"Rich vs. Poor" Health

     The following timeline was created to help illustrate how potential and/or cumulative influence and/or events can impact [for good or for bad] upon individual human health. In some places, bold type highlights were added for quick summary review. [- E.M.]

Pre-1945 / 1945 / 1980 / 2000 / 2009 / 2010 / 2011 / 2012 >

January 2012

2012 - 116 million in constant pain - January 19th, 2012: "Persistent pain that lasts weeks to years is an overlooked medical problem that affects more than 116 million people nationwide [U.S.A.] and needs to be the focus of a public health campaign, doctors told the New England Journal of Medicine." [Based on: Digest article (116 million in constant pain), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 01/19/12 and p. A11, S.L.P.D., 01/20/12]

2012 - Trivia / Mental Illness, U.S.A. - January 20th, 2012: "One in five adults in the U.S. had a mental illness in 2010, with people ages 18 to 25 having the highest rates, according to a national survey ['the Mental Health Services Administration's National Survey on Drug Use and Health, released Thursday']. [....] Among the highlights, people in the 50-plus age bracket had the lowest incidence of any mental illness (14.3 percent), while those ages 18 to 25 had the highest, at 29.9 percent. Women had higher rates than men: 23 percent versus 16.8 percent. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (20 percent of adults had mental illness in 2010), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 01/20/12]

2012 - It's best to avoid component in plastics, can liners, receipts - January 26th, 2011: "[...] There is another overlooked source of BPA. A different reader warns: 'BPA also coats the paper that many store receipts are printed on. It comes off on hands. Consumers should decline receipts, or handle them with care and wash their hands afterward. Children should never be allowed to handle these receipts.' Research has confirmed that register receipts often contain BPA that can be absorbed through the skin (Environmental Health Perspectives online, Jan. 1, 2012). [....]" [Based on: PEOPLE'S PHARMACY / Joe and Teresa Graedon article (It's best to avoid component in plastics, can liners, receipts), p. B2, S.L.P.D., 01/26/12]

2012 - Kids' brains benefit from praise - January 31st, 2011: "Kids' brains benefit from praise / WU study [Washington University, Mo.] reports that positive reinforcement may increase brain size." [Based on: Title for Article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 01/31/12]

February 2012

2012 - Chip allows implant to deliver medicine regularly - February 19th, 2012: "[...] Like pacemakers, defibrillators and other implantable electronic devices, the chips are controlled by radio waves in a dedicated medical frequency band. But instead of delivering an electric signal to the body, they deliver a chemical signal. [....]" [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Chip allows implant to deliver medicine regularly), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 02/19/12]

2012 - FDA warnings on statins - February 29th, 2012: "FDA warnings on statins ['about risks of memory loss and elevated blood sugar']" [Based on: Title (and text) for Digest article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 02/29/12]

March 2012

2012 - FDA ordered to act - March 24th, 2012: "A federal court judge has ordered the Food and Drug Administration to take action on its own 35-year-old rule that would stop farmers from mixing widely used antibiotics into animal feed, a practice that has led to a surge in dangerous, drug-resistant bacteria. In 1977, the FDA concluded that the overuse of antibiotics in livestock, poultry and other animals weakened the treatment's effectiveness in humans." [Based on: Digest article (FDA ordered to act), p. A19 S.L.P.D., 03/24/12]

2012 - WU will be focus of novel effort - March 26th, 2012: "[...] The five-year study, expected to cost at least $30 million, will focus on a unique group of subjects who have an inherited gene mutation that makes it certain they will contract the disease. Researchers identified these individuals through family members with the same mutation, which causes early onset Alzheimer's, a rare form of the disease that often takes hold about age 45. [...] The pharmaceutical industry views Alzheimer's as potentially a huge market, especially given the nation's aging population. As many as 5 million Americans have Alzheimer's, according to the Centers for Deisease Control and Prevention, which identifies the disease as one of the leading causes of death in the United States. [NP] Drugmakers have spent decades and vast sums of money conducting research and development into neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's. But most all of their drug trials have failed. [...] Contrary to popular belief, Alzheimer's is not part of the normal aging process. Although gradual, it progresses more rapidly than natural aging. And when brain cells die it causes dementia. [... .]" [Based on: Article (WU will be focus of novel effort / Universities and drugmakers to collaborate on a project to attack the debilitating disease.), pp. A1-A5, S.L.P.D., 03/26/12]

2012 - 'Pink slime' production suspended - March 27th, 2012: "The maker of 'pink slime' suspended operations Monday at all but one plant where the beef ingredient is made, acknowledging recent public uproar over the product has cost the company business. [NP] Craig Letch, director of food quality and assurance for Beef Products Inc., said business has taken a 'substantial' hit since social media exploded with worry over the ammonia-treated filler and an online petition seeking its ouster from schools drew hundreds of thousands of supporters. The Department of Agriculture has decided school districts may stop using it, and some retail chains have pulled products containing it." [Based on: NATIONAL DIGEST article ('Pink slime' production suspended), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 03/27/12]

