Iraq War "Trivia"

1991-2004 / 2005 / 2006-2008 / 2009 / 2013

   "To this day [October 2005], there has been no independent official inquiry into the attacks of September 11, 2001. The Kean Commission, with which most Americans are familiar, was based on the Bush/PNAC version of events. It was charged with probing the breakdown of intelligence prior to the attacks and making suggestions for improving communications among the competing agencies involved. The Commission, formed after more than a year of opposition by the Bush administration, did not…repeat...did NOT…investigate or report about the causes of the attacks. [....]"

[Based on: Article (Where the Hell Is YOUR Proof?) by Jesse, Editor - TvNewsLIES.org - October 2005

*Link: http://tvnewslies.org/html/where_the_hell_is_your_9_11_pr.html]

1991

1991 - 7 Nations on Neocon Hit List - "Some 10 years before the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington, D.C., top neoconservatives in the Pentagon orchestrated a major 'policy coup' to start wars with multiple Middle Eastern countries and secure total domination of the Middle East in order to take their oil. That’s according to a top former U.S. military officer. [....]" [Based on: AFP article (7 Nations on Neocon Hit List) by James P. Tucker Jr., December 09, 2011]

*Link: http://americanfreepress.net/?p=1794

1991 - Operation Desert Storm - January 17th, 1991: "In January 1991, Operation Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm, as the allies - meaning, essentially, America and Britain - battered Iraq with hi-tech bombs and missiles. The mad, irrelevant doctrine of air superiority did not do a scrap of harm to Saddam's regime, nor did it dislodge him from Kuwait. But when the alliance finally summoned up the courage to launch a land attack, the Iraqi army ran for its life. Thousands of its soldiers were slaughtered in the sand. Inside Iraq, there were mass uprisings against the hated dictator. The allies took fright and called off the chase, for fear that the oil-rich region would be reduced to chaos. The Republican Guard crushed the rebellion, and once more Iraq was safe for Saddam to brutalise."

*Trivia: "Of the 580,000 troops who served in the 6-week 1991 Gulf War, 11,000 are now dead, and by the year 2000, 325,000 were on permanent medical disability frome multiple causes.
   "Of 251 Mississippi veterans in a study group who had normal babies before, 67 percent have now had babies born with birth defects. Some researchers, both here and abroad, believe that the 320 tons of depleted uranium weapons (DU) that were dropped on Iraq and a huge saran depot that we destroyed with fallout on 100,000 of our troops, could be responsible for their horrendous statistics. Over 1500 tons of DU have been used in our latest Iraq [2003] invasion. [....] Much of Iraq's air, soil, and water is saturated with tiny cancer-causing uranium particles that when inhaled, can lead to an early death. One recent study reported that 8 out of a 20-person unit that returned from Iraq in 2003 showed classic symptoms of DU exposure.
   "The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that before the Gulf War, Iraq had one of the best health systems in the entire Middle East Region. They now report that in the year 2000, Iraq had a total of 195,374 new cases of cancer and 126,677 deaths."

*Links: http://www.veteransforpeace.org
              http://globalresearch.ca/articles/MOR407A.html
              http://www.life.com/Life/essay/gulfwar/gulf02.html

1991 - Depleted Uranium Weapons / Iraq - "[....] The 1991 introduction of depleted uranium weapons in Iraq, the radioactive trash from the 'nuclear project', broke a 46 year taboo. These radioactive weapons, the 'Trojan Horse of Nuclear War', continued to be used over the past decade and are still being used today [2005]. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2003/Leuren-Moret-ICT13dec03.htm]

1991 - Trivia / Gulf War End - February 27th, 1991: "The Gulf War ends."

*Trivia: "Kuwait spent $128 million to remove two million landmines after the Gulf War." [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "On the 'Highway of Death,' 11 miles north of the Kuwait border, a collection of tanks, armored personnel carriers and other military vehicles are rusting in the desert. They also are radiating nuclear energy. In 1991, the United States and its Persian Gulf War allies blasted the vehicles with armor-piercing shells made of depleted uranium - the first time such weapons had been used in warfare - as the Iraqis retreated from Kuwait. The devastating results gave the highway its name." [Link: 1]

*Trivia: "Researchers have found that veterans of the 1991 Gulf War are more likely to suffer from chronic symptoms, including memory and thinking problems, debilitating fatigue, severe muscle and joint pain, depression and rashes. But the cause has proved elusive. Theories include stress, bacterial infection, chemical or biological weapons, pollutants from burning oil fields, depleted-uranium munitions, and vaccinations for anthrax and other potential biological weapons." [News Services, 07/20/2004]

*Trivia: "Veterans of the 1991 Persian Gulf War exposed to pollution from oil well fires, exhausts and other sources may face an increased risk of lung cancer, a government advisory group reported Monday [12/20/04]. [....]" [News Services]

