Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles (on this timeline) are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]    *Color Code

November 2008

2008 - Astronomic Configuration - November 1st, 2008: "Sun [9 Scorpio], Moon [15 Sagittarius], Mercury [24 Libra], Venus [16 Sagittarius], Mars [19 Scorpio], Jupiter [16 Capricorn], Saturn [18 Virgo], Uranus [19 Pisces R.], Neptune [21 Aquarius], Pluto [29 Sagittarius], Chiron [16 Aquarius]." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200811.html]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 1st, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [10/31/08], capping their biggest weekly gain since 1974, after JPMorgan Chase Co. took steps to end the housing crisis, bank lending rates declined and earnings from companies outside the financial industry expanded four times faster than the previous quarter. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks cap their biggest weekly gain since 1974), p. A36, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - U.S. Airstrike? / Pakistan - November 1st, 2008: "Missles believed fired from U.S. drones hit two villages close to the Afghan border Friday [10/31/08], killing 27 people, including an Arab al-Qaida operative and other foreign militants, intelligence officials said. [NP] The new strikes raised the number of such attacks to at least 17 since August [2008]. [....]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article (DERA ISMAIL KHAN, Pakistan / Apparent U.S. missles said to kill militants), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Spike in Suicides / Japan - November 1st, 2008: "TOKYO / Spike in suicides [more than 870 people this year] tied to household chemicals [used to form poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - New Feedlot Rules / U.S.A. - November 1st, 2008: "WASHINGTON / EPA's new feedlot rules [10/31/08] draw some criticism" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Record Low U.S. Deaths / Iraq - November 1st, 2008: "October [2008] U.S. deaths in Iraq [13] match record low ['13 fatalities suffered in July.'" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - November 1st, 2008: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 Oct 2008 at 04:39:06 PM GMT is: $10,537,694,615,676.91. The estimated population of the United States is 305,015,225 so each citizen's share of this debt is $34,548.09. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $3.83 billion per day since September 28, 2007! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House! [Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 11/01/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Bismark Sea - November 1st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 01:13:10 (UTC) on Saturday, November 1st, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 3.395°S, 148.543°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ BISMARCK SEA." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008ywae.php] - [T.D. - 11/02/08]

2008 - Major Threat? / Melamine, China - November 1st, 2008: "Chemical may now be major threat to China's food chain / Widespread use of melamine stirs global fears that tainting extends far beyond dairy products, eggs." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Settlement / U.S. Pharmaceuticals - November 1st, 2008: "Three drug companies [Warrick Pharmaceuticals, Scherring Corp. and Schering-Plough Corp.] that bilked Medicaid agree to pay $31 million / They settle with the state of Missouri before a jury can assign punitive damages." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for article by Heather Ratcliffe, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Interview / Yitzhak Rabin Assassin - November 1st, 2008: "Yitzhak Rabin's assassin, in his first interviews since the 1995 killing, said he shot the Israeli prime minister because Ariel Sharon and other hawkish ex-generals had warned that Rabin's land-for-peace deal with the Palestinians would of- [< typo? incomplete word?] bring disaster. [NP] Yigal Amir fatally shot Rabin at the end of a peace rally in Tel Aviv on Nov. 4, 1995. [NP] Amir told Israel's Channel 10 TV he was spurred into action by comments from Sharon, Rehavam Zeevi and Rafael Eitan - all three right-winf politicians with long military careers." [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / Assassin cites influence of right-wing politicians), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit / Chevron Corp. - November 1st, 2008: "Chevron Corp.'s third-quarter profit more than doubled on the record crude prices last summer, though production fell. [NP] San Ramon, Calif.-based Chevron earned $7.89 billion, or $3.85 a share, in the three months ended Sept. 30, versus $3.72 billion, or $1.75 per share, last year. Revenue rose to $78.87 billion from $55.2 billion." [Based on: Article (CHEVRON / Profit soars on oil prices), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Suspect / Hoax Anthrax Letters, U.S.A. - November 1st, 2008: "SACRAMENTO, CALIF. / Bail is set for suspect [Marc M. Keyser] in hoax anthrax mailing ['suspected of mailing more than 120 hoax anthrax letters nationwide.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit Drop / The Washington Post Co. - November 1st, 2008: "WASHINGTON POST / Profit tumbles 86 percent" [Based on: Title for article, p. A35, S.L.P.D., 11/01/08]

2008 - Boeing Contract - November 2nd, 2008: "SEATTLE / Machinists union ratifies contract with Boeing [11/01/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/02/08]

2008 - Solar Activity / Sunspot 1007 - November 2nd, 2008: "New-cycle sunspot 1007 is growing again and moreover it is developing a mixed-polarity magnetic field that harbors energy for solar flares. Already, Earth-orbiting satellites have detected a series of minor B-class eruptions. [.....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 11/02/08]

2008 - Died / Madelyn Payne Dunham - November 2nd, 2008: "Obama's grandmother [Madelyn Payne Dunham] dies [11/02/08] 2 days before election [she was 86]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Bolivia - November 2nd, 2008: "LA PAZ, BOLIVIA / President [of Bolivia] suspends U.S. anti-drug operations [11/01/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 11/02/08]

2008 - Rare Earth Tremors / North Texas - November 2nd, 2008: "Northern Texas has been getting nore rare earth tremors, one day after several minor earthquakes made Halloween memorable for some people in the area. [NP] Two almost simultaneous aftershocks were centered beneath Grand Prairie and Irving just before 7 a.m. Saturday." [Based on: Title for News Services article (DALLAS / Tremors continue in North Texas), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/02/08]

2008 - Last Message / Mars Phoenix Lander - November 2nd, 2008: "[....] Phoenix landed on Mars on May 25, 2008 ... [....] Designed for a three-month lifespan, the craft sent its last message Nov. 2 of that year as the sun was sinking below the horizon. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (NASA ends push to contact damaged Mars Lander), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 05/25/10]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Andreanof Islands. Aleutian Is., Alaska - November 2nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 13:48:44 (UTC) on Sunday, November 2nd, 2008. The magnitude 6.1event [Location: 51.633°N, 174.379°W; Depth 51.4 km (31.9 miles)] was located @ ANDREANOF ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN IS., ALASKA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008yxbh.php] - [T.D. - 11/02/08]

2008 - B-Class Solar Flares - November 3rd & 4th, 2008: "On Nov. 3rd and 4th, sunspot 1007 unleashed a series of B-class solar flares that bathed Earth's dayside in X-rays and caused ionospheric disturbances over Europe. After many months of deep solar minimum, the sun is finally showing signs of life. [NP] Solar rotation is about to carry sunspot 1007 over the western limb where it can no longer be seen from Earth. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=05&month=11&year=2008]

2008 - Status / Sunspot 1007 - November 3rd, 2008: "Over the weekend, sunspot 1007 grew into a substantial active region with two planet-sized cores connected by dark magnetic filaments thousands of kilometers long. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 11/03/08]

2008 - Rejected / GM Request - November 3rd, 2008: "DETROIT / Treasury Dept. [U.S.A.] rejects $10 billion GM request" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 11/03/08]

2008 - Landslide / Southwestern China - November 3rd, 2008: "BEIJING / China landslide leaves 20 dead, 42 missing" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 11/03/08]

2008 - Trivia / Brain Fade? - November 4th, 2008: "Think achy joints are the main reason we slow down as we get older? Blame the brain, too: The part in charge of motion may start a gradfual downhill slide at age 40. [....] An exercised brain may spot fraying insulation quicker and signal for repair cells to get to work. [NP] To Bartzokis [Dr. George Bartzokis], the brain is like the Internet. Speedy movement depends on bandwidth, which in the brain is myelin, a special sheet of fat that coats nerve fibers. [....] Strikingly, tapping speed and myelin health both peaked at age 39. Then both gradually declined with increasing age, the researchers reported last month in the journal Neurobiology of Aging. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (BRAIN FADE / As body slows, so does brain, study finds), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 4th, 2008: "Stocks fell Monday [11/03/08] after drifting between gains and losses before the presidential election, on the worst contraction in manufacturing since 1982 and forecasts that the sagging economy will reduce profits. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks droop again on concern slump will harm earnings), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Down / U.S. Auto Sales - November 4th, 2008: "General Motors' October U.S. sales plunged 45 percent, and Ford's and Chrysler's weren't far behind, as low consumer confidence and tight credit combined to bring the industry's sales to an 'unsustainably weak level' that is the worst in 25 years. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (AUTOS / SALES HIT A CLUNKER / 'Unsustainably weak level' is the worst in 25 years as credit, confidence take toll. / DOWN 45% - GMC / DOWN 35% - CHRYSLER / DOWN 30% - FORD), p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Exonerated / Sarah Palin - November 4th, 2008: "New report [11/03/08] clears Palin in Troopergate dispute" [Based on: Title for ANCHORAGE DAILY NEWS article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Volcanic Activity / Ethiopia - November 4th, 2008: "The Erta Ale Range is a volcanic chain in Ethiopia’s Afar Region, part of the East African Rift System where tectonic plates are pulling apart. In early November 2008, a volcanic eruption occurred in this region, producing enough lava to cover a record 300 square kilometers (115 square miles), according to a BBC report. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=35827]

2008 - Series of Bombings / Iraq - November 4th, 2008: "A series of bombings struck Baghdad and a neighboring province Monday [11/03/08], killing at least 10 people and wounding 40, including a deputy oil minister who was injured when a bomb went off in front of his house as he was leaving from work. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (BAGHDAD / 10 killed in bombings; oil official is wounded), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Presidential Election / U.S.A. - November 4th, 2008: Election Day U.S.A.

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - November 4th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 18:35:45 (UTC) on Tuesday, November 4th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3event [Location: 17.122°S, 168.425°E; Depth 206.7 km (128.4 miles) set by location program] was located @ VANUATU." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008yzcb.php] - [T.D. - 11/06/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Loss / MasterCard - November 4th, 2008: "MASTERCARD / Charge ['hefty legal charge' - 'related to a settlement agreement with Discover Financial Services.'] affects earnings" [Based on: Title for article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - U.S. President Elect / Barack Obama - November 4th, 2008: "YES, HE DID / OBAMA MARCHES INTO HISTORY / Broad support makes him first black man to take White House / Huge turnout spurs resounding victory in electoral college / In gracious speeches, rivals extend offers of cooperation / MESSAGE TO THE WORLD / 'New dawn of American leadership is at hand' / OBAMA CELEBRATES IN CHICAGO / America: 'A place where all things are possible' " [Based on: Title & Subtitled for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

*Trivia: "Obama's win prompts celebration, praise worldwide" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

