Legacy of Lineage - A Timecapsule  Timeline of *Eckankar "Trivia" & More

Pre-1900 / 1900-1949  / 1950-1964  /  1965-1971 / 1972-1981 / 1982-1993 / 1994-2003 / 2004-2010

Special Note

 History / Lineage Quotes

Other Research Sites & Links


"Don't concentrate on the finger, or you will miss all that heavenly glory." - Bruce Lee

1900s

1900 - Ministry / Maharaj Saheb Brahm Shankar Misra - "Maharaj Saheb Brahm Shankar Misra / Ministry: Early 1900's to 1907 [did not succeed Rai Salig Ram immediately, since he was unsure for a year or two who was to be the rightful successor] / Guru: Rai Salig Ram / Successors: Maheshwari Devi; Kamta Prasad Sinha / Center: Benaras; Agra / Distinctions: Highly educated, receiving his Master of Arts in 1884; founded the Central Administrative Council in 1902 in Agra; and developed the idea of interregnum (period of time when no guru is publically manifested). / Sources: Discourses on the Radhasoami Faith by Maharaj Saheb [Brahm Shankar Misra]; Solace to Satsangis by Maharaj Saheb [Brahm Shankar Misra]; and Radhasoami Faith: History and Tenets by S.D. Maheshwari."

1901 - Birth / Manly P. Hall - March 18th, 1901:

Manly Palmer Hall (March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific Canadian-born author and mystic. He is perhaps most famous for his work The Secret Teaching of All Ages: An Encyclopedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy, which he published at the age of twenty five; the first line of which is, "Philosophy is the science of estimating values." [....] [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_P._Hall]

1901 - Born / Ruppert Twitchell? - November 24th, 1901: Reportedly born this date in history, Rupert Twitchell [d.1904]. [See March 1904 entry and link.]

1902 - Died / Swami Vivekananda - July 4th, 1902: "On July 4, 1902 at Belur Math near Kolkata, he [Swami Vivekananda] taught Vedanta philosophy to some pupils in the morning. He had a walk with Swami Premananda, a brother-disciple and gave him instructions concerning the future of the Ramakrishna Math. The same day, Vivekananda left his mortal body at the young age of 39."

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swami_Vivekananda] - [T.D. - 01/07/07]

1903 - Birth / Swami Premananda - "SWAMI PREMANANDA (1903-1995) was initiated and ordained by his Guru in India in 1920. He came to the United States in 1928. He carried on the spiritual work of these great Gurus in the nation's capital with the highest integrity and untiring zeal. He was consecrated as a Swami by Swami Yogananda Paramhansa in 1941. He was the founder of both the Self- Revelation Church and the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Foundation." [Based on: http://www.self-revelationchurch.org/] - [T.D. - 01/15/07]

*Trivia: "A direct disciple of Swami Yogananda. Swami Premananda established the Self Revelation Church of Absolute Monism in Washington, D.C. He was the Guru of Swami Shankarananda and sent him with his blessings to Baltimore to disseminate the philosophy and teachings of Absolute Monism. He was a brilliant author and translator of numerous books on Yoga and Indian philosophy."

[Based on: http://www.divinelifechurch.org/content/view/17/36/] - [T.D. - 01/07/07]

*Trivia: "Absolute Monism" refers to the ancient philosophy called "Advaita Vedanta" according to the spiritual heritage of India. Although the philosophy of Absolute Monism has come to us virtually from time immemorial, it was first recorded during the period when the ancient Aryans entered into what is now the region of the Indian subcontinent from Central Asia, developing there a culture and civilization whose distinctive features culminated in the philosophy first known as Advaita Vedanta. The period is known historically as being between 2500 and 600 B.C. [....]

[Based on: http://www.self-revelationchurch.org/] - [T.D. - 02/21/10]

Trivia: "This formless thing I call ECK, which previously was called the Advaita, or formless, which is the name the Hindu religion gives it, fills the very ethers of the world in a fluid state, and is a life giving sound, that we know as the ECK. IT has no laws, no interest in anything except to obey the will of those who use IT. Beyond the Sach Khand world, IT becomes so sensitive that even the thought of Soul will have effect and IT rushes instantly to obey." [Based on: Rebazar Tarzs in The Far Country, by Paul Twitchell]

*Link: http://www.archive.org/stream/farcountry017342mbp#page/n37/mode/2up/search/advaita

1904 - British Expedition / Tibet - December 1903: "[....] The British took a few months to prepare for the expedition which pressed into Tibetan territories in early December 1903. The entire British force numbered over 3,000 fighting men and was accompanied by 7,000 sherpas, porters and camp followers. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_expedition_to_Tibet]

*Trivia: "[....] In 1904, a British expedition to Tibet, spurred in part by a fear that Russia was extending its power into Tibet, invaded Tibet, hoping that negotiations with the 13th Dalai Lama would be more effective than with Chinese representatives.[37] When the mission reached Lhasa, Younghusband imposed a treaty which was subsequently repudiated, and was succeeded by a 1906 treaty[38] signed between Britain and China. [NP] In 1910, the Qing government sent a military expedition of its own under Zhao Erfeng to establish direct Chinese rule and deposed the Dalai Lama in an imperial edict, who fled to British India. Zhao Erfeng defeated the Tibetan military conclusively and expelled the Dalai Lama's forces from the province, he was nicknamed "Zhao the Butcher" for crushing the Tibetan army. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibet]

1903 - Ministry / "Sawan Singh" - 1903? "[....] Because of his exceptional spiritual state, Sawan Singh was appointed by Baba Jaimal Singh to be his successor shortly before his death in 1903. Sawan Singh carried on his master's mission with remarkable aptitude, spreading the message of humankind's divine heritage throughout India.

Sawan Singh gathered a large following of disciples from around the world. Among his devotees were Dr. Julian P. Johnson, Dr. Pierre Schmidt, Col. C.W. Sanders, Sant Kirpal Singh (founder of Ruhani Satsang), Sant Darshan Singh (founder of Sawan-Kirpal Mission), Baba Somanath, Pritam Das, and several government officials in both the British and Indian ranks.

Huzur Sawan Singh died on April 2, 1948, just days after appointing Jagat Singh as his spiritual successor. [....] [Based on: http://vclass.mtsac.edu:930/phil/saint.htm]

*Trivia: "[....] It was also interesting to see that Jaimal Singh, the founder of the Beas Radhasoami group, had also studied with Salig Ram, as well as Shiv Dayal Singh, the founder of Radhasoami. And Sawan Singh had contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith as well. Sawan attended the satsang of Babuji on a few occasions, and when he did so he sat on the floor at the feet of Babuji amongst the other satsangis. Sawan Singh was the last of the Beas gurus to have direct contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith. Is this why both Jaimal and Sawan's writings seem so much more alive than any that followed them in the Beas teaching? Is this why Paul [Paul Twitchell] once observed that the line of spirituality in the Beas group stopped with Sawan Singh? [....]" [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]  

1904 - Died / Ruppert Twitchell - March 23rd, 1904:

http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85052116/1904-03-23/ed-1/seq-7/;words=Twitchell

1904 - Edinburgh Lectures / Thomas Troward - March, 1904. The Edinburgh Lectures on Mental Science.

http://websyte.com/unity/edinl1.htm
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10390/10390-h/10390-h.htm

1904 - Birth / Kay-Dee Twitchell - July 8th, 1904: Reportedly born this year in history: Kay-Dee Twitchell, older sister of Paul Twitchell, the modern-day founder of Eckankar.  

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=49

1904 - The Lost Lemuria / William Scott-Elliot - 1904: "William Scott-Elliot (sometimes spelled Scott-Elliott) (d.1930) was a theosophist who elaborated Helena Blavatsky's concept of root races in several publications, most notably The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), later combined in 1925 into a single volume called The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]

1905 - Born / Neville Goddard - February 19th, 1905: "Neville Lancelot Goddard (1905-1972) was an influential Metaphysics teacher and New Thought author[1]. [NP] Neville Goddard was born on 19 February 1905 in St. Michael, Barbados in the British West Indies, to Joseph Nathaniel Goddard[2][3], a merchant, and Wilhelmina Nee Hinkinson[4][5]. Neville was the fourth child in a family of nine boys and one girl. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Goddard]

1906 - Trivia / Allahabad Pioneer - "[....] Another fascinating bit popped up when I read a small booklet from the Parent Faith printed in 1981. The book tells a story of reincarnation that was published in the Allahabad Pioneer in 1906. It takes place with a family located on 'the Canning Road' just outside Allahabad, which apparently was not far from where Sudarshan Singh and the Sant Sat Gurus had lived (since they all lived close to each other). I've never seen this road mentioned anywhere else before or since in any of my studies of the Radhasoami books. Yet, when Paul described where Sudar Singh lived, he said it was on 'the old Canteen Road' just outside of Allahabad. Was this the same road? The description sounds similar. Had Paul, like so often before, used a similar sounding word by mistake? [....]" [Based on: Doug Marman, Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]   

1907 - Agra Lineage / Bauji' Mahewari Dev - " 'Bauji' Mahewari Devi 1907-1913 [woman guru?]"

1909 - Halley's Comet - September 11th, 1909: "Halley's Comet is photographed nearing the Sun."

1909 - Birth? / Paul Twitchell - October 1909: One of the more credible birthdate's attributed to Paul Twitchell, the modern day founder of Eckankar, the Religion of the Light & Sound of God. [- D.R.D.

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62

1909 - Earthquake? / Kentucky - October 23rd, 1909: "One of the 13 earthquakes listed for 1909 occurred shortly after midnight of October 22. It was a 4.5 magnitude quake, centered on the Mississippi River, about 30 miles from Paul’s [Paul Twitchell's] first home in Paducah, Kentucky." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. One]  

http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85052114/1909-10-23/ed-1/seq-1/;words=Earthquak+Paducah+earthquake+PADUCAH

1909 - Agra Lineage / Babuji' Madhav Sinha - " 'Babuji' Madhav Sinha 1909-1949 (overlap woman guru) end Agra gurus."

1909 - The Cloud upon the Sanctuary / Karl von Eckartshausen - "Karl von Eckartshausen (28 June 1752(1752-06-28) – 12 May 1803(1803-05-12)) was a German Catholic mystic, author, and philosopher. [NP] Born in Haimhausen, Bavaria, Eckartshausen studied philosophy and Bavarian civil law in Munich and Ingolstadt. He was the author of The Cloud upon the Sanctuary (de:Die Wolke über dem Heiligtum), a work of Christian mysticism which was later taken up by occultists. The book was given a high status in the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, particularly by Arthur Edward Waite. It is known to have attracted English author and the founder of Thelema, Aleister Crowley, to the Order.[1] [NP] von Eckartshausen joined the order of the Illuminati founded by Adam Weishaupt, but 'withdrew his membership soon after discovering that this order only recognized enlightenment through human reason.'[2] He died in Munich at the age of 50."

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_von_Eckartshausen]

1910 - Perihelion / Halley's Comet - April 19th, 1910: "Halley's Comet reaches perihelon."

1910 - From India To The West / Hazrat Inayat Khan - July 5th, 1882: "Inayat Khan (1882-1927) brought Sufism from India to the West in 1910, and taught in Europe and the United States until 1926." [Based on: Postscript for Parabola article (The Soul's Journey, Inayat Khan), Vol. XXI, No. 2 (The Soul), 1996, p. 59]

1911 - Matter and Memory / Henri Bergson - 1911: "This book affirms the reality of spirit and the reality of matter, and tries to determine the relation of the one to the other by the study of a definite example, that of memory. [....]"

*Link: http://www.archive.org/stream/mattermemor00berg#page/n3/mode/2up

1911 - Birth / L. Ron Hubbard - "Son of naval commander Harry Ross Hubbard and Ledora May Hubbard, Lafayette Ronald Hubbard was born on March 13, 1911 in Tilden, Nebraska. At the age of two, he and his family took up residence on a ranch outside Kalispell, Montana, and from there moved to the state’s capital, Helena. [....] It was also through these early years Ron first encountered another culture, that of the Blackfoot Indians, then still living in isolated settlements on the outskirts of Helena. His particular friend was an elderly medicine man, who was, as he wrote, an 'outlaw and interesting, a full-fledged Blackfoot Medicine Man... a small boy’s dream.' [NP] Establishing a unique friendship with the normally taciturn Indian, Ron was soon initiated into the various secrets of the tribe, their legends, customs and methods of survival in a harsh environment. At the age of six, he became a blood brother of the Blackfeet, an honour bestowed on few white men. [....]"