2012 - Cancer research focuses on cell protein - March 29th, 2012: "Cancer research focuses on cell protein [CD47] / New approach may help get defender cells in patients to fight against cancers, researchers believe." [Based on: Title (and text) for Los Angeles Times article b7 Eryn Brown, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 03/29/12]

2012 - Autism rate rises to 1 in 88 children in U.S. - March 30th, 2012: "Autism cases continue to rise in the U.S., where 1 in 88 children has been diagnosed with the disorder by age 8, according to figures released Thursday [03/29/12]. [....]" [Based on: Article (Autism rate rises to 1 in 88 children in U.S. / That is up from former estimate of 1 in 110; Missouri's rate is put even higher - at 1 in 72.), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 03/30/12]

April 2012

2012 - Air rules established for gas well 'fracking' / U.S.A. - April 19th, 2012: "[...] Beginning in 2015, all fracked wells will be required to use 'green completions.' [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Air rules established for gas well 'fracking' / EPA regulations target particles that increase the risk of cancer; the same equipment would also capture methane.), p. A9, S.L.P.D., 04/19/12]

2012 - U.S. confirms case of mad cow disease - April 25th, 2012: "The incident [confirmed by USDA 04/24/12] is the first case of the disease found in California - and the first detected in the United States since 2006. [...] The company [Baker Commodities] has 21 plants across the United States that convert animal byproducts into pet food, poultry feed and tallow, used in soaps, paints and cosmetics. The company advertises that it provides 'dead stock removal' for dairy cows and cattle. [...] 'For years, Consumers Union has been trying to get the USDA to test more cows each year,' said Elisa Odabashian, a director of Consumers Union, the advocacy arm of Consumer reports. 'Only 40,000 cows a year - of millions of millions slaughtered - are tested. We don't know if this is an isolated, unusual event - or if they are not finding it because they are not looking. There very well may be more beef that has this disease.' " [Based on: San Jose Mercury News article (U.S. confirms case of mad cow disease / Public is not at risk, officials say, but industry ferars setback.), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 04/25/12]

May 2012

2012 - Number of addicted babies skyrockets / U.S.A. - May 1st, 2012: "[...] Addicted babies - many suffering from respiratory problems, low birth weight and seizures - have nearly tripled [U.S.A.] in less than a decade. [NP] That's one baby every hour in the U.S., according to the study in the journal of the American Medical Association, said Stephen Patrick, lead author and a doctor at the University of Michigan Medical Center's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. [....]" [Based on: Detroit Free Press article (Number of addicted babies skyrockets / Report blame increased use of prescription painkillers, fivefold jump in mothers using opiates.), p. A19, S.L.P.D., 05/01/12]

2012 - Health care fraud / U.S.A. - May 8th, 2012: "[...] At 17 percent of America's domestic product, health care is as big and complex a business as there is, and most of its constituent parts operate honestly. But there's so much money in play that would-be criminals seem endlessly creative and resourseful. Estimates of the annual cost of health care fraud range from $60 billion to $90 billion. [NP] The enforcement work of the Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program has returned an average of $5.10 for every $1 spent since 1997, and the ratio has increased in recent years. [NP] Those are rich dividends." [Based on: Opinion Page article (White-coat crime / Our view - Health care fraud is a big - and sleazy - business.), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 05/08/12]

2012 - Health care for all is gaining steam abroad - May 14th, 2012: "Health care for all is gaining steam abroad / Many nations are pushing for guaranteed coverage, even as the debate over issue continues in U.S." [Based on: Title for Tribune Washington Bureau article by Noam N. Levy, p. A5, S.L.P.D., 05/14/12]

June 2012

2012 - Links between stress and dementia, Altzheimer’s investigated - June 26th, 2012: "[...] This is not the first time a link between dementia and stress has come under scrutiny. 'A Swedish study that followed nearly 1,500 women for a period of 35 years found the risk of dementia was about 65% higher in women who reported repeated periods of stress in middle age than in those who did not,” reported the BBC.' [...] “Chronic stress is known to increase the risk of a number of illnesses – including heart disease, cancer and type-2 diabetes,” pointed out NetDoctor. And a recent study found that psychological distress is associated with an increased risk of death from a stroke, reported The Huffington Post. [....]" [Based on: The Periscope Post article (Links between stress and dementia, Altzheimer’s investigated / Stress has already been associated with cancer and heart disease – is it also linked to dementia?), 26 June 2012]

*Link: http://www.periscopepost.com/2012/06/links-between-stress-and-dementia-altzheimers-investigated/

July 2012

2012 - Evidence shows that blue light from electronic screens can contribute to insomnia - July 15th, 2012: "Can't sleep? Ditch the iPad / Evidence shows that blue light from electronic screens can contribute to insomnia." [Based on: Title for Chicago Tribune article by Monica Eng, p A6, S.L.P.D., 07/15/12]

