Historical Timeline

Calendar Months

   "Most newspaper article events happen anywhere from days, to months, to years before they reach publication. Consequently, most newspaper articles on this timeline are preceded by the date of the newspaper in which they appear." [E.M.]     *Color Code

January 2008

2008 - Astronomic Configuration - January 1st, 2008: "Sun [10 Capricorn], Moon [20 Libra], Mercury [18 Capricorn], Venus [1 Sagittarius], Mars [29 Gemini R], Jupiter [3 Capricorn], Saturn [8 Virgo R.], Uranus [15 Pisces], Neptune [20 Aquarius], Pluto [29 Sagittarius], Chiron [13 Aquarius]."

[Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200801.html]

2008 - Sunspot 980 - January 1st, 2008: "The source of a powerful Dec. 31st explosion behind the sun's eastern limb has rotated into view and it is ... not very impressive. The minor active region is probably the decaying remains of once-giant sunspot 978, which spent the last two weeks transiting the far side of the sun. Unstable magnetic fields in the decaying spot may yet unleash another blast; NOAA forecasters estimate a 15% chance of M-class flares in the next 24 hours. [....]" [ Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 01/01/08]

*Trivia: "Today [01/02/08] at 0958 UTC, the decaying active region [Sunspot 980] produced a C1-class flare and another bright CME [....]"

2008 - Leap Year Trivia - January 1st, 2008: "[....] This year, February will get an extra day - a 'leap day' - that will allow Earth to trek about 1.6 million miles, keeping the calendar in sync with the seasons. [NP] There's really no need to worry if earth gets 'behind' in its orbit, said Robert Buchwaldt, a geologist at Washington University [Mo.]. [NP] 'It's the seasonal year that we set our calendar to, not the solar orbit,' Buchwaldt said. [NP] But setting the calendar turns out to be a task with astronomical problems. The speed at which Earth spins isn't coordinated with how long it takes to get around the sun, said Erika Gibb, an astronmomer at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. [NP] In Jan. 3, when Earth is at its closest point to the sun, it will be hurtling through space at 67,779 mph, Gibb said. When Earth is farthest from the sun - in July - it will be traveling at a mere 65,542 mph. [NP] The speed varies depending on the pull of the sun and earth's 'delicate, vibrating dance' with the moon and other planets, said Michael Wysession, a geophysicist at Washington University. [NP] Meanwhile, Earth is whirling on its axis at a rate of 1,029 mph at the equator, Gibb said. (St. Louis and other locations at this latitude are spinning at about 803 mph, she said.) [NP] But Earth is slowing down. 400 million years ago, a year was 420 days long. That is, Earth was whipping around at a rate of 420 revolutions per year. Now it makes about 365 and a quarter turns per year. Storms and ocean tides speed or slow Earth's spin by fractions of fractions of seconds each year. [NP] 'Even huge earthquakes minutely change the length of day by redistributing mass,' Wysession said. 'It's like sticking a piece of clay on a top. It causes a little wobble.' [NP] No matter how fast you spin, 'it still takes the same amount of time to get back to where you started, Gibb said. [NP] And for Earth, it takes slightly more than 365 rotations, or days, as we call them, to get around the sun. To be precise, it takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds to complete an orbit. [NP] That means the calendar year of 365 days is shorter than the solar year by about a quarter of a day. Over years, those extra quarters add up to days, then weeks and months until the seasons are shifted relative to the calendar. [NP] Calendars were invented to help keep track of the seasons so people would know when to plant, when to harvest, when to pay taxes and so on. [NP] In 46 B.C., Julius Caesar consulted an astronomer, borrowed concepts from the Egyptians and decreed a calendar with 365 days divided into 12 months to be used in Rome. The calendar introduced a leap day every four years to account for those extra quarter days it takes to circle the sun. [NP] And it would have been a fine calendar, too, if a year really were 365.25 days long, said Frank Podosek, a planetary scientist at Washington University. But a year is actually 365.24 days long. So the Julian calendar added too many leap days. [NP] By the 14th century, the spring equinox had slipped 10 days to March 11 instead of March 21. That threw off the date of Easter, which falls on the Sunday after the first full moon following the spring equinox, said Daniel Bornstein, a professor of history and religious studies at Washington University. [NP] Finally, in 1582, Pope Gregory XIII convened a panel of scientists to fix the calendar. Because the Julian calendar was so far ahead of the season, 10 days were chopped out of October that year, so that Oct. 4, 1582, was followed by Oct. 15, 1582. In order to prevent the calendar from getting ahead of itself again, the scientists proposed to hobble some of the leaps. [NP] Now, leap years occur in years evenly divisible by four, except for the years ending in 00. If a century is evenly divisible by 400, it is a leap year. So 2000 was a leap year, but 2100 will not be. [NP] The Gregorian calendar also established Jan. 1 as the start of the year. [NP] England, Ireland and the American colonies (now the United States) didn't start using the Gregorian calendar until 1752. By that time, the Julian calendar had slipped another day, so 11 days had to be cut out of September 1752 to compensate. [NP] The good news is that even though Earth is slowing down and the Gregorian calendar will eventually incorporate too many leap days, the system works pretty well. [NP] 'We're not going to run into any problems for thousands of years,' Podosek said." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (Why on Earth do we need leap year? / Because the planet needs a kick to keep the calendar in sync) by Tina Hesman Saey, p A1 & A6, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08] - [My brackets. NP = "new paragraph". - D.R.D.]

2008 - Snowstorm / Colorado - January 1st, 2008: "Snowstorm strands hundreds in Colorado [12/30/07 - 12/31/07] / 70-mile stretch of I-70 in mountainous area is closed for a day amid threat of avalanches." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Los Angeles Times article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - EU Presidency / Slovenia - January 1st, 2008: "Tiny Slovenia becomes the first of 12 newcomers to take over the rotating presidency of the European Union today [01/01/08], a big psychological boost to a nation that gained independence from the ruins of the former Yugoslavia 16 years ago. [NP] Along with the prestige comes the daunting responsibility of overseeing a common EU policy as Kosovo prepares to declare independence from Serbia just weeks after Slovenia begins its six-month stint at the helm. [NP] Slovenia may be uniquely well-placed to make a difference. [NP] Serbia, Kosovo and Slovenia were all once within the Yugoslavia federation - and Western officials expect Slovenia to use its ties to help reach a solution for Kosovo." [Based on: Article (EU presidency carries burden of Kosovo policy), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - Predicted Sales / Monsanto Co. - "Monsanto Co. of Creve Coeur [Mo.], the world's biggest developer of genetically engineered crops, on Thursday [09/30/04] predicted that the industry will more than double sales of gene-modified seed traits in the United States by 2008." [- Staff and wire reports, St Louis Post-Dispatch, p. C2, 09/30/04]

2008 - Outstanding Public Debt / U.S.A. - January 1st, 2008: "The Outstanding Public Debt [U.S.A.] as of 01 Jan 2008 at 03:12:37 AM GMT is: $9,124,887,993,525.37. The estimated population of the United States is 303,957,664 so each citizen's share of this debt is $30,020.26. The National Debt has continued to increase an average of $1.35 billion per day since September 29, 2006! Concerned? Then tell Congress and the White House!

[Based on: http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/] - [T.D. - 12/31/07]

2008 - Weather Forecast / Warm 2008? - "Old Farmer's Almanac forecasts warm 2008 / Its rival almanac [Maine-based Farmer's Almanac] expects cooler weather and major frosts." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by David Tirrell-Wysocki, p A2, S.L.P.D., 09/12/07]

2008 - Snowstorm / North Central U.S.A. - January 1st, 2008: "Snowstorm [01/01/08] snarls traffic and flights [Michigan, Illinois, Ohio]" [Based on: Article title, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Trivia / Milk Advertising, Pennsylvania - January 1st, 2008: "[....] Effective Jan 1 [2008], dairies selling milk in Pennyslvania, the nation's fifth-largest dairy state, will be banned from advertising on milk containers that their product comes from cows that have never been treated with rBST, or recombinant bovine somatotropin. [NP] The product, sold by Creve Coeur-based Monsanto Co. under the brand name Posilac, is the country's largest-selling dairy pharmaceutical. It is also known as recombinant bovine growth hormone, or rBGH. [NP] It has been approved for use in the U.S. since 1994, although safety concerns have spurred an increase in rBST-free product sales. The hormone is banned in the European Union, Canada, Australia and Japan. [....] Rick North of the Oregon Physicians for Social Responsibility, a leading critic of the artificial growth hormone, said the Pennsylvania rules amounted to censorship. 'This is a clear example of Monsanto's influence,' he said. 'They're getting clobbered in the marketplace by consumers everywhere wanting rBGH-free products.' [NP] Said Wolff [State Agriculture Secretary, Dennis C. Wolff], 'There's absolutely no way to certify whether the milk is from cattle treated or not treated' with rBST." [Based on: A.P. article (Pennsylvania stops hormone-less milk labels), p B2, S.L.P.D., 11/14/07]

2008 - Joint African-UN Force / Darfur, Sudan - January 1st, 2008: "[....] The force - at 9,000 soldiers and policemen - is only a little larger than the beleaguered and ineffectual African Union peacekeeping mission it replaces. Even in the best-case scenario, it will take months to build up to its planned strength of 26,000. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Joint African-UN force takes over in Darfur / Peacekeeping mission is still short on troops, supplies.), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - Bloody Year Ends Less Violently? / Iraq - January 1st, 2008: "[....] The Iraqi Ministry of Health said 481 civilians died nationwide last month in war-related violence such as bombings, mortar attacks and sectarian slayings. It said 16,232 civilians died throughout the year. The 2006 death toll was 12,320. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (In Iraq, a bloody year ends less violently, with even some new Year's revelry), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - Volcanic Eruption / Llaima Volcano, Chile - January 1st, 2008: "A volcano [Llaima] in southern Chile erupted Tuesday [....] The 9,400-foot volcano erupted in May [2007] but has not suffered a major blast since 1994." [Based on: Article (Volcano erupts; 150 are evacuated), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

*Trivia: "On January 1, 2008, Chile’s Llaima Volcano erupted, raining ash on the local wilderness park and sending a column of smoke skyward. Although no injuries or damage were reported, the eruption forced the evacuation of dozens of tourists from the volcano’s base, according to Reuters News Service. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14679&src=map]

2008 - Trivia / Freedom of Information Act, U.S.A. - January 1st, 2008: "President George W. Bush signed a bill Monday [12/31/07] aimed at giving the public and the media greater access to information about what the government is doing. [....]" [Based on: Article (Bill toughens freedom of Information Act), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - 2007 Not a Good Year for War / Afghanistan - January 1st, 2008: "U.S. military deaths, suicide bombings and opium production hit record highs in 2007. Taliban militants killed more than 925 Afghan police, and large swaths of the country remain outside government control. [....] Violence in the nation in 2007 killed more than 6,500 people, including 110 U.S. troops - the highest level ever in Afghanistan - and almost 4,500 militants, according to an Associated Press count. Britain lost 41 soldiers, while Canada lost 30. Other nations lost a total of 40." [Based on: Article (2007 was not good year on many fronts in war), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/01/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Eastern New Guinea Region, Papua New Guinea - January 1st, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 18:55:03 (UTC) on Tuesday, January 1st, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Depth: 5.994°S, 146.912°E; Depth 73.8 km (45.9 miles)] was located @ Region EASTERN NEW GUINEA REG, PAPUA NEW GUINEA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lraw.php] - [01/02/08]

2008 - Chuch Fire / Kenya - January 2nd, 2008: "At least 35 die after mob burns church in Kenya [01/01/08] / Violence escalates in the wake of disputed presidential election." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Los Angeles Times article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Postponed Elections / Pakistan - January 2nd, 2008: "Pakistan postpones elections for a month / Critics fear move is designed to deny Bhutto's party a sympathy vote following her assassination." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Fatality / U.S. Diplomat, Sudan - January 2nd, 2008: "U.S. diplomat in Sudan [John Granville] is slain [01/01/08] / Sudanese call shooting a criminal act, not terrorism; U.S. officials arent't sure." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Bloodiest City / New Orleans, U.S.A. - January 2nd, 2008: "[....] New Orleans registered 209 homicides last year [2007], a nearly 30 percent increase from the 161 recorded in 2006. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (New Orleans exceeds earlier title of bloodiest city), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Baghdad Funeral, Iraq - January 2nd, 2008: "Bomber kills dozens ['... at least 25 people and wounded 20 others'] at Baghdad funeral [Zayouna neighborhood] / Suicide attack [01/01/08] came as many residents of Iraqi capital say they are feeling more secure." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Highest Since 1971 / U.S. Fertility Rates - January 2nd, 2008: "After years of wondering whether America would have enough people to replace our current population, pay for Social Security and take care of its old, there seems to be some good news: Fertility rates are the highest since 1971. [NP] In fact, America's current 2.1 percent fertility rate ensures we can replenish ourselves, something Europe cannot count on. Europe's older population is expected to outpace its working young, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. [....]" [Based on: Opinion Page article (American babies booming), p B8, S.L.P.D., 01/02/08]

