In some places multiple entries occur for a particular year, but not necessarily arranged in chronological order [by month]. - E.M.
1890 - European Domination - "In this period [1890-1900], Europe reached the peak of its power. Four centuries earlier, it had been a materially backward region, not to be compared in wealth and culture with the great empires of Asia. It had been at the mercy of Asian invaders, prostrate before the Mongols in the thirteenth century, and unable to fend off the Ottoman Turks in the sixteenth century.
"Yet by 1890, the American continents, Australia, and New Zealand were ruled by the descendants of Europeans. Virtually all of Africa and the Pacific islands have been carved up and placed under European domination. In Asia, large tracts such as Siberia and India were under the direct control of Europeans, while independant nations such as the Ottoman Empire, Persia, Afghanistan, Siam, and China were under continual and increasing European pressure and interference. In all the world, the only nation that seemed to be at once non-European and strong was Japan, and that was at the price of adopting much European technology and culture." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 438]
1890 - Most Influential Nation / Great Britain - "Of all the European powers, Great Britain, on a world-wide scale, was predominant. The British empire included roughly a quarter of the land area of the world, and roughly a quarter of its population as well. Its strong economy and its strong navy made it the most influential nation in the world, and much of that part of the world that it did not own outright, nevertheless, remained under economic subjection to it." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 438]
1890 - Strong Earthquake / Corralitos, California - April 24th, 1890: "Earthquake location: Corralitos, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1890 - Motion Picture - May 22nd, 1890: "Thomas Edison shows a short 'motion picture' to a group in his workshop."
1890 - Idaho - July 3rd, 1890: "The 43rd American state."
1890 - Wyoming - July 10th, 1890: "The 44th American state."
1890 - German Helgoland - "On July 11, 1890, Britain had given Germany the tiny island of Helgoland just off the northwest German coast in return for Germany giving up certain of its claims in East Africa. The East African territory would have meant little to Germany but it built up Helgoland into a first-class naval base, and apparently the British didn't forsesee this." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 442]
1890 - 1st Electric Chair Execution - August 6th, 1890: "William Kemmler, a convicted murderer, is the first man to be executed in the electric chair."
1889 - "Therese de l'Enfant Jesus de la Sainte Face" - September 24th, 1890: "[....] Thérèse entered the Carmelite order on 9 April 1888. On 10 January 1889, after a probationary period somewhat longer than the usual, she was given the habit and received the name: Thérèse of the Child Jesus. On 8 September 1890, Thérèse took her vows; the ceremony of taking the veil followed on the 24th, when she added to her name in religion, 'of the Holy Face', a title which was to become increasingly important in the development and character of her inner life.[68[....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_de_Lisieux]
1890 - Polygamy Ban / U.S.A. - September 25th, 1890: "The Mormon church bans polygamy."
1890 - Sequoia National Park - September 25th, 1890: "Sequoia National Park, California, established."
1890 - Yosemite National Park - October 1st, 1890: "Yosemite National Park, California, established."
1890 - Sioux Massacre / Wounded Knee - December 29th, 1890: "In a major battle at Wounded Knee, U.S. troops massacre 350 Sioux Indians who were en route to a Ghost Dance celebration. The Battle of Wounded Knee becomes symbolic to Indian people."
1980 - Birth / Benjamin H. Freedman - "Benjamin H. Freedman was one of the most intriguing and amazing individuals of the 20th century. Mr. Freedman, born in 1890, was a successful Jewish businessman of New York City who was at one time the principal owner of the Woodbury Soap Company.
"He broke with organized Jewry after the Judeo-Communist victory of 1945, and spent the remainder of his life and the great preponderance of his considerable fortune, at least 2.5 million dollars, exposing the Jewish tyranny which has enveloped the United States."
1890 - 1st Cracker Jack - "First box of Cracker Jack produced."
1890 - The Golden Bough - "In nonfiction, James George Frazer (1854-1941) wrote The Golden Bough, published in two volumes in 1890, and greatly expanded later, which was a study of ancient myths and rites that were darker and more primitive than the Greek myths." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 441]
1890 - Earthquake Trivia / 1890 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1891 - Neptune-Pluto Conjunction - "Neptune-Pluto [7-8 Gemini] conjunction [1891-1892]. Neptune-Pluto cycles last about 495 years - half a millennium. The movements of Pluto, in history, seem to chart the actual mechanics of fundamental factual change. Pluto's keyword, 'transformation', has 'form' in the middle of it. The movements of Neptune chart evolving social imagery and perceptual constructs - ideas, beliefs and contexts of understanding. When event-fundamentals and beliefs-perceptions interact, we get the basic undertow of history and its themes. Thus, in Neptune-Pluto cycles, we see a basic driving-force which moves and drives historic tendencies and trends. What humans do with this is what makes our world." [Link: 1]
*Trivia: "In terms of specific events, the 1890s were a relatively quiet period – the Europeans were by now world masters, by both fair means and foul – and they were beginning to lose the initiative too, to their colonised subjects. But first, there were some seeds to sow. The decades around the 1890s saw the beginning of flight, the internal combustion engine, electrical technologies, plastics, pharmaceuticals, corporate multinationals, telegraphy, psychotherapy, the new age movement (Theosophy and spiritualism), socialist parties, third world nationalism, feminism (suffragettes), quantum physics, nuclear technologies... and a few other things which, within a century, were to change our world. Not a small, uneventful seed-point! The action lay not in major events, but in rooms and workshops where major innovations were gaining ground. "
[Based on: http://www.isleofavalon.co.uk/GlastonburyArchive/ephem/ef-ab.html]
*Trivia: "According to the Pythagorean/NeoPlatonic Greeks and Egyptians, with each Cycle culmination and for a hundred years on either side of it, it was prophesied that an influx of special souls would be incarnating - variously called savants, masters, teachers, messiahs, avatars, and bodhisattvas by different traditions - whose chosen work was to raise overall planetary consciousness. Right on schedule, the 20th century, which marks the beginning of a new Phoenix Cycle [1,900-2,100], has already seen the advent of numerous great minds and spirits. As we approach the peak year of 2,000 in the present cycle, many more are prophesied to arrive." [Link: 1]
1891 - Founded / Radha Soami Satsang Beas - 1891:
Radha Soami Satsang Beas (RSSB) was founded by Baba Jaimal Singh Ji Maharaj in 1891 at a site called Dera Baba Jaimal Singh on the West bank of the River Beas in the Punjab of Northern India.  Jaimal Singh was one of six people who over a period of about nine years came to be regarded as spiritual successors of Shiv Dayal Singh, the first Satguru of “Radhasoami Faith,” often referred to as Sant Mat, a movement of Surat Shabd Yoga, which includes esoteric teaching about the Shabd. A chart of this RSSB lineage and the five other successor lineages helps show the connections among many of the Sant Mat guru lines and branches.  The RSSB lineage of spiritual leaders with the dates of their births, deaths, and tenures is as follows:
Baba Jaimal Singh (1839 – 1903): 1891 – 1903
Baba Sawan Singh (1858 – 1948): 1903 – 1948
Sardar Bahadur Jagat Singh (1884 – 1951): 1948 – 1951
Maharaj Ji Charan Singh (1902 – 1990): 1951 – 1990
Baba Gurinder Singh (1954 – ): 1990 – Present
Adherents worldwide number in the neighborhood of 2,000,000 people.
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radha_Soami_Satsang_Beas]
1891 - U.S. Copyright Act - March 4th, 1891: "U.S. Congress adopts the International Copyright Act."
1891 - Foreign Relations / Russia & France - July 24th, 1891: "Once Russia had been ousted, against its will, from the German alliance, it became possible for France to consider the possibility of substituting for Germany. France had already been investing money in the industrialization of Russia, and that was a beginning. On July 24, 1891, a squadron of French ships visited St. Petersburg, just three weeks after William II of Germany visited London. The French, however, managed things better. They made a big parade of Franco-Russian friendship, and Alexander III of Russia, that apostle of reaction, actually listened to a French band play the 'Marseillaise,' the hymn of revolution." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1891 - Major Earthquake / Japan - October 27th, 1891: "Earthquake location: Mino-Owari, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 8. Number of recorded fatalities: 7,273."
1891 - Basketball - December 1891: "Basketball invented by James Naismith for the Y.M.C.A."
1891 - Egypt Exploration Fund - "Since we are primarily concerned with ancient history at this stage, let us consider the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Egypt Exploration Fund, first established in Britain in 1891 to expedite archaeological digs in Egypt. In this document it is expressly stated that the Fund's objective is to facilitate surveys and excavations 'for the purpose of elucidating or illustrating the Bible narrative'. In other words, if something is found which supports, or can be said to support, the Old or New Testaments then we, the public, will be informed. Anything which does not support the scriptures will be designated 'myth'. When unearthed fossils began to overturn the six-day creation story in Victorian times, the zoologist Philip Gosse actually went so far as to say that God had purposely inserted fossils into the rocks to test and try the Christian faith!" [Laurence Gardner, Genesis of the Grail Kings, pp. 76-77]
1891 - End Feud / "Hatfields & McCoys" - "The 'Hatfield & McCoy' feud ended."
1891 - Leasing by Whites / Native American Indian Lands - "Provisions are made for the leasing by whites of allotted Indian lands."
1891 - Escalator - "Jesse W. Reno invented the escalator."
1891 - Patent / Kinetoscope - "Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope or first movie machine."
1891 - 1st Practical Glider / Germany - "Otto Lilienthal (1848-1896) was the first to build practical gliders capable of keeping a man in flight for an extended period. He flew his first glider in 1891, and gliding became a daredevil sport in the 1890s, as ballooning had been in the 1790s. This continued even though Lilienthal himself died after a glider crash in 1896." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1891 - Earthquake Trivia / 1891 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 7,273." - E.M.
1892 - Panama Canal Lottery Scandal / France - "Corruption, which is endemic in all societies, errupted explosively in connection with the projected building of a Panama Canal. This was to be under the leadership of Ferdinand de Lesseps, who had successfully built the Suez Canal. De Lesseps was the president of the Panama Company, and what the company needed was capital. They set up a stock lottery that raised 1.5 billion francs from those who bought chances and were rewarded with stock that they expected would make them rich, rich, rich. It was the Mississippi Bubble of nearly two centuries earlier and it ended precisely the same way. The money raised by the lottery was frittered away by mismanagement and through being misappropriated by scoundrels. In the end, the whole thing collapsed, and the money invested disappeared. By 1892, the continuing uproar over this had forced the government to take legal action against any crimes that might have been committed, and it quickly became apparent that the Panama Company had bribed legislators liberally to allow the lottery to take place and to look the other way as it was mishandled. It was made all the worse because it became apparent that the government had done its best to coverup and whitewash the corruption. Some of the principal money-handlers were Jewish bankers, which helped exacerbate French anti-Semitism." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, pp. 445-446]
1892 - Opening / Ellis Island, New York - February 14th, 1892: "Ellis Island, in New York, opens as immigration center."
1892 - Communicating With "Martials"? - "The April 13, 1892 edition of the newspaper Spectator carried an article entitled, Telegraphing to Mars with solar signals. This was one of the first articles that dealt with the language difficulties involved in communicating with the martials, (Martials was 19th century slang for Martians)." [Tim Swartz, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 39]
1892 - Strong Earthquake / Vacaville, California - April 19th, 1892: "Earthquake location: Vacaville, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 1."
1892 - Strong Earthquake / Winters, California - April 21st, 1892: "Earthquake location: Winters, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1892 - Crash / U.S. Stock Market - June 27th, 1892: "The New York Stock Exchange crashes."
1892 - 1st Gloves Boxing Match - September 7th, 1892: "First boxing match in which contestants wore gloves [James Corbett v. John L. Sullivan]."
1892 - U.S. Pledge of Allegiance - "Francis Bellamy, who was active in the Christian Socialist movement, penned the pledge [in 1892], without referring to the deity. His original text: I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." [Source Document: The New York Times, October 2003]
*Trivia: "On September 8th, 1892, the pledge appeared in 'Youth's Companion magazine; 12 million schoolchildren recited it for the first time on Columbus Day, October12th, 1892. 'My Flag' was changed [years later] to 'the Flag of the United States of America' out of fear that immigrants would salute their native flags." [Source Document: The New York Times, October 2003]
1892 - Birth / J.R.R. Tolkien - "Reportedly born in 1892: Writer (The Lord of the Rings, etc.) J.R.R. Tolkien."
1892 - "Independent Labor Party" / Great Britain - "James Heir Hardie (1856-1915), a coalminer, managed to gain a Parliamentary seat in 1892. He went on to found the 'Independent Labor Party.' " [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 439]
1892 - Grand Canyon Forest Reserve - "The Grand Canyon Forest Reserve [later a national park] is established in Arizona."
1892 - Thermos Bottle - "Dewar invented the 'Dewar flask' (or 'thermos bottle') in 1892." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1892 - Internal Combustion Engine - "Rudolf Diesel invented the internal combustion engine."
1892 - Eruption / Comet 17P Holmes - November, 1892: "Comet Holmes [17P / Holmes] has erupted twice before , in Nov. 1892 and Jan. 1893. [....]"
[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=10&month=11&year=2007]
1892 - Antitoxin / Diptheria - "In 1892, Emil Adolf von Behring (1854-1917), a German scientist, won the Nobel Prize for developing an antitoxin to the childhood disease diptheria."
1892 - 1st Driver's Licenses - "The first driver's licenses are issued by the police in Paris, France."
1892 - THE THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARY - "THE THEOSOPHICAL GLOSSARY by H.P. Blavatsky (published in 1892)."
1892 - Earthquake Trivia / 1892 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 1." - E.M.
1893 - Labor Day Trivia / U.S.A. - "The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a 'Labor Day' on one day or another. President Grover Cleveland signed a bill June 28, 1894 - designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day." [Based on: Article (A toast to U.S. workers), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 09/04/06]
*Trivia: "[....] Labor leader Eugene V. Debs assumed leadership of the Pullman strike. [....] Some 12,000 federal troops, about half the entire U.S. Army at the time, were sent to Chicago to assist the strikebreakers. The Pullman company announced on July 18  that it would reopen and hire only employees who signed 'yellow dog contracts' promising never to join unions. On Aug. 3,  the strike was declared ended. Debs went to prison, and the ARU [American Railway Union] collapsed. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (An Illinois railroad fight gave a nation a holiday) by John J. Dunphy, p. B9, S.L.P.D., 09/04/06]
1893 - Eruption / Comet 17P Holmes - January, 1893: "Comet Holmes [17P / Holmes] has erupted twice before , in Nov. 1892 and Jan. 1893. [....]"
[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=10&month=11&year=2007]
1893 - Birth / Paramahansa Yogananda - January 5th, 1893: "Pôromôhongsho Joganondo, Hindi: ... January 5, 1893–March 7, 1952), was an Indian yogi and guru [originally known as Mukunda Lal Gosh]. He was instrumental in bringing the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga to the West. His book, Autobiography of a Yogi, has introduced several generations to the timeless wisdom of India. [....]" (Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paramahansa_Yogananda)
*Trivia: "[....] Among Paramahamsa Yogananda's many direct disciples are: Daya Mata, Roy Eugene Davis, Donald Walters (a.k.a. Swami Kriyananda), J. J. Lynn (a.k.a. Rajarshi Janakananda), Smt. Gyanamata, Yogacharya Oliver Black, Bob Raymer, and Paramahamsa Hariharananda."
[Based on: http://www.hariharananda.org/english/who_we_are/kriya/kriya_linage.htm]
1893 - U.S. President / Grover Cleveland - March 4th, 1893: "The 24th American President, Grover Cleveland [Democrat], begins his term."
1893 - Bankruptcy / Webster Publishing Co. - April 18th, 1893: "The Charles L. Webster and Co. publishing firm declares bankruptcy."
1893 - Crash / U.S. Stock Market - June 27th, 1893: "U.S. Stock Market crash. In 1893, financial panic led to bank foreclosures and a four-year national economic depression."
1893 - Foreign Relations / Russia & France - "On October 13, 1893 ... a Russian squadron finally returned the French visit [to Russia in 1891] by steaming into Toulon harbor for another love feast." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1893 - World Parliament of Religions / Chicago - September 11th-27th, 1893: "[....] The 1893 Parliament, which ran from September 11 to September 27, had marked the first formal gathering of representatives of Eastern and Western spiritual traditions. Today it is recognized as the occasion of the birth of formal interreligious dialogue worldwide. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Parliament_of_Religions]
*Trivia: "Swami Vivekananda at the World Congress of Religions. September 11, 1893."
[Based on: http://www.swamij.com/swami-vivekananda-1893.htm]
*Trivia: "[....] Abroad, he had some interactions with Max Mueller. Nikola Tesla was one of those influenced by the Vedic philosophy teachings of the Swami Vivekananda."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Vivekananda]
*Trivia: "Swami Vivekananda was the first Indian to be invited to accept the chair of Oriental Philosophy at Harvard University. India celebrates National Youth Day on his birthday. Vivekananda Vidyapith Academy of Indian Philosophy and Culture in NJ, USA, is named after him. The Swami Vivekananda International Convention Centre, inaugurated in April 2005 in Pailles, Mauritius, is also named after him."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Vivekananda] - [T.D. - 01/07/07]
1893 - Political Disposition / Austria-Hungary - "Austria's long-time Prime Minister, Eduard von Taffe (1883-1895), had granted concessions to the Czechs and Poles and brought some of them into the government. This was enough to satisfy those Czechs and Poles who were land owners and conservatives, and kept things going. It aroused the furious opposition of the German nationalists, however, for they wanted no concessions. It was also insufficient to satisfy the more nationalist Czechs and Poles, who clamored for more reform. Taafe offered universal male suffrage on October 10, 1893, but the Germans were horrified at giving non-Germans an equal vote, and the minorities scorned the offer as insufficient. When the bill was rejected all around, Taafe resigned on October 19, 1893. He was succeeded by Kasimir Felix, Count Badeni (1846-1909), who was of Polish origin. [....] On the whole, he [Kasimir Felix] proved a failure and resigned on November 28, 1897." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 444]
1893 - Indian Appropriations Act - "The Indian Appropriations Act contains provisions to eliminate Indian agents, transferring their responsibilities on reservations to superintendents of schools."
1893 - Right to Vote Amendment / Colorado - 1893: "Colorado is the first state to adopt an amendment granting women the right to vote." [Based on: Everyday section article (Women's History Timeline), p. E4, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 03/21/06]
1893 - Zipper - "American, W.L. Judson invented the zipper."
1893 - Wavelength Research - "Wilhelm Wien (1864-1928) demonstrated, in 1893, that the higher the temperature of a substance, the shorter the wavelength of the peak radiation that it produces. Wien tried to work out an equation that would describe the manner in which all wavelengths of radiation could be emitted by a body that would produce them all (a 'black body')." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1893 - From the New World - "In music, Dvorak composed his most famous symphony, From the New World, in 1893." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 445]
1893 - The Tale of Peter Rabbit - "Beatrix Potter begins writing The Tale of Peter Rabbit."
1893 - The Evolution of Humanity / William Scott-Elliot - "Scott-Elliot was an investment banker and amateur anthropologist. An early member of the London Lodge of the Theosophical society, in 1893 he wrote The Evolution of Humanity, issued as part of the Transactions of the London Lodge (issue 17). [NP] Scott-Elliot came into contact with theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater who said he received knowledge about ancient Atlantis and Lemuria from the Theosophical Masters by 'astral clairvoyance.' Leadbeater transmitted his clairvoyant findings to Scott-Elliot, who undertook scholarly research to back them up. Despite Leadbeater's contributions, Scott-Elliot was listed as the sole author of the resulting book The Story of Atlantis, which was published with a preface by Alfred Percy Sinnett. [NP] In 1899 he was awarded the T. Subba Row Medal for his contributions to 'esoteric science and philosophy'. In 1904 he added detail on Lemuria in The Lost Lemuria, attempting to use contemporary scientific evidence to back up Leadbeater's claims. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]
1894 - Franco-Russian Alliance - "On January 3, 1894, a Franco-Russian alliance was established, and they agreed to fight together if war was forced on either of them by any member of the Triple Alliance. Finally, for the first time in a quarter of a century, France had an ally, and Bismark, who was still alive (he was to die in 1898) must have been chagrined indeed." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1894 - Birth / Kirpal Singh - February 6th, 1894:
Sant Kirpal Singh (6 February 1894–21 August 1974) was a Guru who was born in Sayyad Kasran, a part of the Punjab which now belongs to Pakistan.
He taught the unity of all religions and the birthright of man to attain self-knowledge and God-knowledge. Under the guidance of his Surat Shabd Yoga or Sant Mat guru, Baba Sawan Singh, of Radha Soami Satsang Beas, (see also "A brief life-sketch of Hazur Baba Sawan Singh Ji"  and "How I met my Master" ) he says he experienced what is described in the scriptures about God. According to his disciples, he dedicated his whole life to the ideal of unity: the brotherhood of man under the fatherhood of God.
Sant Kirpal Singh's legacy may lie chiefly in the wealth of books he wrote during his lifetime; the Master made all of these works available without copyright, saying "the gifts of God, like sunlight, are all free."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirpal_Singh]
1894 - Conjunction? / Sirius A, B & Sun - 1894 "[....] Every 49.9 years, the two stars in the system, Sirius A and B, come as close together as their orbits allow, creating huge magnetic storms between them. [....] What does this mean to life on Earth? The last time it occurred, in 1944, humanity was locked in the greatest conflict ever seen in history, World War II. It happened again, almost 50 years later, in June, 1993. [....] A new picture of the universe is emerging, one of a vast cosmic interdependence and connectedness. From first cosmos to last electron, the whole universe is a complex of coils within coils, spirals within spirals, magnetic fields within magnetic fields. The stars are interconnected to each other, exchanging particles and gases constantly, all flowing down the magnetic field lines or arteries of the galactic body. Scientists now feel it’s very likely the galaxy's coiled field lines diverge into intergalactic space where they may ultimately be connected to other galaxies. Are these tendrils of energy the nervous system of the galaxy, relaying information from star to star, galaxy to galaxy, on and on? One can only wonder." - Denise St. Denis [Based on: http://www.souledout.org/cosmology/cossynthreflects/sirius.html] - [T.D. - 12/28/07]
1894 - Assassination / French President - June 24th, 1894: "French president M. F. Sadi-Carnot (1837-1894) was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. He was succeeded by Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier (1847-1907), who later resigned on January 17, 1895."
1894 - Labor Day Trivia / U.S.A. - June 28th, 1894: "The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a 'Labor Day' on one day or another. President Grover Cleveland signed a bill June 28, 1894 - designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day." [Based on: Article (A toast to U.S. workers), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 09/04/06]
*Trivia: "[....] Labor leader Eugene V. Debs assumed leadership of the Pullman strike. [....] Some 12,000 federal troops, about half the entire U.S. Army at the time, were sent to Chicago to assist the strikebreakers. The Pullman company announced on July 18  that it would reopen and hire only employees who signed 'yellow dog contracts' promising never to join unions. On Aug. 3,  the strike was declared ended. Debs went to prison, and the ARU [American Railway Union] collapsed. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (An Illinois railroad fight gave a nation a holiday) by John J. Dunphy, p. B9, S.L.P.D., 09/04/06]
1894 - Initiation / Sawan Singh - October 15th, 1894:
[....] After several conferences with Baba Ji [Baba Jaimal Singh] I was thoroughly convinced and received Initiation [into the secrets of surat shabd yoga] from him on the 15th day of October, 1894.
The turning point in Sawan Singh's life came when he met his spiritual guru, Baba Jaimal Singh, and took initiation under him in the path of surat shabd yoga (union of the soul with the divine inner sound). Such was Sawan's readiness that in just over nine years he became an acknowledged master within the Sant Mat and Radhasoami traditions. In fact, except for Maharaj Charan Singh, the Satguru at Beas from 1951 to 1990, Sawan Singh attracted the largest following of any shabd yoga master in history, initiating more than 125,000 people into the mystic practice. [....]
[Based on: http://vclass.mtsac.edu:930/phil/saint.htm]
1894 - Russian Tsar Nicholas II - November 1, 1894: "Alexander III's destruction of the rebellion further angered the working class, but his death in 1894 brought his son Nicholas II to power. The workers were quieted, for a while. Nicholas II was much like his father but lacked a strength of character. He believed the empire would return to the old ways if just left alone. Because he did advocate rapid industrialization, work days were lengthened, pay was decreased, and the workers became even more angry. Realizing what he had done, he shortened the workday to 11.5 hours. Still unhappy, the workers began to follow the ideas of Marx in earnest and by 1898, most university students were following Marx."
1894 - Conservative Jewish Movement / United States - "The Conservative Judaism movement [1890's] emerges in the United States. Anti-Semitism increases throughout France and many Jews begin to actively support the idea of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine."
1894 - Alfred Dreyfus Conviction - December 22nd, 1894: "Captain Alfred Dreyfus is convicted by a French army court-martial."
1894 - Japan Attacks China - "Japan attacks China."
1894 - Planning / Modern Olympic Games - "Planning for the first modern Olympic Games begins."
1894 - Archaeological Discovery / Minoan Civilization - "Arthur John Evans (1851-1941) was an archaeologist who, beginning in 1984, conducted digs in Crete that revealed details concerning the early Minoan civilization that, until then, had only been hinted at in some of the Greek myths." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1894 - Discovered / Argon Gas - "John William Strutt, Lord Rayleigh (1842-1919), and William Ramsay (1852-1916) discovered the gas argon in 1894, and each received a Nobel Prize for the feat." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1894 - 1st Motion Picture Copyright? - January 9th, 1894?: "First motion picture is copyrighted." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 2 ] [my copy gives a date of 894, which I assume is a typo - E.M.]
1894 - The Jungle Book - "Rudyard Kipling publishes The Jungle Book."
1894 - Afternoon of a Faun - "Among the French musicians of this period was Achille-Claude Debussy (1862-1918), best known for his symphonic poem Afternoon of a Faun (1894)." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 448]
1894 - The Holy Science / Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri - 1894: "The Holy Science is a book written by Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri in 1894 under the title Kaivalya Darsanam. Sri Yukteswar states that he wrote The Holy Science at the request of Mahavatar Babaji. The book compares parallel passages from the Bible and Bhagavad Gita in order to show the unity of all religions. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holy_Science]
1895 - Trivia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1895
1895 - Increasing temperature? / United States - "[...] Across the scientific spectrum there is near universal agreement that human activity had an impact on climate change. According to the report ['This week's ... National Climate Assessment report'] , the average temperature in the United States has been increasing steadily since 1895, with most of this change occurring since 1970. [... .]" [Based on: Article (It's time to pay attention to climate change / We should 'honor our role as faithful stewards' of the creation.) by Rev. Christopher Keating, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 05/10/14]
1895 - Resignation / Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier, France - "Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier (1847-1907) eventually fell afoul of the 'Dreyfus Affair' and on January 17, 1895, resigned and returned to his business affairs. He was succeeded by Francois Felix Faure (1841-1899), whose life was also hounded by the Dreyfus Affair." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1895 - Cuban Revolt - February 25th, 1895: "Cuban's begin revolt against Spanish."
1895 - Kiel Canal / Germany - "In June 1895, Germany opened the Kiel Canal, which cut across the isthmus just south of Denmark and allowed easy access between the North Sea and Baltic Sea for ships that would no longer have to sail all around Denmark to do so. It had obvious commercial possibilities, but Germany was thinking of it largely as a way of making sure that warships could be transferred between the two seas rapidly at need." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 442]
1895 - Mark Twain Lecture Tour - July 14th, 1895: "Mark Twain begins a 12 month around-the-world lecture tour."
1895 - Died / Lahiri Mahasaya - September 26th, 1895: "Lahiri Mahasaya died on September 26, 1895. "
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahiri_Mahasaya#cite_note-garland-5]
1895 - Strong Earthquake / Charleston, Missouri - October 31st, 1895: "Earthquake location: Charleston, Missouri. Earthquake magnitude: 6.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1895 - Liquid Air - "In 1895, Karl Paul Gottfried von Linde (1842-1934) devised a system of cooling that was efficient and automatic so that liquid air became not merely a laboratory curiosity but a commodity that could easily be produced in tank-loads." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 444]
1895 - Invention? / Radio - "In 1895, Guglielmo Marconi invented 'wireless telegraphy' otherwise known as the radio."
*Trivia: "The U.S. Supreme Court, in a landmark decision dated June 21, 1943, Case No. 369, overturned Marconi's basic patent for the invention of radio because Tesla's [Nickola Tesla's] patent on the four-tuned circuit predated Marconi's patent. Marconi had simply copied Tesla's work. [....] Marconi's two-tuned circuit system was the same as that advanced by Heinrich Hertz and was no more a viable system of radio than that advanced by Mahlon Loomis in 1872 ... long before Hertz or Tesla." [Intro by Timothy Green Beckley, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 7]
1895 - Discovered / X-Rays - November, 1895: "William Konrad Roentgen (1845-1923), a Greman physicist, discovers X-Rays."
*Trivia: "X rays discovered  by Wilhelm Rontgen." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1895 - Anti-Saloon League / U.S.A. - December 18th, 1895: "National Anti-Saloon League founded, 1895." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 99]
1895 - "FitzGerald Contraction" - "The first to attempt an explanation of the negative results of the Michelson-Morley experiment of the previous decade was George Francis FitzGerald (1851-1910). He pointed out, in 1895, that the results could be explained if it were assumed that all objects in motion contracted in the direction of motion in accordance with a certain equation relating the speed of motion to the speed of light. The contraction would reduce the length of the object to zero at the speed of light, so that this 'FitzGerald contraction' made it seem that motion faster than the speed of light in a vacuum was impossible." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, pp. 439-440]
1895 - The Time Machine - "H.G. [Herbert George] Wells published The Time Machine."
1895 - Earthquake Trivia / 1895 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1896 - Utah - January 4th, 1896: "The 45th American state."
1896 - Failure / Cecil Rhodes - January 6th, 1896: "Jameson Raid causes the government of Cecil Rhodes to fail."
1896 - Rhodesian Revolt - March 20th, 1896: "Revolt against Rhode's chartered company begin in Rhodesia [Zambiabwe]."
1896 - 1st Modern Olympic Games / Athens, Greece - April 6th, 1896: "The modern Games were revived in 1896 in Athens by a French baron, Pierre de Coubertine, whose heart is entombed in a memorial in ancient Olympia, about 200 miles southwest of Athens." [A.P., 03/14/04]
1896 - Super tornado / St. Louis, Mo. - May 27th, 1896: "May 1896 [St. Louis, Mo.] had been stormy, warm and humid. The midafternoon of May 27 was a sticky 86 degrees when thick, low clouds began swirling, then turned ominously green [....] A tornado formed near Hampton Avenue and roared over the hospitals and asylums on the heights along Arsenal Street. No one died. That stroke of good fortune wouldn't hold. [....]" [Based on: Article (The Great Cyclone of 1896 devestated St. Louis / A Look Back - Super tornado formed near Hampton Avenue and churned toward East St. Louis, killing 255.), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 05/29/11]
1896 - Great Earthquake / Japan - June 15th, 1896: "Earthquake location: Sanriku, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 8.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1896 - Klondike Gold Rush - August 17th, 1896: "George Carmack discovered gold in Rabbit Creek starting the Klondike Gold Rush."
1896 - Creation / Nobel Prize - December 10th, 1896: "Alfred Nobel died, and created the 'Nobel Prize'."
1896 - 1st IQ Test / Paris, France - "In Paris, Alfred Binet contrived the first IQ [intelligence] test for chldren."
1896 - U.S. Segregation Status / Plessy Vs. Ferguson - "U.S. Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson ruling sets out 'separate but equal' doctrine that becomes legal basis for widespread segregation in public schools." [Based on Article, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 05/17/04]
1896 - Rubber Heel - "American, H. O'Sullivan invented the rubber heel."
1896 - Beta Particle Radiation - "In 1896, the French physicist, Antoine Henri Becquerel (1853-1908), found that a uranium compound was the source of unexplained radiation. Some of the radiation he discovered in 1899 consisted of speeding electrons, called 'beta particles' eventually. Becquerel received a Nobel Prize for this." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1896 - Enzyme Research - "In 1896 ... Eduard Buchner (1860-1917) ground up yeast cells, filtered the material, and obtained a nonliving solution that could produce the fermentation [of sugar]. No enzyme, therefore, required a living cell to do its work, and for this Buchner received a Nobel Prize." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1896 - The Jewish State - "In 1896, a Hungarian-born Jew, Theodor Herzl (1860-1904) wrote a pamphlet entitled: The Jewish State."
1896 - "Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx" - 1896: The first recorded use of the term "Naacal" is contained in Augustus Le Plongeon's work from 1896, "Queen Moo and the Egyptian Sphinx." From pages xxiii - xxiv of the preface:
"Perhaps also will be felt the necessity of recovering the libraries of the Maya sages (hidden about the beginning of the Christian era to save them from destruction at the hands of the devastating hordes that invaded their country in those times), and to learn from their contents the wisdom of those ancient philosophers, of which that preserved in the books of the Brahmins is but the reflection. That wisdom was no doubt brought to India, and from there carried to Babylon and Egypt in very remote ages by those Maya adepts (Naacal - "the exalted"), who, starting from the land of their birth as missionaries of religion and civilization, went to Burmah, where they became known as Nagas, established themselves in the Dekkan, whence they carried their civilizing work all over the earth."
According to Augustus Le Plongeon, the Naacals were the missionaries of Mayan religion and civilization. Le Plongeon advocated that the original, great civilization was in Central America which contrasts with Churchward's view.
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naacal]
*Trivia: "The next known published use of the word occurred in 1926 when James Churchward used the term in his book, The Lost Continent of Mu, Motherland of Man. [NP] According to James Churchward, the Naacal were the people and civilization of the lost continent of Mu, as well as the name of their language."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naacal]
*Trivia: In volume 2 of "The Life and Teaching of the Masters of the Far East," Baird T. Spalding makes this remark about the 'Naacals':
"The teachings that Buddha received came from the same source as did those of Osiris but in a different way. The teachings that Buddha contacted came from the Motherland direct to Burma, brought there by the Naacals. Osiris' teachings came direct to him, as his forefathers lived in the Motherland and when he was a young man he had gone to the Motherland to study."
David Bruton, Spalding's biographer revealed in "Baird T. Spalding As I Knew Him" (IEP, 1956) that Spalding's books were a magical autobiography and essentially fiction. Therefore the inference that the Naacals themselves are a fiction or modern myth is strengthened.
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naacal]
1896 - The Story of Atlantis / William Scott-Elliot - 1896: "William Scott-Elliot (sometimes spelled Scott-Elliott) (d.1930) was a theosophist who elaborated Helena Blavatsky's concept of root races in several publications, most notably The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), later combined in 1925 into a single volume called The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]
1896 - Earthquake Trivia / 1896 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1897 - "Diamond Jubilee" / Great Britain - "Great Britain celebrated the 60th anniversary ['Diamond Jubilee'] of the coronation of Queen Victoria."
1897 - U.S. President William McKinley - March 4th, 1897: "The 25th American President, William McKinley [Republican], begins his term. McKinley was the 3rd American President assassinated. Incidentally, Abraham Lincoln, James Garfield, and William McKinley were all Republicans."
*Trivia: "In American schoolbooks it is claimed that it was all for the good that the Democratic candidate for president in 1896, William Jennings Bryan, was not elected, since he was against the gold footing and the 'sound money' of the banks (that is money that creates debt). Bryan explained in his 'Cross of Gold' speech at the Democratic National Convention, in Chicago on July 9, 1896: 'When we have restored the money of the Constitution, all other necessary reforms will be possible, and that until that is done there is no reform that can be accomplished.'
"Bryan was not elected, and 17 years later, in 1913, Congress passed a bill (introduced by the Masonic President Woodrow Wilson), that purported to repeal the right of the Congress to issue currency and transferred this right to a 'federal reserve' funding system.
"Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, father of the famous aviator, had the following to say about this: 'When the president signs it, the invisible government of the money brokers has become legalized. The worst legal crime of the century is a fact. The day of reckoning is only a few years removed.' " [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 11]
1897 - Foreign Relations / Austria Hungary & Russia - "On April 30, 1897, Austria-Hungary came to an agreement with Russia to keep things in the Balkans as they were. It was the best Austria-Hungary could manage. [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 445]
1897 - Great Earthquake / India - June 12th, 1897: "Earthquake location: Assam, India. Earthquake magnitude: 8.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,500."
1897 - Strong Earthquake / Calaveras Fault, California - June 20th, 1897: "Earthquake location: Calaveras fault, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1897 - 1st Zionist Congress - August 27th, 1897: "In 1897, the first Zionist Congress takes place. The movement of Zionism [dedicated to founding a Jewish state] was founded by Theodor Herzl in the late 1800s as a response to the Dreyfus Affair in France. Alfred Dreyfus, a French army officer, was falsely convicted of treason and imprisoned but was later exonerated when it was proved he was a victim of an anti-Semitic conspiracy. American Jewry provided relief for many of the east European Jews who suffered as a result of World War I."