2012 - Mysterious nodding disease hits Ugandans - July 30th, 2012: "[...] Ugandan officials say about 3,000 children in the east African country suffer from the affliction. Some caregivers even tie nodding-syndrome children up to trees so the caregivers don't have to monitor them every minute of the day. [...] Researchers are focusing on the connection between nodding syndrome and the parasite that causes river blindness. Dowell [Scott Dowell, director of CDC's Division of Global Disease Detection and Emergency Response] said, though it is not yet clear there are any links." [Based on: A.P. article (Mysterious nodding disease hits Ugandans), p A8, S.L.P.D., 07/30/12]

August 2012

2012 - Health cost crisis / U.S.A. - August 5th, 2012: "Health cost crisis called 'close to the cliff' / Nearly all of the nation's economic growth in recent years has gone to offset increased spending on care." [Based on: Title for Milawaukee Journal Sentinel article by Guy Boulton, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 08/05/12]

December 2012

2012 - Antioxidants in green tea seem to help body brace against cancer - December 6th, 2012: "Antioxidants in green tea seem to help body brace against cancer / Brew is credited with lowering risk of disease of pancreas, colon, stomach and more." [Based on: Title (and text) for The Sacramento Bee (MCT) article by Drs. Kay Judge & Maxine Barish-Wreden, p. B7, S.L.P.D., 12/06/12]

2012 - Experimental treatment rids Pennsylvania girl of leukemia - December 12th, 2012: "Experimental treatment rids Pennsylvania girl of leukemia / Technique used genetically modified version of her own cells for treatment." [Based on: Title for Centre Daily Times (State College Pa.) article by Heather Hottle, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 12/12/12]

January 2013

2013 - Settlement reached by sisters who claimed drug caused their cancer - January 10th, 2013: "Four sisters who claimed their breast cancer was caused by a drug their mother took during pregnancy in the 1950s reached a settlement with Eli Lilly and Co. in the first of scores of similar claims around the country [U.S.A] to go to trial. [....]" [Based on: DIGEST article (Settlement reached by sisters who claimed drug caused their cancer), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 01/10/13]

2013 - Fecal transplants cure serious infection in study - January 18th, 2013: "Fecal transplants cure serious infection in study / Washington U. [St. Louis, Mo.] doctors had already been working to offer the treatment." [Based on: Title for Article by Cynthia Billhartz Gregorian, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 01/18/13]

http://www.stltoday.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/study-fecal-transplants-cure-serious-infection/article_d2c69d21-ad6f-5099-8639-8fd777f14c79.html

2013 - Digital data can be stored in DNA, research finds - January 27th, 2013: "Digital data can be stored in DNA, research finds" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Malcolm Ritter, p. A26 S.L.P.D., 01/27/13]

February 2013

2013 - Landfill odor / St. Louis, Missouri - February 16th, 2013: "Landfill odor [Bridgeton, Missouri] is not a health threat, says DNR, but ... / Concerns remain about benzene and nearby radioactive waste dump." [Based on: Title for Article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 02/16/13]

2013 - The Fed's not-so-golden rule - February 28th, 2013: "RICHMOND, VA. - A display case in the lobby of the Federal Reserve Bank here might express humility. The case holds a 99.9 percent pure gold bar weighing 401.75 troy ounces. Minted in 1952, when the price of gold was $35 an ounce, the bar was worth about $14,000. In 1978, when this bank acquired the bar, the average price of gold was $193.40 an ounce and the bar was worth $78,000. Today, with gold selling for around $1,600 an ounce, it is worth about $642,800. If the Federal Reserve's primary mission is to preserve the currency as a store of value, displaying the gold bar is an almost droll declaration: 'Mission unaccomplished.' [...] The Fed, born in 1913, is now the largest buyer of 30-year Treasury securities. And it, not Congress, which supposedly controls the government's purse strings, funds the $447.7 million Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which is headed by a person not lawfully in office. (Richard Cordray was installed by Obama by a process that a court has recently ruled amounts to a spurious 'recess' appointment made to vitiate the Senate's power to advise and consent to presidential appointments.) So before blowing out the 100 candles on the Fed's birthday cake, consider the perverse result of current Fed policy: Although money is promiscuously printed to keep interest rates low, credit is tight as money flows toward high-return assets. Such as gold." [Based on: The Washington Post article (The Fed's not-so-golden rule) by George Will, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 02/28/13]

March 2013

2013 - Radioactive waste may move to New Mexico - March 7th, 2013: "Federal officials are looking to ship some 3 million gallons of radioactive waste from Washington state to New Mexico, giving the government more flexibility to deal with leaking tanks at Hanford Nuclear Reservation, officials said Wednesday. The Department of Energy said its preferred plan would ultimately dispose of the waste in a massive repository - called the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - near Carlsbad, N.M. where radioactive materials are buried in rooms excavated in vast salt beds nearly a half-mile underground." [Based on: DIGEST article (Radioactive waste may move to New Mexico), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 03/07/13]

