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   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles on this timeline are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]     *Color Code

February 2008

2008 - Astronomic Configuration - February 1st, 2008: "Sun [11 Aquarius], Moon [3 Sagittarius], Mercury [22 Aquarius R.], Venus [9 Capricorn], Mars [24 Gemini], Jupiter [9 Capricorn], Saturn [6 Virgo R.], Uranus [16 Pisces], Neptune [21 Aquarius], Pluto [0 Capricorn], Chiron [15 Aquarius]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200802.html]

2008 - Why the West is Dry - February 1st, 2008: "What makes the U.S. West so dry? / Researchers lay blame on human activity [It (the study) was published Thursday (01/31/08) in the journal Science]." [Based on: A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 1st, 2008: "Stocks rallied Thursday [01/31/08], sparing the Standard & Poor's 500 index from its worst January ever. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (MBIA sparks rally; S&P 500 avoids its worst January ever), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Hospitalized / Britney Spears - February 1st, 2008: "Spears is hospitalized [01/31/08] to 'get help,' officer says" [Based on: Title for People article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Trivia / British Detainees, 2004 - February 1st, 2008: "LONDON / Detainees [22] allegedly died in British custody [22 allegedly killed and nine others tortured] after battle [in Majar on May 14, 2004, officials said 01/31/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Fiji Region - February 1st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:10:08 (UTC) on Friday, February 1st, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 21.380°S, 179.428°W; Depth 623.2 km (387.3 miles) set by location program] was located @ FIJI REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mval.php] - [T.D. - 02/02/08]

2008 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - February 1st 2008: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 02 Feb 2008 at 02:17:54 AM GMT is: $9,239,770,989,592.98. The estimated population of the United States is 304,244,769 so each citizen's share of this debt is $30,369.53. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $1.50 billion per day since September 29, 2006! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House!

[Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 02/01/08]

2008 - Attacks / Basra & Baghdad, Iraq - February 1st, 2008: "Violence rekindles in formerly stable areas of Iraq / Attacks in Basra and Baghdad [01/31/08] are reminders of fragile security status." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Shot Dead / Opposition Figure, Kenya - February 1st, 2008: "Opposition figure [David Kimutai Too] is shot dead [by police officer] in Kenya [01/31/08] / Lawmaker's killing, second in three days, sparks more unrest." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A14, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Trivia / Unmanned Airstrike, Pakistan - February 1st, 2008: "Unmanned airstrike [unmanned drone - Pakistan - late Monday or early Tuesday (Jan. 28th-29th)] kills a top al-Qaida commander [Abu Laith al-Libi], U.S. says [Thursday - 01/31/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Service Out? / Wireless Web, Midwest U.S.A. - February 1st, 2008: "Service for AT&T Inc. customers with Web-enabled wireless phones in the Midwest was out for most of Thursday [01/31/08]. [NP] Customers could make voice calls but had trouble getting e-mail or connecting to the Internet, the company was still trying to determine what caused the outage." [Based on: Article (AT&T / Wireless Web use is out), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Brooken Undersea Cables / Mediterranean Sea - February 1st, 2008: "Undersea cables [FLAG Europe Asia and SEA-ME-WE 4] break [01/31/08], disrupting Internet service in Mideast and Asia" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A15, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Pentagon Control Proposed / U.S. Guard & Reserves - February 1st, 2008: "[....] While the country has detailed contingency options for military action overseas, the capacity for responding to a terrorist attack or natural disaster within the United States is dangerously low, retired Maj. Gen. Arnold Punaro, chairman of the Commission on the National Guard and Reserves, said Thursday [01/31/08]" [Based on: Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau Chief article (Pentagon control over Reserves, Guard proposed / U.S. CALLED VULNERABLE * Consolidation needed to defend nation, commission says.), p A1, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 1st, 2008: "Stocks rose Friday [02/01/08], capping their best weekly gain in five years, after Microsoft Corp.'s $44.6 billion bid for Yahoo Inc. and a plan to rescue bond insurers overshadowed the first decrease in jobs since 2003. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Microsoft's Yahoo bid brings best weekly gain in five years), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 02/01/08]

2008 - Snowstorm / St. Louis, Mo. - February 2nd, 2008: "The biggest one-day snowstorm in St. Louis in 15 years kept some commuters off the roads Friday [02/01/08] and drew mobs of sledders to their favorite downhill runs. [....]" [Based on: Article (Heavy snow, light traffic), p A9, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Trivia / Taum Sauk Rebuild - February 2nd, 2008: "AmerenUE on Friday said it will cost an estimated $450 million to rebuild the mountaintop reservoir that feeds the Taum Sauk hydroelectric plant - about nine times the price of the entire plant when it was built almost a half-century ago. [....]" [Based on: Article (Ameren's Taum Sauk rebuild: $450 million), p A34, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Allergic Reactions? / Heparin - February 2nd, 2008: "[....] Since the middle of November, 53 dialysis patients developed reactions after receiving injections of heparin made by Baxter Healthcare Corp. And another 36 reports are under investigation, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention. [NP] None of the patients died, CDC officials said." [Based on: News Services article (Allergic reactions are blamed on blood thinner), p A19, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Suicide Bombers / Baghdad, Iraq - February 2nd, 2008: "91 are killed [and more than 100 wounded] in blasts in Baghdad [02/01/08] / Two women thought to be bombers may have been mentally retarded, official says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A21, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Based on photographs of the women's remains, officials initially thought the pair had Down syndrome." [Based on: News Services article (Suicide bombers did not have down syndrome), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Israeli Embassy Attack / Mauritania - February 2nd, 2008: "Shooters sought in Israeli Embassy attack [Mauritania - 02/01/08]." [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p A22, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Serious Psychiatric Problems? / Chantix - February 2nd, 2008: "Government regulators said Friday that the connection between Pfizer's anti-smoking drug Chantix and serious psychiatric problems is 'increasingly likely.' [....]" [Based on: Article (PFIZER / FDA says Chantix most likely is to blame), p A32, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Profit Records Broken / Exxon Mobil Corp. - February 2nd, 2008: "Beating its own record to rack up the largest annual corporate profit in American history, Exxon Mobil Corp. said it earned $40.6 billion for the year, reaping the benefits of crude oil prices around $100 a barrel. [NP] Exxon Mobil also topped its own record for profit in a single quarter, posting net income of $11.7 billion for the final three months of the year - about $1 billion more than for the same period in 2005, the previous quarterly record." [Based on: Article (EXXON MOBIL / Profit records are broken), p A32, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Report Shouts Recession / U.S.A. - February 2nd, 2008: "The U.S. economy expanded by a disappointingly weak 0.6 percent during the last three months of 2007, the government reported Wednesday, offering the latest indication that the United States is already suffering a substantial slowdown, and perhaps a recession. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Report shouts recession / Economy grew at half expected rate in 2007's last 3 months; annual rate slowest in 5 years.), p D1, S.L.P.D., 02/02/08]

2008 - Enjoying Fruits of Steady Growth / Brazil - February 3rd, 2008: "[....] Underlying the boom is the high global demand for Brazil's vast natural resources - the country is the planet's top exporter of beef, chicken, ethanol, iron ore, sugar, coffee and orange juice. Brazil comes in a close second to the United States for soy exports. [NP] And two major offshore finds by state-run Petroleo Brasileiro SA in the last three months could turn Brazil into an oil and gas exporter and a prospective member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. [NP] The Brazilian real, one of the planet's fastest-rising currencies, last year gained 17 percent against the dollar and 7 percent against the euro. [NP] Tax collections have risen markedly in recent years thanks to booming business and beefed up collection efforts in a country notorious for tax evasion. [....] 'I really don't understand why, but over the past four or five years we have been able to save money and it has become easier to get credit,' she [Maria Nazare de Souza] said. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Brazilians are enjoying fruits of steady growth / Low unemployment, rising exports and low inflation boost consumption.) by Alan Clendenning and Stan Lehman, p A9, S.L.P.D., 02/03/08]

2008 - President Boris Tadic / Serbia - February 4th, 2008: "President [Boris Tadic] wins election [Serbia], keeps pro-West course" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/04/08]

2008 - Border Restored / Egypt & Gaza - February 4th, 2008: "Egypt restores tight blockade at breached border crossing [02/03/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/04/08]

2008 - Earthquakes / Congo & Rwanda - February 4th, 2008: "KIGALI, RWANDA / Quakes [02/03/08] strike Congo [6.0], Rwanda [5.0]; dozens perish ['at least 39 people']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/04/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tarapaca, Chile - February 4th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 17:01:29 (UTC) on Monday, February 4th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 20.123°S, 70.000°W; Depth 32.3 km (20.1 miles)] was located @ Region TARAPACA, CHILE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008naa1.php] - [T.D. - 02/06/08]

2008 - Super Bowl Champions / N.Y. Giants - February 4th, 2008: "SUPER BOWL XLII [02/03/08] - Giants 17, Patriots 14" [Based on: Title for Article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 02/04/08]

2008 - Natural Gas Reservoir / Upstate New York - February 4th, 2008: "Natural gas field ['in the Marcellus Shale'] entices drillers / Mile-deep reservoir in Appalachia would be a boon to U.S. energy." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/04/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 5th, 2008: "U.S. stocks declined for the first time in three days after analysts told investors to sell American Express Co., Wells Fargo & Co. and Wachovia Corp. on concern a recession will worsen defaults among consumers. [....] 'We probably have not seen the end of the bad news,' said Craig Hester, who oversees $1.5 billion as chief executive officer of Hester Capital Management in Austin Texas. 'The first wave has come through the residential mortgage market, and now we're beginning to see credit card delinquencies on the increase.' [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Worry over defaults on credit cards, loans hits stocks), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Super Tuesday / U.S.A. - February 5th, 2008: "2008 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION * SUPER TUESDAY / Voters in 22 states, including Missouri and Illinois, cast their ballots today." [Based on: Title for Article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Root Rot / Kate's Column - Article 71 (February 5th, 2008):

Root Rot

One of the best things about doing Out There TV is that we get to meet informed, intelligent people who are more than willing to share their information about many matters. We’re privy to some “insider” scoops, which may some day work to our benefit, but the most important benefit is that we see a broad picture of all of the influences that affect the entire population of the world. Whether it’s the terrible situation in Darfur, the imminent climactic and earth changes or the collapse of the world economy, we see how they come together, assembling a complete puzzle into a picture of reality never addressed by any of the major news organizations.

While I must admit that sometimes I would rather be puttering in a garden somewhere, doting on grandchildren and a pack of cats, here I am, immersed in this knowledge and struggling with how much to share, how far to push people into awareness. There is always the concern of being labeled a fear monger, just as bad as the nuts at DHS who keep telling us that our cities are imminent targets for crazed Muslim fanatics.

