Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles on this timeline are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [- E.M.]      *Color Code

1970-1988 A.D.

1970 - Astronomic Configuration - January 1st, 1970: "Sun [10 Capricorn], Moon [10 Libra], Mercury [29 Capricorn], Venus [4 Capricorn], Mars [12 Pisces], Jupiter [2 Scorpio], Saturn [2 Taurus R.], Uranus [8 Libra], Neptune [29-30 Scorpio], Pluto [27 Virgo R.]."  

1970 - Moammar Gadhafi / Libya - "In January Moammar Gadhafi ends a power struggle and becomes leader of the Arab Republic of Libya."

1970 - National Environmental Policy Act / U.S.A. - January 1st, 1970: "Nixon signs National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)."  

1970 - Major Earthquake / Yunnan, China - January 5th, 1970: "Earthquake location: Yunnan Province, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 15,621."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1970 - Last Performance with The Supremes / Diana Ross - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan 13th-19th, 1970: Diana Ross performed for the last time with The Supremes, at a show in Las Vegas. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

1970 - Birth / Heather Graham - January 29th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Heather Graham."

1970 - Year of the Dog - February 6th, 1970: "The Chinese Year of the Dog begins."

1970 - EPA Proposed - February 4th, 1969: "President Nixon proposes environmental cleanup - EPA."

1970 - Birth / Gary Coleman - February 8th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Gary Coleman." 

1970 - "Greenpeace" - February 15th, 1970: "The Vancouver Sun ran story about the intended voyage, dropping the Sierra Club reference and mentioning a boat to be called 'the Greenpeace,' the first time the term appeared in print as a single word. Marie Bohlen’s son, Paul Nonnast, designed the first button with the ecology symbol above, the peace symbol below, and in the middle, the single word: GREENPEACE. The Don’t Make A Wave Committee published the first 'Greenpeace' pamphlet in March 1970: Nuclear Testing in the Aleutians, written by 71-year-old Lille d'Easum, an executive of the BC Voice of Women." [Links: 1]

*Trivia: "Greenpeace founded [November 1971] in Vancouver, Canada."  

1970 - U.S. Record of the Year / "Aquarius / Let the Sun Shine In" - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 5-11: "Aquarius/Let the Sun Shine In" by the 5th Dimension was named record of the year at the Grammy Awards. [Based on: A.P.]

1970 - "ABC" / The Jackson Five - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 18th-24, 1953: The single "ABC" by the Jackson Five was released. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 04/28/07]

1970 - Foreign Relations / U.S.A. & Cambodia - March 19th, 1970: "Prince Norodom Sihanouk [1922-] of Cambodia is deposed, and General Lon Nol [1913-85] takes over; he attempts to drive the Vienamese Communist troops out of Cambodia; American and South Vietnamese forces enter Cambodia; protests in America end up causing the closure of 75 American colleges for the rest of the term."

1970 - Birth / Mariah Carey - March 27th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Mariah Carey."

1970 - Major Earthquake / W. Turkey - March 28th, 1970: "Earthquake location: W. Turkey. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,100."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1970 - Cigarette Advertising Ban / U.S.A. - "Cigarette advertising banned on radio and TV."  

1970 - Breakup Announced / The Beatles - April 10th, 1970: "Paul McCartney announces breakup of Beatles."

1970 - 1st Earth Day Protest - April 22nd, 1970: "On Earth Day in 1970, ... insults drove 20 million Americans to the streets in the largest public demonstrations in U.S. history. Motivated by that stunning display of grassroots power, Republicans and Democrats, working together, created the Environmental Protection Agency and passed 28 major laws over the next 10 years to protect our air, water, endangered species, wetlands, food safety, and public lands. [....] The passage of these statutes marked the return of ancient rights recognized since the dawn of civilization." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, pp. 22-23]      

*Trivia: "The victory was short-lived. Earth Day 1970 caught polluters off guard, but over the next 30 years they mounted an increasingly sophisticated and aggressive counterattack to undermine these laws. The environmental reversals of the Bush [George W. Bush] administration  are the triumphant outcome of their tree-decade campaign." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 23]

1970 - Birth / Uma Thurman - April 29th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Uma Thurman."

1970 - U.S. Troops / Cambodia - April 30th, 1970: "Nixon sends troops into Cambodia."

1970 - Kent State Riot / Ohio - May 4th, 1970: "National Guardsmen open fire on a crowd of student antiwar protesters at Ohio's Kent State University, resulting in the death of four students and the wounding of eight others. President Nixon publicly deplores the actions of the Guardsmen, but cautions: '...when dissent turns to violence it invites tragedy.' Several of the protesters had been hurling rocks and empty tear gas canisters at the Guardsmen."

1970 - In Effect? / Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty - "Nuclear nonproliferation treaty takes effect."  

1970 - Antiwar Rally / Washington D.C. - May 9th, 1970: "100,000 attend antiwar rally, Wash. D.C."  

1970 - "Free Bird" Live / Jacksonville, Flordia - Entertainment highlights during the week of May. 7-13: Lynyrd Skynyrd first performed "Free Bird" in public, at the grand opening of the Jacksonville Art Museum in Jacksonville, Fla. [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. C2, 11/07/05]

1970 - Flooding / Central Romania - "Flood date(s): May 20th, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 160." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1970 - Birth / Jamie Kennedy - May 25th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor-comedian, Jamie Kennedy."

1970 - Earthquake / Peru - May 31st, 1970: "Earthquake location: Peru. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 66,000."  

1970 - Public Deceptions? / U.S. President Richard Nixon - May 31st, 1970: "Even after Richard Nixon's secret war in Cambodia became known, the president persisted in deception. 'Publicly, we say one thing,' he told aides. 'Actually, we do another.' [....] On May 31, 1970, a month after Nixon went on TV to defend the previously secret U.S. bombings and troop movements in Cambodia, asserting that he would not let his nation become 'a pitiful, helpless giant,' the president met his top military and national security aides at the Western White House in San Clemente, Calif. [....] In a memo from the meeting marked 'Eyes Only, Top Secret Sensitive,' Nixon told his military men to continue doing what was necessary in Cambodia, but to say for public consumption that the United States was merely providing support to South Vietnamese forces when necessary to protect U.S. troops. 'That is what we will say publicly,' he asserted. 'But now, let's talk about what we will actually do.' [....] Nixon told his aides to plan offensive operations in neutral Laos, continue U.S. air operations in Cambodia and work on a summer offensive in South Vietnam." [Based on: A.P. article by Cal Woodward (Nixon told military to lie about actions in Cambodia), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/17/05]

*Trivia: "March 7th, 1971: A thousand U.S. planes bombed Cambodia and Laos."

1970 - Gene Synthesis - June 4th, 1970: "University of Wisconsin researchers announce the complete synthesis of a gene."

1970 - "Conscientious Objector" Status / U.S.A. - June 15th, 1970: "Supreme Court OKs conscientious objector status on moral grounds."  

*Trivia: "In 1970, the U.S. Supreme Court broadened the definition of conscientious objector to include people without belief in God who profess ethical or moral convictions against war."

1970 - Israeli & Syrian Fighting / Golan Heights - June 25th, 1970: "Syrian and Israeli forces fight over the Golan Heights in the biggest battle since 1967."

1970 - Debut / "American Top 40" - "Entertainment highlights during the week of June 25th-July 1st, 1970: The syndicated radio show "American Top 40," hosted by Casey Kasem, debuted in several U.S. cities. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E2, S.L.P.D., 06/28/06]

1970 - Non-Profit Status / ECKANKAR - July 1st, 1970: "Reportedly, on July 1st, 1970, ECKANKAR became a non-profit organization."  [E.M.]  

*Trivia: "The reason Paul abandoned the profit company for bringing out the ECK teachings is that it offered no umbrella of protection for the initiates of local Satsangs to hold classes. Each time they met, a city official could have insisted upon a business license. It took Paul awhile to realize it, but Constitutional protection had long ago been provided for groups of religious teachings, and that was to be a church."  [Based on: Harold Klemp] [See link:  ]

1970 - EPA / U.S.A. - July 9th, 1970: "The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was established in 1970 to consolidate in one agency a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection. EPA's mission is to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment - air, water, and land - upon which life depends.     

1970 - Flooding / Himalayas, India - "Flood date(s): July 22nd, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 500." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1970 - "Personality and the Message of ECK" - July 23rd, 1970: "Paul Twitchell gave a lecture in Cincinnati, Ohio. The title of the talk was 'Personality and the Message of ECK.' "

   "I look back five or six years ago, since the time I started bringing out the teachings of ECK, and I see a change in myself. I see a change in the people who come to study the ECK works. I see a change in many things; in communities, groups and people I meet, and then later meet again. I feel that the personality has grown smaller as the message has grown greater. And I'm always feeling that I personally don't count; I'm just the instrument being used to get the message out." [Based on: Paul Twitchell]

[For more of this talk, see:  ,  middle of page]

1970 - Great Earthquake / Columbia - July 31st, 1970: "Earthquake location: Columbia. Earthquake magnitude: 8.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1970 - Test-Fired / U.S. Poseidon Missle - August 3rd, 1970: "The U.S. military announces the first successful underwater firing of a Poseidon ballistic nuclear missile."

1970 - TV Debut / "Soul Train" - Entertainment highlights during the week of August 6th-12th, 1970: "Soul Train" made its debut on a Chicago TV station. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E5, S.L.P.D., 08/08/06]

1970 - Birth / Claudia Schiffer - August 25th, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Model, Claudia Schiffer."

1970 - Birth / Debbie Gibson - August 31st, 1970: "Deborah Ann 'Debbie' Gibson (born August 31, 1970) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, and actress. In 1988 she was pronounced the youngest artist to write, produce, and perform a #1 single on the Billboard Hot 100, with her song "Foolish Beat" and she remains the youngest female to write, record, and perform a #1 single.[1] [...] Debbie Gibson was born in Brooklyn, New York, the third daughter of four for Diane and Joseph Gibson. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deborah_Gibson]

*Links: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xculPPFojK8

1970 - Poisoned? / Paul Twitchell, Spain - September 1970?

Paul was a man given a most difficult mission. As evidenced by the fact that a disturbed person attempted to kill him with poison in September 1970 and the resulting illness he experienced in the final year of his life, Paul had little to gain materially from this mission. Yet right to the end, he continued to gather together and put out the teachings of truth.

                                                                                                               [Based on Harold Klemp - See link: ]

*Trivia: "A very significant event in Paul's spiritual evolution took place in the summer of 1970. During a trip to Spain, he was poisoned. A young man, under the influence of the Kal Niranjan, slipped an extremely potent poison into Paul's citrus drink. Paul had walked into this individual's home with complete openness and an abounding love, and when he was handed the juice, he drank it. But he knew it would harm him, in the same way that Buddha did when he ate the tainted rice. [....]" [Based on: Harold Klemp]

[Based on: http://www.eckankar.org/Masters/Peddar/writings.html#lastyear]

Trivia: "Reportedly, according to the book entitled: Paulji A Memoir [2nd printing, 1986, by Patti Simpson], Paul Twitchell's schedule for 1970 included Consultations in Madrid, Spain, August 11th-15th [p.99]. In her book, Patti mentions going to see a doctor [p.103]: 'I visited him the last week in August.' who told her: 'When Paul was in Spain, someone poisoned him. He is in very bad condition.' [p.104] " [E.M.]

*Trivia: "[....] Except for a few members of the Inner Circle, Paulji's poisoning was not known to the world or to his followers. From August [1970] until the World Wide Seminar [October, 1970], no word was spoken of his condition. [....]" [Based on: Paulji, A Memoir, by Patti Simpson, 2nd printing: 1986, p. 108; Original Copyright: 1985]

*Trivia: "[....] The question has been raised, if Paulji [Paul Twitchell] had such special powers, why did he not detect that the juice drink in Spain was poisoned? There is no need to go into this in depth here, as that will be covered in his biography that I am assembling next, and will detail all he had to say about the experience. Basically, though, I will say that he had a foreknowledge of the poisoning, but that he would not avoid it for special reasons. [....]" [Based on: Paulji A Memoir, by Patti Simpson, 2nd Printing: 1986, p. 127]

*Trivia: "Reportedly, after taking the poison, Paul Twitchell was knocked out  for about four days." [Based on: Paul Twitchell, ECK World Wide Seminar, Las Vegas NV, October, 1970] 

*Trivia: "[....] How could Paul have been poisoned to death in Spain or Czechoslovakia, and no one be quite sure? I’ve never heard that one before.Yes, it is true that not a lot has been said about Paul's trip to Spain where he was poisoned, still the fact remains that he returned alive and lived for more than a year after this until his passing in Cincinnati on September 17, 1971. So, obviously, Paul wasn't poisoned to death. I assume this was a slip of David's pen. [....]" [Based on: Doug Marman, Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 4]  

1970 - Black September / Jordan - September 6th, 1970: "Three aircraft were hijacked and ordered to fly to a remote airstrip in Jordan, where their passengers were held hostage. They were eventually blown up, though the hostages were released. Jordan's King Hussein was gravely embarrassed by the affair, and ordered in his loyal Bedouin troops to smash the Jordan-based Palestinian militant bases. The episode became known in the Arab world as Black September."

1970 - Typhoon Georgia / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): September 15th, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 300." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1970 - Fatality / Jimi Hendrix - September 18th, 1970: "Reportedly died on this date in history: Rock Legend, Jimi Hendrix."

*Trivia: "In 1970, Jimi Hendrix played what was to be his last British concert - at the Isle of Wight Pop Festival off the English coast. Three weeks later, the entertainer died in London."

1970 - Birth / Kelly Ripa - October 2nd, 1970: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV host, Kelly Ripa."

1970 - Fatality / Janis Joplin - October 4th, 1970: "Reportedly died on this date in history: Singer, Janis Joplin."

1970 - Benefit Concert / Don’t Make a Wave Committee - October 5th, 1970: "Joni Mitchell, James Taylor, Phil Ochs, and BC band Chilliwack staged a benefit concert in Vancouver for the Don’t Make a Wave Committee, which raised $17,000. Thereafter, the Sierra Club and Quaker groups in the US contributed funding to the campaign."  

1970 - Birth / Matt Damon - October 8th, 1970: "Matthew Paige 'Matt' Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American actor, screenwriter, and philanthropist whose career was launched following the success of the film Good Will Hunting (1997) from a screenplay he co-wrote with friend Ben Affleck. [...] Matt Damon was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of Kent Telfer Damon, a stockbroker, and Nancy Carlsson-Paige, an early childhood education professor at Lesley University.[1][2] Damon is of Scottish, English, Finnish, and Swedish ancestry.[3] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matt_damon]

1970 -  Independence / Fiji - October 10th, 1970: "Fiji proclaims its independence."

1970 - Typhoon Sening / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): October 14th, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 583." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1970 - Typhoon Titang / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): October 15th, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 526." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1970 - Fourth ECK World Wide Seminar / Las Vegas, NV - October 22nd, 1970: "The modern day founder of ECKANKAR [Religion of the Light & Sound of God], Paul Twitchell, hosted the Fourth ECK World Wide Seminar in Las Vegas, Nevada."  

1970 - Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act - October 27th, 1970: "Congress passes the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, which includes the Controlled Substances Act establishing five categories of regulated drugs."

1970 - Last Concert With Jim Morrison / The Doors, New Orleans - "Entertainment highlights during the week of Nov. 6-12: The Doors played their last concert with Jim Morrison [Died. July 3rd, 1971], in New Orleans." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. C2, 11/07/05]

1970 - Cell Synthesis - November 12th, 1970: "SUNY researchers announce the first synthesis of a living cell."

1970 - Cyclone / Bangladesh - "Cyclone date(s): November 13th, 1970. Number of recorded deaths: 300,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1970 - Birth / Megyn Kelly - November 18th, 1970: 'Megyn Marie Kelly (born November 18, 1970), formerly known as Megyn Kendall,[1] is an American journalist and news anchor employed by the Fox News Channel. [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megyn_Kelly] - [T.D. 01/28/12]

1970 - EPA Activation / U.S.A. - December 2nd, 1970: "Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) activated."  

1970 - U.N. Delegate / George H. W. Bush - December 11th, 1970: "U.S. President Nixon announces George Herbert Walker Bush as U.S. delegate to the UN."

1970s - "Council of Nine" -   "[....] The change of direction in the Nine's communications at the beginning of the 1970s, and the development of more distinct overtones in their message, occured once they had established themselves and could start to spread their propoganda. But just what are the Council of Nine and their message being used for? Why are so many prominent leaders in so many fields keen to promote them, with greater or lesser degrees of openness, as in the case of Righard Hoagland and his message of Cydonia?
   "There is, in our view, an over-riding need for caution here. Alarm bells may be heard clear and strong, for true or false, now the Nine have become the property of the intelligence agencies, it is wise to be vigilant - and perhaps even afraid. [....]" [The Stargate Conspiracy, Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince, pp. 287-289]

1970 - Spirit Guide / "Tom" - "[....] One of the most useful and colorful characters with whom Puharich [Dr. Andrija Puharich] surrounded himself at Ossining [N.Y.] was Phyllis Schlemmer. [....] She founded the Psychic Center of Florida in Orlando, a school for developing psychics, in 1969. Her main spirit guide was an entity called 'Dr. Fiske', but in 1970 a new control simply named 'Tom' 'came through'. [....]" [The Stargate Conspiracy, Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince, pp. 173-174]

1970 - U.S. Debut / Elton John - "In 1970, Elton John made his debut in the United States at the Troubadour club in Los Angeles."

1970 - U.S. Troop Status / Vietnam - "Number of US Troops Falls to 280 thousand."

1970 - Mysterious Infection / Porter Goss - "[....] Goss, who speaks Spanish and French, started with the CIA in Miami about the time of the Cuban missle crisis. [....] Goss suffered a mysterious blood infection in 1970; he was so weak during his recovery that the CIA refused to send him back into the field, so he retired. Goss, who is married with four grown children moved to southwest Florida in 1971 to recuperate among a small enclave of former espionage officers. There he founded the newspaper the Island Reporter with two other ex-spy partners and participated in other lucrative business ventures. He served in local politics - becoming Sanibel Island's first mayor in 1974 - and won his seat in Congress in 1988." [Based on: Ted Bridis, A.P., 08/11/04]

1970 - Albumn Release / Jesus Christ Superstar - "The first J.C.S.S. albumn was released in 1970. The famous musical aired in 1973."

1970 - Status / U.S. Farmers - "Farmers make up less than 5 percent of the U.S. workforce for the first time."

1970 - LCD - "Optel Corporation introduces the liquid crystal display [LCD] for commercial use."

1970 - Floppy Disk - "The computer floppy disk is introduced."

1970 - Photographed / Sirius B - "Reportedly, Sirius B was not conclusively observed until 1842, and not photographed until 1970. However, it was claimed to have been known by the Dogon and their ancestors far earlier: 'The Dogon claim that Sirius is, in fact, a trinary system - a third star which they call the 'Star of Women' [emme ya tolo] is also in orbit around Sirius A.' [The Stargate Conspiracy, p. 27]."

1970 - Trivia / Space Exploration - "First Japanese Earth orbiter, 58-lb Lambda - First Chinese Earth orbiter (386-lbs) - Soviet unmanned Luna  returned 3-5 oz of lunar soil after soft landing in Mare Fecunditatis - First unmanned lunar vehicle, Lunokhod 1, soft-landed by Soviet Luna 17 for ii-months' operation in Mare Imbrium - X-ray survey of the sky started by NASA-Italian 320-lb Explorer 42 (Uhuru-) - France launched Earth orbiter." [Link: 1]  

1970 - The Far Country - "Copyright 1970: The Far Country, by Paul Twitchell. Copyright transferred to ECKANKAR in 1982. Eighth Printing: 1983."

1970 - The Drums of ECK - "Copyright 1970: The Drums of ECK, by Paul Twitchell. 2nd Printing: 1972. 3rd Printing: 1975. 4th Printing: 1978."

1970 - The Way of Dharma - "Copyright 1970: The Way of Dharma, by Paul Twitchell."

1970 - Dialogues With The Master - "Copyright 1970: Dialogues With The Master, by Paul Twitchell. 9th Printing: 1987."

1970 - The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad, Book I - "Copyright 1970: The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad, Book One, by Paul Twitchell. Second Edition: 1987. Third Printing: 1997."

*Trivia: "Paul [Paul Twitchell] encouraged people to read The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad and make their own study. He never said to take the words as holy, as the last word. You take the words and check out the teachings from within. You ask: Does this work for me or doesn't it? You have to know. And based upon what you know is how you conduct your life out here. This is what governs your relationship with your friends and your family. It governs every aspect of you in the lower worlds, including your ethics and morality." [Based on: Harold Klemp, International Youth Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 21, 1984] [See also: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 10]   

1970 - Notable Songs of 1970 - "ABC" (The Jackson Five); "Fire and Rain" (James Taylor); "Aquarius / Let the Sun Shine In" (5th Dimension)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1970_(United_States)

1970 - Notable Albums of 1970 - "All Things Must Pass" (George Harrison); "American Beauty" (The Grateful Dead); "Moondance" (Van Morrison); "Aquarius / Let the Sun Shine In" (5th Dimension)

1970 - Flood Trivia / 1970 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 2. Number of flood deaths: 660." [E.M.]

1970 - Cyclone Trivia / 1970 - "Number of notable cyclones this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 300,000." [E.M.]

1970 - Typhoon Trivia / 1970 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 3. Number of typhoon deaths: 1,409." [E.M.]

1970 - Earthquake Trivia / 1970 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 82,721." [E.M.]

1970 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1970 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 384,790." [E.M.]

1971

1971 - Astronomic Configuration - January 1st, 1971: "Sun [9 Capricorn], Moon [27 Aquarius], Mercury [2 Capricorn R.], Venus [24 Scorpio], Mars [16 Scorpio], Jupiter [27 Scorpio], Saturn [15 Taurus R], Uranus [13 Libra], Neptune [2 Sagittarius], Pluto [29 Virgo]."  

1971  - Trivia / Top U.S. Songs - January, 1971: "At the top of the record charts were: My Sweet Lord / Isn't It a Pity by George Harrison; Knock Three Times by Dawn; Black Magic Woman by Santana; & Rose Garden by Lynn Anderson."

1971  - U.S. Involvement [2nd Decade] / Vietnam - January 1st, 1971: "The United States began a second decade of involvement in Vietnam."

1971 - Reduction / U.S. Cigarette Advertising - January 1st, 1971: "Advertising of cigarettes on U.S. television and radio ceases as the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act goes into effect."

1971 - Outlawed / DDT, U.S.A. - January 7th, 1971: "DDT use outlawed by U.S. Court of Appeals."

1971  - CBS Debut / All in the Family - January 12th, 1971: "The situation comedy 'All in the Family' began on CBS TV and ran to 1983. It later became 'Archie Bunker's Place'. It was the first video-taped sitcom. It was based on the 1964 British series 'Till Death Do Us Part,' written by Johnny Speight [d.1998 at 78]."

1971 - Indictment / Rev. Philip Berrigan - January 12th, 1971: "Rev. Philip Berrigan and 5 others indicted for conspiracy to kidnap Henry Kissinger and bomb federal buildings."  

1971  - Oil Spill / California - January 18th, 1971: "Two Standard Oil tankers collided in the fog a quarter mile west of the Golden Gate Bridge. The Arizona Standard ripped into the Oregon Standard and caused the spill of some 1.9 million gallons of heavy bunker oil."

1971  - Phnom Penh Bombing / Cambodia - January 22nd, 1971: "Communist forces shelled Phnom Penh, Cambodia for the first time."

1971  - Conviction / Charles Manson & Co. - January 25th, 1971: "Charles Manson and three female followers were convicted in Los Angeles of murder and conspiracy in the 1969 slayings of seven people, including actress Sharon Tate."

1971 - Year of the Pig - January 27th, 1971: "The Chinese Year of the Pig begins."

1971 - Bloody Sunday / Ireland - January 30th, 1971: "Northern Ireland was spinning out of control. On 30 January 1971, the day embedded in Irish national consciousness as Bloody Sunday, 13 civil rights demonstrators were shot dead by British paratroopers. Weeks later, the government in London finally lost patience with Protestant supremacist government in Belfast, and imposed direct rule. William Whitelaw was dispatched to Belfast as the first Secretary of State, his bumbling exterior concealing a shrewd, even steely purpose. The Provisional IRA stepped up its killing rate: seven died in the bombing of Aldershot military bombings, the first Republican bombing in Britain since 1939. In July came Bloody Friday, when 11 innocent people were blown away by Provisional bombs in Belfast. Amid the mayhem, Whitelaw was starting to crack the political whip. A radical political package emerged, with a new Northern Ireland Assembly elected on proportional representation. Towards the end of 1973, the remarkable Sunningdale Agreement produced a blueprint for a new Ireland, with a power-sharing executive, and cooperation between north and south in a Council of Ireland."

1971  - 3rd U.S. Moon Landing - February 5th, 1971: "Two Apollo 14 astronauts walked on the moon. It was man's third landing on the moon."

1971  - Strong Earthquake / San Fernando, California - February 9th, 1971: "Earthquake location: San Fernando, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 65."  

1971 - "Dark Side of the Moon" / Pink Floyd - February 12th-18th: "Pink Floyd released their album 'Dark Side of the Moon.' " [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, S.L.P.D., 02/13/06]

1971 - Flooding / Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - "Flood date(s): February 26th, 1971. Number of recorded deaths: 130." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1971 - Trivia / Paul Twitchell - March, 1971: "I want to get a book out a month for the next two years if I can last that long [emphasis added]. I've got the material. It's already laying there. All I have to do is edit it. I've got four manuscripts now that are sitting there, and I've got three typewriters going, [a new manuscript] in each one of these. I ease up, maybe about every 20 minutes, and go to another typewriter and type a little bit, for maybe another 15 minutes, and then to another one and type another 15 minutes. Then I go over and start editing a book, and then in the meantime I'm writing letters. So, you see, the communication we have [now] is in the book field, but in the field of electronics, through radio, television and music, we haven't even scratched the surface in these things, and on the whole we haven't scratched the surface of ECK yet." [Paul Twitchell, Youth Council Training meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio, March, 1971. See: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 4]   

1971  - Bombing / U.S. Capitol Building - March 1st, 1971: "The bombing in the U.S. Capitol building was claimed to be in protest of U.S. involvement in Laos. The bomb exploded in a Capitol restroom 30 minutes after a telephone warning, which proclaimed the action to protest against U.S. involvement in Laos. Some $200,000 in damage was caused by the bombing. There were no injuries."

1971  - U.S. Bombing / Cambodia & Laos - March 7th, 1971: "A thousand U.S. planes bombed Cambodia and Laos."

1971  - Trivia / U.S. Voting Age - March 10th, 1971: "The Senate approved an amendment to lower the voting age to 18."

1971  - Casualty Statistics / Vietnamese Civilians - March 14th, 1971: "Senator Edward Kennedy estimated that 25,000 Vietnamese civilians had been killed in 1970."

1971  - U.S. Troop Insubordination / Vietnam - March 21st, 1971: "Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refused their orders to advance."

1971 - Passed / 26th U.S. Amendment - March 23rd, 1971: "26th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Voting age set to 18 years'] passed." [Link: 1]

1971  - Independence / Bangladesh [East Pakistan] - March 26th, 1971: "On March 21st, Sheik Mujibur Rahman declared East Pakistan independent of Bangladesh; Pakistani Pres. Yahya Khan ordered the army in; several million East Bengali refugees fled to India. East Pakistan proclaimed its independence, taking the name Bangladesh."

1971 - 1st Microprocessor Chip - March, 1971: "Intel Corporation delivers the first microprocessor chip, the 4004, with 2300 transistors and the computing power of the ENIAC - it was designed by Marcian Edward Hoff [b. 1937], and is announced commercially in November."

1971 - "It Don't Come Easy" / Ringo Starr - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 30th-April 5th, 1971: Ringo Starr's first solo single, "It Don't Come Easy," was released. It became a Top 5 hit. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 04/01/08]

1971  - Conviction / William Calley - March 31st, 1971: "1st Lt. William L. Calley Jr. was found guilty for his actions in the My Lai massacre in Vietnam."

1971 - BBC2 Documentary / "The Lost Treasure of Jerusalem?" - March 31st, 1971: "From the moment when the BBC2 ‘Chronicle’ documentary ‘The Lost Treasure of Jerusalem?’ was transmitted at 5:30pm on Good Friday 31 March 1971, Henry Lincoln has been guilty of perpetuating the pseudo-historical myths dating from the mid-1950s of Rennes-le-Château as concocted by Noel Corbu, Pierre Plantard, Philippe de Chérisey and Gérard de Sède – these myths have long been laid to rest in France – updates on the subject matter have been published in French books since 1974 – and in particular by Editions Bélisane from 1983 onwards – but Henry Lincoln remains undaunted by such things – and that 'monument of mediocrity' (as described by one French critic) ‘The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail’ continues to disseminate pseudo-historical myths on a massive popular scale. The activities of the Abbé Bérenger Saunière (as well as those of Pierre Plantard) are very well documented but Henry Lincoln has not noted these facts and they are certainly not to be found in any of his books."

[Based on: http://priory-of-sion.com/posd/soskin.html]

1971 - Performed First Concert / Carly Simon - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 2nd-8th, 1971: "Carly Simon performed her first concert, opening for Cat Stevens in New York. James Taylor was in the audience and went backstage to meet her. They married in 1972 and divorced 10 years later." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, S.L.P.D., 04/02/06]

1971 - "Brown Sugar" / Rolling Stone Records - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 8th-14th, 1971: The Rolling Stones released "Brown Sugar," the first record on their own label, Rolling Stone Records. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D3, S.L.P.D., 04/09/07]

1971 - Best Picture/Director Academy Awards / "Patton" - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 15-21, 1971: "Patton" won the best picture and best director Academy Awards. Its star, George C. Scott, was named best actor, but he didn't accept the award because he didn't like the academy's voting process. [Based on: A.P. article, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 04/16/07]

1971 - V.A. Antiwar Demonstration / Washington D.C. - April 19th, 1971: "Over 1000  Veterans demonstrate against the Vietnam  war in Wash D.C., throwing their medals over the Capitol fence."  

1971  - Launched / Russian Space Station - April 19th, 1971: "Russia launched its first Salyut space station."

1971 - V.A. Antiwar Demonstration / Washington D.C.  - April 23rd, 1971: "Vietnam veterans return medals and ribbons in antiwar protest."  

1971 - V.A. Antiwar March / D.C. & San Francisco - April 24th, 1971: Over 350,000 Veterans march in Wash D.C. and SF to protest war in Vietnam."  

1971 - "Algonquin Peace City" / Washington D.C. - April 26th, 1971: "50,000 demonstrators in Washington D.C. set up 'Algonquin Peace City.' "  

1971  - Amtrack / U.S.A. - May 1st, 1971: "Amtrak, which combined and streamlined the operations of 18 intercity passenger railroads, went into service. The Southern Pacific Railroad turned over its money-losing passenger service and railroad cars to the government which formed Amtrak."

1971  - May Day Anti-War Protests / Washington D.C. - May 3rd, 1971: "Anti-war protesters calling themselves the Mayday Tribe began four days of demonstrations in Washington aimed at shutting down the nation's capital."

1971 - Occupation End / Alcatraz State Prison, CA - May 11th, 1971: "Indian occupation of Alcatraz ends after 19 months."  