2013 - Austerity cuts lead to surge in suicide - March 31st, 2013: "Austerity cuts [Europe] lead to surge in suicide" [Based on: Title for A.P. article by Maria Cheng, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 03/31/13]

June 2013

2013 - Genetically modified feed has ill effects on pigs, study says - June 12th, 2013: "Genetically modified feed has ill effects on pigs, study ['published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Organic Systems'] says" [Based on: Title for Article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 06/12/13]

August 2013

2013 - Bacteria in gum disease point to Alzheimer's - August 1st, 2013: "Bacteria in gum disease [Porphyromonas gingivalis] point to Alzheimer's / Evidence is found in four of 10 samples of tissue from patients." [Based on: Title (and text) for Bloomberg News article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 08/01/13]

2013 - Study finds breast-feeding boosts kids' intelligence - August 1st, 2013: "Study finds breast-feeding boosts kids' intelligence / Research is one of the largest to examine role." [Based on: Titlefor Bloomberg News article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 08/01/13]

2013 - Financial squeeze can be a drag on brain - August 30th, 2013: "[...] The idea is that financial stress monopolizes thinking, making other calculations slower and more difficult, much like the effects of going without sleep for a night. [N.P.] And the money-and-brain crunch applies, albeit to a smaller degree, to about 100 million Americans who face financial squeezes, say the team of economists and pyschologists who wrote the study published in today's issue of the journal Science. [...] 'For a long time we've been blaming the poor for their own failings,' Zhao [study co-author Jiaying Zhao] said. 'We're arguing something very different.' " [Based on: A.P. article (Financial squeeze can be a drag on brain / Worried about paying your bills? That may cost you some IQ points, study finds.), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 08/30/13]

September 2013

2013 - Study: Right gut bacteria might help fight obesity - September 6th, 2013: "Study: Right gut bacteria ['from a family named Bacteroidetes'] might help fight obesity / WU researchers transplanted germs from fat people, saw mice gain weight." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 09/06/13]

2013 - Richest 1 percent earn biggest share since 1920s / U.S.A. - September 11th, 2013: "[...] The very wealthiest Americans earned more than 19 percent of the country's household income last year  [2012] - their biggest share since 1928, the year before the stock market crash. And the top 10 percent captured a record 48.2 percent of the total earnings last year [2012]. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Richest 1 percent earn biggest share since 1920s) by Paul Wiseman, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 09/11/13]

*Links: http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/top-percent-record-share-2012-us-income-20213135

2013 - CDC wants action on drug-resistant bacteria in U.S. - September 17th, 2013: "More than 2 million Americans develop antibiotic-resistant infections each year and about 23,000 die as a result, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention." [Based on: McCLATCHY WASHINGTON BUREAU article (CDC wants action on drug-resistant bacteria in U.S.), p. A17, S.L.P.D., 09/17/13]

2013 - Daily exposure to chemicals is pregnancy danger - September 24th, 2013: "Daily exposure to chemicals is pregnancy danger / Report urges doctors to counsel patients to avoid some substances." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A21, S.L.P.D., 09/24/13]"

http://washington.cbslocal.com/2013/09/24/report-pregnant-us-women-exposed-to-daily-environmental-chemical-risks/

October 2013

2013 - 'Poop pill' treats painful intestinal infection - October 6th, 2013: " 'Poop pill' ['... a gelatin capsule filled with highly compacted fecal matter of a patient's family member.'] treats painful intestinal infection [Clostridium difficile] / And the yuck factor of swallowing waste? 'We need to get over it,' pioneering doctor Dr. Thomas Loule] says." [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p. A19 , S.L.P.D., 10/05/13]

2013 - BPA levels may affect fertility, study reports - October 14th, 2013: "BPA levels may affect fertility, study reports / Chemical that might raise risk of miscarriage is present in plastics and canned food linings." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 10/14/13]

November 2013

2013 - Scientist's crusade defeats trans fats - November 8th, 2013: "[...] The ban won't happen as fast as Kummerow would like. The FDA will collect comments for two months before determining a phase-out timetable. Various foods may have different schedules, depending how easy it is to find substitutes. [NP] 'We want to do it in a way that doesn't unduly disrupt markets,' said Michael Taylor, FDA's deputy commissioner for foods. Still, he says, the food 'industry has demonstrated that it is, by and large, feasible to do.' [....]" [Based on: Article (Scientist's crusade defeats trans fats / A LIFE'S WORK / Professor Fred Kummerow of the University of Illinois has been sounding the alert about ingredient's dangers to the heart since 1957. FDA TAKES ACTION / The FDA finally agrees that trans fats are not safe for consumption and will start phasing them out of foods.) by Blythe Bernhard, pp. A1 & A8, S.L.P.D., 11/08/13]