[Based on: http://lron.hubbard.org/pg002.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1912 - Soul Travel / Paul Twitchell - "[....] My half-sister taught me some of the art of Soul travel before I was able to walk. Most members of my family had this ability. Later she and I went to India to study under Sri Sudar Singh, member of the ancient brotherhood of ECK masters. [....]" [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell - Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross, p. 4]

*Trivia: [....] My first experience in the field of Soul travel came at the early age of three, when my older half-sister taught me the art. Most of my family were able to do spiritual traveling on their own initiative and explore the other worlds. [....]" [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell - Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross, p. 23]

*Trivia: "I've always been an authentic individualist! [NP] First indications of my fierce hatred of restrictions came about at age three when I hammered out a window pane with my tiny but bloody fists in protest of being locked in. [NP] My half-sister gave me the nonce 'Cliff Hanger' then, and it stuck. It's an old gypsy slang tag for one who bursts all barriers to get to the top of the cliff where he can be free from the crowd below. [....] From the day I knocked the windowpane out of the door I've been a Chiff Hanger and liked it, for it gives me freedom and independence to do as I please." [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell - Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross, p. 141 & 144]

1913 - Atlantis and Lemuria / Rudolph Steiner - 1913

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_Race]

1913 - Man: Whence, How and Whither / Annie Besant - 1913

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_Race]

1915 - The Creative Process in the Individual / Thomas Troward - 1915 THE CREATIVE PROCESS IN THE INDIVIDUAL, BY T. TROWARD

*Link: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10361/10361-h/10361-h.htm

1917 - Birth / Maharishi Mahesh Yogi - "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (January 12, 1917 – February 5, 2008), introduced the Transcendental Meditation technique and related programs and initiatives, including schools and universities with campuses in India,[1] the United States[1] Mexico,[2] the United Kingdom[3] and China.[4] [NP] In approximately 1939, Maharishi became a disciple of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati[5] who, from 1941 to 1953, was the Shankaracharya (spiritual leader) of Jyotir Math, located in the Indian Himalayas. Maharishi credits the Shankaracharya (Guru Deva) with inspiring his teachings. [NP] Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's first global tour began in 1958, from which time[6] his techniques and programs have been taught worldwide.[7] He became known in the Western world in part due to interactions with The Beatles and other celebrities. [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharishi_Mahesh_Yogi] - [T.D. - 12/15/08]

1917 - The Law and The Word / Thomas Troward - May 1917: THE LAW AND THE WORD, BY T. TROWARD

*Link: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15568/15568-h/15568-h.htm

1917 - The Key to the Universe / Curtiss - 1917: The Key to the Universe, or a Spiritual Interpretation of Numbers and Symbols, 2nd Edition - 1917.

*Link: http://www.archive.org/stream/keytouniverse00curt#page/n11/mode/2up

1917 - Paul Twitchell / 8 Years old? - "[....] In one of Harold's [Harold Klemp's] talks, he describes an old letter of Paul's [Paul Twitchell's] that he found, where Paul writes about a being who visited him when he was eight years old. 'The being said he would look after Paul's spiritual welfare until Paul reached maturity,' said Harold. Paul would have turned eight in 1917, only a few years after Babuji became the Sant Sat Guru of the Parent Faith. Babuji died in October 1949, only one year before Paul joined Swami Premananda's ashram, as Paul began looking for his new spiritual teacher. Eventually Paul made contact with Rebazar Tarzs, who showed him the complete teachings of ECKANKAR. [....]" [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]  

1917 - Yogoda Satsanga Society / India - 1917: Yogoda Satsanga Society of India (YSS) is a non-profit religious organisation founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1917. Its headquarters, Yogoda Satsanga Math, is situated on the banks of the Ganges at Dakshineswar, near Kolkata, with a branch math at Ranchi, Jharkhand and many branch centres. In addition to meditation centres throughout India, there are twenty-three educational institutions, from primary through college level. Yogoda, a word coined by Paramahansa Yogananda, is derived from Yoga, union, harmony, equilibrium; and da, "that which imparts". "Satsanga" is composed of Sat, truth and Sanga, fellowship. For the west, Paramahansaji translated the Indian name as Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF). [NP] In 1920, he carried Kriya Yoga to the West where, in Los Angeles, California, U.S., he established the international headquarters of Self-Realization Fellowship (SRF). YSS/SRF is devoted to the spiritual upliftment of mankind. Paramahansa Yogananda dedicated his life to awakening in the hearts of all to a deep love for God. He opened the door of his teachings to all persons regardless of race, caste, or religion, and presented what he described as a way to realise the Divine and live an ideal balanced life. [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yogoda_Satsanga]

1918 - Died / "Swami Premananda" - July 30th, 1918: "[....] The deadly disease of Kala Azar took him on the 30th July 1918. [....]" [Based on: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1863/prem.html] - [T.D. - 01/07/07]

http://web.archive.org/web/20091027165043/http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/1863/prem.html

1920 - Mind-Energy / Henri Bergson - 1920: Mind-Energy, Lectures and Essays

http://www.archive.org/stream/mindenergylectur00berguoft#page/n5/mode/2up

1920 - Founded / "Self-Realization Fellowship" - "The Self-Realization Fellowship is a religious organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920 and based in Los Angeles, California. The group carries on Yogananda's teachings, including Kriya Yoga, a form of yoga the group claims originated millennia ago in India. To this end, it conducts correspondence courses in this discipline. It also publishes Yogananda's writings, lectures, and recorded talks; oversees temples, retreats, meditation centers, and monastic communities bearing the name Self-Realization Order; and coordinates the Worldwide Prayer Circle, which it describes as a network of groups and individuals who pray for those in need of physical, mental, or spiritual aid, and who also pray for world peace and harmony. The organization has headquarters in Los Angeles, maintains several temples in other California cites and in Phoenix, Arizona, and maintains other facilities throughout the United States and internationally. SRF also has a sister organization in India called Yogoda Satsanga Society of India. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-Realization_Fellowship] - [T.D. - 01/15/07]

*Trivia: "The illumined sages of India discovered the spiritual science of Kriya Yoga in the long forgotten past. Lord Krishna extols it in the Bhagavad Gita. The sage Patanjali speaks of it in his Yoga Sutras. Paramahansa Yogananda has stated that this ancient meditation method was also known to Jesus Christ, as well as to disciples such as St. John, St. Paul, and others. [NP] Kriya Yoga was lost for centuries in the dark ages, and reintroduced in modern times by Mahavatar Babaji, whose disciple Lahiri Mahasaya (1828–1895) was the first to teach it openly in our era. Later, Babaji asked Lahiri Mahasaya's disciple, Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri (1855–1936), to train Paramahansa Yogananda and send him to the West to give this soul-revealing technique to the world. [NP] Paramahansa Yogananda was chosen by his venerable line of gurus to bring the ancient science of Kriya Yoga to the West, and it was for this purpose that he established Self-Realization Fellowship in 1920. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.yogananda-srf.org/tmp/meditation.aspx?id=116] - [T.D. - 07/29/10]

*Trivia: Guru-Disciple Relationship - "Kriya Yoga is the diksha (initiation) or spiritual baptism of Self-Realization Fellowship. By receiving Kriya initiation, students enter into the sacred guru-disciple relationship, accepting Paramahansa Yogananda as their guru (spiritual guide)."

[Based on: http://www.yogananda-srf.org/tmp/meditation.aspx?id=116] - [T.D. - 07/29/10]

1921 - The Hidden Power / Thomas Troward - 1921: The Hidden Power, by Thomas Troward

*Link: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/25638/25638-h/25638-h.htm

1921 - The History and Power of Mind / Richard Ingalese - 1921:

*Link: http://www.archive.org/stream/historyandpower01ingagoog#page/n4/mode/2up

1922 - Neville Goddard / United States - "[...] In 1922, he [Neville Goddard] came to the United States on board the S.S. Vasari to study drama at the age of seventeen. While touring with his dance company in England he developed an interest in metaphysics after striking up a conversation with a Scotsman who lent him a series of books on the powers of the mind. On his return he gave up the entertainment industry to devote his full attention to the study of spiritual and mystical matters. [...] After traveling extensively throughout the United States, Neville eventually made his home in Los Angeles where, in the 1950s, he gave a series of talks on television and radio, and for many years lectured regularly to capacity audiences at the Wilshire Ebell Theater[9]. In the 1960s and early 1970s, he confined most of his lectures to Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Goddard]

1923 - The Mysticism of Sound - 1923: "The Mysticism of Sound, by Hazrat Inayat Khan. Original copyright date 1923."

The Supreme Being has been called by various names in different languages, but the mystics have known him as HU. . . the only name of the Nameless. . . The word Hu is the spirit of all sounds and of all words, and is hidden within them all, as the spirit in the body. It does not belong to any language, but no language can help belonging to it. This alone is the true name of God, a name that no people and no religion can claim as their own.

[Based on: The Mysticism of Sound, by Hazrat Inayat Khan, pages 64-65 (original copyright 1923)]
*Related Links: http://wahiduddin.net/mv2/II/II_8.htm

1923 - L. Ron Hubbard / Washington State - Early 1923: "[....] In early 1923, when Ron was twelve, he and his family moved to Washington state, where his father was stationed at the local naval base. He joined the Boy Scouts and that year proudly achieved the rank of Boy Scout First Class. The next year he became America’s youngest Eagle Scout* ever, an early indication that he did not plan to live an ordinary life. [....]" [Based on: http://lron.hubbard.org/pg002.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

*Trivia: "The inquisitive 12-year-old Ron had his first introduction to the principles of Freudian psychoanalysis through his friendship with a U.S. Navy Commander Thompson, whom he met aboard ship on a late 1923 trip to Washington, D.C. [....] At the end of 1923, young Ron travelled to Washington, D.C. via the Panama Canal, meeting Commander Joseph C. Thompson of the U.S. Navy Medical Corps. Commander Thompson was the first officer sent by the U.S. Navy to study under Sigmund Freud, and took it upon himself to pass on the essentials of Freudian theory to his young friend. “Through his friendship,” Ron noted, “I attended many lectures given at naval hospitals and generally became conversant with psychoanalysis as it had been exported from Austria by Freud.” Although keenly interested in the commander’s lessons, Ron was also left with many unanswered questions."  [Based on: http://lron.hubbard.org/pg003.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1923 - Paul Twitchell / Paris??? - "The master teachings were revealed to me during my early youth by out-of-body projection in an amazing revelation via the dream state. [NP] These teachings were brought in a series of dreams by the great mystic, Sudar Singh, at his ashram in Allahabad, India where my stepsister had gone after a two-year stay in Paris studying to be an artist which she never fulfilled in this life. I was taken along with her although fourteen years old at the time [Paris? 1923?] and much younger than she. [NP] Sri Sudar Singh, who was a member of the famed Vairagi mystic order of adepts, had his abode in the spiritual city of Agam Des in the western Himalaya mountains. He was a master at instructing his chelas by the dream state, his principal way of teaching. Outwardly he appeared to be a smiling old guru in a deep maroon robe who would sit in silence when meeting with his chelas at his ashram, speaking only when questions were asked of him." [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings, Vol. 1 (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross), by Paul Twitchell, p. 79] - [Compiled from All About ECK]

*Trivia: "Paul had little time to get adjusted to Paris, to his sister's left-bank friends, or to Kay-Dee's brand of artistic expression before Pop cabled them from China Point that Mom was dying [Reportedly, Effie T. Twitchell died April 26th, 1940]." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 47]

*Trivia: "It was upon their return to Paris that Paul met Sudar Singh for the first time. The Indian holy man was lecturing in France in an effort to gain sincere disciples." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 51]

*Trivia: "Sudar Singh was silent for several moments before he spoke. 'Am I to understand that you would like to return with me to my spiritual retreat in Allahabad?' [NP] 'That is my wish,' Kay-Dee said emphatically. 'Paul?' [....] Kay-Dee and Paul lived in Sudar Singh's ashram for nearly a year before the irate Grands managed to haul them home." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 52]

*Trivia: "[....] The stories about Kay-Dee's trip to Paris to study art, which came from Brad Steiger's biography on Paul Twitchell, took another fascinating turn. Iverlet claimed that Kay-Dee never left the United States her whole life. What came out in another post, however, was the information that Kay-Dee had indeed gone to Paris to study art - however, it was not Paris, France but Paris, Kentucky.
   "The story in Steiger's, In My Soul I Am Free, tells us that Paul also visited Kay-Dee while she was in Paris. According to the book, this was one year after Paul graduated high school. Wouldn't you know it, but a biographical listing on Paul that appeared in the Kentucky Who's Who for 1927, found in the Paducah Library files, showed that Paul lived in Paris, Kentucky the year after he graduated High School!
   "But why call it Paris, France instead of Paris, Kentucky?
   "Oddly, David Lane provided the answer to this as well. He had confronted Brad Steiger and asked Steiger why he had published such false stories about Paul in his book. Brad Steiger answered, according to David, that it was common to substitute names and places in biographies back then. [....]" [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 11]   

*Trivia: Once included in ECKANKAR, The Key to Secret Worlds (Copyright 1969, p. 10 (or) Chap. 1, paragraph 5):

"[....] By the time I met my first teacher, Sudar Singh, of Allahabad, India, at age fourteen, getting out of the  body was as natural as eating. [....]"

Apparently, "at age fourteen" was later edited out. See 1988 version p. 3. Example:

"[....] By the time I met my first teacher, Sudar Singh of Allahabad, India, getting out of the body was as natural as eating. [....]"