2008 - Rioting / Kenya - January 3rd, 2008: "Deaths in rioting in Kenya hit 300" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Lenovo / U.S. Market - January 3rd, 2008: "Chinese firm makes big push into U.S. market / Lenovo will start selling its notebook PC lineup in America and in 13 other countries." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Cox News Service article title, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 3rd, 2008: "Stocks tumbled Wednesday [01/02/08], led by banks and computer companies, after the biggest decline in manufacturing in five years sent the Dow Jones industrial average to its worst start since 1983. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Manufacturing woes give Dow its worst start since 1983), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Fined / DaimlerChrysler AG - January 3rd, 2008: "DaimlerChrysler / $30 million fine hit firm ['for violating fuel efficiency requirements set by the federal government.']" [Based on: Article title, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Criminal Inquiry Ahead / CIA - January 3rd, 2008: "Criminal inquiry is ahead for CIA / Investigation to center on the destruction of interrogation tapes" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Suicide Bombing / Baqouba, Iraq - January 3rd, 2008: "Suicide bombing at checkpoint [01/02/08] kills 4 ['and injured 23'] / The attacker may have been a woman, or man dressed as woman." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Palestinian Pilgrims / Gaza Strip - January 3rd, 2008: "Egypt grants passage [01/02/08] to Palestinian pilgrims [more than 2,000 - Gaza Strip]" [Based on: Title for Article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Trivia / Late Night Shows, U.S.A. - January 3rd, 2008: "Late-night shows return [01/02/08], not all with writers" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Trivia / Auto Emission Limits, U.S.A. - January 3rd, 2008: "[....] California's law would have required the auto industry to cut emissions by a third in new vehicles by 2016 or reach an average of 36.8 mpg. [....] Twelve other states ... have adopted California's emissions standards, and others have said they plan to do so. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (California sues for auto emissions limits), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Dividend Slashed / National City Corp. - January 3rd, 2008: "National City / Dividend is slashed [by half]" [Based on: Article title, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Credit Worries? / U.S. Federal Reserve - January 3rd, 2008: "Fed worries ['at their December meeting'] about upcoming credit problems" [Based on: title for A.P. article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Suspicious Powder / U.S., British, Israeli Embassies, Australia - January 3rd, 2008: "Powder ['proved to be harmless'] in mail [01/02/08] causes scare at embassies [U.S., British & Isralei embassies, Australia]" [Based on: Title for Article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/03/08]

2008 - Solar Cycle 24 - January 4th, 2008: "Solar physicists have been waiting for the appearance of a reversed-polarity sunspot to signal the start of the next solar cycle. The wait is over. A magnetically reversed, high-latitude sunspot [981] emerged today: image [see link]. If you have a solar telescope, take a look at this important new active region. It marks the beginning of Solar Cycle 24 and the sun's slow ascent back to Solar Maximum."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=04&month=01&year=2008]

*Link: http://spaceweather.com/images2008/04jan08/newspot.jpg?PHPSESSID=3hkp3e6c1qe18gns74drlkvuj3

*Trivia: "[....] For reasons explained in a recent Science@NASA story, this marks the beginning of Solar Cycle 24 and the first step toward a new solar maximum. Intense solar activity won't begin right away. Solar cycles usually take a few years to build from solar minimum (where we are now) to Solar Max (expected in 2011 or 2012). It's a slow journey, but we're on our way!"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 01/05/08]

2008 - U.S. Dollar / India - January 4th, 2008: "Dollars not accepted at India tourist sites ['... will no longer be accepted at the country's heritage tourist sites, like the famed Taj Mahal.']" [Based on: Article title, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 4th, 2008: "Most stocks fell Thursday [01/03/08], led by retailers and carmakers. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Retail, tech shares keep stock market treading water), p. D8, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Iowa Caucuses / U.S.A. - January 4th, 2008: "2008 Presidential Election * The Iowa Caucuses / Huckabee, Obama win [01/03/08]" [Based on: Article title, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Large Protest / Kenya - January 4th, 2008: "[....] Kenya's electoral commission said Kibaki had won the Dec. 27 election, but Odinga alleged the vote was rigged. Foreign observers have questioned the vote, as has the chief of Kenya's electoral commission. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (In Kenya, riot police block large protest [01/03/08]), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08] - [My brackets - D.R.D.]

2008 - Avian Virus / New York - January 4th, 2008: "Virus [avian reovirus] killing crows in New York state" [Based on: Article title, p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Painful Injection? / Gardasil - January 4th, 2008: "New cervical vaccine [Gardasil] is said to be very painful injection / Health officials also note reports of fainting among girls getting the shot." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Afghanistan - January 4th, 2008: "Attack in Afghanistan [01/03/08] kills 7 [wounding 12] in convoy of workers, police" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Cold Snap / Central America - January 4th, 2008: "Unusual cold snap hits Mexico, Central America [01/02/08]" [Based on: Article title, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Late Payments Trivia / U.S.A. - January 4th, 2008: "Late payments on a cluster of consumer loans, including those for autos, home improvement and certain home equity loans, climbed in the summer [2007] to their highest point since the country's last recession in 2001. [NP] The American Bankers Association reported Thursday [01/03/08] that the delinquency rate on a composite of consumer loans increased to 2.44 percent in the July-to-September quarter. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Late payments on loans peaked last summer), p D2, 01/04/08]

2008 - Car Bomb / Diyarbakir, Turkey - January 4th, 2008: "Suspected Kurdish rebels detonated a car bomb ['remote-controlled'] Thursday [01/03/08] near a bus carrying soldiers in a Kurdish-dominated city in southeastern Turkey, killing five people and wounding 68. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Explosion near Turkish soldiers kills 5 civilians / Kurdish rebels are suspected in the car bomb blast near a military complex.), p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Iran & U.S.A. - January 4th, 2008: "Iran's supreme leader said Thursday [01/03/08] that he was willing to restore diplomatic relations with the United States, but that doing so now would make his country more vulnerable to U.S. espionage. [....] The United States and Iran have had no diplomatic ties since shortly after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, when militant students seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and published sensitive documents they found inside documenting American intelligence-gathering in the country. [NP] The embassy, labled the 'Den of Spies,' is occasionally open to [the] public as a museum documenting American misdeads in Iran and the region. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Ayatollah says time is not right to resume ties with U.S. / But Iran's supreme ruler says diplomatic relations might be restored some day.), p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - First-Quarter Earnings / Monsanto Co. - January 4th, 2008: "Monsanto earnings nearly triple ['over the first quarter of the year']; shares soar / Agribusiness' product pipeline drives stock." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for St. Louis Post-Dispatch article, p D2, 01/04/08]

2008 - Trivia / Bhutto Assassination, Pakistan - January 4th, 2008: "[....] The Interior Ministry claimed the force of the suicide blast caused Bhutto's head to strike a metal lever on the sunroof of her SUV. Her party says she died from gunshots fired from just a few yards away before the blast - an account seemingly supported by video footage. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Musharraf denies military involvement in Bhutto's death / He suggests she compromised security by raising her head out of the vehicle.) by Matthew Pennington, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israel & Gaza Strip - January 4th, 2008: "[....] The Katyusha fired Thursday [01/03/08] exploded in the northern part of Ashkelon, about 11 miles from Gaza - the longest reach yet of a Palestinian rocket. No one was hurt, but Israel considered it an escalation and its response reflected that. [....] Israel's Supreme Court, meanwhile, upheld reductions of fuel supplies from Israel to Gaza, rejecting claims by rights groups that the cutbacks are causing a humanitarian crisis. The reductions are part of Israel's campaign against Gaza militants and the Hamas government there. [....] Islamic Jihad and the Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for Thursday's Katyusha attack. 'We are going to launch more strikes in the depth of the entity (Israel),' they said in a joint statement. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, a tiny group backed by Hamas, also claimed responsibility. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Israel strikes back in Gaza / fatal attacks follow militants' launching of rocket deep into Israel) by Ibrahim Barzak, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/04/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - January 5th, 2008: "A solar wind stream hit Earth on Jan. 5th sparking the first auroras of Solar Cycle 24. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/index.php] - [T.D. - 01/06/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 5th, 2008: "The stock market [U.S.A.] got off to its worst start since 2000 after government rerports on jobs and manufacturing Friday [01/04/08] added to recession concerns. [NP] 'The economy is clearly downshifting rapidly,' said James Swanson, chief investment strategist at MFS Investment Management in Boston. [NP] The Dow fell 256.54, or 2 percent, to 12,800.18, marking its worst start since 1904. [NP] U.S. payrolls grew by 18,000 last month, about one-quarter the rate forecast by economists, and unemployment jumped to a two-year high of 5 percent. [NP] Two-year Treasury note yields dropped to the lowest since 2004. The dollar hit a one-month low against the euro and yen. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Strocks tumble again in market's worst start since 2000), p. A31, S.L.P.D., 01/05/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Queen Charlotte Islands Region- January 5th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 11:01:05 (UTC) on Saturday, January 5th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 51.299°N, 130.713°W; Depth: 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lvaw.php] - [01/06/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Queen Charlotte Islands Region- January 5th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 11:44:48 (UTC) on Saturday, January 5th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 51.171°N, 130.556°W; Depth: 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lvay.php] - [01/06/08]

2008 - Sea of Garbage / Naples, Italy - January 6th, 2008: "Naples, Italy, lies buried under a sea of garbage / Lack of landfill space has caused refuse to build up on the streets since Dec. 21." [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Salvatore Laporta, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/06/08]

*Trivia: "Garbage from Naples [500 tons] is sailing to Sardinia [01/10/08]" [Based on: Title for Article, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Levee Break / Fernley, Nevada - January 6th, 2008: "Levee breaks [01/05/08], floods Nevada town [Fernley] / Thousands Stranded * Icy water fills hundreds of homes: at least 18 people rescued. / Power Outages * Hundreds of thousands on West Coast [California, Oregon & Washington] are in the dark as more storms hit." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/06/08]

2008 - Trivia / Iraqi Soldier Kills U.S. Peers - January 6th, 2008: "[....] The incident, on Dec. 26, is one of the few reported incidents of an Iraqi turning on U.S. forces since the March 2003 invasion. [....]." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Iraqi soldier kills U.S. peers, officials say [01/05/08] / Two Americans die; three others plus civilian interpreter are wounded.), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/06/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Southern Greece - January 6th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 05:14:17 (UTC) on Sunday, January 6th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 37.150°N, 22.934°E ; Depth 50.9 km (31.6 miles)] was located @ Region SOUTHERN GREECE."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lwak.php] - [01/06/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Iraq - January 7th, 2008: "Three Iraqi soldiers threw themselves on a suicide attacker wearing  an explosives vest at an Army Day celebration Sunday [01/06/08]  - an act of heroism the U.S. said likely prevented many more deaths. [NP] Iraqi police said at least 11 people were killed in the blast, the deadliest in a series of bombings in Baghdad. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (3 Iraqi soldiers jump bomber, are killed), p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - Trivia / Driverless Carriages - January 7th, 2008: "Driverless carriages / General Motors exec says the technology exists for automated passenger vehicles" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - Criticism / Israeli Military Courts - January 7th, 2008: "Israel's military court system for Palestinian suspects in the West Bank produces almost automatic convictions, an Israeli human rights group charged Sunday [01/06/08]. [NP] The group, Yesh Din, said in a new report that in 2006, more than 99.7 percent of those accused were convicted, 95 percent in plea bargains. [....]" [Based on: Article (Israeli military courts draw group's criticism), p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - Winter Break / St. Louis, Missouri - January 7th, 2008: "[....] By 3 p.m., the official thermometer at Lambert St. Louis International Airport had hit 73, where it stayed until after 4. St. Louis hasn't seen a Jan. 6 this warm since 1907, when the record was 67. [....]." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (Winter takes a break; outdoor activity bristles), p A1, 01/07/08]

2008 - President Mikhail Saakashvili, Georgia - January 7th, 2008: "President [Mikhail Saakashvili] wins a second term in Georgia [01/06/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - Helps Prevent Allergies / Breast-Feeding - January 7th, 2008: "Breast-feeding babies helps prevent allergies / American Academy of pediatrics also tosses earlier guidelines restricting certain foods from mothers' and babies' diets." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - 'What to Eat for What Ails You' / How to Treat Illnesses by Changing the Food and Vitamins in Your Diet - January 7th, 2008: "Winnie Yu says she wrote 'What to Eat for What Ails You' for those who want to learn how to help treat or control medical conditions through diet and nutrition. [NP] She asks why doctors don't tell patients what to eat when they're diagnosed with an illness instead of simply telling them what medication to take. [NP] She contends that nutritional information could be helpful in controlling or improving the patient's health. [....] As a final note, Yu says that the remedies she lists have been checked by health care professionals who use nutrition to help their patients." [Based on: Healthy & Fit article (How food can substitute for medicine) by Carolyn Olson, p H3, S.L.P.D., 01/07/08]

2008 - Snowstorm / Iran - January 8th, 2008: "The heaviest snowfall in more than a decade has left at least 21 people dead in Iran - some buried under avalanches, some frozen to death and others killed in traffic accidents, state media reported Monday. [NP] As much as 22 inches of snow has fallen in areas of northern and central Iran since Saturday, meteorologist Ali Abedini said. [....]" [Based on: Article (Tehran, Iran / State media report 21 dead in snowstorm), p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Trivia / Sunspot 980 - January 8th, 2008: "Decaying and tiny sunspot 980 is a surprising source of C-class flares." [ Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 01/08/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 8th, 2008: "Stocks advanced for the first time this year on Monday [01/07/08], led by drug makers and utilities, after analysts recommended buying shares of companies least affected by an economic slowdown. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Drug makers and utilities lead first gain of the year), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Suicide Bombings / Iraq - January 8th, 2008: "[....] The apparently coordinated attack killed at least 14 people, including Col. Riyadh al-Samarrai, commander of the Azamiyah neighborhood's citizen security group, police and government officials said Monday. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Sunni leader is killed in suicide attack), p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Shrinking Population / Japan - January 8th, 2008: "Downsizing / A declining birthrate and minimal immigration portend a shrinking population in Japan. Will the use of robots fill the gap?" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Naval Encounter / U.S. & Iran - January 8th, 2008: "On the eve of President George W. Bush's Middle East trip [01/06/08], five Iranian patrol boats charged at three U.S. Navy ships entering the Persian Gulf in what the Pentagon described Monday as a 'serious' provocation. [NP] The tree U.S. ships, sailing in international waters, were the cruiser Port Royal and the destroyers Hopper and Ingraham." [Based on: Washington Post article (U.S. condems 'provocative actions' by Iranian patrol boats / Revolutionary Guards vessels sped away as U.S. warships were prepared to engage.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Health Care Spending / U.S.A. - January 8th, 2008: "[....] Overall, health care spending in the United States continued its upward climb, rising 6.7 percent in 2006 to reach $2.1 trillion, or $7,026 per person. The 6.5 percent increase in 2005 was the smallest jump since 1999. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (Health care costs rose in 2006 / Medicare picks up more of the tab for drugs, but out-of-pocket health spending increases, study states), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Trivia / Israeli Outposts, West Bank - January 8th, 2008: "Migron, West Bank / Israel says [01/07/08] it will comply with pledge to move out ['unauthorized settlement outposts in the West Bank']" [Based on: Title for article, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Trivia / Cyclone Helen, Australia - January 2008: "A variety of weather phenomena combined to deliver heavy rains to parts of Australia in the first week of January 2008, bringing a mixture of drought relief as well as some severe flooding. A substantial amount of rain along the northern coastline was due to Cyclone Helen, which formed in the southeastern Timor Sea area (image left) off the western coast of the Northern Territory. [NP] This image shows rainfall totals across northern Australia between January 1-8, 2008, based on data from near-real-time, Multi- satellite Precipitation Analysis (MPA) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14690&src=map]

