Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles (on this timeline) are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]    *Color Code

December 2008

2008 - Astronomic Configuration - December 1st, 2008: "Sun [9 Sagittarius], Moon [17 Capricorn], Mercury [12 Sagittarius], Venus [22 Capricorn], Mars [10 Sagittarius], Jupiter [22 Capricorn], Saturn [20 Virgo], Uranus [18 Pisces], Neptune [21 Aquarius], Pluto [0 Capricorn], Chiron [16 Aquarius]." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200811.html]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 1st, 2008: "Stocks slid the most since October on Monday [12/01/08], wiping out more than half of last week's rally, on growing concern the global economic slump is deepening and consumers access to credit is shrinking. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (STOCK MARKET / Market plunge wipes out half of recent rally), p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - December 1st, 2008: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 Dec 2008 at 02:03:08 PM GMT is: $10,665,936,697,202.44. The estimated population of the United States is 305,194,796 so each citizen's share of this debt is $34,947.96. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $3.86 billion per day since September 28, 2007! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House! [Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 12/01/08]

2008 - Conjunction / Venus, Moon, Jupiter - "When the sun goes down tonight, step outside and look south. Beaming through the twilight is one of the prettiest things you'll ever see - a tight three-way conjunction of Venus, Jupiter and the crescent Moon [about 22, 22 & 17 degrees Capricorn] : sky map:  [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=01&month=12&year=2008]

2008 - Foreign Relations / India & Pakistan - December 1st, 2008: "Indian security minister resigns [11/30/08] / Nation weighs measures against Pakistan, which it holds complicit in Mumbai that killed at least 174." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 12/01/08]

2008 - Suicide Bombings / Iraq - December 2nd, 2008: "Bombs hit Iraqi security forces [12/01/08] / At least 33 are killed; 4 U.S. soldiers are among the injured" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Recession / United States - December 2nd, 2008: "It's official: For the last year, the U.S. economy has been in recession. And on the latest economic reports and outlooks, it doesn't appear that the situation will improve any time soon. [....] The members of the group's [National Bureau of Economic Research] Business Cycle Dating Committee - made up of seven prominent economists, most from the academic sector - said that the economy entered a recession in December 2007. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (U.S. ECONOMY Recession is and was here) by Michael M. Grynbaum, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Economic Meltdown / Iceland? - December 2nd, 2008: "Hundreds of Icelanders stormed the country's central bank in Reykjavik Monday [12/01/08] demanding the sacking of the governor they blame for the country's economic collapse." [Based on: News Services article (Iceland's meltdown), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Planning Missles Upgrade / Russia - December 2nd, 2008: "Russia's military is planning to upgrade its missles to allow them to evade American weapons in space and penetrate any prospective missle shield, a Russian general said Monday [12/01/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Russian missles), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - South Korean Troop Pullout / Iraq - December 2nd, 2008: "A South Korean general offered a wish for peace in Irbil, Iraq, on Monday [12/01/08] as his troops ended a five-year reconstruction mission in the country - the latest departure from the dwindling U.S.-led coalition." [Based on: News Services article (Troop Pullout), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / India & Pakistan - December 2nd, 2008: "Tension mounts following attacks / Indian officials say Pakistanis were responsible for violence, call for 'strong action.' [12/01/08]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Debt Sale Trivia / Bank of America - December 2nd, 2008: "BANK OF AMERICA / $9 billion in debt is sold" [Based on: Title for article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Dept Payment Extension / General Growth Properties Inc. - December 2nd, 2008: "GENERAL GROWTH PROPERTIES / Mall owner gets extension ['a two-week extension on $900 million in debt that had been scheduled to come due last week']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Dismissed Indictments / Dick Cheney & Alberto Gonzales - December 2nd, 2008: "A judge in Texas has dismissed indictments against Vice President Dick Cheney and former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, saying the indictments were improperly returned by a Willacy County grand jury." [Based on: News Services article (Cheney endictment), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Personality Disorder / Almost 1 in 5 Young American Adults? - December 2nd, 2008: "Almost one in five young American adults has a personality disorder that interfers with everyday life, and even more abuse alcohol or drugs, researchers reported Monday [12/01/08] in the Archives of General Psychiatry." [Based on: News Services article (Mental health), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/02/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - December 3rd, 2008: "Earth is entering a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole. Credit: SOHO Extreme UV Telescope" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=12&day=03&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 3rd, 2008: "Stocks rallied Tuesday [12/02/08], rebounding from the market's worst tumble since October, after General Electric Co. announced plans to maintain its dividend, and the Federal Reserve extended terms of three emergency loan programs. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rebound a bit after tumble), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Mystery Mars Figure - December 3rd, 2008: "NASA - An undated NASA handout photograph of Mars taken by the Mars Explorer Spirit shows what seems to be a figure striding across the surface of the planet. The image was taken from panoramic images taken by Spirit November 6-9, 2007."   [Based on: Mystery Mars figure just a rock / 10:39 AM CST on Friday, January 25, 2008 / KING 5 staff and Associated Press]

*Link: http://www.kmov.com/topstories/stories/kmov_012408_marsperson.58be3ca2.html - [T.D. - 12/03/08]

2008 - Volcanic Haze Over Hawaii - December 3rd, 2008: "Dense, gray-white haze hung low over the Hawaiian Islands on December 3, 2008, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this image. Though seldom so thick or widespread, the haze is common in Hawai'i. It forms when sulfur dioxide from the islands’ volcanoes mixes with oxygen and water in the atmosphere. The tiny sulfate particles that make up vog reflect light well so that vog shows up easily when viewed from space. On December 3, the vog stretched from Hawai'i west and north to Maui, Kaho'olawe, Lana'i, and Moloka'i before disappearing beneath a bank of clouds. [NP] The sulfur dioxide came from Kilauea, the most active volcano in Hawaii in recent time. It has been erupting continuously since 1983. Starting on March 19, 2008, the volcano stepped up its activity, and since that time has pumped out more sulfur dioxide than previously. On November 26, 2008, a measurement of sulfur dioxide at the summit showed that the volcano was releasing 500 tonnes of the gas per day. The average rate between 2003 and 2007 had been 140 tonnes per day, said the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. [NP] Shortly after noon on December 3, sulfur dioxide concentrations reached unhealthy levels in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park near the summit of the volcano, said the National Park Service. A little less than 10 minutes after Aqua MODIS captured this image, the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA’s Aura satellite also detected high levels of sulfur dioxide over and around the island of Hawai'i. The soupy volcanic haze can aggravate respiratory problems like asthma, emphysema, and bronchitis. [NP] In addition to belching out sulfur dioxide and other volcanic gases, Kilauea oozes lava, consuming everything in its path and creating new land. The fresh lava has built the island to such an extent that 70 percent of the volcano’s surface is less than 600 years old, according to the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program. In this image, a small red dot on the south side of Hawaii outlines the region where the sensor detected a hot spot, most likely lava on or near the surface. (The red dot on the north side of the island is probably a fire.) While the slow-moving lava is destructive and hazardous, the gases rising out of the volcano threaten the health of a larger number of people. [NP] Daily images of Hawai'i are available from the MODIS Rapid Response System."

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=36089] - [T.D. - 12/07/08]

2008 - Rule Change / U.S. Mine Waste - December 3rd, 2008: "The Environmental Protection Agency on Tuesday [12/02/08] approved a last-minute rule change by President George W. Bush's administration that will allow coal companies to bury streams under the rocks leftover from mining. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Dumping mine waste in streams OK'd / EPA approves rule change long backed by mining companies.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Mourning Ceremony / Mumbai Victims - December 3rd, 2008: "Thousands of grief-stricken Orthodox Jews prayed and wept Tuesday [12/02/08] before the shrouded bodies of Israelis killed in Mumbai, joining the national mourning in a ceremony broadcast on TV and attended by Israeli leaders. [NP] The six [Israelis] died when gunmen on a deadly three-day rampage through the Indian city struck Chabad House, the Mumbai headquarters of the Jewish Chabad-Lubavitch movement, last Wednesday. Six Israelis were among the 172 dead." [Based on: News Services article (KFAR CHABAD, ISRAEL / Jews mourn the killing of 6 Israelis in Mumbai), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Human Rights Violations? / Iraqi Detainees - December 3rd, 2008: "The United Nations expressed concern Tuesday [12/02/08] about overcrowding and 'grave human rights violations' of detainees in Iraqi custody - in one case, 123 men crammed into a single cell. [....] Also in Iraq Tuesday, a suicide car bomber detonated explosives near an Iraqi checkpoint Tuesday [12/02/08] in the northern city of Tal Afar, killing at least five people and wounding 30, police and hospital officials said." [Based on: News Services article (BAGHDAD / U.N. decries conditions for detainees in Iraq), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Forced From Office / Prime Minister, Thailand - December 3rd, 2008: "Anti-government demonstrators in Thailand declared victory Tuesday [12/02/08] and said they will end their occupation of the country's two main airports after a court decision forced the country's prime minister from office. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Thai protestors cheer ousting of prime minister), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Wins Re-Election / Republican Senator, Georgia - December 3rd, 2008: "Sen. Saxby Chambliss, a first-term Republican, was re-elected by Georgia voters on Tuesday [12/02/08] in a substantial victory, ending Democratic hopes for a 60-vote majority in the Senate that would make it difficult for Republicans to filibuster the Obama administration's legislative agenda. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Georgia Republican wins re-election to Senate), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Commerce Secretary Pick / Bill Richardson, U.S.A. - December 3rd, 2008: "Democratic officials say President-elect Barack Obama plans to name New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson as his choice for commerce secretary today." [Based on: News Services article (Commerce secretary), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Little Doubt / Pakistani Involvement, Mumbai Attacks - December 3rd, 2008: "American and Indian authorities said Tuesday [12/02/08] there was now little doubt that militants inside Pakistan had carried out the terrorist attacks in Mumbai. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Militants from inside Pakistan led attacks), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/03/08]

2008 - Cluster Bomb Treaty - December 4th, 2008: "OSLO, NORWAY / Afghanistan joins treaty [signed by nearly 100 nations 12/03/08 - not including the U.S., Russia & other nations] banning cluster bombs" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

*Trivia: "Ninety-three countries signed a treaty banning cluster bombs Thursday [12/04/08] in Oslo, Norway." [Based on: News Services article (Cluster bombs), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 4th, 2008: "Stocks rose for a second day Wednesday [12/03/08] as a jump in online spending and a record increase in mortgage applications lifted retailers and banks, overshadowing concern the worsening recession will reduce demand for commodities. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Online sales spike, mortgage action push stocks up), p. B4, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

2008 - Carbon Nanotubes Deal - December 4th, 2008: "Specialty chemicals maker Sigma-Aldrich Corp. agreed to distribute carbon nanotubes for Southwest NanoTechnologies Inc. Terms weren't disclosed. [NP] Sigma-Aldrich will distribute the single-wall carbon nanotubes for research and development through its existing distribution network, the St. Louis-based company said in a statement. Meanwhile, the agreement will allow SouthWest Nano Technologies to concentrate on production and development of commercial applications. [NP] Carbon nanotubes are very long, cylindrical carbon molecules that measure 1-billionth of a meter in diameter. They are especially strong, flexible and durable, and the single-wall nanotubes have optical and electronic properties that make them suitable for a wide range of uses, the company said." [Based on: Title for News Services article (SIGMA-ALDRICH / Carbon nanotubes deal), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

2008 - Hit Hard / Endowments & Pensions, U.S.A. - December 4th, 2008: "Endowments, pensions hit hard [U.S.A.]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

2008 - Escalating Aggression / "House of Peace", Hebron - December 4th, 2008: "Escalating aggression by extremist Israeli youths holed up in a disputed house in the biblical city of Hebron approached the boiling point Wednesday [12/03/08] as Israeli's government vowed to evict them. [NP] Israel ordered 300 riot police to rein in the young settlers, who again hurled stones and debris at Palestinians living nearby and at Israeli soldiers guarding the four-story building that the settlers call the 'House of Peace.' " [Based on: News Services article (HEBRON, WEST BANK / 'House of Peace' prompts Israeli action, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

2008 - Common Cause Partnership / Anglican Church, U.S.A. - December 4th, 2008: "Consrvative Anglicans unveil new group [12/03/08] / Common Cause Partnership [U.S.A.] breaks away from Episcopal Church over gays, lesbians." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Chicago Tribune article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/04/08]

