Timecapsule Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles (on this timeline) are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]    *Color Code

  June 2009

2009 - Astronomic Configuration - June 1st, 2009: "Sun [10 Gemini], Moon [24 Virgo], Mercury [22 Taurus], Venus [25 Aries], Mars [0 Taurus], Jupiter [26 Aquarius], Saturn [15 Virgo], Uranus [26 Pisces], Neptune [26 Aquarius], Pluto [2 Capricorn R.], Chiron [26 Aquarius R.]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200906.html]

2009 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - June 1st, 2009: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 June 2009 at 03:46:23 PM GMT is: $11,325,856,572,378.09. The estimated population of the United States is 306,288,574 so each citizen's share of this debt is $36,977.73. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $3.79 billion per day since September 28, 2007! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House! [Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 06/01/09]

2009 - Transgeneic Marmosets - June 1st, 2009: "Scientists claim a milestone in gene research / A gene transplanted into a monkey [marmosets] has for the first time been passed along to offspring ['a gene that made their feet glow green']." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/01/09]

2009 - New Border Rules / U.S.A. - June 1st, 2009: "Stricter U.S. border rules [U.S. northern and southern borders] will take effect today [06/01/09]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/01/09]

2009 - Food Coloring Trivia / U.S.A. - June 1st, 2009: "The creepy side of food coloring / That 'artificial color' in food may be dried insect [cochineal bug], and the FDA wants it labeled" [Based on: Title for article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/01/09]

2009 - Loyalty Oath Rejected / Israel - June 1st, 2009: "The Israeli government on Sunday [05/31/09] threw out a proposal aimed at minority Arabs to require an oath of loyalty to Israel as a Jewish state or risk losing their citizenship, dealing a blow to the country's ultranationalist foreign minister .... [....] Arabs make up about one-fifth of Israel's 7 million citizens. The draft would have allowed the Interior Ministry to strip even native Israelis of their nationality if they refused to swear allegiance to the Jewish state and profess their willingness to perform military service." [Based on: News Services article (Loyalty oath rejected), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/01/09]

2009 - Trivia / D.J.I.A. - June 2nd, 2009: "Travelers, Cisco replace Citigroup, GM in Dow Jones industrial average" [Based on: Title for Article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 2nd, 2009: "The stock market began June with a strong rally. Traders homed in on better-than-expected readings on manufacturing, consumer spending and construction spending. The day also brought GM's bankruptcy filing. The Standard & Poor's 500 rose 2.6 percent to 942.87." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Recession Easing? / U.S.A. - June 2nd, 2009: "3 economic reports boost hope recession is easing [U.S.A.] / Manufacturing, housing, consumer data brighten." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - June 2nd, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 02:17:03 (UTC) on Tuesday, June 2nd, 2009. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 17.748°S, 167.955°E; Depth 15 km (9.3 miles) set by location program] was located @ VANUATU."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009hjah.php] - [T.D. - 06/04/09]

2009 - Crude Oil / Kurdish Region, Iraq - June 2nd, 2009: "Iraq's self-ruled Kurdish region officially started pumping crude oil to the international market, a development that will boost Iraq's cash-strapped economy. The move could also bolster the Kurds' political clout and ease tension with the central government that has threatened to erupt into new violence." [Based on: News services article (Kurdish oil sent to market), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Release of Information / Guantanamo Bay - June 2nd, 2009: "A federal judge ordered the United States to publicly reveal unclassified versions of its allegations and evidence justifying the continued imprisonment of more than 100 detainees being held at Guantanamo Bay. The Justice Department had been filing unclassified versions of its legal documents under seal, so that they could only be seen by judges, attorneys and government officials. Attorneys for the detainees were able to share the documents with their clients and witnesses." [Based on: News Services article (Judge orders public release of information), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Down chromosomes found to block cancer - June 2nd, 2009: "Down [Down syndrome] chromosomes [a gene in the extra chromosome] found to block cancer ['researchers at Children's Hospital Boston have found.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Chapter 11 Bankruptcy / General Motors Corp. - June 2nd, 2009: " 'Sobering ' day for GM [06/01/09] / Restructuring - Chapter 11 filing will give automaker 60 to 90 days to reorganize. / Plant closings - 12 manufacturing plants and three distribution centers will close. [....]" [Based on: Title for Front Page article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Recruiting Station Shooting / Little Rock, Arkansas - June 2nd, 2009: "Soldier killed [06/01/09] outside recruiting station [Little Rock, Arkansas]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/02/09]

2009 - Israel hotel an issue - June 3rd, 2009: "Israel plans to build a 200-room hotel next to the old City of Jerusalem, drawing a mild protest from the United States at a time when Israel construction on land Palestinians claim for a state has become a contentious issue in U.S.-Israel relations." [Based on: News Services article (Israel hotel an issue), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 3rd, 2009: "Investors slowed their move into the market from a sprint to a walk. Stocks extended a rally to a fourth day following a strong rise in pending home sales, the latest encouraging signal for the troubled housing market. The S&P 500 rose 0.2 percent to 944.74." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Elections Trivia / Greenland - June 3rd, 2009: "The left-wing Inuit Ataqatigiit party has won Greenland's parliamentary elections with 44 percent of the vote, leaving it in a position to unseat the long-governing Social Democratic Siumut party." [Based on: News Services article (Leftists win), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Storm Damage / St. Louis, Mo. - June 3rd, 2009: "Storm damages homes, hotel [06/02/09], county police building [Clayton]" [Based on: Title for Staff Reports article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Debris Found / France Flight 447 - June 3rd, 2009: "[....] The jet [France Flight 447], bound for Paris from Rio de Janeiro with 228 abroad, disappeared Sunday night [06/31/09] without a distress call. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Flight 447 debris found in ocean), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Suicide / Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - June 3rd, 2009: "A Yemeni detainee at Guantanamo Bay, Muhammad Ahmad Abdallah Salih, has died of an apparent suicide, U.S. military officials said. His is the fifth apparent suicide at the prison." [Based on: News Services article (Suicide at Guantanamo), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Trivia / Interrgoation Methods, U.S.A. - June 3rd, 2009: "Interrogation methods saved lives, people say ['according to a Harris Poll']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S., Israel & Iran - June 3rd, 2009: "U.S. shifts stance on Iran, Israel / Obama's Mideast trip - He backs pursuit of peaceful nuclear energy, wants dialogue with Muslim world, seeks halt at all settlements." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/03/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 4th, 2009: "The problem with rising expectations is that it gets tougher to beat them. Investors broke the stock market's four-day rally and sold off after data on the services industry and factory orders came in below forecasts. The Dow fell 0.8 percent to 8,675.28." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 06/04/09]

2009 - Barack Obama / Egypt - June 5th, 2009: "Mideast faces familiar hurdles / Analysis - Obama makes push for peace [06/04/09] but obstacles remain for Arab, Israeli leaders." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

*Trivia: PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: America’s strong bonds with Israel are well known. This bond is unbreakable. It is based upon cultural and historical ties and the recognition that the aspiration for a Jewish homeland is rooted in a tragic history that cannot be denied.

Around the world, the Jewish people were persecuted for centuries, and anti-Semitism in Europe culminated in an unprecedented Holocaust. Tomorrow, I will visit Buchenwald, which was part of a network of camps where Jews were enslaved, tortured, shot and gassed to death by the Third Reich. Six million Jews were killed, more than the entire Jewish population of Israel today. Denying that fact is baseless, it is ignorant, and it is hateful. Threatening Israel with destruction, or repeating vile stereotypes about Jews, is deeply wrong and only serves to evoke in the minds of Israelis this most painful of memories while preventing the peace that the people of this region deserve.

On the other hand, it is also undeniable that the Palestinian people, Muslims and Christians, have suffered in pursuit of a homeland. For more than sixty years, they’ve endured the pain of dislocation. Many wait in refugee camps in the West Bank, Gaza and neighboring lands for a life of peace and security that they have never been able to lead. They endure the daily humiliations, large and small, that come with occupation. So let there be no doubt: the situation for the Palestinian people is intolerable. And America will not turn our backs on the legitimate Palestinian aspiration for dignity, opportunity and a state of their own.

For decades then, there has been a stalemate: two peoples with legitimate aspirations, each with a painful history that makes compromise elusive. It’s easy to point fingers—for Palestinians to point to the displacement brought about by Israel’s founding, and for Israelis to point to the constant hostility and attacks throughout its history from within its borders as well as beyond. But if we see this conflict only from one side or the other, then we will be blind to the truth: the only resolution is for the aspirations of both sides to be met through two states, where Israelis and Palestinians each live in peace and security.

That is in Israel’s interest, Palestine’s interest, America’s interest and the world’s interest. And that is why I intend to personally pursue this outcome with all the patience and dedication that the task requires. The obligations—the obligations that the parties have agreed to under the road map are clear. For peace to come, it is time for them, and all of us, to live up to our responsibilities.