2008 - Canceled / Golden Globes Telecast - January 8th, 2008: "Telecast of Golden Globes [U.S.A.] is canceled / Actors had agreed to boycott it in support of striking writers." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Bloomberg News article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Autism Not Linked to Thimerosal / Study Says - January 8th, 2008: [....] The preservative thimerosal hasn't been used in childhood vaccines since 2001, but it is used in some flu shots. [....] Results were published in January's issue of the journal Archives of General Psychiatry. The study did not explore why there was an increase in autism cases." [Based on: A.P. article (Autism not linked to thimerosal, study finds / Cases of disorder continued to increase in California even after use of vaccine preservative was discontinued.) by Alicia Chang, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/08/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 9th, 2008: "Stocks fell Tuesday [01/08/08] as worse-than-forecast house sales and a warning by AT&T Inc. on weaker customer spending sent the Standard & Poor's 500 index to its lowest level since March. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Bad news all over sends S&P 500 to lowest since March), p. C5, S.L.P.D., 01/09/08]

2008 - Mideast Trip / George W. Bush - January 9th, 2008: "[....] Bush was leaving late Tuesday [01/08/08] on the eight-day trip. [....] The assassination of Pakistani opposition leader Benazir Bhutto on Dec. 27 has cast a shadow over Bush's trip to Israel, the West Bank, Kuwait, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Bush takes personal pitch for reform to wary Mideast), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/09/08]

2008 - Supernova Explosion, SN2008D - January 9th, 2008: "For the first time, astronomers have witnessed the death throes of a massive star as it was blowing up in a violent explosion called a supernova.[....] The starburst lasted only five minutes, but it shone brighter than a billion normal stars combined, according to a paper to be published in today's edition [05/22/08] of the journal Nature. [....] The cataclysm flings out elements like oxygen, iron and calcium that are necessary to make planets like Earth. [NP] This event began at 8:33 a.m. on Jan 9. [....] The new supernova has been named SN2008D. It's 90 million light years away in the constellation Lynx. A light year is about 5.9 trillion miles. [NP] After the star exploded, its outer layers were ejected at velocities up to 70 percent of the speed of light, said Peter Meszaros, an astrophysicist at Penn State University Park, Pa., and a member of the Swift [NASA's Swift X-ray satellite] team. [NP] 'The death of a massive star marks the birth of its explosion, along with the creation and ejection of heavy elements like oxygen and calcium necessary for life as we know it,' said Alex Filippenko, a Berkeley astronomy professor who discovered one of the first supernovae of this type in 1985." [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Star flashes astronomers in debut of supernova) by Robert S. Boyd, p A10, S.L.P.D., 05/22/08]

2008 - Lebanese Rocket Attack / Israel - January 9th, 2008: "Two Katyusha rockets fired from Lebanon struck a northern Israeli town overnight [01/08/08] causing no injuries, an Israeli police spokesman said, the first such attacks by Lebanese militants in six months. [....]" [Based on: Article (Rockets from Lebanon hit northern Israel town), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/09/08]

2008 - Trivia / New Hampshire Primary - January 9th, 2008: "2008 Presidential Election * New Hampshire Primary [01/08/08] / A night of revivals / Republican: John McCain 37 %; Mitt Romney 31%; Mike Huckabee 11%. Democrat: Hillary Clinton 39%; Barack Obama 36%; John Edwards 17%." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Article article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/09/08]

2008 - Operation Phantom Phoenix / Iraq - January 9th, 2008: "U.S., Iraq launch [01/07/08] new attack [Operation Phantom Phoenix] against al-Qaida" [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times Article article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/09/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Western Xizang- January 9th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 08:26:45 (UTC) on Wednesday, January 9th, 2008. The magnitude 6.4 event [Location: 32.315°N, 85.179°E ; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region WESTERN XIZANG."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lzah.php] - [01/12/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Queen Charlotte Islands Region - January 9th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 14:40:01 (UTC) on Wednesday, January 9th, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 51.691°N, 131.131°W; Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region: QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008lzas.php] - [01/12/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 10th, 2008: "Stocks gained the most in two weeks on Wednesday [01/09/08] after Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc. said it may invest in municipal bond insurers, and Hewlett-Packard Co. predicted earnings will withstand an economic slowdown. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Shares rebound on Berkshire news, optimistic views), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Fluorescent Pig / China - January 10th, 2008: "A cloned pig whose genes were altered to make it glow fluorescent green has passed on the trait to its young, a development that could lead to the future breeding of pigs for human transplant organs, a Chinese university reported. [....]" [Based on: Article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Offensive, Iraq - January 10th, 2008: "[....] The losses came as many militants fled U.S. and Iraqi forces massing in Diyala, a province of palm and citrus groves that has defied the trend toward lower violence. The campaign's scope is nationwide but is mainly focussed on gaining control of Diyala and its most important city, Baqouba, which al-Qaida has declared the capital of its self-styled Islamic caliphate. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (9 American soldiers killed north of Baghdad / U.S. troops have turned up the heat on al-Qaida in Iraq.), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Settlement / Ameren Corp. - January 10th, 2008: "[....] The settlement with the state of Missouri was reached in November [2007]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Judge OKs $180 million Taum Sauk settlement), p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - More Marines? / Afghanistan - January 10th, 2008: "More Marines may go to Afghanistan  [in April] / U.S. has pressed NATO allies unsuccessfully for extra combat forces." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - No New Inquiry / CIA Tape Case - January 10th, 2008: "No new inquiry in CIA tape case, judge [U.S. District Judge Henry Kennedy Jr.] rules [01/09/08] / Ex-agency official won't testify before Congress without immunity, lawyer says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Female Protestors / Mount Athos, Greece - January 10th, 2008: "A group of female protestors locked in a land dispute with the Greek Orthodox Church defied a 1,000-year-old ban and entered the all-male Mount Athos monastic sanctuary in northern Greece [01/08/08], a police official said Wednesday. [....] The protestors say the monks are making illegal claims on their property." [Based on: Article (Women defy ban, protest at monastery), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Banned / Free Plastic Shopping Bags, China - January 10th, 2008: "Declaring war on the 'white pollution' choking its cities, farms and waterways, China is banning free plastic shopping bags and calling for a return to the cloth bags of old - steps largely welcomed by merchants and shoppers on Wednesday [01/09/08]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (China bans free plastic shopping bags / Rule aims to reduce oil use, trash and pollution.), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/10/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Off the Coast of Oregon - January 10th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 01:37:18(UTC) on Thursday, January 10th, 2008. The magnitude 6.3 event [Location: 43.864°N, 127.310°W: Depth 10 km (6.2 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region: OFF THE COAST OF OREGON."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008maae.php] - [01/12/08]

2008 - Snow / Iraq - January 11th, 2008: "Iraqis in Baghdad woke to the novelty of white flakes drifting to the ground as the city experienced its first snowfall in about 100 years on January 11, 2008, reported the AFP news service. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14693&src=map]

*More: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14697&src=map

2008 - Trivia / Celebrex Suit - January 11th, 2008: "A New York state court has ruled that plantiffs suing Pfizer Inc. over its pain medication Celebrex do not have reliable scientific evidence to prove the drug can cause heart attacks and strokes at the 200-milligram dose. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (CELEBREX LAWSUIT / New York state court rules plantiffs lack scientific evidence), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 11th, 2008: "Stocks posted their first back-to-back gains of the year Thursday [01/10/08] after Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke signaled he may cut interest rates further and investors speculated Countrywide Financial Corp. will be bought. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Bernanke's signals, financial shares give stocks a boost), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - New Stem Cell Technique - January 11th, 2008: "[....] In June, scientists in Japan and Wisconsin said they had made cells very similar to embryonic stem cells from adult skin cells, without involving embroys. But that technique so far requires the use of gene-altered viruses that contaminate the cells and limit their biomedical potential. [NP] By contrast, the new work shows for the first time that healthy, normal embryonic stem cells can be cultivated directly from embryos without destroying them. [....] The new technique involves the careful removal of a single cell from a newly formed eight-cell embryo and coaxing that cell to divide repeatedly until it forms a self-replenishing colony of embryonic stem cells. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (New stem cell technique may overcome some objections / Cell colonies are said to be created without harming embryos.) by Rick Weiss, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Unpaid Phone Bills / FBI - January 11th, 2008: "[....] More than half of 990 bills to pay for telecommunications surveillance in five unidentified FBI field offices were not paid on time, the report shows. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (FBI's unpaid phone bills lead to wiretap cutoffs / Audit blames lax tracking of money used in undercover work.), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Nuclear Power Trivia / Britain - January 11th, 2008: "The British government on Thursday [01/10/08] approved construction of the first new nuclear power plants in a generation, saying atomic energy could help fight climate change and secure the country's energy supplies in an increasingly unstable world. [....] Britain will move from producing most of its own energy to importing much of its oil and gas by 2020 as North Sea supplies run out, and the government has warned of the risk of becoming reliant on imports from unstable parts of the world. [....] Britain sees nuclear energy as key to its goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 60 percent of 1990 levels by 2050. [NP] Britain gets almost a fifth of its electricity from nuclear power stations. But the last new plant opened in 1995, and all but one of the existing facilities are due to close by 2023." [Based on: A.P. article (Britain gives go-ahead on construction of new nuclear power plants / Government says new facilities would ensure energy independence.), p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - World's Cheapest Car? / India - January 11th, 2008: "India media people film the giant Tata Group's 'Nano' car at the launch in New Delhi on Thursday [01/10/08]. India's giant Tata Group unveiled a $2,500 car it bills as the world's cheapest amid predictions the compact, no-frills vehicle could revolutionise how the nation of 1.1 billion people travels." [Based on: AFP/Getty Images picture article (INDIAN CARMAKER ROLLS OUT $2,500 CAR FOR EMERGING MARKETS), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Powerful Storms / Western U.S.A. - January 11th, 2008: "Extreme conditions [from Colorado to Alaska] create big risks / Storms deliver snow for winter sports, but season has been deadly." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - U.S. Airstrike / Arab Jabour, Iraq - January 11th, 2008: "[....] American aircraft dropped 49,000 pounds of bombs on the lush farm region of Arab Jabour, said military spokesperson Maj. Alayne Conway, calling it 'one of the largest airstrikes since the onset of the war.' [....] The targets were mainly munitions buried deep in the ground, Conway said. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (U.S. planes target al-Qaida in Iraq south of Baghdad), p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Lahore, Pakistan - January 11th, 2008: "Suicide bomber [01/10/08] kills at least 22 in Pakistan [Lahore]" [Based on: Chicago Tribune article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Naval Encounter Trivia / U.S. & Iran - January 11th, 2008: "[....] The tape [a video released by Iran] was intended to show that what happened [01/06/08] was a routine exchange in which Iranian boats tried to identify the warships. [NP] It came in response to a video released Tuesday [01/08/08] by the Pentagon showing what President Bush has labeled 'a provocative act.' [....]" [Based on: Article (Iran releases its video of U.S. naval encounter), p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Trivia / Touchscreen Voting Machines, U.S.A. - January 11th, 2008: "[....] A recent study revealed that you only need a magnet and a PDA or cell phone to alter memory devices on the electronic touchscreen voting machines - the machines used for voting in 43 states [U.S.A.]. Researchers found that certain flaws in the system could allow someone to place multiple votes on one machine or implant a virus to corrupt and alter previous votes. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (ELECTRONIC VOTING? / What could possibly go wrang???) by Marc Kozak, p B9, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Pentagon Whitewash / Abu Ghraib Scandal - January 11th, 2008: "The Army has thrown out the conviction of the only officer court-martialed in the Abu Ghraib scandal, bringing an end to the four-year investigation and drawing complaints from human rights activists of a Pentagon whitewash. [NP] Lt. Col Steven L. Jordan was cleared this week of any criminal wrongdoing by Maj. Gen. Richard J. Rowe, commander of the Military District of Washington. Jordan was instead given an administrative reprimand, a blot on his record. [....] But he was found guilty of disobeying an order not to talk about the investigation, and the jury recommended a criminal reprimand, the lightest possible punishment. [....] Mila Rosenthal, deputy executive director for research and policy for Amnesty International USA, said: 'I think we're enboldening dictators and despots around the world. We're saying that it's OK to allow these kinds of abuses to flourish.' [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Army clears only officer convicted for Abu Ghraib), p A1 & A10, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Israeli-Palestinian Treaty? - January 11th, 2008: "[....] Bush said he wants a treaty to define a Palestinian state and its relationship with Israel before he leaves office in January 2009. Palestinians must end attacks on Israelis and Israel must end its occupation, he said. [....] One of the largest obstacles  hindering security is the split between Abbas, who controls the West Bank, and the militant group Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip and refuses to give up armed conflict with Israel. [NP] Israel insists that Abbas must regain control of Gaza and stop the almost daily rocket fire that militants lob from there into Israel before the Jewish state withdraws from the West Bank. [NP] Acknowledging that Gaza was a crucial problem that needed to be solved, Abbas pointed to Israeli actions such as continuous settlement building, debilitating checkpoint systems and military operations in the West Bank as the main impediments to peace." [Based on: Cox News Service article (Bush predicts Israeli-Palestinian treaty in coming year), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 12th, 2008: "Stocks fell as lower-than-estimated profit forecasts at American Express Co. and Tiffany & Co. heightened concern the economy is shrinking and sent the Standard & Poor's 500 index to its worst start since 1982. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Dismal forecasts send S&P to worst start since 1982), p. A31, S.L.P.D., 01/12/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Trade Deficit - January 12th, 2008: "The Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit jumped by 9.3 percent in November [2007], to $63.1 billion. The imbalance was much larger than the $60 billion that had been expected. [NP] The increase was driven by a 16.3 percent increase in America's foreign oil bill." [Based on: article (Deficit jumps 9.3 percent), p A28, S.L.P.D., 01/12/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / U.S. & Pakistan - January 12th, 2008: "Despite the growing threat from Islamic extremists, President Pervez Musharraf said [01/11/08] U.S. troops are not welcome to join the fight against al-Qaida on Pakistani soil. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Musharraf warns U.S. to stay out of Pakistan), p A20, S.L.P.D., 01/12/08]