1971  - Earthquakes / Turkey - May 15-21st, 1971: "Earthquakes in Turkey killed 860 people."

1971  - Status / U.S. Involvement, Vietnam - May 31st, 1971: "A US proposal was made to the North Vietnamese that included a cease-fire-in-place, US withdrawal, and the return of prisoners. 58,167 Americans were killed in the Vietnam war."

1971 - OSHA - May, 1971: "The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA] was born. The Occupational Safety and Health Act was passed to protect workers from on-the-job injuries and illnesses."

1971 - Reduced Biological Weapons Stockpile / U.S.A. - May 1971-February 1973: "United States destroys biological weapons stockpile."

*Trivia: "The Army plans to ship chemical waste from the destruction of deadly VX nerve agent stockpiled in Indiana through Illinois and Missouri to Texas for incineration. [NP] The plan's opponents strongly oppose incinerating the VX hydrolysate in favor of treating and disposing of it on-site. [NP] The Army's project to destroy the Newport Chemical Depot's stockpile of the VX is expected to produce about 2 million gallons of hydrolysate. [NP] Army spokesman Greg Mahall said the first trucks carrying the residue could leave next week [April 2007], traversing Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missippi, Louisiana and Texas." [Based on: News Services article (Army will ship out chemical waste), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 04/13/07]

1971 - Birth / Sofia Coppola - May 14th, 1971: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Movie writer-director Sofia Coppola."

1971 - Canceled / "The Ed Sullivan Show" - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 4th-10th, 1971: The "Ed Sullivan Show" was cancelled after 23 years. It was TV's longest-running variety show. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D4, S.L.P.D., 06/05/06]

1971 - Student Massacre / Mexico City - June 10th, 1971: "A Mexican judge threw out charges Saturday [07/24/04] accusing former President Luis Echeverria of ordering a 1971 massacre of student protestors, a setback in the nation's bid to punish state atrocities. [....] A criminal court judge ruled that the statute of limitations had run out [July 2004] on crimes committed during the June 10, 1971, attack by a paramilitary band on student protestors in Mexico City that killed as many as 40 people. Special prosecutor Ignacio carrillo said he will appeal the ruling within three days and hopes to take it to the nation's highest court. Carrillo is pressing genocide charges against Echeverria and several members of his administration." [News Services, 07/25/04]

1971 - Published / Pentagon Papers - June 13th, 1971: "The New York Times began to publish the Pentagon Papers leaked to it by Daniel Ellsberg. The papers were a secret official history of the Vietnam War in 47 volumes that were highly classified. The Nixon administration went to court to stop publication. A legal battle ensued for 16 days and the Supreme Court ruled 6-3 that the government failed to make its case for prior restraint and publication was resumed. In 1996 the book, 'The Day the Presses Stopped' by David Rudenstine, was published and tells the whole story."

1971 - Ratified / 26th U.S. Amendment - July 1st, 1971: "26th U.S. Constitutional amendment ['Voting age set to 18 years'] ratified." [Link: 1]

1971 - Fatality / Jim Morrison - July 3rd, 1971: "27-year-old rock singer Jim Morrison [b. 1943] of The Doors dies in Paris."

1971 - Birth / Kristi Yamaguchi - July 12th, 1971: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Olympic gold medal figure skater, Kristi Yamaguchi."

1971 - Intention To Visit China / Richard Nixon - July 15th, 1971: "In a move that troubles the North Vietnamese, President Nixon announces his intention to visit The People's Republic of China. Nixon's gesture toward China is seen by the North Vietnamese as an effort to create discord between themselves and their Chinese allies."

1971 - "You've Got A Friend" / James Taylor - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 27-Aug 2, 1971: James Taylor reached the top of the Billboard pop chart with "You've Got A Friend." [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 07/29/08]

1971 - Typhoon Rose / Hong Kong - "Typhoon date(s): August 1st, 1971. Number of recorded deaths: 130." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1971 - Formation Announced / Paul McCartney & Wings - July/August 1971: "Entertainment highlights during the week of July 31st - August 6th: "Paul McCartney announced the formation of Wings, which featured his wife, Linda, on keyboards. Other members included former Moody Blues guitarist Denny Laine." [Based on: A.P., 08/01/05]

1971 - New York Aid Concert for Bangladesh / George Harrison - July/August 1971: "Entertainment highlights during the week of July 31st - August 6th: "George Harrison organized the Madison Square Garden concert in New York to raise money for the victims of war and famine in Bangladesh." [Based on: A.P., 08/01/05]

1971 - Status / U.S. Currency - August 15th, 1971: "President Nixon suspends the convertibility of U.S. dollars into gold, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system of fixed international currency exchange rates. Ever since 1971, when US president Richard Nixon took the dollar off the gold standard [at $35 per ounce] that had been agreed to at the Bretton Woods Conference at the end of World War II, the dollar has been a global monetary instrument that the United States, and only the United States, can produce by fiat. The dollar, now [2003] a fiat currency, is at a 16-year trade-weighted high despite record US current-account deficits and the status of the US as the leading debtor nation. The US national debt as of April 4, 2002 was $6.021 trillion against a gross domestic product [GDP] of $9 trillion."

*Trivia: "[....] Economically, the American Empire was born with Bretton Woods in 1945. The U.S. dollar was not fully convertible to gold, but was made convertible to gold only to foreign governments. This established the dollar as the reserve currency of the world. It was possible, because during WWII, the United States had supplied its allies with provisions, demanding gold as payment, thus accumulating significant portion of the world's gold. An Empire would not have been possible if, following the Bretton Woods arrangement, the dollar supply was kept limited and within the availability of gold, so as to fully exchange back dollars for gold. However, the guns-and-butter policy of the 1960's was an imperial one: the dollar supply was relentlessly increased to finance Vietnam and LBJ's Great Society. Most of those dollars were handed over to foreigners in exchange for economic goods, without the prospect of buying them back at the same value. The increase in dollar holdings of foreigners via persistent U.S. trade deficits was tantamount to a tax - the classical inflation tax that a country imposes on its own citizens, this time around an inflation tax that U.S. imposed on rest of the world.

"When in 1970-1971 foreigners demanded payment for their dollars in gold, The U.S. Government defaulted on its payment on August 15, 1971. While the popular spin told the story of "severing the link between the dollar and gold", in reality the denial to pay back in gold was an act of bankruptcy by the U.S. Government. Essentially, the U.S. declared itself an Empire. It had extracted an enormous amount of economic goods from the rest of the world, with no intention or ability to return those goods, and the world was powerless to respond - the world was taxed and it could not do anything about it. [....]

[Based on: Article (The Proposed Iranian Oil Bourse) by Krassimir Petrov, Ph. D.]
http://news.goldseek.com/GoldSeek/1137510262.php]

1971 - Birth / Jennifer Westhoven - August 16th, 1971: "Jennifer Westhoven (born August 16, 1971) is a correspondent for HLN, formerly known as CNN Headline News. She covers the economy, business, personal finance and money topics. She has been with the CNN network since 2000, starting with CNNfn. Since 2006, she has been a part of the HLN Morning Show 'Robin & Company', now known as Morning Express with Robin Meade [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jennifer_Westhoven]

1971 - Birth / Dolores O'Riordan - September 6th, 1971: "Dolores Mary Eileen O'Riordan ... (born 6 September 1971) is an Irish musician, singer and songwriter. She led The Cranberries to worldwide success and fame for 13 years before the band took a hiatus in 2003. Her first solo album Are You Listening? was released in May 2007. Her second solo album No Baggage was released in August 2009. The Cranberries have since reunited, releasing the album "Roses" on February 27th, 2012. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolores_O%27Riordan] - [T.D. - 03/19/12]

1971 - Prison Riot / Attica N.Y. - September 9th, 1971: "While there have been many prison uprisings throughout our nation's history, one stands out above all the others. It began on Thursday, September 9, 1971. The time was about 8:50 a.m. The place was the Attica Correctional Facility in upstate New York. More than 1,200 Attica inmates gained control of the facility in a well-planned, savage attack. During the initial violence, 50 correctional officers and civilian employees were brutally beaten and taken hostage. Correctional officer William Quinn received the roughest beating and he was soon freed by the inmates due to the severity of his injuries. With their hostages as leverage, the inmates listed 28 demands they wanted met. One of those demands was for amnesty for the crimes they had already committed when they took over the prison. But, when word came that Officer William Quinn had died of his injuries inflicted by the prisoners, amnesty was ruled out of the question. Finally, after four days of fruitless negotiations, the command was given to retake the prison and rescue the hostages. With National Guard helicopters flying overhead, administering chemical agents, a rescue force of nearly 200 New York State police officers and two correction officers stormed the facility. The entire rescue operation lasted just several minutes, but it was filled with terror and bloodshed. When it was over, 10 hostages were dead, along with 32 inmates."

1971 - Go Away Little Girl - September 11th, 1971: "Donny Osmond started a three week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with Go Away Little Girl, his only US solo chart topper. The song had also been a No.1 for Steve Lawrence in 1963." [Link: 1

1971 - Fatality / Nikita Khrushchev - September 11th, 1971: "Died this day, former Soviet Union leader and an important figure during the Cold War, Nikita Khrushchev, at the age of 77."

1971 - "Translation" / Paul Twitchell - September 17th, 1971: "Yes, it is true that not a lot has been said about Paul's trip to Spain where he was poisoned [Summer 1970], still the fact remains that he returned alive and lived for more than a year after this until his passing in Cincinnati [due to heart failure] on September 17, 1971." [Based on: Doug Marman, Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 4]  

1971 - Pluto / Libra - October 6th, 1971: Pluto at 0 degrees Libra.

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1971.pdf

1971 - Broadway Debut / Jesus Christ Superstar - October 12th, 1971: "Jesus Christ Superstar debuts on Broadway." [Link: 1]

1971 - Birth / Snoop Dogg - October 20th, 1971: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rapper, Snoop Dogg."

1971 - Darwin Gross / The 972nd Living ECK Master - October 22nd?, 1971: "In 1971, Paul Twitchell died and was succeeded by Darwin Gross, the 972nd Living ECK Master."  [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 4]  

1971 - U.N. Member / People's Republic of China - October 23rd, 1971: "The People's Republic of China is recognized as the lawful representative to the United Nations, who also vote 'to expel forthwith the representatives of Chang Kai-shek from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations.' On November 15th the PRC is seated at the U.N. for the first time."

1971 -  Birth / Winona Ryder - October 29th, 1971: "Winona Ryder (born Winona Laura Horowitz; October 29, 1971) is an American actress. [...] Named after the nearby city of Winona, Winona Laura Horowitz was born in Olmsted County, Minnesota. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winona_Ryder]

1971 - U.S. Troop Withdraw / Vietnam - November 1971: "Nixon starts withdrawing troops from Vietnam."  

1971 - Underground Nuclear Test / H-Bomb Cannikin, Amchitka Island - November 6th, 2006: "Cannikin was detonated on 6 November 1971. The announced yield was "less than five" megatons – the largest underground nuclear test in US history.[20] (Estimates for the precise yield range from 4.4 MT[31] to 5.2MT.[32]) The ground lifted 20 feet, caused by an explosive force equivalent almost 400 times the power of the Hiroshima bomb.[33] Subsidence and faulting at the site created a new lake, over a mile wide.[2] The explosion caused a seismic shock of 7.0 on the Richter scale, causing rockfalls and turf slides of a total of 35,000 square feet.[20] Though earthquakes and tsunamis predicted by environmentalists did not occur,[29] a number of small tectonic events did occur in the following weeks, thought to be due to the interaction of the explosion with local tectonic stresses.[34] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amchitka] - [T.D. 12/24/06]

*Trivia: "[....] In July 1971, a group called the Committee for Nuclear Responsibility filed suit against the AEC, asking the court to stop the test.[28] The suit was unsuccessful, with the Supreme Court denying the injunction by 4 votes to 3,[29] and Richard Nixon personally authorised the $200 million test, in spite of objections from Japan, Peru, and Sweden.[30] The Don't Make A Wave Committee chartered a boat, in which they had intended to sail to the island in protest, but due to weather conditions they were unable to reach their destination.[26] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amchitka] - [T.D. 12/24/06]

1971 - Mars Orbiter / Mariner 9 - November 13th, 1971: " Mariner 9 becomes the first space probe to orbit another planet, Mars; after waiting out a global dust storm it takes 7329 revealing pictures of Mars' surface, including the polar caps and volcanoes." [Links: 1, 2]

1971 - Birth / Christina Applegate - November 25th, 1971 - "Reportedly born on this date in history: American actor, Christina Applegate."

1971 - Greenpeace / Vancouver, Canada - "Greenpeace founded [November 1971] in Vancouver, Canada."  

1971 - Landing / Mars 3 - December 2nd, 1971: "Soviet Mars 3 spacecraft landed on Mars near TERRA SIRENUM."

1971 - War / India & Pakistan - December 3rd, 1971: "India fought a brief and completely successful war against Pakistan, the third since independence, to help establish the new state of Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the father of the new nation, was still imprisoned in West Pakistan." [Link: 1]

1971 - Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act - December 18th, 1971: "On December 18, 1971, Public Law 92-203, the 'Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act,' was signed into law by President Nixon. Public Law 92-203 was enacted by Congress to settle the claim of Alaska's native Indian Aleut and Eskimo population to aboriginal title to the land on which they have lived for generations. This claim had been unresolved during the more than 100 years since the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act removed the sovereign status of Indian nations in Alaska by incorporating them into the United States. Approximately 44 million acres of Native American lands were turned into U.S. assets. The importance of this act is that the incorporation of Native American lands included the oil beneath and the timber on the top."

1971 - Birth / Ricky Martin - December 24th, 1971 - "Enrique 'Ricky' Martín Morales ... is a Puerto Rican[1] pop singer and actor who achieved prominence, first as a member of the Puerto Rican boy band Menudo, and as a solo artist since 1991. [...] Martin was born ... in San Juan, Puerto Rico [... .]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ricky_Martin]

1971 - Birth / Dido - December 25th, 1971 - "Florian Cloud de Bounevialle O'Malley Armstrong[2] ... known as Dido, is an English singer-songwriter. [...] Dido was born at St Mary Abbots hospital in Kensington, London, on Christmas Day 1971.[8] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dido_%28singer%29]

1971 - United Arab Emirates - "In 1971, the United Arab Emirates are formed by six states on the Persial Gulf coast - a seventh joins next year." [Link: 1]

1971 - Trivia / U.S. Health Insurance - "President Richard M. Nixon pushes [1971-1974] for universal coverage through a mix of public and private sources. The Watergate scandals lead to his resignation, and the proposals never reach a congressional vote." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]

1971 -  Texas Clean Air Act - "When the Texas Clean Air Act of 1971 became law, more than 1,000 industrial facilities were 'grandfathered,' or exempted from the new pollution regulations. The idea was that these grandfathered plants would either modernize or become obsolete and close down. [....] Fully one-third of the state's air pollution - 903,800 tons a year by the end of the 1990's - was issuing from these grandfathered smokestacks. These plants emit as much nitrogen oxide as 18 million cars." [Robert F. Kennedy Jr., Crimes Against Nature, pp. 15-16]

1971 - Trivia / Space Exploration - "Soviets launched Mars 2 and 3 for first impact on Mars the planet by Mars 2 and first soft landing on Dec 2, 1971 by Mars 3 - NASA launched 2271-lb Mariner 9, first orbiter of Mars, which telemeter high-resolution TV pictures of the surface - First space lab, Soviet 41,580-lb. Salyut 1, visited for 22 days by Cosmonauts Dobrovolsky, Patsayev, and Volkov, who died in Soyuz on return to Earth - First manned Lunar Rover used by Astronauts Scott and Irwin on Apollo-15 mission near Hadley Rille -  First sub-satellite launched from CSM by Astronaut Worden." [Link: 1]  

1971 - Trivia / Metathesis Reactions - "[....] Chauvin [Yves Chauvin] explained in 1971 how metathesis reactions work and what kinds of metal compounds can be used as catalysts to make the reactions happen. [....]" [Based on: A.P., 10/06/05]

1971 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 8 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1971 - Project Gutenberg - "Michael S. Hart founds Project Gutenberg, an attempt to turn all major book classics into free etext." [Link: 1]

1971 - The Spiritual Notebook - "Copyright 1971: The Spiritual Notebook, by Paul Twitchell. Copyright transferred to ECKANKAR in 1979. 10th Printing: 1983."

1971 - The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad, Book II - "Copyright 1971: The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad, Book Two, by Paul Twitchell. Second Edition: 1988."

*Trivia: "Paul encouraged people to read The Shariyat-Ki-Sugmad and make their own study. He never said to take the words as holy, as the last word. You take the words and check out the teachings from within. You ask: Does this work for me or doesn't it? You have to know. And based upon what you know is how you conduct your life out here. This is what governs your relationship with your friends and your family. It governs every aspect of you in the lower worlds, including your ethics and morality." [Harold Klemp, International Youth Conference, Las Vegas, NV, April 21, 1984] [See also: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 10]   

1971 - Notable Songs of 1971 - "Black Magic Woman" (Santana); "Brown Sugar" (The Rolling Stones); "Go Away Little Girl" (Donny Osmond); "Imagine" (John Lennon); "It Don't Come Easy" (Ringo Starr); "Knock Three Times" (Dawn); "My Sweet Lord" (George Harrison); "You've Got A Friend" (James Taylor); "Rose Garden" (Lynn Anderson); "Stairway to Heaven" (Led Zeppelin); "What's Going On" (Marvin Gaye); "Dark Side of the Moon" (Pink Floyd); "Theme from Shaft" (Isaac Hayes)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1971_(United_States)

1971 - Notable Albums of 1971 - "Paranoid" (Black Sabbath); "Tapestry" (Carole King); "Led Zeppelin IV" (Led Zeppelin); "Blue" (Joni Mitchell); "Sticky Fingers" (The Rolling Stones); "Who's Next" (The Who)

1971 - Flood Trivia / 1971 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 130." [E.M.]

1971 - Typhoon Trivia / 1971 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 130." [E.M.]

1971 - Earthquake Trivia / 1971 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 925." [E.M.]

1971 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1971 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 1,185." [E.M.]

1972

1972 - HP-35 Pocket Calculator - January 4th, 1972: "On January 4, 1972, Hewlett-Packard introduced the HP-35, the world's first pocket electronic scientific calculator. Known as 'the electronic slide rule,' the HP-35 was priced at $395, and HP sold more than 100,000 of them the first year. By the time the HP-35 was discontinued in 1975, just three and a half years after its introduction, more than 300,000 units had been sold." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 6]

1972 - Year of the Rat - January 16th, 1972: "The Chinese Year of the Rat begins."

1972 - NBC Premier / "Sanford and Son" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan. 14-20: "Sanford and Son" made its premiere on NBC. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E5, S.L.P.D., 01/18/07]

1972 - Birth / Rob Thomas - February 14th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer (Matchbox Twenty), Rob Thomas."

1972 - Birth / Billie Joe Armstrong - February 17th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rock singer-musician (Green Day), Billie Joe Armstrong."

1972 - President Nixon / Beijing, China - February 21st, 1972: "Pres. Nixon arrived in Beijing Feb. 21 for an 8-day visit to China, in a 'journey for peace;' a joint communique released Feb. 27 called for increased Sino-U.S. contracts." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - Concert Premier / "Dark Side of the Moon" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Feb. 17th-23rd, 1972: Pink Floyd premiered "Dark Side of the Moon" in concert at London's Rainbow Theater. The album was released the next year. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

1972 - Pilot Movie / Kung Fu - "Reportedly: 'The original airdate of season 1, began with the pilot movie on 2/22/72. The third and final season ended with "The Last Raid" episode which aired 4/26/75.' "

1972 - Flooding / Buffalo Creek, West Virginia - "Flood date(s): February 26th, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 118." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1972 - Status / U.S. Equal Rights Amendment - March 22nd, 1972: "Equal Rights amendment unratified."

*Trivia: "The Equal Rights Amendment was defeated after a 10-year struggle, when the deadline for ratification expired June 30 [1982]." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1972 - North Vietnamese Attacks - March 30th, 1972: "North Vietnamese forces launched the biggest attacks in 4 years across the demilitarized zone Mar. 30. The U.S. responded Apr. 15 by resumption of bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong after a 4-year lull." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - "Burning Love" / Elvis Presley - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 26-April 1: "Elvis Presley recorded what was his last major hit, 'Burning Love.' " [Based on: A.P.]

1972 - Earthquake / S. Iran - April 10th, 1972: "Earthquake location: S. Iran. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 5,054."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1972 - Pluto / Libra - April 17th, 1972: Pluto at 0 degrees Libra, R. ; July 31st, D. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1972.pdf

1972 - Birth / Jennifer Garner - April 17th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Jennifer Garner ."

1972 - Found Dead / J. Edgar Hoover - May 2nd, 1972: FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover is found dead in his home in the early morning hours. L. Patrick Gray—who has no background in law enforcement—is appointed as Acting Director of FBI. [NOTE: Hoover's death is attributed to a heart attack, and no autopsy is done. L. Patrick Gray later will destroy material taken from the White House safe of E. Howard Hunt, then will resign.]" [Based on: ttp://www.sc-i-r-s-ology.pair.com/rvtimeline/index.html] - [T.D. 09/13/08] 

1972 - Tel Aviv Suicide Attack - May, 1972: "The Middle East was in turmoil, and it sent shockwaves of violence around the world. Japanese far-left militants killed 25 people in a suicide attack on Tel Aviv airport in May 1972."

1972 - U.S. Mines / North Vietnamese Ports - May 8th, 1972: "Pres. Nixon announced May 8 the mining of North Vietnam ports." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - President Nixon / Moscow - May 22nd, 1972: "In first visit of a U.S. president to Moscow, Pres. Nixon arrived May 22 for summit talks with Kremlin leaders that culminated in a landmark strategic arms pact (SALT I)." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - Signed / SALT I Treaty - May 26th, 1972: "President Richard Nixon and Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev sign the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT 1), the first agreement to limit the number and type of nuclear weapons systems." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 107]

1972 - Flooding / Rapid City, South Dakota - "Flood date(s): June 9th, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 236." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1972 - Watergate  Break-In - June 17th, 1972: "Five men are arrested in a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1972 - Ground Combat End / Vietnam - June 17th, 1972: "U.S. ground combat in Vietnam ends."

1972 - "I Am Woman" / Helen Reddy - June 24th, 1967: Entertainment highlights during the week of June 18th-24th, 1972: Helen Reddy released the song "I Am Woman." [Based on: A.P.]

1972 - Hurricane Agnes / Florida to New York  - "Hurricane date(s): June 19th-29th, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 118." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1972 - Watergate Discussion / President Richard Nixon & H.R. Haldeman - June 20th, 1972: "President Richard Nixon and aide H.R. Haldeman discuss Watergate. Later, prosecutors find an 18-minute gap in tape of that conversation." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1972 - Conversation / Henry Kissinger & Zhou Enlai  - June 22nd, 1972: "Henry Kissinger quietly acknowledged to China in 1972 [June 22nd?] that the United States could accept a communist takeover of South Vietnam if it evolved after a withdrawal of U.S. forces. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Secret conversations of Kissinger revealed / Diplomat told Chinese in 1972 that U.S. could accept communism in South Vietnam, newly released memos show), p. A28, S.L.P.D., 05/27/06]

1972 - European Tour / Paul McCartney & Wings - Entertainment highlights during the week of July 9th-15th, 1972: "Paul McCartney began a European tour in France with his band Wings. It was his first tour since the final Beatles tour in 1966." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 07/10/06]

1972 - Huge Solar Flare - August 4th, 1972: "[....] ... a huge solar flare on August 4, 1972, knocked out long-distance telephone communication across Illinois. That event, in fact, caused AT and T to redesign its power system for transatlantic cables. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/A_Super_Solar_Flare__999.html]

*Trivia: "1972: A 230,000 volt transformer at the British Columbia Hydroelectric Authority blew up during the solar storm of August 2." [Based on: http://www.solarweek.org/wed_spaceweather.html]

1972 - Flooding / Luzon Island, Philippines- "Flood date(s): August 7th, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 454." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1972 - Last U.S Combat Troops / Vietnam - August 11th, 1972: "Last U.S. combat troops left Vietnam Aug. 11." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - Birth / Ben Affleck - August 15th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Ben Affleck."

1972 - Flooding / Pakistan - "Flood date(s): August 19th-31st, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 1,500." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1972 - Birth / Cameron Diaz - August 30th, 1972: "Cameron Michelle Diaz (born August 30, 1972) is an American actress and former model. [...] Diaz, the youngest of three sisters, was born in San Diego, California. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cameron_Diaz]

1972 - Summer Olympic Games / Munich, W. Germany - "In 1972, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Munich, Germany. In 1972, Arab ['Black September'] extremists broke into the Olympic village and killed 11 Israeli team members. Also, in 1972, American swimmer Mark Spitz set a record for the most medals won by one individual at a single Olympics: seven golds. In 1972, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Sapporo, Japan."  

*Trivia: "The Munich Olympics turned into a nightmare, with the slaying of nine Israeli athletes by Palestinian militants of the radical Black September movement. Israeli jets pounded targets in Syria and Lebanon."

1972 - CBS Premier / "The Waltons" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 10-16, 1972: "The Waltons" TV series debuted on CBS. [Based on: A.P. article, p. B4, S.L.P.D., 09/11/06]

1972 - CBS Premier / "M*A*S*H" - "Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 11-17, 1972: "M*A*S*H" premiered on CBS." [Based on: A.P.]

1972 - Indictments / Watergate Break-In - September 15th, 1972: "Seven men, including two former White House aides, are indicted in Watergate break-in." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1972 - Birth / Gwyneth Paltrow - September 27th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Gwyneth Paltrow."

1972 - Birth / Bob Van Dillen - October 6th, 1972: "Robert S. Van Dillen (born October 6, 1972), is an American meteorologist currently working on the Morning Express with Robin Meade show on CNN Headline News. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Van_Dillen]

1972 - Birth / Eminem - October 17th, 1972: "Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972),[1] better known by his stage name Eminem or his alter ego Slim Shady, is an American rapper, record producer, songwriter and actor. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eminem]

1972 - Reelection / U.S. President Richard Nixon - November 7th, 1972: "Nixon Wins Reelection."

1972 - Record Close / DJIA - November 14th, 1972: "The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,000 for the first time, Nov. 14." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - Typhoon Theresa / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): December 3rd, 1972. Number of recorded deaths: 169." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1972 - U.S. Bombing Resumed / North Vietnam - December 18th, 1972: "Full-scale bombing of North Vietnam resumed after Paris peace negotiations reached an impasse Dec. 18." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 552]

1972 - Earthquake / Managua, Nicaragua - December 23rd, 1972: "Earthquake location: Managua, Nicaragua . Earthquake magnitude: 6.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 5,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1972 - Birth / Jude Law - December 29th, 1972: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Jude Law."

1972 - Peace Talks / Vietnam  - "In 1972, Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho reached an agreement in principle on several key measures leading to a cease-fire in Vietnam. Kissinger's view that 'peace is at hand,' is dimmed somewhat by South Vietnamese President Thieu's opposition to the agreement."

1972 - Whereabouts? / George W. Bush - "Military records that could help establish President George W. Bush's whereabouts during his disputed service in the Texas Air National Guard more than 30 years ago have been inadvertently destroyed, according to the Pentagon. [....] The destroyed records cover three months in 1972 and 1973 when Bush's claims of service in Alabama are in question." [New York Times, 07/09/04]

1972 - Dollars for Oil / U.S.A. & Saudia Arabia, ect. - 1972: "[....] When in 1970-1971 foreigners demanded payment for their dollars in gold, The U.S. Government defaulted on its payment on August 15, 1971. While the popular spin told the story of "severing the link between the dollar and gold", in reality the denial to pay back in gold was an act of bankruptcy by the U.S. Government. Essentially, the U.S. declared itself an Empire. It had extracted an enormous amount of economic goods from the rest of the world, with no intention or ability to return those goods, and the world was powerless to respond - the world was taxed and it could not do anything about it.

"From that point on, to sustain the American Empire and to continue to tax the rest of the world, the United States had to force the world to continue to accept ever-depreciating dollars in exchange for economic goods and to have the world hold more and more of those depreciating dollars. It had to give the world an economic reason to hold them, and that reason was oil.

"In 1971, as it became clearer and clearer that the U.S Government would not be able to buy back its dollars in gold, it made in 1972-73 an iron-clad arrangement with Saudi Arabia to support the power of the House of Saud in exchange for accepting only U.S. dollars for its oil. The rest of OPEC was to follow suit and also accept only dollars. Because the world had to buy oil from the Arab oil countries, it had the reason to hold dollars as payment for oil. Because the world needed ever increasing quantities of oil at ever increasing oil prices, the world's demand for dollars could only increase. Even though dollars could no longer be exchanged for gold, they were now exchangeable for oil. [....]"

[Based on: Article (The Proposed Iranian Oil Bourse) by Krassimir Petrov, Ph. D.]
http://news.goldseek.com/GoldSeek/1137510262.php]

1972  - Trivia / Space Exploration - "NASA launched Pioneer 10 for first Jupiter fly-by in December 1973 - First astronomical telescope on the Moon with NASA Apollo i6 and Astronauts Young and Duke - First color-image of Earth from NASA 1800lb ERTS i - 32-in telescope in Earth orbit Oil 4850-lb OAO 3 (Copernicus) - Last manned landing on Moon by Astronauts Cernan and Schmitt in NASA Apollo 17; 250-lbs of lunar samples returned from Taurus-Littrow." [Link: 1]

1972 - Discovered / Varna Necropolis, Bulgaria - "Found by chance during construction works in 1972 in the western industrial part of Varna the Varna Eneolithic Necropolis was under research excavations till 1991 under the direction of Mr. M.Lazarov /1972-1976/ and Mr. I. Ivanov /1972-1991/. It is situated about 500 m to the north of the Varna Lake and about 4 km to the west of downtown Varna. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.varna-bg.com/museums/archaeology/enexhibit/enhall5.htm]

*Trivia: "[....] The Varna Chalcolithic Necropolis (4600 - 4200 B.C.) which experts qualify as 'the world's oldest gold and Europe's most ancient civilization' was a sensational discovery. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.travel-bulgaria.com/content/treasures.shtml]

*Trivia: "[....] The golden artifacts from a vast burial complex discovered in the 1970s near the Black Sea port of Varna date back to the end of the fifth millennium B.C. and are internationally renowned as the world's oldest golden treasure." [Based on: A.P. article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 08/18/05]

1972 - Trivia / Sidney Gottlieb -

Sidney Gottlieb (August 3, 1918 – March 7, 1999) was an American chemist probably best-known for his involvement with the Central Intelligence Agency mind control program (MKULTRA).

Sidney was born in the Bronx under the name Joseph Schneider. He received a Ph.D. in chemistry from the California Institute of Technology. Despite the fact that he was a stutterer since childhood, Sidney got a master's degree in speech therapy. He also had a club foot, but this did not stop him from practicing folk dancing, a lifelong passion.

In 1951, Sidney Gottlieb joined the Central Intelligence Agency. As a poison expert, he headed the chemical division of the Technical Services Staff (TSS). Sidney became known as the "Black Sorcerer" and the "Dirty Trickster". He supervised preparations of lethal poisons and experiments in mind control.

[....]

In 1972 while still the head of the Technical Services Staff, shortly before retirement, Sidney Gottlieb allegedly destroyed most of the CIA files pertaining to him.

