, the Encyclopedia Britannica]

2001 - Terrorism Testimony / Richard Clarke - September 12th, 2001: "On the morning of Sept. 12, 2001, Mr Clarke writes, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz insisted that the attacks were too sophisticated for al-Qaida to have pulled off without Iraq's help. That afternoon, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld complained that the list of targets in Afghanistan was too skimpy and that Iraq offered better ones. Mr. Clarke said he was stunned and told Secretary of State Colin Powell that for the United States to bomb Iraq in response for an attack by al-Qaida 'would be like our invading Mexico after the Japanese attacked us at Pearl Harbor.' Mr. Powell shook his head and said, 'It's not over yet,' Mr Clarke writes. That evening, Mr. Clarke writes, he encountered the president in the Situation Room. Despite his protests that al-Qaida was the guilty party, Mr. Clarke writes, Mr. Bush thrice told him to seek evidence linking Iraq to the attacks. He and his staff looked, found no evidence and reported back. It didn't matter. And as Mr Powell said, 'It's not over yet.' " [St.Louis Post-Dispatch, 03/24/04]

2001 - Reopened / National Airspace, U.S.A. - September 13th, 2001: "U.S. national airspace reportedly reopened this date in history." [E.M.]

2001 - War on Terrorism / U.S.A. - September 14th, 2001: "Congress authorizes use of force for war on terrorism."

2001 - Trivia / Departing Saudis, U.S.A. - September 14th, 2001: "[....] The Sept. 11 commission examined the Saudi flights in its final report last year, and it reported that no Saudis had been allowed to leave before national airspace was reopened on Sept. 13, 2001, that there was no evidence of 'political intervention' by the White House, and that the FBI had done a 'satisfactory screening' of the departing Saudis to ensure they did not have information revelant to the attacks. The documents obtained by Judicial Watch, with major passages deleted, do not appear to contradict directly any of those central findings, but they raise new questions. The FBI records show, for instance, that prominent Saudi citizens left the United States on several flights that had not been previously disclosed in public accounts, including a chartered flight from Providence, R.I., on Sept. 14, 2001, that included at least one member of the Saudi royal family, and on three flights from Las Vegas between Sept. 19 and Sept. 24, also carrying members of the Saudi Royal family. [....] The FBI documents left open the possibility that some departing Saudis had information relevant to the Sept. 11 investigation. 'Although the FBI took all possible steps to prevent any individuals who were involved in or had knowledge of the 9/11/2001 attacks from leaving the U.S. before they could be interviewed,' a memo from 2003 stated, 'it is not possible to state conclusively that no such individualsd left the U.S. without FBI knowledge.' [....]" [Based on: New York Times article by Eric Lichtblau, S.L.P.D., p. A11, 03/27/05]

2001 - U.S. Worldwide Attack Matrix - September 15th, 2001: "On Bush's first chance to seriously strategize after 9/11, CIA Director Tenet briefs him 'with a briefcase stuffed with top-secret documents and plans, in many respects the culmination of more than four years of work on Osama bin Laden, the al-Qaeda network and worldwide terrorism.' In his briefing, Tenet advocates 'a strategy to create a northern front, closing the safe haven [of Afghanistan].' His idea [is] that Afghan opposition forces, aided by the United States, would move first against the northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif, try to break the Taliban's grip on that city and open up the border with Uzbekistan. From there the campaign could move to other cities in the north.' [....] He also explains that CIA had begun working with a number of tribal leaders to stir up resistance in the south the previous year. In other words, the military strategy that in fact exactly transpired had been prepared by the CIA over the past four years. Tenet then turns to a top secret document called the 'Worldwide Attack Matrix,' which describes covert operations in 80 countries that are either underway or now recommended. The actions range from routine propaganda to lethal covert action in preparation for military attacks. So plans to wipe out al-Qaeda have also been waiting for such a moment to arise. In comparison, the military, which is the normal planner of military campaigns, is caught relatively unprepared and defers to the CIA plans. [Washington Post, 1/31/02]." [Link: 1]

2001  - Immediate Furlough / Continental Airlines - September 15th, 2001: "Continental Airlines said it would immediately furlough 12,000 of 56,000 workers. Total air carrier capacity was expected to shrink 20%."

2001  - Tropical Storm / Taiwan - September 17th, 2001: "In Taiwan tropical storm Nari flooded Taipei and other cities. At least 66 people were killed."

2001  - Decline / US Stock Market - September 17th, 2001: "US markets opened and the DJIA fell 684 to 8,920. The Nasdaq fell 115 to 1,579."

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - September 17th, 2001: "The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates by .5% to 3%. The discount rate at 2.5% reached its lowest point level since 1959."

2001  - Computer Worm / W32.Nimda - September 18th, 2001: "The new computer worm, W32.Nimda, struck the Internet."

2001  - President George W. Bush authorizes use of force on 9/11 attackers - September 18th, 2001: "President George W. Bush authorizes use of force on 9/11 attackers ... ." [Based on: Illustrated timeline article (TEN YEARS IN AFGHANISTAN, AMERICA'S LONGEST WAR / U.S. and British forces invaded Afghanistan on Oct. 7, 2001, to destroy al-Qaida, the group responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks, and to remove the Taliban regime from power. Key events in the war since it began.), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 10/06/11]

2001  - Operation Infinite Justice - September 19th, 2001: "President Bush warned Afghanistan that he would not negotiate to take custody of Osama bin Laden. The Pentagon began deploying troops, ships and planes to the Persian Gulf under code name 'Operation Infinite Justice'. The title became a working name after Islamic scholars objected that 'infinite justice' is reserved for God."

2001  - U.S. Threat / Indonesian Jihad - September 19th, 2001: "In Indonesia Ayip Syafrudin, leader of the Laskar Jihad [Holy War Warriors], said he would declare a jihad against the US if it attacks Muslim countries."

2001 - "War on Terror" - September 20th, 2001: "[....] On September 20, 2001, during a televised address to a joint session of congress, President George W. Bush launched his war on terror when he said, 'Our war on terror begins with al Qaeda, but it does not end there. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.' Bush did not say when he expected this would be achieved. (Previous to this usage, after stepping off the presidential helicopter on Sunday, September 16, 2001, Bush stated in an unscripted and controversial comment: "This crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while." Bush later apologized for this remark due to the negative connotations the word crusade has to people of Muslim faith. The word crusade was not referred to again). [29] [NP] US President Barack Obama has rarely used the term, but in his inaugural address on January 20, 2009, he stated "Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred."[30] It is likely that the phrase will fall into disuse, as one referring to failed concepts and strategies of his predecessor. [31] In March 2009 the Defense Department officially changed the name of operations from "Global War on Terror" to "Overseas Contingency Operation" (OCO).[6] [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Terrorism - [T.D. - 05/09/09]

2001  - Decline / U.S. Stock Market - September 21st, 2001: "The DJIA fell 140 to 8,235, while the Nasdaq fell 47 to 1,423, a 3 year low.

2001  - Miss Oregon - September 22nd, 2001: "Katie Harman, Miss Oregon, was crowned Miss America for 2002."

2001  - Aid Package / US Airline Industry - September 22nd, 2001: "President Bush signed the $15 billion aid package for the nation's airline industry."

2001  - Statement / Osama bin Laden? - September 23rd, 2001: "Osama bin Laden issued a statement that called for Muslim brothers to resist the 'Christian-Jewish crusade' led by the big crusader Bush under the flag of the Cross. [....]"