2008 - Countrywide Buyout / Bank of America - January 12th, 2008: "COUNTRYWIDE DEAL / What happened: Bank of America agreed to buy Countrywide Financial, the country's biggest mortgage lender, for $4.1 billion. [....]" [Based on: supplemental (Staff & Wire) data for A.P. article (COUNTRYWIDE FINANCIAL / Buyout is a small step in fixing the housing crisis, experts say) by Alan Zibel, p A30, S.L.P.D., 01/12/08]

*Trivia: "[....] On Tuesday, analysts suggested Countrywide was days away from faltering unless it got an infusion of $4 billion. [NP] The lifeline came from Bank of America." [Based on: A.P. article (COUNTRYWIDE FINANCIAL / Buyout is a small step in fixing the housing crisis, experts say) by Alan Zibel, p A30, S.L.P.D., 01/12/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - January 13th, 2008: "A solar wind stream flowing from a coronal hole ... is buffeting Earth's magnetic field and this is causing mild geomagnetic storms.  [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 01/13/08]

2008 - Republican Judges / U.S.A. - January 13th, 2008: "Courts may be Bush's legacy / President has named 294 judges to the federal bench, giving Republican appointees a majority ['... including a 60 percent to 40 percent edge over Democrats on the influential U.S. appeals courts.']." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Los Angeles Times article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/13/08]

2008 - Warming? / Northeast U.S.A. - January 13th, 2008: "Study [University of New Hampshire's Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space] shows warming of Northeast since 1965" [Based on: Title for article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/13/08]

2008 - Baath Party Returns / Iraqi Government - January 13th, 2008: "Iraq allows Baath party back into government [Iraq's parliament voted Saturday - 01/12/08]" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/13/08]

2008 - Ethanol Trivia / U.S.A. - January 14th, 2008: "GM JOINS ETHANOL EFFORT / MAKING CHEAPER FUEL * Automaker takes stake in Illinois startup planning a pilot plant. / NO CORN INVOLVED * Coskata says it will make ethanol from used tires or agricultural waste." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for St. Louis Post-Dispatch article, p A1, 01/14/08]

2008 - Numbers tell the story - January 14th, 2008: "Property owners are outraged over ever-increasing tax appraisals. Legislators continue to throw patchwork solutions at the problem based on age and income limits (Property Tax Credit and Homestead Preservation). Age is not the problem. Income level is not the problem. The real problem is a property tax system that is out of control. This system is not tied to cost of living, average property value increase or any other creditable index. In 2007, real property value fell by 2.5 percent, and appraisals increased 22 percent. This system is broken." [Based on: Your Views / Letters From Readers article (Numbers tell the story), by Frank Penn, p C8, S.L.P.D., 01/14/08]

2008 - Grown in Lab / Rat Hearts - January 14th, 2008: "Researchers seeking new treatments for heart disease reported in Sunday's online edition of the journal Nature Medicine [01/13/08] that they had grown a rat heart in the lab and started it beating. [....]" [Based on: article (Researchers grow rat hearts, set them beating), p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/14/08]

2008 - Election Protest / Georgia - January 14th, 2008: "Tens of thousands of opposition supporters rallied Sunday [01/13/08] in the Georgian capital to protest what they denounced as massive vote fraud that helped U.S.-allied Mikhail Saakashvili win a second presidential term." [Based on: article (TBILISI, GEORGIA / Opponents stage protest against election results), p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/14/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Iraqis & Kurds - January 14th, 2008: "[....] The Kurds are a key group within the governing coalition and have been Washington's most reliable allies in Iraq. Since the ouster of Saddam Hussein, they have forged a close relationship with the majority Shiites. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Declaration targets Kurds' assertive acts / Oil deals and refusal to fly Iraqi flag in region have irritated Shiite and Sunni lawmakers.) by Christopher Chester, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/14/08]

2008 - Anti-Iran Message / George W. Bush - January 14th, 2008: "President George W. Bush on Sunday [01/13/08] called Iran 'the world's leading state sponsor of terror' and sought to shore up opposition to the government in Tehran throughout the Middle East. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (PRESIDENT"S MIDEAST TRIP / Bush takes anti-Iran message to United Arab Emirates / He also urges greater democracy within nations that back U.S.) by James Gerstenzang, p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/14/08]

2008 - Solar Wind Stream - January 15th, 2008: "Sky watchers in Russia, Scandinavia, Canadas and Alaska should be alert for auroras tonight [01/15/08]. A fast solar wind stream is blowing against Earth and causing high-latitude geomagnetic storms [....]" [Based on: http://spaceweather.com/] - [T.D. - 01/15/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 12th, 2008: "Stocks rallied Monday [01/14/08], sending the Dow Jones industrial average and Nasdaq composite index to their biggest gains this year, after International Business Machines Corp.'s earnings beat forecasts." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (IBM earnings beat forecast, boosting entire stock market), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Triva / Sears Holdings - January 15th, 2008: "Sears Holdings warns [01/14/08] that profit will tumble 60 percent this quarter / The second straight quarter of steep profit decline sends stock plunging." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Election Trivia / Kenya - January 15th, 2008: "U.S.-endorsed poll ['by the Washington-based International Republican Institute] doubts Kibaki's victory" [Based on: Article title, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Figi Region - January 15th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 17:52:15 (UTC) on Tuesday, January 15th, 2008. The magnitude 6.5 event [Location: 21.882°S, 179.532°W; Depth 597.6 km (371.3 miles) set by location program] was located @ Region: FIGI REGION."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008maae.php] - [01/15/08]

2008 - Assassination / Sunni Judge, Iraq - January 15th, 2008: "Sunni appeals judge [Appeals Court Judge Amir Jawdat al-Naeib] is killed by gunmen [01/14/08]" [Based on: Article title, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - U.S. Weapons Sale / Saudi Arabia - January 15th, 2008: "President George W. Bush delivered a sophisticated weapons sale for Saudi Arabia on Monday [01/14/08], trying to bolster defenses against threats from U.S. adversary Iran and to muster support in the oil-rich kingdom for a long-stalled Mideast peace agreement. [....] Saudi Arabia holds the world's largest oil reserves, and surging fuel costs are putting a major strain on the troubled U.S. economy. [....] Coinciding with Bush's arrival, the administration officially notified Congress it will offer Saudi Arabia sophisticated Joint Direct Attack Munitions - or 'smart bomb' - technology and related equipment. The deal envisions the transfer of 900 of the precision-guided bomb kits, worth $123 million, that would give Saudi forces highly accurate targeting abilities. [....] The sales are key in Bush's strategy to shore up defenses against Iran." [Based on: A.P. article (Bush deals advanced arms to the Saudis), p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Foreign Relations / Britian & Russia - January 15th, 2008: "British group [British Council] rejects [01/14/08] order to shut offices [in St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg by Jan. 1]" [Based on: Article title, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Terrorist Attack / Kabul, Afghanistan - January 15th, 2008: "[....] It was the deadliest direct attack [01/14/08] on a hotel [Serena] in Kabul since the fall of the Taliban in 2001. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Militants storm hotel in Kabul, killing six / An American is among the dead. Taliban claim responsibility.), p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Indian-American Governor / Louisiana - January 15th, 2008: "Jindal [Bobby Jindal] is first governor of Indian descent [sworn in 01/14/08] / At age 36, Louisiana Republican also is the U.S.'s youngest state leader." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Leftist President Alvaro Colom / Guatemala - January 15th, 2008: "Guatemala City / New leftist president [Alvaro Colom - sworn in 01/14/08] vows to fight poverty" [Based on: Article title, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/15/08]

2008 - Papal Protest / Rome - January 16th, 2008: "Pope Benedict XVI, in a rare papal acquiescence to protest, has canceled a speech at Sapienza University here amid opposition by professors and students who say he is hostile to science. [NP] Dozens of students staging a sit-in at the university cheered after the statement was released. [NP] But the decision also provoked anger about intimidation and censorship. Renato Guarini, the university rector, told reporters that the cancellation was 'a defeat for the freedom of expression.' " [Based on: News Services article (ROME / Pope cancels speech at university amid protest), p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Economy  - January 16th, 2008: "ECONOMY LOOKS HEADED FOR A SLUMP / HOW SLOW CAN IT GO? / ECONOMISTS * Most agree there's a slowdown but differ on how much. / CONSUMERS * Shaken confidence can deepen economic downturn." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for St. Louis Post-Dispatch article, p A1, 01/16/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 16th, 2008: "The stock market resumed its January tumble Tuesday [01/15/08] after Citigroup Inc. reported a record loss, retail sales dropped and falling oil prices dragged down energy shares. [NP] Citigroup, the largest U.S. bank, declined to a five-year low in New York Stock Exchange trading after cutting its dividend by 41 percent and writing off $18 billion for mortgage defaults. Chevron Corp. dropped the most in seven weeks. Apple Inc. slumped to the lowest in two months. [....] The declines added to three weeks of losses that wiped out more than $800 billion in value from U.S. shares and sent the S&P 500 to its lowest level since March. Treasuries rallied, pushing the 10-year note's yield to the lowest since 2004, and the dollar slid against the yen. [....] Financial companies in the S&P 500 are projected to report a 69 percent average drop in profits in the fourth quarter. [NP] Merrill Lynch & Co. and Citigroup turned to outside investors for a second time in two months to replenish capital." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (retail sales drop and Citigroup's loss send market down), p. C5, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Mercury Revealed - January 16th, 2008: "[....] Before this week [January 14th], maps of the planet Mercury were mostly blank. Mariner 10 flybys of the 1970s had photographed only 45% of the planet's surface. But now the unseen side has been revealed: [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=16&month=01&year=2008]

2008 - Baby Boomlet / U.S.A.  - January 16th, 2008: "Bucking the trend in many other wealthy industralized nations, the United States seems to be experiencing a baby boomlet, reporting the largest number of children born in 45 years. [NP] The nearly 4.3 million births in 2006 were mostly due to a bigger population, especially a growing number of Hispanics. That group accounted for nearly one-quarter of all U.S. births. But non-Hispanic white women and other racial and ethnic groups were having more babies, too. [NP] An Associated Press review of birth numbers dating to 1909 found the total number of U.S. births was the biggest since 1961, near the end of the baby boom. An examination of global data also shows that the United States has a higher fertility rate than every country in continental Europe, as well as Australia, Canada and Japan. Fertility levels in those countries have been lower than the U.S. rate for several years, although some are on the rise, most notably in France. [....] There are cultural reasons as well. Hispanics as a group have higher fertility rates - about 40 percent higher than the U.S. overall. And experts say Americans, especially those in middle America, view children more favorably than people in many other Westernized nations. [....] Demographers often use the word boomlet for a small, brief baby boom. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Stork contrasts noted as births in U.S. boom / 45-year high bucks lower trend seen in many wealthy nations.), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Killed /  Hussam Zahar, Gaza - January 16th, 2008: "Israeli troops killed a son [Hussam Zahar] of Gaza's most powerful leader [Mahmoud Zahar] along with 18 other Palestinians on Tuesday [01/15/08] in the bloodiest day of fighting in the coastal area since Hamas militants seized control last summer. [....] Tuesday's bloodshed began before dawn when Israeli infantry, tanks and helicopters pushed into northern Gaza in what the military said was a routine operation aimed at Palestinian militants who launch rocket barrages at Israeli towns near Gaza almost every day. [....] Mahmoud Zahar is widely seen as the most powerful Hamas official in Gaza and is thought to have masterminded the group's violent takeover of Gaza in June. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Gaza chief's son among those killed by israelis / Bloodiest day since Hamas seized control claims 19 Palestinians.), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Cloned Meat & Milk? / U.S.A.  - January 16th, 2008: "The U.S. Food and Drug Administration declared on Tuesday [01/15/08] that meat and milk from cloned cattle, swine and goats are as safe to consume as food from conventionally bred animals. [....] Currently between 95 and 99 percent of clones don't live past gestation of their first year of life, prompting concerns about animal welfare, as well as human safety. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (Meat and milk from clones are safe, FDA says) by Georgina Gustin, p A1 & A5, 01/16/08]

2008 - Trivia / Minnesota Bridge Collapse - January 16th, 2008: "Steel plates faulted in bridge collapse [35W bridge, Minnesota] / But why span gave out when it did is unknown, federal agency says." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Opposition Member / Kenya Parliament - January 16th, 2008: "NAIROBI, KENYA / Opposition member [Kenneth Marende] to lead parliament" [Based on: Article title, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Petition Drive / Bloomberg Supporters - January 16th, 2008: "Supporters of a third-party presidential bid by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg started a 50-state petition drive Tuesday [01/15/08] seeking to 'draft' the billionaire who is edging closer to entering the race while continuing to deny he is a candidate. [NP] The petition effort was announced by Gerald Rafshoon, a former spokesman for President Jimmy Carter, and Doug Bailey, a longtime Republican consultant." [Based on: News Services article (Bloomberg backers start petition drive), p A8, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 01/16/08]