*Trivia: "Arabs say Obama's victory gives them hope of better relations" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Militant Jewish Settlers / West Bank - November 4th, 2008: "Responding to a surge in violence by militant Jewish settlers, the Israeli government has announced that it will halt direct and indirect state funding of unauthorized settlement outposts in the West Bank. [NP] There are about 100 unauthorized outposts in the West Bank, many of them makeshift extensions of settlements. [NP] Under the U.S.-backed 'road map' peace plan, Israel is suppoosed to remove at least two dozen of them immediately." [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / Israel to halt funding of West Bank sites), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Pakistan - November 4th, 2008: "Drones not helping, Petraeus told [11/03/08] / In visit by general, Pakistani officials are critical of U.S. airstrikes in the tribal areas." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Life Sentence / Bin Laden Videomaker - November 4th, 2008: "GUANTANAMO BAY / Jury gives life sentence [11/03/08] to bin Laden videomaker [Ali Hamza al-Bahlul]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Aid Worker Kidnapped / Kabul, Afghanistan - November 4th, 2008: "KABUL, AFGHANISTAN / Gunmen kidnap French aid worker [11/03/08] in Kabul" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Monsanto Acquisition / Aly Participacoes Ltda. - November 4th, 2008: "MONSANTO - ETHANOL BUSINESS / Brazilian firm [Aly Participacoes Ltda.] is bought / CANAVIALIS IS one of two key units purchased by Monsanto. / SUGAR COULD be company's next big field for offering biotech crops." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Guilty Pleas / Mosque Bombing, Columbia, Tenn. - November 4th, 2008: "NASHVILLE, TENN. / Two men [Jonathan Edward Stone & Michael Corey Golden] plead guilty [11/03/08] of firebombing mosque [February 2008]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Income / Andarko Petroleum Corp. - November 4th, 2008: "ANADARKO [Andarko Petroleum Corp.] / Income quadruples" [Based on: Title for article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/04/08]

2008 - Mouse Clone - November 5th, 2008: "[....] The research appeared in Tuesday's [11/04/08] issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. [....]" [Based on: THE YOMIURI SHIMBUN article (Mouse is cloned from frozen tissue), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Congo Fighting - November 5th, 2008: "Congo's government rejected rebel leader Laurent Nkunda's demand for direct talks to solve the fighting that has left tens of thousands of refugees deperate for international aid." [Based on: News Services article (Congo fighting), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 5th, 2008: "Stocks advanced Tuesday [11/04/08] in the biggest presidential Election Day rally in 24 years, led by energy and banking shares. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks stage their biggest Election Day rally since '84), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Baghdad Bombings / Iraq - November 5th, 2008: "Baghdad bombings kill 15, hurt dozens [11/04/08]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Israeli Airstrike / Gaza Strip - November 5th, 2008: "Israel launched an airstrike on Gaza early today after its troops clashed with Hamas militants who fired mortars into Israel, leaving six Palestinians dead. [NP] It was the first battle since a June truce mostly quieted violence in the volatile territory." [Based on: News Services article (GAZA CITY, GAZA STRIP / Israeli airstrike follows Hamas mortar attack), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Trivia / Ozone Hole, Antarctica - November 5th, 2008: "This year's ozone hole over Antarctica was the fifth biggest on record, reaching a maximum area of 10.5 million square miles in September, NASA says. [NP] That's considered 'moderately large,' NASA atmospheric scientist Paul Newman said in a statement. [NP] NASA has tracked the size of the hole for 30 years. Last year, it was 9.7 million square miles, about the size of North America. [NP] The hole is an area of depletion in the stratospheric ozone layer, which blocks harmful ultraviolet rays from space. Created by human-produced gases, the ozone hole generally forms in August and grows to its maximum size in September or October before breaking up." [Based on: News Services article (NASA / Antarctica ozone hole is fifth biggest on record), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - FCC Approved / Verizon Purchase - November 5th, 2008: "The Federal Communications Commission approved Verizon Wireless's $28.1 billion purchase of Alltel Corp. and Clearwire Corp. [....]" [Based on: Wire Reports article (FCC / Two deals are approved), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / China & Taiwan - November 5th, 2008: "China and Taiwan made economic history with a bold agreement that allows planes and ships to travel directly across the Taiwan Strait. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (TAIPEI, TAIWAN / China, Taiwan agree on historic travel deal), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 6th, 2008: "The stock market posted its biggest plunge after a presidential election Wednesday [11/05/08] as reports on jobs and service industries stoked concern the economy will worsen. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Market plunges most after presidential vote), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Iraq - November 6th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / Suicide bomber [11/05/08] rams car into police patrol ['killing six people and wounding 12 others, police said.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Trivia / Cancer Genome  - November 6th, 2008: "For the first time, researchers have decoded all the genes of a person with cancer and found a set of mutations that may have caused the disease or aided its progression. [....] Though the research involved leukemia, the same techniques can also be used to study other cancers. [NP] 'This is the first of many of these whole cancer genomes to be sequenced,' said Richard Wilson, director of the Genome Sequencing Center at Washington University in St. Louis and the senior author of the study. 'They'll give us a whole bunch of clues about what's going on in the DNA when cancer starts to bloom.' [NP] The mutations - genetic mistakes - found in this research were not inborn, but developed later in life, as do most mutations that cause cancer. (Only 5 percent to 10 percent of all cancers are thought to be hereditary.) [....] The study is being published today in the journal Nature. [....] Until now, Wilson said, most work on cancer mutations has focused on just a few hundred genes already suspected of being involved in the disease, not the 20,000 or so genes that make up the full human genome. [....] Indeed, eight of the 10 mutations his group discovered would not have been found with the more traditional approach. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Scientists here make first map of cancer's full DNA) by Denise Grady, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - U.S. Troop Withdrawl? / Iraq - November 6th, 2008: "Spurred by a continued decline in violence, the U.S. military will reduce its presence in Iraq to 14 combat brigades this month - at least two months earlier than originally planned. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / U.S. will withdraw some troops from Iraq), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Iran - November 6th, 2008: "Iran's military said Wednesday [11/05/08] that American helicopters were spotted near its border with Iraq, and it warned that Iran would respond to any violation of its airspace, the news agency IRNA reported. [....]. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (TEHRAN / Iran warns U.S. against violating its airspace), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Russia - November 6th, 2008: "Russia will deploy short-range missles near Poland to counter U.S. military plans in Eastern Europe, President Dmitry Medvedev warned Wednesday. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (MOSCOW / Russia to deploy missles near Poland), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Internet Army? / Barack Obama - November 6th, 2008: "A powerful new lobbying force is coming to town: Barack Obama's triumphant army of 3.1 million Internet-linked donors and volunteers. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Obama's Internet army to become player on Hill), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / China & Taiwan - November 6th, 2008: "Taiwanese President Ma Yingjeou says that a communist Chinese envoy visiting Taiwan has had a successful trip. [....] China and Taiwan split amid civil war in 1949, and China claims the democratically governed island as part of its territory. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (TAIPEI, TAIWAN / Visit by Chinese envoy is called a success), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Afghanistan - November 6th, 2008: "Karzai urges Obama [11/05/08] to halt air attacks" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Middle East - November 6th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Rice heads [11/05/08] to Mideast for new peace talks" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Hurricane Paloma / Northwestern Caribbean - November 6th, 2008: "[....] Paloma originated from a persistent area of disturbed weather in the southwestern Caribbean Sea. A tropical depression formed on the afternoon of November 5, 2008, about 170 km (about 105 miles) off the northeast coast of Nicaragua. The following day, with conditions favorable for development, the depression was upgraded to a tropical storm and officially became Paloma as it moved slowly northward. By early that same evening, Paloma had become a hurricane as it entered the northwestern Caribbean. [....]" [Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=35865]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Kermadec Islands Region - November 6th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 09:11:02 (UTC) on Thursday, November 6th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 29.911°S, 176.955°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008yzcb.php] - [T.D. - 11/06/08]

2008 - Plane Crash Fatality / Interior Secretary, Mexico - November 6th, 2008: "A conversation between pilots and the control tower gave no hint that anything was wrong moments before a plane carrying Mexico's second-most-powerful official [Interior Secretary Juan Camilo Mourino] suddenly dived into rush-hour traffic [11/04/08]. [....] Authorities said Wednesday that the crash, which killed 14 people in all, was mostly [< typo? most?] likely an accident." [Based on: News Services article (MEXICO CITY / Air crash kills Mexico's interior secretary), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Same-Sex Marriage Ban / Californa, Arizona & Florida - November 6th, 2008: "A giant rainbow-colored flag in the gay-friendly Castro neighborhood here was flying at half-staff on Wednesday [11/05/08] as social and religious conservatives celebrated passage of measures to ban same-sex marriage in California, Florida and Arizona." [Based on: News York Times article (Same-sex marriage movement stalls), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/06/08]

2008 - Congo Fighting - November 7th, 2008: "KIWANJA, CONGO / Fighting kills at least 20 [11/06/08] as U.N. calls for cease-fire" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 7th, 2008: "Stocks slid Thursday [11/06/08], sending the market to its biggest two-day slump since 1987, after jobless claims jumped and a bad economy crushed earnings. [....] The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 5 percent to 904.88, extending its two-day loss to 10 percent. The Dow Jones industrial average retreated 443.48 points, or 4.9 percent, to 8,695.79. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Market's slide is the worst over 2 days since 1987), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - No Charges / Eliot Spitzer - November 7th, 2008: "Federal prosecutors said Thursday [11/06/08] that they wouldn't charge former New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer with any crimes stemming from his use of prostitutes from the Emperors Club VIP scandal." [Based on: News Services article (Eliot Spitzer), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Terrorist Attacks / Pakistan - November 7th, 2008: "A suicide car bomber wounded at least 20 people at a checkpoint in Pakistan's northwest on Thursday, officials said. An earlier attack Thursday killed at least 17 people in the Bajur tribal region." [Based on: News Services article (Pakistan), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - November 7th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 07:19:35 (UTC) on Friday, November 7th, 2008. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 14.862°S, 168.049°E; Depth 13 km (8.1 miles) set by location program] was located @ VANUATU." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zcai.php] - [T.D. - 11/09/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Banda Sea - November 7th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 16:04:17 (UTC) on Friday, November 7th, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 6.750°S, 129.252°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ BANDA SEA." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zcbf.php] - [T.D. - 11/09/08]

2008 - Stepping Down / Belgium Senator - November 7th, 2008: "A far-right senator in Belgium, Michel Delacroix, has stepped down as the National Front party leader after a video of him singing a song poking fun at the Holocaust was broadcast on national television." [Based on: News Services article (Belgium), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Breach of Records? / Express Scripts Inc. - November 7th, 2008: "[....] sales tallies from major retailers on Thursday [11/06/08], many showing declines of 10 percent or more, suggest shoppers will remain skittish through the holiday season, buying presents for children but not much else. [....] The number of people continuing to receive jobless benefits reached its highest level in more than 25 years, according to government figures. [....]" [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article (OCTOBER RETAIL SALES / Weakest in 39 years), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - U.S. Chief of Staff /  Rahm Emanuel? - November 7th, 2008: "Chief of staff known as fighter / Rep. Rahm Emanuel has reputation for getting things done." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Snow Storm / Northern Plains, U.S.A. - November 7th, 2008: "RAPID CITY, S.D. / 3-foot snowfall buries Northern Plains [11/06/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Terrorist Attack / North Ossetia Province - November 7th, 2008: "An explosion hit a minibus in the capital of Russia's North Ossetia province Thursday [11/06/08], killing 11 in what officials called a terrorist attack. Also in Russia, lawmakers vowed Thursday to amend the constitution by year's end to extend the presidential term to six years - a move that could pave the way for Vladimir Putin's return to the Kremlin." [Based on: News Services article (Russia), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Breach of Records? / Express Scripts Inc. - November 7th, 2008: "Express Scripts Inc. said Thursday [11/06/08] that it received an extortion letter last month threatening to expose millions of the company's records if an undisclosed sum wasn't paid. [NP] The company, based in north St. Louis County, manages perscription benefits for about 50 million people through clients such as health insurers and employers. [....]" [Based on: Article (Express Scripts discloses breach of its records), p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/07/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - November 7th, 2008: "High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for Northern Lights tonight. Earth is entering a high-speed solar wind stream and this is lighting up auroras around the Arctic Circle. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=07&month=11&year=2008]