2001 - Animal Alien Invasion / USA - September 24th, 2001:"Non-native zebra mussels that were stowaways on ships from Europe have become a major pest in the United States, clogging inland waterways and pushing indigenous freshwater shellfish to extinction. On the other side of the Atlantic, after hitching a ride on board an aircraft from America, the western corn rootworm is munching the heart out of Europe's farmland."

2001  - Operation Enduring Freedom - September 25th, 2001: "The US campaign against terrorism was renamed 'Operation Enduring Freedom'."

2001  - Typhoon Lekima / Taiwan - September 26th, 2001: "Typhoon Lekima hit Taiwan causing mudslides and power losses. 2 fishermen drowned and 1 was missing."

2001  - Terrorist Crack Down - September 28th, 2001: "The UN Security Council unanimously adopted a US sponsored resolution to oblige all 189 member states to crack down on the financing, training and movement of terrorists."

2001  - March For Peace - September 29th, 2001: "Some 7,000 people marched for peace in Washington D.C. while an estimated 7-10 thousand marched in San Francisco. They marched to mourn terrorist victims, and to urge the nation to heal poverty and injustice that fuels global violence instead of focusing on military revenge."

2001 - Saturn Retrograde - September 29th, 2001: "The planet Saturn takes 'retrograde' motion. It will move into 'exact' opposition to Pluto on November 2nd, 2001." [E.M.]

2001  - Palestinian Uprising - September 29th, 2001: "Tens of thousands of Palestinians marched in Gaza and the West Bank to support their uprising against Israel. 3 Palestinians were killed in confrontations with Israeli troops."

2001 - Dangerous City / St. Louis Mo. - "In September 2001, the Post-Dispatch reported that homicides were running 50 percent ahead of the previous year's pace. One analysis of FBI crime statistics for 2001 would later call St. Louis the most dangerous city in America." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 09/29/03]

2001 - Market Timing Scheme / A.G. Edwards - September 2001: "An administration law judge with the Securities and Exchange Commission ordered three brokers [03/10/08] with the former A.G. Edwards brokerage firm to pay fines and give up money netted in a market timing scheme based in Massachusetts and Florida. [NP] In May, A.G. Edwards agreed to pay $3.86 million in fines to settle federal charges that it failed to supervise brokers in the scheme, which involved frequent trades in clients' mutual fund accounts. Trades occurred from September 2001 until September 2003. [....]" [Based on: Title for article (SEC punishes 3 A.G. Edwards brokers over market timing scheme), p B2, S.L.P.D., 03/12/08]

October 2001

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - October 2nd, 2001: "The US Federal Reserve cut interest rates for a 9th time and reduced the federal funds rate to 2.5%, its lowest level since 1962. The DJIA rose 113 to 8,950. The Nasdaq rose 11 to 1,492."

2001  - Estimated Cost / 911 Disaster - October 4th, 2001: "NYC officials estimated that the September 11 disaster would cost as much as $105 billion over the next 2 years."

2001  - Anthrax Death - October 5th, 2001: "In Florida Bob Stevens [63], photo editor for the Sun tabloid, died of anthrax. Anthrax spores were later found on his computer keyboard in Lantana."

*Trivia: "Workers began pumping a potent chemical into the former headquarters of the National Enquirer on Sunday [07/11/04] to clean up the first target of the deadly anthrax attacks in 2001. [....] The arrival of anthrax in the mail at the building was the first in a series of still-unsolved [July 2004] attacks that killed five people, among them photo editor Bob Stevens of American Media Inc.'s tabloid the Sun. AMI also published the Enquirer." [News Services, 07/12/04]

2001  - Trivia / U.S. Labor Loss - October 5th, 2001: "The US Labor Department reported that 199,000 jobs were lost in September."

2001  - Video Release / Osama Bin Laden? - October 7th, 2001: "The Al-Jazeera TV network from Qatar showed video footage of Osama bin Laden praising Allah for the September 11 terrorist attacks."

2001  - U.S. & British Attacks / Afghanistan  - October 7th, 2001: "US and British forces struck 31 targets in Afghanistan. 40 warplanes, 50 Tomahawk cruise missiles, B-2 Stealth bombers, B-1 lancers, B-52s, F-14 Tomcats and F/A-18 Hornet fighter jets were used against air defenses, communication nodes and other large fixed target sites. Airdrops of food were also made. The Taliban later claimed that 8-20 civilians were killed in the attacks."

2001  - 2nd Anthrax Case - October 8th, 2001: "A 2nd case of anthrax was reported in Ernesto Blanco [73], a co-worker of the man who died Oct 5 in Florida."

2001 - Hurricane Iris / Belize  - "Hurricane date(s): October 8th-9th, 2001. Number of recorded deaths: 22." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2001  - U.S. Attacks / Afghanistan - October 8th, 2001: "US forces hit Afghanistan with a 2nd wave of attacks. 40 Taliban commanders along with 1,200 men switched sides and handed over control of a provincial road north of Kabul. 4 UN civilian workers were later confirmed as casualties of the bombing; Abdul Saboor, Safiullah, Najibullah and Nasir Ahmad worked for a mine clearing agency. The Taliban ambassador to Pakistan reported 200 civilian casualties."

2001  - U.S. Office of Homeland Security - October 8th, 2001: "Tom Ridge was sworn in to head the new US Office of Homeland Security."

2001  - Fatality / Serial Killer, Pakistan - October 9th, 2001: "A Pakistani serial killer, Javed Iqbal, committed suicide rather than face his sentence. He was to be chopped up and dissolved in acid for having abused and killed over 100 children."

2001  - 3rd Anthrax Case - October 10th, 2001: "In Florida a 3rd case of anthrax was identified in a 35-year-old woman who worked in the same office as Robert Stevens. The strain was reported to match one from Iowa in the 1950s commonly used by lab researchers."

2001  - Tornadoes / U.S.A. - October 10th, 2001: "Tornadoes hit the US plains and caused heavy damage in Oklahoma and Nebraska."

2001  - Video Restrictions / Osama bin Laden - October 11th, 2001: "The Bush administration asked newspapers not to publish full transcripts of messages from Osama bin Laden due to the possibility of coded messages."

2001  - Anthrax / NYC - October 12th, 2001: "In NYC a case of anthrax was reported in an employee of NBC News."

2001 - NATO Surveillence / U.S.A. - October 12th 2001: "NATO radar planes start protective patrols over the United States." [Sources: NATO, The Associated Press, the World Book, the Encyclopedia Britannica]

2001  - Anthrax / U.S.A. - October 13th, 2001: "Anthrax was confirmed in 3 US states. In Florida 5 more employees tested positive; in Nevada a letter sent to a Microsoft office tested positive; and in NYC a letter sent to NBC News tested positive."

2001  - U.S. Air Strikes / Afghanistan - October 14th, 2001: "President Bush rejected a Taliban offer to release Osama bin Laden to an unnamed 3rd country if the air strikes are halted.  US warplanes hit Afghanistan targets around Kabul and knocked out the overseas telephone exchange. Bombs also hit the cities of Mazar-e-Sharif, Kandahar, Jalalabad and Heart. Abu Baseer al-Masri, al Qaeda fighter and Egyptian militant, was killed near Jalalabad."

2001  - Walkout End / Minnesota - October 14th, 2001: "Unions in Minnesota reached a deal with the state to end a walkout by some 23,000 government workers."

2001  - U.S. Bombing / Afghanistan - October 15th, 2001: "US warplanes carried out their heaviest bombings in 9 days over Afghanistan. The Pentagon called in the slow moving AC-130 Spectre gunships to targets around Kandahar."