Sidney Gottlieb's passing on March 10, 1999 came at a convenient time for the CIA, as several new trials involving victims of its experiments were commencing.

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidney_Gottlieb]

1972 - Established / Biological Weapons Convention - "The Biological Weapons Convention was established. The treaty prohibited the research development and production of offensive biological weapons. The Soviet Union and the United States both ratified the treaty."

1972 - Supreme Court Ruling Trivia / Domestic Wiretaps - "When Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito worked at the Justice Department in President Ronald Reagan's administration in 1984, he defended in a memo the right of government officials to order domestic wiretaps for national security. The National Archives released the memo and scores of other documents related to Alito on Friday [12/23/05]. The memo dealt with whether government officials should have blanket protection from suits when authorizing wiretaps. Alito wrote, 'I do not question that the attorney general should have this immunity. But for tactical reasons, I would not raise the issue here.' Despite Alito's warning that the government would lose, Reagan's administration took the fight to the Supreme Court. The case questioned whether  President Richard Nixon's attorney general, John Mitchell, could be sued for authorizing  a warrantless domestic wiretap to gather information about a terrorist plot. In its court brief, the government argued for absolute immunity for the attorney general on matters of national security. The case ultimately led in 1985 to a ruling by the Supreme Court that the attorney general and other senior officials could be sued for violating people's rights, in the name of national security, with such actions as domestic wiretaps. But the court said Mitchell was protected from such suits, because when he authorized the wiretap, he was unaware that his actions violated the Fourth Amendment. The decision was consistent with the Supreme Court's unanimous ruling in 1972 that it was unconstitutional for the government to conduct wiretaps without court approval." [Based on: A.P. article (Court nominee defended domestic wiretaps in 1984), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 12/24/05]

1972 - The ECK-Vidya, Ancient Science of Prophecy - "Copyright 1972: The ECK-Vidya, Ancient Science of Prophecy, by Paul Twitchell [Died: 1971]. Copyright 1972 [First Printing] by Gail Twitchell. Sixth Printing: 1982."

1972 - Notable Songs of 1972 - "Burning Love" (Elvis Presley); "I Am Woman" (Helen Reddy)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1972_(United_States)

1972 - Notable Albums of 1972 - "Harvest" (Neil Young); "Exile on Main Street" (The Rolling Stones)

1972 - Flood Trivia / 1972 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 4. Number of flood deaths: 2,308." [E.M.]

1972 - Typhoon Trivia / 1972 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 169." [E.M.]

1972 - Hurricane Trivia / 1972 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 118." [E.M.]

1972 - Earthquake Trivia / 1972 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2. Number of earthquake deaths: 10,054." [E.M.]

1972 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1972 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 12,649." [E.M.]

1973

1973 - Katun 18:12 CAUAC - 1973-1992: "Planetary Ruler: Lunar Pluto. Stage 12. LAMAT Cycle. Harmonic Index: 1857600. A.D. 1973-1992. Morphogenetic Patterns Reach Maximum Entropy. [....]" [Based on: The Mayan Factor, by Jose Arguelles (Copyright 1987), p. 144]

1973 - ABC Debut / Schoolhouse Rock - January 6th, 1973: "The very first Schoolhouse Rock cartoon debuted on the ABC network on this Saturday morning in 1973. Millions of kids sang along with - and learned a little from - Schoolhouse Rock from 1973 to 1985. There were 41 segments in all: the first broadcast was 'Three Is a Magic Number.' " [Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 8]

1973 - Indictments Trivia / Watergate Break-In - January 11th-30th, 1973: "Five men plead guilty to conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping. Two stand trial and are convicted." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1973 - Last Episode / "Bonanza" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan 13th-19th, 1973: The last episode of "Bonanza" aired on NBC. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

1973 - U.S. Cease Fire / Vietnam  - January 28th, 1973: "A cease-fire agreement that, in the words of Richard Nixon, 'brings peace with honor in Vietnam and Southeast Asia,' is signed in Paris by Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho. The agreement is to go into effect on January 28, 1973."

*Trivia: "United States, South and North Vietnam and National Liberation Front sign [01/27/1973] peace pact." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. A5, 04/25/05]

1973 - Kiss / New York - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan 28 - Feb. 3, 1973: Kiss performed their first show, in New York. [Based on: Article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E5, S.L.P.D., 01/30/07]

1973 - Debut / "Midnight Special" - Entertainment highlights during the week of January 30th-February 5th, 1973: The NBC-TV rock show "Midnight Special" debuted, with Helen Reddy as host. [A.P.]

1973 - Wounded Knee Siege - February 27, 1973: "When machine-gun-toting American Indian militants took over Wounded Knee in 1973, the eyes of the world focussed on the tiny Pine Ridge reservation villiage and the tense 71-day standoff with federal agents." [A.P., 02/01/04]  

1973 - Last American Troops / Vietnam - March 29th, 1973: "Last American Troops Leave Vietnam."

1973 - World's 1st Cell Phone Call - April 3rd, 1973: "[....] Martin Cooper of Motorola makes the world's first cell phone call. [....]" [Based on: DISCOVER magazine (June 2007) article (TIRELESS WIRELESS / HOW RADIO CHANGED EVERYTHING) by Guy Gugliotta, p. 26]

1973 - Resignations / H.R. Haldeman & John D. Ehrlichman - April 30th, 1973: "Haldeman and Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman resign. White House aide John Dean is fired." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1973 - Monsoon Rains / India - "Monsoon date(s): June-August, 1973. Number of recorded deaths: 1,217." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1973 - Testimony Trivia / Senate Watergate Committee - July 16th, 1973: "Testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee, particularly from Dean, reveals that all of Nixon's White House conversations were taped." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1973 - Supreme Court Ruling / Watergate Documents & Tapes - July 24th, 1973: "The Supreme Court rules that Nixon must provide the tapes and documents subpoenaed by special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

*Trivia: "The Supreme Court rules [07/24/1974] Nixon must hand over the tapes."

1973 - Bombing Cessation / Cambodia - August 14th, 1973: "The Senate Armed Services Committee opens hearing on the US bombing of Cambodia. Allegations are made that the Nixon administration allowed bombing raids to be carried out during what was supposed to be a time when Cambodia's neutrality was officially recognized. As a result of the hearings, Congress orders that all bombing in Cambodia cease effective at midnight, August 14, 1973."

1973 - Nobel Prize Winner / Henry Kissinger - "The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Henry Kissinger of the United States and Le Duc Tho of North Vietnam. Kissinger accepts the award, while Tho declines, saying that a true peace does not yet exist in Vietnam."

1973 - Birth / Lisa Ling - August 30th, 1973: "Lisa J. Ling (Chinese: ... pinyin: Líng Zhìhuì; born August 30, 1973) is an American journalist, best known for her role as a co-host of ABC's The View (from 1999–2002), host of National Geographic Explorer, reporter on Channel One News, and special correspondent for the Oprah Winfrey Show and CNN. She is the older sister of journalist Laura Ling. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lisa_Ling]

1973 - CIA-Contrived Coup / Chile - September 11th, 1973: "The elected president of Chile, was overthrown and died in a CIA-contrived coup." [Links: 1, 2]

1973 - Yom Kippur War / Israel - "On October 6th, 1973, which was the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, the Egyptians and the Syrians launched a surprise attack against Israel. After a brief confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union, a cease-fire went into effect on October 22nd, 1973."

1973 - Nuclear Weapons Assembly / Israel? - October 1973: "The U.S. goes on nuclear alert during the Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur War. Israel reportedly assembles nuclear weapons during the war." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 107]

1973 - Trivia / Depleted Uranium Weapons  - [....] The first DU weapons system was developed for the Navy in 1968, and DU weapons were given to and used by Israel in 1973 under U.S. supervision in the Yom Kippur war against the Arabs. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.sfbayview.com/081804/depleteduranium081804.shtml]

1973 - Watergate Trivia / The "Saturday Night Massacre" - October 20th, 1973: "Cox refuses to compromise on the tapes, and Nixon orders Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire Cox. Richardson refuses and resigns in protest. Richardson's number two also refuses and resigns. Acting Attorney General Robert Bork fires Cox. This becomes known as the 'Saturday Night massacre.' " [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

*Trivia: "The Supreme Court rules [07/24/1974] Nixon must hand over the tapes."

1973 - Birth / William Herschel - November 16th, 1973: "Astronomer Sir William Herschel born, 1738." [Based on: The Old Farmer's Almanac (2006) by Robert B. Thomas, p. 97]

1973 - U.S. Premier / "The Exorcist" - December, 1968: Entertainment highlights during the week of Dec. 26-Jan 1: "The Exorcist," a movie directed by William Friedkin and starring Linda Blair, premiered in theaters nationwide. [A.P., 12/27/04]

1973 - U.S. Petro-Dollars - "The recycling of petro-dollars is the price the US has extracted from oil-producing countries for US tolerance of the oil-exporting cartel since 1973."

1973 - Trivia / U.S. Income Gap - "Over two decades, the income gap has increased steadily between the richest Americans, who own homes and stocks, and those at the middle or bottom of the pay scale, whose paychecks buy less. [....] The wealthiest 20 percent of households in 1973 accounted for 44 percent of total U.S. income, according to the Census Bureau. Their share jumped to 50 percent in 2002 while everyone else's fell. For the bottom fifth, the share dropped from 4.2 percent to 3.5 percent." [By Leigh Strope, A.P., 08/17/04]

1973 - Timeline Trivia / Lebanon - 1973: "The Lebanese army and Palestinian guerrillas clash." [A.P., 02/15/05]

1973 - Changing Images of Man - "In 1973 the United States government commissioned a report from SRI International entitled Changing Images of Man, edited by Willis W. Harman and O.W. Markley, which conclude that the spread of what it termed 'the new values' - spiritual and ecological awareness and self-reilisation movements - is become virtually unstoppable. This would bring about a transformation of society (particularly in the United States) that would radically undermine 'modern industrial-state culture and institutions' and result in 'serious social disruptions, economic decline, runaway inflation, and even institutional collapse'. This report anticipates a lessening of trust in authority and a reaction against a regimented, tightly controlled society. It also suggested ways of preventing this worst-case scenario by identifying existing institutions or traditions that could be used to control and contain the impetus of the new movement. Significantly, it recommended as one of the best solutions the tradition of Freemasonry. [....] What is particularly significant is that this report was produced by SRI International at the very time that they were heavily involved with the CIA and the US Defense Department. Imagine how it must have made alarm bells ring in the corridors of power, especially as it stressed that such a transformation of society was inevitable. The only recourse for those in positions of power and authority was for them to actively hijack the belief systems that underpinned this social unrest, moving it in whatever direction gave them the greatest advantage and retaining their control over the masses." [The Stargate Conspiracy, p. 318-319]

1973 - Whereabouts? / George W. Bush - "Military records that could help establish President George W. Bush's whereabouts during his disputed service in the Texas Air National Guard more than 30 years ago have been inadvertently destroyed, according to the Pentagon. [....] The destroyed records cover three months in 1972 and 1973 when Bush's claims of service in Alabama are in question." [New York Times, 07/09/04]

1973 - Formed / The Trilateral Commission - 1973: "The Trilateral Commission was formed in 1973 by private citizens of Japan, Europe (European Union countries), and North America (United States and Canada) to foster closer cooperation among these core democratic industrialized areas of the world with shared leadership responsibilities in the wider international system. Originally established for three years, our work has been renewed for successive triennia (three-year periods), most recently for a triennium to be completed in 2006. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.trilateral.org/about.htm]

*Trivia: "The Trilateral Commission was established in 1973. Its founder and primary financial angel was international financier, David Rockefeller, longtime chairman of the Rockefeller family-controlled Chase Manhattan Bank and undisputed overlord of his family's global corporate empire. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.afgen.com/trilateral.html] 

1973 - Darwin Gross / The Mahanta?, the Living ECK Master? - "... by the end of 1973 and early 1974 Darwin [Darwin Gross] was being introduced as the Mahanta, the Living ECK Master, at all the major seminars, and in the ECK publications." [See: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]   

*Trivia: "I've often wondered how differently things might have gone if Darwin had heeded Paul's warning, in his Illuminated Way Letter of January 1971:

     The next MAHANTA is about fifteen years away. He is now in training but where he is nobody knows and won't know for a long time yet. Meanwhile, I am serving as the MAHANTA, the Living ECK Master, until the time comes to appoint an ECK Master who may serve in the interim until the next MAHANTA is appointed. So those who make claims to the spiritual title are being boastful and exceeding the very characteristics of any of the ECK Masters. The Masters of ECKANKAR are not at all forward in temperament but quiet, almost shy in nature and frankly very brusque in speech and manner.

[Based on: Doug Marman, Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]   

1973 - The Heritage Foundation - "Founded in 1973, The Heritage Foundation is a neo-conservative public policy research institute."      

*Trivia: "From its inception, the Heritage Foundation urged its followers 'to strangle the environmental movement,' which it declared 'the greatest single threat to the American economy,' dismissing global warming , acid rain, and other environmental crises as 'henny pennyism.' Its prominence as the leading voice for pollution-based prosperity helped it attract enormous donations from the automobile, coal, oil, and chemical companies." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 24]  

1973 - Biological Weapons Destruction / U.S.A. - "The entire United Sates arsenal of biological weapons is destroyed except for seed stocks held for research purposes."

*Trivia: "The Army plans to ship chemical waste from the destruction of deadly VX nerve agent stockpiled in Indiana through Illinois and Missouri to Texas for incineration. [NP] The plan's opponents strongly oppose incinerating the VX hydrolysate in favor of treating and disposing of it on-site. [NP] The Army's project to destroy the Newport Chemical Depot's stockpile of the VX is expected to produce about 2 million gallons of hydrolysate. [NP] Army spokesman Greg Mahall said the first trucks carrying the residue could leave next week, traversing Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missippi, Louisiana and Texas." [Based on: News Services article (Army will ship out chemical waste), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 04/13/07]

1973 - Sky Lab / U.S.A. - "NASA 190,000-lb Skylab in Earth orbit made many astronomical observations and engineering experiments performed by three crews in visits as long as 85 days." [Link: 1]

1973 - Launched / Mariner 10, U.S.A. - "NASA iio8-lb Mariner 10 launched for Venus and Mercury fly-bys." [Link: 1

1973 - Launched / Mars Probes, USSR - "Soviet Union launched Mars 4, 5, and 6, of which Mars 5 soft landed in March 1974." [Link: 1]

1973 - ECKANKAR Dictionary - "Copyright 1973: ECKANKAR Dictionary, by Paul Twitchell [Died: 1971]. 6th Printing: 1986."

*Trivia: "Another version of the ECKANKAR Dictionary, called: A Cosmic Sea of Words, The ECKANKAR Lexicon, was published in 1998 [by ECKANKAR]." [E.M.]

1973 - Letters to Gail, Volume I - "Copyright 1973: Letters to Gail, Volume I, by Paul Twitchell [Died: 1971]. 5th Printing: 1983."

1973 - Notable Songs of 1973 - "Midnight Train to Georgia" (Gladys Knight & The Pips); "Dark Side of the Moon" (Pink Floyd)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1973_(United_States)

1973 - Notable Albums of 1973 - "Houses of the Holy" (Led Zeppelin); "Let's Get It On" (Marvin Gaye); "Dark Side of the Moon" (Pink Floyd)

1973 - Monsoon Trivia / 1973 - "Number of notable monsoons this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 1,217." [E.M.]

1973 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1973 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 1,217." [E.M.]

1974

1974 - Recording Contract / Kiss - Entertainment highlights during the week of January 6th-12th, 1974: Kiss signed its first recording contract, with Casablanca Records. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

1974 - ABC Premier / "Happy Days" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan 13th-19th, 1974: The sitcom "Happy Days" premiered on ABC. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

1974 - Unity of Man Conference / Kirpal Singh - February 3-6, 1974:

He [Kirpal Singh] convened the first World Conference on Unity of Man, which took place in Delhi from 3 to 6 February 1974 (see also His talk "The Remodeling of our Destiny" delivered at the Inaugural Session here [4]). Religious, political, and social leaders from all over India, and delegates from approximately 18 countries participated in the conference. This World Conference was the beginning of the Unity of Man movement (see also last circular letter "On the Unity of Man" issued on May 15, 1974 here [5] or here [6]). As a result of the conference Sant Kirpal Singh was invited by the government to address to the Indian Parliament. When he spoke to the members of the Lok Sabha on 1 August 1974, it was the first time that a spiritual leader was given that honour.

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirpal_Singh]

1974 - Mars Landing / Mars 5 - The Russian-made Mars 5 soft landed on Mars in March 1974."

1974 - First Tour / Jefferson Starship - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 18th-24, 1953: Jefferson Airplane began its first tour as Jefferson Starship. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 04/28/07]

1974 - Flooding / Tubaro, Brazil - "Flood date(s): March 29th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 1,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1974 - Record Tornadoes / U.S.A. - April 3rd-4th, 1974: "Preliminary government estimates say more tornadoes broke out in a single day last week [April 2011] than any other day in recorded history. Government analysts say there were 312 tornadoes during last week's outbreak, including a record-setting 226 in one day. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said the largest previous number was April 3-4, 1974, with 148 tornadoes." [Based on: Article (226 tornadoes in a day), p. A19, S.L.P.D., 05/03/11]

1974 - Birth / Penelope Cruz - April 28th, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Penelope Cruz."

1974 - Indian Nuclear Device Detonation / Rajasthan Desert - May 18th, 1974: "India detonates an underground nuclear device, called Smiling Buddha, in the Rajasthan desert." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 107]

1974 - Birth / Jewel - May 23rd, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Jewel."

1974 - Birth / Alanis Morissette - June 1st, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Alanis Morissette."

1974 - Storm Dinah, Luzon Island, Philippines - "Storm date(s): June11th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 71." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1974 - Typhoon Gilda / Japan & South Korea - "Typhoon date(s): July 11th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 108." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1974 - Supreme Court Ruling / Watergate Tapes - July 24th, 1974: "The Supreme Court rules [07/24/1974] Nixon must hand over the tapes." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1974 - Articles of Impeachment / U.S. President Richard Nixon - July 27th-30th, 1974: "House Judiciary Committee approves three articles of impeachment: obstruction of justice, misuse of powers and violation of his oath of office, and failure to comply with House subpoenas." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1974 - Resignation  / Richard Nixon - August 9th, 1974: "The Watergate scandal reached its dramatic crescendo in August 1974, with the resignation of President Richard Nixon, the first American President to be brought low by the threat of impeachment. One of the first acts of his successor, the unelected Vice-president Gerald Ford, was to grant Nixon a full pardon [11/08/1974] for his role in Watergate."

1974 - U.S. President Gerald R. Ford - August 9th, 1974: "The 38th American President, Gerald R. Ford [Republican], begins his term."

1974 - Flooding / MontyLong, Bangladesh - "Flood date(s): August 12th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 2,500." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1974 - The Ramones / New York - Entertainment highlights during the week of August 13th-19th, 1974: The Ramones played their first gig in New York. [Based on: A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 08/14/06]

1974 - Died / Kirpal Singh - August 21st, 1974: "Sant Kirpal Singh (6 February 1894–21 August 1974) was a Guru who was born in Sayyad Kasran, a part of the Punjab which now belongs to Pakistan. [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirpal_Singh

1974 - Last Episode / "The Brady Bunch" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Aug. 28-Sept. 3, 1974: "The last episode of 'The Brady Bunch' aired on ABC." [Based on: A.P., 08/29/05]

1974 - Nixon Pardon / U.S. President Gerald R. Ford - September 8th, 1974: "President Gerald Ford pardons Nixon." [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A6, 06/01/05]

1974 - NBC Debut / Little House on the Prairie - September 11th, 1974: "NBC television series premier: Little House on the Prairie." [Link: 1

1974 - Birth / Jimmy Fallon - September 19th, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Comedian, Jimmy Fallon."

1974 - Hurricane Fifi / Honduras - "Hurricane date(s): September 19th-20th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 2,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1974 - Birth / Natalie Maines - October 14th, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Country singer (Dixie Chicks), Natalie Maines."

1974 - Birth / Nelly - November 2nd, 1974: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Rapper, Nelly."

1974 - Revelation / MKSEARCH - December 1974: "In December 1974, The New York Times reported that the CIA had conducted illegal domestic activities, including experiments on U.S. citizens, during the 1960s. That report prompted investigations by both the U.S. Congress (in the form of the Church Committee) and a presidential commission (known as the Rockefeller Commission) into the domestic activities of the CIA, the FBI, and intelligence-related agencies of the military. In the summer of 1975, congressional hearings and the Rockefeller Commission report revealed to the public for the first time that the CIA and the DOD had conducted experiments on both cognizant and unwitting human subjects as part of an extensive program to influence and control human behavior through the use of psychoactive drugs such as LSD and mescaline and other chemical, biological, and psychological means. They also revealed that at least one subject had died after administration of LSD. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_MKULTRA#Origins]

1974 - Fighting / North & South Vietnam - December 13th, 1974: "Fighting erupts between North and South Vietnamese forces in Phuoc Long province." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. A5, 04/25/05]

1974 - Cyclone Darwin / Australia - "Cyclone date(s): December 25th, 1974. Number of recorded deaths: 50." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1974 - Strong Earthquake / Pakistan - December 28th, 1974: "Earthquake location: Pakistan. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 52,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1974 - Kidnapped? / Patty Hearst - "Newspaper heiress Patty Hearst hit the headlines, big-time, in 1974 when she was kidnapped by a shady neo-revolutionary outfit calling itself the Symbionese Liberation Army. A couple of months later, she was captured on closed circuit TV helping her 'captors' to rob a bank. Hearst was eventually arrested and given a short jail sentence, as arguments raged over whether she had been brainwashed into joining the gang, or was in cahoots with it all along. She now lives a blameless suburban life."

1974 - Trivia / U.S. Health Insurance - "Employment Retirement Income Security Act enacted, preventing states from regulating health plans that are self-funded by employers." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]

1974 - Launched / Helios 1, U.S.A. - "In 1974, the German Helios 1 was launched by NASA to orbit the sun at 0-3 AU."

1974 - DU Weapons Testing / U.S.A. - [....] The first DU weapons system was developed for the Navy in 1968, and DU weapons were given to and used by Israel in 1973 under U.S. supervision in the Yom Kippur war against the Arabs. The Phalanx weapons system, using DU, was tested on the USS Bigelow out of Hunters Point Naval Shipyard in 1977, and DU weapons have been sold by the U.S. to 29 countries. Military research report summaries detail the testing of DU from 1974-1999 at military testing grounds, bombing and gunnery ranges and at civilian labs under contract. Today 42 states are contaminated with DU from manufacture, testing and deployment. [....] A Japanese professor, Dr. K. Yagasaki, has calculated that 800 tons of DU is the atomicity equivalent of 83,000 Nagasaki bombs. The U.S. has used more DU since 1991 than the atomicity equivalent of 400,000 Nagasaki bombs. Four nuclear wars indeed, and 10 times the amount of radiation released into the atmosphere from atmospheric testing! No wonder our soldiers, their families and the people of the Middle East, Yugoslavia and Central Asia are sick. But as Henry Kissinger said after Vietnam when our soldiers came home ill from Agent Orange, 'Military men are just dumb stupid animals to be used for foreign policy.' [....]"

[Based on: http://www.sfbayview.com/081804/depleteduranium081804.shtml]

1974 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 10 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1974 - Excavation / Terracotta Warriors, China - "One of the great archaeological finds of the century was unearthed in China. A team excavating the tomb of the emperor Qin Shi Huangdi near the ancient capital of Xi'an, discovered a vast underground army of life-sized terracotta warriors, buried around the year 200 B.C .to guard their dead king."

1974 - Pension Benefit Guarantee Corp. / U.S.A. - 1974: [....] Congress established the PBGC [Pension Benefit Guarantee Corp.] in 1974 to guarantee the retirement security of workers covered by defined benefit pension plans. These traditional plans, which pay a specified monthly benefit at retirement, are being phased out [2009] as companies turn to 401(k)-style programs that require workers to make contributions and shoulder investment risks. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Government's pension agency braces for trouble), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 02/17/09]

1974 - The Talons Of Time - "Copyright 1974: The Talons Of Time, by Paul Twitchell [Died:1971]. 3rd Printing: 1987."

1974 - Notable Songs of 1974 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1974_(United_States)

1974 - Flood Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 2. Number of flood deaths: 3,500." [E.M.]

1974 - Storm Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable storms this year: at least 1. Number of storm deaths: 71." [E.M.]

1974 - Cyclone Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable cyclones this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 50." [E.M.]

1974 - Typhoon Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 108." [E.M.]

1974 - Hurricane Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 2,000." [E.M.]

1974- Earthquake Trivia / 1974 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 5,200." [E.M.]

1974 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1974 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 10,929." [E.M.]

1975

1975 - Trivia / U.S. Newspapers - "The days when most cities and even towns had several independently owned newspapers published by local people with close ties to the community are gone. Most of them were bought out or driven out of business by the mid-1970s. Today most 'local' newspapers are owned by a rather small number of large companies controlled by executives who live and work hundreds or even thousands of miles away." [Link: 1]

1975  - Earthquake / Haicheng, China - February 4th, 1975: "Earthquake location: Haicheng, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 10,000."  

1975 - Birth / Natalie Imbruglia - February 4th, 1975: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Natalie Imbruglia."

1975 - Birth / Drew Barrymore - February 22nd, 1975: Born this date in history: Actress, Drew Barrymore.

*Trivia: Barrymore was born in Culver City, California, the Daughter of American actor [John Drew Barrymore] and Jaid Barrymore (née Makó),[1][4] an aspiring actress. Barrymore's mother was born in a Displaced Persons camp in Brannenburg, West Germany, to Hungarian World War II refugees. Barrymore's father was of mainly English, and Irish, ancestry.[5] Her parents divorced after she was born.[1]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drew_Barrymore]

1975 - Viet Cong / North Vietnam - April 1st, 1975: "South Vietnam forces cede north to the Viet Cong." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. A5, 04/25/05]

1975 - Final Episode / Kung Fu - April 26, 1975: "Reportedly: 'The original airdate of season 1, began with the pilot movie on 2/22/72. The third and final season ended with "The Last Raid" episode which aired 4/26/75.' "

1975 - End / Vietnam War - April 29th-30th: "Remaining U.S. personnel and some South Vietnamese evacuated; North Vietnamese capture saigon. The Vietnam war ends." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. A5, 04/25/05]

1975 - Birth / Enrique Iglesias - May 8th, 1975: Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Enrique Iglesias.

1975 - Birth / Angelina Jolie - June 4th, 1975: Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Angelina Jolie.

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelina_Jolie

1975 - Birth / Kate Tunstall - June 23rd, 1975: Reportedly born this date in history: Singer KT Tunstall.

*Links: http://www.answers.com/topic/kt-tunstall#Early_life

1975 - Divorce / Sonny & Cher - "Entertainment highlights during the week of June 25th-July 1st, 1975: Sonny and Cher Bono's divorce was finalized in Santa Monica, Calif. They had married in 1964. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E2, S.L.P.D., 06/28/06]

1975  - Earthquake / Oroville, California - August 1st, 1975: "Earthquake location: Oroville, China. Earthquake magnitude: 5.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1975 - Mars Launch / Viking 1 - August 20th, 1975: "Mars Viking 1 launch." [Link: 1]

1975 - Revelation / MKSEARCH - Summer 1975: "In December 1974, The New York Times reported that the CIA had conducted illegal domestic activities, including experiments on U.S. citizens, during the 1960s. That report prompted investigations by both the U.S. Congress (in the form of the Church Committee) and a presidential commission (known as the Rockefeller Commission) into the domestic activities of the CIA, the FBI, and intelligence-related agencies of the military. In the summer of 1975, congressional hearings and the Rockefeller Commission report revealed to the public for the first time that the CIA and the DOD had conducted experiments on both cognizant and unwitting human subjects as part of an extensive program to influence and control human behavior through the use of psychoactive drugs such as LSD and mescaline and other chemical, biological, and psychological means. They also revealed that at least one subject had died after administration of LSD. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_MKULTRA#Origins]

1975 - Strong Earthquake / Turkey - September 6th, 1975: "Earthquake location: Turkey. Earthquake magnitude: 6.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 2,300."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1975 - Mars Launch / Viking 2 - September 9th, 1975: "Mars Viking 2 launch." [Link: 1]

1975 - Hurricane Eloise / Caribbean, NE U.S.A. - "Hurricane date(s): September 13th-27th, 1975. Number of recorded deaths: 71." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1975 - Saturn in Leo - September 17th, 1975 - July 26th, 1978: "On this date in history, the planet Saturn entered the sign of Leo." [E.M.]

1975 - Birth / Sean Lennon - October 9th, 1975: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Sean Lennon."

1975 - NBC Debut / "Saturday Night Live" - Entertainment highlights during the week of October 8th-14th, 1975: "Saturday Night Live" made its debut on NBC. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 10/09/06]

1975 - ABC Premier / "Good Morning America" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Oct. 29th-Nov. 4th, 1975: "Good Morning America" premiered on ABC, with hosts David Hartman and Nancy Dussault. [Based on: Article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D2, S.L.P.D., 10/30/06]

1975  - Earthquake / Kilauea, Hawaii - November 25th, 1975: "Earthquake location: South Flank of Kilauea, Hawaii. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 2."  

1975 - Birth / Bree Sharp - December 17th, 1975: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Bree Sharp."

1975 - Birth / Tiger Woods - December 30th, 1975: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Golfer, Tiger Woods."

1975 - Examples of Genocide / Cambodia - "A former Khmer Rouge leader acknowledged Tuesday [12/30/03] that there is 'no more doubt left' that his regime committed genocide, the first admission of the communist group's collective guilt. Khieu Samphan's surprising statement was made in an interview with The Associated Press. It is a major step in the long overdue effort to bring justice to those responsible for the deaths of 1.7 million Cambodians during the ultra-leftist group's 1975-1979 rule. [....] Until Tuesday [12/30/03] none of the Khmer Rouge's top leaders had publicly accepted that the government committed genocide." [A.P.]

*Trivia: "2 million Communist opposition, ethnic Vietnamese, Chinese and buddhist monks killed." [Based on: Reuters, World Almanac and KRT - St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]

1975 - Civil War / Lebanon - 1975: "Civil War between Syrian-backed Muslims and Israeli-aligned Christians begins." [A.P., 02/15/05]

1975 - Trivia / Space Exploration - Soviet Union launched Venera 9 and 10 to orbit Venus; Venera-9 lander reached the surface October 22 and transmitted the first pictures from another planet's surface - NASA Apollo docked with Soviet Soyuz in joint ASTP mission - NASA launched 7500-lb Vikings 1 and 2 to visit Mars in July 1976 with 2293-lb landers to make first analysis of Martian soil." [Link: 1

1970s - Intelligence Fraud? / "Lab 9" - "Writer Bruce rux says of the Puharich-Whitmore-Schlemmer set-up of the mid-1970s: 'Lab 9' shows all the hallmarks of being an intelligence fraud, one of numerous disinformation sources employed by that particular community.' " [Based on, The Stargate Conspiracy, by Lynn Picknett & Clive Prince, p. 220]

1975 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 13 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1975 - ECKANKAR: ILLUMINATED WAY LETTERS 1966-1971 - "ECKANKAR: ILLUMINATED WAY LETTERS 1966-1971, by Paul Twitchell (Copyright 1975 by Gail Twitchell Gross)"

1975 - ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings, Vol. 1 - "ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings, Vol. 1, by Paul Twitchell (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross)"

1975 - Notable Albums of 1975 - "Toys in the Attic" (Aerosmith); "Born to Run" (Bruce Springsteen); 'Physical Graffiti" (Led Zeppelin); "Wish You Were Here" (Pink Floyd)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1975_(United_States)

1975 - Hurricane Trivia / 1975 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 71." [E.M.]

