Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles (on this timeline) are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]    *Color Code

June 2008

2008 - Astronomic Configuration - June 1st, 2008: "Sun [11 Gemini], Moon [4 Taurus], Mercury [20 Gemini R.], Venus [8 Gemini ], Mars [12 Leo], Jupiter [21 Capricorn R.], Saturn [2 Virgo], Uranus [22 Pisces], Neptune [24 R. Aquarius], Pluto [0 Capricorn R.], Chiron [21 Aquarius R.]." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200806.html]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - June 1st, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream ...."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/01/08]

2008 - Ice Images? / Phoenix Lander - June 1st, 2008: "Sharp new images [taken May 29th] received Saturday [05/31/08] from the Phoenix lander on Mars largely convinced scientists that the spacecraft's thrusters had uncovered a large patch of ice just below the Martian surface, team members said. [NP] That bodes well for the mission's main goal of digging for ice that can be tested for evidence of organic compounds that are the chemical building blocks of life. [NP] Washington University [Mo.] scientist Ray Arvidson said the spacecraft's thrusters may have blown away dirt covering the ice on landing a week ago." [Based on: News Services article (PHOENIX / Mars lander images appear to show ice), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - June 1st, 2008: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 June 2008 at 07:18:56 PM GMT is: $9,395,769,119,158.30. The estimated population of the United States is 304,096,759 so each citizen's share of this debt is $30,897.30. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $1.57 billion per day since September 28, 2007! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House!

[Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 06/01/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber Killed / Lebanon - June 1st, 2008: "BEIRUT, LEBANON / Lebanese troops report killing suicide bomber [05/31/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Faculty Protests / George W. Bush - June 1st, 2008: "Bush ehhorts collegians [05/31/08] as faculty [about 15 members] protests [Furman University]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Attacks on Foreigners / South Africa - June 1st, 2008: "Police say the death toll from attacks on foreigners across South Africa over the past three weeks has risen to 62. National police spokeswoman Sally de Beer also says that 670 people were injured." [Based on: News Services article (Foreigners attacked), p A12, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Resigns from Church / Barack Obama - June 1st, 2008: "Controversy leads Obama to resign from church [Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Nuclear Data / Pakistan to N. Korea? - June 1st, 2008: "Book ['Goodbye Shahzadi', by ShyamBjatia] claims Bhutto gave nuclear data to N. Korea [in 1993]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - S. Korean Protests / U.S. Beef Imports - June 1st, 2008: "SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA / Large crowd ['estimated by police at 30,000] protests plan to import U.S. beef [05/31/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

*Trivia: "SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA / Cabinet might resign over U.S. beef dispute" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Almost Vanished / Jewish Community, Iraq - June 1st, 2008: "Iraqi Jewish community has all but vanished / From a population of 130,000 just over 50 years ago. It is now fewer than 10 by some estimates." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article by Stephen Farrell, p A8, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Batan Islands Region, Philippines - June 1st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 01:57:22 (UTC) on Sunday, June 1st, 2008. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 20.115°N, 121.317°E; Depth 22.4 km (13.9 miles)] was located @ BATAN ISLANDS REGION, PHILIPPINES."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008stag.php] - [T.D. - 06/01/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / West of Macquarie Island - June 1st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 14:31:06 (UTC) on Sunday, June 1st, 2008. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 59.044°S, 149.767°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ WEST OF MACQUARIE ISLAND."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008stbp.php] - [T.D. - 06/01/08]

2008 - Deforestation Threatens Hidden Tribes / South America - June 1st, 2008: "Deforestation threatens hidden tribes of Amazon / Members of an indigenous tribe stare at an aircraft taking their photograph in the Amazon region in the Brazillian-Peruvian border." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Michael Astor, p A14, S.L.P.D., 06/01/08]

2008 - Died / Bo Diddley - June 2nd, 2008: "Reportedly died this date in history: Legendary guitarist, Bo Diddley. He was 79."

2008 - Immigration Case / Postville, Iowa - June 2nd, 2008: "[....] Worker advocates and lawmakers say the fact that nearly 400 workers were arrested in the May 12 raid at the Agriprocessors Inc. plant in Postville - or more than one-third of the total number of employees - proves that company officials must have known they were hiring illegal immigrants. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Immigration case spurs call for action against employers), p A6, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Leave Iraq / Australian Combat Troops - June 2nd, 2008: "[....] Meanwhile, Australia became the latest member of the U.S.-led coalition to pull combat soldiers from Iraq, fulfilling an election promise that helped sweep Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to power in November. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Iraqis push for sovereignty in security pact with U.S.), p A5, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Cleanup Status / K-25 Facility, Tennessee - June 2nd, 2008: "Building the world's first full-scale uranium enrichment factory - a 45-acre monster [Oak Ridge, Tennessee] that was the biggest industrial structure in the world at the time - took 18 months amid the race for the first atomic bomb. [NP] Six decades later, federal authorities think they finally have a handle on just how long it will take to clean up and tear down the long-shuttered relic of the Manhattan Project: about 15 years. [....] K-25 is expected to be leveled by late 2010, and the rest of the site finished by 2016. The deteriorating state of a contaminated building also filled with PCBs, asbestos and radioactive uranium adds to the urgency. [....] The government built K-25 and its supporting buildings for $500 million in 18 months from 1943 to 1945. Cleaning it up is projected to cost $3 billion. [....] K-25 was code-named 'K' for designer Kellex Corp.. It produced the fissionable uranium-235 isotope and was the largest industrial building under one roof in the world, employing 12,000 people and consuming one-tenth of the nation's electric power at the time. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Atomic cleanup may take 15 years / Plant built for WWII A-bomb project will be demolished.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Hazardous to Health? / Fast Food Sources - June 2nd, 2008: "[....] Find the study at www.publichealth advocacy.org." [Based on: Healthy & Fit article (Fast-food sources may be hazardous to health), p H2, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Studio Fire / Universal Studios, California - June 2nd, 2008: "Studio fire [06/01/08] destroys classic movie sets [Universal Studios, Hollywood] / Courthouse square from 'Back to the Future' is gone." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Arm Touches Ground / Mars Phoenix Lander - June 2nd, 2008: "[....] The scientists said Sunday [06/01/08] that the arm reached out the day before and left an impression that resembles a footprint. [....] The robotic arm's camera also took images of what is believed to be exposed ice under the lander." [Based on: News Services article (Mars craft's arm touches the soil), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski / Macedonia - June 2nd, 2008: "[....] Nikola Gruevski said his center-right VMRO-DPMNE had won enough votes to gain a majority of parliament's 120 seats [06/01/08], and opposition leader Radmila Sekerinska conceded defeat. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Prime minister claims victory, amid violence), p A10, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 3rd, 2008: "Stocks  fell for the first time in five days on Monday [06/02/08] after Wachovia Corp. ousted its chief executive and Standard & Poor's lowered its debt ratings on three of Wall Street's biggest securities firms. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Wachovia's ouster, lowered ratings on banks tank shares), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - U.N. Inspectors / Syria - June 3rd, 2008: "Syria will allow in U.N. inspectors to probe allegations that a remote building destrotyed in an Israeli airstrike was a nuclear reactor built secretly with North Korean help, the International Atomic Energy Agency said Monday [06/02/08]. [NP] The invitation signaled the start of an international fact check of U.S. and Israeli assertions that Damascus had tried to build a plutonium-producing facility under the radar of the international community. It could turn into a wider investigation of possible secret Syrian nuclear sites. [NP] Syria had denied wrongdoing, asserting the attack destroyed a non-nuclear military building." [Based on: News Services article (VIENNA, AUSTRIA / U.N. will vet reports of Syrian reactor), p A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

*Trivia: "VIENNA AUSTRIA / Syria says ['diplomats said Tuesday'] it will let team visit only bombed site" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Trivia / FEMA Trailers - June 3rd, 2008: "The government may house disaster victims in trailers this hurricane season as a last resort, despite promises never to use them again because of high levels of formaldehyde found in trailers used after the Katrina castrophe. [....] It was later discovered that the trailers had high levels of formaldehyde - a preservative commonly used in building materials. Prolonged exposure can lead to breathing problems and is also believed to cause cancer. [NP] Complaints began popping up shortly after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, with residents of FEMA-issued trailers reporting frequent headaches, nosebleeds and other ailments. [NP] Currently some 500 families remain in FEMA trailers. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (FEMA backpedals on trailers decision / Agency had vowed not to use them again after Katrina because of high levels of formaldehyde.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - MetLife Divestment / RGA Inc. - June 3rd, 2008: "Reinsurance Group of America Inc. Monday [06/02/08] said MetLife Inc. will divest most of its 52 percent stake in RGA. [....]" [Based on: Article (MetLife will divest Reinsurance Group holding / Chersterfield [Mo.]-based RGA also adopts poison pill takeover defense.), p C2, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Payment to Creditors / Enron - June 3rd, 2008: "Enron says it distributed more than $6 billion in the past month to creditors of the bankrupt energy-trading company, pushing the recovery by creditors to more than 50 cents on the dollar. [....]" [Based on: Article (ENRON / $6 billion is handed out), p C2, S.L.P.D., 06/02/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Mosul, Iraq - June 3rd, 2008: "Suicide bomber [06/02/08] kills 9 ['wounding dozens'] near police headquarters [Mosul, Iraq]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Courts Jewish Vote / John McCain - June 3rd, 2008: "Republican John McCain warned Monday that a nuclear-armed Iran would threaten Israel and cautioned that withdrawing troops from Iraq would weaken the entire Middle East as he courted Jewish voters wary of Democrat Barack Obama. [NP] 'The threats to Israel's security are large and growing, and America's commitment must grow as well,' the likely Republican presidential nominee said in a speech. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (JEWISH VOTE / McCain attacks Obama on Iran, Iraq), p A4, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Trivia / Biofuel Cell, Akermin Inc. - June 3rd, 2008: "[....] Akerman's [Akermin Inc.] fuel cell uses living enzymes to trigger a chemical reaction that produces electricity. The concept isn't new, but such fuel cells so far have been confined to laboratories because the enzymes break down after just a few hours and aren't practical for commercial applications. [....]" [Based on: Article (New biofuel cell keeps going / It has generated power for 3 years do far.), p C1, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Solomon Islands - June 3rd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 16:20:51 (UTC) on Tuesday, June 3rd, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 10.464°S, 161.321°E; Depth 88.9 km (55.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ SOLOMON ISLANDS."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008sva4.php] - [T.D. - 06/08/08]

2008 - Car Bombing / Danish Embassy, Pakistan - June 3rd, 2008: "6 die in bombing at Danish Embassy [06/02/08] / Al-Qaida-linked militants may have been behind the attack." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Los Angeles Times article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Initiative to Bar Same-Sex Marriage / California - June 3rd, 2008: "The California Secretary of State said Monday [06/02/08] that an initiative barring same-sex marriage has enough signatures to qualify for the November ballot. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Proposal to bar same-sex marriage makes ballot), p A3, S.L.P.D., 06/03/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Flores Region, Indonesia - June 3rd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 22:04:27 (UTC) on Tuesday, June 3rd, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 8.098°S, 120.237°E; Depth 14 km (8.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ FLORES REGION, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008svcc.php] - [T.D. - 06/08/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 4th, 2008: "Stocks  fell for a second day Tuesday [06/03/08] as growing speculation that Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. will be forced to raise more capital led a slump in financial shares, and a drop in oil prices pushed down energy companies. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Banks, energy firms give stock market a push downward), p. C4, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - New Spy Law? / Venezuela - June 4th, 2008: "For some, Venezuela's new spy law evokes Cuba" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A9, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

*Trivia: "Facing resounding criticism, President Hugo Chavez has tossed out a decree that would have forced Venezuelans to become informers and spy on their neighbors or face prison time. [Based on: News Services article (Chavez backs down), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Captured / 2 Al-Qaida Leaders, Iraq - June 4th, 2008: "Americans capture 2 al-Qaida leaders [06/03/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Layoffs / Nuclear Arms Lab, U.S.A. - June 4th, 2008: "Layoffs keep coming at nuclear arms lab [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory] / 1,800 IN 2 1/2 YEARS - Reductions include physics, engineers. / 'BRAIN DRAIN' - Senator concerned some may go overseas." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - More Information? / CIA Leak Probe - June 4th, 2008: "A House committee chairman said Tuesday [06/03/08] he is seeking more documents from the CIA leak probe because of significant disclosures to the FBI by Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff and new details about Cheney's role in the scandal ina book by a former White House press secretary [Scott McClellen]. [....] Waxman, D-Calif., sent a letter to the Justice Department after learning that Libby, Cheney's former top aide, told the FBI that it's possible he was instructed by Cheney to disseminate information to the press about Plame, the wife of Bush administration war critic Joseph Wilson. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Democrat demands more material on CIA leak), p A5, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Democratic Nominee / Barack Obama - June 4th, 2008: "Delagate count puts Obama over the top [06/03/08] / 'AMERICA, THIS IS OUR MOMENT' / Historic occasion - He's a step closer to becoming first black president. / Clinton possible VP? - She says she 'is open' to being running mate." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Trivia / Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. - June 4th, 2008: "Lehman Brothers denies it asked Uncle for advance on allowance / Shares tumble on reports the fourth-biggest U.S. bank needs $4 billion of capital." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Pentagon Report / Lockheed Martin Corp. - June 4th, 2008: "Lockheed chided for not obeying rules / Pentagon report claims plane maker's failures drove up costs of weapons systems." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - U.N. Food Summit / Mahmoud Ahmadinejad - June 4th, 2008: "[....] Ahmadinejad [Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad] wasted not time in making his mark on the United Nations food summit [06/03/08]. He told the summit that food and fuel prices are kept artificially high by greedy powers with 'develish motivations' who should be replaced with 'righteous and justice-seeking managers.' [NP] And at a long, packed news conference, Ahmadinejad, for the second time in as many days, reiterated his conviction that Israel, because of its treatment of the Palestinians, will disappear from the world map - a 'fabricated entity ... doomed to go.' [NP] He put the United States in a similar bag, saying the 'myth of its invincibility is being shattered.' " [Based on: News Services article (ROME / Iran's president: Israel, U.S. on brink of demise), p A9, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Applied for Nuclear Waste Dump License / Bush Administration - June 4th, 2008: "The Bush administration formally applied Tuesday [06/03/08] for a license to build a nuclear waste dump at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. Nevada's governor vowed to continue to fight the dump." [Based on: News Services article (Nuclear waste), p A5, S.L.P.D., 06/04/08]