2001  - Anthrax / Microsoft Office - October 15th, 2001: "Anthrax in a letter to a Reno Microsoft office was reported to be from Malaysia. 2 anthrax-tainted letters were reported to have been mailed from Trenton, New Jersey and 2 postal employees there showed symptoms. Anthrax spores were in a letter deliver to a Senate office."

2001  -  Bankruptcy / Bethlehem Steel - October 15th, 2001: "Bethlehem Steel filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy."

2001 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Russia - October 15th, 2001: "The Russian government sees the upcoming US conquest of Afghanistan as an attempt by the US to replace Russia as the dominant political force in Central Asia, with the control of oil as a prominent motive. For instance, this quote from the Moscow Times: 'While the bombardment of Afghanistan outwardly appears to hinge on issues of fundamentalism and American retribution, below the surface, lurks the prize of the energy-rich Caspian basin into which oil majors have invested billions of dollars. Ultimately, this war will set the boundaries of US and Russian influence in Central Asia - and determine the future of oil and gas resources of the Caspian Sea.' [Moscow Times, 10/15/01]."

2001 - Document Circulation / Niger Uranium - October 15th, 2001: "CIA circulates top-secret foreign intelligence report indicating Niger planned to ship several tons of uranium ore to Iraq. [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2001  - Flooding / North Korea   - October 16th, 2001: "It was reported that flooding in North Korea had killed at least 81 people and damaged vast amounts of cropland over the last week. This portended an 8th year of food shortages."

2001  - Anthrax / U.S. Senate Building - October 16th, 2001: "A wing of the US Senate building was closed following confirmation that a letter to Senator Tom Daschle, D-S.D., carried anthrax. It was later found that the anthrax contained the additive bentonite to enhance suspension in air."

2001  - Anthrax  / New Jersey - October 18th, 2001: "Two new cases of anthrax were reported in New Jersey."

2001  - Israeli Invasion / Bethlehem - October19, 2001: "Israeli troops and tanks invaded Bethlehem and left 6 Palestinians dead. A Palestinian fighter was killed in Ramallah."

2001  - Flooding / Argentina - October 20th, 2001: "It was reported that record flooding around Buenos Aires, Argentina, had damaged some 8.6 million acres of prime farmland. The area was declared a national disaster and losses were estimated at $300 million."

2001  - Anthrax / U.S. Capital Hill - October 20th, 2001: "Traces of anthrax were found in a US House of Representatives mail room. This became the 3rd Capital Hill building infected."

2001  - Anthrax / D.C. - October 21st, 2001: "A DC postal worker was diagnosed with the deadly inhalation form of anthrax. DC postal worker Thomas L. Morris Jr. [55] died."

2001  - Anthrax / D.C. - October 22nd, 2001: "DC postal worker, Joseph P. Curseen (47), died from anthrax."

2001  - Anthrax / D.C. - October 23rd, 2001: "Traces of anthrax were found at an off-site facility that handled mail for the White House."

2001  - Trivia / Philippine Terrorism - October 23rd, 2001: "US military officers were sent to the Philippines to assess how the US might help the local war against terrorism."

2001  - Orbit Entry / Mars Odyssey Spacecraft - October 23rd, 2001: "The $297 million Mars Odyssey spacecraft entered into a stable orbit following a 6-month voyage." [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "Storms just after the solar max (the most recent ended in 2001) aren't uncommon. Still, the episode amazed scientists. Among the satellites hurt in the October outbursts was Mars Odyssey. The red-planet orbiter lost an instrument that, ironically, had just finished measuring the radiation levels that a crewed mission to Mars would face. As solar physicist Pal Brekke cautions, 'If humans want to leave the magnetosphere, we've got to understand space weather.' " [N.G.M., July 2004, pp. 26-27]

2001 - Trivia / Secret Justice Department Memo / U.S.A. - October 23rd, 2001: "For at least 16 months after the Sept. 11 attacks in 2001, the Bush administration believed that the Constitution's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures on U.S. soil didn't apply to its efforts to protect against terrorism. [NP] That view was expressed in a secret Justice Department legal memo dated Oct. 23, 2001. The administration on Wednesday [04/02/08] stressed that it now disavows that view. [....] The 37-page memo is classified and has not been released. Its existence was disclosed Tuesday [04/01/08] in a footnote of a separate secret memo, dated March 14, 2003, released by the Pentagon in response to a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit by the American Civil Liberties Union." [Based on: Article (2001 memo is revealed on legality of searches), p A2, S.L.P.D., 04/03/08]

2001  - Blizzard / U.S.A. - October 24th, 2001: "A blizzard hit North Dakota and Minnesota. The 10 inches of snow broke a 1926 Grand Forks record. The blizzard killed 6 people in the Midwest with 4 dead in North Dakota car crashes."

2001  - Anthrax / Virginia - October 25th, 2001: "A State Dept. mail worker in Virginia was diagnosed with the inhalational form of anthrax."

2001  - Lockheed Martin Contract - October 26th, 2001: "Lockheed Martin won a $200 million military contract, the biggest  in US history, for a new fleet of fighter jets for the US and British forces."

2001  - Anthrax / U.S. Supreme Court - October 26th, 2001: "Anthrax was found in the offices of 3 lawmakers in the Longworth House Office building on Capital Hill. The Supreme Court was shut down to test for anthrax spores."

2001  - Anthrax / New Jersey - October 28th, 2001: "The CDC reported a 13th case of anthrax in a New Jersey postal worker. Spores were found at the mail center in Landover, Md."

2001  - Bethlehem Pull-Out / Israel - October 28th, 2001: "Israel pulled out of Bethlehem and Beit Jala. In Hadera suspected Palestinian gunmen sprayed gunfire and killed 4 women along a main boulevard before they were shot dead by police. Drive by shooters killed an Israeli soldier near the northern West Bank frontier."

2001  - Trivia / Anthrax Cases, U.S.A. - October 29th, 2001: "A hospital worker in NY and a woman who handled mail in New Jersey were found to have anthrax. Since October 4th a total of 37 people have tested positive for exposure and 15 have contracted the disease."

2001  - Anthrax / U.S. Consulate, Pakistan - October 31st, 2001: "The in Lahore, Pakistan, received a letter that was later confirmed to contain anthrax. Kathy Nguyen [61], a NYC hospital worker, died of anthrax. The source of infection remained a mystery."

2001 - Eruption / Mount Belinda - October 2001: "Mount Belinda has been in a persistent state of eruption since 2001, and is now [October 2005] entering its fifth year of activity. Far from slowing down, the activity throughout 2005 marks the highest levels yet, according to MODVOLC. The volcano’s radiant heat output spiked near the beginning of the year and again in the autumn (Northern Hemisphere). Mount Belinda is a stratovolcano, a steep volcano built from hardened lava flows and volcanic ash over a period of tens to hundreds of thousands of years. Its fiery summit is surrounded by ice. Located between the southern tip of South America and the continent of Antarctica, the South Sandwich Islands are one of the Earth’s most remote areas of volcanic activity. Consequently, they are rarely viewed from the ground; remote sensing plays a vital role in monitoring this highly active volcanic arc. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=13209]

November 2001

2001  - U.S. Air Strikes / Afghanistan - November 1st, 2001: "US planes made their heaviest assaults to date in northern Afghanistan."

2001  - Record Loss / United Airlines - November 1st, 2001: "United Airlines reported a record 3rd quarter loss of $1.16 billion.