But I cannot keep my mouth shut when I know there is a solution. It will be painful in the short term, but I truly feel that we have no choice if our society is to grow and flourish rather than rotting at the roots.

All this excitement leads me to think about the possible reasons for this current state of affairs. Some see it as a punishment for man's depravity and wickedness (everyone's but their own, of course). Some see it as nothing more than the natural course of events, determined solely by the movement of our solar system through the Milky Way. Still others do not see these current events as something to be concerned about because everything is in divine and perfect order, there are no coincidences, and this is all happening to help us shift into some sublime dimension where everyone is equal and there is no suffering.

You’d have to be living in a cave (maybe with OBL – no wait, he’s dead, isn’t he?) to not be aware of the big problems facing the real estate markets and banking institutions. Even the puppet president has taken time out of his workout schedule to address the situation as only he can do. Of course, his solutions are directed at saving the banks, not the individuals whose lives will be ruined by economic collapse. His goal seems only to be sure those banks keep running, charging people $30 for a stop payment on a check and $5 to take their own money out of the accounts that can be frozen at any moment by the illegal, unconstitutional IRS!

But I digress. I said there is a solution, but first we must identify the cause.

In a very simple paragraph, here it is: Rampant speculation by acquisitive people with dollar signs in their eyes, boosted in their greedy pursuits by the Federal Reserve’s constant manipulation of interest rates, an economy built not on production but on shopping, and behind-the-scenes tinkering by powerful, wealthy banking and industrial cartels.

The Monopoly money printed at will is being propped up with bouncing interest rates and stock and gold and money market “corrections”, and not one of the presidential candidates (with the notable exception of Ron Paul) is even addressing the root of the problem. The Federal Reserve. It is a private bank, no more federal than Federal Express, owned by a group of lying, cheating scumbags who would like nothing better than to seize all of your homes and make everyone serfs, paying rent and being indentured to the same bunch of thieves that built this house of cards in the first place.

Right now, at this point in time, we have a chance to put an end to the grip the Federal Reserve has on this country and in fact the planet. We can tell them to take their funny money and bury it in their caskets at the Skull and Bones headquarters, because it is worthless. It is backed only by the confidence of the American people and the rest of the fools around the world who have allowed a bunch of crooks in boardrooms to determine their fate. These greedy bandits decide to whom will be given aid, under what conditions, and for how long. They decide how much interest we will pay, and manipulate the media until they convince us that it is good and right. They bought off the Congress, making them enact legislation that makes it impossible for people buried under mountains of debt, even from catastrophic illnesses, to declare bankruptcy and get back their lives.

The root of financial evil in the U.S. and perhaps around the world lies in the Federal Reserve. The late Aaron Russo did everything he knew to awaken us to this fact, and Ron Paul is now blowing the warning whistle, trying to get us to pay attention. The question is, do we have the backbone to grab a shovel and work along side him to dig it out of our lives? [Based on: Kate's Column article (Root Rot) by Kate Mucci - see link.]

*Link: @ http://www.outtheretv.com/kates_column.cfm [T.D. - 02/07/08]

2008 - Space Center Unveiled / Iran - February 5th, 2008: "Iran launched a research rocket and unveiled its first major space center, state television reported Monday [02/04/08], the latest steps in a program many fear may be cover for further development of its military ballistic missles. [NP] State television showed live images of the event, with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad issuing the launch order. [NP] Iran has long declared a goal of developing a space program, but the same technology used to put satellites in space can also be used to deliver warheads. The country's space program, like its nuclear power program, has provoked unease abroad. [NP] 'It is just another troubling development,' State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said." [Based on: News Services article (TEHRAN, IRAN / Rocket launching boosts unease in other nations), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Rebel Attacks Resume / Chad - February 5th, 2008: "Chadian rebels renewed their assault on the capital of the oil-rich central African country Monday [02/04/08], and tens of thousands of people fled as gunfire cracked and artillery shells exploded across the city. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Rebels resume attacks in Chad / U.S. shuts down embassy in capital after it was hit by fire over the weekend.), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Mistaken U.S. Airstrike / Iraq - February 5th, 2008: "The deaths of nine civilians, including a child, in a U.S. airstrike south of Baghdad have raised fresh concerns about the military's ability to distinguish friend from foe in a campaign to uproot insurgents from Sunni areas on the capital's doorstep. [NP] Witnesses and Iraqi police said helicopters strafed a house Saturday after confusing U.S.-allied Sunni fighters for extremists in the deadliest case of mistaken identity since November. The U.S. military confirmed the civilian deaths on Monday but gave other details of the attack. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Civilian deaths in mistaken airstrike add to pressure on U.S.), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Suicide Attack / Dimona, Israel - February 5th, 2008: "DIMONA, ISRAEL * A Palestinian bomber blew himself up Monday [02/04/08] in the desert town of Dimona, near Israel's nuclear reactor, killing an Israeli woman and wounding 11 people in the first suicide attack inside Israel in a year. [NP] Police killed a second attacker after a doctor found a suicide vest while treating him for wounds suffered in the blast. [NP] The attack fuled Israel's fears that Gaza militants would exploit a border breach with Egypt to sneak into Israel. Militants claimed the bombers entered Israel through the porous Egyptian border, about 35 miles from Dimona, and said more militants were inside Israel waiting to strike. [NP] In Gaza, gunmen fired in the air and relatives of the bombers passed out sweets to celebrate the bombing. [NP] An offshoot of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement claimed responsibility, threatening to complicate recently revived peace talks. [NP] Abbas condemned the violence from his West Bank stronghold. Israeli officials said peace talks with Abbas would continue but vowed to push forward with the country's military campaign in Gaza, which is controlled by the Islamic militant group Hamas. Hours after the bombing, an Israeli aircraft attacked a car in Gaza, killing a senior militant who was involved in rocket attacks on Israel. [NP] Israeli officials dismissed suggestions the reactor might have been the target in Monday's attack. The facility, where atomic weapons are believed to have been developed, is heavily guarded. Israel neither admits nor denies it has nuclear arms. [NP] Dr. Baruch Mandelzweig, who rushed to treat the wounded after the attack, said he spotted a critically wounded man and opened his shirt to treat him. 'We saw an explosive belt,' Mandelzweig said. 'We ran away.' [NP] Then police officer Kobi Mor rushed to the scene, where he said he found the bomber on the sidewalk with his explosive belt visible. [NP] 'The minute I saw him move his hand toward the belt, I fired and his hand fell,' Mor told Channel 10 TV. 'Two and a half minutes later, he lifted his hand again, again toward the belt, and I knelt down and fired four bullets to the center of his head.' [NP] Israeli TV stations repeatedly broadcast footage of the shooting, calling Mor the 'hero of the day.' " [Based on: A.P. article (Militants link suicide attack to border breach / Palestinian bomber kills Israeli woman and injures 11 other people in attack near nuclear plant.) by Laurie Copans, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Cargo Fee Increase / United Airlines - February 5th, 2008: "UNITED AIRLINES / 2nd bag will cost $25" [Based on: Title for article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 6th, 2008: "Stocks tumbled the most in 11 months on Tuesday [02/05/08] after service industries contracted at the fastest pace since 2001, reinforcing concern the economy is in a recession. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Shares fall most in 11 months on industry report), p. C4, S.L.P.D., 02/06/08]

2008 - Rebel Attacks / Chad - February 6th, 2008: "[....] Chief rebel leader Mahamat Nouri charged they were being bombarded by French Mirage jets - but France said it had not yet gone on the attack. French intervention in the past helped stave off a major rebel attack in this oil-rich country on President Idriss Deby, accused by the insurgents of corruption and embezzling millions in oil revenue. [....] More than 1000 have been wounded, the International Committee of the Red Cross said. [....] Chad accuses Sudan of being behind the latest violence." [Based on: A.P. article (Hundreds die as rebels fight Chad's forces), p A11, S.L.P.D., 02/06/08]

2008 - Sonar Training Limits / U.S. Navy - February 5th, 2008: "The Navy must follow environmental laws placing strict limits on sonar training that opponents argue harms whales, despite President George W. Bush's decision to exempt it, a federal judge ruled Monday [02/04/08]" [Based on: News Services article (Judge says Bush can't exempt Navy from law), p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Winter Tornadoes / Southern U.S.A. - February 6th, 2008: "Rare winter tornadoes kill at least 11 in South [02/05/08] / Dozens are hurt as storms rage across three states [Arkansas, Tennessee and Mississippi]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/06/08]

*Trivia: "[....] At least 55 people were killed and hundreds injured Tuesday  and Wednesday by dozens of tornadoes that plowed across Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Alabama. It was the nation's deadliest barrage of twisters in almost 23 years. [....] Thirty-one people were killed in Tennessee, 13 in Arkansas, seven in Kentucky and four in Alabama, emergency officials said. It was one of the 15 worst tornado death tolls since 1950, and the nation's deadliest barrage of tornadoes since 76 people were killed in Pennsylvania and Ohio on May 31, 1985." [Based on: A.P. article (As skies raged, a scramble for survival / Warnings went out, but twisters that killed at least 55 proved powerful, unpredictable.), p A1 & A8, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

*Links: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14724&src=map

2008 - Remains Top U.S. Threat / Al-Qaida - February 6th, 2008: "Al-Qaida, increasingly tamped down in Iraq, is establishimg cells in other countries as Osama bin Laden's organization uses Pakistan's tribal region to train for attacks in Afghanistan, The Middle East, Africa and the United States, the U.S. intelligence chief said Tuesday [02/05/08]" [Based on: A.P. article (Al-Qaida remains top U.S. threat / Official says operatives are training in Pakistani tribal region.), p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/06/08]

2008 - Fires on Hamas Police Station / Israel - February 6th, 2008: "Israel killed eight Hamas militants Tuesday [02/05/08], firing missles into the sandy courtyard of a Hamas police station as the Islamic militant group claimed responsibility for a bold strike inside Israel, the first suicide mission in more than a year. [NP] The latest round of violence followed two weeks of anarchy on the Gaza-Egypt border that has heightened Israeli concerns that Islamic militants could use the chaos to infiltrate into Israel to carry out attacks. [NP] Hamas on Tuesday claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing Monday [02/04/08] that killed an Israeli woman in Dimona." [Based on: News Services article (GAZA CITY, GAZA STRIP / Israel fires on hamas police station, killing 8), p A12, S.L.P.D., 02/06/08]

*Trivia: "[....] An offshoot of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement claimed responsibility [for suicide bombing Monday [02/04/08] that killed an Israeli woman in Dimona], threatening to complicate recently revived peace talks.  [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Militants link suicide attack to border breach / Palestinian bomber kills Israeli woman and injures 11 other people in attack near nuclear plant.) by Laurie Copans, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/05/08]