1924 - Tibet Expedition - 1924: [...] Inspired by Theosophical lore and several visiting Mongol lamas, Gleb Bokii, the chief Bolshevik cryptographer and one of the bosses of the Soviet secret police, along with his writer friend Alexander Barchenko, embarked on a quest for Shambhala, in an attempt to merge Kalachakra-tantra and ideas of Communism in the 1920s. They contemplated a special expedition to Inner Asia to retrieve the wisdom of Shambhala - the project fell through as a result of intrigues within the Soviet intelligence service, as well as rival efforts of the Soviet Foreign Commissariat that sent its own expedition to Tibet in 1924. [NP] Among other things, in a secret laboratory affiliated with the secret police, Bokii and Barchenko also experimented with Buddhist spiritual techniques, trying to find a key to engineer perfect communist human beings[13] Similarly, Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf Hess sent a German expedition to Tibet in 1930, and then again in 1934-35, and in 1938-39.[14] Some later occultists, noting the Nazi link, view Shambhala (or the closely related underground realm of Aghartha) as a source of negative manipulation by an evil (or amoral) conspiracy. [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shambhala]

1924 - Employed / K.D. Twitchell - Employed for D.E. Wilson until 1943. (See: K.D. Bio)

*Links: http://tinyurl.com/3pchyk3
             http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=49

1924 - Paul Twitchell / 15-Years-Old? - "Meeting the 'thing' on Melpar Hill was a nightmarish experience, but it did not compare in shock effect to the knowledge which Paul gained in Grands' antebellum mansion in his fifteenth summer. [....] Grands had also promised Paul a trip to Paris if he would maintain better than average marks during his four years of highschool. With such a promise as incentive, Paul had polished off high school at the age of fifteen with top marks. [NP] A week after graduation exercises, Grands telephoned Paul and summoned him to the big house in the country. It was a fine June morning when he went to see her." [Based on: I.M.S.I.A.F., p. 41, sm. book]

1924 - The Nine Unknown / Talbot Mundy - 1924: "The Nine Unknown is a 1923 novel [published 1924] by Talbot Mundy. Originally serialised in Adventure magazine, [1] it concerns the "Nine Unknown Men", a fictional secret society founded by the Mauryan Emperor Asoka around 270 BC[citation needed] to preserve and develop knowledge that would be dangerous to humanity if it fell into the wrong hands. The nine unknown men were entrusted with guarding nine books of secret knowledge. In the novel the nine men are embodiment of good and face up against nine Kali worshippers, who sow confusion and masquerade as the true sages. The story surrounds a priest called Father Cyprian who is in possession of the books but who wants to destroy them out of Christian piety, and a number of other characters who are interested in learning their contents. The Nine Unknown Men also appear in Mundy's Caves of terror (1924), but are portrayed as evil in that book.[2] [....]" [Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Nine_Unknown]

1924 - Founded / Golden Gate Spiritualist Church - 1924:

*Links: http://ggsc.org/
             http://sites.google.com/site/goldengatespiritualistchurch2/
              http://www.yelp.com/biz_photos/GpREtHU64Xi9zYSjn9Iiaw?select=4XAq1iHG-agNkOMEjrY0Cg

*Trivia: "Becker founded the Golden Gate Spiritualist Church in 1924, after serving as pastor and president of the First Spiritual Temple (on South Van Ness between 17th and 18th streets) for a decade. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.sfweekly.com/2002-03-20/news/happy-mediums/] - [T.D. - 04/24/10]

1924 - Paul Learns about his "Mother"? - June, 1924: "[....] A week after graduation exercises, Grands telephoned Paul and summoned him to the big house in the country. It was a fine June morning when he went to see her. [....]" [Based on: I.M.S.I.A.F., p. 41-42, sm. book]

*Trivia: "[....] Paul, you were born out of wedlock to a woman on a riverboat. [....] But Paul was not a man. He was fifteen, a boy who suddenly felt himself in a world of strangers. [NP] 'Who was my real mother?' [NP] 'Guess there's no harm in your knowing,' Grands said. 'Mrs. Folger, the social leader of China Point. [....]" [Based on: I.M.S.I.A.F., p. 41-45, sm. book]

*Trivia: Paul reportedly goes to Haiti to visit a friend and they send him home by airplane - where Grands is waiting to see him. [See: In My Soul I Am Free, by Brad Steiger]

1924 - Life and Teaching of the Masters of the Far East / Baird Spalding - "[....] In 1924 Spalding [Baird Spalding - 1872–1953] published the first volume of Life and Teaching of the Masters of the Far East. It describes the travels to India and Tibet of a research party of eleven scientists in 1894. During their trip they claim to have made contact with 'the Great Masters of the Himalayas', immortal beings with whom they lived and studied, gaining a fascinating insight into their lives and spiritual message. This close contact enabled them to witness many of the spiritual principles evinced by these Great Masters translated into their everyday lives, which could be described as "miracles". Such examples are walking on water, or manifesting bread to feed the hungry party. [....] Although popular, Baird Spalding was an enigmatic figure and the authenticity of the events described in the Life and Teachings have never been confirmed. Spalding never produced any evidence of the claimed trip, and none of the other scientists were ever identified. Followers have argued that the high quality of the spiritual teachings contained therein are themselves evidence of contact with a higher power. Skeptics argue that Spalding did not visit India as claimed, and his works belong to the magical autobiography genre. [....] Despite questions about Spalding's authenticity, his books have remained in print since his death and his stories have helped to popularize the concept of Ascended Masters which became a common meme in New Age and alternative religious movements during the twentieth century. During the 1920s, Spalding was a personal acquaintance of Guy Ballard, founder of the I AM activity, and similar themes to Spalding can be seen in Ascended Master groups such as the Church Universal and Triumphant and the writings of Elizabeth Clare Prophet. Spalding is named as an influence in the writings of New Age figures such as JZ Knight, Paul Baumann of the Methernitha sect and Father Divine. [NP] Growth of the New Age movement during the 1970s resulted in a renewal of interest in Spalding, and several New Age figures have claimed tenuous connections to him after his death. American mystic Thane of Hawaii, founder of the Prosperos group, claimed in 1974 to have ghost-written several of Spalding's later books and accompanied him on his 1935 India tour. Pseudonymous author Nguyen Phong released the novel Journey to the East in 1987 which he claimed to be a Vietnamese translation of a previously unknown 1924 prequel to Life and Teachings, in which Spalding is joined in India by a group of prestigious mystics and academics, including Paul Brunton and Stanford Professor Walter Evans-Wentz. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baird_Thomas_Spalding]

*Trivia: "[....] The author Colonel James Churchward is probably the man standing between Douglas DeVorss and Baird T. Spalding on the S.S President Hoover before leaving San Francisco for India to visit the Masters known as Siddhas. [....]"

[Based on: http://thelastoutpost.com/video-2/the-masters/life-eternal.html] - [T.D. - 01/01/11]

1925 - "Perfect Master" - 1925: Perfect Master is the English translation that the Indian spiritual master Meher Baba began to use in his writing as early as 1925 [1] to the denote the Eastern sense of a sadguru (Vedanta) or a qutub (Sufism). A Perfect Master, according to Baba, is a God-realized person (one whose limited individualized consciousness has merged with God) who can use his Divine attributes of Infinite Power, Knowledge and Bliss for the spiritual upliftment of others.[2] In describing Meher Baba's specialized use of the term C. B. Purdom writes "The title ‘Perfect Master’...means one who has himself reached the goal to which he directs others: one who, pointing to God, has himself realized God." [3] [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perfect_Master_%28Meher_Baba%29]

1925 - "Great White Brotherhood" - "[....] The actual phrase 'Great White Brotherhood' was used extensively in Leadbeater's 1925 book The Masters and the Path.[10] Alice A. Bailey also claimed have to received numerous revelations from the Great White Brotherhood between 1920 and 1949, which are compiled in her books known collectively by her followers as the Alice A. Bailey Material. Since the introduction of the phrase, the term 'Great White Brotherhood' is in some circles used generically to refer to any concept of an enlightened community of adepts, on earth or in the hereafter, with benevolent aims toward the spiritual development of the human race, and without strict regard to the names used within the tradition.[11] Dion Fortune adopts the name to refer to the community of living and dead adepts.[12] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_White_Brotherhood]

1925 - The Hidden Power / Thomas Troward - 1925: THE HIDDEN POWER, And Other Papers Upon Mental Science - Thomas Troward

http://www.archive.org/stream/hiddenpowerother00trowiala#page/n7/mode/2up

1925 - 16-Year-Old Paul Twitchell / Allahabad, India??? - 1925: "This year in India was not spent totally in an attitude of holy learning. Paul had reached his sixteenth birthday [1925?], and he decided that he needed a furlough from the ashram. He traveled to Bombay, put up in a hotel, and then set out in search of a holy man who Sudar Singh had said was extremely wise in the ways of God." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 53]

*Trivia: "Kay-Dee and Paul arrived home in China Point shortly before the outbreak of World War II [09/03/39]." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 54]

1925 - Trivia / Gurdwara Act of 1925 - November 1st, 1925: "[....] The Act came into force on November 1, 1925 with a gazette notification from the government of Punjab. According to the Act a Central Gurdwara Board elected by the Sikhs was to be the custodian of all-important Sikh places of worship. [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiromani_Gurdwara_Prabandhak_Committee

1925 - The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria / William Scott-Elliot - 1925: "William Scott-Elliot (sometimes spelled Scott-Elliott) (d.1930) was a theosophist who elaborated Helena Blavatsky's concept of root races in several publications, most notably The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), later combined in 1925 into a single volume called The Story of Atlantis and the Lost Lemuria. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Scott-Elliot]

1926 - Paul Twitchell / Student -

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=3

1926 - Seven Names of God / Meher Baba - "[....] The Seven Names of God Prayer is a prayer given by Meher Baba first in 1926 to his Prem Ashram students and later his close disciples to memorize and recite, often as a chant or song. The seventh of the names is Hu.

Hari, Paramatma,
Allah, Ahuramazda,
God, Yezdan, Hu

[....]

Update (Aug. 29, 2009) Moved from comments.

Also what "Hu" is in Arabic-Farsi-Urdu-Turkish is etymologically related to "Su" in Sanskrit, and "Eu' in English (e.g., euphony, euphemism, eucharist.

In the Avestan 3-part ethical formula of Zarathusthra the word "Hu" means beautiful or good:

Hu Mata (Good thoughts)

Hu Ukhta (Good Words)

Hu Varashta (Good actions)

~Talat Halman

[Based on: http://meherbabawords.blogspot.com/2009/08/hu-and-huma.html]

1926 - The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man / James Churchward -

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Churchward]

1927 - L. Ron Hubbard / Asia - 1927: "[....] In 1927, at the age of sixteen, Ron took the first of his several voyages across the Pacific to Asia. There, both on his own and in the company of an officer attached to the British legation, he took advantage of this unique opportunity to study Far Eastern culture. Among others he befriended and learned from was a thoroughly insightful Beijing magician who represented the last of the line of Chinese magicians from the court of Kublai Khan. [....] It was also through the course of these travels that Ron gained access to the much talked-about but rarely seen Buddhist lamaseries in the Western Hills of China — temples usually off-limits to both local peasants and visiting foreigners. [....] Beyond the lamasery walls, he closely examined the surrounding culture. In addition to the local Tartar tribes, he spent time with nomadic bandits originally from Mongolia. He further travelled up and down the China coast exploring villages and cities, delving into the fabric of the nation. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg003.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1927 - Married / Kay-Dee Twitchell - June 11th, 1927: Paul Twitchell's sister, Katherine, gets married.

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=49

1927 - Who Brings the Truth? / J. Krishnamurti - "Who Brings the Truth? By J. Krishnamurti. / An address delivered at Eerde, the International Headquarters of the Order of the Star, August 2,1927.  See link:

*Link: http://norea.net/krishnamurti/truth.htm

1928 - Birth / Darwin Gross - January 3rd, 1928: Reportedly born this date in history, Darwin Gross, the 972nd (1971-1981) Living Eck Master (d. 03/08/08).

1928 - 19-Year-Old Paul Twitchell / Graduates Highschool? - 1928: (See: May 1931)

*Trivia: "Paul apparently had a very productive career as an athletic director, right out of high school, on through college, and into his mid-twenties. This seems to be where Paul first developed his skills as a promoter and leader, since the files hold pages and pages of news stories about his efforts in those days. It appears that Paul was quite successful in this early career of his. [NP] Following this, Paul decided to take up writing. He began with his poetry and The Coins of God [published 1939], but soon expanded into all types of writing; from historical pieces to fiction. He wrote books that were serialized, newspaper articles, magazine features, and even small pieces for Ripley's Believe It Or Not and other similar publications. In fact, his writing career grew so rapidly it became something of a sensation itself, and a source of many articles about Paul. [NP] This would become the beginning of a career in journalism for Paul that lasted for over 25 years, ending when he began his work in building ECKANKAR. [....] "Fortunately, this page from the Who's Who turned up in the Paducah Library files. Here is the article:

"Twitchell, John Paul, director municipal recreation; b. Paducah, Ky., Oca, 22, 1908; s. Jacob Noah and Effie Dorothy Twitchell; ed. Augusta Tilghman H. S., grad. 1928; Physical dir. Y.M.C.A., Paducah, Ky., 1928-31; Paris Ky., 1929; track Coach, Tilghman H. S., Paducah, 1929-30-31; athletic director Murray State Teachers Coll., 1931-33; Western State Teachers Coll., Bowling Green, Ky., 1933-35; asst. director Ohio State Univ., fall of 1935; municipal recreation director, Paducah, since 1935. Contributor of articles to Athletic Journal. Office: Campbell Bldg. Mome[sic]: 1625 North Twelfth St., Paducah, Ky." [Based on: Who's Who in Kentucky, 1935?]

[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

*Trivia:

Here is a direct quote:

"Wilson Gantt, dean of admissions and registrar, says the school's records show Twitchell graduated from Tilghman High School in Paducah in MAY 1931 and entered MURRAY that September. He remained a full-time student until March of 1933, Gantt said."

Hmm.... Hey, Doug, what does this do to that profile?