2008 - Drought / California - June 5th, 2008: "California Gov. Arnold Schwarzeneggar proclaimed a statewide drought Wednesday [06/04/08]. He said the state's water supply is low because of below-average rainfall and court-ordered water restrictions aimed at protecting fish." [Based on: News Services article (Drought declared), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 5th, 2008: "Stocks fell Wednesday [06/04/08], sending bank shares to their lowest level in eight years, after Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke warned that inflation is too high, spurring speculation policymakers will raise interest rates." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Big Ben's message tolls for market as bank shares slide), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Convicted / Antoin Rezko - June 5th, 2008: "[....] WHO'S WHO IN THE REZKO TRIAL [....] Stuart Levine: Millionaire attorney and longtime Republican donor who contributed $500,000 to former GOP Attorney General Jim Ryan's unsucessful 2002 race for governor against Blagojevich. Pleaded guilty of money laundering and mail fraud and was the government's prize witness against Rezko. Member of both the health planning and TRS boards; reappointed by Blagojevich to both. Claims the governor told him, 'Stick with us and you will do very well for yourself.' [....]" [Based on: Post-Dispatch Springfield Bureau article (Rezko guilty verdict resonates / For Blagojevich - Illinois governor, weakened by trial, might face further scrutiny. / For Obama - republicans come out swinging, question Democrat's ties to insider.), pp. A1 & A3, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Ammo Truck Explosion / Iraq - June 5th, 2008: "At least 18 civilians were killed Wednesday [06/04/08] in Baghdad when a truck filled with Shiite militia rockets accidentally blew up ['just west of Sadr City'], U.S. military officials said. It was the deadliest single explosion in the Iraqi capital in months." [Based on: Washington Post article (Blast in Baghdad kills 18 civilians), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Iran - June 5th, 2008: "The United States urged Iran to abandon the pursuit of nuclear arms forever, saying Wednesday [06/04/08] that the International Atomic Energy Agency had overwhelming evidence of an Iranian weapons program. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (U.S. urges Iran to end pursuit of nuclear arms), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Rising Fares / U.S. Air Carriers - June 5th, 2008: "Many major carriers have more than doubled or even tripled their cheapest U.S. fares from last summer's fares. [NP] Tom Parsons, chief executive of the discount travel site bestfares.com, said where major carriers offer one-stop service, fares are up to 365 percent higher this year." [Based on: Article (AIRFARES / Cheapest fares soar), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Acquisition Trivia / J.M. Smucker - June 5th, 2008: "Smucker adds Folgers coffee to menu / All-stock, $2.95 billion deal will nearly double owner of Eagle Brand, Hungry Jack, Jif, Crisco." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Vehicle Quality / Honda & Porsche - June 5th, 2008: "VEHICLE QUALITY / Honda, Porsche top list [J.D. Power and Associates' annual ranking of initial vehicle quality]." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / West Chile Rise - June 5th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 02:16:48 (UTC) on Thursday, June 5th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 38.784°S, 91.377°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ WEST CHILE RISE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008sxag.php] - [T.D. - 06/08/08]

2008 - CDC Contract / Ex-Health Secretary, U.S.A. - June 5th, 2008: "[....] 'It is ironic that former HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson's firm [Logistics Health Inc., a La Crosse, Wis.-based company'] won the contract to provide the services [$11 million contract to treat Ground Zero workers], given the history of delay from the Bush administration when he was secretary and now,' said Rep. Carolyn Maloney, D-N.Y. 'But I am glad these heroes are finally getting the help they deserve.' [....] In the years since the 2001 attacks, studies show workers who toiled at the site have had higher than normal rates of lung problems and post-traumatic stress. Others have complained of an increase in gastrointestinal disorders. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Ex-health secretary gets CDC contract / Tommy Thompson's private company will get $11 million to treat some Ground Zero workers.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Mind-Altering Drugs? / U.S. Terror Suspects - June 5th, 2008: "The Pentagon's internal watchdog is investigating whether the military forced terrorism suspects to take mind-altering drugs." [Based on: News Services article (Interrogations), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Suicide Attack / Danish Embassy, Pakistan - June 5th, 2008: "A Web posting late Wednesday [06/04/08] purportedly by al-Qaida claimed responsibility for the suicide attack against denmark's embassy in Pakistan that left six people dead. [NP] The statement said Monday's bombing in Islamabad was carried out to fulfill the promise of terror mastermind Osama bin Laden to exact revenge over the reprinting in Danish papers of a cartoon of Islam's Prophet Muhammad. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Al-Qaida says it attacked Denmark's embassy), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

2008 - Covered, Not Contained / West Lake Landfill, Brigeton, Missouri - June 5th, 2008: "About 1,800 U.S. military veterans die each day, 686,000 in 2007 alone. Most served during World War II. Others saw action at Cold War hot spots like Korea and Vietnam. [NP] Long after the last of them has died - indeed, after their great-grandchildren's great-grandchildren have died - radioactive waste left behind from the production of their ultimate weapons will remain in a Bridgeton landfill, toxic and hazardous. [NP] The waste - 250,000 cubic yards of dirt contaminated with barium sulfate and other radioactive material - was generated as a byproduct when Mallinckrodt Inc. enriched uranium to make some of the first American atomic weapons during the 1940s and 1950s. Last week, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency decided that the waste should remain permanently inside the West Lake Landfill in Bridgeton, on the Missouri River flood plain. [NP] The EPA said it would cover the landfill with rocks and clay to keep the waste from being washed or blown away. But there is no lining beneath the landfill to keep the waste out of the ground water. So while it will be covered, it will not be contained. That's a serious concern. It will remain a concern for 700 million years, which is about how long that waste will be hazardous. [NP] There are no really good alternatives for the disposal of radioactive waste, just a set of less-bad ones. Removing material from the landfill would be about three times more expensive than leaving it in place. Removal also would create its own problems, including potential exposure to radioactive dust. [NP] On today's Post-Dispatch Commentary Page, EPA Regional Administrator John B. Askew explains the EPA's decision and its plans for the site. The EPA plans to dig monitoring wells around the landfill to ensure that the radioactive material isn't migrating, caught up in underground water. But monitoring wells are useful only if they're monitored and if money is made available to fix problems that are uncovered. [NP] The EPA's record of even routine follow-through at the West Lake landfill isn't good. After initial tests found that some radioactive material had eroded onto a neighboring property, the owner bulldozed his land without the EPA's knowledge or consent. If the EPA is that disengaged, it's difficult to believe it would closely monitor wells at the landfill. [NP] The EPA got involved only through a bureaucratic quirk. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has responsibility for cleaning up waste generated by early efforts to build atomic weapons. The corps has spent billions of dollars to remove about 750,000 cubic yards of nuclear waste from Mallinckrodt's downtown facility, a former storage area near Lambert Airport and other sites around St. Louis. [NP] That's three times the amount of radioactive waste the EPA estimates is contained in the West Lake Landfill. Another 1.48 million cubic yards of Mallinckrodt waste is entombed at Weldon Spring. [NP]  In 1973, some Mallinckrodt waste was dumped illegally in the West Lake Landfill; it's not clear by whom. In 1990, the landfill was named to the EPA's list of toxic waste sites eligible for cleanup under the so-called "Superfund" program. But Superfund money has been in short supply for years. The EPA says its decision to leave West Lake material in place wasn't dictated by cost alone, but, clearly, cost was a factor. [NP] Even though the EPA made its final decision last week, Missouri's state government and its congressional delegation must keep the heat on the EPA. It's crucial to spell out responsibility for regular monitoring of the landfill and where money to do that job will come from. It's also imperative that emergency crews receive training on how to deal with the material safely in the event of fire, explosion or earthquake. [NP] Most of all, it's important to have a plan for preventing radioactive waste from migrating through groundwater into the Missouri River. The river will outlive all of us, and as long as it does, the waste generated by making the first atomic bombs will remain a threat to St. Louis and everyone who lives in it.

[Based on: Opinion Page article (Covered, not contained), p. B8, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08]

*Trivia: Dams and levees (such as Earth City's augmented agricultural levee) can and do fail, as we in St. Louis well know. On May 29, the Environmental Protection Agency issued its surprising final decision for the West Lake Landfill radioactive wastes. The ruling merely requires a cover of rocks, rubble and clay (and perhaps some plastic sheeting) on top of some of the planet's hottest uranium ore residues that are situated only a mile from the flood-prone Missouri River. [NP] The floodplain's groundwater will continue to migrate below, into and through the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works' historic Belgian Congo uranium-ore residues. No bottom protection or leachate collection system is mandated. [NP] Radioactive solids and liquids no doubt will continue to flow toward north St. Louis County and St. Louis City drinking water intakes, eight-plus river miles downstream - especially if an earthquake occurs.[NP] West Lake Landfill's primary uranium isotope has a half-life of 4.5 billion years. Why is the Environmental Protection Agency's Region 7 not offering us environmental protection? And where are County Executive Charlie Dooley and St. Louis Mayor Francis Slay? [NP] The wastes should be excavated and transported away from water and away from people.

[Based on: Your Views article (Radioactive waste should be excavated, not capped and forgotten) by Kay Drey  - University City, p. B8, S.L.P.D., 06/05/08] - [My brackets. "NP" = New Paragraph. - D.R.D.]


2008 - Bus Bomb / Sri Lanka - June 6th, 2008: "COLOMBO, SRI LANKA / Blast [passenger bus - 06/06/08] blamed on rebels kills at least 21 people ['wounding an additional 47']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 6th, 2008: "Stocks rose the most in almost two months Thursday [06/05/08], led by energy companies and retailers, on a $5-a-barrel jump in the price of oil and sales at Wal-Mart Stores Inc. and Costco Wholesale Corp. that topped analysts' estimates. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Energy, retailers lift stocks most in two months), p. B8, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Beer Co. Merger / U.S.A. - June 6th, 2008: "U.S. gives approval for SABMiller-Molson Coors merger / Combined company would have 30% of market to A-B's 50%." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Salary Cuts / Ford Motor Co. - June 6th, 2008: "Ford Motor Co. said it will cut white-collar salary costs 15 percent by Aug. 1, and an unspecified number of people will lose their jobs. [NP] The cuts are in response to shrinking U.S. automotive sales brought on by $4 per gallon gasoline and a rapid shift to smaller vehicles from pickups and sport utility vehicles." [Based on: Article (White-collar salaries cut), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Religious Relations / Ireland - June 6th, 2008: "Northern Ireland's new power-sharing leader declared Thursday [06/05/08] that Irish Catholics and British Protestants must 'secure the peace' by removing all traces of paramilitary extremism from their divided communities. [....] Robinson, 59, succeeded Protestant preacher Ian Paisley, 82, in the Democratic Unionist Party. Paisley stunned observers last year by sitting down in government alongside Sinn Fein, the public face of the outlawed Irish Republican Army. [NP] Robinson's rise comes against a backdrop of rising tensions with Sinn Fein, the major Irish Catholic party in the coalition." [Based on: News Services article (New leader calls for end to paramilitary extremism), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Nuclear Slips / U.S. Air Force - June 6th, 2008: "[....] Gates [U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates] announced at a news conference that he had accepted the resignations of Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Michael Moseley and Air Force Secretary Michael Wynne - a highly unusual double firing. [NP] Gates said his decision was based mainly on the damning conclusions of an internal report on the mistaken shipment to Taiwan of four Air Force electrical fuses for ballistic missle warheads. And he linked the underlying causes of that slip-up to another startling incident: the flight last August of a B-52 bomber that was mistakenly armed with six nuclear-tipped cruise missles. [....] Wynne and Mosley issued their own written statements. [NP] Mosley said he took 'full responsibility' for the events. [NP] Wynne said he 'read with regret' the findings of the Donald report." [Based on: A.P. article (Air Force's nuclear slips prompt firings), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

*Trivia: "Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates told roughly 400 Air Force personnel at Scott on Tuesday [06/10/08] that the recent shake-up of the service's top leaders is due to a decade-long erosion in nuclear weapons security within the Air Force. [....] In March, it was discovered that the Air Force had mislabled parts for nuclear missles and accidentally shipped them to Taiwan in 2006. Then, in August, a flight of six nuclear-tipped cruise missles was unknowingly shipped from North Dakota to Louisiana under the wing of a B-52 bomber. [....]" [Based on: People article (Defense chief discusses shake-up in Air Force) by Angie Leventis, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Acquisition Trivia / Verizon Wireless - June 6th, 2008: "Verizon Wireless' deal to buy Alltel Corp. for $5.9 billion should mean a greater range of choices for Alltel subscribers, but some worried that Alltel's commitment to rural coverage will get lost. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Verizon gobbles up Alltel Corp.), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Faces Charges / Henry T. Nicholas III - June 6th, 2008: "Broadcom Corp. co-founder Henry T. Nicholas III was in custody Thursday [06/05/08] on charges that he slipped Ecstasy into the drinks of technology executives, maintained a warehouse to store cocaine and tried to conceal his illegal conduct with bribes and death threats. [NP] The billionaire also is accused of committing conspiracy, securities fraud and other violations while he led the computer chip company." [Based on: Article (BROADCOM / Founder faces charges), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Found / "Missing Pyramid", Egypt - June 6th, 2008: "[....] Hawass [Zahi Hawass] said the style of the pyramid indicates it was from the Fifth Dynasty, a period that began in 2,465 B.C. and ended in 2,325 B.C. That would put it about two centuries after the completion of the Great Pyramid of Giza, believed to have been finished in 2,500 B.C. [....] The partial ceremonial procession road unveiled Thursday [06/05/08] dates back to the Ptolemaic period, which ran for about 300 years before 30 B.C. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article ('Missing' pyramid is found - or what's left of it / Rubble was reported in 1842, but then lost in Egypt's shifting sands.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Exaggerated Pre-War Claims? / U.S.A. - June 6th, 2008: "In a long-awaited report, the Senate Intelligence Committee rebuked President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney on Thursday [06/05/08] for making prewar claims - particularly that Iraq had close ties to al-Qaida - that were not backed up by available intelligence. [NP] The report, which was supported by some Republicans but criticized by many others, accuses the president and other members of his administration of repeatedly exaggerating the evidence of an al-Qaida connection to take advantage of the charged climate after the Sept. 11 attacks. [NP] 'In making the case for war, the administration repeatedly presented intelligence as fact when in reality it was unsubstantiated, contradicted, or even nonexistent,' said Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV, D-W.Va., the chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee. 'Sadly, the Bush administration led the nation into war under false pretenses.' [....] In a second report released Thursday, the committee provides new details on a series of clandestine meetings between Defense Department officials and Iranian dissidents seeking support for a covert plan to overthrow the Islamic regime in Tehran. [NP] In that document, the committee accuses national security adviser Stephen Hadley and others of 'inappropriate' conduct for an activity that the committee concludes was intentionally hidden from the CIA. [....] The main focus of the documnts released Thursday was a detailed examination of hundreds of statements that Bush, Cheney and other administration officials made in the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. [....] The report was approved on a 10-5 vote by the bipartisan panel in April [2008]. Sen. Christopher 'Kit' Bond, R-Mo., the ranking Republican member, opposed approval." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Senate panel rebukes Bush over Iraq / President and Cheney exaggerated prewar claims, committee says.) by Greg Miller, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Examines Martian Soil / Phoenix Lander - June 6th, 2008: "NASA's Phoenix lander got its first really close-up look at the planet Thursday [06/05/08] as one of its microscopes focused on a slide coated with dust kicked up during the landing. [NP] Images of the dust beamed 171 million miles away to earth showed particles of varying size and colors ranging from semi-translucent white to glassy black. [NP] Phoenix is now sitting on a plateau in Mars' northern polar region. The lander will eventually test the soil and a layer of ice just below the surface." [Based on: News Services article (PHOENIX / Mars lander examines soil using microscope), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Crime-Ridden Neighborhood / Washington D.C. - June 6th, 2008: "Stung by an outbreak of violence, including eight killings last weekend, police are establishing vehicle checkpoints in a crime-ridden neighboorhood in the nation's capital. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Police set up checkpoints in crime-ridden area), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Profit Loss / Smithfield Foods Corp. - June 6th, 2008: "Smithfield Foods Corp., the nation's largest hog producer and pork processor [U.S.A.], said Thursday [06/05/08] that fourth-quarter profits fell 94 percent, hurt by rising grain costs and falling hog prices. [....]" [Based on: Article (SMITHFIELD FOODS / Profit tumbles 94%), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Kepulauan barat Daya, Indonesia - June 6th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 13:42:49 (UTC) on Friday, June 6th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 7.439°S, 127.937°E; Depth 122.1 km (75.9 miles)] was located @ KEPULAUAN BARAT DAYA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008syaw.php] - [T.D. - 06/08/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 7th, 2008: "Stocks  tumbled Friday [06/06/08], sparking the Dow Jones industrial average's worst selloff in 15 months, after a jump in the jobless rate and a $10-a-barrel rise in oil heightened concern the economy will go into recession. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Tumbling stocks bowl over Dow in 395-point selloff), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Charged / U.S. Marine - June 7th, 2008: "Marine Sgt. John Winnick II has been charged with two counts of voluntary manslaughter in the shooting deaths of two civilians in Iraq, his attorney said Friday [06/06/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Marine charged), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Criticism / Clinton Campaign - June 7th, 2008: "U.S. Rep. Rob Andrews, D-N.J., who endorsed Clinton, said a high-ranking person in Hillary Clinton's campaign told him the campaign strategy was to win Jewish voters by exploiting tensions between Jews and blacks. [NP] Andrews declined to name the caller. [NP] The Clinton camp called Andrews' comments 'sad and divisive.' " [Based on: News Services article (Congressman accuses Clinton campaign), p. A21, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Defused WWII Bomb / London - June 7th, 2008: "Military engineers defused a 2,000-pound German bomb from World War II that was discovered in east London during construction for the Olympic Games, a military spokesman said Friday [06/06/08]. The bomb had started to tick at one point." [Based on: News Services article (World War II bomb), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Military Exercises / Venezuela - June 7th, 2008: "Military exercise [06/06/08] shows off firepower [Venezuela]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & United Nations - June 7th, 2008: "The United States says it is fed up with the United Nations Human Rights Council and will only participate in its debates when absolutely necessary. [NP] A spokesman for Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice has decided that there are minimal benefits to participating in a forum that the U.S. thinks does little other than attack Israel." [Based on: News Services article (UNITED NATIONS / U.S. limits participation in Human Rights Council), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/07/08]