2008 - Revelations 15 - Composition of Revelations 15. - D.R.D.   *Link: http://mirrorh.com/rev15.html

2008 - FDA Fine / Red Cross - February 7th, 2008: "The Food and Drug Administration has fined the Red Cross an additional $4.6 million for the distribution of 'unsuitable blood products,' bringing penalties against the organization to more than $19 million in recent years. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (FDA slaps Red Cross with $4.6 million fine), p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Ethanol Trivia / U.S.A. - February 7th, 2008: "General Motors Corp. said Wednesday [02/06/08] that half its U.S. vehicle volume will run on ethanol by 2012, just as partner Coskata Inc. is expected to be ramping up ethanol production. [....]" [Based on: Article (Ethanol fleet increasing), p C2, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 7th, 2008: "Stocks fell for a third day Wednesday [02/06/08], led by energy shares and retailers, after oil prices dropped and Macy's Inc. cut its earnings forecast. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Macy's, oil prices get some blame as stocks decline again), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Shuttle Launch / U.S.A. - February 7th, 2008: "Space shuttle Atlantis left Earth this afternoon on an 11-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). NASA officials say it was a safe and successful launch. The shuttle will deliver the 23,000-lb Columbus science laboratory to the ISS, and the crew of Atlantis will help install it: [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/07/08]

2008 - Cubans Now Speaking Up - February 7th, 2008: "Taking up Raul Castro's invitation to speak their minds without fear of reprisal, more Cubans have begun publicly complaining and challenging government policies on everything from limits on Internet access to travel restrictions. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Cubans now are starting to speak up), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Rebate Proposal Trivia / U.S.A. - February 7th, 2008: "Republicans block Senate version of rebate proposal [02/06/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Cyclone Hondo / Indian Ocean - February 7th, 2008: "Cyclone Hondo was a powerful Category 4 storm when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite captured this photo-like image [see link] on the afternoon of February 7, 2008. The storm’s power is evident in its symmetric shape and well-defined eye. When MODIS took the image at 7:55 UTC, Hondo had winds of 220 kilometers per hour (140 miles per hour or 120 knots) with gusts to 270 km/hr (170 mph or 145 knots), said the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The storm was traveling southeast across the southern Indian Ocean, far from any populated region. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14726&src=map]

2008 - Wiretapping Evidence / Britain - February 7th, 2008: "Evidence gathered through wiretapping will be allowed in British courts for the first time under proposals aimed at bringing more terrorism suspects to justice, Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced Wednesday. [NP] Britain is one of the few countries to bar courts from hearing evidence from intercepted calls and e-mail." [Based on: News Services article (Britain may allow wiretapping evidence), p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Militants Training Children? / Iraq - February 7th, 2008: "[....] The U.S. military said videos seized from suspected al-Qaida in Iraq hideouts show militants training children who appear as young as 10 to kidnap and kill. It's viewed as a sign that the terror network - hungry for recruits - may be using younger Iraqis in propoganda to lure a new crop of fighters. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Video shows kids learning to kill / U.S. displays captured militant tape said to be training for children.), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Chinese New Year / Year of the Rat - February 7th, 2008: "By the Chinese Calendar 2008 is the Year of the Rat, which is also known by its former name of Wu Zi [....] 2. By its Formal Name (Stem-Branch). This year is the year of Wu Zi [....]. In the 'Stem-Branch' system, the years are named in 60-year cycles, and the Name of the Year is repeated every 60 years. 2008 is the 9th year in the current 60-year cycle. [NP] 3. Current year is Year 4705 by the Chinese calendar. [A few Chinese astrological/zodiac websites believe this year should be considered as Year 4706 for zodiac calculations.]." [Based on: chinapage.com article (page last modified 02/01/08 - at time of transcription to here)]

*Link: http://www.chinapage.com/newyear.html - [T.D. 02/09/08]

2008 - More Troops Needed? / Afghanistan - February 7th, 2008: "Afghanistan is test for NATO, Rice says [02/06/08]; more troops needed / Germany adding only soldiers to replace Norwegian contingent." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article (Charges are filed in tainted pet food case), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Charges Filed / Tainted Pet food Case - February 7th, 2008: "[....] Charged in the indictments [02/06/08] were Xuzhou Anying Biologic Technology Development Co.; Suzhou Textiles, Silk, Light Industrial Products Arts and Crafts I/E Co.; and Las Vegas-based ChemNutra Inc. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Charges are filed in tainted pet food case), p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - White House Defends Waterboarding - February 7th, 2008: "The White House on Wednesday [02/06/08] defended the use of the interrogation technique known as waterboarding, saying it is legal - not torture as critics argue  - and has saved American lives. [NP] President George W. Bush could authorize waterboarding for future terrorism suspects if certain criteria are met, a spokesman said. [NP] On Tuesday [02/05/08], the Bush administration acknowledged publicly for the first time that the tactic was used by U.S. government questioners on three terrorist suspects. Testifying before Congress, CIA Director Michael Hayden said Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Abu Zubayda and Abdal-Rahim al-Nashiri were waterboarded in 2002 and 2003. [NP] Waterboarding involves strapping a suspect down and pouring water over his cloth-covered face to create the sensation of drowning. It has been traced back hundreds of years, to the Spanish Inquisition, and is condemned by nations around the world. [NP] Hayden banned the technique in 2006 for CIA interrogations, the Pentagon has banned it, and FBI director Robert Mueller said his investigators do not use coercive tactics in interviewing suspects. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (White House defends waterboarding / President could OK use of the interrogation technique, official says.) by Jennifer Loven, p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Partial Solar Eclipse / Southern Hemisphere - February 7th, 2008: "On Thursday, Feb. 7th, the Moon will pass in front of the Sun, producing a solar eclipse over New Zealand, most of Antarctica and parts of Australia: map, timetables. It is not a total eclipse; the Moon will only partially cover the solar disk. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/06/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 8th, 2008: "Stocks rose for the first time this week on Thursday [02/07/08], as improved earnings prospects at retailers and banks overshadowed a bigger-than-forecast drop in house sales and slowing demand for computer equipment. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Banks, retailers help lift stocks for first time this week), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

2008 - Settlement / Merck & Co. - February 8th, 2008: "In one of the biggest U.S. health care fraud settlements ever, Merck & Co. will pay $671 million to settle claims it overcharged the government for four popular drugs and bribed doctors to prescribe its drugs, federal prosecutors said Thursday [02/07/08]. [NP] The alleged overcharges, dating to the mid-1990s, involved Medicaid programs in the District of Columbia and every state but Arizona, as well as federal health insurance programs at agencies including the Department of Veterans Affairs. [NP] An investigation by federal prosecutors, triggered in 2000 by a former Merck salesman-turned-Whistle-blower and broadened by a Louisiana doctor who also exposed overcharging, resulted in two settlements. [NP] In Philadelphia, prosecutors said Merck agreed to pay $399 million for improper calculation of Medicaid rebates and bribing doctors. In New Orleans, prosecutors said the drug maker agreed to pay $250 million for its rebate practices. With interest, that totals $671 million. [NP] Whitehouse Station, N.J.-based Merck said the settlements do not constitute an admission of any liability or wrongdoing. [NP] 'What we have here is a disagreement (over) the rules of the Medicaid rebate program,' said Merck spokesman Ronald Rogers. [NP] Drug companies must report to the government the lowest price for their medicines to ensure that Medicaid programs get the same discounts or rebates on drugs they buy. [NP] Prosecutors said Merck was hiding steep discounts it gave hospitals that used a set amount of Merck products." [Based on: A.P. article (Merck settles on bribery, overcharging allegations) by Linda A. Johnson, p B3, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

2008 - Advanced Centrifuge / Iran - February 8th, 2008: "[....] Tehran says it is only pursuing lower-level enrichment to make fuel for atomic reactors that will generate electricity. [....]." [Based on: A.P. article (Iran develops own version of advanced centrifuge [IR-2 centriguges] / Country appears to have bought equipment on the black market to enrich uraniumby) George Jahn, p A9, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

2008 - Shooting Rampage / Kirkwood, Mo. - February 8th, 2008: "6 dead in shooting rampage at Kirkwood City Council [02/07/08]/ Gunman [Charles Thornton] is slain by police * City officials among the dead. / Assailant had history of disputes with city" [Based on: Title & Subtitles for article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Gaza Strip - February 8th, 2008: "Israeli forces killed six Palestinian militants and a civilian in Gaza early Thursday [02/07/08] after militant groups in Gaza stepped up their rocket fire against Israel. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Israel forces retaliate for Gaza rocket attacks), p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

*Trivia: "JERUSALEM / Rocket attacks may escalate into war" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Deadly Standoff / San Fernando Valley, California - February 8th, 2008: "In a tense overnight standoff, a man shot and killed a Los Angeles SWAT officer and seriously wounded another after calling 911 to report that he had killed three family members at a San Fernando Valley home, authorities said. [NP] A police sniper killed suspect about 7:30 a.m. Thursday as he was trying to flee out a door, still firing his weapon, authorities said. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Cops kill gunman in LA standoff), p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/08/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge - February 8th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 09:38:14 (UTC) on Friday, February 8th, 2008. The magnitude 6.9 event [Location: 10.733°N, 41.884°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region NORTHERN MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nean.php] - [T.D. - 02/10/08]

2008 - Moderate Earthquake / Southeast of Mexicali, Mexico - February 8th, 2008: "MEXICO CITY / Baja earthquake [5.1 - 02/08/08] leaves 400,000 without power [02/09/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/10/08]