Palestinians must abandon violence. Resistance through violence and killing is wrong, and it does not succeed. For centuries, black people in America suffered the lash of the whip as slaves and the humiliation of segregation. But it was not violence that won full and equal rights. It was a peaceful and determined insistence upon the ideals at the center of America’s founding. This same story can be told by people from South Africa to South Asia, from Eastern Europe to Indonesia. […]

At the same time, Israelis must acknowledge that just as Israel’s right to exist cannot be denied, neither can Palestine’s. The United States does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlements. This construction violates previous agreements and undermines efforts to achieve peace. It is time for these settlements to stop.

And Israel must also live up to its obligation to ensure that Palestinians can live and work and develop their society. Just as it devastates Palestinian families, the continuing humanitarian crisis in Gaza does not serve Israel’s security; neither does the continuing lack of opportunity in the West Bank. Progress in the daily lives of the Palestinian people must be a critical part of a road to peace, and Israel must take concrete steps to enable such progress.

[Based on: Democracy Now article. See link]

*Link: http://www.democracynow.org/2009/6/4/obama_speech

2009 - Joint Iraqi-U.S. Bases / Iraq - June 4th, 2009: "The U.S. and Iraqi militaries have tentatively agreed to keep a joint base on the edge of Baghdad's Shiite slum of Sadr City, maintaining an American presence in a strategic area even after the June 30 deadline for U.S. combat troops to pull out of the capital. The base is one of about 14 joint facilities that U.S. officials say privately that they would like to keep in flashpoint neighborhoods after the deadline." [Based on: News Services article (U.S. keeps base near Sadr City), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/04/09]

2009 - Trivia / Israeli Settlements - June 4th, 2009: "Senior Israeli officials expressed irritation on Wednesday [06/03/09] that President Barack Obama had declined to acknowledge what they called clear understandings with the administration of former President George W. Bush that allowed Israel to build West Bank settlement housing within certain guidelines while still publicly claiming to honor a settlement 'freeze.' [NP] The Israeli officials said Bush officials gave permission to build within the boundaries of certain settlement blocs as long as no new land was expropriated, no special economic incentives were offered to move to settlements and no new settlements were built." [Based on: News Services article (Israelis cite agreement with Bush), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/04/09]

2009 - Gay Marriage / New Hampshire - June 4th, 2009: "New Hampshire OKs gay marriage [06/03/09]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/04/09]

2009 - Taliban Bomb - June 5th, 2009: "Taliban bomb kills 3 U.S. soldiers [north of Kabul]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Crude Oil / U.S.A. - June 5th, 2009: "Oil nears $70 a barrel [$69.60 a barrel, for July delivery] " [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 5th, 2009: "The problem with rising expectations is that it gets tougher to beat them. Investors broke the stock market's four-day rally and sold off after data on the services industry and factory orders came in below forecasts. The Dow fell 0.8 percent to 8,675.28. [< Typo? Same article as 06/04/09?]" [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Air France Wreckage? - June 5th, 2009: "A Brazillian helicopter crew recovered the first wreckage from Air France Flight 447 on Thursday [06/04/09], pulling a cargo pallet from the sea. No sign of human remains have been spotted, and Air France has told families that the jetliner broke apart, killing all 228 people on board." [Based on: News Services article (Some Air France wreckage recovered), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Bat-Killing Disease / U.S.A. - June 5th, 2009: "Bat-killing disease [Northeast U.S.A.] called major threat" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Romanian forces leave Iraq - June 5th, 2009: "Romanian forces leave Iraq" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Fraud Charge / Ex-Countrywide CEO - June 5th, 2009: "SEC charging ex-Countrywide CEO Mozillo [Angelo Mozillo ... and two other company executives'] with fraud [06/04/09]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/05/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 6th, 2009: "With unemployment still rising, investors are questioning if stocks should be, too. Stocks ended flat after the government reported a drop in job losses for May but also a spike in the unemployment rate to 9.4 percent. The S&P 500 fell 0.3 percent to 940.09." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Intensifying Protests / Peru - June 6th, 2009: "Clashes between indigenous protestors and security forces on a remote jungle highway in northern Peru left more than two dozen dead on Friday [06/05/09], including nine police officers, heightening tension over intensifying protests by indigenous groups over plans to open vast tracts of rain forest to oil drilling, logging and hydroelectric dams. [NP] The protests have disrupted oil production and pipelines, blocked commerce on roads and waterways, and halted flights at remote airports. While shortages of fuel and food have been reported in some jungle areas, the real concern is that the protests will succeed in cutting energy supplies to major coastal cities." [Based on: News Services article (Protest in Peru turns violent), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Iran expands nuke program - June 6th, 2009: "Iran expands nuke program / U.N. reports that the country has nearly 5,000 centrifuges, which are used to make highly enriched uranium at a massive underground facility [Natanz]." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article by Jonathan S. Landay, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Trivia / Media Fairness Caucus - June 6th, 2009: "Saying the greatest threat to the country is not a recession or terrorist attack but liberal media bias, Rep Lamar Smith, R-Texas, announced Friday [06/05/09] that he is organizing the Media Fairness Caucus in the House." [Based on: News Services article (Media fairness group forms), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Suicide Bomber / Pakistan Mosque - June 6th, 2009: "An attacker wearing an explosive vest blew himself up inside a packed mosque during Friday prayers [06/05/09], killing at least 30 and wounding 40 more in northwest Pakistan, officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Suicide bomber kills 30), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Bodies Found / Air France Flight 447 - June 6th, 2009: "Two bodies have been found from the Air France plane [confirmed - 06/05/09] which went missing over the Atlantic last Monday, the Brazilian air force has said. [NP] Items including a case with a ticket for the flight were also picked up some 1,100km (683 miles) off Brazil's coast. [....]" [Based on BBC article (Bodies from missing plane found ), 06/06/09]

*Link: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8087303.stm

*Trivia: "Still no debris found from missing plane [06/05/09] / France sends submarine [nuclear submarine] to listen for signs from black boxes of voice, data recordings." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Defense Minister Dismissed / Ukraine - June 6th, 2009: "Ukranian leader dismissed [defense minister Yuri Yekhanurov]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Uranium Particles / Nuclear Site, Syria - June 6th, 2009: "The U.N. nuclear agency reported its second unexplained find of uranium particles at a Syrian nuclear site, in a probe sparked by suspicions that a remote desert site hit by Israeli warplanes was a nearly finished plutonium producing reactor." [Based on: News Services article (Uranium detected in Syria), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Lead Paint Settlement / Mattell & Fisher Price - June 6th, 2009: "Toy maker Mattel Inc. and its Fisher-Price subsidiary have agreed to pay a $2.3 million civil penalty for importing and selling toys with excessive levels of lead. [NP] The penalty is part of a settlement the companies reached with the Consumer Product safety Commission, which announced Friday [06/05/09] that the toymaker had knowingly violated a 30-year-old federal ban on lead paint in toys. The companies deny having willfully violated the ban. [NP] The penalty stems from a series of recalls by Mattel and Fisher-Price in 2007, when the companies recalled nearly 2 million Big Bird, Elmo, Dora and other toys because of excessive levels of lead found in the paint on the toys." [Based on: Article (Lead paint settlement costs Mattell 2.3 million), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Two charged with spying [for Cuba] / U.S.A. - June 6th, 2009: "A former State Department official with a security clearance above top secret, and his wife have been arrested on charges of spying for the Cuban government for nearly 30 years, the Justice Department said Friday [06/05/09]. [....] Walter Kendall Myers, 72, and his wife, Gwendolyn Steingraber Myers, 71, were charged with conspiracy to act as illegal agents and with passing classified information to the Cuban government. They also were charged with conspiring to provide classified U.S. information to Havana and with wire fraud. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Two charged with spying / Ex-State Department official with top secret clearance and his wife are accused of passing classified information to Cuban government.), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 06/06/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge - June 6th, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 20:33:28 (UTC) on Saturday, June 6th, 2009. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 23.860°N, 46.084°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009hnca.php] - [T.D. - 06/13/09]

2009 - Trivia / U.S. Interrogation Techniques - June 7th, 2009: "When Justice Department lawyers engaged in a sharp internal debate in 2005 over brutal interrogation techniques, even some who believed that using tough tactics was a serious mistake agreed on a basic point: The methods themselves were legal. [NP] Previously undisclosed Justice Department e-mail messages, interviews and newly declassified documents show that some of the lawyers, including deputy attorney general James B. Comey, went along with a 2005 legal opinion asserting that the techniques used by the CIA were lawful." [Based on: News Services article (Justice Dept. signed off on interrogations), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/07/09]