2008 - Flooding / Indiana - June 8th, 2008: "Flooding causes havoc in Indiana [06/07/08] / Coast Guard assists as storms close roads, threaten dams." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/08/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Greece - June 8th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:25:29 (UTC) on Sunday, June 8th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 38.036°N, 21.539°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ GREECE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008taaw.php] - [T.D. - 06/09/08]

*Trivia: "A magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Greece on Sunday [06/08/08], killing at least two people, injuring 90 and leveling dozens of homes, authorities said. [....] It was Greece's first fatal earthquake since 1999, when a magnitude 5.9 quake near Athens killed 143 people and left thousands homeless. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (ATHENS, GREECE / Earthquake kills at least 2 people, injures 90), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - Extinct / Caribbean Monk Seal - June 8th, 2008: "The Caribbean monk seal is extinct, the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration's Fisheries Service said." [Based on: News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/08/08]

2008 - Clinton Support / Barack Obama - June 8th, 2008: "HILLARY CLINTON - HER CONCESSION / Unqualified support for Obama [06/07/08] / New York senator adds she's proud of breaking gender barries." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Washington Post article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/08/08]

2008 - Conflict of Interest? / Dr. Joseph Biederman - June 8th, 2008: "NEW YORK / Famed psychiatrist [Dr. Joseph Biederman] is accused of conflict" [Based on: News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/08/08]

2008 - Soil Analysis Failure / Mars Phoenix Lander - June 8th, 2008: "[....] However, an electronic eye positioned to detect dirt falling into the chamber didn't report any particles. [....]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article (Mars lander dishes dirt, but first test is a failure), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/08/08]

2008 - Oil Bubble? - June 9th, 2008: "[....] But as prices went up, a new crowd of players jumped into the oil markets. Pension fund managers, hedge fund operators and other big investors shifted money from the stock and bond markets - where they were losing their well-tailored shirts - into commodities. [NP] Investment in commodities index funds grew from $13 billion to $260 billion in five years. Oil futures trading on the Intercontinental Exchange quintupled over two years to a paper value of $8 trillion in 2007, reports the British newsmagazine The Economist. [....] Players in the commodities markets come in two basic types. Some actually plan to use the commodity. For instance, a refinery might buy a contract for oil to be delivered in the fall. Then there are those who buy futures contracts betting that the price will go up. [NP] The speculators, Mr Soros [George Soros] said, are misjudging the basic supply-demand equation, and pushing oil prices too high. Bubbles eventually burst, but Mr. Soros sees no sign that this one will burst soon. [....] How much of the price of a barrel of oil can be attributed to speculation? Mark Cooper, research director at the Consumer Federation of America, says it may be as much as $40 per barrel. Others, including Mr. Soros, thinks it's considerably less. Some estimates say speculation adds just a few dollars to the price of each barrel. [NP] Whatever the figure, it should be eliminated. High oil prices slow the economy and cost jobs. Should the bubble grow too large, a sudden pop could weaken workers' pensions and cause more strain in our weakened credit system. Mr. Soros said the commodities market today reminds him of the stock market before the 1987 crash. [....] [Based on: Opinion Page article (betting on the bubble), p. C6, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - Food Protests / Egypt - June 9th, 2008: "CAIRO, EGYPT / Protestors [some 8,000] battle police [06/08/08] over rationing of flour" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - Foreign relations / Iran & Iraq - June 9th, 2008: "Disputed pact puts Iraq in middle / Al-Maliki pushes Iran [06/08/08] to back off opposition to security deal with U.S." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - Governor's Mansion Fire / Texas - June 9th, 2008: "AUSTIN, TEXAS / Arson suspected in fire [06/08/08] at governor's mansion" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - More Minor Earthquakes / Nevada - June 9th, 2008: "A months-long swarm of earthquakes picked up again Sunday [06/08/08] as a string of minor temblors rattled Reno, causing downtown high-rises to sway and knocking items off walls and shelves. [....] Diane dePolo, a lab seismologist, said it was the strongest sequence of quakes in the past month and signaled a pickup in activity after a recent lull. [NP] Nevada is the third most seismically active state in the U.S. behind California and Alaska. Reno's last major quake measured 6.1 on April 24, 1914." [Based on: News Services article (More minor quakes hit area; no injuries reported), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - Storms & Tornadoes / Midwest U.S.A. - June 9th, 2008: "Wicked weekend storms with tornadoes and heavy rain pounded the Midwest, where at least three people drowned and one was missing as floodwater swallowed roads and neighborhoods. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Storms cause widespread flooding, kill at least three), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

2008 - 2nd Quarter Loss? / Lehman Brorhers Holdings Inc. - June 9th, 2008: "Investors primed to pump $5 billion into slipping Lehman Brothers, report says / The investment bank was set to report a second-quarter loss of more than $2 billion, a source says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/09/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The nation's fourth-largest investment bank said wrong-way trading moves and risky mortgage-backed securities plunged it into a nearly $3 billion second-quarter loss. It marks the first time Lehman was unable to post a profit since going public in 1994. [NP] Its stock fell nearly 9 percent and helped drive a broad sell-off in bank and brokerage shares. [NP] Lehman's top executives, who have repeatedly assured investors that their books were safe, will fund the firm's survival by raising $6 billion of fresh capital. It is a move many of Lehman's competitors already have been forced to make. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (LEHMAN BROS. / $3 billion loss is latest dose of castor oil / Investment bank's earnings show credit crisis is ongoing.) by Joe Bel Bruno, p. C1, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

*Trivia: "$4.5 billion loss may be end of Lehman Brothers" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Joe Bel Bruno, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "Most stocks fell Monday [06/09/08], led by banks and technology companies, after speculation the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates overshadowed improving McDonald's sales and a rally in energy producers. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks sink after officials say rates may need to rise), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Tainted Tomatoes / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "Tainted tomatoes prompt area grocers to pull some kinds" [Based on: Title for Article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Water Movement / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "The movement of billions of gallons of water around the country will not require permits under the Clean Water Act, even though the water could contain contaminants, Environmental Protection Agency officials said. [NP] Instead, the agency will focus on preventing contaminants from entering water sources in the first place." [Based on: News Services article (EPA will ease rule on movement of water), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Roadrunner Supercomputer - June 10th, 2008: "Scientists unveiled the world's fastest supercomputer, a $100 million machine that for the first time has performed 1,000 trillion calculations per second in a sustained exercise. [NP] The technology breakthrough was accomplished by engineers from the Los Alamos National Laboratory and IBM on a computer to be used primarily on nuclear weapons. [NP] The computer, named Roadrunner, is twice as fast as IBM's Blue Gene system." [Based on: Article (SUPERCOMPUTERS / World's fastest unveiled), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - "Dead Zone" Trivia / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "Researchers predict a 'dead zone' of oxygen-depleted waters off Louisiana and Texas could grow 20 percent this summer to 10,084 square miles, making it the largest such expanse in at least 23 years." [Based on: News Services article ('Dead zone:'), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

*Trivia: "[....] 'The nutrients ['from sources that include fertilizers'] act as a fertilizer just like they would in a corn field,' causing excessive growth of algae on the ocean floor, Turner [R. Eugene Turner, a Louisiana State University professor] said. The algae consume oxygen, forcing aquatic creatures like fish and shrimp to flee or die. [NP] He said the increase in corn production as well as heavy rain in the Midwest this spring had caused a higher concentration of fertilizer in the Mississippi River. [....]" [Based on: Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau article (Scientists blame corn for growing 'dead zone') by Sarah Lohman, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Flood Trivia / Midwest U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "[....] The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said Monday [06/09/08] it would close a 250-mile stretch of the Mississippi River - from Fulton, Ill., to Clarksville, Mo. - as soon as Thursday because of flooding, bringing barge traffic to a halt. [NP] The closure could last up to two weeks, corps spokesman Ron Fournier said. [NP] The National Weather Service issued a warning on Monday [06/09/08] that there may be flash floods along the Missouri and Mississippi rivers in the St. Louis area. The area will be at risk until this morning, the weather service said. [NP] In addition, it said, there is special concern about the areas south of St. Louis. [....]" [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article (Midwest floods swamp homes), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Foreign Workers Trivia / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "Federal contractors must now verify that their employees are in the United States legally, under an executive order signed by President George W. Bush last week. [....]" [Based on: Cox News Service article (Contractors ordered to verify workers' legality / Employers will have to certify workers are legally in the country to get future federal contracts.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - House Resolution / Impeach Bush? - June 10th, 2008: "Rep. Dennis Kucinich, D-Ohio, wants the House to consider a resolution to impeach President George W. Bush, reading his proposal in a floor speech." [Based on: News Services article (Impeachment), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Mismanaged Trust Lands? / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "A group of American Indians is not entitled to a $58 billion claim against the United States over the mismanagement of century-old trust lands, government lawyers said in opening arguments in a trial to determine how much the government should pay. [NP] The Interior Department argued that the judge lacks jurisdiction to award any money. It also says the amount should be 'in the millions not the billions.' " [Based on: News Services article (American Indians' case is back in court), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - EPA Meeting on Lead / St. Louis, Mo. - June 10th, 2008: "EPA hosts meeting in St. Louis on lead / WHY HERE? - Last U.S. lead smelter is in jefferson County, the only area not meeting EPA's current standard. / TOUGHER STANDARD? - The meeting [06/12/08] is for public comment on its proposal to reduce lead air pollution." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article by Kim McGuire, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

*Trivia: "[....] A new study, published last month in the medical journal PloS Medicine, makes the strongest case to date for a relationship between childhood lead exposure and adult crime. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (OUR VIEW / LEAD - Crime of the century), p. B6, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - U.S. Air Force Chief / Gen. Norton A. Schwartz? - June 10th, 2008: "Top leader at Scott [Gen. Norton A. Schwartz] set to be chief of Air Force / Defense secretary tabs general with experience in working with other military branches." [Based on: Title for Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/10/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2008: "Most stocks fell for a third day Tuesday [06/10/08], led by raw-materials and energy producers, as the prospect of higher interest rates drove down oil and metals and the International Energy Agency lowered its forecast for fuel demand. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Most stocks fall for a third day as oil takes a $2 plunge), p. C4, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Trade Deficit - June 11th, 2008: "Trade deficit [U.S.A.] reaches highest level in 13 months / The gap rises 7.8 percent in April to $60.9 billion, the largest it has been since March of last year." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Flood Trivia / U.S. Midwest - June 11th, 2008: "Anxiety on the rise along with rivers / Midwest could be a week or so away from floods approaching the levels of 1993." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Child Porn Removal Effort / U.S.A. - June 11th, 2008: "Internet providers Verizon, Sprint and Time Warner cable have agreed to block access to child pornography and eliminate the material from their servers, New York's attorney general [Andrew Cuomo] said Tuesday [06/10/08]. Cuomo said it was essential to work with the Internet providers rather than trying to prosecute thousands of users. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article ('Net to block child porn / Three big service providers agree to wipe servers clean.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Defeated / U.S. Windfall Profits Tax  - June 11th, 2008: "[....] At the Capitol [06/10/08], Democratic leaders needed 60 votes but got only 51 senators' support, including seven Republicans who bucked their party leaders. Sen. Mary Landrieu of Louisiana, a state tied closely to the oil industry, was the only Democrat opposing the bill. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid voted in favor of the measure, but for procedural reasons changed his vote to 'no' so he could bring it up again. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Windfall profits tax plan defeated / GOP senators argue that punishing Big Oil won't lower pump price.), pp. A1 & A4, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S., U.N., & Iran - June 11th, 2008: "Bush, EU toughen warning to Iran [06/10/08] / They threaten new financial sanctions unless Iranians can show nuclear program is not for weapons." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Killed / Saddam Hussein Clan Chief - June 11th, 2008: "[....] Also Tuesday [06/10/08], the chief of Saddam Hussein's tribal clan was killed by a bomb glued to the undercarriage of his car, Iraqi police said. Sheik Ali al-Nida, 65, was the leader of the al-Bu Nasir tribe, a large Sunni Arab clan of about 20,000 members, including Saddam's family. [NP] The vehicle exploded in Tikrit, a mostly Sunni Arab city about 80 miles north of Baghdad, an officer said. [....] In 2007, he founded a so-called Awakening Council, partnering with U.S. forces to fight Sunni militants in the area." [Based on: A.P. article (Official expects deal soon on keeping GIs in Iraq / SADDAM'S TRIBAL CHIEF KILLED), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Bill Clinton Criticism / Flowers & Jones - June 11th, 2008: "[....] The women [Gennifer Flowers & Paula Jones] ... have created a website offering videos of their thoughts on Clinton. [....]" [Based on: People article (Flowers, Jones offer revealing $1.99 videos), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Group sues Pentagon over Guantanamo Bay - June 11th, 2008: "Group [New-York based Center for Constitutional Rights] sues Pentagon over Guantanamo Bay ['on behalf of the families of two men who committed suicide while being held at the naval base.'] " [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Changes? / Benchmark Lending Rate, Britain  - June 11th, 2008: "Benchmark Libor bows to critics, makes changes [06/10/08] / As part of the overhaul, banks will be asked to justify any rate discrepancies." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Proposed SEC Rules / U.S. Credit Rating Industry - June 11th, 2008: "[....] Amid the turmoil that has gripped the financial markets in recent months, the big rating agencies have downgraded thousands of securities backed by mortgages as home-loan deliquencies have soared and the value of those investments has plummeted. The downgrades by the three firms that dominate the $5 billion rating industry - Standard & Poor's, Moody's Investors Service and Fitch Ratings - have contributed to hundreds of billions in losses and writedowns at major banks and investment firms. [....] Cumo's [New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo] office has been investigating how mortgage-backed securities carried high credit ratings yet still collapsed during the subprime mortgage crisis. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (SEC proposes rules for credit rating industry), p. C5, S.L.P.D., 06/11/08]