1975 - Earthquake Trivia / 1975 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 12,302." [E.M.]

1975 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1975 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 12,373." [E.M.]

1976

1976 - Banned / PCB's, U.S.A. - "Congress banned PCBs as part of the 1976 Toxic Substances Control Act, or Superfund act."

1976 - ABC Premier / "Donny & Marie" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan. 20-26, 1976: "Donny and Marie" premiered on ABC. It was the first variety show hosted by a brother and sister team, Donny and Marie Osmond. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D2, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

1976 - ABC Premier / "Laverne & Shirley" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan. 21-27, 1976: "Laverne & Shirley," starring Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams, premiered on ABC. [Based on: Article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 01/22/06]

1976  - Major Earthquake / Guatemala - February 4th, 1976: "Earthquake location: Guatemala. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 23,000."  

1976 - FDA Approval / NAPROXEN - March 11th, 1976: "Approved by the FDA on this date in history: NAPROXEN (Brand name: Aleve)." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A6, 12/23/04]

1976 - Strong Earthquake / NE Italy - May 6th, 1976: "Earthquake location: NE Italy. Earthquake magnitude: 6.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1976 - Typhoon Olga / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): May 20th, 1976. Number of recorded deaths: 215." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1976 - Birth / Colin Farrell - May 31st, 1976: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Colin Farrell."

1976 - Flooding / Teton Dam Collapse, Idaho - "Flood date(s): June 5th, 1976. Number of recorded deaths: 11." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1976 - Major Earthquake / New Guinea - June 25th, 1976: "Earthquake location: Irian Jaya, New Guinea. Earthquake magnitude: 7.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 422."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1976 - Mars Landing / Viking 1 - July 20th, 1976: "Viking 1 spacecraft lands at CHRYSE PLANITIA, Mars."

1976  - Major Earthquake / Tangshan, China - July 27th, 1976: "Earthquake location: Tangshan, China. Earthquake magnitude: 7.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 255,000*."  

*Trivia: "[....] China's deadliest earthquake in the past century hit the eastern city of Tangshan in 1976, killing 242,000 people. That quake, also magnitude 7.8, knocked down 90 percent of the city's buildings, devestating a local population of 1 million people. [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Terror and devestation), pp. A1 & A6, S.L.P.D., 05/13/08]

1976 - Flooding / Big Thompson Canyon, Colorado - "Flood date(s): July 31st, 1976. Number of recorded deaths: 139." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1976 - Summer Olympic Games / Montreal, Canada - "In 1976, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Montreal, Canada. In 1976, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Innsbruck, Austria."  

1976 - Major Earthquake / Mindanao Philippines - August 16th, 1976: "Earthquake location: Mindanao, Philippines. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 8,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1976 - Mars Landing / Viking 2 - September 3rd, 1976: "Viking 2 spacecraft lands at UTOPIA PLANITIA, Mars."

1976 - Birth / Alicia Silverstone - October 4th, 1976: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Alicia Silverstone."

1976 - No. 1 Song / (Shake Shake Shake) Shake Your Body - September 11th, 1976: "KC and the Sunshine Band went to No.1 on the US singles chart with (Shake Shake Shake) Shake Your Body, it was the groups third US No.1, and a No.22 hit in the UK." [Link: 1

1976 - No. 1 Song / "Play That Funky Music" - September, 1976: "Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 17-Sept. 23: "Play That Funky Music" by Wild Cherry hit No. 1 on the pop chart. [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, 09/18/06]

1976 - Flooding / East Java, Indonesia - "Flood date(s): November 17th, 1976. Number of recorded deaths: 136." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1976 - Major Earthquake / NW Iran - November 24th, 1976: "Earthquake location: NW Iran-USSR border. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 5,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1976 - Platinum Albumn / "Hotel California" - Entertainment highlights during the week of December 24 - 30th, 1976: The Eagles' album "Hotel California" went platinum. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), S.L.P.D., 12/26/06]

1976 - Founded / MSLF - "In 1976, Coors, owner of one of Colorado's biggest polluters, founded the Mountain States Legal Foundation (MSLF) to challenge environmental laws. The MSLF mimicked the work of public interest organizations like the Natural Resources Defense Council, which has been fighting frontline legal battles for the environmental movement since 1970. Funded by multi-national polluters such as Phillips Petroleum, Exxon, Texaco, Amoco, Shell, Ford Motor Company, and Chevron, the MSLF filed suits intended to block efforts by environmentalists, unions, minorities,  and handicapped Americans that might cut into corporate profit taking." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 23]

1976 - Timeline Trivia / Lebanon - 1976: "Arab peacekeeping force, dominated by Syrian soldiers, is deployed in Lebanon in an attempt to end the civil war. U.S. Ambassador Francis Meloy is assassinated." [A.P., 02/15/05]

1976 - Crafted? / "Model of 911 Terrorist Attack " -

"The laundry list of terrorist warnings handed to the Bush administration prior to 9/11 makes the president and others look like “bumbling idiots or a bunch of conniving criminals” responsible for the mass murders at the WTC twin towers, the Pentagon, Pennsylvania and in Afghanistan and Iraq. These are the harsh words of Timothy McNiven, an outspoken critic of the President’s handling of 9/11 and a 29-year U.S. Defense Department operative still under contract with the government. He says not only did the Bush administration purposely ignore Al Qaeda in the months preceding the 9/11 attacks, but the situation is even more disturbing, considering his military unit way back in 1976 devised a mock terrorist attack of the twin towers exactly like what occurred on 9/11. McNiven, who first went public in an affidavit included in a 9/11-related federal conspiracy (RICO) lawsuit filed against Bush and others in 2004, claims his unit was ordered to create the “perfect terrorist plan” using commercial airliners as weapons and the twin towers as their target. The publicized version of the study, commissioned by Congress, was to identify security lapses and submit corrective measures to lawmakers. However, McNiven claims the real purpose of the study was to brainstorm how to pull off the perfect terrorist attack using the exact same 9/11 scenario. The study, commissioned to C-Battery 2/81st Field Artillery, U.S. Army, stationed in Strasbourg, Germany in 1976, specifically devised the scenario of the twin towers being leveled by Middle Eastern terrorists using commercial airliners and even plastic box cutters to bypass security. To silence critics, McNiven has successfully passed a credible lie detector test regarding his participation in the study as well as other specific orders given to him by his superiors in case of a real attack on the twin towers. The head of the 1976 mock terrorist plan was Lt. Michael Teague of Long Island, who McNiven says was given specific orders by higher-ups in the military to use the twin towers as the terrorist target. McNiven said he has been unable to contact Teague, but was interested in his opinion now that “the 9/11 attacks happened the way we planned them in 1976.” “I remember Lt. Teague changed the scenario of the supposed study from a 100 story building to the twin towers,” recalled McNiven, emphasizing that Teague was acting on specific orders from unknown superiors. “He then said he thought it was very strange to be asked to devise a plan to blow up your own home town. But as I watched the twin towers really collapse on the morning of September 11, I realized I was watching the very same thing we devised in 1976.” Since that ominous realization, McNiven has devoted his life to alerting the American public about the similarities between 9/11 and the 1976 study, without much success, his story basically being ignored by politicians and the mainstream media. “Why am I doing this? Why have I spent every waking hour trying to bring this story to the American people?” asked McNiven. He claims he still is following a strange direct military order given to him more than 25 years ago. “During the course of the terrorist plan we were devising, I made the statement to Lt. Teague that if the WTC was ever attacked like we planned, I’d go public. I was then physically assaulted and told never to reveal anything we were doing regarding the twin towers.” However, about a week later, a strange turn of events occurred. For no apparent reason, McNiven claims, his superiors completely changed their minds. “I was given the direct order that if the twin towers were ever attacked the way we discussed in the 1976 study, I was to do everything in my power to bring the similarities to the attention of the American people. “I have no idea why they changed their minds, but I was then emphatically told that this order was never to be rescinded—never—because those who would rescind it, would be the very same people who turned against the American people.” Besides taking a lie detector to verify his story, McNiven has made public a detailed list of about 40 names of those individuals who took part in the mock terrorist plan, including Col. Robert Morrison, Maj. Joe Dipiero, Sgt. Middleton, Sgt. Arroyo and many others. “There were also people from the Defense Department and the CIA who were monitoring the study, but I wasn’t able to get their names,” he added. Some of McNiven’s most recent assignments with the Defense Department include work on the Northwest Drug Task Force and various other drug smuggling and weapons trafficking cases.

[Based on: article by Greg Szymanski] [Note: title, paragraph indents, and spacing removed to save space - E.M.]

*Trivia:

A former U.S. Army corporal and Department of Defense (DOD) operative has received a number of death threats after releasing information that his military unit in 1976 was commissioned by Congress to create the perfect terrorist plan to level the WTC with airplanes and box cutters. Timothy McNiven, under contract with the DOD, claims the threats were transmitted by email and “snail mail” from unknown origins in what he calls an ongoing harassment campaign to keep him quiet about the government-sponsored “perfect terrorist plan,” almost identical to what happened on Sept. 11, 2001. McNiven, however, disregarded the threats, telling his story to AFP. His account first appeared in the March 21 issue. Besides personal threats, he also claims other members of his 1976 unit, including a man named Sgt. Riggs, were also threatened. Riggs and more than 100 of McNiven’s unit members have not come forward or spoken publicly about his accusations. “I am just one of the enlisted men who took part, but I can confirm it took place and our plan was just like what went down on 9-11,” said McNiven. “There were about 100 people from my unit involved and I am actively seeking help to find them. “Sgt. Riggs told me one day that he and others had their wives and children threatened by the U.S. government with retaliatory acts if they were to release their information to the media. But he said if I could break the censorship and get to the media first, he then would come forward and tell what he knows.” The study, commissioned to C-Battery 2/81st Field Artillery, U.S. Army, stationed in Strasbourg, Germany in 1976, specifically devised the scenario of the twin towers being leveled by Middle Eastern terrorists using commercial airliners and even plastic box cutters to bypass security. McNiven first went public with the hidden purpose behind the congressional study in an affidavit included in a 9-11-related federal conspiracy lawsuit filed against Bush and others in by Mrs. Ellen Mariani on Sept. 12, 2003. The publicized version of the study, commissioned by Congress, was to identify security lapses and submit corrective measures to lawmakers. However, McNiven claims the real purpose of the study was to brainstorm how to pull off the perfect terrorist attack using the same 9-11 scenario. To back up his story, McNiven passed a credible lie detector test, testified in a sworn affidavit contained in the federal 2003 RICO lawsuit filed against Bush and provided the names of the men in his 1976 unit. McNiven claims to have lost contact with the members of his unit, but he especially is interested in finding Lt. Michael Teague, the officer in charge of the unit who gave the specific orders to devise the mock 9-11 plan. “I remember Lt. Teague changed the scenario of the supposed study from a 100 story building to the twin towers,” said McNiven, emphasizing that Teague was acting on specific orders from unknown superiors. “He then said he thought it was very strange to be asked to devise a plan to blow up your own home town. But as I watched the twin towers really collapse on the morning of Sept. 11, I realized I was watching the very same thing we devised in 1976,” he said. McNiven said he was originally told by Teague “never to go public” about the contents of the details and findings of the mock terrorist plan. But later, for unknown reasons, Teague changed his mind, perhaps due to feelings of guilt, and gave him direct orders to go public if anything like 9-11 ever occurred in the future. “I was given the direct order, which I feel I am still under, that if the twin towers were ever attacked the way we discussed in the 1976 study, I was to do everything in my power to bring the similarities to the attention of the American people,” said McNiven. “I have no idea why they changed their minds, but I was then emphatically told that this order was never to be rescinded—never—because those who would rescind it, would be the very same people who turned against the American people.” Besides Teague and Riggs, he is hoping others in his unit will come forward with more details in order to verify his story. “I am willing to take additional polygraph exams to prove I am telling the truth until other participants in the study come forward,” added McNiven. Some of the other members of his unit, names provided by McNiven, include Col. Robert Morrison, Maj. Joe Dipiero, Sgt. Maj. McKay, Sgt. Middleton, Sgt. Arroyo, Sgt. Murray, Sgt. Edwards, Sgt. Broder, Sgt. Steadman, Sgt. Wolford, Sgt. Jackson, Sgt. Garza, Sgt. Meralas, Sgt. Taraza, Sgt. Spears, 1st Sgt. Ray, Sgt. Terry Henderson, Sgt. Barber, Cpl. Picket, Cpl. Wisner, Richard Seanz, Berni Domoski, George Cinch, Harry Waldren, Tom Kimber, Rick Lyons, Michael Hubbert, Dan Henderson, Martian Seals, Jake Asuit, Bruce Levine, Thomas Gumbs, Rick Bruns, Dennis Montoya, Phlash Richardson, Fetch, Bob Bender, Johnson, Drew Cousins and Terry Cook.

[Based on: AFP article by Greg Szymanski] [Note: title, paragraph indents, and spacing removed to save space - E.M.]

1976 - The Sirius Mystery - "One of the most influential books ever written about the mysteries of Egypt is Robert Temple's The Sirius Mystery, originally published in 1976, and with an extensively revised edition in 1998." [The Stargate Conspiracy, p. 26]

1976 - Notable Songs of 1976 - "I Will Survive" (Gloria Gaynor); Shake Shake Shake) Shake Your Body (KC and the Sunshine Band); "Play That Funky Music"  (Wild Cherry)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1976_(United_States)

1976 - Notable Albums of 1976 - "Night Moves" (Bob Seger); "Boston" (Boston); "Hotel California" (The Eagles); "Songs in the Key of Life" (Stevie Wonder)

1976 - Flood Trivia / 1976 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 3. Number of flood deaths: 286." [E.M.]

1976 - Typhoon Trivia / 1976 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 215." [E.M.]

1976 - Earthquake Trivia / 1976 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 6. Number of earthquake deaths: 292,422." [E.M.]

1976 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1976 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 292,923." [E.M.]

1977

1977 - Trivia / Israeli Settlements - "By 1977 there were only 4,500 Israeli settlers in the West Bank [with another 50,000 in East Jerusalem]. But following election of the conservative Likud Party government that year, the settlement drive went into high gear. Among other initiatives to clear land for this purpose, the new Israeli government declared that established landowners unable to produce legal title [which most Palestinians in the West Bank did not possess] could have their holdings seized as state land. To encourage settlers to move from Israel or abroad to the settlements, successive Israeli governments offered generous subsidies, such as tax breaks and cut-rate mortgages. Even for those not drawn by visions of occupying the biblical land of Israel, these were attractive inducements. Living in cheap commodious housing, inhabitants of the larger settlement blocs close to the Green Line could enjoy a comfortable suburban lifestyle within an easy commute to jobs inside Israel itself." [N.G.M. / October 2002]

1977 - Birth / Orlando Bloom - January 13th, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Orlando Bloom."

1977 - U.S. President Jimmy Carter - January 20th, 1977: "The 39th American President, Jimmy Carter [Democrat], begins his term."

1977 - Scientology FCDC Suit / Director of CIA & Others - January 31st, 1977: "Scientology's FCDC files a suit against the Director of CIA and others, No. 77-0175. The suit alleges that Scientology has been the subject of a government-wide conspiracy to destroy a religion. It claims that the church's constitutional and statutory rights have been violated in that the government agencies have improperly maintained and disseminated information; harassed, observed, and infiltrated the organization; 'blacklisted' members; and subjected the organizations to discriminatory tax audits. Defendants include the Director of the FBI, the Attorney General of the United States, the Director of the CIA, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Chief of the National Central Bureau of the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL); the Director of NSA; the Secretary of the Army; and the Postmaster General of the Postal Service. The United States is also named as a defendant. [NOTE: George H.W. Bush leaves as Director of CIA at almost the same time this case is filed. This suit, as all the other Scientology FOIA cases, is being handled by Scientology's Guardian Office, run by Mary Sue Hubbard. Just over six months after this suit is filed, the Guardian Office is raided by the FBI and all of its senior members are charged with stealing IRS and other government agency documents. They will be sentenced to jail terms. In the aftermath, IRS's Meade Emory will tear down the entire Scientology corporate structure and rebuild it, but Meade Emory's work will be in secret, and the restructuring will be publically attributed to L. Ron Hubbard, whose whereabouts are unknown the entire time.]" [Based on: ttp://www.sc-i-r-s-ology.pair.com/rvtimeline/index.html] - [T.D. 09/13/08] 

1977 - Birth / Shakira - February 2nd, 1977: "Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll ... born February 2, 1977),[3] known professionally as Shakira, is a Colombian singer-songwriter who emerged in the music scene of Colombia and Latin America in the early 1990s. [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakira

1977 - "Fall Out" / The Police - February 12th-18th: The Police recorded their first single, "FallOut." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, S.L.P.D., 02/13/06]

1977 - Earthquake / Romania - March 4th, 1977: "Earthquake location: Romania. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,500."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1977 - Birth / Shannon Miller - March 10th, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: U.S. Olympic gold-medal gymnast, Shannon Miller."

1977 - ABC Debut / "Three's Company" - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 9th-15th, 1977: "Three's Company" made its debut on ABC. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 03/11/08]

1977 - Movie Release / Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope - May 1977: "Released this date in history: Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Movie Gross: 798 million." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. E1, 05/18/05]

1977 -  President Leonid Brezhnev / Russia - "June 16th, 2001: Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet top dog since the ousting of Nikita Kruschev in 1964, became President of the USSR." [Link: 1]

1977 - Last Concert / Elvis Presley - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 25th-July 1st, 1977: Elvis Presley performed his last concert, in Indianapolis. [Based on: A.P. article, p. E2, S.L.P.D., 06/28/06]

1977 - Birth / Liv Tyler - July 1st, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Liv Tyler."

1977 - Flooding / Johnstown, PA - "Flood date(s): July 19th-20th, 1977. Number of recorded deaths: 68." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1977 - Died / Elvis Presley - August 16th, 1977: "Reportedly died this date [08/16/77] in history: Rock Legend: Elvis Presley."

1977 - Earthquake / Indonesia - August 19th, 1977: "Earthquake location: Indonesia. Earthquake magnitude: 8.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 200."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1977 - Launched / Voyager 2 - August 20th, 1977: "The U.S. spacecraft Voyager 2 is launched." [Link: 1]

1977 - Launched / Voyager 1 - September 5th, 1977: "The U.S. spacecraft Voyager 1 is launched." [Link: 1]

1977 - Birth / Fiona Apple - September 13th, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Fiona Apple."

1977 - Birth / John Mayer - October 13th, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, John Mayer."

1977 - Discovery / Eobacterium - October 23rd, 1977: "On this day [10/23/77] in 1977, American paleontologist Elso  S. Barghoorn announced the discovery of Pre-Cambrian spherical one-celled algae microfossils (named Eobacterium). These fossils were 3.4 billion years old, making them Earth's earliest life forms." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 343]

1977 - ABC Premier / "The Love Boat" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 23-29, 1977: "The Love Boat" premiered on ABC. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 09/25/07]

1977 - Flooding / Toccoa, Georgia - "Flood date(s): November 6th, 1977. Number of recorded deaths: 39." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1977 - Birth / Oksana Baiul - November 16th, 1977: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Olympic gold medal figure skater, Oksana Baiul."

1977 - Great Earthquake / NW Argentina - November 23rd, 1977: "Earthquake location: NW Argentina. Earthquake magnitude: 8.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 100."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1977 - "Saturday Night Fever" - Entertainment highlights during the week of December 10th-16th, 1977: The movie "Saturday Night Fever" opened in New York. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 12/11/06]

1977 - Trivia / Andrija Puharich - "The Washington Post reported in 1977 that Puharich also worked in the Army's Chemical and Biological Warfare Center at Fort Detrick, Maryland, and has 'lectured the Army, Air Force and Navy on possibilities for mind warfare. Expert in hypnotism as well as microelectronics.' " [Alex Constantine, Virtual Government, p. 11-12]

1977 - Status / Dead Sea Scrolls - "30th anniversary of scrolls' discovery prompts Geza Vermes to warn of 'academic scandal' if pace of publication of scrolls is not accelerated. - Biblical Archaeologist editor, David Noel Freedman, questions the ethics of a small group of scholars having exclusive rights to study & publish the scrolls 'at their own...discretion'."

1977 - Trivia / Ancient Undersea Life - "[....] The deep-sea submersible Alvin first found black smoker chimneys in 1977 off the coast of the Galapagos Islands. Scientists were suprised to find clams and tube worms thriving in the 500-degree pitch dark. The animals fed on bacteria that in turn ate the sulfur percolating from sea-floor vents. It was the first ecosystem not dependent on sunlight. These and other heat-loving 'extremophiles,' like microbes found in Yellowstone Park hot springs, have DNA that has barely changed, Mojzsis [University of Colorado geologist, Stephen Mojzsis] said. In other words, he said, they have 'ancient pedigrees' that extend further back in the tree of life than any other type of organism. Geologists offer another reason life began on the sea floor: It might have been the only place possible. From the time the earth formed, 4.5 billion years ago, until about 3.8 billion years ago, large meteorites slammed into the earth. Geologists have a name for it: the Heavy Bombardment Period. [....] Kusky [Timothy Kusky] next wants to push the timeline for life-bearing sea floor rocks back by another billion years. He wants to go to the Pilbara region of western Australia, where he thinks he might find sea floor rocks 3.5 billion years old. If he's lucky, hell bag some black smoker chimneys. Mojzsis said Kusky will need the luck. [....]" [Based on article by Eric Hand, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A5, 03/29/05]

1977 - World Smallpox Cases / Zero - "There has not been a natural case of smallpox in the world since 1977." [A.P., 8/18/03]

1977 - Letters to Gail, Volume II - "Copyright 1977: Letters to Gail, Volume II, by Paul Twitchell [d.1971]. 4th Printing: 1986."

1977 - Notable Songs of 1977 - "Hotel California" (The Eagles); "The Grand Illusion" (STYX)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1977_(United_States)

1977 - Notable Albums of 1977 - "Stranger" (Billy Joel); "Rumours" (Fleetwood Mac); "Bat Out of Hell" (Meatloaf); "Saturday Night Fever" (Soundtrack)

1977 - Flood Trivia / 1977 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 2. Number of flood deaths: 107." [E.M.]

1977 - Earthquake Trivia / 1977 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 1,800." [E.M.]

1977 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1977 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 1,907." [E.M.]

1978

1978 - Trivia / The Bee Gees - January 1st, 1978: Not even The Beatles ruled the charts like this: Thanks largely to the "Saturday Night Fever" soundtrack, during an eight-month period beginning in the Christmas season of 1977, the Gibb brothers wrote six songs that hit No. 1 for 25 to 32 weeks: three of their own ("How Deep Is Your Love," "Stayin' Alive," "Night Fever"): two for brother Andy ("(Love is) Thicker Than Water," "Shadow Dancing"); and one for Yvonne Elliman ("If I Can't Have You").

[Based on: NEWSDAY article [Jan. 1: THE BEE GEES DOMINATE THE WORLD] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1978 - Birth / Ashton Kutcher - February 7th, 1978: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actor, Ashton Kutcher."

1978 - Unratified D.C. Voting Rights Amendment - March 22nd, 1978: "D.C. Voting Rights amendment unratified."

1978 - Manuscript Finished / "The Making of a Spiritual Movement" - Spring 1978: "13. In the Spring of 1978 I [David Lane] finally finished the manuscript, which was originally called "The Making of a Cult" - but was later switched on the advice of Neil Tessler to "The Making of a Spiritual Movement." I turned in for my class credit; it was about 160+ pages, I believe." [Based on: http://www.beyond-the-illusion.com/files/Occult/Misc/eckankar.txt]

1978 - "Darkness on the Edge of Town" / Bruce Springsteen - June 1-7, 1978: Entertainment highlights during the week of June 1st - 7th, 1978: Bruce Springsteen's album "Darkness on the Edge of Town" was released. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E3, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

1978 - "Grease" / U.S.A. - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 11-17, 1978: "The movie version of "Grease" opened [June 16th] in North American theaters." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/12/06]

1978 - Flooding / N India - "Flood date(s): June-September, 1978. Number of recorded deaths: 1,200." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1978 - 1st Test Tube Baby -  July, 1978: "The world's first test tube baby, Louise Brown, was born in Britain in July 1978."

1978 - X15 Solar Flare - July 11th, 1978: "On this date in history an X15 solar flare ["5th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1978 - "Mork & Mindy" - September 14th, 1978: "Happy Days" spinoff unleashes a maniac named Robin Williams on an unsuspecting world. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [SEPT. 14: 'Mork & Mindy'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1978 - Major Earthquake / NE Iran - September 16th, 1978: "Earthquake location: NE Iran. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 15,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1978 - Pope John Paul II - October 1978: "There were three popes in 1978. The death of Paul VI was followed by the election of Cardinal Albino Luciani, who took the unusual double-barrelled name of John Paul I. Thirty-four days later he was dead. The College of Cardinals then amazed the world by choosing a non-Italian, Cardinal Karol Wojtola of Poland, who in respect for his immensely popular predecessor, took the name John Paul II."

*Trivia: "John Paul was elected Pope [Pope John Paul II] on October 16th, 1978."

1978 - Pluto 17 Libra - October 21st, 1978: Pluto at 17 degrees Libra

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1978.pdf

1978 - Typhoon Rita / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): October 27th, 1978. Number of recorded deaths: 400." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1978 - Birth / Nelly Furtado - December 2nd, 1978: "Nelly Kim Furtado ... is a Canadian singer, songwriter, record producer and actress. [...] Furtado was born on December 2, 1978, in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Her Portuguese parents, Maria Manuela and António José Furtado, were both immigrants from the Azores[3] who were born on São Miguel Island and emigrated to Canada in the late 1960s.[4] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelly_Furtado]

1978 - Birth / Katie Holmes - December 18th, 1978: "Kate Noelle 'Katie' Holmes ... is an American actress who first achieved fame for her role as Joey Potter on The WB television teen drama Dawson's Creek from 1998 to 2003. [...] Holmes was born in Toledo, Ohio.[9] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katie_Holmes]

1978 - Riots / Iran - "During 1978 and '79, there were increasing riots in the cities of Iran against the Shah. The Ayatollah, sensing his time to return was near, was now living in Paris. He issued a proclamation calling for the overthrow of the Shah and the hated Pahlavi regime." [Links: 1]

1978 - Camp David I - "At Camp David, Maryland, U.S. President Jimmy Carter brought together Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to forge the first peace talks treaty ever between Arabs and Israelis. In return for peace with Egypt [including full political and economic ties] Israel agreed to return the Sinai and remove its settlements there. Sadat was under pressure to advance the Palestinian cause in this negotiation, but in the end Camp David sidestepped the issue." [N.G.M./October/2002]

1978 - USSR Coup / Afghanistan - "Afghanistan is a rich tapestry of many different peoples living relatively isolated, deep in the highlands of Central Asia. In the 1960s, the U.S. power structure considered Afghanistan as a 'buffer state' between the Soviet Union to the north and the strategically important U.S.-backed states of Iran and Pakistan to the south. The overwhelming majority of the population of 18 million lived as impoverished farmers in the extremely backward countryside - dominated by large landowners and the heads of feudal clans. But then, at the end of 1970s, the intensifying global rivalry between the U.S. and USSR brought bitter warfare to Afghanistan.
   "In 1978, bureaucrat-capitalist forces allied with the Soviet imperialists staged a coup and took over Afghanistan's weak central government in Kabul. Resistance to the Kabul regime developed among a wide range of forces who were hostile to each other - from Maoists, who opposed Soviet domination, to traditional patriarchal clans who were in an uproar over girls going to school. And in 1979, the Soviet army invaded to prop up their local allies.
   "Zbigniew Brzezinski, national security adviser to former U.S. President Jimmy Carter said: 'Literally the day after the Soviet action in Kabul, I wrote a memo to the president in which the key sentence was: We now have the opportunity to give the Soviet Union its Vietnam.' According to Charles Cogan, the former CIA station chief for this area, U.S. arms were arriving at the scene within 13 days of the Soviet invasion.
   "The U.S.-Soviet rivalry produced a war that would tear Afghanistan apart. More than one million Afghani people were killed and one-third of the population fled into refugee camps. Tens of thousands of Soviet soldiers died in the war. Twenty years later, the fighting in Afghanistan has still not ended." [Link: 1]

1978 - FISA / U.S.A. -  "Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978."

1978 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 15 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1978 - Alternative 3 - "Sphere books published Alternative 3, by Leslie Watkins."

1978 - Notable Songs of 1978 - "Y.M.C.A." (The Village People); "Stayin' Alive" (The Bee Gees)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1978_(United_States)

1978 - Notable Albums of 1978 - "Darkness on the Edge of Town" (Bruce Springsteen); "What's Going On" (Marvin Gaye); "Van Halen" (Van Halen)

1978 - Flood Trivia / 1978 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 1,200." [E.M.]

1978 - Typhoon Trivia / 1978 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 400." [E.M.]

1978 - Earthquake Trivia / 1978 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 15,000." [E.M.]

1978 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1978 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 16,600." [E.M.]

1979

1979 - Revolution / Iran - "On January 16, 1979, riddled with cancer, the Shah, his wife and family and a small group of supporters, boarded the Royal Iranian Boeing 707 and left Iran. He hoped that he could find refuge in the United States. President Jimmy Carter made it clear that he was not welcome. The Shah was reduced to travelling from country to country. He found temporary homes in Egypt, Morocco, the Bahamas, Panama and Mexico. Ayatollah Khomeini returned and became the leader of Iran. The immediate impact was that the United States lost access to Iranian oil. A $7 billion arms deal that the United States had signed with Iran was cancelled, and on February 14, 1979, the Ayatollah's revolutionary forces overran the American Embassy in Tehran. The United States announced the withdrawal of all American personnel from Iran." [Links: 1]

1979 - Flooding / Brazil - "Flood date(s): January-February, 1979. Number of recorded deaths: 204." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1979 - CBS Debut / "Dukes of Hazzard" - "Entertainment highlights in the week of Jan. 23-29: 'The Dukes of Hazzard,' starring Tom Wopat, John Schneider and Catherine Bach, made its debut on CBS." [A.P.]

1979 - First U.S. Tour / The Clash - February 11th-17th, 1979: The Clash kicked off its first U.S. tour in New York. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 02/12/07]

1979 - Birth / Jennifer Love Hewitt - February 21st, 1979: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Jennifer Love Hewitt ."

1979 - Married / Eric Clapton & Patti Boyd - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 26-April 1: "Eric Clapton married Patti Boyd, the ex-wife of his friend George Harrison. They separated in 1986." [Based on: A.P.]

1979 - Partial Meltdown / Three Mile Island - March 28th, 1979: "The United States came close to nuclear catastrophe when one of the reactors at the Three Mile Island power station in Pennsylvania had a partial meltdown. Technicians intervened quickly to forestall an explosion, but arguments rage still about what happened and what the consequences really were."

1979 - Birth / Norah Jones - March 30th, 1979: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Norah Jones."