*Trivia: "Two hundred delegates attended the first Zionist Congress in Basel Switzerland, some even from the United States." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 445]
1897 - dies natalis / Therese de l'Enfant Jesus de la Sainte Face - September 30th, 1897: "[....] In August 19, 1897, Therese received her last communion. In July 1897, she made a final move to the monastery infirmary, where she died on 30 September 1897 [from tuberculosis] at the young age of 24. On her death-bed, she is reported to have said: 'I have reached the point of not being able to suffer any more, because all suffering is sweet to me.' [....] By the Apostolic Letter Divini Amoris Scientia (The Science of Divine Love) of 19 October 1997, Pope John Paul II declared her one of the thirty-three Doctors of the Universal Church, one of only three women so named, the others being Teresa of Avila (Saint Teresa of Jesus) and Catherine of Siena. Thérèse was the only saint to be named a Doctor of the Church during Pope John Paul II's pontificate. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_de_Lisieux]
1897 - Alfred von Tirpitz / German Navy - "In 1897, Alfred von Tirpitz (1849-1930) was placed in charge of the German navy. It was his ambition, and Willian II went along with it eagerly, to strengthen that navy by building many ships of the latest design." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, pp. 442-443]
1897 - Russian Naval Forces / Port Arthur, China - December, 1897: "Russian naval forces occupied Port Arthur on the China Peninsula."
1897 - Oscilliscope - "In 1897, Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850-1918), a German scientist, invented the oscilliscope."
1897 - Diesel Engine - "Rudolf Diesel (1858-1913) invented an internal-combustion engine in 1897 that could use petroleum fractions that were higher-boiling and cheaper than gasoline, and that required no electrical spark for ignition, merely forceful compression. Such engines were heavy, but could be used effectively in heavy vehicles such as buses, trucks, and ships." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 444]
1897 - Giant Ferris Wheel - "The Giant Ferris Wheel [rising 220 feet] is built in Vienna, Austria's, Prater."
1897 - Closed Circuit Television - "Jan Sczcepanik invents first [crude] closed circuit television."
1897 - Steam Turbine / Turbinia - "Charles Parsons put his steam turbine to startling use in 1897. He had built a turbine-powered ship, the Turbinia, that was capable of moving at a speed of 35 knots with scarcely any vibration or noise. At the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, when the British navy was holding a stately review, the Turbinia, at top speed, flashed past those ships. Nothing in the water could catch it. Naturally, steam turbines became a popular item at once for shipbuilders." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1897 - Causative Agent / Malaria - "Ronald Ross (1857-1932) discovered the causative agent of malaria, which turned out to be a protozoan. It was the first case of an infectious disease known to be caused by a non-bacterial agent." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1897 - Conclusive Evidence? / Electrons - "In 1897, Joseph John Thomson (1856-1940) was able to show conclusively that cathode ray particles consisted of speeding particles carrying a negative electric charge and with a mass only 1/1837 that of the lightest atom, hydrogen. The new particle was named the 'electron,' a name first proposed as the unit of electricity by George Johnstone Stoney (1826-1911) in 1891. The electron was the first 'subatomic particle' (one smaller than an atom) to be discovered. Thomson won a noble prize for this." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1897 - Dracula - "Abraham ('Bram') Stoker published the now classic vampire story, Dracula."
1897 - The Invisible Man - "H.G. [Herbert George] Wells published The Invisible Man."
1897 - Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy - "Mark Twain begins writing Tom Sawyer's Conspiracy, never completed."
1897 - The Chronicle of Young Satan - "Sam Clemens begins writing The Chronicle of Young Satan, never completed."
1897 - Earthquake Trivia / 1897 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 1,500." - E.M.
1898 - Explosion / U.S.S. Maine - February 15th, 1898: "The battleship, U.S.S. Maine is blown up at Havana Cuba."
*Trivia: "On Feb. 15, 1898, the battleship Maine blew up in Havana Bay, prompting Congress on April 25 to declare war on Spain. Spain sued for peace on Aug. 12, thus ending the Spanish-American War after 110 days. The tax levied to pay for it lasted 108 years [until 2006!]. But as of Aug. 1 of this year , the Internal Revenue Service will stop levying the 3 percent excise tax on long-distance telephone service imposed in 1898 to pay for the war. Amazingly, in those days the president actually paid for misbegotten wars in cash instead of putting them on the national credit card. [....] As the years went by, Congress kept 'forgetting' to remove the tax, and by last year it was raising $5.6 billion annually. The tax shows up on your phone bill as one of the dozen or so taxes and surcharges added to basic service. Last week, after years of being sued by businesses looking for refunds, the IRS finally announced it would stop collecting the tax on long-distance service. The 3 percent tax on local service will remain in place, though some members of Congress are lobbying to remove that too. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (Finally. Forget the Maine), p. B8, S.L.P.D., 05/31/06]
1898 - Agra Lineage / Brahm Sankar Misra - "1898-1907: "Brahm Sankar Misra 1898-1907"
1898 - Building Begun / Modern German Navy - "On March 28, 1898, money was voted by the legislature ... and the building of a modern German navy was begun." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1898 - Strong Earthquake / Mare Island, California - March 31st, 1898: "Earthquake location: Mare Island, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1898 - Strong Earthquake / Mendocino County, California - April 15th, 1898: "Earthquake location: Mendocino County, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1898 - Spanish-American War - April 21st, 1898: "Spanish-American War begins."
1898 - U.S. Military Nurses / Civilan Status - 1898: "More than 1,500 women serve as military nurses [Spanish-American War] with civilan status." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A10, 07/10/05]
1898 - Curtis Act - "Curtis Act dissolves tribal governments, requires Indians of abolished Indian nations to submit to allotment, and institutes civil government for Indian Country, with the purpose of extending the effects of allotment policy to the Five Civilized Tribes."
1898 - Independence / Philippines - June 12th, 1898: "Philippine insurgents declare independence."
1898 - Hawaii - August 12th, 1898: "The United States annexes Hawaii."
1898 - Assassination / Empress Elizabeth, Austria-Hungary - September 10th, 1898: "Empress Elizabeth of Austria-Hungary was assassinated by an Italian anarchist. Francis Joseph's nephew, Francis Ferdinand (1863-1914), became the new heir to the throne."
1898 - Railroad Plan / Berlin to Baghdad - "On November 17th, 1898, Germany began to plan a railroad from Berlin to Baghdad in Iraq, which was then part of the Ottoman Empire. This was with the obvious intention of increasing German influence in the Middle East, which alarmed both Great Britain and Russia. What's more, Germany was increasing its meddling in China and that upset Japan. In short, where Bismark had carefully secured the friendship of all the European powers but France in the 1870s and 1880s, William II, in the 1890s, was managing to alienate all the European powers with the exception of Austria-Hungary." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1898 - Saturn / Pluto Opposition - December 6th, 1898: "The planets Saturn and Pluto stand opposed in the signs of Gemini and Sagittatius. A similar opposition will occur on September 11th, 2001."
1898 - End / Spanish-American War - December 10th, 1898: "Spanish-American War ends [Treaty of Paris]. With victory, the U.S. wins control of Puerto Rico, the Phillippines, Guam, and Cuba."
1898 - German Lease / Kiaocchow Peninsula, China - "Germany extracts a 99 year lease on the Kiaocchow Peninsula from China."
1898 - Ministry / Lalaji Maharaj Ajudhia Prasad - "Lalaji Maharaj Ajudhia Prasad / Ministry:1898 to 1926 / Guru:Shiv Dayal Singh / Successors: Gur Prasad / Center:Peepal Mandi, Agra / Distinctions: Blood son of Rai Salig Ram; instrumental in the development of the Central Administrative Council. / Sources: Biography of Huzur Maharaj; Radhasoami Faith; and Correspondence with Certain Americans (all six volumes)."
1898 - Ministry / Maharishi Data Dayal Shiv Brat Lal - "Maharishi Data Dayal Shiv Brat Lal / Ministry: 1898 to 1939 [Most likely did not begin his guru ministry, however, until the beginning of the 20th century] / Guru:Rai Salig Ram / Successors: Faqir Chand; Nandhu Singh; and Sheri-Boa Dutt (Pir Munga) / Center: Lahore; Gopiganj / Distinctions:Perhaps the most prolific author in the history of Radhasoami; estimated to have authored over 3,000 books and pamphlets. / Sources: Light on Ananda Yoga; Dayal Yoga; and Shabd Yoga."
1898 - Telegraphone - "Valdemar Poulsen invents the telegraphone, a predecessor to the tape recorder."
1898 - Roller Coaster - "Edwin Prescott patented the roller coaster."
1898 - Liquid Hydrogen - "In 1898, he [Dewar] succeeded in liquefying hydrogen at a tempersture of only 20 degrees above absolute zero. That left the newly discovered helium as the only gas still unliquefied." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1898 - Radium & Polonium - "Marie Sklodowska [Polish-born] and Pierre Currie discover the elements Radium and Polonium."
1898 - What Is Man - "Sam Clemens begins writing What Is Man."
1898 - The Great Dark - "Sam Clemens writes The Great Dark."
1898 - War Of The Worlds - "H.G. [Herbert George] Wells published War Of The Worlds."
1898 - Concerning the Jews - "Sam Clemens writes Concerning the Jews."
1898 - The Memorable Assassination - "Sam Clemens writes The Momorable Assassination, 1st published in 1917."
1898 - Earthquake Trivia / 1898 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2." - E.M.
1899 - Mt. Rainier National Park - March 2nd, 1899: "Mount Rainier National Park, Washington, established."
1899 - Major Earthquake / Cape Yakataga, Alaska - September 4th, 1899: "Earthquake location: Cape Yakataga, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1899 - Major Earthquake / Yakutat Bay, Alaska - September 10th, 1899: "Earthquake location: Yakutat Bay, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 8.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1899 - Alfred Dreyfus Pardon, France - September 19th, 1899: "France pardons Alfred Dreyfus without vindicating him."
*Trivia: "President Faure, who had been an anti-Dreyfusard, had died earlier in the year and he was succeeded by Emile Francois Loubet (1838-1929), who was a Dreyfusard. Hoping to end the Affair, he remitted the sentence and pardoned Dreyfus. Eventually, of course, Dreyfus was entirely exonerated and all who had suffered on his behalf ... were rehabilitated." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1899 - Boer War / South Africa - October 11th, 1899: "The Boer War begins in South Africa."
1899 - Boxer Rebellion / China - "In 1899, China's Boxer Rebellion began as a secret society."
1899 - Beta Particles - "In 1896, the French physicist, Antoine Henri Becquerel (1853-1908), found that a uranium compound was the source of unexplained radiation. Some of the radiation he discovered in 1899 consisted of speeding electrons, called 'beta particles' eventually. Becquerel received a Nobel Prize for this." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 447]
1899 - Vacuum Cleaner - "J.S. Thurman patented the motor-driven vacuum cleaner."
1899 - Speed of Sound - "An important Austrian scientist of the decade [1890-1900] was Ernst Mach (1838-1916). [....] He is best remembered today because his work on airflow caused him to recognize the sudden changes that came when an object moved at the speed of sound." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 445]
1899 - Concerning the Jews - "Mark Twain publishes Concerning the Jews."
1899 - How To make History Dates Stick - "Sam Clemens writes How To make History Dates Stick, 1st published in 1914."
1899 - The Future Of The Ameriacn Negro - "Booker T. Washington publishes, The Future Of The Ameriacn Negro."
1899 - Earthquake Trivia / 1899 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2." - E.M.
Earthquake Trivia / 19th Century - "Number of notable earthquakes this century [19th]: at least 28. Number of earthquake deaths this century: at least 129,467." - E.M.
20th Century A.D.
1900 - Map of Europe - "Map of Europe: A.D. 1900."
1900 - "Quantum Theory" / Modern Physics - "Wilhelm Wien (1864-1928) demonstrated, in 1893, that the higher the temperature of a substance, the shorter the wavelength of the peak radiation that it produces. Wien tried to work out an equation that would describe the manner in which all wavelengths of radiation could be emitted by a body that would produce them all (a 'black body'). Wien failed in this, but Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947) succeeded in 1900, by assuming that energy could only be given off in fixed amounts. These energy-packets were extremely tiny and Planck called them 'quanta.' It turned out that Planck's 'quantum theory, made it possible to look at all of physical science in a new and much-improved way, so that everything before 1900 is called 'classical physics' and everything afterward is 'modern physics.' Both Wein and Planck received Nobel Prizes for their work." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
*Trivia: "[....] Quantum theory contains within it some apparent conceptual paradoxes that even after 80 years remain unsolved. An electron appears to be both a wave and a particle. So does light. Moreover, the theory gives only statistical predictions of subatomic behavior. Our ability to do any better than that is limited by the uncertainty principle, which tells us that we cannot measure a particle's position and momentum at the same time. The theory yields only probabilities. A particle - an atomic electron, say - can be anywhere until we measure it; our observation in some sense determines its state. All of this suggests that quantum theory does not tell the whole story. As a result, in spite of its success, there are many experts who are convinced that quantum theory hides something essential about nature that we need to know. [....]"
[Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. 6 (3rd paragraph), copyright 2006]
1900 - Ground-Breaking / N.Y.C. Subway System - March 24th, 1900: "Ground-breaking ceremony for N.Y.C. subway system, 1900." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 105]
1900 - Hawaii Territory - June 14th, 1900: "Hawaii becomes a U.S. terroritory."
1900 - U.S. President William McKinley - June 16th, 1900: "President KcKinley re-elected with Theodore Roosevelt as his vise-president."
1900 - China Declares War on Western Allies - June 21st, 1900: " 'Boxer's' take Peking, and China declares war on western allies."
1900 - Zeppelin - July 2nd, 1900: "Ferdinand Adolf August Heinrich von Zeppelin (1838-1917) flew his first craft on July 2, 1900. For the first time, human beings could move through the air against the wind." [Based on: Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 444]
1900 - Assassination / King Humbert I, Italy - July 29th, 1900: "King Humbert I is assassinated in Italy."
1900 - 2nd Olympic Games / Paris, France - "In 1900, the 2nd Olympic Games were held in Paris, France."
1900 - Sam Clemens / New York - October, 1900: "Sam Clemens returns from Europe and lives at 14 West Tenth Street, New York."
1900 - Major Earthquake / Alaska - October 9th, 1900: "Earthquake location: Kodiak Island, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1900 - U.S. Submarine - October 12th, 1900: "America's first real submarine, the U.S.S. Holland [SS-1], is commissioned."
1900 - German Chancellor / Berhard Heinrich Martin Karl van Bulow - "On October 16, 1900, Holenlohe resigned and, in his place, Willian II appointed Berhard Heinrich Martin Karl van Bulow (1849-1929) to the post of Chancellor." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 443]
1900 - Ministry / Maharaj Saheb Brahm Shankar Misra - "Maharaj Saheb Brahm Shankar Misra / Ministry: Early 1900's to 1907 [did not succeed Rai Salig Ram immediately, since he was unsure for a year or two who was to be the rightful successor] / Guru: Rai Salig Ram / Successors: Maheshwari Devi; Kamta Prasad Sinha / Center: Benaras; Agra / Distinctions: Highly educated, receiving his Master of Arts in 1884; founded the Central Administrative Council in 1902 in Agra; and developed the idea of interregnum (period of time when no guru is publically manifested). / Sources: Discourses on the Radhasoami Faith by Maharaj Saheb [Brahm Shankar Misra]; Solace to Satsangis by Maharaj Saheb [Brahm Shankar Misra]; and Radhasoami Faith: History and Tenets by S.D. Maheshwari."
1900 - Atoms? - "At the beginning of the twentieth century, few physicists believed in atoms."
1900 - AACP - "The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy was founded in 1900 as the Conference of Pharmaceutical Faculties, while the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy was established 4 years later."
1900 - 1st Tractor - "Benjamin Holt invented the first tractor."
1900 - U.S. Hall Of Fame - "The first election of membership into the Hall Of Fame For Great Americans."
1900 - Use of Fingerprints - Francis Galton, in this decade [1890-1900], worked out the use of fingerprints as an identifying device." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1900 - Discovered / T-Rex - "The first discovery of a fossilized T-rex Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton."
1900 - 1st Hamburger Served - "First hamburger served."
1900 - Lynching Trivia / U.S.A - December, 1900: "Congress rejects a bill to make lynching a federal crime."
1900 - Discovery / Tryptophan - "Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861-1947) discovered tryptophan, an important amino acid, in 1900." [Based on: Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World, p. 440]
1900 - The Tale of Peter Rabbit - "Beatrix Potter, publishes The Tale of Peter Rabbit which she wrote in 1893."
1900 - The Interpertation of Dreams - "Sigmund Freud publishes The Interpertation of Dreams."
1900 - Earthquake Trivia / 1900 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1901 - Astronomic Configuration - Uranus-Pluto [Sagittarius/Gemini] opposition [1901-1902]."
1901 - Commonwealth of Australia - January 1st, 1901: "Commonwealth of Australia founded."
1901 - Oil Discovered / Beaumont, Texas - January 10th, 1901: "Oil is discovered in Beaumont, Texas - the first major oil discovery in U.S. history." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 2]
1901 - King Edward VII / Great Britain - January 22nd, 1901: "Queen Victoria dies; Edward VII becomes king of Great Britain."
1901 - Trivia / Sam Clemens - "Sam Clemens works on The Secret History of Eddypus, the World Empire, February never completed."
1901 - U.S. Protectorate / Cuba - March 2nd, 1901: "The Platt Amendment to Cuba's constitution makes that country a U.S. protectorate."
1901 - Strong Earthquake / Parkfield, California - March 3rd, 1901: "Earthquake location: Parkfield, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1901 - Birth / Manly P. Hall - March 18th (Pisces), 1901:
Manly Palmer Hall (March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific Canadian-born author and mystic. He is perhaps most famous for his work The Secret Teaching of All Ages: An Encyclopedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy, which he published at the age of twenty five; the first line of which is, "Philosophy is the science of estimating values."
He has been widely recognized as a leading scholar in the fields of religion, mythology, mysticism, and the occult.
Carl Jung, when writing Psychology and Alchemy, borrowed material from Hall's private collection.
In 1934 Manly P. Hall founded the Philosophical Research Society in Los Angeles, California, dedicating it to an idealistic approach to the solution of human problems. The PRS claims to be non-sectarian and entirely free from educational, political, or ecclesiastical control, the Society's programs stress the need for the integration of philosophy, religion, and science into one system of instruction. The PRS Library, a public facility devoted to source materials in obscure fields, has many rare and scarce items now impossible to obtain elsewhere.
In 1973 Mr. Hall was recognized as a 33º Mason (the highest rank possible in the Scottish Rite), at a ceremony held at PRS on December 8th.
In his long career, spanning more than seventy years of dynamic public activity, Mr. Hall delivered over 7,500 lectures in the United States and abroad, authored over 150 books and essays, and wrote countless magazine articles.
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_P._Hall]
1901 - Pan-American Exposition / Buffalo N.Y. - September 3rd, 1901: "Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo, N.Y. demonstrating the latest inventions in farming, medicine, communications, transportation, and housewares. Record numbers of visitors from around the world are expected to attend." [Link: 1]
1901 - President William McKinley / Buffalo N.Y. - September 5th, 1901: "William McKinley opens the Pan-American Exposition."
1901 - Shot / U.S. President William McKinley - September 6th, 1901: "President McKinley was shot by Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, NY."
1901 - Fatality / U.S. President William McKinley - September 14th, 1901: "President McKinley dies from his wound."
1901 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt - September 14th, 1901: "The 26th American President, Theodore Roosevelt [Republican], begins his term."
1901 - Assassination / Russian Minister of Education - "In 1901 they [Jews] assassinated Bogolepov, the Czar's Minister of Education." [Link: 1]
1901 - Sam Clemens / New York - October, 1901: "Sam Clemens moves to Riverdale, New York."
1901 - Radio Receiver - "The first radio receiver, successfully received a radio transmission."
1901- Discovery / Ancient Greek Computer - "[....] The Antikythera mechanism, found in 1901 in a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera, is thought to have been made more than about 100 B.C. Its purpose was a mystery for than 100 years, but in 2006, researchers used new scanning technology to examine the heavily encrusted fragments. [NP] They concluded that the device originally contained 37 gears that formed an astronomical computer. Two dials on the front show the zodiac and a calendar of the days of the year that can be adjusted for leap years. Metal pointers show the positions in the zodiac of the sun, moon and five planets known in antiquity. Two spiral dials on the back show the cycles of the moon and predict eclipses." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Ancient computer tracked passage of time, Olympics), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/31/08]
1901 - Birth / Walt Disney - December 5th, 1901: "Reportedly born [Chicago] on this date in history: Walter Elias Disney [Walt Disney]."
1901 - The Death Disk - December, 1901: "Mark Twain publishes, The Death Disk."
1901 - Up From Slavery - "Booker T. Washington publishes, Up From Slavery."
1901 - To The Person Sitting in Darkness - "Mark Twain publishes, To The Person Sitting in Darkness."
1901 - Earthquake Trivia / 1901 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1902 - Fatality / Cecil Rhodes - March 26th, 1902: "Cecil Rhodes dies."
1902 - Volcanic Eruption / Santa Maria, Guatemala - "Volcanic eruption date(s): April 24th, 1902. Number of recorded deaths: 1,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]
1902 - Volcanic Eruption / Mount Pelee, Martinique - May 8th, 1902: "Mount Pelée, on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean Sea, erupted at 7:50 a.m. on May 8, 1902. A giant black plume darkened the sky, while a superheated cloud of hot ash, toxic gases, and magma fragments raced down the volcano's sides at hurricane-force speeds. Within minutes, the city of St. Pierre had been destroyed, its 30,000 inhabitants dead."
*Trivia: "Volcanic eruption date(s): May 8th, 1902. Eruption location: Mt. Pelee, Martinique. Number of recorded deaths: 28,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]
1902 - Independence / Cuba - May 20th, 1902: "Cuba becomes independent nation."
1902 - Crater Lake National Park - May 22nd, 1902: "Crater Lake National Park established in Oregon."
1902 - End / Boer War, South Africa - May 31st, 1902: "The Treaty of Vereeniging ends the Boer War in South Africa."
1902 - Died / Swami Vivekananda - July 4th, 1902: "On July 4, 1902 at Belur Math near Kolkata, he [Swami Vivekananda] taught Vedanta philosophy to some pupils in the morning. He had a walk with Swami Premananda, a brother-disciple and gave him instructions concerning the future of the Ramakrishna Math. The same day, Vivekananda left his mortal body at the young age of 39."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Vivekananda]
1902 - Transatlantic Radio Signal - December 11th, 1902: "Marconi transmits the first transatlantic radio signal."
1902 - Reclamation Act - "Reclamation Act encourages settlement of the American West by whites through subsidies for water development."
1902 - Assassination / Russian Minister of Interior - "In 1902, they [Jews] murdered Sipyagin, Minister of Interior in 1902." [Link: 1]
1902 - Air Conditioner - "In 1902, Willis Carrier invented the air conditioner."
1902 - Biologies Control Act - "Congress enacted the Biologies Control Act to license and regulate interstate sale of serums, vaccines, and antitoxins used to prevent or treat diseases in humans."
1902 - Was It Heaven? or Hell? - "Mark Twain publishes, Was It Heaven? or Hell?."
1902 - Volcano Trivia / 1902 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 2. Number of deaths: 31,000." - E.M.
1903 - Wind Cave National Park / South Dakota - January 3rd, 1903: "Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota, established."
1903 - U.S. Suffrage Convention - March 24-30, 1903: "The National American Woman Suffrage Association holds the largest annual convention to push for women's voting rights in its 34-year history." [Link: 1]
1903 - Jewish Fatalities / Russia - "More than 600 Jews are murdered in the town of Kishinev, Russia, Easter."
1903 - "A Square Deal" / U.S.A. - September 7th, 1903: "Theodore Roosevelt promises 'A Square Deal,' at the N.Y. State Agriculture Association." [Link: 1]
1903 - Sam Clemens / Italy - October 24th, 1903: "Sam Clemens and family move to Florence, Italy."
1903 - Independence / Panama - November 3rd, 1903: "Panama declares its independance from Columbia."
1903 - Crayons - "Edward Binney and Harold Smith co-invented crayons."
1903 - Airplane - December 17th, 1903: "Wright brothers make first powered, heavier than air, flight at Kitty Hawk. .The Wright brothers invented the first gas motored and manned airplane."
1904 - British Expedition / Tibet - December 1903: "[....] The British took a few months to prepare for the expedition which pressed into Tibetan territories in early December 1903. The entire British force numbered over 3,000 fighting men and was accompanied by 7,000 sherpas, porters and camp followers. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet]
*Trivia: "[....] In 1904, a British expedition to Tibet, spurred in part by a fear that Russia was extending its power into Tibet, invaded Tibet, hoping that negotiations with the 13th Dalai Lama would be more effective than with Chinese representatives. When the mission reached Lhasa, Younghusband imposed a treaty which was subsequently repudiated, and was succeeded by a 1906 treaty signed between Britain and China. [NP] In 1910, the Qing government sent a military expedition of its own under Zhao Erfeng to establish direct Chinese rule and deposed the Dalai Lama in an imperial edict, who fled to British India. Zhao Erfeng defeated the Tibetan military conclusively and expelled the Dalai Lama's forces from the province, he was nicknamed "Zhao the Butcher" for crushing the Tibetan army. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibet]
1903 - "Sawan Singh" Ministry / India - 1903? "[....] Because of his exceptional spiritual state, Sawan Singh was appointed by Baba Jaimal Singh to be his successor shortly before his death in 1903. Sawan Singh carried on his master's mission with remarkable aptitude, spreading the message of humankind's divine heritage throughout India. [NP] Sawan Singh gathered a large following of disciples from around the world. Among his devotees were Dr. Julian P. Johnson, Dr. Pierre Schmidt, Col. C.W. Sanders, Sant Kirpal Singh (founder of Ruhani Satsang), Sant Darshan Singh (founder of Sawan-Kirpal Mission), Baba Somanath, Pritam Das, and several government officials in both the British and Indian ranks. [NP] Huzur Sawan Singh died on April 2, 1948, just days after appointing Jagat Singh as his spiritual successor. [....]
[Based on: http://vclass.mtsac.edu:930/phil/saint.htm]
*Trivia: "[....] It was also interesting to see that Jaimal Singh, the founder of the Beas Radhasoami group, had also studied with Salig Ram, as well as Shiv Dayal Singh, the founder of Radhasoami. And Sawan Singh had contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith as well. Sawan attended the satsang of Babuji on a few occasions, and when he did so he sat on the floor at the feet of Babuji amongst the other satsangis. Sawan Singh was the last of the Beas gurus to have direct contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith. Is this why both Jaimal and Sawan's writings seem so much more alive than any that followed them in the Beas teaching? Is this why Paul [Paul Twitchell] once observed that the line of spirituality in the Beas group stopped with Sawan Singh? [....]"
[Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]
1903 - 1st Baseball World Series - "First World Series of baseball played."
1903 - Assassination / Governor of Ufa - "Bogdanovich, the Governor of Ufa was murdered in 1903."
1904 - Autobiography / Sam Clemens - January, 1903: "Sam Clemens begins dictating his autobiography."
1904 - Beginning / Russo-Japanese War - February 8th, 1904: Japanese sneak attack on Port Author begins the Russo-Japanese War."
*Trivia: "American Jacob Schiff was the wealthiest Jewish banker in the world as head of the international bank of 'Kuhn, Loeb & Co.' Note here that Schiff 'floated the large Japanese War Loans of 1904-1905 which made their victory over Russia possible.' At the end of the article we read that Schiff 'used his financial influence to keep Russia from the money markets of the U.S.' Also note that Schiff controlled all of the railroads in the U.S. and 'suppressed ruinous competition.' [Note: This would be like allowing one person to own all of the Air Lines today and 'suppressing all competition.' He also controlled the Central Trust Bank and Western Union.]. Thus, with all this money power, Schiff was able to prevent the Czar from obtaining loans to raise armies for a defense against the Japanese. Schiff formed called 'The Friends of Russian Freedom.' Its purpose was to agitate for the overthrow of the Christian Czar. This group, with the help of the Japanese, ran an anti-Czar indoctrination campaign among the 50,000 Russian soldiers taken as POWs during the war. They returned home ready to support the Jewish revolution." [Link: 1]
1904 - Fatality / Olivia L. Clemens - June 5th, 1904: "Olivia [Livy] Langdon Clemens, S.L.C's wife, dies in Florence, Italy."
1904 - Major Earthquake / Alaska - August 27th, 1904: "Earthquake location: Fairbanks, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1904 - 3rd Olympic Games / St. Louis, Mo. - "In 1904, the 3rd Olympic Games were held in Saint Louis, Missouri."
1904 - Peter Pan - December 27th, 1904: "Sir James Barrie produced the play, Peter Pan And The Lost Boy's in England."
1904 - The Lost Lemuria / William Scott-Elliot - 1904: "William Scott-Elliot (sometimes spelled Scott-Elliott) (d.1930) was a theosophist who elaborated Helena Blavatsky's concept of root races in several publications, most notably The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), later combined in 1925 into a single volume called The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]
1904 - Birth / Joseph Cambell - "Born this year in history: Mythologist, Joseph Campbell [d. 1987]."
1904 - Birth / Kay-Dee Twitchell - Reportedly born this year in history: Kay-Dee Twitchell. She was the older sister of Paul Twitchell, the modern day founder of Eckankar. - E.M.
1904 - Assassination / Premier von Plehve - "Premier von Plehve was murdered in 1904."
1904 - Earthquake Trivia / 1904 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1905 - Physics Trivia - "In 1905, Albert Einstein was twenty-six. He had failed to find an academic job in spite of the fact that his early work on the physics of heat radiation alone would come to be seen as a major contribution of science. But that was just a warm-up. He soon zeroed in on the fundamental questions of physics: First, how could the relativity of motion be reconciled with Maxwell's laws of electricity and magnetism? He told us in his special theory of relativity. Should we think of the chemical elements as Newtonion atoms? Einstein proved we must. How can we reconcile the theories of light with the existence of atoms? Einstein told us how, and in the process showed that light is both a wave and a particle. All in the year 1905, in time stolen from his work as a patent examiner." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. ix (5th paragraph - Introduction), copyright 2006]
1905 - Bloody Sunday / Russia - January 22nd, 1905: "In 1905, the first in a series of Russian revolutions was to happen. Nicholas II ordered the protesters shot. This massacre became known as 'Bloody Sunday.' Protests and riots continued to spread until Nicholas was forced to allow the people some form of constitutional government. A Duma, or Congress was elected in that year and began to provide representation for the people. Officials were elected, but the Czar always had the overriding power of veto. Three Dumas were elected, right until 1914, the beginning of World War I."
1905 - 100 mph Car / Napier - January 31st, 1905: "Napier first car to go more than 100 mph (104.65), 1905." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 101]
1905 - Great Earthquake / Kangra, India - April 4th, 1905: "Earthquake location: Kangra, India. Earthquake magnitude: 8.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 19,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1905 - Great Earthquake / Mongolia - July 9th, 1905: "Earthquake location: Mongolia. Earthquake magnitude: 8.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1905 - End / Russo-Japanese War - September 5th, 1905: Russo-Japanese War ends."
1905 - Assassination / Grand Duke Sergei - "Grand Duke Sergei the Czar's uncle was murdered in 1905."
1905 - Special Theory of Relativity - "Albert Einstein writes his paper on the Special Theory of Relativity and made famous the equation, E = mc2."
1905 - A Humane Word For Satan - "Mark Twain publishes, A Humane Word For Satan."
1905 - Earthquake Trivia / 1905 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 19,000." - E.M.
1906 - Opposition / Uranus-Neptune - "The Uranus-Neptune [Capricorn/Cancer] opposition of 1906-1910 brought Einstein's Theory of Relativity, the first Russian Revolution, and an intense transition into the twentieth century world-view. Dominated by USA and USSR, the century was to buzz with airplanes, cars, telephones and movies, isolating people into busy, complex, torn lives."
1906 - Forward Pass Made Legal / Football - January 12th, 1906: "Forward pass made legal in football, 1906." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 101]
1906 - Great Earthquake / Columbia-Ecuador - January 21st, 1906: "Earthquake location: Columbia-Ecuador. Earthquake magnitude: 8.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,000."
1906 - Major Earthquake / San Francisco, California - April 18th, 1906: "Earthquake location: San Francisco, California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,000."
*Trivia: "At 5:13 a.m. on April 18, 1906, San Francisco experienced one of the strongest earthquakes ever recorded. It is estimated that the quake was 7.7 to 7.9 on the Richter Scale. More than 3,000 people lost their lives in the quake and the fires that followed. The fires alone destroyed 28,000 buildings in the city - nearly every single one!"
[Based on: Everyday page article (The Great Quake of 1906), p. E4, S.L.P.D., 04/18/06]
1906 - Platt National Park / Oklahoma - June 29th, 1906: "The Platt National Park, Oklahoma, is established."
1906 - Mesa Verde National Park / Colorado - June 29th, 1906: "The Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, is established."
1906 - Vindication / Alfred Dreyfus - July 12th, 1906: "A French court vindicates Dreyfus."
1906 - Great Earthquake / Chile - August 17th, 1906: "Earthquake location: Valparaiso, Chile. Earthquake magnitude: 8.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 20,000."
1906 - What is Man? - August, 1906: "Mark Twain publishes, What Is Man?"
1906 - 4th Olympic Games / Athens, Greece - "In 1906, the 4th Olympic Games were held in Athens, Greece."
1906 - Constitutional Revolution / Iran - "On September of 1906, Mozzafar-ed-Din Shah Qajar (Kadjar) signed the Electoral Law of Persia. Then, on December 30, 1906, a few days before his death, he signed the Fundamental Law of Persia, providing the country with a constitution modeled on the Belgian and French examples. The 33 articles of the Electoral Law and the 51 articles of the Fundamental Law gave the country a bicameral legislature, separation of powers, checks and balances, an executive modeled on the French system with a monarch as head of state, and guarantees of fair representation and political rights for the people of Persia. This development brought Edward G. Browne, the famous chronicler of the Persian Constitutional Revolution, to proclaim jubilantly:
Does history afford many instances of a nation making such conspicuous advances in public spirit and morality in so short a period as were made by the Persians during the period under discussion? I venture to think that parallels will not easily be found.
"And though this early victory for constitutionalism would have its setback in 1908-09, constitutionalism would ultimately remain in Persia until its demise through a British engineered coup in 1925 against the legitimate government of Persia under Soltan Ahmad Shah." [Links: 1]
1906 - Burke Act - "Burke Act amends the General Allotment Act, giving the Secretary of the Interior authority to remove restrictions on allotted Indian lands."
1906 - Bear Market / U.S.A. - September 1906: "[....] The bear market began after the market peaked in September 1906. By November 1907, the total value of all listed U.S. shares had plunged 37 percent, according to Bruner, and at least 25 banks and 17 trust companies had collapsed. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Goof Friday market close: More of panic or prayer?) by Chris Dolmetsch, p A36, S.L.P.D., 03/22/08]
1906 - Land Seizure / Pueblo Indians - "U.S. Federal government seizes fifty thousand acres of wilderness land, the Blue Lake region in the mountains of New Mexico, sacred to Taos Pueblo Indians, and makes it part of a national park."
1906 - Assassination / Gen. Dubrassov - "Gen. Dubrassov was murdered in 1906 (his soldiers put down the Jewish revolution of 1905.)."
1906 - Work Beginning / Panama Canal - "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers begins work on the Panama Canal."
1906 - Sonar - "Lewis Nixon invents sonar."
1906 - Bakelite - "Bakelite, the first thermo-setting plastic was formed in 1906 by the Belgian-born American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland."
1906 - U.S. Food & Drug Act - "Congress laid the foundation for modern food and drug law when it passed the Food and Drugs Act of 1906. The original Food and Drug Act was signed by President Theodore Roosevelt. The act prohibited interstate commerce in misbranded and adulterated foods, drinks, and drugs."
1906 - Published / Special Theory of Relativity - "Albert Einstein publishes his theory on the special theory of relativity."
1906 - Earthquake Trivia / 1906 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 24,000." - E.M.
1907 - Lenin Leaves Russia - February 3rd, 1907: "Nicolai Lenin leaves Russia."
1907 - Birth / Katharine Hepburn - May 12th, 1907: Born this date in history: Katharine Hepburn. She lived to age 96 [06/29/2003] and died of natural causes in Old Saybrook, Conn.
1907 - Crash / U.S. Stock Market - March 13th, 1907: "Financial panic plunges U.S. stock market. Economic depression begins."
*Trivia: "[....] 'The panic itself occurred in October 1907, although in March of 1907 there was a significant break in the market.' [NP] Jeffrey A. Hirsch, editor of 'Stock Trader's Almanac,' said that downturn started March 13, when the Dow Jones industrial average tumbled 3.9 percent, and continued the next day, when it lost 8.3 percent. Good Friday in 1907 fell on March 29, when, he said, the Dow climbed 2.5 percent. [NP] The bear market began after the market peaked in September 1906. By November 1907, the total value of all listed U.S. shares had plunged 37 percent, according to Bruner, and at least 25 banks and 17 trust companies had collapsed. [NP] Among them were New York's Knickerbocker Trust, where rumors of financial problems triggered a run on banks in the city and contributed to the crash, according to the NYSE's website. The crisis ultimately prompted the creation of the Federal Reserve system. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Goof Friday market close: More of panic or prayer?) by Chris Dolmetsch, p A36, S.L.P.D., 03/22/08]
1907 - British New Zealand - September 27th, 1907: "New Zealand becomes a dominion of the British Empire."