2008 - Fatal Tornado / Iowa  - June 12th, 2008: "DES MOINES, IOWA / At least four are dead [06/11/08] in tornado at Scout camp [Iowa]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 12th, 2008: "Stocks retreated Wednesday [06/11/08], pushing the Standard & Poor's 500 index to its lowest level in two months, as banks and transportation companies plunged on speculation faster inflation will force central banks to raise interest rates. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks retreat a 4th day, pushing S&P to lowest in 2 months), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Truckers Strike / Spain - June 12th, 2008: "MADRID, SPAIN / Riot police deployed [06/11/08] against striking truckers ['nationwide protests over rising fuel prices']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Life Expectancy / U.S.A.  - June 12th, 2008: "Americans' life expectancy reached a record high of 78.1 years in 2006, with disparities among ethnic groups and between the sexes generally narrowing, according to government data released Wednesday [06/11/08]. [....] The 2006 data also provide more evidence for what demographers term the 'Hispanic Paradox': As a group they have much lower mortality rates than expected for a population of relatively less education and wealth. [NP] The overall U.S. life expectancy of 78.1 years was up 0.3 years from 2005. Life expectancy for women was 80.7 years, and for men, 75.4 years. The disparity between the sexes - 5.3 years - has been declining since it peaked at about 8 years in 1979. [....] The overall mortality rate for Hispanics in 2006 was 550 deaths per 100,000 people. For non-Hispanic whites, it was 778. For non-Hispanic blacks, it was 1,001. This is unexpected because average income and education among Hispanics (except for Cuban-Americans) is below that of whites. Those two variables strongly predict health and mortality. [NP] Researchers have offered various theories to explain the 'Hispanic Paradox,' first recognized in the late 1970s. [NP] One is that it does not actually exist but is only the consequence of bad data and confusion over who is classified as Hispanic. Other theories are that Hispanic immigrants tend to return home to die or that something in the habits or lifestyle of Hispanics in America is conducive to good health." [Based on: Washington Post article (U.S. life expectancy now tops 78 years) by David Brown, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - NATO Airstrike / Pakistan - June 12th, 2008: "NATO airstrike [06/10/08] kills 11 at post ['11 members of the Mohmand Rifles, a unit of the Frontier Corps'], Pakistan claims" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Apology to Native Canadians - June 12th, 2008: "[....] 'We now recognize that it was wrong to separate children from rich and vibrant cultures and traditions, and that it created a void in many lives and communities, and we apologize,' he [Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper] said in an address to Parliament televised live across Canada [06/11/08]. [NP] From the 19th century until the 1970s, more than 150,000 aboriginal children were required to attend state-funded Christian schools as part of a program to strip them of their native culture and assimilate them into mainstream Canadian society." [Based on: News Services article (OTTAWA / Aboriginal children's history draws apology), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Formal Talks / Taiwan & China - June 12th, 2008: "Negotiators from taiwan and China opened their first formal talks in almost a decade on Thursday, aiming to forge an agreement on expanded charter flights." [Based on: News Services article (Taiwan talks), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Gaza - June 12th, 2008: "[....] Israeli aircraft fired a missle at militants in northern Gaza, but it hit a house instead, killing 6-year-old Hadeel al-Smari in the backyard, according to an Associated Press Television News crew that saw her body. [....] A relative of the dead girl said Palestinian civilians are affected harshly by Israeli attacks. 'Our lives are hell. We cannot sleep or enjoy peace in our homes because of the army fire,' Ahmad al-Smari said by telephone from the hospital in the Gaza town of Khan Younis. [NP] In aprallel, Israelis who live near Gaza are clamoring for their government to take action to stop the Arab rocket barrages that disrupt lives and cause casualties. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Israel holds off attack on Gaza, hoping for truce), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / George Bush & Iran - June 12th, 2008: "All options open in dealing with Iran, Bush says [06/11/08] / President's comments in Germany use language seen as conveying threat." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Bird Flu Outbreak / Hong Kong, China - June 12th, 2008: "Hong Kong authorities announced Wednesday [06/11/08] that they planned to kill all chickens in the territory's retail markets because of fears of a bird flu outbreak." [Based on: News Services article (Bird flu), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Ancient Christian Worship Site? / Rihab, Jordan - June 12th, 2008: "[....] The cave is under St. George's Church [Rihab, Jordan], which some believe was built in the year 230, though the date is widely disputed. That would make it one of the oldest churches in the world, along with one unearthed in the Jordanian southern port of Aqaba in 1998 and another in Israel discovered in 2005. [NP] Al-Housan [Archaeologist Abdel-Qader al-Housan] said there was evidence that the underground cave was used as a church by 70 disciples of Jesus in the first century after Christ's death, which would make it the oldest Christian site of worship in the world. [....] Parker [S. Thomas Parker, a historian at North carolina State University] asked how archaeologists could be certain whether the 'cave was actually a center of Christian worship.' [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Ancient cave linked to early Christians), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

2008 - Top-Secret Documents / London Commuter Train - June 12th, 2008: "[....] Seven pages ['... found by a passenger on a London commuter train Tuesday (06/10/08).'] stamped 'UK Top Secret' included the latest government intelligence assessment on al-Qaida and Iraq's security forces, the BBC said." [Based on: News Services article (LONDON / Top-secret documents left on commuter train), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/08]

*Trivia: "LONDON / More secret documents reported left on a train ['a British newspaper said Saturday' - 06/14/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Died / Tim Russert - June 13th, 2008: "Time Russert, hard-charging host of NBC's 'Meet the Press' and one of the best-schooled political minds on network television news, died Friday [06/13/08], apparently of a heart attack, at the age of 58. [NP] Mr. Russert served as NBC News' Washington bureau chief and moderator of the Sunday morning talk show 'Meet the Press.' He collapsed Friday while taping 'voiceovers' for Sunday's show, NBC News said. [....] Mr Russert came from working-class roots in Buffalo [New York], and wrote a top-selling book about his father. Born on May 7, 1950, he was a graduate of John Carroll University and the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law. He was a member of the bar in New York and Washington. [....]" [Based on Chicago Tribune article (Host of 'Meet the Press' joined NBC News in 1984), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

*Trivia: "[....] NBC News reported an autopsy revealed that Russert had died as a result of cholesterol plaque rupturing an artery, causing sudden coronary thrombosis. He also had an enlarged heart. [NP] Russert had been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, NBC said, but he had it under control with medication and exercise. He had performed well on a stress test in late April, his doctor told NBC. [....] Russert grew up in a tight-knit, Irish-Catholic neighborhood in South Buffalo. He attended Canisius High School. The Rev. James P. Higgins, president of the elite high school, called Russert 'unquestionably our most accomplished and conspicuous alumnus in 138 years.' [....] Russert is survived by his wife, Maureen Orth, a Vanity Fair writer he met at the 1976 Democratic National Convention, and their son, Luke. The Russerts recently had traveled to Italy to celebrate Luke’s graduation from Boston College. [NP] Funeral plans were pending Friday. Whether burial would be in Washington, D.C., or Buffalo was unclear." [Based on: Buffalo News article: (Buffalo’s Tim Russert, an acclaimed newsman, dies of heart attack / Buffalo flags fly at half-staff as city mourns the death of Tim Russert / 'Meet the Press' moderator stayed rooted in Buffalo) By Maki Becker - News Staff Reporter  [News Staff Reporter Lou Michel contributed to this report.] - Updated: 06/14/08 11:32 AM - See link.]

*Link: http://www.buffalonews.com/home/story/369912.html
*More Links: *Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Russert

2008 - Yahoo & Google Deal - June 13th, 2008: "Yahoo Inc., seeking to shore up sales after ending talks about a combination with Microsoft Corp., agreed to let Google Inc. to sell some of the advertisements it runs alongside Internet searches. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Yahoo makes deal with Google / Talks with Microsoft fail; Carl Icahn vows to replace Yahoo board.), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 10th, 2008: "Stocks climbed Thursday [06/12/08] as retail sales increased more than forecast and banks rose from a five-year low, outweighing speculation the Federal Reserve will boost interest rates as bond yields climbed the most since April. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Higher retail sales, rebounding banks give market a boost), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - New Labels? / Tyson Foods - June 13th, 2008: "Tyson Foods Inc., the second-largest U.S. chicken producer, sued the U.S. Department of Agriculture to block a new rule requiring the company to alter its labeling concerning the use of antibiotics. [....] The company on June 2 said it would voluntarily stop using a 'Raised Without Antibiotics' label on its chicken. Tyson expects to have new labels, with no reference to antibiotics, on its products within the next six weeks." [Based on: Article (TYSON FOODS / Suit is filed over labels), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Heat Wave / U.S. East Coast - June 13th, 2008: "Deaths blamed on the East Coast's recent heat wave climbed past 30 Thursday [08/12/08] with various coroners reports; 15 of the deaths were in Philadelphia alone." [Based on: News Services article (Heat toll), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Criminal System Trivia / U.S.A. - June 13th, 2008: "The number of people under supervision in the nation's [U.S.A.] criminal justice system rose to 7.2 million in 2006, the highest ever, costing states tens of billions of dollars to house and monitor offenders." [Based on: News Services article (Criminal system), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Power Outage / Washington D.C. - June 13th, 2008: "[....] Pepco, the utility provider, reported power was restored to all customers before 11 a.m. The power went out at 7:25 a.m. [06/13/08]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Power outage causes headaches in capital), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - European Trip / George W. Bush - June 13th, 2008: "[....] One of Bush's main priorties in Europe is asking his hosts to make greater contributions to Afghanistan - both in money and troops. [....] American, British, Canadian, Dutch and Danish forces are taking on the brunt of the fighting in the more volatile areas of Afghanistan, and eager for help from allies. [....] Berlusconi [Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi], a conservative and media mogul now in his third stint in power, has been a staunch Bush supporter. But Bush's personal image remains dismal in Western Europe. Those expressing confidence in him ranged from 16 percent in Britain to 8 percent in Spain, according to a global Pew Research Center poll released Thursday [06/12/08]." [Based on: A.P. article (Bush gets small concession from Italy / He asked premier for greater contributions in Afghanistan.), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - South of the Border / Mexican Tomatoes - June 13th, 2008: "Export-quality tomatoes labled 'Ready to Eat' in English flooded Mexico City markets on Thursday [06/12/08] after a salmonella scare in the U.S. trapped them south of the border. [NP] The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned consumers against three types of raw tomatoes that have sickened 228 people in 23 U.S. states since mid-April. The FDA has not pinpointed the outbreak's source, but has cleared imports from six countries - though not from Mexico, which supplies 80 percent of tomatoes imported into the U.S. [NP] Mexican growers and government officials call the warning unjust, saying it could cripple Mexico's $1 billion tomato industry. [NP] 'What we hope is that they finish their investigation soon' and clear Mexican exports, Agriculture Secretary Alberto Cardenas said Thursday. [NP] A delegation of Mexican officials flew to Washington on Thursday to help the FDA find the source of the outbreak, Cardenas said." [Based on: A.P. article (Mexican tomatoes stay at home), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The first cases linked to raw tomatoes appeared in mid-April. But it wasn't until June 3 that the FDA began publicly warning consumers about the problem. Even then, the first warnings focused only on New Mexico and Texas. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (Rotten tomatoes), p. C8, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Strong (?) Earthquake / Eastern Honshu, Japan - June 13th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 23:43:46 (UTC) on Friday, June 13th, 2008 [Saturday, June 14, 2008 at 08:43:46 AM at epicenter]. The magnitude 6.8 event [Location: 39.103°N, 140.668°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ EASTERN HONSHU, JAPAN."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008tfdp.php] - [T.D. - 06/14/08]

*Trivia: "A powerful 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked a rural area of northern Japan early today [06/14/08], killing at least two people, triggering landslides and reportedly knocking down a bridge, officials said. At least 64 were injured. [....]" [Based: on News Services article (TOKYO / Strong earthquake shakes northern Japan), p. A23, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - Detainees' Rights Trivia / Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - June 13th, 2008: "ANALYSIS / Court extends detainees' rights / Ruling [06/12/08] 'blows a hole' in legal premise for Guantanamo Bay and 'it's reason for being.' " [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

*Trivia: "Terrorist enemies or hapless innocents? Whatever the truth, the hundreds of foreigners held without charges at Guantanamo Bay have rights under the U.S. Constitution, the Supreme Court says [5-4]. [NP] And, considering that many have been imprisoned at the Cuban camp for six years, they should be able to exercise those rights quickly and ask civilian judges to force the government to justify their detention, the court ruled Thursday [06/12/08]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Responses to detainee ruling show sharp divisions), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/13/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 14th, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [06/13/08], paring the week's losses, after oil retreated and some measures of inflation matched economists' forecasts, damping speculation the Federal Reserve will boost interest rates this year. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise after oil slips, paring the week's losses), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - EU Setback / Ireland? - June 14th, 2008: "[....] The defeat, by 53.4 percent to 46.6 percent, throws the 27-member bloc into turmoil, its latest attempt to reform stymied by less than 1 percent of its population. [NP] Ireland is the only country in the European Union to put the pact to a referendum. The other member states are voting on it through their parliaments, and 18 have backed it so far, but European Union rules require unanimous support for the treaty to take effect. [NP] The treaty is supposed to make the European Union function more efficiently - especially now that it has grown to 27 members - and would give the EU its first full-time president and create a new and powerful foreign policy chief. If it is abandoned, it will frustrate Europe's ambitions to play a more cohesive and forceful role on the world stage. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Irish voters deal setback to EU reform treaty), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - Soil Analysis / Planet Mars - June 14th, 2008: "The Phoenix lander sent back the most detailed view of the Martian soil to date, showing fine grains mixed with possible minerals, scientists said Friday [06/13/08]. [NP] Much of the dirt that Phoenix scooped up and sprinkled on its microscope appeared as a redish-orange hue that's typical of the Martian landscape. [NP] Zooming in, scientists noticed green particles that could be olivine, a mineral usually associated with volcanic eruptions." [Based on: News Services article (Mars lander sends back microscopic view of soil), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - Record Flood / Cedar Rapids, Iowa - June 14th, 2008: "Hospital patients in wheelchairs and on stretchers were evacuated in the middle of the night as the biggest flood Cedar Rapids has ever seen swamped more than 400 blocks Friday [06/13/08] and all but cut off the supply of clean drinking water in the city of 120,000. [....] The Cedar River was expected to crest Friday night at nearly 32 feet, 12 feet higher than the old record, set in 1929. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Record flood swamps city of Iowa), p. A20, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