2009 - Continued Protests / Peru - June 8th, 2009: "Peruvian President Alan Garcia accused Amazon Indians of 'barbarity' Sunday [06/07/09] in the killing of 22 members of a paramilitary police force sent to break up anti-development protests. [NP] Although blockades that had halted the flow of oil out of the jungle appeared mostly disbanded, native groups seized a remote airport Sunday and refused to abandon a key jungle roadblock." [Based on: News Services article (Indian protests continue in Peru), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/08/09]

2009 - U.S. Journalists Convicted / N. Korea - June 8th, 2009: "N. Korea convicts U.S. journalists [Laura Ling & Euna Lee - sentenced to 12 years in labor prison.]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/08/09]

2009 - Sunspot 1020 - June 9th, 2009: "Small, faint sunspot 1020 is a member of new Solar Cycle 24. Credit: SOHO/MDI"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 06/09/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 9th, 2009: "Investors might be worried about the soundness of the market's rally but they're also worried about missing it. Stocks reversed steep losses in the final hour of trading to end little changed Monday. The Standard & Poor's 500 fell 0.1 percent to 939.14." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Elections Trivia / Europe - June 9th, 2009: "[....] Right-leaning governments came out ahead in Germany, France, Italy and Belgium, while conservative opposition parties won in Britain, Spain, and Bulgaria. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Europeans turn conservative at polls), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Elections Trivia / Lebanon - June 9th, 2009: "[....] Official results released Monday [06/08/09] showed that the ruling March 14 alliance of Sunni Muslim, Druze and Maronite Christian lawmakers won 71 of the parliament's 128 seats. Hezbollah and its Christian allies, who had been widely expected to boost their numbers and possibly claim a parliamentary majority, ended up with 57. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Lebanese face power decisions), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Fence-Jumper / White House - June 9th, 2009: "Fence-jumper caught at White House" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - FBI Informers / U.S. Mosques - June 9th, 2009: "FBI Director Robert Mueller on Monday [06/08/09] defended the agency's use of informers within U.S. mosques, despite complaints from Muslim organizations that worshippers and clerics are being targeted instead of possible terrorists. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (FBI chief defends use of mosque informers), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Suicide Attackers / Pakistan Hotel - June 9th, 2009: "Suicide attackers shot their way past guards and set off a massive blast outside a luxury hotel in Peshawar where foreigners and well-to-do Pakistanis mixed, killing at least 11 people and wounding 70, officials said. The bombers struck the Pearl Continental Hotel." [Based on: News Services article (Pakistani bombers kill 11), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

*Trivia: "Pakistani officials moved swiftly to use the suicide bombing of a luxury hotel in their campaign to build public support for military offensives against the Taliban. Past offensives against Islamist militants have resulted in backlashes." [Based on: News Services article (Pakistan lobbies for support against Taliban), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Military Spending Rises / Worldwide - June 9th, 2009: "World governments spent a record $1.46 trillion on upgrading their armed forces last year despite the economic downturn, with China climbing to second place behind top military spender the United States, a Swedish research group said Monday [06/08/09]. Global military spending was 4 percent higher than in 2007 and up 45 percent from a decade ago, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, or SIPRI, said in its annual report." [Based on: News Services article (Military spending rises), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - U.S. Troops / Flowing into Afghanistan - June 9th, 2009: "[....] Some 10,000 Marines have poured into Afghanistan in the last six weeks, the military said Monday [06/08/09], transforming this once small base [Camp Leatherneck] in the heart of the country's most violent province, Helmand, into a desert fortress. [....]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article (U.S. troops flowing into Afghanistan / Buildup's goal is to crush Taliban insurgency.), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Indian tribes lose appeal on ski resort - June 9th, 2009: "The Supreme Court turned down an appeal from Indian tribes that wanted to block expansion of a ski resort on a mountain they consider sacred. The tribes wanted to block the expansion because the Arizona Snowbowl ski area, north of Flagstaff, plans to use treated wastewater to make artificial snow." [Based on: News Services article (Indian tribes lose appeal on ski resort), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/09/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2009: "Investors are finding more than one way to bet on an improving economy. Traders bought commodity stocks, encouraged by higher prices for oil. They also bought tech names. An upbeat forecast from Texas Instruments pushed the Nasdaq up 1 percent to 1,860.13." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/10/09]

2009 - Radioactive leak near Chicago - June 10th, 2009: "A radioactive leak at Exelon's Dresden nuclear power plant has been contained and isn't a risk to public health, authorities said. Leaked tritium was found in routine tests at the Grundy County, Ill., plant, officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Radioactive leak near Chicago), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 06/10/09]

2009 - Fraud Scheme Charges / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2009: "[....] Prosecutors claim the defendants and others designed and marketed fraudulent tax shelters to wealthy clients from 1994 to 2004. The shelters were intended to eliminate or reduce the taxes these clients would have to pay to the IRS. [NP] Three ex-BDO employees have already pleaded guilty this year in connection with the scheme, including Charles W, Bee Jr., BDO's former vice chairman and board member." [Based on: A.P. article (7 are charged with fraud in tax scheme / Authorities say dodge cost U.S. $7 billion in taxes.), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/10/09]

2009 - Lunar Impact / Kaguya Spacecraft - June 10th, 2009: "On June 10th at 1825 UT, Japan's massive Kaguya spacecraft crashed into the Moon. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=21&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - Volcanic Activity / Sarychev Peak Volcano - June10th-17th, 2009: "Atmospheric scientists are interested in tracking sulfur dioxide because it can endanger public health and because it can affect global climate. In mid-June 2009, Sarychev Peak Volcano on Matua Island in the northwest Pacific began a series of eruptions of large amounts of ash. According to atmospheric scientist Simon Carn, who is part of the science team for the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA’s Aura satellite, it was also almost certainly the largest sulfur dioxide event so far this year. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=38975]

*Trivia: "On June 12, 2009, Sarychev Peak on the Kuril Islands’ Ostrov Matua experienced a spectacular eruption. [....]" http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=39120

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2009: "The stock market has a new priority: interest rates. Stocks fell after the government sold $19 billion in 10-year Treasurys in a relatively weak auction. The government had to lure buyers with high yields. The Standard & Poor's 500 fell 0.4 percent to 939.15." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Chrysler / Fiat Trivia - June 11th, 2009: "Chrysler emerges from bankruptcy [06/10/09] / Now owned by Italian automaker, the new company faces challenges." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Millionth Word in English - June 11th, 2009: "And the millionth word in English [06/10/09] is ... 'Web 2.0' " [Based on: Title for Cox Newspapers article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Launch / EBEX Telescope - June 11th, 2009: "On June 11th, researchers at NASA's Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility in Texas launched a telescope named EBEX. Its mission: to measure the faint polarization of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR). Linear polarization of the CMBR could prove that the large-scale structure of the Universe today was cast by tiny quantum fluctuations in space just a split-second after the Big Bang. EBEX is probing the earliest moments of creation. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/13/09]

2009 - Federal Budget Deficit / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2009: "The federal budget deficit soared to a record for May of $189.7 billion, pushing the tide of red ink close to $1 trillion with four months left in the budget year. [....] The administration is projecting that the deficit for the budget year that began Oct. 1 will total a record $1.84 trillion. That would be more than four times last year's record deficit." [Based on: News Services article (Deficit reaches record amount), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Shooting / D.C. Holocaust Museum - June 11th, 2009: " Suspected D.C. gunman [James W. von Brunn] has ties to St. Louis / He killed Holocaust Museum guard before being shot [06/10/09]." [Based on: Title for Staff & Wire reports article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Charitable Giving Decline / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2009: "Charitable giving posted steep drop in downturn last year [2008], study ['by the Giving USA Foundation'] finds" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - French Submarine / Flight 447 Crash Site - June 11th, 2009: "A French nuclear submarine reached the crash zone of Air France Flight 447 to join the search for the plane's black boxes." [Based on: News Services article (Sub joins search for Flight 447 black boxes), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - U.S. FOIA Ombudsman / Miriam Nisbet - June 11th, 2009: "FOIA [Freedom of Information Act] ombudsman [Miriam Nisbet] in place" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Psychiatric Drugs for Children? / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2009: "[....] The FDA's panel of experts voted to affirm that drugs from AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly and Pfizer appear safe and useful for treating schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in patients ages 10 to 17. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (FDA panel recommends psychiatric drugs be approved for children), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Peru suspends laws that sparked protests - June 11th, 2009: "Peru's Congress has indefinitely suspended two legislative decrees that prompted the Amazon Indian protests that turned violent last week. The suspension could help re-establish talks with leaders of Peru's 400,000 Amazon natives. Indigenous groups say the decrees make it easier to exploit their lands for oil, gas and logging. President Alan Garcia says the laws are needed to help Peru develop." [Based on: News Services article (Peru suspends laws that sparked protests), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Archbishop Robert Carlson / St. Louis, Mo. - June 11th, 2009: " 'Let us stand together' / New Shepherd - Archbishop Robert Carlson takes the reins of St. Louis Archdiocese [06/10/09]" [Based on: Article Title, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/11/09]

