Timecapsule Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles (on this timeline) are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]    *Color Code

  July 2010

2010 - Astronomic Configuration - July 1st, 2010: "Sun [9 Cancer], Moon [2 Pisces], Mercury [12 Cancer], Venus [19 Leo], Mars [13 Virgo], Jupiter [2 Aries], Saturn [28 Virgo], Uranus [0 Aries], Neptune [28. Aquarius R.], Pluto [3 Capricorn R.], Chiron [0 Pisces R.]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E201007.html]

2010 - Solar Wind - July 1st, 2010: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole. Credit: SDO/AIA" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [07/01/10]

2010 - Toyota Recall - July 1st, 2010: "Toyota: 270,000 vehicles have 'faulty engines' ['the faulty engines could stall while the vehicles were moving.]" [Based on: Title for Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - War of the Machines - July 2010: "[....]

Back in the early 1970s, a handful of scientists, engineers, defense contractors and U.S. Air Force officers got together to form a professional group. They were essentially trying to solve the same problem: how to build machines that can operate on their own without human control and to figure out ways to convince both the pub­lic and a reluctant Pentagon brass that ro­­bots on the battlefield are a good idea. For decades they met once or twice a year, in relative obscurity, to talk over technical issues, exchange gossip and renew old friendships. This once cozy group, the Association for Un­­manned Systems International, now encompasses more than 1,500 member companies and organizations from 55 countries. The growth happened so fast, in fact, that it found itself in something of an identity crisis. At one of its meetings in San Diego, it even hired a “master storyteller” to help the group pull together the narrative of the amazing changes in robotic technology. As one attendee summed up, “Where have we come from? Where are we? And where should we—and where do we want to—go?”

What prompted the group’s soul-searching is one of the most profound changes in modern warfare since the advent of gunpowder or the airplane: an astonishingly rapid rise in the use of robots on the battlefield. Not a single robot ac­­companied the U.S. advance from Ku­­wait toward Baghdad in 2003. Since then, 7,000 “unmanned” aircraft and another 12,000 ground vehicles have entered the U.S. military inventory, entrusted with missions that range from seeking out snipers to bombing the hideouts of al-Qaeda higher-ups in Pakistan. The world’s most powerful fighting forces, which once eschewed robots as unbecoming to their warrior culture, have now embraced a war of the machines as a means of combating an irregular enemy that triggers remote explosions with cell phones and then blends back into the crowd. These robotic systems are not only having a big effect on how this new type of warfare is fought, but they also have initiated a set of contentious arguments about the implications of using ever more autonomous and intelligent machines in battle. Moving soldiers out of harm’s way may save lives, but the growing use of robots also raises deep political, legal and ethical questions about the fundamental nature of warfare and whether these technologies could inadvertently make wars easier to start.

[From the July 2010 Scientific American Magazine - War of the Machines: A Dramatic Growth in the Military Use of Robots Brings Evolution in Their Conception ( Preview ) / Robots on and above the battlefield are bringing about the most profound transformation of warfare since the advent of the atom bomb, By P. W. Singer]

*Link: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=war-of-the-machines

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 1st, 2010: "The stock market closed out a painful second quarter [06/30/10] and left investors with heavy losses and far more doubts about the economy. Stocks had their worst quarterly performance since the financial crisis. The S&P 500 lost 11.9 percent in the April to June period." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - Terminate the Terminators - July 2010:

"When U.S. forces invaded Iraq in 2003, they fought a traditional war of human on human. Since then, robots have joined the fight. Both there and in Afghanistan, thousands of “unmanned” systems dismantle roadside IEDs, take that first peek around the corner at a sniper’s lair and launch missiles at Taliban hideouts. Robots are pouring onto battlefields as if a new species of mechanotronic alien had just landed on our planet.

It is not the first time that the technology of warfare has advanced more rapidly than the body of international law that seeks to restrain its use. During World War I, cannons shot chemical weapons at and airplanes dropped bombs on unsuspecting cities. Only later did nations reach a verdict on whether it was acceptable to target a munitions factory next to a primary school.

Something similar is happening today with potentially even more profound and disturbing consequences. As Brookings Institution analyst P. W. Singer describes in “War of the Machines,” the rise of robots leads to the frightening prospect of making obsolete the rule book by which nations go to war. Armed conflict between nation states is brutal, but at least it proceeds according to a set of rules grounded both in international law and in the demands of military discipline. It is not true that anything goes in the heat of battle. “Such rules are certainly not always followed, but their very existence is what separates killing in war from murder and what distinguishes soldiers from criminals,” writes Singer in Wired for War, his recent popular book on the military robotic revolution.

Those rules are stretched to their breaking point when robots go to war. The legal and ethical questions abound. Who is accountable when a Predator’s missile hits the wrong target? Missiles from errant drones have already killed as many as 1,000 civilians in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Does responsibility reside with a field commander in the Middle East where spotters identified the “target of interest”? Or should blame be apportioned to the “remote pilot” stationed at a military base near Las Vegas who launched the strike from 7,000 miles away? And what about a software engineer who might have committed a programming error that caused a misfire?

Considering rules of engagement for war-at-a-distance raises a surreal set of questions. Does the remote operator in Nevada remain a legal combatant—in other words, a legitimate enemy target—on the trip after work to Walmart or to a daughter’s soccer match? Would an increasingly sketchy line between warrior and civilian invite attacks on U.S. soil against homes and schools?

Remote-controlled robots are here to stay, and rules can be worked out to regulate their use. But the more serious threat comes from semiautonomous machines over which humans retain nothing more than last-ditch veto power. These systems are only a software upgrade away from fully self-sufficient operation. The prospect of androids that hunt down and kill on their own accord (shades of Terminator) should give us all pause. An automatic pilot that makes its own calls about whom to shoot violates the “human” part of international humanitarian law, the one that recognizes that some weapons are so abhorrent that they just should be eliminated.

Some might call a ban on autonomous robots naive or complain that it would tie the hands of soldiers faced with irregular warfare. But although robots have clear tactical advantages, they carry a heavy strategic price. The laws of war are an act not of charity but of self-interest; the U.S. would be weakened, not strengthened, if chemical and biological weapons were widespread, and the same is true of robots. They are a cheap way to offset conventional military strength, and other nations and groups such as Hezbollah in Lebanon are already deploying them. The U.S. may not always be the leader in this technology and would be well advised to negotiate restrictions on their use from a position of strength. We can never put the genie back into the bottle, but putting a hold on further development of this technology could limit the damage.

The organization best placed to work toward a ban is the International Committee of the Red Cross, the guardian of the Geneva Conventions. A good starting point would be to convene a summit to consider armed, autonomous robots in the same framework as chemical and biological agents. The scientific community at large should get involved with this issue much as the Pugwash movement has worked toward nuclear arms control. Now is the time to take steps to ensure that a war of the machines remains nothing more than a science-fiction nightmare.

[From the July 2010 Scientific American Magazine - Terminate the Terminators / Robots are now a fact of war, but the prospect of androids that can hunt and kill on their own should give us all pause, By The Editors]

*Link: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=terminate-the-terminators

2010 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - July 1st, 2010: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 Jul 2010 at 10:42:44 PM GMT is: $13,207,768,321,797.67. The estimated population of the United States is 308,663,235 so each citizen's share of this debt is $42,790.22. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $4.17 billion per day since September 28, 2007! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House! [Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 07/01/10]

2010 - Casualties add to Petraeus' burden - July 1st, 2010: "[....] At least 102 coalition troops were killed in June [2010] in Afghanistan, according to the independent website acasualties.org, far surpassing the previous monthly record of 77 military fatalities in August 2009. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Casualties add to Petraeus' burden / 102 coalition troops killed in June; meanwhile, assault on NATO air base is turned back.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - Targeted killings justified, U.S. says - July 1st, 2010: "[....] 'A police officer doesn't need a court order to defend himself if someone pulls out a gun,' Michael E. Leiter, who heads the National Counterterrorism Center, said in a session of a national security conference here. [NP] 'The U.S. government has that same right of self-defense internationally.' [NP] The U.S. has carried out at least 144 airstrikes in Pakistan under a covert CIA program using aerial drones, according to Long War Journal, a blog that counts the strikes using news media reports. Two such strikes were reported Saturday. [NP] A report last month by Philip Alston, a United Nations' special adviser, said the program violated international standards of accountability and should be taken away from the CIA. [NP] U.S. officials have not acknowledged the existence of the CIA program but have defended U.S. counterterrorism policies abroad as legal. [....]" [Based on: Tribune Washington Bureau article (Targeted killings justified, U.S. says / Nation 'has right of self-defense internationally,' counterterrorism official asserts.) by Ken Dilanian, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - Insurgent Attack / NATO Air Base, Afghanistan - July 1st, 2010: "Eight Taliban insurgents were killed on Wednesday [06/30/10] after they attacked the NATO air base in the eastern Afghanistan border city of Jalalabad using a suicide car bomb and rocket-propelled grenades in a failed attempt to breach the gate. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Assault turned back), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - Debt may become 62 percent of U.S. economic output - July 1st, 2010: "Lower tax revenue and higher federal spending to fight the recession will boost the federal debt to 62 percent of the nation's total overall economic output by the end of the year, the highest percentage since just after World War II, the Congressional Budget Office predicted Wednesday [06/30/10]. [NP] In a report released Wednesday morning about the longterm budget outlook, the CBO also predicted that the debt would reach 87 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product by 2020 if tax cuts enacted during George W. Bush's presidency are extended. [NP] The agency further estimated that federal spending on mandatory health care programs such as Medicare and Medicaid would grow to 10 percent of GDP in 2035 if current laws don't change. [....]" [Based on: Marketwatch article (Debt may become 62 percent of U.S. economic output) by Robert Schroeder, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/01/10]