*Link: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14887&src=map

2008 - New Israeli Housing Plan / East Jerudsalem - June 14th, 2008: "Israel announced plans Friday [06/13/08] to build 1,300 more homes in east Jerusalem, further angering Palestinians who warned ongoing construction threatens efforts to work out a peace deal by the end of the year. [NP] Israel insisted Friday that most of the building is on land the state has already annexed." [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / New Israeli housing plan angers Palestinians), p. A23, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

2008 - Taliban Attack Prison / Kandahar, Afghanistan - June 14th, 2008: "KANDAHAR, AFGHANISTAN / Taliban attack [06/13/08] frees hundreds of prisoners ['more than 600 inmates']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A23, S.L.P.D., 06/14/08]

*Trivia: "Taliban attack springs prisoners in Afghanistan / Police say 870 inmates escaped in the assault on Kandahar prison." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Storm Trivia / Iowa - June 15th, 2008: "[....] The storms have prompted the governor [Iowa] to issue disaster proclamations for 83 of the state's 99 counties." [Based on: A.P. article (Flooding problems worsen across Iowa / Levee breaks in Des Moines; Cedar Rapids is short of clean water.), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Sect Raid Cost / U.S.A. - June 15th, 2008: "The cost of the April raid on a polygamist compound in West Texas in which authorities seized about 460 children is expected to top $14 million." [Based on: News Services article (Sect raid), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Incentives Rejected / Iran - June 15th, 2008: "Iran rejects deal to drop nuclear work [06/14/08] / U.S. is among six countries that had offered incentives." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Threatens War / Zimbabwe President - June 15th, 2008: "Zimbabwe President Robert Migabe, sounding ever more pugnacious, said Saturday [06/14/08] that he was prepared to go to war if he lost a runoff election to the opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai on June 27. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Mugabe threatens war if he loses runoff / Zimbabwe president says 'pathetic puppets' won't run the country.), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Palestine? - June 15th, 2008: "[....] The question of building rights is bound up in a core question facing Mideast peace negotiators: If Israel and Palestinian states are to coexist side by side, where will their borders be? [NP] Under the complex agreements governing the West Bank, Israel controls 61 percent of the land pending a final negotiated solution that is supposed to end in statehood for the Palestinians. [NP] On that land are Israel's 121 West Bank settlements, as well as military bases. But so are 150 Palestinian villages, home to tens of thousands of people. [NP] Critics charge that Israel stifles Palestinian development in this area to preserve the option of keeping some of the land. For the Palestinians, it means large tracts of land they want for their future state are restricted. [NP] Israel says that in a peace deal, it wants to keep control of about 10 percent of the West Bank, all of it in 'Area C.' For the Palestinians, the classifications - Areas A, B and C - are obsolete. 'It's all land for the independent Palestinian state,' said Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat. [NP] In a report last month, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said that since 2000, Israel has issued demolition orders against some 5,000 Palestinian-owned structures in Area C, knocked down more than 1,600 of them and rejected 94 percent of Palestinian building requests. [....] Meanwhile, the United States took Israel to task Saturday [06/14/08] for a planned expansion of Jewish homes in the portion of Jerusalem that Palestinians claim for the capital of a future state. [NP] Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said such moves undermine the U.S.-backed peace talks. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (West Bank Palestinians feel stifled / Their developments stall amid disputes over building permits.), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

2008 - Call for Increased Oil Production / G-8 Nations - June 15th, 2008: "G-8 nations call for increased oil production [06/14/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/15/08]

*Trivia: "Saudis to boost oil output ['by 200,000 barrels a day'], U.N. says [06/15/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Sunspot 999 - June 16th, 2008: "A new sunspot [999] has appeared on the sun's eastern limb. It is small and poses no threat for strong solar flares." [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=06&day=16&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - June 16th, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream ...."   [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/16/08]

2008 - Higher CEO Pay / U.S.A. - June 16th, 2008: "Higher CEO pay in a down economy / Median 2007 pay package of nearly $8.4 million was up about $280,000 from 2006, an Associated Press analysis finds." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Rachel Beck & Matthew Fordahl, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Flooding Trivia / St. Louis, Mo. - June 16th, 2008: "Flooding should be short of '93 mark here [St. Louis]" [Based on: Staff & Wire Reports article, p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Kiev Concert / Paul McCartney - June 16th, 2008: "McCartney's Kiev concert [06/14/08] draws tens of thousands" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Weapons Caches Seized / Baghdad - June 16th, 2008: "BAGHDAD / U.S., Iraqi forces find [06/14/08] 'huge' cache [Rashid section] of weapons [Baghdad]" [Based on: Title for article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Young Palestinian Workers / West Bank - June 16th, 2008: "Young and on the job in West Bank / Despite child-labor laws, Palestinian youngsters often are forced to work out of necessity." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Afghanistan & Pakistan - June 16th, 2008: "ISLAMABAD, PAKISTAN / Afghanistan threatens [06/15/08] to send troops to Pakistan" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 17th, 2008: "Most stocks rose for a third day as Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.'s results fueled a rally in financial companies Monday [06/16/08] and analysts recommended shares of Apple Inc. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Lehman fuels rally; most stocks gain for a third day), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - Job Cuts / McClatchy Co. - June 17th, 2008: "Newspaper publisher McClatchy Co. is slashing 1,400 jobs, or 10 percent of its work force, as part of an accelerating drive to cut costs as advertising revenue dwindles. [NP] McClatchy, the No. 3 U.S. newspaper company with 30 dailies, including The Belleville News-Democrat and the Kansas City Star, also reported a 15.4 percent decline in advertising revenue in the first five months of the year." [Based on: Article (MCCLATCHY / Publisher cuts 1,400), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - EU Threatens Sanctions / Iran - June 17th, 2008: "[....] More than 80 percent of Iran's revenue comes from oil exports, and the country has the world's No. 2 gas reserves. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (EU threatens sanctions aimed at gas, oil in Iran), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - Settlement / Milberg Law Firm - June 17th, 2008: "The Milberg law firm said Monday [06/16/08] it will pay $75 million to settle a federal kickback case involving class-action lawsuits against some of the nation's biggest corporations. [NP] The New York firm said the deal called for the government to dismiss all charges against it. [NP] The firm was accused of making $250 million over two decades by filing legal actions on behalf of professional plantiffs who received $11.3 million in kickbacks." [Based on: article (MILBERG KICKBACKS / Law firm will settle), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - Taliban Seize Villages / Kandahar - June 17th, 2008: "Taliban seize 7 Afghan villages [06/16/08] / The offensive comes after a prison break in Kandahar and amid rising tension on the border with Pakistan" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - Same Sex -Marriages Begin / California - June 17th, 2008: "Same-sex marriages begin in California" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/17/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - June 18th, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar wind stream ...."  

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=06&day=18&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 18th, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [06/13/08], paring the week's losses, after oil retreated and some measures of inflation matched economists' forecasts, damping speculation the Federal Reserve will boost interest rates this year. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Bad news on banks ends four-day winning streak), p. C4, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Public Trials? / Mexico - June 18th, 2008: "Mexico threw open the doors to its judicial system Tuesday [08/17/08], allowing U.S.-style public trials and creating a presumption of innocence. [....] Mexico now faces the long, tedious task of implementing the changes, which must be in place by 2016, according to the law." [Based on: Article (MEXICO CITY / Public trials coming to courts in Mexico), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Car Bomb / Baghdad, Irag - June 18th, 2008: "Car bomb [06/17/08] kills 51 ['wounding 75'] at marketplace in Iraq ['the mostly Shiite Muslim district of Hurriyah']" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The death toll rose to 63 in Tuesday's blast, which had the hallmarks of an attack by Sunni extremist groups such as al-Qaida in Iraq. [....] Lt. Col. Steven Stover, a military spokesman in Baghdad, said the Americans believed the bombing was orchestrated by fighters under the command of Haydar Mehdi Khadum al-Fawadi. [....] However, there was some confusion about al-Fawadi's identity. The military's wanted poster indicated al-Fawadi also goes by the name Haidar Khadum Majidi. [NP] An Iraqi security officer, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Wednesday that al-Fawadi and Majidi are two different people. According to the officer, al-Fawadi reports to Majidi." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (U.S. is accusing Shiite hard-liner for deadly blast), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Larger NATO Role / France - June 18th, 2008: "[....] President Charles de gaulle withdrew France from NATO's military command in 1966, as he sought to reassert France's independence. [....]" [Based on: Article (PARIS / Sarkozy opens door to larger role in NATO), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Flood Trivia / St. Louis Missouri - June 18th, 2008: "[....] Clarksville's record flood level was set in 1993. That was what bureaucrats and developers confidentally call a '500-year flood.' Now; 15 years later, the water is even higher; it's heading downstream at a brisk walking pace, flooding one town after another. [NP] During the catastrophic flood of 1903 that inundated most of the Metro East, the Mississippi River reached only about 38 feet at St. Louis. That was an exceedijngly rare event in those days. [NP] From the time Pierre Laclede helped found St. Louis in 1764 until World War II began in 1941, the river reached 39 feet in St. Louis on only two occasions. Since then, it's reached that height eight times - nine if the forecast for Saturday [06/21/08] holds. [....] Back in 1837, when Robert E. Lee mapped the St. Louis harbor, the Mississippi River was 4,000 feet wide at St. Louis. At that time, the river had exceeded 39 feet only once, in 1875 when it hit 42 feet. [NP] Today, the Mississippi River is slightly more than 1,500 feet wide at St. Louis. Levees have been built along its banks to contain it. Navigational structures such as wing dams and chevrons have been constructed along its channel to concentrate its force. [NP] During that 1903 flood, about 1 million cubic feet of water per second was moving past St. Louis. But the river's height was slightly lower than it's expected to be on Saturday, when the flow will be only about 760,000 cubic feet per second. [NP] So what happens next time the Mississippi River bulges with a million cubic feet of water per second? Disaster. [NP] That's the lesson of 1993. And of 1995. It's the lesson of 1973, 1982, 1983 and 1986. Flood-plain development is a bad idea; higher and higher levees downriver and upriver, too. [NP] But it is a lesson unlearned. Since the 1993 flood, development has consumed huge amounts of Missouri River flood plain in west St. Louis and St. Charles counties. New malls, indistrial parks and even homes are protected by levees that we arrogantly assert are strong enough to withstand a 100-or 500-year flood. Perhaps they are. But cutting off flood plain gives the river less room to expand. That can cause potentially disastrous changes on both the Missouri and Mississippi rivers that are difficult to predict. [NP] The truth is that we don't know how damaging a 500-year flood might be. Even if historical records stretched back that far, the river system has been so thoroughly altered by levees and wing dams that the old records largely are irrelevant. [NP] River towns like St. Louis and Chesterfield, St. Peters and tiny Clarksville exist at the confluence of gigantic forces beyond their control. [NP] On one side lies everything we know about engineering and history. On the other is all we don't know about how we've altered the river's topography and natural history. [NP] In between are a tired crew of farmers and merchants and high school athletes, filling and stacking sandbags - hoping that when the flood comes this time, they won't all be washed away." [Based on: Opinion Page article (OUR VIEW / MISSISSIPPI RIVER / The flood this time), p. B8, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Hamas - June 18th, 2008: "Israel, Hamas reach truce [06/17/08] on Gaza  ['in principle'] / The cease-fire, brokered by Egypt, is to start Thursday [06/19/08]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - "Watered Down" / Union Pacific Corp. - June 18th, 2008: "Union Pacific Corp., the largest U.S. freight railroad, said Tuesday [06/17/08] that the floods' effects will reduce its quarterly earnings. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (MISSISSIPPI RIVER FLOODING & TRANSPORTATION / Railroads are watered down), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Conviction Overturned / David Safavian - June 18th, 2008: "[....] The decision [06/17/08] overturns the conviction of David Safavian, the former chief of staff for the General Services Administration and the only person in the four-year scandal who opted to go to trial rather than accept a government plea deal. He had faced 18 months in prison. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Conviction of ex-official in lobbying scandal is overturned), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Charges Dismissed / Haditha Killings, 2005 - June 18th, 2008: "A military judge at Camp Pendleton dismissed charges Tuesday [06/17/08] against Lt. Col. Jeffrey Chessani, the highest-ranking officer accused in the deaths of 24 Iraqis nearly three years ago [11/19/05] in the town of Haditha. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Charges dismissed against Marine in Haditha killings), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/18/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 19th, 2008: "Stocks fell Wednesday [06/18/08], sending the Dow Jones industrial average to a three-month low ['decreased 131.24 to 12,029.06'], as FedEx Corp.'s results and Fifth Third Bancorp's dividend cut reinforced concern bank losses and record oil will prolong the slump in profits. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Record oil, falling stocks send Dow to a 3-month low), p. D3, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Enacted / U.S. Farm Bill  - June 19th, 2008: "[....] Bush vetoed the bill for a second time earlier Wednesday [06/18/08], and the House voted 317-109 to override it a few hours later. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Farm bill is finally OK'd; U.S. food aid cleared to go), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Relocation? / Fair St. Louis  - June 19th, 2008: "The rising Mississippi River has chased Fair St. Louis and Live on the Levee west to Soldiers Memorial Plaza. [NP] Slay [Missy Slay of Celebrate St. Louis] had been hoping floodwater would recede before June 26, when festival crews must start work on the fairgrounds. But with the Mississippi River expected to crest at 40 feet on Monday, Slay decided to relocate the fair for the first time in its history. [....]" [Based on: article (Flooding forces fair, music festival off riverfront), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Financial Aid Trivia / Africa - June 19th, 2008: "[....] 'What this big, long, exact, cold and brutal analysis shows us is that halfway to this historic date of 2010 - halfway - these wealthy countries ... have delivered 14 percent. How tragic is that?' Geldof [Bob Geldof] said. [....]" [Based on: People article (Celebrities push nations to pay up on pledges), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - New Therapy? / Skin Cancer - June 19th, 2008: "[....] However, the treatment reported in Thursday's issue of the new England Journal of Medicine [06/19/08] is being counted as the latest in a small series of successes involving immune-priming treatments against deadly skin cancers. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (New therapy appears to kill skin cancer / RESEARCHERS GUARDED - Treatment worked in only 1 of 9 patients.) by Mike Stobbe, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Levee Failure / Winfield, Missouri - June 19th, 2008: "LEVEE FAILS IN WINFIELD - RESIDENTS ELSEWHERE TRY TO PROTECT THEIR PROPERTY." [Based on: Title for Article, pp. B1 & B7, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Three more levee breaches Thursday [06/19/08] followed the first one Wednesday night east of Winfield, where there was severe flooding. The breach had widened Thursday to 550 feet, spilling water into eastern Lincoln County. [....]" [Based on: Article ( LEVEES BREAK IN LINCOLN COUNTY / 'I'm feeling panicked' / Evacuations continue as rising Mississippi River swamps homes, farms and roads near Winfield.), pp. C1 & C7, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Still Suffer / Abu Ghraib Detainees - June 19th, 2008: "Abu Ghraib detainees still suffer, report says / FORMER PRISONERS have post-traumatic stress disorder and injuries, advocacy group [Physicians for Human Rights] reports." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Loss / FedEX Corp. - June 19th, 2008: "FedEx Corp. reported a fourth-quarter loss Wednesday [06/18/08] and offered a gloomy outlook as it wrestles with a slumping U.S. economy beset by soaring fuel costs and falling prices for houses. [....]." [Based on: Article (FEDEX / Fourth quarter is a loss), p. D2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Charges Filed / 2nd EADS Executive - June 19th, 2008: "[....] Judicial officials said charges were filed against Jean-Paul Gut, a former deputy chief executive who oversaw strategy for Airbus' parent. Bail was set at 400,000 euros ..., the officials said. [NP] Former co-CEO Noel Forgeard had already been charged preliminarily for insider trading. He is free on 1 million euros ($1.5 million) bail. Both deny wrongdoing." [Based on: Article (EADS / Charges filed against second former executive), p. D2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Unaccounted For? / Tibetan Protestors - June 19th, 2008: "More than 1,000 protestors detained during anti-government riots in Tibet three months ago have not been accounted for, Amnesty International said." [Based on: News Services article (Tibetan count), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Buyouts / GM Sport-Utility Plant, Ohio - June 19th, 2008: "GENERAL MOTORS / One-third ['of the roughly 2,400 hourly workers at General Motors' sport-utility plant in Moraine, Ohio'] take offers ['buyouts or early retirement']" [Based on: Article title, p. D2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Nazi & Soviet Symbols Banned? / Lithiuania - June 19th, 2008: "Lawmakers in Lithiuania have approved legislation to ban the display of Nazi and Soviet symbols" [Based on: News Services article (Symbols banned), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - U.S. Army Fuel Cell Contract / Ackerman Inc. - June 19th, 2008: "[....] 'Sensor networks are deployed all over the world, for Homeland Security applications, for military applications. You name it, there's probably a sensor that's monitoring it,' said Elizabeth Ferry, fuel cell team leader with the Army's Communications-Electronics Research Development and Engineering center. [....] Akerman's fuel cell [Ackerman Inc.] runs on methanol, a stable and non-toxic type of alcohol. It uses living enzymes to trigger a chemical reaction and produce electricity, along with a propriety polymer membrane that makes this process sustainable over a long period of time. [....]" [Based on: Article (Creve Coeur firm gets Army fuel cell contract) by Rachel Melcer, p. D2, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Target of Rocks / U.S. Envoy, Nabatiyeh, Lebanon - June 19th, 2008: "[....] The attack occured Wednesday afternoon [06/18/08] after U.S. Charge d'Affaires Michele Sison visited some social and educational projects financed by the U.S. government in the southern market town of nabatiyeh, a Hezbollah stronghold." [Based on: News Services article (BEIRUT, LEBANON / U.S. envoy's motorcade is target of rocks), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Three Men Charged / Investigative Reporter Death (2006), Russia - June 19th, 2008: "Three men were charged in the October 2006 killing of investigative reporter Anna Politkovskaya, but Russian investigators said nothing about who ordered the assassination or why." [Based on: News Services article (Murder case), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/19/08]