2009 - Swine Flu Pandemic - June 12th, 2009: "Swine flu is now a pandemic [06/11/09 - 'the first official pandemic declaration in 41 years.'] / 'Further spread of the disease is inevitable,' WHO director-general says." [Based on: Title for Marketwatch article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Tear gas used in Peru - June 12th, 2009: "Riot police have fired tear gas to keep protestors away from Peru's Congress as 4,000 marched in favor of Amazon Indians who want it to overturn laws they say threaten their lands." [Based on: News Services article (Tear gas used in Peru), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "Even the optimists are showing some caution. Investors welcomed a drop in jobless claims and growth in retail sales. But traders were mindful of how far the market has come in its three-month rally. The Dow Jones industrials rose 0.4 percent to 8,770.92." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Testimony / BofA Chief - June 12th, 2009: "BofA chief testifies in Congress: Stock soars [06/11/09] / Lewis [ Bank of America CEO Ken Lewis] reveals that feds pressured him into aquiring Merrill Lynch." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Consumer Spending / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "Retail sales rise ['a seasonally adjusted 0.5 percent in May from a month earlier, after falling the two previous months.'] with gas prices ['a nationwide average of $2.63 a gallon'] / Consumers remain cautious on spending as recession lingers." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Digital Switchover / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "Digital switchover [analog to digital TV] is on in TV land [06/12/09]" [Based on: Article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Household Net Worth / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "The Federal Reserve reported that household net worth fell to $50.38 trillion in the January-March quarter, the lowest level since the third quarter of 2004. The first-quarter figure marked a decline of 2.6 percent, or $1.33 trillion, from the final quarter of 2008 as the recession took a bite out of stock portfolios and dragged down home prices." [Based on: Article (U.S. households lose $1.33 trillion in first quarter), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / Vanuatu - June 12th, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 09:44:20 (UTC) on Friday, June 12th, 2009. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 17.611°S, 167.748°E ; Depth 52.6 km (32.7 miles)] was located @ VANUATU."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009huas.php] - [T.D. - 06/13/09]

2009 - FDA Regulation? / Big Tobacco - June 12th, 2009: "Congress sics FDA on Big Tobacco / New teeth - Senate clears [79-17 - 06/11/09] way for agency to regulate manufacturing, marketing. " [Based on: Title for Tribune Washington Bureau article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

*Trivia: "House passes tobacco bill [307-97]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Detainee Photos Trivia / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "A federal appeals court has withdrawn its order forcing the government to release photographs of detainee abuse. The decision by the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Manhattan came after the Obama administration asked the court to keep the pictures secret. Military officials have said the images could lead to more violence in Pakistan." [Based on: News Services article (Court withdraws order on photos), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Still in Pakistan? / Osama bin Laden - June 12th, 2009: "The CIA believes Osama bin Laden is still in Pakistan, and the spy agency is hoping to close in on him as that country's military cracks down on the northwestern tribal area where he is thought to be hiding." [Based on: News Services article (Bin Laden still in Pakistan, CIA says), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Sentenced / Ex-Bank Officer, U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "Ex-bank officer ['former First Bank Mortgage President Mark Turkan'] gets year in prison [06/11/09] / He must repay $24 million to First Banks in misapplication of funds case." [Based on: Title for article, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Trivia / Mountaintop Mining, U.S.A. - June 12th, 2009: "New rules on mountaintop mining [announced]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Kyrgyzstan - June 12th, 2009: "Kyrgyzstan appeared to rebuff an appeal by President Barack Obama to retain an American air base there that provides an important staging area for the war in Afghanistan. On Thursday [06/11/09], Foreign Minister Kadyrbek Sarbayev said that despite the appeal by Obama there were no plans to reverse that decision." [Based on: News Services article (Kyrgyzstan rebuffs Obama), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Corruption Scandal / Riverstone Holdings, N.Y. - June 12th, 2009: "The private equity firm Riverstone Holdings has agreed to pay $30 million and abide by a new code of conduct to resolve its role in a corruption scandal at New York's giant government pension fund. [....]" [Based on: News Services article ($30 Million settlement), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Apparently Survived / Mullah Mustafa, Afghanistan - June 12th, 2009: "U.S. airstrikes in Afghanistan missed their target of a militant commander and instead killed 12 other militants and 10 civilians, officials said. The U.S. military originally said the strike killed a warlord named Mullah Mustafa but now say he apparently survived." [Based on: News Services article (U.S. airstrikes miss warlord), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Mandatory Composting Law / San Francisco, California - June 12th, 2009: "Mandatory composting [San Francisco this week passed a mandatory composting law ....]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/12/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 13th, 2009: "The stock market's rally is on hold and it's not clear what might get it moving again. The continuing crop of better-than-expected economic news has lost its ability to incite the kinds of gains the market saw back in March. The Dow rose 0.3 percent to 8,799.26." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Elections Trivia / Iran - June 13th, 2009: "President of Iran, rival both claim win / Official election result is expected today" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Suicide in artifacts case - June 13th, 2009: "Authorities say a Utah physician indicted in a federal investigation into the theft of ancient artifacts in the Four Corners region has been found dead in an apparent suicide. James Redd, 60, was found dead near a dried-up pond on his property." [Based on: News Services article (Suicide in artifacts case), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - FDA Warning / Asthma Drugs? - June 13th, 2009: "[....] After 15 months of investigation, the FDA is asking Merck, AstraZeneca and Critical Therapeutics to raise warnings about psychiatric problems reported by a handful of patients taking their drugs." [Based on: News Services article (FDA calls for warning on asthma drugs), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Consumer Confidence / U.S.A. - June 13th, 2009: "[....] The Reuters/University of Michigan preliminary index of consumer sentiment increased to 69, from 68.7 in May. The confidence index was forecast to rise to 69.5, according to the median of 62 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Consumer confidence rises for a 4th month but falls short of economists' expectations), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Kept Secret / Coal Ash Sites, U.S.A. - June 13th, 2009: "The Obama administration has decided to keep secret the locations of nearly four dozen coal ash storage sites that pose a threat to people living nearby. The Environmental Protection Agency classified the 44 sites as potential hazards to communities." [Based on: News Services article (Coal ash sites kept secret), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Tighter Sanctions / North Korea - June 13th, 2009: "Tighter sanctions OK'd for N.Korea [06/12/09] / U.N. Security Council hopes to force nation back to bargaining table over nuclear program." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Sen. Dodd's wife sits on health boards - June 13th, 2009: "The wife of a senator playing a lead role on a national health care overhaul sits on the boards of four health care companies. Jackie Clegg Dodd, wife of Sen. Chris Dodd, serves on the boards of Javelin Pharmaceuticals Inc., Cardiome Pharma Corp., Brookdale Senior Living and Pear Tree Pharmaceuticals, a financial disclosure report the senator released Friday [06/12/09] shows. Sen. Dodd, D-Conn., is filling in for Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., the chairman of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee." [Based on: News Services article (Sen. Dodd's wife sits on health boards), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Federal Charges / St. Louis Caregiver - June 13th, 2009: "Caregiver [Jason B. Hart] faces 10 federal charges / He is accused of stealing disability checks, opening credit accounts. He had life insurance on client." [Based on: Title for article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Appropriations Bill Moves Forward / U.S.A. - June 13th, 2009: "Congressional negotiators have agreed to drop amendments to a supplemental appropriations bill that would have banned the release of photos depicting alleged detainee abuse and would have restricted bringing Guantanamo detainees to the United States. [NP] The agreement on those issues should speed passage of the bill, which provides $79.9 billion for the Pentagon to fight the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. [NP] The agreement came after President Barack Obama wrote a five-paragraph letter promising to fight to prevent disclosure of the photos so that the Obama administration could appeal to the Supreme Court. [NP] Many House Democras wanted the right to release the photos. Senate Republicans and Democrats had voted unanimously to keep them secret. [NP] The agreement to drop the amendment on transferring detainees to the U.S. gives Obama four months to order detainees at Guantanamo into the United States for trial. By then, Congress hopes Obama will come up with a plan for closing the detention facility. [NP] In addition to the funding for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the bill provides $10.4 billion to the State Department and other 'international affairs and stabilization' efforts in Pakistan, $7.7 billion to help ease the flu pandemic and another $1 billion for a 'cash for clunkers' program that would encourage consumers to trade in old gas guzzling vehicles for more fuel efficient ones." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Appropriations bill moves forward), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Prominent Leaders Assassinated / Iraq & Pakistan - June 13th, 2009: "2 prominent leaders are assassinated [Harith al-Obaidi - Iraq & Sarfraz Naeemi - Pakistan] / Killing [06/12/09] may derail peace process in Iraq, Pakistan" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/13/09]