March 2014

2014 - Momentum builds in state legislatures for GMO labeling - March 21st, 2014: "[...] An estimated 80 percent of food eaten in the U.S. contains GMOs. [....]" [Based on: Stateline.org article (Momentum builds in state legislatures for GMO labeling / Americans support disclosure as industry maintains successful fight.), p. C1, S.L.P.D., 03/21/14]

2014 - Monsanto teams up with MIT researchers - March 25th, 2014: "Monsanto is partnering with MIT researchers to form Preceres LLC, a new company that will focus on developing technologies to create new biological products for pest, virus and weed control. [....]" [Based on: Article (Monsanto teams up with MIT researchers / Aim is to use RNA to target pests.) by Lisa Brown, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 03/25/14]

May 2014

2014 - Experiment grows new muscle in injured legs - May 4th, 2014: "Experiment grows new muscle in injured legs / Implant, exercise coax stem cells to area to start regeneration" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A24, S.L.P.D., 05/04/14]

2014 - Global birth rate down due to financial crisis - May 8th, 2014: "Global birth rate down due to financial crisis / Six years later, economies struggle to regain momentum." [Based on: Titlefor A.P. article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 05/08/14]

June 2014

2014 - AMERICA'S NO. 1 IN GETTING FAT - June 2nd, 2014: "[...] According to a new University of Washington study, America is the fat capital of the world. [N.P.] More than 13 percent of the U.S. population is obese, a higher percentage than any other country. [...] In some countries, the rich are fat. In others, like the U.S., obesity rates tend to spike in areas of poverty, where the most available options are high-fat, high-sugar, high-calorie processed foods. [... .]" [Based on: Title for -Tony Messenger article (Fair or Foul? / AMERICA'S NO. 1 IN GETTING FAT. OOPS.), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 06/02/14]

2014 - Consumers putting more on plastic / U.S.A. - June 7th, 2014: "[...] Overall credit [U.S.A.] expanded by $26.8 billion during this month, up from an increase of $19.5 billion in March, the Federal Reserve said Friday [06/06/14]. [...] The result was fuled by autos and student loans, which rose by $18 billion, and credit card debt, which was up $8.8 billion. The upswing in credit card debt represented a 12.3 percent gain, the fastest pace since November 2001 when consumers were being urged to spend to bolster the economy following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. [N.P.] The April increase continued a string of robust monthly gains and pushed total borrowing to a record high of $3.18 trillion. [... .]" [Based on: A.P. article (Consumers putting more on plastic), p. A7, S.L.P.D., 06/07/14]

July 2014

2014 - Past-due debt is prevalent across U.S., with South ranked highest - July 30th, 2014: "Past-due debt is prevalent across U.S., with South ranked highest / New study finds 1 in 3 adults has overdue bills in collections agencies." [Based on: Title for McCLATCHY WASHINGTON BUREAU article, p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/30/14]

2014 - Scientists Shed Light on Link Between Depression, Dementia - July 31st, 2014: "Older people with depression are more likely to develop dementia, but researchers have been unable to explain the exact nature of the relationship between the two.

"Specifically, they haven't been able to figure out the direction in which the relationship works - does depression help bring on dementia, or does dementia cause people to become depressed?

"A new study published online July 30 in the journal Neurology sheds more light on the mystery.

"Depression is a risk factor for dementia, researchers report, and people with more symptoms of depression tend to suffer a more rapid decline in thinking and memory skills. While the study found an association between the two, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship. [... .]"

[Based on: HealthDay News article (Scientists Shed Light on Link Between Depression, Dementia), by Dennis Thompson, Thursday, July 31, 2014]

http://www.everydayhealth.com/news/scientists-shed-light-link-between-depression-dementia/?xid=aol_eh-emo_12_20140728_&aolcat=HLT

September 2014

2014 - Rich get richer - September 5th, 2014: "Only the rich [U.S.A.] saw their incomes benefit from the economic recovery during 2010-2013, as earnings stagnated or fell for all others, a report from the Federal Reserve showed Thursday [09/04/14]. [... .]" [Based on: BUSINESS DIGEST article (Rich get richer), p. B3, S.L.P.D., 09/05/14]

2014 - Benzodiazepine use may raise risk of Alzheimer’s disease - September 10th, 2014: "If you have ever taken Valium, Xanax, or some other benzodiazepine to calm your nerves or sleep better, you may have felt woozy or hungover the next day. Experts have long assumed that people’s heads would clear once they stopped taking the drug. That may not be the case. A study published last night by the journal BMJ suggests that benzodiazepine use may promote the development of dementia. [... .]" [Based on: Harvard Health Blog article (
Benzodiazepine use may raise risk of Alzheimer’s disease), Posted September 10, 2014, 3:21 pm, by Beverly Merz, Executive Editor, Harvard Women's Health Watch)"