[See: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

*Other Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62

1928 - Paul Twitchell / Paris, Kentucky? - 1928-1931: "Well [D.M. to D.L.], go back and re-read the Who's Who article. You'll see it says quite clearly that Paul was in Paris the year after he graduated from high school. Exactly like it said in Brad Steiger's book. Well, except for the fact that it was Paris, Kentucky, not Paris, France!" [Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

1928 - Paul Twitchell / Dublin, Ireland? - August, 1928: Talks in Dublin, Ireland. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 186, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1928 - The Secret Teachings of All Ages / Manly P. Hall - 1928: "What you hold in your hands is a volume of the ages. Originally published in 1928 by the mystical scholar and sage Manly P. Hall (1901-1900), this book - like none before it and none that have followed - is a codex to the ideas and mysteries that resonate within the symbols, myths, and philosophies that have guided humankind since its earliest efforsts at self-knowledge. [....]" [Based on: The Secret Teachings of All Ages, p. 1 (2003 Reader's Edition)]

*Link: http://tinyurl.com/7xywkv7

1929 - Career Trivia / Paul Twitchell - 1929: "[....] 1929; track Coach, Tilghman H. S., Paducah, 1929-30-31; athletic director Murray State Teachers Coll., 1931-33; Western State Teachers Coll., Bowling Green, Ky., 1933-35; asst. director Ohio State Univ., fall of 1935; municipal recreation director, Paducah, since 1935. Contributor of articles to Athletic Journal. Office: Campbell Bldg. Mome[sic]: 1625 North Twelfth St., Paducah, Ky." [Based on: Who's Who in Kentucky, 1935?]

[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

1929 - Dissolution Speech / Jiddu Krishnamurti - August 3rd, 1929: "[....] His new direction reached a climax in 1929, when he rebuffed attempts by Leadbeater and Besant to continue with the Order of the Star. Krishnamurti dissolved the Order during the annual Star Camp at Ommen, the Netherlands, on 3 August 1929[83] in front of Annie Besant, three thousand members, and a radio audience.[84] In the so-called Dissolution Speech, he stated that he made his decision after 'careful consideration' during the previous two years, ... . [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiddu_Krishnamurti#Break_with_the_past]

1929 - L. Ron Hubbard / Washington D.C. - 1929: "Returning to the United States in the autumn of 1929, Ron resumed his formal education. After attending Swavely Prep School in Manassas, Virginia, he graduated from the Woodward School for Boys in Washington, D.C. [....] Theorising that the world of subatomic particles might possibly provide a clue to the human thought process, he enrolled in one of the first nuclear physics courses taught in the United States. Moreover, he was concerned for the safety of the world, recognising that if man were to handle the atom sanely for the greatest benefit, he would first have to learn to handle himself. His aim, then, was to synthesise and test all knowledge for what was observable, workable and could truly help solve man’s problems. And to that end, he set out to determine precisely how the mind functioned. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg005.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1930 - Tibet Expedition - 1930: [...] Inspired by Theosophical lore and several visiting Mongol lamas, Gleb Bokii, the chief Bolshevik cryptographer and one of the bosses of the Soviet secret police, along with his writer friend Alexander Barchenko, embarked on a quest for Shambhala, in an attempt to merge Kalachakra-tantra and ideas of Communism in the 1920s. They contemplated a special expedition to Inner Asia to retrieve the wisdom of Shambhala - the project fell through as a result of intrigues within the Soviet intelligence service, as well as rival efforts of the Soviet Foreign Commissariat that sent its own expedition to Tibet in 1924. [NP] Among other things, in a secret laboratory affiliated with the secret police, Bokii and Barchenko also experimented with Buddhist spiritual techniques, trying to find a key to engineer perfect communist human beings[13] Similarly, Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf Hess sent a German expedition to Tibet in 1930, and then again in 1934-35, and in 1938-39.[14] Some later occultists, noting the Nazi link, view Shambhala (or the closely related underground realm of Aghartha) as a source of negative manipulation by an evil (or amoral) conspiracy. [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shambhala]

1930s - "Rastafari Movement" - 1930s: "The Rastafari movement is a monotheistic, Abrahamic, new religious movement that arose in a Christian culture in Jamaica in the 1930s.[1][2] [....] There are three main sects or orders of Rastafari today: the Nyahbinghi Order, Bobo Ashanti and the Twelve Tribes of Israel. All agree on the basic principles of the divine status of Haile Selassie and the importance of black images of divinity. Many Rastafari do not belong to any sect and the movement as a whole is loosely defined and organized. [....] Emperor Haile Selassie I, whom some of the Rastafarians call Jah, was crowned "King of Kings, Elect of God, and Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah" in Addis Ababa on November 2, 1930. The event created great publicity throughout the world, including in Jamaica, and particularly through two consecutive Time magazine articles about the coronation (he was later named Time's Person of the Year for 1935, the first Black person to appear on the cover), as well as two consecutive National Geographic issues around the same time. Haile Selassie almost immediately gained a following as both God and King amongst poor Jamaicans, who came to be known as Rastafarians, and who looked to their Bibles, and saw what they believed to be the fulfilling of many prophecies from the book of Revelation. As Ethiopia was the only African country to be free from colonialism, and Haile Selassie was the only black leader accepted among the kings and queens of Europe, the early Rastas viewed him with great reverence. [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rastafari_movement

1930 - Paul Twitchell / YMCA Director -

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=3

1930 - Brotherhood of the White Temple - Maurice Doreal was the name adopted by Claude Doggins as head of the Brotherhood of the White Temple, an occult fraternity headquartered in Sedalia, Colorado. Doreal was born in Sulfur Springs, Oklahoma. As a youth he became interested in Tarzan, which quickly broadened into a general interest in fantasy and science fiction literature, and by 1950 his library included some 5,000 titles. His interests also expanded to the occult. He served in World War I, after which, he claimed, he spent eight years in Tibet. He also claimed to have visited the occult center in the middle of Mt. Shasta in northern California. [NP] Doreal founded the Brotherhood of the White Temple in 1930, and spent much of his life writing the brotherhood lessons and a series of pamphlets, called the Little Temple Library, on a wide variety of occult-related topics from Atlantis to UFOs. He claimed to have gained his knowledge from his contact with the Great White Lodge of Masters, those who have passed beyond their earthly experience and now seek to guide humanity in its evolution. [NP] Doreal began work on new headquarters for the brotherhood in Sedalia in 1946, during the height of anxieties over possible atomic war. The location, a valley enclosed by 1,500-foot mountain walls, was believed to be a protected site. Headquarters moved in 1951. Two years later Doreal predicted that the biblical Battle of Armageddon would begin very soon, and residents stored foods against the coming hard times. [NP] Doreal died in 1963, and the brotherhood has continued to the present using his many writings as their authoritative literature. Sources:

Kossy, Donna. Kooks: A Guide to the Outer Limits of Human Belief. Portland, Ore.: Feral House, 1994.

*Link: http://www.answers.com/topic/maurice-doreal - [T.D. - 05/09/10]

*Trivia: "FROM SHASTA TO TIBET... Maurice Doreal was born Claude Doggins of Sulfer Springs, Oklahoma in 1898 (or so I have heard). He looked more like a feed-store owner or small-town banker than the guru he became to his thousand or so followers. He founded his 'Brotherhood of the White Temple' in 1929, naming it after a group of 'Masters' of the same name often invoked by Helena P. Blavatsky's successor Annie Besant (the 'New Age' Theosophical leader - Branton). He claimed that after serving in the First World War, he traveled to Tibet and spent eight years studying there with the Dalai Lama. Doreal amassed one of the world's largest and finest occult and science-fiction libraries - over thirty thousand volumes - but all he seemed to distill out of his studies was a long series of repetitive and poorly-written, but highly imaginative, booklets on occult subjects, written between about 1940 and his death in 1963. It is still possible at this writing, though, to send away for 'Mysteries of Mt. Shasta,' 'Mysteries of the Gobi,' 'Polar Paradise,' and similar booklets for a few dollars each from the Brotherhood of the White Temple Inc. in Sedalia, Colorado.

*Link: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Ancient-Mysteries/message/4369 - [T.D. - 05/09/10]

1930s - Aviator & Writer / L. Ron Hubbard - "His earlier accomplishments are similarly impressive. As a barnstorming aviator through the 1930s he was known as “Flash” and broke local records for sustained glider flight. As a leader of expeditions, he is credited with conducting the first complete Puerto Rican mineralogical survey under United States protectorship and his navigational annotations still influence the maritime guides for British Columbia. His experimentation with early radio directional finding further became the basis for the Long Range Navigational system (LORAN). And, as a lifelong photographer, his works have been displayed in galleries on two continents, with the definitive exhibition of his photographs, still drawing tens of thousands every year. [NP] Among other avenues of research, Mr. Hubbard developed and codified an administrative technology that is currently utilized by more than four thousand organizations worldwide, including multi-national corporations, charitable bodies, political parties, schools, youth clubs and hundreds of small businesses. Likewise Mr. Hubbard’s internationally acclaimed educational methods are utilized by thousands of academic institutions, while his equally acclaimed drug rehabilitation program has proven five times more effective than other such programs."

[http://www.lronhubbard.org/profile/intro01.htm] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

*Trivia: "[....] He directed two expeditions, the Caribbean Motion Picture Expedition, a two-and-a-half month, 5,000-mile voyage aboard the four-masted schooner, Doris Hamlin, and the West Indies Mineralogical Expedition, which completed the first mineralogical survey of the island of Puerto Rico under U.S. rule. Upon his return to the United States, and with scientific grants few and far between, he began to write his way to fame and fortune, supporting his research by becoming one of the most popular writers of the 1930s. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1930 - Guy Warren Ballard / Mt. Shasta, California - "[....] Ballard [Guy Warren Ballard (July 28, 1878 – December 29, 1939] visited Mount Shasta, California in 1930, where he met another hiker who identified himself as Saint Germain.[1] Mr. Ballard's experiences take place within the larger North American mountain ranges. Ballard provided details of his encounters in a series of books Unveiled Mysteries and The Magic Presence, using the pen name 'Godfré Ray King.' [NP] Guy Ballard, his wife Edna, and later his son Donald, it is believed, became the 'sole Accredited Messengers' of Saint Germain. Their teachings form the original nucleus for what are today called the Ascended Master Teachings."

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guy_Ballard] - [T.D. - 01/01/11]

1930 - Man and the Stars - 1930: MAN AND THE STARS, by HARLAN TRUE STETSON, Director of the Perkins Observatory, Ohio Wesleyan University, WHITTLESEY HOUSE, McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY, INC., NEW YORK · 1930 *Link: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=6767424

1931 - Birth / Roy Eugene Davis - March 9th, 1931: "Roy Eugene Davis (born 9 March 1931) is an American spiritual teacher and author. He is associated with the kriya yoga tradition and is a direct disciple of the Indian guru Paramahansa Yogananda. [....] Davis was ordained by his guru in 1951[2] and was appointed as the minister of the Phoenix, Arizona, Self-Realization Fellowship Center. Following the death of Yogananda in 1952, Davis left SRF in 1953. After spending two years in the U.S. Army medical department he started travelling all over the U.S. and in Europe, India and Japan as an independent spiritual teacher. Toward the end of the sixties he settled in Lakemont, Georgia, where he was invited to be the director of a spiritual organization (Christian Spiritual Alliance). After a few years he became the head of the organization and changed its name into "Center for Spiritual Awareness". The organization has small meditation groups in the United States, Canada, Africa and Europe.[3]."

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Eugene_Davis

1931 - Paul Twitchell / Graduates High School? - May 1931:

Here is a direct quote:

"Wilson Gantt, dean of admissions and registrar, says the school's records show Twitchell graduated from Tilghman High School in Paducah in MAY 1931 and entered MURRAY that September. He remained a full-time student until March of 1933, Gantt said."

Hmm.... Hey, Doug, what does this do to that profile?

[See: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubtitleAcss.aspx?SubtitleNo=19

1933 - Julian P. Johnson / Beas India - "Johnson [Julian P. Johnson], a native Kentuckian and distinguished surgeon, left his medical practice in California and traveled to Beas, India, in order to serve his guru, Sawan Singh. From 1933 to 1939, Johnson devoted much of his time to writing about his master and his experiences in the Radha Soami path." [See link: ]

*Trivia: "That religions often evolve out of other past religions is a well known phenomenon: witness Christianity's emergence from Judaism. What is not so well known, however, is how certain religions try to genealogically dissociate themselves from their historical roots. Eckankar is a classic case in point.
   "Founded in 1965 by Paul Twitchell, one-time disciple of Swami Premananda, Kirpal Singh and L. Ron Hubbard, Eckankar owes much of its theology to Radhasoami. Indeed, as Lane, Melton, and others have pointed out, most of Paul Twitchell's writings are derived from two Radhasoami publications, With a Great Master in India and The Path of the Masters (both authored by Julian P. Johnson in the 1930s). Certainly, it is not surprising that religious doctrines can at times appear to be similar, but what is surprising is when a religion which has borrowed much of its history, doctrine, and terminology from another tries to consciously deny its putative association. [....]"