2010 - Obama signs Iran bill - July 2nd, 2010: "President Barack Obama signed into law a bill imposing new sanctions against Iran over its nuclear program that the United States suspects is aimed at developing weapons." [Based on: News Services article (Obama signs Iran bill), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 2nd, 2010: "Stocks began the third quarter with another loss after reports on jobs, housing and manufacturing raised investors' economic worries. The Dow fell nearly 42 points for its sixth straight loss but ended well off its lows ahead of the government's June jobs report." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - July 2nd, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 06:04:04 (UTC) on Friday, July 2nd, 2010. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 13.647°S, 166.441°E; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ VANUATU."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010yfaq.php]-[T.D. - 07/03/10]

2010 - Economic Boom? / Latin America - July 2nd, 2010: "Pragmatic policies fuel surprise boom in Latin America" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Oil prices drop on economic news - July 2nd, 2010: "[....] Benchmark crude for August delivery dropped $2.68, or 3.5 percent, to settle at $72.95 on the New York Mercantile Exchange. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Oil prices drop on economic news), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Suicide Bombers / Sufi Shrine, Pakistan - July 2nd, 2010: "Two explosions struck Pakistan's most important Sufi shrine on Thursday night [07/01/10], a devestating attack by hardline militants on the country's moderate, more flexible Sufi faith, which is practiced by most Pakistanis. [NP] Pakistani television networks reported that the blasts killed at least 35 people, and wounded more than 175 in the Data Ganj Baksh shrine in Lahore, an ancient white marble place of worship in Lahore that draws Muslims from all over Pakistan." [Based on: New York Times article (Pakistani militants attack shrine), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

*Trivia: "A twin suicide attack that killed 42 at Pakistan's most popular Sufi shrine has angered and frustrated Pakistanis, with some saying Friday that the solution to the country's terror threat is a U.S. exit from Aghjanistan. Most of some two dozen Pakistanis interviewed said that even if Islamist extremists were behind the slaughter Thursday at the Data Darbar shrine in Lahore, the root cause of the violence was America's war in Afghanistan and its missile strikes in Pakistan." [Based on: News Services article (Pakistanis blame U.S. for suicide attack at shrine), p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Raw Sewage Problems / St. Louis Missouri - July 2nd, 2010: "The Metropolitan St. Louis Sewer District said a damaged pipe [reported June 29th in Chesterfield] spewed an unknown amount of raw sewage into a Missouri River tributary upstream from drinking water intakes, just days after a pumping station mishap [near Jefferson barracks on June 24th] dumped millions of gallons of untreated wastewater into the Mississippi river. [....]" [Based on: Article (Sewage from punctured line flows into Missouri tributary / Meanwhile, MSD officials meet with Dogtown residents over sewer backups.), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/02/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 3rd, 2010: "The Dow Jones industrial average dropped for a seventh straight day, its longest losing streak since the height of the financial crisis in October 2008. A disappointing jobs report added to investors' concerns about the economy. The Dow fell 46 points Friday [07/02/10]." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/03/10]

2010 - Taliban Attack / Kunduz, Afghanistan - July 3rd, 2010: "Taliban ['Six militants armed with suicide bombs ...']attack U.S. aid office [07/02/10] / Four security officers are killed and at least 23 people are wounded." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/03/10]

2010 - Tanker Truck Explosion / Eastern Congo - July 4th, 2010: "More than 200 killed in tanker truck explosion [07/02/10 - Congo]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/04/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Near East Coast of Honshu, Japan - July 4th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 21:55:51 (UTC) on Sunday, July 4th, 2010. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 39.705°N, 142.523°E; Depth 23.7 km (14.7 miles)] was located @ NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010yhbp.php]-[T.D. - 07/05/10]

2010 - Blasts in Iraq - July 5th, 2010: "Blasts in Iraq ['government centers in two major cities'] mar Biden's call for unity [07/04/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/05/10]

2010 - Bomb Scare / JFK Airport - July 5th, 2010: "Bomb scare evacuates JFK terminal [07/04/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/05/10]

2010 - Fuel Prices Strike / India - July 6th, 2010: "Strike over fuel prices ['... 6.7 percent boost in prices announced 10 days ago.'] hits India [07/05/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Medical Waste Trivia / U.S.A. - July 6th, 2010: "[....] The problem, fueled by a shift toward the use of disposables that made it simple to keep treatment practices sterile, has been an open secret for years, but getting the health care industry to change its habits has not been easy. No organization currently tracks how much medical trash the United States produces - the last known estimate, from the early 1990's, was 2 million tons a year. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Movement begins to tackle waste from health care / One reason to go green is to cut costs at financially hit hospitals.), p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Beach Closure / Columbia, Mo. - July 6th, 2010: "Beach ['swimming beach at Finger Lakes State Park'] is closed due to E. coli / But few visitors to Columbia, Mo., park ignored signs and swam anyway." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Clinton pledges U.S. support in Georgia - July 6th, 2010: "U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Monday pledge U.S. support for Georgia, a former Soviet state recovering from an August 2008 Russian military invasion and seeking to consolidate its democracy." [Based on: News Services article (Clinton pledges U.S. support in Georgia), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Montana pushes EPA on asbestos cleanup - July 6th, 2010: "[....] Health workers say at least 400 people have died in rural Libby from contamination caused by a now-closed W.R. Grace vermiculite mine." [Based on: News Services article (Montana pushes EPA on asbestos cleanup), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Israel takes step to ease blockade of Gaza Strip - July 6th, 2010: "Israel takes step to ease blockade of Gaza Strip [07/05/10] / Now, everything not on list of banned items will be permitted." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article by Sheera Frenkel, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/06/10]

2010 - Glucosamine Study - July 7th, 2010: "Study [released 07/06/10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association] says glucosamine is no relief for back [lower back] pain" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/07/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 7th, 2010: "The Dow Jones industrials broke a seven-day slide after traders sifted through the market for beaten-down stocks. The Dow rose 57 points after dropping 7.3 percent over the past two weeks to its lowest level since October. The S&P 500 rose 5.48 points to 1,028.06." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/07/10]

2010 - Lipitor for Children - July 7th, 2010: "EU approves Lipitor for children" [Based on: Title for Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/07/10]

2010 - Civil Union Veto / Hawaii - July 7th, 2010: "Hawaii governor vetoes same-sex civil union [07/06/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/07/10]

2010 - Service sector loses steam / U.S.A. - July 7th, 2010: "Service sector [U.S.A.] loses steam / Slower growth is another indication that economic recovery is sputtering." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/07/10]

2010 - Moderate Earthquake / Southern California - July 7th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A moderate earthquake occurred at 23:53:33 (UTC) on Wednesday, July 7th, 2010. The magnitude 5.4 event [Location: 33.420°N, 116.489°W; Depth 14 km (8.7 miles)] was located @ SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/ci10736069.php]-[T.D. - 07/09/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 8th, 2010: "The Dow Jones industrials climbed back above 10,000 Wednesday [07/07/10] after investors had second thoughts about the heavy selling during the last two weeks. The Dow rose 275 points after a modest gain Tuesday. It was the market's first back-to-back advance since mid-June." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Flow Rate / Gulf Oil Spill - July 8th, 2010: "Flow rate [Gulf oil spill] at 2.5 million gallons a day" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Tar Balls / Texas Beaches - July 8th, 2010: "Tests confirm [07/07/10] tar balls on Texas beaches came from spill [Gulf of Mexico]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Trivia / Climate Change Data - July 8th, 2010: "Climate change data validated in review [07/07/10] / Study of e-mails finds scientists ['at a British University'] didn't manipulate information but chides them for lack of openess." [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Militant Attacks / Baghdad, Iraq - July 8th, 2010: "Militants struck across the Iraqi capital Wednesday [07/07/10], killing more than 50 people, including 32 in a suicide bombing that targeted pilgrims commemorating a revered Shiite saint, Iraqi police said. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Attacks across Baghdad kill more than 50 people), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Guilty Plea / Guantanamo Detainee - July 8th, 2010: "Guantanamo detainee [Ibrahim Ahmed Mahmoud al-Qosi] admits guilt [07/07/10]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Indictment Trivia / N.Y. Subway Plot - July 8th, 2010: "Alleged al-Qaida operative [AdnanG.el-Shukrijumah] indicted in NY subway plot / Saudi-born American oversaw terrorist attacks in West, Justice Dept. says [07/07/10]." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Trivia / HIV Vaccine? - July 9th, 2010: "[....] Federal researchers have identified a pair of naturally occurring antibodies [see online edition of journal Science for 07/08/10] that are able to kill more than 90 percent of all strains of the AIDS virus, a finding they say could lead to the development of new treatments for HIV infections and to the production of the first successful vaccine against the virus. [....]." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Finding is another step to HIV vaccine / Researchers ID antibodies that kill most strains of AIDS-causing virus) by Thomas H. Maugh II, p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 9th, 2010: "Investors are getting enthusiastic about stocks after some reassuring news on the job market. Stocks rose for a third straight day on the Labor Department's report of a larger than expected drop in the number of newly laid-off people seeking unemployment benefits." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B6, S.L.P.D., 07/08/10]