January 1998

1998 - Proposed Regime Change? / Iraq - January 26th, 1998: "Sunday [8/10/03] The Washington Post published the results of a lengthy investigation into the Bush administration's claims about an Iraqi nuclear weapons program. The story also described the creation within the White House last August [2002] of a special group charged with winning support from Congress, from the United Nations if necessary and from the American people for a war against Iraq. [....]
   "September 11th left me emotionally battered, struggling and scared, and it was precisely that fear that George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and Condoleezza Rice tapped into - in me and everyone else - with their calculated, misleading conjurings of mushroom clouds, poisons and diseases.
   "Only later did I realize that the real campaign for this war began in the spring of 1997, with the creation of the Project for the New American Century, a group of conservative acedemics, ideologues and once-and-future government functionaries. Cheney, Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Jeb Bush and many senior officials in the current administration signed its founding statement of principles.
   "On January 26, 1998, the Project issued a public letter to then-President Bill Clinton. It called for regime change in Iraq, by force if necessary.
   "Not quite four years later, the attacks of September 11th supplied an aching touchstone through which the Project, whose backers had returned to positions of power throughout government, could build support for its new-world-order objectives. Facts can be debated and the meaning of intelligence estimates can be argued, but the emotional, psycological and political power of September 11th is enduring and unassailable." [Based on: article by Eric Mink, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/13/03]

December 1998

1998 - Secret U.S. Intelligence Report / Purported Hijack Plot - December 4th, 1998: "WASHINGTON - A secret intelligence report prepared for President Bill Clinton in December 1998 reported on a suspected plot by Osama bin Laden to hijack a U.S. airliner in an effort to force the United States to release imprisoned conspirators in the 1993 World Trade Center attacks. The one-page declassified version of the President's Daily Brief dated Dec. 4, 1998, contains chilling information the CIA had gleaned from several sources indicating that al-Qaida was working with U.S.-based operatives of the Egyptian group Gama at al-Islamiyya in the purported hijack plot. The briefing shows that the intelligence community and the White House were aware of al-Qaida's interest in hijacking U.S. airliners long before the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. The day the briefing was prepared, then-CIA director George Tenet said in a memo that 'we are at war,' and that no resources should be spared to defeat the terrorists. A report by the presidential commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks will include the newly declassified document and a previously declassified presidential briefing from Aug. 6, 2001, when it is released this week [July 2004]. It will also contain details of what the commission's executive director, Philip Zelikow, described Saturday [07/17/04] as an 'energetic response' to the hijack threat information by the Clinton administration, including its efforts to determine if the reports were true. The Aug. 6, 2001, brief prepared for President George W. Bush mentioned 1998 intelligence concerning a plot by bin-Laden 'to hijack a U.S. aircraft to gain the release of 'Blind Sheik' Omar Abdel Rahman and other U.S.-held extremists.' The 2001 brief said intelligence officials 'have not been able to corroborate' the plot reports from 1998. The 1998 brief is titled: 'Bin Laden preparing to hijack U.S. aircraft and other attacks.' It was declassified, with some parts covered up, by the White House last Monday [July 2004] at the request of the Sept. 11 commission. The text of the 1998 brief was read to a reporter by an administration official. [....] A White House official said Saturday [07/17/04] that the Bush national security team was not apprised by the Clinton administration about the intelligence report on a suspected hijack plot to free Rahman." [Based on: article by Susan Schmidt, The Washington Post, 07/18/04] - [Bold-faced highlights added - E.M.] 

January 2000

2000 - 9/11 Martyrdom Video - January 18th, 2000 "A previously unseen video made by Mohamed Atta, ringleader of the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, has been obtained by The Sunday Times, the newspaper reported Saturday [09/30/06]. [NP] The paper said it had been handed the so-called martyrdom video, but did not reveal the source of the tape. [....] The newspaper said that a timecode stamp on the videotape indicated it had been recorded on Jan 18, 2000, and that the recording was made at an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan. [NP] There was no soundtrack, the newspaper said. It quoted an unnamed U.S. source as saying that attempts to lip read the tape to transcribe the content had been unsuccessful. [....] Osama bin Laden is shown on the hourlong video addressing supporters at a site in Kandahar, Afghanistan, the newspaper reported. It said a timecode stamp indicated the al-Qaida leader was speaking on Jan. 8 [< typo?], 2000." [Based on: A.P. article (2000 video shows 9/11 ringleader), p. A11, S.L.P.D., 10/01/06]

*Trivia: "A new videotape shows two of the Sept. 11 hijackers [Mohamed Atta & Ziad Jarrah] laughing and smiling for a camera more than 19 months before the attacks. [....] Osama bin Laden also appears on the tape, speaking to a large group of people in January 2000. [....] The soundless video appears to be a departure from previous releases by al-Qaida, which is 'normally, very professional in their media,' said Paul Beaver, an independent defense and security expert. [....] The newspaper said the hourlong video was made at an al-Qaida training camp in Afghanistan and is dated Jan. 18, 2000. [NP] 'It is highly unlikely that al-Qaida wanted the material to be released in this manner, and it is not consistent with any previous release,' said Ben Venzke, head of IntelCenter, which monitors terrorism communications. [NP] Although the video had no sound, it could contain valuable information, Beaver said." [Based on: A.P. article (Newly released video shows hijackers 19 months before 9/11), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 10/02/06]

May 2001

2001 - Trivia / Dick Cheney - "[....] On May 8, 2001, President Bush placed Mr. Cheney in charge of '[A]ll federal programs dealing with weapons of mass destruction, consequence management within the Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other federal agencies'. [....] Mr. Cheney subsequently played a direct role in supervising training exercises that simultaneously occurred during the 911 attacks. [....]"