*Link: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/ci14346868.php

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 9th, 2008: "Stocks retreated Friday [02/08/08], sending the market to its first weekly decline since mid-January, as concern that corporate defaults will increase outweighed gains in technology companies and commodities producrers. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks suffer first weekly dip since the middle of January), p. A47, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Trivia / Israel & Gaza Strip - February 9th, 2008: "Palestinian militants launched nearly 20 rockets at Israel on Friday [02/08/08] hours after Israel began cutting electricity to the Gaza Strip to try to halt the barrages. [NP] Last week, Israel cut back around one percent of the power it supplies to Gaza, Defense Minister spokesman Shlomo Dror said. Israel will continue gradually scaling back electricity until the territory's Hamas rulers end the rocket fire, he said Friday. [NP] One of the rockets damaged a factory in southern Israel Friday, police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said. There were no casualties, he said." [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / Militants fire rockets in face of power cuts), p A33, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Trivia / War & Economy, U.S.A. - February 9th, 2008: "Leaving Iraq can help economy more than rebates, many ['according to an Associated press-Ipsos poll.'] say" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Jeannine Aversa, p A27, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Threat Could Strain Military / U.S.A. - February 9th, 2008: "A classified Pentagon assessment concludes that the long battlefield tours in Iraq and Afghanistan, along with persistent terrorist activity and other threats, have prevented the U.S. military from improving its ability to respond to any new crisis, the Associated Press has learned [NP] Despite security gains in Iraq, there is still a 'significant' risk that the strained U.S. armed forces cannot quickly and fully respond to another outbreak elsewhere in the world, the report says. [NP] Last year, the Pentagon raised that threat risk from 'moderate' to 'significant.' This year, the report will maintain that 'significant' risk level - pointing to the U.S. military's ongoing struggle against a stubborn insurgency in Iraq and its lead role in the NATO-led war in Afghanistan." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Report: Threat could strain military), p A31, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Russia & West - February 9th, 2008: "In a farewell address Friday [02/08/08], President Vladimir Putin accused the West of military expansion and laid out an ambitious agenda for his successor to restore Russia's economic and military clout. [....] In his televised speech to government officials, cultural figures and religious leaders, Putin spoke strongly against NATO's expansion into former Soviet bloc states and said Moscow would respond by modernizing its military and weapons. [....] He warned that a new arms race is under way. 'It is not our fault, because we did not start it,' he said. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (In farewell, Putin lashes out at West), p A34, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Europeans Still Angry / Iraq Invasion - February 9th, 2008: "Lingering anger in Europe over the U.S. invasion of Iraq explains why some allies are reluctant to heed U.S. calls for more combat troops in Afghanistan, Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Friday [02/08/08]. It was his first public acknowledgement of such a link to the Iraq war. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Europeans still angry over Iraq invasion, Gates says) by Robert Burns, p A34, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Mercury Pollution Controls / U.S.A. - February 9th, 2008: "A federal appeals court said Friday [02/08/08] that the Bush administration ignored the law when it imposed less stringent requirements on power plants to reduce mercury pollution, which scientists fear could cause neurological problems in 60,000 newborns a year. [NP] A three-judge panel unanimously struck down a mercury-control plan imposed by the Environmental Protection Agency three years ago. The plan established an emissions trading process in which some plants could avoid installing the best mercury control technology available by buying pollution credits. [....] Seventeen states as well as environmental and health groups joined in a suit to block the regulation, saying it did not adequately protect public health. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Court strikes down EPA's policy to control mercury pollution), p A32, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Refinery Blast / Port Wentworth, Georgia - February 9th, 2008: "Dust cited in refinery blast [02/08/08] / Four dead, four missing in explosion at sugar plant Imperial Sugar Co.]. Sugar dust, which can be unstable, may have started inferno." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A32, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - School Shooting / Baton Rouge, Louisiana - February 9th, 2008: "Female student guns down 2 classmates, kills herself [02/08/08] / 23-year old [Latina Williams] opens fire in a classroom at Louisiana Tech College, Baton Rouge, a vocational school." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A26, S.L.P.D., 02/09/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - February 10th, 2008: "High-latitude sky watchers, be alert for auroras. Earth is entering a solar wind stream and the encounter is causing geomagnetic storms. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 02/10/08]

2008 - More Attacks / Israel & Gaza - February 10th, 2008: "Israel retaliated saturday [02/09/08] after two brothers, ages 8 and 19, were seriously wounded when a rocket from Gaza slammed into the center of the Israeli border town of Sderot. [....] The rocket was one of 11 fired toward southern Israel on Saturday, police said. [....] The rockets fall almost daily in southern Israel. Twelve Israelis have been killed by the rockets in the past six years." [Based on: A.P. article (Israel retaliates after rocket attacks), p A14, S.L.P.D., 02/10/08]

2008 - Evolution vs. Creationism / Europe - February 10th, 2008: "Darwin vs. Bible battle surfaces in Europe" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Gregory Katz, p A14, S.L.P.D., 02/10/08]

2008 - Head Scarves / Turkish Universities - February 10th, 2008: "ISTANBUL, TURKEY / Women at universities can wear head scarves [lawmakers voted Saturday - 02/09/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/10/08]

2008 - Walk Off / Sunni Fighters, Diyala Province, Iraq  - February 10th, 2008: "Sunni fighters [Sons of Iraq] walk off [02/09/08] over Shiite commander [Khalid Khalidi]" [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/10/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / South Sandwich Islands Region - February 10th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:22:03 (UTC) on Sunday, February 10th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 60.755°S, 25.505°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008ngak.php] - [T.D. - 02/10/08]

2008 - Sentenced / U.S. Army Ranger  - February 11th, 2008: "A military panel on Sunday [02/10/08] sentenced an Army Ranger [Sgt. Evan Vela] to 10 years in prison for killing an unarmed Iraqi detainee and planting a machine gun near his body to mislead investigators. [....] The murder trial was the third related to the killing of Genei Nesir Khudair al-Janabi, a taxi driver and farmer who stumbled, with his son Mustafa, 17, into Vela's sniper hide-out. [....] Seeking leniency for Vela, his lawyer, James Culp, recounted testimony that the sergeant and the rest of his sniper squad had slept only a few hours over three days of continuous military operations in triple-digit heat, with little water. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Soldier is sentenced to 10 years in killing), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08]

2008 - Car Bombs & Carnage / Iraq  - February 11th, 2008: "On a day when the U.S. secretary of defense arrived in Iraq to discuss U.S. troop withdrawals and Iraq's halting but real political progress [02/10/08], carnage from car bombs and internal battles around the country claimed at least 50 lives. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Gates visits Iraq; bombs kill dozens), p A7, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08]

2008 - Died / U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos - February 11th, 2008: reportedly died this date in history: U.S. Rep. (Democrat), Tom Lantos. He was 80. - D.R.D.

2008 - President Wounded / East Timor  - February 11th, 2008: "DILI, EAST TIMOR / Rebel soldiers wound President Jose Ramos-Horta] in his home [02/11/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08]

2008 - Dead Zone Trivia / Gulf of Mexico - February 11th, 2008: "A couple weeks ago, the United States Geological Survey released a study confirming - once again - that agricultural activity in the states of the Mississippi River basin is the biggest source of water pollution in the northern Gulf of Mexico. [NP] Excessive nitrogen and phosphorus applied to crops and pastures run into our waters, cause algal blooms that use up the oxygen in the water and destroy our fisheries. The Gulf of Mexico pays the highest price for the waste: an annual dead zone that by last summer covered an area of more than 7,900 square miles and that has devestated the fishing industry there. [NP] And U.S. taxpayers are subsidizing this destruction through billions of dollars in subsidies that are part of the Farm Bill. [NP] The USGS report (online http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/sparrow/gulf_findings/) shows that nine states in the Mississippi River basin are the source of the vast majority of the excessive nitrogen and phosphorus: Missouri, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and Ohio. [....] The final form of the Farm Bill, now being hammered out in a congressional conference committee, should strive for healthy balance. Land owners and crop producers who take federal money not only should be required to deliver crops, but also manage their land responsibly in order to preserve our nation's soil and water assets. [NP] Protecting our soil and water is an investment in long-term national security. At a minimum, tax money should go only to producers who demonstrate they are managing their operations responsibly. Americans have a right to insist that their money is not paying for damaging and costly pollution. Even payments for the five staple crops should be conditional on meeting minimum standards for soil and water conservation. The science for maximizing production while minimizing pollution is solid. Producers know how to do it. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (THE FARM BILL / Incentives could help restore the Gulf of Mexico dead zone) by Kathleen Logan Smith, p B9, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08] - [Kathleen Logan Smith is executive director of Missouri Coalition for the Environment. She also chairs the farm working group of the Mississippi River Water Quality Collaborative.]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Venezuela - February 11th, 2008: "[....] Exxon Mobil has gone after the assets of state oil company Petroleos de Venezuela SA in U.S., British and Dutch courts as it challenges the nationalization of a multibillion dollar oil project by Chavez's government. [NP] A British court has issued an injunction freezing as much as $12 billion in assets. [NP] 'If you end up freezing (Venezuelan assets) and it harms us, we're going to harm you.' Chavez said in his weekly radio and television program, 'Hello, President.' 'Do you know how? We aren't going to send oil to the United States. Take note, Mr Bush, Mr. Danger.' [NP] 'Mr Danger' is a reference to a character in a 1929 novel by Venezuelan author Romulo Gallegos, who was also Venezuela's first freely elected president, brought down in a U.S.-backed coup in 1948. In the book, Mr Danger, an arrogant American, takes grave advantage of his neighbors. [....] 'I speak to the U.S. empire, because that's the master: Continue and you will see that we won't send one drop of oil to the empire of the United States,' Chavez said. [NP] 'The outlaws of Exxon Mobil will never again rob us,' Chavez said, accusing the company, based in Irving, Texas, of acting in concert with Washington. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Chavez threatens to cut off oil to U.S. if Exxon Mobil wins right to seize assetts), p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Exxon Mobil has gone after the assets of Petroleos de Venezuela SA, or PDVSA, in U.S. and European courts as it challenges the nationalization by Chavez's government of four heavy oil projects in the Orinoco River basin, one of the world's richest oil deposits. [NP] Other oil companies including Chevron Corp., France's Total, Britain's BP PLC, and Norway's StatoilHydro ASA have negotiated deals with Venezuela to continue as minority partners in the project, but ConocoPhillips and Exxon Mobil balked at the tougher terms and have been in compensation talks with PDVSA. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Chavez threats rattle some traders, but few buy hype), pp. C1 & C4, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - How the spooks took over the news - February 11th, 2008: [....] For the first time in human history, there is a concerted strategy to manipulate global perception. And the mass media are operating as its compliant assistants, failing both to resist it and to expose it. [NP] The sheer ease with which this machinery has been able to do its work reflects a creeping structural weakness which now afflicts the production of our news. I've spent the last two years researching a book about falsehood, distortion and propaganda in the global media. [....] So, who exactly is producing fiction for the media? Who wrote the Zarqawi letters? Who created the fantasy story about Osama bin Laden using a network of subterranean bases in Afghanistan, complete with offices, dormitories, arms depots, electricity and ventilation systems? Who fed the media with tales of the Taliban leader, Mullah Omar, suffering brain seizures and sitting in stationery cars turning the wheel and making a noise like an engine? Who came up with the idea that Iranian ayatollahs have been encouraging sex with animals and girls of only nine? [NP] Some of this comes from freelance political agitators. It was an Iranian opposition group, for example, which was behind the story that President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was jailing people for texting each other jokes about him. And notoriously it was Iraqi exiles who supplied the global media with a dirty stream of disinformation about Saddam Hussein. [NP] But clearly a great deal of this carries the fingerprints of officialdom. The Pentagon has now designated "information operations" as its fifth "core competency" alongside land, sea, air and special forces. Since October 2006, every brigade, division and corps in the US military has had its own "psyop" element producing output for local media. This military activity is linked to the State Department's campaign of "public diplomacy" which includes funding radio stations and news websites. In Britain, the Directorate of Targeting and Information Operations in the Ministry of Defence works with specialists from 15 UK psyops, based at the Defence Intelligence and Security School at Chicksands in Bedfordshire. [NP] In the case of British intelligence, you can see this combination of reckless propaganda and failure of oversight at work in the case of Operation Mass Appeal. This was exposed by the former UN arms inspector Scott Ritter, who describes in his book, Iraq Confidential, how, in London in June 1998, he was introduced to two "black propaganda specialists" from MI6 who wanted him to give them material which they could spread through "editors and writers who work with us from time to time". [NP] In interviews for Flat Earth News, Ritter described how, between December 1997 and June 1998, he had three meetings with MI6 officers who wanted him to give them raw intelligence reports on Iraqi arms procurement. The significance of these reports was that they were all unconfirmed and so none was being used in assessing Iraqi activity. Yet MI6 was happy to use them to plant stories in the media. Beyond that, there is worrying evidence that, when Lord Butler asked MI6 about this during his inquiry into intelligence around the invasion of Iraq, MI6 lied to him. [....]  [Based on The Independent Media Article: (Monday, 11 February 2008) How the spooks took over the news / In his controversial new book, Nick Davies argues that shadowy intelligence agencies are pumping out black propaganda to manipulate public opinion – and that the media simply swallow it wholesale] - Article transcribed in part. My brackets (NP = New Paragraph). See link. - D.R.D.