1979 - Major Concert Debut / Kate Bush - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 30th-April 5th, 1979: Singer-songwriter Kate Bush made her major concert debut at a theater in Liverpool, England.. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 04/01/08]

1979 - Mickey Thomas / Jefferson Starship - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 8th-14th, 1979: Mickey Thomas became the lead singer of Jefferson Starship. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D3, S.L.P.D., 04/09/07]

1979 - Birth / Kate Hudson - April 19th, 1979: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actress, Kate Hudson."

1979 - Pluto 17 Libra - May 11th, 1979: Pluto at 17 degrees Libra, R.; August 12th, D. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1979.pdf

1979 - Flooding / Lomblem Island, Indonesia - "Flood date(s): July 17th, 1979. Number of recorded deaths: 539." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1979  - Earthquake / Coyote Lake, California - August 6th, 1979: "Earthquake location: Coyote Lake, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1979 - Flooding / Lomblem Island, Indonesia - "Flood date(s): August 11th, 1979. Number of recorded deaths: 15,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1979 - Hurricane David / Caribbean, E U.S.A. - "Hurricane date(s): August 30th-September 7th, 1979. Number of recorded deaths: 1,100." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1979 - Great Earthquake / Indonesia - September 12th, 1979: "Earthquake location: Indonesia. Earthquake magnitude: 8.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 100."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1979  - Strong Earthquake / Imperial Valley, California - October 15th, 1979: "Earthquake location: Imperial Valley, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1979 - Hostage Crisis  / Iran - November 4th, 1979: "Although the United States had no intention of helping the return of the Shah to power, in October 22, 1979, they did allow the Shah to enter the United States for medical reasons. The Iranians saw this as an indication that the United States still supported their old friend the Shah. On November 4, 1979, 3,000 Iranian students stormed the American Embassy and took the 66 Americans who were inside hostage. Blacks and women hostages were released. The students justified this because they felt that Blacks had suffered from oppression in the United States and that they did not wage war against women." [Links: 1]

1979 - U.S. Nuclear Missles / Europe - December 12th 1979: "NATO approves the deployment in Europe of middle-range U.S. nuclear missles." [Sources: NATO, The Associated Press, the World Book, the Encyclopedia Britannica]

1979 - Major Earthquake / Columbia, Ecuador - December 12th, 1979: "Earthquake location: Columbia, Ecuador. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 800."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1979 - Founded  / P.I.J. - "Palestinian Islamic Jihad, founded in 1979, is a small group devoted exclusively to terrorist activities. It is headquartered in Syria and receives much of its funding from Iran."

1979 - News Corporation - 1979: "[....] News Corp was created in 1979 by Rupert Murdoch as a holding company for News Limited. News Limited was created by Murdoch from the assets he inherited in 1952 following the death of his father, Sir Keith Murdoch, and subsequent expansion. The main asset left to him was ownership of the Adelaide afternoon tabloid, The News. News Limited operates today as News Corporation's Australian brand, operating out of Surry Hills, in Sydney. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/News_Corporation]

1979 - Soviet Afghanistan - "Turmoil in Iran caused a good deal of international nervousness. But at the end of 1979 events there were overshadowed by an even mightier upheaval in next-door Afghanistan. Two years earlier, communists had seized power in the capital, Kabul, and had spent much of the time since fighting each other as well as a rabble of disparate anti-communist rebels. The Soviet Union, still led by the doddering dogmatist Leonid Brezhnev, had the deluded notion that it could impose peace and marxist orthodoxy, by brute military force. In the last week of the year, the Soviet army flooded over the Oxus to aid the new puppet government in Kabul. Instead, Moscow's intervention led to its own humiliation, and the utter destruction of Afghanistan as a recognisable country. Ten years and one million dead later, the war became one of the key factors in the implosion of the Soviet empire."

1970s - Founded / Force 17 - "Started in the 1970's, Yasser Arafat's personal bodyguard was initially responsible for mortar attacks on Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip and on Israeli civilian towns and kibbutzim in the Negev. Force 17 was established during the years of the PLO presence in Lebanon; its name was taken from the last two digits of its Beirut telephone number. Security force for Arafat, other PLO leaders, Palastinian Authority; Israel says it has attacked Jewish settelers."

1970s - "Ancient Astronauts" - "The 'ancient astronaut' school of thought first came to the notice of a wide audience in the 1960s and 1970s, thanks to the phenomenally successful books of Erich von Daniken." [The Stargate Conspiracy, p. 25]

1970s - Trouble with Physics? - "The story I will tell could be read by some as a tragedy. To put it bluntly - and to give away the punch line - we have failed. We inherited a science, physics, that had been progressing so fast for so long that it was often taken as the model for how other kinds of science should be done. For more than two centuries, until the present period, our understanding of the laws of nature expanded rapidly, despite our best efforts, what we know for certain about these laws is no more than what we knew back in the 1970s." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics / The Rise of String Theory, the Fall of a Science, and What Comes Next, p. viii (3rd paragraph - Introduction), copyright 2006]

*Trivia: See 1981 entry [this timeline, this page] "Trouble with Physics?"

1979 - Millions on Drugs / U.S.A. - 1979: "[....] In 1979, there were an estimated 29,869,000 pot tokers in this country [U.S.A.], a number that dropped steadily, to 18,710,000 in 1998. [....]." [Based on: Washington Post article by Joel Garreau, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 05/08/06]

1979 - Discovered / Silver Scroll - "Today the oldest known text of the O.T. was discovered in 1979 in tombs across the Hinnom valley from Jerusalem. The text is the benediction of Aaron [Numbers 6:24-26] written on a silver amulet from the 7th century B.C." [Link: 1]

1970s - Australopithecus afarensis - "We now know that the bipedal species known as Australopithecus afarensis [the species of Lucy and the First Family] dates back more than 3.5 million years, not 800,000 years as our reference books indicated before the late 1970s. We also know that there were four emergent hominoid groups, styled to be known as Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus robustus, Australopithecus boisei, and homo habilis. From which of these the latter homo erectus was descended [if from any], scientists are still disputing. In reality, these species appear to have been, to some extent, contemporary, thereby denoting that they were different breeds and not descendant breeds." [Laurence Gardner, Genesis Of The Holy Grail, pp. 71-72] 

1979 - Gold & Silver Prices / U.S.A. - "[....] In 1979, almost overnight gold and silver prices soared as the Hunt brothers heavily invested. The result was people everywhere poring through drawyers and closets to sell coins, silverware, jewelry or virtually anything else at prices exceeding $50 an ounce for silver and $850 an ounce for gold. As with any other fad, it didn't last. In less than a year, prices plunged. After that, precious metals fell out of favor for many years. Since 2000, silver has climbed from $4 an ounce to more than $7. Gold increased from $280 to upward of $440. And platinum has more than doubled from around $400 an ounce to more than $900 last week [Sept. 2005]. [....]" [Based on: article by Peter Rexford, p. D3, S.L.P.D., 09/19/05]

1979 - American Spy / Ben-ami Kadish - "A judge spared an 85-year-old former U.S. Army engineer [2009] any prison time for passing secret documents to the Israelis in the 1980s but said it remains a mystery why such a grave assault on national security took 23 years to prosecute. U.S. District Judge William H. Pauley III on Friday [05/29/09] scolded Ben-ami Kadish for letting the Israelis steal classified documents between 1979 and 1985." [Based on: News Services article (Former spy is spared prison time), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 05/30/09]

1979 - Trivia / Kennedy Assassination - "[....] A 1979 report by the House Select Committee on Assassinations concluded Oswald probably did not act alone. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/22/05]

*Trivia: "The Warren Commission released a Sept. 27 [1964] report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald was solely responsible for the Kennedy assassination." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 551]

1970s - Gained Momentum / Islamic Jihad - "Islamic Jihad means 'Islamic Holy War'. It is a name used by many disparate groups throughout the Arab world, some of which have been designated as foreign terrorist organizations by the State Department. The first Jihad movement was founded in Egypt in the 1960s, but with the Iranian revolution in the late 1970s, the movement gained momentum. The groups' goal is to conquer secular Arab governments and replace them with a fundamentalist Islamic one. They see the destruction of Israel as the first step toward that goal."

1970s - Scientists First Raised Concern? / Trans Fat, U.S.A. - "[....] The $500 billion food processing industry has long defended trans fat, starting in the 1970s when scientists first raised concerns. But with the new labeling requirement looming [2005] and lawmakers searching for ways to hold food companies responsible for their customer' health, getting rid of it has become an obsession. [....]" [New York Times, 02/13/05]

1979 - Interview / "Priori of Zion" Spokesman, Pierre Plantard - 1979: "According to the NBC program: Secrets Of The Code [that dealt with the subject of The Da Vinci Code, 7pm CST, 04/13/05], a person named Pierre Plantard [d. 2000] was interviewed in 1979. In that interview, Plantard claimed that 'The Priori of Zion' still exists, and that he was a member." [E.M.] See: related links -

http://www.priory-of-sion.com/
http://www.magpienest.org/feathersofhope/archives/2003/11/23/sangreal.html

1979 - Jewish Bombing Attempt / Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem - "In 1979 the Jewish underground attempted to blow up the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, but failed."

1979 - Notable Songs of 1979 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1979_(United_States)

1979 - Notable Albums of 1979 - "Highway To Hell" (AC/DC); "London Calling" (The Clash); "Off The Wall" (Michael Jackson) "Wall" (Pink Floyd)

1979 - Flood Trivia / 1979 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 3. Number of flood deaths: 15,743." [E.M.]

1979 - Hurricane Trivia / 1979 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 1,100." [E.M.]

1979 - Earthquake Trivia / 1979 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 900." [E.M.]

1979 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1979 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 17,743." [E.M.]

1970s - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1970-1980 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this decade [1970-1980]: at least 752,316." [E.M.]

1980

1980 - Physics Trivia - "Another quarter century [measuring from 1955] brings us to 1980. By then we had constructed a theory explaining the results of all our experiments on the elementary particles and forces to date - a theory called the standard model of elementary-particle physics. For example, the standard model told us precisely how protons and neutrons are made up of quarks, which are held together by gluons, the carriers of the strong nuclear force. For the first time in the history of fundamental physics, theory had caught up with experiment. No one has since [as of 2005?] done an experiment that was not consistent with this model or with general relativity.
   "Going from the very small to the very large, our knowledge of physics now extended to the new science of cosmology, where the Big Bang theory had become the consensus view. We realized that our universe contains not only stars and galaxies but exotic objects such as neutron stars, quasars, supernovas, and black holes. By 1980, Steven Hawking had already made the fantastic prediction that black holes radiate. Astronomers also had evidence that the universe contains a lot of dark matter - that is, matter in a form that neither emits nor reflects light." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. x (4th & 5th paragraph - Introduction) - xi, copyright 2006]

1980s- Nanotechnology? / U.S. Military - "The American Defense Department will spend $201 million on scientific research in the year 2003. Spending is growing: $180 million were spent on the research in 2002, $123 billion in 2001, and $70 million in 2000. Cliff Lau, deputy undersecretary of defense said that nanotechnology [atomic technology] could exert the biggest influence on defense technology since the time when gunpowder was invented.
   "The USA started conducting its first research in the field in the beginning of the 1980s. Currently, nanotechnologies are used in the American navy, in particular for the production of long-lasting protective clothing for safety. The sum that will be spent on nanotechnology by the American administration in 2003 totals $570 million, which is almost $60 million more than 2001. [....]" [Based on: Pravada, May 27th, 2002]

1980 - U.S. Economic Sanctions / USSR - January 4th, 1980: "Pres. Carter announced, Jan. 4, economic sanctions against the USSR, in retaliation for Soviet invasion of Afghanistan." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1980  - Earthquake / Livermore, California - January 24th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Livermore, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980 - Flooding / S California & Arizona - "Flood date(s): February 13th-22nd, 1980. Number of recorded deaths: 26." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1980 - Satellite Launch / Solar Max - February 14th, 1980: "Solar maximum mission satellite (Solar Max) was launched on 14 February, but failed 1 month  later." [Link: 1

1980 - Year of the Monkey - February 16th, 1980: "The Chinese Year of the Monkey begins."

1980 - Birth / Chelsea Clinton - February 27th, 1980: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Chelsea Clinton."

1980 - Earthquake / Mt. St. Helens - March, 27th, 1980: "[....] Seven days after the initial earthquake, March 27, 1980, a loud boom was widely heard by many residents of Southwest Washington and aerial observers noted a dark dense column of volcanic ash rising through the clouds, eventually reaching a height of 6,000 feet above the volcano. [NP] During the 30 years since the catastrophic volcanic eruption of May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens continues to challenge and inspire scientists to understand the causes and nature of volcanic eruptions. [....]" [Based on: USGS article (Mount St. Helens Reawakens: The Thirtieth Anniversary), 03/18/10] *Link: http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?ID=2422&from=rss_home

1980 - Independence / Zimbabwe - April 24th, 1980: " Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, gains independence from Britain."

1980 - Failed Rescue / U.S. Iranian Hostages - April 24th, 1980: "The U.S. attempts to rescue its Iranian hostages and fails; 3 of 8 helicopters are damaged in a sandstorm, and 8 people are killed."

1980 - Movie Release / Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back - May 1980: "Released this date in history: Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. Movie Gross: 534 million." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. E1, 05/18/05]

1980 - Volcanic Eruption / Mt. St. Helens - May 18th 1980: "Mount St Helens in Oregon state, a long-dormant volcano, erupted spectacularly." [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "Mt. St. Helens, in Washington state, erupted May 18. The blast, with others May 25 and June 12, left 57 dead." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1980: Status / Mt. St. Helens - May 25th, 1980: "Mt. St. Helens, in Washington state, erupted May 18. The blast, with others May 25 and June 12, left 57 dead." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1980  - Strong Earthquake / Mammoth Lakes, California - May 25th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Mammoth Lakes, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980  - Moderate Earthquake / Mammoth Lakes, California - May 25th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Mammoth Lakes, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980  - Moderate Earthquake / Mammoth Lakes, California - May 25th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Mammoth Lakes, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980  - Strong Earthquake / Mammoth Lakes, California - May 27th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Mammoth Lakes, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980 - Birth / Jennifer Lee - May 30th, 1980: "Jennifer Anne 'Jenna' Lee (born May 30, 1980) is an American journalist and anchor on the Fox News Channel, where she co-hosts Happening Now with Jon Scott.[1] Lee previously co-anchored [2] Fox Business Network's early-morning business news program, Fox Business Morning, with Connell McShane. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jenna_Lee]

1980 - Status / Mt. St. Helens - June 12th, 1980: "Mt. St. Helens, in Washington state, erupted May 18. The blast, with others May 25 and June 12, left 57 dead." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1980 - Birth / Michelle Kwan - July 7th, 1980: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Figure Skater, Michelle Kwan."

1980 - Birth / Jessica Simpson - July 10th, 1980: "Reportedly born on this date in history: American singer and actress, Jessica Simpson."

1980 - Hurricane Allen / Caribbean & Texas - "Hurricane date(s): August 4th-11th, 1980. Number of recorded deaths: 272." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1980 - President Saddam Hussein / Iraq - "In 1980, Saddam Hussein became president of Iraq."

1980 - Saddam Hussein / Riyadh, Saudi Arabia - August 5th, 1980: "On August 5, 1980, as tensions mounted on the Iran-Iraq border, Saudi rulers welcomed Saddam to Riyadh for the first state visit ever by an Iraqi president to Saudi Arabia. During meetings at the kingdom’s ornate palaces, the Saudis feted Saddam whose formidable Soviet-supplied army was viewed as a bulwark against Iran. Saudi leaders also say they urged Saddam to take the fight to Iran’s fundamentalist regime, advice that they say included a 'green light' for the invasion from President Carter. Less than two months after Saddam’s trip, with Carter still frustrated by his inability to win release of the 52 Americans imprisoned in Iran, Saddam invaded Iran on Sept. 22, 1980. The war would rage for eight years and kill an estimated one million people." [Link: 1]

1980 - Birth / Macaulay Culkin - August 26th, 1980: "Reportedly born on this date in history: actor, Macaulay Culkin."

1980 - Summer Olympic Games / Moscow - "In 1980, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Moscow. In 1980, the U.S. lead a 62-nation boycott in protest of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. In 1980, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Lake Placid, NY."  

1980 - Iran-Iraq War - September 22nd, 1980:

Iran-Iraq War, 1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns since Sept. 4. Iraqi president Saddam Hussein claimed as the reason for his attack on Iran a territorial dispute over the Shatt al Arab, a waterway that empties into the Persian Gulf and forms the boundary between Iran and Iraq. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0825449.html]

*Trivia: "As the Afghan war intensified, a more conventional and equally bloody conflict was raging between Iran and Iraq. Saddam Hussain's aggression was enthusiastically backed by the USA, but Washington was not unduly dismayed when the Israeli air force attacked and destroyed Iraq's nuclear plant at Osirak." *Links: http://www.iranchamber.com/history/iran_iraq_war/iran_iraq_war2.php

1980 - Earthquake / NW Algeria - October 10th, 1980: "Earthquake location: NW Algeria. Earthquake magnitude: 7.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,500."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1980 - Platinum Album / "Back In Black", AC/DC - Entertainment highlights during the week of October 8th-14th, 1980: AC/DC's "Back In Black" album went platinum. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 10/09/06]

1980 - Birth / Ashanti - October 13th, 1980: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Ashanti."

1980 - Ronald Reagan & George H.W. Bush - November 4th, 1980: "In November Republicans Ronald Reagan and George Herbert Walker Bush win the presidential election, defeating Democrats Jimmy Carter and Walter F. Mondale."

1980 - U.S. Aid / Mujahedin - "The 1980 US presidential election was won by Ronald Reagan, at 69 the oldest man ever to win that office, and arguably the most rightwing. The Reagan Revolution, as it was called, was Thatcherism with, as it were, a knob on. Even in the last months of Jimmy Carter's ill-starred presidency, US policy lurched sharply to the right. America led a Western boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and started massive shipments of arms and cash to the Mujahedin, the assorted bands of brigands fighting the Russian occupiers."  

*Trivia: "The Afghan war against Soviet forces was a multi-billion dollar operation - largely paid for by CIA and the Saudi ruling class. U.S. contributions exploded, from $30 million in 1980 to over $600 million per year after 1987. 65,000 tons of U.S.-made weapons and ammunition a year were entering the war by 1987- including the high-profile Stingers used against Soviet helicopters. By the end of the 1980s, Mudjahadeen commanders were openly meeting with U.S. congressional leaders and with Ronald Reagan himself - they were part of a global network of such CIA-organized cutthroats that included the contras of Central America and UNITA in southern Africa. The U.S. media shamelessly called all these forces 'freedom fighters.' " [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "Authorities are launching a new push [2005] to collect U.S.-made Stinger missles that had been distributed to Afghans fighting Soviet troops in the 1980s, an Afghan official said Sunday [01/30/05]. The goal is to keep the weapons from terrorists and governments, he said. The Afghan intelligence service is offering to buy the anti-aircraft missles for an undisclosed sum, continuing a CIA program to recover the weapons." [From News Services, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A9, 01/31/05]

*Trivia: "Alfred McCoy, a leading researcher into the global drug trade, writes that within two years of the CIA intervention in Afghanistan, 'the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands became the world's top heroin producer, supplying 60 percent of U.S. demand.' Cheap heroin flooded Pakistan, where the number of addicts went from near zero in 1979 to over 1 million by 1985. Charles Cogan, a CIA director of the Afghan operation, later said: 'Our main mission was to do as much damage as possible to the Soviets. We didn't really have the resources or the time to devote to an investigation of the drug trade...I don't think that we need to apologize for this. Every situation has its fallout.' " [Link: 1]

1980 - Sagebrush Rebellion - "Around 1980, Coors and Co. spearheaded the Sagebrush Rebellion, a coalition of industrial heavyweights and right-wing ideologues that set out to turn their think-tank policies into political power. When candidate Ronald Reagan declared, 'I am a Sagebrush rebel,' the big polluters were elated. Reagan's victory gave the Heritage Foundation and the MSLF a national arena for their radical agenda. Heritage became known as Reagan's 'shadow government,' and its 2,000-page manifesto, Mandate for Change, became the blueprint for his administration." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 25]  

1980 - X9 Solar Flare - November 6th, 1980: On this date in history an X9 solar flare ["15th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun.

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1980  - Earthquake / Gorda Plate, California - November 8th, 1980: "Earthquake location: Gorda Plate, California. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1980 - Voyager 1 Flyby / Saturn - November 12th, 1980: "The U.S. spacecraft Voyager 1 [launched September 1977] sends back its first pictures of Saturn." [Link: 1]

1980 - Earthquake / S. Italy - November 23rd, 1980: "Earthquake location: S. Italy. Earthquake magnitude: 7.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1980 - Satellite Launch / Intelsat V - December 6th, 1980: "The first of the powerful Intelsat V communications satellites, with 12,000 volt circuits, is launched on 6-December." [Link: 1

1980 - Fatality / John Lennon - December 8th, 1980: "Former Beatle John Lennon [b. 1940] is shot and killed in New York City by Mark David Chapman."

1980 - Birth / Christina Aguilera - December 18th, 1980: "Christina María Aguilera ... is an American singer-songwriter, television personality, and actress. Born in Staten Island, New York, she first appeared on national television as a contestant on Star Search in early 1990, and later starred in The Mickey Mouse Club from 1993 to 1994. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christina_Aguilera]

1980 - 1st U.S. Space Shuttle / Columbia - December 29th, 1980: "The first operational orbiter Columbia is rolled out to the launch pad on 29 December, looking to a launch in the following spring." [Link: 1

1980 - CNN - "Ted Turner [b. 1938] starts Cable News Network [CNN]. CNN Headline news began in 1982."

1980 - "Homosexual Tendencies" / Robert Bauman - "Former Maryland Congressman Robert Bauman, ... was defeated after eight years in congress in 1980 after acknowledging 'homosexual tendencies.' " [A.P., 08/13/04]

1980 - Status / U.S. National Debt - "The national debt was slightly less than $1 trillion in 1980; in 1995 it was $5 trillion." [Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 11]

1980 - Trivia / Chinese Fertility Rate - "The fertility rate in China drops from 6.45 children per woman in 1968 to 2.24 this year [1980]."

1980 - Unconstitutional / Ten Commandments in U.S. Public Schools - "The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Stone v. Graham that the posting of the Ten Commandments in public schools is unconstitutional."

1980s - Chaos Theory - "Chaos theory developed by American mathematicians." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]

1980 - Status / Smallpox Virus - "World Health Organization eradicates smallpox. Officially, two labs have the virus, the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta and the Ivanovsky Institute in Moscow. It is believed biowarfare units may still have smallpox stocks."

1980 - Trivia / Genetic Patents - "The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Diamond v. Chakrabarty that microbes created by genetic engineering can be patented."

*Trivia: "[...] Until 1970, Congress did not allow patents on staple crops, and thereafter only allowed exclusive marketing rights that allowed farmers to save seeds. But in 1980, the Supreme Court decided in a controversial 5-4 case that living organisms could be patented. [NP] In the rush to claim patents, four companies - Monsanto, DuPont, Syngenta and Dow - emerged as the dominant forces, according to a report last week from the Center for Food Safety. [NP] 'Dozens of mergers and acquisitions followed; at least 200 independent seed companies were bought and consolidated from 1996 to 2009,' the center wrote. 'As a consequence, what was once a freely exchanged, renewable resource is now privatized and monopolized.' [NP] As a result, the center says, the average cost to plant one acre of soybeans has risen 325 percent since the introduction of genetically engineered seed, to $56.68 from $13.32. [....]" [Based on: Article (Supreme Court gets Monsanto bean case / Decision on patent could reach beyond agriculture.) by Georgina Gustin, pp. A1 & A4, S.L.P.D., 02/19/13]

1980 - Discovered / Biblical Bones? - "An Associated Press release reported [April 2nd, 1996] about a limestone box that once contained bones from biblical times. Reportedly, the box was discovered in Jerusalem  in 1980." [Links: 1, 2

*Trivia: "An ivory pomegranate long touted by scholars as the only relic from Solomon's Temple is a forgery, the Israeli Museum said Friday [12/24/04], as investigators said they had broken up several fake antiquity rings in a wide-ranging investigation. Indictments in that investigation are to be handed down next week, the officials said. Among those to be indicted is Israeli collector Oded Golan, the Justice Ministry confirmed. Golan, who denied wrongdoing, owns the two most spectacular artifacts declared fakes last year [2003]: a burial chest purported to be that of James, the brother of Jesus, and a stone tablet with inscriptions on how to maintain the Jewish Temple. The pomegranate was examined by the museum independently of the investigation by the Israeli authorities, said the director of the Israel Museum, James Snyder. A team of experts reported the thumb-sized pomegranate dates to the Bronze period, or about 3,400 years ago, meaning it is considerably older than the first Jewish Temple, and the inscription was added recently, the museum said in a statement." [News Services, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A10, 12/25/04]

*Trivia: "Four Israeli antiquities collectors and dealers were indicted Wedneday [12/29/04] in Jerusalem on charges they ran a sophisticated forgery ring that spanned the globe and produced a treasure-trove of fake Bible-era artifacts - some of which were hailed as major archaeological finds. [....] Investigators warned that collectors and museums around the world could be in the possession of fakes, and scholars urged museums to re-examine items of suspicious origin. The forgery ring has been operating for more than 20 years, said Shuka Dorfman, head of the Israel Antiquities Authority." [News Services, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 12/30/04]

1980 - Discovered / Lost Tomb of Jesus? - 1980: "[....] The Discovery Channel documentary [set to air Sunday - 03/04/07] and an accompanying book center on a 2,000-year-old limestone tomb that was discovered more than a quarter-century ago [1980] during a construction project in East Talpiot, a residential Jerusalem neighborhood between the Old City and Bethlehem. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 02/27/07]

1980 - Status / U.S. Computers - "Reportedly, there are a million computers in the United States at this time."

*Trivia: "The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that 315 million computers will be junked in 2004, up from 20 million in 1998. In 1998 (the last year this was monitored), only 11 percent of the PCs that were thrown out were recycled. Unfortunately, old PCs tossed into landfills contain dangerous chemicals and metals that can leak toxins into the environment - a good reason to recycle your machine when you buy a new one." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 3]

1980 - The Wind of Change - "Copyright 1980: The Wind of Change, by Harold Klemp. Fourth Printing: 1987."

1980 - Difficulties Of Becoming The Living ECK Master - "Difficulties Of Becoming The Living ECK Master and "The Last Words of Sri Paul Twitchell in Cincinnati" - Presented by ECKANKAR - Compiled by Bernadine Burlin from tapes donated by Patti Simpson and Anya Foos-Graber. Additional articles from The Mystic World by Sri Paul Twitchell plus "Some Chela Letters to Paulji" Copyright 1980 by ECKANKAR. ISBN: 0-914766-63-5 Library of Congress Cat. Card # 80-69588 [Based on: p. ii of the book: Difficulties Of Becoming The Living ECK Master]

1980 - Notable Songs of 1980 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1980_(United_States)

1980 - Notable Albums of 1980 - "Back in Black" (AC/DC); "Grease" (Soundtrack)

1980 - Flood Trivia / 1980 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 26." [E.M.]

1980 - Volcano Trivia / 1980 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 57." [E.M.]

1980 - Hurricane Trivia / 1980 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 272." [E.M.]

1980 - Earthquake Trivia / 1980 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 6,500." [E.M.]

1980 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1980 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 6,855." [E.M.]

1981

1981  - Generation Y - January 1st, 1981: "Children born from this day on were considered to be part of 'Generation Y', as opposed to 'Generation X' which followed the baby boomers."

1981 - "Trouble with Physics?" - "In 1981, the cosmologist Alan Guth proposed a scenario for the very early history of the universe called inflation. Roughly speaking, his theory asserts that the universe went through a spurt of enormous growth extremely early in its life, and it explains why the universe looks pretty much the same in every direction. The theory of inflation made predictions that seemed dubious, until the evidence began to swing toward them a decade ago [2005?]. As of this writing [2005], a few puzzles remain, but the bulk of the evidence supports the predictions of inflation.
   "Thus, by 1981, physics had enjoyed two hundred years of explosive growth. Discovery after discovery deepened our understanding of nature, because in each case theory and experiment had marched hand in hand. New ideas were tested and confirmed and new experimental discoveries were explained in terms of theory. Then, in the early1980s, things ground to a halt." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. xi (2nd & 3rd paragraph - Introduction), copyright 2006]

*Trivia: "To be fair, we've made two experimental discoveries in the past few decades [1985-2005]: that neutrinos have mass and that the universe is dominated by a mysterious dark energy that seems to be accelerating its expansion. But we have no idea why neutrinos (or any other particles) have mass or what explains their mass value. As for the dark energy, it's not explained in terms of any existing theory. Its discovery cannot then be counted as a success, for it suggests that there is some major fact we are all missing. And except for the dark energy, no new particle has been discovered, no new force found, no new phenomenon encountered that was not known and understood twenty-five years ago [in 1985]." [Based on: Lee Smolin, The Trouble with Physics, p. xii (2nd paragraph - Introduction), copyright 2006]

1981 - End / Iran Hostage Crisis - "On January 6, 1981, after 444 days in captivity and one failed rescue attempt, the hostages were set free. It was Jimmy Carter's last day as U.S. President. After their release, the role that Canadians played in rescuing the six Americans, was revealed to the world. The role that Canada played in the hostage taking, changed its perception of being a neutral country, to being an active participant." [Links: 1]

1981  - U.S. President Ronald Reagan - January 20th, 1981: "The 40th American President, [Republican], begins his term. On the day of Reagan's presidential inauguration, Iran finally freed its 52 U.S. hostages [held hostage for 444 days] after the U.S. freed $8 billion in frozen Iranian assets. Ronald Reagan inherited 10% inflation 20% interest rates."

*Trivia: "George Herbert Walker Bush becomes the 43rd U.S. vice-president; Reagan immediately announces a simultaneous tax cut and massive military buildup, a program that comes to be known as Reaganomics."

*Trivia: "President Reagan initiated a policy of cutbacks of funds for Indian social programs. Over forty percent of funds were cut."

1981 - Birth / Elijah Wood - January 28th, 1981: Born this date in history: Actor [Frodo], Elijah Wood.

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah_Wood

1981 - Birth / Justin Timberlake - January 31st, 1981: Born this date in history: Singer, Justin Timberlake.

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Timberlake

1981 - Economic Tax Recovery Act / U.S.A. - February, 1981: "Ronald Reagan presents the Economic Tax Recovery Act to Congress, which he signs into law in August." [Link: 1]

1981 - Year of the Rooster - February 5th, 1981: "Chinese Year of the Rooster begins."

1981 - Radioactive Coolant Leak / Tennessee - February 11th, 1981: "8 workers were contaminated when 100,000 gallons of radioactive coolant fluid leaked into containment building of TVA's Sequoyah 1 plant in Tennessee." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 210]

1981 - Birth / Paris Hilton - February 17th, 1981: "Reportedly born on this date in history: TV personality, Paris Hilton."

1981  - U.S. Paranoia / El Salvador - February 19th, 1981: "The U.S. State Department called El Salvador a 'textbook case' of a Communist plot."

1981  - U.S. Military Aid / El Salvador - March 2nd, 1981: "The United States planned to send 20 more advisors and $25 million in military aid to El Salvador."

1981  - End? / U.S. Federal Legal Aid to The Poor - March 5th, 1981: President Reagan asked Congress to end federal legal aid to the poor."