*Link: http://www.agoracosmopolitan.com/home/Frontpage/2007/09/07/01751.html - [T.D. 09/09/07]

July 2001

2001 - Faked Letter? / CIA, U.S.A. - July 1st, 2001: "Two former CIA officers Tuesday [08/05/08] denied thay they or the spy agency faked an Iraqi intelligence document purporting to link Saddam Hussein with  9/11 bomber Mohammed Atta, as they are quoted as saying in a new book. [NP] The White House issued the statement on behalf of the former officials after a day of adamant denials from the CIA and President George W. Bush's administration about the claim, made in 'The Way of the World,' a book by Washington-based journalist Ron Suskind. [....] Suskind claims the White House concocted the fake letter, meant to come from Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti, director of Iraqi intelligence under Saddam, in the fall of 2003 to bolster its case for the invasion earlier that year as it was becoming clear that there were no weapons of mass destruction to be found in Iraq. Those weapons were a chief rationale for the war. The letter was provided to a British journalist by an Iraqi government official, according to the book. 'The White House had concocted a fake letter from Habbush to Saddam, backdated to July 1, 2001,' Suskind wrote, 'It said that 9/11 ringleader Mohammad Atta had actually trained for his mission in Iraq thus showing, finally, that there was an operational link between Saddam and al-Qaida, something the vice president's office had been pressing CIA to prove since 9/11 as a justification to invade Iraq. There is no link.' [....] Former CIA Director Tenet also rejected Suskind's allegation that the U.S. had credible intelligence before the invasion that Saddam did not possess weapons of mass destruction. [NP] In a statement, Tenet also denied CIA involvement in the supposedly fake letter. [NP] Suskind told The Associated Press that the criticisms from the White House and Tenet 'is not credible on this issue' and the White House 'is all but obligated to deny this.' " [Based on: A.P. article, (Ex-CIA agents deny saying they faked letter / BOOK'S CLAIM * The U.S. faked letters suggesting Iraq, al Qaida link) by Brett J. Blackledge p A3, S.L.P.D., 08/06/08]

2001 - Briefed about Al-Qaida Threat? / Condoleezza Rice - July 10th(?), 2001: "Members of the Sept. 11 commission said Sunday [10/01/06] that they were alarmed that they had been told nothing about a meeting in July 2001 at the White House in which George J. Tenet, then director of central intelligence, is reported to have warned Condoleezza Rice, then national security adviser, about an imminent al-Qaida attack and failed to persuade her to take action. [NP] Details of the meeting on July 10, 2001, were first reported last week in a new book ['State of Denial'] by Bob Woodward. The White House disputes his account. [....] In her defense, Rice has said through spokesmaen that there had been no such exchange in a private meeting with Tenet and that he had expressed none of the frustration attributed to him in Woodward's book. [....]" [Based on: New York Times article (Report in book of White House meeting irks members of 9/11 commission) by Philip Shenon], p. A5, S.L.P.D., 10/02/06]

2001 - Briefed about Al-Qaida Threat? / Donald Rumsfeld & John Ashcroft - July 17th(?), 2001: "Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and former Attorney General John Ashcroft got the same CIA briefing [July 17th, 2001?] about an imminent al-Qaida strike on an American target that was given to the White House two months before the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. [NP] The State Department's disclosure Monday [10/02/06] that the two were briefed within a week after then-National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice was told about the threat on July 10, 2001, raised new questions about what President George W. Bush's administration did in response, and about why so many officials have claimed they never received or don't remember the warning. [NP] Rice on Sunday [10/01/06] had denied any recollection of the briefing. [....] On Jan. 28, 2004, former CIA Director George Tenet gave the independent 9/11 commission the same briefing that he had given to the others in 2001, which the commission did not mention in its 428-page final report. [....] Ashcroft, who resigned as attorney general on Nov. 9, 2004, told The Associated Press on Monday that it was 'disappointing' that he never received the breifing, either. [....] But on Monday evening, Rice's spokesman, Sean McCormack, issued a statement confirming that she'd received the CIA briefing 'on or around July 10' and had asked that it be given to Ashcroft and Rumsfeld. [".... That briefing took place by July 17."] [....] The CIA briefing didn't provide the exact timing or nature of a possible attack, nor did it predict whether it was likely to take place in the United States or overseas, said three former senior intelligence officials." [Based on: MCCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Rumsfeld, Ashcroft were briefed before 9/11 on al-Qaida threat), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 10/03/06]

September 2001

2001 - Pentagon Accountability? - September 10th, 2001: " 'According to some estimates we cannot track $2.3 trillion in transactions,' Rumsfeld admitted. $2.3 trillion — that's $8,000 for every man, woman and child in America. (CBS, 1/29/02) [....]"

[Based on: http://www.911myths.com/html/rumsfeld__9_11_and__2_3_trilli.html]

*Trivia: "In fiscal 1999, a defense audit found that about $2.3 trillion of balances, transactions and adjustments were inadequately documented. These 'unsupported' transactions do not mean the department ultimately cannot account for them, she advised, but that tracking down needed documents would take a long time. Auditors, she said, might have to go to different computer systems, to different locations or access different databases to get information." [See article at site for reference link.]