2008 - Jobless Rate / U.S.A. - November 8th, 2008: "Unemployment rate at highest level since '94 / Total number of jobless jumped to 10.08 million last month [October 2008]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Bloomberg News article, p. A34, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 8th, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [11/07/08] for the first time in three days as investors speculated the Federal Reserve will lower interest rates after unemployment surged, General Motors Corp. warned it is running out of cash and pending house sales dropped. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise on speculation of another rate cut), p. A36, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Consumer Debt / U.S.A. - November 8th, 2008: "[....] Consumer debt rose by $6.9 billion in September [2008] from the previous month to a total of $2.59 trillion." [Based on: Article (CONSUMER CREDIT / More are borrowers), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga - November 8th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 07:50:01 (UTC) on Saturday, November 8th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 15.200°S, 174.307°W; Depth 146.1 km (90.8 miles)] was located @ TONGA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zdak.php] - [T.D. - 11/12/08]

2008 - Recruiter Suicides? / U.S.A. - November 8th, 2008: "Army [U.S.A.] to investigate recruiter suicides" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Angolan Troops / Goma, Congo - November 8th, 2008: "GOMA, CONGO / Angola joins fighting ['officials reported Friday' - 11/07/08] against Congolese rebels" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - U.S. Missle Strike? / North Waziristan - November 8th, 2008: "A suspected U.S. missle targeting a Taliban commander killed 13 people near the Afghan border Friday [11/07/08], a sign that America's new general for the region is not heeding Islamabad's  pleas for a halt to the strikes. [....] The latest attack took place in Kam Sam village in North Waziristan region, a stronghold for militants blamed for killing U.S. troops in Afghanistan and suicide blasts within Pakistan." [Based on: A.P. article (Deadly U.S. missle strike suspected), p. A23, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Settlement / Goldman Sachs Group Inc. - November 8th, 2008: "Goldman settles for $100 million [''will pay $100.5 million to policyholders of defunct General American Life Insurance']" [Based on: Article, p. A35, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Trivia / Detainee Photos, Iraq & Afghanistan - November 8th, 2008: "[....] Amrit Singh, staff attorney with the ACLU, said the pictures proved the government was wrong when it said the abuse at Abu Ghraib was an isolated event." [Based on: News Services article (New York / U.S. appeals order on photos of detainees), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Sentenced / Former Executive, Engineered Support Systems Inc. - November 8th, 2008: "Steven J. Lamdmann, former controller of Engineered Support Systems Inc., was sentenced Friday [11/07/08] to two years on federal probation in a $20 million illegal stock options backdating scheme. He pleaded guilty last year of lying to regulators. [....]" [Based on: Article (St. Louis / Former executive gets probation for lying), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/08/08]

2008 - Sunspot 1008 - November 10th, 2008: "[....] November is picking up where October left off with the formation of yet another new-cycle sunspot, provisionally numbered 1008. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=10&month=11&year=2008]

2008 - Violence in Iraq - November 10th, 2008: "Bombs killed at least eight people Sunday [11/09/08] across Iraq and wounded dozens of others, officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Violence in Iraq), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Cholera / Congo - November 10th, 2008: "Cholera joins list of ills in Congo" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Bailout Package? / AIG - November 10th, 2008: "[....] A proposed $123 billion package would be replaced with a $150 billion package, according to the Wall Street Journal. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (NEW YORK / AIG may get revised bailout package), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Stimulus Package / China - November 10th, 2008: "China announced a $586 billion stimulus package Sunday [11/09/08] in its biggest move to inoculate the world's fourth-largest economy against the global financial crisis. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (China feels squeeze, prods its economy / $586 BILLION PUSH - Money will be invested in infastructure and social welfare as growth slows.), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Executed / Bali Bombers - November 10th, 2008: "Hours after the executions [11/09/08] of three men for their roles in the Bali bombings of 2002, nearly 1,000 Islamic radicals shouted 'God is great' in Arabic and threatened revenge as the bodies of two of the men arrived in their hometowns, Tenggulun, in East Java on Sunday. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (JAKARTA, INDONESIA / Bombers' executions spark radicals' threats), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Trivia / A & E Supplements - November 10th, 2008: "Vitamins C and E - pills taken by millions of Americans - do nothing to prevent heart disease in men, one of the largest and longest studies of these supplements has found. [....] Results also were published online by the Journal of the American Medical Association." [Based on: News Services article (NEW ORLEANS / Vitamins C and E may not block heart disease), p. A13, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Russian Submarine Accident - November 10th, 2008: "A Russian nuclear submarine returned to base Sunday [11/09/08] after an accident with its fire-extinguishing system flooded two compartments with Freon gas, killing 20 people and injuring 21, officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Russia), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - World Food Program / Africa - November 10th, 2008: "World Food Program turns to farmers in Africa / Effort aims to develop a reliable supply of native crops to feed the hungry, replacing U.S. shipments and boosting local economies." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Xibalba Ruins? / Yucatan Peninsula - November 10th, 2008: "A Mayan highway through hell / Mexican archaeologist [Guillermo de Anda] says series of caves [Yucatan peninsula] could depict legendary journey [through Xibalba?] " [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Northern Qinghai, China - November 10th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 01:22:02 (UTC) on Monday, November 10th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 37.588°N, 95.834°E; Depth 19 km (11.8 miles) set by location program] was located @ NORTHERN QINGHAI, CHINA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zfae.php] - [T.D. - 11/12/08]

2008 - Veteran Drug Trafficker? / U.S. Customs Inspector - November 10th, 2008: "A veteran customs inspector recently arrested on drug charges helped traffickers smuggle about 3,000 pounds of cocaine into the country [U.S.A.] over five years, according to a court document." [Based on: News Services article (Texas), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/10/08]

2008 - Jobs Loss / DHL - November 11th, 2008: "DHL is firing 14,900 in U.S." [Based on: Title for Bloomberg News article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Bigger Bailout / AIG - November 11th, 2008: "FEDERAL BAILOUT / AIG is getting bigger rescue / NEW DEAL - Giant insurer gets $150 billion package [11/10/08], nearly double 2 months ago. / NEWLY NEEDY - American Express wins conversion to bank status to tap Fed funds." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Bloomberg News article, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

*Trivia: "AIG / Seminar ['last week at a luxury resort in Phoenix'] held at resort [Pointe Hilton Squaw Peak]" [Based on: Title for Wire Reports article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 11th, 2008: "Stocks dropped Monday [11/10/08] as a worsening outlook for companies from Goldman Sachs Group Inc. to Google Inc. overshadowed China's $586 billion stimulus plan and pledges by the world's biggest nations to bolster economic growth. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Shares slide despite China's stimulus plan), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Ocean Acidity Increasing - November 11th, 2008: "Increasing acidity puts ocean creatures at risk, group says ['according to a report Tuesday from the advocacy group Oceana.']" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Fatality / Al-Qaida Leader - November 11th, 2008: "CINCINNATI / Al-Qaida leader [Hajji Hammadi] killed on 'appropriate' day [11/11/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Afghanistan - November 11th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [11/09/08] kills two Spanish soldiers [western Afganistan] / U.S.-led forces [separately] kill 14 militants in gunbattle, but governor said the dead were civilians." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Chapter 11 / Circuit City Inc. - November 11th, 2008: "[....] The nation's [U.S.A.s] second-largest electronics retailer has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, allowing it to keep operating while it develops a reorganization plan. [....]" [Based on: A.P. picture article (SHORT-CIRCUTED), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Baghdad, Iraq - November 11th, 2008: "Baghdad bombs kill at least 31  [71 wounded] / Blasts [11/10/08] raise doubts about Iraqi security forces as U.S. prepares to reduce troops." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Traces of Uranium? / Syrian Site - November 11th, 2008: "VIENNA, AUSTRIA / Bombed Syrian site had uranium, diplomats say [11/10/08]" [Based on: Title for Nerws Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Loss / Fannie Mae - November 11th, 2008: "$29 billion loss for Fannie Mae in quarter / Company says $100 billion credit line may not be enough." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Stock Driop / General Motors Corp. - November 11th, 2008: "General Motors stock drops [11/10/08] to lowest point ['at one point to $3.02'] in 60 years ['since Dec. 2, 1946.']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Multinational Force / Somalia Coast - November 11th, 2008: "CAIRO, EGYPT / Warships ['A multinational force'] off Somalia helping fend off pirates" [Based on: Title for news Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Mission End? / Mars Phoenix Lander - November 11th, 2008: "LOS ANGELES / Mars lander [Phoenix] has gone silent [11/02/08], ending mission" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - White House Loses Case / Missing E-Mails - November 11th, 2008: "[....] Bush's administration had argued that the courts did not have the power to order the White House to retrieve any missing e-mails." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / White House loses case [11/10/08] over missing e-mails), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/11/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 12th, 2008: "Stocks dropped for a second day Tuesday [11/11/08] as a deteriorating outlook for American industry and oil's drop below $59 a barrel signaled the economic slump may deepen. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks sink as outlook deteriorates, oil drops), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Pension Relief? / U.S.A. - November 12th, 2008: "Companies push for pension relief / CONGRESS ON SPOT - Letter asks lawmakers to lift requirement for funding retirement pools. / JOBS AT STAKE? - Businesses say they may have to lay off workers to comply with federal law." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article by Stephen Manning, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Butanol Backing? / U.S.A. - November 12th, 2008: "Butanol gets backing [U.S.A.] as a rival to ethanol" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Young Obese Kids / U.S.A. - November 12th, 2008: "Obese children as young as 10 had the arteries of 45-year-olds and other heart abnormalities that greatly raise their risk of heart disease, say doctors who used ultrasound tests to take a peek inside. [NP] The studies were reported Tuesday [11/11/08] at an American Heart Association conference. [NP] About a third of American children are overweight and one-fifth are obese. Research increasingly shows that fat kids become fat adults, with higher risks for many health problems." [Based on: News Services article (NEW ORLEANS / Young obese kids have old arteries, doctors say), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Trivia / Journal Register Co. - November 12th, 2008: "Newspaper publisher Journal Register Co. plans to close up to 13 of the newspapers it owns in Connecticut if it can't find a buyer for them. [....]" [Based on: Wire Reports article (JOURNAL REGISTER / 13 newspapers may close), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Downward Spiral? / U.S. Economy - November 12th, 2008: "[....] 'Foreclosures hurt families, their neighbors, whole communities and the overall housing market,' said James Lockhart, the housing finance agency's director. 'We need to stop this downward spiral.' [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (STEMMING THE MORTGAGE CRISIS / Efforts aim to help folks keep homes / MODIFYING LOANS QUICKLY - That's the goal of new action by government, industry and Citigroup.) by Alan Zibel, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Loss / Tribune Co. - November 12th, 2008: "Debt-heavy Tribune Co. reported a swing to a third-quarter loss of $121.6 million brought about by bad industry conditions, restructuring charges and a steep interest costs. A year ago, the media company had net income of $152.8 million. [....]" [Based on: Wire Reports article (TRIBUNE CO. / Conditions bring a loss), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - 20-Month Low / Oil Prices, U.S.A. - November 12th, 2008: "Oil prices hit a 20-month low Tuesday [11/11/08] while gasoline prices fell to a national average of $2.22 a gallon. Light sweet crude oil for Dedember delivery fell more than 5 percent, or $3.25, to $59.16 a barrel [....]" [Based on: Wire Reports article (FUEL PRICES / Oil hits a 20-month low), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - More Accidents / I-44, St. Louis, Mo. - November 12th, 2008: "NARROWING OF LANES ON I-44 HAS LED TO ... A RISE IN CRASHES / ACCIDENTS ON INTERSTATE 44 - According to the Highway Patrol, 558 crashes occurred on I-44 between January and June of this year [2008]. / 27 PCT. INCREASE - Accidents this year compared with last year. / 'THERE GOES ANOTHER IDIOT' - Speeding is an issue, some say." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Sales / Toll Brothers Inc. - November 12th, 2008: "House builder Toll Brothers Inc., saying cancellations jumped 30 percent, reported that sales fell 41 percent in the fourth quarter. Toll said revenue declined to $691 million from $1.17 billion last year." [Based on: Wire Reports article (TOLL BROTHERS / Revenue plunges 41%), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Solvency Problems? / St. Louis Galleria - November 12th, 2008: "St. Louis Galleria owner warns it is facing solvency problems ['Shares of General growth Properties Inc. dropped 64 percent Tuesday']." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - More Cuts Sought / General Motors Corp. - November 12th, 2008: "After reaching its goal of trimming about 20 percent of its white-collar workers, General Motors Corp. now wants 30 percent. [NP] GM said about 3,460 salaried workers acceptted buyout offers as of Oct. 31 topping a target it set in July of 3,000. [NP] The additional cuts could come from more buyouts, through attrition or by layoffs." [Based on: Wire Reports article (GENERAL MOTORS / More cuts are sought), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/12/08]