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/rsch3.html]

1931 - Paul Twitchell / Murray State University - 1931-1933: Reportedly attended from Fall 1931 to Spring 1933. *Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=150

1932 - Matter and Memory / Henri Bergson - 1932: "THIS book [first published in 1911] affirms the reality of spirit and the reality of matter, and tries to determine the relation of the one to the other by the study of a definite example, that of memory. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.brocku.ca/MeadProject/Bergson/Bergson_1911b/Bergson_1911_00.html]

*Links: http://www.archive.org/stream/mattermemor00berg#page/n3/mode/2up

1933 - Shangri-La - 1933: [...] The Buddhist myth of Shambhala is adaptation of the earlier Hindu myth of Kalki of Sambhala found in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. The Buddhist version may be a mythologization of an actual culture, whose geographical location can be found either in Central or Far Eastern Asia (China). [...] The first information that reached western civilization about Shambhala came from the Portuguese Catholic missionary Estêvão Cacella, who had heard about Shambhala (which they transcribed as "Xembala"), and thought it was another name for Cathay or China. In 1627 they headed to Tashilhunpo, the seat of the Panchen Lama and, discovering their mistake, returned to India.[10] [NP] The Hungarian scholar Sándor Ko"rösi Csoma, writing in 1833, provided the first geographic account of "a fabulous country in the north...situated between 45' and 50' north latitude". Interestingly enough, due north from India to between these latitudes is eastern Kazakhstan, which is characterized by green hills, low mountains, rivers, and lakes. This is in contrast to the landscape of the provinces of Tibet and Xinjiang in eastern China, which are high mountains and arid. [NP] The concept of Shangri-La, as first described in James Hilton's 1933 novel Lost Horizon, is claimed to have been inspired by the Shambhala myth (as well as then-current National Geographic articles on Eastern Tibet). [NP] Shambala appears in several science fiction stories of the 1930s. [...] Inspired by Theosophical lore and several visiting Mongol lamas, Gleb Bokii, the chief Bolshevik cryptographer and one of the bosses of the Soviet secret police, along with his writer friend Alexander Barchenko, embarked on a quest for Shambhala, in an attempt to merge Kalachakra-tantra and ideas of Communism in the 1920s. They contemplated a special expedition to Inner Asia to retrieve the wisdom of Shambhala - the project fell through as a result of intrigues within the Soviet intelligence service, as well as rival efforts of the Soviet Foreign Commissariat that sent its own expedition to Tibet in 1924. [NP] Among other things, in a secret laboratory affiliated with the secret police, Bokii and Barchenko also experimented with Buddhist spiritual techniques, trying to find a key to engineer perfect communist human beings[13] Similarly, Heinrich Himmler and Rudolf Hess sent a German expedition to Tibet in 1930, and then again in 1934-35, and in 1938-39.[14] Some later occultists, noting the Nazi link, view Shambhala (or the closely related underground realm of Aghartha) as a source of negative manipulation by an evil (or amoral) conspiracy. [....]

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shambhala]

1933 - Paul Twitchell / Western Kentucky University - 1933-1935: "What I [David Lane] do know is that Stephen D. House, Registrar at Western Kentucky University, writes that Twitchell entered college in September 1933 at the recorded age of 22. [....] Take another look [D.M. now speaking to D.L.] at that letter from the Registrar at Western Kentucky University. It doesn't say what you think. It says that Paul listed his age as 22 upon his 'admission' to Western State, not when Paul entered college. Also, the Registrar includes the correction to an earlier error he had made when he writes that Paul attended Western State from September 1933 through January 1935, "not from September, 1932, as given in my earlier correspondence. [NP] Why did he make that error? Was it because in fact the Sept. 1932 date was the date of Paul's admission? Admission does take place before attending, correct? Paul would have been 22 on Sept. 1932, if he was born Oct. 1909, right? [NP] The 1933-35 date for Paul attending Western State does match the Who's Who bio." [See: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=151

1934 - Trivia / Sri Ramana - "It was in 1911 that the first westerner, Frank Humphreys, then a policeman stationed in India, discovered Sri Ramana and wrote articles about him which were first published in The International Psychic Gazette in 1913.[23] However, Sri Ramana only became relatively well known in and out of India after 1934 when Paul Brunton, having first visited Sri Ramana in January 1931, published the book A Search in Secret India, which became very popular. Resulting visitors included Paramahansa Yogananda, Somerset Maugham (whose 1944 novel The Razor's Edge models its spiritual guru after Sri Ramana),[24] Mercedes de Acosta, Julian P. Johnson, and Arthur Osborne. Sri Ramana's relative fame spread throughout the 1940s. However, even as his fame spread, Sri Ramana was noted for his belief in the power of silence and his relatively sparse use of speech, as well as his lack of concern for fame or criticism.[25] His lifestyle remained that of a renunciate. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramana_Maharshi#Discovery_by_Westerners]

1934 - With a Great Master in India - "With a Great Master in India, by Julian P. Johnson, was originally published in 1934. Subsequently published: Beas, India: Radha Soami Satsang Beas, 1982." [- D.R.D.]

*Link: http://www.scribd.com/doc/30324325/Julian-Johnson-With-a-Great-Master-in-India

*Trivia: June 3rd, 1932, Johnson arrives? He sailed for India on march 24th, 1932, about a year after his initiation (p.13) Ended at p. 36.

1934 - Founded / Philosophical Research Society - "[....] In 1934 Manly P. Hall founded the Philosophical Research Society in Los Angeles, California, dedicating it to an idealistic approach to the solution of human problems. The PRS claims to be non-sectarian and entirely free from educational, political, or ecclesiastical control, the Society's programs stress the need for the integration of philosophy, religion, and science into one system of instruction. The PRS Library, a public facility devoted to source materials in obscure fields, has many rare and scarce items now impossible to obtain elsewhere. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manly_P._Hall]

1935 - "Advent of ECKANKAR" (?) - "Since the advent of ECKANKAR into the modern world, starting about 1935, the crises in human affairs have become more intense and now seem at the bursting point. It appears that this ancient teaching which has made its way back into the attention of the world, after lying dormant for centuries, is here for a purpose. That is to bring a stronger spiritual strength to all those who become  its followers. [....] The Ancient One, the agent of God, whom we call the Messiah, or the Godman, appears in the world with every new age. Now he has appeared with the age-old teachings of ECK, which will give the human race a spiritual boost, taking many over the crisis into the realm of God. The way will be perfectly clear now that many can see where the path of God is leading them." [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell - Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross, p. 123]

1935 - Paul Twitchell & Sudar Singh? - "[....] Paul was learning how to put the truths he found on the inner planes into writing. He had a very difficult time figuring out a way to present Eckankar to this society. The earliest mention of his use of the word Eckankar was about 1960 or 1961. He said he had come across the teachings through Sudar Singh in a general way as early as 1935, then studied them in depth with Rebazar Tarzs starting in 1951. But the teachings were difficult for him to bring out, because nobody cared. [....]" [Based on: Article (Getting the ECK Message Out) by Harold Klemp - see link]

*Link: http://www.eckankar.org/Masters/Peddar/man.html#training [T.D. - November 2006]

*Trivia: "I began my study of ECKANKAR under the tutelage of Sat Guru Sudar Singh in Allahabad, India. Later I studied under Rebazar Tarzs." [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings, Vol. 1 (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross), by Paul Twitchell, p. 50]

*Trivia: "[....] Sudar Singh often spoke of Rebazar Tarzs, a Tibetan saint, whom he said was reputed to be over five hundred years old, and was at the time living in the foothills between Darjeeling and Gangtock somewhere, but presently has a small abode in the Hindu Kush mountains on the Afghanistan-Kashmir frontier, near Tibet. [....]" [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross), p. 32]

*Trivia: Writes Twitchell, ". . . I found this to be true of Sudar Singh, the strange mystic of Allahabad, in the summer of 1938, when I visited him with my step-sister." [Based on: ECKANKAR, The Key to Secret Worlds, Copyright 1969, p. 174 (or) Chap. 10, 3rd paragraph]

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm5.html]

1935 - Paul Twitchell / Who's Who in Kentucky - 1935?: "In his late twenties and early thirties [26, 27 in 1935?], it appears that Paul decided to make it as a full time, freelance writer. He then looked for any way he could find to sell a story. Sometimes these stories were about himself. Not usually, but he didn't pass up on these opportunities. [NP] For example, Paul got a blurb on himself, when he entered the Navy, printed in the periodical called 'Strange As It Seems.' It was a column similar to Ripley's Believe It or Not. [....] As for whether Paul indeed held the position of athletic director for those schools, the Paducah Library files have copies of well over 100 articles on or about Paul Twitchell covering the period up to about 1943. Over half of them are about the physical activities that Paul organized or led. The other articles cover Paul's literary career which began in 1938, after the Who's Who bio."

[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

1935 - Atmospheric Ceiling? - STETSON SPEAKS ABOUT ATMOSPHERIC CEILING / NO MAN-CARRYING BALLOON CAN REACH IONOSPHERE / Published: Thursday, December 05, 1935

http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1935/12/5/stetson-speaks-about-atmospheric-ceiling-pstating/

1936 - Born / Brad Steiger - February 19th, 1936: Steiger was born on 19 February 1936 in Fort Dodge, Iowa, to a mother and father who were farmers. He claims to have lived "in a haunted house with thumps, bumps, doors opening and closing, and men and women walking around all night in period costume." [....] He began writing when he was a school teacher in his native Iowa when he had writings published in Fate Magazine and other publications. [....]

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brad_Steiger - [T.D. - 01/17/10]

*Trivia: Popular writer on UFOs, reincarnation, and related paranormal subjects. Steiger was born Eugene E. Olson on February 19, 1936, in Bode, Iowa. He was educated at Luther College (1953-57) and the University of Iowa (1963). From 1957 to 1963 he was a high school English teacher in Clinton, Iowa, and then a literature and creative writing instructor at Luther College, Decorah, Iowa, from 1963 to 1967. In 1965 his first book, Ghosts, Ghouls and Other Peculiar People, was published. A series of paperbacks began to appear in 1966, and in 1967 Steiger became a full-time writer and lecturer on paranormal and ufological subjects. [....]

[Based on: http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/eop_02/eop_02_04325.html - [T.D. - 01/17/10]

*Links: http://www.bradandsherry.com/brad.htm

1936 - Died / Sri Yukteswar - March 9th, 1936: "In 1935, Yogananda returned to India for a last visit with his great guru (right). (Sri Yukteswar passed away on March 9, 1936.) Traveling by ship and automobile through Europe, Palestine, and Egypt, he arrived in Bombay in the summer of 1935."

*Link?: http://www.ananda.org/autobiography/

1936 - Died / Sudarshan Singh? - December, 1936: "Interestingly, Sudarshan Singh moved from Agra to Allahabad around the time of Paul's birth, and Sudarshan lived there until his death. The reason he moved there was to be near the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith, who lived in Allahabad at the time. Allahabad, of course is where Paul said that Sudar Singh lived and had his ashram.
   "Paul [Paul Twitchell] said that he thought Sudar Singh died sometime around 1936-37. It turns out that Sudarshan Singh died in December of 1936. The next year, in 1937, the fifth Sant Sat Guru, Babuji, moved to Agra, to bring the center for the Parent Faith back to its origins." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]   

1936 - The Flaming Door: Mission of the Celtic Fold Soul - The Flaming Door: Mission of the Celtic Fold Soul, by Eleanor C. Merry, 1936. Quotes:

"And that which came to meet the soul (as light and sound come to meet our outer eyes and ears) was called HU, the spiritual world." (p. 137)

"The God HU was the all-ruling Divinity of Western Celtic mythology. He represented the power and the glory of the spiritual world." (p. 153)

"The Mysteries of HU revealed the other pole of human life: the ascent out of the body into the 'glorified' state of expansion of the consciousness in the spiritual world." (p. 153)

"And HU could bring music to the consciousness of waking man and teach it to him, because he himself could hear in sleep the harmonies of the spheres, and his passage from waking to sleeping to waking was unbroken by any obliteration of consciousness. This was always the summit of initiation experience." (p. 165)

*Link: http://www.sourcetext.com/hupage/Secular/secular.html

1937 - Paul Twitchell / Painter -

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=3

1937 - Paul Twitchell / Paducah, Kentucky - Reportedly [Paul Twitchell was] home during the flood of 1937.

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=21

1937 - Coins of Gold / Paul Twitchell Poetry - June 11th, 1937:

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62

1937 - Pluto / Leo - October 7th, 1937: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo; November 26th, R. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1937.pdf

1938 - Breakthrough of Magnitude / L. Ron Hubbard - "[....] Organising the tremendous body of data he had acquired — from his travels, research and experiments — he embarked upon a new experimental path, this time to determine how cells functioned. And following an elaborate series of experiments in early 1938, he made a breakthrough of magnitude — he isolated the common denominator of existence: SURVIVE.  [....]" " [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

*Trivia: "[....] That man was surviving was not a new idea. That this was the single basic common denominator of existence was. [NP] The predominant theory of the time held that life was simply a chance chain reaction in a sea of ammonia. Disproving this materialistic belief and forming the basis for all his later work, his findings were compiled into a philosophic manuscript, Excalibur, written during the first weeks of 1938. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg006.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1938 - Paul Twitchell / Poetry -

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=91

1938 - Pluto / Leo - August 4th, 1938: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1938.pdf

1938 - Paul Twitchell & Sudar Singh -

*Trivia: Once included in ECKANKAR, The Key to Secret Worlds:

Writes Twitchell,

". . . I found this to be true of Sudar Singh, the strange mystic of Allahabad, in the summer of 1938, when I visited him with my step-sister." [Based on: ECKANKAR, The Key to Secret Worlds, Copyright 1969, p. 174 (or) Chap. 10, 3rd paragraph]

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm5.html]

Apparently, 1938 was later edited out. See 1988 version, p. 169-170. Example

". . . I found this to be true of Sudar Singh, the strange mystic of Allahabad, the summer I visited him with my half sister."