2010 - Spy Swap / U.S. & Russia - July 9th, 2010: "Deal swaps 10 Russian spies for 4 held by Moscow [07/08/10] / In court Thursday, agents who infiltrated suburban America plead guilty to conspiracy, are deported." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - E. Coli / Missouri Beaches - July 9th, 2010: "[....] The Department of Natural Resources reported Thursday that beaches at the lake of the ozarks, Pomme de Terre and Wakonda state parks had high bacteria levels. The beaches will remain closed until the bacteria reach acceptable levels. [....]" [Based on: Wire Report article (More beaches closed due to E. coli), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - Monsanto agrees to pay fine - July 9th, 2010: "Monsanto agrees to pay fine of $2.5 million / Cotton seed [Monsanto's Bollgard and Bollgard II] case leads to federal penalty." [Based on: Title for Bloomberg News article, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - Mortgage Rate Drop / U.S.A. - July 9th, 2010: "Mortgage rates drop to lowest level since 1971 ['The average rate on a 30-year fixed mortgage dropped to 4.57 percent this week, Freddie Mac reported Thursday.']" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. B6, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - Trivia / U.S. Credit Card Debt - July 9th, 2010: "[....] Consumers cut their outstanding revolving debt - overwhelmingly credit cards - by an annualized, seasonally adjusted rate of 10.5 percent in May, the Federal Reserve reported Thursday.' [....]" [Based on: Wire reports article (Credit card debt is whacked), p. B6, S.L.P.D., 07/09/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 10th, 2010: "Stocks ended a big week with modest gains Friday after China renewed Google's license to operate in the country and traders awaited earnings reports due next week. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 59 points to push its gain for the week to 5.3 percent." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/10/10]

2010 - Serb-Croat Conspiracy? - July 10th, 2010: "[....] The prosecutors say seized notebooks and audio cassettes support their contention of a Serb-Croat conspiracy following the disintegration of Yugoslavia to drive out Muslims from parts of Bosnia and carve up the state into larger Croatian and Serbian nations." [Based on: News Services article (Diary discloses Serb-Croat conspiracy, prosecutors claim), p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/10/10]

*Trivia: "Secret notes shake up war crimes trials / Paper trail shows top-level coordination of Bosnian Serb army and Serbia, a connection both parties always denied." [Based on: Title for NewYork Times article by Marlise Simons, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 07/11/10]

2010 - Presbysterian leaders target Israel - July 10th, 2010: " 'We feel we've brought together people who previously had trouble talking about some of these issues together,' said the Rev. Karen Dimon of Northminister Presbyterian Church in North Syracuse, N.Y., and chairwoman of the committee that produced the 172-page report. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Presbysterian leaders target Israel / Report on Middle East issues calls for U.S. to end aid to nation unless settlement expansion is halted.) by Patrick Condon, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/10/10]

2010 - Suicide Bombs / Yaka Ghund, Pakistan - July 10th, 2010: "Bombers hit market in Pakistan [07/09/10], killing 65 ['At least 112 people were injured.'] / Suicide attackers were on motorcycle, in car." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/10/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / South of Mariana Islands - July 10th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 11:43:32 (UTC) on Saturday, July 10th, 2010. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 11.127°N, 146.050°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ SOUTH OF THE MARIANA ISLANDS."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ynaw.php]-[T.D. - 07/11/10]

2010 - Sunspot 1087 - July 11th, 2010: "Sunspot 1087 is developing into a behemoth many times wider than Earth. It now has dozens of dark cores with a long magnetic filament snaking among them. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/11/10]

2010 - South Pacific Eclipse - July 11th, 2010: "The Moon is now moving in front of the sun to produce a total eclipse over the South Pacific. The moon's shadow takes five hours to trace the 11,000 km path of totality. Along the way, sky watchers on Easter Island, the Cook Islands, the waters off Tahiti, and southern parts of Chile and Argentina will have the experience of a lifetime. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/11/10]

2010 - Uncapped / BP Gulf Oil Well - July 11th, 2010: "BP pulls cap off well [07/10/10] so new one can go on" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/11/10]

2010 - World Cup Champions / Spain - July 11th, 2010: Spain beat the Netherlands 1-0 on Sunday, July 11th, 2010.

2010 - Militant Attacks / Afghanistan - July 11th, 2010: "Attacks, accident kill six U.S. troops in Afghanistan [07/10/10] as casualties surge" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/11/10]

2010 - Rise in U.S. Poverty? - July 12th, 2010: "New data expected to show rise in U.S. poverty / Numbers due in September may illustrate the biggest year-to-year increase in recorded history." [Based on: Title for Stateline.org article by Christine Vestal, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Google is Back / China - July 12th, 2010: "China confirms Google is back [renewed Google's license - 07/11/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Tropical Storm Conson - July 12th, 2010: "Tropical Storm Conson blew over the Pacific Ocean, east of the Philippines, on July 12, 2010. The U.S. Navy’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) reported that Tropical Storm Conson had maximum sustained winds of 60 knots (110 kilometers per hour) and gusts up to 75 knots (140 kilometers per hour). The storm was located roughly 400 nautical miles (740 kilometers) east of Manila, and was traveling westward. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=44599]

2010 - Nuclear Waste / U.S.A. - July 12th, 2010: "The amount of plutonium buried at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in Washington state is nearly three times what the federal government previously reported, a new analysis indicates, suggesting that a cleanup to protect future generations will be far more challenging than planners had assumed. [NP] Plutonium waste is much more prevalent around nuclear weapons sites nationwide than the Energy Department's official accounting indicates, said Robert Alvarez, a former department official who in recent months reanalyzed studies conducted by the department in the last 15 years for Hanford; the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory; the Savannah River Site, near Aiken, S.C.; and elsewhere." [Based on: News Services article (Nuclear waste numbers disputed), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Elections Trivia / Japan - July 12th, 2010: "Voters in Japan slam its ruling party [07/11/10]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Trivia / U.S. National Debt - July 12th, 2010: "National debt 'is like a cancer,' governor's told / Presidential panel chairmen say U.S. can't bail out states [07/11/10]." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Terrorist-Style Bombs / Uganda - July 12th, 2010: "Terrorist-style bombs in Uganda [07/11/10] kill dozens [64 people], including American" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

*Trivia: "Somali group [Shabab] claims blasts [07/12/10] / Ugandans hit as they watched World Cup [more than 70 people killed]." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - European banks fear credit crunch - July 12th, 2010: "European banks fear credit crunch / Competition in refinancing from governments may make lending even more scarce." [Based on: Title for New York Times article by Jack Ewing, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Genetically-Modified Salmon? / U.S.A. - July 12th, 2010: "Mixed-gene salmon takes leap toward U.S. tables / Current of opinion about crops may float fish's OK from FDA." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article by Les Blumenthal, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Antofagasta, Chile - July 12th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 00:11:18 (UTC) on Monday, July 12th, 2010. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 22.255°S, 68.205°W; Depth 91.3 km (56.7 miles)] was located @ ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010yqad.php]-[T.D. - 07/12/10]

2010 - Taliban Attacks / Northeast Afghanistan - July 12th, 2010: "12 are reported killed in 3 attacks by Taliban ["... local officials said Sunday.']" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Vatican loses money for 3rd year in a row - July 12th, 2010: "The vatican posted its third straight yearly financial loss, registering a $5.1 million deficit for 2009. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Vatican loses money for 3rd year in a row), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Chavez clashes with Catholic Church leaders - July 12th, 2010: "Chavez clashes with Catholic Church leaders / Venezuelan president denies he is steering nation toward dictatorship." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Anglicans reject compromise on women bishops - July 12th, 2010: "Anglicans [Church of England] reject compromise on women bishops" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/12/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 13th, 2010: "Stocks closed mixed as investors grew more cautious while they waited for the start of second-quarter earnings. The Dow Jones industrials rose 18 points. But almost two stocks fell for every one that rose on the New York Stock Exchange, a sign that investors remain wary." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - New Cap / BP Oil Well - July 13th, 2010: "BP puts new cap in place [07/12/10]: will it work? / It will gradually be put to the test to see whether it can withstand pressure from oil and gas." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Russia breaks up terror cell - July 13th, 2010: "Russia breaks up terror cell [female Muslim suicide bombers]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Speed Camera / Missouri Highway - July 13th, 2010: "Charlack [St. Louis, Mo.] proceeds with speed camera / Photo enforcement of speed limit on stretch of I-70 begins ['began last week'], despite county police chief's criticism." [Based on: Title for Article by Ken Leiser, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Avoids Extradition / Roman Polanski - July 13th, 2010: "Swiss free filmmaker Polanski / Dodging U.S. for decades, director avoids extradition because of faulty request." [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Rare TV Appearance / Fidel Castro - July 13th, 2010: "Castro [83] makes rare TV appearance [on Cuban talk show - 07/12/10]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Tax credit for health coverage / U.S.A. - July 13th, 2010: "Tax credit for health coverage [U.S.A.] / Small firms that purchase insurance are eligible this year under overhaul." [Based on: Title for Article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Women Bishops? / Church of England - July 13th, 2010: "Women win OK as Anglican bishops [07/13/10] / Church of England's action still faces hurdles." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/13/10]