2008 - Mideast Conflict - November 13th, 2008: "Israeli troops and Palestinian militants fired missles and mortars at one another along the Gaza-Israel border on Wednesday [11/12/08], killing four Gaza gunmen." [Based on: News Services article (Mideast conflict), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Missle Test / Iran - November 13th, 2008: "TEHRAN, IRAN / Long-range missle test [Sajjil, a surface-to-surface missle with reported range of 1,200 miles] is called a success [11/12/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 13th, 2008: "Stocks fell for a third day Wednesday [11/12/08] as the Treasury's plan to use bailout funds to shore up consumer lending and Best Buy Co.'s warning of a 'seismic' slowdown in spending stoked concern that the credit crisis is far from over. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Best Buy's forecast brings sinking feeling), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Bullets & Bombs / Iraq - November 13th, 2008: "An Iraqi soldier sprayed automatic weapons fire Wednesday [11/12/08] at U.S. soldiers at an Iraqi military base in Mosul, killing two and wounding six before he died in a hail of bullets, an American general said. [NP] In Baghdad, bombers struck the capital for a third straight day, killing 23 people and wounding scores in a string of attacks in mostly Shiite areas. The U.S. military said dozens were injured, but it couldn't confirm any fatalities. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Iraqi soldier opens fire on GIs; 2 die, he is slain), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Exo-Planet / Fomalhaut b - November 13th, 2008: "NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has taken the first visible-light snapshot of a planet circling another star. The planet, called 'Fomalhaut b', orbits the bright southern star Fomalhaut, located 25 light-years from Earth. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 11/13/08]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/13nov_fomalhaut.htm

2008 - Unique Auroras on Saturn - November 13th, 2008: "In today's edition of Nature, a team of astronomers led by Tom Stallard of the University of Leicester, UK, announced the discovery of unique auroras on Saturn. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 11/13/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Loss / Macy's Inc. - November 13th, 2008: "MACY'S EARNINGS / Swing to $44 million loss" [Based on: Title for Wire Reports article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Car Bomb / Eastern Afghanistan - November 13th, 2008: "KABUL, AFGHANISTAN / Attack ['car bomb' - 'outside Jalalabad'] on convoy [U.S.] hurts 57 civilians, U.S. soldier [11/13/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - FDIC Backing / GE Capital Corp. - November 13th, 2008: "General Electric Co. said Wednesday [11/12/08] its massive finance business, hit by turmoil in the credit markets, is now elegible for federal backing of up to $139 billion of its debt. [NP] The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. approved GE Capital Corp. to participate in the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, GE said." [Based on: Wire Reports article (GENERAL ELECTRIC / FDIC backs capital debt), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - InBev Takeover / Anheuser-Busch - November 13th, 2008: " 'A bittersweet day' for A-B [11/12/08] / OVER IN 25 MINUTES - 96 percent of shareholders voting endorse InBev buyout [acquisition completed 11/18/08]. / FEARS, RUMORS HERE - St. Louisans feel loss of pride; workers feel loss of control." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / North & South Korea - November 13th, 2008: "SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA / N. Korean military sets border closure for Dec. 1 [North Korea's military announced 11/12/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Fed Rejection / Credit Card Debt Erasure - November 13th, 2008: "Federal bank regulators [The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency] have rejected a request by banks and consumer advocates [made October 29th, 2008] for a program to let lenders forgive huge portions ['as much as 40 percent ... for consumers who don't qualify for existing repayment plans.'] of credit card debt." [Based on: A.P. article (Feds say no to credit card debt erasure), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Fatality / American Aid Worker, Pakistan - November 13th, 2008: "PESHAWAR, PAKISTAN / American aid worker is killed by gunmen [11/12/08?]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - U.S. Navy Sonar Exercises / California Coast - November 13th, 2008: "The Supreme Court ruled Wednesday [11/12/08] that military training trumps protecting whales in a dispute over the Navy's use of sonar in submarine-hunting exercises off the coast of California. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Whales take backseat to Navy, justices rule), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/13/08]

2008 - Trade Deficit / U.S.A. - November 14th, 2008: "[....] The United States has had a trade deficit for most of the last 30 years, as the country started buying more goods manufactured abroad. (There was a brief surplus in 1992.) [....] As of Thursday [11/13/08], the trade deficit in September was $56.5 billion, down from $59.1 billion in August. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (TRADE DEFICIT / More U.S. dollars are flowing out than in), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 14th, 2008: "Stocks on Thursday [11/13/08] had their sharpest rally in two weeks, with the Standard & Poor's 500 index jumping 6 percent in the final hour [D.J.I.A. - 8, 835.25. / S&P - 911.29], as investors snapped up the cheapest energy shares on record and real estate companies gained after CB Richard Ellis Inc. raised cash in a share sale. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stock market rallies on cheap energy, real estate offering), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Trivia / "Brown Clouds" - November 14th, 2008: "[....] Brown clouds are caused by an unhealthy mix of particles, ozone and other chemicals that come from cars, coal-fired power plants, burning fields and wood-burning stoves. First identified by the report's [U.N. report's] lead researcher in 1990, the clouds were depicted Thursday [11/13/08] as being more widespread and causing more environmental damage than previously known. [NP] Perhaps most widely recognized as the haze this past summer over Beijing's Olympics, the clouds have been found to be more than a mile thick around glaciers in the Himalaya and Hindu Kush mountain ranges. They hide the sun and absorb radiation, leading to new worries not only about global climate change but also about extreme weather conditions. [....] The phenomenon complicates the climate change scenario, because the brown clouds also help cool the Earth's surface and mask the impact of global warming by an average of 40 percent, according to the report. [....] The enormous cloud masses can move across continents within three to four days. Although they also form over the eastern U.S. and Europe, winter snow and rain tend to lessen the impact in those areas. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Report warns of 'brown clouds' / They are the latest threat to the environment, according to a U.N. program.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - HIV/AIDS Trivia / Chile - November 14th, 2008: "Chile is scrambling to reach people who could be suffering from AIDS and spreading the disease. [NP] Authorities say public health services failed to tell 512 people that they tested positive for HIV. Private sector health services also dropped the ball, failing to inform an estimated 1,700 people that tests show them carrying the AIDS virus." [Based on: News Services article (SANTIAGO, CHILE / More than 2,000 not told they have HIV), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Refugee Trivia / Congo War - November 14th, 2008: "[....] Some 70,000 refugees have fled to Kibati since fighting intensified in eastern Congo in August, displacing at least 250,000 people despite the presence of the largest U.N. peacekeeping force in the world. [....] There are no schools in the camp, and young children run underfoot all day, dodging waves of new arrivals. At night, say residents speaking in fearful whispers, drunk soldiers rampage through, raping women and girls. [....] UNICEF says hundreds of children have been separated from their families since fighting flared in August, and that overall more than 1,600 children in the province are seeking their parents. Just 17 have been reunited with their families in the last three days in Kibati. [NP] Those who have not are taken in by other families - and wait. [NP] 'Children who are separated are particularly vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, violence and recruitment into armed groups,' said UNICEF spokesman Jaya Murthy. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (war is stranding children / Refugee camps are overrun with children lacking parents.) by Anita Powell, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Lead Rules Weakened / U.S.A. - November 14th, 2008: "[....] Faced with a court order to act more aggressively, the EPA last month [October 2008] lowered the maximum amount of lead allowed in the air. The new standard, 0.15 micrograms per cubic meter, is 10 times more stringent than the standard set in 1978. [NP] To help meet the new limit, the EPA had planned to require lead monitors next to any factory emitting at least a half-ton of lead a year. But after the White House intervened, the agency raised the threshold to a ton of lead or more, according to e-mails and other documents exchanged between the EPA and the Office of Management and Budget. [NP] As a result, dozens of factories won't be checked regularly. Federal and state officials debate the exact number, but a Tribune review of EPA records found the number of U.S. plants monitored could drop by nearly 60 percent, from 203 to 87. [....] Industry lobbists waged a fierce battle against the new standard and the additional monitoring of factories. [NP] They argued that lingering dust from leaded gasoline and lead paint are a much bigger threat to children than ongoing industrial emissions. [....] The change by the Bush administration likely will have no impact on the lead smelter that Doe Run Co. operates in Jefferson County [Mo.]. That smelter, located in Herculaneum, emits more than 1 ton of lead per year. [NP] Doe Run officials in recent months have declined to say how the EPA's tougher standard would affect their operations." [Based on: Chicago Tribune article (Bush weakened rules on lead / The threshold was raised, limiting the scope of a tough new rule by the EPA) by Michael Hawthorne), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Launch / Space Shuttle Endeavor - November 14th, 2008: "Space shuttle Endeavour blasted off from Kennedy Space Center last night [11/14/08] at 7:55 pm EST. [....] Endeavour is now en route to the ISS where it will dock on Sunday and deliver more than 14,000 pounds of supplies and equipment. The station will receive a new toilet and kitchenette, extra sleeping quarters, and a waste recycling system necessary to expand the crew from three to six in the spring of 2009. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=11&day=15&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Earthquake Drill / Southern California - November 14th, 2008: "Southern California holds 'Big One' drill [11/13/08 - 'an earthquake drill billed as the largest in U.S. history']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - $2.8 Billion Loss / U.S. Postal Service - November 14th, 2008: "The U.S. Postal Service reported a $2.8 billion loss in the last fiscal year that will widen in 2009 because of retiree health benefit payments. The loss has prompted officials to cut costs further. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Postal Service reports loss), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit Drop / Kohl's Corp - November 14th, 2008: "Kohl's  Corp., the fourth-largest U.S. department store company, said profit fell ['Third-quarter net income dropped to $160.2 million ... from $194 million'] for the fifth quarter in a row on lower sales. [....]" [Based on: Article (KOHL'S Earnings / Sales knock profit down), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit Drop / Nordstrom Inc. - November 14th, 2008: "NORDSTROM / Profit falls ['Third-quarter net income fell to $71 million ... from $166 million']; forecast is cut" [Based on: Article title, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Trivia / 2007 I-35 Bridge Collapse, Minneapolis, MN - November 14th, 2008: "Safety investigators on Thursday [11/13/08] singled out undersized steel plates as the chief cause of last year's deadly collapse of a highway bridge in Minneapolis. [NP] But contractors working on the bridge had stockpiled construction material on the center span over the Mississippi River, and that additional weight contributed to the collapse that killed 13 people and injured 145, they said. [NP] Federal investigators told the National Safety Board that the collapse on Aug. 1, 2007, of the Interstate 35W bridge was unavoidable once gusset plates in the center span failed." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Failed I-35 bridge had undersized steel plates), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Profit Drop / Lee Enterprises Inc. - November 14th, 2008: "Lee Enterprises Inc., publisher of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch [S.L.P.D.] and other papers, reported Thursday [11/13/08] that fourth-quarter profit fell 73 percent, but the decline in advertising revenue slowed last month. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Lee profit droops; ad revenue's sag eases), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Suicide Car Bomber / Nangarhar, Province [Bati Kot], Afghanistan - November 14th, 2008: "Bomber at Afghan market [11/13/08] kills U.S. soldier, 8 civilians ['and wounding 74 people, Afghan officials said.']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 11/14/08]