[....] According to Steiger's account (which also gives no dates), it would be in the late 1930's, early 1940's, when Twitchell visited India. Yet, according to Twitchell's actual birth date (1908-1912), it would have to be the late 1920's when he visited India. In both cases, however, there is no proof, documentary or otherwise, to support Twitchell's self-claimed travels to India. The doubtful nature of Twitchell's travels gains further support when we learn that the first mention of his guru Sudar Singh is not until the January 1964 issue of Orion Magazine. Before that time, Twitchell makes no reference to the elusive Indian master. [....]

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm5.html]

1938 - Psychic Observer Magazine - August 1938: "Psychic Observer and Chimes (Magazine) / Prominent American Spiritualist magazine founded in 1974 by the merger of Chimes and the Psychic Observer. The Psychic Observer Corporation was founded in 1937 in Jamestown, New York, by Ralph and Juliette Pressing. The first issue of the Psychic Observer appeared in August 1938. In 1957 the Pressings retired and Agnes F. Reuther became editor. Two years later Tom O'Neill acquired the periodical, then issued as a tabloid. In 1960 he was informed by Andrija Puharich, then a young researcher, that he had discovered several of the more prominent mediums at Camp Chesterfield engaged in a conspiracy to conduct fake materialization séances. Puharich presented the photographic proof, pictures taken with an infrared camera. O'Neill published the pictures and announced the findings as a dark day for Spiritualism. [NP] As a result of the exposé, O'Neill almost went bankrupt, as advertisers loyal to the camp pulled their support from the periodical. He relocated his publishing enterprise to North Carolina and for a brief period published under another title. [NP] O'Neill died in 1965 and the Psychic Observer ceased publication. In 1968 it was purchased by Alice Tindell and moved to Washington, D.C. It was issued as an open forum magazine, but in effect it was the periodical of the National Spiritual Science Center, the church headed by Tindell. It was published by the ESPress, the church's publishing concern. Henry Nagoka edited the new publication. [NP] Chimes began in 1942 under the editorship of Bert Welch and his wife. It was later purchased by June and Leighton Denton. Chimes, Inc., the publishing company, also had a book distribution service and facilitated the Dentons' healing ministry. Chimes faithfully served the American Spiritualist community for a generation until it was discontinued as an independent publication in 1974. [NP] Psychic Observer and Chimes was discontinued after the July/ October 1981 issue." Copyright © 2001

*Link: http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/eop_02/eop_02_03712.html - [T.D. - 05/21/10]

1939 - Pluto / Leo - February 7th, 1939: Pluto at 0 degrees Leo, R.; June 14th, D. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1939.pdf

1939 - Coins of Gold - 1939: Coins of Gold, by Paul Twitchell  

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=75

1939 - Green Memories - 1939: Green Memories (Poetry), by Paul Twitchell

1939 - The Path of the Masters - "The Path of the Masters was first published in France in 1939; its author was Julian P. Johnson. [....] It should be noted that Johnson never saw the book in its final published form, as he died in 1939 shortly before it came out. A number of rumors have cropped up concerning Julian Johnson's death, and this may be a good place to clarify what actually happened. Apparently, Johnson got into a fairly heated debate with a younger friend of his named Paul [not Paul Twitchell] over health treatments. During the heat of the debate Johnson either tripped or was pushed and hit his head on a rock. He subsequently died from his injuries on the way to the hospital. Since there was some confusion over what actually transpired (Was it an accidental fall on Johnson's part? Or, was it an accidental fall caused by Paul who pushed Johnson to the ground?), there was naturally a lot of speculation (which led to gossip) about Johnson's death. Even today some uninformed observers claim Johnson was murdered. According to witnesses who were in India at the time, though, Johnson's death was a tragic accident and nothing more."  [See link:  ]

*Links: http://www.archive.org/stream/ThePathOfTheMasters/ThePathOfTheMasters_djvu.txt
             http://www.archive.org/stream/ThePathOfTheMasters/ThePathOfTheMasters#page/n1/mode/2up

*Trivia: "The Master, the audible life stream, and spiritual liberation during this lifetime - these three constitute the substance of this book." [The Path of the Masters, Sixteenth Edition 1997, p. 18]

*Trivia: "Whilst writing these lines we are deeply grieved in thinking of the author [Julian P. Johnson] so recently departed in the middle of the preparation of this publication [The Path of the Masters, 1939], leaving us the heavy responsibility of correcting the proofs of this book for which he worked with so much ardor and love." [Based on: Dr. Pierre Schmidt, October 1939; Preface to: The Path of the Masters, Sixteenth Edition, 1997, p. xxx]

*Trivia: Reportedly: "Julian Johnson was killed in a fight at the Dera when he walked into his bungalow and caught a man making love to his Indian wife." http://www.angelfire.com/band/radhasoamisantmath/ [1/3 down]

1939 - Twitchell J. Paul / Gulf Oil Co. - 1939-March 1940: Clerk at Gulf Oil Co.

http://tinyurl.com/499za8m
http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62

1939 - At Your Command / Neville Goddard - 1939: "[...] Can man decree a thing and have it come to pass? Most decidedly he can! [....]"

*Link: http://ia700502.us.archive.org/19/items/AtYourCommand/AtYourCommand-Neville.pdf

1939 - Golden Age of Science Fiction / L. Ron Hubbard - "Mr. Hubbard continued to fund his research by his ever more popular fiction writing. His stories and novels spanned every genre from adventure and travel to mystery, western, romance, science fiction and fantasy. Writing not of machines and robots but of real people and real adventures, he pioneered a whole new era of science fiction writing as one of the creators of what came to be known as the 'Golden Age of Science Fiction.' [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg007.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

*Trivia: "[....] Then came the war. [NP] When the U.S. entered World War II, Mr. Hubbard was commissioned as a lieutenant (junior grade) in the U.S. Navy and served as a commander of corvettes. He saw action in both the Atlantic and Pacific, and thoroughly distinguished himself in the eyes of those who served beneath him. Yet he was not a man who enjoyed war, and having seen enough killing to last him a lifetime — and the effects of that bloodshed on men’s sanity — he vowed to redouble his efforts to create a saner world. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg007.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1940's - Died / Sudar Singh? - Q: "Was there a Living ECK Master before 1965?" HK: "Yes, there was. This was Sudar Singh from India who died in the 1940s. Then Rebazar Tarzs, the torchbearer of the leadership of ECK who had been the Living ECK Master some time before, came in. He took the leadership until 1965, when Paul Twitchell had earned the right. Paul Twitchell had to earn it, as did all the others. There has been an unbroken succession of ECK Masters that goes quite far back. Some of them are described in 'The Spiritual Notebook.' [....]" [Based on: How To Find God, p. 162]

*Trivia: "[....] After Sudar Singh passed on, I went through a series of studies under various teachers, similar to Meher Baba, who had nineteen during his chela period. [....]" [Based on: ECKANKAR, Compiled Writings Volume 1, Paul Twitchell (Copyright 1975 by Gail T. Gross), p. 12]

1940 - Died / Effie T. Twitchell - "Effie Troutman Twitchell [b. 1878] died on April 26, 1940, of a liver disorder."  [Death record, Department of Human Resources; Franfort, Kentucky, Registrar of Vital Statistics.]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=48

*Trivia: "Paul had little time to get adjusted to Paris, to his sister's left-bank friends, or to Kay-Dee's brand of artistic expression before Pop cabled them from China Point that Mom was dying." [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 47]

1940 - Old Ugly Face / Talbot Mundy - 1940: "[...] Set in Tibet, the story concerns a group of men and women who are vitally involved in an exciting situation in that forbidden land of towering mountain peaks and age-old secrets. The Dalai Lama had died, and the choice of a successor to the most influential position in Tibet is a matter of utmost concern to the agents of various foreign governments and to Tom Grayne, unofficially representing the United States, Andrew Gunning, his free-lance friend, and Elsa Burbage, in Tibet under unusual circumstances. Above all, the future of Tibet lies in the hands of the Most Reverend Lobsang Pun, known as Old Ugly-Face, a wrinkled, stout Tibetan prelate of uncertain age, a genuine mystic whose mission in life is to preserve the seeds of sanity in a world gone mad. Grayne and Gunning are both in love with Elsa, and out of this conflict between life-long friends arises a drama of absorbing interest -- a drama intensified by international intrigue, treachery, unbelievable courage in the face of the greatest adversity, and the prodigious efforts of Old Ugly-Face to win control of the newly appointed Dalai Lama. [....]"

*Link: http://arthursclassicnovels.com/mundy/ugfa10.html

*Reverence Links: http://arthursclassicnovels.com/mundy.html

1940 - Freelance Writer / Paul Twitchell - 1940: [....] Twitchell who took to the task of free-lancing in 1940 has sold and published more than 100 articles, stories and poems. Approximately 75,000 words in the form of news items, syndicated stories, magazine fiction, articles, and features reached this new all-time record, to appear over Twitchell's name. His works have been received by such institutions as Harvard, Yale, University of Michigan, Dartmouth and many others, while the Kentucky library at Western State College of Bowling Green, Kentucky collects every word he writes for their files. He has been exploiting legends, stories and news of the lower river country of Western Kentucky in a style which has caught the public eye so well that the Literary Florida Magazine is reputed in saying that he is to become a great Kentuckian.
   "During 1940 Twitchell reached his peak in December in which he scored a serial, two fiction, one article and numerous syndicated features and stories. In the Fireside Chatter of West Albany N.Y. appeared the first installment of UNTIL TOMORROW, a serial while two short pieces of fiction BURIED TREASURE and A MOTHER'S JOB came out in the Whip Magazine of Washington, D. C. and West Albany. His article A GREAT NAVAL EXPLOIT, was in Our Navy, the official publication of the Naval Department. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers2.htm]

*Trivia: "[....] Until 1940 he [Paul Twitchell] had no intention of becoming a writer. He was answering telephones for an oil company in Paducah when, one day, he thought it would be nice if he were a writer. So he sat down and wrote a story which he called "Old Cap'n Bagby and Mr. Scratch." The story was mailed and started collecting rejection slips until it was read by the editor of The Waterways Journal. He's the fellow who called Twitchell a genius. [....]" [Based on: The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Kentucky, Roto Magazine Section, dated November 7, 1943] -

[See: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers2.htm]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=9
             http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=10

1940 - Paul Twitchell / Calcutta, India? - September, 1940: Talks in Calcutta, India. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 185, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Writer - 1941-1942: Self-employed writer, Paul Twitchell.

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Algiers? - March, 1941: Talks in Algiers. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 189, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1941 - Swami Premananda - 1941: "[....] As Brahmachari Jotin became better known, he received an increasing number of invitations to speak in synagogues, seminaries, and Christian churches of practically all denominations. He was also in great demand as a speaker for business and civic organizations such as the Lions and Rotary Clubs. In 1941, Brahmachari Jotin was consecrated as a Swami by his Guru, Swami Yogananda Paramhansa, the Guru-Preceptor of the Church. He took the name of Swami Premananda, which means Love of Supreme Wisdom. [NP] On November 23, 1952, the Golden Lotus Temple, which was designed and built by Swami Premananda, was consecrated. The cornerstone of the temple had been laid on May 17, 1952, by Renah Camalier, Grand Master of Masons of the District of Columbia, assisted by the officers of the Grand Lodge and witnessed by many members of the Masonic Fraternity and members of the congregation. It was the first time that a Grand Master of Masons had officiated at such a rite for a church of which a Swami of India was the minister. [NP] Swami Premananda was a Thirty-Third Degree Mason; Knight Commander of the Court of Honor; Shriner of the Almas Temple, Wise Master of the Evangelist Chapter of Knights Rose-Croix, (1948-49) and a proficient ritualist in higher Masonic degrees, a Knight Templar, member of the Royal Order of Scotland, and Chaplain of the Benjamin B. French Lodge No. 15 of Washington, D.C. He is the only Swami ever to receive such distinction from any Masonic body."

[Based on: http://www.self-revelationchurch.org/Church_Services/HandE_4/body_hande_4.html]

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Our Navy - April 1st, 1941. - When the Navy Got Caught in the Woods, by Paul Twitchell

1941 - Navy Commission / L. Ron Hubbard - July 1941: "[....] In July 1941, five months before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Navy finally yielded to Hubbard's entreaties, and gave him a commission in the Reserve. (Jon Atack: A Piece of Blue Sky, pg 69) [NP] On his U.S. Navy Reserve commission papers, issued in July, 1941, he was designated a volunteer for "Special Service (Intelligence duties)," an assignment he requested. His service record shows that when he was eventually called to permanent active duty in November, he was indeed posted as an 'intelligence officer.' [NP] After receiving his Naval Reserve commission, Hubbard was not immediately called to active duty. By this time he was employed as a civilian by the Navy in New York City, working with public relations and recruiting. He was only on active duty for two weeks between his commissioning in July and the end of November. He was ordered to the Hydrographic Office, Bureau of Navigation, in Washington, DC. There he annotated the photographs he had taken during his trip to Alaska the year before. (Jon Atack: A Piece of Blue Sky, pg 71) [....]"