2008 - Ice on Mars - June 20th, 2008: "The white material referenced above [see link] is ice. Mission scientists identified it by the simple method of watching it disappear. Exposed to four days of martian sunlight by the digging action of Phoenix's arm, the solid white material sublimated (turned to gas) and floated away in plain view of the lander's cameras: ...."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=20&month=06&year=2008]

*Trivia: "Scientists have figured out the mysterious white substance unearthed by NASA's Phoenix lander on Mars. It's frozen water. The breakthrough came last week when Phoenix's stereo camera caught the substance in the act of disappearing: [NP] Bathed in martian sunlight for four days, the white substance sublimated - i.e., it transformed from solid to gas without passing through the liquid state. This is how water behaves on Mars. Atmospheric pressure on the Red Planet is so low (1% that of Earth), it rarely allows H2O to exist in liquid form on the planet's surface; solid and gas are the only options. Some readers have asked, how do we know the white substance is not frozen CO2 (dry ice) instead of frozen water? Answer: Phoenix's landing site is too warm for dry ice. The average daily temperature is about -70 F while dry ice requires temperatures lower than about -109 F. [NP] Finding water was one of the key goals of the Phoenix mission. Although H2O has trouble flowing as a liquid on the surface of Mars, it may be able to liquify, from time to time, just below the surface, providing a habitat for martian microbes. Exciting stuff! Stay tuned as the digging continues."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com] - [T.D. - 06/22/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 20th, 2008: "Stocks  rose for the first time in three days on Thursday [06/19/08] as an almost $5-a-barrel drop in oil boosted transportation and consumer companies and technology shares rallied on forecasts for higher earnings at Broadcom Corp. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article ($5-a-barrel drop in oil prices helps reverse 3-day slide), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Sex Scandal? / Michagan - June 20th, 2008: "A woman accused of having paid sex with Thomas Athans, the husband of Michigan Sen. Debbie Stabenow, has pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of trespassing." [Based on: News Services article (Paid sex), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Oil Prices Drop / U.S.A. - June 20th, 2008: "Oil prices dropped sharply Thursday [06/19/08] after China said it will raise fuel prices [as much as 18 percent], a move that could dampen the booming Asian nation's oil consumption. [....] Light, sweet crude for July delivery fell $4.75 to settle at $131.93 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. [....]" [Based on: Article (OIL / Prices drop sharply), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Iran - June 20th, 2008: "TEHRAN, IRAN / Ahmadinejad says U.S. plotted to kidnap him ['when he went to Baghdad in March']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / EU & Cuba - June 20th, 2008: "The European Union has agreed to lift sanctions on Cuba, an EU official said Thursday [06/19/08]. [....] Washington, which imposed a trade blockade of Cuba nearly 50 years ago, ahs no immediate plans to lift it." [Based on: News Services article (EU pledges to withdraw sanctions against Cuba), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - McCain Vision / League of Democracies? - June 20th, 2008: "[....] The most intriguing part of the McCain vision is the League of Democracies. This is his plan for a planetary alliance of economically powerful, democratically governed nations whose leaders would work together to protect human rights and combat terrorism. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (POLITICS) by Gail Collins, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Economic Impact? / 2008 Flood, U.S.A. - June 20th, 2008: "Even if you live on high ground, you're going to be affected by the flood of '08. You'll pay the price at the supermarket soon, and maybe at the gas pump, too." [Based on: Article (Floodwater of 2008 will soak us all economically) by David Nicklaus, pp. B1 & B3, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Summer Solstice / Northern Hemisphere - June 20th, 2008: "Northern summer and southern winter begin today, June 20th, at precisely 23:59 UT (7:59 pm EDT) when the sun ascends to its highest latitude on the celestial sphere: +23.5o. In the Northern Hemisphere, we have the longest day and shortest night of the year, and the reverse in the Southern Hemisphere. The seasons are changing - Happy Solstice!"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/20/08]

2008 - Government Crackdown / Amarah, Iraq - June 20th, 2008: "Iraqi security forces met little resistance Thursday [06/19/08] on Day 1 of the government's crackdown in the southern city of Amarah as they sought to disarm gunmen loyal to the militant Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Drive to disarm Sadrists opens with little resistance), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - NATO Operation / Arghandab, Afghanistan - June 20th, 2008: "Afghan and NATO troops backed by warplanes drove Taliban militants from villages within striking distance of southern Afghanistan's main city, Kandahar, on Thursday [06/19/08], killing 56 of them, Afghan officials said. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Troops oust Taliban militants from Afghan villages near Kandahar), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Buyout & Early Retirement Offers / General Motors Corp. - June 20th, 2008: "Fed needs power to protect system / Treasury secretary says turmoil has exposed outdated regulations." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Martin Crutsinger, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Arrested & Charged / Two Former Bear Stearns Exec's - June 20th, 2008: "BEAR STEARNS / Two former executives [Ralph Cioffi & Matthew Tannin] are arrested, charged [06/19/08] / HEDGE FUND MANAGERS lied to investors about funds' collapse, prosecutors say." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article by Tom Hays, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Buyout & Early Retirement Offers / General Motors Corp. - June 20th, 2008: "General Motors Corp. said Thursday [06/19/08] that about 25 percent of its U.S. hourly workers will leave the company by July 1 through buyout and early retirement offers. [....]" [Based on: Article (GENERAL MOTORS / 25% take buyout offers), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/20/08]

2008 - Sun in Cancer - June 21st, 2008: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Cancer."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200806.html]

2008 - Prominence Alert - June 21st, 2008: "Resembling a gigantic 'wall of flame,' a huge prominence is spreading along the sun's eastern limb today, reports Pete Lawrence of Selsey, UK. [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/21/08]


2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 21st, 2008: "Stocks  slid to a three-month low on Friday [06/20/08], led by consumer and technology companies, as threats of increased violence in the Middle East pushed oil prices higher and analysts said demand for electronics may weaken [D.J.I.A. dropped 220.40 to 11,842.69.]. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Middle East threats, weak demand tank markets), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 06/21/08]

2008 - Olympic Torch Relay / Tibet - June 21st, 2008: "LHASA, CHINA / Olympic torch relay begins in Tibet [today - 06/21/08]" [Based on: Article Title, p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/21/08]

2008 - U.S. Tariffs / Chinese Steel Pipe - June 21st, 2008: "[....] The commission ruling [ITC - 5-0] means penalty tariffs ranging from 99 percent to 701 percent will be imposed on Chinese imports of circular welded pipe, a form of pipe used in a variety of construction jobs, such as home plumbing and sprinkler systems. [....]" [Based on: A.P. Article (STEEL PIPE INDUSTRY / U.S. wins victory over China imports / Commission's decision clears way for five years of stiff penalty tariffs.), p. A34, S.L.P.D., 06/21/08]

2008 - Bush Criticism / Scott McClellan - June 21st, 2008: "[....] Bush's spokesman from 2003-2006, McClellan said [06/20/08] that former White House chief of staff Andy Card told him that the president and vice president wanted him to publicly say that I. Lewis ... Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff at the time, was not involved in the leak. 'I was reluctant to do it,' said McClellan ... 'I got on the phone with Scooter Libby and asked him point-blank, "Were you involved in this in any way?" And he assured me in unequivocal terms that he was not.' [....] McClellan said that he doesn't know if a crime was committed and does not believe that Bush knew about or directed the leak. When asked about Cheney, he replied: 'I do not know. There's a lot of suspicion there.' [NP] The White House had said in 2003 that anyone who leaked classified information in the case would be dismissed. Bush reiterated that promise in June 2004. [NP] By July 2005, Bush qualified his position, saying he would fire anyone for leaking classified information if that person had 'committed a crime.' Bush then commuted Libby's sentence." [Based on: Article (McClellan criticizes Bush's handling of plame leak case) by Laurie Kellman, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/21/08]

2008 - Third-Quarter Profit Loss / Winnebago Industries Inc. - June 21st, 2008: "Winnebago [Winnebago Industries Inc.] / Profit falls 73 percent" [Based on: Article Title, p. A33, S.L.P.D., 06/21/08]

2008 - Died / George Carlin - June 22nd, 2008: Reportedly died [of heart failure] this date in history, American comedian: George Carlin [05/12/37 - 06/23/08]. He was 71. - D.R.D.

2008 - U.S. Beef / South Korea - June 22nd, 2008: "SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA / U.S. beef is allowed back into South Korea" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 06/22/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The new agreement restricts U.S. exports to South Korea to younger cattle, which are considered at less risk of carrying the brain-wasting disease." [Based on: News Services article (Ban is lifted on U.S. beef imports), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Typhoon Fengshen / Philippines - June 22nd, 2008: "Fengshen lashed the Philippines for a second day Sunday [06/22/08], killing at least 80 people as it submerged entire communities and capsized a passenger ferry carrying more than 740 passengers ans crew." [Based on: News Services article (Typhoon), p. A14, S.L.P.D., 06/22/08]

*Trivia: "Typhoon Fengshen proved to be deadly in the Philippines. Among the major disasters was the capsizing of a ferry with 800 people on board. According to a report from the Associated Press, only 57 survivors had been found as of June 23. The storm formed on June 19 in the Western Pacific and moved northwest across the Philippines over the next week, fluctuating between Category 1 and 2 intensity. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14908&src=map]

2008 - Roadside Bombs / Afghanistan - June 22nd, 2008: "Roadside explosions kill 10 in Afghanistan [06/21/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/22/08]

2008 - U.N. Criticism / Iran Military Strike - June 22nd, 2008: "The U.N. nuclear watchdog chief [Mohamed ElBaradei] warned in comments aired Saturday [06/21/08] that any military strike on Iran could turn the Mideast into a 'ball of fire' and lead the country to a more aggressive stance on its controversial nuclear program. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (U.N. official cautions against attack on Iran), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/22/08]

2008 - Military Justice? / 2005 Haditha Killings - June 22nd, 2008: "[....] Eight Marines were charged in the case [20 people killed 11/19/05], but in the intervening years, criminal charges have been dismissed against six. A seventh Marine was acquitted. The residents of Haditha, after being told they could depend on U.S. justice, feel betrayed. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (No justice for victims in Haditha, say family / One after another, cases against accused Marines fell apart.) by Leila Fadel, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/22/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Northeastern Sakha, Russia - June 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 23:56:30 (UTC) on Sunday, June 22nd, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 67.729°N, 141.249°E; Depth 18 km (11.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ NORTHEASTERN SAKHA, RUSSIA." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008tpcc.php] - [T.D. - 06/25/08]