2008 - Moon Probe / India - November 15th, 2008: "NEW DELHI / India reports landing of probe on moon [11/14/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/15/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 15th, 2008: "Stocks tumbled Friday [11/14/08], capping a second straight weekly loss, as a record decrease in retail sales and weaker demand for mobile phones raised concern about the depth of the recession. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Record drop in retail sales takes toll on stocks), p. A36, S.L.P.D., 11/15/08]

2008 - Woman General / U.S. Army - November 15th, 2008: "Woman [Ann E. Dunwoody is first [11/14/08] to be a four-star general [U.S. Army]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 11/15/08]

2008 - Jobs Loss / Sao Paulo, Brazil - November 15th, 2008: "Brazil's most industrialized state, Sao Paulo, lost 10.000 jobs last month as the global financial crisis shook Latin America's largest economy." [Based on: News Services article (Brazil meltdown), p. A30, S.L.P.D., 11/15/08]

2008 - Nuclear Power Plant? / Syria - November 15th, 2008: "Diplomats say the U.S. and key allies are objecting to an International Atomic Energy Agency offer to help Syria as it considers building a nuclear power plant." [Based on: News Services article (Nuclear power), p. A30, S.L.P.D., 11/15/08]

2008 - California Fires - November 16th, 2008: "Santa Anas fan ruinous fires in California [since 11/14/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08] *Link: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=35909

2008 - IMF Loan / Pakistan - November 16th, 2008: "Pakistan said Saturday [11/15/08] it had agreed to borrow $7.6 billion from the International Monetary Fund in an effort to stabilize the economy of this strategically important U.S. ally on the front lines of the battle against al-Qaida and the Taliban. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN / IMF bailout approved), p. A15 (Sunday paper), S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Draft Security Pact / Iraq - November 16th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / Security pact [a draft] gets OK [11/15/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - G20 Summit / Washington - November 16th, 2008: "Economic summit [G20] calls for new regulations[- 11/15/08]" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Flag of India / Lunar Surface - November 16th, 2008: "India rejoiced Saturday [11/15/08] by planting its flag on the moon as the country's space agency released the first pictures of the cratered surface taken by its maiden, unmanned lunar mission." [Based on: News Services article (India puts flag on moon), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Sealed Borders? / Gaza Strip - November 16th, 2008: "Gazans seeking food aid walked away empty-handed from locked United Nations distribution centers Saturday [11/15/08] after a strict Israeli border closure depleted U.N. food reserves. [NP] Israel sealed Gaza's borders nearly two weeks ago as part of a new round of fighting with Gaza's Hamas. The fighting has eroded a truce that largely held for five months." [Based on: News Services article (GAZA STRIP / U.N. closes aid centers), p. A15 (Sunday paper), S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Severe Weather / North Carolina - November 16th, 2008: "Two people were killed  by tornadoes and other severe weather that swept across central North Carolina Early Saturday [11/15/08] [....]" [Based on: News Services article (NORTH CAROLINA / Storms strike 6 counties; woman, child are killed), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Hanged for Espionage / Ali Ashtari, Iran - November 17th, 2008: "Iran has executed an electronics salesman convicted of relaying information on the country's nuclear program and other sensitive data to Israel's Mossad intelligence agency, a judiciary spokesman said Saturday [11/22/08]. [NP] Ali Ashtari was hanged Nov. 17 after being sentenced to death on June 30 by a revolutionary court in Tehran, spokesman Ali Reza Jamshidi said. It was Iran's first known conviction for espionage linked to Israel in 10 years. [NP] Iranian officials said the material they accused Ashtari of passing to Israeli intelligence included information on Iran's Atomic Energy Organization." [Based on: News Services article (Tehran, Iran / Iran hangs man convicted of spying for Israel), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/23/08]

2008 - Representative to Congress? / Philip Schiliro - November 16th, 2008: "Obama [Barack Obama] picks Schiliro [Philip Schiliro] to work with Congress [announced Saturday - 11/15/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/16/08]

2008 - Recession / Japan - November 17th, 2008: "The country fell into a recession in the third quarter for the first time since 2001, as the impact of the global slowdown took its toll on the world's No. 2 economy, the government said today." [Based on: News Services article (Japan), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 11/17/08]

2008 - Militant Attacks / Khyber Pass - November 17th, 2008: "Attacks jeopardize key U.S. supply line / Coalition forces in Afghanistan rely on goods that come through Khyber Pass." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 11/17/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Iraq - November 17th, 2008: "Iraq's Cabinet overwhelmingly approved a security pact with the United States on Sunday [11/16/08], ending prolonged negotiations to allow American forces to remain for three more years in the country they first occupied in 2003. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Iraqi Cabinet OKs deal with the U.S. / Parliament still must vote on the pact, which calls for the withdrawal of U.S. troops by Jan. 1, 2012), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/17/08]

2008 - Angioplasty Overused? / U.S.A. - November 17th, 2008: "New studies indicate that cardiologists often don't evaluate patients adequately before doing angioplasties, and patients often have inflated ideas about how important an angioplasty is to their survival. [NP] Among stable patients, new research finds, medical therapy with drugs, diet and exercise can often relieve chest pains and do it at a fraction of the cost of angioplasty." [Based on: News Services article (KANSAS CITY / Angioplasty overused, researchers find), p. A13, S.L.P.D., 11/17/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Gaza Strip - November 17th, 2008: "An Israeli airstrike killed four Palestinians militants in the Gaza Strip and a rocket exploded near a home in southern Israel on Sunday [11/16/08], Palestinian officials said. In a separate incident, Palestinian rocket fire injured one Israeli." [Based on: News Services article (Gaza Strip), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 11/17/08]

2008 - Major Earthquake / Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia - November 17th, 2008: "A major earthquake occurred at 17:02:32 (UTC) on Sunday, November 17th, 2008. The magnitude 7.3 event [Location: 1.290°N, 122.100°E; Depth 30 km (18.6 miles) set by location program] was located @ MINAHASA, SULAWESI, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zlbn.php] - [T.D. - 11/17/08]

2008 - In Recession / Japan - November 18th, 2008: "TOKYO / World's second-largest economy is in recession" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 18th, 2008: "Stocks tumbled Monday [11/17/08], extending a two-week drop, as a record contraction in New York manufacturing and Citigroup Inc.'s plan to cut 52,000 jobs spurred concern the recession will deepen. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Manufacturing concerns, Citigroup cuts hit shares), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Mob Boss Killed / Israel - November 18th, 2008: "TEL AVIV, ISRAEL / Mob boss [Yaakov Alperon] is killed when bomb explodes in his car [11/17/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - State Medals / WWII Poles - November 18th, 2008: "WARSAW, POLAND / Poland awards dozens ['many posthumously'] for saving Jews  [11/17/08] in WWII" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Resigning / Spitzer Prosecutor - November 18th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Prosecutor in Spitzer inquiry [Michael Garcia] is resigning ['told superiors ... Monday']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - More Job Cuts / Citigroup Inc. - November 18th, 2008: "Citigroup cutting 50,000 more jobs ['said Monday that it plans to'] / HUGE LOSSES CITED - Total layoffs equal 20 percent of work force. / O'FALLON CONNECTION - Jury is still out on question of cuts here [St. Louis, Mo.]" [Based on: Title for MARKETWATCH article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Price Cuts Planned / Target Corp. - November 18th, 2008: "target Corp. said Monday [11/17/08] that it will aggressively cut prices to give consumers bargains during the holiday season, after weak sales of its apparel and home offerings led third-quarter earnings to fall 24 percent. [....]" [Based on: Article (TARGET CORP. / Price cuts planned), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Car Bomber / Northwest Pakistan - November 18th, 2008: "ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN / Suicide car bomber hits army post [11/17/08], killing four" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - "Don't Ask Don't Tell? / U.S. Military - November 18th, 2008: "Retired brass repeal of 'Don't as, don't tell' / Obama has said he will work to build consensus before abandoning military's policy on gays." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Hijacked Saudi Oil Tanker / Somali Pirates - November 18th, 2008: "Somali pirates nab Saudi oil tanker [MV Sirius Star - 'reported Monday (11/17/08) by the U.S. Navy'] / The daring hijacking [11/15/08] shows expanded capabilities for attacks on the high seas." [Based on: A.P. Writers article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Real Medical Condition? / Gulf War Illness - November 18th, 2008: "Gulf War illness is a real medical condition that has affected at least 175,000 combat veterans of the 1991 Persian Gulf War, according to a report released Monday [11/17/08]. [NP] However, research into causes of the malady has 'not been effective,' and the report by the congressionally mandated Research Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veterans' Illness suggested that politics or financial concerns might have played a role." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / First Gulf War illnesses are real, report says), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Inconclusive? / Traces of Uranium, Syrian Site - November 18th, 2008: "The head of the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog said Monday [11/17/08] the agency needs more transparency from Syria and others to determine whether traces of uranium found at a site bombed by Israeli planes indicate Damascus was building a nuclear reactor there. [NP] International Atomic Energy Agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei confirmed that radioactive material was found at the site but said it was inconclusive." [Based on: News Services article (DAMASCUS, SYRIA / Traces of uranium at site are clalled inconclusive), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Earliest Known Nuclear Family / Central Germany - November 18th, 2008: "A stone-age burial in central Germany has yielded the earliest evidence of people living together as a family. [NP] The 4,600-year-old grave, contained the remains of a man, woman and two youngsters, and DNA analysis shows they were a mother, father and children. [NP] 'Their unity in death suggests unity in life,' researchers said." [Based on: News Services article (EULAY, SAXONY-ANHALT, Germany), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/18/08]