2008 - Blast Near U.S. Embassy / Beirut, Lebanon - January 16th, 2008: "BEIRUT, LEBANON / Blast near U.S. Embassy vehicle [01/15/08] kills 3 Lebanese [northern Beirut]" [Based on: Article title, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Approved / More U.S. Troops, Afghanistan - January 16th, 2008: "President George W. Bush has approved an 'extraordinary, one-time' deployment of about 3,200 Marines to Afghanistan for seven months starting this spring, the Pentagon announced Tuesday [01/15/08]. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (Bush approves adding troops in Afghanistan), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Fresh Cash Investment / Merrill Lynch & Co. - January 16th, 2008: "Merrill Lynch & Co. said Tuesday [01/15/08] it is getting a fresh cash investment of $6.6 billion to strengthen its balance sheet, led by three foreign investment groups. [....] The Korean Investment Corp., Kuwait Investment Authority and Mizuho Corporate Bank will receive a special class of stock for their combined $6.6 billion investment." [Based on: Article (MERRILL LYNCH / 3 bring in more cash), p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Linked to Rare Cancer / Menopause Therapy - January 16th, 2008: "[....] Millions of women have already abandoned combination-hormone therapy because of well-publicized links to health problems, including breast cancer. But the new findings, released Monday [01/14/08] by the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, are the most detailed yet of a link to one specific cancer called lobular breast cancer, which is uncommon but particularly elusive because it doesn't form telltale lumps. [....]" [Based on: Seattle Times article (Menopause therapy linked to rare cancer) by Kyung M. Song, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/16/08]

2008 - Attack / Pakistan Fort - January 17th, 2008: "In an embarrassing battlefield defeat for Pakistan's army, Islamic extremists attacked and seized a small fort near the Afghan border, leaving at least 27 soldiers dead or missing. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Islamic militants seize fort in Pakistan), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Trivia / Colon Polyps - January 17th, 2008: "[....] There are two major types of colon polyps. One is a hyperplastic polyp, and it is almost never a cancer threat. The other is an adenoma. More than 90 percent of adenomas do not become cancerous, but the remaining 10 percent can turn into cancer. By looking at a polyp, the doctor cannot tell whether it is a dangerous one; it must be examined microscopically. Up to 40 percent of people older than 60 have at least one colon polyp. [....]" [Based on: Article (Colon polyps can be the beginning of cancer) by Dr. Donohue, p EV2, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Died / Bobby Fischer - January 17th, 2008: Reportedly died [of kidney failure] this date in history: Chess master, Bobby Fischer (1943-2008).

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 17th, 2008: "Technology and energy shares sent the Standard & Poor's 500 index to its lowest level [1,373.20] in 14 months Wednesday [01/16/08]. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Tech, energy shares send S&P 500 to its lowest in 14 months), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Lower Levels / U.S. Abortions - January 17th, 2008: "Abortions in U.S. drop to lowest level since 1976 / VARIED REASONS CITED * Better contraception, more restrictions on services, changing attitudes." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - "MRAP" Trucks / U.S. Military - January 17th, 2008: "[....] The truck is called a Cougar. The initials MRAP - pronounced M-Rap - stand for a mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicle. The military is buying them by the thousands to guard troops in Iraq and Afghanistan from deadly roadside bombs. [....] Force Protection is building more than 300 MRAPs each month to meet the Pentagon's demands. [NP] And Force Protection is not alone. Other defense contractors, including BAE Systems in New York, Pa., and International Military and Government in Warrenville, Ill., are cranking out their own models that vary in weight and appearance. With $21 billion provided by Congress, the Defense Department already has ordered almost 12,000 MRAPs from these companies. About 1,245 are in use. More are shipped each week to combat zones. [....] The vehicles aren't cheap. A standard Cougar costs about $450,000 compared with $150,000 for a new armored Humvee. Depending on their size and how they are equipped, other MRAP models can cost as much as $1 million each. [NP] The Cougar and a much larger Force Protection-built MRAP called the Buffalo have been attacked more than 3,000 times. There have been only three recorded American fatalities. [....] The truck gets about six miles to the gallon. The MRAP's size and weight also make it difficult to chase the enemy down narrow roads, over unstable bridges or across rough terrain. Citing those reasons, along with the improved security environment in western Iraq, the Marine Corps will buy just 2,300 of the vehicles instead of the 3,700 it initially planned. The Army still wants 10,000 MRAPs but like the Marine Corps plans to keep its more mobile Humvees." [Based on: A.P. article (Military ups orders of hulking, ultra-armored 'MRAP' trucks) by Richard Lardner, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Linguistics Trivia / Washoe & Alex - January 17th, 2008: "[....] Washoe, a chimpanzee, and Alex, an African Grey parrot, were notable for their abilities to use sign language in ways that most people assume are unique to humans. In doing so, they helped psychologists and linguists better understand how language works. They also reminded us Homo sapiens types that we may not be quite as special as we like to think we are. [....] The Gardners [psychologists Allen and Beatrix Gardner] used ASL [American Sign Language] because they felt that chimps lacked the physical apparatus to produce human speech. If chimps could communicate via ASL, they reasoned, it would suggest (among other things) that linguistics pioneer Noam Chomsky's assertion that linguistic ability is unique to humans might not be accurate. [....] If chimps, apes and even parrots are capable of something approximating human thought and feeling, what does the way we treat them say about us? [NP] Even more to the point: What are the moral implications of destroying their habitats for nothing more profound than our convenience and profit? Is it merely another form of 'ethnic cleansing'? [NP] Humans are not the captains of Spaceship Earth, only passengers. If Alex and Washoe are any indication, we should start treating our fellow travelers with a little more respect." [Based on: Other Views page article (Washoe and Alex / Maybe human beings aren't as special as we insist we are.) by Chuck Lavazzi, p B9, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Indicted / Former U.S. Congressman - January 17th, 2008: "Lobbyist [Mark Deli Siljander] indicted [01/16/08] on ties to terrorists" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Diyala Province, Iraq - January 17th, 2008: "Woman suicide bomber [01/16/08] kills at least eight ['injuring seven others']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Missing E-Mails? / White House Servers - January 17th, 2008: "The White House has acknowledged recycling its backup computer tapes of e-mail before October 2003, raising the possibility that many electronic messages have been taped over and are gone forever. The disclosure came minutes before midnight Tuesday [01/15/08] under a court-ordered deadline that forced the White House to reveal information it has previously refused to provide. [NP] The lawsuits allege that millions of e-mails are missing from White House servers." [Based on: News Services article (White House says it recycled e-mail tapes), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

*Trivia: "Apparent gaps in White House e-mail archives coincide with dates in late 2003 and early 2004 when the administration was struggling to deal with the CIA leak investigation and the possibility of a congressional probe into Iraq intelligence failures. [NP] The gaps - 473 days over a period of 20 months - are cited in a chart prepared by White House computer technicians and shared in September with the House Reform and Government Oversight Committee, which has been looking into reports of missing e-mail. [NP] Among the times for which e-mail may not have been archived from Vice President Dick Cheney's office are four days in early October 2003, just as a federal probe was beginning into the leak of Valerie Plame's CIA identity, an inquiry that eventually ensnared Cheney's chief of stafff. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (White House e-mail gap linked to CIA leak probe), p A22, S.L.P.D., 01/19/08]

2008 - Destroyed Without Authority? / CIA Tapes - January 17th, 2008: "The CIA official who gave the command to destroy interrogation videotapes apparently acted against the direction of his superiors, the top Republican House Intelligence Committee member said Wednesday [01/16/08]. [....] Hoekstra [Rep. Pete Hoekstra, R-Mich.] said that raises the troubling prospect that there's a thread of unaccountability in the spy culture. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (CIA tapes destroyed without authority? / Testimony reveals official may have been told to safeguard them.), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Fourth-Quarter Charge / JPMorgan Chase & Co. - January 17th, 2008: "JPMorgan Chase & Co. took a $1.3 billion charge in the fourth quarter related to bad subprime mortgage investments, smaller than most peers. [NP] It also said it set aside more than $2.3 billion to cover even higher losses from bad credit card, mortgage and home equity loans." [Based on: article (JPMORGAN / $1.3 billion charge taken), p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/17/08]

2008 - Volcanic Erupotion / Galeras Volcano, Columbia - January 17th, 2008: "A volcano erupted violently Thursday [01/17/08] in southwestern Columbia, spewing ash miles into the sky and prompting the evacuation of several thousand people living nearby. [NP] There were no immediate reports of injuries or serious property damage after the 14,110-foot Galeras volcano began erupting about 8 P.M. and cascading lava lit up the night sky. [NP] About 8,000 people live in areas near the volcano. The ash cloud was estimated to have reached five miles into the air." [Based on: News Services article, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

http://spaceweather.com/submissions/pics/a/ALBERTO-QUIJANO-VODNIZA-ERUPTION-OF-GALERAS-VOLCANO_Combination_1200715985.jpg

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 18th, 2008: "Growing conviction that the United States is in a recession sent stocks plunging Thursday [01/17/08] to their worst three-day decline since 2002. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Latest big losses have key indexes near bear markets), p. B7, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Trivia / Cloned Embryos - January 18th, 2008: "[....] The work was published on-line Thursday [01/17/08] by the journal Stem Cells. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Cloned embryos get a cool reception / Stem cells were not produced, which is the key, experts say.), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - $20 Million Fine / Massey Energy Co. - January 18th, 2008: "Coal firm [Massey Energy Co.] fined $20 million for fouling waterways ['hundreds of streams and waterways in West Virginia and Kentucky']" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Diyala Province, Iraq - January 18th, 2008: "Suicide bomber kills 11 [01/17/08] at mosque [Diyala province]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Traumatic Brain Injury? / U.S. Soldiers - January 18th, 2008: "The Army acknowledged Thursday [01/17/08] that as many as one of every five soldiers or Marines exposed to combat in Iraq or Afghanistan suffers from a hard-to-detect form of traumatic brain injury ['mild traumatic brain injury']. [....]" [Based on: Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau article (Army will screen all returning soldiers for traumatic brain injury / One in five who fought in Iraq or Afghanistan may be affected, a task force says.) by Philip Dine, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Teenage Suicide Bomber / Peshawar, Pakistan - January 18th, 2008: "Bomb blast [01/17/08] kills 9 [wounded at least 25] in prayer hall [Peshawar, Pakistan]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A11, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Trivia / New York & American Stock Exchange - January 18th, 2008: "The New York Stock Exchange on Thursday [01/17/08] agreed to buy the American Stock Exchange, ending a once intense rivalry that began in colonial times when brokers traded in outdoor markets." [Based on: Article (NYSE will buy its rival), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Bomb Threat / World Bank Buildings, Washington - January 18th, 2008: "Threat leads World Bank to close buildings [in Washington] today" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/18/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 19th, 2008: "Wall Street ended a painful week with another decline Friday [01/18/08] as skittish investors unable to hold on to much optimism about the economy drew little comfort from President George W. Bush's stimulus plan. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks cap rough week with relatively modest decline), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 01/19/08]

2008 - Religious Clashes / Iraq - January 19th, 2008: "Religious clashes [01/18/08] kill scores ['at least 80 people dead'] in southern cities [Basra & Nasiriya, Iraq]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A22, S.L.P.D., 01/19/08]

2008 - CIA Conclusion / Bhutto Assassination - January 19th, 2008: "Militant is linked to Bhutto's killing / CIA says Baitullah Mehsud used assassins with al-Qaida ties." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p A23, S.L.P.D., 01/19/08]

2008 - Fear of Rockets / Sderot, Israel - January 20th, 2008: "Worn down by thousands of rockets fired from the nearby Gaza Strip, an estimated one-seventh of the people of this Israeli town [Sderot] have fled. Many more say they would go if they could. The mayor says life here has become 'impossible.' [NP] This is all welcome news to Gaza's islamic militants, who say their goal is to turn Sderot into a ghost town. [....] Last week alone, Israeli fire killed at least 30 Palestinians, mostly armed militants, and rocket barrages continued unabated. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article, p A14, S.L.P.D., 01/20/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Molucca Sea - January 20th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 20:26:06 (UTC) on Sunday, January 20th, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 2.348°N, 126.916°E; Depth 41.9 km (26.0 miles)] has been located @ MOLUCCA SEA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mka2.php] - [01/22/08]

2008 - Sun in Aquarius - January 21st, 2008: "Reported date when the Sun entered the constellation Aquarius." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200801.html]

2008 - Fuel Cutoff / Gaza City - January 21st, 2008: "Israeli fuel cutoff [01/20/08] sends Gaza City into darkness" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/21/08]

2008 - Ethnic Fighting / Kenya - January 21st, 2008: "Ethnic fighting rages on in Kenya" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/21/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Fallujah, Iraq - January 21st, 2008: "Suicide bomber, 13, strikes [01/20/08] in Fallujah [killing at least 3 people and wounding 8]" [Based on: Title for Washington Post article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/21/08]

2008 - Postponed Again / Presidential Election, Lebanon - January 21st, 2008: "BEIRUT, LEBANON / Presidential election is postponed again" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A10, S.L.P.D., 01/21/08]

2008 - Devouring Mississippi River Delta / Appetite for Oil, U.S.A. - January 21st, 2008: "[....] The delta [Mississippi River delta], formed by the accumulation of the Mississippi River's upstream mud over thousands of years, is a shadow of what it was 100 years ago. Since the 1930s, a fifth of the 10,000-square-mile delta has turned into open water, decreasing the delta's economic and ecologic value by as much as $15 billion a year, according to Louisiana State University studies. [....] But many scientists say the oil industry's 10,000 miles of canals - enough to stretch nearly halfway around the world - and the drilling they supported played a decisive role. Some scientists say drilling caused half of the land loss, or about 1,000 square miles. [NP] 'The whole thing was manifest destiny written large on a marshy landscape,' said John Day, an LSU professor emeritus who specializes in delta ecologies. [....] R. Eugene Turner, an LSU oceanographer, has calculated that every square mile of the delta is bounded on three sides by oil-canal ridges. Turner has spent more than 30 years studting the oil industry's footprint on the delta. [....] The damage doesn't stop with the canals. For example, U.S. Geological Survey scientists say the sucking out of the ground of so much oil and gas likely caused the land in many places to sink by half an inch a year. In oil's heydey 30 years ago, Louisiana's coastal wells pumped 360 million barrels a year, an eighth of what Saudi Arabia ships to the market today. [NP] The industry denies that drilling damaged the delta. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Appetite for oil is devouring delta, some experts say / Degradation of wetlands may have played a role in the destruction caused by Hurricane Katrina.) by Cain Burdeau, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/21/08]

2008 - Died / Heath Ledger - January 22nd, 2008: "Reportedly died this date in history: actor ["Brokeback Mountain"], Heath Ledger. He was 28. - D.R.D.