2008 - Soccer Match / Multaka, Iraq - June 23rd, 2008: "An Iraqi team drubbed U.S. troops 9-0 in a friendly game in Multaka, Iraq., that was played without body armor - a sign of improved security." [Based on: News Services article  (Soccer 'war'), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Autonomy? / Tarija, Bolivia - June 23rd, 2008: "Tarija became the fourth Bolivian state to declare autonomy from the central government of leftist President Evo Morales on Sunday [06/22/08] when voters backed greater independence in a referendum, according a private quick-count of votes. [NP] Autonomy supporters celebrated after polling company Ipsos Apoyo, Opinion and Mercado released results showing the 'yes' vote getting 82 percent support. Electoral officials said there would be no final results until Wednesday." [Based on: News Services article (TARIJA, BOLIVIA / Fourth Bolivian state chooses autonomy), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Baqouba, Iraq - June 23rd, 2008: "BAQOUBA, IRAQ / Suicide bomber [female] kills 15 in busy civic center [Baqouba, Iraq - 06/22/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article , p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Clue to Alzheimer's / Tau Protiens? - June 23rd, 2008: "Researchers have uncovered a new clue to the cause of Alzheimer's disease. [NP] The brains of people with the memory-robbing form of dementia are cluttered with a plaque made up of beta-amyloid, a sticky protein. But there long has been a question whether this is the cause of the disease or a side effect. Also involved are tangles of a protein called tau; some scientists suspect this is the cause. [NP] Now, researchers have caused Alzheimer's symptoms in rats by injecting them with one particular form of beta-amyloid. Injections with other forms of beta-amyloid did not cause illness, which may explain why some people have beta-amyloid plaque in their brains but do not show disease symptoms. [NP] The findings were reported in Sunday's [06/22/08] online edition of the journal Nature Medicine." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Researchers find clue to cause of Alzheimer's), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Possible Causes / Rising Oil Prices - June 23rd, 2008: "[....] The United States and other nations argue that oil production has not kept up with increasing demand, especially from China, India and the Middle East. But Saudi Arabia and other OPEC countries say there is no shortage of oil and instead blamed financial speculation and the falling U.S. dollar. [....] Saudi King Abdullah also said Saudi Arabia was not the culprit. [NP] The king cited several factors driving 'the unjustified, swift rise in oil prices' including 'speculators who play the market out of selfish interests,' plus higher consumption by developing countries and higher taxes in some countries. [NP] U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman, however, said earlier that U.S. officials had found no evidence speculators are driving up prices." [Based on: A.P. article (Saudis to produce more oil, but how much and when? / Top crude exporter's pledge is short of U.S. hopes. Saudi king cites speculators' 'selfish interests' as a factor for 'unjustified, swift rise in oil prices.'), pp. A1 & A6, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Exits Runoff Vote / Zimbabwe Opposition Leader - June 23rd, 2008: "Zimbabwe opposition leader exits runoff vote [06/22/08] / 'We will no longer participate in this violent sham of an election,' Tsvangiral says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/23/08]

2008 - Vitamin D Trivia - June 24th, 2008: "[....] Patients with the lowest blood levels of vitamin D were about two times more likely to die from any cause in the next eight years than those with the highest levels, the study found. The link with heart-related deaths was particularly strong in those with low vitamin D levels. [NP] Results appear in Monday's [06/23/08] Archives of Internal Medicine." [Based on: News Services article (Lack of sunshine vitamin may cloud survival odds), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - U.S. / Taliban Battle - June 24th, 2008: "KABUL, AFGHANISTAN / Two-day battle [begun Friday - 06/20/08] kills 55 militants [Afghanan / Pakistan border - Paktika provence], coalition says [06/23/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 24th, 2008: "Most stocks retreated Monday [06/23/08], sending financial shares to their lowest level in five years, on a deteriorating outlook for bank earnings. Rising oil prices pushed crude producers higher, leaving the Standard & Poor's 500 index ['rose 0.07 point to 1,318'] and Dow Jones industrial average [decreased 0.33 to 11,842.36'] little changed. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Bad news for banks sends financials and others lower), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - New EU Sanctions / Iran - June 24th, 2008: "The European Union approved new sanctions against Iran on Monday [06/23/08], included freezing the assets of its largest bank, in a continuing effort to force Tehran to curtail its nuclear development programs and fully cooperate with international inspectors. [NP] The EU sanctions, approved Monday at a meeting of the 27-nation bloc in Luxenbourg, include an asset freeze on bank Melli, Iran's largest bank, and other businesses connected to the country's nuclear and weapons programs, and a travel ban on high-level Iranian officials involved in those fields, according to an EU official." [Based on: News Services article (EU imposes new sanctions on Iran), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Pollution Penalty / Pfizer Inc. - June 24th, 2008: "Pfizer Inc. has agreed to pay a $975,000 civil penalty to resolve alleged violations of the Clean Air Act at its former manufacturing plant in Groton, Conn. [....]" [Based on: Article (PFIZER / Pollution penalty is paid), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Belief in God? / Most Americans - June 24th, 2008: "[....] The poll, by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, also found that nearly three-fourths of Americans believe in heaven as a place where people who have led good lives will be eternally rewarded. And almost 60 percent believe in hell, where people who have led bad lives and die without repenting are eternally punished, the poll found. [....] But most Americans - even many of the most religiously conservative - have a nonexclusive attitude toward other faiths. Seventy percent of those affiliated with a religion believe that many religions, not just their own, can lead to eternal salvation. Just about one-quarter believe there is only one true way to interpret their own religion's teachings. [NP] 'Even though Americans tend to take religion quite seriously and are a highly religious people, there is a certain degree of openness and a lack of dogmatism in their approach to faith and the teachings of their faith,' said Smith [Gregory A. Smith, a research fellow at the Pew Forum, a Washington think tank]." [Based on: Washington Post article (In God we trust / A vast majority of Americans believe in some higher power, a new poll finds.), pp. A1 & A2, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Republic Services Acquisition / Allied Waste Industries - June 24th, 2008: "Disposal company Republic Services said Monday [06/23/08] it will buy Allied Waste Industries in a $6.07 billion stock deal that would combine the second-and third-largest players in the industry. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Republic Services buys Allied Waste / The $6.07 billion stock deal combines second-and third-largest players in the industry.), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Bunge Ltd. Acquisition / Corn Products International Inc. - June 24th, 2008: "Two of America's oldest agricultural companies laid the foundation for a $ 30 billion-a-year agriculture and food colossus Monday [06/23/08] with the announcement that Bunge Ltd. is buying Corn Products International Inc. in a $4.4 billion stock deal. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Bunge buys Corn Products in $4.4 billion deal), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/24/08]

2008 - Suicide Cop? / Israel - June 25th, 2008: "The death of an Israeli guard who was shot in the head during a farewell ceremony for President Sarkozy of France continued to provoke debate yesterday [06/25/08] as the family disputed claims that he committed suicide. [NP] Raed Ghanan’s death created a security scare at the airport where Mr Sarkozy and his wife, Carla Bruni, were saying their farewells to the Israeli Prime Minister and President. Officials at the French Embassy said they were sorry that the incident had overshadowed an otherwise productive visit by Mr Sarkozy. [NP] Mr Ghanan was guarding the outer perimeter of the area, positioned on a roof about 200 metres from the VIP delegation. Police said that an initial investigation revealed that he shot himself, and then fell off the roof. [NP] A band was playing when the shot was fired, preventing the French and Israeli leaders from hearing the discharge. Bodyguards ushered Mr Sarkozy up the stairs to his plane and Ehud Olmert to a bullet-proof vehicle. [NP] Police said that Mr Ghanan, 32, was from the northern Israeli town of Beit Dajan and was a member of the Druze community, a minority group whose religion includes an eclectic mix of beliefs rooted initially in Islam. [NP] Naif Ghanan, Raed’s brother, said that police who informed the family of the death told them that the circumstances of the incident were still being investigated. 'It is unthinkable that my brother took his own life. We believe this was an accident - or even an incident in which my brother was accidentally shot by one of the security officials in the area,' he said. [NP] The family said that it had hired a lawyer to ensure there was a 'complete and detailed' investigation and to gain access to security video footage from the airport." [Based on: The Times article (Israeli 'suicide cop': family refute claims that he killed himself)  by Sheera Frenkel in Jerusalem, June 26, 2008]

*Link: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/middle_east/article4209639.ece [T.D. - 06/25/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Also on Tuesday [06/24/08], as French President Nicolas Sarkozy wrapped up a three-day visit, officials said an Israeli police officer fatally shot himself in the head at a farewell ceremony for the visiting leader at Ben-Gurion Airport outside Tel Aviv. The shooting prompted bodyguards to whisk Sarkozy, his wife, Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, and Olmert to safety, officials said. [NP] Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld denied reports that there had been an assassination attempt on Sarkozy, and other police officials said the leaders were never in danger." [Based on: A.P. article (Gaza truce holds despite rockets and raid) by Josef Federman, p. A7 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 25th, 2008: "Stocks retreated to a three-month low on Tuesday [06/24/08] after consumer confidence weakened and United Parcel Service Inc. said rising fuel costs will reduce profit. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Housing, economy concerns drag down the market), p. C4, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - World Millionaires Trivia - June 25th, 2008: "[....] The combined wealth of the globe's millionaires grew to nearly $41 trillion last year, an increase of 9 percent from a year before, Merrill Lynch & Co. and consulting firm Capgemini Group said Tuesday [06/24/08]. [NP] That means their average wealth was more than $4 million, the highest it's ever been. [NP] The ranks of the wealthy are growing fastest in the developing economies of India, China and Brazil. The number of millionaires in India grew by about 23 percent." [Based on: Article (BIG NUMBERS / 10 million millionaires), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Still Holding? / Gaza Truce - June 25th, 2008: "Palestinian militants fired three homeade rockets into southern Israel on Tuesday [06/24/08], threatening to unravel a cease-fire days after it began, and Israel responded by closing vital border crossings into Gaza. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Gaza truce holds despite rockets and raid) by Josef Federman, p. A7 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - "Smart" Wireless Systems? - June 25th, 2008: "'Smart' wireless systems may do more harm ['researchers reported Tuesday'] / Study [Dutch study] shows radio waves can interfere with breathing and dialysis machines." [Based on:  Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Lindsey Tanner, p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Settlement / Scottrade Inc. - June 25th, 2008: "[....] The SEC charged west St. Louis County-based Scottrade with fraudulent misrepresentations made to customers about Nasdaq pre-open orders from 2001 through 2004. Those orders are placed after the day's market close to be executed at the opening of the next session. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Scottrade settles SEC charges), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Consumer Confidence? / U.S.A. - June 25th, 2008: "Consumer confidence [U.S.A.] at lowest level since 1992 [50.4 this month (June 2008), the lowest reading since Feburary 1992]" [Based on: Article title, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Nonnurse Midwifery / Missouri - June 25th, 2008: "For more than two decades, home birth advocates in Missouri have fought to legalize midwifery, arguing that women should have more choices in childbirth. [NP] On Tuesday [06/24/08], they won. [NP] In a 5-2 decision, the Missouri Supreme Court cleared the way for nonnurse midwives certified by a private entity to practice in the state." [Based on: Post-Dispatch Jefferson City Bureau Chief article (Court upholds the legalization of midwifery), p. A1 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Deadly Bombing / Sadr City, Iraq - June 25th, 2008: "Bomb inside council building [Sadr City] kills four Americans in Iraq [06/24/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A4 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Florida Buyout? / U.S. Sugar Corp. - June 25th, 2008: "This U.S. Sugar plant in Clewiston, Fla., would close in about six years under a tenative plan for the state of Florida to buy out the entire company for $1.75 billion so its nearly 300 square miles in Florida's Everglades can be restored to a more natural state." [Based on: New York Times picture caption for Los Angeles Times article (Buyout of U.S. Sugar Corp. would restore land to the Everglades), p. A2 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Taking Shape / I-35 Bridge, Minnesota - June 25th, 2008: "A section of the new Interstate 35 bridge is raised from a barge in the foaming Mississippi River at Minneapolis on Tuesday [06/24/08]. The span is on course for completion months ahead of schedule and barely a year after the old Mississippi River crossing collapsed during rush hour." [Based on: Picture caption for A.P. article (I-35 BRIDGE TAKING SHAPE AFTER 2007'S COLLAPSE), p. A4 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - $8 Billion Loan? / General Motors Corp. - June 25th, 2008: "General Motors Corp., the world's largest automaker, may seek to borrow as much as $8 billion as deteriorating sales in North America shrink the company's cash flow, Bank of America said. [NP] GM probably will spend $13.9 billion in cash over the next 2 1/2 years, leaving the Detroit-based company with reserves of $10 billion, Douglas Karson, a New-York-based analyst at the bank, said Monday [06/23/08] in a note to investors. The carmaker may seek a secured term loan of as much as $6 billion and issue up to $2 billion of bonds convertible into stock, he said." [Based on: Article (GENERAL MOTORS / An $8 billion loan?), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Bias in Hiring? / U.S. Justice Department, 2006 - June 25th, 2008: "Justice Dept. [U.S.A.] tells of bias in its hiring / Under Gonzales, many applicants were rejected for ideological reasons ['Justice Department investigators concluded in a report released Tuesday'.]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Los Angeles Times article by Richard B. Schmitt, p. A2 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Northern Hemisphere Summer Solstice / Planet Mars - June 25th, 2008: "On Earth, northern summer began on June 20th. On Mars, the same thing happened five days later. Phoenix's stereo camera snapped this picture [see link] of its own shadow on June 25th, the date of the martian summer solstice: [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/28/08]

2008 - On the Rise? / Insurgent Attacks, Eastern Afghanistan - June 25th, 2008: "Insurgent attacks in eastern Afghanistan have increased 40 percent this year over last year, the top U.S. general in the country said Tuesday [06/24/08]" [Based on: A.P. article (Afghan attacks in east on rise, U.S. reports), p. A6 S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Abandons Web Tracking? / Charter Communications Inc. - June 25th, 2008: "Charter Communications Inc. is dropping plans to track Web usage of some high-speed Internet subscribers, citing concerns raised by customers, the company said Tuesday [06/24/08]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Charter abandons plans to track Web usage / Pilot program aimed to produce information for advertisers to target ads to customers.), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Cover Criticized / Radioactive Landfill, St. Louis County Missouri - June 25th, 2008: "About a dozen residents opposed to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's plan to cover a radioactive landfill near Earth City [Mo.] asked the St. Louis County Council on Tuesday [06/24/08] to formally protest the plan. [NP] The group says the material at West Lake Landfill should instead be removed because of potential flooding and water contamination. [NP] Dr. Gavin Perry, a researcher at Washington University Medical School [Mo.], likened the EPA's decision to cover the waste without including a bottom liner to placing a bowl over water. 'And we all know that an inverted bowl won't hold water,' Perry said. [NP] Ginger Harris, with the Sierra Club of Missouri, said that the half-life of the waste, left over from local work on the Manhattan Project to build the first atom bombs during World War II, was 4.5 billion years. 'Who will be monitoring after 400 years, let alone 1 billion years?' Harris said. [NP] The EPA contends that the landfill's contents can be safely contained." [Based on: Metro article (St. Louis County / Radioactive landfill cover is criticized), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 06/25/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 26th, 2008: "Stocks rose Wednesday [06/25/08], sending the Standard & Poor's 500 index to its best gain in two weeks, after the Federal Reserve said risks to economic growth have diminished. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Calming words from fed soothe investors, market), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - June 26th, 2008: "Earth is inside a solar stream ...."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=26&month=06&year=2008]

2008 - Roadside Bombs / Iraq - June 26th, 2008: "Roadside bombs killed four U.S. soldiers in northern Iraq, the military said Wednesday [06/25/08], in a spike of violence that pushed to at least 10 the number of Americans who have died in Iraq this week. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Roadside bombs kill 4 U.S. soldiers in Iraq), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Knighted / Salman Rushdie - June 26th, 2008: "Queen Elizabeth II conferred a knighthood on 'The Satanic Verses' author Salman Rushdie on Wednesday [06/24/08], a year after the announcement of the knighthood provoked protests from the Muslim world. [....]" [Based on: People article (Controversial writer Salman Rushdie knighted), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga - June 26th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 21:19:15 (UTC) on Thursday, June 26th, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 20.751°S, 173.335°W: Depth 38.7 km (24.0 miles)] was located @ TONGA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008ttck.php] - [T.D. - 06/27/08]