1981  - Signed Off / Walter Cronkite - March 6th, 1981: "Walter Cronkite signed off for the last time as principal anchorman of 'The CBS Evening News.' Walter Cronkite anchored the evening news on CBS from 1961-1981."

1981 - Disclosure / U.S. Biological Weapons Tests [1966], Texas - March 18th, 1981: "The U.S. disclosed that there were biological weapons tested in Texas in 1966."

1981  - Rate Increase / U.S. Postage Stamps - March 22nd, 1981: "Postage rates went from 15 cents an ounce to 18 cents an ounce."

1981  - Damaged U.S. Embassy / San Salvador - March 25th, 1981: "The U.S. Embassy in San Salvador was damaged when gunmen attack, firing rocket propelled grenades and machine guns."

1981 - Assassination Attempt / Ronald Reagan - March 30th, 1981: "David Hinckley shot and wounded President Ronald Reagan outside a Washington, D.C., hotel. Press Sec. James Brady took a bullet as did Secret Service agent Tim McCarthy and a District of Columbia police officer."

1981  - Decline / U.S. Stock Market - April, 1981: "The US stock market began a 16 month decline of 23%."

1981 - Flooding / N China - "Flood date(s): April, 1981. Number of recorded deaths: 550." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1981  - 1st Mexican-American Mayor / U.S.A. - April 4th, 1981: "Henry Cisneros became the first Mexican-American elected mayor of a major U.S. city - San Antonio, Texas."

1981 - Launched / 1st U.S. Space Shuttle [Columbia] - April 12, 1981: "John Young and Robert Crippen flew Columbia into orbit on 12-April on the space shuttle's maiden mission (STS- 1).  It lasted for 36 orbits, 54 hours, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, it returned to the Edwards Air Force Base in California, on 14-April." [Link: 1

1981  - Introduced / IBM Computer - April 24th, 1981: "The IBM Personal Computer was introduced. It used software from a corporation called Microsoft."

*Trivia: "The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that 315 million computers will be junked in 2004, up from 20 million in 1998. In 1998 (the last year this was monitored), only 11 percent of the PCs that were thrown out were recycled. Unfortunately, old PCs tossed into landfills contain dangerous chemicals and metals that can leak toxins into the environment - a good reason to recycle your machine when you buy a new one." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 3]

1981 - Radiation Exposure / Tsuruga, Japan - April 25th, 1981: "Some 100 workers were exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear plant Tsuruga, Japan." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 210]

1981  - Fatality / Bob Marley - May 11th, 1981: "Jamaican reggae artist Bob Marley, 36, died in a Miami hospital from brain cancer."

1981  - Assassination Attempt / Pope John Paul II - May 13th, 1981: "John Paul II was shot twice and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca. The Pope survived the attack on his life."

1981  - Identification / AIDS - June 5th, 1981: "The Federal Centers for Disease Control published the first report that identified AIDS. Within 10 years the disease killed 110,000 Americans."

*Trivia: "The AIDS virus has been circulationg among people for about a hundred years [since 1908?], decades longer than scientists had thought, a new study suggests." [Based on: News Services article (AIDS history), p A2, S.L.P.D., 10/02/08]

1981 - Birth / Anna Kournikova - June 7th, 1981: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Tennis player, Anna Kournikova."

1981  - Israeli Destruction / Iraq Power Plant - June 7th, 1981: "Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroyed a nuclear power plant in Iraq at Osirak, Iraq, before it went into operation, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons."

1981 - Strong Earthquake / S. Iran - June 11th, 1981: "Earthquake location: S. Iran. Earthquake magnitude: 6.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 3,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1981  - Mock Assassination / Queen Elizabeth  - June 13th, 1981: "A scare occurred during a parade in London when a teen-ager fired six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II."

1981 - Guilty Plea / Mark David Chapman - "Entertainment highlights during the week of June 18th-24th, 1981: Mark David Chapman pleaded guilty to killing John Lennon outside Lennon's New York apartment building. [Based on: A.P.]

1981 - Flooding / Sichuan, Hubei Province, China - "Flood date(s): July, 1981. Number of recorded deaths: 1,300." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1981 - Maajor Earthquake / S. Iran - July 28th, 1981: "Earthquake location: S. Iran. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,500."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1981 - Royal Wedding / England - July 29th, 1981: "Crowds packed London streets and millions watched worldwide on television as Charles, 32, and Diana, 20, exchanged vows at St. Paul's Cathedral." [Link: 1]

1981  - End / U.S. Baseball Strike - July 31st, 1981: "A seven-week-old Major League Baseball strike ended."

1981  - Debut / MTV - August 1st, 1981: The rock music video channel MTV made its debut. The first video played was "Video Killed the Radio Star" by the Buggles.

1981  - ATC Strike / U.S.A. - August 3rd, 1981: "U.S. air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Reagan they would be fired. On August 5th, the federal government began firing air traffic controllers who had gone out on strike."

1981 - Unveiled / IBM Computer - August 12th, 1981: "IBM unveils its first personal computer [PC]; it sold for $2665, had a black and white monitor and 64KB of RAM; Microsoft purchases the QDOS [Quick and Dirty Operating System] from Tim Patterson's Seattle Computer Products and manages to license it to IBM as MS-DOS."

*Trivia: "The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that 315 million computers will be junked in 2004, up from 20 million in 1998. In 1998 (the last year this was monitored), only 11 percent of the PCs that were thrown out were recycled. Unfortunately, old PCs tossed into landfills contain dangerous chemicals and metals that can leak toxins into the environment - a good reason to recycle your machine when you buy a new one." [Based on: Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 3]

1981 - Voyager 1 Flyby / Saturn - "On 25-August Voyager 1 made its closest approach, 63,000 miles (IO 1,000 km), to Saturn."

*Trivia: "In 1981, both Voyagers, I & 2, flew by Saturn."

1981  - CIA Program / Contra Rebel Group - September, 1981: "The CIA was informed that a major Contra rebel group planned to sell drugs in the US to pay its bills. At the same time the Reagan administration was approving a covert CIA program to finance anti-Sandinista exile organization attempts to overthrow the Nicaraguan government."

*Trivia: "Oscar Danilo Blandon was recruited by Norwin Meneses to sell cocaine in California in order to raise money for the Nicaraguan Contras."

1981 - U.S. Paramilitary Operations / Nicaragua - "In 1981, U.S. President Ronald Reagan gave the CIA permission to begin paramilitary operations against the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. Robert Suazo Cordova of the centrist Liberal Party of Honduras [PLH] becomes the first democratically-elected president of Honduras in more than a century." [Link: 1]

1981  - 1st Female U.S. Justice - September 25th, 1981: "Sandra Day O'Connor was sworn in as the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court."

1981 - Removal / James Watt & Co. - "By October 1981, 1.1 million Americans had signed a petition demanding Watt's [secretary of the Department of the Interior] removal. After being forced out of office, he was indicted on 25 felony counts of perjury, unlawful concealment, and obstruction of justice. Gorsuch [Anne Gorsuch] and 23 of her cronies were forced to resign following a congressional investigation of sweetheart deals with polluters, including Coors. Her first deputy, Rita LaVelle, was jailed for perjury and obstruction of justice." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 26]  

1981 - Assassination / Anwar Sadat - October 6th, 1981: "Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was killed by an assassin at the parade ground of Nasser City by Islamic fundamentalists during a ceremony commemorating the Egyptian crossing of the Suez Canal during the Yom Kippur War in 1973. Although authorities were warned of a death plot hours earlier, the information did not get to the president in time. He was succeeded by Vice President Hosni Mubarak. The events are described in a book by Fouad Allam: 'The Brotherhood and I'." [Link: 1]

1981  - Unabomber / Theodore Kaczynski - October 8th, 1981: "An explosive device at the University of Utah was defused. It was later attributed to the Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski."

1981  - Decertified / U.S. ATC  Org. - October 22nd, 1981: "The US Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August."

1981 - Harold Klemp / The 973rd Living ECK Master - October, 1981: "Harold Klemp was named the spiritual leader ["Living Eck Master"] of Eckankar (October 1981) by his predessor, Darwin Gross. Darwin Gross served as Living Eck Master [October 1971 - October 1981] following the death of Paul Twitchell on September 17th, 1971. Paul Twitchell was the spiritual leader of Eckankar from 1965 - 1971." (- E.M.)

1981  -  Earthquakes / Egypt - November, 1981: "In Egypt the weight of Lake Nasser unexpectedly  triggered earthquakes, such as the 5.3 Richter scale quake in November 1981."

1981 - Dan Rather / CBS Evening News - November 9th, 1981: "Dan Rather replaces Walter Cronkite as anchor for 'The CBS Evening News.' " [E.M.]

1981 - 2nd Test Mission / Space Shuttle Columbia - November 12th, 1981: "Columbia, on the second shuttle mission (STS-2),went into space again for a 36-orbit flight on 12-November, piloted by Joe Engle and Richard Truly.  It was the first time any spacecraft has returned to space for a second time.  The crew tested the remote manipulator system robot arm." [Link: 1 

1981 - Typhoon Irma / Luzon Island, Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): November 25th, 1981. Number of recorded deaths: 176." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1981  - Top U.S. Song / Foreigner - November 28th, 1981: "Waiting For A Girl Like You" by Foreigner peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for a record ten weeks.

1981 - Birth / Britney Spears - December 2nd, 1981: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Singer, Britney Spears."

1981  - Spying / U.S.A. - December 4th, 1981: "President Reagan broadened the power of the CIA by allowing spying in the U.S."

1981  - Predicted / U.S. Deficit - December 7th, 1981: "The Reagan Administration predicted a record deficit in 1982 of $109 billion."

1981  - Civilian Fatalities / El Salvador - December 10th, 1981: "Hundreds of people were killed in the El Salvadoran village of El Mozote by an elite US-trained army battalion. Eleven years later under a UN sponsored Truth Commission, the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team found 143 skeletons, 131 of which belonged to children under 12. The bullet cartridges showed manufacture in Lake city, Missouri."

1981  - Israeli Annexation / Golan Heights - December 14th, 1981: "Israel annexed the Golan Heights, seized from Syria in 1967. The parliament approved the annexation of the Golan Heights with legislation in one day."

1981  - 1st American Test-Tube Baby - December 28th, 1981: "Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, Va."

1981  - Miss Venezuela - "Irene Saez of Venezuela won the Miss Universe title. In 1998 she ran for the presidency of Venezuela."

1981  - G-7 Summit / Canada - "The Summit of 7 leading industrialist nations, G-7, met in Ottawa, Canada."

1981  - Civil War / Somalia - "In 1981, northern Somalia rebelled against dictator Mohammed Siad Barre. A national civil war followed. During the war an estimated 40,000 people were killed and about 400,000 refugees fled to Ethiopia."

1981  - Guatemala Crackdown - "In Guatemala 100,000 Maya villagers were killed in a government crackdown on a left-wing insurgency."

1981  - Independence From Britian - "Antigua, Barbuda, Belize, St. Kits, and Nevis gained independence from Britain."

1981  - Kosovo Albanian Uprising - "In 1981, Yugoslavia Serbs cracked down on an ethnic Albanian uprising in Kosovo and left 80 people dead. Massive demonstrations occurred in Kosova. Demonstrators demanded that Kosova become a republic in Yugoslavia. Yugoslav police and army presence was increased in Kosova."

1981  - Ayatollah Khomeini / Iran - "In Iran the Ayatollah Khomeini began the celebration of 'Jerusalem Day' on the last day of Ramadan as an annual denunciation of Israeli control of the holy city."

1981  - Status / Philip Morris Sales - "The Philip Morris Corporation ran studies that predicted a decline in the number of teenage smokers this caused their officials to worry over the future of their cigarette sales."

1981  - Bilingual Education / U.S.A. - "The Supreme Court required equal education for non-English speaking students. This began bilingual education programs across the country."

1981  - Established / Gulf Corporation - "Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman established the Gulf Cooperation Council to strengthen economic and cultural ties with security at the top of the agenda."

1981 - Confessions / Baba Faqir Chand - "Baba Faqir Chand excited this world in 1981, having left behind the confessions of a true God-seeker, who had discovered the truth and was honest enough to cast aside the sacred veils of mastership. He revealed truths that few if any master would admit even to themselves. He stands alone among Radhasoami masters, if not masters in general, for his honesty and candor. With miracles exploding around him and followers proclaming his divinity, he stepped back and dismissed the glorification. Instead, he told the truth of truths, that we alone perform the miracles. We do the work of the masters, while they take the credit." [Based on: Ford Johnson, Confessions of a God Seeker, A Journey to Higher Consciousness, p. 275]

1981 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 18 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1981 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 20 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1981  - Outlawed Guillotine Executions / France - "France outlawed execution by guillotine."

1981  - Japanese Bailout / U.S. Economy - "Japan bailed out the US economy by loading up on 30-year government bonds."

1981  - U.S. Deportation / Bhagwan Rajneesh  - "The Oregon commune leader, Bhagwan Sri Rajneesh [d.1990], was booted from the US for immigration fraud. He moved his free-love Tantra commune back to Pune, India. In 1985 he changed his name to Osho. His Tantric ruminations were later published by St. Martin's Press: 'The Book of Secrets'. From the Pune school Marie Elizabeth Naslednikov [Margot Anand] published "The Art of Sexual Ecstasy."

1981  -  Defense Minister Ariel Sharon / Israel - "In Israel Ariel Sharon was appointed defense minister in the Begin government."

1981  - Cross-Country Transport / Giant Flashlight, U.S.A. - "A 38-foor tall flashlight  [74,000 lbs.] by Claes Oldenburg was transported across the country from Connecticut and placed on the campus of the University of Nevada in Las Vegas."

1981  - Home Depot - "In 1981, Home Depot went public in an ipo offering of $3 million of stock. The company was founded by Bernie Marcus and Arthur Blank, formerly of the Handy Dandy hardware chain. In 1999 they authored 'Built From Scratch' ghost-written by Bob Andelman. In 1999 Chris Roush published 'Inside Home Depot'."

1981  - Trivia / Ozone Depletion - "Scientists of the British Antarctic Survey first noticed a depletion of the ozone in the earth's atmosphere over the South Pole."

1981  - Ancient Remains / Siberia - "Russian Archeologist Yuri Mochanov of the Yakutish Academy of Sciences announced the discovery of human habitation in northern Siberia that dated back to at least 30,000 years. More precise techniques later measured the stone artifacts at the site to 250-300,000 years ago."

1981  - Trivia / U.S. Opium Imports - "The US Drug Enforcement Administration [DEA] instituted the 80/20 rule for opium/poppy imports. 80% of the US need for opium was set to be imported from India and Turkey. Turkish farmers provided poppy heads while Indian farmers produced gum opium."

1981  - Symbiosis in Cell Evolution - "Lynn Margulis wrote 'Symbiosis in Cell Evolution'. She proposed that three types of prokaryotes fused biologically to create the first living cells with nucleic structures."

1981  - FDA Approval / Aspartame, U.S.A. - "The FDA approved the use of aspartame, an artificial sweetener."

1981  - Nobel Prize in Physics / Arthur Schawlow - "Arthur Schawlow [d.1999 at 77] of Stanford won the Nobel Prize in Physics. He with his brother-in-law and Charles Townes of UC Berkeley shared credit for inventing the laser. They developed the laser in the 1950s and made a working model in 1960 while working for Bell Laboratories."

1981  - Fifth Worst U.S. Car / Ford Thunderbird - "Industry experts in 1996 picked the 1981 Ford Thunderbird/Mercury Cougar as the number 5 worst American-made car."

1981  - Hill Street Blues - "'Hill Street Blues' began on TV. It ran to 1987."

1981- The People's Court - "Retired Judge Joseph Wopner presided over the syndicated TV show 'The People's Court' [1981-1993]."

1981  - Entertainment Tonight - "'Entertainment Tonight' began on TV. It was among the first programs to be distributed by satellite."

1981  - Midnight's Children - "Salman Rushdie won the Booker Prize for his novel 'Midnight's Children'. The BBC began a movie for TV version in 1997."

1981 - Hello Friend, A Journey In ECK - "Copyright 1981, by Patti Simpson. Revised Edition: 1984. Third Printing: 1985." 

1981 - Notable Songs of 1981 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1981_(United_States)

1981 - Notable Albums of 1981 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1981_in_music#Albums_released

1981 - Flood Trivia / 1981 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 2. Number of flood deaths: 1,850." [E.M.]

1981 - Typhoon Trivia / 1981 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 176." [E.M.]

1981 - Earthquake Trivia / 1981 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 4,500." [E.M.]

1981 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1981 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 6,526." [E.M.]

1982

1982 - Returned to Egypt / Sinai Peninsula  - "By 1982, the Sinai Peninsula was returned to Egypt."

1982 - CNN2 - January 1st, 1982: "Initially broadcast as CNN2 on January 1, 1982, the channel was renamed one year later to CNN Headline News. The use of 'CNN' in the title of the channel has been intermittent throughout the channel's broadcast years. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CNN_Headline_News]

1982 - Flooding / Lima, Peru - "Flood date(s): January 23rd, 1982. Number of recorded deaths: 600." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1982 - NBC Premier / "Late Night with David Letterman" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Jan 28 - Feb. 3, 1982: "Late Night with David Letterman" premiered on NBC. [Based on: Article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E5, S.L.P.D., 01/30/07]

1982 - Died / John Belushi - March 5th, 1982: "Died from drug overdose this date in history: Actor-comedian, John Belushi. He was 33."

1982 - 3rd Test Mission / Space Shuttle Columbia - March 22nd, 1982: "Columbia makes its third flight (STS-3) on 22-March, crewed by Jack Lousma and Gordon Fullerton  landed at White Sands, New Mexico, after an 8-day flight." [Link: 1 

1982 - Volcanic Eruption / El Chichon, Mexico - "Volcanic eruption date(s): March 28th, 1982. Number of recorded deaths: 1,880." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]

1982 - Birth / Kirsten Dunst - April 30th, 1982: "Kirsten Caroline Dunst (born April 30, 1982) is an American actress, singer and model. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kirsten_Dunst]

1982 - Falkland War - May 1982: "The arcane dispute between Britain and Argentina over the Falkland Islands dated back to the 1770s. That it erupted into open war in the 1980s was the result of British blunder and naked opportunism by the military junta in Buenos Aires. In both countries it was a popular war. The British naval task force, hastily assembled in the few days following the Argentine invasion, sailed from Portsmouth to ringing cheers. There was a frenzy of diplomatic attempts to avoid bloodshed, but the politicians were ardent for glory. The killing started in early May, with the sinking of Argentina's elderly but still powerful cruiser, the Belgrano. Three weeks later British troops landed and fought a succession of small but bloody land engagements, notably at Goose Green. On June 14, six weeks after the start of the shooting war, Argentinean forces in the Falklands surrendered. As small British wars go, it was a total success. Britain lost 255 men; the Argentines 652."

1982 - Flooding / Guangdong, China - "Flood date(s): May 12th, 1982. Number of recorded deaths: 430." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1982 - Nato Member / Spain - May 30th, 1982: "Spain Joins NATO."

1982 - U.S Aid / Iraq - "Through the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, as first one side and then the other gained the upper hand, the Reagan administration was officially neutral but behind the scenes tilted from one side to the other. When Iran appeared to be winning in 1982, Reagan and his advisers made a fateful decision to secretly supply Saddam’s military, including permitting shipments of dual-use technology that Iraq then used to build chemical and biological weapons. Tactical military assistance also was provided, including satellite photos of the battlefield. While congressional inquiries and press accounts have sketched out some of these facts over the years, the current Bush administration continues to plead ignorance or question the reliability of the stories. Last September [2002], for example, Newsweek reported that the Reagan administration in the 1980s had allowed sales to Iraq of computer databases that Saddam could use to track political opponents and shipments of 'bacteria/fungi/protozoa' that could help produce anthrax and other biological weapons. [Based on: Newsweek issue dated Sept. 23, 2002]" [Link 1]

1982 - U.S. Aid / Saddam Hussein - "Teicher, who served on Reagan’s National Security Council staff, traced the U.S. tilt to Iraq to a turning point in the war in 1982 when Iran gained the offensive and fears swept through the U.S. government that Iran’s army might slice through Iraq to the oil fields of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. 'In June 1982, President Reagan decided that the United States could not afford to allow Iraq to lose the war to Iran,' Teicher wrote in his affidavit. Teicher said he helped draft a secret national security decision directive that Reagan signed to authorize covert U.S. assistance to Saddam Hussein’s military. 'The NSDD, including even its identifying number, is classified,' Teicher wrote in 1995. The effort to arm the Iraqis was 'spearheaded' by CIA Director William Casey and involved his deputy, Robert Gates, according to Teicher’s affidavit. 'The CIA, including both CIA Director Casey and Deputy Director Gates, knew of, approved of, and assisted in the sale of non-U.S. origin military weapons, ammunition and vehicles to Iraq,' Teicher wrote." [Link 1]

1982 - CIA-Backed Muslim Military Training - "Ahmed Rashid, author of Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, estimates that after 1982 more than 100,000 Muslims from dozens of countries received political or military training in the CIA-backed camps of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
   "According to Ahmed Rashid, Osama bin Laden helped build the Khost tunnel complex, a major arms storage depot, training facility and medical center built with CIA funds. Nearby, Bin Laden established a military camp for about 9,000 followers of Wahabbism, the Islamic creed promoted by the Saudi monarchy and Afghanistan's dominant Pashtun nationality. This Khost camp became the headquarters for al-Qaida [which means 'military base'] and in 1998 was a target of Bill Clinton's cruise missile attack on Afghanistan." [Link: 1]

1982 - X12 Solar Flare - June 6th, 1982: "On this date in history an X12 solar flare ["9th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1982 - Birth / Tara Lipinski - June 10th, 1982: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Olympic gold medal figure skater, Tara Lipinski."

1982 - Birth / Prince William of Wales - June 21st, 1982: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Britain's, Prince William of Wales."

1982 - Final Test Mission / Space Shuttle Columbia - June 27th, 1982: "STS-4 began on 27-June, with Thomas Mattingly and Henry Hartsfleld flying Columbia on a 7-day mission, the final test mission."  [Link: 1 

1982 - Defeated / U.S. Equal Rights Amendment - June 30th, 1982: "The Equal Rights Amendment was defeated after a 10-year struggle, when the deadline for ratification expired June 30." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 553]

1982 - Israeli Invasion / Lebanon - "In mid 1982 Israeli forces invaded Lebanon, rapidly advancing on Beirut, driving Palestinian guerrillas north, and establishing a permanent occupation zone in the south. Palestinian civilians left in Beirut were massacred by the fascist Christian militias. The USA belatedly intervened, sending a small detachment of Marines as part of a multinational force to restore some kind of order in the Lebanese capital." [Links: 1]

*Trivia: "Israel invades. President-elect Bashir Gemayel, head of Israeli-allied Christian militia, is killed in bombing. Israeli-allied Lebanese militias kill hundreds of Palestinians in refugee camps." [Based on: A.P., 02/15/05]

*Trivia: "Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon: ... born to Russian immigrant parents in the farming community of Kfar Malal, north of Tel Aviv. During a 29-year military career that spawned four wars, he gained a reputation as a daring but maverick officer. As defense minister, he oversaw the 1982 invasion of Lebanon. He resigned in 1983 after an Israeli commission found him indirectly responsible for an Israeli-allied Lebanese militia's massacre of hundreds of Palestinian refugees at the Sabra and Chatilla camps." [St. Louis post-Dispatch, p. A8, 02/09/05]

*Trivia: "In a videotape made public just days before the U.S. presidential election in 2004, Osama bin-Laden talked about when he first started to hate the United States. He referred to the year 1982, when the United States allowed Israel to invade Lebanon." [E.M.]

1982 - Created / Hezbollah - "Hezbollah, also spelled Hizballah, means 'party of God'. It is a Shiite Muslim organization headquartered in Lebanon whose goal is a fundamentalist Islamic state there and beyond, and the obliteration of Israel. It was created in 1982 after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon ."

1982 - X9.8 Solar Flare - July 9th, 1982: On this date in history an X9.8 solar flare ["12th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun.

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1982 - Birth / LeAnn Rimes - August 28th, 1982: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Country singer, LeAnn Rimes."

1982 - Hard To Say I'm Sorry - September 11th, 1982: "Chicago started a two week run at No.1 on the US singles chart with Hard To Say I'm Sorry, the groups second US No.1. Taken from the film Summer Lovers, it was a No.4 hit in the UK." [Link: 1]

1982 - Flooding / El Salvador, Guatemala - "Flood date(s): September 17th-21st, 1982. Number of recorded deaths: 1,300+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1982 - 1st PC Virus / 'Elk Cloner' - August 1st, 2007: " 'Dumb' prank was first PC virus / Rich Skrenta, now 40, was a ninth-grader when he wrote 'Elk Cloner' on his Apple II during winter break [1982]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A34, S.L.P.D., 09/01/07]

1982 - Flooding / Valley Park, Mo. - December 6th, 1982: "[....] On Wednesday [03/19/08], forecasters predicted the river [Meremac] would crest Friday [03/21/08] or early Saturday at 40 feet in Valley Park [Mo.] - just a few inches above the record of 39.7 feet set Dec. 6, 1982. [....]" [Based on: Article (FLOOD OF 1982 'WAS DEVESTATING' / Residents of Meramec River Valley communities recall scenes from then - and worry about the days ahead.), p A11, S.L.P.D., 03/20/08]

1982 - Strong Earthquake / W. Arabian Peninsula - December 13th, 1982: "Earthquake location: W. Arabian Peninsula. Earthquake magnitude: 6.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 2,800."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1982 - X12.9 Solar Flare - December 15th, 1982: "On this date in history an X12.9 solar flare ["8th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1982 - X10.1 Solar Flare - December 17th, 1982: "On this date in history an X10.1 solar flare ["10th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1982 - National Debt / Germany - "The current interest system makes it possible for those that already have money to get even richer, while those in need find it increasingly hard to make ends meet. From 1968 to 1982 the national income of West Germany increased by 300 percent, while the interest on the national debt increased by 1,160 percent. In 1982 that interest amounted to 29 billion DM. When interest is abolished, inflation vanishes. Kennedy [Margrit Kennedy] stressed in her book [Interest and Inflation Free Money (1988)] that the income tax must also be abolished. The government will have to be satisfied with a very low VAT; otherwise the gray economy will grow. As of now interest rates go up when there is not enough money available." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 14]

*Trivia: "The European Community during the years 1982-88 lost up to 735,000 jobs due to the debt crisis, while the United States lost 1.8 million jobs during the same period." [Based on: article by Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 14]

1982? - Minamata Poisoning Case / Japan - "Japan's top court ordered the government Friday [10/15/04] to pay $703,000 in damages to victims of the Minamata Bay mercury poisining. The ruling came 22 years after the case was filed over an industrial pollution disaster that killed more than 1,700 people and caused mothers to give birth to deformed babies.
   "The Minamata poisoning incident was Japan's worst case of industrial pollution. Since the 1950's, hundreds of people have contracted Minamata disease - a neurological disorder caused by mercury poisoning - from eating tainted fish. The disease was first discovered in the 1950s and named for Minamata Bay in southern Japan, where a company dumped tons of mercury compounds.
   "The court said the government and Kumamoto prefecture (state) failed to stop chemical manufacturer Chisso Corp. from dumping tons of mercury compounds into Minamata Bay beginning in the 1930s." [News Services, 10/16/04]

1982 - Fatality / "God's Banker", Roberto Calvi - "Five people went on trial Thursday [10/06/05] on murder charges involving the 1982 death of Roberto Calvi, the Italian financier known as 'God's Banker' for his close ties with the Vatican. Calvi's body was found hanging from London's Blackfriars Bridge. Although initially ruled a suicide, Italian prosecutors concluded in 2003 that he had been slain. Calvi was a key figure in one of modern Italy's biggest banking scandals, which involved businessmen, politicians, Masonic groups and the Vatican hierarchy. He was found dead as his Banco Ambrosiano collapsed following the disappearance of $1.3 billion in loans the bank had provided to several dummy companies in Latin America. The Vatican had provided letters of credit for the loans, and the Vatican's bank agreed to pay $250 million to Ambrosiano's creditors. It denied any wrongdoing." [Based on: News Services article (Trial opens in killing of 'God's banker'), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 10/07/05]

1982 - Assassinated / President Eduardo Frei Montalva - "A Chilean judge ruled [2009] that former President Eduardo Frei Montalva was assassinated in 1982 and his killing covered up by people linked to the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet. Six people were charged in the case." [Based on: News Services article (1982 death ruled assassination), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 12/08/09]

1982 - The Puzzle Palace - 1982: "[....] In 'The Puzzle Palace,' his 1982 book that dissected the NSA, journalist James Bamford quoted Sen. Church on his greatest fear: that the NSA would turn around and use its capacity against U.S. citizens. 'No American would have any any privacy left,' Sen. Church said, adding, 'There would be no place to hide.' [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (No place to hide), p. C10, S.L.P.D., 12/29/05]

1982 - Holy Blood Holy Grail - 1982: "Predecessor to the fiction book: The Da Vinci Code [by Dan Brown], the non-fiction book: Holy Blood Holy Grail [by Michael Baigent, Richard Leigh & Henry Lincoln] was introduced to the public in 1982." [E.M.] Related links:

*Links: http://www.priory-of-sion.com/
              http://priory-of-sion.com/posd/soskin.html

1982 - Notable Songs of 1982 - "1999" (Prince)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1982_(United_States)

1982 - Notable Albums of 1982 - "Thriller" (Michael Jackson)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_in_music#Albums_released

1982 - Flood Trivia / 1982 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 3. Number of flood deaths: 2,330." [E.M.]

1982 - Volcano Trivia / 1982 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 1,880." [E.M.]

1982 - Earthquake Trivia / 1982 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 1. Number of earthquake deaths: 2,800." [E.M.]

1982 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1982 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 7,010." [E.M.]

1983

1983 - Federal Disaster Area / Times Beach, MO - January 3rd, 1983: "Pres. Reagan, Jan. 3, declared Times Beach, MO, a federal disaster area because of toxic dioxin in the soil." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1983 - Recession Status / U.S.A. - January 19th, 1983: "The Commerce Dept. Jan. 19 reported that average real GNP in the recessionary year 1982 fell 1.8 percent from 1981 levels, the worst decline since 1946." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1983 - Launched / IRAS Satellite - January 25th, 1983: "International infrared astronomy satellite IRAS launched on 25-January, discovered comets, possible new solar systems." [Link: 1 

1983 - "M*A*S*H" Finale - February 28th, 1983: "Goodbye, Farewell and Amen" is still the most-watched episode in TV history, with an estimated 106 million viewers tuning in. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [FEB. 28: 'M*A*S*' FINALE] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1983 - Birth / Carrie Underwood - March 10th, 1983: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Country singer ('American Idol'), Carrie Underwood."