2001  - Islamic Extremists / South America?  - November 1st, 2001: "It was reported that the tri-border area of Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil had a long-standing presence of Islamic extremist organizations."

2001 - Opposition / Saturn & Pluto - November 2nd, 2001: "The planet Saturn [in Gemini, traveling in retrograde motion] moved into 'exact' opposition to Pluto [in Sagittarius]." [E.M.]

2001  - Trivia / Terrorist Group Sanctions - November 2nd, 2001: "The Bush administration imposed stringent financial sanctions on Hamas, Hezbollah and 20 other suspected terrorist groups."

2001  - Planned Arms Deal / U.S. & Egypt - November 2nd, 2001: "A classified memo to Congress notified lawmakers that the Bush administration planned a $400 million arms deal with Egypt that included 53 Harpoon Block II surface-to-surface satellite guided missiles."

2001 - Hurricane Michelle / Cuba, Jamaica  - "Hurricane date(s): November 2nd-5th, 2001. Number of recorded deaths: 17." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2001  - Congregation of Preaching / Pakistani Muslims - November 2nd, 2001: "In Pakistan some 500,000 Muslims gathered In Raiwind, Punjab, for the annual Tablighi Ijtimah [Congregation of Preaching]. Their movement was founded in 1950 in India."

2001  - Elections / Singapore - November 3rd, 2001: "In Singapore the ruling party won a large majority in general elections. The People's Action Party of PM Goh Chok Tong got 75% of the vote."

2001  - Videotape / Osama bin Laden? - November 3rd, 2001: "The Al-Jazeera TV network broadcast a videotape from Osama bin Laden. He portrayed the attacks against Afghanistan as a war against Islam and denounced Arab leaders who cooperate with the UN for peace negotiations saying that amounted to a renunciation of Islam."

2001 - Elections / Nicaragua -  November 4th, 2001: "In Nicaragua elections former leader Daniel Ortega [54] faced Enrique Bolanos [73] of the governing Constitutionalist Liberal Party. Enrique Bolanos won the elections."

2001 - Hurricane Michelle / Cuba - November 4th, 2001: "Hurricane Michelle hit Cuba and forced the evacuation of 750,000. At least 5 people were killed."

2001  - Agreement / U.S.A. & Tajikistan  - November 4th, 2001: "The US reached a tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in exchange for tens of millions of dollars."

2001 - Christian & Muslim Fighting / Nigeria - November 4th,  2001: "In northern Nigeria Christian-Muslim fighting over the weekend left about 10 dead. It was sparked by the imposition of Muslim religious law, Shariah."

2001  - Civilian Casualties / Kabul - November 6th, 2001: "US bombs killed a number of civilians in Kabul. The UN later reported that erroneous bombing killed 30 civilians in Kabul over the 1st 37 days of bombing."

2001 - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - November 6th, 2001: "The Federal Reserve lowered interest rates for the 10th time this year. The half point drop put the benchmark fed funds rate to 2% and the discount rate to 1.5% The DJIA rose 150 to 9591. The Nasdaq rose 41 to 1835."
2001 - NYC Mayor / Michael Bloomberg - November 6th, 2001: "Michael Bloomberg, self-made billionaire, was elected as the NYC's 108th mayor. He spent $69 million on his self-financed campaign."

2001 - Typhoon Lingling / S Philippines, Vietnam - "Typhoon date(s): November 6th-12th, 2001. Number of recorded deaths: 220+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

2001  - Nanotransistors - November 8th, 2001: "Scientists from Lucent Technologies' Bell Labs issued a report on 'nanotransistors,' so tiny that 10 million could fit on the head of a pin."

2001  - Trivia / Kim Dae Jung, South Korea - November 8th, 2001: "In South Korea Kim Dae Jung quit as head of the ruling party."

2001  - Greenhouse Gas Treaty - November 9th, 2001: "In Morocco negotiators of over 160 countries reached agreement on a climate control treaty and set mandatory targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions."

2001 - Flooding / Northern Algeria - "Flood date(s): November 9th-10th, 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 711+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001 - Osama Bin Laden / Afghanistan? - November 9th, 2001: "U.S. Defense Department releases videotape [12/13/2001] in which Osama bin Laden is shown at a dinner with associates in Afghanistan on Nov. 9, 2001, saying the destruction of the Sept. 11 attacks exceeded even his 'optimistic' calculations." [A.P., 10/30/04] 

2001  - National Recognition / Green Party - November 9th, 2001: "The US Federal Election Committee voted 6-0 to recognize the Green Party as a national committee."

2001  - WTO Membership / China  - November 10th, 2001: "China officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its membership."

2001 - Elections / Australia - November 10th, 2001: "In Australia conservative PM Howard faced Labor's Kim Beazley in elections. Howard and his conservative government won a 3rd term. Howard's Liberal Party won 68 seats of the 150 in the lower house. The coalition National Party won 12 seats. Labor won 67 and independents won 3."

2001  - Flooding / Algeria - November 11th, 2001: "A 36-hour storm hit Algeria and 337 people were reported killed. It was the worst flooding in 20 years. The death toll reached 580."

2001  - WTO Membership / Taiwan - November 11th, 2001: "Taiwan officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its membership."

2001  - U.S. War Costs / Afghanistan - November 11th, 2001: "The US costs for the war in Afghanistan were estimated at $1 billion a month."

2001  - Mexican Governor Lazaro Cardena - November 11th, 2001: "In Mexico Lazaro Cardena of the leftist PRD won 42% of the votes for governor in Michoacan state vs. 37% Alfredo Anaya of the PRI."

2001  - Typhoon Lingling / Vietnam - November 12th, 2001: "Typhoon Lingling hit Vietnam and 18 people were reported killed."

2001  - Fatality / Flight 587, NYC - November 12th, 2001: "American Airlines Flight 587, bound for the Dominican Republic, crashed in Belle Harbor in the Far Rockaway district of Queens just after takeoff from JFK Airport. All 260 crew and passengers were killed as well as a number of people on the ground. The plane appeared to have fallen apart. The vertical tail section cracked off when composite fittings failed possibly due to turbulence from a preceding 747."

*Trivia: "American Airlines Flight 587 lost its tail and plummeted into a New York City neighborhood in November 2001, killing 265 people, because the copilot improperly used the rudder to try to steady the plane, federal safety investigators ruled Tuesday [10/26/04]." [A.P., 10/27/04]

2001 - Losing Customers? / Charter Communications Inc. - November 12th, 2001: "Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, the billionaire who owns a controlling stake in Charter Communications Inc., knew of the fraud scheme that top executives used to inflate the cable company's subscriber count, an executive convicted in the scheme claims. William H. 'Trey' Smith III, who was sentenced to probation  a week ago [April 2005] for his role in the fraud conspiracy, made the allegation against Allen in a filing in a court dispute over whether Charter should pay Smith's legal bills. Smith filed a document in court Wednesday [04/27/05], claiming that an e-mail sent in 2001 to Allen, Charter's Chairman, 'established conclusively that Allen was was aware of, and therefore implicitly (if not explicitly), approved of' the subscriber-counting practices that were the target of the criminal case. Former Chief Executive Carl Vogel wrote the e-mail dated Nov. 12, 2001, to Allen and another board member, discussing how the company was losing customers. Vogel said the company would count 86,000 customers in a way to 'make the numbers.' He added, 'Obviously, we are running out of tricks....' But U.S. attorney Jim Martin, who said last week [April 2005] that his office's criminal investigation into Charter's business practices is over, suggested the e-mail Smith cited shed no new light on the case. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. C1, 04/29/05]

2001  - Special U.S. Military Tribunal - November 13th, 2001: "President Bush issued an order to try international terrorists by a special military tribunal."