2008 - Trivia / Nixon Tapes - December 5th, 2008: "LBJ said Nixon aides hindered talks / On newly released tapes, he says associates kept South Vietnam away from conference." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 5th, 2008: "Stocks fell for the first time in three days Thursday [12/04/08], pushed down by concern General Motors Corp. may file for bankruptcy and a plunge in energy shares following Merrill Lynch & Co.'s prediction that oil will hit $25 a barrel. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (GM, energy worries send stocks on slide), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Economic Trivia / U.S.A. - December 5th, 2008: " 'TIS THE SEASON / Big new layoffs bode ill / OVER 15,000 TO LOSE JOBS / AT&T, DuPont and Viacom announce cuts, some this month. / RECESSION'S IMPACT / As sales decline, companies that must reduce costs slash payrolls." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Condoleezza Rice / Pakistan - December 5th, 2008: "Rice [U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice] pushes Pakistan [12/04/08] to hunt down terrorists" [Based on: Title for Chicago Tribune article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Public Lands Rule - December 5th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Last-minute moves would weaken public land rules [U.S.A.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Cholera Epidemic / Zimbabwe - December 5th, 2008: "Zimbabwe declared a national emergency over a cholera epidemic and the collapse of its health care system." [Based on: News Services article (Cholera crisis), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Settlement / Lead-tainted Toys  - December 5th, 2008: "Nine toy companies, including Mattel Inc., agreed to pay a total of nearly $1.8 million to settle a lawsuit over Chinese-made toys tainted with lead, California state and local officials said Thursday [12/04/08]. [NP] The lawsuit filed a year ago by the California attorney general and the Los Angeles city attorney claimed Mattel and others knowingly exposed individuals to lead and failed to provide any warning about the risk in violation of the state's safe drinking water and toxic enforcement act passed in 1986. [NP] Others involved in the settlement were RC2, A&A Global Industries, Cranium Inc., Eveready Battery Co., Marvel Entertainment, Toy Investments, Kids II, and Amscan." [Based on: Article (LEAD-TAINTED TOYS / 9 companies settle suit), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Solar-Powered Car Circles Globe - December 5th, 2008: "Solar-powered car circles globe [32,000 miles ... without using a drop of oil'] to prove a point / Teacher [Louis Palmer] wants world to know you can enjoy a smooth ride without burning fossil fuels. ['Palmer rolled into the U.N. climate conference in his solar car Thursday']" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Vanessa Gera, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Suspended Parliament / Canada - December 5th, 2008: "Prime Minister Stephen Harper suspended Parliament on Thursday [12/04/08] to avoid almost certain defeat in a confidence vote - an unprecedented move allowing him to retain power and confront Canada's flagging economy. [NP] The Conservative leader won the approval of the unelected representative of the head of state, who represents Queen Elizabeth II, for the power to shut down Parliament until Jan. 26, hoping to buy enough time to develop a stimlus package." [Based on: News Services article (OTTAWA / Prime minister buys time by suspending Parliament), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Home in Dallas / George W. Bush - December 5th, 2008: "The White House confirmed Thursday [12/04/08] that the Bushes have purchased a house in Dallas for the couple to live in after his presidency ends in January. They will keep their ranch in Crawford Texas." [Based on: News Services article (Presidential home), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Cancer Recovery / Patrick Swayze - December 5th, 2008: "Actor Patrick Swayze said even though he has pancreatic cancer, he is not close to death and is angry at supermarket tabloids that say he is. [NP] Swayze said in a statement that he is responding well to treatment. He said the reports amount to 'emotional cruelty' and upset him at a time 'when hope is so precious.' " [Based on: People article (Swayze says treatment for cancer is going well), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - $34 Billion Plea / U.S. Automakers - December 5th, 2008: " 'PUSHED TO THE BRINK' - THE BIG 3 [U.S. Automakers] MAKE A $34 BILLION PLEA / Congress still skeptical / Senator says plan offers few details. Others fear bailout is not enough and that the companies will be back." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

*Trivia: "AUTO INDUSTRY JOBS / BAILOUT COULD HURT CANADA / JOBS AT HOME [U.S.A.] / Congress may equire that U.S. jobs be preserved. / Efficiency Loss / Big Three's plants in Canada are 7% more productive, report says." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Bloomberg News article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Monsanto Soybeans / European Union - December 5th, 2008: "BIOTECH DECISION / European Union OKs Monsanto soybeans [12/04/08] / TIMING CRUCIAL - Farmers are picking seeds to buy for next year." [Based on: Tite & Subtitles for article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Moderate Earthquake / Mojave Desert - December 5th, 2008: "A moderate earthquake struck California's Mojave Desert on Friday night [12/05/08] and could be felt from San Diego to Los Angeles. [NP] The 5.1-magnitude temblor struck just outside Ludlow on Interstate 40 in San Bernardino County, about 120 miles east of Los Angeles, the U.S. Geological Survey said. The initial reports measured the quake at 5.5-magnitude. [NP] There were no immediate reports of damage." [Based on: A.P. article (LUDLOW, CALIF. / Quake hits Mojave Desert in Southern California), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

*Link: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/ci14408052.php

2008 - Final Government Approval / Iraq Security Pact - December 5th, 2008: "Iraq approves security pact [12/04/08] as attacks kill 17 ['suicide bombers killed 17 people and wounded more than 100.']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Average 30-Year Fixed-Rate Mortgage Falls / U.S.A. - December 5th, 2008: "Average 30-year fixed-rate mortgage [U.S.A.] falls ['dropped to 5.53 percent this week.']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - 2nd-Quarter Earnings Drop / Smithfield Foods Inc. - December 5th, 2008: "SMITHFIELD FOODS / Quarterly earnings fall [76 percent]" [Based on: Tite for article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/05/08]

2008 - Solar Prominence - December 6th, 2008: "For the second day in a row, astronomers are monitoring a huge prominence on the sun's eastern limb. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 12/06/08]

2008 - Job Losses / U.S.A. - December 6th, 2008: "Job losses spiraling upward / More than half a million lost jobs [533,000] last month [November] as employers shed payroll." [Based on: Tite for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A34, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Job Losses / Canada - December 6th, 2008: "Canada's job losses worst in 26 years ['Canada's employers slashed nearly 71,000 jobs in November']" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 6th, 2008: "Stocks rallied Friday [12/05/08], reversing an early slide, as Hartford Financial Services Group Inc. led a rally in insurers after increasing its profit forecast and saying it was weathering the credit crisis. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise as insurance companies rally), p. A36, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Sentenced / O.J. Simpson - December 6th, 2008: " 'More than stupidity' / Judge lectures O.J. Simpson, sentences him [12/05/08] to ['as much as'] 33 years in armed robbery" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Defense Shield - December 6th, 2008: "U.S. defense shield ['Roughly $10 billion is spent per year on the program'] shoots down missle ['in a simulated attack' - 'the Defense Department said Friday']" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Car Bomb / Peshawar, Pakistan - December 6th, 2008: "Car bomb kills 20 in Pakistan [12/05/08]" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Banda Sea - December 6th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 10:55:26 (UTC) on Saturday, December 6th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 7.381°S, 124.744°E; Depth 408.3 km (253.7 miles)] was located @ BANDA SEA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008aga7.php] - [T.D. - 12/07/08]

*Trivia: 2008/12/06,10:55:26.8,-7.386,124.729,6.4,403

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc - [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 - Russian Warship / Panama Canal - December 6th, 2008: "PANAMA CITY, PANAMA / Russian warship uses Panama Canal [12/05/08]" [Based on: Tite for article, p. A30, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Talk of 1-Dollar-A-Gallon Gas? / U.S.A. - December 6th, 2008: "Falling oil price triggers talk of $1-a-gallon gas [U.S.A.]" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A35, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Record Late Payments / U.S. Mortgages - December 6th, 2008: "Ratio of late mortgage payments hits record high ['A record one in 10 American homeowners with a mortgage was either at least a month behind on payments or in foreclosure at the end of September']" [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A35, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Shortage of Citizens for War / The Pentagon - December 6th, 2008: "U.S. to recruit foreigners ['who have been living in the United States on student and work visas, or with refugee or political asylum status.'] for war / Pentagon faces shortage of citizens who are doctors, nurses, linguists." [Based on: Tite for A.P. article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Shareholders OK Sale / Merrill Lynch & Co. - December 6th, 2008: "Shareholders of Merrill Lynch & Co. and Bank of America Corp. on Friday [12/05/08] approved the investment bank's sale to Bank of America, a move that will create the nation's largest financial-services firm. [....]" [Based on: article (MERRILL LYNCH / Shareholders OK sale), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Bank Failure / First Georgia Community Bank, U.S.A. - December 6th, 2008: "FDIC / Georgia bank shutdown ['the 23rd U.S. bank failure this year.']" [Based on: Tite for article, p. A35, S.L.P.D., 12/06/08]

2008 - Hajj Pilgrimage - December 7th, 2008: "MINA, SAUDI ARABIA / Millions of Muslims begin hajj pilgrimage [12/06/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - Bombs & Shootings / Iraq - December 7th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / Bombs and shootings kill at least 6, wound dozens [12/06/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - Torched Trucks / Pakistan - December 7th, 2008: "PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN / Trucks torched at facility used by NATO and U.S. [12/07/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - Hindsight / Pearl Harbor Warning? - December 7th, 2008: "Historians debunk reports of missed Pearl Harbor warning" [Based on: Title for New York Times article by Sam Roberts, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - Cuts Predicted / OPEC Oil Output - December 7th, 2008: "ALGIERS, ALGERIA / OPEC head predicts big cuts in production" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - VA Secretary Pick / Gen. Eric K. Shinseki - December 7th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Critic of Iraq planning [Gen. Eric K. Shinseki] to serve as VA secretary" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - First Vietnamese-American / U.S. Congress - December 7th, 2008: "Vietnamese-American [Anh 'Joseph' Cao - Republican] wins seat [12/06/08] in U.S. House" [Based on: Tite for Article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / France President & Dalai Lama - December 7th, 2008: "GDANSK, POLAND / Sarkozy snubs China, meets Dalai Lama [12/06/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/07/08]

2008 - CME - December 8th, 2008: "Yesterday, Dec. 8th, something exploded on the far side of the sun. The blast propelled a huge bubble of magnetized plasma over the sun's western limb where the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) photographed it expanding into space: [....] The bubble (a coronal mass ejection or "CME") is heading in the general direction of Saturn and will not hit Earth. Nevertheless, it does merit our attention. After a long spell of eerie quiet, the sun is showing signs of life, raising expectations that solar minimum is coming to an end. The months ahead will likely bring more CMEs, and not all of them will miss. Stay tuned for space weather."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 12/09/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake - December 8th, 2008: "2008/12/08,18:39:09.8,-53.029,106.762,6.3, 10"

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 - Youth Riots / Greece - December 8th, 2008: "Greek youths riot for 2nd day ['angered by the fatal shooting of a teenager -12/06/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 12/08/08]

*Trivia: "Violence enters third day in Greece [12/08/08]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Trivia / Gaza Blockade - December 8th, 2008: "Blockade of Gaza dampens important Muslim holiday [Eid al-Adha - a four-day holiday beginning today]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 12/08/08]

2008 - Flawed Intelligence / Iraq War - December 8th, 2008: "Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said Sunday [12/07/08] she regrets that the U.S. relied on flawed intelligence as the basis for going to war in Iraq and took partial responsibility for mismanaging the postinvasion process. [....]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article (Rice regret: The flawed intelligence on Iraq) by Stephen Ohlemacher, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 12/08/08]

2008 -  Hero Dog / Chile - December 9th, 2008: "A surveillance camera on a Santiago freeway captured images of an apparently homeless dog trotting past speeding cars to pull the body of another dog, mortally struck by a vehicle, away from traffic, to the median strip. [NP] The scene was broadcast by Chilean television stations and then posted on websites such as YouTube. People offered to give the hero dog a home, but no one can find it." [Based on: News Services article (SANTIAGO, CHILE / Chileans enthralled with hero dog), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake - December 9th, 2008: "2008/12/09,06:24:00.1,-31.09,-176.97,6.8, 18"

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 - Job Cuts / A-B InBev - December 9th, 2008: "AX FALLS AT A-B / 1,400 jobs to be cut, 75% from St. Louis / The layoffs come three weeks after InBev officially took over A-B to form A-B InBev." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Heart Healthy Nuts? - December 9th, 2008: "CHICAGO / Want a healthy heart? Try eating more nuts [study appeared in the Archives of Internal Medicine - 12/08/08]" [Based on: Title for Health Digest article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 9th, 2008: "Stocks rose around the world Monday [12/08/08], sending the Dow Jones industrial average to a one-month high, as President-elect Barack Obama pledged to boost the economy with the biggest public works spending package since the 1950s. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Obama plan sends markets up; Dow at a 1-month high), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Pork Recall / Ireland - December 9th, 2008: "Ireland recalled all of its pork products because of contamination fears, a move supported by European health officials but which is threatening to bankrupt the Irish pig industry. [NP] The Irish government announced that some Irish pork contained illegal levels of dioxin chemicals and ordered the recall or destruction of all Irish pork products produced since Sept. 1. Some Irish pork is exported to America." [Based on: News Services article (DUBLIN, IRELAND / Pork recall in Ireland may bankrupt industry), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Learjet Crash / Mexico - December 9th, 2008: "MEXICO CITY / Second government Learjet crashes [12/07/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Arrested / ETA Leader? - December 9th, 2008: "PARIS / Police arrest suspected leader of Basque group ['identified only as 'Balak']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Gangbanger Suit / California - December 9th, 2008: "Los Angeles prosecutors have filed California's first lawsuit seeking to seize homes, businesses and other assets from known gang members." [Based on: News Services article (Gangbanger suit), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  NATO Flotilla / Somali Coast - December 9th, 2008: "[....] Four EU warships and two maritime reconnaissance aircraft will replace the four-vessel NATO flotilla that has been conducting anti-piracy patrols off the Somali coast, ministers announced." [Based on: News Services article (BRUSSELS, BELGIUM / EU sends warships to combat pirates), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Reporter Stand / Detroit Free Press - December 9th, 2008: "David Ashenfelter of the Detroit Free Press declined in court to reveal his government sources for a story about a former terrorism prosecutor." [Based on: News Services article (Reporter stand), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - F-18 Crash / San Diego, California - December 9th, 2008: " 'I COULD SEE IT WAS JUST GOING THE WRONG WAY' / FA-18 hits homes; 3 killed / Crash in San Diego [12/08/08] was blocks from high school; pilot ejected and is in the hospital." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for New York Times article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