[Based on: http://www.911myths.com/html/rumsfeld__9_11_and__2_3_trilli.html]

*Links: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3kpWqdPMjmo

2001 - The Complete 9/11 Timeline - September 11th, 2001: "At 8:45 a.m. American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 92 people, crashed into the North tower of the World Trade Center in NYC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.  9:03 a.m. United Airlines Flight 175, a Boeing 767 carrying 65 people, crashed into the South Tower of the WTC. It was enroute from Boston to LA.  9:38 a.m. American Airlines Flight 77, a Boeing 757 carrying 64 people, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Va. It was enroute from Washington DC to LA.  9:40 a.m. The FAA grounded all domestic flights and ordered all airborne craft to land immediately. 10:00 a.m. The South Tower of the WTC collapsed. 10:10 a.m. United Airlines Flight 93, a Boeing 757 carrying 45 people, crashed southeast of Pittsburgh. The plane had left Newark for SF but was believed to be directed by hijackers to Camp David. Passengers appeared to have overcome the hijackers. 10:29 a.m. The North Tower of the WTC collapsed. 5:25 p.m. Building 7 of the WTC complex collapsed. Four groups of terrorists used knives, hijacked 4 airplanes, and were suspected to be linked to Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda organization and appeared to be a franchise operation."

[Link: 1] [Further Reading: ]

*Related links: http://www.blacklistedjournalist.com/column65.html

*Trivia: "President Pervez Musharraf of Pakistan says the United States threatened to bomb his country back to the Stone Age after the 9/11 attacks if he did not help America's war on terrorism. [NP] The threat was delivered by Richard Armitage, then the deputy secretary of state, to Musharraf's intelligence director, the Pakistani leader told CBS' '60 Minutes.' [NP] 'The intelligence director told me that (Armitage) said, "Be prepared to go back to the Stone Age," ' Musharraf said in the interview, to be shown Sunday on the CBS television network. [....] Armitage told CNN on Thursday [09/21/06] that he had never threatened to bomb Pakistan, wouldn't say such a thing and didn't have a tough message for Pakistan, saying the Muslim nation was either 'with us or against us,' according to CNN. Armitage said he didn't know how his message had been recounted so differently to Musharraf. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Pakastani leader says U.S. made threat to bomb country), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 09/22/06]

2001 - Trivia / Iraq War Intelligence - "[....] Shortly after 9/11, a rogue intelligence unit was created at the Pentagon under former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld. Situated in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the unit reported to Douglas Feith, who served as undersecretary from July 2001 to August 2005. It operated separately from the intelligence arms of the various armed services, the Defense Intelligence Agency and all the civilian agencies of the intelligence community, including the CIA. [....] The overriding question, of course, is whether the unvetted work of Feith's rogue unit  - and the frightening statements made by administration officials based on that work - helped push us into war. If our intelligence process had functioned as it is supposed to, might more than 3,100 Americans and thousands upon thousands of Iraqis still be alive, might uncounted thousands more still be uninjured and might the United States not be caught now in such terrible circumstances in Iraq?" [Based on: Other Views page article (Intelligence - We are reaping the results of a perverted process - As Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Douglas J. Feith tried to link Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden. =  title and subtitles) by Eric Mink, p. B9, S.L.P.D., 02/14/07] - [E-mail: emink@post-dispatch.com]

2001 - "War on Terror" - September 20th, 2001: "[....] On September 20, 2001, during a televised address to a joint session of congress, President George W. Bush launched his war on terror when he said, 'Our war on terror begins with al Qaeda, but it does not end there. It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped and defeated.' Bush did not say when he expected this would be achieved. (Previous to this usage, after stepping off the presidential helicopter on Sunday, September 16, 2001, Bush stated in an unscripted and controversial comment: "This crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while." Bush later apologized for this remark due to the negative connotations the word crusade has to people of Muslim faith. The word crusade was not referred to again). [29] [NP] US President Barack Obama has rarely used the term, but in his inaugural address on January 20, 2009, he stated "Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred."[30] It is likely that the phrase will fall into disuse, as one referring to failed concepts and strategies of his predecessor. [31] In March 2009 the Defense Department officially changed the name of operations from "Global War on Terror" to "Overseas Contingency Operation" (OCO).[6] [....]"

*Link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_on_Terrorism - [T.D. - 05/09/09]

October 2001

2001 - Document Circulation / Niger Uranium - October 15th, 2001: "CIA circulates top-secret foreign intelligence report indicating Niger planned to ship several tons of uranium ore to Iraq." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2001 - Trivia / Secret Justice Department Memo / U.S.A. - October 23rd, 2001: "For at least 16 months after the Sept. 11 attacks in 2001, the Bush administration believed that the Constitution's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures on U.S. soil didn't apply to its efforts to protect against terrorism. [NP] That view was expressed in a secret Justice Department legal memo dated Oct. 23, 2001. The administration on Wednesday [04/02/08] stressed that it now disavows that view. [....] The 37-page memo is classified and has not been released. Its existence was disclosed Tuesday [04/01/08] in a footnote of a separate secret memo, dated March 14, 2003, released by the Pentagon in response to a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit by the American Civil Liberties Union." [Based on: Article (2001 memo is revealed on legality of searches), p A2, S.L.P.D., 04/03/08]

November 2001

2001  - Special U.S. Military Tribunal - November 13th, 2001: "President Bush issued an order to try international terrorists by a special military tribunal."