1907 - Great Earthquake / Central Asia - October 21st, 1907: "Earthquake location: Central Asia. Earthquake magnitude: 8.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 12,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1907 - Oklahoma - November 16th, 1907: "The 46th American state. When the Oklahoma Territory, including the Indian Territory was admitted as a state. The citizens of Oklahoma sought to have Indian lands on the market and subject to taxation."
1907 - "Great White Fleet" / U.S.A. - December, 1907: "The 'Great White Fleet' sent on around the world by president Roosevelt."
1907 - Joseph Stalin / Russia - "Joseph Stalin robs the State Bank transport to finance the Bolshevik party in Russia."
1907 - Trivia / "Mother's Day" - "(1) One day each spring in ancient Greece, people held celebrations in honor of Rhea, whom they called Mother of the Gods. (2) During the 1600s, people in England celebrated a day called "Mothering Sunday." On that day servants were released from work to spend the day with their mothers. (3) In the U.S., the idea of Mother's Day was first suggested by Julia Ward Howe in 1872 as a day dedicated to peace. (4) In 1907, Ana Jarvis passed out carnations at her mother's church in Grafton, West Virginia - one for each mother in the congregation. She did this in memory of her own mother. (5) In 1908, St. Andrew's Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia held a Sunday service honoring mothers. (6) In 1909, Mother's Day services were held in all 46 states [U.S.A.] plus Canada and Mexico. (7) In 1912, West Virginia became the first state to adopt an official Mother's Day. (8) In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson signed a resolution establishing Mother's Day." [Based on: Everyday section, p. E6, S.L.P.D., 05/09/06]
1907 - Zionist Congress / The Hague - "In 1907, during the Zionist congress at The Hague, delegates of the Poale-Zion parties of various countries assembled at a conference and organized the Poale-Zion Weltverband ('World Organization') which watches over the international interests of the Poale-Zion in the Zionist and the Socialist worlds Fund, which is collected from Jews all over the world, is administered by the 'World Organization.'
"Through its propaganda in the Socialist International and the English Labor Party the 'organization' has succeeded in securing a favorable attitude towards Zionist alma on the part of Socialists and labor leaders. As a result, a Jewish home in Palestine is one of the points in the peace program of the 'International' and of the English Labor Party." [Link: 1]
1907 - Agra Lineage / Bauji' Mahewari Dev - " 'Bauji' Mahewari Devi 1907-1913 [woman guru?]"
1907 - Japanese Immigration Ban / United States - "President Theodore Roosevelt signs legislation barring Japanese laborers from immigrating to the U.S."
1907 - Color Photography - "Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere."
1907 - General Theory of Relativity - "Albert Einstein begins work on his General Theory of Relitivity."
*Trivia: "Albert Einstein publishes  his general theory of relativity." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1907 - Administration / U.S Food & Drug Act - "The Bureau of Chemistry, headed by Dr. Wiley, began administering the Food and Drug Act."
1907 - Uncle Remus And Brer Rabbit - "Joel Chandler Harris publishes Uncle Remus And Brer Rabbit."
1907 - Earthquake Trivia / 1907 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 12,000." - E.M.
1908 - Public Smoking Ban / U.S. Women, N.Y.C. - January 21st, 1908: "Smoking in public places in N.Y.C. became illegal for women, 1908." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 101]
1908 - Frederick Cook / North Pole - April 21st, 1908: "Frederick Cook claims to have reached the North Pole."
1908 - Sam Clemens / Connecticut - June 18th, 1908: "Sam Clemens moves into his new home, Stormfield in Redding, Connecticut."
1908 - Comet Impact? / Russia - June 30th, 1908: "A comet strikes the earth at Tunguska, Russia."
1908 - Belgian Congo - August 20th, 1908: "Leopold II hands over the Congo Free State to Belgium."
1908 - 1st Horror Film - "The first horror film premired [based on R. L. Stevenson's Dr. Jeckll and Mr. Hyde]."
1908 - Birth / Lyndon B. Johnson - August 27th, 1908: Reportedly born this date in history: Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th U.S. president."
1908 - 5th Olympic Games / London, England - "In 1908, the 5th Olympic Games were held in London, England."
1908 - General Motors Co. - September 16th, 1908: "The General Motors company is incorporated."
1908 - 1st Model "T" Ford - October 1st, 1908: "The first Ford model 'T' automobile, is manufactured in Detroit, Michigan. Price, $850."
1908 - 1st Driver's Licenses' / U.S.A. - "In 1908, Rhode Island issued the first driver's licenses' in the U.S.A." - E.M.
1908 - Major Earthquake / Italy - December 28th, 1908: "Earthquake location: Messina, Italy. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 83,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1908 - Earthquake Trivia / 1908 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 83,000." - E.M.
1909 - N.A.A.C.P. - February 12th, 1909: "The N.A.A.C.P. is founded."
1909 - Fatality / Geronimo - February 17th, 1909: "Geronimo, Chiricahua Apache indian chief, dies."
1909 - U.S. President William Taft - March 4th, 1909: "The 27th American President, William Taft [Republican], begins his term."
1909 - Motion Picture Censorship - "The National Board of Censorship of Motion Pictures formed and begins censoring film content."
1909 - Passed / 16th U.S. Amendment - July 12th, 1909: "16th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Income Tax authorized'] passed." [Link: 1]
1909 - Halley's Comet - September 11th, 1909: "Halley's Comet is photographed nearing the Sun."
1909 - Birth? / Paul Twitchell - October 1909: One of the more credible birthdate's attributed to Paul Twitchell, the modern day founder  of ECKANKAR, the Religion of the Light & Sound of God. - E.M.
1909 - Astronomic Configuration - October 22nd, 1909: "Sun [27 Libra], Moon [24 Capricorn], Mercury [12 Libra D], Venus [11 Sagittarius], Mars [25 Pisces R], Jupiter [2 Libra], Saturn [19 Aries R], Uranus [17 Capricorn], Neptune [19 Cancer], Pluto [26 Gemini R]."
1909 - Earthquake / Kentucky - October 23rd, 1909: "One of the 13 earthquakes listed for 1909 occurred shortly after midnight of October 22. It was a 4.5 magnitude quake, centered on the Mississippi River, about 30 miles from Paul’s [Paul Twitchell's] first home in Paducah, Kentucky." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. One]
*Trivia: 4.5 is NOT a great earthquake. NOT a major earthquake. NOT even a strong earthquake by today's standards. - E.M.
1909 - Agra Lineage / Babuji' Madhav Sinha - " 'Babuji' Madhav Sinha 1909-1949 (overlap woman guru) end Agra gurus."
1909 - NHL - "The National Hockey Association is formed."
*Trivia: "National Hockey League formed [November 22nd], 1917." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 97]
1909 - 1st Military Airplane - "First military airplane built by Wilbur and Orville Wright."
1909 - Trivia / "Mother's Day" - "[....] In 1909, Mother's Day services were held in all 46 states [U.S.A.] plus Canada and Mexico. [....]" [Based on: Everyday section, p. E6, S.L.P.D., 05/09/06]
1909 - Electron Measurement - "First accurate measurement of the electrical charge of the electron."
1909 - Fatality / Chief Red Cloud - "In 1909, Chief Red Cloud of the Oglala Sioux, died."
1909 - 1st American Credit Union - "First American Credit Union organized in New Hampshire."
1909 - Status / Native American Reservation Lands - "Teddy Roosevelt issues executive orders transferring 2.5 million acres of timbered Indian reservation lands to national forests."
1909 - A New Planet - "Mark Twain publishes, A New Planet."
1909 - The Story of the Negro - "Booker T. Washington publishes, The Story of the Negro."
1909 - Earthquake Trivia / 1909 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1910 - Opera / Live Radio - January 13th, 1910: "Opera was heard live for first time on radio, 1910." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 101]
1910 - Mark Twain / The Turning Point In My Life - February, 1910: "Mark Twain publishes, The Turning Point In My Life."
1910 - Perihelion / Halley's Comet - April 20th, 1910 A.D.: "1P/1909 R1, 1910 II, 1909c (20 April 1910)"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halley%27s_Comet]
*Trivia: The April 1910 approach was notable for several reasons: it was the first approach of which photographs exist, and the comet made a relatively close approach, making it a spectacular sight. Indeed, on May 18, the comet transited the Sun's disk, and the Earth actually passed through its tail. At the time, the comet's tail was thought to contain poisonous cyanogen and gas. The popular media picked up this fact and, despite the pleas of astronomers, wove sensational tales of mass cyanide poisoning engulfing the planet. In reality, the gas is so diffuse that the world suffered no ill-effects from the passage through the tail. [NP] Many people who claim to remember seeing the 1910 apparition are in fact remembering a different comet, the Great Daylight Comet of 1910, which surpassed Halley in brilliance and was actually visible in broad daylight for a short time about four months before Halley made its appearance."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halley%27s_Comet]
1910 - Fatality / Samuel Langhorne Clemens - April 21st, 1910: "Samuel Langhorne Clemens, Mark Twain, dies."
1910 - Birth / Al Lewis - April 30th, 1910: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor (Grandpa - The Munsters), Al Lewis."
1910 - Trivia / Halley's Comet - May 1910: "[....] ... As the comet reached its greatest magnitude and brilliance in May of 1910, its tail stretching over more than half the vault of heaven ..., King Edward VII of Great Britain died. On the European continent, a series of political upheavals culminated in the outbreak of World War I in 1914. [NP] The belief, or superstition, associating Halley's comet with wars and upheavals was fed by much that was coming to light about events that coincided with its previous appearances. The Seminole Indians' revolt against the white settlers of Florida in 1835, the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755, the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War in 1618, the Turkish seige of Belgrade in 1456, the outbreak of the Black Death (bubonic plague) in 1347 - all were accompanied or preceded by the appearance of a great comet, which was finally recognized as Halley's Comet, thus establishing its role as the messenger of God's wrath. [....]" [Based on: Genesis Revisited (Copyright 1990), by Zecharia Sitchin, pp. 65-66]
1910 - From India To The West / Hazrat Inayat Khan - July 5th, 1882: "Inayat Khan (1882-1927) brought Sufism from India to the West in 1910, and taught in Europe and the United States until 1926." [Based on: Postscript for Parabola article (The Soul's Journey, Inayat Khan), Vol. XXI, No. 2 (The Soul), 1996, p. 59]
1910 - Record Rain / Cherrapunji, India - July 12th, 1910: "India's financial capital was paralyzed Wednesday [07/27/05] by the strongest rains ever recorded in the nation, with torrential downpours marooning drivers, snapping communication lines and leaving at least 200 people dead statewide. [....] While Wednesday's precipitation was still being totaled, officials said parts of the city had been hit by up to 37.1 inches of rain Tuesday [07/26/05], much of it falling just over a few hours. India's previous heaviest rainfall, recorded in the northeastern town of Cherrapunji - one of the rainiest places on earth - was 33 inches on July 12, 1910, said R.V. Sharma, director of the meteorological department in Bombay [....]" [Based on: A.P., 07/28/05]
1910 - "Stolen Generation" / Australia - 1910 - 1970: "Australia will apologize [February 13th, 2008?] for theft of children / Aborigines were taken from families from 1910 to 1970." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]
1910 - Prohibition / Native American Sun Dance - "The United States government forbade the Sun Dance among the plains Indians, giving the use of self-torture as the reason."
1910 - Talking Motion Picture - "Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture."
1911 - Volcanic Eruption / Mt. Taal, Philippines - "Volcanic eruption date(s): January 30th, 1911. Number of recorded deaths: 1,400." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]
1911 - Birth / L. Ron Hubbard - March 13th, 1911: "Son of naval commander Harry Ross Hubbard and Ledora May Hubbard, Lafayette Ronald Hubbard was born on March 13, 1911 in Tilden, Nebraska. At the age of two, he and his family took up residence on a ranch outside Kalispell, Montana, and from there moved to the state’s capital, Helena. [....] It was also through these early years Ron first encountered another culture, that of the Blackfoot Indians, then still living in isolated settlements on the outskirts of Helena. His particular friend was an elderly medicine man, who was, as he wrote, an 'outlaw and interesting, a full-fledged Blackfoot Medicine Man... a small boy’s dream.' [NP] Establishing a unique friendship with the normally taciturn Indian, Ron was soon initiated into the various secrets of the tribe, their legends, customs and methods of survival in a harsh environment. At the age of six, he became a blood brother of the Blackfeet, an honour bestowed on few white men. [....]" [Based on: http://lron.hubbard.org/pg002.html]
1911 - Dissolution / U.S. Standard Oil Co. - May 15th, 1911: "Supreme Court dissolves the Standard Oil Company, the largest corporation in America, for violating anti-trust rules." [Link: 1]
1911 - Strong Earthquake / California - July 1st, 1911: "Earthquake location: Calaveras fault, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1911 - Sun Yat-sen / Republic of China - "The republic [1911-1949] that Sun Yat-sen and his associates envisioned evolved slowly. Sun Yat-sen died of cancer in Beijing in March 1925, but the Nationalist movement he had helped to initiate was gaining momentum."
1911 - Assassination / Peter Stolypin, Russia - "Peter Stolypin, the Prime Minister, offered vast new tracts of land to the peasants which threatened the Communist Jews of their base of support among poor Gentiles. Thus the Jew terrorist, Mordecai Bogrov, assassinated Stolypin in September 1911. He shot him in the back of the head during a gala in Kiev attended by the Czar and his Court. The Jew tailor Yevno Azev was convicted of heading the assassination squads and executed in 1911. He was also a founder of the Social Revolutionary Party." [Link: 1]
1911 - Discovered / Machu Picchu - "Hanging from the clouds, the citadel of Machu Picchu- unknown to the Spanish conquerors of the Incas- remained hidden from the outside world until discovered by explorer Hiram Bingham in 1911. Here the 'Sons of the Sun,' as the Inca lords called themselves, worshiped their host of gods, including the mighty Inti, who personified the sun itself. A sacred rock is called the 'hitching post of the sun,' reflecting a tradition that worshipers once tethered the god to it, lest they stray too far from their domain." [Link: 1]
1911 - Electric Ignition - "Charles Franklin Kettering invents the first automobile electrical ignition system."
1911 - Atomic Nucleus - "Atomic Nucleus discovered by physicist Ernest Rutherford." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1911 - Particle Accelerators - "Most physicists became convinced of the existence of atoms, during the twenty years spanning the last decade of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth. The first experiments that can be said to have detected atoms, which used the first, primitive elementary particle accelerators, were not done until just after this period, in 1911/12." [Lee Smolin, Three Roads To Quantum Gravity]
1911 - Trivia / U.S. Food & Drug Act - "In US vs. Johnson, the Supreme Court ruled that the 1906 act did not prohibit false therapeutic claims but prohibited only false and misleading claims as to the identity of the drug. The Sherley Amendment, enacted to overcome the ruling in US vs. Johnson, prohibited labeling medicines with false therapeutic claims intended to defraud the purchaser. Inadequacies in the Food and Drug Act of 1906 had shown up almost from the time of its passage. The Bureau of Chemistry in the Department of Agriculture, charged with administering the law, had sought several revisions [the Sherley Amendment and the Net Weight Act of 1913], which required a declaration of the quantity on packaged food products."
1911 - Matter and Memory - "First published in 1911 by Henri Bergson, Matter and Memory. 6th impression: 1950."
1911 - Volcano Trivia / 1911 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 1,400." - E.M.
1911 - Earthquake Trivia / 1911 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1912 - Jewish Socialist Federation - "The birth of the Jewish Socialist Federation in 1912 must be recognized as the most important landmark in the history of the Jewish Socialist movement in this country [U.S.A.]. The Federation was the outgrowth of a previous organization, the Jewish Socialist Agitation Bureau which for a period of seven years led a precarious and inconsequential existence. The Agitation Bureau was organized at a time when the idea of Jewish nationalism began to spread its roots in the minds of the Jewish workmen. It is to the glory of the Jewish Socialist Bund in Russia that the question of nationalism, which in the minds of the Socialists of the older generation was synonymous with oppression and subjection, was forced into the foreground. The idea became ever more popular that nationalism and internationalism are by no means mutually exclusive terms, and that genuine internationalism is possible only when all nations are guaranteed full and equal rights.
"The heroic fight of the Bund against the old Russian autocracy caused thousands of its members and followers many of them exiles to Siberia or under rigid surveillance by the gendarmes, to flee to this country [U.S.A.]! But they would not resign themselves to inactivity, and as a result a net of Bund branches was spread throughout the United States and Canada. For a number of years these branches, whose primary object was to collect funds for the Bund in Russia, were the most active and influential bodies in the Jewish radical world. Their members formed the vanguard of the Workmen's Circle (Arbeiter Ring).
"This anomaly became particularly striking after the great influx of political refugees which the abortive Russian revolution of 1905 had swept to these shores.
"Zionist-Socialism however, was enriched by an extraordinary new force: B. Boruchev, he introduced a theory which was necessarily very popular among the Jewish masses, who were at that time Socialistic through and through. He contended that only through a land of their own in Zion could the Jewish people have a proletariat, and that Zionism ought therefore to join forces with Socialism. Zionism thus received a Marxist basis, and appealed strongly to the masses.
"Boruchov, with the assistance of other intellectual comrades - a number of them students - took charge of a number of periodicals in Russian and Yiddish, which the Russian Government suppressed one after the other. (In Russian: 'The Jewish Workmen's Chronicle' and 'The Hammer'; In Yiddish: 'The Proletarian Idea,' the 'Forward,' and an edition of books called the 'Hammer.')" [Link: 1]
1912 - New Mexico - January 6th, 1912: "The 47th American state."
1912 - End / Chinese Qing Dynasty - February 10th, 1912: "End of China's Qing Dynasty."
1912 - Gregorian Calendar / China - "In 1912, the Chinese adopted the Gregorian calendar."
1912 - Arizona - February 14th, 1912: "The 48th American state."
1912 - Titanic Sinking - April 15th, 1912: "The Titanic hit an iceberg and sank."
1912 - Passed / 17th U.S. Amendment - May 13th, 1912: "17th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Senators elected by popular vote'] passed." [Link: 1]
1912 - Volcanic Eruption / Alaska - June 12th, 1912: "[....] On June 6th, 1912 a tremendous blast sent a large cloud of ash skyward and the eruption of the century was underway. People in Juneau, Alaska, about 750 miles from the volcano, heard the sound of the blast – over one hour after it occurred. [NP] For the next 60 hours the eruption sent tall dark columns of tephra and gas high into the atmosphere. By the time the eruption ended the surrounding land was devastated and about 30 cubic kilometers of ejecta blanketed the entire region. This is more ejecta than all of the other historic Alaska eruptions combined. It was also thirty times more than the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens and three times more than the 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, the second largest in the 20th Century. [....]" [Based on: Geology.com article (Novarupta / The Most Powerful Volcanic Eruption of the 20th Century)
1912 - 6th Olympic Games / Stockholm, Sweden - "The games enter the modern age, using electronic timing devices and a public address system for the first time. American Jim Thorpe wins the pentathlon and decathlon. Thorpe later admits to having made $25 a week playing minor-league baseball three years earlier. He is declared a professional and ordered to return his medals. Thorpe died in 1953, but the IOC returned the medals to his family 30 years later." [S.L.P.D., 08/13/04]
1912 - Pluto / Cancer - September 10th, 1912: Pluto 0 degrees Cancer. ...
1912 - 1st Tank - "The first tank patented by Australian inventor De La Mole."
1912 - Trivia / "Mother's Day" - "In 1912, West Virginia became the first state to adopt an official Mother's Day. [....]" [Based on: Everyday section, p. E6, S.L.P.D., 05/09/06]
1912 - Motorized Movie Cameras - "Motorized movie cameras invented, replaced hand-cranked cameras."
1912 - A Textbook of Theosophy - "A Textbook of Theosophy, by C. W. Leadbeater ."
[....] We often speak of Theosophy as not in itself a religion, but the truth which lies behind all religions alike. That is so; yet, from another point of view, we may surely say that it is at once a philosophy, a religion and a science. It is a philosophy, because it puts plainly before us an explanation of the scheme of evolution of both the souls and the bodies contained in our solar system. It is a religion in so far as, having shown us the course of ordinary evolution, it also puts before us and advises a method of shortening that course, so that by conscious effort we may progress more directly towards the goal. It is a science, because it treats both these subjects as matters not of theological belief but of direct knowledge obtainable by study and investigation. It asserts that man has no need to trust to blind faith, "because he has within him latent powers which, when aroused, enable him to see and examine for himself, and it proceeds to prove its case by showing how those powers may be awakened. It is itself a result of the awakening of such powers by men, for the teachings which it puts before us are founded upon direct observations made in the past, and rendered possible only by such development. [....]
[Based on: http://www.sacred-texts.com/the/tot/chap01.htm] - [3rd paragraph]
1913 - Income Tax Authorized / U.S.A. - February 3rd, 1913: "The 16th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Income Tax authorized'] was ratified just one year before WWI. The first U.S. federal income tax [of 3 per cent] was introduced January 1st, 1862 to finance the Civil War." [Link: 1]
1913 - Birth / Rosa Parks - February 4th, 1913: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Civil rights pioneer, Rosa Parks."
1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson - March 4th, 1913: "The 28th American President, Woodrow Wilson [Democrat], begins his term."
*Trivia: "It was made sure that Morgan's [John Pierpoint Morgan's] candidate, the Freemason Thomas Woodrow Wilson, was elected president. His campaign was financed by Jacob Schiff, Bernard Baruch, Henry Morgenthau, New York Times publisher Adolph Ochs and other powerful Jewish financiers and Freemasons.
"The high-ranking Freemason Edward Mandel House, by many historians considered the 'actual' president of the United States during Wilson's administration, proposed in his novel Philip Dru: Administrator (1912), which was published anonymously, a transition to a progressive income tax and a central bank. These requirements were known from the Illuminati fivepoint program. House was in favor of forming a world government and adopting the kind of socialism Marx dreamed of. To accomplish this he was willing to use political fraud." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 11]
*Trivia: "I [Benjamin H. Freedman] was liaison to Henry Morgenthau, Sr., in the 1912 campaign when President Wilson was elected, and there was talk around the office there. I was 'confidential man' to Henry Morgenthau, Sr., who was chairman of the finance committee, and I was liaison between him and Rollo Wells, the treasurer.
"So I sat in these meetings with President Wilson at the head of the table, and all the others, and I heard them drum into President Wilson's brain the graduated income tax and what has become the Federal Reserve, and I heard them indoctrinate him with the Zionist movement. Justice Brandeis and President Wilson were just as close as the two fingers on this hand. President Woodrow Wilson was just as incompetent when it came to determining what was going on as a newborn baby." [Based on: article by Benjamin H. Freedman]
1913 - Ratified / 17th U.S. Amendment - April 8th, 1913: "17th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Senators elected by popular vote'] ratified." [Link: 1]
Trivia: Pluto 0 degrees Cancer (July 10h).
1913 - Birth / Gerald R. Ford - July 14th, 1913: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. President, Gerald R. Ford."
1913 - Completion / Panama Canal - October 10th, 1913: "The Panama Canal was completed."
1913 - Crossword Puzzle - December 21st, 1913: "Crossword puzzle debuted, 1913." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 99]
1913 - Pluto 0 / 7 Degrees Cancer - December 22nd, 1913: Pluto 0 / 7 degrees Cancer.
1913 - Established / U.S. Federal Reserve System - December 22nd, 1913: "U.S. Federal Reserve System established. Instead of a single central bank, like the First and Second Bank of the United States, 12 Federal Reserve districts are established each with its own reserve bank. All national banks have to become members of the system and the state banks are given conditional permission to join. Banks are also allowed to establish branches abroad." [Link: 1]
*Trivia: "The Federal Reserve bill was presented the night of December 22, 1913, when most of the members of the congressional committee were asleep. That same day the bill hastily was pushed through the House of Representatives and the Senate, President Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act and control over money supply was transferred from Congress to private Masonic bankers. Four times earlier the American people had managed to get rid of a central bank, but not the fifth time.
"The Federal Reserve Act was hailed as the victory of democracy over the money trusts, which was hardly the case. Paul Warburg immediately began working at the Federal Reserve for a salary substantially less than that he received as a banker. Neither the president, members of Congress nor the secretary of treasury have any authority over the Federal Reserve.
"The Federal Reserve System is actually a cartel of 13 large private banks, of which the Bank of New York is the most important.
"President Woodrow Wilson allowed the national debt to grow from $1 billion to $455 billion. Interest became the third largest post of the federal budget." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 11]
1913 - Electron Shells - "Electron Shells around nucleus of atom proposed by Neils Bohr." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1913 - Patented / Ecstasy - "The Merck Chemical Company patented, what is now know as, ecstasy."
1913 - Fatality / George Westinghouse - "Westinghouse and Tesla [Nikola Tesla] were consummate friends, but after Westinghouse died in 1913, the company forgot about its chief benefactor and Tesla fell victim to hard times." [Intro by Timothy Green Beckley, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 5]
1913 - Atlantis and Lemuria / Rudolph Steiner - 1913
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_Race]
1913 - Man: Whence, How and Whither / Annie Besant - 1913
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_Race]
1914 - Physics Trivia - "[....] In 1914, a Finnish physicist named Gunnar Nordstrom found that all you had to do to unify gravity with electromagnetism was increase the dimensions of space by one. He wrote the equations that describe electromagnetism in a world with four dimensions of space (and one of time), and out popped gravity. Just by the extra dimension of space, you got a unification of gravity with electromagnetism that was also perfectly consistent with Einstein's special theory of relativity." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. 39 (2nd paragraph), copyright 2006]
1914 - Birth / George Basselo ["Superman"] - April 6th, 1914: "He was born George Basselo on April 6, 1914, in Woodstock, Iowa [he died. 06/17/1959]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Suicide or Murder?) by Bob Thomas, p. E1, S.L.P.D., 09/08/06]
1914 - Strong Earthquake / Reno, Nevada - April 24th, 1914: "[....] Nevada is the third most seismically active state in the U.S. behind California and Alaska. Reno's last major quake measured 6.1 on April 24, 1914." [Based on: News Services article (More minor quakes hit area; no injuries reported), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]
1914 - Pluto / Cancer - May 27th, 1914: Pluto at 0 degrees Cancer. ...
1914 - Assassination / Francis Ferdinand, Austria - June 28th, 1914: "In June 1914, a Serbian nationalist murdered Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the Austrian throne."
1914 - Beginning / World War I - "What happened? World War I broke out in the summer of 1914. There are few people here my age who remember that. Now that war was waged on one side by Great Britain, France, and Russia; and on the other side by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.
"Within two years Germany had won that war: not only won it nominally, but won it actually. The German submarines, which were a surprise to the world, had swept all the convoys from the Atlantic Ocean. Great Britain stood there without ammunition for her soldiers, with one week's food supply - and after that, starvation. At that time, the French army had mutinied. They had lost 600,000 of the flower of French youth in the defense of Verdun on the Somme. The Russian army was defecting, they were picking up their toys and going home, they didn't want to play war anymore, they didn't like the Czar. And the Italian army had collapsed.
"Not a shot had been fired on German soil. Not one enemy soldier had crossed the border into Germany. And yet, Germany was offering England peace terms. They offered England a negotiated peace on what the lawyers call a status quo ante basis. That means: 'Let's call the war off, and let everything be as it was before the war started.' England, in the summer of 1916 was considering that - seriously. They had no choice. It was either accepting this negotiated peace that Germany was magnanimously offering them, or going on with the war and being totally defeated.
"While that was going on, the Zionists in Germany, who represented the Zionists from Eastern Europe, went to the British War Cabinet and - I am going to be brief because it's a long story, but I have all the documents to prove any statement that I make - they said: 'Look here. You can yet win this war. You don't have to give up. You don't have to accept the negotiated peace offered to you now by Germany. You can win this war if the United States will come in as your ally.
"The United States was not in the war at that time. We were fresh; we were young; we were rich; we were powerful. They told England: 'We will guarantee to bring the United States into the war as your ally, to fight with you on your side, if you will promise us Palestine after you win the war.
"In other words, they made this deal: 'We will get the United States into this war as your ally. The price you must pay is Palestine after you have won the war and defeated Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.' " [Based on: article by Benjamin H. Freedman - See Link]
*Trivia: "[....] Last week [February 2005], as the president's $82 billion supplemental budget for Iraq and Afghanistan reached the House, some Republicans expressed skepticism about many of its provisions, particularly the $658 million earmarked to build a new U.S. embassy in Baghdad. The $82 billion would push the total cost of the war efforts to more than $300 billion, about 80 percent of which has gone or will go to the Iraq operation. Adjusted for inflation, that exceeds the $200 billion cost of World War I and is approaching the $350 billion spent on the Korean War. Between 1962 and 1975, the United States spent more than $600 billion in today's dollars in Vietnam. We're almost halfway to that figure in just two years in Iraq. And that understates the war's cost. The money for the war is on top of the more than $420 billion a year already allocated for the Defense Department. It costs $100,000 a year to feed, house, equip, train and maintain every U.S. soldier, before he or she ever gets to Iraq. [....] [Based on: Editorial, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. B6, 02/21/05 - paragraph indents removed - E.M.]
1914 - Non-Nurse Roles / U.S. Military Women - 1914-1918: "Women are recruited by the Navy to fill non-nurse roles, such as secretarial and communication tasks." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A10, 07/10/05]
1914 - Birth / Jack LaLanne - September 26th, 1914: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Fitness expert, Jack LaLanne."
1914 - FOR SOLDIERS ON CHRISTMAS 1914, PEACE ON EARTH, IF ONLY FOR A DAY - December 25th, 1914: "FOR SOLDIERS ON CHRISTMAS 1914, PEACE ON EARTH, IF ONLY FOR A DAY" [Based on: Title for Washington Post article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 12/26/14]
1914 - Pogroms / Russia - "The pogroms continue in Russia which results in further Jewish immigration [1900-1914] to Western Europe, North America, and Palestine."
1914 - Japanese Economy - "Japan's industry is greatly stimulated by the war. By 1918 Japan has passed from being a debtor to a creditor country." [Link: 1]
1914 - French National Debt - "The French national debt rises [1914-1918] from 28 billion to 151 billion francs and the note issue increases over 6-fold." [Link: 1]
1914 - British National Debt - "Despite the huge revenues raised from taxation the British national debt rises [1914-1918] tenfold. The government fails to use its bargaining power, as the only really massive borrower in wartime, to get money at low rates of interest." [Link: 1]
1914 - Ruling / U.S. Department of Agriculture - "In U.S. vs. Lexington Mill and Elevator Company, the Supreme Court ruled that the Department of Agriculture was not required to establish that articles containing poisonous or deleterious substances will affect the public health, only that they may do so."
1914 - Gas Mask - "Garrett A. Morgan invents the gas mask."
1914 - Trivia / "Mother's Day" - "(1) One day each spring in ancient Greece, people held celebrations in honor of Rhea, whom they called Mother of the Gods. (2) During the 1600s, people in England celebrated a day called "Mothering Sunday." On that day servants were released from work to spend the day with their mothers. (3) In the U.S., the idea of Mother's Day was first suggested by Julia Ward Howe in 1872 as a day dedicated to peace. (4) In 1907, Ana Jarvis passed out carnations at her mother's church in Grafton, West Virginia - one for each mother in the congregation. She did this in memory of her own mother. (5) In 1908, St. Andrew's Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia held a Sunday service honoring mothers. (6) In 1909, Mother's Day services were held in all 46 states [U.S.A.] plus Canada and Mexico. (7) In 1912, West Virginia became the first state to adopt an official Mother's Day. (8) In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson signed a resolution establishing Mother's Day." [Based on: Everyday section, p. E6, S.L.P.D., 05/09/06]
1915 - Major Earthquake / Avezzano, Italy - January 13th, 1915: "Earthquake location: Avezzano, Italy. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 29,980." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1915 - Examples of Genocide? / Armenia - 1915-1916: "Armenia (Turkey): More than 1 million Armenians killed." [Based on: Reuters, World Almanac and KRT - St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
*Trivia: "[....] Turkey has acknowledged the killing of up to 1.5 million Armenians over a period of several years beginning in 1915, as the Ottoman Republic was falling apart, but it vehemently rejects any effort to classify them as genocide. It says that many Turks were also killed at the time. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Genocide resolution is sure to anger Turkey, Bush warns House), p A8, S.L.P.D., 10/11/07]
1915 - Sinking / Lusitania - May 7th, 1915: "The Lusitania is sunk by a German submarine; 128 American passengers are lost." [Link: 1]
1915 - National Workmen's Committee - "The National Workmen's Committee was organized in the early part of 1915, by representatives of the four leading radical organizations, viz.: The Workmen's Circle, the United Hebrew Trades, the Jewish Socialist Federation of America, and the Forward Association." [Link: 1]
1915 - Major Earthquake / Nevada - October 3rd, 1915: "Earthquake location: Pleasant Valley, Nevada. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1915 - Birth / Frank Sinatra - December 12th, 1915: "Reportedly born this date in history: Muscian / Entertainer, Frank Sinatra."
1915 - Birth / Barbara Billingsley - December 22nd, 1915: Reportedly born this date in history. American actress ('Leave It to Beaver", etc.), Barbara Billingley (Born Barbara Lillian Combes). Barbara died October 16th, 2010. She was 94.
1915 - Pyrex - "Eugene Sullivan and William Taylor co-invented Pyrex in New York City."
1915 - General Theory of Relativity - "Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1915 - Earthquake Trivia / 1915 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 29,980." - E.M.
1916 - 1st U.S. Congress Woman - "Jeanette Rankin [R-MT] becomes the first woman elected to Congress." [Link: 1]
1916 - Bolsheviks / Russia - "By 1916, the people of Russia had had enough. Nicholas was forced to abdicate his throne in favor of his brother Mikhail. Mikhail refused and the reign of the Czar was over. Between the years 1916 and 1919, several groups would attempt to gain power in the Russian Empire. A group known as the Bolsheviks would eventually come to power."
1916 - Canceled / Olympic Games - "In ancient times, wars were suspended during the Games. In modern times, war suspends the Games. World War I cancels the Olympics." [S.L.P.D., 08/13/04]
1916 - Palestine for Israel? - October, 1916: "Now England had as much right to promise Palestine to anybody, as the United States would have to promise Japan to Ireland for any reason whatsoever. It's absolutely absurd that Great Britain, that never had any connection or any interest or any right in what is known as Palestine should offer it as coin of the realm to pay the Zionists for bringing the United States into the war. However, they did make that promise, in October of 1916. And shortly after that - I don't know how many here remember it - the United States, which was almost totally pro-German, entered the war as Britain's ally.
"I say that the United States was almost totally pro-German because the newspapers here were controlled by Jews, the bankers were Jews, all the media of mass communications in this country were controlled by Jews; and they, the Jews, were pro-German. They were pro-German because many of them had come from Germany, and also they wanted to see Germany lick the Czar. The Jews didn't like the Czar, and they didn't want Russia to win this war. These German-Jew bankers, like Kuhn Loeb and the other big banking firms in the United States refused to finance France or England to the extent of one dollar. They stood aside and they said: 'As long as France and England are tied up with Russia, not one cent!' But they poured money into Germany, they fought beside Germany against Russia, trying to lick the Czarist regime.
"Now those same Jews, when they saw the possibility of getting Palestine, went to England and they made this deal. At that time, everything changed, like a traffic light that changes from red to green. Where the newspapers had been all pro-German, where they'd been telling the people of the difficulties that Germany was having fighting Great Britain commercially and in other respects, all of a sudden the Germans were no good. They were villains. They were Huns. They were shooting Red Cross nurses. They were cutting off babies' hands. They were no good. Shortly after that, Mr. Wilson declared war on Germany." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1916 - Saturn in Leo - October 17th, 1916 - August 12th, 1919: "On this date in history, the planet Saturn entered the sign of Leo." - E.M.
1916 - Birth / Walter Cronkite - November 4th, 1916: "Reportedly born on this date in history: CBS news anchorman, Walter Cronkite."
1916 - Birth / Kirk Douglas - December 9th, 1916: "Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, Russian: ... December 9, 1916) is an American stage and film actor, film producer and author. [...] Douglas was born Issur Danielovitch in Amsterdam, New York, the son of Bryna 'Bertha' (née Sanglel) and Herschel 'Harry' Danielovitch, a businessman. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Gomel, Belarus. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirk_Douglas]
1916 - Trivia / U.S. Health Insurance - "American Association for Labor Legislation campaigns [1916-1920] for insurance to provide income for sick workers and their families." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]
1916 - Stainless Steel - "Stainless steel invented."
1916 - Radio Tuners - "Radios tuners invented, that received different stations."