2008 - Cosmic Rays? - Nov. 19, 2008: An international team of researchers has discovered a puzzling surplus of high-energy electrons bombarding Earth from space. The source of these cosmic rays is unknown, but it must be close to the solar system and it could be made of dark matter. Their results are being reported in the Nov. 20th issue of the journal Nature. [NP] "This is a big discovery," says co-author John Wefel of Louisiana State University. "It's the first time we've seen a discrete source of accelerated cosmic rays standing out from the general galactic background." [....] Galactic cosmic rays are subatomic particles accelerated to almost light speed by distant supernova explosions and other violent events. They swarm through the Milky Way, forming a haze of high energy particles that enter the solar system from all directions. Cosmic rays consist mostly of protons and heavier atomic nuclei with a dash of electrons and photons spicing the mix. [....] [NP] To study the most powerful and interesting cosmic rays, Wefel and colleagues have spent the last eight years flying a series of balloons through the stratosphere over Antarctica. Each time the payload was a NASA-funded cosmic ray detector named ATIC, short for Advanced Thin Ionization Calorimeter. The team expected ATIC to tally the usual mix of particles, mainly protons and ions, but the calorimeter found something extra: an abundance of high-energy electrons. [NP] Wefel likens it to driving down a freeway among family sedans, mini-vans and trucks—when suddenly a bunch of Lamborghinis bursts through the normal traffic. "You don't expect to see so many race cars on the road—or so many high-energy electrons in the mix of cosmic rays." During five weeks of ballooning in 2000 and 2003, ATIC counted 70 excess electrons in the energy range 300-800 GeV. ("Excess" means over and above the usual number expected from the galactic background.) Seventy electrons may not sound like a great number, but like seventy Lamborghinis on the freeway, it's a significant surplus. [....] "The source of these exotic electrons must be relatively close to the solar system—no more than a kiloparsec away," says co-author Jim Adams of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. [NP] Why must the source be nearby? Adams explains: "High-energy electrons lose energy rapidly as they fly through the galaxy. They give up energy in two main ways: (1) when they collide with lower-energy photons, a process called inverse Compton scattering, and (2) when they radiate away some of their energy by spiraling through the galaxy's magnetic field." By the time an electron has traveled a whole kiloparsec, it isn't so 'high energy' any more. [NP] High-energy electrons are therefore local. Some members of the research team believe the source could be less than a few hundred parsecs away. For comparison, the disk of the spiral Milky Way galaxy is about thirty thousand parsecs wide. (One parsec approximately equals three light years.) [NP] "Unfortunately," says Wefel, "we can't pinpoint the source in the sky." Although ATIC does measure the direction of incoming particles, it's difficult to translate those arrival angles into celestial coordinates. For one thing, the detector was in the basket of a balloon bobbing around the South Pole in a turbulent vortex of high-altitude winds; that makes pointing tricky. Moreover, the incoming electrons have had their directions scrambled to some degree by galactic magnetic fields. "The best ATIC could hope to do is measure a general anisotropy—one side of the sky versus the other." [NP] This uncertainty gives free rein to the imagination. The least exotic possibilities include, e.g., a nearby pulsar, a 'microquasar' or a stellar-mass black hole—all are capable of accelerating electrons to these energies. It is possible that such a source lurks undetected not far away. NASA's recently-launched Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is only just beginning to survey the sky with sufficient sensitivity to reveal some of these objects. [NP] An even more tantalizing possibility is dark matter. [NP] There is a class of physical theories called "Kaluza-Klein theories" which seek to reconcile gravity with other fundamental forces by positing extra dimensions. In addition to the familiar 3D of human experience, there could be as many as eight more dimensions woven into the space around us. A popular yet unproven explanation for dark matter is that dark matter particles inhabit the extra dimensions. We feel their presence via the force of gravity, but do not sense them in any other way. [NP] How does this produce excess cosmic rays? Kaluza-Klein particles have the curious property (one of many) that they are their own anti-particle. When two collide, they annihilate one another, producing a spray of high-energy photons and electrons. The electrons are not lost in hidden dimensions, however, they materialize in the 3-dimensions of the real world where ATIC can detect them as "cosmic rays." [NP] "Our data could be explained by a cloud or clump of dark matter in the neighborhood of the solar system," says Wefel. "In particular, there is a hypothesized Kaluza-Klein particle with a mass near 620 GeV which, when annihilated, should produce electrons with the same spectrum of energies we observed." [NP] Testing this possibility is nontrivial because dark matter is so, well, dark. But it may be possible to find the cloud by looking for other annihilation products, such as gamma-rays. Again, the Fermi Space Telescope may have the best chance of pinpointing the source. [NP] "Whatever it is," says Adams, "it's going to be amazing." [NP] For more information about this research, see "An excess of cosmic ray electrons at energies of 300-800 Gev," by J. Chang et al. in the Nov. 20, 2008, issue of Nature.

[Based on: SCience@NASA Article: (Discovered: Cosmic Rays from a Mysterious, Nearby Object) by Dr. Tony Phillips, 11/19/08]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/19nov_cosmicrays.htm - [T.D. - 11/20/08]

2008 - Tools in Space - November 19th, 2008: "Astronaut [Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper] lets tool bag float away in space [11/18/08]" [Based on: Title for ORLANDO SENTINEL article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

*Trivia: "When Endeavour astronaut Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper dropped her toolbag during a spacewalk on Nov. 18th and it floated away, mission controllers probably figured they'd seen the last of it. Think again. Last night, Nov. 22nd, veteran satellite observer Kevin Fetter video-recorded the backpack-sized bag gliding over his backyard observatory in Brockville, Ontario: 900 kB video. 'It was easily 8th magnitude or brighter as it passed by the 4th magnitude star eta Pisces,' he says. Spaceweather's satellite tracker is monitoring the toolbag; click here [see link] for flybys." [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

*Link: http://spaceweather.com/flybys/?PHPSESSID=qi17kdua2a8ij6qk7srb3qnec7

2008 - Ginko Research? - November 19th, 2008: "The dietary supplement ginko, long promoted as an aid to memory, didn't help prevent dementia and Alzheimer's disease in the longest and largest test of the extract in older Americans, according to an article that will be published in today's Journal of the American Medical Association." [Based on: News Services article (Ginko research), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 19th, 2008: "Stocks gained in the last hour of trading Tuesday [11/18/08] as a rally in energy and technology shares overpowered earlier declines spurred by a drop in house builder confidence to the lowest level on record. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise modestly thanks to energy and technology shares), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Israeli Tanks / Gaza Strip - November 19th, 2008: "Israeli tanks pushed into the southern Gaza Strip on Tuesday [11/18/08], drawing mortar fire from Palestinian militants and intensifying violence that has chipped away at a tenuous cease-fire. [NP] Israel and Gaza's ruling Islamic militant Hamas movement have been trading fire for two weeks after nearly five months of relative quiet. The violence comes as the Egyptian-negotiated truce that began June 19 is due to expire next month, and both sides might be trying to dictate more favorable terms in anticipation of the agreement's renewal." [Based on: News Services article (GAZA CITY, GAZA STRIP / Israeli send tanks across border), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Record Fall / U.S. Wholesale Prices - November 19th, 2008: "Wholesale prices experienced the biggest one-month drop last month on records that go back more than 60 years, illustrating the impact falling energy prices and fears of a prolonged recession can have on inflation. [....]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article (U.S. ECONOMY / Wholesale prices fall by record 2.8 pct. / 'Global ... expansion has turned into recession.'), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Ancient Witch Doctor? / Sea of Galilee - November 19th, 2008: "Archaeologists believe a 12,000-year-old skeleton found in a grave in the Sea of Galilee containing 50 tortoise shells, a leopard pelvis, a cow tail and part of an eagle wing is the remains of a witch doctor." [Based on: News Services article (Witch doctor), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Pesticides Jeopardize Pacific Salmon - November 19th, 2008: "Federal biologists say three pesticides common on farms and orchards in the West jeopardize the survival of Pacific salmon." [Based on: News Services article (Salmon issue), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - More Hijacked Vessels / Gulf of Aden - November 19th, 2008: "Pirates seize [11/18/08] cargo ship [Iranian], fishing boat [Thai]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - U.S. Liaison to Congress / Phil Schiliro - November 19th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / White House names liaison to Congress [Phil Schiliro]" [Based on: Title for news Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Indicted / Dick Cheney & Alberto Gonzales - November 19th, 2008: "McALLEN, TEXAS / Cheney, Gonzales are indicted in Texas county ['on state charges involving federal prisons']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Lost Re-election Bid / U.S. Sen. Ted Stevens - November 19th, 2008: "Stevens [Sen. Ted Stevens, the longest-serving Republican in Senate history'] is out in Alaska [11/18/08] as final votes are counted" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit Drop / Home Depot Inc. - November 19th, 2008: "Home Depot Inc. said Tuesday [11/18/08] its third-quarter profit sank 31 percent on slow sales as consumers continued to cut back on spending. [....]" [Based on: Article (HOME DEPOT / Earnings fall 31 percent), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Keeps Chairmanship / U.S. Sen. Joseph Liberman - November 19th, 2008: "Liberman keeps [11/18/08] his committee ['chairmanship of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Attorney General Pick / Eric H. Holder Jr., U.S.A. - November 19th, 2008: "New attorney general pick [Eric H. Holder Jr.] is in pipeline ['no final decision has been made']" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Second-Quarter Decline / AMC Entertainment Inc. - November 19th, 2008: "AMC ENTERTAINMENT / Chain's profit declines" [Based on: Article title, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/19/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Panama-Costa Rica Border Region - November 19th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 06:11:20 (UTC) on Wednesday, November 19th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 8.291°N, 82.942°W; Depth 32 km (19.9 miles) set by location program] was located @ PANAMA-COSTA RICA BORDER REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zpan.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Ghrelin Trivia - November 20th, 2008: "A growing body of research is erasing any doubt that eating is as much about our brains as our stomachs: *Hormone study: A study published this summer found that ghrelin, a hormone released when your stomach is empty and growling, may help stave off depression. Researchers found that underfed mice with higher levels of the hormone showed fewer signs of depression and anxiety than well-fed counterparts." [Based on: News Services article (BOSTON / Connections are made between brain, stomach), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Veiled Babel - November 20th, 2008: "Composed this date in history [11/20/08]. The poem: Veiled Babel, by Etznab Mathers, a.k.a. D.R.D [seventh poem on page]."