2010 - Trivia / BP Oil Well - July 14th, 2010: "BP plans to shut in well for test / Robot closes valves on cap to determine if there are other leaks." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 14th, 2010: "The stock market got a shot of confidence and adrenaline from the start of second-quarter earnings. Investors were enthusiastic about better-than-expected profits from aluminum maker Alcoa and railroad operator CSX. The Dow Jones industrials rose more than 145 points." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Israel destroys 6 buildings - July 14th, 2010: "Israeli bulldozers destroyed six buildings, including at least three homes, in contested east Jerusalem on Tuesday [07/13/10], resuming the demolition of Palestinian property after a halt aimed at encouraging peace talks." [Based on: News Services article (Israel destroys 6 buildings), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Burqa Ban Trivia / France - July 14th, 2010: "Burqa ban passes [France's lower house 335-1 / Tuesday 07/13/10 - Senate votes on the bill in September]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Medical Records Plan / U.S.A. - July 14th, 2010: "[....] Starting next year, doctors' offices and hospitals can get federal money to help defray the costs of the systems [computerized medical records], which can run to millions of dollars for hospitals. Providers who don't comply by 2015 will face cuts in Medicare payments. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Government unveils medical records plan), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Intel profit soars past expectations - July 14th, 2010: "Intel said Tuesday that its profit surged to $2.9 billion as sales rose to $10.8 billion during its most recent quarter, up 34 percent from revenue in the same period a year ago, thanks to a continued rebound in the market for PCs and big computer servers around the world. [....]" [Based on: San Jose Mercury News article (Intel profit soars past expectations / Chip maker's 34 percent increase suggests tech rebound will continue this year.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - White Nose Bat Fungus / U.S.A. - July 14th, 2010: "White Nose bat fungus is spreading concern / Experts gather at zoo [St. Louis, Mo.] to discuss taking some bats captive to preserve them." [Based on: Title for article by Georgina Gustin, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Status / Iranian Nuclear Scientist - July 14th, 2010: "Nuclear scientist [Shahram Amiri] may return to Iran / Intrigue surrounds refuge in Washington." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Bio-Bio, Chile - July 14th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 08:32:22 (UTC) on Wednesday, July 14th, 2010. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 38.002°S, 73.282°W; Depth 28.4 km (17.6 miles)] was located @ BIO-BIO, CHILE."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ysas.php]-[T.D. - 07/14/10]

2010 - Found Dead / Rwandan Political Leader - July 14th, 2010: "Rwandan political leader [Andre Kagwa Rwisereka] found slain [07/14/10]." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A26, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - No Testing for Dispersants? / Gulf Seafood - July 14th, 2010: "Inspectors from the Food and Drug Administration pull seafood right from the dock or from the distributor floor and subject it to lab tests to rule out the presence of harmful chemicals found in oil spewing from the BP spill. However, no one is testing saefood to tell whether it has absorbed the dispersants being used to break up oil." [Based on: Title for News Services article (No testing for dispersants), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Top U.S. commander in Iraq braces for attack - July 14th, 2010: "[....] The small Shiite extremist froup Khitab Hezbollah is believed to be planning these attacks, Odierno [Gen. Ray Odierno] said [07/13/10]. [NP] The threat comes as U.S. forces are expected to shrink to 50,000 from 74,000 by the end of August." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Top U.S. commander in Iraq braces for attack), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - Alzheimer's diagnosis criteria should change, experts say - July 14th, 2010: "[....] If the guidelines are adopted in the fall, as expected, some experts predict a two-to threefold increase in the number of people diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease [on account of new technology, like brain scans]. Many more people would be told they probably are on their way to getting it." [Based on: New York Times article (Alzheimer's diagnosis criteria should change, experts say.), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/14/10]

2010 - US Fidelis Hearing - July 15th, 2010: "E-mails between owners of US Fidelis, lawyers are fair game, judge says [07/14/10] / Bankruptcy Court rejects attorney-client privilege." [Based on: Title for Article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 15th, 2010: "A weaker economic forecast from the Federal Reserve has chilled the stock market's winning streak. The major indexes closed narrowly mixed, all of them moving only in single digits. The Dow Jones industrial average was up almost 4 points, its seventh straight advance." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Retail Spending / U.S.A. - July 15th, 2010: "[....] In June, retail sales revenue fell 0.5 percent in June, the Commerce Department said. That followed a 1.1 percent fall in May. Pulling down the figure was a drop in auto sales and declining gas prices. Excluding those volatile categories, sales ticked upward slightly for the month. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Retail spending's sag pulls recovery down / Fed cuts its forecasts for growth as shoppers resist lure of bargains.), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Cap Test / BP Oil Well - July 15th, 2010: "BP begins test of massive cap on leaking well [07/14/10] / If pressure remains constant over 48 hours, decision will be made on activation of fitting." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Heart Attack Risk / Avandia - July 15th, 2010: "Diabetes drug is called heart attack risk [07/14/10] / Avandia should be withdrawn or severly restricted, medical advisers say in unusual split recommendation." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - 8 Americans Killed / Afghanistan - July 15th, 2010: "8 Americans killed in 24 hours [in Afghanistan - 'officials said Wednesday']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A27, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Steel Plant Explosion / Pittsburg, Pa. - July 15th, 2010: "20 hurt in plant explosion ['An oven at a U.S. Steel plant near Pittsburg ... .']" [Based on: News Services article (Nuclear spending increase), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Nuclear Spending Increase? / U.S.A. - July 15th, 2010: "[....] A 20-year spending plan from the agency that manages the nuclear arsenal shows that the administration wants to hike nuclear weapons spending to an average of about $8 billion a year in coming years, compared with recent spending levels of $6 billion to $7 billion a year." [Based on: News Services article (Nuclear spending increase), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Return Home / Iranian Nuclear Scientist - July 15th, 2010: "Scientist [Shahram Amiri] reaches Iran [flew home - 07/14/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A27, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

*Trivia: "Iran says [07/21/10] scientist [Shahram Amiri] was double agent" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Damages Payment / Bayer CropScience - July 15th, 2010: "A federal jury in St. Louis awarded $500,248 on Wednesday to a farmer who claimed that he and his family had lost just over $1.5 million when genetically modified rice [LibertyLink] contaminated the U.S. rice supply. [....]" [Based on: Article (Jury awards $500,000 to farmer in rice case / Trial is fifth to give damages over herbicide-resistant crop in supply.), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - New Local Defense Forces / Afghanistan - July 15th, 2010: "Afghanistan OKs new local defense forces [07/14/10] / Program resembles Iraq Sunni Awakening movement." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A27, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - Heart Surgery Disclosed / Dick Cheney - July 15th, 2010: "Dick Cheney has heart surgery [disclosed 07/14/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 07/15/10]

2010 - A Puzzling Collapse of Earth's Upper Atmosphere - "July 15, 2010: NASA-funded researchers are monitoring a big event in our planet's atmosphere. High above Earth's surface where the atmosphere meets space, a rarefied layer of gas called 'the thermosphere' recently collapsed and now is rebounding again. [NP] Layers of Earth's upper atmosphere. Credit: John Emmert/NRL. [larger image] 'This is the biggest contraction of the thermosphere in at least 43 years,' says John Emmert of the Naval Research Lab, lead author of a paper announcing the finding in the June 19th issue of the Geophysical Research Letters (GRL). 'It's a Space Age record.' The collapse happened during the deep solar minimum of 2008-2009—a fact which comes as little surprise to researchers. The thermosphere always cools and contracts when solar activity is low. In this case, however, the magnitude of the collapse was two to three times greater than low solar activity could explain. [NP] 'Something is going on that we do not understand,' says Emmert. [....]"