1917 - Leon Trotsky / N.Y. City - January 13th, 1917: "Leon Trotsky (real name: Bronstein) was exiled from Russia and came to New York City on January 13, 1917. The Russian Jews who owned Vitagraph Movie Studies in Brooklyn gave Trotsky a job. He appeared in three films including 'My Official Wife' starring Clara Kimball Young. Ironically, Trotsky played the part of a Russian revolutionary. While in New York, Trotsky met with Schiff who saw in him the perfect revolutionary. Schiff had his 'Friends of Russian Freedom' locate 267 other Yiddish speaking Russian Jew exiles. He arranged for President Woodrow Wilson to give them U.S. passports so they could not be refused entry into Russia. Also, Schiff gave Trotsky $10 million (that is in 1917 dollars, which today would be worth hundreds of millions). Later Schiff would transfer another $15 million to Lenin." [Link: 1]
1917 - Birth / Zsa Zsa Gabor - February 6th, 1917: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Zsa Zsa Gabor."
1917 - First Jazz Recording - March 7th, 1917: "First jazz recording released, 1917." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 105]
1917 - Soviet St. Petersburg - March 14th, 1917: "The first 'Soviet' seized control of the city of St. Petersburg on March 14, 1917, while the nation was in turmoil over their defeats by the Germans during World War One. 'The New York Times' of March 24, 1917, reports that Jacob Schiff sent the following telegram to members of his 'Friends of Russian Freedom': 'Will you say for me to those present at tonight's meeting how deeply I regret my inability to celebrate with the Friends of Russian Freedom the actual reward of what we had hoped and striven for these long years.' (Schiff was obviously referring to the spreading Communist revolution in Russia.)" [Link: 1]
1917 - Abdication / Russian Czar - March 15th, 1917: "The Russian Tsar [Czar] abdicated."
1917 - U.S. Virgin Islands - March 31st, 1917: "U.S. purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark."
1917 - Russian Revolution - April, 1917: "The Bolsheviks were a group of Marxists led by Vladimir Ilich Lenin. Lenin was a great writer and philosopher that eventually would rule all of Russia. The Bolsheviks were able to overthrow the Provisional Government of Russia in April, 1917 and began to win the support of the military. Lenin advocated a country that was run by the people. He believed that the workers were oppressed by the Czar and that it was important to the future of the people that all monarchical power be returned to the people. This type of democracy advocated by Lenin quickly began to disappear. Lenin simply could not win the revolution without absolute control of the Bolsheviks. He took power for himself and eventually became the first President of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The Romanov family, which had ruled the country for 300 years from the seventeenth century, were deposed." [Link: 1]
1917 - U.S. Enters WWI - April, 1917: "The United States formally declared war against Germany and entered the conflict in Europe. Fighting since the summer of 1914, Britain, France, and Russia welcomed news that American troops and supplies would be directed toward the Allied war effort. Under the command of Major General John J. Pershing, over two million U.S. troops fought on battlefields in France." [Link: 1]
Trivia: Pluto 2 degrees Cancer
*Trivia: "The Zionists in London had sent cables to the United States, to Justice Brandeis, saying 'Go to work on President Wilson. We're getting from England what we want. Now you go to work on President Wilson and get the United States into the war.' That's how the United States got into the war. We had no more interest in it; we had no more right to be in it than we have to be on the moon tonight instead of in this room. There was absolutely no reason for World War I to be our war. We were railroaded into - if I can be vulgar, we were suckered into - that war merely so that the Zionists of the world could obtain Palestine. That is something that the people of the United States have never been told. They never knew why we went into World War I.
"After we got into the war, the Zionists went to Great Britain and they said: 'Well, we performed our part of the agreement. Let's have something in writing that shows that you are going to keep your bargain and give us Palestine after you win the war.' They didn't know whether the war would last another year or another ten years. So they started to work out a receipt. The receipt took the form of a letter, which was worded in very cryptic language so that the world at large wouldn't know what it was all about. And that was called the Balfour Declaration.
"The Balfour Declaration was merely Great Britain's promise to pay the Zionists what they had agreed upon as a consideration for getting the United States into the war. So this great Balfour Declaration, that you hear so much about, is just as phony as a three dollar bill. I don't think I could make it more emphatic than that." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
*Trivia: "As the result of having entered WWI, the U.S. national debt increased from about $1 billion in 1916 to $25 billion in 1920." [Link: 1]
1917 - Key Canadian Victory / WWI - April 9th, 1917: "Queen Elizabeth II of Britain and the prime ministers of Canada and France presided over a ceremony Monday [04/09/07] marking the 90th anniversary of a breakthrough victory by Canadian soldiers in World War I. [....] The assault by Canadian troops on April 9, 1917, allowed the Allies to capture a key German defense position after earlier attempts by the French and British failed. [NP] The Canadians seized the ridge quickly, but the success came at a heavy price, including about 3,600 deaths." [Based on: News Services article (Key Canadian victory in WWI is marked), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 04/10/07]
1917 - Race Riot / East St. Louis, Mo. - July 2nd, 1917: "The only way I [Eric Mink] could get into Left Bank Books [Central West End] was sideways. [....] The crowd had come to hear Harper Barnes - writer, novelist, reporter, editor, former boss, former colleague and my friend for some 30 years - read from, talk about and sign his new book, 'Never Been a Time' (Walker & Co., New York, 2008. [NP] It was July 2, the 91st anniversary of the subject of his book: the 1917 East St. Louis race riot that killed at least 100 people and injured hundreds more, the vast majority of them black people, the vast majority of them innocents caught up in cold-blooded mob killing, much of which took place as white police and white National Guard troops watched and either did nothing or aided the white killers. [....] And so, in East St. Louis in July 1917, in the wake of race riots earlier in the 20th century in Pierce City, Mo., Evansville, Ind., Springfield, Ohio, and Springfield, Ill., this happened: [NP] With little provocation or none at all, white mobs methodically chased black men, women and children through the streets; yanked them off streetcars; beat them with fists and clubs; forced them to the ground and kicked their faces, stomachs and groins; split open their heads and torsos with paving stones; stabbed them; hanged them; shot them and set them on fire. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (Race and remembrance) by Eric Mink, p. B9, S.L.P.D., 07/23/08]
1917 - Total Lunar Eclipse - "July 4th"
1917 - National Hockey League - November 22nd, 1917: "National Hockey League formed, 1917." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 97]
1917 - Passed / 18th U.S. Amendment - December 18th, 1917: "18th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Liquor abolished'] passed." [Link: 1]
1917 - Balfour Declaration - "Great Britain issues the Balfour Declaration which states that the British government 'views with favor' the building of a Jewish home land in Palestine. Consequently, Jewish immigration to this region increases."
*Trivia: "The Balfour Declaration was merely Great Britain's promise to pay the Zionists what they had agreed upon as a consideration for getting the United States into the war. So this great Balfour Declaration, that you hear so much about, is just as phony as a three dollar bill. I don't think I could make it more emphatic than that." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1917 - Forced Patent Period - "The restrictions on allotments and the 'Forced Patent' period [1917-1920] began. Thousands of patents were issued, discontinuing federal guardianship of Indian lands. As a result, many Indians lost their land to whites."
1917 - Elected U.S. Communists - "In 1917 Benjamin Gitlow, of Russian Jewish parents, was one of the first Communists elected to office (as state Assemblyman from the Bronx)." [Link: 1]
1917 - Jewish Bund / United States - " 'The Jewish Communal Register' of 1917 - 1918, published by the Kehillah (Jewish communal government) states that Russian immigrant Jews brought 'socialism' (meaning 'Communism') to America. It is important to note that the most violent organization involved in the overthrow of the Czar of Russia was The Jewish Bund, headed by Abramovitch and Lieber. The three other revolutionary parties included the all-Jewish Mensheviks (headed by Martov and Dan), the Social Democrats, a front for Gentiles but headed by the Jew Danishevsky and the Bolsheviks headed by Lenin who has only recently been revealed to be of Jewish descent. Note that the Bund sent money back to their comrades in Russia. More important is the remark that the failed revolution of 1905 in Russia caused 'a great influx' of Jews to immigrate to the U.S. The truth is that over one million Marxist Jews flooded into the U.S." [Link: 1]
1917 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 3 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]
1918 - Jewish Financing / Communism - "The U.S. Foreign Relations Committee of 1918 released a report on the international Jewish banks which were financing Communism. In each case they were banks owned by Jews. The Jew Olof Aschberg of Sweden's 'Nya Banken' is referred to as 'The Bolshevik Bank'. Note that this bank 'is financed in America by the Guarantee Trust Co.' This bank was controlled by Jacob Schiff." [Link: 1]
1918 - Birth / Andrija [Karel] Puharich - February 19th, 1918: "One of the savants that did the most to fill the heads of credulous seekers with addled metascientific proselytizing was Andrija [Karel] Puharich, the CIA mystic who discovered Uri Geller, the Cyprus-born Israeli 'psychic.' Puharich was born in 1918. He received a medical degree from Northwestern University in 1947. Upon graduation, Puharich developed a slavish interest in clairvoyance and dabbled in theories for electronically enhancing and synthesizing psychic abilities. He joined the Army and took part in certain 'parapsychology' experiments. The Washington Post reported in 1977 that Puharich also worked in the Army's Chemical and Biological Warfare Center at Fort Detrick, Maryland, and has 'lectured the Army, Air Force and Navy on possibilities for mind warfare. Expert in hypnotism as well as microelectronics.'
"Puharich took a fatal fall down a flight of stairs in January 1995. Researcher Terry Milner peeled away the cover stories and found that the true Puharich bore little resemblance to the hallucinatory shaman touted by his devotees." [Alex Constantine, Virtual Government, pp. 11-12]
1918 - Worldwide Pandemic / Spanish Flu - "The so-called Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918 to 1919, was believed to have been a mutant virus that jumped from animals. It killed 20 million to 100 million people." [Based on: New York Times, 09/30/04]
*Trivia: "500,000 Americans and an estimated 20 million people worldwide died from the Spanish flu." [Based on: News Services article, S.L.P.D., 11/17/04]
1918 - Communist Control / Bavaria, Germany - "Some background is in order: In 1918-1919 the Communists took over Bavaria for a few days. Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht and a group of other Jews took over the government for three days. In fact, when the Kaiser ended the war he fled to Holland because he thought the Communists were going to take over Germany as they did Russia and that he was going to meet the same fate as the Czar. So he fled to Holland for safety, for security." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1918 - British Invasion / Iran - May? 1918: "Britain Invades Iran." [Links 1]
1918 - Birth / Mike Wallace - May 9th, 1918: "Reportedly born on this date in history: CBS News correspondent, Mike Wallace."
1918 - Birth / Pauline Phillips - July 4th, 1918: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Advice columnist (the original 'Dear Abbey'), Pauline Phillips."
1918 - Birth / Nelson Mandela - July 18th, 1918: "Reportedly born on this date in history: President, Nelson Mandela."
1918 - Died / "Swami Premananda" - July 30th, 1918: "The name 'Swami Premananda' given to Baburam by Swami Vivekananda at the time of accepting the monastic orders, was a true reflection of his basic trait universal love. Born to affluent parents on December 10, 1861, Baburam completed his early schooling in his village of Antpur (Bengal), came to Calcutta for higher education and joined the Metropolitan Institution. There he had the privilege of having Sri `M' ( Mahendranath Gupta ), the celebrated author of The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna as his Headmaster and Rakhal ( Swami Brahmananda) as his class-mate. It was the latter who was instrumental in taking Baburam to Sri Ramakrishna. Sri Ramakrishna examined Baburam's features in his own, rather queer, way and was satisfied about his high spiritual potentialities. Increased contacts with Sri Ramakrishna intensified Baburam's inherent spiritual thirst which had been manifesting itself even from his childhood. After the passing away of Sri Ramakrishna, Baburam, along with his brother-disciples like Narendranath ( Swami Vivekananda ) and Rakhal embrace the monastic life, becoming 'Swami Premananda.' He spent most of his life in the monasteries at Baranagore, Alambazar and Belur taking care of worship, internal management and training of the new monastic recruits. [....] The deadly disease of Kala Azar took him on the 30th July 1918. [....]"
[Based on: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1863/prem.html]
1918 - Birth / Paul Harvey - September 4th, 1918: "Reportedly born on this date in history: ABC Radio commentator, Paul Harvey."
1918 - Major Earthquake / Puerto Rico - October 11th, 1918: "Earthquake location: Puerto Rico. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 116."
1918 - Birth / Billy Graham - November 7th, 1918: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Evangelist, Billy Graham."
1918 - Strong Earthquake / B.C. Canada - December 6th, 1918: "Earthquake location: Vancouver Island, B.C., Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 7.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1918 - Radio Circuit - "The superheterodyne radio circuit invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong. Today, every radio or television set uses this invention."
1918 - Sedition Act / U.S.A. - "[....] Political scientist Dave Adler of Idaho State University specializes in presidential war powers. He says, 'During times of war, presidents push the envelope. They assert powers that often rise above constitutional powers.' [....] 'The founders were extremely nervous about presidential authority,' said law professor Geoffrey Stone of the University of Chicago, who wrote 'Perilous Times,' a book about wartime restrictions on civil liberty. 'It's not for the president to decide these things on his own in secret.' [....] Wilson [U.S. President Woodrow Wilson], Congress and the courts supported the Sedition Act of 1918, similar in spirit to the discredited Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. The 1918 law made it illegal to 'utter, print, write or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about' the government, the Constitution, the American flag or 'the uniform of the Army or Navy of the United States.' The law was repealed three years later. President Harry Truman suffered a rare wartime rebuke in 1952, when the Supreme Court blocked the plans for a federal takeover of the steel industry in the Korean War. Truman wanted to avert a strike that he feared would disrupt war supplies. But the court concluded that he needed congressional approval. [....]" [Based on: Knight Ridder Newspapers article (Presidential powers test is long-standing battle), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/22/05]
1918 - Shot / Russian Czar - 1918: "Preliminary results of genetic analysis carried out on the remains discovered in the Ural Mountain in July 2007 show they belong to the last Russian czar's children, the region's chief forensic expert said Tuesday. [NP] The remains of a boy and a young woman were exhumed near Yekaterinburg, where Czar Nickolas II, his wife, their four daughters and son, and several servants, were shot by the Bolsheviks in 1918. They are believed to be Nicholas II's heir, Alexis, and daughter Maria. [....] Remains of the czar and family members were also discovered near Yekaterinburg in 1991. They were authenticated and buried in the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg in 1998, although forensic examination results have been challenged since then. The Russian Orthodox Church, which has cononized the murdered Romanov family, called the 1998 burial 'a political show.' " [Based on: News Services article (YEKATERINBURG, RUSSIA / Tests confirm remains are of czar's children), p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]
1918 - Earthquake Trivia / 1918 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 116." - E.M.
1919 - U.S. Edge Act - "U.S. Edge Act to promote foreign banking indirectly permits bank branches. This amendment to the Federal Reserve Act allows the chartering of corporations for the purpose of engaging in international or foreign banking. Despite the legal prohibition of branch banking these corporations can be set up anywhere, including other states in the US."
1919 - Forced Labor / Soviet Union - "The Soviet system of forced labor camps was first established in 1919 under the Cheka, but it was not until the early 1930s that the camp population reached significant numbers." [Link: 1]
1919 - Communist-Sponsored Christian Deaths - "In the Soviet Union, the communist party, run mostly for the benefit of its Jewish founders who made up approximately 90% of the founding fathers and administrators of the Soviet Union, hid behind their leftist doctrine which had been designed to undermine Christianity in the name of materialism and social science. These administrators of the Soviet Union who were detailed in reports to the U.S. State Department from Russia in 1919 were instrumental in instructing their cohorts to send out Jewish commissars like Kaganovitch and Beria to kill approximately 100 million White European Christians whom they called 'reactionary bourgeoisie' for correctness in 1920-1940. What they meant by 'bourgeoisie' were Russia's Christians. In addition to killing the Christian peasants under the materialist aegis of communism, the churches and parochial schools were confiscated or burned as were their Christian towns; the priests were either murdered or sent to prisons, and all vestiges of Christianity were as nearly as possible expunged. Once the Christians in an entire area were killed, the Jews brought in new non-Christians, atheists, who were relocated there to re-establish the economic exploitation of the emptied lands in agricultural communes similar to the kibbutzim programs in Israel which were begun at the same time. At this point in history, the Jews and Zionists in power declared anti-Semitism to be a capital crime, because the Christians who were being killed by these communist Jews in Russia had developed groups to protect themselves and were critical of the Jewish excesses in the matter of their own genocide with whom they naturally refused to cooperate without fighting for their very lives. The accusation of anti-Semitism in Russia became a mandatory death sentence to any Christian fighting against the Jewish oppression of Christianity in the Soviet Union, especially if these Christians even identified the names of the many thousands of Jews in control of their anti-Christian extermination policy. The Jewish-led anti-Christian genocide in Russia was basically a totally Jewish-run and definitely anti-Christian Affair using communism and anti-reactionary programs as the ideological communist 'cover' for wiping out Christianity. The Jews basically ran the Russian government and hid behind its skirts as they carried out their murders across the Russian Continent. It was never reported in the United States, because the media was controlled mostly by Jewish owners who were uninterested in exposing Americans to an atrocity by Jews. Only Henry Ford, who owned his own newspaper, got the word out, and he was severely criticized as being anti-Semitic for his honesty in exposing this matter of Christian genocide by the Jews. In China, more than 80 million oriental peasants were killed by the Chinese Communist Party which learned from the Russians how to run a revolution. Especially sought out for instant extermination during The Big March and beyond were those peasants who were Christians, Buddhists, or Islamics and anyone else associated with a religion or philosophy or God concept who were non-materialistic in thought. Like Russian Liberals, the Chinese communists did not want 'other leaders' and 'other systems' teaching their people. Religion in China, as in Russia, was called the 'opiate of the people' and, as in Russia, this was used to justify the mass murder of priests, devotees, and other adherents of non-communist religions. Today in China, Christians are still being mistreated, and many churches are inundating the west coast of the United States with Chinese Christian refugees desperate to escape the on-going anti-Christian purges. The great international conspiracies of communism, socialism, liberalism, Masonry, and Zionism were always interconnected and have created all of our world wars, cold wars, economic depressions, and divisive genocidal conduct throughout the world, mainly because their conspirators who have created these agencies of death carried an anti-Christian agenda which was hidden behind the false curtain of secular materialist intellectuality. Those believing there is no international conspiracy going back more than one hundred years cannot explain the existence of the State of Israel without studying the conspiracies stemming from the Zionist World Congress in the 1800's whose final fruit is Israel itself as well as the two world wars, communism, the secret Balfour Declaration under which Zionists promised Britain they would bring the United States into the First World War using their blackmail of President Wilson over his sexual liaisons at Princeton (a la Benjamin Freedman's books), the 3-day communist takeover in Germany in 1919 under Rosa Luxembourg whose Jewish-Communist Conspiracy resulted in the abdication of the Kaiser who crossed into Denmark for safety, the collapse of the German front due to Jewish-inspired leftist armaments production strikes in Germany in the middle of the war, the later Christian genocide of 1920-1940 by the Zionists in Russia, the Jewish-inspired world blockade of Germany in 1933 (see Freedman), and the Jewish-Zionist German diplomatic assassination in Poland in 1937 which triggered Krystal Nacht and the persecution of Jews by the nearly starved Germans. Most of the adherents had little idea they were being manipulated by persons who, in the background, were orchestrating genocide against members of their own societies, and that type of hidden agenda and hidden genocide is a major point in the correct administration of worldwide conspiracies. These conspiracies are also being carried out in America and Europe today where immigration is supported in order to eliminate as many Christian Europeans as possible from the world stage. In reality, these outcomes were planned more than one hundred years ago and outlined in little read but always available Jewish, Masonic, and communist publications composed mostly by Zionist anti-Christian conspirators bent on genocidal acts and world domination by moneyed interests." [Link: 1] [Article paragraph indents untranscribed to save space. See link -E.M.]
1919 - Birth / Andy Rooney - January 14th, 1919: "Reportedly born on this date in history: CBS commentator, Andy Rooney."
1919 - Ratified / 18th U.S. Amendment - January 16th, 1919: "18th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Liquor abolished'] ratified." [Link: 1]
1919 - Treaty of Versailles - April 2nd, 1919: WWI officially ends [Treaty of Versailles]."
*Trivia: "When the war ended, and the Germans went to Paris for the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 there were 117 Jews there, as a delegation representing the Jews, headed by Bernard Baruch. I was there: I ought to know.
"Now what happened? The Jews at that peace conference, when they were cutting up Germany and parceling out Europe to all these nations who claimed a right to a certain part of European territory, said, 'How about Palestine for us?' And they produced, for the first time to the knowledge of the Germans, this Balfour Declaration. So the Germans, for the first time realized, 'Oh, so that was the game! That's why the United States came into the war.' The Germans for the first time realized that they were defeated, they suffered the terrific reparations that were slapped onto them, because the Zionists wanted Palestine and were determined to get it at any cost." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1919 - Emerging Kingdom / Yugoslavia - 1919-1941: "A kingdom resulted from the fall of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires after World War I. King Alexander renaimed the region Yugoslavia and set up a virtual dictatorship in 1929." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
1919 - Volcanic Eruption / Mt. Kelut, Java, Indonesia - "Volcanic eruption date(s): May 19th, 1919. Number of recorded deaths: 5,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]
1919 - Solar Eclipse - "Einstein's Eclipse [May 29th]"
1919 - Physics Trivia - "In 1919, the great British astrophysicist Arthur Eddington led an expedition off the west coast of Africa to conduct an experiment, which ended by confirming that the gravitational field of the sun indeed bends light. This effect was observed during a total solar eclipse, which made it possible to see, near the rim of the occluded sun, the light from stars that were actually directly behind the sun. [....]" [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. 43 (5th paragraph), copyright 2006]
1919 - Passed / 19th U.S. Amendment - June 4th, 1919: "19th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Women's suffrage'] passed." [Link: 1]
*Trivia: "1919: The amendment giving women the right to vote is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is then sent to the states for ratification. 1920: The 19th Amendment to the Constitution granting women the right to vote is signed into law." [Based on: Everyday section article (Women's History Timeline), p. E4, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 03/21/06]
1919 - Birth / Joseph Wapner - November 15th, 1919: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Judge Joseph Wapner."
1919 - Trivia / Glen Gardner N.J. - "Glen Gardner is located at the extreme western border of Lebanon Township and was formed from Lebanon and Bethlehem Townships in 1919. Known for many years as Eveland's Tavern for John Eveland who kept a tavern here, it later became known as Spruce Run Mills and Sodom. The village and post office were officially changed to Glen Gardner in 1871 in honor of the Gardner Brothers who established a chair and frame factory here."
1919 - Toaster - "The pop-up toaster invented by Charles Strite."
1919 - Arc Welder - "The arc welder invented."
1919 - Flip-flop Circuit - "The flip-flop circuit invented."
1919 - Short-wave Radio - "Short-wave radio invented."
1919 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 2 cents (?)." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]
1919 - Physics Trivia / Ernest Rutherford - "Ernest Rutherford converts nitrogen nuclei into oxygen nuclei." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1919 - Volcano Trivia / 1919 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 5,000." - E.M.
1920 - Japanese Depression - "Japanese economy enters a chronic depression. By 1920 the boom generated by the First World War has petered out and a depression starts." [Link: 1]
1920s - Bolshevism / Europe - "[....] Once the Church discovered the Talmud and understood the threat which the Jews posed to the social order, she had to do something, if for no other reason than to head off the mob violence that knowledge of the subversive nature of the Talmud was sure to generate among Christians. The natural reaction to the threat of Jewish subversion is violence, a reaction that can be seen at the time of the first crusade, at the time of the Chmielnicki pogroms in 1648, and at the time when Bolshevism threatened the social order of Europe during the 1920s and 30s. [....]" [Based on: E. Michael Jones, editor of Culture Wars]
1920 - Conflicting Promises / Palestine - "After World War I, British agents made conflicting promises concerning Palestine to Arabs and Jews, which led to anti-Jewish riots in Palestine in 1920 and 1929. Also After World War I, anti-Semitism grew in Europe, especially in Russia and Germany, leading to eventual official government policies of anti-Semitism in those countries."
1920 - Birth / Isaac Asimov - January 2nd, 1920: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Author, Isaac Asimov [d.1992]."
1920 - Birth / Ravi Shankar - April 7th, 1920: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Sitar player, Ravi Shankar."
1920 - Birth / John Paul Stevens - April 20th, 1920: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, John Paul Stevens."
1920 - Failed Revolt / Iraq - June, 1920: "The 1920 revolt by tribes against British forces occupying Iraq failed. It began in June 1920, and order was not fully restored until February 1921, according to historian David Fromkin in his 1989 book 'A Peace To End All Peace.' Fromkin, who says the uprising apparently was triggered by the government's effort to levy taxes, put British casualties in the fighting at nearly 2,000, including 450 dead." [Knight Ridder Newspapers, 01/29/04]
*Trivia: "In 1920 Iraq became a British League of Nations protectorate and a year later, London installed Faisal I of the Hashemite dynasty as king of Iraq. Earlier, Faisal I was king of Greater Syria [today’s Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine] until he became the victim of a French-led 'regime change'. " [Links 1]
1920 - Ratified / 19th U.S. Amendment - August 18th, 1920: "19th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Women's suffrage'] ratified." [Link: 1]
1920 - Birth / Mickey Rooney - September 23rd, 1920: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Mickey Rooney."
1920 - Olympic Games / Antwerp, Belgium - "In 1920, the Olympic Games were held in Antwerp, Belgium."
1920 - Birth / Timothy Leary - October 22nd, 1920: "Dr. Timothy Francis Leary (October 22, 1920 – May 31, 1996) was an American writer, psychologist, futurist, and advocate of psychedelic drug research. An icon of 1960s counterculture, Leary is most famous as a proponent of the therapeutic, spiritual and emotional benefits of LSD. He coined and popularized the catch phrase 'Turn on, tune in, drop out.' [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_Leary]
1920 - 1st Commercial Radio Station / U.S.A. - November 2nd, 1920: "November 2, 1920: KDKA, the first commercial radio station in the United States, goes on the air in Pittsburgh. [....]" [Based on: DISCOVER magazine (June 2007) article (TIRELESS WIRELESS / HOW RADIO CHANGED EVERYTHING) by Guy Gugliotta, p. 26]
1920 - Great Earthquake / China - December 16th, 1920: "Earthquake location: Ningxia-Kansu, China. Earthquake magnitude: 8.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 200,000."
1920 - Founded / "Self-Realization Fellowship" - "The Self-Realization Fellowship is a religious organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920 and based in Los Angeles, California. The group carries on Yogananda's teachings, including Kriya Yoga, a form of yoga the group claims originated millennia ago in India. To this end, it conducts correspondence courses in this discipline. It also publishes Yogananda's writings, lectures, and recorded talks; oversees temples, retreats, meditation centers, and monastic communities bearing the name Self-Realization Order; and coordinates the Worldwide Prayer Circle, which it describes as a network of groups and individuals who pray for those in need of physical, mental, or spiritual aid, and who also pray for world peace and harmony. The organization has headquarters in Los Angeles, maintains several temples in other California cites and in Phoenix, Arizona, and maintains other facilities throughout the United States and internationally. SRF also has a sister organization in India called Yogoda Satsanga Society of India. [....]"
(Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-Realization_Fellowship)
1920 - Band-Aid - "The Band-Aid [pronounced 'ban-'dade] invented by Earle Dickson."
1920 - Tommy Gun - "The tommy gun patented by John T Thompson."
1920 - Free Energy Device - "Around 1920, Moray [Dr. T. Henry Moray of Salt Lake City] produced his first elementary device that delivered measurable electrical power, and he continued to work diligently on energy devices when he had time. In the 1920's and 1930's he steadily improved his devices, particularly his detector tube, the only real secret of the device according to Moray himself." [Tim Swartz, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 109]
1920s - Global Warming Trivia / Nikola Tesla - "It is amazing to consider that Nikola Tesla, sometime in the 1920's first wrote in his personal journals his thoughts concerning the buildup of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. These gases, caused by manmade and natural pollutants were to eventually cause the planet's overall temperature to increase to such a point that the polar icecaps would melt, flooding the coastlines. As well, weather patterns would change dramatically bringing about fierce storms, droughts in some areas and floods in others. Agriculture would be destroyed and life as we know it would cease to exist." [Tim Swartz, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 120]
1920 - The Lost Continent of Mu / Col. James Churchward - "In 1920, the British-born Churchward came out with his first in a series of five books, The Lost Continent of Mu ...." [added typo corrections]
[Based on: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/atlantida_mu/esp_lemuria_7.htm] - [T.D. - 11/22/08]
1920 - Earthquake Trivia / 1920 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 200,000." - E.M.
1921 - Increase / U.S. Banks - "Number of banks in the US increases [1860-1921] by over 19 times. During the same period bank numbers fall in other advanced countries but in the US a peak of nearly 30,000 is reached in 1921." [Link: 1]
1921 - U.S. President Warren Harding - March 4th, 1921: "The 29th American President, Warren Harding [Republican], begins his term."
1921 - Birth / John Glen - July 18th, 1921: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. senator & astronaut, John Glen."
1921 - Birth / Monty Hall - August 25th, 1921: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Game show host, Monty Hall."
1921 - Socialist Party Convention - September 1921: "The power of the Communist Party was demonstrated at the September 1921 convention of the Socialist Party. Draper writes: 'The final blow to the Socialist Party was the defection of the Jewish federation at a convention in September 1921. The entire group defected to the Communist Party. The Socialist Party membership fell to its lowest point 11,019." [Link: 1]
1921 - 1st Robot - "The first robot was built. Artificial life begins."
1921 - Snyder Act - "The Snyder Act made the Department of the Interior responsible for Indian education, medical, and social services."
1921 - Trivia / "Tavistok Institute" - [....]
The ideology of American foundations was created by the Tavistock Institute of Human Relations in London. In 1921, the Duke of Bedford, Marquess of Tavistock, the 11th Duke, gave a building to the Institute to study the effect of shellshock on British soldiers who survived World War I. Its purpose was to establish the "breaking point" of men under stress, under the direction of the British Army Bureau of Psychological Warfare, commanded by Sir John Rawlings-Reese.
Tavistock Institute is headquartered in London. Its prophet, Sigmond Freud, settled in Maresfield Gardens when he moved to England. He was given a mansion by Princess Bonaparte. Tavistock's pioneer work in behavioral science along Freudian lines of "controlling" humans established it as the world center of foundation ideology. Its network now extends from the University of Sussex to the U.S. through the Stanford Research Institute, Esalen, MIT, Hudson Institute, Heritage Foundation, Center of Strategic and International Studies at Georgetown, where State Dept. personal are trained, US Air Force Intelligence, and the Rand and Mitre corporations. The personnel of the corporations are required to undergo indoctrination at one or more of these Tavistock controlled institutions. A network of secret groups, the Mont Pelerin Society, Trilateral Commission, Ditchley Foundation, and the Club of Rome is conduit for instructions to the Tavistock network. [....]
[Based on: barefootsworld.net article (- TAVISTOCK - THE BEST KEPT SECRET IN AMERICA / CONSPIRATORS' HIERARCHY: THE STORY OF THE COMMITTEE OF 300) by Dr. John Coleman, 08/18/97] - [T.D. 12/02/06] - [see link]
1921 - North-South Partition / Ireland - 1921: "In 1921, Ireland was partitioned into a mostly Protestant north and mostly Roman Catholic south." - E.M.
1921 - Founded / Council on Foreign Relations - 1921: "Founded this year in history, the Council on Foreign Relations." - E.M. See: http://www.cfr.org/
1922 - Birth / Betty White - January 17th, 1922: "Betty Marion White Ludden ... better known as Betty White, is an American actress, comedian, singer, author, and television personality. [...] Born Betty Marion White in Oak Park, Illinois, on January 17, 1922, she is the daughter of Tess Curtis (née Cachikis), a homemaker, and Horace Lawrence White, a traveling salesman and electrical engineer [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betty_White]
1922 - Birth / Dick Martin - January 30th, 1922: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Dick Martin."
1922 - Major Earthquake / Cape Mendocino, California - January 31st, 1922: "Earthquake location: Cape Mendocino, California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1922 - Strong Earthquake / Parkfield, California - March 10th, 1922: "Earthquake location: Parkfield, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1922 - Birth / Carl Reiner - March 20th, 1922: "Carl Reiner ... is an American actor, film director, producer, writer, and comedian. He has won twelve Emmy Awards and one Grammy Award during his career. [...] Reiner was born in the Bronx, New York, the son of Bessie (née Mathias) and Irving Reiner, who was a watchmaker. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Reiner]
1922 - Jewish Communist Party Members - "Draper writes that the first daily newspaper of the Communist Party was the Yiddish 'Freiheit' launched on April 22, 1922. It would be two more years before they would start a paper for Gentiles. The famous ex-Communist Whittaker Chambers, (who exposed Alger Hiss as a Soviet spy), was an early editor of The Daily Worker. He wrote that the party held separate meetings for 'English speakers' and for Yiddish speakers (Jews). Chambers said that the Yiddish meetings were always the largest ! They were called 'foreign language groups.'
"Whitaker Chambers former editor of 'The Daily Worker' said that two Jewish college professors recruited him into the Communist Party. Chambers also said that Jews made up the largest bloc in the party.
"Draper writes that fewer than 25% of the members were born in the U.S. and only about 10% spoke English only. This proves that its foreign makeup had to be mainly Jewish. One reason being that all Gentile East European immigrants were strongly anti-Communists.
"The Communist Party membership built up to over 100,000 by 1939 and from 50% to 75% were Jews. Also, 25,000 members lived in New York City and this group was almost entirely Jewish. (Hundreds of thousands of other Marxist Jews supported the party and were known as 'Fellow Travelers.' The party controlled several labor unions including the 'Ladies Garment Workers Union' which was made up of some 6,000 Jewish women. They were all Communist Party supporters.
"The power of the Communist Party was demonstrated at the Sept. 1921 convention of the Socialist Party. Draper writes: 'The final blow to the Socialist Party was the defection of the Jewish federation at a convention in Sept. 1921. The entire group defected to the Communist Party. The Socialist Party membership fell to its lowest point 11,019." [Link: 1]
1922 - Birth / Jack Klugman - April 27th, 1922: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor [Oscar, 'The Odd Couple'], Jack Klugman."
1922 - Birth / Judy Garland - June 10th, 1922: "Reportedly born this date in history: Judy Garland."
1922 - USSR Begins - "By late 1922, the Bolsheviks had organized the Marxists of Ukraine, Beloruss, and Transcaucasia to form a 'socialist republic' with Russia. The Soviet Union had arrived."
1922 - Status / British Palestine - "As part of the settlement ending World War I, the Ottoman Empire was dismantled, and Britain governed Palestine with a League of Nations mandate. Under the British [who endorsed the Zionist vision of a national homeland in Palestine], Jewish immigration steadily increased, alarming local Arabs. Riots and terrorism erupted as both sides lashed out at each other - and the British. As pressure mounted after World War II, Britain turned to the UN for a solution." [N.G.M./October/2002]
1922 - Hyperinflation / Germany - "Germany suffers from hyperinflation [1922-1933]. The situation gets so bad that wages are paid as frequently as twice a day to give people a chance to spend them before the notes lose their value. Other countries agree to ease the burden of war reparations. A new, interim currency, the Rentenmark, secured on mortgages on land and industrial property, restores stability." [Link: 1]
1922 - Insulin Invented - "Insulin invented by Sir Frederick Grant Banting."
1922 - Earthquake Trivia / 1922 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2." - E.M.
1923 - Economic Decline / USSR - "In 1923, Lenin began to travel all over the former Russian Empire trying to seek support from the old guards of the Czar. He was unsuccessful. These old leaders were much more willing to keep control for themselves than allow Lenin to command. Lenin ordered Trotsky, who had become the leader of the military, now called the Red Army, to send in troops to these areas as a show of strength. Eventually, all former empire lands were returned to Lenin, with the notable exception of the Baltic States. From 1921 to 1924, the economy of the Soviet Union was in shambles. The mismanagement of the Czars and the civil war left the ruble, the USSR's main currency, practically valueless. Lenin was unable really to do anything about this and most of the country headed for famine. When Lenin died in 1924, many believed that the USSR was doomed to die with him."
1923 - Gregorian Calendar / Eastern Orthodox Church - "When the Eastern Orthodox church accepted the Gregorian calendar in 1923, 13 days were 'lost'."
1923 - Major Earthquake / Cape Mendocino, California - January 22nd, 1923: "Earthquake location: Cape Mendocino, California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1923 - Birth / Charles E. Yeager - February 13th, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. test pilot, Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager."
1923 - Birth / Ed McMahon - March 6th, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV personality, Ed McMahon."
1923 - Birth / Henry Kissinger - May 27th, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger."
1923 - Birth / Bob Dole - July 22nd, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. senator, Bob Dole."
1923 - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge - August 2nd, 1923: "The 30th American President, Calvin Coolidge [Republican], begins his term."