2008 - "Deflation" / U.S.A. - November 20th, 2008: "HOUSING - GASOLINE - FOOD - ELECTRONICS - CLOTHING / Prices are down - and that's bad / 'Deflation,' the latest specter in rocky economy, could be a drag on incomes, corporate profits." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Stress Rehapes Brain? - November 20th, 2008: "Scientists have discovered how stress - in the form of emotional, mental or physical tension - physically reshapes the brain and causes long-lasting harm to humans and animals. [NP] 'Stress causes neurons (brain cells) to shrink or grow,' said Bruce McEwen, a neuroscientist at Rockefeller University in New York. 'The wear and tear on the body from lots of stress changes the nervous system.' [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Stress reshapes brain, scientists find), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 20th, 2008: "Stocks sank and benchmark indexes slid to their lowest levels since 2003 on Wednesday [11/19/08] on growing concern over the health of the financial system and survival of the nation's car industry." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (ECONOMIC CRISIS / Stocks close at lowest levels in five years as bailout for auto industry looks less likely. / DOW DROPS BELOW 8,000), p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Sea Battle / Gulf of Aden - November 20th, 2008: "Indian navy warship sinks pirate vessel [Gulf of Aden] in sea battle [11/18/08]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - U.S. Missle Strike / Pakistan - November 20th, 2008: "[....] Wednesday's attack [11/19/08] blew up a house in Indi Khel [killing six suspected insurgents], a village about 30 miles from the Afghan border and beyond the tribal region. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Latest airstrike hits tribal belt), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Mysterious Fireball / Canada - November 20th, 2008: "A bright meteor streaked across the skies of Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada on November 20, 2008 prompting telephone calls to police stations, NORAD, and news stations from North Dakota to Edmonton, Alberta." [Based on: nowpublic.com article (Massive Fireball Hits Canada) - see link]

*Link: http://www.mixx.com/videos/2868919/massive_fireball_hits_canada] - [T.D. - 11/22/08]

2008 - Trivia / Re-Growing Extinct Species? - November 20th, 2008: "Idea of re-growing extinct species is resurrected / A scientific team says decoding ancient DNA would make it a realistic possibility." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article by Nicholas Wade, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - U.S. Health Secretary? / Tom Daschle - November 20th, 2008: "Daschle to be Obama's health secretary" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Stem Cell Work / Windpipe Transplant - November 20th, 2008: "Physicians at four European universities have successfully transplanted a human windpipe, using stem cells from the recipient's own bone marrow to help fashion a new airway organ and prevent its rejection by her immune system, according to an article in the British medical journal The Lancet." [Based on: News Services article (Stem cell work), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/20/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 21st, 2008: "Stocks slid and the Standard & Poor's 500 index plunged to its lowest level in 11 years on Thursday [11/20/08] after economic reports depicted a deepening slump, and lawmakers postponed a vote on a plan to salvage the auto industry. [NP] The S&P 500 extended its 2008 tumble to 49 percent, poised for the worst annual decline in its 80-year history. Chesapeake Energy Corp. and National-Oilwell Varco Inc. sank more than 21 percent after crude fell to a three-year low on concern the slumping economy will crush demand. JP Morgan Chase & Co. lost 18 percent and Citigroup Inc. dropped 26 percent as concern the slump will trigger more bankruptcies pushed the cost of insurance against corporate defaults to an all-time high. [....]." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (DOW AND S&P TUMBLE MORE / 'It's an ugly mess out there' / Seveteen companies in the S&P 500 lost more than one-fifth of their market value.), p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - U.N. Sanctions / Somalia - November 21st, 2008: "The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to impose new sanctions aimed at reducing the arms flowing into Somalia and the lawlessness and piracy that have flourished there. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (UNITED NATIONS / New sanctions aim to cut arms flow into Somalia), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Trivia / Martian Galciers - November 21st, 2008: "WASHINGTON - A radar instrument aboard a NASA spacecraft has detected large glaciers hidden under rocky debris that may be the vestiges of ice sheets that blanketed parts of Mars in a past ice age, scientists said on Thursday. [NP] The glaciers, the biggest known deposits of water on Mars outside of its poles, could prove useful for future manned missions to the red planet as drinking water or rocket fuel, University of Texas planetary geologist John Holt said. [....]"

[Based on: Huge glaciers detected under rocky debris on Mars / They may be vestiges of ice sheets that existed in a past ice age / Will Dunham, Reuters / Published: Friday, November 21, 2008 - see link]

*Link: http://www.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist/story.html?id=b84fc177-ca28-4daa-8467-2594aaa256ed - [T.D. - 12/03/08]

2008 - Fatality / Al-Qaida Leader - November 21st, 2008: "The Shiite-led government has demanded control over U.S.-funded Suinni groups that revolted agaist al-Qaida in Iran in Diyala province by January - a move that could jeopardize fragile security gains in one of Iraq's most turbulent areas. [NP] The transfer, which was scheduled despite fears by the Americans that it's too soon, will be a major test of the Iraqi leadership's ability to overcome bitter rivalries between Sunnis and Shiites." [Based on: News Services article (BAGHDAD / Shiite-led government wants control of Sunnis), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Opium Production / Afghanistan - November 21st, 2008: "Opium production in Afghanistan has increased by 150 percent since a NATO-led security and development mission entered the country in 2001, Russia's Federal Drug Control Service reported." [Based on: News Services article (Opium production), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Solomon Islands - November 21st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 07:05:32 (UTC) on Friday, November 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 8.943°S, 159.559°E; Depth 115 km (71.5 miles) set by location program] was located @ SOLOMON ISLANDS."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zral.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Discovered / Body of Nicolaus Copernicus - November 21st, 2008: "Researchers in Poland said they have identified the remains of Nicolaus Copernicus by comparing DNA from a skeleton and hair retrieved from one of the 16th-century astronomer's books." [Based on: News Services article (Copernicus DNA), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

*Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolaus_Copernicus

2008 - Winter Weather Forecast / Midwest U.S.A. - November 21st, 2008: "Winter looks likely to be mild in the Midwest, forecasters say. [NP] Warmer-than-average temperatures are expected for the nation's center, especially Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Arkansas, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. However, the outlook is for it to be wetter than normal." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Winter will be mild but wet, forecast says), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Judge Orders Release / Five Guantanamo Inmates - November 21st, 2008: "U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon said [11/20/08] the governments  evidence linking the five Algerians to al-Qaida was not credible as it came from a single, unidentified source." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Judge orders release of 5 Guantanamo inmates), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Loan Defaults / Commercial Mortgages, U.S.A. - November 21st, 2008: "COMMERCIAL MORTGAGES / Loan defaults pricing rules shake insurers" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Janet Napolitano / U.S. Homeland Security Pick? - November 21st, 2008: "U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon said [11/20/08] the governments  evidence linking the five Algerians to al-Qaida was not credible as it came from a single, unidentified source." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Homeland dept. choice is praised / Sources say Obama will nominate Arizona Goc. Janet Napolitano; McCain hails her experience.), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Collapses During Speech / U.S. Attorney General - November 21st, 2008: "[....] An FBI official said Mukasey got stuck on a word during his speech to the conservative legal group [Federalist Society], repeated it several times and then 'went down hard.' [11/20/08] [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Mukasey collapses during speech), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/21/08]

2008 - Sun in Sagittarius - November 22nd, 2008: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Sagittarius."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200811.html]

2008 - HIV Cases / Russia - November 22nd, 2008: "Russia's anti-AIDS coordinator says the number of registered HIV cases is growing 10 percent a year despite increased government funding, with 471,000 people registered as HIV-infected." [Based on: News Services article  (Russian HIV), p. A30, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 22nd, 2008: "Stocks rallied Friday [11/21/08], and the Standard & Poor's 500 index rebounded from an 11-year low after President-elect Barack Obama reportedly picked New York Federal Reserve Bank chief Timothy Geithner to head the Treasury. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Reported pick of Treasury chief rallies stocks), p. A36, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Ancient Chariot / Bulgaria - November 22nd, 2008: "Archaeologists have unearthed a well-preserved 1,800-year-old bronze chariot at a Thracian tomb in Bulgaria, officials said." [Based on: News Services article  (Ancient chariot), p. A30, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - School Shooting / Savanah Sate University - November 22nd, 2008: "Student, 19, is held after campus shooting ['Friday - 11/21/08 - on the campus of Savannah State University']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A19, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Effigy of Bush on Fire / Firdous Square, Iraq - November 22nd, 2008: "Followers of al-Sadr burn effigy of Bush [11/21/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article , p. A22, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Landmine Trivia / Greece, Turkey & Belarus - November 22nd, 2008: "GENEVA / Greece, Turkey, Belarus miss land mine deadlines [to destroy their landmine stockpiles - a total of nearly 7.5 million - by March 2008]" [Based on: Title for News Services article , p. A30, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Employee Discipline / U.S. Interior Department - November 22nd, 2008: "The Interior Department [U.S.A.] has taken disciplinary action against more than a half-dozen workers who accepted lavish gifts, partied and in some cases had sex with employees from the energy companies they regulated. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Interior Department disciplines employees), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 11/22/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Sumatra, Indonesia - November 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 16:00:59 (UTC) on Saturday, November 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 4.344°S, 101.243°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zsar.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southeast of Loyalty Islands - November 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 16:01:39 (UTC) on Saturday, November 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 22.524°S, 171.109°E; Depth 48.3 km (30.0 miles)] was located @ SOUTHEAST OF THE LOYALTY ISLANDS."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zsas.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / North of Ascension Island - November 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 18:49:43 (UTC) on Saturday, November 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 1.140°S, 13.896°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ NORTH OF ASCENSION ISLAND."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zsa8.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Space Station Trivia - November 23rd, 2008: "Astronauts get greasy; water works fail again ['third day in a row' -11/22/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/23/08]

2008 - Major Earthquake / Sea of Okhotsk - November 24th, 2008: "A major earthquake occurred at 09:02:58 (UTC) on Monday, November 21st, 2008. The magnitude 7.0 event [Location: 54.182°N, 154.310°E; Depth 487.5 km (302.9 miles)] was located @ SEA OF OKHOTSK." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zuat.php] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Coronal Mass Ejection - November 24th, 2008: "An explosion is underway on the sun. The source of the blast lies out of sight somewhere over the sun's western limb, but the ejecta is visible as it billows into space: [....] A coronagraph onboard the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) is monitoring the progress of the expanding CME. The cloud is not directed at Earth and should cause no geomagnetic activity on our planet. It is, however, a promising 'sign of life' on the sun. Slowly but surely, solar minimum is coming to an end."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 11/24/08]

2008 - Church Shooting / Scientology Celebrity Centre International - November 24th, 2008: "A security guard at the Scientology Celebrity Centre International shot and killed a man wielding a sword about noon Sunday [11/23/08], Los Angeles police say." [Based on: News Services article (Church shooting), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 11/24/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 25th, 2008: "Stocks posted the biggest two-day rally since 1987 on Monday [11/24/08] after the government guaranteed $306 billion of troubled Citigroup Inc. assets, and lawmakers pledged to pass another economic stimulus package. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (DOW, S&P KEEP RALLY GOING / Citigroup rescue helps confidence / FEDERAL AID - Treasury guarantees $306 billion to Citigroup's troubled assets. / STIMULUS TALK - Congress may send Obama new package on Inauguration Day.), p. D1, S.L.P.D., 11/25/08]

2008 - Trivia / Bush Pardons - November 25th, 2008: "[....] Bush has granted a total of 171 pardons and eight commutations. That's less than half as many as President Bill Clinton or Ronald Reagan issued during their two terms in office. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Bush grants 14 pardons, commutes 2 sentences), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/25/08]

2008 - Currency Shortage / Gaza Strip - November 25th, 2008: "Desperate Gazans crowded into banks Monday [11/24/08], jostling to get to the front of lines as they sought to withdraw money amid a worsening currency shortage caused by Israeli sanctions. [NP] Israel has refused to allow cash to enter Gaza in recent weeks, to ratchet up pressure on the ruling Hamas militant group. With the supply of currency dwindling, banks have limited withdrawals over the past two weeks. [NP] The United Nations halted cash handouts to 98,000 of Gaza's poorest residents last week." [Based on: News Services article (GAZA CITY, GAZA STRIP / Israeli sanctions leave Gaza short on cash), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/25/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Green Zone, Iraq - November 25th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [woman] kills seven at green Zone [11/24/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article , p. A5, S.L.P.D., 11/25/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - November 26th, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole [see link]. Credit: SOHO Extreme UV Telescope" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=26&month=11&year=2008]

2008 - Died / Edna Parker - November 26th, 2008: "SHELBYVILLE, IND. / Person [Edna Parker] cited as oldest in world dies [11/26/08] at 115" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 26th, 2008: "Stocks climbed Tuesday [11/25/08], and the Standard & Poor's 500 index posted its first three-day advance since September after the Federal Reserve committed as much as $800 billion to help resusitate lending. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stock markets keep advance going for 3rd day), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Bailout Climbs / U.S.A. - November 26th, 2008: "FINANCIAL CRISIS / Bailout climbs to $7.4 trillion / $800 BILLION ADDED - Plans to cut interest rates, finance loans. / U.S. COMMITMENTS - Include loans, infusions and rescues." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article , p. A1, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Cyclone O6B / Sri Lanka - November 26th, 2008: "On November 26, 2008, Cyclone 06B was passing northwest over the island of Sri Lanka and approaching the southern tip of India. [....]"