*Trivia: "An accidental overdose of medicines killed actor" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 02/07/08]

2008 - Avalanche Trivia / U.S.A. - January 22nd, 2008: "BIG SKY, MONTANA / 22nd victim [01/20/08] is killed in avalanche this season ['across the West since Dec. 2]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga - August 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 07:55:53 (UTC) on Tuesday, January 22nd, 2008. The magnitude 6.0 event [Location: 15.296°S, 175.320°W; Depth 35 km (21.7 miles) set by location program] was located @ TONGA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mmae.php] - [T.D. - 01/22/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Tonga - August 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 10:49:26 (UTC) on Tuesday, January 22nd, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 15.331°S, 175.664°W; Depth 40.5 km (25.2 miles) (poorly constrained)] was located @ TONGA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mmak.php] - [T.D. - 01/22/08]

2008 - Suicide Bomber / Hajaj, Iraq - January 22nd, 2008: "Suicide bomber [01/21/08] kills 18 at funeral in Iraq" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Trivia / Pregnancy & Caffein - January 22nd, 2008: "Study links over-caffeinated pregnancy, miscarriage rate / Despite findings, research on everall effect remains inconclusive." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for San Jose Mercury News article, by Barbara Feder Ostrov, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Agrees to Ease Gaza Blockade / Israel - January 22nd, 2008: "Israel agrees to ease blocade that darkened Gaza / Shipments of fuel, food and medical supplies will resume." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Israeli Warplanes / Southern Lebabon - January 22nd, 2008: "BEIRUT, LEBANON / Israeli warplanes draw fire ['the second time ... since a U.N.-brokered cease-fire ended a 34-day war ... in August 2006'] in southern Lebanon [01/21/08]" [Based on: News Services article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Long-Term Health Risks? / Food Poisoning - January 22nd, 2008: "Food poisoning may have long-term health risks / Kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes are showing up down the road, scientists say." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, by Lauran Neergaard, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Nias region, Indonesia - January 22nd, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 17:15:00 (UTC) on Tuesday, January 22nd, 2008. The magnitude 6.1 event [Location: 1.008°N, 97.293°E; Depth 56.1 km (34.9 miles)] was located @ NIAS REGION, INDONESIA ."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mmaw.php] - [T.D. - 01/22/08]

2008 - Landless Farmers Seize Drug Lord's Property / Brazil - January 22nd, 2008: "SAO PAULO, BRAZIL / Landless farmers [01/21/08] seize drug lord's property [forfeited 319-acre ranch of Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia - in the state of Rio Grande do Sul]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/22/08]

2008 - Pluto in Capricorn - January 23rd, 2008: "Reported date when Pluto entered the constellation Capricorn." [Based on: http://www2.bitstream.net/~bunlion/bpi/ephm/E200801.html]

*Trivia: "[....] In 2008, Jupiter will be in Capricorn all during the year, while Pluto will move into Capricorn on Janury 25, 2008 and then turn retrograde to go back into Sagittarius for another uncovering of important power issues on June 14, 2008. Again on September 8, 2008, Pluto turns direct at 28° 29' Sagittarius to make a b-line toward Capricorn and actually enter Capricorn on November 28, 2008 where it will stay until 2023. [NP] This long, extended stay of Pluto in Capricorn (2008 - 2023) will completely revise the power issues and issues of authority. The last time Pluto was in Capricorn was from 1762 to 1779, which included the founding of our country to gain the freedom against the oppression from the King of England. Now our power issues will once again reveal similar issues that were addressed with "taxation without representation", the War of Regulation from 1764 to 1771 against corrupt colonial officials, The Stamp and Sugar Act which tried violators in Admirally court where the defendants were considered guilty until they could prove their innocence. The Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights and Articles of the Constitution built from the Magma Carter written to set the parameters and rules of freedom and independence. We will find ourselves in the same boat of addressing the oppressive and corrupt power issues that have been used against people and to revolutionize the checks and balances required for the rightful use of power."

[Based on: last two paragraphs @ http://www.crystalinks.com/plutoincapricorn.html] - [T.D. - 02/01/08]

*Links: http://www.alphalifetrends.com/plutoincapricorn.html
              http://www.astro.com/swisseph/swephae.htm

2008 - Trivia / Enron Case - January 23rd, 2008: "The Supreme Court dealt a probable fatal blow Tuesday [01/22/08] to Enron Corp. investors' efforts to recover $40 billion from Wall Street banks in the 2001 collapse of the Texas energy company. [NP] Attorneys for shareholders immediately vowed to return to federal court in Houston in an attempt to prove that the investment banks misled the public and helped conceal Enron's true financial condition." [Based on: News Services article (ENRON / Court won't hear case), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 23rd, 2008: "Stocks fell for a fifth day on Tuesday [01/22/08] after the biggest Federal Reserve interest rate cut in 23 years failed to persuade investors the economy will avert a recession. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Biggest rate cut in 23 years does little to assuage fears), p. B5, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Sentenced / Jose Padilla - January 23rd, 2008: "A federal judge [Marcia G. Cooke] sentenced [date?] Jose Padilla to 17 years in prison for terrorism conspiracy, rejecting the life sentence urged by prosecutors. [....] Assistant U.S. Attorney John Shipley informed Cooke that the government objected to the sentences as too lenient and would appeal." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Judge gives Padilla 17-year sentence), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Writedowns / Wachovia Corp. - January 23rd, 2008: "Wachovia Corp., the nation's fourth-largest bank, on Tuesday [01/22/08] said its profit fell 98 percent to the lowest since 2001 on writedowns for bad loans and mortgage-backed securities. [....] Wachovia recorded $1.7 billion of writedowns companywide. [....]." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Wachovia profits drop over writedowns), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Interest Rate Cuts / U.S.A. - January 23rd, 2008: "[....] Before financial markets opened Tuesday [01/22/08], the Federal Reserve, in an emergency meeting, cut its benchmark federal funds rate by 0.75 percentage points to 3.5 percent and the discount rate, the interest the Fed charges banks directly, also by 0.75 percentage point, to 4 percent. It was the widest cut since 1990. [....] The problem? Consumer debt has overtaken disposable income in the last five years, and it will take some time for consumers to pay off the debt. Total household debt is nearing $13 trillion, or 125 percent of disposable income. [....] After the technology bust of 2000 and the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, sent Wall Street into a deep bear market, the market took several years to turn around - and at that time, Americans had something sure, something physical, to put their money and confidence in: their homes. [NP] That economic pillar, which helped support spending, has cracked. People who took out giant mortgages with tiny down payments, or who used their homes' value to borrow money, no longer have the security of rising home equity amid a slumping housing market." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (Fed takes emergency action; long-term prognosis unclear / 0.75 point cut * Interest rate reductions expected to ease squeeze on consumers. / Cautionary note * Expert warns that remedy may be 'cure for the wrong disease.' - The Associated Press contributed to this report.) by Jerri Stroud, p A1 & A8, 01/23/08]

2008 - On the Run? / Al-Qaida in Iraq - January 23rd, 2008: "A top U.S. military commander in Iraq [Army Maj. Gen Mark P. Hertling] said Tuesday [01/22/08] that U.S. troops have al-Qaida on the run but will never completely be finished chasing them 'because they may always come back.' [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Al-Qaida's on the run but not wiped out, genera; says), p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Threaten Afghan Pullout / Canada - January 23rd, 2008: "Canadians threaten [01/22/08] Afghan pullout barring more NATO help in Kandahar / Refusal by some Europeans to deploy in south creates rift among allies." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Record Foreclosures / California - January 23rd, 2008: "A record 31,676 Californians lost their homes to foreclosure in the three months ended Dec. 31, the third-straight quarter of record-breaking foreclosures, records released Tuesday [01/22/08] show. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Foreclosures again set record in California), p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - New U.N. Sanctions Drafted for Iran - January 23rd, 2008: "New U.N. sanctions are drafted for Iran [01/22/08]" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A12, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Cure for Diabetes? / Stomach Surgery - January 23rd, 2008: "CHICAGO / Stomach surgery [stomach band surgery] seen as diabetes cure, study ['according to Australian researchers'] says" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]

2008 - Exhumed / Children of Czar Nickolas II? - January 23rd, 2008: "Preliminary results of genetic analysis carried out on the remains discovered in the Ural Mountain in July 2007 show they belong to the last Russian czar's children, the region's chief forensic expert said Tuesday. [NP] The remains of a boy and a young woman were exhumed near Yekaterinburg, where Czar Nickolas II, his wife, their four daughters and son, and several servants, were shot by the Bolsheviks in 1918. They are believed to be Nicholas II's heir, Alexis, and daughter Maria. [....] Remains of the czar and family members were also discovered near Yekaterinburg in 1991. They were authenticated and buried in the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg in 1998, although forensic examination results have been challenged since then. The Russian Orthodox Church, which has cononized the murdered Romanov family, called the 1998 burial 'a political show.' " [Based on: News Services article (YEKATERINBURG, RUSSIA / Tests confirm remains are of czar's children), p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/23/08]"

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 24th, 2008: "Stocks rallied on Wednesday [01/23/08] the most in two months on speculation lower borrowing costs and a plan to bail out bond insurers will restore confidence in the financial system. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Lower borrowing costs, bond bailout help boost shares), p. C3, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Raises Outlook / Pfizer Inc. - January 24th, 2008: "Shares of Pfizer Inc. rose 2.8 percent Wednesday [01/23/08] after the world's largest drug maker reported fourth-quarter results that beat Wall Street expectations and raised its outlook for the year. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Pfizer beats estimates, raises outlook), p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Fatal Explosion / Mosul, Iraq - January 24th, 2008: "A thunderous blast tore through a vacant apartment building in northern Iraq on Wednesday [01/23/08], killing at least 17 civilians and wounding more than 130 in adjacent houses just minutes after the Iraqi army arrived to investigate tips about a weapons cache. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Blast in Mosul kills 17 Iraqis, wounds 130 / Explosion levels building moments after Iraqi army arrives.), p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

*Trivia: "[....] No soldiers were among the 36 killed or 224 wounded in the explosion. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Mosul could become key battleground for al-Qaida in Iraq), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

*Trivia: "Gadafi's son is said to be behind explosion in Mosul / Sunni security chief cites son of Libyan leader in blast that killed 38, wounded 225." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Robert H. Reid, p A14, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Initial reports said 34 people died in the blast, but an Iraqi Red Crescent Society report released over the weekend said 60 actually had been killed. [....]" [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Budget Deficit - January 24th, 2008: "[....] Lawmakers learned during the day that the government's deficit already would swell to $250 billion this year because of falling corporate tax revenues - then they signaled they were willing to balloon it higher by more than $100 billion with a stimulus package [NP] The federal deficit, which has been dropping in recent years, could reach $379 billion for 2008 - more than twice last year's red ink - once the costs of the economic rescue measures are factored in, according to House Budget Committee Chairman John Spratt Jr., D-S.C. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Lawmakers, White House work on plan to jolt the economy / Stimulus package would give rebates to taxpayers but swell federal deficit.) by Andrew Taylor, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

*Links: http://www.tomdispatch.com/post/174884

2008 - Big Dig Settlement / Boston - January 24th, 2008: "BOSTON / Big Dig settlement ['over a fatal tunnel collapse'] will cost $450 million" [Based on: News Services article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Profit Increase / ConocoPhillips - January 24th, 2008: "Oil prices drive up ConocoPhillips / A profit increase of 37 percent is recorded for the fourth quarter." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Targeting Schools? / The Taliban - January 24th, 2008: "Taliban are said to be targeting schools" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Mass Grave? / Kassel, Germany - January 24th, 2008: "At least 40 bodies found in a mass grave in the central Germany city of Kassel could be the remains of slave laborers from a Nazi armaments factory, a city official said Wednesday [01/23/08]. [....] According to preliminary examinations by the coroners' office, the corpses are from 50 to 100 years old." [Based on: News Services article (BERLIN / Mass grave believed to be of Nazi slave laborers), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Palestinian Exodus / Gaza to Egypt  - January 24th, 2008: "On foot, in cars and in donkey carts, tens of thousands of Gazans flooded into Egypt on Wednesday [01/23/08] through a border fence blown up by militants - puncturing a gaping hole in Israel's airtight closure of the Gaza Strip and giving a boost to Hamas. [....] Hamas did not take responsibility for a series of explosions that destroyed the fence, but it seemed unlikely the systematic operation could have happened without its approval, if not active involvement. [....] Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said he told his border officials to let the Palestinians cross because they were 'starving' under the Israeli blockade. [NP] However, not only have there been no cases of starvation reported, but there are no claims of starvation from officials or aid workers, and none is visible to anyone who lives or works in Gaza. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Gazans pour into Egypt after fence is blown up / Gaping hole breaches Israel's tight closure of border, gives boost to Hamas.) by Ibrahim Barzak, p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Earnings Decline / First Banks Inc. - January 24th, 2008: "First Banks Inc. said Wednesday [01/23/08] that its earnings fell 78 percent to $3.3 million in the fourth quarter as the bank holding company struggled with the decline in the real estate market and a shrinking net interest margin. For the year, earnings were down 49 percent to $57.2 million. [....]" [Based on: Article  (FIRST BANKS / Weaker profit reported), p C2, S.L.P.D., 01/24/08]