*Trivia: "The Supreme Court struck down on Thursday [06/29/06] the military commissions President George W. Bush established to try suspected members of al-Qaida, emphatically rejecting both a signature Bush anti-terrorism measure and the broad assertion of executive power upon which the president has based it. Brushing aside the administration's pleas not to second-guess the commander in chief in wartime, a five-justice majority ruled that the commissions were neither authorized by federal law nor required by military necessity. The court also said the tribunals, first outlined by Bush in a military order on Nov. 13, 2001, ran afoul of the Geneva Conventions. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (War crime trials ruled illegal), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/30/06]

2001 - FDA Approval / BEXTRA - November 16th, 2001: "Approved by the FDA on this date in history: BEXTRA (valdecoxib)." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A6, 12/23/04]

2001  - Harry Potter and the Sorcer's Stone - November 16th, 2001: "The film 'Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone' opened to record audiences across the country."

2001  - Lethal Anthrax Letter / United States - November 16th, 2001: "An anthrax laced letter was found in quarantined congressional mail addressed to Sen. Patrick J. Leahy of Vermont. It was found to contain billions of spores, enough to kill 100,000 people."

2001  - Merger / Phillips & Conoco  - November 18th, 2001: "Phillips and Conoco agreed to a $35 billion merger."

2001  - Afghanistan War Protest / London - November 18th, 2001: "In London some 15,000 people of the Stop the War coalition demonstrated against US-led bombing in Afghanistan."

2001  - Elections / Bulgaria - "In Bulgaria Socialist Georgi Parvanov [44] won 53% of the presidential vote against incumbent Petar Stoyanov. This signaled discontent with the pace of reforms of PM Simeon Saxcoburggotski."

2001  - Fatal Plane Crash / Russia - November 19th, 2001: "A Russian airliner crashed 90 miles north of Moscow and all 24 on board were killed. The Ilyushin-18 was chartered by Israero and was from the Siberian city of Khatanga."

2001  - Fatalities / Foreign Journalists - November 19th, 2001: "Four foreign journalists and their Afghan guide were killed in an ambush between Jalalabad and Kabul: Harry Burton of Australia [Reuters], Azizullah Haidari, Afghan photographer [Reuters], Julio Fuentes of Spain [El Mundo, Madrid], and Maria Grazia Cutuli of Italy [Corriere della Sera, Milan]. "

2001  - Trivia / FBI Questioning - November 20th, 2001: "Portland police said they would not cooperate with FBI efforts to interview some 5,000 Middle Eastern men because the questioning violated state laws."

2001  - Falun Gong Protests / China - November 20th, 2001: "Chinese police on Tiananmen Square detained some 35 foreigners who protested the crackdown on the Falun Gong. The protesters were all expelled from the country."

2001 - U.S. Embassy Report / "No Possibility" of Niger Uranium - November 20th, 2001: "U.S. Embassy in Niger reports that, based on a conversation with the head of Niger's uranium consortium, there was 'no possibility' Niger could divert several tons of ore from the 3,000 tons of yellowcake uranium produced yearly." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2001 - Mad Cows / Japan - November 22nd, 2001: "Japan confirmed a 2nd mad cow case and planned to slaughter and incinerate 5,100 cows. "

2001  - Women's Rights / Turkey - November 22nd, 2001: "The Turkey Parliament formally recognized men and women as equals effective Jan 1. this updated a 1926 code that designated the husband as head of the family."

2001  - Papal Apology / Pope John Paul II - November 22nd, 2001: "Pope John Paul II issued a papal message via the Internet to Catholics in Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific islands that included an apology for sexual abuse by priests."

2001  - Oil Spill / Brazil - November 23rd, 2001: "In Brazil an oil pipeline leak near Rio was stopped after some 26,000 gallons spilled into Guanabara Bay."

2001 - Israeli's Detained  - November 23rd, 2001: "The Washington Post reports, 'At least 60 young Israeli Jews have been arrested and detained around the country on immigration charges since the September 11 attacks, many of them held on US government officials' invocation of national security.' An INS official who requested anonymity says the use of the term 'special interest' for Israelis being held in Cleveland, St. Louis and other places means the case in question is 'related to the investigation of September 11th.' [Washington Post, 11/23/01]." [Link: 1]

2001  - Fatality / Senior Hamas Leader - November 23rd, 2001: "Israeli helicopter gunships near Nablus killed Mahmoud Abu Hanoud, a senior Hamas leader."

2001  - Shutdowns / Cambodia Nightspots - November 23rd, 2001: "In Cambodia PM Hun Sen shut down the country's bars, nightclubs, discos and karaoke parlors. He said they were spawning crime and eroding traditional values. The action followed a series of shootings at nightspots."

2001  - Palestinian Protestors - November 24th, 2001: "Tens of thousands of Palestinians marched in the West Bank and Gaza city to protest the Israeli killing of Mahmoud Abu Hanoud and 2 assistants. A Palestinian mortar attack killed one Israeli soldier."

2001  - Heavy Storms / United States - November 24th, 2001: "Heavy storms hit the US and at least 12 people were killed in the lower Mississippi valley."

2001  - Human Clone? - November 25th, 2001: "Scientists at Advanced Cell Technology in Worcester, Mass., said they created the world's 1st cloned human embryo, which they let grow for just a few hours."

2001  - Somalia / Puntland - November 25th, 2001: "Ethiopia sent troops into the northeastern Somali region of Puntland to help Col. Abdullahi Yussuf regain power. Yussuf was overthrown August 26 after his 3-year term ended. On November 21st Yussuf launched an attack on Garoweh, the capital of Puntland and said it was to crush Islamic terrorists."

2001  - Elections / Honduras - November 25th, 2001: "In Honduras Presidential elections Ricardo Maduro [50] led polls over Rafael Pineda of the governing Liberal Party."

2001  - Taliban Prison Revolt - November 25th, 2001: "Taliban troops near Mazar-e-Sharif staged a prison revolt and hundreds were reported killed. 5 Americans were injured by an American bomb and 1 CIA agent, Johnny Michael Spann [32], was reportedly killed."

2001  - U.S. Marines / Afghanistan - November 25th, 2001: "U.S. marines landed near Kandahar marking the 1st major use of US ground troops in Afghanistan."

2001  - End / Taliban Prison Revolt - November 27th, 2001: "In Afghanistan the Northern Alliance declared the Taliban prisoner uprising at Qala Jangi crushed after 50 hours."

2001  - New Government? / Afghanistan - November 27th, 2001: "Afghan factions met in Bonn, Germany, and agreed to give former King Mohammad Zahir Shah a role in a new Afghan government. 4 factions included 11 delegates from the Northern Alliance, 11 from the Rome Group, 3 from exiles in Cyprus, and 3 from exiles in Pakistan."

2001  - South African NNP / ANC Coalition - November 27th, 2001: "In South Africa the predominantly white New National Party [NNP] joined into a coalition with the ruling African National Congress [ANC]."

2001  - AIDS  Status / Ukraine - November 28th, 2001: "A UN report on AIDS noted Ukraine as the 1st European nation to report 1% of its adults infected. Rapid spread was noted across Eastern Europe."

2001  - Fatality / George Harrison - November 29th, 2001: "George Harrison, lead guitarist for the Beatles, died of cancer in LA at age 58. His ashes were scattered in the Ganges December 4th."