*Link: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/media/how-the-spooks-took-over-%20the-news-780672.html - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Landmark Destruction / Seoul, South Korea - February 11th, 2008: "An overnight fire destroyed a 610-year-old landmark that was considered the top national treasure, officials said Today. Police said the cause of the blaze was unclear, but one official said arson was suspected. [NP] The fire broke out Sunday night [02/10/08] and burned down the wooden structure at the top of the Namdaemun gate [officially named Sungnyemun] that once formed part of a wall that encircled the capital [Seoul, South Korea]" [Based on: News Services article (Fire destroys gate that was national treasure), p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/11/08]

2008 - UFO Meeting? - February 12th, 2008: "[....] A date of 2013 was given as the time for official disclosure and/or when extraterrestrials show up in an unambiguous way. In the interim there will be acclimation related releases of information. Importantly, the source revealed that the events leading up to official disclosure will involve more ethically oriented extraterrestrials, and they will not pose a military threat to the world. [....] Overall, it appears that a countdown is underway to official disclosure around 2013, and that nation states and the UN are being briefed. The acclimation process will accelerate over the next five years as UFO sightings increase around the globe forcing governments to make public policy statements on UFOs and extraterrestrial life."

[Based on: Article (Source at U.N. tells of secret UFO meeting February 12, 2008 - (posted) February 13, 2008 at 19:47:46, by by Michael Salla, Ph.D.] For the purpose of this timeline, see: *Color Code

*Link: http://www.opednews.com/articles/opedne_michael__080213_source_at_u_n__tells.htm - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 12th, 2008: "U.S. stocks rose as a rally in oil prices boosted energy shares, outweighing concern that financial companies face more writedowns after American International Group Inc. said it understated losses in some assets. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks rise as oil prices give boost to energy shares), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Sentenced / William Lerach - February 12th, 2008: "Lawyer sentenced [02/11/08] in kickback case ['to two years in federal prison'] / William Lerach is cited for scheme used in class-action suits." [Based on: Title  & Subtitle for A.P. article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Art Robbery / Switzerland - February 12th, 2008: "Another big art robbery [02/10/08] reported in Switzerland" [Based on: Title  for A.P. article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Captured Militant / Pakistan - February 12th, 2008: "Key Taliban militant [Mansoor Dadullah] is captured in Pakistan [02/11/08] / Blast kills parliamentary candidate, seven others, a week before elections." [Based on: Title  & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Detainees Charged / 911 Attacks - February 12th, 2008: "[....] The six Guantanamo Bay detainees [Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, Mohammed al-Qahtani, Ramzi Binalshibh, Ali Abd al-Aziz Ali (Ammar al-Baluchi), Mustafa Ahamad al-Hawsawi & Waleed bin Attash] were charged Monday [02/11/08] with murder and war crimes for the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Officials are seeking the death penalty for the attacks, which killed nearly 3,000 people and launched the nation into the global war on terrorism. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (6 detainees charged in Sept. 11 attacks / Pentagon seeks death penalty for the men being held at Guantanamo Bay.) by Pauline Jelinek, pp. A1 & A4, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Russian Bombers / Western Pacific - February 12th, 2008: "U.S. fighter planes intercepted two Russian bombers, including one [Russian Tupolev 95] that buzzed an American aircraft carrier in the western Pacific [02/09/08] during the weekend, The Associated Press has learned. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Russian bomber buzzes U.S. aircraft carrier), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Hamas - February 12th, 2008: "Hamas leaders go into hiding [02/11/05] as Israel threatens Gaza attack / Israelis may strike in response to Palestinian rocket attacks on border towns." [Based on: Title  & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Oaxaca, Mexico- February 12th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:50:20 (UTC) on Tuesday, February 12th, 2008. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 16.409°N, 94.165°W; Depth 99.6 km (61.9 miles)] was located @ Region OAXACA, MEXICO."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008niat.php] - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Connected / Science Lab Columbus - February 12th, 2008: "Europe's shiny new $2 billion science lab, Columbus was anchored to the international space station on Monday [02/11/08] by a team of astronauts laboring inside and out. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (European space lab connected to station) A2, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Abducted? / CBS News Crew, Basra, Iraq - February 12th, 2008: "BAGHDAD, IRAQ / CBS News crew ['A Western journalist and his Iraqi translator'] is abducted in Basra [missing since Sunday - 02/10/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Trivia / Superfund Site, Wildwood, Missouri - February 12th, 2008: "[....] Today, the land has been declared safe, and a developer is ready to build 23 homes within the boundaries of the site. It would be the first subdivision to be developed on a Superfund site in Missouri. [....] Decades ago, residents complained that they had to pick up dead birds off the ground just to mow the lawn. The air, they said, smelled like a high school chemistry class. [NP] Federal authorities began investigating the site in 1977 but didn't begin a cleanup until the mid-1990s. [....] Across the nation, new homes have been built on 26 current and former Superfund sites. 'As far as we are concerned, there is no reason whatsoever they cannot build on that property,' Don Van Dyke of the state Department of Natural Resources [said?]. [....]" [Based on: Article (Is site safe? / Doubts persist in Wildwood / HOUSING HALTED: City imposes freeze on land once used as a toxic dump. / TWO SIDES: EPA says cleanup worked; foes fear lingering signs of pollution.) by Stephen Deere, pp. A1 & A6, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Bank of America Corp. & Chevron Corp. / D.J.I.A. - February 12th, 2008: "Bank of America Corp. and Chevron Corp. will replace Honeywell International Inc. and Altria Group Inc. on the Dow Jones industrial average next week, Dow Jones & Co. said Monday [02/11/08]. [NP] Bank of America is the nation's biggest bank. Chevron was added as a representative of the oil and gas industry. [....]" [Based on: Article (Bank of America, Chevron added to index), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 02/12/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 13th, 2008: "U.S. stocks rose for a second day [02/12/08] after Warren Buffett offered to shore up the municipal bond market. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Buffett's bailout bonds offer soothes the stock market), p. B5, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Trivia / FED Auctions - February 13th, 2008: "The Federal Reserve said Tuesday [02/12/08] it had auctioned $30 billion to commercial banks at an interest rate of 3.010 percent. [NP] It marked the fifth in a series of auctions that so far have pumped $130 billion in money into the nation's banking system [U.S.A.]." [Based on: Article (FED / $30 billion is auctioned), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Writers Strike End / U.S.A. - February 13th, 2008: "Hollywood writers vote [02/12/08] to end strike" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Trivia / Galaxy A1689-zD1 - February 13th, 2008: "Photos show forming of galaxy [A1689-zD1] 13 billion years ago" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Gas Guzzlers Charge / London - February 13th, 2008: "LONDON / Charge for gas guzzlers will increase to $50 a day [central London]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Timor Sea - February 13th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 19:58:44 (UTC) on Wednesday, February 13th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 8.192°S, 128.640°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region TIMOR SEA ."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nja1.php] - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Senate Approval / U.S. Spying Bill - February 13th, 2008: "[....] Illinois Sen. Barack Obama, a Democrat, did not vote." [Based on: A.P. article (Senate OKs [02/12/08] spying bill [68-29] protecting telecoms), p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Buyout Offers / U.S. Auto Industry - February 13th, 2008: "General Motors Corp., eager to lower wages and stanch the kinds of losses it saw in 2007, said Tuesday [02/12/08] it is offering a new round of buyouts to all 74,000 of its U.S. hourly workers who are represented by the United Auto Workers. [....] GM won't say how many workers it hopes to shed or how much it expects the buyouts to cost, but under its new contract with the UAW, it will be able to replace up to 16,000 workers doing non-assembly jobs with new employees who will be paid half the old wage of $28 per hour. [....] Ford Motor Co. and Chrysler LLC already have announced similar buyout offers. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (GENERAL MOTORS / New buyouts aimed at all hourly workers), p B4, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - 4th-Quarter Profit / Quest Communications - February 13th, 2008: "QUEST [Quest Communications International Inc.] / Profit soars 89 percent ['in fourth-quarter earnings]" [Based on: Article title, p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - More Jewish Apartments? / East Jerusalem - February 13th, 2008: "Israel unveiled plans Tuesday [02/12/08] to build 1,120 apartments for Jews in east Jerusalem, a move the Palestinians called a new setback for U.S.-backed peace negotiations. [....] Israel captured the eastern part of the city, along with the rest of the West Bank, in the 1967 Middle East War. It later annexed east Jerusalem and built new neighborhoods that are now home to 180,000 Israelis. There are 208,000 Palestinians in east Jerusalem. [....] Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat said Tuesday's announcement undermined hopes for a peace agreement. [NP] On Tuesday, White House press secretary Dana Perino said she was not familiar with the new plans, 'but, obviously, there's no doubt that an announcement of that sort would make the Palestinians concerned.' " [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Israel plans to build more apartments in east Jerusalem), p A11, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Soon Becoming History? / economicindicators.gov - February 13th, 2008: "[....] Yet the Bush administration has decided to shut down this site [http://www.economicindicators.gov/] because of 'budgetary constraints,' effective March 1: [....]" [Based on article (Bush Administration Hides More Data, Shuts Down Website Tracking U.S. Economic Indicators) Posted by Amanda February 13, 2008 2:47]  

*Link: http://thinkprogress.org/2008/02/13/economic-indicators - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 14th, 2008: "Stocks rose for a third day Wednesday [02/13/08], the longest stretch of gains this year, after increased demand at Applied materials Inc. spurred a technology rally and energy shares rose. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Tech, energy stoke stocks to a third day of market advances), p. B5, S.L.P.D., 02/14/08]