*Trivia: "The Supreme Court struck down on Thursday [06/29/06] the military commissions President George W. Bush established to try suspected members of al-Qaida, emphatically rejecting both a signature Bush anti-terrorism measure and the broad assertion of executive power upon which the president has based it. Brushing aside the administration's pleas not to second-guess the commander in chief in wartime, a five-justice majority ruled that the commissions were neither authorized by federal law nor required by military necessity. The court also said the tribunals, first outlined by Bush in a military order on Nov. 13, 2001, ran afoul of the Geneva Conventions. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (War crime trials ruled illegal), p. A1, S.L.P.D., 06/30/06]

2001 - U.S. Embassy Report / "No Possibility" of Niger Uranium - November 20th, 2001: "U.S. Embassy in Niger reports that, based on a conversation with the head of Niger's uranium consortium, there was 'no possibility' Niger could divert several tons of ore from the 3,000 tons of yellowcake uranium produced yearly." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

February 2002

2002 - Deceptive Prewar Statements? / U.S.A. - February 2002: "A government document raises doubts about claims that al-Qaida members received training for biological and chemical weapons in Iraq. Meanwhile, Senate Democrats defended on Sunday [11/06/05] their push for a report on how President George W. Bush's administration handled prewar intelligence. [....] 'We cannot have a government which is going to manipulate intelligence information. We've got to get to the bottom of it,' Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass., said on NBC's 'Meet the Press.' [....] The document from February 2002 showed that the agency questioned the reliability of al-Qaida senior military trainer Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi. He could not name any Iraqis involved in the effort or identify any chemical or biological materials or say where the training was taking place, the report said. [....] Levin said Bush, then-Secretary of State Colin Powell and Intelligence and diplomatic officials cited chemical and biological training by Iraq as they gathered support for the war. This was months after the information from the defense agency in February 2002, he said. 'This newly declassified information provides additional dramatic evidence that the administration's prewar statements were deceptive,' Levin said. 'More than a year before Secretary Powell included that charge in his presentation to the United Nations, the DIA had said it believed the detainee's claims were bogus.' White House press secretary Scott McClellan told reporters with Bush on his South American trip that he had not seen a report about the documents." [Based on: A.P. article (Document indicates White House knew source linking Iraq, al-Qaida was flawed), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 11/07/05]

2002 - More Detailed CIA Report / Alleged Sale of Niger Uranium to Iraq - February 5th, 2002: "CIA circulates a more detailed report about alleged sale of Niger uranium to Iraq from same source that produced original report [10/15/2001]." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2002 - Not Prisoners of War? / Al-Qaida & Taliban - Fenruary 7th, 2002: "[....] The Senate report [December 2008] traces the abuses to a Feb. 7, 2002, Bush memo that declared that international law on the treatment of war prisoners found in the 1949 Geneva Convention didn't apply to al-Qaida or the Taliban. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Top officials blamed for detainee abuse) by Roy Gutman & Jonathan S. Landay, p. A4, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 12/12/08]

2002 - Leaves for Niger / Joseph Wilson - February 21st, 2002: "Former Ambassador Joseph Wilson, husband of covert CIA agent Valerie Plame, leaves for Niger on CIA-requested trip to check out an intelligence report that Niger sold yellow cake uranium to Iraq for use in nuclear weapons." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

March 2002

2002 - Justification For War in Iraq? / Paul Wolfowitz - March 2002: "World Bank President [2005] Paul Wolfowitz, a prime architect of the Iraq war during his service as deputy defense secretary, said Tuesday [06/21/05] that he hasn't read any of the recently disclosed British government memos that refer to his role and that of other senior administration officials in the run-up to war during 2002. [....] Wolfowitz is the focus of one of the newly disclosed memos. A report by then-British Ambassador Christopher Meyer on a March 2002 lunch with Wolfowitz quotes Wolfowitz as questioning the administration's focus on Saddam's alleged possession of weapons of mass destruction - later shown to be untrue - as the principal justification for war. [....] The minutes of the July 2002 meeting of the British war cabinet report Foreign Secretary Jack Straw saying that a U.N. ultimatum demanding that Saddam permit the return of U.N. inspectors could be useful because Saddam's refusal would 'help with the legal justification for the use of force.' Blair agreed, the minutes say, 'that it would make a big difference politically and legally if Saddam refused to allow in the U.N. inspectors.' The Meyer memo relating his lunch with Wolfowitz, in March 2002, suggests a focus even then on crafting a U.N. weapons-inspection resolution aimed at tempting Saddam into an open display of defiance that would clear the way to war. [....] On Tuesday [06/21/05], Wolfowitz professed no recollection of discussing U.N. tactics with Meyer. He said he was determined to keep his own focus on development issues. 'I can tell you that no one I met in Africa, no African at least, wanted to talk about Iraq,' he said. 'They wanted to talk about what the world can do to improve Africa. I think they deserve that attention, and that's what my attention is focussed on.' " [Based on: article by Jon Sawyer, Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau Chief, S.L.P.D., p. A5, 06/22/05]

July 2002

2002 - Conditionally Agreed to Invade Iraq? / George Bush & Tony Blair - July 2002: "A highly classified memo leaked to the Times of London [May 2005?] proves that President George Bush and Prime Minister Tony Blair had conditionally agreed by July 2002 to invade Iraq, a year before launching their attack. It also confirms they shaped intelligence to that aim, never seriously intending to avert the war through diplomacy. The memo is a briefing paper for a meeting between Blair and his intelligence and military chiefs. [....]" [See link:]

[Based on: http://www.nationalvanguard.org/story.php?id=5043] 

August 2002

2002 - "Bybee Memo" - August 1st, 2002: "The Bybee Memo, also known as the Torture Memo and the 8/1/02 Interrogation Opinion,[1] was a document prepared by the United States Department of Justice's Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) in response to a CIA request to the White House.[2] It was submitted on August 1, 2002 and officially titled Memorandum for Alberto R. Gonzales, Counsel to the President, from Jay S. Bybee, Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, Re: Standards of Conduct for Interrogation under 18 U.S.C. §§2340-2340A.[1][3] [....]"