*Trivia: "Both engines of a military jet fighter failed before the aircraft crashed and burned in a residential area of San Diego Monday [12/08/08], killing four people on the ground as it destroyed two houses, a congressional aide said Tuesday [12/09/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Plane crash), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  70-Year-Old Mom / Haryana, India - December 9th, 2008: "A woman from the northern Indian state of Haryana has given birth at the age of 70. [NP] Rajo Devi and her husband, Bala Ram, 72, had been married for 55 years, but she had been unable to conceive. The woman underwent in-vitro fertilization treatment this year and gave birth to a girl." [Based on: News Services article (NEW DELHI / 70-year-old gives birth for first time), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Organized Crime Slayings / Mexico - December 9th, 2008: "Mexico's attorney general says organized crime slayings more than doubled through 11 months of 2008 to hit 5,376. [....] The number of killings for the first 11 months of 2007 was 2,477." [Based on: News Services article (MEXICO CITY), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Suspicious Letters / U.S. Governors - December 9th, 2008: "Suspicious letters ['containing powdery substances] to governors ['intercepted in Missouri and at least five other states on Monday' - 12/08/08] seized" [Based on: A.P. article, p. B8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Trivia / Florida Everglades Restoration - December 9th, 2008: "U.S. Sugar, the nation's largest producer of cane sugar, agreed to sell 300 square miles of farmland to the state of Florida for Everglades restoration." [Based on: News Services article (Everglades plan), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Slightly Slowing Rotation / Planet Earth - December 9th, 2008: "The world's timekeepers will add a second to the last day of the year to keep atomic clocks in sync with Earth's slightly slowing rotation." [Based on: News Services article (Wait a second), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Arrested / Mumbai Attacks Mastermind? - December 9th, 2008: "ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN / Pakistan nabs ['officials said Monday] alleged massacre mastermind [of Mumbai attacks, Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Fraud Charges / Prominent Lawyer, U.S.A. - December 9th, 2008: "The head of a prominent law firm was charged in a 'stunning, brazen fraud' that reaped at least $113 million in profit by tricking hedge funds into making bogus investments, prosecutors said. [NP] Marc Dreier, 58, was charged in a criminal complaint and by the Securities and Exchange Commission in the alleged sale of fraudulent promissory notes." [Based on: News Services article (NEW YORK / prominent lawyer charged with fraud), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Environmental Protestors / British Airport - December 9th, 2008: "Environmental protestors cut through the perimeter fence at Britain's third-largest airport and occupied the tarmac, forcing the cancellation of more than 50 flights and raising questions over the vulnerability of airports. [NP] It took nearly five hours to clear the tarmac at Stansted Airport." [Based on: News Services article (LONDON / Protestors block airport runway), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Ready to Govern / Opposition Party, Thailand? - December 9th, 2008: "Confident it can form a government, Thailand's opposition Democrat Party called for Parliament to vote on a new prime minister, while the ruling coalition said the army was interfering to help its rivals take power. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (BANGKOK, THAILAND / Opposition party 'ready to govern'), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  Files for Bankruptcy Protection / Tribune Co. - December 9th, 2008: "Media giant Tribune Co. files for bankruptcy protection [12/08/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 -  FTC Review Opposed / Whole Foods Market Inc. - December 9th, 2008: "WHOLE FOODS / FTC review ['the purchase of Wild Oats Market Inc.']opposed " [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Manslaughter Charges / Blackwater Security Guards - December 9th, 2008: "Blackwater Worldwide security guards opened machine gun fire on innocent, surrendering Iraqis and launched a grenade into a girl's school in Baghdad last year, prosecutors said Monday [12/08/08] in announcing manslaughter charges against five guards. [NP] A sixth guard cut a plea deal, turned on his former colleagues, and admitting [< typo?] killing at least one Iraqi in the 2007 shooting in Baghdad, which left 17 dead." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / 5 Blackwater guards charged; 6th cuts deal), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/09/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake - December 10th, 2008: "2008/12/10,13:15:36.7,-12.348,166.525,6.0, 72"

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 10th, 2008: "Stocks slid Tuesday [12/09/08], halting a two-day advance, after companies from FedEx Corp. to Danaher Corp. forecast earnings that disappointed investors as the deepening recession crimps sales. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks, markets dip on disappointing earnings forecasts), p. B4, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Insurgent Arrests / Iraq - December 10th, 2008: "Iraqi police have arrested 30 members of an al-Qaida cell, including the alleged mastermind of truck bombings that killed 17 people Thursday [12/04/08] in the former insurgent stronghold of Fallujah, officials said Tuesday [12/09/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Iraq arrests), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  World's Top Killer / Cancer? - December 10th, 2008: "Cancer will overtake heart disease as the world's top killer by 2010, part of a trend that should more than double global cancer cases and deaths by 2030, the World Health Organization said in a report released Tuesday [12/09/08]. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (ATLANTA / Cancer destined to be top killer, report say), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Arrested / Illinois Governor - December 10th, 2008: "POWER FOR SALE? / BLAGOJEVICH ACCUSED OF POLITICAL 'CRIME SPREE' / SELLING OBAMA'S SEAT - Attempted to trade an appointment to fill President-elect Barack Obama's U.S. Senate seat for money or a future job for him or his wife. / BLACKMAILING PAPER - Threatened to withold as much as $100 million for the financing or sale of Wrigley Field if owner Tribune Co. didn't fire Chicago Tribune editorial board members who had been critical of Blagojevich. / DEMANDING DONATIONS - Sought campaign contributions in exchange for state money for Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago, state highway contracts and other official acts." [Based on: Titles & Subtitles for Front Page article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  New Details / Mumbai Attacks - December 10th, 2008: "New details in Mumbai attacks / Gunmen's hometowns were in Pakistan, police in India say, as Pakistan makes more arrests." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Criticized / "Songs as Weapons" - December 10th, 2008: "[....] The tactic has been common in the U.S. war on terrorism, with forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay. Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, then the U.S. military commander in Iraq, authorized it on Sept. 14, 2003, 'to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture shock.' [NP] Now the detainees aren't the only ones complaining. Musicians are banding together to demand the U.S. military stop using their songs as weapons. [....] According to an FBI memo, one interrogator at Guantanamo Bay bragged he needed only four days to 'break' someone by alternating 16 hours of music and lights with four hours of silence and darkness. [NP] Not all of the music is hard rock. Christopher Cerf, who wrote music for 'Sesame Street,' said he was horrified to learn songs from the children's TV show were used in interrogations. 'I wouldn't want my music to be a party to that,' he told AP. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Military's use of songs is criticized / Bands want U.S. to stop tormenting prisoners with their music.) by Andrew O. Selsky, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Resumes Hati Deportations / U.S.A. - December 10th, 2008: "MIAMI / U.S. has resumed deportations to Hati" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Human Remains / Detention Center, La Plata - December 10th, 2008: "BUENOS AIRES, Human remains ['10,000 bone fragments'] found in detention center ['known as Arana -in La Plata.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 -  Were Warned of Risk / Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac - December 10th, 2008: "FANNIE MAE, FREDDIE MAC / E-mails show 2 firms were warned of risk" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Front Page article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2008 - New Sunspots - December 11th, 2008: "NASA's STEREO-A spacecraft is monitoring two new-cycle active regions in the sun's southern hemisphere. Circle denote their locations in this ultra-violet image [see links] taken just hours ago: [....] The hot spot on the left is emerging sunspot 1009. The one on the right, however, has no sunspot number; it is invisible from Earth. STEREO-A can see it because the spacecraft is stationed above the sun's western limb with a view over the horizon. Counting "over the horizon" sunspots is an ability unique to the STEREO mission. [NP] The high southern latitude of these active regions identifies them as members of new Solar Cycle 24. New-cycle sunspot counts have been growing since October 2008, leading some forecasters to declare that solar minimum is behind us: [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. 12/11/08]

*Links: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/07nov_signsoflife.htm

2008 - E.T.T. Reloaded - December 11th, 2008: "Uploaded new version of trivia timeline called: Legacy of Lineage - A Timecapsule Timeline of *Eckankar "Trivia" & More. - D.R.D.

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 11th, 2008: "Stocks gained Wednesday [12/09/089], recovering half of Tuesday's slide, as higher energy and metal prices triggered a rally in commodity producers that overshadowed concern that Congress won't rescue the nation's auto industry. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Energy, metal prices push markets higher), p. B5, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Trivia / U.S. Arms Sales - December 11th, 2008: "U.S. arms sales reached $32 billion last year, with more than half of the purchasers in the developing world either undemocratic governments or regimes that engaged in human rights abuses, a private think tank reported Wednesday [12/09/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Arms sales), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Injured Vet's Appeals Lag / U.S.A. - December 11th, 2008: "Injured vets' appeals lag / Panel approved by Congress last December has yet to review a case." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Trivia / Prisoner Abuse Suit, U.S.A. - December 11th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Justices [U.S. Supreme Court] concerned [12/09/08] that officials [John Ashcroft & Robert Mueller] included in suit ['that claims prisoners detained after the Sept. 11 attacks were abused because of their religion and ethnicity.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Moves 'Nationalize' U.S. Economy - December 11th, 2008: "It was hard enough to get policymakers to finally utter 'recession.' The next challenge may be to get them to say 'nationalize.' [NP] It's not a word congressional Democratic leaders or the Bush or Obama teams like to use. Yet that's pretty much what the government takeover of big chunks of the economy amounts to, at least in part. [NP] Actions taken by the Democratic-led Congress and the outgoing administration - moves generally supported by President-elect Barack Obama - already have reversed decades of deregulation and privatization championed by Presidents Ronald Reagan, George Bush and George W. Bush. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (ANALYSIS / Moves 'nationalize' U.S. economy), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  More Cabinet Picks / Barack Obama - December 11th, 2008: "Energy chief [Steven Chu] is Nobel winner / Obama names physicist to post; also picks new EPA head [Lisa Jackson] and an energy coordinator [Carol Browner]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Chicago Tribune article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Trivia / U.S. Political Convention Funds  - December 11th, 2008: "Financial giants now being bailed out by the government spent millions underwriting the Democratic and Republican conventions last summer, just weeks before coming to Washington begging for multibillion-dollar handouts. [NP] the big donors included AIG, Ford Motor Co., Citigroup, Goldman Sachs and Freddie Mac. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Some bailed-out companies funded political conventions), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Sit-In End / Chicago Window & Door Factory - December 11th, 2008: "CHICAGO / Workers' sit-in ['that lasted six days'] ends with $1.75 million pact [12/09/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Changes / Foreign Farmworkers Rules, U.S.A. - December 11th, 2008: "Bush changes rules ['to the H2A visa program'] on hiring of foreign farmworkers ['which farmworkers groups say will worsen wages and working conditions.]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Trivia / Alternative Medicine Salses, U.S.A. - December 11th, 2008: "More than one in nine children and teens try herbal supplements from fish oil to ginseng and other nontraditional options, the government said Wednesday [12/09/08] in its first national study of young people's use of these mostly unproven treatments." [Based on: News Services article (Alternative meds), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -  Case of Mistaken Identity? / Qalat, Afghanistan  - December 11th, 2008: "U.S. forces kill 6 Afghan police officers ['and one civilian on Wednesday during an assault on the hide-out of a suspected Taliban commander, authorities said. .... Thirteen Afghan officers also were wounded in the episode.']" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 12/11/08]