December 2001

2001  - Elections / Taiwan - December 1st, 2001: "Taiwan held parliamentary elections. The Nationalist Party lost 42 seats and their majority in the 225-seat legislature. The Democratic Progressive Party of Pres. Chen Shui-bian gained 21 seats. The results forced a new coalition government."

2001  - Bankruptcy / Enron - December 2nd, 2001: "Enron Corporation under CEO Kenneth Lay filed for bankruptcy. Employee fury in November persuaded Lay to give up a severance package worth about $60 million."

*Trivia: [....] Enron crashed in December 2001, putting more than 5,000 employees out of work just six weeks after the energy company, which almost never had bad financial news before, disclosed massive losses and write-downs. [....] Some 28,000 workers had to find other jobs, and the company was left a shell of its former self." [A.P., 01/08/05]

2001  - Civilian Casulties / Afghanistan - December 2nd, 2001: "US bombers hit Taliban defenses around Kandahar. US strikes at Tora Bora reportedly killed at least 8 civilians. "

2001  - Surrender's / Taliban - December 3rd, 2001: "Some 3,000 Taliban surrendered at Char Dara, 6 miles west of Kunduz. Pashtuns battled Taliban forces at Kandahar's airport. The UN evacuated staff at Mazar-e-Sharif due to Northern Alliance infighting."

2001  - Cape Town Murder - December 3rd, 2001: In South Africa Marike de Klerk [64], former wife of former President F.W. de Klerk, was found stabbed and strangled in her luxury apartment near Cape Town. Police arrested a security guard [21] on December 5th. The guard confessed December 7th."

2001 - Battery-Powered Transport - December 3rd, 2001: "Dean Kamen, inventor, unveiled his battery-powered, 12 mph Segway Human Transporter in NYC. Kamen spent $100 million over the last decade to develop the vehicle."

2001  - Bank Account Freeze / Argentina - December 3rd, 2001: "In Argentina the government put a 90-day partial freeze on bank accounts to help stem a run on banks. Weekly withdrawals were limited to $250."

2001  - Financial Loss / U.S. Postal Service - December 4th, 2001: "The US Postal Service reported a $1.7 billion loss for fiscal 2001."

2001  - Elections / Sri Lanka - December 4th, 2001: "In Sri Lanka the death toll reached 45, since October 21st, as elections began for a new 225-seat Parliament. Poll violence killed 10 and an army blockade kept some 130,000 minority Tamils from casting ballots. The opposition United National Party won."

2001  - PCB's / Hudson River - December 4th, 2001: "The Bush administration ordered tons of PCBs removed from the upper Hudson River. Dredging was expected to cost GE $500 million."

2001  - Computer Worm / "Goner" - December 4th, 2001: "The 'Goner' computer worm was reported spreading worldwide disguised as a screen saver. On December 8th, Israeli police arrested 3 teenagers for creating and spreading the 'Goner' computer worm."

2001  - Farm Seizures / Zimbabwe - December 4th, 2001: "The Zimbabwe high court reversed a previous decision and ruled that seizures of white-owned farms are legal. President Mugabe had expanded the court and replaced many of the justices."

2001  - American Casulties / Afghanistan - December 5th, 2001: "A 2000-pound US bomb killed 3 American Green Berets near Kandahar along with 18 Afghan fighters. 20 Americans were injured along with 18 Afghan fighters including newly appointed Afghan leader Hamid Karzai."

2001  - Status / Native American Tribal Funds - December 5th, 2001: "The National Park Service web site was shut down by court order to keep hackers from accessing Indian tribal funds."

2001  - Anthrax Mail / D.C. - December 6th, 2001: "Anthrax tainted mail turned up at a sorting site outside the Federal building in Washington DC. It had been received December 5th."

2001  - Economic Recession / Japan - December 6th, 2001: "Japan went into recession officially for the 4th time in 10 years as the GDP shrank 0.5%."

2001  - Teachers Strike / N.J. - December 7th, 2001: "In New Jersey nearly 230 teachers were ordered freed from jail after their union agreed to end the 9-day strike and go into mediation."

2001  - Trivia / Biological Weapons Convention - December 7th, 2001: "The US called to cut off discussions about enforcing a 1972 Biological Weapons Convention on the final day of a 3-week conference in Geneva. The conference sought binding measures and disbanded in chaos."

2001  - U.S. Attacks / Afghanistan - December 9th, 2001: "US B-52s continued strikes over Tora Bora. A Northern Alliance helicopter crashed and 18 people were killed including 2 Pashtun commanders. The last province under Taliban control, Zabul, was handed over to tribal leaders."

2001  - Friendship Bridge / Afghanistan & Uzbekistan - December 9th, 2001: The Friendship Bridge linking Afghanistan and Uzbekistan was opened for aid transport."

2001  - Trivia / Afghan Prisoners - December 10th, 2001: "It was reported that at least 43 Taliban prisoners had died in shipping containers during a 2-3 day transit from Kunduz to Shibirghan."

2001  - Work Stoppage / Venezuela - December 10th, 2001: "In Venezuela a nation-wide 12-hour work stoppage was planned to protest policies of Pres. Hugo Chavez. Thousands of businesses closed and millions stayed home as Pres. Chavez countered as host of the annual air force show in Caracas."

2001  - Lowered / U.S. Interest Rates - December 11th, 2001: "The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates by .25% to 1.75% in the 11th cut this year. The Dow rose 33 to 9888. the Nasdaq 9 to 2001."

2001  - Indictment / Zacarias Moussaoui - December 11th, 2001: "A US grand jury in Virginia indicted Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen, on charges of conspiring to kill Americans on September 11th."

2001  - Status / Classroom Prayer, Louisiana - December 11th, 2001: "A federal appeals court struck a Louisiana law that allowed vocal classroom prayer. The state had passed a 1976 law that required schools to allow a brief time in 'silent meditation.' In 1992 the wording was changed to 'silent prayer or meditation.' In 1999 the word 'silent' was deleted."

2001  - U.S. B-1 Bomber Crash - December 12th, 2001: "A $200 million US Air Force B-1 bomber crashed into the Indian Ocean near Diego Garcia Island. The 4 crewmen were rescued."

2001  - Terrorist Network / Indonesia - December 12th, 2001: "Lt. Gen. Abdullah Hendropriyono, the Indonesia intelligence chief, said that a network of al Qaeda training camps were located on Sulawesi Island."

2001 - Israeli Spying? / United States - December 12th, 2001: "Why would Israelis spy in and on the U.S.? A general accounting office investigation referred to Israel as country A and said, 'According to a U.S. intelligence agency, the government of country A conducts the most aggressive espionage operations against the U.S. of any U.S. ally.' " [Based on: FOX News]  

2001  - U.S. Defense Bill - December 13th, 2001: "U.S. Congress approved a $343.3 billion defense bill."

2001  - Falun Gong Convicts - December 13th, 2001: "The Beijing First Intermediate Court sentenced 6 people to prison for 3 to 12 years for downloading material from the Internet on the banned Falun Gong spiritual movement and passing it along."

2001  - Anti-Globalization Protests - December 13th, 2001: "In Belgium some 80,000 antiglobalization protesters rallied in Brussels against  an EU summit set to start the next day."

2001  -  Workers Strike / Argentina - December 13th, 2001: "Argentine workers staged a strike, the 8th one against the 2-year-old administration of Pres. de la Rua. Unemployment was reported to have risen to 18.3% in October from 16.4% in May."