2008 - Suit to Block GM Crop / Sugar Beets - January 24th, 2008: "Suit filed [01/23/08] to block biotech crop / Activists want more tests on the genetically modified sugar beets." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for St. Louis Post-Dispatch article by Rachel Meicer, p C2, 01/24/08]

2008 - Remaining in Bankruptcy / Solutia Inc. - January 24th, 2008: "Credit crisis is costing Solutia its solution / FINANCING FALLS APART * $2 billion proposal has become too much for potential lenders. / COMPANY WILL REMAIN IN BANKRUPTCY * After four years and a major reorganization, Solutia hoped to get out." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for St. Louis Post-Dispatch article by Rachel Meicer, p C1, 01/24/08]

2008 - Still Global Sales Leader / General Motors - January 24th, 2008: "GM retains title of global sales leader / GM * Says it sold 9,369.524 vehicles, a 3 percent increase. / TOYOTA * Rounded to 9.37 million, but final number is 9.366 million." [Based on: Title & Subtitles for Detroit Free Press article by Katie Merx, p C2, 01/24/08]

*Trivia: "Toyota said it sold 9.37 million vehicles worldwide in 2007, which may have been enough to put it ahead of General Motors Corp. in the race for the 'world's biggest automaker,' a title GM has held for 76 years. [NP] GM has not yet [01/10/08] given its annual sales tally but earlier estimated 2007 sales would come to 9.3 million vehicles." [Based on: Article (Toyota may have overtaken GM last year), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/11/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 25th, 2008: "Stocks staged their biggest two-day rally since November on Thursday [01/24/08] after Xerox Corp. and Lockheed Martin Corp. reported profit that topped analysts' estimates and lawmakers agreed on a plan to pay tax rebates to families. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Deal on tax rebates drives market to rally for second day), p. B9, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Corporate Debt / U.S.A. - January 25th, 2008: "[....] The credit-rating agency said the ratio of 'distressed' corporate debt to all speculative-grade debt jumped to 11.1 percent in January from 6.1 percent in December. The percentage this month is the highest since September 2003. [....]" [Based on: article (CORPORATE DEBT / Volume hits 4-year high), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Home Security Trivia / Britain - January 25th, 2008: "[....] Home Security Jacqui Smith's plan would increase the limit for detaining suspects without charge to 42 days from 28 days and urge judges to impose stiffer sentences on criminals whose offences are linked to terrorism. [....] Opponents of the changes - including Britain's chief prosecutor - claim no evidence has been produced to support an extension of detention limits." [Based on: A.P. article (Britain plans tougher laws on terrorism), p A13, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - The Arms Trade / Booming Business - January 25th, 2008: "No military contractor in America delivers more bang for less buck than the Boeing Co. weapons plant in St. Charles [Mo.]. For a mere $20,000, Boeing's thrifty workers will provide you with an easy-to-assemble tail fin kit and a GPS guidance system that will turn your 2,000-pound dumb bomb into a 'Joint Direct Attack Munition' that can land within four feet of where you aim it. [....] [NP] No more messy carpet bombing. Assuming you've picked the right target, much less messy collateral damage, too. No more sending your planes on low-level bombing runs through flak-and SAM-filled skies. Boeing's JDAM's have proved their value time and again against targets in Iraq and Afghanistan. [NP] But now the question is whether the United States should sell hundreds of JDAM kits along with bombs to Saudia Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and other countries in the Middle East. Israel, too, has expressed an interest in acquiring up to 10,000 JDAM kits, raising the specter of the next Middle East war being waged with preceision munitions assembled in St. Charles, Mo., U.S.A. [....] In October, 188 House members signed a letter to Mr. Bush asking for a guarantee that JDAM sales to Saudi Arabia would not harm U.S. interests in the region or 'undercut Israel's qualitative military advantage.' Under the Arms Control Act, Congress' options in trying to block such a sale are limited. Opponents would have to mount a hurry-up effort to pass a resolution against it and then be prepared to override any presidential veto. [....] The JDAM kits are just the latest proposed weapons sales to the Middle East. The administration previously notified Congress that it was contemplating selling helicopters to Bahrain; Patriot missles and maintenance service for F/A-18 attack fighters to Kuwait; armored personnel carriers, Humvees and airborne surveillance systems to Saudi Arabia; and Hellfire missles, Patriot missle systems, laser-guided bombs and used Hawkeye surveillance planes to the United Arab Emirates. [NP] No doubt, the sales would lessen the United States' trade deficit; some of the money we ship overseas to pay for oil would come back. And no doubt the business would be good for Boeing and the St. Charles economy. But whether these sales are in the long-term strategic interests of this nation is a matter that deserves considerably more discussion." [Based on: Opinion Page article (OUR VIEW / The Arms Trade - Booming business), p C12, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 01/25/08]

2008 - Forced to Resign / Prime Minister, Italy - January 25th, 2008: "Twenty months after it came to power, the Italian government fell late Thursday [01/24/08] when Prime Minister Romano Prodi lost a vote of confidence in Parliament and was forced to resign. [....] He faced almost three dozen confidence votes before finally losing the latest one in a 161-156 vote. [....] Silvo Berlusconi, Italy's richest man and the former prime minister unseated by Prodi in the most recent election, in April, 2006, is eager to return to power. Polls show he would win an election held now." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Italy's prime minister is forced to resign after weeks of political fighting), p A13, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Key Al-Qaida Battleground / Mosul, Iraq - January 25th, 2008: "[....] Al-Qaida and its supporters would find themselves without a major base of operations if ousted from Iraq's third-largest city, which occupies transport crossroads between Baghdad, Syria and other points. [....] Al-Qaida first started to lose its footholds in the western Anbar province after Sunni tribes turned against them and joined the U.S.-led fight. The military successes then began to pile up in Baghdad and other central regions - forcing many insurgents to seek new havens in the north. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Mosul could become key battleground for al-Qaida in Iraq), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Arabic Version / Holocaust Memorial Website - January 25th, 2008: "Israel's Holocaust memorial launched an Arabic version of its website Thursday [01/24/08] - including vivid photos of Nazi atrocities and video of survivors' testimony - to combat Holocaust denial in the Arab and Muslim world. [....] Last March, a poll showed that 28 percent of Israel's Arab citizens did not believe the Holocaust happened, and that among high school and college graduates, the figure was even higher - 33 percent. [NP] The poll, conducted by Sami Smoocha, a sociologist at the University of Haifa, surveyed 721 Arabs and had a margin of error of 3.7 percentage points. [....] The site also includes chapters about Albanian and Turkish Muslims who risked their lives to save Jews during World War II, a film that documents a recent joint visit of Jews and Arabs to the Auschwitz death camp and a 25-minute video address by Prince Hassan of Jordan. [NP] 'All the children of Abraham feel a sense of enormous distress at the Holocaust, which afflicted one of the branches of our interlinked family,' he said in Arabic." [Based on: A.P. article (Holocaust memorial launches website in Arabic / Israeli site seeks to counter denials in Muslim world of the Holocaust.) by Aron Heller, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Near Wiretapping Immunity? / U.S. Phone Companies - January 25th, 2008: "In a victory for the administration, the Senate on Thursday [01/24/08] blocked legislation that would have cleared the way for lawsuits against phone companies that have cooperated with a warrantless wiretapping program authorized by President George W. Bush. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (Phone companies near immunity for wiretaps), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - Going Private / Clear Channel Communications Inc. - January 25th, 2008: "The Federal Communications Commission on Thursday formally approved  a $19.5 billion deal to take Clear Channel Communications Inc. private. [NP] Clear Channel, the nation's largest radio station operator, is being aquired by private-equity companies Bain Capital and Thomas H. Lee Partners. The FCC attached no conditions to the sale." [Based on: article (CLEAR CHANNEL / Company will go private), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2008 - International Security Advisory Board Chairman / Paul Wolfowitz - January 25th, 2008: "Former World Bank chief Paul Wolfowitz will head a high-level advisory panel on arms control and disarmament, the State Department said Thursday [01/24/08]. [....] Wolfowitz will become chairman of the International Security Advisory Board, which reports to the secretary of state. The panel is charged with supplying independent advice on arms control, disarmament, nonproliferation and related subjects. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Wolfowitz is tapped to lead arms panel), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/25/08]

2003 - Pluto / Capricorn - January 26th, 2008: Pluto at 0 degrees Capricorn; June 14th, R.; November 27th, D. ... 

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/2000/ae_2008.pdf

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 26th, 2008: "Stocks dropped Friday [01/25/08] for the first time in three days, led by financial companies on concern banks will be saddled with more credit-market losses and the Federal Reserve won't cut interest rates enough to stimulate growth. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Stocks drop over concern that the subprime crisis isn't over), p. A35, S.L.P.D., 01/26/08]

2008 - Died / Suharto, Indonesia - January 26th, 2008: "Brutal former dictator Suharto dies [01/26/08] at age 86" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

2008 - Car Bomb / Beirut, Lebanon - January 26th, 2008: "Blast [a car bomb - 01/25/08] kills terror investigator [Capt. Wissam Eid] / He looked into the assassination of prominent anti-Syrian figures in Lebanon." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A23, S.L.P.D., 01/26/08]

2008 - Fire / Monte Carlo Casino, Las Vegas - January 26th, 2008: "Smoke and flames rise from the Monte Carlo hotel-casino in Las Vegas Friday [01/25/08]. The fire halted gambling at the casino as it spread from the center of the building across the roof. No injuries were reported." [Based on: A.P. picture article, p A19, S.L.P.D., 01/26/08]

2008 - Trivia / ALBA - January 27th, 2008: "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez urged his Latin American allies on Saturday to begin withdrawing billions of dollars in international reserves from U.S. banks, warning of a looming U.S. economic crisis. [....] To help pool resources within the region, Chavez and other leaders launched a new development bank at the meeting of the Bolivian Alternative for the Nations of Our America, or ALBA." [Based on: News Services article (Chavez wants money taken out of U.S. banks), p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

2008 - Cyclone Gene / Fiji Islands - January 27th, 2008: "Tropical Cyclone Gene crashed through the Fiji Islands between January 27 and 29, 2008. The storm was large and well-formed as it passed through Fiji, bringing high winds and heavy rain throughout the entire chain. For a significant stretch of its passage through the islands, it was rated as a Category 2 storm. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14712&src=map]

2008 - South Carolina Democratic Primary - January 27th, 2008: "[....] With 93 percent of precincts reporting, Obama had 55 percent of the vote, Clinton had 27 percent and Edwards had 18 percent." [Based on: New York Times (Obama cruises to a big victory / Winning his second state puts him on an equal footing with Clinton.) article, p A1 & A11, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

2008 - Trivia / Taliban Leader, Pakistan - January 27th, 2008: "Taliban leader in Pakistan heads fighting force estimated at 40,000 / Baitullah Mehsud, a secretive mullah, is said to get money from al-Qaida." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article by Kathy Gannon, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

2008 - Falling to Earth / U.S. Spy Satellite - January 27th, 2008: "A large U.S. spy satellite has lost power and could hit the Earth in late February or early March, government officials said Saturday [01/26/08]. [NP] The satellite, which no longer can be controlled, could contain hazardous materials, and it is unknown where on the planet it might come down, they said. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because the information is classified as secret. It was not clear how long ago the satellite lost power, or under what circumstances. [NP] 'Appropriate government agencies are monitoring the situation,' said Gordon Johndroe, a spokesman for the National Security Council." [Based on: News Services article (Large U.S. spy satellite has lost power and will fall back to Earth), p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

2008 - In Custody / Rogue Trader, France - January 27th, 2008: "PARIS / Trader [Jerome Kerviel] who cost bank [Societe Generale] $7 billion is in custody [01/26/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article by Kathy Gannon, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/27/08]

*Trivia: "Societe Generale said Sunday [01/27/08] that a trader who evaded all its controls to bet $73.5 billion - more than the French bank's market worth - on European markets had hacked into computers and 'combined several fradulent methods' to cover his tracks, causing billions in losses. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Trader tried to conceal transactions, bank says / Positions exceeded capital of French bank.), p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - We're all on steroids - January 28th, 2008: "What's the big hullabaloo about atheletes taking steroids and growth hormones? The Food and Drug Administration has been force-feeding every man, woman and child in America steroids, bovine growth hormones, penicillin and antibiotics ever since Monsanto invented the technology and developed enough clout with the FDA to pillage the food supply of this nation at will. [NP] With no labels. [NP] I doubt if young atheletes ever have had a drink of milk in their baby bottles that wasn't laced with BGH. These young atheletes are the Round-Up Ready Generation. [NP] If any person is surprises that the FDA now is going to force feed us cloned meat - with no labeling - I suggest that he beam himself back to this planet for a refresher course on the workings of the FDA." [Based on: Opinion Page article (We're all on steroids) by Rick Reyering, p B8, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08] - [My brackets. NP = new paragraph. - D.R.D.]