2009 - Chapter 11 / Six Flags - June 14th, 2009: "Six Flags files for Chapter 11 [06/13/09] / Theme parks in Eureka [Mo.], elsewhere will operate as usual, CEO says." [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/14/09]

2009 - Violent Protests / Iran - June 14th, 2009: "Violent clashes erupt in Iran [06/13/09] after disputed election" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/14/09]

2009 - Ruling allows civil suit by detainee - June 14th, 2009: "[....] Padilla, who was convicted of supporting terrorism and other crimes, demands that Yoo [John C. Yoo] be held accountable for actions that Padilla claims led to his being tortured.[....] Yoo, as part of a senior administration group called the War Council, helped to shape Bush administration policy in the war on terrorism, and as deputy attorney general in the Office of Legal Council from 2001 to 2003, wrote many memorandums authorizing harsh treatment. Yoo had argued that he should be immune from the suit because it was not clearly established that the treatment would be unconstitutional. [NP] White [Judge Jeffrey White of U.S. District Court in San Francisco], who was appointed by Bush, rejected all but one of Yoo's immunity claims." [Based on: New York Times article (Ruling allows civil suit by detainee), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/14/09]

2009 - Geese Trivia / US Airways Flight 1549 - June 14th, 2009: " 'CSI' pinpoints geese in Hudson River crash ['They were from Labrador and were migrating; they weren't New York geese.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/14/09]

2009 - Contaminated Water? / Camp Lejeune, N.C. - June 14th, 2009: "Contaminated drinking water at Camp Lejeune [North Carolina] can't definitively be linked to health problems among people who lived at the Marine base over three decades, according to a government report ordered by Congress and released on Saturday [06/13/09] by the National Research Council." [Based on: News Services article (Lejeune water: No link found), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/14/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / Mindanao, Philippines - June 14th, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 05:58:43 (UTC) on Sunday, June 14th, 2009. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 5.388°N, 126.511°E; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009hwap.php]-[T.D. - 06/17/09]

2009 - Arrested / Al-Qaida Financer? - June 15th, 2009: "Yemen arrests suspected al-Qaida financier ['a Saudi man ... Hassan Hussein Bin Alwan ...']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/15/09]

2009 - Italy seizes radioactive biomass fuel - June 15th, 2009: "Police across Italy have seized 10,000 tons of wood fuel pellets contaminated by a radioactive substance, news reports said Sunday [06/14/09]. [NP] The fuel seized Saturday had been imported from Lithuania in the fall and was found to contain caesium-137, a highly toxic isotope whose radiation can cause serious health problems, including various types of cancer." [Based on: News Services article (Italy seizes radioactive biomass fuel), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/15/09]

2009 - Riddled with Holes? / Credit Card Security System, U.S.A. - June 15th, 2009: "Credit card security system [U.S.A.] is riddled with holes for hackers" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Jordan Robertson, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/15/09]

2009 - Vote Inquiry / Iran - June 16th, 2009: "Iran's top cleric orders vote inquiry [06/15/09] / Khamenei might be concerned about preserving nation's political system." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 16th, 2009: "Investors are back to selling stocks after running short of reasons to keep the market's rally going. Trading volume was light, suggesting an absence of buyers rather than a flood of sellers rushing to dump stocks. The S&P 500 fell 2.4 percent to 923.72." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Boeing Drone Division - June 16th, 2009: "Boeing's defense business announced Monday [06/15/09] the launch of an Unmanned Airborne Systems division, which will group all drone projects to better compete for military contracts. [NP] 'The new division established a single team focused on implementing a common strategy for unmanned systems and services,' said Jim Albaugh, president of Boeing Integrated Defense Systems. The Seattle-based unit will have roughly $400 million in revenue in its first year, Albaugh said. He forecast double-digit growth for the business in the future. [NP] Projects include the ScanEagle, for battlefield reconnaissance; the Phantom Ray, meant for surveillance and areial attack; and the A160 Hummingbird, a long-endurance helicopter drone. [NP] Boeing IDS is headquartered in St. Louis and has 70,000 employees worldwide." [Based on: A.P. article (Boeing forms drone division), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Mutilated Bodies / Yemen - June 16th, 2009: "Mutilated bodies of 3 missing women [disappeared 06/12/09] are found in Yemen [06/15/09] / Six other foreigners remain unaccounted for after being kidnapped while on an outing." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Iraq War Inquiry / Britain - June 16th, 2009: "[....] Campaigners have repeatedly called for a public inquiry to scrutinize what they say is a range of errors made by Britain, the United States and other allies in prewar intelligence and planning for postwar reconstruction. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Britain to open inquiry into Iraq war / Prime minister says examination of mistakes made will be carried out behind closed doors.), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Guantanamo Transcripts / ACLU - June 16th, 2009: "Accused al-Qaida mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed complained that interrogators tortured lies out of him, though he proudly took credit for more than two dozen other terror plots, according to sections of government transcripts released Monday [06/15/09]. [NP] 'I make up stories,' Mohammed said at one point in his 2007 hearing at Guantanamo Bay. [....] Most of the new material centers around the detainees' claims of abuse during interrogations while being held overseas in CIA custody. [NP] One detainee, Abu Zubaydah, told the tribunal that after months 'of suffering and torture, physically and mentally, they did not care about my injuries.' " [Based on: A.P. article (Government releases Guantanamo transcripts to ACLU), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/16/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / Bouvet Island Region - June 16th, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 20:05:57 (UTC) on Tuesday, June 16th, 2009. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 54.387°S, 5.843°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ BOUVET ISLAND REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009hybe.php]- [T.D. - 06/17/09]

2009 - Sunspot 1021 - June 17th, 2009: "A new sunspot is forming in the circled area. Credit: SOHO/MDI" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/17/09]

2009 - Sunspot Trivia - June 17th, 2009: "Mystery of the Missing Sunspots, Solved?" [Based on: Title for SCIENCE@NASA article by Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA - 06/17/09]

*Link: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2009/17jun_jetstream.htm - [T.D. - 06/17/09]

2009 - Dollar Alternative? - June 17th, 2009: "Emerging economies seek dollar alternative / Russia, China, Brazil and India lack concensus on implementing another global reserve currency [06/16/09]." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/17/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 17th, 2009: "More signs of a weak economy gave investors a reason to sell stocks for a second day. Investors are nervous that a three-month surge in stocks, based on optimism about a recovering economy, might have been premature. The Dow fell 1.3 percent to 8.504.67." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/17/09]

2009 - Trivia / Spaceport America - June 17th, 2009: "New Mexico prepares to break ground [06/19/09] for spaceport [Spaceport America]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/17/09]

2009 - U.S. Senator Admits Affair - June 17th, 2009: "[....] An aide said the affair took place between December 2007 and August 2008 with a campaign staffer who was married to an employee in Ensign's Senate office. Neither has worked for the senator since May 2008." [Based on: Title for News Services article (Nevada Sen. Ensign admits extramarital affair), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/17/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 18th, 2009: "Stocks dipped modestly Wednesday [06/17/09], after a credit-rating agency downgraded 18 banks and economic bellweather FedEx warned its current-quarter earnings will likely drop sharply from year-ago levels. The Dow industrials felt 7.49, or 0.1 percent, to 8,497.18." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/18/09]

2009 - Launch / Moon Rocket, U.S.A. - June 18th, 2009: "NASA is heading back to the Moon. On June 18th, an Atlas V rocket roared away from the Kennedy Space Center carrying not one but two spacecraft: the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). [....] Both spacecraft are on missions of lunar discovery - but that's where the similarities end. LCROSS will destroy itself in a violent collision with the Moon at approximately 7:30 a.m. on Oct. 9, 2009, creating a debris plume that will be analyzed for the presence of water and hydrocarbons. Meanwhile, LRO will orbit the Moon at a low altitude of about 31 miles for at least a year. The spacecraft's seven scientific instruments will hunt for water, map the Moon's surface in 3D, assess the radiation environment for future explorers, and much more. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=19&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - Amazon Protest Leader / Nicaragua - June 18th, 2009: "Protest leader [Amazon protest leader Alberto Pizango] flees Peru for Nicaragua ['Pizango sought refuge in Nicaragua's embassy last week after Peru filed sedition and rebellion charges ....']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/18/09]

2009 - Evidence of lake found on Mars - June 19th, 2009: "Scientists say new images suggest Mars had a sizable lake on its surface billions of years ago. University of Colorado researchers estimate the lake, which probably formed 3.4 billion years ago, was 80 square miles and up to 1,500 feet deep." [Based on: News Services article (Evidence of lake found on Mars), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/19/09]