2008 -   Nuclear Plant Shut Down / Callaway County, Missouri - December 11th, 2008: "Safety glitch shuts down nuclear plant [AmerenUE's nuclear power plant in Callaway County, Mo. - Thursday night (12/11/08) 'triggered by an electrical problem in a water pump']" [Based on: Title for Article by Christopher Boyce, p. A34, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 12th, 2008: "Stocks declined the most in a week on Thursday [12/11/08] after lawmakers said a $14 billion plan to rescue the nation's auto industry lacks the votes to pass the Senate and initial jobless claims jumped to a 26-year high." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks fall on news that bailout is stalled), p. B11, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Flooding / Rome, Italy - December 12th, 2008: "Violent storms flooded parts of Rome on Thursday [12/11/08], killing at least one person as the sea threatened to once more inundate Venice." [Based on: News Services article (Storms), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  U.S. Strike? / Pakistan - December 12th, 2008: "A suspected U.S. strike killed six people Thursday [12/11/08] on the Pakistani side of the Afghan border, a lawless region believed to be a stronghold of al-Qaida, two intelligence officials said." [Based on: News Services article (U.S. strike), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Climate Plan / California - December 12th, 2008: "SACRAMENTO, CALIF. / Air Resources Board adopts climate plan [12/11/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Bankruptcy Filing / KB Toys - December 12th, 2008: "KB TOYS / Second bankruptcy filing ['second time in four years']" [Based on: Title for article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Troop Numbers / Afghan War - December 12th, 2008: "The U.S. military will pour thousands of troops into Afghanistan by next summer, and can expect to commit a sustained force for several more years, Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Thursday [12/11/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Afghan war), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Revised / U.S. Animal Species Rule - December 12th, 2008: "U.S. revises rules on animal species [12/11/08] / Input of independent Scientists to be reduced, which critics say may hurt endangered wildlife." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Pensions Relief / U.S. Businesses - December 12th, 2008: "[....] Many businesses with defined-benefit plans have absorbed a double blow: abiding by a 2006 law that they fully fund their plans and seeing the value of the plans eroded by declines in the markets where the pension funds are invested. [....] the American Benefits Council cited a recent study by the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College that said equities held by private defined-benefit plans lost about $900 billion in the 12-month period ending Oct. 9. and that the total contribution employers will be required to make to their plans in 2009 could almost triple, to almost $150 billion from just over $50 billion. [NP] The legislation allows pension plans to steretch out unexpected asset losses over 24 months in order to soften the effects of 2008 plan declines and eases the transition to new funding rules under which plans must be 92 percent funded in 2008 and 94 percent in 2009. [NP] Businesses and unions must still fully meet obligations to workers, said Rep. Howard 'Buck' McKeon, R-Calif., of the Education and Labor panel." [Based on: A.P. article (Businesses to get relief on funding of pensions) by Jim Abrams, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Suicide Bomber / Near Kirkuk, Iraq - December 12th, 2008: "IRAQ / Bomb ['suicide bomber'] kills scores ['at least 55 people' - 'about 120 people were wounded'] at Arab-Kurds gathering [Abdullah Restaurant - 12/11/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Top officials blamed for detainee abuse - December 12th, 2008: "WASHINGTON - Top officials - including former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Air Force Gen. Richard Meyers, the former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff - were responsible for the use of 'abusive' interrogation techniques on detainees at Guantanamo Bay, in Afghanistan and at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, a bipartisan Senate report concluded Thursday [12/11/08]. [NP] The long-awaited Senate Armed Services Committee report bluntly disputed the Bush administration's repeated claims that the abuses, which helped fuel the Iraq insurgency and damaged America's reputation around the world, were the work of a few low-level 'bad apples.' [NP] 'Senior officials in the United States government solicited information on how to use aggressive techniques, redefined the law to create the appearance of their legality, and authorized their use against detainees,' said the report's 19-page unclassified executive summary. 'Those efforts damaged our ability to collect accurate intelligence that could save lives, strengthened the hand of our enemies, and compromised our moral authority.' [NP] Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., the panel's chairman, released the executive summary with Sen. John McCain of Arizona, the committee's top Republican. Levin said that attempts by senior officials 'to pass the buck to low-ranking soldiers while avoiding any responsibility for abuses are unconscionable.' [NP] The report 'details the inexcusable link between abusive interrogation techniques used by our enemies in violation of the Geneva Convention and interrogation policy for detainees in U.S. custody. These policies  are wrong and must never be repeated,' said McCain, a former prisoner of war in North Vietnam. [NP] The 250-page classified report, which is undergoing a Pentagon declassification review, was the most comprehensive to date of a series of official investigations into the abuses of suspected terrorists who were detained after President George W. Bush launched his 'global war on terror' after the Sept. 11 attacks of 2001. [NP] The Senate report traces the abuses to a Feb. 7, 2002, Bush memo that declared that international law on the treatment of war prisoners found in the 1949 Geneva Convention didn't apply to al-Qaida or the Taliban. [NP] The report outlines how senior U.S. officials, including Rumsfeld, Myers and then-national security adviser Condoleezza Rice, shaped the policy decisions that led to the use of interrogation techniques that the administration insists were legal but that numerous legal authorities and some former military officers have denounced as torture and war crimes. [NP] Detainee abuses led to attacks on U.S. troops in Iraq, according to testimony to the committee by a former Navy general counsel, Alberto Mora. 'There are serving U.S. flag-rank officers who maintain that the first and second identifiable causes of U.S. combat deaths in Iraq - as judged by their effectiveness in recruiting insurgent fighters into combat - are, respectively the symbols of Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo,' he said. [NP] It's not clear, however, whether the report will lead to legal proceedings against any of the officials or military officers named or whether the incoming Obama administration will pursue allegations of possible crimes. [NP] 'We welcome this report,' said Brooke Anderson, the Obama transition team's national security spokeswoman. 'We will review these findings carefully.' " [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Top officials blamed for detainee abuse) by Roy Gutman & Jonathan S. Landay, p. A4, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 12/12/08] - [my brackets: NP = New Paragraph. - D.R.D.]

2008 -  Auto Bailout Collapses in Senate / U.S.A. - December 12th, 2008: "Auto bailout ['$14 billion emergency bailout'] collapses [in the Senate 12/11/08] / THE OBSTACLE - UAW refuses to agree to GOP demands to swiftly slash worker wages. / THE REACTION - The White House was evaluating options in light of the breakdown." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Cap on Greenhouse Gas Emissions / Mexico - December 12th, 2008: "At U.N. climate talks in Poznan, Poland, on Thursday [12/11/08], Mexico sought to prod others into action by becoming the first developing country to announc a cap on greenhouse gas emmissions." [Based on: News Services article (Climate talks), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Pollution Limits Needed? / Mississippi River Basin - December 12th, 2008: "Study [National Research Council] calls for rules on fertilizer / EPA ASKED FOR DATA - Pollution limits are needed along the Mississippi River basin, the report says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Estrogen Paradox / Breast Cancer Therapy - December 12th, 2008: "WU RESEARCH / Estrogen paradox can fight tumors / Cycling between hormone and a blocker is used to treat some breast cancers" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 -  Temporary Restraining Order / South Carolina License Plates - December 12th, 2008: "A federal judge issued a temporary restraining order Thursday [12/11/08] barring South Carolina from marketing and making license plates that feature the image of a cross and the words 'I believe.' " [Based on: News Services article (Religion ruling), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/12/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 13th, 2008: "Stocks advanced Friday [12/12/08]  as speculation the government will boost spending on technology overshadowed concern a bailout of carmakers won't bring the nation out of a recession, spurring a 3.3 percent rebound by the Standard & Poor's 500 index from the day's low. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Tech speculation spurs stocks after auto bailout failure), p. A32, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 -   Ice Storm / Seven U.S. States - December 13th, 2008: "CONCORD, N.H. / Ice storm knocks out power across 7 states [from Maine to Pennsylvania - 12/12/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 -   Huge Fraud Case / Bernard Madoff - December 13th, 2008: "The stunning fraud that Wall Street pillar Bernard Madoff is accused of has raised questions about whether federal regulators were lax in failing to scrutinize his operations and respond to alarms raised about them. [....] A wrinkle in the case is the complaint dating back nine years to the SEC by a securities industry executive named Harry Markopolos. He contacted the agency's Boston office in May 1999, telling staff they should investigate Madoff [Bernard Madoff, a former Nasdaq Stock Market chairman] because it was impossible for the profit he was making to have been gained legally. [NP] The SEC's Boston office has been accused in the past of brushing off a whistle-blower's legitimate complaint in a case that brought the resignation of the head of that unit in 2003. [NP] Markopolos' intervention was first reported in Friday's editions of The Wall Street Journal. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (SEC draws fire in huge fraud case), p. A31, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 -   Suspicious Package Explodes / Oregon Bank - December 13th, 2008: "WOODBURN, ORE. / At least one person killed by bomb at bank [West Coast bank in Woodburn, south of Portland, Oregon - 12/12/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 - Typhoon Dolphin / Philippines - December 14th, 2008: "Rain rates in a few cloud bands on the eastern side of Typhoon Dolphin approached 50 millimeters per hour (red) when the storm was observed by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite on December 14, 2008. [....]" [Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=36191]

2008 -   Indian Aircraft / Pakistan Airspace - December 14th, 2008: "Indian aircraft violated Pakistan's airspace Saturday [12/13/08] but were chased back over the border by Pakistani fighter jets, an air force spokesman said." [Based on: News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 12/13/08]

2008 -   Torched / Wasila Bible Church, Alaska - December 14th, 2008: "ANCHORAGE, ALASKA / Palin's church is torched [12/12/08]; no one is injured" [Based on: Title for News Services article (SAN ANTONIO / Menopause hormones are linked to cancer), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 12/14/08]

2008 -   Shut Down / Callaway County, Missouri - December 14th, 2008: "For the second time in three days, an electrical problem with a water pump led AmerenUE to shut down [5:14 p. m. - 12/14/08] its Callaway nuclear plant [Mo.] [....]" [Based on: Article (Electrical glitch again shuts Callaway nuclear plant) by Jeffrey Tomich, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Linked to Cancer? / Menopause Hormones - December 14th, 2008: "Taking menopause hormones for five years doubles the risk for breast cancer, according to a new analysis of a big federal study that reveals the most dramatic evidence yet of the dangers of these still-popular pills. [NP] Even women who took estrogen and progestin pills for as little as a couple of years had a greater chance of getting cancer. When they stopped taking them, their odds returned to a normal risk level roughly two years after quitting." [Based on: News Services article (SAN ANTONIO / Menopause hormones are linked to cancer), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 12/14/08]

2008 -   Worst Economy Since Great Depression / U.S.A. - December 14th, 2008: "It's the worst economy since the Great Depression / But we're still a long way from this / There's a big difference between 'worst since' and 'as bad as,' one expert says. Much has changed since the market crashed on Oct. 29, 1929." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/14/08]

2008 - Trivia / Solar Flare Surprise - "Dec. 15, 2008: Solar flares are the most powerful explosions in the solar system. Packing a punch equal to a hundred million hydrogen bombs, they obliterate everything in their immediate vicinity. Not a single atom should remain intact. [NP] At least that's how it's supposed to work. [NP] 'We've detected a stream of perfectly intact hydrogen atoms shooting out of an X-class solar flare,' says Richard Mewaldt of Caltech. "'What a surprise! These atoms could be telling us something new about what happens inside flares.' [....] The event occurred on Dec. 5, 2006. A large sunspot rounded the sun's eastern limb and with little warning it exploded. On the 'Richter scale' of flares, which ranks X1 as a big event, the blast registered X9, making it one of the strongest flares of the past 30 years. [NP] NASA managers braced themselves. Such a ferocious blast usually produces a blizzard of high-energy particles dangerous to both satellites and astronauts. Indeed, moments after the explosion, radio emissions from a shock wave in the sun's atmosphere signaled that a swarm of particles was on its way. [NP] An hour later they arrived. But they were not the particles researchers expected. [NP] NASA's twin STEREO spacecraft made the discovery: 'It was a burst of hydrogen atoms,' says Mewaldt. 'No other elements were present, not even helium (the sun's second most abundant atomic species). Pure hydrogen streamed past the spacecraft for a full 90 minutes.' [NP] Next came more than 30 minutes of quiet. The burst subsided and STEREO's particle counters returned to low levels. The event seemed to be over when a second wave of particles enveloped the spacecraft. These were the "broken atoms" that flares are supposed to produce—protons and heavier ions such as helium, oxygen and iron. 'Better late than never,' he says. [....] Mewaldt believes that all strong flares might emit hydrogen bursts, but they simply haven't been noticed before. He's looking forward to more X-flares now that the two STEREO spacecraft are widely separated on nearly opposite sides of the Sun. (In 2006 they were still together near Earth.) STEREO-A and –B may be able to triangulate future bursts and pinpoint the source of the hydrogen. This would allow the team to test their ideas about the surprising phenomenon. [NP] 'All we need now,' he says, 'is some solar activity.' [Based on: article (Solar Flare Surprise) Author: Dr. Tony Phillips / Credit: Science@NASA, 12/15/08]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/15dec_solarflaresurprise.htm - [T.D. - 12/18/08] 

2008 -   Anniversary Rally / Hamas - December 15th, 2008: "GAZA CITY, GAZA STRIP / Hamas musters crowds for anniversary rally [12/14/08 - Marking 21 years since its founding]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 12/15/08]

2008 -   Fired / Prime Minister, Somalia - December 15th, 2008: "MOGADISHU, SOMALIA / President fires prime minister, alleges treason [12/14/08]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 12/15/08]

2008 -   Anti-Kremlin Protest / Moscow, Russia - December 15th, 2008: "MOSCOW / Arrested protestors [130 people] are said to include Kasparov [Garry Kasparov]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 12/15/08]