2001  - Israeli / Palestinian Conflict - December 13th, 2001: "The Israeli government broke off contact with Yasser Arafat and began hitting targets in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Israeli forces destroyed Palestinian TV and radio transmission facilities and divided the Gaza Strip into 3 parts. In Ramallah Israeli soldiers seized the home and family of a Palestinian militia commander."

2001  - Video Release / Osama Bin Laden? - December 13th, 2001: "The US Defense Dept. released a videotape of Osama bin Laden talking about the September 11 attacks. The tape clearly indicated his advance knowledge of the suicide attacks. The tape was found weeks ago in Jalalabad."

*Trivia: "U.S. Defense Department releases videotape [10/13/01] in which Osama bin Laden is shown at a dinner with associates in Afghanistan on Nov. 9, 2001, saying the destruction of the Sept. 11 attacks exceeded even his 'optimistic' calculations." [A.P., 10/30/04] 

2001  - U.S. Security Council Veto - December 14th, 2001: "The US vetoed a UN Security council vote that condemned all 'acts of terror' against Israelis and Palestinians."

2001  - Status / Nuclear Power Plants, Germany - December 14th, 2001: "The German parliament approved a plan to shut down all nuclear power plants within 20 years."

2001  - Elections / Chile - December 16th, 2001: "In Chile a congressional election showed the Coalition for Democracy with 47.8% of the vote vs. 445 for the opposition Alliance for Chile."

2001  - Elections / Portugal - December 16th, 2001: "In Portugal the Social Democratic Party lost heavily to the Socialists in local elections. PM Antonio Guterres resigned following the results."

2001  - U.S. Army Anthrax Spores - December 16th, 2001: "It was reported that all the anthrax spores mailed to Capital Hill were identical to stocks from the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md. [USAMRIID], maintained since 1980."

2001  - Failed Coup / Haiti - December 17th, 2001: "In Haiti 33 gunmen, ex-members of the disbanded military, attacked the national penitentiary, were rebuffed and moved on to the National Palace. At least 7 people were killed. Opposition buildings were attacked in response. Pres. Aristide called the attack a failed coup. Opposition called the attack a staged event to crush dissent. A captured former soldier later said the attack was a coup attempt and that fellow conspirators included a former colonel and 2 former police chiefs."

2001  - Trivia  / U.S. Anthrax Source - December 17th, 2001: "The Bush administration announced that the anthrax attacks most likely originated from a domestic source."

2001  - Comcast & AT&T - December 19th, 2001: "Comcast Corporation agreed to buy AT&T Broadband as part of an agreement valued at $72 billion."

2001  - Trivia / Red Wine - December 20th, 2001: "It was reported that researchers had identified red wine pigments [polyphenols] as a factor in inhibiting the production of a peptide that stimulates hardening of the arteries."

2001  - Status / Argentina Debt - December 20th, 2001: "In Argentina President de la Rua resigned after widespread looting led to 22 deaths. The foreign debt stood at $132 billion."

2001 - Flooding / Rio de Janeiro - "Flood date(s): December 21st-31st, 2001, Number of recorded deaths: 66." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

2001  - Official Power Transfer / Afghanistan - December 21st, 2001: "In Kabul, Afghanistan, power was officially transferred from President Rabbani to Hamid Karzai."

2001  - Failed Shoe Bomber Plot - December 22nd, 2001: "Passengers and flight attendants subdued Richard Colvin Reid on AA Flight 63 from Paris to Miami. He appeared to have explosive materials in his shoes. The flight was diverted to Boston and the FBI confirmed that his shoes were packed with explosives. French police identified the man as Tariq Raja [28], a Sri Lankan traveling on a British passport. The sneakers contained pentaerythritol tetranitrate [PETN] and triacetone triperoxide [TATP]."

2001  - U.S.-Sponsored Thermobaric Bomb - December 22nd, 2001: "It was reported that a new 'thermobaric' bomb had been developed by the Pentagon for use in caves and tunnels. The BLU-118b was capable of destroying a tunnel's contents without collapsing the tunnel mouth."

2001  - Assassination / Bola Ige - December 23rd, 2001: "In Nigeria Bola Ige [71], justice minister and  attorney general, was shot and killed at his home in Ibadan, Osun state. President Obasanjo sent troops to Ibadan."

2001  - Sentenced / Chechen Warlord - December 25th, 2001: "Salman Raduyev, a Chechen warlord, was sentenced by a Russian court to life in prison for terrorism and murder."

2001  - Flooding / Brazil - December 26th, 2001: "In Brazil rescue workers searched for victims of earth slides and flooding that killed at least 49 people in Rio de Janeiro state."

2001  - Ongoing Tensions / India & Pakistan - December 26th, 2001: "India deployed missile batteries and increased jet fighter patrols along its border with Pakistan."

2001  - Civilian Casulties / Afghanistan - December 27th, 2001: US warplanes destroyed a compound in eastern Afghanistan believed to used by a Taliban intelligence chief. Local villagers said as many as 40 civilians were killed. Qari Ahmadullah [40], former Taliban chief of intelligence, was killed while fleeing US bombardment near Naka village in Paktia province. US airstrikes in Afghanistan's Paktia province were later reported to have killed up to 100 villagers."

2001  - Trade Relations / U.S. & China  - December 27th, 2001: "President Bush permanently normalized trade relations with China."

2001  - Trivia / Guantanamo Bay Naval Base - December 27th, 2001: "The US announced plans to hold Taliban and al Qaeda prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba."

2001  - IMF Tactics - December 28th, 2001: "A WSJ editorial pointed out how the IMF systematically impoverished foreigners and suggested how it might promote growth."

2001  - Wild Fires / Australia - December 28th, 2001: "In Australia bush fires reached within 12 miles of Sidney. Some 150 home were already destroyed by over 100 fires across new South Wales. 80% of the Royal National Park had burned. A number of blazes were due to arson, and 3 teenagers and 2 men had been arrested."

2001  - Snow Storm / Buffalo NY - December 28th, 2001: "Buffalo, N.Y., dug out from a 5-day storm that left nearly 7 feet of snow."

2001  - Terrorist Organizations Report - December 28th, 2001: "The EU expanded its list of terrorist organizations to include Irish, Basque, Greek and Middle Eastern extremist groups."

2001  - Record Low / Nikkei Index - December 28th, 2001: "Japan's Nikkei closed at its lowest year-end mark since 1983: 10,542."

2001  - Antartic Icebergs - December 29th, 2001: "Thousands of Antarctic penguins were reported dead or dying due to giant icebergs that cut the birds off from their food supply."

2001  - Fire / Lima, Peru - December 29th, 2001: "A fireworks shop exploded and caused a fire in downtown Lima that spread over 4 downtown blocks. At least 290 people were killed."

2001 - Counterfeit U.S. Currency / Columbia - December 30th, 2001: "Colombia seized $41 million in counterfeit US currency."

2001  - U.S. Federal Pay Raises - December 31st, 2001: "It was reported that federal pay raises ranged from 4.5 to 5.4% with the largest increase going to workers in San Francisco."

2001  - Trivia / Zimbabwe Farmers - December 31st, 2001: "It was reported that Zimbabwe planned to publish the names of nearly 100,000 black citizens to be given portions of some 20 million acres of now farmland owned by whites."

2001  - Troop Deployment / Pakistan - December 31st, 2001: "Pakistani high command planned to pull some 50,000 troops off the Afghan border and redeploy them along the India border."