[Based on: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bybee_memo] - [T.D. - 05/16/09]

*Links:

http://www.thefacultylounge.org/2009/04/judge-bybees-memo-and-abu-zubaydahs-illegal-interrogation.html

*Trivia: "[....] Sunday [8/10/03] The Washington Post published the results of a lengthy investigation into the Bush administration's claims about an Iraqi nuclear weapons program. The story also described the creation within the White House last August [2002] of a special group charged with winning support from Congress, from the United Nations if necessary and from the American people for a war against Iraq. [....]" [Based on: article by Eric Mink, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/13/03]

*Link: http://www.spokesmanreview.com/breaking/story.asp?ID=675

*Trivia: "WASHINGTON - CIA Director Leon Panetta fired back at House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Friday [05/15/09], saying agency records showed officials had 'briefed truthfully' about its interrogation program, and urging the CIA work force to ignore the political rancor consuming Capitol Hill. [....] 'Let me be clear: it is not our policy or practice to mislead Congress,' said Panetta, a former member of the House of Representatives from California. 'That is against our laws and our values.' [....] CIA records indicate that Pelosi attended a briefing in September 2002 during which she was told about agency interrogation techniques that had been used. The records do not indicate with certainty that waterboarding was covered. [NP] A month earlier, the CIA had used the simulated drowning method on al-Qaida suspect Abu Zubaydah at least 83 times. [NP] Pelosi has repeatedly claimed that she was not told that waterboarding was being used, only that it was a method under consideration. [NP] 'The only mention of waterboarding at that briefing was that it was not being employed.' she said Thursday [05/14/09]. She acknowledged that five months later she was informed by a senior aide that waterboarding was being used. [NP] Panetta on Friday did not directly say that Pelosi was wrong in her assertion. [NP] Our contemporaneous records from September 2002 indicate that CIA officers briefed truthfully on the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah, describing 'the enhanced techniques that had been employed.' [....]" [Based on: Tribune Washington Bureau article (CIA director says Pelosi was briefed truthfully / Panetta tells employees: 'Our task is to tell it like it is - even if that's not what people always want to hear.') by Greg Miller, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 05/16/09]

*Links: http://emptywheel.firedoglake.com/timeline-collection/torture-tape-timeline/

2002 - Space Weather - For more detailed space weather trivia (August 2002) see link.

*Link: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?view=1&day=01&month=08&year=2002

2002 - Geomagnetic Storm - August 1st, 2002: "An unexpected geomagnetic storm began on Thursday, August 1st, as night fell across North America. Sky watchers who happened to be outdoors spotted vivid auroras over both the United States and Canada. . [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=07&year=2002&view=view]

2002 - Sunspot 69 - August 12th, 2002: "An impressive sunspot (active region #69) has appeared near the Sun's southeastern limb. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=13&year=2002&view=view]

2002 - Interplanetary Shock Wave - August 15th, 2002: "An interplanetary shock wave swept past Earth at approximately 1900 UT on August 15th and triggered a G1-category geomagnetic storm lasting more than 6 hours. Photographer Tom Eklund spotted these green auroras [see link] over Toijala, Finland, during the storm. The shock wave was propelled by a coronal mass ejection that left the Sun on August 14th."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=16&year=2002&view=view]

2002 - Coronal Mass Ejection - August 16th, 2002: "Twisted magnetic fields near giant sunspot 69 erupted on Friday, Aug. 16th. The explosion sparked an M5-class solar flare and hurled a coronal mass ejection (pictured right) toward Earth. NOAA forecasters estimate a 25-30% chance of severe geomagnetic storms when the cloud arrives--probably on Sunday, Aug. 18th. Sky watchers should be alert for auroras."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=17&year=2002&view=view]

*Trivia: "IMPACT! A coronal mass ejection (described below) struck Earth's magnetic field on August 18th at 1848 UT (2:48 p.m. EDT). Sky watchers should be alert for auroras until further notice."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=18&year=2002&view=view]

2002 - X-3 Class Solar Flare - August 24th, 2002: "Twisted magnetic fields above sunspot 69 erupted this morning at 0110 UT, sparking an X3-class solar flare and hurling a bright coronal mass ejection (CME, pictured right) into space. [....]"

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=24&year=2002&view=view]

2002 - X-1 Class Solar Flare - August 31st, 2002: "Twisted magnetic fields above sunspot 95 erupted on August 30th, sparking an X1-class solar flare and a short-lived radio black out across parts of Europe and America. The same sunspot poses a threat for more eruptions this weekend."