2008 - Civil Unrest / Kenya - January 28th, 2008: "Mobs in Kenya battle police, slay tribal foes [01/27/08] / Ethnic turmoil after presidential election has cost nearly 800 lives in a month." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A9, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - Political Crisis / Lebanon - January 28th, 2008: "Arab foreign ministers on Sunday rejected Syria's demand that Hezbollah and its allies have greater representation in Lebanon's Cabinet, according to delegates at an emergency meeting in Cairo. [....] Lebanon is embroiled in its worst political crisis since the end of its 1975-90 civil war. Former President Emile Lahoud left office on Nov. 23 without a successor, and parliament has so far failed to elect someone to replace him amid bickering between the parliament majority and the opposition." [Based on: News Services article (Bid to boost Hexbollah in Lebanon is rejected), p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - Iraqi Troops / Mosul, Iraq - January 28th, 2008: "Iraqi troops arrive in Mosul for operations [01/27/08]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - Trivia / Ringing in the Ears - January 28th, 2008: "[....] Researchers at the University of Michigan have found that the nerve cells in and around the ears can cause you to feel you hear ringing when they're damaged. [....] The study is online in the European Journal of Neuroscience." [Based on: Health Notes article (Ringing in the ears? May be your nerves), p H2, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - Islamic Extremism? / Pakistan - January 28th, 2008: "[....] Privately, some senior U.S. military commanders say Pakistan's tribal areas are at the center of the fight against Islamic extremism; more so than Iraq, or even Afghanistan. These areas border on eastern Afghanistan and provide haven for al-Qaida and Taliban fighters to regroup, rearm and reorganize. [....] The number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan has grown over the past two years to 28,000 from about 20,000. That is the highest number of the war, which began in October 2001. The total is to jump by 3,200 this spring with a new influx of Marine reinforcements, including 2,200 combat troops who will bolster a NATO-led counterinsurgency force in the south. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Afghanistan, Pakistan get renewed emphasis in U.S. anti-terror war / Al-Qaida havens in border areas are a concern.) by Robert Burns, p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/28/08]

2008 - Sunspot 982 - January 29th, 2008: "At first, John Nassr thought there was "a smudge on the eyepiece" of his solar telescope, but it turned out to be a newly-emerging sunspot. "Sunspot 982 is growing rapidly," he reports. This photo from his backyard observatory in the Phillipines reveals two flamboyant magnetic filaments emerging from the spot's dark core. So far the active region poses no threat for solar flares. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=01&day=30&year=2008&view=view]

2008 - Snow / Greece - January 29th, 2008: "An unusual storm dumped snow on Athens, Greece, on January 29, 2008, reported Reuters. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14713&src=map]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 29th, 2008: "Stocks rose Monday [01/28/08], extending their first weekly gain of the year, after odds increased that the Federal Reserve will cut its benchmark lending rate by half a percentage point to prop up the economy. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Increased odds on another rate cut give stocks a boost), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Trivia / U.S. Economy - January 29th, 2008: "[....] Because housing construction and sales had been a stalwart of the economy in the first half of this decade, the recession in the housing market has greatly effected the overall economy. [....] Worries about a slowdown in economic growth have resulted in a decline in consumer spending, which makes up thirds of all U.S. economic activity. The slackening of consumer confidence may errode corporate spending and hiring, which will take even more steam out of the economic engine. [....] One wildcard in the equation is the role of exports. [NP] Because of the weakened condition of the U.S. dollar, export activity has been on an upswing. If this continues, it couild help prop up the overall economy. [....] 'While we expect anemic growth in the U.S. economy, we continue to see positive conditions for our sales in most of the rest of the world,' Chief Executive Jim Owens said in a statement." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Are we headed for a recession? / This week's reports should offer a clearer picture of where the nation's economy is and where it's headed. / Housing remains the biggest drag on the economy, and sales of new houses had their biggest drop [26.4 percent in 2007] since 1980.), pp B1 & B2, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

*Trivia: "[....] In 2006, Missouri exported merchandise valued at some $12.8 billion - more than double that of five years earlier. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (FREE TRADE / Exports are a key to strengthing the St. Louis economy) by Carlos M. Gutierrez, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. C7, 01/29/08]

2008 - Winter Storms / China - January 29th, 2008: "GUANGZHOU, CHINA / Winter weather ['storms began Jan. 10'] strands hundreds of thousands" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

*Trivia: "Though the days may be different, gathering with family and friends for major holidays is the same the world over. China’s biggest holiday, the Lunar New Year, prompts a mass migration (the largest on the planet, said BBC News) as tens of millions travel home. In 2008, however, travel proved nearly impossible. Snow storms closed roads and railroads across eastern, central, and southern China, reported BBC News. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14711&src=map]

2008 - Roadside Bomb / Mosul, Iraq - January 29th, 2008: "Blast [01/28/08] kills 5 U.S. soldiers in Mosul" [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p A7, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - State of the Union Address / U.S.A. - January 29th, 2008: "STATE OF THE UNION / Bush calls for mix of action, patience [01/28/08] / Bush urges Congress to pass stimulus bill, extend tax cuts, and people to give war time." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for New York Times article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - New Stroke Treatment  / Penumbra - January 29th, 2008: "[....] More than 700,000 Americans suffer a stroke each year, and more than 150,000 of them die. Survivors often face serious disability. [....]." [Based on: A.P. article (New device [Penumbra] can suck up blood clots in the brain - for the right patient / Treatment may help stroke victims if clot-busting drug [TPA] fails) by Lauran Neergaard, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Seeks Additional War Funds / White House - January 29th, 2008: "The White House will ask Congress next week for another $70 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, an amount that would help cover operational costs only until early next year when the next administration takes over. [....] President George W. Bush asked for more than twice that amount - $196.4 billion - to fuel combat operations this fiscal year. [NP] Democrats are still balking at that price tag. Of that nearly $200 billion budget, Congress has approved less than half - $70 billion for general operations and $16.8 billion for Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles. [....] Since 2001, Congress has approved some $700 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. If Bush's 2008 and 2009 requests are approved in their entirety, that amount would increase to roughly $876 billion. [....]." [Based on: A.P. article (White House seeks additional war funds / Pentagon says it needs $70 billion more to cover costs from end of 2008 fiscal year until the new administration takes over.), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Casino Buyout / Harrah's Entertainment Inc. - January 29th, 2008: "Harrah's Entertainment Inc. said its $17.1 billion acquisition closed as scheduled on Monday [01/28/08], marking the company's transition to private after the world's largest casino buyout. [NP] Harrah's agreed in December 2006 to be purchased by affiliatesof Texas Pacific Group and Apollo Global Management LP, and shareholders approved  the deal on April 5, 2007. [....] The world's largest gambling company by revenue, Harrah's took in nearly $10 billion  in 2006." [Based on: Article (HARRAH'S / Buyout is completed), p B2, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Senate Confirmation / U.S. Agriculture Secretary - January 29th, 2008: "WASHINGTON / Senate confirms [[01/28/08] new agriculture secretary [Edward Schafer]" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Senate Rejection / Wiretap Law Extension, U.S.A. - January 29th, 2008: "Senate rejects [48-45] wiretap law extension [01/28/08] / Pressure mounts to adopt a new bill that would protect phone companies." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A4, S.L.P.D., 01/29/08]

2008 - Wildfires / Texas - January 30th, 2008: "Wildfires sweeping across Texas again" [Based on: Title for News Services article, p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Problems / U.S. FDA - January 30th, 2008: "Hearing [01/29/08] highlights problems with FDA / Food and drug agency lacks funding, staff and even up-to-date computers, Congress is told." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Philadelphia Enquirer article, p A3, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Snow / Western U.S.A. - January 30th, 2008: "Snow and more snow play havoc out West [01/29/08] / 3 feet in Colorado as bitter cold grips Montana." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 30th, 2008: "Stocks rose for a second day Tuesday [01/29/08], led by banks and phone companies, on better-than-forecast durable goods orders and speculation that the nation's largest bond insurers will keep their credit ratings. [....]" [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Banks, phone shares ring up a rising stock market), p. D5, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Florida Primary / U.S.A. - January 30th, 2008: "FLORIDA PRIMARY [01/29/08] / McCain win adds a boost on way to Super Tuesday / REPUBLICANS: McCain - 36%; Romney - 31%; Giuliani - 15% / DEMOCRATS: Clinton - 50%; Obama - 33%; Edwards - 14% [....]." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Article, p A1, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Slain Politician / Kenya - January 30th, 2008: "Kenyan politician [Mugabe Were] is slain [01/29/08]; gang claims hit" [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Cyclone Gula / Indian Ocean - January 30th, 2008: "Cyclone Gula did not look like much of a cyclone on January 30, 2008. By this time, it was traveling southward near the islands of Mauritania and Reunion in the Indian Ocean. A disorganized ball of clouds over the Indian Ocean lacking any evident eye structure, the cyclone seemed little different from any band of storm clouds when seen from above. [....]"

[Based on: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=14716&src=map]

2008 - Solutia Settlement / St. Louis, Mo. - January 30th, 2008: "Town and Country-based Solutia Inc. has agreed to pay the Environmental Protection Agency approximately $3 million for the cleanup of contaminated chemical barrels that once polluted an industrial site at 42 Ferry Street, north of downtown St. Louis. [....] The settlement is subject to bankruptcy and federal court approvals. [....] Solutia inherited the liability from its former parent company, the old Monsanto Co. It was among several chemical companies that shipped dirty barrels to great Lakes Container Corp. for reconditioning from the mid-1970s until 1986, when Great Lakes closed the St. Louis site. [NP] Great Lakes, a notorious polluter in several cities, buried and dumped dirty barrels and the toxic sludge they contained. [NP] In a 1998 Superfund project budgeted at more than $5 million, the EPA cleaned up the St. Louis site. It then sought repayment from companies whose barrels were found there." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article (EPA will get $3 million for cleanup in St. Louis) by Rachel Melcer, p D6, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Won't Rule on Waterboarding / U.S. Attorney General - January 30th, 2008: "[....] In a letter to Senate Judiciary Chairman Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., Mukasey said he has finished a review and found that waterboarding, or simulated drowning, currently is not used by the spy agency. Therefore, he said, he will not rule on whether it is illegal." [Based on: News Services article (Mukasey won't rule on waterboarding), p A5, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Strong Earthquake / Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia - January 30th, 2008: "A strong earthquake occurred at 07::32::47 (UTC) on Wednesday, January 30th, 2008. The magnitude 6.2 event [Location: 7.324°S, 127.753°E; Depth 42.4 km (26.3 miles)] was located @ Region KEPULAUAN BARAT DAYA, INDONESIA."

[Based on: http://earthquakes.usgs.gov/eqcenter/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2008mval.php] - [T.D. - 02/02/08]

2008 - Market Report / U.S.A. - January 30th, 2008: "Stocks fell for the first time this week on Wednesday as concern that bond insurers guaranteeing $2.4 trillion in securities will lose AAA credit ratings erased a rally spurred by the Federal Reserve's half-point interest-rate cut." [Based on: Bloomberg News article (Bond insurer worries outweigh Fed's rate cut), p. D3, S.L.P.D., 01/30/08]

2008 - Sanctions Trivia / Gaza Strip - January 31st, 2008: "The Israeli Supreme Court on Wednesday [01/30/08] upheld the government's decision to slash fuel and electricity supplies to the Gaza Strip. [....]" [Based on: News Services article (JERUSALEM / Supreme Court upholds sanctions on Gaza Strip), p A6, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Lead Dust Settlement / U.S. EPA - January 31st, 2008: "Under a settlement reached in federal court, the Environmental Protection Agency has agreed to complete a long-delayed rule by March 31 requiring contractors remodeling older homes to take precautions to prevent the spread of poisonous lead dust. [....]" [Based on: Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau Chief article (EPA settles suit, agrees to issue rule on lead dust in home renovations), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Report Shouts Recession / U.S.A. - January 31st, 2008: "The U.S. economy expanded by a disappointingly weak 0.6 percent during the last three months of 2007, the government reported Wednesday, offering the latest indication that the United States is already suffering a substantial slowdown, and perhaps a recession. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Report shouts recession / Economy grew at half expected rate in 2007's last 3 months; annual rate slowest in 5 years.), p D1, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Nuclear Energy by Next Year? / Iran - January 31st, 2008: "President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran said in a speech Wednesday [01/30/08] that his country would produce nuclear energy by next year. [....] A senior official said the Bushehr plant was expected to be operational in October 2008. [....] Russia is helping Iran to build the plant and made the eighth and final delivery of its nuclear fuel this week. [....] Fayazbakhsh [Ahmad Fayazbakhsh] also said Wednesday that Iran is building a 360-megawatt power plant in Darkhovein, in the southern Khuzestan province, without help from any foreign contractors. The IRNA news agency quoted him as saying that the plant is expected to become operational in 2017. [NP] Some western nations and Israel have accused Iran of having a clandestine nuclear weapons program under the guise of a civilian nuclear program. Iran contends that its program is for peaceful purposes and will produce fuel for its nuclear plants." [Based on: New York Times article (Iran is expecting first nuclear plant online next year), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Israeli Report / Conduct of War in Lebanon - January 31st, 2008: "Saying Israel's 2006 conflict with Hezbollah in Lebanon 'ended without a clear victory,' the head of a government-appointed investigation on Wednesday [01/30/08] blamed top political and military officials for 'serious failures and shortcomings' in conducting the war. [....] 'Israel initiated a long war, which ended without its clear military victory. A semi-military organization of a few thousand men resisted, for a few weeks, the strongest army in the Middle East. ... The barrage of rockets aimed at Israel's civilian population lasted throughout the war,' he [Retired Supreme Court Justice Eliyahu Winograd] told reporters. [....]" [Based on: Cox News Services article (Israeli report criticizes conduct of war in Lebanon), p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Will Apologize for "Stolen Generations" / Australia - January 31st, 2008: "Australia will apologize [February 13th, 2008] for theft of children / Aborigines were taken from families from 1910 to 1970." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A8, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Today, there are about 450,000 Aborigines in Australia's population of 21 million. They are the country's poorest group, with the highest rates of jailing, unemployment and illiteracy. Their life expectancy is 17 years shorter than other Australians. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Australia apologizes to Aborigines / Prime Minister says past policies 'inflicted profound grief, suffering and loss.') by Rohan Sullivan, p A11, S.L.P.D., 02/13/08]

2008 - Mismanaged Accounting / Indian Funds, U.S.A. - January 31st, 2008: "[....] The suit, first filed in 1996 by Blackfeet Indian Elouise Cobell, claims the government has mismanaged more than $100 billion in oil, gas, timber and other royalties held in trust from Indian lands dating back to 1887. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Judge rules [01/30/08] 'a remedy must be found' in Indian lawsuit / The federal government mishandled billions and should settle the case, the court finds.), p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 - Immune From Liability / Army Corps of Engineers - January 31st, 2008: "KATRINA AFTERMATH / Judge rules [01/30/08] Army Corps of Engineers is immune from liability / A 1928 law derails class-action suit after judge says the Corps was negligent in levee breaches." [Based on: Title & Subtitle for A.P. article, p A2, S.L.P.D., 01/31/08]

2008 Calendar Months

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