2008 -   Iraq & Afghanistan / George W. Bush / Iraq - December 15th, 2008: "On a whirlwind trip shrouded in secrecy and marred by dissent, President George W. Bush on Sunday [12/14/08] expressed optimism in the wars that define his presidency and got a size-10 reminder of his unpopularity when a man hurled two shoes at him during a news conference in Iraq. [NP] 'This is your farewell kiss, you dog!' shouted the protestor in Arabic, later identified as Muntadar al-Zeidi, a correspondent for Al-Baghdadia television, an Iraqi-owned station in Cairo, Egypt. 'This is from the widows, the orphans and those who were killed in Iraq.' Bush ducked both shoes as they whizzed past his head and landed with a thud against the wall behind him. [NP] 'It was a size 10,' Bush joked later. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Bush flies to war zones, ducks flying shoes in Iraq / He sees progress in Iraq, 'hopeful gains' in Afghanistan; protestor shouts, 'You dog!'), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/15/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 16th, 2008: "U.S. Stocks fell Monday [12/15/08], wiping out last week's gains, after manufacturing showed a worsening economy that may hurt earnings at companies, including JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Apple Inc. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks stumble amid manufacturing woes), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Settlement / Siemens AG - December 16th, 2008: "Siemens AG, rocked by a series of corruption cases that has cost the company both prestige and money, agreed Monday [12/15/08] to pay more than $1 billion in fines in Germany and the U.S." [Based on: Article (SIEMENS / $1 billion settlement), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Bankruptcy Trivia / U.S.A. - December 16th, 2008: "The nearly 58,000 commercial bankruptcis filed nationwide [U.S.A.] through November of this year exceed the year-end totals of every year since Congress overhauled the bankruptcy laws in 2005, according to Automated Access to Court Electronic Records, an Oklahoma City bankruptcy data company." [Based on: Article (BANKRUPTCIES / A banner year), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Stevia Debut / Coca-Cola Co.  - December 16th, 2008: "Coca-Cola Co. will begin selling products this week that are made with a new zero-calorie sweetner, stevia, despite there still being no official nod from the government; but rival PepsiCo Inc. said Monday that it wouldn't follow suit." [Based on: Article (COCA-COLA / Stevia will debut), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Trivia / Obama Appointments - December 16th, 2008: "A transition official for president-elect Barack Obama says Colorado Sen. Ken Salazar will be named Interior Secretary later this week. Also, Obama has chosen Chicago schools chief Arne Duncan to serve as education secretary, people with knowledge of the decision said Monday [12/15/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Obama appointments), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Opposition Leader  / Thailand - December 16th, 2008: "BANKOK, THAILAND / Opposition leader [Abhisit Vejjajiva] to be new prime minister" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 - Trivia / Breach in Earth's Magnetic Field - "Dec. 16, 2008: NASA's five THEMIS spacecraft have discovered a breach in Earth's magnetic field ten times larger than anything previously thought to exist. Solar wind can flow in through the opening to "load up" the magnetosphere for powerful geomagnetic storms. But the breach itself is not the biggest surprise. Researchers are even more amazed at the strange and unexpected way it forms, overturning long-held ideas of space physics. [NP] 'At first I didn't believe it,' says THEMIS project scientist David Sibeck of the Goddard Space Flight Center. 'This finding fundamentally alters our understanding of the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction.' [NP] The magnetosphere is a bubble of magnetism that surrounds Earth and protects us from solar wind. Exploring the bubble is a key goal of the THEMIS mission, launched in February 2007. The big discovery came on June 3, 2007, when the five probes serendipitously flew through the breach just as it was opening. Onboard sensors recorded a torrent of solar wind particles streaming into the magnetosphere, signaling an event of unexpected size and importance. [....] 'The opening was huge—four times wider than Earth itself,' says Wenhui Li, a space physicist at the University of New Hampshire who has been analyzing the data. Li's colleague Jimmy Raeder, also of New Hampshire, says '10 27 particles per second were flowing into the magnetosphere—that's a 1 followed by 27 zeros. This kind of influx is an order of magnitude greater than what we thought was possible.' The event began with little warning when a gentle gust of solar wind delivered a bundle of magnetic fields from the Sun to Earth. Like an octopus wrapping its tentacles around a big clam, solar magnetic fields draped themselves around the magnetosphere and cracked it open. The cracking was accomplished by means of a process called 'magnetic reconnection.' High above Earth's poles, solar and terrestrial magnetic fields linked up (reconnected) to form conduits for solar wind. Conduits over the Arctic and Antarctic quickly expanded; within minutes they overlapped over Earth's equator to create the biggest magnetic breach ever recorded by Earth-orbiting spacecraft. [....] The size of the breach took researchers by surprise. 'We've seen things like this before,' says Raeder, 'but never on such a large scale. The entire day-side of the magnetosphere was open to the solar wind.' [....] Northern IMF events don't actually trigger geomagnetic storms, notes Raeder, but they do set the stage for storms by loading the magnetosphere with plasma. A loaded magnetosphere is primed for auroras, power outages, and other disturbances that can result when, say, a CME (coronal mass ejection) hits. [NP] The years ahead could be especially lively. Raeder explains: 'We're entering Solar Cycle 24. For reasons not fully understood, CMEs in even-numbered solar cycles (like 24) tend to hit Earth with a leading edge that is magnetized north. Such a CME should open a breach and load the magnetosphere with plasma just before the storm gets underway. It's the perfect sequence for a really big event.' [NP] Sibeck agrees. 'This could result in stronger geomagnetic storms than we have seen in many years.' " [Based on: Science@ NASA article (A Giant Breach in Earth's Magnetic Field) Author: Dr. Tony Phillips / Credit: Science@NASA, 12/16/08]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/16dec_giantbreach.htm - [T.D. - 12/17/08]

2008 -   Browser Problem Cited / Internet Explorer - December 16th, 2008: "MICROSOFT / Browser problem ['current versions of Internet Explorer browser'] cited" [Based on: Article title, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/16/08]

2008 -   Warm Year / 2008 - December 17th, 2008: "2008 was the ninth-warmest year since instrumental temperature measurements began in 1880, NASA reported." [Based on: News Services article (Warm year), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Fatality / Columbia - December 17th, 2008: "Soldiers in western Columbia fatally shot on Tuesday [12/16/08] the husband of an indigenous leader who has organized anti-government marches." [Based on: News Services article (Columbian shot), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 17th, 2008: "Stocks rallied, and the Standard & Poor's 500 index climbed to a five-week high Tuesday [12/16/08] after the Federal Reserve cut its benchmark interest rate to a record low and said it will employ all available tools tio revive the economy. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Fed move launches broad rally in stocks), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Piracy Trivia / Somalia - December 17th, 2008: "The U.N. Security Council has unanimously authorized nations to go ashore in Somalia to fight piracy." [Based on: News Services article (Somali Pirates), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Trivia / Madoff Scandal - December 17th, 2008: "MADOFF SCANDAL / SEC chairman rips own staff over Madoff / St. Louis firm's employees invested 401(k) money / Alleged scheme went unchecked despite warnings." [Based on: Article title & Subtitles, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Production Cut? / OPEC - December 17th, 2008: "Oil prices fell Tuesday [12/16/08] after OPEC powerhouse Saudi Arabia said oil production would be cut by 2 million barrels a day to stem declining crude prices." [Based on: News Services article (OPEC / Production cut?), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   FED Rate Cuts / U.S.A. - December 17th, 2008: "The Federal Reserve, after slashing its key interest rate almost to zero, said Tuesday [12/16/08] it will now pursue unconventional actions that one economist called the 'moral equivalent of printing money' to try to stop a quickening economic slide. [....]" [Based on: THE BOSTON GLOBE article (FED RATE CUTS / When zero is not low enough / WHAT'S NEXT? / Unconventional means will be used to reinvigorate economy.) by Robert Gavin, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Inflation is Down / U.S.A. - December 17th, 2008: "There's some good economic news: Inflation is down ['the consumer price index fell (in November) 1.7 percent]" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Terrorism Fear / France - December 17th, 2008: "Dynamite ['an old pack of dynamite sticks'] at department store in Paris [12/16/08] revives terrorism fear" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Government Crumbling / Somalia - December 17th, 2008: "Somalia's U.N.-backed government was crumbling Tuesday [12/16/08] as the president defied parliament by naming a new prime minister and Kenya announced sanctions against him." [Based on: News Services article (Somali crisis), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Face Transplant Operation / U.S.A. - December 17th, 2008: "Disfigured woman is given new face / Operation in Cleveland is first in U.S., fourth in world; news conference is set for today." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   1st Detainee Transfers / Gunatanamo Bay, Cuba - December 17th, 2008: "Three Guantanamo prisoners were flown to Bosnia Tuesday [12/16/08] and were being released to their families in the first detainee transfer ordered by a U.S. federal judge, an attorney for the men said. [NP] A judge in Washington ordered last month the release of the Algerian-born men, held at the prison since 2002, saying the U.S. government's case was not strong enought to continue holding them. The order came in the first hearing on the evidence the administration of President George W. Bush presented for keeping prisoners at the base in Cuba as 'enemy combatants.' " [Based on: News Services article (GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA / Three prisoners are first detainee transfers), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   May Need Bailout? / Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp., U.S.A. - December 17th, 2008: "[....] The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. was already in the hole before the stock market meltdown and the credit freeze shut down U.S. economic growth this fall. [....]" [Based on: DETROIT FREE PRESS article (PENSION PLANS / Agency may need bailout in future), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Suspicious White Powder / U.S. Embassies, Germany & Romania - December 17th, 2008: "Authorities say that U.S. embassies in Germany and Romania received letters Tuesday [12/16/08] containg a suspicious white powder." [Based on: News Services article (White powder), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/17/08]

2008 -   Price Slide / OPEC Oil - December 18th, 2008: "OPEC to cut oil production in bid to stem price slide / Oil has fallen by $100 a barrel, or 70 percent, since peaking five months ago." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 18th, 2008: "Stocks fell Wednesday [12/17/08] and the Standard & Poor's 500 Index retreated from a five-week high on concern the Federal Reserve has few tools left to combat the recession after cutting its benchmark interest rate to a record low. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Macy's rallies, but market falls), p. B4, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Trivia / Madoff Probe - December 18th, 2008: "Close relationships at issue in Madoff probe / Attorney general rescues himself; SEC looks at relationship between SEC attorney, Madoff niece." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Latin American Summit - December 18th, 2008: "Latin American and Caribbean leaders called for the creation of a regional union that would exclude the U.S. and oppose outside interference Wednesday [12/17/08] in a summit hailed as a historical expression of independence. [NP] With 33 nations represented by heads of state or other top officials, it was the largest regional gathering of its kind that did not include the U.S. or a European power, and also marked the international debut of Cuban President Raul Castro. [NP] Summit participants called for an end to the U.S. embargo of Cuba." [Based on: News Services article (COSTA DO SAUIPE, BRAZIL / Summit calls for Latin American union), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Iraq Pullout Set / Britian - December 18th, 2008: "British leader sets Iraq pullout for end of May [2009]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Trivia / Global Warming? - December 18th, 2008: "More than 2 trillion tons of land ice in Greenland, Antarctica and Alaska have melted since 2003, according to new NASA satellite data that show the latest signs of what scientists say is global warming. [NP] More than half of the loss of landlocked ice in the past five years has occurred in Greenland, based on measurements of ice weight by NASA's Grace satellite, said NASA geophysicist Scott Luthcke. [NP] NASA scientists planned to present their findings today at the American Geophysical Union conference in San Francisco." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Ice melting away in northern regions), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Soldiers Planned / U.S. Inauguration - December 18th, 2008: "An inauguration shield of thousands / More than 11,000 troops will be in place to deter or respond to a terrorist attack." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Settlement / Former AIG Executives - December 18th, 2008: "A Delaware judge has approved a $115 million settlement in a shareholder lawsuit against former executives of AIG over commissions paid to C.V. Starr & Co., a privately held affiliate controlled by former AIG Chairman Maurice Greenberg and other AIG directors." [Based on: News Services article (AIG / $115 million settlement), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Near End / Israel, Hamas Cease-Fire - December 18th, 2008: "Hamas boosts training as cease-fire's end nears ['formerly ends Friday'] / Moves could be signs of a new round of fighting, or a negotiating tactic to pressure Israel" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   U.S. Interior Dept. Pick /  Ken Salazar - December 18th, 2008: "Obama irks some environmentalists / His choice to lead Interior Dept., Sen. Ken Salazar, D-Colo., gets cautious praise from mining industry." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article (White powder), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Fourth-Quarter Loss / Morgan Stanley - December 18th, 2008: "Morgan Stanley said it lost $2.37 billion during its fiscal fourth quarter as it took a range of losses on assets amid one of the rougher quarters for investment banks." [Based on: News Services article (MORGAN STANLEY / $2.37 billion loss), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   Impeachment Effort / Illinois Governor - December 18th, 2008: "Blagojevich lawyer alleges 'witch hunt' / IMPARTIALITY QUESTIOINED - Attorney wants 3 members of impeachment panel barred." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for POST-DISPATCH SPRINGFIELD BUREAU article (White powder), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   U.S. Agriculture Dept. Pick /   Tom Vilsack - December 18th, 2008: "Ex-Iowa governor [Tom Vilsack] is agriculture pick / Obama cites new Agriculture Department head's expertise in dealing with farm issues." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (White powder), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   No Information to Pakistan? / Mumbai Attacks - December 18th, 2008: "[....] Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said his government hasn't seen any information on the attacks last month except for what has been reported by news media." [Based on: News Services article (ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN / India has provided no information on attacks), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 -   $6.1 Million Penalty / Exxom Mobil Corp. - December 18th, 2008: "The Exxon Mobil Corp. has agreed to pay a $6.1 million penalty for failing to comply with an agreement to cut pollution from four refineries in California, Louisiana and Texas. The EPA said 86 percent of the country's refining capacity did comply." [Based on: News Services article (EXXON MOBIL / $6.1 million penalty, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Offshore Valparaiso, Chile - December 18th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 21:19:29 (UTC) on Thursday, December 18th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 32.421°S, 71.561°W; Depth 19 km (11.8 miles) set by location program] was located @ OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008atb1.php] - [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Offshore Valparaiso, Chile - December 18th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 21:50:28 (UTC) on Thursday, December 18th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 32.484°S, 71.670°W; Depth 10.6 km (6.6 miles) (poorly constrained)] was located @ OFFSHORE VALPARAISO, CHILE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008atb4.php] - [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 -   Data Transmission Problems / Canadian Stock Markets - December 18th, 2008: "Canada's main stock markets were paralyzed Wednesday [12/17/08] by data transmission problems that halted trading almost immediately after it started, infuriating traders as an entire day of trading was lost." [Based on: News Services article (STOCK MARKETS / Canada exchange down), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/18/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 19th, 2008: "Stocks fell for a second day Thursday [12/18/08] as a deteriorating credit outlook for General Electric Co. spurred concern the financial crisis is worsening, while oil's retreat below $36 a barrel dragged down energy shares. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (GE credit downgrade, oil price slide send stocks down again), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Trivia / Madoff Scandal - December 19th, 2008: "Madoff fraud case may cost Treasury / Investors who lost huge sums will pay less in taxes, and some may get refunds. U.S. could lose as much as $17 billion." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Expected in Stores Soon / Stevia Drinks - December 19th, 2008: "[....] Stevia, a diet sweetener that is a natural substance, was approved on Wednesday [12/17/08] by the FDA. By Thursday, the first stevia-sweetened soft drink, Sprite Green by Coca-Cola, was on its way to stores. [NP] Pepsi said its first stevia product, SoBe Lifewater, should hit store shelves next week, and Trop50, a stevia-sweetened light orange juice product, is due out in January. [NP] Dr. Pepper Snapple, the No. 3 soft drink company, said in Thuraday it will market stevia within a few weeks. [NP] By this time next year, the supermarket shelves may be filled with stevia drinks - and little packets of stevia are likely to be on restaurant tables everywhere. [....]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article (First sodas using new diet sweetener stevia expected to be in stores soon), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Security Fraud / Lehman Brothers Broker - December 19th, 2008: "A Lehman Brothers broker who gleaned tips about pending mergers from his wife [Nina], a partner at a high-powered public relations firm [Brunswick Group LLC], was charged Thursday [12/18/08] in a wide-ranging insider trading scheme that earned $4.8 million in profits, authorities said. [....] According to the company and criminal court papers, Matthew Devlin already has pleaded guilty to four counts of conspiracy to commit securities fraud and one count of securities fraud in a deal aimed at winning leniency at sentencing. [....]" [Based on: Article (Insider trading tips came from wife, charges say, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Planning a Coup? / Security Officials, Iraq - December 19th, 2008: "Officials ['up to 25 people'] trying to restore Saddam's party arrested [Iraqi officials said Thursday']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