[Based on: Science@NASA article (A Puzzling Collapse of Earth's Upper Atmosphere) by Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA, 07/15/10]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2010/15jul_thermosphere/ 

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 16th, 2010: "Stocks had a late-day turnaround [07/15/10] and closed mixed as traders awaited news that Goldman Sachs settled the government's civil fraud charges. The $550 million settlement was announced less than an hour after trading ended. For the day, the S&P 500 rose 1.31 to 1,096.48." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B6, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Closed Cap / BP Oil Well - July 16th, 2010: "Finally ['BP announced Thursday'], spill has stopped gushing / Closed cap allows BP to do pressure tests; relief well is still needed to plug leak for good." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

*Trivia: "Well cap tests extended for another 24 hours / No leaks have been detected, but pressure had not reached levels to determine soundness of well, BP officials say." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/17/10]

2010 - Belgium's government falls - July 16th, 2010: "Belgium's government falls [again]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Vatican revises abuse rules - July 16th, 2010: "Vatican revises abuse rules [07/15/10] / Policy makes it easier to discipline priests, calls attempt to ordain women a 'grave crime.' " [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Foreign Relations / BP & Libya - July 16th, 2010: "BP admits [07/15/10]  role in freeing Libyan airline bomber / Oil giant pushed Britain to transfer prisoner to protect its offshore exploration deal off Libya's coast." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Same-Sex Marriage / Argentina? - July 16th, 2010: "Same-sex marriage OK'd ['the Senate voted 33-27 in favor of the measure']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Billions Lost in Afghanistan Since 2002? - July 16th, 2010: "Agencies ['three U.S. agencies'] grilled [07/15/10] over billions lost in Afghanistan [since 2002]" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - CIA went too far on tactics, panel is told  - July 16th, 2010: "CIA went too far on tactics, panel is told [07/15/10] / Ex-Justice Department official [Jay Bybee] cites repeated waterboarding of two [Khalid Sheikh Mohammed - 183 times & Abu Zubeydah - 83 times]." [Based on: Title for Tribune washington Bureau article by Ken Dilanian, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - $550 Million Settlement / Goldman Sachs - July 16th, 2010: "Goldman Sachs to pay $550 million penalty ['the largest penalty ever imposed on an investment bank'] / Bank agreement ['Goldman Sachs agreed Thursday ... .'] settles fraud suit over mortgage deal that cost investors nearly $1 billion." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Apparent Suicide Bombing / Swat Valley, Pakistan - July 16th, 2010: "Blast in Pakistan [Swat Valley] kills 5 ['and wounded at least 58']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Sophisticated Taliban Attack / Kandahar, Afghanistan - July 16th, 2010: "Taliban attack [07/15/10] shows new sophistication" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/16/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 17th, 2010: "Stocks slumped Friday after bank's second-quarter earnings fell short of expectations and a new survey found that consumers are becoming more pessimistic. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 261 points, and all the major market indexes dropped more than 2.5 percent." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/17/10]

2010 - Solar Flare / Sunspot 1087 - July 17th, 2010: "Sunspot 1087 erupted on July 17th (1800 UT) producing a long-duration C2-class solar flare. Click on the arrow to view a 2.5 hour movie from the Solar Dynamics Observatory: [....] The leisurely but powerful eruption hurled a faint coronal mass ejection (CME) into space. Minor geomagnetic storms are possible on or about July 20th when the cloud reaches Earth. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/17/10]

2010 - Consumer Price Index / U.S.A. - July 17th, 2010: "Consumer price index drops for 3rd straight month ['... a seasonally adjusted 0.1 percent, the third straight monthly decline ... .]" [Based on: Title for Marketwatch article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/17/10]

2010 - $725 Million Settlement / AIG - July 17th, 2010: "American International Group Inc. and some of its directors and officers have agreed to a $725 million settlement to resolve allegations of wide-ranging fraud laid out in a class action lawsuit led by three Ohio pension funds. [NP] The lawsuit alleged anti-competitive market division, accounting violations, and stock price manipulation by AIG between October 1999 and April 2005." [Based on: News Services article (AIG reaches settlement in class action suit), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/17/10]

2010 - China reduces U.S. debt holdings - July 17th, 2010: "China in May [2010] reduced its holdings of U.S. Treasury debt by $32.5 billion to $867.7 billion, the Treasury Department reported Friday [07/16/10]." [Based on: News Services article (China reduces U.S. debt holdings), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/17/10]

2010 - Roadside Bombings / Afghanistan - July 18th, 2010: "Two Americans killed [roadside bombs], terrorist plot foiled in Afghanistan ['officials said Saturday.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/18/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Fox Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska - July 18th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 05:56:44 (UTC) on Sunday, July 18th, 2010. The magnitude 6.7 event [Location: 52.861°N, 169.839°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ FOX ISLANDS, ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, ALASKA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ywaq.php]-[T.D. - 07/19/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea - July 18th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 13:04:11 (UTC) on Sunday, July 18th, 2010. The magnitude 6.9 event [Location: 6.000°S, 150.436°E; Depth 42 km (26.1 miles)] was located @ NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ywbk.php]-[T.D. - 07/19/10]

2010 - Major Earthquake / New Britain Region, Papua New Guinea - July 18th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Major earthquake occurred at 13:35:02 (UTC) on Sunday, July 18th, 2010. The magnitude 7.3 event [Location: 6.019°S, 150.497°E; Depth 57.6 km (35.8 miles)] was located @ NEW BRITAIN REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ywbr.php]-[T.D. - 07/19/10]

2010 - Space Weather - July 19th, 2010: "SPACE WEATHER Current conditions - Solar wind speed: 303.9 km/sec / density: 4.4 protons/cm3 / [...] Updated: Today at 2345 UT" [upper left corner]

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/19/10]

2010 - Sunspot AR1089 - July 19th, 2010: "A new sunspot is emerging over the sun's southeastern limb, and it could be a big one. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/19/10]

2010 - Suicide Bombers / Iraq - July 19th, 2010: "Suicide bombers in Iraq [07/18/10] kill dozens [more than 40]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/19/10]

2010 - AIDS Gel - July 20th, 2010: "Gel shows promise in blocking AIDS / Microbicide cuts risk when used by women, study finds, but likely not enough to win approval in U.S." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 20th, 2010: "Investors are back to being optimistic about companies' earnings. Stocks ended a choppy day with a moderate rebound Monday [07/19/10]. The Dow Jones industrial average regained 56 of the 261 points it lost Friday, and the other major indexes also rose for the day." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Christmas Sales / U.S.A. - July 20th, 2010: "Retailers push Christmas now [July] / Stores get jump on season with online sales, speciality aisles." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Sentenced / Bosnian Serb - July 20th, 2010: "Bosnian Serb [Marko Boskic] sentenced [07/19/10] to 10 years ['... for participation in the murder of hundreds of Muslims at Srebrenica 15 years ago.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Sentenced / Lindsay Lohan - July 20th, 2010: "Lohan surrenders [sentenced 07/20/10] for prison time ['for violating terms of her probation'] / Because of crowding at jail, she'll likely serve only 14 days of 90-day term ." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A19, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Forced to Retire / U.S. Colonel - July 20th, 2010: "Top Marine officer [Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani] charged in Haditha killings [2005] forced to retire ['his lawyers said Monday']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - BP studies alternative to seal well - July 20th, 2010: "BP studies alternative ['static kill'] to seal well for good / With cap on tight, mud would be tried again; fear of leaks allayed." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

*Trivia: "Tests continue on cap amid minor leaks [07/20/10] / Official overseeing response is 'pleased with the progress.']" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / IBM Corp. - July 20th, 2010: "IBM corp. reported a 9 percent gain in second-quarter profit. Net income rose to $3.4 billion, or $2.61 a share, from $3.1 billion, or $2.32, a year ago. Revenue rose 2 percent to $23.7 billion." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / Halliburton Co. - July 20th, 2010: "Halliburton Co. reported an 83 percent surge in second-quarter profit. The Houston petroleum services company reported net income of $480 million, or 53 cents per share, up from $262 million, or 29 cents, a year ago. Revenue rose 26 percent to $4.39 billion." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Pakistan - July 20th, 2010: "Clinton unveils U.S. aid projects for Pakistan" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 07/20/10]

2010 - 22 killed in Yemen - July 21st, 2010: "At least 22 people were killed and more than 50 injured in two days of fierce clashes between Shiite rebels and tribesmen loyal to the government in northwestern Yemen, tribal sources said." [Based on: News Services article (22 killed in Yemen), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Trivia / Elena Kagan - July 21st, 2010: "Panel [Senate Judiciary Committee] OKs Kagan [13-6] for Supreme Court [07/20/10]" [Based on: Title for Tribune Washington Bureau article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 21st, 2010: "Investors are trying to get a read on the economy using earnings reports. The result Tuesday [07/20/10] was yet another day of stock trading. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 75 points after having fallen 140 in early trading in response to a series of disappointing revenue reports." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - A.T.C. Strike / France - July 21st, 2010: "French air traffic controllers have launched a strike that is expected to cancel many flights in and out of France." [Based on: News Services article (Strike in France), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Veil Ban Rejected / Spain - July 21st, 2010: "Spain rejects ban on Islamic veils." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - ILWS Meeting / Germany - July 21st, 2010: "July 16, 2010: Sometimes a problem is so big, one country cannot handle it alone. [NP] That's the message scientists are delivering at today's International Living with a Star (ILWS) meeting in Bremen, Germany, and representatives from more than 25 of the world's most technologically-advanced nations have gathered to hear what they have to say. [NP] 'The problem is solar storms—figuring out how to predict them and stay safe from their effects,' says ILWS Chairperson Lika Guhathakurta of NASA headquarters. 'We need to make progress on this before the next solar maximum arrives around 2013.' [....]"