[Based on: http://www.freezone.org/timetrack/1940ies_earlier.html] - [T.D. - 06/03/10]

*Trivia: "Phoenix Project: ...evolved out of the Philadelphia Project in the 30's and 40's, when the Navy attempted to make ships invisible."

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Our Navy - August 1st, 1941. - Not the Sword but the Hat, by Paul Twitchell

*Link: http://www.wartimepress.com/archives.asp?TID=Our+Navy&MID=Navy&q=68&FID=63

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Our Navy - September 15, 1941. - The Commodore Bagged an Army, by Paul Twitchell

*Link: http://www.wartimepress.com/archives.asp?TID=Our+Navy&MID=Navy&q=68&FID=63

1941 - Paul Twitchell / Our Navy - November 1st, 1941. - Revolutionary Hero by Paul Twitchell

http://www.wartimepress.com/archives.asp?TID=Our+Navy&MID=Navy&q=68&FID=63

1941 - Your Faith is Your Fortune / Neville Goddard - 1941: "[...] Verily, verily, I say unto you before Abraham was, I AM.-John 8:58. [NP] "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." [NP] In the beginning was the unconditioned awareness of being, and the unconditioned awareness of being became conditioned by imagining itself to be something, and the unconditioned awareness of being became that which it had imagined itself to be; so did creation begin. [....]"

http://ia700304.us.archive.org/3/items/YourFaithIsYourFortune/Neville_Your_Faith_Is_Your_Fortune.pdf

http://www.archive.org/stream/YourFaithIsYourFortune/Neville_Your_Faith_Is_Your_Fortune#page/n3/mode/2up

1942 - Enlistment / Paul Twitchell - "In 1942, Paul Twitchell enlisted in the U.S. Navy and married [08/12/42] Camille Ballowe." [See link: ]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62
             http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=68
             http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=100

*Trivia:

In about 1942, during World War II, two major events took place in Paul's life. He got married to a woman named Camille Ballowe, and he enlisted in the navy. For some reason he never got assigned to combat duty. When his navy bosses discovered his gift with words, they put him into public relations.

There are several photographs of Paul with prominent people. In one he's with Pat O'Brien, who was a famous actor; and in others he's posing with Franklin Delano Roosevelt and General Eisenhower. There was more substance to Paul than appears in the current superficial writings about him by people who don't quite understand that he had something special.

He and Camille were married in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1942. When he got out of the navy in 1945, they moved to New York. Paul wandered around a bit, and eventually took a job with the navy as the Washington, D.C., correspondent for Our Navy magazine. He kept copies of a lot of letters written from Washington, D.C., or the Washington Press Club, so we know he worked there for quite a while.

Paul became interested in occult teachings around 1950. About this time he hooked up with Swami Premananda, who headed the Self-Revelation Church of Absolute Monism in Washington, D.C. Paul and his wife lived in the ashram on church property for quite some time.

[Based on: Article (Early Commitments) @

http://www.eckankar.org/Masters/Peddar/hisStory.html#trail]

1942 - Wartime Lyrics - April 1942:

*Link: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=8

1942 - Married / Paul Twitchell - August 12th, 1942: Paul Twitchell [b. October 1909?] married Camille Ballowe [b. July 21st, 1908]

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=68
             http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=62

*Trivia: " Of course, we shouldn't forget that in fact Paul's father was the source of the 1912 birthdate, since that was the date that Paul's father recorded as Paul's birthdate in the delayed birth certificate he filed less than one year before Paul's marriage. This birth certificate is likely the source of the date on Paul's first marriage certificate. In fact, it was probably due to Paul's impending marriage that Paul's father filed the delayed birth certificate."

[Based on: http://www.littleknownpubs.com/Dialog_careers1.htm]

1942 - "Strange As It Seems" / John Hix - October 13th, 1942: "On October 13, 1942, John Hix ran an item about Twitchell in his 'Strange As It Seems' column for United Features Syndicate, Inc.: 'The family of Paul Twitchell, U.S.N.R., has its name on the war record of every American war! He is the cousin of Robert Barret Winch, the first American killed overseas in World War I!' " [Based on: IN MY SOUL I AM FREE (ISBN 0-914766-11-2), by Brad Steiger (Copyright 1968?), p. 54]

1943 - Married / Kay-Dee & Paul Iverlet - July 1st, 1943: Reportedly married this year in history: Kay-Dee [Paul Twitchell's sister] and Paul Iverlet." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 1]  

*Links: http://www.thetruth-seeker.com/scanindexsubAcss.aspx?indexID=49
http://docs.google.com/leaf?id=0B0KObtCQpPKbYzgxNzcyMjctN2Y2OS00ZmYzLWE4OTQtOTYxNTFlYjI2N2Qw&hl=en_GB

1943 - DARKNESS AND THE DEEP - 1943: "There in the illimitable, countless millions of years ago, occurred one of those stupendous explosive births that rearrange the destinies of the suns. One of the smaller suns, a white-hot incandescent chaos, with its surface flowing away in vast streamers and tails, burst under the antagonism of its elements, and hurled upon darkness its broad sheets of flame." - Vardis Fisher

*Link: http://www.avclub.com/articles/box-of-paperbacks-book-club-darkness-and-the-deep,10127/

1942 - Solar Radiation and the State of the Atmosphere - 1942: "Solar Radiation and the State of the Atmosphere was published by Harlan Stetson in The Scientific Monthly in 1942." [T.D. - 05/15/10]

http://www.machiventamelchizedek.org/Revelations_Personal/World-Destiny/WD-Ch-25-How_The_Devil_Got_Into_533.htm

1944 - "New Age" - "The term 'New Age' in its contemporary sense can be traced back at least to 1944. That year, American artist and philosopher Walter Russell published the essay 'Power Through Knowledge' in which he discussed '…this New Age philosophy of the spiritual re-awakening of man…' [....] After Russell's death in 1963, the term that he apparently coined took on a life of its own. The name New Age was popularized by the American mass media during the late 1980s, spurring the assimilation of spiritual thinking, as well as many digressions to ideas of the original works. [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Russell] - [T.D. - 07/21/08]

1944 - Paul Twitchell / Pacific Ocean? - September 2nd, 1944: THE DAILY INEPENDENT, MONESSEN, PA, By CHARLES B. DRISCOLL suggests Paul Twitchell was in the Pacific.

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B0KObtCQpPKbYTg4MTFiMzUtYjY2ZS00ZDlkLTk0MGYtMTVlZmJhZDYwOWYw/edit?pli=1

1945 - L. Ron Hubbard / Naval Hospital, Oakland California - " In 1945, left partially blind with injured optic nerves and lame from hip and back injuries, Mr. Hubbard was hospitalised at Oak Knoll Naval Hospital in Oakland, California. Among the 5,000 Navy and Marine Corps patients at Oak Knoll were hundreds of former American prisoners liberated from Japanese camps on South Pacific islands. Many were in terrible condition from starvation and other causes, unable to assimilate protein. [NP] In an attempt to resolve this problem, Navy physicians were administering the male hormone, testosterone. This medical treatment, however, was not getting effective results on all patients, and Mr. Hubbard utilised the opportunity to not only help his fellow servicemen, but to test a theory he had developed in application. [NP] 'All I was trying to establish,” he wrote, “was whether or not the mind regulated the body or the body regulated the mind. Therefore, if on some of these patients hormones did not work and on some of them they did, there might be a mental reason. If those patients on whom it did not work had a severe mental block, then it was obvious that regardless of the amount of hormone or medical treatment the person received, he would not get well. If the mind was capable of putting this much restraint upon the physical body then obviously the fact that was commonly held to be true, that structure monitors function, would be false. I set out to prove this.... I was not interested in endocrinology but in resolving whether or not function monitored structure or structure monitored function.' [NP] In case after case, he found that by utilising techniques he had developed, previously unresponsive patients immediately improved with medical treatment once the mental blocks were removed. [NP] In fact, function did monitor structure. As Mr. Hubbard noted at the time, 'Thought was boss.' [NP] This was a revolutionary concept, cutting across misconceptions that had plagued Eastern philosophy and science for centuries. [....]" [http://lron.hubbard.org/pg008.html] - [T.D. - 09/13/08]

1945 - Paul Twitchell / New York City - "[....] He and Camille were married in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1942. When he got out of the navy in 1945, they moved to New York. Paul wandered around a bit, and eventually took a job with the navy as the Washington, D.C., correspondent for Our Navy magazine. He kept copies of a lot of letters written from Washington, D.C., or the Washington Press Club, so we know he worked there for quite a while. [....]" [Based on: Article (Early Commitments) @

http://www.eckankar.org/Masters/Peddar/hisStory.html#trail]

1945 - Paul Twitchell  / Washington D.C. - December 1945: "[....] Ms. Ballowe writes that Paul and she went to New York City after the war. There, Twitchell embarked on a literary career. He later became associated with Our Navy magazine as a correspondent; a job which, in December of 1945, took him to Washington, D.C."

*Link: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm1.html

1946 - Paul Twitchell / Rangoon? - February, 1946: Dialogue in Rangoon. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 193, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1946 - Paul Twitchell / Washington D.C. - "[....] Discharged from the navy in 1945, by 1946 Paul had moved back to Washington, D.C., with his wife Camille, whom he had married in 1942. He took a position as correspondent for Our Navy, the old navy magazine which had been in existence since about 1892, and left a year later with a nice letter of commendation from the editor. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.eckankar.org/Masters/Peddar/man.html#training] - [T.D. - 02/05/10]

1946 - Autobiography of a Yogi / Paramahansa Yogananda - "Mahavatar Babaji is a legendary Hindu saint, yogi, and culture hero. His life was first documented by Paramahansa Yogananda in his best-selling Autobiography of a Yogi (1946) and later accounts have added to Babaji's biography. [....]"

*Trivia: "According to some, Babaji is a deathless Yogi who is still living somewhere in the Himalayas, whilst others think that he takes human form once in a while in order to accomplish specific purposes, keeping his body young by a yogic process called "Kaya Kalpa". For more information read Roy Eugene Davis' book "Life surrendered in God" - 1993 - Csa Press. Since 1946, nobody knew about his existence. Yogananda mentioned him in the book "autobiography of a yogi" (which was first published in 1946), and recently lots of people have claimed to be disciples of his. Obviously, most of these statements are not true. As most of you probably know, Krishna is the main character of the "Bhagavad-Gita". Considered by Hindu people as an avatar of Vishnu, in the Bhagavad-Gita Krishna shows to Arjuna the way to soul liberation. According to some, the "Krishna" described in the Gita is a fictional character."

[Based on: http://www.angelfire.com/yt/KRIYAYOGA/index.html] - [T.D. - 01/15/07]

*Link: http://www.ananda.org/autobiography/

1946 - Remote Viewing Trivia - 1946: "Psychiatrist Lewis J. Fielding joins the Veteran's Administration (VA) in Los Angeles as staff psychiatrist and instructor in clinical psychiatry. When Fielding joins the VA, and intermittantly over the next several years, Dianetics and Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard is living in and around L.A., doing Dianetic research. He has opened an office in Hollywood, California, and is delivering Dianetic processing to people. When there, he is associated with the Los Angeles Veteran's Administration. [NOTE: Fielding later will be integral to incidents involving CIA's E. Howard Hunt, Daniel Ellsberg, Lucien Conein, the Pentagon Papers, and the Watergate scandal—at the very time that CIA is secretly setting up its remote viewing program using highly trained Scientologists. See timeline years 1971 and 1972.] [Based on: http://www.sc-i-r-s-ology.pair.com/rvtimeline/index.html] - [T.D. - 09/09/08]

1947 - Modern States Period / India - "Modern States 1947–present"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_India] - [T.D. - 12/15/08]

1947 - Paul Twitchell / Istanbul, Turkey? - April, 1947: Dialogues in Istanbul. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 195, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1947 - Independence / India & Pakistan - August 15th, 1947: "Indian and Pakistan gain independence from the British Commonwealth."

*Trivia: "On 15 August 1947, British India was granted independence as the separate dominions of India and Pakistan. The British dissolved their treaty relations with the over 600 princely states, who were encouraged to accede to either India or Pakistan. Most of the states acceded to India, and a few to Pakistan. Bhutan and Hyderabad opted for independence, although the armed intervention of India brought Hyderabad into the Indian Union."

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_Reorganisation_Act]

1947 - Paul Twitchell / Lisbon? - September, 1947: Dialogue in Lisbon. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 184, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1947 - Master Kirpal Singh? - October 12th, 1947: "In 1955 he [Kirpal Singh] wrote, "The authority of giving initiation into the beyond and contacting with the Word, which he [Sawan Singh] vouchsafed to me verbally on October 12, 1947, was thus completely transferred while going. The intoxication of that glance is still the life of my soul." [Message on the death anniversary of Hazur Baba Sawan Singh Ji Maharaj. April 2, 1955] (Probably c. Ruhani) [....] I do not like to say anything about the activities of Sardar Kirpal Singh's group, called Ruhani Satsang. . . . Since you have inquired, you are entitled to an answer, so I will simply add that the Great Master [Sawan Singh] never did appoint him as His Successor. He appointed Sardar Bahadur Maharaj Jagat Singh Ji, in a witnessed and recorded Will, to carry on all His Spiritual Work. If anybody else is bold enough to assert himself as the Great Master's Successor, then I can simply leave it to the sagacity of the seekers to judge his claim. The Great Master's Representatives in the foreign countries also have photostatic copies of the documents proving Successorship, and the one nearest you will be glad to show them to you on request.