1983 - "Larry King Live" - March 13th, 1983: "CNN's suspender-wearing host [Larry King] is still [2008] throwing softballs nightly. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [MARCH 13: 'LARRY KING LIVE'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1983 - U.S. Plans / Strategic Defense Initiative [Star Wars] - March 23rd, 1983: "President Ronald Reagan announces plans for the Strategic Defense Initiative, a space-based missle defense system against nuclear attack, later dubbed Star Wars." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 107]

1983 - 1st MTV Video by a Black Artist / "Beat It", Michael Jackson - March 31st, 1983: Entertainment highlights during the week of March 26-April 1: "MTV added Michael Jackson's video for 'Beat It.' It was the first video MTV played by a black artist." [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 03/27/06]

1983 - 1st Mission / Space Shuttle Challenger - April 4th, 1983: "Challenger, on STS-6, takes place on 4-April, with a crew of four, Paul Weitz, Karol Bobko, Donald Petersen and Story Musgrave. During a 5-day flight the crew deployed the first tracking and data relay satellite (TDRS), and Petersen and Musgrave tested the new shuttle spacesuit in the orbiter cargo bay." [Link: 1 

1983 - "Flashdance" - April 15th, 1983: "Out-of-left-field movie success about a gritty welder (Jennifer Beals) with dancing dreams creates a mania for ripped sweatshirts exposing one shoulder. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [APRIL 15: 'FLASHDANCE'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1983 - Shiite Suicide Bomber / U.S. Embassy, Lebanon - 1983: "Shiite suicide bomber attacks U.S. embassy, killing 17 Americans and 46 others. Six months later [October 1983], separate Shiite car bombings target Marines and French paratroopers, killing 241 Americans and 58 French." [Based on A.P. research, 02/15/05]

1983 - Movie Release / Star Wars Episode VI: Return Of The Jedi - May 1983: "Released this date in history: Star Wars Episode VI: Return Of The Jedi. Movie Gross: 573 million." [Based on: S.L.P.D., p. E1, 05/18/05]

1983  - Earthquake / Coalinga, California - May 2nd, 1983: "Earthquake location: Coalinga, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1983 - X-Ray Satellite - May 26th, 1983: "European X-ray satellite Exosat launched on 26-May." [Link: 1  

1983 - Monsoon / India - "Monsoon date(s): June, 1983. Number of recorded deaths: 900." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206] 

1983 - Pioneer 10 / Beyond Neptune - June 13th, 1983: "On 13-June Pioneer 10 becomes the first probe to venture into interstellar space when it crossed the orbit of the outermost planet, Neptune." [Link: 1 

1983 - 2nd Mission / Space Shuttle Challenger - June 24th, 1983: "First American woman astronaut Sally Ride soars into orbit on Challenger's second flight (STS-7) on 24-June, along with Robert Crippen, Frederick Hauck, John Fabian and Norman Thagard, making a record five-person crew."  [Link: 1 

1983 - "Risky Business" / Tom Cruise - August 5th, 1983: Tom Cruise dances in his underwear, and a movie star is born. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [AUG. 5: 'RISKY BUSINESS'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1983 - Removal & Termination / Darwin Gross - August 7-8, 1983: "... Board of Trustees meeting held August 7, 1983 in Menlo Park, California, without the presence of Darwin [Darwin Gross] or the Eckankar attorney, Alan Nichols. The Board, by resolution, agreed:

WHEREAS, it is in the best interests of Eckankar to make certain changes regarding officers of the corporation, it is hereby:

RESOLVED: That Darwin Gross is hereby removed as President of Eckankar and his services as an officer and employee of Eckankar are hereby terminated, both such removal and termination being effective immediately; and

RESOLVED FURTHER: That Harold Klemp is hereby appointed as President of Eckankar, effective immediately, to serve the unexpired portion of the current term of President. [....]

[See: Ford Johnson, Confessions of a God Seeker, A Journey to Higher Consciousness, p. 233] 

1983 - Sabotage? / Montauk Project, N.Y. State - August 12th(?), 1983: "[....] As mentioned, the Montauk Project crashed and burned in August 1983, sabotaged from within by certain key participants who could no longer tolerate what was going on. A time tunnel type linkup with the Philadelphia Experiment exactly forty years previously (August 12, 1943) was allegedly achieved then - apparently an attempt by project operators to repair or undo damage they felt had been done to the time-space continuum during the 1943 experiment; thereafter, the project ended temporarily, as described, with the surface of the property being then donated to N.Y. State." [....]"

[Based on: article by By John A. Quinn [PANDORA'S BOX] @ http://www.crystalinks.com/montauk1.html] - [T.D. - 05/03/07] 

1983 - 3rd Mission / Space Shuttle Challenger - August 30th, 1983: "On 30-August STS-8 launched, the crew of Challenger included Richard Truly, Daniel Brandenstein, Dale Gardner, Guion Bluford, William Thornton, and six rats."  [Link: 1 

1983 - South Korean Airline Fatality / USSR - September 1st, 1983: "On Sept. 1, a South Korean passenger jet infringing on Soviet air space and apparently misidentified  was shot down; 269 people, including 61 Americans, were killed." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1983 - Suicide Bombers / Lebanon - October 23rd, 1983: "In October [10/23/83] 1983 suicide bombers attacked the US and French encampments. A total of 275 soldiers died. The Lebanon was left to its beastly civil war." [Links: 1]

*Trivia: "[....] ... separate Shiite car bombings target Marines and French paratroopers, killing 241 Americans and 58 French." [Based on A.P. research, 02/15/05]

1983 - U.S. Invasion / Grenada  - "On October 25th, there was an invasion on the tiny Caribbean island-nation of Grenada, where Maurice Bishop seized power from the bizarre occultist Eric Gairy, and began to build a marxist mini-state with Cuban help. A week after Bishop was assassinated by even more hardline elements, the USA sent in the Marines to write another chapter in the island's bloody history."

1983  - Major Earthquake / Borah Peak, Idaho - October 28th, 1983: "Earthquake location: Borah Peak, Idaho. Earthquake magnitude: 7.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 2."  

1983 - Strong Earthquake / E. Turkey - October 30th, 1983: "Earthquake location: E. Turkey. Earthquake magnitude: 6.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,342."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1983 - Pluto / Scorpio - November 6th, 1983: Pluto at 0 degrees Scorpio

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1983.pdf

1983 - Operational / Space Shuttle Columbia - November, 1983: "Columbia becomes operational on STS-5, lifting off in November. It carries a record four-man crew, Vance Brand, Robert Overmyer, Joseph Allen and William Lenoir. They launched two communication satellites." [Link: 1 

1983 - U.S. Space Lab - November 11th, 1983: "Space shuttle Columbia carried the Spacelab into space on 11 November 1983."

1983  - Strong Earthquake / Kaoiki, Hawaii - November 16th, 1983: "Earthquake location: Kaoiki, Hawaii. Earthquake magnitude: 6.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1983 - 1st Space Lab Flight - November 28th, 1983: "The first flight of Space-lab on the shuttle begins on 28-November. The space shuttle is Columbia, with a crew of six conducted over 70 experiments on a 10-day flight.  Among them is a German scientist, the first non-American to fly in the US space program.  The other crew members are John Young, Brewster Shaw, Robert Parker, Owen Garriott and Byron Lichtenberg."  [Link: 1 

1983 - "Thriller" Video / Michael Jackson - December 2nd, 1983: "Michael Jackson's 'Thriller' video premiered on MTV."

1983 - Gay Rep. / Gerry Studds - "Former Democratic Rep. Gerry Studds of Massachusetts, ... acknowledged he was gay after revelations in 1983 that he had had a homosexual relationship with a congressional page." [A.P., 08/13/04]

1983 - Notable Songs of 1983 - "Every Breath You Take" (The Police); "Beat It" (Michael Jackson); "A World of Fantasy" (Triumph) 

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1983_(United_States)

1983 - Notable Albums of 1983 - "Pyromania" (Def Leppard); "1999" (Prince); "Never Surrender" (Triumph)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1983_in_music#Albums_released

1983 - "Never Surrender" / Triumph - Never Surrender is the sixth studio album by Canadian hard rock band Triumph, released in 1983. The album reached #26 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart assisted by the singles "All the Way", "A World of Fantasy" and "Never Surrender" which hit #2, #3 and #23, respectively, on the Mainstream Rock chart of 1983. A remastered CD was first released in 1985 on MCA Records (then again in 1995 on the band's own TRC label). A new remaster was released in November 2004 on the band's own label TML Entertainment. [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Never_Surrender_%28Triumph_album%29] - [T.D. - 08/11/08]

1983 - Monsoon Trivia / 1983 - "Number of notable monsoons this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 900." [E.M.]

1983 - Earthquake Trivia / 1983 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 1,344." [E.M.]

1983 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1983 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 2,244." [E.M.]

1984

1984 - Trivia / The Living ECK Master? - January 1984: "According to testimony taken on May 31st, 1984, the former Living ECK Master, Darwin Gross, apparently claimed that in January his successor, Harold Klemp, was asked to step aside. Reportedly, it was Rebazar Tarz and Yaubl Sacabi who asked Harold Klemp to step aside." [Based on: Confessions of a God Seeker, A Journey to Higher Consciousness, p. 239] 

*Related Links [see 4th-last paragraph on page]:

http://web.archive.org/web/20091130045935/http://darwingrosstruthfile.homestead.com/DGTFitem5.html

1984 - Launched / A&E - February 1st, 1984: "A&E is a cable and satellite television network with headquarters in Manhattan and offices in Stamford, Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Chicago, and London. A&E stands for "Arts and Entertainment", which for many years was in the channel's full title. The network also airs in Canada and Latin America. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A%26E_Network] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

1984 - Forgery Ring / Bible-Era Artifacts - "Four Israeli antiquities collectors and dealers were indicted Wedneday [12/29/04] in Jerusalem on charges they ran a sophisticated forgery ring that spanned the globe and produced a treasure-trove of fake Bible-era artifacts - some of which were hailed as major archaeological finds. [....] Investigators warned [Dec. 2004] that collectors and museums around the world could be in the possession of fakes, and scholars urged museums to re-examine items of suspicious origin. The forgery ring has been operating for more than 20 years, said Shuka Dorfman, head of the Israel Antiquities Authority." [News Services, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 12/30/04]

1984 - "Album of the Year" / Michael Jackson - "Entertainment highlights during the week of Feb. 26-March 4: Michael Jackson won album of the year for 'Thriller' at the Grammy Awards." [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, S.L.P.D., 02/27/06]

1984 - Death Trivia / Marvin Gay - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 1-7, 1984: "Singer Marvin Gay was shot to death by his father during an argument. Marvin Gay Sr. received probation after pleading guilty to voluntary manslaughter." [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 04/02/07]

1984 - X13 Solar Flare - April 24th, 1984: "On this date in history an X13 solar flare ["7th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1984  - Strong Earthquake / Morgan Hill, California - April 24th, 1984: "Earthquake location: Morgan Hill, California. Earthquake magnitude: 6.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1984 - Agent Orange Settlement - May 7th, 1984: "On May 7, American Vietnam war veterans reached an out-of-court settlement with 7 chemical companies in a class-action suit over the herbicide Agent Orange." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1984 - Pluto / Scorpio - May 18th, 1984: Pluto at 0 degrees Scorpio, R.; August 28th, D. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1984.pdf

1984 - X10.1 Solar Flare - May 20th, 1984: "On this date in history an X10.1 solar flare ["10th-largest solar flare" recorded since 1976] blasted from the Sun."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/solarflares/topflares.html] - [T.D. 12/12/06]

1984 - "Born in the USA" / Bruce Springsteen - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 4th-10th, 1984: Bruce Springsteen released his "Born in the USA" album. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D4, S.L.P.D., 06/05/06]

1984 - Flooding / South Korea - "Flood date(s): August-September, 1984. Number of recorded deaths: 200+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1984 - Summer Olympic Games / Los Angeles - "In 1984, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Los Angeles. In 1984, the Soviet Union led a revenge boycott, but more countries attended the games than ever before. In 1984, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia."  

1984 - Typhoon Ike / S Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): September 2nd, 1984. Number of recorded deaths: 1,363." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1984 - "1st MTV Video Music Awards - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 9-15, 1984: The first MTV Video Music Awards were held in New York. Madonna stole the show with her performance of "Like A Virgin," in which she rolled around onstage in a wedding dress. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), S.L.P.D., 09/11/07]

1984 - Birth / Prince Henry of Wales - September 15th, 1984: "Prince Henry of Wales (Henry Charles Albert David, born 15 September 1984), commonly known as Prince Harry,[1] is the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, and fourth grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Harry_of_Wales]

1984 - NBC Debut / "The Cosby Show" - September, 1984: Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 17-Sept. 23: "The Cosby Show," starring Bill Cosby, debuted on NBC. [Based on: A.P. article, p. C5, 09/18/06]

1984 - Birth / Avril Lavigne - September 27th, 1984: "Avril Ramona Lavigne (... born 27 September 1984) is a Canadian singer-songwriter. She was born in Belleville, Ontario, but spent most of her youth in the small town of Napanee. By the age of 15, she had appeared on stage with Shania Twain; by 16, she had signed a two-album recording contract with Arista Records worth more than $2 million. In 2002, when she was 17 years old, Lavigne broke onto the music scene with her debut album Let Go. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avril_Lavigne]

1984 - Movie Opens / "The Terminator" - Entertainment highlights during the week of October 22-28, 1984: The Movie "The terminator" opened. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D2, S.L.P.D., 10/23/06]

1984 - Birth / Katy Perry - October 25th, 1984: "Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson[1] (born October 25, 1984), known by her stage name Katy Perry, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. [...] Perry was born Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson in Santa Barbara, California[9] to Keith, a West Coast scenester in the 1960s,[10] and Mary Hudson (née Perry), an evangelist who grew up in Southern California, attended Berkeley, and had a 'tempestuous' first marriage in Zimbabwe.[10]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katy_Perry]

1984  - Earthquake / Round Valley, California - November 23rd, 1984: "Earthquake location: Round Valley, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.7. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1984 - Fatal Gas Leak / Union Carbide Plant, Bhopal India - December 3rd, 1984: "[...] About 40 tons of poisonous gas leaked from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in the central Indian city of Bhopal on Dec. 3, 1984. Union crabide claims that 3,800 people were killed, while Indian officials say up to 15,000 may have died and that as many as 555,000 others have become ill or had babies born with defects since then. Many people died over the years due to gas-related illnesses, like lung cancer, kidney failure and liver disease. [....] The U.S. chemical company Union Carbide Corp., which was bought by Michigan-based Dow Chemical Company in 2001, paid $470 million in compensation under a settlement with India's government in 1989. But only part of that amount has reached the victims. [....] 'Lethal chemicals are still lying around at the plant, some in the open. Every time it rains these poisonous chemicals are leaked into the soil, affecting groundwater resources of the area,' Bee [Rashida Bee] said. [....] Union Carbide, in a statement sent to The Associated Press, said it spent more than $2 million to clean up the plant from 1985 to 1994, when it sold its stake in Union Carbide India Ltd. (UCIL) and the local company was renamed as Eveready Industries. The company also says state studies indicated in 1998 that the groundwater around the plant was free of toxins and that any water contamination was due to improper drainage and other pollution, not Union Carbide chemicals." [Based on A.P. article, 12/03/04]

*Trivia: "More than 25 years after a plume of toxic gas from an American-owned chemical plant in Bhopal, India, killed thousands, eight former executives of the company's Indian subsidiary were convicted of negligence Monday [06/07/10]. The men were sentenced to two years in prison and fined $2,100." [Based on: News Services article (8 convicted over Bhopal disaster), p. A20, 06/08/10]

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhopal_disaster

1984 - "Like a Virgin" / Madonna - Entertainment highlights during the week of December 10th-16th, 1984: Madonna had her first No. 1 hit when "Like a Virgin" reached the top of the Billboard singles chart. [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 12/11/06]

1984 - Member Casualty / Def Leppard - December, 1984: "Entertainment highlights during the week of Dec. 26-Jan 1: Drummer Rick Allen of Def Leppard lost his left arm in a car crash near his home in England. Allen stayed with the band, using a special drum kit." [A.P., 12/27/04]

1984 - Trivia / "Live Aid" Concerts - "In 1984, Musicians raised millions of pounds for famine aid in Africa with spectacular simultaneous Live Aid concerts in London and Philadelphia."

1984 - Fatality / Indira Gandhi, India - "Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister, headed India from 1947 until his death in 1964. He was followed later by his daughter, Indira Gandhi, whose often iron-fisted rule defined two decades of Indian life. Indira was murdered by her own bodyguards in 1984, and her son, Rajiv Gandhi, an airline pilot, reluctantly stepped up. Riding a wave of sympathy, he easily won the next election. But he lost the prime minister's post in 1989 and was assassinated two years later while campaigning." [A.P., 05/14/04]

1984 - Israeli Proposition to Assist Iraq - "In 1984, Teicher said he went to Iraq with Rumsfeld to convey a secret Israeli offer to assist Iraq after Israel had concluded that Iran was becoming a greater danger. 'I traveled with Rumsfeld to Baghdad and was present at the meeting in which Rumsfeld told Iraqi Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz about Israel’s offer of assistance,' Teicher wrote. 'Aziz refused even to accept the Israelis’ letter to Hussein offering assistance because Aziz told us that he would be executed on the spot by Hussein if he did so.” [Link 1]

1984 - Medicade Expansions / United States - "Worry about the declining health status of poor children leads to incremental Medicaid expansions. The changes gradually increase income eligibility levels for pregnant women, infants and children." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]

1984 - Status / Native American Reservations - "President Reagan’s Commission on Indian Reservation economics accused the BIA of excessive regulation and incompetent management with the agency consuming more than two-thirds of the budget. Commission recommends shift away from tribal goals toward increased private ownership and individual profit motive, as well as waiving tribal immunity from certain lawsuits."

1984 - Desecrated / Golden Temple - "The Golden Temple in Amritsar, the holiest place in Sikhdom, was horribly desecrated when Indian troops stormed it and fought a pitched battle against separatist militants. Operation Blue Star cost Prime Minister Indira Gandhi her life less than five months later, when she was gunned down by her own Sikh bodyguards. In the modern dynastic tradition of Indian politics, Indira's utterly inexperienced son Raj iv Gandhi took over as Prime Minister. Tragedy visited India on an even larger scale in December 1984 when a cloud of deadly methyl isocyanate gas drifted over Bhopal, killing at least 3,000. The after-effects have since pushed the death toll to nearer 10,000. The accident has been blamed by the plant operator, Union Carbide, on a disgruntled employee, and by most Indians on exploitative Western capitalism. Either way, few of the survivors have yet seen any compensation."

1984 - Public Park? / Hero/Montauk A.F. Station Property - "[....] It is a matter of public record that the federal government turned the Camp Hero/Montauk A.F. Station property over to New York State for use as public park land in 1984, yet according to the terms of the deed on record at the Suffolk County offices in Riverhead, N.Y., the federal government retains all rights to all property beneath the surface of the land -- only the surface of this area was actually donated to N.Y. State. The deed also holds that the federal government can reclaim the surface of the land as well for reasons of national security, if necessary. [NP] Thirteen years after this transfer, at least 2/3 of this so-called park remain completely off-limits to the public! This itself is in fact a violation of the N.Y. State Parks' charter, and the restriction is enforced severely by a host of various authorities -- sometimes at gunpoint. Electronics technicians have monitored and recorded extremely unusual and unorthodox radio frequency and other electromagnetic transmissions emanating directly from this supposedly restricted and/or derelict property at the present time, which indicate activities very much like those alleged to have occurred there, and I have personally seen and heard with my own eyes and ears these bizarre and complex EM/RF signal transmissions monitored and traced by direction-finding receivers and other equipment. [NP] New telephone lines and new high capacity power lines with a gigawatt meter have been installed in this allegedly derelict and off-limits area fairly recently, and witnesses observed a highly advanced Cardion Corp. particle beam radar unit being operated on the bluffs at Camp Hero for a period of at least five months in 1994. Investigators were given several different explanations as to the reason for this from various Cardion (Siemens) officials, and one witness was told point-blank by a security guard there that the unit had been malfunctioning in the underground and was thus brought to the surface for testing! [....]"

[Based on: article by By John A. Quinn @ http://www.crystalinks.com/montauk1.html] - [T.D. - 05/03/07]

1984 - 1st Human Satellite - "First human to orbit Earth and become first human satellite, Bruce McCandless (U.S.A.)." [Link: 1 

1984 - Notable Songs of 1984 - "Born in the USA" (Bruce Springsteen); "Like a Virgin" (Madonna); "Thriller" (Michael Jackson); "What's Love Got to Do With It" (Tina Turner)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1984_(United_States)

1984 - Notable Albums of 1984 - "Born in the U.S.A." (Bruce Springsteen); "Purple Rain" (Prince)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984_in_music#Albums_released

1984 - Flood Trivia / 1984 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 200+." [E.M.]

1984 - Typhoon Trivia / 1984 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 1,363." [E.M.]

1984 - Earthquake Trivia / 1984 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 2." [E.M.]

1984 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1984 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 1,563." [E.M.]

1985

1985 - Economy / USSR - "Astonishingly, by the mid-1980s the USSR had overtaken Britain and most other capitalist economies, with the exception of the USA. At least in absolute terms, the USSR occupied the first position in many key fields of production, for example, in the production of steel, iron, coal, oil, gas, cement, tractors, cotton, and many steel tools. In the mid-1980s the Massachusetts Cambridge Engineering Research Association described the Soviet natural gas industry - which doubled production in less than ten years - as a 'spectacular success story'. [Financial Times, 14/11/85.] Even in the field of computers, where Russia in the 1970s was said to be ten years behind the West, the gap had been narrowed to a point where Western experts admitted it was only about 2-3 years. The most spectacular proof of the superiority of a planned economy, where it was run well, was the Soviet space programme. Since 1957 Russia had led the 'space race'. While the Americans landed on the moon, the Russians were building a space station that would take them to the far reaches of the solar system. As a byproduct, the Soviet Union was selling the cheap and reliable Proton rockets on world markets at a price some £10 million less than the European Ariane space project." [Link: 1

1985 - Israeli Nuclear Arsenal? - "Mordechai Vanunu provided the best look at the Israeli nuclear arsenal in 1985, complete with photographs. A technician from Dimona who lost his job, Vanunu secretly took photographs, migrated to Australia and published some of his material in The London Sunday Times. He was subsequently kidnapped by Israeli agents and imprisoned. His data showed a sophisticated nuclear program, with over 200 bombs, with boosted devices, neutron bombs, F-16 deliverable warheads, and Jericho warheads. He revealed for the first time the underground plutonium separation facility where Israel was producing 40 kilograms annually, several times more than previous estimates. Photographs showed sophisticated designs which scientific experts say enabled the Israelis to build bombs with as little as 4 kilograms of plutonium. In the words of one American source, 'The Israelis can do anything we or the Soviets can do.' " [John Tiffany, A.F.P., March 2004]

*Trivia: "Vanunu, who was released seven months ago [04/21/04] after completing an 18-year prison sentence for treason, was arrested [11/11/04] on suspician of revealing classified information, police said. [....] Vanunu was convicted in 1988 of divulging information and pictures of the Dimona reactor." [A.P., 11/12/04]

1985 - Recording / "We Are the World" - Entertainment highlights in the week of Jan. 23-29: The African famine relief benefit song "We Are the World" was recorded in Los Angeles after the American Music Awards ceremony. [Based on: A.P. article]

1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev / Soviet Union - March 1985: "After Brezhnev, a series of rulers tried for power in the USSR. Each was unacceptable to the Politburo and was quickly removed from power. Finally, a moderate named Mikhail Gorbachev came to office in 1985."

1985 - Earthquake / Chile - March 3rd, 1985: "Earthquake location: Chile. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 146."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1985 - Left Van Halen / David Lee Roth - Entertainment highlights during the week of April 1-7, 1985: "Singer David Lee Roth left Van Halen." [Based on: A.P. article, p. D5, S.L.P.D., 04/02/07]

1985 - Birth / Sarah Hughes - May 2nd, 1985: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Olympic gold medal figure skater, Sarah Hughes."

1985 - Cyclone / Bangladesh - "Cyclone date(s): May 25th, 1985. Number of recorded deaths: 10,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1985 - Tornadoes / Pennsylvania & Ohio - May 31st, 1985: "[....] It [barrage of tornadoes - February 2008] was one of the 15 worst tornado death tolls since 1950, and the nation's deadliest barrage of tornadoes since 76 people were killed in Pennsylvania and Ohio on May 31, 1985." [Based on: A.P. article (As skies raged, a scramble for survival / Warnings went out, but twisters that killed at least 55 (2008) proved powerful, unpredictable.), p A1 & A8, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

1985 - TWA Hijacking / Athens, Greece - June 14th, 1985: "On June 14 a TWA jet was seized by terrorists after takeoff from Athens; 153 passengers and crew held hostage for 17 days; 1 U.S. serviceman killed." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1985 - Launched / Discovery Channel - June 17th, 1985: "[....] Discovery Channel was launched in 1985 [06/17/85] as the flagship channel of Discovery Communications, which today offers 29 network brands in 33 languages. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discovery_channel] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

1985 - "Live Aid" Broadcast - July 13th, 1985: " 'Live Aid,' a rock concert broadcast around the world July 13, raised $70 mil for starving peoples of Africa." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1985 - Flooding / Dam Collapse, N Italy - "Flood date(s): July 19th, 1985. Number of recorded deaths: 361." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1985 - Married / Madonna & Sean Penn - August 1985: "Entertainment highlights during the week of August 14th-20th, 1985: "Madonna married sean Penn in a ceremony in Malibu, Calif. The couple later divorced." [Based on: A.P., 08/15/05]

1985 - Rights to Beatles Songs / Michael Jackson - August 1985: "Entertainment highlights during the week of August 14th-20th, 1985: "Michael Jackson paid $47.5 million for the rights to more than 250 songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney." [Based on: A.P., 08/15/05]

1985 - Expired / D.C. Voting Rights Amendment - August 22nd, 1985: "Unratified D.C. voting rights amendment expires."

1985 - NBC Debut / "The Golden Girls" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 10-16, 1985: "The Golden Girls" sitcom debuted on NBC. [Based on: A.P. article, p. B4, S.L.P.D., 09/11/06]

1985  - Earthquake / Michoacan, Mexico - September 19th, 1985: "Earthquake location: Michoacan, Mexico. Earthquake magnitude: 8.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 9,500."  

1985 - ABC Debut / "MacGyver" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 23-29, 1985: "MacGyver" made its debut on ABC. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 09/25/07]

1985 - Palestinian Hijacking / Achille Lauro - October 7th, 1985: "On Oct. 7, 4 Palestinian hijackers seized Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean and held it hostage for 2 days; one American, Leon Klinghoffer, was killed." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1985 - No Win Situation / Nuclear War - November 1985: "At their first summit conference in Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Gorbachev signal a new era in arms control, agreeing that a nuclear war 'cannot be won and must never be fought.' " [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 112]

1985 - Hurricane Juan / South East U.S.A. - "Hurricane date(s): October 26th-November 6th, 1985. Number of recorded deaths: 97." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1985 - Volcanic Eruption / Nevado del Ruiz, Columbia - "Volcanic eruption date(s): November 13th, 1985. Number of recorded deaths: 23,000." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]

*Trivia: "[....] A mudflow triggered by an eruption that melted ice and snow on Colombia's Nevado del Ruiz volcano in 1985 killed more than 25,000 people."  

1985 - Gander Crash - December 12th, 1985: "The crash occurred approximately 1 kilometer beyond the runway of Gander International Airport at precisely 6:45 A.M. on Thursday, December 12, 1985. The 16 year-old Arrow Air DC-8 aircraft was carrying 256 passengers; 240 were U.S. servicemen returning from six months of duties in the Sinai dessert and the remaining eight were members of the crew - all perished in the crash." [Link: 1]

1985  - Strong Earthquake / NW Territory, Canada - December 23rd, 1985: "Earthquake location: Nahanni, NW Territory, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 6.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1985 - Fatality / Rick Nelson - December, 1985: "Entertainment highlights during the week of Dec. 26-Jan 1: Singer Rick Nelson was killed when his chartered plane crashed in Texas." [A.P., 12/27/04]

1985 - Trivia / U.S. Health Insurance - "The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, COBRA, guarantees that, for up to 18 months, workers who leave their jobs can continue to buy coverage as part of their former employer's group plan." [Source: Institute of Medicine, 10/04/04]

1985 - Espionage Scandal / Jonathan Pollard - "[....] Israel has said it imposed a ban on espionage in the United States after the scandal over Jonathan Pollard, a civilian intelligence analyst for the Navy caught spying for Israel in 1985 and sentenced to life in prison. That case damaged U.S.-Israeli relations and remains a sore point between the countries. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article, S.L.P.D., p. A5, 05/05/05]

1985 - 1st Comet Probe - First probe to reach a comet (USA)."  [Link: 1 

1985 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 22 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1985 - Supreme Court Ruling Trivia / Domestic Wiretaps - "When Supreme Court nominee Samuel Alito worked at the Justice Department in President Ronald Reagan's administration in 1984, he defended in a memo the right of government officials to order domestic wiretaps for national security. The National Archives released the memo and scores of other documents related to Alito on Friday [12/23/05]. The memo dealt with whether government officials should have blanket protection from suits when authorizing wiretaps. Alito wrote, 'I do not question that the attorney general should have this immunity. But for tactical reasons, I would not raise the issue here.' Despite Alito's warning that the government would lose, Reagan's administration took the fight to the Supreme Court. The case questioned whether  President Richard Nixon's attorney general, John Mitchell, could be sued for authorizing  a warrantless domestic wiretap to gather information about a terrorist plot. In its court brief, the government argued for absolute immunity for the attorney general on matters of national security. The case ultimately led in 1985 to a ruling by the Supreme Court that the attorney general and other senior officials could be sued for violating people's rights, in the name of national security, with such actions as domestic wiretaps. But the court said Mitchell was protected from such suits, because when he authorized the wiretap, he was unaware that his actions violated the Fourth Amendment. The decision was consistent with the Supreme Court's unanimous ruling in 1972 that it was unconstitutional for the government to conduct wiretaps without court approval." [Based on: A.P. article (Court nominee defended domestic wiretaps in 1984), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 12/24/05]

1985 - Paulji A Memoir - "Copyright 1985: Paulji A Memoir, by Patti Simpson. 2nd Printing: 1986."

   It has been said that a history, to be properly written, should not be attempted until at least ten years have separated the writer from the event.
   In the early 1970s I was not acquainted with that piece of wisdom, so I went about trying to write this story. I tried and tried and tried. It was like an amorphous article of clothing I couldn't figure out how to wear, despite trying it on every possible way - backwards, forwards, upside down, and inside out. It simply wouldn't work. What was solidly mine, however, was the knowledge that the story had to be written and that I was the one who had to do it.. [....] It has been fourteen years since Paul Twitchell, whom I call Paulji, died, or translated, from this plane of action. I do not know exactly why I couldn't write this story before, nor do I know why I am able to do it now, unless it is that old bugaboo, timing. One thing I do know: as it began to wend its way from my memory onto these pages, I could see the value of time's cushion. I saw something else too. While I am not always certain anymore of the exact sequence of some of my experiences with Paulji, the experiences themselves are crystal clear in every detail. No matter how many years have gone by, they still come out exactly the same. Often the phrases are used in the same wording I used fourteen years ago. [....]

[Based on: Paulji A Memoir, by Patti Simpson, 2nd Printing: 1986, Preface. pp. 1&2, original copyright, 1985]

1985 - "Money for Nothing" / Dire Straits - "In 1985, Dire Straits in produced a video about and that mocked MTV."

1984 - Notable Songs of 1985 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1985_(United_States)

1985 - Notable Albums of 1985 - "Brothers in Arms" (Dire Straits); "No Jacket Required" (Phil Collins); "Whitney Houston" (Whitney Houston)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1985_in_music#Albums_released

1985 - Flood Trivia / 1985 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 361." [E.M.]