[Based on: Science @NASA article (Space Weather Turns into an International Problem) by Dr. Tony Phillips, 07/21/10]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2010/16jul_ilws/ 

2010 - Electric Vehicle Plans / Honda - July 21st, 2010: "Honda is joining race to produce electric vehicles / It plans to manufacture an EV auto and a plug-in hybrid in 2012, officials announce." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Third-Quarter Earnings / Apple Inc. - July 21st, 2010: "Apple Inc. reported a sharp jump in third-quarter earnings. The company reported earnings of $3.25 billion, or $3.51 per share, up from $1.83 billion, or $2.01, a year ago. Revenue jumped 61 percent to $15.7 billion." [Based on: Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / Yahoo Inc. - July 21st, 2010: "Yahoo Inc. reported a sharp gain in second-quarter profit. Net income rose to $213.3 million, or 15 cents a share, from $141.4 million, or 10 cents, a year ago. Revenue was $1.13 billion." [Based on: Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Third-Quarter Profit / Lee Enterprises Inc. - July 21st, 2010: "Post-Dispatch parent [Lee Enterprises Inc.] reports $10 million profit for third quarter" [Based on: Title for Staff Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / Goldman Sachs - July 21st, 2010: "Goldman Sachs Group Inc. said its second-quarter profit tumbled 82 percent. Profit fell to $613 million, or 78 cents a share, from $3.44 billion, or $4.93, a year ago. Revenue fell to $8.84 billion." [Based on: Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/21/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / North of Halmahera, Indonesia - July 21st, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 09:16:04 (UTC) on Wednesday, July 21st, 2010. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 3.037°N, 128.214°E; Depth 102 km (63.4 miles) set by location program] was located @ NORTH OF HALMAHERA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010yza2.php]-[T.D. - 07/21/10]

2010 - Car Bomb / Iraq - July 22nd, 2010: "Car bomb kills 15 ['outside a Shiite mosque in a village north of Baghdad']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - "I-dosing" Warning - July 22nd, 2010: "There is an Internet trend called 'I-dosing' in which people listen to two-tone audio files meant to alter their brain waves in the same way that alcohol, marijuana or other drugs might, according to the Oklahoma Bureau of narcotics. Young people not only do it but post videos on YouTube. Some question if the I-dosing reality works or if young people think it does and act high." [Based on: News Services article ('I-dosing' warning), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 22nd, 2010: "Stocks fell sharply after Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke confirmed investors' fears that the economy has weakened. Interest rates dropped in the Treasury market as investors sought safer places for their money. Bernanke said the economy is 'unusually uncertain.' " [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Tropical Storm Bonnie - July 22nd, 2010: "At 6:15 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time on July 22, 2010, the U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) reported that Tropical Depression Three had strengthened into Tropical Storm Bonnie east-southeast of Florida. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=44753]

2010 - Flooding / St. Louis, Mo. - July 22nd, 2010: "Deluge from storm shuts down roads, floods homes [07/21/10] / 2-4 inches of rain falls in 90 minutes; shelter takes in some N. County residents." [Based on: Title for Article article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Unemployment Aid / U.S.A. - July 22nd, 2010: "Senate OKs extension of unemployment aid / Leglislation to reinstate benefits for 2.5 million is expected to be passed by House today." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

*Trivia: "Obama signs jobless benefits extension [07/22/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - African forces shelling Somalia - July 22nd, 2010: "African Union reports say AU peacekeepers are indiscriminately shelling residential areas of Somalia's capital." [Based on: News Services article (African forces shelling Somalia), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Job Offer / Former U.S. Official - July 22nd, 2010: "U.S. official [Shirley Sherod] fired in flap gets offer to be rehired / Agriculture secretary also issues apology after allegations of racism." [Based on: Title for Tribune Newspapers article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Flooding & Landslides / China - July 22nd, 2010: "[....] The rain, which began in May following a severe drought in southern China, is inundating cities and villages throughout the country. Well over half of China's provinces are now enduring monsoon-like downpours, flooding and landslides. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (China's severe floods leave at least 700 people dead / Torrential summer rain, flooding are worst in more than a decade.), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - July 22nd, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A Strong earthquake occurred at 05:04:01 (UTC) on Thursday, July 22nd, 2010. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 15.153°S, 168.185°E; Depth 35.2 km (21.9 miles)] was located @ VANUATU."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zaaq.php]-[T.D. - 07/23/10]

2010 - Corning will build plant in Beijing - July 22nd, 2010: "Corning Inc. says it will invest $800 million to build a factory to make liquid crystal display glass in Beijing. The world's largest maker of LCD glass for televisions and computers cited strong market demand in its decision to ramp up investment in China. As LCD-TV market penetration reaches 90 percent in the United States, China will become the global leader in total TV sales - about 70 percent of them LCD models." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article (Corning will build plant in Beijing), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Policemen Beheaded / Afghanistan - July 22nd, 2010: "6 policemen beheaded [northern Afghanistan - 07/20/10]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / U.S. Bancorp - July 22nd, 2010: "U.S. Bancorp's second quarter profit nearly quadrupled. The bank's profit surged to $862 million, or 45 cents per share, compared with $221 million , or 12 cents, a year ago. Revenue rose almost 9 percent to $4.52 billion." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Second-Quarter Profit / Morgan Stanley - July 22nd, 2010: "Morgan Stanley said its second-quarter net income rose to $1.58 billion, or $1.09 per share, compared with a loss of $1.26 billion, or $1.10, a year ago. Revenue jumped 53 percent to $7.95 billion." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Restoring American Financial Stability Act - July 22nd, 2010: "With a broad smile and the stroke of a pen, President Barack Obama on Wednesday capped a contentious 18-month struggle and signed into law the broadest revamp of financial regulation since the great Depression. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Obama signs historic financial overhaul bill / Supporters say it will fix much of what caused recent economic crisis.) by Kevin G. Hall, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - Survey: Workers on gulf rig had concerns - July 22nd, 2010: "[....] According to a separate 112-page equipment assessment also commissioned by Transocean, many key components - including the blowout preventer rams and failsafe valves - had not been fully inspected since 2000, even though guidelines require its inspection every three to five years. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Survey: Workers on gulf rig had concerns / They 'often saw unsafe behaviors,' feared reprisals.), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010 - No charges in Bush-era firings of U.S. attorneys - July 22nd, 2010: "The Department of Justice announced Wednesday [07/21/10] that 'no criminal charges are warranted' against officials in the Bush administration for the firing of nine U.S. attorneys four years ago that led to allegations of improper political pressure and ultimately cost Alberto Gonzales his job as U.S. attorney general. [....]" [Based on: Tribune Newspapers article (No charges in Bush-era firings of U.S. attorneys), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/22/10]

2010: - Aurora Watch - July 23rd, 2010: "High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras tonight. A solar wind stream is about to hit Earth's magnetic field, and the impact could spark geomagnetic storms."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/23/10]

2010 - Sun in Leo - July 23rd, 2010: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Leo." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E201007.html]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 23rd, 2010: "Stocks had their biggest rally in two weeks Thursday [07/22/10] as earnings and economic reports reassured investors that the economy is continuing its recovery. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 201 points after strong earnings from caterpillar, UPS and other companies." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - Tax Cuts trivia / U.S.A. - July 23rd, 2010: "Battle heats up over taxing the rich / Obama wants Bush tax cuts for the wealthy to expire at the end of this year." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - Bernanke: Continue stimulus - July 23rd, 2010: "Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke told Congress that the fragile economy needs government stimulus spending to strengthen the recovery and help reduce unemployment." [Based on: News Services article (Bernanke: Continue stimulus), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & North Korea - July 23rd, 2010: "North Korea warned the United States that imposing fresh sanctions and holding military drills with South Korea this weekend will endanger the entire region and destroy hopes for a nuke-free Korean peninsula." [Based on: News Services article (North Korea warns U.S.), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - Panel grills BP official on possibility of shortcuts - July 23rd, 2010: "Panel grills BP official [07/22/10] on possibility of shortcuts / Well team leader [John Guide]  denies that savings drove decisions." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/23/10]

2010 - Major Earthquake / Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines - July 23rd, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A major earthquake occurred at 22:08:11 (UTC) on Friday, July 23rd, 2010. The magnitude 7.3 event [Location: 6.699°N, 123.475°E; Depth 612.2 km (380.4 miles)] was located @ MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zbbz.php]-[T.D. - 07/23/10]

2010 - Major Earthquake / Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines - July 23rd, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A major earthquake occurred at 22:51:12 (UTC) on Friday, July 23rd, 2010. The magnitude 7.6 event [Location: 6.470°N, 123.532°E; Depth 583.8 km (362.8 miles)] was located @ MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zbca.php]-[T.D. - 07/28/10]

2010 - Major Earthquake / Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines - July 23rd, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A major earthquake occurred at 23:15:09 (UTC) on Friday, July 23rd, 2010. The magnitude 7.4 event [Location: 6.792°N, 123.282°E; Depth 631.2 km (392.2 miles)] was located @ MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zbcd.php]-[T.D. - 07/28/10]