2008 - Increase in Diabetes / U.S.A. - June 26th, 2008: "The number of Americans with diabetes has grown to about 24 million people, or roughly 8 percent of the U.S. population, the government said Tuesday [06/24/08]. [....] Nationally, after adjusting for population age differences among various groups, the rate of diagnosed diabetes was highest among American Indians and Alaska Natives (16.5 percent). This was followed by blacks (11.8 percent) and Hispanics (10.4 percent). The rate for Asian-Americans was 7.5 percent, with whites at 6.6 percent. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (More Americans have diabetes, study finds / Disease now strikes one in 10 adults in St. Louis, reflecting a dramatic surge nationwide.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Syria - June 26th, 2008: "An initial investigation of U.S. allegations that a Syrian site hit by Israeli warplanes was a secretly built nuclear reactor is inconclusive and further checks are necessary, a senior U.N. atomic inspector said Wednesday [06/25/08]. [....] Vice President Farouk al-Sharaa told the Hezbollah-owned Al manar TV station that his country allowed the inspectors to visit the site in the remote eastern desert to prove the accusations from Washington to be false." [Based on: News Services article (Syrian nuclear probe unclear, official says), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Iran - June 26th, 2008: "Iran's parliament speaker warned Wednesday [06'25/08] that the West could face a 'done deal' if it provoked Iran. His statement was seen by some as a hint that Tehran could build nuclear weapons if attacked. [....] Earlier this month [June 2008], Israel sent warplanes and other aircraft on a major exercise in the eastern Mediterranean that U.S. officials said was a message to Iran - a show of force as well as practice in the operations needed for a long-range strike mission." [Based on: News Services article (Iranian warning seen to hint at nuclear arms), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - New Mars Theory / Meteor Impact - June 26th, 2008: "New Mars theory suggests meteor ['more than 4 billion years ago'] hit it ['three teams of scientists are reporting in today's issue of Nature.']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A4, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

*Trivia: "NASA spacecraft have discovered the biggest crater in the solar system--and it's on Mars. Borealis Basin, formed in a colossal impact 4 billion years ago, covers 40% of the red planet. It's so big, it's actually hard to see. Gravity maps and laser altimetry were required to reveal the basin's elliptical, planet-girdling boundary [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/26/08]

2008 - Sentences Reduced / John & Timothy Rigas - June 26th, 2008: "[....] The 15-year sentence of 82-year-old Adelphia founder John Rigas was reduced to 12 years, and the 20-year sentence of his son Timothy Rigas was reduced to 17 years by U.S. District Judge Leonard B. Sand in Manhattan. The Rigases, convicted of charges including conspiracy, bank fraud and securities fraud, began serving their sentences last August [2007]. [....]" [Based on: Article (ADELPHIA / Judge reduces sentences), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Trivia / Greenhouse Gas Emissions, U.S.A. - June 26th, 2008: "[....] Less than two weeks after EPA submitted its proposed rule on greenhouse gases [12/05/07], President George W. Bush signed legislation that raises the fleetwide average fuel economy standard to 35 miles per gallon by 2020, arguing that this step would be more effective in limiting emissions. On Dec. 19, Johnson [Agency Administrator Stephen Johnson] cited that law in denying California's petition for a waiver to allow it to directly limit greenhouse gases from vehicles. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (White House argued with EPA officials on new rule), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Call for More Nuclear Plants / John McCain - June 26th, 2008: "[....] The presidential candidate [Republican John McCain] reiterated his call for building 45 new nuclear power plants by 2030 - and a total of 100 at some point beyond that - in a speech at the University of Nevada-Las Vegas. Despite the waste they might generate, McCain said, they are part of a comprehensive strategy. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (McCain repeats call for more nuclear plants), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Punitive Damages Cut / Exxon Valdez Oil Spill - June 26th, 2008: "The Supreme Court slashed on Wednesday the $2.5 billion punitive damages award in the Exxon Valdez disaster to $500 million, a decision that could have broader implications for limiting how much courts can order businesses to pay." [Based on: A.P. article (Top court cuts Exxon Valdez oil spill damages / DECISION - Punitive damages may not exceed compensation paid.), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Greater Disclosure? / Campaign Fundraising, U.S.A. - June 26th, 2008: "Eight political watchdog groups asked John McCain and Barack Obama on Wednesday [06/25/08] to disclose more about the fundraising for their presidential campaigns, including new details about the fundraisers who 'bundle' tens of thousands of dollars. [NP] 'For those to whom much private money has been contributed, much is required,' the groups wrote, noting that spending on this year's election already has topped $1 billion - a record for this point in the campaign. [NP] The groups asked that both candidates, beginning with their Federal Election Commission reports due July 20, disclose the amount each bundler has raised for their campaigns so far, as well as for any other political committee that benefits the campaign. [NP] The groups making the request are the Campaign Finance Institute, the Center for Responsive Politics, Common Cause, Democracy 21, the League of Women Voters of the United States, Public Citizen, the Sunlight Foundation and U.S. PIRG." [Based on: News Services article (Watchdog groups want greater disclosure), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - Bank of America Corp. Takeover / Countrywide Financial Corp. - June 26th, 2008: "Countrywide shareholders approve [06/25/08] takeover [by Bank of America Corp.]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Alex Veiga, p. C2, S.L.P.D., 06/26/08]

2008 - More Attacks / Iraq - June 27th, 2008: "A suicide bomber attacked a meeting of pro-government Sunni sheiks west of Baghdad on Thursday [06/26/08], killing at least 23 people, including three U.S. Marines. At least 18 more people died in a car bombing in the northern city of Mosul. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Pair of attacks kill at least 41 in Iraq), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 27th, 2008: "Stocks tumbled Thursday [06/27/08], sending the Dow Jones industrial average to its worst June ['The Dow decreased 358.41, or 3 percent, to 11,453.42, its lowest since September 2006.'] since the Great Depression, as record oil prices, credit market writedowns and a slowing economy threatened to extend a yearlong profit slump. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Dow's plunge brings worst June since Depression), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - More Gaza Rockets / Israel - June 27th, 2008: "Gaza militants fired two rockets into southern Israel on Thursday [06/26/08], further straining a shaky, week-old truce as Israel kept vital Gaza border crossings closed in response. [....] The rocket attack, the second since the cease-fire took effect, led to a call for retaliation by Israel's Foreign Minister while Palestinians charged that the continued closing of crossings violated terms of the cease-fire. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Gaza militants fire rockets into Israel), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Sentenced / Varsha Sabhnani - June 27th, 2008: "A millionaire [Varsha Sabhnani] who inflicted years of abuse on two Indonesian housekeepers held as virtual slaves in her Long Island mansion was sentenced Thursday [06/26/08] to 11 years in prision. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Millionaire gets 11 years for abusing servants), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Much Like Earth? / Martian Soil - June 27th, 2008: "Mars lander Phoenix's onboard chemistry lab has analyzed some scooped-up martian soil and 'found a reasonable number of nutrients needed by life as we know it,' reports chemist Sam Kounaves of Tufts University. Moreover, minerals in the sample seem to have interacted with water. In many ways, he says, 'the mineralogy of Mars is very much like Earth.' [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 06/27/08]

*Link:  http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/phoenix/news/phoenix-20080626.html

2008 - Bankruptcy Rumor / Chrysler LLC - June 27th, 2008: "Chrysler denies [06/26/08] bankruptcy rumor / Speculation surfaces two days after automaker exercises a $2 billion line of credit ['from Cerberus Capital management LP and daimler AG.']." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Slight Improvement? / U.S. Economy - June 27th, 2008: "Economy shows slight improvement / Growth of 1 percent in first quarter was helped by sales of U.S. goods overseas." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Jeannine Aversa, p. B2, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Right "to keep and bear arms" / U.S.A. - June 27th, 2008: "Americans have a right to keep a gun at home for self-defense, the Supreme Court ruled [5-4] Thursday [06/26/08] in striking down part of a handgun ban in the District of Columbia. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Ruling strikes down part of D.C. ban), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Rejected / Millionaire's Amendment / U.S.A. - June 27th, 2008: "High court [06/26/08] rejects [5-4] controversial 'millionaire's amendment' " [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/27/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Andaman Islands, India - June 27th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 11:40:14 (UTC) on Friday, June 27th, 2008. The magnitude 6.6 event [Location: 11.005°N, 91.850°E: 17 km (10.6 miles) set by location program] was located @ ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION."   [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008ttck.php] - [T.D. - 06/27/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - June 28th, 2008: "Stocks fell a second day Friday [06/27/08], pushing the Dow Jones industrial average to the brink of a bear market, on concern subprime-related writedowns at banks will worsen and record oil and a slowing economy will prolong the worst profit decline since 2002. [....] The Dow lost 106.91 points, or 0.9 percent, to 11,346.51, leaving it within 0.1 percent of a bear market. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks' descent puts Dow on verge of a bear market), p. A39, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

2008 - Consumer Spending Increase / U.S.A. - June 28th, 2008: "THE ECONOMY [U.S.A.] / Consumer spending rises ['0.8 percent last month']" [Based on: Article title, p. A38, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

2008 - Reactor Tower Demolition / North Korea - June 28th, 2008: "North Korea demolishes reactor's [Yongbyon] cooling tower [06/27/08]" [Based on: Title for Washington Post article , p. A25, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

2008 - Subpoenaed / CIA Leak probe Transcripts - June 28th, 2008: "A House panel on Friday [06/27/08] subpoenaed Attorney General Michael Mukasey for transcripts of a prosecutor's interviews with President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney during the federal probe into the leak of a CIA agent's identity. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / House panel subpoenas Bush, Cheney transcripts), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Andaman Islands, India - June 28th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:54:49 (UTC) on Saturday, June 27th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 10.821°N, 91.762°E; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION."   [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008tvbh.php] - [T.D. - 06/28/08]

2008 - Now Gone / U.S. Nuclear Weapons, Britain - June 28th, 2008: "[....] The FAS report says that 110 nuclear bombs once deployed at the Royal Air Force's Lakenheath air base, 70 miles northeast of London, are now gone. It is unclear when they were removed. The U.S. and British governments declined to comment on the report." [Based on: News Services article (U.S. removes nuclear weapons from Britain), p. A27, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

2008 - Anthrax Settlement / U.S. Federal Government - June 28th, 2008: "Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, the former Army scientist who was labled a 'person of interest' in the 2001 anthrax mailings, has won a $5.82-million settlement from the federal government, court documents filed Friday [06/27/08] show. [....] More than six years after the FBI launched what would become one of its largest-ever investigations, the 'Amerianthrax' probe has yielded no arrests. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (U.S. will pay $5.82 million to scientist in anthrax lawsuit), p. A18, S.L.P.D., 06/28/08]

*Trivia: "RICHMOND, VA. / Scientist [Steven Hatfill] loses ruling over anthrax attacks" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 07/15/08]

2008 - Tropical Storms Boris & Christina / Eastern Pacific - June 28th, 2008: "Tropical Storms Boris ... and Christina ... appeared together in the eastern Pacific Ocean several hundred kilometers off the Mexican coast on June 28, 2008. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14917&src=map]

2008 - Nine-Day Old Truce? / West Bank - June 29th, 2008: "Israeli soldiers shot dead a West Bank teenager who threw Molotov cocktails at an army patrol, the army and Palestinian officials said Saturday. [NP] Israeli soldiers entered the village of Beit Umar, near Hebron, late Friday [06/27/08] in an operation to stop firebomb attacks on Israeli vehicles on a nearby highway, the military said. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Israeli troops kill teen throwing firebomb), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/29/08]

2008 - Severe Storm / Omaha, Nebraska - June 29th, 2008: "In Omaha, Nebraska's largest city, officials said Saturday [06/28/08] it could take a week to fully restore electricity after a severe storm Friday damaged homes, uprooted trees and killed two people in a neighboring community. The city released untreated sewage into the Missouri River for several hours until a generator restored operations early Saturday." [Based on: News Services article (Power out), p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/29/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Primor'ye, Russia - June 29th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 20:53:03 (UTC) on Sunday, June 29th, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 45.147°N, 137.505°E; Depth 314.7 km (195.6 miles)] was located @ PRIMOR'YE, RUSSIA." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008twbn.php] - [T.D. - 06/30/08]

2008 - Heavy Fighting / Southern Afghanistan - June 29th, 2008: "Troops fought gunbattles and called in airstrikes against insurgents in southern Afghanistan, killing 32 militants, the U.S.-led coalition said Saturday [06/28/08]. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Heavy fighting reported in remote district), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/29/08]

2008 - Female Suicide Bomber / Iraq- June 30th, 2008: "Iraqi guards opened fire on a female suicide bomber on Sunday [06/29/08] and triggered her explosives belt before she reached their headquarters, foiling the latest of more than 20 suicide missions by women this year, military officials said.  [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Iraqi guards kill female suicide bomber) p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - Payroll Cuts / U.S. Newspapers - June 30th, 2008: "[....] Half a dozen newspapers said they would slash payrolls, one said it would outsource all of its printing, and Tribune Co., one of the biggest publishers in the country, said it might sell its iconic headquarters tower in Chicago and the building that houses the Los Angeles Times. [....] The Tribune's troubles reflect broader problems in the industry, where an economic downturn is worsening losses caused by a long-term shift from print advertising toward online, especially in classified categories." [Based on: A.P. article (Business slump prompts newspapers to cut back) p. A10, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - U.S. Beef Protest / South Korea - June 30th, 2008: "[....] A protest that began Saturday evening and continued until Sunday morning [06/29/08] attracted more than 18.000 people, the largest crowd since a rally on June 10 drew at least 100,000. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA / Streets are sealed as beef protest turns violent), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Hezbollah - June 30th, 2008: "The Israeli government agreed Sunday [06/29/08] to free a Lebanese gunaman convicted in one of the grisliest attacks in the country's history in exchange for the bodies of two Israeli soldiers killed by Hezbollah guerrillas. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Israeli cabinet approves Hezbollah prisoner deal), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - Stricter Control? / Engines from China - June 30th, 2008: "Dirty engines from China a problem in U.S. / With the EPA about to announce new rules for engines, American companies want stricter control on imports." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Bureau Chief article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - Powerful Explosion / Northwestern Pakistan - June 30th, 2008: "A resident said a powerful explosion destroyed a militant compound in northwestern Pakistan's tribal region [early today], killing eight people. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Blast destroys militant compound in Pakistan), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 06/30/08]

2008 - Major Earthquake / East of the South Sandwich Islands - June 30th, 2008: "A major earthquake occurred at 06:17:43 (UTC) on Monday, June 30th, 2008. The magnitude 7.0 event [Location: 58.160°S, 21.894°W: Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ EAST OF THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS." [Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008txal.php] - [T.D. - 07/02/08]

Calendar Months

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