1923 - Birth / Shimon Peres - August 21st, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Israeli politicar leader, Shimon Peres."
1923 - Major Earthquake / Japan - September 1st, 1923: "Earthquake location: Kanto, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 143,000."
1923 - Birth / Charlton Heston - October 4th, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Charlton Heston."
1923 - Birth / Bob Barker - December 12th, 1923: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV host, Bob Barker."
1923 - Discovery / Temple of Ur - "In the early 1900's, the builders of the Baghdad railway placed a station about 120 miles north of Basra because the landmarked site was a recognized travellers' rest. Here, an enormous solitary hill rose above the desert - a hill known to the Bedouins as Tell al Muqayyar [Mound of Pitch]. But some thousands of years ago this desert waste was a lush, fertile valley with cornfields and date groves. As was soon to be discovered, within this great mound was the towering multi-levelled Temple of Ur, along with the rest of the ancient city.
"In 1923 , the archaeologist Sir Charles Leonard Wooley, with a joint team from the British Museum and the University of pennsylvania, set out to excavate the mound because some years earlier a collection of very old texts, engraved on stone cylinders, had been unearthed near the summit. One of these cylinder-seals [as they became known] had revealed the name of Ur-nammu, King of Ur in about 2,010 BC, and so it was determined that this was probably the location of Abraham's home."
1923 - Television - "The television or iconoscope [cathode-ray tube] invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin."
1923 - Traffic Signal - "Garrett A. Morgan invents the traffic signal."
1923 - The Mysticism of Sound - 1923: "The Mysticism of Sound, by Hazrat Inayat Khan. Original copyright date 1923." [Source link: http://vclass.mtsac.edu:930/phil/center.htm ]
The Supreme Being has been called by various names in different languages, but the mystics have known him as HU. . . the only name of the Nameless. . . The word Hu is the spirit of all sounds and of all words, and is hidden within them all, as the spirit in the body. It does not belong to any language, but no language can help belonging to it. This alone is the true name of God, a name that no people and no religion can claim as their own.
[Based on: The Mysticism of Sound, by Hazrat Inayat Khan, pages 64-65 (original copyright date 1923)]
1923 - Earthquake Trivia / 1923 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 143,000." - E.M.
1924 - Stalin / Soviet Union - "From 1924-1928, a vast power struggle between Stalin, Trotsky, and Kerensky took place. Stalin, being the more vicious of the three immediately began to form alliances with people throughout the new Cominterm, a new Congress to replace the Duma [eventually it would be called the Politburo]. Kerensky was taken care of because of his own erratic behavior in the military. Trotsky however, had his own political aspirations and had followers of his own. Trotsky began to organize the people to his cause to keep the USSR from Stalin. Stalin was able to have him exiled from the country. Trotsky moved to Mexico where Stalin had him killed in 1940. Stalin became the outright dictator of the Soviet Union. He moved away from Lenin's policies and began to institute his own. Lenin believed in more democracy and less government. Stalin believed in death for all who opposed him."
1924 - Birth / Doris Day - April 3rd, 1924: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress-singer, Doris Day."
1924 - Birth / George H.W. Bush - June 12th, 1924: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. President, George H.W. Bush."
1924 - Birth / Don Knotts - July 21st, 1924: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor-comedian, Don Knotts."
1924 - Summer Olympic Games / Paris, France - "In 1924, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Paris, France. In 1924, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Chamonix, France."
1924 - Birth / Jimmy Carter - October 1st, 1924: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Future U.S. President, Jimmy Carter."
1924 - Birth / William Rehnquist - October 1st, 1924: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Future U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, William Rehnquist."
1924 - Indian Citizenship Act - "The Indian Citizenship Act This act confers U.S. Citizenship on all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States. The act’s purpose was to curtail the demand for indigenous identity among Native Americans. For example, the Hopi and Onondaga refused to acknowledge the act by issuing their own tribal passports."
1924 - Trivia / Christopher B. Coleman - "Christopher B. Coleman, a director of the historical Commission and Historic Bureau at the Indiana State Library from 1924, produced an updated commentary on The Treatise of Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine. In the event, the very fact that this work came out of America, and not out of Britain or Continental Europe, made it easy enough to contain - as a result of which very little, outside the occasional encyclopaedic reference, has been written concerning the Donation during the past century. But the fact remains that it still exists as the very document which has enabled the Church to maintain control of monarchical, political, military and educational affairs for well over 1200 years." [Laurence Gardner, Realm Of The Ring Lords, p. 23]
1924 - Loudspeaker - "The dynamic loudspeaker invented by Rice and Kellogg."
1925 - Modern Quantum Mechanics / Quantum Physics -
[....] The term quantum (Latin, "how much") refers to discrete units that the theory assigns to certain physical quantities, such as the energy of an atom at rest .... The discovery that waves could be measured in particle-like small packets of energy called quanta led to the branch of physics that deals with atomic and subatomic systems which we today call Quantum Mechanics. The foundations of quantum mechanics were established during the first half of the 20th century by Werner Heisenberg, Max Planck, Louis de Broglie, Niels Bohr, Erwin Schrödinger, Max Born, John von Neumann, Paul Dirac, Albert Einstein, Wolfgang Pauli and others. Some fundamental aspects of the theory are still actively studied. [....] Modern quantum mechanics was born in 1925, when the German physicist Heisenberg developed matrix mechanics and the Austrian physicist Schrödinger invented wave mechanics and the non-relativistic Schrödinger equation. Schrödinger subsequently showed that the two approaches were equivalent. [....]
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_Mechanics#History] - [09/10/06]
1925 - "Regime Change" / Iran - " 'Regime change', the Bush administration's stated goal for Iraq, is a ritual that both Washington and London practiced vigorously in the Middle East over the last century. Regime change usually meant the insertion of a proxy or a puppet regime in order to maintain influence over a state and its resources. It was about security, too. The United States and Great Britain shared a common desire to control Soviet expansion in the Middle East by removing leaders that were suspected of being friendly with Moscow. As theaters for the power struggle between the Soviets and the Anglo-Americans, both Iran and Iraq produced a string of notorious regime changes. A British-led 'regime change' - a coup- in 1925 Iran replaced the Qajar dynasty with Reza Khan, a nationalist Iranian Cossack military officer, who was crowned 'Shah' [king of kings], with the title Reza Shah Pahlavi. The British occupied Iran after WW II to prevent Iran, more specifically Iranian oil, from falling into the hands of Nazi Germany and to protect an oil supply route to the Soviet Union, a British ally during the war." [Links 1]
1925 - Solar Eclipse - "NYC's Winter Morning Eclipse [January 24th]."
1925 - Birth / Paul Newman - January 26th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Paul Newman."
1925 - Strong Earthquake / Quebec, Canada - March 1st, 1925: "Earthquake location: Charlevoix, Quebec, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1925 - Major Earthquake / Yunnan, China - March 16th, 1925: "Earthquake location: Yunnan, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 5,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1925 - Birth / Yogi Berra - May 12th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Baseball Hall of Famer, Yogi Berra."
1925 - "Saint Theresa" - May 17th, 1925: "[....] Thérèse was beatified on 29 April 1923 and canonized on 17 May 1925, by Pope Pius XI, only 28 years after her death. Her feast day was added to the Roman Catholic calendar of saints in 1927 for celebration on 3 October. In 1969, 42 years later, Pope Paul VI moved it to 1 October, the day after her dies natalis (birthday to heaven). [....] By the Apostolic Letter Divini Amoris Scientia (The Science of Divine Love) of 19 October 1997, Pope John Paul II declared her one of the thirty-three Doctors of the Universal Church, one of only three women so named, the others being Teresa of Avila (Saint Teresa of Jesus) and Catherine of Siena. Thérèse was the only saint to be named a Doctor of the Church during Pope John Paul II's pontificate. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_de_Lisieux]
1925 - Birth / Barbara Bush - June 8th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former First Lady (U.S.A.), Barbara Bush."
1925 - Strong Earthquake / Clarkston Valley, Montana - June 28th, 1925: "Earthquake location: Clarkston Valley, Montana. Earthquake magnitude: 6.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1925 - Strong Earthquake / Santa Barbara, California - June 29th, 1925: "Earthquake location: Santa Barbara, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 13."
1925 - Birth / Mike Douglas - August 11th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former TV talk show host, Mike Douglas."
1925 - Birth / B.B. King - September 16th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Blues singer, B.B. King."
1925 - Birth / Margaret Thatcher - October 13th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former British prime minister, Margaret Thatcher."
1925 - Birth / Angela Lansbury - October 16th, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Angela Lansbury."
1925 - Birth / Johnny Carson - October 23rd, 1925: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former 'Tonight Show' host, Johnny Carson."
1925 - Trivia / Gurdwara Act of 1925 - November 1st, 1925: "[....] The Act came into force on November 1, 1925 with a gazette notification from the government of Punjab. According to the Act a Central Gurdwara Board elected by the Sikhs was to be the custodian of all-important Sikh places of worship. [....]"
1925 - Birth / Dick Van Dyke - December 13th, 1925: "Richard Wayne Van Dyke ... known professionally as Dick Van Dyke, is an American actor, comedian, writer, and producer with a career spanning six decades. [...] Van Dyke was born in West Plains, Missouri, to Loren (nickname 'Cookie') and Hazel (born McCord) Van Dyke, but he grew up in Danville, Illinois. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Van_Dyke]
1925 - Mechanical Television - "The mechanical television, a precursor to the modern television, was invented by John Logie Baird."
1925 - Trivia / Biological Weapons - "The Geneva Protocol was set up. It prohibited the use of biological and chemical weapons in warfare. It did not, however, ban the research or production of this type of warfare. The United States and Japan were the only major country not to ratify the protocol."
1925 - Lessons on Evolution / John Scopes - "In 1925, high school teacher John Scopes was convicted [in Alabama] of giving lessons on evolution."
1925 - Timeline / Stanford Research Institute - "1925: Stanford University Professor Robert E. Swain champions the idea of an interdisciplinary research institute within the University. Early supporters include Stanford alumnus and trustee, U.S. President Herbert Hoover."
[Based on: sri.com article (History of SRI International, 1925-1930s) [©2006 SRI International 333 Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, CA 94025-3493] - [T.D. 12/02/06]
1925 - The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria / William Scott-Elliot - 1925: "William Scott-Elliot (sometimes spelled Scott-Elliott) (d.1930) was a theosophist who elaborated Helena Blavatsky's concept of root races in several publications, most notably The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), later combined in 1925 into a single volume called The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]
1925 - Earthquake Trivia / 1925 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 5,013+." - E.M.
1926 - Birth / Joe Garagiola - February 12th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Baseball Hall-of-Fame sportscaster, Joe Garagiola."
1926 - Birth / Alan Greenspan - March 6th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman, Alan Greenspan."
1926 - Birth / Jerry Lewis - March 16th, 1926: "Jerry Lewis ... is an American comedian, actor, singer, film producer, screenwriter and film director. [...] He was born Joseph Levitch (some sources say Jerome Levitch) in Newark, New Jersey, to Russian Jewish parents. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lewis]
1926 - Birth / Hugh Hefner - April 9th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Playboy magazine founder, Hugh Hefner."
1926 - Birth / Queen Elizabeth II - April 26th, 1920: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Britain's Queen Elizabeth II."
1926 - Birth / Ann B. Davis - May 6th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress (Alice, 'The Brady Bunch'), Ann B. Davis."
1926 - Birth / Don Rickles - May 8th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Don Rickles."
1926 - Birth / Andy Griffith - June 1st, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Andy Griffith."
1926 - Unratified / Child Labor Amendment - June 2nd, 1926: "Unratified child labor amendment."
1926 - Birth / Tony Bennett - August 3rd, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Tony Bennett."
1926 - Birth / Fidel Castro - August 13th, 1926: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Cuban President, Fidel Castro."
1926 - Birth / Chuck Berry - October 18th, 1926: "Charles Edward Anderson 'Chuck' Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. [...] Born in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry was the fourth child in a family of six. He grew up in the north St. Louis neighborhood known as 'The Ville,' an area where many middle class St. Louis people lived at the time. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry]
1926 - The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man / James Churchward -
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Churchward]
1926 - Strong Earthquake / California - October 22nd, 1926: "Earthquake location: Monterey Bay, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1926 - The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) - November 15th, 1926: "The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American commercial broadcasting television network and former radio network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Rockefeller Center with additional major offices near Los Angeles and in Chicago. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", due to its stylized peacock logo, created originally for its color broadcasts.
Formed in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. In 1986, control of NBC passed to General Electric (GE), with GE's $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. GE had previously owned RCA and NBC until 1930, when it had been forced to sell the company as a result of antitrust charges.
After the 1986 acquisition, the chief executive of NBC was Bob Wright, until he retired, giving his job to Jeff Zucker. The network is currently part of the media company NBCUniversal, which is a joint venture of Comcast and General Electric since 2011 (and before that, jointly owned by GE and current Universal Music Group parent Vivendi). As a result of the merger, Zucker left NBC and was replaced by Comcast executive Steve Burke.
NBC has 10 owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates in the United States and its territories. Archival footage from a majority of the NBC owned-and-operated stations is available for perusal and purchase through the NBCUniversal Archives. NBC broadcast the film industries second most important award ceremony, The Golden Globes Awards. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NBC]
1926 - Earthquake Trivia / 1926 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1927 - Decline / Bank of Taiwan - "Japanese financial crisis started by a run on the Bank of Taiwan. Taiwan became a Japanese colony in 1895 and therefore the crisis spreads to Japan. As many as 37 Japanese banks are closed, at least temporarily." [Link: 1]
1927 - Transatlantic Phone Service - January 7th, 1927: "It took 50 years from the invention of the telephone to make transatlantic phone calls. On this date in 1927, Bell Laboratories and the British Post Office engineered the first two-way conversation (using radio) between New York and London. Over the next few years the service spread throughout North America and Europe." [Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac]
1927 - Major Earthquake / Japan - March 7th, 1927: "Earthquake location: Tango, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 7.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,020."
1927 - Birth / Joseph Ratzinger - April 16th, 1927: Reportedly born on this date in history: Joseph Ratzinger. Cardinal Ratzinger, after being elected Pope on April 19th, 2005, changed his name to Pope Benedict XVI. - E.M.
1927 - Major Earthquake / Tsinghai, China - May 22nd, 1927: "Earthquake location: Tsinghai, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 200,000."
*Trivia: "Earthquake location: Nan-Shan, China. Earthquake magnitude: 8.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 200,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1927 - Birth / Jerry Stiller - June 8th, 1927: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor-comedian, Jerry Stiller."
1927 - Who Brings the Truth? / J. Krishnamurti - "Who Brings the Truth? By J. Krishnamurti. / An address delivered at Eerde, the International Headquarters of the Order of the Star, August 2,1927. See link:
*Link: http://norea.net/krishnamurti/truth.htm - [T.D. - 01/13/08]
1927 - Birth / Peter Falk - September 16th, 1927: "Peter Michael Falk (September 16, 1927 – June 23, 2011) was an American actor, best known for his role as Lt. Frank Columbo in the television series Columbo. [...] Born in New York City, Falk was the son of Michael Peter Falk, owner of a clothing and dry goods store, and his wife, Madeline (née Hochhauser), an accountant and buyer. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Falk]
1927 - United Independent Broadcasters Inc. - September 18th, 1927: "[...] The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc., a collection of 16 radio stations that was bought by William S. Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States and then one of the big three American broadcast television networks. In 1974, CBS dropped its full name and became known simply as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995 and eventually adopted the name of the company it had bought to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, which ironically had begun as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself and reestablished CBS Corporation with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, its parent. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CBS]
1927 - Birth / Roger Moore - October 14th, 1927: "Sir Roger George Moore, KBE (born 14 October 1927), is an English actor, perhaps best known for his role as British secret agent James Bond in the official film series between 1973 and 1985, and also as Simon Templar in The Saint, between 1962 and 1969. [...] Moore was born in Stockwell, now part of the London Borough of Lambeth, in London. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Moore]
1927 - Major Earthquake / California - November 4th, 1927: "Earthquake location: Lompoc [offshore], California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1927 - FDIA - "A separate law enforcement agency was formed, known as the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration."
1927 - Electronic Television - "Philo Taylor Farnsworth invented a complete electronic TV system."
1927 - Earthquake Trivia / 1927 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 203,020." - E.M.
1928 - Uranus in Aries - January 14th, 1928: "The planet Uranus (Orbital period roughly 84 Earth years.) enters the sign of Aries. *Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1928.pdf
1928 - Birth / Darwin Gross - January 3rd, 1928: Reportedly born this date in history, Darwin Gross, the 972nd (1971-1981) Living Eck Master (d. 03/08/08).
1928 - Birth / Fats Domino - February 26th, 1928: "Antoine Dominique 'Fats' Domino Jr. ... is an American R&B and rock and roll pianist and singer-songwriter. He was born and raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fats_Domino]
1928 - Russian Industrialization - "In 1928, Stalin completely changed the course of the Soviet Union that Lenin had set. He forced 'collectivation' on the farmers and peasants. A collective farm is an incredibly large farm owned by the government that the peasants were 'allowed' to live on and work. Those who refused were killed. The farmers very quickly realized that to oppose Stalin in any way meant exile or death. Stalin also began a massive industrialization campaign. Industry was given a quota system. They were required to reach production targets of military and popular good regardless of the cost. Many people worked 12-15 hour days to keep up with these quotas. Finally, convinced that the factory owners were too concerned about themselves to manage effectively; he ordered his own people to take over. By 1933, all industry was being run by the state. The people were mistreated and overworked for little reward. Of course, they could have stopped working and be murdered by the officials of a newly formed organization, the KGB. The KGB became the eyes, ears, and enforcer of all of Stalin's policies."
1928 - Boom / U.S. Stock Market - "Stock Market boom [1928-1929] in U.S. The Fed takes no effective action to stop the boom getting out of control." [Link: 1]
1928 - Discovered / City of Ugaritic - "In the spring of 1928 a Syrian farmer was plowing his field when he uncovered a stone over a grave. Archaeologists were called in which led to the discovery of the nearby ancient city of Ugarit." [Link: 1]
*Trivia: "It was not until the 1850's that documentary evidence of pre-biblical history first came to light, and this was followd twenty years later by some published texts. Not until the late 1920s were the first in-depth translations released into the public domain - translations of scribal record considerably older than the original Old Testament. As the archaeologists progressed their excavations, these ancient clay tablets and engraved cylinders emerged in their tens of thousands from the very Bible lands of Adam, Noah, and Abraham, and they were in large measure contemporary with the Old Testament's patriarchal and dynastic eras. More importantly, and perhaps surprisingly to some, many of their accounts were immediately familar, and it soon became obvious that these were the models for stories written down in retrospect by the Israelite compilers of Genesis." [Laurence Gardner, Genesis Of The Grail Kings, p. 5]
1928 - Pluto 17 Degrees Cancer - July 22nd, 1928: Pluto 17 degrees Cancer.
1928 - Birth / Jimmy Dean - August 10th, 1928: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Jimmy Dean."
1928 - Summer Olympic Games / Amsterdam - "In 1928, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Amsterdam. At this Olympics, the Olympic flame was introduced for the first time, and women participated in track and field events. In 1928, the Winter Olympic Games were held in St. Moritz, Switzerland."
1928 - Paul Twitchell / Paris, Kentucky? - 1928-1931: "Well [D.M. to D.L.], go back and re-read the Who's Who article. You'll see it says quite clearly that Paul was in Paris the year after he graduated from high school. Exactly like it said in Brad Steiger's book. Well, except for the fact that it was Paris, Kentucky, not Paris, France!" [Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]
1928 - Founded / Opus Dei, Spain - [....] Opus Dei, a conservative, largely lay movement within the Catholic church, has been shrouded in mystery and myth since its founding in Spain in 1928. [....]" [Based on: article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 10/09/05]
1928 - Oxford English Dictionary - "In 1928, The Oxford English Dictionary was published." - E.M.
1928 - The Secret Teachings of All Ages / Manly P. Hall - 1928: "What you hold in your hands is a volume of the ages. Originally published in 1928 by the mystical scholar and sage Manly P. Hall (1901-1900), this book - like none before it and none that have followed - is a codex to the ideas and mysteries that resonate within the symbols, myths, and philosophies that have guided humankind since its earliest efforsts at self-knowledge. [....]" [Based on: The Secret Teachings of All Ages, p. 1 (2003 Reader's Edition)]
1929 - Zionism / Palestine - "In 1929, leading non-Zionists joined with Zionists to found the Jewish Agency to help Jews settle in Palestine, since the western nations [including the United States] had imposed rigid immigration quotas."
1929 - U.S. President Herbert Hoover - March 4th, 1929: "The 31st American President, Herbert Hoover [Republican], begins his term."
1929 - Dissolution Speech / Jiddu Krishnamurti - August 3rd, 1929: "[....] His new direction reached a climax in 1929, when he rebuffed attempts by Leadbeater and Besant to continue with the Order of the Star. Krishnamurti dissolved the Order during the annual Star Camp at Ommen, the Netherlands, on 3 August 1929 in front of Annie Besant, three thousand members, and a radio audience. In the so-called Dissolution Speech, he stated that he made his decision after 'careful consideration' during the previous two years, ... . [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiddu_Krishnamurti#Break_with_the_past]
1929 - Birth / Bob Newhart - September 5th, 1929: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian-actor, Bob Newhart."
1929 - Virtual Dictatorship / Yugoslavia - October 3rd, 1929: "A kingdom resulted from the fall of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires after World War I. King Alexander renaimed the region Yugoslavia and set up a virtual dictatorship in 1929." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
1929 - Pluto 19 Degrees Cancer - October 24th, 1929: Pluto 19 / 38 degrees R. Cancer.
1929 - Crash / U.S. Stock Market - October 24th, 1929: "The economic Boom, which had followed the period of reconstruction after the First World War, and the defeats inflicted on the workers movement across the world in the mid-1920s, came to an abrupt end with the Wall Street Crash of 24 October 1929, which triggered off the Great Depression. Bankruptcies and skyrocketing unemployment spread from the US to every country in the world, except the USSR, where production continued to expand after the devastation of the Wars of Intervention [1918-1922]. The Depression lasted into the late 1930s with 14 million unemployed in the US alone, most with little means of support. The suffering and senseless wastage of human life - dumping of food in the sea, closure of factories as well as millions left to rot in idleness - had turned large numbers of workers to communism; in Europe huge street battles were being fought between million-strong fascist and communist parties. In vain efforts to insulate their own economies from the worldwide economic drought, almost all countries in the world erected trade barriers making export goods to other countries just as impossible as producing for non-existent domestic markets. Even in the U.S., Roosevelt had been elected with widespread popular support for the New Deal — to introduce universal welfare, protect workers' right, the government to take a leading role in the economy and clamp down on business.
"To millions of workers queuing at soup kitchens in the West and of labouring for near-starvation wages, the USSR was looking very much like a workers' paradise. As the job market began to pick up with the beginning of recovery in the U.S. and escalating war-spending in Europe, the organised workers' movement began to show real signs of readiness to challenge the institutions which had overseen all this misery. Only the beginning of World War Two and the urgent need to crush Fascism in Germany and Japan postponed a worldwide revolutionary upsurge." [Links: 1, 2]
1929 - The Great Depression - "Widespread bank failures and the surviving banks' curbs on lending cause businesses of all kinds to go bankrupt [1929-1930]. The U.S. net national product falls by over half." [Link: 1]
1929 - Status / English National Debt - "In 1815 it [English National Debt] was 885 million pounds and in 1945 it had grown to 22.5 billion pounds. By 1995 the national debt had risen to more than 300 billion pounds, equal to 45 percent of GNP."
"Not even the Macmillan Committee, which was appointed in 1929, managed to find out who governed the Bank of England. Only one name has leaked out—that of Rothschild. All great wars have been started and financed by the economic conglomerate emanating from one single banking family—the Rothschilds.
"In the Netherlands, secret societies had been able to found a central bank as early as 1609. About 40 of the world's most important central banks were established in a similar way as that of the Bank of England. In that way the Masonic bankers ruled the long-term development in the world with loan interest as a method, the central banks as middlemen, the politicians as dummies and the people as ignorant wage slaves. The Freemason-controlled banks thus can govern political life by acting without being seen. The English people strengthened the power of these invisible Freemasons through paying taxes during three centuries. Central banks were supposed to keep the economy stable." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 9]
1929 - Decline / U.S. Industrial Production - "Between 1929 and 1933 American industrial production dropped 48.7 per cent."
1929 - Major Earthquake / Nova Scotia, Canada - November 18th, 1929: "Earthquake location: Grand Banks, Nova Scotia, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1929 - Birth / Dick Clark - November 30th, 1929: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV personality / producer, Dick Clark."
1929 - Birth / William Safire - December 17th, 1929: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Newspaper Columnist, William Safire."
1929 - Career Trivia / Paul Twitchell - 1929: "[....] 1929; track Coach, Tilghman H. S., Paducah, 1929-30-31; athletic director Murray State Teachers Coll., 1931-33; Western State Teachers Coll., Bowling Green, Ky., 1933-35; asst. director Ohio State Univ., fall of 1935; municipal recreation director, Paducah, since 1935. Contributor of articles to Athletic Journal. Office: Campbell Bldg. Mome[sic]: 1625 North Twelfth St., Paducah, Ky." [Based on: Who's Who in Kentucky, 1935?]
[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]
1929 - Earthquake Trivia / 1929 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1930 - Birth / Gene Hackman - January 30th, 1930: "Eugene Allen 'Gene' Hackman (born January 30, 1930) is an U.S. actor and novelist. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_Hackman]
1930 - Birth / Joanne Woodward - February 27th, 1930: "Joanne Gignilliat Trimmier Woodward ... is an American actress and producer of television and theatre. [...] Woodward was born in Thomasville, Georgia, daughter of Elinor (née Trimmier) and Wade Woodward, Jr., who at one point was vice president of publisher Charles Scribner's Sons. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joanne_Woodward]
1930 - Birth / Sandra Day O'Connor - March 26th, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Sandra Day O'Connor."
1930 - American Interplanetary Society - April, 1930: "In April, The American Interplanetary Society was founded in New York City by David Lasser, G. Edward Pendray, and ten others for the purpose of promoting interest in space travel. It was later renamed the American Rocket Society." [Link: 1]
1930 - Birth / Clint Eastwood - May 31st, 1930: "Clinton 'Clint' Eastwood, Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American film actor, director, producer, composer and politician. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clint_Eastwood
1930 - Birth / James Nabors - June 12th, 1930: "James Thurston 'Jim' Nabors (born June 12, 1930) is an American actor and singer. Born and raised in Sylacauga, Alabama, Nabors moved to Southern California because of his asthma. While working at a Santa Monica nightclub, The Horn, he was discovered by Andy Griffith and later joined The Andy Griffith Show, playing Gomer Pyle, a gas station attendant whom some described as dim-witted. Nabors himself has stated that the Gomer character was not so much dim-witted; he just wanted to see the good in people. The character proved popular, and Nabors was given his own spin-off show, Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. [....]"
1930 - Birth / Ross Perot - June 27th, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Business executive, Ross Perot."
1930 - Birth / Neil A. Armstrong - August 5th, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. astronaut, Neil A. Armstrong."
1930 - Birth / Sean Connery - August 25th, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Sean Connery."
1930 - Birth / Adam West - September 19th, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Adam West [Batman]."
1930 - Birth / Ray Charles - September 23rd, 1930: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Ray Charles."
1930 - Kummersdorf Proving Grounds - December, 1930: "December 17th marked the establishment of a rocket program Kummersdorf. It was also decided that the Kummersdorf proving grounds would be equipped to develop military missiles. On December 30th, Robert Goddard fired an 11 foot liquid fueled rocket to a height of 2000 feet at a speed of 500 miles per hour. The launch took place near Roswell New Mexico." [Link: 1]
1930 - Physics Trivia - "The working out of Einstein's insights  took the next quarter century. By 1930, we had his general theory of relativity, which makes the revolutionary claim that the geometry of space is not fixed but evolves in time. The wave-particle duality uncovered by Einstein in 1905 had become a fully realized quantum theory, which gave us a detailed understanding of atoms, chemistry, matter, and radiation. By 1930, we also knew that the universe contained huge numbers of galaxies like our own, and we knew they were moving away from one another. The implications were not yet clear, but we knew we lived in an expanding universe." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. ix (6th paragraph - Introduction) - x, copyright 2006]
*Trivia: "[....] The early attempts at unified-field theories took place before quantum mechanics was completely formulated, in 1926. Indeed, a few of the quantum theory's proponents had interesting speculations about the relationship between the extra dimensions and quantum theory. But after 1930 or so, there was a split. Most physicists ignored the problem of unification and concentrated instead on applying quantum theory to a vast array of phenomena, from the properties of materials to the processes by which stars produce energy. At the same time, those few who persisted in working on the unified theories increasingly ignored quantum theory. These people (Einstein included) worked as if Plank, Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrodinger had never existed. They were living after the quantum-mechanical revolution but pretending to work in an intellectual universe in which that revolution had never occured. [....]" [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, pp. 51 (4th paragraph) & 52, copyright 2006]
1930s - "Rastafari Movement" - 1930s: "The Rastafari movement is a monotheistic, Abrahamic, new religious movement that arose in a Christian culture in Jamaica in the 1930s. [....] There are three main sects or orders of Rastafari today: the Nyahbinghi Order, Bobo Ashanti and the Twelve Tribes of Israel. All agree on the basic principles of the divine status of Haile Selassie and the importance of black images of divinity. Many Rastafari do not belong to any sect and the movement as a whole is loosely defined and organized. [....] Emperor Haile Selassie I, whom some of the Rastafarians call Jah, was crowned "King of Kings, Elect of God, and Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah" in Addis Ababa on November 2, 1930. The event created great publicity throughout the world, including in Jamaica, and particularly through two consecutive Time magazine articles about the coronation (he was later named Time's Person of the Year for 1935, the first Black person to appear on the cover), as well as two consecutive National Geographic issues around the same time. Haile Selassie almost immediately gained a following as both God and King amongst poor Jamaicans, who came to be known as Rastafarians, and who looked to their Bibles, and saw what they believed to be the fulfilling of many prophecies from the book of Revelation. As Ethiopia was the only African country to be free from colonialism, and Haile Selassie was the only black leader accepted among the kings and queens of Europe, the early Rastas viewed him with great reverence. [....]"
*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rastafari_movement - [T.D. - 07/09/10]
1930 - Trivia / Navajo Education? - "The Senate investigating Committee on Indian Affairs disclosed the use of kidnapping techniques by BIA school officials trying to educate Navajo children."
1930 - Brotherhood of the White Temple - Maurice Doreal was the name adopted by Claude Doggins as head of the Brotherhood of the White Temple, an occult fraternity headquartered in Sedalia, Colorado. Doreal was born in Sulfur Springs, Oklahoma. As a youth he became interested in Tarzan, which quickly broadened into a general interest in fantasy and science fiction literature, and by 1950 his library included some 5,000 titles. His interests also expanded to the occult. He served in World War I, after which, he claimed, he spent eight years in Tibet. He also claimed to have visited the occult center in the middle of Mt. Shasta in northern California. [NP] Doreal founded the Brotherhood of the White Temple in 1930, and spent much of his life writing the brotherhood lessons and a series of pamphlets, called the Little Temple Library, on a wide variety of occult-related topics from Atlantis to UFOs. He claimed to have gained his knowledge from his contact with the Great White Lodge of Masters, those who have passed beyond their earthly experience and now seek to guide humanity in its evolution. [NP] Doreal began work on new headquarters for the brotherhood in Sedalia in 1946, during the height of anxieties over possible atomic war. The location, a valley enclosed by 1,500-foot mountain walls, was believed to be a protected site. Headquarters moved in 1951. Two years later Doreal predicted that the biblical Battle of Armageddon would begin very soon, and residents stored foods against the coming hard times. [NP] Doreal died in 1963, and the brotherhood has continued to the present using his many writings as their authoritative literature. Sources:
Kossy, Donna. Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief. Portland, Ore.: Feral House, 1994.
*Link: http://www.answers.com/topic/maurice-doreal - [T.D. - 05/09/10]
*Trivia: "FROM SHASTA TO TIBET... Maurice Doreal was born Claude Doggins of Sulfer Springs, Oklahoma in 1898 (or so I have heard). He looked more like a feed-store owner or small-town banker than the guru he became to his thousand or so followers. He founded his 'Brotherhood of the White Temple' in 1929, naming it after a group of 'Masters' of the same name often invoked by Helena P. Blavatsky's successor Annie Besant (the 'New Age' Theosophical leader - Branton). He claimed that after serving in the First World War, he traveled to Tibet and spent eight years studying there with the Dalai Lama. Doreal amassed one of the world's largest and finest occult and science-fiction libraries - over thirty thousand volumes - but all he seemed to distill out of his studies was a long series of repetitive and poorly-written, but highly imaginative, booklets on occult subjects, written between about 1940 and his death in 1963. It is still possible at this writing, though, to send away for 'Mysteries of Mt. Shasta,' 'Mysteries of the Gobi,' 'Polar Paradise,' and similar booklets for a few dollars each from the Brotherhood of the White Temple Inc. in Sedalia, Colorado.
*Link: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Ancient-Mysteries/message/4369 - [T.D. - 05/09/10]
1930 - Guy Warren Ballard / Mt. Shasta, California - "[....] Ballard [Guy Warren Ballard (July 28, 1878 – December 29, 1939] visited Mount Shasta, California in 1930, where he met another hiker who identified himself as Saint Germain. Mr. Ballard's experiences take place within the larger North American mountain ranges. Ballard provided details of his encounters in a series of books Unveiled Mysteries and The Magic Presence, using the pen name 'Godfré Ray King.' [NP] Guy Ballard, his wife Edna, and later his son Donald, it is believed, became the 'sole Accredited Messengers' of Saint Germain. Their teachings form the original nucleus for what are today called the Ascended Master Teachings."
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Ballard]
1930s - Aviator & Writer / L. Ron Hubbard - "His earlier accomplishments are similarly impressive. As a barnstorming aviator through the 1930s he was known as “Flash” and broke local records for sustained glider flight. As a leader of expeditions, he is credited with conducting the first complete Puerto Rican mineralogical survey under United States protectorship and his navigational annotations still influence the maritime guides for British Columbia. His experimentation with early radio directional finding further became the basis for the Long Range Navigational system (LORAN). And, as a lifelong photographer, his works have been displayed in galleries on two continents, with the definitive exhibition of his photographs, still drawing tens of thousands every year. [NP] Among other avenues of research, Mr. Hubbard developed and codified an administrative technology that is currently utilized by more than four thousand organizations worldwide, including multi-national corporations, charitable bodies, political parties, schools, youth clubs and hundreds of small businesses. Likewise Mr. Hubbard’s internationally acclaimed educational methods are utilized by thousands of academic institutions, while his equally acclaimed drug rehabilitation program has proven five times more effective than other such programs."
*Trivia: "[....] He directed two expeditions, the Caribbean Motion Picture Expedition, a two-and-a-half month, 5,000-mile voyage aboard the four-masted schooner, Doris Hamlin, and the West Indies Mineralogical Expedition, which completed the first mineralogical survey of the island of Puerto Rico under U.S. rule. Upon his return to the United States, and with scientific grants few and far between, he began to write his way to fame and fortune, supporting his research by becoming one of the most popular writers of the 1930s. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html]
1930 - Man and the Stars - 1930: MAN AND THE STARS, by HARLAN TRUE STETSON, Director of the Perkins Observatory, Ohio Wesleyan University, WHITTLESEY HOUSE, McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, INC., NEW YORK · 1930 *Link: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6767424
1931 - Birth / Robert Novak - January 17th, 1931: "James Earl Jones ... is an American actor who in a career of over 50 years has become known as 'one of America's most distinguished and versatile' and 'one of the greatest actors in American history.' [...] James Earl Jones was born in Arkabutla, Mississippi, son of Robert Earl Jones (1910–2006), an actor, boxer, butler, and chauffeur who left the family shortly after James Earl's birth, and his wife Ruth (Connolly) Jones, a teacher and maid. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Earl_Jones]
1931 - Birth / Robert Novak - February 26th, 1931: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Political columnist, Robert Novak."
1931 - Birth / Mikhail S. Gorbachev - March 2nd, 1931: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former Soviet President, Mikhail S. Gorbachev."
1931 - Birth / Roy Eugene Davis - March 9th, 1931: "Roy Eugene Davis (born 9 March 1931) is an American spiritual teacher and author. He is associated with the kriya yoga tradition and is a direct disciple of the Indian guru Paramahansa Yogananda. [....] Davis was ordained by his guru in 1951 and was appointed as the minister of the Phoenix, Arizona, Self-Realization Fellowship Center. Following the death of Yogananda in 1952, Davis left SRF in 1953. After spending two years in the U.S. Army medical department he started travelling all over the U.S. and in Europe, India and Japan as an independent spiritual teacher. Toward the end of the sixties he settled in Lakemont, Georgia, where he was invited to be the director of a spiritual organization (Christian Spiritual Alliance). After a few years he became the head of the organization and changed its name into 'Center for Spiritual Awareness'. The organization has small meditation groups in the United States, Canada, Africa and Europe.."