2010 - Sunspot 1090 - July 24th, 2010: "A new sunspot is emerging at the circled location. Credit: SOHO/MDI [upper left image]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=24&month=07&year=2010]

2010 - Space Weather - July 24th, 2010: "SPACE WEATHER Current conditions - Solar wind speed: 364.4 km/sec / density: 7.9 protons/cm3 [....] A solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole [see link] should reach Earth later today. Credit: SDO/AIA [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/24/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 24th, 2010: "Investors bought stocks again on the latest reassuring news about the economy. This time, it was about European banks. European regulators who issued the results of what are called 'stress tests' on the banks, said only a handful would struggle if the continent's economy weakens. [7 of 91 European banks fail stress tests]" [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/24/10]

2010 - Medical Marijuana / V.A., U.S.A. - July 24th, 2010: "VA will now allow medical marijuana ['in states where it is legal']." [Based on: Title News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/24/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines - July 24th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 05:35:01 (UTC) on Saturday, July 24th, 2010. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 6.792°N, 123.282°E; Depth 631.2 km (392.2 miles)] was located @ MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zcas.php]-[T.D. - 07/28/10]

2010 - Crews back at BP well - July 25th, 2010: "Crews back at BP well after Bonnie fizzles [07/24/10] / Efforts to permanently plug leak are delayed by at least a week; officials hope for clear weather, but new storm could come soon." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 07/25/10]

2010 - Afghan War Diary, 2004-2010 - July 25th, 2010: "25th July 2010 5:00 PM EST WikiLeaks has released a document set called the Afghan War Diary, an extraordinary compendium of over 91,000 reports covering the war in Afghanistan from 2004 to 2010. [NP] The reports, while written by soldiers and intelligence officers, and mainly describing lethal military actions involving the United States military, also include intelligence information, reports of meetings with political figures, and related details. [NP] The document collection is available on a dedicated webpage. [....]"

[Based on: WikiLeaks article (Afghan War Diary, 2004-2010). Release date:  07/25/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga - July 25th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 03:39:22 (UTC) on Sunday, July 25th, 2010. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 15.032°S, 173.543°W; Depth 41.2 km (25.6 miles) (poorly constrained)] was located @ TONGA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zdae.php]-[T.D. - 07/28/10]

2010 - Severe Storms / U.S. East Coast - July 25th, 2010: "One of the most destructive storms in years struck Washington, D.C., and the surrounding area on July 25, 2010. Strong winds downed trees and power lines, leaving hundreds of thousands of residents without power, stopping elevators, and darkening malls and movie theaters. Falling trees killed at least two people. The following morning, crews were working furiously to restore power to homes, traffic lights, and even a water treatment plant. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=44772]

2010 - Roundup Resistant Weeds / U.S.A. - July 25th, 2010: "Roundup's potency slips, foils farmers / Resistant weeds are spreading north, adding to costs, workload." [Based on: Title for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/25/10]

2010 - U.S., South Korea begin joint maneuvers - July 25th, 2010: "[....] The military drills, code-named 'Invincible Spirit,' are to run through Wednesday with about 8,000 U.S. and South Korean troops, 20 ships and submarines, and 200 aircraft. The Nimitz-class George Washington, with several thousand sailors and dozens of fighters aboard, was deployed from Japan [07/24/10]. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (U.S., South Korea begin joint maneuvers), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 07/25/10]

2010 - Taliban Capture U.S. Sailors - July 26th, 2010: "Taliban offer body of sailor in trade / They say they want insurgent prisoners in return for slain serviceman; a 2nd sailor was captured." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/26/10]

2010 - Report: Pakistan aids militants - July 26th, 2010: "Report: Pakistan aids militants / Spy service meets Taliban to map strategy against U.S., documents say. [The report was made public 07/25/10]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/26/10]

2010 - BP chief executive agrees to step down - July 26th, 2010: "BP chief executive agrees to step down, source says / His handling of spill, series of gaffes angered many in U.S.; announcement may come Tuesday." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/26/10]

2010 - National Guard, Reserve suicide rates on the rise - July 26th, 2010: "National Guard, Reserve suicide rates [U.S.A.] on the rise ['Sixty-five members of the Guard and reserve took their own lives during the first six months of 2010, compared with 42 for the same period in 2009.']" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/26/10]

2010 - Solar Wind - July 27th, 2010: "A solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole [see link] is gently buffeting Earth's magnetic field. Credit: SDO/AIA [lower left image]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/27/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 27th, 2010: "The Dow Jones industrial average gained more than 100 points for the third straight day Monday [07/26/10] after investors got some unexpected good news about the economy. A report on the housing market came in better than expected, and FedEx raised its earnings forecast." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Yemeni fight continues - July 27th, 2010: "Yemeni soldiers battled Shiite rebels a short distance from the capital in clashes that killed dozens, a tribal leader said. A cease-fire unraveled in June, reigniting a six-year conflict that spilled across the border last year by drawing in the Saudi military." [Based on: News Services article (Yemeni fight continues), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - EU slaps sanctions on Iran - July 27th, 2010: "The European Union formally adopted on Monday [07/26/10] harsh and unprecedented restrictions on trade with Iran in an effort to pressure Tehran to comply with international demands to curb its nuclear development program. [NP] Western governments and analysts say the program is aimed at building nuclear weapons. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article, (EU slaps sanctions on Iran / Move alligns European Union, U.S. more closely on nuclear program.) by Borzou Daragahi, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Japanese women live longest - July 27th, 2010: "Japanese women are expected to live almost 86 1/2 years, topping the world longevity ratings for the 25th straight year, the government reported. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Japanese women live longest), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Civilian Deaths? / Afghanistan - July 27th, 2010: "Karzai, NATO differ on report of civilian deaths [... Friday in a remote part of Sangin district in Helmand province ... .'] / Afghan leader says dozens were killed; NATO inquiry finds no casualties." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - C-Class Flare / Sunspot 1089 - July 27th, 2010: "Sunspot 1089 is showing an increase in activity, producing a C-class solar flare on July 27th. Credit: SOHO/MDI [upper left image]."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 07/27/10]

2010 - Feast Magazine / St. Louis, Mo. - July 27th, 2010: "Feast, the new free monthly magazine focusing on the St. Louis-area food scene, debuts today with a 74-page issue available at more than 500 sites across the region. [....]" [Based on: Article (Feast magazine debuts today / Food monthly can be found free at 500 sites across area.), by Robert Kelly, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & China - July 27th, 2010: "[....] Speaking Friday [07/23/10] during a forum of Southeast Asian countries in Vietnam, Clinton apparently surprised Beijing by saying the United States had a 'national interest' in seeking to mediate the dispute, which involves roughly 200 islands, islets and coral outcroppings that are claimed by China, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia and the Philippines. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (China admonishes U.S. / Clinton broached entering dispute over South China Sea islands.) by Eric Schmitt & Helen Cooper, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - E. Coli Creek? / St. Louis, Mo. - July 27th, 2010: "Swimming with E. coli? Maybe / High levels recorded for years in creek [Kiefer Creek in Castlewood State park in St. Louis County]; WU professor says it's hard to tell when it's safe." [Based on: Title for article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Immigrant Fingerprinting / U.S.A. - July 27th, 2010: "The federal government is rapidly expanding a program that identifies and deports illegal immigrants by checking their fingerprints upon arrest. Immigrant advocates around the country are criticizing the program." [Based on: News Services article (Immigrant fingerprinting criticized), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Spacequakes Rumble Near Earth - July 27th, 2010:

Rumbles without sound
Auroras rain down
Magnetic fields shake
Beware the spacequake

July 27, 2010: Researchers using NASA's fleet of five THEMIS spacecraft have discovered a form of space weather that packs the punch of an earthquake and plays a key role in sparking bright Northern Lights. They call it "the spacequake."

A spacequake in action. Click to launch a computer-simulated movie created by Walt Feimer of Goddard's Scientific Visualization Lab. A spacequake is a temblor in Earth's magnetic field. It is felt most strongly in Earth orbit, but is not exclusive to space. The effects can reach all the way down to the surface of Earth itself.

"Magnetic reverberations have been detected at ground stations all around the globe, much like seismic detectors measure a large earthquake," says THEMIS principal investigator Vassilis Angelopoulos of UCLA.

It's an apt analogy because "the total energy in a spacequake can rival that of a magnitude 5 or 6 earthquake," according to Evgeny Panov of the Space Research Institute in Austria. Panov is first author of a paper reporting the results in the April 2010 issue of Geophysical Research Letters (GRL).

In 2007, THEMIS discovered the precursors of spacequakes. The action begins in Earth's magnetic tail, which is stretched out like a windsock by the million mph solar wind. Sometimes the tail can become so stretched and tension-filled, it snaps back like an over-torqued rubber band. Solar wind plasma trapped in the tail hurtles toward Earth. On more than one occasion, the five THEMIS spacecraft were in the line of fire when these "plasma jets" swept by. Clearly, the jets were going to hit Earth. But what would happen then? The fleet moved closer to the planet to find out.

"Now we know," says THEMIS project scientist David Sibeck of the Goddard Space Flight Center. "Plasma jets trigger spacequakes." [....]