2001  - Protests / Venezuelan President - December 31, In Caracas, Venezuela, street vendors began selling pre-recorded CDs of banging pots to help drown out the long-winded speeches of President Chavez. Earlier protests included the banging of pots and pans and became known as 'cacerolazes.' Approval ratings for Chavez had dropped from 80% to just over 50% in recent months."

2001 - Trivia / Economic Slavery - "In the 1970s the total value of the world trade of industrial goods was 50 percent, the rest was in stocks and shares. In the year 2001 the relation was 1 percent goods and 99 percent with securities. Speculation dominates.
   "The current monetary system encourages fraud and extension of the gray economy and has led to the fact that those who constantly are in need of money lose more and more to those who have far more than they need. More and more money is collected in the hands of certain individuals, who happen to be Masonic bankers. If interest is abolished, everyone benefits from the new system, not only the 80 percent considered poor.
   "Alfred Herrhausen, member of the board of Deutsche Bank, has pointed out: 'Those responsible for the current monetary system, know very well that it cannot last, but they do not know any alternative or do not want to know of any.'
   "To the Freemasons it is important to keep us in economic slavery; otherwise they would have done everything to abolish interest. Through taxes and duty the government owns most of the result of the economic activities of the people. What are then the Freemasons' beautiful phrases of humanism really worth? The Masonic leaders' foremost goal has been to conceal as best as they can the current economic slavery. One must ask oneself if they have been successful." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, pp. 14-15]

2001 - Trivia / U.S. Prison Population - "About one in every 37 U.S. adults was either imprisoned at the end of 2001 or had been incarcerated at one time, the government reported Sunday [8/17/03]. The 5.6 million people with 'prison experience' represented about 2.7 percent of the adult population of 210 million as of December 31, 2001, the report found." [News Services, 8/18/03]

2001 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 34 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

2001 - $345 Billion Unpaid / IRS, U.S.A. - 2001: "The Internal Revenue Service said Tuesday [02/14/06] that taxpayers shortchanged the government by $345 billion in 2001, with the biggest problem among people failing to report income from business ventures. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article ($345 billion went unpaid, IRS says), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 02/15/06]

2001 - Child Poverty Trivia / Worldwide - "Nordic countries have the lowest levels of child poverty in the developed world, due in large part to their generous public spending on social benefits for families, according to a report released Tuesday [03/01/05] by the U.N. Children's Fund. On the other end of the spectrum, the United States and Mexico had the worst rates of child poverty in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - a Paris-based group of the world's wealthiest countries. At least one-fifth of U.S. and Mexican children live under the national poverty line, according to the study undertaken by UNICEF's Innocenti Research Center in Florence, Italy. About 40 million to 50 million children in rich countries live in relative poverty, UNICEF estimates. Statistics were available for only 24 of 30 states in the organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and represented figures through 2001. [....] Rated the best were Denmark, at 2.4 percent; Finland, at 2.8 percent; Norway, at 3.4 percent; and Sweden, at 4.2 percent. UNICEF praised the Nordics for their commitment to social spending on families - including family allowances, disability and sickness benefits, day care, unemployment insurance and other social assistance. At the bottom end of the table were Mexico, at 27.7 percent, and the United States, at 21.9 percent. Both countries spend less than 5 percent of their gross domestic product on government support for families." [Based on A.P. article, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 03/02/05]

2001 - Medicare Fraud Settlements / TAP Pharmaceutical Products - "TAP Pharmaceutical Products Inc. paid $875 million in 2001 to settle Medicare fraud allegations." [A.P.]

2001 - Air Pollution / Texas - "In 2001, the TNRCC's draft report to the Texas legislature conceded that Governor Bush's plan had so far resulted in zero reductions in air pollution." [Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 18]

2001 - Mercury Emissions / United States - "A report released Thursday [06/24/04] by a Washington-based environmental interest group ranks Illinois sixth and Missouri ninth among states with the highest levels of mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. [....] The league of Conservation Voters report also ranked AmerenUE 11th among the 25 utilities with the highest rates of mercury emissions. The utility emitted 1,977 pounds of mercury into the air in 2001, according to EPA figures. The report used agency figures from 2001 to rank states with the highest levels of mercury emissions from coal plants. Illinois ranked sixth, with 4,005 pounds of mercury released into the air in 2001. The report also says that 4.7 Illinois residents live within 10 miles of coal-fired power plants. The top five mercury-emitting states in 2001 were Texas [8,992 lbs.], Ohio [8,050 lbs.], Pennsylvania [7,427 lbs.], Indiana [5,728 lbs] and West Virginia 4,796 lbs.], the League of Conservation Voters found." [based on article by William Lamb, Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau, 06/25/04]

2001  - Status / Genome Research - "The U.S. National Institutes of Health began its Mammalian Gene Collection [MGC] project to isolate each of the estimated 30,000 human genes along with a full set of mouse genes."

2001 - Bose-Einstein Condensate - "In 2001, physicists at JILA shared a Nobel prize for creating the Bose-Einstein condensate - another kind of new matter from another category of subatomic particles at ultralow temperatures." [A.P., 01/29/04]

2001  - "Colossus" - "Jack Beatty edited 'Colossus,' an account of the rise of the corporation and its impact on America."

2001  - "UnFree Speech" - "Bradley A. Smith authored 'Unfree Speech,' a defense of the First Amendment."

2001  - "The Cash Nexus" - "Niall Ferguson authored 'The Cash Nexus,' in which he argued that political events and institutions often dominate economic development."

2001  - "Wide As the Waters" - "Benson Bobrick authored 'Wide As the Waters,' a popular history of the English Bible and Reformation."

2001  - "A Question of Intent" - "David Kessler, former FDA commissioner, authored 'A Question of Intent.' He called for the dismantling of the tobacco industry."

2001  - "The Pursuit of Destiny" - "Paul Halpern authored 'The Pursuit of Destiny.' It traced the predictive efforts of science and other disciplines through history."

2001  - Afghanistan's Endless War - "Larry Goodson authored 'Afghanistan's Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics and the Rise of the Taliban.' "

2001  - "The Race to the Top: The Real Story of Globalization" - "Tomas Larsson authored 'The Race to the Top: The Real Story of Globalization.' "

2001  - "Nickel and Dimed: On [Not] Getting By in America" - "Barbara Ehrenreich authored 'Nickel and Dimed: On [Not] Getting By in America.' It focused on the difficulties of living on unskilled wages."

2001  - "War in a Time of Peace: Bush Clinton and the Generals" - "David Halberstam authored 'War in a Time of Peace: Bush Clinton and the Generals.' It covered the ethnic violence in Yugoslavia in the 1990s."

2001  - "Triumph of the Mundane: The Unseen Trends That Shape Our Lives and Environment" - "Hal Kane authored 'Triumph of the Mundane: The Unseen Trends That Shape Our Lives and Environment.' "

2001 - Flood Trivia / 2001 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 7. Number of flood deaths: 1,738." [E.M.]

2001 - Volcano Trivia / 2001 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 2." [E.M.]

2001 - Typhoon Trivia / 2001 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 7. Number of typhoon deaths: 600." [E.M.]

2001 - Hurricane Trivia / 2001 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 2. Number of hurricane deaths: 39." [E.M.]

2001 - Earthquake Trivia / 2001 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 8. Number of earthquake deaths: 21,000+." [E.M.]

2001 - Tropical Storm Trivia / 2001 - "Number of notable tropical storms this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 47." [E.M.]

2001 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 2001 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 23,424." [E.M.]

2002 A.D

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