2009 - Indicted billionaire turns himself in - June 19th, 2009: "Indicted billionaire turns himself in [06/18/09] / R. Allen Stanford denies that he ran a multibillion-dollar investment fraud." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/19/09]

2009 - U.S. strike upends Pakistan strategy - June 19th, 2009: "[....] The U.S. drone strike Thursday [0618/09] targeted a compound squarely in Nazir's [Maulvi Nazir] area, used by one of his commanders named Malang, reportedly killing eight people." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (U.S. strike upends Pakistan strategy / Negotiations with warlord are key to government's military operation.), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/19/09]

2009 - Status / Anti-Government Protests, Peru - June 19th, 2009: "A top Indian leader has called off anti-government protests in Peru's Amazon after Congress revoked two decrees that indigenous groups believe would spur oil and gas development on their lands. The vice president of the Amazon Indian confederation, Daysi Zapata, asked members to lift blockades of jungle rivers and roads set up beginning in April." [Based on: News Services article (Indian leaders call for end to Peru protests), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/19/09]

2009 - Fractured Elbow / U.S. Secretary of State - June 19th, 2009: "Clinton [Hillary Rodham Clinton] fractures elbow ['caused when she slipped and fell on her way to a White House meeting on Wednesday evening' - 06/17/09] / Secretary of state will have surgery, throwing her diplomatic schedule in doubt." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/19/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 20th, 2009: "Caution overcame the stock market. Stocks finished mixed, leaving all the major indexes with their first weekly loss since early May. The Standard & Poor's 500 rose 0.3 percent to 921.23. The Dow Jones industrial average fell 0.2 percent to 8,539.73." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/20/09]

2009 - Acropolis Museum / Greece - June 20th, 2009: "Greece opens its long-anticipated new Acropolis Museum today, boosting its decades-old campaign for the return of 2,500-year-old sculptures removed from the ancient citadel by a 19th-century British diplomat. The museum is the centerpiece of Greece's efforts to regain the Parthenon Marbles. Britain's envoy, Lord Elgin, pried them off the building in the early 1800s and sold them to the British Museum, where they have been displayed ever since and declines to return them." [Based on: News Services article (Acropolis Museum opens today), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/20/09]

2009 - June Solstice - June 21st, 2009: "Summer begins in the northern hemisphere on Sunday, June 21st, at 5:45 am UT (1:45 am EDT) when the sun reaches its maximum declination above the celestial equator. At the same moment, winter begins in the southern hemisphere. Happy Solstice!"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=20&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - Sun in Cancer - June 21st, 2009: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Cancer."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200906.html]

2009 - Continued Protests / Iran - June 21st, 2009: "Iranian protestors defy police threats, beatings [06/20/09] / Public rejects ultimatum from Khamenei for end to demonstrations over presidential election." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/21/09]

*Trivia: "Ayatollah's authority falters / Analysis - Khamenei aligned himself with Ahmadinejad, but Iranians are now challenging both the supreme leader and the regime itself." [Based on: Title for New York Times article by Roger Cohen, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/21/09]

2009 - Train Derailment / Illinois - June 21st, 2009: "A train derailment sparks a massive blaze Friday [06/19/09] in Rockford, Ill., northwest of Chicago. One person died, and six were injured, said Rockford Fire Chief Derek Bergsten. The train was carrying chemicals that burned for hours, forcing the evacuation of about 600 homes nearby." [Based on: A.P. picture article (EXPLOSION FOLLOWS TRAIN DERAILMENT IN NORTHERN ILLINOIS), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/21/09]

2009 - Truck Bomb / Kirkuk, Iraq - June 21st, 2009: "A truck bomb killed 67 people Saturday [06/20/09] in the northern Kurdish Iraqi city of Kirkuk and injured more than 200 in a blast near a mosque that also leveled about 30 houses. The attack ended months of relative calm and is almost certain to inflame ethnic tensions in the province, but there was no indication that American forces would change their plans to withdraw combat forces from the city by June 30." [Based on: News Services article (Bomb kills 67 in Kirkuk), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/21/09]

2009 - Trivia / Contact Lens Solution, U.S.A. - June 21st, 2009: "Complaints about a contact lens solution linked to a 2007 outbreak of eye infections that blinded several people went unreported by the manufacturer for more than a year, government documents show. The documents show Advanced Medical Optics received complaints about the solution more than a year before it was recalled and failed to promptly report nine complaints as required by law." [Based on: News Services article (Contact lens problems not reported, documents show), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/21/09]

2009 - Sunspot 1022 & 1023 - June 22nd, 2009: "Two new sunspots are emerging in the sun's southern hemisphere. Both are members of Solar Cycle 24. Credit: SOHO/MDI"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=22&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - U.S. Weapons / Mexico - June 22nd, 2009: "[....] A draft of the GAO report [report being released Thursday - 06/25/09] confirms a growing number of lethal, U.S.-made weapons are being illegally smuggled into Mexico and comprise more than 90 percent of firearms seized by Mexican authorities. [....]" [Based on: Tribune Washington Bureau article (U.S. weapons found to fuel violence in Mexico), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/22/09]

2009 - Elections Trivia / Mexico - June 22nd, 2009: "Disgruntled voters in Mexico settle on top choice: No one [Nulo]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/22/09]

2009 - Moderate Earthquake / Alaska - June 22nd, 2009: "A strong earthquake jolted Alaska's most populous region Monday [06/22/09] but caused almost no damage. The U.S. Geological Survey said the 5.4 magnitude temblor struck about 24 miles from the town of Willow at 11:28 a.m. The rumbling lasted several moments in Anchorage, 58 miles from the epicenter." [Based on: News Services article (Earthquake rattles Alaska), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Native grasses can clean sites of explosives  - June 22nd, 2009: "Native grasses [switch grass and eastern gamma grass] can clean sites of explosives / Researchers at Mizzou, Lincoln U. say plants feed micro-organisms in soil that break down TNT and RDX." [Based on: Article title, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/22/09]

2009 - Rocket Attack / Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan - June 22nd, 2009: "A rare rocket attack on the main U.S. base in Afghanistan early Sunday [06/21/09] killed two U.S. troops and wounded six other Americans, including two civilians, officials said. [NP] Bagram Air Base, which lies 25 miles northeast of Kabul, is surrounded by high mountains and long stretches of desert from which militants could fire rockets. But such attacks, particularly lethal ones, are relatively rare." [Based on: News Services article (Rockets hit U.S. base in Afghanistan), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/22/09]

2009 - Iraqi Violence - June 23rd, 2009: "Iraqi violence kills more than 100 in last three days [including more than 30 people on Monday - 06/22/09]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Hurricane Andres - June 23rd, 2009: "Tropical Storm Andres, the first named storm of the eastern Pacific hurricane season fired up in mid-June 2009. [....] ... on June 23 ... Andres had become a hurricane. [....]" [Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=39024]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 23rd, 2009: "A bleak forecast for the world economy sent stocks tumbling to their lowest level this month. The World Bank estimated the global economy will shrink 2.9 percent in 2009. It previously predicted a 1.7 percent contraction. The Dow fell 2.4 percent to 8.339.01." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Tobbaco Regulations / U.S.A. - June 23rd, 2009: "Tobacco regulations [U.S.A.] are signed into law [06/22/09]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Tropical Storm Nanka / Philippines - June 23rd, 2009: "Tropical Storm Nangka passed through the Philippines in late June 2009, bringing floods, landslides, and tornadoes. The tropical depression strengthened to a tropical storm on June 23 and headed northwest in the direction of mainland China. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=39033]

2009 - New Troop Rules Coming? / Afghanistan - June 23rd, 2009: "The U.S. commander in Afghanistan will soon order U.S. and NATO forces to break away from fights with militants hiding among villagers, an official said Monday. The most contentious civilian casualty cases in recent years occurred during airstrikes in Afghan villages." [Based on: News Services article (New troop rules coming in Afghanistan), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Federal Inspectors / Callaway Nuclear Plant - June 23rd, 2009: "Federal inspectors are probing the failure of an auxillary water pump at AmerenUE's Callaway nuclear plant last month. [....] AmerenUE discovered the equipment failure during routine testing on May 25 while the plant was shut down. The pump was subsequently repaired and restarted without affecting plant operations, according to the NRC. [NP] 'We found it, we reported it, but we haven't totally determined the root cause yet,' AmerenUE spokesman Mike Cleary said. [NP] The pumps being looked at are different from those that led to two plant shutdowns during a three-day period in December." [Based on: Article (Pump failure at callaway plant) by Jeffrey Tomich, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