According to THEMIS, the jets crash into the geomagnetic field some 30,000 km above Earth's equator. The impact sets off a rebounding process, in which the incoming plasma actually bounces up and down on the reverberating magnetic field. Researchers call it "repetitive flow rebuffing." It's akin to a tennis ball bouncing up and down on a carpeted floor. The first bounce is a big one, followed by bounces of decreasing amplitude as energy is dissipated in the carpet.

"We've long suspected that something like this was happening," says Sibeck. "By observing the process in situ, however, THEMIS has discovered something new and surprising."

The surprise is plasma vortices, huge whirls of magnetized gas as wide as Earth itself, spinning on the verge of the quaking magnetic field.

A THEMIS map of plasma flows during a spacequake. The axes are labeled in Earth radii, so each swirl is about the size of Earth. [larger image] "When plasma jets hit the inner magnetosphere, vortices with opposite sense of rotation appear and reappear on either side of the plasma jet," explains Rumi Nakamura of the Space Research Institute in Austria, a co-author of the study. "We believe the vortices can generate substantial electrical currents in the near-Earth environment."

Acting together, vortices and spacequakes could have a noticeable effect on Earth. The tails of vortices may funnel particles into Earth's atmosphere, sparking auroras and making waves of ionization that disturb radio communications and GPS. By tugging on surface magnetic fields, spacequakes generate currents in the very ground we walk on. Ground current surges can have profound consequences, in extreme cases bringing down power grids over a wide area.

After THEMIS discovered the jets and quakes, Joachim Birn of the Los Alamos National Lab in New Mexico conducted a computer simulation of the rebounding process. Lo and behold, vortices appeared in good accord with THEMIS measurements. Moreover, the simulations suggest that the rebounding process can be seen from Earth's surface in the form of ripples and whirls in auroral displays. Ground stations report just such a phenomenon.

"It's a complicated process, but it all fits together," says Sibeck.

The work isn't finished. "We still have a lot to learn," he adds. "How big can spacequakes become? How many vortices can swirl around Earth at once--and how do they interact with one another?"

Stay tuned for answers from THEMIS.

Vortices swirl
plasma a'twirl
Richter predicts
a magnitude six

[Based on: Article (Spacequakes Rumble Near Earth) - Author: Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2010/27jul_spacequakes/ 

2010 - Al-Qaida group kills French hostage - July 27th, 2010: "[....] In a message carried by the Al-Jazeera satellite channel overnight Sunday [07/25/10], the terrorist group said Michel Germaneau had been killed in response to a raid in northern Mali last week by French and Mauritanian troops in which six members of the group were killed. [....]" [Based on: dpa article (Al-Qaida group kills French hostage), p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - War records leak puts heat on president - July 27th, 2010: "The White House sought to reassert control over the public debate of the Afghanistan war Monday [07/26/10] as political reaction to the disclosure of a six-year archive of classified military documents increased pressure on President Barack Obama to defend his war strategy. [NP] On Capitol Hill, a leading Senate Democrat said the documents, with their detailed account of a war faring even more poorly than two administrations had portrayed, would intensify congressional scrutiny of Obama's policy. [....] Administration officials acknowledged that the documents, released on the Internet by an organization called WikiLeaks, will make it harder for Obama as he tries to hang on to public and congressional support until the end of the year, when he has scheduled a review of the war effort. [....] The White House appeared to be focusing its ire toward Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks.org, the website that provided access to about 92,000 secret military reports from January 2004 through December 2009. [NP] White House officials e-mailed reporters select transcripts of an interview Assange conducted with Der Spiegel, underlining the quotations the White House found most offensive. Among then was Assange's assertion, 'I enjoy crushing bastards.' [NP] On Monday, Assange defended the release of the documents. 'I'd like to see this material taken seriously and investigated, and new policies, if not prosecutions, result from it.' he said." [Based on: New York Times article (War records leak puts heat on president / Obama may be forced to battle harder for Afghanistan policy.) by Eric Schmitt & Helen Cooper, pp. A1 & A6, S.L.P.D., 07/27/10]

2010 - Special Note - July 28th, 2010: From this point forward, I am making another attempt to further reduce future timeline data (due to time constraints). - D.R.D. [a.k.a Etznab Mathers]

2010 - Sunspot 1092 - July 28th, 2010: "Readers with solar telescopes, train your optics on the sun's northeastern limb. A big sunspot with an active magnetic canopy is emerging there. And that's not all... [....] Today around 1200 UT, magnetic fields looping over the sun's southeastern limb became unstable and erupted. The blast produced a towering prominence dozens of times taller than Earth itself: [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=28&month=07&year=2010]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 28th, 2010: "News that consumers are more pessimistic put the stock market's rally on hold. Stocks fell modestly Tuesday [07/27/10] after three days of big gains. The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 1.17, or 0.1 percent, to 1,113.84 after a report showed a drop in consumer confidence." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/28/10]

2010 - House Vote / U.S. War Funding Bill - July 28th, 2010: "House OKs [07/27/10] funds for Afghan surge [308-144]  / Debate largely centers around withdrawing troops from neighboring Pakistan." [Based on: Title for tribune Washington Bureau article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 07/28/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 29th, 2010: "Investors clashed in some of their recent gains after the Federal Reserve gave them more confirmation that the economic recovery is slowing. The Dow fell almost 40 points after the Fed released its regional survey of the economy, a report known as the 'beige book.' " [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 07/29/10]

2010 - Record-Breaking Heat Wave / Moscow - July 29th, 2010: "VYALKI, RUSSIA - As peat fires raged on the outskirts of town, shrouding Moscow in a thick cloud of smog, residents sought to cope Wednesday with a lengthy, record-breaking heat wave that is expected to intensify further today. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Moscow residents beset by heat fight smog from fires), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 07/29/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines - July 29th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 07:31:56 (UTC) on Thursday, July 29th, 2010. The magnitude 6.6 event [Location: 6.555°N, 123.335°E; Depth 606.5 km (376.9 miles)] was located @ MORO GULF, MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010zhat.php]-[T.D. - 07/28/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 30th, 2010: "Stocks ended a choppy day with a modest loss as investors tried to reconcile another batch of conflicting economic signals. The Dow Jones industrials closed down 30 points after falling as much as 110 and rising 87. The other big market indexes also closed lower." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 07/30/10]

2010 - Settlement / Citigroup Inc. - July 30th, 2010: "Citigroup Inc. is paying $75 million to settle civil charges that it misled investors about its potential losses from subprime mortgages. The Securities and Exchange Commission announced the settlement on Thursday." [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article (Citigroup to pay $75 million fine), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 07/30/10]

2010 - Facing Charges / N.Y. Rep. Charles Rangel - July 30th, 2010: "Rangel faces 13 charges, ethics trial / House panel accused Democratic congressman of accepting gifts, failure to disclose finances." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/30/10]

2010 - Strong Earthquake / Off East Coast of Kamchatka, Russia - July 30th, 2010: According to Preliminary Data (See: T.D. [Transcription Date] after link.) "A strong earthquake occurred at 03:56:14 (UTC) on Friday, July 30th, 2010. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 52.535°N, 159.919°E; Depth 21 km (13.0 miles)] was located @ OFF THE EAST COAST OF KAMCHATKA, RUSSIA."

[Based on: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010ziag.php]-[T.D. - 07/30/10]

2010 - Died / Mitch Miller - July 31st, 2010: "Mitch Miller, 99; was musical innovator [died 07/31/10 - He was 99] / 'Sing Along With Mitch' albums were big hits in 1950s, '60s." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

2010 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - July 31st, 2010: "Stocks had a fitting end to a choppy July as prices seesawed to a narrowly mixed finish. Still, July was the market's best month in a year. Investors had an ambivalent response to the gross domestic product report, which showed economic growth slowed in the April-June quarter." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

2010 - Rocket hits Israeli city - July 31st, 2010: "A Katyusha-type rocket fired by militants from Gaza struck the Israeli coastal city of Ashkelon on Friday [07/30/10], damaging buildings and causing panic after more than a year [since February 2009] of relative calm." [Based on: News Services article (Rocket hits Israeli city), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

2010 - Deadly Floods / Pakistan - July 31st, 2010: "Floods kill hundreds [more than 400 people] in Pakistan [northwestern region]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

*Trivia: "Flood tests Pakistan resources / 800 are killed, homes ruined just days after nation's biggest disaster." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 08/01/10]

*Links: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=44985

2010 - Economic Growth?/ U.S.A. - July 31st, 2010: "Economic growth plunges / Consumers' cutbacks in spending threaten corporate recovery." [Based on: Title for Tribune Newspapers article by Don Lee, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

2010 - Second Quarter Profit / Chevron Corp. - July 31st, 2010: "The energy company's second-quarter earnings tripled on better refining margins and higher prices for oil and natural gas. Chevron reported net income of $5.4 billion, or $2.70 per share, for the three months ended June 30. That compares with $1.7 billion, or 87 cents per share, in the same part of last year. Revenue jumped 32 percent to $53 billion." [Based on: News Services article (Chevron  Corp.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 07/31/10]

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Page last updated 06/30/11