1931 - Birth / Hal Linden - March 20th, 1931: "Hal Linden ... is an American stage and screen actor, television director and musician. [...] In 1975, he landed his best known role as the titular character in the television comedy series Barney Miller. [...] Linden was born Harold Lipshitz in New York City. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hal_Linden]
1931 - Birth / William Shatner - March 22nd, 1931: "William Alan Shatner (born March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor, musician, recording artist, author and film director. He gained worldwide fame and became a cultural icon for his portrayal of James T. Kirk, captain of the USS Enterprise, in the science fiction television series Star Trek from 1966 to 1969, Star Trek: The Animated Series from 1973 to 1974, and in seven of the subsequent Star Trek feature films from 1979 to 1994. [...] Shatner was born ... in the Côte Saint-Luc neighborhood of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the son of Anne (née Garmaise) and Joseph Shatner, a clothing manufacturer. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shatner]
1931 - Birth / Leonard Nimoy - March 26th, 1931: "Leonard Simon Nimoy ... born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. Nimoy's most famous role is that of Spock in the original Star Trek series (1966–1969), and in multiple film, television, and video-game sequels. [...] Nimoy was born in Boston, Massachusetts in the West End, to Yiddish-speaking Orthodox Jewish immigrants from Iziaslav, Soviet Union (now Ukraine). [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Nimoy]
1931 - Birth / Willie Mays - May 6th, 1931: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Baseball Hall-of-Famer, Willie Mays."
1931 - Graduates High School? / Paul Twitchell - May 1931:
Here is a direct quote:
"Wilson Gantt, dean of admissions and registrar, says the school's records show Twitchell graduated from Tilghman High School in Paducah in MAY 1931 and entered MURRAY that September. He remained a full-time student until March of 1933, Gantt said."
Hmm.... Hey, Doug, what does this do to that profile?
1931 - Liquid-Fuled Rocket - May 14th, 1931: "In Austria, Friedrich Schmiedl fired the world's first mail carrying rocket. David Lasser's book, THE CONQUEST OF SPACE, was published in the United States. May 14: VfR successfully launched a liquid-fueled rocket to a height of 60 meters." [Link: 1]
1931 - Birth / Regis Philbin - August 25th, 1931: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV host, Regis Philbin."
1931 - Birth / Barbara Walters - September 25th, 1931: "Reportedly born on this date in history: ABC News correspondent, Barbara Walters."
1931 - Birth / Dan Rather - October 31st, 1931: "Daniel Irvin "Dan" Rather, Jr. (born October 31, 1931) is an American journalist and the former news anchor for the CBS Evening News. [...] Daniel Irvin Rather, Jr. ... was born on October 31, 1931, in Wharton County, Texas, the son of Daniel Irvin Rather, Sr., and the former Byrl Veda Page. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dan_Rather]
1931 - FDA / U.S.A. - "In 1931, the FDIA became known as the Food and Drug Administration [FDA]. The Caustic Poison Act provided warning labels and antidotes on 10 dangerous or corrosive substances packed in containers for household use."
1931 - Electric Vehicle? - "In 1931, under the financing of Pierce-Arrow and George Westinghouse, a 1931 Pierce-Arrow was selected to be tested at the factory grounds in Buffalo, N.Y. The standard internal combustion engine was removed and an 80-H.P. 1800 r.p.m electric motor installed to the clutch and transmission. [....] This vehicle, powered by an A.C. motor, was driven to speeds of 90 m.p.h. and performed better than any internal combustion engine of its day. One week was spent testing the vehicle. Several newspapers in Buffalo reported this test. When asked where the power came from, Tesla [Nikola Tesla] replied, 'From the ethers all around us.' Several people suggested that Tesla was mad and somehow in league with sinister forces of the universe. He became incensed, removed his mysterious box from the vehicle and returned to his laboratory in New Yor City." [Tim Swartz, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 113]
1931 - Status / World Gold Stock - "U.S. and France hold 75% of world's gold stock. This figure is reached by September. During the previous 6 weeks over £200 million worth of gold was withdrawn from London." [Link: 1]
1931 - Gold Standard Abandoned / Britain - "Britain abandons the gold standard. This marks the beginning of the move from classical to Keynesian economics. The Commonwealth [except Canada], Ireland, Scandinavia, Iraq, Portugal, Thailand, and some South American countries follow Britain off gold." [Link: 1]
1931 - The Children of Mu / Col. James Churchward - The Children of Mu, by Col. James Churchward
[Based on: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/atlantida_mu/esp_lemuria_7.htm] - [T.D. - 11/22/08]
1932 - U.S. Federal Home Loan Banks - "U.S. Federal Home Loan Banks created. Eleven of these banks are set up to provide housing finance." [Link: 1]
1932 - Reconstruction Finance Corporation - "President Hoover sets up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Its purpose is to provide emergency financing for US financial institutions and to help agriculture, commerce and industry." [Link: 1]
1932 - Passed / 20th U.S. Amendment - March 2nd, 1932: "20th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Presidential, Congressional terms'] passed." [Link: 1]
1932 - Goddard Rocket - "Von Braun and his colleagues demonstrated a liquid-fueled rocket to the German Army. It crashed before the parachute opened, but Von Braun was soon employed to develop liquid fueled rockets for the Army. On April 19th, the first Goddard rocket with gyroscopically controlled vanes was fired. The vanes gave it automatically stabilized flight. In November, at Stockton N.J., the American Interplanetary Society tested a rocket design that they had adapted from VfR designs." [Link: 1]
1932 - Birth / Casey Kasem - April 27th, 1932: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Announcer, Casey Kasem."
1932 - Summer Olympic Games / Los Angeles - "In 1932, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Los Angeles. Attendence was low, due to the depression. In 1932, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Lake Placid, NY."
1932 - Birth / Richard Dawson - November 20th, 1932: "Richard Dawson (November 20, 1932 – June 2, 2012) was an English-American actor, comedian, game show host and panelist in the United States. He was best known for his role as Corporal Peter Newkirk on Hogan's Heroes, being the original host of the Family Feud game show from 1976–1985 and 1994–1995, and for being a regular panelist on the 1970s version of Match Game on CBS from 1973 to 1978. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Dawson]
1932 - Major Earthquake / Nevada - December 21st, 1932: "Earthquake location: Cedar Mountain, Nevada. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1932 - Major Earthquake / Gansu, China - December 25th, 1932: "Earthquake location: Gansu, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 70,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1932 - "Council of Nine?" - "We were amazed to discover that links between the modern phenomenon of the Council of Nine and various occult organizations and esotericists such as Synarchy, Aleister Crowley and Alice Bailey had already been brought together with a 'Council of Nine' as far back as the 1930s. Under the bizarre pseudonym of 'inquire within'', research by Christina Stoddard, former head of a schismatic Golden Dawn order called the Stella Matutina, appeared in two books, Light-Bearers of Darkness (1935) and The Trail of the Serpent (1936). They sounded a warning about the creation of new religious belief systems by apparently independent - but in fact connected - groups. Stoddard herself, like Schwaller de Lubicz and Alice Bailey, held extreme right-wing views, but even she was disturbed by what she saw as the increasing iron grip of Synarchy on the esoteric world.
"Stoddard discussed Saint-Yves's Synarchist objectives, specifically the control of the three pillars of society, political, religious and economic institutions. She pointed out that this seemed to be happening in the religious sphere. Unlike the days when Christianity was the only sanctioned religion in the West, there were many different belief systems, making this area harder to control. To reverse this trend, the religions must first be unified, not by trying to supplant them, but by absorbing their main elements and effectively creating a new global religion. The best way of achieving this goal would be for some authoratative and charismatic leader to take control by explaining that God or the gods have, over the course of history, revealed certain truths to different people, which manifested as apparently disparate religions. But they all emanated from the same God. All that was needed was an understanding of the fundamental principles and the higher levels of spirituality to which mankind may now aspire. Tellingly, Stoddard gave as the prime example of this Synarchist synthesis the doctrines of Alice A. Bailey.
"The Trail of the Serpent describes a secret rivalry between Reuben Swinburne Clymer and H. Spencer Lewis, who both claimed to be the legitimate head of American Rosicrucianism. Clymer (a 32nd degree mason), claimed that he had been given his authority by no less a person than the social reformer Paschal Beverly Randolph (1825-75) - a friend of Abraham Lincoln - whom the European Rosicrucians had authorised to take the Order to America in 1852, many years before H. Spencer Lewis founded AMORC. The resulting dispute led to Clymer taking the matter to court, which found in his favor and accepted his registration of the title 'Rosicrucian' in 1935.
"Clymer claimed that the doctrines of his society, the Fraternitas Rosae Crucis, were endorsed by a secret order that directed it from France - called the Council of Nine. He published a letter from them in 1932, which proclaimed:
This is the new Dispensation, and the work of the Spiritual and Mystical Fraternities must be re-established throughout the world, so that all peoples may be taught the Law and thereby enabled to apply it towards universal improvement as the only means of saving mankind... We, the Council of Nine, have selected your organization, as one of the oldest in America, to help do this work.
[The Stargate Conspiracy, Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince, pp. 287-288]"
1932 - Particle Accelerator - "First particle accelerator built by John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]
1932 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 3 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]
1932 - Examples of Genocide / Soviet Union - 1932-1933: "Soviet Union: About 7 million Ukranians killed." [Based on: Reuters, World Almanac and KRT - St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
*Trivia: "Parliament adopted a bill Tuesday [11/28/06] recognizing the Soviet-era forced famine as an act of genocide against the Ukrainian people in a vote seen as a victory for pro-Western President Viktor Yushchenko. [NP] The 1932-33 famine, known here as 'Holodomor' or 'Death by Hunger,' was orchestrated by Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin and killed 10 million Ukranians, almost one-third of its population at the time. [NP] The recognition opens the door to potential legal consequences, including compensation for famine victims and recognition of the famine by the United Nations as genocide against Ukrainian people. Ten countries, including the United States, have already recognized the famine as genocide. [NP] Moscow strongly opposes calling the famine genocide, contending that it did not specifically target Ukranians." [Based on: News Services article ('Holodomor' is ruled an act of genocide), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/29/06]
1932 - Earthquake Trivia / 1932 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 70,000." - E.M.
1933 - The "Great Purge" / Russia - "After forming the KGB, Stalin began to realize that many of his own generals and officials believed that he had betrayed Lenin, and were conspiring to have him removed from power. Stalin immediately ordered the KGB to begin mass executions of certain high ranking officials and the exile of others. The period from 1933-1937 became known as the 'Great Purge.' "
1933 - Passed / 21st U.S. Amendment - January 20th, 1933: "21st U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Amendment 18 repealed'] passed." [Link: 1]
1933 - Ratified / 20th U.S. Amendment - January 23rd, 1933: "20th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Presidential, Congressional terms'] ratified." [Link: 1]
1933 - Birth / Yoko Ono - February 18th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Yoko Ono."
1933 - Premiere / "King Kong" - "Entertainment highlights during the week of Feb. 26-March 4: 'King Kong,' starring Fay Wray, had its New York City premiere." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, S.L.P.D., 02/27/06]
1933 - Great Earthquake / Sanriku, Japan - March 2nd, 1933: "Earthquake location: Sanriku, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 8.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 2,990."
1933 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt - March 4th, 1933: "The 32nd American President, Franklin D. Roosevelt [Democrat], begins his term."
*Trivia: "In 1933, the U.S. government did what no one would tolerate today. By executive order, it confiscated private property. Specifically, under Franklin D. Roosevelt's Presidential Order No. 6102, Americans were required to turn in all the gold they owned. The purpose of the order was 'to provide relief in the existing national emergency in banking, and for other purposes.' [....] That year, 1933, marked the last time gold coins were minted for general circulation. [....]" [Based on: Article by Peter Rexford, p. C3, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 09/05/05]
1933 - New Deal - "Roosevelt launches his New Deal. Roosevelt's first action is to declare a national bank holiday closing every bank in the U.S. After a week the Federal Reserve Banks reopen and later other banks are allowed to reopen if investigators declare them solvent. This restoration of confidence in the financial system is a necessary preliminary to the New Deal involving aid to industry and agriculture." [Link: 1]
1933 - Status / Unemployment, U.S.A. - March 1933: "Between 1929 and 1933 American industrial production dropped 48.7 per cent. The American National Research League estimated the number of jobless in March 1933 was 17,920,000. In Germany there were more than six million unemployed."
1933 - Birth / Ruth Bader Ginsburg - March 11th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg." [*check date]
1933 - Strong Earthquake / Long Beach, California - March 11th, 1933: "Earthquake location: Long Beach, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 115."
*Trivia: "March 10th, 1933: "An earthquake near Long Beach, Calif., measured 6.4, 1933." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 105]
1933 - Birth / Carol Burnett - April 26th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress-comedian, Carol Burnett."
1933 - Birth / Willie Nelson - April 30th, 1933: "Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American country music singer-songwriter, as well as an author, poet, actor, and activist. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willie_Nelson]
1933 - Birth / James Brown - May 3rd, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, James Brown."
1933 - Drive-In Movie Theater / U.S.A. - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 1st - 7th, 1933: The first drive-in movie theater opened, in Camden, N.J. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E3, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]
1933 - Birth / Joan Rivers - June 8th, 1933: "Reportedly born (Gemini) on this date in history: Comedian, Joan Rivers."
1933 - Birth / Gene Wilder - June 11th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Gene Wilder."
1933 - Nazi Party / Germany - "The Nazi party takes power in Germany."
1933 - Status / German Camps - "Professor Tansill, of Georgetown University, who had access to all the secret papers of the State Department, wrote in his book, and quoted from a State Department document written by Hugo Schoenfelt, a Jew whom Cordell Hull sent to Europe in 1933 to investigate the so-called camps of political prisoners, who wrote back that he found them in very fine condition. They were in excellent shape, with everybody treated well. And they were filled with Communists. Well, a lot of them were Jews, because the Jews happened to comprise about 98 per cent of the Communists in Europe at that time. And there were some priests there, and ministers, and labor leaders, and Masons, and others who had international affiliations." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1933 - German Chancellor Adolf Hitler - "Adolf Hitler becomes German Chancellor. The social turmoil resulting from mass unemployment leads to Hitler's installation as Chancellor. Thereafter Germany's financial system and the economy in general are geared to rearmament." [Link: 1]
1933 - Holy War Against Germany? - July, 1933: "After a while, the Jews of the world called a meeting in Amsterdam. Jews from every country in the world attended this meeting in July 1933. And they said to Germany: 'You fire Hitler, and you put every Jew back into his former position, whether he was a Communist or no matter what he was. You can't treat us that way. And we, the Jews of the world, are serving an ultimatum upon you.' You can imagine what the Germans told them. So what did the Jews do?
"In 1933, when Germany refused to surrender to the world conference of Jews in Amsterdam, the conference broke up, and Mr. Samuel Untermyer, who was the head of the American delegation and the president of the whole conference, came to the United States and went from the steamer to the studios of the Columbia Broadcasting System and made a radio broadcast throughout the United States in which he in effect said, 'The Jews of the world now declare a Holy War against Germany. We are now engaged in a sacred conflict against the Germans. And we are going to starve them into surrender. We are going to use a world-wide boycott against them. That will destroy them because they are dependent upon their export business.
"And it is a fact that two thirds of Germany's food supply had to be imported, and it could only be imported with the proceeds of what they exported. So if Germany could not export, two thirds of Germany's population would have to starve. There was just not enough food for more than one third of the population." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1933 - Popeye the Sailor Man - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 13-19, 1933: Popeye the sailor man appeared in his first cartoon. [Based on: A.P. article (THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 07/15/08]
1933 - Boycott Status / Germany - August 1933: "Now in this declaration, which I have here, and which was printed in the New York Times on August 7, 1933, Mr. Samuel Untermyer boldly stated that 'this economic boycott is our means of self-defense. President Roosevelt has advocated its use in the National Recovery Administration,' which some of you may remember, where everybody was to be boycotted unless he followed the rules laid down by the New Deal, and which was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court of that time.
"Nevertheless, the Jews of the world declared a boycott against Germany, and it was so effective that you couldn't find one thing in any store anywhere in the world with the words 'made in Germany' on it. In fact, an executive of the Woolworth Company told me that they had to dump millions of dollars worth of crockery and dishes into the river; that their stores were boycotted if anyone came in and found a dish marked 'made in Germany,' they were picketed with signs saying 'Hitler,' 'murderer,' and so forth, something like these sit-ins that are taking place in the South." [Benjamin H. Freedman]
1933 - Birth / Jerry Falwell - August 11th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: The Rev. Jerry Falwell."
1933 - Local Currency Prohibited / Austria - "The Austrian National Bank on September 1, 1933, prohibited the printing of any local currency." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 13]
1933 - Birth / Robert Blake - September 18th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Robert Blake."
1933 - Enters College? / Paul Twitchell - September, 1933: "What I [David Lane] do know is that Stephen D. House, Registrar at Western Kentucky University, writes that Twitchell entered college in September 1933 at the recorded age of 22. [....] Take another look [D.M. now speaking to D.L.] at that letter from the Registrar at Western Kentucky University. It doesn't say what you think. It says that Paul listed his age as 22 upon his 'admission' to Western State, not when Paul entered college. Also, the Registrar includes the correction to an earlier error he had made when he writes that Paul attended Western State from September 1933 through January 1935, "not from September, 1932, as given in my earlier correspondence. [NP] Why did he make that error? Was it because in fact the Sept. 1932 date was the date of Paul's admission? Admission does take place before attending, correct? Paul would have been 22 on Sept. 1932, if he was born Oct. 1909, right? [NP] The 1933-35 date for Paul attending Western State does match the Who's Who bio."
1933 - Birth / Larry King - November 19th, 1933: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Talk show host, Larry King."
1933 - Major Earthquake / Baffin Bay, Canada - November 20th, 1933: "Earthquake location: Baffin Bay, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 7.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1933 - Birth / Tim Conway - December 15th, 1933: "Thomas Daniel 'Tim' Conway ... is an Emmy award-winning American comedian and actor, who has worked in sitcoms, sketch comedy and film. [...] Conway was born in Willoughby, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, to a Romanian mother, and grew up in nearby Chagrin Falls. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Conway]
1933 - Ratified / 21st U.S. Amendment - December 15th, 1933: "21st U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Amendment 18 repealed'] ratified." [Link: 1]
1933 - Julian P. Johnson / Beas India - "Johnson [Julian P. Johnson], a native Kentuckian and distinguished surgeon, left his medical practice in California and traveled to Beas, India, in order to serve his guru, Sawan Singh. From 1933 to 1939, Johnson devoted much of his time to writing about his master and his experiences in the Radha Soami path." [See link: ]
*Trivia: "That religions often evolve out of other past religions is a well known phenomenon: witness Christianity's emergence from Judaism. What is not so well known, however, is how certain religions try to genealogically dissociate themselves from their historical roots. Eckankar is a classic case in point.
"Founded in 1965 by Paul Twitchell, one-time disciple of Swami Premananda, Kirpal Singh and L. Ron Hubbard, Eckankar owes much of its theology to Radhasoami. Indeed, as Lane, Melton, and others have pointed out, most of Paul Twitchell's writings are derived from two Radhasoami publications, With a Great Master in India and The Path of the Masters (both authored by Julian P. Johnson in the 1930s). Certainly, it is not surprising that religious doctrines can at times appear to be similar, but what is surprising is when a religion which has borrowed much of its history, doctrine, and terminology from another tries to consciously deny its putative association. [....]"
[Based on: http://www.geocities.com/eckcult/rsch3.html]
1933 - Movie Contract / Shirley Temple - Entertainment highlights during the week of December 17th-23rd, 1933: "Five-year-old Shirley Temple signed a movie contract with Fox. Her age was later changed to make her appear a year younger." [Based on: A.P. article (THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 12/18/06]
1933 - FDA Revision - "The FDA expressed the need for a complete revision of the basic Act of 1906. The first bill was introduced in the Senate, launching a 5-year legislative battle."
1933 - Kurt Lewin / U.S.A. - [....]
[...] A German refugee, Kurt Lewin, became director of Tavistock in 1932. He came to the U.S. in 1933 as a "refugee", the first of many infiltrators, and set up the Harvard Psychology Clinic, which originated the propaganda campaign to turn the American public against Germany and involve us in World War II. In 1938, Roosevelt executed a secret agreement with Churchill which in effect ceded U.S. sovereignty to England, because it agreed to let Special Operations Executive control U.S. policies. To implement this agreement, Roosevelt sent General Donovan to London for indoctrination before setting up OSS (now the CIA) under the aegis of SOE-SIS. The entire OSS program, as well as the CIA has always worked on guidelines set up by the Tavistock Institute. [....]
[Based on: barefootsworld.net article (- TAVISTOCK - THE BEST KEPT SECRET IN AMERICA / CONSPIRATORS' HIERARCHY: THE STORY OF THE COMMITTEE OF 300) by Dr. John Coleman, 08/18/97] - [T.D. 12/02/06] - [see link]
1933 - A.I.S. No. 2 Rocket - "At Stanten Island, New York, the American Interplanetary Society launched it's No. 2 rocket, and watched it attain 250 feet in altitude in 2 seconds." [Link: 1]
1933 - Solid & Liquid Fuel Rocket - "The Soviets launched a new rocket fueled by solid and liquid fuels, which reached a height of 400 meters. The launch took place near Moscow." [Link: 1]
1933 - U.S. Agricultural Adjustment Act - "Existing financial institutions are given greater resources and their efforts coordinated through the Farm Credit Association. The Thomas Amendment to the Act authorizes an increase in note circulation, a reduction in the dollar's gold value, and promotes and subsidizes official purchases of silver." [Link: 1]
1933 - U.S. Home Owners Loan Corporation - "U.S. Home Owners Loan Corporation created. Like the Federal Home Loans Banks created the previous year this institution is intended to combat the depression by stimulating the building industry." [Link: 1]
1933 - U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - "U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation created. Through payments of a small premium by practically all banks a fund is set up to guarantee repayment of customers' deposits." [Link: 1]
1933 - The Sacred Symbols of Mu / Col. James Churchward - The Sacred Symbols of Mu, by Col. James Churchward.
[Based on: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/atlantida_mu/esp_lemuria_7.htm] - [T.D. - 11/22/08]
1933 - Earthquake Trivia / 1933 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 3,000." - E.M.
1934 - U.S. Gold Reserve Act - "The official price of gold is raised from $20.67 to $35 per ounce, a substantial devaluation of the dollar, and the internal circulation of gold is ended." [Link: 1]
1934 - U.S. Silver Purchase Act - "The Act obliges the government to buy large quantities of silver. This raises its price in world markets to such an extent that China is forced off its silver standard and many other countries demonetize their silver currencies. Thus in the long run the Act reduces the demand for silver, contrary to the intention of its supporters." [Link: 1]
1934 - Trivia / GULAG, Russia - "By 1934 the GULAG, or Main Directorate for Corrective Labor Camps, then under the Cheka's successor organization the NKVD, had several million inmates. Prisoners included murderers, thieves, and other common criminals-along with political and religious dissenters. The GULAG, whose camps were located mainly in remote regions of Siberia and the Far North, made significant contributions to the Soviet economy in the period of Joseph Stalin. GULAG prisoners constructed the White Sea-Baltic Canal, the Moscow-Volga Canal, the Baikal-Amur main railroad line, numerous hydroelectric stations, and strategic roads and industrial enterprises in remote regions. GULAG manpower was also used for much of the country's lumbering and for the mining of coal, copper, and gold. Stalin constantly increased the number of projects assigned to the NKVD, which led to an increasing reliance on its labor. The GULAG also served as a source of workers for economic projects independent of the NKVD, which contracted its prisoners out to various economic enterprises. Conditions in the camps were extremely harsh. Prisoners received inadequate food rations and insufficient clothing, which made it difficult to endure the severe weather and the long working hours; sometimes the inmates were physically abused by camp guards. As a result, the death rate from exhaustion and disease in the camps was high." [Link: 1]
1934 - Trivia / FM Radio - January 5th, 1940: "Edwin H. Armstrong gave the first formal demonstration of FM radio to the Federal Communications Commission on January 5, 1940. Armstrong had completed his first field test of the technology on June 9, 1934: on May 20, 1940, the FCC officially took Channel 1 off the television band and allotted it to FM. The FCC assigned FM the frequencies between 42 and 50 MHz, enough for 40 FM channels, and authorized commercial service beginning January 1, 1941." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 7]
1934 - Great Earthquake / Bihar, India - January 15th, 1934: "Earthquake location: Bihar, India. Earthquake magnitude: 8.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 10,700."
1934 - Birth / Hank Aaron - February 5th, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Baseball Hall-of-Famer, Hank Aaron."
1934 - Birth / Tina Louise - February 11th, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Tina Louise."
1934 - Birth / Florence Henderson - February 14th, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Florence Henderson."
1934 - Birth / Ralph Nader - February 27th, 1934: "Ralph Nader ... is an American political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. [...] Nader was born in Winsted, Connecticut. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Nader]
1934 - Birth / Sam Donaldson - March 11th, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: ABC News correspondent, Sam Donaldson."
1934 - Birth / Shirley Jones - March 31st, 1934: "Shirley Mae Jones ... is an American singer and actress of stage, film and television. [...] Jones was born in Charleroi, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Pittsburgh, to Methodist parents Marjorie (née Williams), a homemaker, and Paul Jones, owners of the Jones Brewing Company. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirley_Jones]
1934 - Birth / Shirley MacLaine - April 24th, 1934: "Shirley MacLean Beaty (born April 24, 1934), known professionally as Shirley MacLaine, is an American film and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author, well known for her beliefs in New Age spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a large number of autobiographical works, many dealing with her spiritual beliefs as well as her Hollywood career. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirley_MacLaine]
1934 - Strong Earthquake / Parkfield, California - June 8th, 1934: "Earthquake location: Parkfield, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1934 - Birth / Jamie Farr - July 1st, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Jamie Farr."
1934 - Birth / H. Norman Schwarzkopf - August 22nd, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Gen H. Norman Schwarzkopf."
1934 - Birth / Barbara Eden - August 23rd, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress ('I Dream of Jeannie'), Barbara Eden."
1934 - Birth / Sophia Loren - September 20th, 1934: "Sophia Loren (... born Sofia Villani Scicolone on 20 September 1934) is an Italian actress. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_Loren]
1934 - Birth / Brigitte Bardot - September 28th, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Brigitte Bardot."
1934 - Birth / Julie Andrews - October 1st, 1934: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress-singer, Julie Andrews."
1934 - Trivia / A-2 Rockets - "In December, Von Braun and his associates launched 2 A-2 rockets, both to heights of 1.5 miles." [Link: 1]
1934 - With a Great Master in India - "With a Great Master in India, by Julian P. Johnson, was originally published in 1934. Subsequently published: Beas, India: Radha Soami Satsang Beas, 1982." - E.M.
1934 - Founded / Philosophical Research Society - "[....] In 1934 Manly P. Hall founded the Philosophical Research Society in Los Angeles, California, dedicating it to an idealistic approach to the solution of human problems. The PRS claims to be non-sectarian and entirely free from educational, political, or ecclesiastical control, the Society's programs stress the need for the integration of philosophy, religion, and science into one system of instruction. The PRS Library, a public facility devoted to source materials in obscure fields, has many rare and scarce items now impossible to obtain elsewhere. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_P._Hall]
1934 - Cosmic Forces of Mu / Col. James Churchward - Cosmic Forces of Mu [in two parts, 1934-35], by Col. James Churchward.
[Based on: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/atlantida_mu/esp_lemuria_7.htm] - [T.D. - 11/22/08]
1934 - Earthquake Trivia / 1934 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 10,700." - E.M.
1935 - U.S. Banking Act - "The changes this makes in the Federal Reserve System have the effect of shifting power away from New York and the Federal Reserve Districts towards Washington." [Link: 1]
1935 - Birth / John Denver - January 9th, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Bob Denver."
1935 - Trivia / Soviet Famine - [....]
One of the principal but little known operations of the Rockefeller Foundation has been its techniques for controlling world agriculture. Its director, Kenneth Wernimont, set up Rockefeller controlled agricultural programs throughout Mexico and Latin America. The independent farmer is a great threat to the World Order, because he produces for himself, and because his produce can be converted into capital, which gives him independence. In Soviet Russia, the Bolsheviks believed they had attained total control over the people; they were dismayed to find their plans threatened by the stubborn independence of the small farmers, the Kulaks. Stalin ordered the OGPU to seize all food and animals of the Kulaks, and to starve them out. The Chicago American, February 25, 1935 carried a front page headline, SIX MILLION PERISH IN SOVIET FAMINE; Peasants' Crops Seized, They and their Animals Starve. To draw attention from this atrocity, it was later alleged that the Germans, not the Soviets, had killed six million people, the number taken from the Chicago American headline by a Chicago publicist. [....]
[...] Just as in the Soviet Union, in the early 1930s, when Stalin ordered the Kulaks to give up their small plots of land to live and work on the collective farms, the American small farmer faces the same type of extermination, being forced to give up his small plot of land to become a hired hand for the big agricultural trusts. The Brookings Institution and other foundations originated the monetary programs implemented by the Federal Reserve System to destroy the American farmer, a replay of the Soviet tragedy in Russia, with one proviso that the farmer will be allowed to survive if he becomes a slave worker of the giant trusts. [....]
[Based on: barefootsworld.net article (- TAVISTOCK - THE BEST KEPT SECRET IN AMERICA / CONSPIRATORS' HIERARCHY: THE STORY OF THE COMMITTEE OF 300) by Dr. John Coleman, 08/18/97] - [T.D. 12/02/06] - [see link]
1935 - Launch / Goddard Rocket - "In March, a rocket of Robert Goddard's exceeded the speed of sound." [Link: 1]
1935 - Major Earthquake / Taiwan (Formosa) - April 21st, 1935: "Earthquake location: Taiwan (Formosa). Earthquake magnitude: 7.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,276." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1935 - Launch / Goddard Rocket - "In May, Goddard launched one of his gyro-controlled rockets to a height of 7500 feet, in New Mexico." [Link: 1]
1935 - Major Earthquake / Quetta, India - May 30th, 1935: "Earthquake location: Quetta, India. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 50,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1935 - 1st Film / Jimmy Stewart - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 9th-15th, 1935: Jimmy Stewart's first film, "The Murder Man," opened. [Based on: A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 07/10/06]
1935 - Launch / Russian Liquid Powered Rocket - "In 1935, the Russians fired a liquid powered rocket that achieved a height of over eight miles." [Link :1]
1935 - Signed / U.S. Social Security Act - August 14th, 1935: "Social Security Act passes. But Franklin D. Roosevelt responds to pressure from the American Medical Association, the insurance industry and business by cutting national health insurance from the legislation." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]
2011 - Birth / Ron Paul - August 20th, 1935: "Reportedly born this date in history: Ron Paul."
1935 - Birth / Frank Robinson - August 31st, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Baseball Hall-of-Famer, Frank Robinson."
1935 - Birth / Jerry Lee Lewis - September 28th, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Jerry Lee Lewis."
1935 - Birth / Julie Andrews - October 1st, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-actress, Julie Andrews."
1935 - Birth / Peter Boyle - October 18th, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor ('Everybody Loves Raymond' [the Grandfather]), Peter Boyle."
1935 - Strong Earthquake / Quebec, Canada - November 1st, 1935: "Earthquake location: Timiskaming, Quebec, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 6.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1935 - Birth / Woody Allen - December 1st, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor-director, Woody Allen."
1935 - Birth / Phil Donahue - December 21st, 1935: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Talk show host, Phil Donahue."
1935 - Founded / Tyson Foods - "[....] Tyson Foods was founded in 1935 with headquarters in Springdale, Ark. It produces  chicken, beef and pork products and has about 114,000 employees in the United States and worldwide." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article, p. C2, 08/09/05]
1935 - Advent of ECKANKAR - "Since the advent of ECKANKAR into the modern world, starting about 1935, the crises in human affairs have become more intense and now seem at the bursting point. It appears that this ancient teaching which has made its way back into the attention of the world, after lying dormant for centuries, is here for a purpose. That is to bring a stronger spiritual strength to all those who become its followers. [....] The Ancient One, the agent of God, whom we call the Messiah, or the Godman, appears in the world with every new age. Now he has appeared with the age-old teachings of ECK, which will give the human race a spiritual boost, taking many over the crisis into the realm of God. The way will be perfectly clear now that many can see where the path of God is leading them." [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell - Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross, p. 123]
1935 - Meeting? / Paul Twitchell & Sudar Singh - "[....] Paul was learning how to put the truths he found on the inner planes into writing. He had a very difficult time figuring out a way to present Eckankar to this society. The earliest mention of his use of the word Eckankar was about 1960 or 1961. He said he had come across the teachings through Sudar Singh in a general way as early as 1935, then studied them in depth with Rebazar Tarzs starting in 1951. But the teachings were difficult for him to bring out, because nobody cared. [....]" [Based on: Article (Getting the ECK Message Out) by Harold Klemp - see link]
1935 - Birth / Mahmoud Abbas - "Reportedly born this year in history: Palestinian Authority leader, Mahmoud Abbas. Abbas was born in Safed, in what is now Israel."
1935 - Atmospheric Ceiling? - STETSON SPEAKS ABOUT ATMOSPHERIC CEILING / NO MAN-CARRYING BALLOON CAN REACH IONOSPHERE / Published: Thursday, December 05, 1935
1935 - Introduced / Monoploy Board Game - "In 1935, Parker Bros. introduced Monopoly, a real estate trading game that has gone on to become the world's best-selling game, with more than 250 million copies sold in more than 80 countries to date . [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (The Atlantic City of Monopoly: It's the real thing) by Rod Kennedy Jr., p. C11, S.L.P.D., 06/08/06]
1935: - Category 5 Hurricane / Florida Keys - "[....] Since 1928, only 28 Category 5 hurricanes have formed in the Atlantic Ocean and, of those, only eight have struck land, three of them in the United States. Those three were an unnamed strom that hit the Florida Keys in 1935; Camille, which hit Mississippi in 1969; and Andrew, which struck southern Florida in 1992." [Based on: News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 09/22/05]
1935 - Monsanto PCB Contamination, Alabama - "An Alabama jury found Monsanto and its corporate successors [Solutia Inc.] guilty [February 2002] of releasing tons of PCBs in Anniston between 1935-1979."
1935 - Hurricane Trivia / 1935 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1935 - Earthquake Trivia / 1935 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 53,276." - E.M.
1936 - Birth / Alan Alda - January 28th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Alan Alda."
1936 - Birth / Burt Reynolds - February 11th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Burt Reynolds."
1936 - Born / Brad Steiger - February 19th, 1936: Steiger was born on 19 February 1936 in Fort Dodge, Iowa, to a mother and father who were farmers. He claims to have lived "in a haunted house with thumps, bumps, doors opening and closing, and men and women walking around all night in period costume." [....] He began writing when he was a school teacher in his native Iowa when he had writings published in Fate Magazine and other publications. [....]
*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brad_Steiger - [T.D. - 01/17/10]
*Trivia: Popular writer on UFOs, reincarnation, and related paranormal subjects. Steiger was born Eugene E. Olson on February 19, 1936, in Bode, Iowa. He was educated at Luther College (1953-57) and the University of Iowa (1963). From 1957 to 1963 he was a high school English teacher in Clinton, Iowa, and then a literature and creative writing instructor at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa, from 1963 to 1967. In 1965 his first book, Ghosts, Ghouls and Other Peculiar People, was published. A series of paperbacks began to appear in 1966, and in 1967 Steiger became a full-time writer and lecturer on paranormal and ufological subjects. [....]
[Based on: http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/eop_02/eop_02_04325.html - [T.D. - 01/17/10]
1936 - Jet Propulsion Laboratory - March 1936: "Scientists from the California Institute of Technology began rocket testing near Pasadena, CA. This marked the beginning of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The Smithsonian Institution printed Robert Goddard's famous report, 'Liquid Propellant Rocket Development,' in March." [Link: 1]
1936 - Died / Sri Yukteswar - March 9th, 1936: "In 1935, Yogananda returned to India for a last visit with his great guru (right). (Sri Yukteswar passed away on March 9, 1936.) Traveling by ship and automobile through Europe, Palestine, and Egypt, he arrived in Bombay in the summer of 1935."
1936 - Birth / Antonin Scalia - March 11th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Antonin Scalia."
1936 - "Back In The Saddle Again" / Gene Autry - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 15-21, 1936: Singing cowboy Gene Autry recorded "Back In The Saddle Again." [Based on: A.P. article, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 04/16/07]
1936 - Birth / Glen Campbell - April 22nd, 1936: Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Glen Campbell.
1936 - Flooding / New England - Spring, 1936: "[....] In the spring of 1936, torrential rain over 13 days caused flooding in New England that was blamed for 150 to 200 deaths." [Based on: A.P. article (New England flooding could be the worst since 1930s), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 05/16/06]
1936 - Civil War / Spain - July 18th, 1936: "The Spanish Civil War begins."