1985 - Cyclone Trivia / 1985 - "Number of notable cyclones this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 10,000." [E.M.]

1985 - Volcano Trivia / 1985 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 1. Number of deaths: 23,000." [E.M.]

1985 - Hurricane Trivia / 1985 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 97." [E.M.]

1985 - Earthquake Trivia / 1985 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 3. Number of earthquake deaths: 9,646." [E.M.]

1985 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1985 - "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 43,104." [E.M.]

1986

1986 - 1st Diagnosed / Mad Cow Disease - "Mad cow, first diagnosed in 1986 in the United Kingdom, is thought to have resulted from the feeding of meat and bone meal containing infected sheep parts to cattle. The outbreak probably was then made worse by 'amplification' - feeding meat-and-bone meal made from those cattle to young calves. [....]" [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

1986 - Established / NCSA - January 15th, 1986: "On this date [January 15th] in 1986, the national Science Foundation (NSF) established the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC). The NCSA works with research centers nationwide to build cyberinfrastructure, tools, and applications for grid computing." [Leo Laporte's 2005 Technology Almanac, p. 17]

1986 - Official Observation / Martin Luther King Jr. Day, U.S.A. - January 20th, 1986: "On Jan. 20, for the first time, the U.S. officially observed Martin Luther King Jr. Day." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1986 - Trivia / Rock & Roll Hall of Fame - "Entertainment highlights in the week of Jan. 23-29: The first inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame were honored. [....]" [A.P.]

1986 - 1st Uranus Probe - January 24, 1986: "First probe to reach Uranus (USA)."

1986 - Challenger Disaster / U.S.A. - January 28th, 1986: "The space shuttle Challenger soared into the sky and then disintegrated spectacularly after just 73 seconds. The shocking moment of destruction, when seven lives were atomised, provided one of the decade's most awesome images."

1986 - "Space Storm" - February 1986: "[....] Great magnetic storms are awesome disturbances in the near-Earth space environment that occur relatively rarely. The last five occurred in February 1986, March 1989, March 1991, November 1991 and May 1992.  [....]"

[Based on: http://www.windows.ucar.edu/spaceweather/blackout.html]

1986 - Perihelion / Halley's Comet - February 9th, 1986 A.D.: "1P/1982 U1, 1986 III, 1982i (9 February 1986)"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halley%27s_Comet] - [T.D. - 06/12/07] 

*Trivia: "The 1986 approach was the least favourable for Earth observers of all recorded passages of the comet throughout history: the comet did not achieve the spectacular brightness of some previous approaches, and with increased light pollution from urbanization, many people never saw the comet at all. Further, the comet appeared brightest when it was almost invisible from the northern hemisphere in March and April, prompting many amateur astronomers to travel to the southern hemisphere for a glimpse of the interloper. However, the development of space travel allowed scientists the opportunity to study a comet at close quarters, and several probes were launched to do so. The Soviet Vega 1 started returning images of Halley on 1986 March 4, and the first ever of its nucleus, and made its flyby on March 6, followed by Vega 2 making its flyby on March 9. On March 14, the Giotto space probe, launched by the European Space Agency, made a closest pass of the comet's nucleus. There were also two Japanese probes, Suisei and Sakigake. The probes were unofficially known as the Halley Armada. [NP] It was Stephen Edberg (then serving as the Coordinator for Amateur Observations at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)) and Charles Morris who were the first to observe Comet Halley with the naked eye in its 1986 apparition. [NP] Based on data, retrieved by Astron, the largest ultraviolet space telescope of the time, during its Halley's Comet observations in December, 1985, a group of Soviet scientists developed a model of the comet's coma.[12] The comet was also observed from space by the International Cometary Explorer, which was in a solar orbit at the time.[citation needed] Originally International Sun-Earth Explorer 3 (ISEE-3), it was renamed and retooled after it was freed from its L1 Lagrangian point location to observe comet 21P/Giacobini-Zinner. [NP] Two Space Shuttle missions - the ill-fated STS-51-L and STS-61-E - were scheduled to observe Comet Halley from low Earth orbit. 61-E, which would have been flown by Challenger in March 1986, would have carried the ASTRO-1 platform to study the comet, among other things. The Challenger disaster thwarted all such plans. ASTRO-1 would not fly until late 1990 on STS-35.[13] [NP] The Soviet Union's Salyut 7 space station was unoccupied during Halley's 1986 visit, and Mir, though launched during the visit, did not have a crew during the time of the comet's stay. this comet is over 100 years old"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halley%27s_Comet] - [T.D. 06/12/07] - [My brackets (NP = New Paragraph) - E.M.]

1986 - Birth / Charlotte Church - February 21st, 1986: Born this date in history: Singer, Charlotte Church.

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charlotte_Church

1986 - Chernobyl Disaster / USSR - April 26th, 1986: "Disaster struck the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Belarus in April 1986. There was no nuclear explosion, as is commonly supposed; water was superheated when the plant went out of control, and a jet of steam punched through the steel and cement casing, spreading radioactivity far and wide. More than 30 died on the spot; the ultimate cost of the calamity may never be accurately known."

Trivia: "In all, 7 million people in the former Soviet republics of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine are believed to have suffered physical or psychological injuries from the catastrophe on April 26, 1986, when reactor No. 4 at the Chernobyl nuclear plant exploded and caught fire. An area probably half the size of Colorado was contaminated, forcing the resettlement of hundreds of thousands of people and ruining some of Europe's most fertile farmland. Ukraine shuttered Chernobyl's last working reactor in December 2000." [News Services, April 2004]

*Trivia: "Don't plan on moving to Chernobyl anytime soon. The 1986 nuclear disaster released 400 atomic bombs' worth of radioactive contamination and will ultimately be responsible for 10,000 human deaths.. An egg-shaped 18-mile radius remains evacuated, dotted with desolate ghost towns. Yet the human exodus has created a thriving wildlife preserve, scientists agree. The area is populated by larger groups and more types of mammals than before. Storks, wolves, beavers, and eagles that are rare or endangered outside the area are moving in. [....]" [Based on: January 26th Discover Magazine (vol. 27, No. 1) article (Chernobyl: A Biodiversity Hot Spot?) by Jessica Ruvinsky, p. 12)

1986  - Earthquake / Andreanof Island, Alaska - May 7th, 1986: "Earthquake location: Andreanof Island, Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 8.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1986 - Birth / Olsen Twins - June 13th, 1986: "Reportedly born on this date in history: Actresses, Ashley and Mary Kate Olsen."

1986 - Trivia / Iran-Iraq War - July 1986: "Subsequent to a trip by George H.W. Bush, Saddam Hussein intensified his air campaign against Iran. The Iraqi air force bombed civilian centers in Tehran and other Iranian centers."

*Trivia: "Waas and Unger described the motive for the Reagan administration’s tactical advice as a kind of diplomatic billiard shot. By getting Iraq to expand use of its air force, the Iranians would be more desperate for U.S.-made HAWK anti-aircraft missile parts, giving Washington more leverage with the Iranians. Iran’s need to protect their cities from Iraqi air attacks gave impetus to the Reagan administration’s arms-for-hostage scheme, which later [November 1986] became known as the Iran-contra affair. [See The New Yorker, Nov. 2, 1992.]." [Source Document 1]

*Trivia: "Another key player in Reagan’s Iraq tilt was then-Vice President George H.W. Bush, according to Teicher’s affidavit. 'In 1986, President Reagan sent a secret message to Saddam Hussein telling him that Iraq should step up its air war and bombing of Iran,' Teicher wrote. 'This message was delivered by Vice President Bush who communicated it to Egyptian President Mubarak, who in turn passed the message to Saddam Hussein. 'Similar strategic operational military advice was passed to Saddam Hussein through various meetings with European and Middle Eastern heads of state. I authored Bush’s talking points for the 1986 meeting with Mubarak and personally attended numerous meetings with European and Middle East heads of state where the strategic operational advice was communicated.' Teicher’s affidavit represented a major break in the historical mystery of U.S. aid to Iraq. But it complicated a criminal arms-trafficking case that Clinton’s Justice Department was prosecuting against Teledyne Industries and a salesman named Ed Johnson. They had allegedly sold explosive pellets to Chilean arms manufacturer Carlos Cardoen, who used them to manufacture cluster bombs for Iraq." [Data Source Document 1]

*Links: http://www.iranchamber.com/history/iran_iraq_war/iran_iraq_war2.php

1986  - Strong Earthquake / North Palm Springs, California - July 8th, 1986: "Earthquake location: North Palm Springs, Califfornia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.1. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1986 - Strong Earthquake / Chalfant Valley, California - July 21st, 1986: "Earthquake location: Chalfant Valley, Califfornia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.2. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1986 - MTV Premeire / "Yo! MTV Raps!" - August 6th, 1986: "Yo! MTV Raps!" premiered on MTV.

1986 - Volcanic Eruption / Lake Nyos, Cameroon - "Volcanic eruption date(s): August 21st, 1986. Number of recorded deaths: 1,700." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 491]

1986 - Confirmations / U.S. Supreme Court - September 17th, 1986: "The Senate confirmed, Sept. 17, Reagan's nomination of William Rehnquist as chief justice and Antonin Scalia as associate justice of the Supreme Court." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1986 - U.S. Opening / "Crocodile Dundee" - Entertainment highlights during the week of Sept. 23-29, 1986: "Crocodile Dundee" opened in theaters nationwide [U.S.A.]. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 09/25/07]

1986 - "The Church Lady" / Saturday Night Live - Entertainment highlights during the week of Oct. 7-13, 1986: "The Church Lady" made her first appearance on "Saturday Night Live." [Based on A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 10/09/07]

1986 - Moderate Earthquake / El Salvador - October 10th, 1986: "Earthquake location: El Salvador. Earthquake magnitude: 5.5. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,000+."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1986 - Iran-Contra Scandal - November: "Press reports in early Nov. broke first news of the Iran-contra Scandal, involving secret U.S. sale of arms to Iran." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1986 - 1st Confirmed / Mad Cow Disease - November 1986: "BSE, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease, is first confirmed in the U.K." [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

1986 - Insider Trading / Ivan Boesky - November 14th, 1986: "Ivan Boesky, accused of insider trading, agreed, Nov. 14, to plead guilty to an unspecified criminal count." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1986 - Super Conductors - "Superconductors, substances with extremely low resistances to electricity, are developed." [Based on: Ultimate Visual Dictionary of Science, Timeline of Discoveries, p. 15, Barnes & Noble Books - 2005]

1986 - UFO Sighting / Alaska - November 16th, 1986: "Alaska's 1986 UFO sighting still rouses curiosity." [Link: 1]

1986 - Deployment / U.S. Peacekeeper Missles - December 1986: "U.S. deploys Peacekeeper ICBMs, eachwith with ten nuclear warheads ... to counter Soviet SS-18s." [Based on: N.G.M., August 2005, p. 112]

1986 - Univision - 1986: "SIN [Spanish International Network] was renamed Univision in 1986, and its logo bore a resemblance to Televisa's." [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Univision]

1986 - Khost Tunnel Complex / Pakistan - "In 1986 Osama bin-Laden helped build the Khost tunnel complex, which the CIA was funding as a major arms-storage depot, training facility, and medical center for the Mujaheddin deep under the mountains of Pakistan."

*Trivia: "The USA helped recruit, train and equipt thousands of killer Mujaheddin in the Anti-Soviet war." [Source Video: "The Great Deception"]

1986 - Volcanic Eruption / Augustine Volcano, Alaska - 1986: "[....] Considered the most active volcano in the eastern Aleutian arc, Augustine experienced its largest historical eruption in 1883 when the volcano’s dome collapsed. It erupted again in 1986, producing an avalanche of ash, rock fragments, and gas. Augustine’s oldest dated volcanic rocks are more than 40,000 years old. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=13337]

1986 - Notable Songs of 1986 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1986_(United_States)

1986 - Notable Albums of 1986 - "Slippery When Wet" (Bon Jovi); "Licensed To Ill" (Beastie Boys); "Control" (Janet Jackson); "Master of Puppets" (Metallica); "Graceland" (Paul Simon)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1986_in_music#Albums_released

1986 - Volcano Trivia / 1986 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 2. Number of deaths: 1,700." [E.M.]

1986 - Earthquake Trivia / 1986 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 1,000." [E.M.]

1986 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1986- "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 2,700." [E.M.]

1987

1987 - U.S. Weapons Exports / Afghanistan - "The Afghan war against Soviet forces was a multi-billion dollar operation - largely paid for by CIA and the Saudi ruling class. U.S. contributions exploded, from $30 million in 1980 to over $600 million per year after 1987. 65,000 tons of U.S.-made weapons and ammunition a year were entering the war by 1987- including the high-profile Stingers used against Soviet helicopters." [Link: 1]

1987 - Trillion-Dollar Budget  / U.S.A. - January 5th, 1987: "Pres. Reagan produced the nation's first trillion-dollar budget, Jan. 5." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1987 - Record Close / Dow Jones - January 8th, 1987: "Dow Jones closed above 2,000 for the first time, Jan. 8." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1987 - Major Earthquake / Columbia-Ecuador - March 3rd, 1987: "Earthquake location: Columbia-Ecuador. Earthquake magnitude: 7.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 4,000+."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1987 - "The Joshua Tree" / U2 - Entertainment highlights during the week of March 9th-15th, 1987: U2 released its album "The Joshua Tree." [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), p. E2, S.L.P.D., 03/11/08]

1987 - Examples of Genocide / Iraq - 1987-1988: "100,000 Kurds killed." [Based on: Reuters, World Almanac and KRT - St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A12, 06/26/05]

*Trivia: "On April 16, 1987, a chemical raid on the Balisan valley killed dozens of civilians; in its wake, "some seventy men were taken away in buses and, like the Barzanis, never seen again."

[Based on: http://www.gendercide.org/case_anfal.html]

*Trivia: "Saddam Hussein ordered plans drawn up for a chemical weapons attack on Kurdish guerrilla bases in northern Iraq in 1987, says a letter signed by his personal secretary and recently declassified by the U.S. Central Command. [....] The attack outlined in the documents appears to have been part of the 1987-88 Anfal campaign, which killed more than 180,000 Kurds and demolished hundreds of Kurdish villages in northern Iraq. In the most notorious attack, Saddam's army bombed the town of Halabja with mustard and nerve gas on March 16, 1988, killing about 5,000 people. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Letter links Saddam to chemical attack plan in 1987), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 03/20/06]

1987 - Assassination / Rashid Karami - June 1st, 1987: "Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami is killed by a bomb on his helicopter." [Based on: A.P. research, 02/15/05] [Links: 1]

1987 - Iran-Contra Hearings / U.S.A. - "Public hearings by Senate and House committees investigating the Iran-contra affair were held May-Aug. Lt. Col. Oliver North said he had believed all his activities were authorized by his superiors. Pres. Reagan, Aug. 12, denied knowing of a diversion of funds to the contras." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1987 - Flooding / N Bangladesh - "Flood date(s): August-September, 1987. Number of recorded deaths: 1,000+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1987 - "Harmonic Convergence" - "August 16th, 1987 was a date many of us will never forget. On that day, perhaps for the first time ever, millions of people from around the world focused their hearts and prayers during an event called the 'Harmonic Convergence.' Jose Arguelles, an eminent  interpreter of the Mayan Calendar, led the call for prayer and planetary shift which was predicted in the ancient Mayan texts." [By James Twyman, Pathfinder Magazine - May/June 2004]

*Trivia: "The end of the ninth hell cycle on August 16-17, 1987 corresponds to what has become known as the Harmonic Convergence Global Meditation. The Harmonic Convergence signaled the final twenty-five year countdown to 2012."  

1987 - Sledgehammer / Peter Gabriel - September 11th, 1987: "At the MTV Music Awards, Peter Gabriel cleaned up winning the best video, best male video, best concept video, best special effects plus five other awards for the song Sledgehammer." [Link: 1]

1987  - Mosderate Earthquake / Whittier Narrows, California - October 1st, 1987: "Earthquake location: Whittier Narrows, California. Earthquake magnitude: 5.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 8."  

1987 - Hurricane / England - "In October a great storm swept across England, devastating town and countryside. And in November a horrific fire in King's Cross underground station killed 30 people." [Link: 1]

1987 - Wall Street Crash - October 19th, 1987: "Wall Street crashed, Oct. 19, with the Dow Jones plummeting a record 508 points to 1738, ending a bull market that began in mid-1982." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1987 - Typhoon Nina / Philippines - "Typhoon date(s): November 25th, 1987. Number of recorded deaths: 650." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1987  - Major Earthquake / Gulf of Alaska - November 30th, 1987: "Earthquake location: Gulf of Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1987 - Missle Pact / USA & USSR - December 8th, 1987: "Pres. Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Dec. 8, signed a pact [Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty] to dismantle all 1,752 U.S and 859 Soviet missles with a 300-to 3,400-mi. range." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554] - [Brackets text added by E.M.]

1987 - Intifada Uprisings / West Bank & Gaza Strip - December 8th, 1987: "Unholy mayhem came to the Holy Land in late 1987, with the outbreak of the Intifada, the popular and chaotic uprising of the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, territories both under military occupation by Israel." [Links: 1]

1987 - Founded / Hamas - December 14th, 1987: "Hamas is an acronym for the Arab words for Islamic Resistance Movement; the word itself means 'zeal'. It was founded in 1987 at the time of the Palestinian uprising, the intifada, in Gaza and the West Bank." [Link: 1]

1987 - Time Machines? - "Russian investigator of anomalous phenomena, philosopher and author of numerous books Gennady Belimov published his article under the headline 'Time Machine: First Speed On' in the newspaper On the Verge of Impossible. He described unique experiments conducted by a group of enthusiasts led by Vadim Chernobrov, the man who began creation of time machines, devices with electromagnetic pumping in 1987." [Olga Zharina, 03/01/2004, Pravada]    

1987 - Died / Joseph Cambell - "Died this year in history: Mythologist, Joseph Campbell, at age 83."

1987 - Status / Dead Sea Scrolls - "In 1987, Vermes convened a London conference on the 40th anniversary of the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls & called for immediate publication of all photographs without transcription, commentary or editorial notes."

1987 - Gay Rep. / Barney Frank - "In 1987, Massachusetts Democratic Representative, Barney Frank, acknowledged  [in an interview with The Boston Globe] that he was gay." [E.M.]

1987 - Permanent Occupation / Space Station MIR - "First permanently-occupied space station, Space Station MIR (USSR)." [Link: 1  

1987 - Notable Songs of 1987 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1987_(United_States)

1987 - Notable Albums of 1987 - "Dirty Dancing" (Sountrack); "Hysteria" (Def Leppard); "Appetite for Destruction" (Guns 'N Roses); "The Joshua Tree" (U2)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987_in_music#Albums_released

1987 - Flood Trivia / 1987 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 1,000." [E.M.]

1987 - Typhoon Trivia / 1987 - "Number of notable typhoons this year: at least 1. Number of typhoon deaths: 650." [E.M.]

1987 - Earthquake Trivia / 1987 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 4. Number of earthquake deaths: 4,000." [E.M.]

1987 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1987- "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 5,650." [E.M.]

1988

1988 - Economic Disposition  / Iraq - "The devastation from the Iran-Iraq war, which finally ended in 1988, also set the stage for the Gulf War of 1990-91. The eight-year war had crippled the Iraqi economy and left Saddam’s government deeply in debt. Having been egged on by the oil-rich sheikdoms to blunt the revolutionary zeal of Iran, Saddam felt betrayed when Kuwait wouldn’t write off Iraq’s debts and rejected a $10 billion loan. Beyond that, Saddam was furious with Kuwait for driving down world oil prices by overproducing and for slant-drilling into Iraqi oil fields. Many Iraqis also considered Kuwait, historically, a part of Iraq. Before attacking Kuwait, however, Saddam consulted George H.W. Bush’s administration. First, the U.S. State Department informed Saddam that Washington had 'no special defense or security commitments to Kuwait.' Then, U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie told Saddam, 'we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait. As Foreign Policy magazine observed, 'the United States may not have intended to give Iraq a green light, but that is effectively what it did.' [Foreign Policy, Jan.-Feb. 2003]" [Source Document 1]

1988  - Strong Earthquake / Tennant Creek, Australia - January 22nd, 1988: "Earthquake location: Tennant Creek, Australia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1988  - Strong Earthquake / Tennant Creek, Australia - January 22nd, 1988: "Earthquake location: Tennant Creek, Australia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.4. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1988  - Strong Earthquake / Tennant Creek, Australia - January 22nd, 1988: "Earthquake location: Tennant Creek, Australia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1988  - Major Earthquake / Gulf of Alaska - March 6th, 1988: "Earthquake location: Gulf of Alaska. Earthquake magnitude: 7.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1988 - Examples of Genocide / Iraq - March 16th, 1988: "On April 16, 1987, a chemical raid on the Balisan valley killed dozens of civilians; in its wake, 'some seventy men were taken away in buses and, like the Barzanis, never seen again. The surviving women and children were dumped on the plain outside Erbil and left to fend for themselves.' (Jonathan C. Randal, After Such Knowledge, What Forgiveness?, p. 230.) Less than a year later, on March 16, 1988, a far more concentrated chemical attack was launched on the town of Halabji, near the Iranian border, which had briefly been held by a combined force of Kurdish rebels and Iranian troops. Thousands of civilians died, and with the town still under Iranian occupation after the raid, journalists and photographers were able to reach the scene. "Their photographs, mainly of women, children, and elderly people huddled inertly in the streets or lying on their backs with mouths agape, circulated widely, demonstrating eloquently that the great mass of the dead had been Kurdish civilian noncombatants." (Iraq's Crime of Genocide, p. 72.) Although it took place during the Anfal campaign, however, the attack on Halabji is not normally considered part of that campaign."

[Based on: http://www.gendercide.org/case_anfal.html]

*Trivia: "Saddam Hussein ordered plans drawn up for a chemical weapons attack on Kurdish guerrilla bases in northern Iraq in 1987, says a letter signed by his personal secretary and recently declassified by the U.S. Central Command. [....] The attack outlined in the documents appears to have been part of the 1987-88 Anfal campaign, which killed more than 180,000 Kurds and demolished hundreds of Kurdish villages in northern Iraq. In the most notorious attack, Saddam's army bombed the town of Halabja with mustard and nerve gas on March 16, 1988, killing about 5,000 people. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Letter links Saddam to chemical attack plan in 1987), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 03/20/06]

1988 - Birth / Adele Adkins - May 5th, 1988: "Adele Laurie Blue Adkins[2] (born 5 May 1988), better known simply as Adele, is an English singer-songwriter and musician. Adele was offered a recording contract from XL Recordings after a friend posted her demo on MySpace in 2006. The next year she received the Brit Awards 'Critics' Choice' award and won the BBC Sound of 2008. Her debut album, 19, was released in 2008 to much commercial and critical success. The album is certified four times platinum in the UK, and double platinum in the US.[3][4] Her career in the US was boosted by a Saturday Night Live appearance in late 2008. At the 2009 Grammy Awards, Adele received the awards for Best New Artist and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance.[5][6] [....]".

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adele_%28singer%29]

1988 - Cigarettes Addictive / U.S.A. - May 16th, 1988: "In a report issued May 16, Surgeon Gen. C. Everett Koop declared that cigarettes were addictive." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988 - Drought Trivia / U.S.A. - June: "Much of the U.S. suffered worst drought  in over 50 years; by late June half the nation's agricultural counties had been declared disaster areas." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988 - Bibliotheca Alexandrina - "On June 26, 1988, President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt laid the foundation stone for the Bibliotheca Alexandrina on a site of about 35,200 square meters, located adjacent to the main campus of the University of Alexandria overlooking the waterfront of the eastern port, between two streets parallel to the shore: the 'Corniche,' El-Gaish Avenue, and Port Said Street. In 1990, at a meeting in Aswan, Arab leaders competed to make the largest cash contribution. Sheik Zaid bin Sultan of the United Arab Emirates offered $20 million, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein put up $21 million and Saudi Arabia contributed $23 million. Saddam Hussein's check cleared only days before the beginning of the Gulf War." [Links: 1, 2]

1988 - "Foolish Beat" / Debbie Gibson - Entertainment highlights during the week of June 24-30, 1988: Debbie Gibson became the youngest artist to ever write, produce and perform a No. 1 hit, when "Foolish Beat" hit the top of the charts. She graduated from highschool the next day. [Based on: A.P. article (THAT WAS THE WEEK THAT WAS), S.L.P.D., 06/26/07]

*Links: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zKa4aL33BiA

1988 - Mistakenly Struck? / Commercial Iranian Airliner - July 3rd, 1988: "A missle fired from U.S. Navy warship Vincennes, in the Persian Gulf, mistakenly struck a commercial Iranian airliner, July 3, killing all 290." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988 - "Die Hard" / Bruce Willis - July 15th, 1988: Bruce Willis goes from TV star to movie star as terrorist-fighting NYPD cop John McClane. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [JULY 15: 'DIE HARD'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1988 - Trivia / Mad Cow Disease, U.K. - July 1988: "Meat and bone meal made from ruminants (grazing animals) is banned from inclusion into cattle feed in the U.K." [Based on: St. Petersburg Times, 03/12/01]  

1988 - Summer Olympic Games / Seoul, Korea - "In 1988, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Seoul, Korea. In 1988, the Winter Olympic Games were held in Calgary, Canada."  

1988 - Sagebrush Rebels / "Wise Use" - "The indictments and resignations [see: October 1981] put a temporary damper on the Sagebrush Rebels, but they quickly regrouped. During an August 1988 conference at the Nugget Hotel in Reno, Nevada, they adopted a new moniker, 'Wise Use,' cynically chosen to imply a thoughtful approach to the environment. As Wise Use founder and timber industry flack Ron Arnold put it, 'Our goal is to destroy, to eradicate the environmental movement. We want you to be able to exploit the environment for private gain, absolutely.' " [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, pp. 26-27]  

*Trivia: "From the start, the Wise Use movement was closely linked to a handful of powerful, authoritarian, right-wing Christian leaders. For instance, the convicted tax felon Reverand Sun Myung Moon and his Unification Church, which owns the right-wing Washington Times, underwrote the costs of the Reno conference and provided seed money for dozens of Wise Use groups. Ron Arnold is head of the Washington State chapter of the American Freedom Coalition, the political arm of the Unification Church." [Robert F. Kennedt Jr., Crimes Against Nature, p. 28]  

1988 - Strong Earthquake / India-Nepal Border - August 20th, 1988: "Earthquake location: India-Nepal Border. Earthquake magnitude: 6.6. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,450."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1988 - Birth / Rupert Grint - August 24th, 1988: "Reportedly born on this date in history. Actor ["Harry Potter Movie"], Rupert Grint."

1988 - Flooding / N Bangladesh - "Flood date(s): September, 1988. Number of recorded deaths: 1,000+." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 207]

1988 - Trivia / Ancient Human Habitats, South Africa - "In September 1988, a team of international physicists came to South Africa to verify the age of human habitats in Swaziland and Zululand. The most modern techniques indicated an age of 80,000 to 115,000 years." [Based on: Genesis Revisited (Copyright 1990), by Zecharia Sitchin, p. 22]

1988 - Hurricane Gilbert / Caribbean & Gulf  of Mexico - "Hurricane date(s): September 10th-17th, 1988. Number of recorded deaths: 260." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 206]

1988 - "Roseanne" - October 18th, 1988: Their house was a mess. They squabbled with their kids. They never had enough money. Finally, a show about us. [Based on: NEWSDAY article [OCT. 18: 'ROSEANNE'] by Andy Edeistein, p. E3, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

1988 - Major Earthquake / China-Burma Border - November 6th, 1988: "Earthquake location: China-Burma Border. Earthquake magnitude: 7.3. Number of recorded fatalities: 1,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1988 - Elected / George H.W. Bush - November 8th, 1988: "George H. W. Bush was elected 41st U.S. president, Nov. 8, decisively defeating Gov. Michael Dukakis (MA)." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988  - Moderate Earthquake / Quebec, Canada - November 25th, 1988: "Earthquake location: Saguenay, Quebec, Canada. Earthquake magnitude: 5.9. Number of recorded fatalities: 0."  

1988  - Strong Earthquake / Spitak, Armenia - December 7th, 1988: "Earthquake location: Spitak, Armenia. Earthquake magnitude: 6.8. Number of recorded fatalities: 25,000."  

*Trivia: "Earthquake Date: December 7th, 1988: "Earthquake location: Soviet Armenia. Earthquake magnitude: 7.0. Number of recorded fatalities: 55,000."  [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 208]

1988 - Explosion / Pan Am Flight 103, Lockerbie, Scotland - December 21st, 1988: "Pan Am Flight 103 exploded and crashed into the town of Lockerbie, Scotland, Dec. 21, killing all 259 people aboard and 11 on the ground." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988 - Settlement / Drexel Burnham Lambert - December 21st, 1988: "Drexel Burnham Lambert agreed, Dec 21, to plead guilty to insider trading and other violations, and pay penalties of $650 mil, the largest such settlement ever." [Based on: The World Almanac and Book of Facts, 2005, p. 554]

1988 - Lung Cancer Trivia / U.S.A. - "[....] In 1988, the National Academy of Sciences presented the findings of its Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation VI Report: 'The Health Effects of Exposure to Indoor Radon.' It is the most definitive accumulation of scientific data on indoor radon. The report confirms that radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States and that it is a serious public health problem. NAS concluded that radon causes between 15,000 and 22,000 lung cancer deaths each year. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (Radon gas in houses can cause lung cancer) by Colleen Beckwith, p. D10, S.L.P.D., 03/09/06]

1988 - Conviction / Mordechai Vanunu - "Vanunu was convicted in 1988 of divulging information and pictures of the Dimona reactor." [A.P., 11/12/04]

1988 - Transatlantic Fiber Optic Cable - "First transatlantic optical fiber cable is laid; it can carry 37,800 voice channels."

1988 - Longest Manned Space Flight - "Longest manned space-flight - 365 days by cosmonauts Titov and Manarov (USSR)." [Link 1 

1988 - Cost of Mailing a Letter? / U.S.A. - "Cost of stamp for mailing a letter in U.S.A.: 25 cents." [Based on: S.L.P.D. article (Cost of mailing a letter will jump to 39 cents next week [January 2006]), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 01/03/06]

1988 - Beginning / U.S. Military Base Closings - "Since 1988, the base realignment and Closing commission [BRAC] has closed 97 major facilities. Mr. Rumsfeld said [2003] the next round, scheduled for 2005, will be the mother of all BRAC's.' " [St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 10/29/03]

1988 - Notable Songs of 1988 - "Foolish Beat" (Debbie Gibson)

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hot_100_number-one_hits_of_1988_(United_States)

1988 - Notable Albums of 1988 -

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1988_in_music#Albums_released

1988 - Flood Trivia / 1988 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 1. Number of flood deaths: 1,000." [- E.M.]

1988 - Hurricane Trivia / 1988 - "Number of notable hurricanes this year: at least 1. Number of hurricane deaths: 260." [- E.M.]

1988 - Earthquake Trivia / 1988 - "Number of notable earthquakes this year: at least 8. Number of earthquake deaths: 57,450." [- E.M.]

1988 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 1988- "Estimated number of people who died from natural disasters this year: at least 58,786." [- E.M.]

1989-1999 A.D.

Page last Updated 02/19/13