2009 - Commuter Train Crash / Washington D.C.  - June 23rd, 2009: "D.C. commuter train crash [06/22/09] kills at least six" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/23/09]

*Trivia: "[....] At the time of the crash, the train was controlled primarily by computer, but there is evidence that the operator tried to slow it down." [Based on: News Services article (Investors test controls on D.C. transit trains). A6, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Strong Earthquake / New Ireland Region, Papua New Guinea - June 23rd, 2009: "A strong earthquake occurred at 14:19:22 (UTC) on Tuesday, June 23rd, 2009. The magnitude 6.7 event [Location: 5.153°S, 153.794°E; Depth 64 km (39.8 miles) set by location program] was located @ NEW IRELAND REGION, PAPUA NEW GUINEA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2009ifa4.php]- [T.D. - 06/28/09]

2009 - Status / Flight 447 - June 24th, 2009: "French military ships searching for the black boxes of Flight 447 have detected sounds in the Atlantic depths but they are not from the Air France plane's flight recorders, French officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Flight 447 black boxes still not found), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Solar Wind Stream - June 24th, 2009: "A solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic field on June 24th, sparking a brief but potent geomagnetic storm (Kp=5). The midnight sun prevented sightings of Northern Lights around the Arctic Circle. "

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=25&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 24th, 2009: "Investors are holding off making big moves while they wait for the Federal Reserve. Traders are looking for the central bank to outline its expectations for the economy and signal when it might raise interest rates. The Dow fell 0.2 percent to 8,322.91." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Drone Attack? / Pakistan - June 24th, 2009: "An airstrike in Pakistan believed to be carried out by a U.S. drone killed at least 60 people at a funeral in South Waziristan, residents of the area and local news reports said. Details of the attack remained unclear, but if the reports are accurate and if the attack was carried out by a drone, the strike would be perhaps the deadliest since the United States began using the aircraft." [Based on: News Services article (Drone said to kill 60), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Returns from Trip / S.C. Governor  - June 24th, 2009: "S.C. governor [Mark Sanford] to return to work today / Unannounced hiking trip left officials wondering where he was." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Spy Satellite Program Ended / U.S.A. - June 24th, 2009: "Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano killed a program begun by the Bush administration that would use U.S. spy satellites for domestic security and law enforcement. Napolitano said she made the decision after a five-month review of the program." [Based on: News Services article (Spy satellite program ended), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Kyrgystan - June 24th, 2009: "The former Soviet republic of Kyrgystan tentatively approved a deal that should allow the U.S. to continue shipping military hardware and troops crucial to operations in Afghanistan through an air base in the Central Asian state. U.S. forces had in February been ordered out of the Manas air base." [Based on: News Services article (Kyrgystan makes deal with U.S.), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Trivia / Future Combat Systems, U.S.A. - June 24th, 2009: "[....] In a statement released on Tuesday [06/23/09], the Defense Department said it has ordered a 'transition' from the $160 billion Future Combat Systems program to a series of acquisition programs that would ultimately extend some high-tech battlefield equipment to all combat brigades. [NP] The Army will strip $87 billion worth of light-armored ground vehicles from the program and start over. [....] Future Combat Systems was the Army's largest modernization program. It was designed to create a lethal, more agile combat force using a network of unmanned aircraft, sensors and other high-tech equipment. [....] The Army will enter negotiations with Boeing on termination of the vehicle program, said spokesman Paul Mehney. [NP] But Boeing will be retained to help develop the battlefield network that links high-tech gadgetry - unmanned aircraft and robots - to soldiers and their superiors, Mehney said." [Based on: Article (Pentagon puts an end to Boeing-led program / Defense Department orders a 'transition' from the Army's $160 billion Future Combat Systems program.), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - News Conference / President Barack Obama - June 24th, 2009: "In his strongest words yet against Iran, President Barack Obama on Tuesday [06/23/09] condemned the country's violent suppression of its people and lauded Iranians who have braved brutality to protest what they believe was a rigged election." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Rhetoric heats up on Iran), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Substandard Performance / V-22 Osprey, Iraq - June 24th, 2009: "The V-22 Osprey's performance during its 19 months in Iraq was substandard and the Pentagon should review whether the aircraft's cost and reliability merit continuing the program, congresional auditors told the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee on Tuesday." [Based on: News Services article (Osprey called substandard), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/24/09]

2009 - Died / Farah Fawcett - June 25th, 2009: "Farrah Fawcett dies [06/25/09] - 1970s sex symbol and 'Charlie's Angels' star battled cancer." [Based on: Article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 25th, 2009: "The Federal Reserve didn't surprise investors but still left them disappointed. Stocks ended mixed but mostly higher after the Fed said the economy was on the mind. The Dow Jones industrials fell 0.3 percent to 8,299.86. The S&P 500 rose 0.7 percent to 900.94." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Died / Michael Jackson - June 25th, 2009: "Pop legend dies [06/25/09] / Michael Jackson 1958-2009 - Cardiac arrest reportedly kills lifelong star scarred by scandal." [Based on: Title for New York Times Article, P. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Air Quality Trivia / U.S.A. - June 25th, 2009: "Granite City residents are among the most likely in the nation to contract cancer as a result of breathing toxic air pollution, according to an assessment released Wednesday [06/24/09] by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. [NP] The average cancer risk from air pollution nationally is 36 in 1 million, according to the National Air Toxics Assessment, an analysis of health risk posed by toxic air. [NP] But residents of two Granite City areas have cancer risks of 1,100 in a million in one - the second-highest in the nation - and 537 in a million in the other, according to the EPA. Both areas are near U.S. Steel Corp.'s Granite City Works. [NP] A neighborhood in Los Angeles County had the greatest cancer risk due to toxic air pollution - 1,200 in 1 million. [....] In Illinois, 54 neighborhoods in Madison and St. Clair counties had risk rates higher than the national average. [....] In Missouri, 404 of 1,320 areas - or 30 percent - exceeded the national average for cancer risk rates due to toxic air pollution. [NP] Of those areas, 280 were in St. Louis and St. Louis County. [NP] More than 1,700 areas - 60 percent - in Illinois had risk rates higher thatn the national average, with more than 75 percent of those falling inside Cook County. [NP] People living in parts of Coconino County, Ariz., and Lyon County, Nev., had the lowest risk. The counties with the least toxic air are Kalawao County, Hawaii, and Golden Valley County, Mont." [Based on: Article (Granite City ranks high for cancer risk from bad air / 2nd in the nation - Coke ovens at U.S. Steel believed to be the culprit, but some defend plant.), pp. A1 & A3, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09] - [The A.P. and Greg Jonsson of the post-Dispatch contributed to this report.]

2009 - Citi finds way around bonus caps - June 25th, 2009: "Citigroup Inc. is increasing the base salaries of many employees - reportedly by as much as 50 percent for some workers - as it restructures compensation amid government restrictions on bonuses. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Citi finds way around bonus caps). A10, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Israel - June 25th, 2009: "Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's meeting in Paris with the top U.S. Mideast envoy was called off in an apparent sign of growing friction over President Barack Obama's call for a halt to construction in Jewish settlements. The U.S. position could spell political trouble for Netanyahu, whose government depends on patrons of the settlers." [Based on: News Services article (Netanyahu calls off meeting). A17, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - High STD Rates / St. Louis, Mo. - June 25th, 2009: "St. Louis has more gonorrhea and chlamydia cases per capita than any other county or city in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For the last decade, St. Louis has consistently ranked in the top five. About two-thirds of the city's STDs are diagnosed in people ages 15 to 24. [....]" [Based on: Article (High STD Rates), p. B4, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Deadly Bombing / Sadr City, Iraq - June 25th, 2009: "Six days before U.S. combat forces are due to withdraw from major Iraqi cities, a bomb hidden under vegetables on a three-wheeled motorcycle killed at least 60 people and wounded 135 more in Sadr City, a densely populated Shiite Muslim slum in the Iraqi capital. [NP] The early evening blast followed a bombing on Saturday in the northern Iraqi city of Kirkuk that killed 82 people, and on Monday attacks across the country killed 27 others. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Bomb on vegetable cart kills 60 in Baghdad's Sadr City). A17, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Swiss destroy 'explosive' evidence - June 25th, 2009: "The Swiss government ordered the quick destruction of about 100 pages of evidence linked to an investigation of three Swiss engineers suspected of smuggling nuclear weapons technology. The cabinet said the documents were 'the most explosive' material in a file of more than 1,000 pages related to the case against the Tinner family, which is suspected of links to the nuclear smuggling network of Abdul Qadeer Khan - the creator of Pakistan's atomic bomb." [Based on: News Services article (Swiss destroy 'explosive' evidence). A17, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & N. Korea - June 25th, 2009: "North Korea condemned a recent U.S. pledge to provide nuclear defense of South Korea, saying Thursday that the move boosts its justification to have atomic bombs and invites a potential 'fire shower of nuclear retaliation.' [....]" [Based on: News Services article (N. Korea warns of 'fire shower of nuclear' attack). A17, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Job Cuts Announced / Monsanto Co. - June 25th, 2009: "[....] The cuts were announced Wednesday [06/24/09] as Monsanto reported a 14 percent decline in fiscal third-quarter earnings. [....]" [Based on: Article (Monsanto trims 900 jobs as roundup sales plunge). A9, S.L.P.D., 06/25/09]