1936 - Birth / Kris Kristofferson - June 22nd, 1936: "Kristoffer Kristian "Kris" Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an American country music singer, songwriter and musician as well as a film actor. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kris_Kristofferson]
1936 - Birth / John McCain - August 29th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Sen. [R.-Ariz.] John McCain."
1936 - Olympic Games / Berlin, Germany - "In 1936, the Olympic Games were held in Berlin, Germany."
*Trivia: "The very first Olympic torch relay was conceived by Carl Diem, the organizer of the 1936 Berlin Olympics, and staged by Joseph Goebbels, head of the Nazi propoganda machine for Adolf Hitler. Sadly, it went off without a hitch. [....] Since 1936, when the Berlin Olympics served as Hitler's coming-out party, the Olympics have had geopolitical ramifications. There's too much symbolism, too much money and too much international prestige on the line. That's what makes this situation rife with opportunity. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (OUR VIEW / 2008 OLYMPICS) p. C6, S.L.P.D., 04/08/08]
1936 - Birth / David Carradine - December 8th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, David Carradine."
1936 - Birth / Mary Tyler Moore - December 29th, 1936: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Mary Tyler Moore."
1936 - The Flaming Door: Mission of the Celtic Fold Soul - The Flaming Door: Mission of the Celtic Fold Soul, by Eleanor C. Merry, 1936. Quotes:
"And that which came to meet the soul (as light and sound come to meet our outer eyes and ears) was called HU, the spiritual world." (p. 137)
"The God HU was the all-ruling Divinity of Western Celtic mythology. He represented the power and the glory of the spiritual world." (p. 153)
"The Mysteries of HU revealed the other pole of human life: the ascent out of the body into the 'glorified' state of expansion of the consciousness in the spiritual world." (p. 153)
"And HU could bring music to the consciousness of waking man and teach it to him, because he himself could hear in sleep the harmonies of the spheres, and his passage from waking to sleeping to waking was unbroken by any obliteration of consciousness. This was always the summit of initiation experience." (p. 165)
*Link: http://www.sourcetext.com/hupage/Secular/secular.html - [T.D. - 12/08/10]
1937 - Paul Twitchell / Paducah, Kentucky - Reportedly home during the flood of 1937.
1937 - Trivia / Goddard Rocket - "Von Braun and his team relocated to a special, purpose-built rocket testing facility at Peenemunde on the Baltic Coast of Germany. Russia established rocket test centers in Leningrad, Moscow and Kazan. Goddard watched one of his rockets fly to higher than 9,000 feet, on March 27. This was the highest altitude attained by any of the Goddard Rockets." [Link: 1]
1937 - Birth / Tom Smothers - February 2nd, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Tom Smothers."
1937 - Broken Levee / Mississippi River - January 25th, 1937: "After engineers blew up the Birds Point levee in 1937, the Ohio River fell 1 foot over three days at Cairo, Ill. It rebounded 2 feet before cresting one cold, miserable week later. [....]" [Based on: Article (For misery, 1937 was worse, and deadly / Broken levee, broken lives - Population was much higher then, and dozens died or lost their lives.) by Tim O'Neil, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 05/04/11]
1937 - Birth / Colin Powell - April 5th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former U.S. Secretary of State, Colin Powell."
1937 - Birth / Seymour Hersh - April 8th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Investigative reporter, Seymour Hersh."
1937 - Birth / George Takei - April 20th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor ("Star Trek" - Mr. Sulu), George Takei."
1937 - Birth / Jack Nicholson - April 22nd, 1937: "John Joseph 'Jack' Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor, film director, producer and writer. He is renowned for his often dark portrayals of neurotic characters. His twelve Oscar nominations make him the second most nominated actor of all time, behind only Meryl Streep, and tied with Katharine Hepburn. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Nicholson] - [T.D. - 04/22/12]
1937 - Birth / Saddam Hussein - April 28th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: The former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein."
1937 - German Austria - "Adolf Hitler annexed Austria in 1937 and swept into Poland two years later."
1937 - Birth / George Carlin - May 12th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, George Carlin."
1937 - Considerable Energy / Nikola Tesla - July 11th, 1937: "I have devoted much of my time during the year past to the perfecting of a new small and compact apparatus by which energy in considerable amounts can now be flashed through interstellar space to any distance without the slightest dispersion." [Nikola Tesla, New York Times, July 11th, 1937]
1937 - Birth / Bill Cosby - July 12th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Bill Cosby."
1937 - Revelation / Nikola Tesla - July 12th, 1937: "The kinetic and potential energy of a body is the result of motion and determined by the product of its mass and the square of its velocity. Let the mass be reduced, the energy is reduced by the same proportion. If it be reduced to zero, the energy is likewise zero for any finite velocity." [Nikola Tesla, New York Sun, July 12th, 1937, p. 13]
1937 - Major Earthquake / Salcha, Alaska - July 22nd, 1937: "Earthquake location: Salcha, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1937 - Birth / Peter Jennings - July 29th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: ABC News anchorman, Peter Jennings."
1937 - Birth / Dustin Hoffman - August 8th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Dustin Hoffman."
1937 - Birth / Robert Redford - August 18th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Robert Redford."
1937 - Pluto / Leo - October 7th, 1937: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo; November 26th, R. ...
1937 - Birth / Loretta Swit - November 4th, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Loretta Swit."
1937 - Birth / Marlo Thomas - November 21st, 1937: "Margaret Julia 'Marlo' Thomas (born November 21, 1937) is an American actress, producer, and social activist known for her starring role on the TV series That Girl (1966–1971). She also serves as National Outreach Director for St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. [NP] Thomas was born in Detroit, Michigan, the eldest child of comedian Danny Thomas (1912–1991) and his wife, the former Rose Marie Cassaniti (1914–2000). [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlo_Thomas]
1937 - Premiere / "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" - December, 1937: "Entertainment highlights during the week of Dec. 19-25: The Walt Disney annimated movie 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs' [Disney's first full-length animated film in color] premiered in Los Angeles." [Based on: A.P. articles, 12/20/04 & 12/18/06]
1937 - Birth / Jane Fonda - December 21st, 1937: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Jane Fonda."
1937 - U.S. Food & Drug Law - "Elixir of sulfanilamide killed 107 persons, showing the need to establish drug safety before marketing and to enact the pending food and drug law."
1937 - Earthquake Trivia / 1937 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1." - E.M.
1938 - Anti-Semitism / Germany - "The boycott continued for some time, but it wasn't until 1938, when a young Jew from Poland walked into the German embassy in Paris and shot a German official, that the Germans really started to get rough with the Jews in Germany. And you found them then breaking windows and having street fights and so forth.
"Now I don't like to use the word 'anti-Semitism' because it's meaningless, but it means something to you still, so I'll have to use it. The only reason that there was any feeling in Germany against Jews was that they were responsible for World War I and for this world-wide boycott. Ultimately they were also responsible for World War II, because after this thing got out of hand, it was absolutely necessary for the Jews and Germany to lock horns in a war to see which one was going to survive. In the meanwhile, I had lived in Germany, and I knew that the Germans had decided that Europe is going to be Christian or Communist: there is no in between. And the Germans decided they were going to keep it Christian if possible. And they started to re-arm. In November 1933 the United States recognized the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union was becoming very powerful, and Germany realized that 'Our turn was going to come soon, unless we are strong.' " [Based on: Benjamin H. Freedman]
1938 - Communist Jews? / United States - "Arnold Leese, a great British expert on the Jewish problem wrote in 1938: 'When the Jews leave Russia Communism will collapse.' World Jewry is today relocating in America. Thus the real threat of Communism in our country has just begun.
"Communism is not dead by any means and in fact is far more of a threat today than ever before. The Communist Party USA infiltration of the Democratic Party has been a meticulous operation. Herein lies the present danger of a Communist takeover of America under the name of their newest communist front which is the modern National Democratic Party." [Link: 1]
1938 - Birth / Bob Eubanks - January 8th, 1938: "Robert Leland 'Bob' Eubanks (born January 8, 1938) is an American television/radio personality and game show host, best known for hosting the game show The Newlywed Game on and off since 1966. [...] Eubanks was born in Flint, Michigan, but was raised primarily in Pasadena, California, where he grew up listening to music, most notably favorites like Frank Sinatra and Doc Watson. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Eubanks]
1938 - Strong Earthquake / Maui, Hawaii - January 23rd, 1938: "Earthquake location: Maui, Hawaii. Earthquake magnitude: 6.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1938 - Birth / Charley Pride - March 18th, 1938: "Charley Frank Pride ... is an American country music singer, musician/guitarist, recording artist, performer, and business owner. Pride was born in Sledge, Mississippi, one of eleven children of poor sharecroppers [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charley_Pride]
1938 - Pluto / Leo - August 4th, 1938: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo
1938 - Birth / Kenny Rogers - August 21st, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Kenny Rogers."
1938 - Birth / Elliott Gould - August 29th, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: actor, Elliott Gould."
1938 - Psychic Observer Magazine - August 1938: "Psychic Observer and Chimes (Magazine) / Prominent American Spiritualist magazine founded in 1974 by the merger of Chimes and the Psychic Observer. The Psychic Observer Corporation was founded in 1937 in Jamestown, New York, by Ralph and Juliette Pressing. The first issue of the Psychic Observer appeared in August 1938. In 1957 the Pressings retired and Agnes F. Reuther became editor. Two years later Tom O'Neill acquired the periodical, then issued as a tabloid. In 1960 he was informed by Andrija Puharich, then a young researcher, that he had discovered several of the more prominent mediums at Camp Chesterfield engaged in a conspiracy to conduct fake materialization séances. Puharich presented the photographic proof, pictures taken with an infrared camera. O'Neill published the pictures and announced the findings as a dark day for Spiritualism. [NP] As a result of the exposé, O'Neill almost went bankrupt, as advertisers loyal to the camp pulled their support from the periodical. He relocated his publishing enterprise to North Carolina and for a brief period published under another title. [NP] O'Neill died in 1965 and the Psychic Observer ceased publication. In 1968 it was purchased by Alice Tindell and moved to Washington, D.C. It was issued as an open forum magazine, but in effect it was the periodical of the National Spiritual Science Center, the church headed by Tindell. It was published by the ESPress, the church's publishing concern. Henry Nagoka edited the new publication. [NP] Chimes began in 1942 under the editorship of Bert Welch and his wife. It was later purchased by June and Leighton Denton. Chimes, Inc., the publishing company, also had a book distribution service and facilitated the Dentons' healing ministry. Chimes faithfully served the American Spiritualist community for a generation until it was discontinued as an independent publication in 1974. [NP] Psychic Observer and Chimes was discontinued after the July/ October 1981 issue." Copyright © 2001
1938 - CBS Radio Play / "The War of the Worlds" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Oct. 29-Nov.4, 1938: The radio play "The War of the Worlds," starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS. Using fake news bulletins and simulated on-scene reports to portray an invasian by Martians, the broadcast sparked panic among listeners who thought the dramatized events were authentic. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D2, S.L.P.D., 10/30/06]
1938 - Birth / Patrick J. Buchanan - November 2nd, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Commentator, Pat J. Buchanan."
1938 - Great Earthquake / Shumagin Islands, Alaska - November 10th, 1938: "Earthquake location: Shumagin Islands, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 8.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."
1938 - Birth / Gordon Lightfoot - November 17th, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Gordon Lightfoot."
1938 - Birth / Ted Turner - November 19th, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Broadcasting and sports mogul, Ted Turner."
1938 - Birth / Dick Smothers - November 20th, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Dick Smothers."
1938 - Birth / Rich Little - November 26th, 1938: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Impressionist, Rich Little."
1938 - Discovered / Nuclear Fission - December 1938: "Scientists Otto Hahn, Fritz Strassmann, and Lise Meitner discover nuclear fission. Bombarding an atom of radioactive uranium with neutrons causes its nucleus to split, releasing a massive burst of energy." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 102]
1938 - Birth / Jon Voight - December 29th, 1938: "Reportedly born this date in history: American actor, Jon Voight."
1938 - Meeting? / Paul Twitchell & Sudar Singh -
". . . I found this to be true of Sudar Singh, the strange mystic of Allahabad, in the summer of 1938, when I visited him with my step-sister." [Based on: In My Soul I Am Free, by Brad Steiger]
[....] According to Steiger's account (which also gives no dates), it would be in the late 1930's, early 1940's, when Twitchell visited India. Yet, according to Twitchell's actual birth date (1908-1912), it would have to be the late 1920's when he visited India. In both cases, however, there is no proof, documentary or otherwise, to support Twitchell's self-claimed travels to India. The doubtful nature of Twitchell's travels gains further support when we learn that the first mention of his guru Sudar Singh is not until the January 1964 issue of Orion Magazine. Before that time, Twitchell makes no reference to the elusive Indian master. [....]
[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm5.html]
*Trivia: [....] Mr. Bhattacharya has indicated that Sudar Singh was alive in 1938. He did not meet him after that for he did not visit Allahabad afterwards until the 60's. He does not know when Sudar Singh died. [....]" [Based on: A.R.E. post by Rich (03/29/07) quoting Mark Alexander]
*Trivia: Wisdom of the Heart, Book 2, p .57
1938 - Breakthrough of Magnitude / L. Ron Hubbard - "[....] Organising the tremendous body of data he had acquired — from his travels, research and experiments — he embarked upon a new experimental path, this time to determine how cells functioned. And following an elaborate series of experiments in early 1938, he made a breakthrough of magnitude — he isolated the common denominator of existence: SURVIVE. [....]" " [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]
*Trivia: "[....] That man was surviving was not a new idea. That this was the single basic common denominator of existence was. [NP] The predominant theory of the time held that life was simply a chance chain reaction in a sea of ammonia. Disproving this materialistic belief and forming the basis for all his later work, his findings were compiled into a philosophic manuscript, Excalibur, written during the first weeks of 1938. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]
1938 - Dedication / Self-Realization Church of All Religions, Washington D.C. - "[....] Joyous dedication of a Self-Realization Church of All Religions took place in 1938 at Washington, D.C. Set amidst landscaped grounds, the stately church stands in a section of the city aptly called 'Friendship Heights.' The Washington leader is Swami Premananda, educated at the Ranchi school and Calcutta University. I had summoned him in 1928 to assume leadership of the Washington Self-Realization Fellowship center. [....]"
[Based on: http://www.reluctant-messenger.com/yogananda/chapter_48.htm] - [T.D. - 01/07/07]
1938 - U.S. FDC Act - "The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic [FDC] Act of 1938 was enacted and contained the following new provisions: 1) Extended coverage to cosmetics and devices. 2) Required predistribution clearance for the safety of new drugs. 3) Eliminated the Sherley Amendment requiring proof of intent to defraud in drug misbranding cases. 4) Provided for tolerance for unavoidable poisonous substances. 5) Authorized standards of identity, quality, and fill of containers for foods. 6) Authorized factory inspections. 7) Added the remedy of court injunction to previous remedies of seizure and prosecution."
1938 - Created / Fanny Mae - "U.S. Federal National Mortgage Association created. The Association, known as Fanny Mae, increases the availability of finance for housing." [Link: 1]
1938 - Trivia / U.S. Sovereignty? - [....]
[...] In 1938, Roosevelt executed a secret agreement with Churchill which in effect ceded U.S. sovereignty to England, because it agreed to let Special Operations Executive control U.S. policies. To implement this agreement, Roosevelt sent General Donovan to London for indoctrination before setting up OSS (now the CIA) under the aegis of SOE-SIS. The entire OSS program, as well as the CIA has always worked on guidelines set up by the Tavistock Institute. [....]
1938 - High Speed Fuel Pumps - "Robert Goddard began to develop high speed fuel pumps, in order to better outfit liquid fueled rockets." [Link: 1]
1938 - Earthquake Trivia / 1938 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2." - E.M.
1939 - Great Earthquake / Chillan, Chile - January 25th, 1939: "Earthquake location: Chillan, Chile. Earthquake magnitude: 8.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 28,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]
1939 - Pluto / Leo - February 7th, 1939: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo, R.; June 14th, D. ...
1939 - Birth / Ray Manzarek - February 12th, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock musician (The Doors), Ray Manzarek."
1939 - The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) - April 30th, 1939: "The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American commercial broadcasting television network and former radio network headquartered in the GE Building in New York City's Rockefeller Center with additional major offices near Los Angeles and in Chicago. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", due to its stylized peacock logo, created originally for its color broadcasts.
Formed in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. In 1986, control of NBC passed to General Electric (GE), with GE's $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. GE had previously owned RCA and NBC until 1930, when it had been forced to sell the company as a result of antitrust charges.
After the 1986 acquisition, the chief executive of NBC was Bob Wright, until he retired, giving his job to Jeff Zucker. The network is currently part of the media company NBCUniversal, which is a joint venture of Comcast and General Electric since 2011 (and before that, jointly owned by GE and current Universal Music Group parent Vivendi). As a result of the merger, Zucker left NBC and was replaced by Comcast executive Steve Burke.
NBC has 10 owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates in the United States and its territories. Archival footage from a majority of the NBC owned-and-operated stations is available for perusal and purchase through the NBCUniversal Archives. NBC broadcast the film industries second most important award ceremony, The Golden Globes Awards. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NBC]
1939 - Birth / Lee Majors - April 23rd, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Lee Majors." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. D2, 04/23/07]
1939 - Trivia / Atomic Bomb Research - August 2nd, 1939: "Albert Einstein ... urged on by fellow scientist Leo Szilard ... writes to President Franklin D. Roosevelt to warn that the U.S. must not fall behind Germany in atomic bomb research." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 102]
1939 - Hollywood Premier / "The Wizard of Oz" - "Entertainment highlights during the week of Aug. 10-16, 1939: "The Wizard of Oz" premiered in Hollywood. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 08/12/08]
1939 - Birth / Clarence Williams III - August 21st, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: actor ['Mod Squad'] Clarence Williams III [the tall black guy]."
1939 - Birth / Lily Tomlin - September 1st, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian-actress, Lily Tomlin."
1939 - Hitler's Army / Poland - September 1st, 1939: "Hitler's army invaded Poland on September 1st, 1939." - E.M.
1939 - Pluto 2 Degrees Leo - September 3rd, 1939: Pluto at 2 / 8 Leo.
1939 - Beginning / World War II - September 3rd, 1939: "Stalin and Hitler hated each other, but respected each others military might. They signed a treaty called the 'Non-Agression Pact of 1939.' This treaty stated that they would never go to war against each other and that they would divide Poland and the Baltic States between them. In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland and while the world panicked as Britain and France declared war on Hitler, starting World War II, Stalin very quietly moved in and took the Baltic States and half of Poland. The world didn't even realize what Stalin had done until months later and quickly let him off the hook when he explained that he was only 'protecting' these people from the Germans. He proved himself justified in June of 1941, when Hitler broke their agreement and invaded the Soviet Union. Hitler easily crushed the Red Army."
*Trivia: "The Jews are blamed for Germany's misfortunes and are placed in concentration camps. In the Nazi concentration camps [1939-1945], more than six million Jews were reportedly tortured, gassed, starved or otherwise killed; about one-third of the world's Jewish population."
*Trivia: "Nearly 10 million Jews, Gypsies and Slavs killed in Nazi occupied areas." [Based on: Reuters, World Almanac and KRT - St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
*Trivia: "More than 1,600 tons of the country's [U.S.A.] stockpiled mustard agent has been destroyed  to meet the terms of a chemical weapons treaty, an Army spokesman said Friday [03/11/05] The mustard agent was the last batch stored at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, 35 miles northeast of Baltimore, and represented about 5 percent of the nation's total stockpile, said the spokesman. The banned liquid blisters the eyes, skin and lungs. It had been stockpiled at Aberdeen since World War II. The mustard agent was destroyed to help meet the 2012 Chemical Weapons Convention Treaty deadline for destroying chemical weapons." [Based on: News Services, S.L.P.D., p. 28, 03/12/05]
1939 - Noncombat Roles? / U.S. Military Women - 1939-1945: "All military branches recruit women for noncombat roles. More than 200 nurses die in the war, and 432 servicewomen are killed." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A10, 07/10/05]
1939 - Birth / David H. Souter - September 17th, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Supreme Court Justice, David H. Souter."
1939 - Birth / Paul Hogan - October 8th, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor ("Crocodile Dundee"), Paul Hogan."
1939 - Birth / Ralph Lauren - October 14th, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Fashion designer, Ralph Lauren."
1939 - Birth / Grace Slick - October 30th, 1939: "Grace Slick (born Grace Barnett Wing; October 30, 1939) is an American singer, songwriter, and former model, best known as one of the lead singers of the rock groups The Great Society, Jefferson Airplane, Jefferson Starship, and Starship, as well as for her work as a solo artist from the mid-1960s to the mid-1990s. Slick was an important figure in the 1960s psychedelic rock movement, known for her witty lyrics and powerful contralto vocals. [...] Grace Barnett Wing was born in Evanston, Illinois, to Ivan W. Wing (1907–1987) and Virginia (née Barnett; 1910–1984), the latter a direct descendant of passengers of the Mayflower). [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Slick]
1939 - Birth / Dick Smothers - November 20th, 1939: "Richard Remick 'Dick' Smothers (born November 20, 1939) is an American actor, comedian, composer and musician. He is best known for being half of the musical comedy team the Smothers Brothers, with his older brother Tom. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Smothers]
1939 - Birth / Tina Turner - November 26th, 1939: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Tina Turner."
1939 - Earthquake / Erzincan, Turkey - December 26th, 1939: "Earthquake location: Erzincan, Turkey. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 32,700."
1939 - German A-5 Rockets - "German scientists fired, and recovered, A-5 rockets with gyroscopic controls that attained seven miles altitude and eleven miles range." [Link: 1]
1930s - Trivia / Von Neumann's Proof - "Fundamentally, it is our consciousness which in some way literally brings into being the dimension or reality we experience, manifesting it from what are to us realms of infinite potentials. This was demonstrated in a mathematical form known as Von Neumann's Proof, developed by Hungarian-born physicist Janus Eric Von Neumann and published in the 1930's in his book The Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Physics, known even today as 'the bible' among quantum physicists. (More about Von Neumann later.) Other developments have demonstrated that time as it is commonly conceived of, a linear progression from past to present to future, does not ultimately exist. [....]"
[Based on: article by By John A. Quinn [STRANGE SCIENCE FACT]
@ http://www.crystalinks.com/montauk1.html] - [T.D. - 05/03/07]
1939 - Twitchell J. Paul / Gulf Oil Co. - 1939: Clerk at Gulf Oil Co.
1939 - Trivia / U.S. Health Insurance - "Reform-minded members of Congress propose a series of bills to create universal health insurance. None wins approval." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]
1930s - Mercury Poisoning / Minamata Bay, Japan - "Japan's top court ordered the government Friday [10/15/04] to pay $703,000 in damages to victims of the Minamata Bay mercury poisining. The ruling came 22 years after the case was filed over an industrial pollution disaster that killed more than 1,700 people and caused mothers to give birth to deformed babies.
"The Minamata poisoning incident was Japan's worst case of industrial pollution. Since the 1950's, hundreds of people have contracted Minamata disease - a neurological disorder caused by mercury poisoning - from eating tainted fish. The disease was first discovered in the 1950s and named for Minamata Bay in southern Japan, where a company dumped tons of mercury compounds.
"The court said the government and Kumamoto prefecture (state) failed to stop chemical manufacturer Chisso Corp. from dumping tons of mercury compounds into Minamata Bay beginning in the 1930s." [News Services, 10/16/04]
1939 - Coins of Gold - "Reportedly, the first published book by Paul Twitchell [The modern day founder of Eckankar - 1965] was entitled Coins of Gold, first printed in 1939." [E.M.]
1939 - Green Memories - Green Memories (Poetry), by Paul Twitchell
1939 - The Path of the Masters - "The Path of the Masters was first published in France in 1939; its author was Julian P. Johnson. [....] It should be noted that Johnson never saw the book in its final published form, as he died in 1939 shortly before it came out. A number of rumors have cropped up concerning Julian Johnson's death, and this may be a good place to clarify what actually happened. Apparently, Johnson got into a fairly heated debate with a younger friend of his named Paul [not Paul Twitchell] over health treatments. During the heat of the debate Johnson either tripped or was pushed and hit his head on a rock. He subsequently died from his injuries on the way to the hospital. Since there was some confusion over what actually transpired (Was it an accidental fall on Johnson's part? Or, was it an accidental fall caused by Paul who pushed Johnson to the ground?), there was naturally a lot of speculation (which led to gossip) about Johnson's death. Even today some uninformed observers claim Johnson was murdered. According to witnesses who were in India at the time, though, Johnson's death was a tragic accident and nothing more." [See link: ]
*Trivia: "Whilst writing these lines we are deeply grieved in thinking of the author [Julian P. Johnson] so recently departed in the middle of the preparation of this publication [The Path of the Masters, 1939], leaving us the heavy responsibility of correcting the proofs of this book for which he worked with so much ardor and love." [Based on: Dr. Pierre Schmidt, October 1939; Preface to: The Path of the Masters, Sixteenth Edition, 1997, p. xxx]
*Trivia: "Julian Johnson was killed in a fight at the Dera when he walked into his bungalow and caught a man making love to his Indian wife." http://www.angelfire.com/band/radhasoamisantmath/ [1/3 down]
*Trivia: "The Master, the audible life stream, and spiritual liberation during this lifetime - these three constitute the substance of this book." [The Path of the Masters, Sixteenth Edition 1997, p. 18]
1939 - Golden Age of Science Fiction / L. Ron Hubbard - "Mr. Hubbard continued to fund his research by his ever more popular fiction writing. His stories and novels spanned every genre from adventure and travel to mystery, western, romance, science fiction and fantasy. Writing not of machines and robots but of real people and real adventures, he pioneered a whole new era of science fiction writing as one of the creators of what came to be known as the 'Golden Age of Science Fiction.' [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg007.html]
*Trivia: "[....] Then came the war. [NP] When the U.S. entered World War II, Mr. Hubbard was commissioned as a lieutenant (junior grade) in the U.S. Navy and served as a commander of corvettes. He saw action in both the Atlantic and Pacific, and thoroughly distinguished himself in the eyes of those who served beneath him. Yet he was not a man who enjoyed war, and having seen enough killing to last him a lifetime — and the effects of that bloodshed on men’s sanity — he vowed to redouble his efforts to create a saner world. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg007.html]
1939 - Earthquake Trivia / 1939 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 60,700." - E.M.
1940 - Zionist Conspirators? -
"The Works of Benjamin Freedman http://www.best.com/~jdulaney/jews.html Benjamin Freedman was a One-Time Jewish Zionist Conspirator who felt guilty and told all. Freedman who was a Jewish conspirator turned patriot spilled the beans on Zionism in the 1940's and 1950's, spending millions in telling the conspirators' stories including the Wilson and Roosevelt and NYC-Moscow-Zionism connections to the American public. The International Jew by Henry Ford
Much maligned, but an excellent starting point bringing out many facts about the Jewish connection to the stock markets, international banking, the Semitic-NYC-Moscow Express, the liberalization of America, and other incendiary historical facts which you will never see in the New York Times. When you realize that Ford owned his own newspaper and the damage done to Zionist conspiracies by that paper, you will understand the deep Jewish need to control all media. Crossposted References Assembled by George V. Cousins for Internet." [Link: 1]
1940 - Trivia / FM Radio - January 5th, 1940: "Edwin H. Armstrong gave the first formal demonstration of FM radio to the Federal Communications Commission on January 5, 1940. Armstrong had completed his first field test of the technology on June 9, 1934: on May 20, 1940, the FCC officially took Channel 1 off the television band and allotted it to FM. The FCC assigned FM the frequencies between 42 and 50 MHz, enough for 40 FM channels, and authorized commercial service beginning January 1, 1941." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 7]
1940 - Birth / Tom Brokaw - February 6th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former NBC news anchorman, Tom Brokaw."
1940 - Birth / Ted Koppel - February 8th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: ABC news anchor, Ted Koppel."
1940 - Birth - Smokey Robinson - February 19th, 1940: "William 'Smokey' Robinson, Jr. ... is an American R&B singer-songwriter, record producer, and former record executive. [...] Robinson was born in Detroit and raised in the city's North End section. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smokey_Robinson]
1940 - Birth / Chuck Norris - March 10th, 1940: "Carlos Ray 'Chuck' Norris ... is an American martial artist and actor. [...] Norris was born in Ryan, Oklahoma, the son of Wilma (née Scarberry) and Ray Norris, who was a mechanic, bus driver, and truck driver. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Norris]
1940 - Birth / James Caan - March 26th, 1940: "James E. Caan ... is an American actor. [...] Caan had a sister, Barbara, and has a brother, Ronald. He grew up in Sunnyside, Queens, New York City. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Caan]
1940 - Birth / Al Pacino - April 25th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Al Pacino."
1940 - Fatality / Effie T. Twitchell - April 26th, 1940: "Effie Troutman Twitchell died on April 26, 1940, of a liver disorder." [Death record, Department of Human Resources; Franfort, Kentucky, Registrar of Vital Statistics.]
1940 - Major Earthquake / Imperial Valley, California - May 19th, 1940: "Earthquake location: Imperial Valley, California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 9."
1940 - Birth / Ringo Starr - July 7th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock star, Ringo Starr."
1940 - Olympic Games / Helsinki, Finland - "In 1940, the Olympic Games were held in Helsinki, Finland. The games were canceled after Soviet troops invaded Finland."
1940 - Birth / Alex Trebek - July 22nd, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Game show host (Jeopardy), Alex Trebek."
1940 - Birth / Don Imus - July 23rd, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Radio personality, Don Imus."
1940 - Official Debut / Bugs Bunny - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 27-Aug. 2, 1940: The cartoon character Bugs Bunny made his official debut when Warner Brothers released the animated short "A Wild Hare." [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 07/29/08]
1940 - Birth / Martin Sheen - August 3rd, 1940: "Ramón Antonio Gerardo Estévez (born August 3, 1940), better known by his stage name Martin Sheen, is an American film actor best known for his performances in the films Badlands (1973), Apocalypse Now (1979), Wall Street (1987), The Departed (2006), and The Amazing Spider-Man (2012), and for his roles as the Illusive Man in the Mass Effect video game trilogy and President Josiah Bartlet in the television series The West Wing (1999–2006). [... .]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Sheen]
1940 - Birth / Raquel Welch - September 5th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Raquel Welch."
1940 - Birth / Frankie Avalon - September 18th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-actor, Frankie Avalon."
1940 - Paul Twitchell / Calcutta, India? - September, 1940: Talks in Calcutta, India. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 185, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]
1940 - Tripartite Alliance / Japan, Germany & Italy - September 27th, 1940: "On September 26th, 1940, the United States embargoed steel shipments to Japan, and the next day Japan joined Germany and Italy in a tripartite alliance." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World]
1940 - Birth / Richard Pryor - December 1st, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian-actor, Richard Pryor."
1940 - Birth / Dionne Warwick - December 12th, 1940: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Dionne Warwick."
1940 - R.A.F. Rockets - "The Royal Air Force used rockets against the Luftwaffe planes in the Battle of Britain." [Link: 1]
1940 - Color Television - "Peter Goldmark invented modern color television."
1940's - Died? / Sudar Singh - Q: "Was there a Living ECK Master before 1965?" HK: "Yes, there was. This was Sudar Singh from India who died in the 1940s. Then Rebazar Tarzs, the torchbearer of the leadership of ECK who had been the Living ECK Master some time before, came in. He took the leadership until 1965, when Paul Twitchell had earned the right. Paul Twitchell had to earn it, as did all the others. There has been an unbroken succession of ECK Masters that goes quite far back. Some of them are described in 'The Spiritual Notebook.' [....]" [Based on: How To Find God, p. 162]
*Trivia: "[....] As we began research in a number of different areas around the world, we got reports that Sudar Singh had lived and really was an ECK Master. Many ECKists have experiences with Rebazar Tarzs, Yaubl Sacabi, Fubbi Quantz, and other ECK Masters, but very few see Sudar Singh. As it turns out, he did live and work in Allahabad. Paul mentioned he died around the 1940s, but it seems to have been around 1955. [....]" [Based on: Harold Klemp, The Secret Teachings, p. 246]
*Trivia: "[....] After Sudar Singh passed on, I went through a series of studies under various teachers, similar to Meher Baba, who had nineteen during his chela period. [....]" [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross), p. 12. Compiled from Introduction to ECKANKAR, Copyright 1966, p. 2]
1940 - FDA Transferred to FSA - "The FDA was transferred from the Department of Agriculture to the Federal Security Agency."
1940 - Freelance Writer / Paul Twitchell - 1940: [....] Twitchell who took to the task of free-lancing in 1940 has sold and published more than 100 articles, stories and poems. Approximately 75,000 words in the form of news items, syndicated stories, magazine fiction, articles, and features reached this new all-time record, to appear over Twitchell's name. His works have been received by such institutions as Harvard, Yale, University of Michigan, Dartmouth and many others, while the Kentucky library at Western State College of Bowling Green, Kentucky collects every word he writes for their files. He has been exploiting legends, stories and news of the lower river country of Western Kentucky in a style which has caught the public eye so well that the Literary Florida Magazine is reputed in saying that he is to become a great Kentuckian.
"During 1940 Twitchell reached his peak in December in which he scored a serial, two fiction, one article and numerous syndicated features and stories. In the Fireside Chatter of West Albany N.Y. appeared the first installment of UNTIL TOMORROW, a serial while two short pieces of fiction BURIED TREASURE and A MOTHER'S JOB came out in the Whip Magazine of Washington, D. C. and West Albany. His article A GREAT NAVAL EXPLOIT, was in Our Navy, the official publication of the Naval Department. [....]"
[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers2.htm]
*Trivia: "[....] Until 1940 he had no intention of becoming a writer. He was answering telephones for an oil company in Paducah when, one day, he thought it would be nice if he were a writer. So he sat down and wrote a story which he called "Old Cap'n Bagby and Mr. Scratch." The story was mailed and started collecting rejection slips until it was read by the editor of The Waterways Journal. He's the fellow who called Twitchell a genius. [....]" [Based on: The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Kentucky, Roto Magazine Section, dated November 7, 1943] - [See: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers2.htm]
1940s - Signals Intelligence Network [SIGINT] / U.S.A. - 1940s: "[....] There has been a Signals Intelligence network in the U.S. since the 1940's. The NSA [National Security Agency], Ft. Meade has in place a vast two-way wireless RNM [Remote Neural Monitoring] system which is used to track subjects and non-invasively monitor audiovisual information in their brain. This is all done with no physical contact with the subject. RNM is the ultimate method of surveillance and domestic intelligence. Speech and 3D sound, and subliminal audio can be sent to the auditory cortex of the subject's brain (bypassing the ears) and images can be sent into the visual cortex. RNM can alter a subject's perceptions, moods and motor control. Speech cortex/auditory cortex link has become the ultimate communications system for the intelligence community. RNM allows for a complete audiovisual brain-to-computer link. [....]"
[Based on: http://www.cyberspaceorbit.com/SigintInfo.htm]
1940 - Earthquake Trivia / 1940 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 9." - E.M.
1941 - Birth / Joan Baez - January 9th, 1941: "Joan Baez ... is an American folk singer, songwriter, musician, and a prominent activist in the fields of human rights, peace, and environmental justice. [NP] Baez was born on Staten Island, New York in 1941. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Baez]
1941 - Birth / Neil Diamond - January 24th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-songwriter, Neil Diamond."
1941 - Birth / Aaron Neville - January 24th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Aaron Neville."
1941 - Birth / Dick Cheney - January 30th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Vice President, Dick Cheney."
1941 - Birth / Nick Nolte - February 8th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Nick Nolte."
1941 - Discovered / Plutonium - February 1941: "U.S chemist Glenn Seaborg and his colleagues discover plutonium. Its fissle properties, like highly enriched uranium's make it a suitable explosive ingredient in nuclear weapons." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 102]
1941 - P.T. / Algiers? - March, 1941: Talks in Algiers. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 189, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]
1941 - Birth / Mike Love - March 15th, 1941: "Michael Edward 'Mike' Love ... is an American singer/songwriter musician with The Beach Boys. [...] Mike Love's mother, Emily (known as 'Glee') Wilson was the sister of Mary and Murry Wilson, a family resident in Los Angeles since the early 1920s. Glee married Edwin Milton Love, the son of the founder of the Love Sheet Metal Company, in 1938. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mike_Love]
1941 - Non-Aggression Pact / Japan & Soviet Union - April 13th, 1941: "Japan signs a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union."
1941 - Birth / Pete Rose - April 14th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former baseball player, Pete Rose."
1941 - Our Navy / Paul Twitchell - April 1st, 1941. - When the Navy Got Caught in the Woods, by Paul Twitchell
1941 - "Divided" / Yugoslavia - April 17th, 1941 - October 20th, 1944: "Adolf Hitler divided Yugoslavia in 1941. Thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies were killed by Croats and Germans, sometimes with the help of Bosnian Muslims. A civil war followed. Almost 1 million Yugoslavs died." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]
1941 - Birth / Bob Dylan - May 24th, 1941: Born on this date in history: Singer, Bob Dylan [Robert Zimmerman].