[Based on: http://www.angelfire.com/band/radhasoamisantmath/]

1947 - Remote Viewing Trivia - October 15th, 1947: "A letter purportedly from L. Ron Hubbard, dated 15 October 1947, ends up in his Veteran's Administration files in Los Angeles, where Lewis J. Fielding is staff psychiatrist. The subject of the letter is Hubbard pleading with the VA for psychiatric help. [NOTE: The letter never surfaces until decades later, and then only as a copy several generations removed, making its authenticity impossible to prove or disprove.]"

[Based on: http://www.sc-i-r-s-ology.pair.com/rvtimeline/index.html] - [T.D. - 09/09/08]

1947 - Paul Twitchell / India? - 1947 "[....] Well, anyway, in about 1947, it was right shortly after the Indians nation, India, received their freedom from England and then became a nation, and they had the great riots and that was over with. I went over to Darjeeling in the east section of India. Darjeeling is up in the northeast of India, right on the Sikkim border, the little country of Sikkim and not far from a town called Granges. But it's up in the high country and I went up there at the time after being over in Allahabad, and there wasn't much left there after Sudar Singh had passed away. [NP] But then I went there and I'd been told that I would find the ECK Master Rebazar Tarzs, I've got something about that in one of my books, I think it's Introduction to ECK in which I have it. I told about meeting him up in that part of the world. [....]"

[Based on:  Difficulties Of Becoming The Living ECK Master, by Paul Twitchell [d. 1971], Copyright 1980 by ECKANKAR, p. 70]

*Trivia: http://dlane5.tripod.com/reba1.html - [Reportedly, Camille says no travel from 1946-1955.]

"The Story of Camille Ballowe Author: David Christopher Lane Publisher: Alt.religion.eckankar Publication date: 1996

THE STORY OF CAMILLE BALLOWE TAYLOR

I recently read that Steve did not think highly of the person who would track down Twitchell's first wife, Camille Ballowe (she later got married again, hence the "Taylor" suffix). What Steve and others apparently don't know is that I was asked by Paul Iverlet, Kay-Dee's husband (Paul Twitchell's brother-in-law), to talk with Camille. Paul Iverlet had contacted Camille Ballowe and apparently Camille wanted to talk with me directly on the phone. She also very kindly sent me a letter about her association with Paul. I was 21 years old and she was very straight forward in my conversations with her. You see, I didn't know that Paul had been previously married before. Most of the Eckists at that time whom I talked with also didn't know. So Paul Iverlet connected me with Camille. I also got the chance, due to Ed Pecen, Dr. Bluth (former President of Eckankar), and others to talk with Paul Twitchell's childhood friends and friends of his sister Kay-Dee. Camille knew Paul for many years and she said to me that Paul never went to India when she was with him (they were married in 1942). I asked her particularly about 1947, 1951, and other important dates. She was keenly aware of where they both traveled and she repeatedly told me that Paul never left the United States to visit India during any of that time. Moreover, she did not resent Paul or his group. She stated simply what she knew about their time together. Unlike Paul, I found Camille's recollections to be consistent, reliable, and empirically verifiable. As a witness her testimony was confirmed by multiple sources. Again, if you wish to believe that Sudar Singh exists and that Paul Twitchell really did visit him on those reported dates (and in contradiction with Camille), just provide some documentation. None of this would matter, of course, if there was just one reliable source of documented information on Sudar Singh. We don't have one iota of evidence; we have instead Twitchell's story - a story that is contradicted by his wife, Camille, by his brother-in-law, Paul Iverlet, and by Twitchell's own conflicting accounts. more to come. signed: Jesse Helms' lap dog [....]

http://www.deja.com/  [A.R.E. post December 20th, 2000] - [T.D. 05/08/10]

http://groups.google.com/group/alt.religion.eckankar/browse_thread/thread/f00e94b127a5a705/1968bc42b68aebaf?hl=en&lnk=gst&q=ed+pecen#1968bc42b68aebaf

1947 - The Secret of Light - "The Secret of Light, by Walter Russell, copyright 1947."

"Truth is simple. Balance is simple. Rhythmic balanced interchange between all pairs of opposite expressions in Natural phenomena, and in human relations, is the consumate art of God's universe of Light."

[From THE SECRET OF LIGHT (p.2) by Walter Russell, copyright 1947 - Source Link: ]

*Links: http://tinyurl.com/3jj2c3v
             http://www.archive.org/details/WalterRussellTheSecretOfLight

1948 - Died / "Sawan Singh" - April 2nd, 1948: "[....] Huzur Sawan Singh died on April 2, 1948, just days after appointing Jagat Singh as his spiritual successor. [....]"

[Based on: http://vclass.mtsac.edu:930/phil/saint.htm] (< Expired Link)

*Trivia: "Kirpal Singh was a disciple of the Radhasoami Satsang Beas master, Sawan Singh. He was initiated in 1924 and served his guru steadfastly for over twenty-four years. In 1948, after Sawan Singh died and bequeathed his spiritual ministry to Jagat Singh, Kirpal Singh claimed that he was the true heir to his guru's mission. Subsequently, he founded a new movement named Ruhani Satsang, which was a center 'for imparting purely spiritual teachings and training for mankind, irrespective of class barriers, such as caste, colour, creed, sect, age, education or advocation.' [....] [Kirpal Singh, Ruhani Satsang: Science of Spirituality (Delhi: Ruhani Satsang, 1970), page 1.]

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm2.html]

*Trivia: He [Paul Twitchell] even went so far as to openly refute on tape that Kirpal Singh was the successor to Sawan Singh of Radhasoami Satsang Beas (who died in 1948), though it contradicted what he had stated previously in 1965. Claimed Twitchell:

"Guru Nanak became the founder of the Sikh order. Sawan Singh was the last of the Swami group of Masters. . . and Kirpal Singh claimed to become a follower in the same line of masters, and also Charan Singh who was a nephew [sic: Charan Singh is a grandson] of Sawan Singh, but neither one are masters because the mastership of this line stopped at Sawan Singh." [12]

[....] [12] Bernadine Burlin, personal letter to the author, dated April 5, 1977.

   Yet only five years previously, Twitchell wrote:

"These few who are following the ancient science do so loosely. However, Kirpal Singh, a living Guru, teaches the art (as) closely to the ancient teachings (as) possible, at his ashram in Old Delhi, India."

"The art of exteriorization was revived by Kabir, the Hindu mystic-poet in the sixteenth century and passed through a succession of savants, by secret initiation until Sawan Singh openly started giving initiation to anyone who came to his ashram. When he passed his spiritual mantle to Kirpal Singh, the instructions were to carry out this policy." [13]

[13] Paul Twitchell, "Ancient Science of Eckankar," publisher unknown (May 1965).

[14] Kirpal Singh, Heart To Heart Talks, Volume One, page 53.

[Based on: http://webspace.webring.com/people/de/eckcult/chapters/tmsm5.html]

1948 - Radasoami Master / Jagat Singh - April, 1948: "Maharaj Jagat Singh Ji [Maharaj Sardar Bahadur Jagat Singh Ji], Sant Sat Guru, Radha Soami Satsang Beas (1948 - 1951)[1] was born on the 20th July, 1884 at Nussi, a small village not very far from Beas. [....] After his retirement in 1943, He spent practically all his time in meditation and Shabd Abhyas (Practice) till He assumed charge of His Master's work at Beas in April 1948 and engrossed Himself fully in carrying out the functions and duties entrusted to Him, despite His indifferent health. [NP] He talked little, used words sparingly, went straight to the point - often quite bluntly. At such moments, His quiet brown eyes would light up with a flash. [NP] He died quietly early on the morning of the 23rd October, 1951. The day before, He had dictated His will and given instructions about His funeral."

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sardar_Bahadur_Jagat_Singh] - [T.D. - 03/07/10]

*Trivia: "[....] He passed away quietly early on the morning of the 23rd October, 1951. The day before, He had dictated His will and given instructions about His funeral. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.mountainman.com.au/guru_ji.html]

*Trivia: http://www.radhasoamiji.in/babajagat.html

1948 -  Paul Twitchell /  Philippines? - October, 1948: Talks in Manila, P.I. [Based on: ECKANKAR Compiled Writings, Volume I, p. 186, Copyright 1975, Gail T. Gross]

1948 - Established / Fate Magazine - Established in 1948 by Clark Publishing Company, the first edition of Fate hit world newsstands in the Spring. Co-founded by Ray Palmer, editor of the Amazing Stories magazine, and Curtis Fuller, an accomplished editor in his own right, the magazine's inaugural edition featured an article by Kenneth Arnold who recounted in it his amazing UFO encounter in 1947. Arnold's sighting marked the beginning of the modern UFO era, and his story propelled the fledgling Fate to national recognition. *Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fate_(magazine) - [T.D. - 01/17/10]

1949 - Pluto 17 Degrees Leo - September 6th, 1949: Pluto at 17 degrees Leo. ...

*Link: http://www.astro.com/swisseph/ae/1900/ae_1949.pdf

1949 - Died / Babuji - "Babuji [the fifth Sant Sat Guru] died in October 1949, only one year before Paul [Paul Twitchell] joined Swami Premananda's ashram, as Paul began looking for his new spiritual teacher. Eventually Paul made contact with Rebazar Tarzs, who showed him the complete teachings of ECKANKAR." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]   

*Trivia: "[....] After all, the last of the Sant Sat Gurus in this lineage was Babuji himself, who passed on in 1949. It was predicted by Sant Das Maheshwari, who was Babuji's personal secretary, that the next Sant Sat Guru would appear in the early to mid-60's, but none have ever been recognized officially. Some claim that Sant Das himself was the Sant Sat Guru, but he denied it numerous times. Others split off from the group with their own gurus.
   "Many of the practices of the Parent Faith would clearly be foreign to Westerners, such as the strict vegetarian diet, the practice of eating food blessed by the guru, and long periods of contemplation. As Paul said, these fit very well with the traditional guru traditions of India, but were not suited to Westerners.
   "However, while I was trying to understand this inner connection that I experienced through Babuji's writings, more bits and references began popping up. For example, later in the same book of Babuji's, I found him saying that Annie Besant, the famous leader of Theosophy, had visited and studied with Salig Ram, the second Sant Sat Guru in the Parent Faith line. Annie Besant was so taken by Salig Ram's presence and teaching, that she stayed on studying with him. Finally, the Theosophists sent a contingent to coax Annie Besant to return, telling her that they needed her back. I wondered if her brush with Salig Ram could be the source of that familiar spark I've always seen in her writings?
   "I also learned that Julian Johnson had his first contact with 'The Path of The Masters' when he read the little red book, as he called it, written by Salig Ram. This in fact was truly the first text in English that laid out the principles of Radhasoami. Julian Johnson read this before he even met Sawan Singh in Beas, and in fact it was this book that set Julian on his search for the Sant Sat Guru.
   "Radhasoami was a significant factor in another writer's life as well. Paul Brunton writes a whole chapter about his meeting and studies with Anand Sarup of Agra in his book, A Search In Secret India, one of Brunton's most famous works. Anand Sarup was the leader of Dayal Bagh, which is a branch of Radhasoami that split off from the Parent Faith after the third Sant Sat Guru.
   "Strangely enough, as I was writing Chapter Ten, I suddenly realized it was these two writers, Julian Johnson and Paul Brunton that Harold [Harold Klemp] specifically mentioned, when he described how some writers gain access to the Inner Libraries and the inner knowledge there. Few are able to contact these original teachings at their source, as Harold said, but he named these two as examples of some who had. And both had contact with the Parent Faith's teachings, just like Annie Besant.
   "It was also interesting to see that Jaimal Singh, the founder of the Beas Radhasoami group, had also studied with Salig Ram, as well as Shiv Dayal Singh, the founder of Radhasoami. And Sawan Singh had contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith as well. Sawan attended the satsang of Babuji on a few occasions, and when he did so he sat on the floor at the feet of Babuji amongst the other satsangis. Sawan Singh was the last of the Beas gurus to have direct contact with the Sant Sat Gurus of the Parent Faith. Is this why both Jaimal and Sawan's writings seem so much more alive than any that followed them in the Beas teaching? Is this why Paul once observed that the line of spirituality in the Beas group stopped with Sawan Singh?

[....]

   Apparently even Madame Blavatsky, the founder of Theosophy had come into contact with this stream of teaching. Some researchers who studied her life and writings state that in her journeys through India and Tibet she likely spent time with the Naths, an offshoot of Sant Mat, since her teachings are closest to theirs." [Based on: Dialogue in the Age of Criticism, Chap. 12]  

1949 - Hubbard & Religion - ""I'd like to start a religion. That's where the money is." -L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd Eshbach, in 1949; quoted by Eshbach in Over My Shoulder.

*Link: http://www.bible.ca/scientology-judges.htm - [T.D. - 01/23/10]

1949 - Founded / Ananaikyo - Ananaikyo. A New Sect Shinto organization (see SECT SHINTO) founded in 1949 by Nakano Yonosuke. It is deliberately eclectic: the name means ‘the teaching’ (kyo) of ‘the three’ (ana) and ‘the five’ (nai), referring to the religious traditions from which it draws inspiration. It practises kami possession and ecstasy, through a technique known as chinkon kishin, ‘stilling the self to become one with the kami’. The principal kami worshipped is Kuni Tokotachi no Mikoto.

*Link: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O101-Ananaikyo.html - [T.D. - 01/17/10]

1950s

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