*Link: http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/benzodiazepine-use-may-raise-risk-alzheimers-disease-201409107397

November 2014

2014 - Soaring generic drug prices draw Senate ire / U.S.A. - November 21st, 2014: "Soaring generic drug prices draw Senate ire / Price spikes of up to 8,000 percent for once-cheap medicine spur calls for new regulation." [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 11/21/14]

December 2014

2014 - Study: Wealth gap in America widens to record level - December 18th, 2014: "Study [Pew Research Center]: Wealth gap in America widens to record level" [Based on: Title for Tribune Washington Bureau article, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/18/14]

2014 - Study: Tablets disrupt sleep - December 25th, 2014: "Study: Tablets disrupt sleep / Using a smartphone or iPad before bed can leave you feeling groggy." [Based on: Title for Los Angeles Times article, p. B1, S.L.P.D., 12/25/14]

*Trivia: "[...] It is well established that short-wavelength or “blue” light is the most melatonin-suppressive; this is the type of light typically emitted by devices such as televisions, computer screens, and cellphones. (14, 15) To produce white light, these electronic devices must emit light at short wavelengths, close to the peak sensitivity of melatonin suppression. (16) This means that products such as tablets, smartphones, and other devices with self-luminous electronic displays are major sources for suppressing melatonin at night, thereby reducing sleep duration and disrupting sleep. [... .]"

[Based on: http://chriskresser.com/how-artificial-light-is-wrecking-your-sleep-and-what-to-do-about-it]

January 2015

2015 - Majority of public school kids in poverty / U.S.A. - January 17th, 2015: "Majority of public school kids  ['For the first time in at least 50 years ... .'] in poverty [U.S.A.] / Data show the low-income level of 51 percent of students has national implications." [Based on: Title (and text) for Washington Post article, p. A14, S.L.P.D., 01/17/15]

2015 - Did anti-anxiety medicine lead to Alzheimer's? - February 5th, 2015: "[...] A Canadian study published in the journal BMJ (online Sept. 9, 2014) reported a link between benzodiazepines and an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease in older people. The longer people used such medications, the greater their risk of developing dementia. [N.P.] Similar results were revealed in a long-term French study (BMJ online, Sept. 27, 2012),. The authors concluded that 'The findings of this large prospective population based study show that new use of benzodiazepines is associated with an approximately 50 percent increase in the risk of dementia.' [... .]" [Based on: Article (Did anti-anxiety medicine lead to Alzheimer's?) by Joe and Teresa Graedon, p. B6, S.L.P.D., 02/05/15]

March 2015

2015 - Weed killer called probable carcinogen - March 21st, 2015: "Weed killer [Glyphosate] called probable carcinogen ['... by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. ... The decision was published online Thursday in the journal, Lancet Oncology. ... .']" [Based on: Title forA.P. article , p. A7, S.L.P.D., 03/21/15]

October 2015

2015 - U.N. agency warns of cancer risk in eating processed meats - October 26th, 2015: "U.N. agency warns of cancer risk in eating processed meats" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A1, S.L.P.D., 10/27/15]

January 2016

2016 - Most in U.S. struggle to pay for an unexpected expense - January 17th, 2016: "Most Americans don't have the money to handle common emergencies like a car breakdown or a trip to the emergency room for a broken bone. [N.P.]In a national survey by Bankrate.com, 63 percent of people said they don't have the savings to cover a $500 car repair or a $1,000 medical or dental bill. Only four in 10 Americans would be able to rely on savings to cover anything beyond their usual bills. [... .]" [Based on: Chicago Tribune article (Most in U.S. struggle to pay for an unexpected expense / Many rely on borrowing to deal with a crisis, not understanding the cost) by Gail Marksjarvis, p. E2, S.L.P.D., 01/17/16]

*Link: http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/ct-americans-with-no-emergency-savings-0108-biz-20160107-story.html

March 2016

2016 - Doctors urged to ask about financial well-being - March 9th, 2016: "Doctors urged to ask about financial well-being / Poverty can cause health issues, says pediatricians' group [American Academy of Pediatrics]" [Based on: Title for Article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 03/09/16]

2016 - WHO reports on deaths from environmental causes - March 17th, 2016: "WHO reports on deaths from environmental causes ['... annually ... 12.6 million. The number represents one in four of all deaths globally ... .']" [Based on: Title for DIGEST  article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 03/17/16]