*Link: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=36011

2008 - Fatal Attack / Baaj, Iraq - November 26th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / Marine, adviser fatally shot [11/25/08] near Syrian border [Baaj]" [Based on: Title for News Services article , p. A7, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - U.S. Beef? / South Korea - November 26th, 2008: "BEEF / S. Korea stores OK U.S." [Based on: Title for Article , p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Banks in Trouble / U.S.A. - November 26th, 2008: "The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. said Tuesday [11/25/08] that the list of banks it considers to be in trouble shot up nearly 50 percent to 171 in the third quarter - yet another sign of escalating problems among the institutions controlling Americans' deposits. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (FDIC reports sharp rise in number of troubled banks), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Russian Warships / Venezuela - November 26th, 2008: "LA GUAIRA, VENEZUELA / Russian warships arrive [Venezuela - 11/25/08] in show of cooperation" [Based on: Title for News Services article , p. A7, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Mercury-Laced Soil Cleanup? / Maine - November 26th, 2008: "A St. Louis-based company has been ordered to remove an estimated 370,000 tons of mercury-laced soil from the site of one of its former plants in Maine. [NP] State regulators set a May deadline for Mallinkrodt Inc. to begin the soil cleanup at the former HoltraChem facility. [NP] Mallinkrodt has already spent more than $35 million removing metallic mercury, mercury sludge and contaminated storage tanks and buildings from the 235-acre site along the Penobscot River. [NP] Mallinkrodt owned the plant from 1967 to 1982 and is the only former owner still in business. The plant supplied chlorine and other chemicals for the paper industry and was New England's largest producer of toxic mercury at the time it closed in 2000." [Based on: Article (MALLINCKRODT / Soil must be removed), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Profit Drop / Hormel Foods - November 26th, 2008: "HORMEL FOODS / Quarterly profit falls [33 percent]" [Based on: Title for Article , p. C2, S.L.P.D., 11/26/08]

2008 - Pluto in Capricorn - November 27th, 2008: "Reported date when Pluto entered the constellation Capricorn (0 degrees)."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200811.html]

2008 - ICBM Test / Russia - November 27th, 2008: "A spokesman for Russia's Strategic Missle Forces says the military has test-fired a new intercontinental ballistic missle." [Based on: News Services article (Missle test), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 27th, 2008: "Stocks gained Wednesday [11/26/08], driving the Standard & Poor's 500 index to the strongest four-day rally since 1933, as a rally in oil prices lifted energy shares and investors speculated that President-elect Barack Obama's economic team will bolster growth. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rally amid bad news, hope for good), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Sign of Water? / Saturn Moon - November 27th, 2008: "Astronomers looking at the spectacular supersonic plumes of gas and dust shooting off one of Saturn's moons say there are strong hints of liquid water, a key building block of life. [NP] Their research, appearing in today's issue of the journal Nature, adds to the growing push to explore further the moon Enceladus." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Moon of Saturn shows signs of liquid water), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Presidential Criticism / Afghan War - November 27th, 2008: "[....] The criticism [11/26/08] came a day after he [Hamid Karzai] accused foreign forces of undermining him with a 'parallel government' in the countryside. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Afghan president unleashes barrage about conduct of war), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Continuing Protests / Thailand - November 27th, 2008: "BANKOK, THAILAND / Protests force closure of second airport [11/26/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Loss / Dillards Inc.  - November 27th, 2008: "DILLARDS / Quarterly loss widens ['the net loss was $56 million']" [Based on: Title for Article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Returns to Yemen / Bin Laden Driver - November 27th, 2008: "Osama bin Laden's former driver, Salim Hamdan, returned home to Yemen Wednesday [11/26/08] to serve out his remaining prison sentence after the U.S. released him from Guantanamo Bay." [Based on: News Services article (Bin Laden's driver), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Terrorist Attacks / Mumbai, India  - November 27th, 2008: "Timed attacks in India targeted Westerners / Gunmen fan out in Mumbai, killing at least 101 and taking hostages. Muslim extremists claim credit." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A1 & A13, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Haven for Coral / Ocean Floor, Florida  - November 27th, 2008: "FORT LAUDERDALE, FLA. Section of ocean floor [1,300 square miles - Florida] is now [11/26/08] haven for coral" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Tainted Teething Medicine / Nigeria - November 27th, 2008: "LAGOS, NIGERIA / Teething medicine blamed in 25 deaths ['inadvertently tainted with diethylene glycol']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Traces of Melamine / U.S. Baby Formula  - November 27th, 2008: "[....] According to the FDA, test data showed a trace concentration of melamine in Nestle's Good Start Supreme Infant Formula with Iron, and small amounts of melamine in Nestle's Peptamen Junior medical food and Nestle's Nutren Junior-Fiber, Enfamil LIPIL with Iron. A spokesman for Abbot Laboratories, which makes Similac, said some company tests on its products found melamine." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Melamine traces found in some U.S. baby formula), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

*Trivia: "WASHINGTON / FDA sets melamine level for infant formula ['1 part per million ... so long as a related chemical isn't also present.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/29/08]

2008 - Merrill Lynch Buyout Approved / Bank of America - November 27th, 2008: "BANK OF AMERICA / Merrill buyout ok'ed" [Based on: Title for Article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Heightened Security / New York Subways & Trains - November 27th, 2008: "NEW YORK / Subway, train security is beefed up [11/26/08] for holidays" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Gasoline Prices Trivia / St. Louis, Mo. - November 28th, 2008: "The average retail gasoline price in the city of St. Louis and surrounding Missouri counties. [Price per gallon: September 5th, 2008 - $3.42; November 26th, 2008 - $1.51 ($1.39 at some locations)]" [Based on: AAA Missouri line graph article (GASOLINE PRICES IN ST. LOUIS), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - U.S. Treasury Secretary-Designate / Timothy Geithner - November 27th, 2008: "Treasury nominee [Timothy Geithner] adept at consensus building" [Based on: Title for Bloomberg News article, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Medicaid Rule / U.S.A. - November 28th, 2008: "U.S. lets states charge more for Medicaid / Critics of new rule say low-income people could delay care, raising costs in long run." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - Car Bomber / Kabul, Afghanistan - November 28th, 2008: "Blast ['a suicide car bomber'] outside embassy in Kabul kills 4 [11/26/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - Security Pact Approval / Iraqi Parliament - November 28th, 2008: "[....] Its passage [ratified 11/27/08], on a vote of 149-35 according to a parliamentary statement, was a victory for Iraq's government as well as for the oftion fractious legislative body, which forged a political compromise among bitterly differing factions in 10 days of intense negotiations. [....] The Cabinet approved the final version of the security agreement on Nov. 16. Since then, the government has furiously worked to gain approval of the measure, which goes into effect on Jan. 1, when the U.N. mandate that currently governs U.S. troop operations in the country expires. [....] It also sets out a timetable requiring U.S. troops to withdraw from cities and towns by June 30, and for all troops to leave the country by the end of 2011 unless the Iraqis and Americans negotiate a separate pact to extend the U.S. military presence. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Iraqi parliament OKs security pact / The agreement would send U.S. troops home in three years, guide nations' future relationship.), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Russia, Venezuela & Cuba - November 28th, 2008: "In Venezuela, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev agreed Thursday [11/27/08] to help start a nuclear energy program; he then left Venezuela for Cuba in a tour aimed at restoring ties that have dwindled since the Cold War." [Based on: News Services article (Russian help), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 11/28/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Sumatra, Indonesia - November 28th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 08:50:48 (UTC) on Friday, November 28th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 4.747°S, 101.744°E; Depth 23 km (14.3 miles) set by location program] was located @ SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zsa8.php] - [T.D. - 11/29/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - November 29th, 2008: "Stocks gained Friday [11/28/08], capping the biggest weekly advance for the Standard & Poor's 500 index in 34 years, on speculation that bailouts will shore up the economy." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Another rally concludes big week for S&P 500), p. A32, S.L.P.D., 11/27/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Fiji Region - November 29th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 05:59:14 (UTC) on Saturday, November 29th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 18.679°S, 177.707°W; Depth 356.9 km (221.8 miles)] was located @ SOUTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008zzal.php] - [T.D. - 11/29/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Bannu, Pakistan - November 29th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [11/28/08] rams police car [in Bannu - reportedly, killing seven people]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 11/29/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Shiite Mosque, Iraq - November 29th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [11/28/08] kills 12 at Shiite mosque [in Musayyib]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 11/29/08]

2008 - Hunger Strike / Ahmed Zuhair, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - November 29th, 2008: "The health of Ahmed Zuhair, a Guantanamo Bay prisoner on a hunger strike for more than three years has deteriorated sharply, his lawyer says. Zuhair appears to weigh no more than 100 pounds." [Based on: News Services article (Hunger strike), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 11/29/08]

2008 - Flooding / Sri Lanka - November 30th, 2008: "Floods caused by days of rain killed at least seven people, left four soldiers missing and displaced tens of thousands in insurgency-ravaged northern Sri-Lanka, officials said Saturday." [Based on: News Services article (Sri Lanka), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/30/08]

2008 - Election-Related Violence / Nigeria - November 30th, 2008: "JOS, NIGERIA / Death toll tops 300 in election-related violence" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/30/08]

2008 - Mudslides / Santa Catarina, Brazil - November 30th, 2008: "ITAJAI, BRAZIL / More bodies unearthed after Brazilian mudslides ['bringing the death toll to 109.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/30/08]

2008 - Protestors Wounded in Blasts / Thailand - November 30th, 2008: "BANGKOK, THAILAND / Protestors wounded [at least 51] in series of blasts [11/29/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 11/30/08]

Calendar Months

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