[Based on: http://spaceweather.com/archive.php?month=08&day=31&year=2002&view=view]

September 2002

2002 - CIA Briefing / Interrogation Methods, U.S.A. - September 4th, 2002: "WASHINGTON - Congressional Republicans on Friday [05/08/09] accused Democrats of full complicity in approval of the Bush administration's brutal interrogations, citing a new accounting that shows frequent briefings for some top Democrats on waterboarding and other harsh methods starting in 2002. [NP]  The new chart of briefings, prepared by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the first full listing of briefings, appears to call into question the assertion of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi that she was never told that waterboarding and other methods were used, only that the CIA believed they were legal and could be used. [NP] The chart says that at the first briefing, on Sept. 4, 2002, Pelosi, then the top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee, and Rep. Porter Goss, then the committee's Republican chairman, were given a 'description' of the interrogation methods that 'had been employed' against a prisoner, Abu Zubaydah. [NP] On Friday, the speaker issued a statement challenging the possible discrepancy. 'Of the 40 CIA briefings to Congress reported recently in the press, I was only briefed once, on September 4, 2002, as I have previously stated.' She said she was 'briefed on interrogation techniques the administration was considering using in the future' and that the techniques were determined to be legal." [Based on: New York Times (GOP charges Dems knew of CIA methods) article by Scott Shane & Carl Hulse, p. A17, S.L.P.D., 05/09/09]

*Trivia: "[....] 'The CIA was misleading the Congress' as part of a broader Bush administration pattern of deception about its activities, Pelosi said [05/14/09]. 'The only mention of waterboarding at the briefing was that it was not being employed,' she said, adding, 'We now know that earlier, they were.' [....] Democrats believe that Pelosi's call last month [April 2009] for a 'truth commission' touched off the storm that has engulfed her. Pelosi accused the Bush administration of 'misinforming' Congress not only about torture but about weapons of mass destruction by way of pushing its war agenda with minimal interference from Congress." [Based on: San Francisco Chronicle article (Pelosi accuses the CIA of lying / House speaker inisists agency never told her that it used torture.) - The New York Times, Tribune Washington Bureau and Associated Press contributed to this report, p. A1 & A7, S.L.P.D., 05/15/09]

*Trivia: "[....] 'Briefing on EITs [Enhanced Interrogation Techniques] including use of ETIs on Abu Zubaydah ... and a description of the particular EITs that had been used,' reads the entry for the Sept. 4, 2002, briefing for Pelosi and her House Republican counterpart, Porter Goss. Those techniques included waterboarding, whose use Pelosi has repeatedly claimed she wasn't briefed on. [....]" [Based on: Other Views page article (Playing politics with the CIA is a way of life on Capitol Hill / Intelligence - Pelosi's apparent rewriting of the record would be shocking, if it weren't so typical of congressional behavior.) by David Ignatius, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 05/19/09]

October 2002

2002 - Approved / U.S. [Iraq] War Resolution - October 11th, 2002: "You may recall that the Democrat-led Senate approved the war resolution 77-23 on Oct. 11, 2002, one day after the U.S. House approved a similar resolution." [Based on article by Clarence Page, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 07/27/04]

2002 -   Accused of Misleading Congress / Alberto Gonzales - "Former White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales misled Congress when he claimed the CIA in 2002 approved information that ended up in the 2003 State of the Union speech about Iraq's alleged effort to buy uranium for its nuclear weapons program, a House committee said Thursday [12/18/08]. [NP] The committee also expressed skepticism about claims by then-national security adviser Condoleezza Rice that she was unaware of the CIA's doubts about the claim before President George W. Bush's speech. [NP] Iraq's alleged attempt to buy uranium was one of the justifications for the Bush administration's decision to go to war. The claim has since been repudiated. [NP] The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee said in a memo that its investigation showed the CIA had warned  at least four National Security Council officials not to allow Bush, in three speeches in 2002, to cite questionable intelligence that Iraq had attempted to obtain uranium." [Based on: News Services article (WASHINGTON / Gonzales is accused of misleading Congress), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 12/19/08]

January 2003

2003 - Torture Trivia / U.S.A. - "Complaints by FBI agents about abusive interrogation tactics at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and other U.S. military sites reached the National Security Council but prompted no effort to curb questioning that the agents considered ineffective and perhaps illegal, according to an internal audit released Tuesday [05/20/08]. [NP] Reports that Guantanamo detainees were being subjected to simulated drowning, abuse of the Quran and nude interrogation were conveyed at White House meetings of senior officials in 2003, yet these questionable tactics remained in use, a lengthy report by the Justice Department's inspector general concluded. [....] Nearly half of the 450 FBI agents who worked at Guantanamo reported that they had observed or heard about military interrogators' using a variety of harsh interrogation techniques on detainees, with the most common being sleep deprivation and short-shackling - or locking a detainee's hands and feet together to prevent comfortable sitting or standing - for long periods of time. [NP] Military officials at Guantanamo Bay used some aggresive techniques before they were approved, perhaps in violation of Defense Department policy and U.S. law, the report said. They also continued to use 'stress positions' and other such techniques well after they were prohibited by Defense Department policy in January 2003, the report said. [NP] The 370-page report draws heavily on e-mail messages and contemporaneous memos to provide the clearest and most definitive account to date of the key tactics employed by the government against suspected terorists after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks." [Based on: Washington Post article (FBI agents protested torture, audit reports) by Carrie Johnson & Josh White, p A11, S.L.P.D., 05/21/08]