2016 - Report details financial, emotional toll taken by Alzheimer's disease in U.S. - March 30th, 2016: "[...] The 2016 Facts and Figures report to be released Wednesday by the Alzheimer’s Association shows that 5.4 million Americans have the disease, and close to 16 million others act as caregivers. [...] The total cost of caring for people with Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia in the U.S. is estimated at $236 billion, including $160 billion in government Medicare and Medicaid spending, making the disease the nation’s costliest. The total does not include the more than 18 billion hours of unpaid care given by family members and friends each year. [N.P.] Already, Alzheimer’s and other dementias account for nearly 20 percent of Medicare’s budget. By 2050, that figure is expected to rise to one-third, barring any major breakthroughs in treatment. [...] The report states that only 3 percent of U.S. adults have insurance plans that would cover long-term nursing home care. [... .]" [Based on:  Article (Report details financial, emotional toll taken by Alzheimer's disease in U.S.), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 03/30/16]

 http://www.stltoday.com/lifestyles/health-med-fit/health/alzheimer-s-disease-takes-a-financial-emotional-toll/article_4f6fa0a8-43f8-5f16-b837-09777a0741b2.html

April 2016

2016 - Diabetes rises four-fold globally over last quarter-century - April 7th, 2016: "Diabetes rises four-fold globally over last quarter-century" [Based on: Title for DIGEST article, p. A15, S.L.P.D., 04/07/16]

2016 - 'Supercell' targeted Brussels, Paris - April 12th, 2016: " 'Supercell' targeted Brussels, Paris / Growing numbers with 'no jobs, no future, no money' have been linked to deadly attacks" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A7, S.L.P.D., 04/12/16]

July 2016

2016 - Alzheimer's countered by complex lifestyle - July 25th, 2016: "Alzheimer's countered by complex lifestyle ['... according to research presented at ... at the Alzheimer's Association's International Conference in Toronto.'] / Research indicates mentally stimulating activities are key" [Based on: Title for Washington Post article, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 07/25/16]

March 2017

2017 - Less-educated whites in U.S. are dying younger - March 24th, 2017: "[...] The economists also argue that dwindling job opportunities have triggered broader problems for this group. They are more likely than their college-educated counterparts, for example, to be unemployed, unmarried or suffering from poor health. [...] Since 1999, white men and women ages 45 through 54 have endured a sharp increase in "deaths of despair," Case and Deaton found in their earlier work. These include suicides, drug overdoses, and alcohol-related deaths such as liver failure. [...] Other research has found that Americans with only high school diplomas are less likely to get married or purchase a home and more likely to get divorced if they do marry. [N.P.] 'It's not just their careers that have gone down the tubes, but their marriage prospects, their ability to raise children,' said Deaton, who won the Nobel prize in economics in 2015 for his long-standing work on solutions to poverty. 'That's the kind of thing that can lead people to despair.' The data is clear, though: In 1999, the death rate for high school-educated whites ages 50 through 54 was 30 percent lower than the death rate for all African-Americans in that age group. By 2015, it was 30 percent higher. [... .]" [Based on: A.P. article (Less-educated whites in U.S. are dying younger / Study blames an economic dead end) by Christopher S. Rugaber, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 03/24/17]

*Links: https://www.apnews.com/38b0149fd091484e84b5fd5258f1a738

April 2017

2017 - Diet Sodas Raise Risk of Dementia and Stroke, Study Finds - April 21th, 2017: "Diet Sodas Raise Risk of Dementia and Stroke, Study Finds" [Based on: Title for NBC News article by , 04/20/17]

*Link: http://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-care/diet-sodas-raise-risk-dementia-stroke-study-finds-n749051

2017 - Cellphone use, brain tumor linked, Italian court rules - April 21th, 2017: "Cellphone use, brain tumor linked, Italian court rules / Telecom Italia employee wins award over 'intense use' of his phone" [Based on: Title for A.P. article, p. A18, S.L.P.D., 04/21/17]

2017 - Robots, temps widen the rich-poor gap - April 27th, 2017: "[...] The rich-poor gap - the difference in annual income between households in the top 20 percent and those in the bottom 20 percent - ballooned by $29,200 to $189,600 between 2010 and 2015, based on Bloomberg calculations using U.S. Census Bureau data. [...] This shift is predicted to continue. About 38 percent of U.S. jobs could be at high risk of automation by the early 2030s, according to a study by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. The 'most-exposed' industries include retail and wholesale trade, transportation and storage, and manufacturing, with less-educated workers facing the biggest challenges. [N.P.] Companies’ use of temporary and part-time employees to cut costs also may be widening the disparity, with wage growth failing to keep up with rising residential and basic-necessity expenses. As the divide grows, hardships increase for the bottom 20 percent. Affordable housing, for example, is in short supply nationwide, forcing workers to find shelter further from their jobs and endure lengthier and costlier commutes. Rental costs rose nationally" [Based on: Bloomberg article (Robots, temps widen the rich-poor gap / Times get tougher for bottom 20 pct.), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 04/27/17]

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-04-26/america-s-rich-poor-divide-keeps-ballooning-as-robots-take-jobs