1941 - CBS - July 1st, 1941: "[...] The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc., a collection of 16 radio stations that was bought by William S. Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States and then one of the big three American broadcast television networks. In 1974, CBS dropped its full name and became known simply as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995 and eventually adopted the name of the company it had bought to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, which ironically had begun as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself and reestablished CBS Corporation with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, its parent. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CBS]
1941 - 1st Commercial TV Station / U.S.A. - July 1st, 1941: "[....] July 1, 1941: WBNT, the first commercial TV station, starts broadcasting. [....]" [Based on: DISCOVER magazine (June 2007) article (TIRELESS WIRELESS / HOW RADIO CHANGED EVERYTHING) by Guy Gugliotta, p. 26]
1941 - Navy Commission / L. Ron Hubbard - July 1941: "[....] In July 1941, five months before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Navy finally yielded to Hubbard's entreaties, and gave him a commission in the Reserve. (Jon Atack: A Piece of Blue Sky, pg 69) [NP] On his U.S. Navy Reserve commission papers, issued in July, 1941, he was designated a volunteer for "Special Service (Intelligence duties)," an assignment he requested. His service record shows that when he was eventually called to permanent active duty in November, he was indeed posted as an 'intelligence officer.' [NP] After receiving his Naval Reserve commission, Hubbard was not immediately called to active duty. By this time he was employed as a civilian by the Navy in New York City, working with public relations and recruiting. He was only on active duty for two weeks between his commissioning in July and the end of November. He was ordered to the Hydrographic Office, Bureau of Navigation, in Washington, DC. There he annotated the photographs he had taken during his trip to Alaska the year before. (Jon Atack: A Piece of Blue Sky, pg 71) [....]"
[Based on: http://www.freezone.org/timetrack/1940ies_earlier.html] - [T.D. - 06/03/10]
*Trivia: "Phoenix Project: ...evolved out of the Philadelphia Project in the 30's and 40's, when the Navy attempted to make ships invisible."
1941 - Office of the Coordinator of Information / U.S.A. - July 11th, 1941: "Office of the Coordinator of Information created by order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt."
1941 - Rocket-Assisted Airplane - "In July, the first U.S. based launch of a rocket assisted airplane took place. Lt. Homer A. Boushey piloted the craft." [Link: 1]
1941 - Mortar-Fired Bomb / U.S.A. - "The U.S. Navy began developing 'Mousetrap,' which was a ship-based 7.2 inch mortar-fired bomb." [Link: 1]
1941 - Our Navy / Paul Twitchell - August 1st, 1941. - Not the Sword but the Hat, by Paul Twitchell
1941 - Birth / Martha Stewart - August 3rd, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Lifestyle guru, Martha Stewart."
1941 - Ground Broken / U.S. Pentagon Building - "On September 11, 1941, ground was broken for the construction of a vast new building to serve as the headquarters of America's military forces - the Pentagon."
1941 - Our Navy / Paul Twitchell - September 15, 1941. - The Commodore Bagged an Army, by Paul Twitchell
1941 - The Geomagnetic Blitz of September 1941 - September 18-19, 1941: "... on 18–19 September 1941, the Earth experienced a great magnetic storm, one of the most intense ever recorded. [... .]" [Based on: https://eos.org/features/the-geomagnetic-blitz-of-september-1941]
1941 - Trivia / Germany vs. USSR - "By October of 1941, the German armies had Moscow and Leningrad [formerly St. Petersburg, and named after Vladimir Lenin] surrounded. The Soviets were caught off guard by the technological superiority of the Germans. Hitler, however, was a poor history student. He failed to learn Napolean Bonaparte's lesson of over one hundred winters before [1812-14] when he was forced to retreat to France in the middle of the Russian winter. The German armies, outfitted in only summer clothing, were caught in the open when winter hit and it was a simple matter for the Soviets to cut their supply lines. Hitler lost over one million troops and this became a major turning point in the war. With the American entry in the war in 1941 the tide changed. Germany was in retreat on all fronts. The USSR quickly took back all Soviet land and began to push its way into eastern Europe. With the Americans and the British pushing the Germans back in the West it was only a matter of time before Hitler surrendered."
1941 - Birth / Chubby Checker - October 3rd, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock 'n roll icon, Chubby Checker."
1941 - Birth / Jesse Jackson - October 8th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rev. Jesse Jackson."
1941 - Birth / Paul Simon - October 13th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-musician, Paul Simon."
1941 - Birth / Helen Reddy - October 25th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Helen Reddy."
1941 - Our Navy / Paul Twitchell - November 1st, 1941. - Revolutionary Hero by Paul Twitchell
1941 - Birth / Art Garfunkel - November 5th, 1941: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Art Garfunkel."
1941 - U.S. Plan for War with Germany? - December 4th, 1941: "[....] Historian Thomas A. Bailey wrote: 'Roosevelt repeatedly deceived the American people during the period before Pearl Harbor.... He was faced with a terrible dilemma. If he let the people slumber in a fog of isolationism, they might fall prey to Hitler. If he came out unequivocally for intervention, he would be defeated' in the 1940 election. On Dec. 4, 1941 - three days before Pearl harbor - the Chicago Tribune and Washington Star-Ledger broke the story that FDR had already drafted a plan for war with Germany, a plan that entailed a 10-million-man army invading Germany by the middle of 1943. Democrats and Republicans alike saw this as further proof that FDR had been lying all along. Some suggest that a U.S.-flagged schooner was sent into Japanese waters that same day specifically to to provoke a fight. Roosevelt got Pearl Harbor instead, which was a surprise but which nontheless 'rescued' the president, in Hofstadter's words, from the 'dilemma' of needing to start a war the American people opposed. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article by Jonah Goldberg, (Even if Bush did lie, so what?), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 11/28/05]
1941 - Japanese Attack / Pearl Harbor - December 7th, 1941: "On November 26th, 1941, a strong Japanese fleet set out to sea, heading for Pearl Harbor. On the morning of Sunday, December 7th, 1941, planes from the Japanese fleet struck and caught the United States utterly and completely by suprise. Of eight battleships present, three were sunk, another capsized, and the rest seriously damaged. Other lesser vessles were also damaged." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World]
*Trivia: "[....] The attack on Pearl Harbor and other military bases on Oahu lasted two hours, killing 2,390 people, wounding 1,178, leaving 21 U.S. ships heavily damaged and 323 aircraft damaged or destroyed. The sunken battleship Arizona still holds the bodies of hundreds of sailors killed." [Based on: News Services article (Hundreds gather to remember attack), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/08/05]
1941 - Japanese Attack / Clark Field - December 8th, 1941: "The day after Pearl Harbor, on December 8, the Japanese struck at Clark Field near Manilla. It is hard to believe, with the news of Pearl Harbor ringing throughout the world, that the planes at Clark Field were unready, with the crews at lunch or loafing about. More than half the planes were destroyed." [Isaac Asimov, Asimov's Chronology Of The World]
1941 - Nazi Business Partner / Prescott Bush - December 13th, 1941: "On December 13, 1941, six days after the attack at Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt signed the 'Trading With the Enemy Act'. This act banned business dealings with the enemies of the United States. Prescott Bush ignored this and continued to do business with the Nazis." [D. A. Friedrichs] [Link: 1]
1941 - Software Computer - "Konrad Zuse's Z3, the first computer controlled by software."
1942 - Birth / Stephen Hawking - January 8th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Physicist, Stephen Hawking."
1942 - Birth / Muhammad Ali - January 17th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former heavyweight boxing chamopion, Mohammad Ali."
1942 - Birth / Graham Nash - February 2nd, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer-guitarist, Graham Nash."
1942 - Birth / Carole King - February 9th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-songwriter, Carole King."
1942 - Birth / Kim Jong Il - February 16th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: North Korean Leader, Kim Jong Il."
1942 - Birth / Lou Reed - March 2nd, 1942: "Lewis Allan "Lou" Reed ... is an American rock musician, songwriter, and photographer. [...] Reed was born at Beth El Hospital in Brooklyn and grew up in Freeport, Long Island. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Reed]
1942 - Birth / Aretha Franklin - March 25th, 1942: "Aretha Louise Franklin ... is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and pianist. [...] Within two years after Aretha's birth, Franklin's family moved to Buffalo, New York. [...] In early 1946, prior to Franklin's fourth birthday, the family moved to Detroit, Michigan, where they eventually settled. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aretha_Franklin]
1942 - Birth / Barbra Streisand - April 24th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress-singer-director, Barbra Streisand."
1942 - Birth / John Ashcroft - May 9, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: 79th United States attorney general, John Ashcroft."
1942 - "White Christmas" / Bing Crosby - Entertainment highlights during the week of May 25th-31st, 1942: Bing Crosby recorded "White Christmas." [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D2, S.L.P.D., 05/28/08]
1942 - Chain-Reaction Research / U.S.A. - "In June 1942, the army took over the task of organizing all chain-reaction research into a full-blown bomb program, code-named the Manhattan Engineer District. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, the man who had just built the Pentagon, was in charge of the top-secret project." [Link: 1]
1942 - Radiation Exposure / St Louis Mo. - "Cold War-era nuclear workers at Mallinckrodt Chemical Co. in St. Louis received doses of radiation up to 2,400 times those considered acceptable today, according to an unprecedented government report. [....] Dusty, sloppy and hazardous conditions were routine at Mallinckrodt's uranium-processing plant, which operated from 1942-1957, according to a report presented at a meeting in St. Louis on Wednesday [10/29/03]. One section describes a worker scooping uranium by hand with a piece of cardboard because mechanized equiptment had failed. [....] Additionally, the repot acknowledges that workers were not monitored for radiation exposure at all in the first three years the plant was open, from 1942-1945. Only sketchy data exists for the next two years, until a full-scale health program was institued in 1948. [....] The occupational safety institute already has released four site profiles and has 15 more pending. About 350 former nuclear sites nationwide are part of the compensation program, including eight other sites in the St. Louis region. [....] Mallinckrodt refined uranium ore for the national defense program. In April 1942, federal officials asked Mallinckrodt to convert its chemical plant into a uranium processing facility to help with the war effort. Three months later, the plant produced a ton of uranium a day. By December the plant had produced enough uranium to supply a nuclear reactor in Chicago, the first step in the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb. Over the next 12 years, the plant processed more than 50,000 tons of uranium products. The St. Louis plant closed after the work moved to Weldon Spring [Mo.] in 1957." [Sara Shipley, St. Louis Post-Dispatch]
*Trivia: "A group of workers who got cancer after processing uranium at a St. Louis factory in the 1940s will get $150,000 each from the federal government. The Department of Health and Human Services on Tuesday [04/12/05] approved automatic compensation to a group of workers exposed to radioactive material at the main Mallinckrodt Chemical Co. plant in downtown St. Louis between 1942 and 1948. [....]" [Based on: Post Dispatch-Washington Bureau article, S.L.P.D., pp. B1-B3, 04/13/05]
*Commentary: Roughly 60 years later??? - E.M.
*Trivia: "Some 109 nuclear waste sites in 27 states, Puerto Rico and territorial islands of the Pacific would remain dangerous for centuries according to a new report by the US National Research Council." [08/08/2000]
1942 - OSS / United States - June 13, 1942: "The office of Strategic Services [formerly the Office of the Coordinator of Information, and later the CIA.] was established in June 1942 with a mandate to collect and analyze strategic information required by the Joint Cheifs of Staff and to conduct special operations not assigned to other agencies. In 1945 the OSS was abolished and its functions transferred to the State and War Departments."
1942 - Birth / Paul McCartney - June 18th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer-composer-musician, Sir Paul McCartney."
1942 - Birth / Mick Fleetwood - June 24th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Musician, Mick Fleetwood."
1942 - Birth / Harrison Ford - July 13th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Harrison Ford."
1942 - Birth / Jerry Garcia - August 1st, 1942: "Born this date in history, Grateful Dead guitarist and singer, Jerry Garcia."
1942 - Concept Advanced / Hydrogen Fusion Bomb - Summer 1942: "U.S. physicist Edward Teller advances the concept of a hydrogen fusion bomb, many times more powerful than an atomic bomb." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 102]
1942 - Animated Feature / "Bambi" - Entertainment highlights during the week of August 13th-19th, 1942: Walt Disney's animated feature "Bambi" premiered at radio City Music Hall in New York. [Based on: A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 08/14/06]
1942 - Birth / Robert De Niro - August 17th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Robert De Niro."
1942 - Enlistment & Marriage / Paul Twitchell - "In 1942, Paul Twitchell enlisted in the U.S. Navy and married [08/12/42] Camille Ballowe." [See link: ]
1942 - Manhattan Project Director / U.S. Army Gen. Leslie Groves - September 1942: "Army Gen. Leslie Groves ... is named director of the Manhattan Project, the secret U.S. effort to build an atomic bomb. Groves recruits Robert Oppenheimer ... as scientific director." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, pp. 102-103]
1942 - "Strange As It Seems" / John Hix - October 13th, 1942: "On October 13, 1942, John Hix ran an item about Twitchell in his 'Strange As It Seems' column for United Features Syndicate, Inc.: 'The family of Paul Twitchell, U.S.N.R., has its name on the war record of every American war! He is the cousin of Robert Barret Winch, the first American killed overseas in World War I!' " [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 54]
1942 - Birth / Penny Marshall - October 15th, 1942: "Carole Penelope 'Penny' Marshall (born October 15, 1942) is an American actress, producer, and director. [...] Marshall was born in the Bronx, New York City, the daughter of Marjorie Irene (née Ward), a tap dance teacher who ran a dance school, and Anthony Wallace Marshall, a director of industrial films and later a producer. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penny_Marshall]
1942 - "Hitler's Angel" / Prescott Bush - October 20th, 1942: "Prescott’s dreams of riches began to crumble in the summer of 1942. The New York Tribune had discovered and written on the Bush-Thyssen connection. The Tribune hung the moniker of 'Hitler’s Angel' on Bush. On October 20, 1942, after investigation by the US government, Vesting Order 248 was executed. The order stated…
"Under the authority of the Trading with the enemy Act, as amended, and pursuant to law, the undersigned, after investigation, finding:
"(a) That the property described as follows: All of the capital stock of Union Banking Corporation, a New York corporation, New York, New York, …[identifying E. Roland Harriman, Cornelius Lievense, Harold D. Pennington, Ray Morris, Prescott S. Bush, H.J. Kouwenhoven and Johann G. Groeninger as shareholders] …
"… all of which shares are held the benefit of Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart, N.V., Rotterdam, The Netherlands, which bank is owned or controlled by members of the Thyssen family, nationals of German and/or Hungary …
"(b) That the property described as follows …is an interest in the aforesaid business enterprise held by nationals of an enemy country or countries, and also is property within the United States owned or controlled by nationals of a designated enemy country… deemed it necessary in the national interest, hereby vests such property in the Alien Property Custodian, to be held, used, administered, liquidated, sold or otherwise dealt with in the interest of and for the benefit of the United States….
"With that, Prescott Bush lost his power in the Union Banking Corporation. Bush resigned as managing director in 1943, but still retained his stock interests. For the remainder of the war, he engaged in fund raising activities and became the founder of the United Services Organizations (USO)." [D. A. Friedrichs] [Link: 1]
1942 - Birth / Judy Sheindlin - October 21st, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV's Judge, Judy Sheindlin ('Judge Judy')."
1942 - Birth / Annette Funicello - October 22nd, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Annette Funicello ."
1942 - Birth / Martin Scorsese - November 17th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Movie director, Martin Scorsese."
1942 - Birth / Calvin Klein - November 18th, 1942: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Fashion designer, Calvin Klein."
1942 - New York City Premiere / "Casablanca" - November, 1942: "Entertainment highlights during the week of Nov. 20-26: " 'Casablanca,' starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, premiered in New York City. Its nationwide release was in early 1943, which made the film ineligible for a '42 Oscar." [A.P., 11/21/05]
1942 - 1st Self-Sustaining Manmade Nuclear Chain Reaction - December 2nd, 1942: "Enrico Fermi, a Nobel Prize-winning emigre from Italy, presided over the first self-sustaining manmade nuclear chain reaction, which took place December 2, 1942, at the University of Chicago. University of California physicist Robert Oppenheimer became scientific director of Los Alamos National Laboratory." [Link: 1]
1942 - Trivia / U.S. Heatlth Insurance - "War labor Board permits employers to offer health insurance as a fringe benefit to offset a wage and price freeze." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]
1942 - Trivia / U.S Pledge of Allegiance - "The original pledge of allegiance, minus the reference to God [that was inserted in 1954], was adopted in 1942. Congress endorsed the hand-over-heart gesture during the same year ."
1942 - 1st Digital Computer - "John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first electronic digital computer."
1942 - Anthrax Tests / Scotland - "The British conducted anthrax tests on sheep in Scotland. The island, where the testing took place is believed to still be infected with anthrax spores. It is uninhabited."
1942 - Trivia / Rocket Development - "The U.S. Air Force launched it's first air-to-air and air-to-surface rockets. After a failed attempt in June, Germans managed to successfully launch an A-4 (V2) rocket, in October. It traveled 120 miles downrange from the launch pad." [Link: 1]
1942 - Biological Weapons Research / U.S.A. - "In 1942, the United States began research into biological weapons."
1940s - Discovery / Bacteria-Killing Antibiotics - "Reportedly, bacteria-killing antibiotics were discovered [imagine that] in the 1940's."
1942 - Notable Songs of 1942 - "White Christmas" (Bing Crosby)
1943 - Died / Nikola Tesla - January 7th, 1943: "Tesla died January 7, 1943, alone, and all but forgotten, in a New York hotel room, paid for by a meager stipend provided by the Yugoslavian government. Today, industries prosper and flourish, the world surges from the power his fertile mind created, radios blare with news and music, their transmission made possible by his great intellect, all telling us that the forgotten genius, Nikola Tesla, was here." [Intro by Timothy Green Beckley, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 5]
*Trivia: "When Tesla died on January 7, 1943 at the age of 86, representatives at the Office of Alien Property, at the request of the FBI, went to the Hotel New Yorker and siezed all of Tesla's belongings. Two truckloads of papers, furniture and artifacts were sent under seal to the Manhattan Storage and Warehouse Company. This load was added to the almost thirty barrels and bundels that had been in storage since the 1930's and the entire collection was sealed under orders from the OAP. Strange behavior, considering that Tesla was a legal American citizen." [Tim Swartz, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 10]
1943 - Birth / Richard Moll - January 13th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor (tall cop - Night Court), Richard Moll."
1943 - Birth / Joe Pesci - February 9th, 1943: "Joseph Frank 'Joe' Pesci ... is an American actor, comedian and musician, known for his collaborations with Robert De Niro. [...] Pesci was born in Newark, New Jersey. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Pesci]
1943 - Birth / Christopher Walken - March 31st, 1943: "Ronald Walken ... known professionally as Christopher Walken, is an American actor who has appeared in more than 100 movies and television shows [... .] Named for actor Ronald Colman, Walken was born Ronald Walken in Astoria, Queens. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Walken]
1943 - Birth / Ken Osmond - June 7th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor (Eddie Haskell of 'Leave It to Beaver'), Ken Osmond."
1943 - Inventor of "Radio" / Nikola Tesla - June 21st, 1943: "The U.S. Supreme Court, in a landmark decision dated June 21, 1943, Case No. 369, overturned Marconi's basic patent for the invention of radio because Tesla's patent on the four-tuned circuit predated Marconi's patent. Marconi had simply copied Tesla's work." [Intro by Timothy Green Beckley, The Lost Journals of Nikola Tesla, p. 6]
1943 - Birth / Geraldo Rivera - July 4th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Broadcast journalist, Geraldo Rivera."
1943 - Birth / Christine McVie - July 12th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-musician, Christine McVie."
1943 - Birth / Mick Jagger - July 26th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock star, Mick Jagger."
1943 - Birth / Ronnie Spector - August 10th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer (the Ronettes), Ronnie Spector."
1943 - Birth / Roger Waters - September 6th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rocker (Pink Floyd), Roger Waters."
1943 - Birth / Julio Iglesias - September 23rd, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Julio Iglesias."
1943 - Birth / Steve Miller - October 5th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer-musician, Steve Miller."
1943 - Birth / Chevy Chase - October 8th, 1943: "Cornelius Crane "Chevy" Chase (/?t??vi/; born October 8, 1943) is an American comedian, writer, and television and film actor. [...] Chase was born in Lower Manhattan, New York City. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chevy_Chase]
1943 - American Broadcasting Company (ABC) - October 12th, 1943: "The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcasting television network. Created in 1943 from the former NBC Blue radio network, ABC is owned by The Walt Disney Company as of 1996 and is part of Disney–ABC Television Group, formerly ABC-TV. Its first broadcast on television was in 1948. It is the largest broadcaster in the world by revenues. As one of the Big Three television networks, its programming has contributed to American popular culture. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Broadcasting_Company]
1943 - Philadelphia Experiment - October 28th, 1943: "The Philadelphia Experiment supposedly took place at the Philadelphia Naval Yards." [Link: 1]
1943 - U.S. Naval Reports: The Philadelphia Experiment - "Allegedly, in the fall of 1943 a U.S. Navy destroyer was made invisible and teleported from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Norfolk, Virginia, in an incident known as the Philadelphia Experiment. Records in the Operational Archives Branch of the Naval Historical Center have been repeatedly searched, but no documents have been located which confirm the event, or any interest by the Navy in attempting such an achievement.
"The ship involved in the experiment was supposedly the USS Eldridge. Operational Archives has reviewed the deck log and war diary from Eldridge's commissioning on 27 August 1943 at the New York Navy Yard through December 1943. The following description of Eldridge's activities are summarized from the ship's war diary. After commissioning, Eldridge remained in New York and in the Long Island Sound until 16 September when it sailed to Bermuda. From 18 September, the ship was in the vicinity of Bermuda undergoing training and sea trials until 15 October when Eldridge left in a convoy for New York where the convoy entered on 18 October. Eldridge remained in New York harbor until 1 November when it was part of the escort for Convoy UGS-23 (New York Section). On 2 November the convoy entered Naval Operating Base, Norfolk. On 3 November, Eldridge and Convoy UGS-23 left for Casablanca where it arrived on 22 November. On 29 November, Eldridge left as one of escorts for Convoy GUS-22 and arrived with the convoy on 17 December at New York harbor. Eldridge remained in New York on availability training and in Block Island Sound until 31 December when it steamed to Norfolk with four other ships. During this time frame, Eldridge was never in Philadelphia." [Link: 1]
*Other Links: http://www.softwareartist.com/philexp.html
*Trivia: "[....] In the late 1940s, realizing that the Phoenix Project lines of research, if properly harnessed, controlled and developed, had astonishing and un-dreamed-of possibilities, clandestine government agencies reopened Pandora's Box. [NP] The worst problems encountered during the Philadelphia Experiment were the extraordinarily destructive and bizarre effects on the human beings who were aboard the battleship used in the experiment. The ship and crew allegedly disappeared from sight for some time: devastating psychological damage as well as horrifying physical results such as sailors being embedded in the metal of the ship when it did reappear (rematerialize) were reportedly some of these effects. [NP] Janus Von Neumann, who was the director of the Philadelphia Experiment, (staying on after Tesla had quit in disgust over his concern about just such effects upon people) was called upon to find out more regarding how human beings were impacted by entering other time-space dimensions and to develop technology which could allow people to do so without severe damage. [NP] Von Neumann, who unlike Tesla had little use for metaphysics or parapsychology, soon found himself unable to avoid coming to terms with both the psychic and spiritual aspects of human beings in addition to the material or physical level. Suffice it to say that some element of a person, often called a spirit or soul, must remain in sync with his/her original time-space lock which begins at the time of physical conception (incarnation) while transferring to or returning from other dimensions, if such wide scale destructive results are to be avoided. [NP] Von Neumann, exercising once again his prodigious mental abilities, came up with the world's first electronic computer, which had the capability to calculate certain time- space referencing factors with absolute precision -- a necessity for what was to be accomplished; in addition, psychotronic equipment was created which could receive, reconfigure and transmit radio-type frequencies generated by thoughts from the human mind (frequencies which do exist and can be picked up by what are commonly called 'psychics' (no, they're not all phony); and by extension, devices which could externally and artificially alter or 'control' people's minds. [....]"
[Based on: article by By John A. Quinn [PANDORA'S BOX] @ http://www.crystalinks.com/montauk1.html] - [T.D. - 05/03/07]
*Other Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montauk_Project
1943 - Birth / John Kerry - December 11th, 1943: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Democratic Senator, John Kerry."
1943 - Birth / Keith Richards - December 18th, 1943: "Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English musician, songwriter and founding member of the English rock band The Rolling Stones. [...] Keith Richards is the only child of Bertrand Richards and Doris Dupree Richards. He was born at Livingston Hospital in Dartford, Kent. His father was a factory worker who was injured in World War II during the Normandy invasion. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keith_Richards]
1943 - Trivia / World Events 1943 - "Norbert Weiner describes cybernetics; First nuclear reactor at Oak Ridge, Tenessee; Antibiotic drug penicillin introduced; Casablanca conference by Roosevelt and Churchill; Play 'Oklahoma' opens on Broadway; Big Inch, world's longest oil pipeline from TX to PA, opens; Jitterbuggers wear Zoot Suits; Rachmaninoff dies; Pay-as-you-go income tax system instituted in USA; Film 'Casablanca' wins Academy Award; Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist, discovers LSD; Italy surrenders as U.S. troops land in Sicily; Ralph Vaughn Williams composes his Symphony No. 5 in D; First portable kidney dialysis machine invented; Barnes Wallis invents the bouncing bomb; In U.S. the world's longest oil pipeline the 'Big Inch' is dedicated; Comedian Bob Hope entertains U.S. troops through the U.S.O.; The Andrew Sisters' harmonies lift wartime spirits; First wire recorders used in the military; ABC network created out of NBC." [Link: 1]
1943 - Construction / Uranium Enrichment Plant, U.S.A. - "Building the world's first full-scale uranium enrichment factory - a 45-acre monster [Oak Ridge, Tennessee] that was the biggest industrial structure in the world at the time - took 18 months amid the race for the first atomic bomb. [NP] Six decades later , federal authorities think they finally have a handle on just how long it will take to clean up and tear down the long-shuttered relic of the Manhattan Project: about 15 years. [....] K-25 is expected to be leveled by late 2010, and the rest of the site finished by 2016. The deteriorating state of a contaminated building also filled with PCBs, asbestos and radioactive uranium adds to the urgency. [....] The government built K-25 and its supporting buildings for $500 million in 18 months from 1943 to 1945. Cleaning it up is projected to cost $3 billion. [....] K-25 was code-named 'K' for designer Kellex Corp.. It produced the fissionable uranium-235 isotope and was the largest industrial building under one roof in the world, employing 12,000 people and consuming one-tenth of the nation's electric power at the time. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Atomic cleanup may take 15 years / Plant built for WWII A-bomb project will be demolished.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]
1943 - Married / Kay-Dee & Paul Iverlet - "Reportedly married this year in history: Kay-Dee [Paul Twitchell's sister] and Paul Iverlet." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 1]
1943 - Optional Recitations / U.S. Pledge of Allegiance - "The Supreme Court ruled that recitations of the pledge of allegiance should be optional."
1943 - DARKNESS AND THE DEEP - 1943: "There in the illimitable, countless millions of years ago, occurred one of those stupendous explosive births that rearrange the destinies of the suns. One of the smaller suns, a white-hot incandescent chaos, with its surface flowing away in vast streamers and tails, burst under the antagonism of its elements, and hurled upon darkness its broad sheets of flame." - Vardis Fisher
1942 - Solar Radiation and the State of the Atmosphere - 1942: "Solar Radiation and the State of the Atmosphere was published by Harlan Stetson in The Scientific Monthly in 1942."
1944 - "New Age" - "The term 'New Age' in its contemporary sense can be traced back at least to 1944. That year, American artist and philosopher Walter Russell published the essay 'Power Through Knowledge' in which he discussed '…this New Age philosophy of the spiritual re-awakening of man…' [....] After Russell's death in 1963, the term that he apparently coined took on a life of its own. The name New Age was popularized by the American mass media during the late 1980s, spurring the assimilation of spiritual thinking, as well as many digressions to ideas of the original works. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Russell] - [T.D. - 07/21/08]
1944 - U.S. Long-Range Rocket Development - "January 1st marked the beginning of long-range rocket development, by the California Institute of Technology. This testing resulted in the Private-A and Corporal rockets." [Link: 1]
1944 - Birth / Jimmy Page - January 9th, 1944: "James Patrick 'Jimmy' Page ... is an English guitarist, songwriter and record producer. [NP] Jimmy Page was born to James Patrick Page and Patricia Elizabeth Page (née Gaffikin) in the West London suburb of Heston, which today forms part of the London Borough of Hounslow. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Page]
1944 - Birth / Frank Sinatra Jr. - January 10th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Frank Sinatra Jr."
1944 - Birth / Joe Frazier - January 12th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Former boxing champion, Joe Frazier."
1944 - Birth / Jerry Springer - February 13th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Talk-show host, Jerry Springer."
1944 - Birth / Roger Daltrey - March 1st, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer (The Who), Roger Daltrey."
1944 - Birth / Diana Ross - March 26th, 1944: "Diana Ernestine Earle Ross ... is an American vocalist, music artist and actress. [...] Diana Ross was born at Hutzel Women's Hospital in Detroit, Michigan on March 26, 1944. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana_Ross]
1944 - Birth / Gabe Kaplan - March 31st, 1944: "Gabriel W. "Gabe" Kaplan ... is an American comedian, actor, poker commentator, and professional poker player. [NP] He was born in Brooklyn, New York. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gabe_Kaplan]
1944 - Birth / George Lucas - May 14th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Movie producer, George Lucas."
1944 - Birth / Joe Cocker - May 20th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Joe Cocker."
1944 - Conjunction? / Sirius & Sun - "[....] Every 49.9 years, the two stars in the system, Sirius A and B, come as close together as their orbits allow, creating huge magnetic storms between them. [....] What does this mean to life on Earth? The last time it occurred, in 1944, humanity was locked in the greatest conflict ever seen in history, World War II. It happened again, almost 50 years later, in June, 1993."
[Based on: http://www.souledout.org/cosmology/cossynthreflects/sirius.html] - [T.D. - 12/28/07]
1944 - D-Day Invasion / Normandy, France - June 6th, 1944: "U.S., Allied forces invaded Europe at Normandy on 'D Day,' June 6, in greatest amphibious landing in history." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Birth / Ray Davies - June 21st, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer-musician (The Kinks), Ray Davies."
1944 - Signed / G.I. Bill of Rights, U.S.A. - June 22nd, 1944: "GI Bill of Rights signed by Pres. Roosevelt June 22, providing benefits for veterans." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Birth / Jeff Beck - June 24th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock musician, Jeff Beck."
1944 - Birth / Gary Busey - June 29th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Gary Busey."
1944 - Birth / Jan-Michael Vincent - July 15th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Jan-Michael Vincent."
1944 - Bretton Woods Conference - July 1944: "The Bretton Woods Conference of July 1944 set up the World Bank, GATT and the IMF and post-war monetary arrangement by which the US dollar took the place of gold as the medium of international exchange."
*Trivia: "Crushing national debt in many developing nations is producing armies of 'career terrorists,' Noreena Hertz writes in 'The Debt Threat,' a chilling look at perilous trends threatening the planet's stability and viability [....] Hertz builds a case that unemployment and a lack of educational, health and other services provide the environment for fatalistic world views to grow. And those deprivations are direct results of the debt burdens many of the world's poorest nations carry, she contends. Because of the debt payments owed to the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, export credit agencies, commercial banks and other lenders, the government's don't have money left to provide adequate social services or to invest in infrastructure and jobs. As a result, Hertz writes, people become susceptible to extremist groups and drug dealers. [....] But terrorism is only one part of the debt threat Hertz spells out. She also focuses on environmental perils that are growing, including global warming. Debt-burdened countries must use their cheapest resources, so they cut forests, drain wetlands and burn areas for agriculture, causing pollution and other environmental devestation." [Based on article by Cecil Johnson, The Fort Worth Star-Telegram, posted in The St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. C5, 02/04/05]
1944 - Birth / Sam Elliott - August 9th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Sam Elliott."
1944 - Canceled / Olympic Games - "In 1944, the Olympic Games were canceled because of World War II."
1944 - Beginning / The United Nations - August 21st, 1944: "Representatives of the U.S. and other major powers met at Dunbarton Oaks, Washington D.C., Aug. 21-Oct. 7, to work out formation of postwar world organization that became the United Nations." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - German V-2 Rocket - "In September, the first fully operational V2 rocket was launched against London, from Germany. Over a thousand V2's followed." [Link: 1]
1944 - Paul Twitchell / Pacific Ocean - September 2nd, 1944: THE DAILY INEPENDENT, MONESSEN, PA, By CHARLES B. DRISCOLL says Paul is in the Pacific.
1944 - Birth / Michael Douglas - September 25th, 1944: "Michael Kirk Douglas (born September 25, 1944) is an American actor and producer, primarily in movies and television. [...] Douglas was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the first child of actor Kirk Douglas and Bermudian-born actress Diana Dill. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Douglas]
1944 - Birth / Anne Robinson - September 26th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV Host ('The Weakest Link'), Anne Robinson."
1944 - CBS Debut / "The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Oct. 7-13, 1944: "Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" made its debut on CBS radio, on the Nelsons' ninth wedding anniversary. [Based on A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 10/09/07]
1944 - U.S. Forces / Philippines - October 20th, 1944: "U.S. forces landed on Leyte, Philippines, Oct. 20." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Birth / Jon Anderson - October 25th, 1944: "Jon Anderson (born John Roy Anderson on 25 October 1944) is an English singer-songwriter and musician best known as the former lead vocalist in the progressive rock band Yes. [...] Jon Anderson was born John Roy Anderson in Accrington, Lancashire, England, to Albert and Kathleen Anderson. His father was from Scotland whilst his mother was of Irish ancestry. Anderson dropped the "h" from his first name in 1970. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jon_Anderson]
1944 - Birth / Frank Joseph Collin - November 3rd, 1944: "Francis Joseph Collin (born November 3, 1944) formerly served as the leader of the National Socialist Party of America, whose plan to march in the predominantly Jewish suburb of Skokie, Illinois was the centerpiece of a major First Amendment decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie. Collin lost that position when his own Jewish ancestry came to light. Later he became a prominent New Age author. [....]"
[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Collin] - [T.D. - 04/04/10]
1944 - 4th Term / President Roosevelt, U.S.A. - November 7th, 1944: "Roosevelt elected to 4th term as president, Nov. 7." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Birth / Danny DeVito - November 17th, 1944: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor-director, Danny DeVito."
1944 - Passed / Federal Highway Act, U.S.A. - November 29th, 1944: "Federal Highway Act passed by Congress, Nov. 29, creating national system of interstate highways." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Great Earthquake / Tonankai, Japan - December 7th, 1944: "Earthquake location: Tonankai, Japan. Earthquake magnitude: 8.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,223."
1944 - Battle of the Bulge / France - December 16th, 1945: "Battle of the Bulge, failed Nazi counteroffensive, waged Dec. 16, 1944, to Jan. 28, 1945; 500,000 Americans fought." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 548]
1944 - Test Fired / Private-A Rockets, California - December 1944: "Between the 1st and 16th of December, twenty four Private-A rockets were test fired at Camp Irwin, CA." [Link: 1]
1944 - Plutonium Production & Uranium 235 Enrichment / U.S.A. - December 1944: "As part of the Manhattan Project, large-scale plutonium production begins in Hanford, Washington; at a plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, uranium 235 is enriched." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 103]
1944 - Shah Returns to Iran - "During World War II, Iran gained strategic importance to the allies, not only because it was an oil-rich country, which the allies didn't want to fall under control of Nazi Germany, but Iran had become an important corridor for the Americans to funnel arms to the Soviet Union. During this same time period, the Iranian people had risen in opposition against Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, and forced him into exile in South Africa.
"In 1944, the exiled Shah of Iran died in South Africa. His 22-year-old son returned to Iran with the backing of the occupying allied powers, and once again the reign of the Pahlavi regime resumed. The Shah depended upon the support of the United States to keep him in power, and after the war, American influence in Iran grew. American's military presence increased as the Cold War heated up. Iran was no longer viewed as a corridor to the Soviet Union, but as important bunker against the spread of communism. The regime of the new Shah proved to be no less corrupt than that of his father." [Links: 1]
1944 - Trivia / World Events 1944 - "D-Day invasion by Allied Forces at Normandy in France; Battle of the Bulge; US soldiers march down Champs d'Elysees in Paris; First jet planes are British Gloster Meteor and German Messerschmidt Me 262; Eisenhower appointed supreme commander of allied forces in Europe; In U.S. G.I. Bill of Rights provide benefits for returning veterans; TS Eliot publishes his 'Four Quartets'; Eisenstein completes first part of film 'Ivan the Terrible'; Crooner Frank Sinatra sings to 30,000 screaming bobby soxers in New York." [Link: 1]
1944 - Earthquake Trivia / 1944 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 1,223." - E.M.
Page last updated 09/19/16