*Trivia: "The Iraqi Ministry of the Interior said the 24 officials released last week were not arrested for trying to re-form a banned political party. Rather, they were suspected of making fake ID cards." [Based on: News Services article (Iraqi arrests), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   Life Sentence /  Former Rwandan Colonel - December 19th, 2008: "ARUSHA, TANZANIA / Former Rwandan colonel [Col. Theoneste Bagosora] gets life [convicted 12/18/08] for massacre [A former Rwandan Army colonel behind the 1994 slaughter of more than 500,000 people was convicted of genocide Thursday and sentenced to life in prison.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Discrimination Lawsuit / U.S. Secret Service - December 19th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Secret Service penalized in discrimination lawsuit ['In a scalding 51-page opinion issued late Wednesday' - 12/18/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 -   Accused of Misleading Congress / Alberto Gonzales - December 19th, 2008: "Former White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales misled Congress when he claimed the CIA in 2002 approved information that ended up in the 2003 State of the Union speech about Iraq's alleged effort to buy uranium for its nuclear weapons program, a House committee said Thursday [12/18/08]. [NP] The committee also expressed skepticism about claims by then-national security adviser Condoleezza Rice that she was unaware of the CIA's doubts about the claim before President George W. Bush's speech. [NP] Iraq's alleged attempt to buy uranium was one of the justifications for the Bush administration's decision to go to war. The claim has since been repudiated. [NP] The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee said in a memo that its investigation showed the CIA had warned  at least four National Security Council officials not to allow Bush, in three speeches in 2002, to cite questionable intelligence that Iraq had attempted to obtain uranium." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Gonzales is accused of misleading Congress), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 20th, 2008: "Most stocks gained Friday [12/19/08], extending a second straight weekly advance, as President George W. Bush's rescue plan for carmakers eased concerns about the industry's collapse and the loss of jobs. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks show weekly advance after auto bailout), p. A40, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -   Financial Aid / Latavia - December 20th, 2008: "International lenders pledged $10.5 billion to Latavia, the latest country to receive financial aid since the start of the global economic downturn." [Based on: News Services article (Latavia aid), p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -   Russian Warships / Cuba - December 20th, 2008: "A Russian anti-submarine destroyer and two logistical warships docked in Cuba on Friday [12/19/08], a thumb-your-nose port call aimed at Washington. [NP] It also signals that Cuba is willing to hedge its bets as President Raul Castro reaches out to the United States, offering to negotiate directly with President-elect Barack Obama." [Based on: News Services article (HAVANA / Russian warships visit in anti-U.S. gesture), p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -   Bank Bailout Trivia / Belgium - December 20th, 2008: "Prime Minister Yves Leterme offerd the resignation of his entire government over allegations it sought to interfere with a court case on the Fortis bank bailout." [Based on: News Services article (Belgium crisis), p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -   Flu Medicine Trivia / Tamiflu - December 20th, 2008: "Government health officials say that a leading flu medicine, Tamiflu, might not work against all cases of the flu this year." [Based on: News Services article (ATLANTA / Flu warning), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -  Financial Aid / U.S. Automakers - December 20th, 2008: "Bush OKs aid for GM, Chrysler ['announced Friday'] / Automakers will get up to $17.4 billion in loans on condition of restructuring plans." [Based on: Title for THE BOSTON GLOBE article, p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -   Guilty Plea / Former Bush Aide - December 20th, 2008: "Former Bush aide Felipe Sixto pleaded guilty of stealing from a U.S. government-funded center that promotes democracy in Cuba." [Based on: News Services article (Guilty plea), p. A38, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 -  Damaged Communication Cables - December 20th, 2008: "Egypt lost its Internet after just three cables were cut off the coast of Sicily, officials said - and repairs will take several days." [Based on: News Services article (Egyptian outrage), p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

*Trivia: "A robotic submarine searched beneath the Mediterranean on Sunday [12/21/08] for damaged communications cables, two days after Web and telephone access was knocked out for much of the Middle East. [NP] Telecommunication providers from Cairo to Dubai continued Sunday to scramble to reroute voice and data traffic through potentially costly detours in Asia and North America after the lines running under the Mediterranean Sea were damaged Friday [12/19/08]. [NP] Internet access was largely knocked out for two days in at least six countries that were affected - Egypt, Jordan, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan and Yemen." [Based on: News Services article (DUBAI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES / Undersea robot searches for damaged cables), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 - U.S.-Approved Deployment / Afghanistan - December 20th, 2008: "Defense Secretary Robert Gates has approved the deployment of a combat aviation brigade with 3,000 personnel to Afghanistan as the Pentagon begins a buildup of forces there." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Afghan deployment), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 12/20/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Off the east Coast of Honshu, Japan - December 20th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 10:29:22 (UTC) on Saturday, December 20th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 36.603°N, 142.356°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ OFF THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008avan.php] - [T.D. - 12/20/08]

2008 -   401(K) Cuts  / U.S.A. - December 21st, 2008: "Companies target 401(k) for cuts / Contributions for retirement plans are being cut back, or eliminated altogether." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/21/08]

2008 -   Snow and Ice  / U.S.A. - December 21st, 2008: "Snow, ice and storms [12/20/08] are felt coast to coast [U.S.A.]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/21/08]

2008 -   Science Post Picks / U.S.A. - December 21st, 2008: "President-elect Barack Obama named Harvard physicist John Holdren and marine biologist Jane Lubchenco on Saturday [12/20/08] to top science posts, signaling a change from President George W. Bush's policies on global warming. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Climate-change experts are picked for Obama's team), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/21/08]

2008 - Sun in Capricorn - December 22nd, 2008: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Capricorn [conjunct Pluto]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200812.html]

2008 -   Tariff Protests / Russia  - December 22nd, 2008: "Russian riot police crack down [12/21/08] on protests over tariffs ['on imported automobiles']" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   Winter Weather / U.S.A. - December 22nd, 2008: "Weekend storms in the nation's northern half knocked out power to thousands of customers Sunday [12/21/08] and produced nightmarish conditions for holiday travelers coast to coast on the first official day of winter. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Winter weather grips the nation / Power outages, auto accidents accompany blizzards, whiteouts), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   Mine-Infested Nation / Bosnia  - December 22nd, 2008: "Thirteen years after Bosnia's 1992-95 war ended, mines are still claiming scores of victims. [NP] The problem is not that officials don't know where most of the explosives are buried. It's that they just can't seem to scrape together enough cash to get them out of the ground. [NP] Under an international treaty, Bosnia was supposed to be minefree by March 2009. [NP] Instead, the Balkan country quietly has obtained another decade to clear 220,000 remaining mines and other unexploded ordnance that pose a hidden menace to children, farmers, hunters, hikers and woodsmen. [NP] Authorities in Europe's most mine-infested nation acknowledged that more than 600 square miles of territory - an area larger than Los Angeles - is still riddled. [NP] Take all the former front lines where most of the mines lurk, lay them end to end, and you'd have a belt stretching 8,700 miles. The danger zone would reach more than a third of the way around Earth, or cover at least two Great Walls of China. [NP] Since the war ended, mines have claimed 1,665 victims, including 487 fatalities. So far this year [2008], 19 people were killed and 18 others maimed. [....] But an AP review of documents, and interviews with senior officials coordinating the effort, found that Bosnia is raising only about a third of the $50 million a year that Prime Minister Nikola Spiric says his impoverished nation needs to rid itself of mines by 2019, the new deadline. [....] It costs $2.50 to scan a square yard of suspicious territory - more than the going price for some land. That sounds cheap until you consider the vast areas of Bosnia that must be poked and prodded to ensure they're safe. [NP] All told, locating and removing a single mine costs $10,000." [Based on: A.P. article (Deadline to be missed - by decade / War-torn country got an extension to remove the hazards, but money to do the work is lagging.) by William J. Kole, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   More Fighting / Israel & Hamas - December 22nd, 2008: "Israel's top security official warned Sunday [12/21/08] that Gaza militants can hit more Israeli cities with longer-range rockets, on a day when rockets exploded in border towns and a coastal city after an Israel-Hamas truce expired. [NP] Only one Israeli was lightly wounded in the barrage of 19 rockets and three mortars by nightfall. But after a weekend of heavy rocket attacks - and two Israeli airstrikes in response - Israel's government threatened to strike back hard. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / Militants' range grows, Israeli security warns), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   Earthquake / Central California - December 22nd, 2008: "HOLLISTER, CALIF. / Magnitude-4.1 quake shakes central California [12/21/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 -   Pope Honors Galileo / 400 Years Later! - December 22nd, 2008: "Pope Benedict XVI is marking the 400th anniversary of Galileo's use of a telescope. [NP] Benedict said Sunday [12/21/08] that he wanted to salute all who are marking the 2009 anniversary and UNESCO's World Year of Astronomy. [NP] Speaking on the winter solstice, Benedict said understanding the laws of nature can stimulate understanding and appreciation of the Lord's works. [NP] The Roman Catholic Church condemned Galileo in the 17th century for supporting Nicholas Copernicus' discovery that the Earth revolved around the sun; church teaching at the time placed Earth at the center of the universe. In 1992, Pope John Paul II apologized, calling the denunciation a tragic error." [Based on: News Services article (VATICAN CITY / Pope honors Galileo - 400 years after the fact), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The church denounced Galileo's theory as dangerous to the faith, but Galileo defied its warnings. Tried as a heretic in 1633 and forced to recant, he was sentenced to life imprisonment, later changed to house arrest. [....] At a Vatican conference last month [November 2008] entitled 'Science 400 Years after Galileo Galilei,' the Vatican's No. 2, Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, said Galileo was an astronomer, but one who 'lovingly cultivated his faith and his profound religious conviction.' [NP] 'Galileo Galilei was a man of faith who saw nature as a book authored by God,' Bertone said. [NP] On Sunday [12/21/08], Pope Benedict XVI paid tribute to the Italian astronomer and physicist, saying he and other scientists had helped the faithful better understand and 'contemplate with gratitude the Lord's works.' " [Based on: A.P. article (Galileo's image gets an update from Vatican on eve of anniversary), by Nicole Winfield, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Liver Metabolism / High Fructose Corn Syrup - December 22nd, 2008: "[....] In the study, published in a recent issue of Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, a team of Illinois researchers analyzed gene expression in the liver and found that the body metabolizes fructose in a way that's much more complicated than previously thought. [....] Many scientists believe that high dietary fructose contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors that predict heart disease and Type 2 diabetes. [....] When a person is eating, blood sugar and insulin production go up. When a person sleeps or fasts, blood sugar goes down. [NP] But with fructose, the process is much more complex. To metabolize it, the body has to simulate the processes of fasting and eating by activating certain genes. [....]" [Based on: article (UNDER THE MICROSCOPE / That sweet tooth can gnaw at your liver / High-fructose diets cause genes to work overtime, U of I researchers report.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/22/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - December 23rd, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole [see link]. Credit: SOHO Extreme UV Telescope"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?PHPSESSID=o7fnso6r9dqdn4jqcutfa2gg52&month=12&day=23&year=2008&view=view]