May 2017

2017 - Gap grows in average pay of CEOs, workers / U.S.A. - May 10th, 2017: "[...] Chief executives of S&P 500 companies surveyed were paid on average $13.1 million last year, 347 times the pay of the average U.S. worker, according to the AFL-CIO, the largest federation of U.S. labor unions. [...] The AFL-CIO said that when adjusted for inflation, U.S worker's wages have been stagnant for 50 years. Adjusted for inflation, production and non-supervisory workers averaged $41,473 a year in 1967, for instance. [... .]" [Based on: Title for Reuters article by Ross Kerber & Peter  Szekely, p. A10, S.L.P.D., 05/10/17]

https://www.usnews.com/news/top-news/articles/2017-05-09/earnings-gap-over-us-workers-grows-for-s-p-500-ceos-union-report

2017 - Needless medical testing costs $200 billion, can do harm / U.S.A. - May 26th, 2017: "Needless medical testing costs $200 billion, can do harm" [Based on: Title for Kaiser Health News article by Chad Terhune, p. A16, S.L.P.D., 06/21/17]

*Trivia: "Medical Errors Are No. 3 Cause Of U.S Deaths, Researchers Say" 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/05/03/476636183/death-certificates-undercount-toll-of-medical-errors

*Links: http://www.bmj.com/content/353/bmj.i2139             
              https://www.justice.org/what-we-do/advocate-civil-justice-system/issue-advocacy/medical-errors

June 2017

2017 -  Generations, disabled / U.S.A. - June 4th, 2017: "[...] As the number of working-age Americans receiving disability rose from 7.7 million in 1996 to 13 million in 2015, so did the number of households with multiple family members on disability, climbing from an estimated 525,000 in 2000 to an estimated 850,000 in 2015, according to a Post analysis of census data. The analysis is probably an undercount. [... .]" [Based on:  Washington Post article (LIVING ON DISABILITY TRICKLES DOWN THROUGH FAMILIES / 'GENERATIONS DEEP'), p. A13, S.L.P.D., 06/04/17]

*Link: http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/local/2017/06/02/generations-disabled/?utm_term=.b169aa7e6488

2017 -  Rents out of reach for most earning minimum wage / U.S.A. - June 9th, 2017: "[...] You would have to earn $17.14 an hour, on average, to be able to afford a modest one-bedroom apartment in a safe area without having to spend more than 30 percent of your income on housing. Make that $21.21 for a two-bedroom home – nearly three times the federal minimum wage of $7.25. [...] Many of the occupations projected to add the most jobs by 2024 pay too little to cover rent. These are customer service representatives, personal care aides, nursing assistants, home health aides, retail salespeople, home health and food service workers who make, on average, between $10 and $16 an hour. [N.P.] Those whose earnings put them below the federal poverty level cannot even afford the average cost of a one-bedroom apartment in any state. The national average rent is $892 a month for a modest one-bedroom apartment and $1,103 for a two-bedroom. [N.P.] As a result, more than 11.2 million families end up spending more than half their paychecks on housing, the report said – a trade-off with other basic needs such as food, transportation and medical care. [N.P.] The picture is not expected to improve in the near future as the rental market remains strong and vacancy rates decline. A record 43.3 million households were renters in 2016, a 27 percent increase since 2006, the report said. [N.P.] Household income, meanwhile, has not kept up with the pace of rent increases. Between the 2007 housing crisis and 2015, the average rent in the U.S. rose by 6 percent, after adjusting for inflation, while the average household income declined by 4 percent, according to the report, which analyzed Census Bureau data." [Based on: Washington Post article (Rents out of reach for most earning minimum wage) by Tracy Jan, p. B4, S.L.P.D., 06/09/17] - [My brackets. N.P. = new paragraph. - E.M.]

https://bangordailynews.com/2017/06/08/news/nation/nowhere-in-america-can-a-full-time-minimum-wage-worker-afford-to-rent-a-two-bedroom-apartment/

2017 -
  Stock surge, housing rebound push U.S. wealth to $94.8 trillion - June 9th, 2017: "[...] Total household wealth includes checking and savings accounts, and subtracts mortgages and other debt. Unlike some other economic measures, household wealth has fully recovered from the Great Recession and gone far beyond pre-recession levels. [...] Record-high stock prices are the primary driver of greater household wealth, but just 10 percent of the U.S. population owns 80 percent of stock market wealth. [... .] " [Based on: A.P. article (Stock surge, housing rebound push U.S. wealth to $94.8 trillion) by Christopher S. Rugaber, p. B3, S.L.P.D., 06/09/17]

*Links: http://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory/us-household-wealth-ticks-14-percent-948-trillion-47916838

2017 - WAR AND WASTE - June 26th, 2017: "[...] Since 2002, the U.S. has spent $66 billion on Afghan security forces alone. [... .]" [Based on: A.P. article (WAR AND WASTE / Revised plan on U.S. role in Afghanistan is expected in July; many question the costs for the 'endless' effort), p. A12, S.L.P.D., 06/26/17]

*Trivia: https://www.thebalance.com/cost-of-afghanistan-war-timeline-economic-impact-4122493
              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_cost_of_the_Iraq_War

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