2008 - Killed / Hezbollah Chief - February 14th, 2008: "Hezbollah chief [Imad Mughniyeh] slain [02/13/08]; was 'most wanted' " [Based on: Title for Washington Post article, p A9, S.L.P.D., 02/14/08]

2008 - Died / Badri Patarkatsishvili - February 14th, 2008: "LONDON / Police investigate billionaire's death [Badri Patarkatsishvili - 02/12/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/14/08]

2008 - Waterboarding Trivia / U.S.A. - February 14th, 2008: "Senate joins House to ban CIA waterboarding [02/13/08] / The vote [51-45] sets up a confrontation with Bush, who has vowed to veto any restrictions on interrogations." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/14/08]

2008 - Wants to Monitor Internet ? / AT&T - February 14th, 2008: "AT&T's idea to monitor Net creates a web of suspicion / CRITICS WONDER WHY - To stop pirates or charge big users more? Others fear invasion of privacy, stifling of creativity." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 02/14/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Greece - February 14th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 10:09:23 (UTC) on Thursday, February 14th, 2008. The magnitude 6.9 event [Location: 36.646°N, 21.833°E Depth 29 km (18.0 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SOUTHERN GREECE "

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nkan.php] - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Greece - February 14th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 12:08:56 (UTC) on Thursday, February 14th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 36.425°N, 21.904°E Depth 28 km (17.4 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SOUTHERN GREECE "

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nkat.php] - [T.D. - 02/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 15th, 2008: "Stocks fell for the first time this week Thursday [02/14/08] after Federal reserve Chairman Ben. S. Bernanke warned that a scarcity of credit will restrain economic growth and analysts said Intel Corp. may be hurt by slower computer sales. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Fed chairman's comments, Intel push stocks down), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Settlement / Caremark - February 15th, 2008: "Pharmacy benefits manager Caremark has agreed to pay $38.5 million to 28 states and Washington, D.C. to settle a deceptive business practice complaint. [....] The states accused Caremark of encouraging doctors to switch patients to different drugs under the guise of saving money." [Based on: Article (Firm Agrees to settle), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Decline / U.S. Trade Deficit - February 15th, 2008: "[....] The Commerce Department reported Thursday [02/14/08] that the deficit dropped to $711.6 billion last year [2007], a decline of 6.2 percent. The trade deficit with China continued to rise, jumping by 10.2 percent to $256.3 billion. That was the largest gap ever recorded with a single country, as Chinese imports surged despite a string of high-profile recalls of tainted products. [....] Analysts said the decline in the dollar over the past two years has helped spur strong increases in U.S. exports, with American goods now cheaper and thus more competitive in many overseas markets. [....] The $711.6 billion deficit for 2007 was still the third highest on record but represented the first annual decline since 2001, a year when the deficit totaled $365.1 billion. Much of the deterioration in trade has represented ever-higher prices for foreign oil. [NP] Last year, exports totaled $1.62 trillion, a new all-time high and an increase of 12.7 percent from 2006 with sales of American farm products, capital goods and autos and auto parts all setting records. [NP] Imports also hit a record at $2.33 trillion, up by 5.9 percent from the 2006 level. That increase was led by a 9.5 percent jump in oil imports, which hit an all-time high of $331.23 billion as the average annual price for crude oil rose to a record of $64.27." [Based on: A.P. Article (Trade Deficit declines for first time since 2001), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - State of Emergency / Chad - February 15th, 2008: "N'DJAMENA, CHAD / Rebel attacks bring state of emergency [02/14/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Fourth Quater Loss / UBS AG - February 15th, 2008: "UBS AG posted a loss of more than $11 billion for the fourth quarter and its first full-year net loss in a decade on Thursday [02/14/08] because of write-downs tied to bad investments from U.S. subprime mortgages [....] UBS posted a quarterly loss of $11.28 billion after writing down $13.7 billion in the mortgage-related investments." [Based on: Article (BANKING / UBS loss hits $11 billion), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Dying Spy Satellite / USA 193 - February 15th, 2008: "U.S. cites toxins [hydrazine] as reason to shoot down dying satellite" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

*Trivia: "[....] The intercept is planned 60 miles below the space station, which will be orbiting at 210 miles above Earth with one American, one Russian and one French astronaut. [NP] Half of the satellite debris should fall into the atmosphere within several hours, the rest in several weeks, the military said. [NP] The first shot is said to have an 80 percent chance of success. Though high, the Pentagon wants to have enough time for a second attempt. [NP] Communications with the bus-sized satellite were lost shortly after a December 2006 launching [12/14/06]. The los of contact left the spacecraft with most of its hydrazine maneuvering fuel onboard. Without the intercept, the satellite would plummet to earth in a way that's difficult to predict, possibly exposing people to the toxic fumes from the fuel, according to the Pentagon." [Based on: Houston Chronicle article (NASA unworried by missle strike / Agency says shuttle, space station aren't endangered by mission to destroy U.S. spy satellite.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Held in Contempt / Bush Aides - February 15th, 2008: "House says [voted 02/14/08] Bush aides in contempt / Charges against Bolten, Miers involve investigation of the firings of federal prosecutors." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Contracts / New U.S. Destroyer Fleet - February 15th, 2008: "Northrop Grumman Corp. and General Dynamics Corp., the U.S. Navy's two biggest shipbuilders, received separate contracts valued at a combined $2.8 billion to start building a new destroyer fleet, the Pentagon said Thursday [02/14/08]. [NP] The Navy estimates each of the first two DDG-1000 Zumwalt class destroyers will cost $3.1 billion. Thursday's contracts are the first installment on those costs, and Navy plans to buy seven of the ships through 2013. [....]" [Based on: Article (NORTHROP-GEN DYN / Destroyers fleet coming), p B2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - May Need Help / Bond Industry, U.S.A.  - February 15th, 2008: "[....] An offshoot of the mortgage crisis, the dislocation in the bond insurance industry is spreading beyond Wall Street, threatening the cost of financing everything from student loans to public works projects, officials say. [....] Lawmakers and regulators are concerned that a collapse of the bond insurers - which back the funding for building hospitals, schools and more - could inflict further pain on banks suffering from the mortgage meltdown. [....]." [Based on: A.P. article (Bond industry may need to be helped / Financial strains in the bond insurance industry are hurting other areas of the economy, analysts say.) by Marcy Gordon, p B8, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - Declared Legally Dead / Steve Fossett  - February 15th, 2008: "CHICAGO / Fossett declared dead [02/15/08] so assets can be distributed" [Based on: Title Article, p A18, S.L.P.D., 02/16/08]

2008 - Toxic Trailers / U.S. Hurricane Victims - February 15th, 2008: "FEMA admits [02/14/08] trailers are toxic / Hurricane victims will have to move due to high levels of formaldehyde fumes" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Michael Kunzelman, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

2008 - School Shooting / Northern Illinois University  - February 15th, 2008: "Gunman kills 5 at NIU [Northern Illinois University] / Killer commits suicide after rapid-fire assault in which 16 others were wounded [02/14/08]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/08]

*Trivia: "[....] University Police Chief Donald  Grady said, without giving details, that Kazmierczak had become erratic in the past two weeks after he had stopped taking his medication. But that seemd to come as news to many of those who knew him, and the attack itself was positively baffling. [....][Based on: A.P. article by Deanna Bellandi, p A19, S.L.P.D., 02/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 16th, 2008: "Most stocks dropped for a second day Friday [02/15/08] after consumer confidence fell to a 16-year low and manufacturing in New York unexpectedly contracted for the first time since 2005. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Most U.S. stocks fall as consumer sentiment, manufacturing drop), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 02/16/08]

2008 - Guilty Plea / Ex CEO, Refco Inc.  - February 16th, 2008: "REFCO / Ex-CEO [Phillip R. Bennett] pleads guilty ['to conspiracy and fraud']" [Based on: Title for Article, p A32, S.L.P.D., 02/16/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Potosi, Bolivia - February 16th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 14:45:12 (UTC) on Saturday, February 16th, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 21.178°S, 68.254°W; Depth 134.3 km (83.5 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region POTOSI, BOLIVIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nmas.php] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2008 - Quashed / 5 Terrorism Convictions, Britain  - February 16th, 2008: "LONDON / British court quashes 5 terrorism convictions ['this week']" [Based on: Title for Article, p A20, S.L.P.D., 02/16/08]

2008 - Oil Products Bourse / Iran - February 17th, 2008: "TEHRAN, Iran: Iran established its first oil products bourse Sunday [02/17/08] in a free trade zone on the Persian Gulf Island of Kish, the country's oil ministry said. [NP] A statement posted on the ministry's Web site said 100 tons of polyethylene consignment was traded at the market's opening on the island, which houses the offices of about 100 Iranian and foreign oil companies. [NP] Oil and petrochemical products will be traded in Iranian Rials, as well as all other hard currencies, the statement quoted Iranian Oil Minister Gholam Hossein Nozari as saying. About 20 brokers are already active in the market, it said. [NP] "The bourse provides an economic opportunity for Iranians, other countries and foreign customers," Nozari was quoted as saying. [NP] Iran produces more than 20 million tons of petrochemical products per year. [NP] Iran has already registered for another oil bourse, in which it has said it hopes to trade oil in Euros instead of dollars, to reduce any American influence over the Islamic Republic's economy. [NP] A bourse official, Mahdi Karbasian, told the IRNA official news agency that such an oil market would begin operating within the next year. [NP] While most oil markets are traded in U.S. dollars, Iran first floated the idea of trading oil in Euros in the early 2000s during the tenure of reformist president Mohammad Khatami. It gained new life after the nationalist Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected in 2005. [NP] As the fourth largest oil producer in the world, Iran has a measure of influence over international oil markets. The country ranks second for output among OPEC Countries, and controls about 5 percent of the global oil supply. [NP] Tehran also partially controls the Persian Gulf's Strait of Hormuz, through which much of the world's oil supply must pass. [NP] Iran has sought to wield its oil resources as a bargaining tool in its ongoing standoff with the West over its nuclear program. [NP] The U.N. Security Council is considering imposing a third set of sanctions on Iran for defying a request to halt uranium enrichment. But Tehran has expressed doubt that the world body would impose sanctions on the country's oil sector, because such a move would likely drive global oil prices higher. [Based on: A.P. article (Iran launches oil products bourse with petrochemical deal) Published: February 17, 2008 - see link] *Link: http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/02/17/business/ME-FIN-Iran-Oil.php - [T.D. - 02/19/08]