2008 -   Dismissed / Nader Suit - December 23rd, 2008: "A federal judge has dismissed a lawsuit by Ralph Nader that accused Democrats of conspiring to keep him off the ballot in the 2004 presidential election." [Based on: News Services article (Nadir suit), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 23rd, 2008: "Stocks fell Monday [12/22/08], erasing last week's advance, as a deteriorating outlook for corporate earnings and real estate offset expectations that government efforts to revive the economy will succeed. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Markets recede, wiping out gains from last week), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Cease Fire / Hamas? - December 23rd, 2008: "JERUSALEM / Hamas calls cease-fire [12/22/08]; Israel considers attack" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   MRI / George W. Bush - December 23rd, 2008: "President George W. Bush had an MRI of his left shoulder on Monday [12/22/08] in an attempt to understand why he has experienced pain recently." [Based on: News Services article (Presidential MRI), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Russian Missles / Iran? - December 23rd, 2008: "U.S. officials said Monday [12/22/08] that they want answers from Russia on whether it is selling advanced surface-to-air missles to Iran, a move the U.S. insists could threaten American troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. [NP] A senior military intelligence official said that while Moscow has sent out conflicting responses to reports on the sale of long-range S-300 missles, the U.S. believes it is taking place. However, it appears that no equipment has yet been delivered to Iran, said the official." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Missles to Iran? U.S. wants Russian response), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Pandas / China to Taiwan - December 23rd, 2008: "A pair of pandas in China [Tuan Tuan & Yuan Yuan] set off today on their long-awaited good will journey to their new home in Taiwan, state media reported." [Based on: News Services article (Panda trip), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Elections Trivia / Minnesota - December 23rd, 2008: "MINNEAPOLIS / Franken leads by 48 in latest analysis" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Convictions / Fort Dix Case - December 23rd, 2008: "Five convicted in Fort Dix case [12/22/08] / The men, Muslim immgrants from the Philadelphia area, conspired to attack the post, the jury finds." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   U.S. Missle Strikes? / Pakistan - December 23rd, 2008: "Suspected U.S. missle strikes killed eight people Monday [12/22/08] in northwest Pakistan, where al-Qaida and Taliban leaders are believed hiding, officials and witnesses said." [Based on: News Services article (Airstrikes in Pakistan), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Fastest-Growing U.S. State / Utah - December 23rd, 2008: "[....] Utah was the fastest growing state [U.S.A.], knocking Nevada from the top ranks. Utah's population climbed from July 2007 to July 2008. It was followed by Arizona, Texas, North Carolina and Colorado. Nevada was ranked eighth, after 23 years of ranking in the top four each year. [....]" [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article (Fastest-growing state? It's Utah), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Tombs Discovered / Saqqara, Egypt - December 23rd, 2008: "SAQQARA, EGYPT / Egyptians discover 4,300-year-old tombs" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -    Found Dead / Investment Fund Founder - December 23rd, 2008: "The founder of an investment fund that lost $1.4 billion with Bernard Madoff was discovered dead Tuesday [12/23/08] after comitting suicide at his Madison Avenue office. [NP] Rene-Thierry de la Villehuchet was found at about 8 a.m. with both wrists slashed, a New York police spokesman said. A box cutter was found on the floor along with a bottle of sleeping pills on his desk. No suicide note was found." [Based on: Wire Reports article (MADOFF SCANDAL / Fund founder kills self), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Militant-Induced Action? / Iraqi Shoe-Thrower - December 23rd, 2008: "Al-Maliki takes aim at Iraqi shoe-thrower [12/22/08] / Journalist's letter of apology says known militant induced action, prime minister says" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 -   Probe Installed / International Space Station - December 23rd, 2008: "MOSCOW / Probe installed during U.S.-Russian spacewalk ['scientists hope data ... will help explain malfunctions that repeatedly have occurred as a Russian module has attempted  to separate from the station.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/23/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Bougainville Region, Papua New Guinea - December 23rd, 2008:

"2008/12/23,11:15:24.0,-6.426,154.857,6.2, 78" *Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/27/08]

2008 - Emerging Sunspots? - December 24th, 2008: "This morning, Dec. 24th, NASA's STEREO-B spacecraft photographed a pair of active regions emerging in the sun's southern hemisphere. Clouds of hot glowing gas detected by STEREO's extreme UV telescope probably mask a pair of new-cycle sunspots underneath: [....] The clouds and spots are not yet visible from Earth. STEREO-B is stationed over the sun's eastern limb where it can see things up to three days before the sun's rotation turns them toward our planet. So, consider this a sneak preview. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=12&day=24&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 24th, 2008: "Stocks fell for a second day on Tuesday [12/23/08] as concern grew that emergency loans won't save the auto industry, while house prices plunged and the government confirmed the economy shrank the most since 2001 last quarter. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks slide amid new bailout worries), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Push for Coup? / Guinea  - December 24th, 2008: "[....] A group calling itself the National Council for Democracy began announcing its takeover on state-run radio and TV just hours after the death of longtime dictator Lansana Conte was made public. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Group makes push for coup in Guinea), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Settlement / Yale University  - December 24th, 2008: "Yale University has agreed to pay $7.6 million to resolve allegations that it broke the law by mismanaging federally funded research grants." [Based on: News Services article (Yale settlement), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Forced Out / Iraqi Speaker  - December 24th, 2008: "Iraq's fractious parliament squeezed its abrasive speaker [Mahmoud al-Mashhadani] out of a job Tuesday [12/23/08] and authorized non-U.S. foreign troops to stay in the country for another half-year, a pair of highstakes moves in its final session of 2008." [Based on: A.P. article (Speaker of Iraq parliament is forced out), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   No Joy at Christmas / Zimbabwe  - December 24th, 2008: "No joy at Christmas in Zimbabwe / 'It is just another day of poverty,' as cholera has killed more than 1,100." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 - Tropical Cyclone Billy / Coast of Australia - December 24th, 2008: "Tropical Cyclone Billy continued traveling westward along the coast of Western Australia on December 24, 2008. [....]" [Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=36274]

2008 -    U.S. Aid / American Express Co. - December 23rd, 2008: "AMERICAN EXPRESS / $3.39 billion in U.S. aid ['$3.39 billion in capital as part of the government's $700 billion bank investment program.']" [Based on: Title for Wire Reports article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga Region - December 24th, 2008: "2008/12/24,09:11:34.2,-17.339,-171.871,6.3, 10"

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/27/08]

2008 -   Closed / Oldest GM Plant, U.S.A.  - December 24th, 2008: "GM's oldest plant ['built in 1918 for tractor production and converted ... in 1923'] says goodbye / 1,200 employees were let go when production was ended in Janesville, Wis. [12/23/08]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Reinstated / Clean Air Rule, U.S.A. - December 24th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Court reinstates clean-air rule [12/23/08 - U.S.A.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Presidential Pardon / Charles Winters  - December 24th, 2008: "Man [Charles Winters] who aided Israel in 1940s gets pardon [posthumously - 12/23/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -    Evidence Needed? / Mumbai Attacks - December 24th, 2008: "Nearly a month after the Mumbai terror attacks, India has not provided the evidence needed for Interpol to help identify and apprehend the suspected masterminds, the chief of the global police agency said Tuesday [12/23/08]. [....] India has one suspect in custody: the lone surviving gunman from the Nov. 26 attack. [NP] On Monday, India gave Pakistan a letter it says was written by accused attacker Mohammed Aimal Kasab. [NP] But Pakistan has no record of the man in its National Database and Registration Authority, according to an official." [Based on: News Services article (NEW DELHI / Interpol: India no help in Mumbai attacks probe), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -   Wells Fargo & Co. Buyout / Wachovia Corp.   - December 24th, 2008: "WELLS FARGO-WACHOVIA / Shareholders OK buyout [12/23/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/24/08]

2008 -    Guinea Coup?  - December 25th, 2008: "CONAKRY, GUINEA / Leader of coup [Capt. Moussa Dadis Camara] feels power from the people" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/25/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 25th, 2008: "Stocks gained for the first time in three days Wednesday [12/24/08] as consumer spending and orders for durable goods topped economists' forecasts, easing concern that the recession will cause corporate revenue to plummet. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks gain a bit on short trading day), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 12/25/08]

2008 -    Revokes Pardon / George W. Bush - December 25th, 2008: "President George W. Bush on Wednesday [12/24/08] revoked a pardon he had granted only a day before - a step unheard of in recent memory - after learning in news reports of political contributions to Republicans by the man's father and other information. [NP] Bush pardoned 19 people on Tuesday, including Isaac Robert  Toussie of Brooklyn, N.Y., who had been convicted of making false statements to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and of mail fraud. [NP] White House press secretary Dana Perino said the decision to withdraw Toussie's pardon was 'based on information that has subsequently come to light,' including on the extent and nature of his prior criminal offenses. She said neither Bush nor the White House counsel's office had known about a political contribution by Toussie's father that 'might create an appearance of impropriety.' " [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Bush revokes pardon issued a day earlier), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/25/08]

2008 -    Destroyed / U.S. Nerve Gas Weapons  - December 25th, 2008: "The Army says it has destroyed the last of its weapons containing deadly nerve agents at the Anniston Army Depot in east Alabama. [NP] An Army statement said the last weapon containg VX nerve agent was destroyed at the depot's chemical weapons incinerator on Wednesday [12/24/08]. The incinerator finished destroying another kind of nerve agent, sarin, in 2006." [Based on: News Services article (ANNISTON, ALA. / Army finishes destroying nerve gas weapons), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/25/08]

2008 - Moderate Earthquake / Off the Coast of Pakistan - December 25th, 2008: "2008/12/25,22:40:23.7,23.394, 64.495,5.8, 13"

*Link: http://neic.usgs.gov/neis/gis/qed.asc [T.D. - 12/31/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Mindanao Philippines - December 25th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 03:20:29 (UTC) on Thursday, December 25th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 5.751°N, 125.406°E; Depth 204.5 km (127.1 miles)] was located @ MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008baah.php] - [T.D. - 12/31/08]

2008 -    Christmas Message /   Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Britain - December 25th, 2008: "Iran's president is offering season's greetings to Christians in a British TV address and suggests that if Jesus were alive, he would oppose 'bullying, ill-tempered and expansionist powers' - an apparent reference to the United States and its allies. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's Christmas Day broadcast to be delivered on Britain's Channel 4 television, occupying a slot that provides an often controversial counterpoint to Queen Elizabeth II's traditional annual message, the station said Wednesday [12/24/08]. [NP] A leading British Jewish body said it was appalled." [Based on: News Services article (LONDON / Iranian leader talks of what Jesus would do), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/25/08]

2008 -    Winter Storm / Western U.S,.A. - December 26th, 2008: "RENO, NEV. / New winter storm pummels West [12/25/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/26/08]

2008 -    Jewish Fallout / Madoff Scheme - December 26th, 2008: "The Anti-Defamation League cites a spike in anti-Semitic comments online after Madoff's arrest on Dec. 11. A columnist for the Israeli newspaper Haaretz lamented the case as 'the answer to every Jew-hater's wish list.' [....] Yeshiva University, one of the nation's foremost Jewish institutions of higher education, lost $110 million; Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, lost $90 million; director Steven Spielberg's Wunderkinder Foundation acknowledged unspecified losses; and a $15 million foundation established by Holocaust survivor and writer Elie Wiesel was wiped out. Jewish federations and hospitals have lost millions, and some foundations have had to close. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Jews suffer even more in wake of investor's arrest) by Jennifer Peitz, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/26/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 27th, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [12/26/08], giving the Standard & Poor's 500 index its first back-to-back gains in three weeks, after GMAC's conversion to a bank spurred a rally in General Motors Corp. and oil's increase sent Exxon Mobil Corp. higher. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (GMAC deal, oil price rise help push stocks higher), p. A24, S.L.P.D., 12/27/08]

2008 -    Coal Ash Spill / Tennessee - December 27th, 2008: "NASHVILLE. TENN. / Spill ['A coal ash spill in Tennessee'] is even larger ['5.4 million cubic yards' - more than a billion gallons of sludge, according to CNN on 12/28/08] then experts feared." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 12/27/08]