2009 - Iraq hit by 7 bombs - June 26th, 2009: "At least seven bombs exploded around Iraq amid an increase in violence as American troops prepared to withdraw from Iraqi cities by Tuesday. The bombings were widespread, making targets of Shiites and Sunnis, civilians and Iraqi security forces, and American soldiers." [Based on: News Services article (Iraq hit by 7 bombs). A11, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 26th, 2009: "Investors rushed back into stocks as profits at some companies indicated the economy might be gaining strength. Homebuilders, retailers and other consumer discretionary stocks rose. The Dow industrials surged 2.1 percent to 8,472.40 after four days of losses." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Documentary / "Food Inc." - June 26th, 2009: "[....] It's not a scenic drive. The documentary attempts to demonstrate that the food Americans eat is largely controlled by a handful of corporations - and all at the expense of the environment, human health and the economic well-being of farmers. [....]" [Based on: Article ('Food, Inc.' chews up Monsanto, agribusiness cousins). A1, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Banks Increase Borrowing / U.S.A. - June 26th, 2009: "[....] The Fed says commercial banks averaged $39.1 billion in daily borrowing over the week that ended Wednesday [06/24/09]. [....] The identities of the financial institutions are not released. They pay just 0.50 percent in interest." [Based on: A.P. article (Banks increase borrowing), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Greater Autonomy / Palestinian Security Forces, West Bank - June 26th, 2009: "Bowing to pressure from Washington, Israel granted U.S.-trained Palestinian security forces greater autonomy in four main West Bank towns, officials said. Qalqiliya, Bethlehem, Jericho and Ramallah will be the first to operate around the clock without Israeli clearance." [Based on: News Services article (Israelis relax rule), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/26/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 27th, 2009: "Investors are nervous because consumers are saving more than they're spending. The May savings rate soared to 6.9 percent, a 15-year high, while spending rose by a more modest 0.3 percent. The Dow Jones industrial average fell 0.4 percent to 8, 438.39." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/27/09]

2009 - Solar Wind Stream - June 29th, 2009: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole [see link]. Credit: SOHO Extreme UV Telescope"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=29&month=06&year=2009]

2009 - Generation Gap / U.S.A. - June 29th, 2009: "American adults from young to old disagree increasingly today on social values ranging from religion to relationships, producing the largest generation gap since divisions 40 years ago over Vietnam, civil rights and women's liberation. [NP] A survey being released today by the Pew Research Center highlights a widening age divide. [NP] Almost eight in 10 people believe there is a major difference in the point of view of younger people and older people today, according to the independent public opinion research group. That is the highest spread since 1969, when about 74 percent reported major differences in an era of generational conflicts over the Vietnam War and civil and women's rights. In contrast, just 60 percent in 1979 saw a generation gap. [....] Religion is a far bigger part of the lives of older adults. About two-thirds of people 65 and older said religion is very important to them, compared with just over half of those 30 to 49 and 44 percent of people 18 to 29. [....] Pew interviewed 2,969 adults by cell phone or land line from Feb. 23 to March 23. The poll has a margin of error of plus or minus 2.6 percentage points. In cases where older persons were too ill or incapacitated, their adult children were interviewed. Pew also used surveys conducted by Gallup, CBS and The New York Times to identify trends since 1969." [Based on: A.P. article (Generation gap more like a chasm / Survey finds big differences in younger and older Americans on social values, morality.) by Hope Yen, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Trivia / Theory of Evolution - June 29th, 2009: "[....] ... Alfred Russel Wallace is believed to have spent weeks in 1855 writing a seminal paper on the theory of evolution. [....] In 1855, he laid out the Sarawak law - named after the place he wrote the paper, now a state in modern Malaysia - in which he described evolution as a branching tree. His forceful argument in support of evolution came at a time when creationism was the popular school of thought. [....] Wallace died in 1913 at age 90. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Stature of darwin contemporary is evolving / A.R. Wallace reached same conclusion about evolution before the famed scientist, some experts say.), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Corruption Probe / Mexico - June 29th, 2009: "Mexico detains 93 law officers ['on suspicion of aiding the Zetas'] in corruption probe [announced 06/28/09]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Trivia / Human Brain Evolution - June 29th, 2009: "Describing someone as 'pea-brained' always seemed like a not-so-nice thing to do. And of course it's inaccurate - the size of the human brain has actually trippled over the last 2 million years, growing much faster than those of other mammals. [NP] Now, University of Missouri researchers think they've found the reason behind the expansion of the human brain, and it has a lot to do with being forced to share our space with other people. [....] In the end, scientists found that population density had the biggest effect on skull size and cranial capacity. The team's findings were published recently in the Journal Human Nature. [....] 'Our research tells us competition - whether healthy or not - sets the stage for brain evolution.' " [Based on: Article (Brain growth tied to competition / MU researchers looking at skulls over eons find population density had biggest effect.) by Kim McGuire, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & North Korea - June 29th, 2009: "North Korea criticized the U.S. today for positioning missle defense systems around Hawaii, calling the deployment part of a plot to attack the regime and saying it would bolster its nuclear arsenal in retaliation. [NP] A commentary in the North's main Rodong Sinmun newspaper also accused the U.S. of deploying nuclear-powered aircraft and atomic-armed submarines in waters near the Korean peninsula, saying the moves prove 'the U.S. pre-emptive nuclear war' on the North is imminent." [Based on: News Services article (North Korea criticizes U.S. for Hawaii missle defense), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Saudi-9/11 links may never get into court - June 29th, 2009: "[....] Adding to the intrigue, classified American intelligence documents related to Saudi finances were leaked anonymously to lawyers for the families [families of 9/11 victims]. The Justice Department had the lawyers' copies destroyed and wants to prevent a judge from even looking at the material. [....] Critics have said that some members of the Saudi ruling class pay off terrorist groups in part to keep them from being more active in their own country. [....] The documents provide no smoking gun connecting the royal family to the attacks of Sept. 11 2001. Saudi lawyers and supporters say that the links are flimsy and exploit stereotypes about terrorism." [Based on: New York Times article (Saudi-9/11 links may never get into court / Cases face political, legal and diplomatic barriers.), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/29/09]

2009 - Market Watch / U.S.A. - June 30th, 2009: "Investors saw a jump in oil as reason to snap up stocks. Energy, industrial and materials stocks pulled the market higher in light trading as investors put money into areas that would benefit from an economic recovery. The A&P 500 rose 0.9 percent to 927.23." [Based on: MARKET WATCH article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

2009 - Budget Deficit / California - June 30th, 2009: "California's huge deficit creates fallout for U.S. / State $24 billion in red struggles with high unemployment, taxes; asks for federal guarantee to cut interest rates." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

2009 - Sentenced / Bernard Madoff - June 30th, 2009: "Madoff term sends a message / He gets 150 years [06/29/09] for 'extraordinarily evil' crimes." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

2009 - Oil Empire Consolidated / U.S.A. - June 30th, 2009: "Houston billionaire Dan Duncan reshuffled his energy empire Monday [06/29/09] with a blockbuster deal that will combine two of his affiliates [Enterprise Products Partners & Teppco Partners] into the nation's largest publicly traded oil and gas pipeline company. [....]" [Based on: Article (Oil empire consolidated), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

2009 - Trivia / Coal Ash Storage, U.S.A. - June 30th, 2009: "A coal ash storage pond in Alton [Ill.] is among 44 the Environmental Protection Agency on Monday [06/29/09] listed as potentially dangerous to area residents. [....] Burning coal produces ash, which is kept in liquid, known as slurry, in containment ponds or dams." [Based on: A.P. article (Coal ash pond in Alton makes EPA watch list), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

2009 - Clean Energy Development / Portugal - June 30th, 2009: "Portugal announced a plan Monday [06/29/09] to install 1,300 recharging sites for electric vehicles over the next two years, part of an effort to create a mass market for environmentally friendly electric cars expected to go on sale next year. [NP] Having no oil or coal, Portugal has long imported most of its energy. However, in recent years it has become a European pioneer in clean energy development. The government claims renewable sources can meet 43 percent of the country's electricity needs. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Portugal plans 1,300 vehicle recharge sites), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/30/09]

Calendar Months

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