2008 - Gulf Stream Power? / U.S.A.  - February 17th, 2008: "Researchers are hoping to harness Gulf Stream flow / Researchers say the Gulf Stream's current ['The Gulf Stream flows at nearly 8.5 billion gallons a second.'] has the potential to produce as much energy as perhaps 10 nuclear plants and supply one-third of Florida's electricity." [Based on: Title & Illustration for A.P. article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 02/17/08]

2008 - Security Forces Quit / South of Baghdad, Iraq  - February 17th, 2008: "U.S.-allied forces said Saturday [02/16/08] that they were abandoning their posts in a volatile area south of Baghdad to protest airstrikes by American forces that they say have killed at least 12 civilians this month. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Security forces quit over U.S. airstrikes), p A9, S.L.P.D., 02/17/08]

2008 - Record Beef Recall / U.S.A. - February 18th, 2008: "USDA issues large meat recall ['143 million pounds of beef' - 02/17/08] / 'EGREGIOUS VIOLATIONS' * Meatpacker may have led sick animals to slaughter." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Tornadoes / Southern U.S.A. - February 18th, 2008: "PRATTVILLE, ALA. / Dozens are injured as tornadoes hit South [02/17/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Independence Declared / Kosovo - February 18th, 2008: "[....] The secession of Kosovo marks the latest and presumably final chapter in the blood-soaked dissolution of what was once Yugoslavia. Kosovo joins five former republics that, beginning in 1991 with Slovenia, have withdrawn from Belgrade's reign and become sovereign states, often through devestating warfare. [....] Russia and several European countries that oppose independence argue that it sets a dangerous precedent for separation-minded ethnic minorities in other nations. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article ('WE WAIT SINCE 1912 FOR THIS DAY. WE WENT THROUGH A LOT.' / Kosovo declares freedom [02/17/08]), p A1 & A11, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Karada, Iraq - February 18th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [a young woman] kills three [wounded eight] despite being shot [02/17/08]" [Based on: Title for New York Times article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Houses for the Homeless? / U.S.A. - February 18th, 2008: "Foreclosures [U.S.A.] provide shelter to homeless / Vacant houses often have heat, electricity and running water." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - "Space Junk" Trivia / Earth Orbit - February 18th, 2008: "[....] Since the Soviets launched Sputnik as the first satellite on Oct. 4, 1957, space has evolved into a cosmic junckyard. The Joint Space Observations Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif., is now tracking more than 18,000 man-made objects, including an estimated 850 functioning satellites, the international space station and debris from rocket launches dating to the dawn of the space era. [....] President George W. Bush has ordered the Navy to try to bring down the disabled spy satellite [USA 193], which lost control after its computer failed almost immediately after its launch in 2006 [12/14/06]. Bush took the unprecedented decision out of fear that 1,000 pounds of highly toxic satellite fuel could endanger populous areas, military officials said. [....] Government officials, as well as many space experts, say that the satellite would be low enough so that debris from the blast would be destroyed almost immediately in the Earth's atmosphere. But some critics worry that the explosion could propel some marble-size debris upward into the path of the international space station. [....] ... the satellite will be at a very low altitude and the fragments will be pulled down by air drag. Most fragments will burn up, the military says." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Satellite draws focus to problem of debris / The Joint Space Operations Center tracks more than 18,000 man-made objects circling the globe.) by Dave Montgomery, p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Southern Afghanistan - February 18th, 2008: "More than 80 people were killed [at least 50 injured] Sunday morning [02/18/08] in southern Afghanistan when a suicide bomber detonated explosives in a field full of men and boys watching dogfights near the city of Kandahar, police and government officials said. [....]" [Based on: Title for Washington Post article (Afghan blast is the deadliest one since the Taliban militia was ousted), p A10, S.L.P.D., 02/18/08]

2008 - Temporarily Off-Line / NASA’s Earth Observatory - February 18th, 2008: "NASA’s Earth Observatory is temporarily off-line. We anticipate returning during the last week in February 2008; please check back then. We apologize for any inconvenience." [Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/] - [T.D. - 02/18/08]

2008 - Pacific Fireball - February 19th, 2008: "This morning at approximately 5:30 am Pacific time, people in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana witnessed a spectacular fireball. 'I did not see the fireball itself, but I did observe two flashes over the eastern horizon like transformer explosions,' reports climatologist Jan Curtis of Portland, Oregon. 'They were as bright as city lights.' Much about this event is uncertain, but it was probably a small asteroid breaking up in Earth's atmosphere. Early reports of landfall are unconfirmed. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/19/08]

*Trivia: "On Tuesday morning, Feb. 19th, at approximately 5:30 a.m. Pacific time, people in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana witnessed a spectacular fireball. It exploded not once but twice in midair, casting shadows and rivaling city lights. Many onlookers wondered if spy satellite USA 193 had been shot down. No, it was a small asteroid breaking up in Earth's atmosphere, a surprisingly common event. Reports of meteorites hitting the ground remain unconfirmed; stay tuned for updates."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/19/08]

*Trivia: A meteor streaked through the sky over the Pacific Northwest early Tuesday, drawing reports of bright lights and sonic booms in parts of Washington, Oregon and Idaho. [NP] The streak of light across the sky and flash was seen by pilots from Boise, Idaho, westward well into Washington state. [NP] "I'm convinced it was a meteor," said Geoff Chester, spokesman for the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. "It was a classic description of a fireball." [NP] Chester speculated the meteor was the size of a big suitcase and had been orbiting the sun for millions of years before entering Earth's orbit. [NP] Callers from across Western Washington reported seeing the bright light at about 5:30 a.m. [NP] Dale Bunge lives in Monroe and said he first thought it was an aircraft until he noticed what looked like flame around the meteor. [NP] "The amount of fire was incredible, unlike any shooting star I have ever seen," he said. [NP] The Federal Aviation Administration said a private pilot reported seeing the meteor hit the Earth in a burst of light near State Route 26 and the Lind-Hatton Road about 5:45 a.m. [NP] The Adams County sheriff's office had no immediate reports of damage, injury or a meteor landing in the area, about 175 miles east-southeast of Seattle and 90 miles southwest of Spokane. [NP] Due to the size of such meteors and how high they are in the atmosphere, it's often difficult for people to judge how far away the object actually is. [NP] Chester said people commonly think they see a meteor hit or about to hit the ground, when it is nowhere close. Most meteorites that strike the Earth are never found, he said. [NP] "When you see objects like this in the sky your sense of scale is distorted," he said. "It's a common optical illusion." [NP] Several security cameras in Eastern Washington captured white and green flash as the meteor moved through the area. [NP] The photos below were taken from a security camera at Providence Portland Medical Center in Oregon. [....] It's not the first time large meteors have streaked across Northwest skies. [NP] On June 3, 2004 a large bolide meteor lit up a huge patch of sky, briefly turning night to day. [NP] On March 12, 2005 another fireball-like meteor caused a green streak high in the atmosphere that was visible across much of Western Washington. [NP] Have photos or security camera video that captured the meteor or the flash? E-mail us at webteam@komo4news.com

[Based on: KOMO Staff & News Services Article (Story Published: Feb 19, 2008 at 7:02 AM PST / Story Updated: Feb 19, 2008 at 6:56 PM PST ) See Link] - [My brackets. "NP" = New Paragraph. - D.R.D.]

*Link: http://www.komotv.com/news/15763632.html - [T.D. - 02/19/08 @ 11:15 p.m. C.S.T.]

2008 - Fossil / The Devil Toad - February 19th, 2008: "Frogs have an ancestor ['dubbed Beelzebufo, or Devil Toad'] that's huge ['the size of a bowling ball'] - and mean ['lived among dinosaurs millions of years ago']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Made Public / JKF Items - February 19th, 2008: "Historical items related to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy secretly kept locked for decades in a 6-foot safe in a Dallas courthouse were publicly revealed for the first time Monday [02/18/08]. [....] Among the most interesting documents unearthed so far was a transcript of an alleged conversation between Ruby and Oswald plotting to kill the president because the Mafia wanted to 'get rid of' his brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy. [NP] Gark Mack, curator of the Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, said last week that the conversation could not have happened because it was well-documented that Oswald was in Irving, Texas, at home with his wife the evening that the conversation was supposed to have taken place." [Based on: Dallas Morning News article (Dallas DA reveals JFK items), p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Harsh Winter / Tajikistan - February 19th, 2008: "Ice-cold Tajikistan needs aid, U.N. says [02/18/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Resignation / Fidel Castro - February 19th, 2008: Resigned this date in history: Cuban leader, Fidel Castro.

2008 - Explosion / Texas Oil Refinery - February 19th, 2008: "Blast [02/18/08] rocks Texas oil refinery [Alon USA oil refinery]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Update / USA 193 Spy Satellite - February 19th, 2008: "Rumor has it that the US Navy may make its first attempt to hit USA 193 this Wednesday evening [02/20/08] as the satellite passes over the Pacific Ocean. An air traffic advisory warns pilots to avoid a patch of ocean near Maui from 4:30 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. Hawaii time on Feb. 20th (0230 - 0500 UT, Feb. 21st). This would center the missile strike on the darkness of Wednesday's lunar eclipse and possibly render reentering debris visible from the west coast of North America. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/19/08]

2008 - Bag Screening / Amtrack, U.S.A. - February 19th, 2008: "Amtrack will screen passengers' bags [starting this week]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Case for More Cash / U.S. Air Force - February 19th, 2008: "Air Force makes a case for more cash / Officials say $20 billion more is needed per year over five years to replace aging fleet of fighters, bombers." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Staff & Wire Reports article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Kandahar Province, Afghanistan - February 19th, 2008: "In the second major attack in two days, at least 37 people were killed Monday [02/18/08] when a suicide bomber rammed his vehicle into a Canadian military convoy in a market in southern Afghanistan, authorities said. [NP] The dead were all Afghan civilians, said Abdul Razeq, the border police chief in Spin Buldak, a town that lies close to Pakistan in Kandahar province. At least 30 other people were injured. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Nearly 140 are killed in two days of suicide bombing in Afghanistan), p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/19/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 20th, 2008: "Stocks fell on Tuesday [02/19/08] after oil's surge above $100 a barrel dragged down consumer and technology shares, erasing a 157-point rally in the Dow Jones industrial average led by energy producers. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Shares slip as surge in oil prices erases 157-point Dow rally), p. C5, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - 401(k) Spending / U.S.A. - February 20th, 2008: "More folks tap 401(k)s to pay bills, mortgages" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by J.W. Elphinstone, p C1, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Status / USA 193 Satellite - February 20th, 2008: "US officials say the US Navy has successfully hit spy satellite USA 193 with a missile over the Pacific Ocean. Stay tuned for updates and sightings.  [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/20/08 - late evening, about 11 p.m. C.S.T.]