2008 -    Car Bombs / Iraq - December 28th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / Car bombs [12/27/08] kill more than two dozen people [Iraq]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/28/08]

2008 -    Trivia / Tom Eagleton - December 28th, 2008: "FBI files / J. Edgar Hoover took notice of Tom Eagleton / VP race - Disclosure of psychiatric history helped derail 1972 campaign. / FBI denials - Memos at the time say FBI had no role in disclosure, but doubts remain." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article by Phillip O'Connor, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/28/08]

2008 -    Israeli Airstrikes / Gaza Strip - December 28th, 2008: "JERUSALEM - Waves of Israeli air strikes [more than 100 tons of bombs as of 12/28/08 - based on CNN broadcast] on security compounds in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip killed more than 200 people on Saturday [12/27/08], sending tremors through the Middle East and inflaming the Israeli-Palestinian conflict at a time of transition in Washington. [NP] It was the deadliest day of fighting in Gaza in decades, coming after militants in the coastal territory had stepped up attacks on Israel, firing scores of rockets and mortar rounds after the expiration of a shaky truce last week. [NP] Mu'awiya Hassanein, chief of emergency services in the Gaza Strip, said that 225 people had been killed and 750 wounded in the Israeli attacks, which continued into the night. Gaza militants fired fresh salvos or rockets at southern Israel, killing one man in the town of Netivot and wounding several others. [....]" [Based on: Chicago Tribune article ('It will not be short' / Israeli airstrikes pound Hamas targets in Gaza / Violent surge - Militants have recently stepped up attacks from the Gaza Strip. / Political flux - Both the U.S. and Israel are changing leaders, adding to the stress.) by Joel Greenberg, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/28/08]

2008 -    Power Failure / Oahu, Hawaii - December 28th, 2008: "Crews gradually restored electrical service across parts of Oahu on Saturday [12/27/08] after a power failure blacked out the island's population and visitors, including President-elect Barack Obama." [Based on: News Services article (Hawaiian power), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/28/08]

2008 -    Rocket Attack / Kabul, Afghanistan - December 28th, 2008: "KABUL, AFGHANISTAN / 3 teenage sisters killed by rocket [Kabul, Afghanistan - 12/27/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 12/28/08]

2008 - Fireball / New England - December 29th, 2008: "Last night, Dec. 29th at 9:30 p.m. EST, sky watchers in Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York and New Jersey witnessed a magnitude -9 fireball that exploded colorfully in mid-flight. No one knows if fragments of the meteoroid reached the ground. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=30&month=12&year=2008]

2008 -    Intensified Gaza Assault / Israel - December 29th, 2008: "[....] Israeli leaders said they would press ahead with the Gaza campaign despite enraged protests across the Arab world and Syria's decision to break off indirect peace talks with Israel. Israel's foreign minister said the goal was to halt Gaza rocket fire on Israel for good but not to reoccupy the territory. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Israel intensifies Gaza assault, eyes ground invasion / Border buildup is on, call-up of reserves gets OK as rocket fire from Hamas decreases substantially.), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/29/08]

2008 -    Suicide Bomber / Buner, Pakistan - December 29th, 2008: "Suicide bomb [12/28/08] kills over 30 in Pakistan [killed 45 people and wounded 15] / Some fear violence by extremists could increase as Pakistan shifts troops toward border with India." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 12/29/08]

2008 -    Suicide Bomber / Khost Province, Afghanistan - December 29th, 2008: "Blast kills Afghan children [12/28/08] / Suicide bomb near school ['killing 14 children and wounding 58 people, the U.S. military said.'] may have been intended for police post." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 12/29/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - December 30th, 2008: " 'The Northern Lights are coming,' says Rob Stammes of the Polar Light Center in Lofoten, Norway. He bases his prediction on what is happening right now in the ground outside his magnetic observatory. 'Electrical currents are surging through the Earth. Here is the recording from my ground current instrument [see link]'. [....] The cause of this activity is a solar wind stream hitting Earth. The impact of the solar wind rattles Earth's magnetic field which, in turn, induces electrical currents in the ground. 'This kind of ground current surge normally precedes beautiful Northern Lights,' notes Stammes. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras tonight. " [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=30&month=12&year=2008]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "Stocks fell Monday [12/29/08], halting the longest rally in three weeks, after funding for Dow Chemical Co.'s purchase of Rohm & Haas Co. fell through, raising concern companies won't complete deals as financing disappears." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Markets dip; longest rally in 3 weeks ends), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Auto Loans Trivia / U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "Loans for auto rescue put retiree health care at risk / GM and Chrysler must use company stock to pay half, or $10.5 billion, of cash owed to union health care trust." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for DETROIT FREE PRESS article, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    More Air Strikes / Gaza Strip - December 30th, 2008: "[....] The U.N. said at least 62 of the dead were civilians, and medics said eight children under the age of 17 were killed in two strikes overnight [12/29/08]" [Based on: A.P. article (Israel devestates Hamas targets / Raids strike next to premier's home, level university building. 3-day death toll at 364.), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Trivia / GMAC Bailout, U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "[....] Under the plan, the Treasury will buy $5 billion in preferred GMAC shares, paying an 8 percent annual dividend. It also will lend up to $1 billion to General Motors Corp. so that it too can buy additional equity in GMAC, which the Treasury could take on demand. [NP] The Treasury said the money for the injection would come from the $700 billion financial industry bailout, and that GMAC would have to meet restrictions on executive pay as part of the deal." [Based on: DETROIT FREE PRESS article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 - Resignation / President of Somalia - December 30th, 2008: "Somalia's president resigned Monday [12/29/08] after a four-year term in which his Western-backed government failed to extend its power throughout a country crippled by infighting and a strengthening Islamic insurgency. [....] Within hours of the announcement, mortar shells slammed into the streets near the presidential palace in Mogadishu, where the government maintains a token presence." [Based on: news Services article (MOGADISHU, SOMALIA / President resigns; shells hit capital), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Financial Firms Borrowing / U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "[....] The Fed reported that commercial banks averaged $86.3 billion in daily borrowing over the week that ended Wednesday [12/24/08], down from $88.4 billion for the week that ended Dec. 17. [....]" [Based on: Article (FINANCIAL FIRMS' BAILOUT / Less borrowing last week), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Fades with Age? / Audiao Dimmer Switch - December 30th, 2008: "[....] Scientists have long known that the brain not only receives signals from the ears but can also talk back to them. And when there's too much noise, this dimmer switch brain circuitry tells the ears to reduce their flow of signals to the brain. [....] Frisina [Robert Frisina, University of Rochester, N.Y.] and colleagues published evidence in 2002 that the dimmer switch effectiveness declines with age. The drop-off showed up in middle-aged people (ages 38 to 52) and was even worse in people past age 62. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Now hear this: Brain's audio dimmer switch fades with age), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Kerkorian Sells Remaining Shares / Ford Motor Co. - December 30th, 2008: "FORD / Kerkorian sells all shares" [Based on: Title for article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 - Class-Action Status Rejected / Hurricane Trailer Victims, U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "Suits over trailers ['Gulf Coast hurricane victims'] to be heard separately / Class-action status is rejected [12/29/08] in cases involving tainted mobile homes." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 -    Small Earthquakes / Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming) U.S.A. - December 30th, 2008: "More than 250 small earthquakes have hit Yellowstone National Park since Friday [12/26/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Wyoming), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/30/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - December 31st, 2008: "Stocks climbed the most in two weeks on Tuesday [12/30/08] after the government widened its efforts to keep General Motors Corp. out of bankruptcy by shoring up its finance arm. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise on news of federal aid to GMAC), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Guilty Plea / Israeli Spy - December 31st, 2008: "An 85-year-old former Army mechanical engineer Ben-ami Kadish, pleaded guilty in New York to conspiracy, admitting that he passed classified documents to the Israelis in the 1970s and 80s." [Based on: Article (Israeli spy), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Elections Trivia / Bangladesh - December 31st, 2008: "Bangladesh's first election in seven years returned former Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to power in a landslide, but rival Khaleda Zia, also a former prime minister, made accusations to vote fraud. 'It is a farcical election,' Zia said. [NP] Both women faced recent corruption charges." [Based on: News Services article (DHAKA, BANGLADESH), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Potentially Hazardous Asteroids - December 31st, 2008: "On December 31, 2008 there were 1013 potentially hazardous asteroids. "

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 12/31/08]

2008 - Roland Burris / Illinois Senate? - December 31st, 2008: "Blagojevich makes his choice [12/30/08] / SENATE SEAT - Roland Burris accepts appointment. / DEFIANT PICK - Senate Democrats vow not to seat him" [Based on: Title & Subtitles for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Consumer Conficence Sinks / U.S.A. - December 31st, 2008: "[....] The Conference Board's sentiment index unexpectedly fell to 38, the lowest reading since records began in 1967, the New York-based private research group said Tuesday [12/30/08]. Another report showed that a drop in home values accelerated in October as credit dried up. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Consumer confidence sinks even lower), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - 2 Held Properly / Guantanamo Detainees - December 31st, 2008: "WASHINGTON / 2 Guantanamo detainees held properly ['the first clear-cut victories for the Bush administration in what are expected to be more than 200 similar cases.'], judge [Richard J. Leon] rules [12/30/08]" [Based on: Article title, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Missle Defense Contract / Boeing Co. - December 31st, 2008: "Boeing Co., the second-largest U.S. defense contractor, received a $397.9 million contract from the Pentagon's Missle Defense Agency to continue development to the ground-based Midcourse Missle Defense program. [NP] The order was announced by the U.S. Defense Department on its website Tuesday [12/30/08]." [Based on: News Services article (BOEING / Missle defense contract), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Interest Rates Falling? / U.S. Credit Cards - December 31st, 2008: "The average annual interest rates charged on popular types of credit cards fell again last week, according to bankrate.com. [....] Overall, the average APR charged for all variable-rate cards tracked by Bankrate was 10.86 percent, down from 11.04 percent the previous week. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (CREDIT CARDS / Interest rates falling), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Defamation Suit / Lobbyist Sues NY Times - December 31st, 2008: "Lobbyist [Vicki L. Iseman] sues NY Times ['for $27 million Tuesday' - 12/30/08] in defamation case" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Accused of Spying for Iraq / Canadian Citizen - December 31st, 2008: "Mouyad Mahmoud Darwish, a Canadian citizen accused of spying in the United States for his native Iraq, will be sent to face federal charges in Maryland from Buffalo, N.Y., where he was caught trying to enter the country." [Based on: Article (Spy case), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/31/08]

2008 - Trivia / War-Related Deaths, Iraq & Afghanistan - "U.S. military deaths in Iraq plunged by two-thirds in 2008 from the previous year, a reflection of the improving security following the U.S. military's counterinsurgency campaign and al-Qaida's slow retreat from the battlefield. [NP] By comparison, the war in Afghanistan saw American military deaths rise by 35 percent in 2008 as Islamic extremists shift their focus to a new front. [NP] According to a tally by The Associated Press, at least 314 U.S. soldiers died in Iraq in 2008, down from 904 in the previous year. In all, at least 4,221 U.S. soldiers have died in Iraq since the war began in 2003. [NP] For Iraqis, the plunge was also marked: During 2008, at least 7,496 Iraqis died in war-related violence according to an AP count, down 60 percent from 2007. [NP] The tally does not reflect a comprehensive total for Iraqi deaths because reports do not come from all of the country. The estimate, however, has proven accurate for tracking trends. [NP] In Afghanistan, 151 U.S. soldiers died in 2008, compared with 111 in the previous year, according to an AP tally. The count recorded 1,160 civilians killed in insurgency-related violence, up from 875. [NP] At least 625 U.S. soldiers have died because of the war in Afghanistan since the fighting began in 2001. [NP] The count is based on figures from Afghan, U.S. and NATO officials. [NP] The combined total of at least 465 U.S. deaths in both Iraq and Afghanistan for 2008 is the lowest combined total for both wars since 2003, when the U.S. invaded Iraq. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (U.S. military deaths in Iraq plummet in 2008 ), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 01/01/09]

2008 - Flood Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 12. Number of deaths due to flooding: at least 282." [D.R.D.]

2008 - Volcano Trivia / 2008 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 6. Number of reported deaths include: 4." [D.R.D.]

2008 - Avalanche Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable avalanche, landslide, mudslide or roof collapse events this year: at least 12. Number of reported deaths: at least 220" [D.R.D.]

2008 - "Hurricane" Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable storms this year include: at least 9 Tropical Storms, 9 Hurricanes, 12 Cyclones & 10 Typhoons. Number of reported deaths: at least 85,727. [deaths due to flooding are generally recorded under Flood Trivia]." [D.R.D.]

2008 - Earthquake Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable earthquakes [generally, 6.0 or above] in 2008: at least 217. [2007 - at least 171; 2006 - at least 145; 2005 - at least 110]. Number of reported deaths due to earthquakes in 2008: at least 71,527." [D.R.D.]

2008 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 2008 - "Number of reported deaths [generally, according to national (U.S.A.) news headlines] from natural disasters [not all illustrated this timeline] in 2008: at least 157,873." [D.R.D.]

Calendar Months

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