*Trivia: "US officials say the US Navy has successfully hit spy satellite USA 193 with a missile over the Pacific Ocean. The strike occured at 10:26 p.m. EST on Feb. 20th. 'Due to the relatively low altitude of the satellite at the time of the engagement, debris will begin to re-enter Earth's atmosphere immediately,' says the US Dept. of Defense. "Nearly all of the debris will burn up on reentry within 24-48 hours. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 02/21/08 - about 2 p.m. C.S.T.]

2008 - Explosions / Eastern Baghdad - February 20th, 2008: "Explosions [02/19/08] kill 13 Iraqi police officers [eastern Baghdad]" [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Trivia / Blu-Ray Format, Sony - February 20th, 2008: "HD DVD goes the way of 1980' Betamax / Toshiba pulls the plug on the format, acknowledges defeat to Sony's Blu-ray." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - On Brink of Contempt / Toni Locy - February 20th, 2008: "A federal judge said Tuesday [02/19/08] he will hold a former USA Today reporter in contempt if she continues to refuse to identify sources for stories about a former Army scientist under scrutiny in the anthrax attacks in 2001. [NP] U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton said reporter Toni Locy defied his order last August that she cooperate with Steven J. Hatfill in his suit against the government. Walton indicated he would impose a fine until she divulged her sources. [NP] Hatfill, who worked at the Army's infectious diseases laboratory from 1997 to 1999, was publicly identified by then-Attorney General John Ashcroft as a 'person of interest' in the 2001 anthrax attacks. Hatfill is suing the Justice Department, accusing the agency of violating the federal Privacy Act by giving reporters information  about the FBI's investigation  of him." [Based on: News Services article (Judge says reporter is on brink of contempt), p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Touchdown / Space Shuttle Atlantis - February 20th, 2008: "CAPE CANAVERAL, FLA. / Space shuttle [Atlantis] makes safe touchdown [02/20/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - No Progress? / Palestinian, Israeli Talks - February 20th, 2008: "JERUSALEM / Palestinian, Israeli talks show no progress" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Major Earthquake / Simeulue, Indonesia - February 20th, 2008: "A major earthquake occurred at 08:08:32 (UTC) on Wednesday, February 20th, 2008. The magnitude 7.4 event [Location: 2.778°N, 95.978°E; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SIMEULUE, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nran.php] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Greece - February 20th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 18:27:11 (UTC) on Wednesday, February 20th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 36.582°N, 21.941°E; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SOUTHERN GREECE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nrbf.php] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2008 - Total Lunar Eclipse / Western Hemisphere - February 20th, 2008: "On Wednesday evening, February 20th, the full Moon over Europe and the Americas will turn a delightful shade of red. It's a total lunar eclipse—the last one until Dec. 2010. [....]"

2008 - Prime Minister Serge Sarkisian? / Armenia - February 20th, 2008: "VEREVAN, ARMENIA / Prime Minister has lead in presidential vote [02/19/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Rejected Wiretapping Appeal / U.S. Supreme Court - February 20th, 2008: "The Supreme Court dealt a setback Tuesday [02/19/08] to civil rights and privacy advocates who oppose the Bush administration's warrantless wiretapping program. [NP] Without comment, the justices turned down an appeal from the American Civil Liberties Union to let it pursue a lawsuit against the program, which began shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. [NP] The action underscored the difficulty of mounting a challenge to the eavesdropping, which remains classified and was confirmed by President George W. Bush only after a newspaper article revealed its existence. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Supreme Court rejects appeal on wiretapping / Ruling prevents ACLU from pursuing case against administration's terrorist surveillance program), p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/20/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - February 21st, 2008: "Stocks rose the most in a week on Wednesday [02/20/08], led by technology and energy shares, after Hewlett-Packard Co's profit topped analysts' estimates and oil climbed to a record for a second day. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Tech, energy shares help markets post biggest gain in week), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Trivia / 401 (k) Suits, U.S.A. - February 21st, 2008: "The Supreme Court handed workers a major victory Wednesday [02/20/08] by allowing them to sue over mismanagement of their 401(k) retirement accounts, a ruling that could affect more than 50 million employees with nearly $3 trillion invested in the popular plans. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (Court empowers employees to sue over 401(k), by Carrie Johnson p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Stroke Risk / Bigger Waists? - February 21st, 2008: "[....] The study was led by Dr. Amytis Towfighi, a neurology specialist at the University of Southern California at Los Angeles, and presented at the International Stroke Conference in New Orleans. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Bigger waists boost women's risk of stroke), p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Death Trivia / Princess Diana - February 21st, 2008: "The former head of M16 denied Wednesday [02/20/08] that the British intelligence agency killed Diana, Princess of Wales, and her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, in 1997. [....] Fayed's father, Mohamed Al Fayed, has accused M16, the Secret Intelligence Service, of engineering the couple's death at the behest of Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II." [Based on: News Services article (Retired official denies spy agency killed Diana), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Space Junk Trivia / Planet Earth - February 21st, 2008: "Giant chunks of manmade space junk - like the dead satellite that the U.S. government is trying to shoot down - regularly fall to Earth. Yet no one has ever been reported hurt by them. [NP] Chunks of debris weighing 2 tons or more from satellites and rocket parts fall uncontrolled every three weeks or so, according to an analysis by a Harvard University astronomer who tracks satellites and space debris. [....] It's likely that 50 to 200 'large' pieces of manmade space debris return to Earth every year, according to the center for Orbital and Reentry Debris Studies. Bill Ailor, the center's director, like those at NASA's Johnson Space Center, said he was asked by the government not to comment specifically on the current satellite re-entry issue. [NP] In the last 40 years, about 12 million pounds of manmade space junk has survived re-entering Earth's atmosphere, according to the orbital debris center. [NP] Yet experts in the field know of only one report of a person being hit by space debris [Lottie Williams of Tulsa, Okla.]. [....] The reason space junk doesn't regularly hit people is simple: About 70 percent of Earth's surface is water. [....]." [Based on: A.P. article (Heavy space junk misses people - so far / Chunks weighing 2 tons or more have fallen with no reported injuries.) by Seth Borenstein, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S.A. & Africa - February 21st, 2008: "In a country teming with resources the world covets, President George W. Bush sought Wednesday [02/20/08] to soothe African fears about American interests on the continent. He said the United States wasn't aiming to make Africa into a base for greater military power or a proxy battleground with China. [....] With no prompting at a news conference, Bush sought to deal with suspicions about the establishment of a new U.S. military command dedicated to Africa. [NP] Nations such as Libya, Nigeria and South Africa have expressed fears that the plan signals an unwanted expansion of American power on the continent or is a cover for protecting Africa's oil on behalf of the United States. [NP] Bush said Ghana's President, John Kufuor, had bluntly told him in private that 'you're not going to build any bases in Ghana.' [....] For now, the administration has decided to continue operating AFRICOM out of current U.S. bases on the continent. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Bush defends U.S. motives in Ghana), by Jennifer Loven, p A4, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Svalbard Region - February 21st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 02:46:18 (UTC) on Thursday, February 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 77.051°N, 18.349°E; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region SVALBARD REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nsag.php] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2008 - Seed Coating Technologies / Monsanto Co. - February 21st, 2008: "[....] These chemical polymers are wrapped around seeds to protect them from cold, fungus, insects and roundworms. Other types are under development, for example, to help seeds retain nutrients. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (New Monsanto unit licenses seed coating technologies from other firms), by Carrie Johnson p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Nevada, United States - February 21st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 14:16:05 (UTC) on Thursday, February 21st, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 41.077°N, 114.752°W; Depth 9 km (5.6 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region NEVADA, U.S.A.."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008nsa9.php] - [T.D. - 02/21/08]

2008 - Waterboarding Trivia / U.S. Republican John McCain - February 21st, 2008: "Republican John McCain said President George W. Bush should veto a measure that would bar the CIA from using waterboarding and other harsh interrogation methods on terrorism suspects. [NP] McCain voted against the bill, which would limit the CIA to using only the 19 interrogation techniques listed in the Army field manual. His vote was controversial because the manual prohibits waterboarding - a simulated drowning technique that McCain opposes - yet McCain doesn't want the CIA bound by the manual. [NP] 'I knew I would be criticized for it,' McCain said Wednesday [02/20/08]." [Based on: News Services article (McCain calls for veto on interrogation measure) p A3, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - File for Bankruptcy / Sharper Image Corp. and Lillian Vernon Corp. - February 21st, 2008: "A weak holiday season and a struggling economy led retailers Sharper Image Corp. and Lillian Vernon Corp. to file for bankruptcy this week, and analysts predict others could soon follow them as consumer spending worsens. [NP] 'You'll see a record number of bankruptcies over the next 50, 100 and 1,000 days,' said Burt P. Flickinger III, managing director of the New York-based retail consulting firm Strategic Resource Group. 'Consumers are cash and credit constrained. They're out of purchasing power.' [....] The International Council of Shopping Centers projects store closings this year could reach 5,770, the largest number of closings since 2004. Retailers as a whole reported their worst January same-store sales in almost four decades. [NP]  Flickinger said the problem is partly food and fuel inflation. While consumers used to pay 10 cents of every dollar for food and fuel, they now pay up to 20 cents per dollar. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Sharper Image, Lillian Vernon file for bankruptcy protection / Analysts, citing cash-strapped consumers, expect other retailers will soon follow.), p. C2, S.L.P.D., 02/21/08]

2008 - The Black Pharaohs / N.G.M. - February, 2008: "The Black Pharaohs / CONQUERORS OF ANCIENT EGYPT." [Based on: Title for National Geographic Magazine, February 2008]

2008 - Flood Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable floods this year: at least 0. Number of deaths due to flooding: at least 0" [D.R.D.]

2008 - Volcano Trivia / 2008 - "Number of volcanic eruptions [and, or] notable volcanic events this year: at least 2. Number of reported deaths include: 0." [D.R.D.]

2008 - Avalanche Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable avalanche, landslide, mudslide or roof collapse events this year: at least 4. Number of reported deaths: at least 16" [D.R.D.]

2008 - "Hurricane" Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable storms this year include: at least 0 Tropical Storms, 0 Hurricanes, 4 Cyclones & 0 Typhoons. Number of reported deaths: at least 0. [deaths due to flooding are generally recorded under Flood Trivia]." [D.R.D.]

2008 - Earthquake Trivia / 2008 - "Number of notable earthquakes [generally, 6.0 or above] in the year 2008: at least 65. [Number of earthquakes 6.0 or above in 2007 - at least 171; 2006 - at least 145; in 2005 - at least 110]. Number of reported deaths due to earthquakes in 2008: at least 0." [D.R.D.]

2008 - "Natural Disaster" Deaths / 2008 - "Number of reported deaths [generally, according to national news headlines] from natural disasters [not all illustrated this timeline] in 2008: at least 81." [D.R.D.]

Jan. / Feb. / March / April / May / June / July / August / Sept. / Oct.  / Nov. / Dec. 2008

The Future

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