2003 - Foreign Relations / U.S.A. & Iraq - January 27th, 2003: "American sources made it clear that the United States fully intended taking over Iraq’s oil fields, administering them in the long term and using Iraqi oil revenues to partly defray the costs of conducting war and maintaining a long-term military occupation of Iraq. According to DEBKAfile’s Washington sources, the war bill which, unlike Gulf War I, America will carry more or less single-handed, is estimated at $130 billion, while maintaining app. 70,000 US troops in the country to protect the oil fields and maintain Iraq’s post-war stability could run to another $10-12 billion a year. To raise this cash, the United States plans to increase Iraq’s oil output from 1.6 million to 6.5 million barrels per day, necessitating further heavy outlay for renovating the badly run down Iraqi oil production equipment. At the same time, the long-term, military-backed control over Iraq’s oil resources – on the spot rather than from outside the region – will make America the leading strategic-political-military force in the Middle East and Persian Gulf as well giving Washington a controlling interest in the global oil market." [Based on article by Henry L. Marconi, PRAVDA.Ru, Sydney]

2003 - Refers to Iraq's Quest for Niger Uranium / President George W.Bush - January 28th, 2003: "President Bush refers to Iraq's quest for Niger uranium in State of Union address but does not say U.S. questioned intelligence." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

*Trivia: "Italy's spymaster identified an Italian occasional spy named Rocco Martino on Thursday [11/03/05] as the disseminator of forged documents that described efforts by Iraq to buy hundreds of tons of uranium ore from Niger for a nuclear weapons program, three Italian lawmakers said Thursday. The spymaster, Gen. Nicolo Pollari, director of the Italian military intelligence agency known as SISMI, disclosed that Martino was the source of the forged documents in closed-door testimony to a parliamentary committee that oversees secret services, the lawmakers said. Sen. Massimo Brutti, a member of the committee, told reporters that Pollari had identified Martino as a former intelligence agency informer who had been 'kicked out of the agency.' The revelation came on a day when the Federal Bureau of Investigation confirmed that it had shut down its two-year investigation into the origin of the forged documents from Italy. The information about Iraq's desire to acquire the uranium ore, known as yellowcake, was used by the Bush administration to help justify the invasion of Iraq, notably by President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address in January 2003. But the information was later revealed to have been based on forgeries. [....] Martino has long been suspected of being the person responsible for peddling the false documents on the Iraq-Niger connection. But this was the first time that his role was formally disclosed by Italian intelligence. Neither Martino nor his lawyer was available for comment. Brutti also told reporters that the Italian intelligence agency had warned the United States in early 2003 that the Niger-Iraq documents were false. 'At about the same time as the State of the Union address, they said that the dossier doesn't correspond to the truth,' Brutti said. He made the claim more than once, but gave no supporting evidence. Amid confusing statements by various lawmakers, he later appeared to backtrack in conversations with both The Associated Press and Reuters, saying that because SISMI never had the documents, it could not comment on their merit." [Based on: New York Times article by Elaine Sciolino & Elisabetta Povoledo (Italy alleges ex-spy spread bogus Iraq uranium report), p. A11, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 11/04/05]

*Trivia: "[....] Four U.S. officials said the Italian military intelligence agency known as SISMI passed three reports to the CIA station in Rome between October 2001 and March 2002 outlining an illegal deal for Iraq to buy uranium ore, known as yellowcake, from Niger. [....] One of the reports passed by SISMI contained language that turned out to have been lifted verbatim from crudely forged documents that outlined the purported uranium-ore deal, the U.S. officials said. 'SISMI was involved in this; there is no doubt,' said a U.S. intelligence official who has closely followed the matter. The United States obtained complete copies of the forgeries in October 2002. Five months later, the International Atomic Energy Agency determined that the documents were fakes, shortly before the invasion of Iraq, and the White House later conceded that Bush shouldn't have made the allegations. The Italian government has denied that SISMI was involved in concocting or passing the forged documents. A July 2004 Senate Intelligence Committee report said three reports on the alleged deal were passed to the CIA in that period, but it didn't disclose the name of the foreign intelligence service that had provided them. Two of the U.S. officials said SISMI had passed similar reports about the alleged deal, based on the forgeries, to the intelligence services in Britain, France and Germany. Britain has continued to stand by a 2002 'white paper' report that charged that Iraq had sought to buy yellowcake in Africa. Bush cited the British assertion in his 2003 State of the Union address rather than the U.S. intelligence reports, which had been disputed by some CIA experts and by the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research. The U.S. oficials were reacting to the reported testimony by SISMI Director Nicolo Pollari on Thursday [11/03/05] in a closed-door Italian parliamentary committee hearing. After the hearing, Italian lawmakers said Pollari had pinned the passing of the forgeries on a former SISMI informer named Rocco Martino. Pollari denied that any Italian intelligence agency was involved in concocting the fakes or disseminating them. News reports have quoted Martino as saying he had obtained the documents from a contact at the Niger Embassy in Rome, but this was the first time he was officially identified. Key questions remain about how the Niger claim made it into the Bush administration's case for war, including who concocted the forged documents and why the claim was in Bush's State of the Union after being cut from a draft of a presidential speeech some two months earlier." [Based on: Knight Ridder Newspapers article by Jonathan S. Landay (U.S. again blames Italy for bogus Iraq reports) , p. A3, S.L.P.D., 11/06/05]

February 2003

2003 - Kidnapped Muslim Cleric - February 17th, 2003: "[....] Italian prosecutors had charged the Americans and seven members of the Italian military intelligence agency [2009] in the abduction of Osama Moustafa Hassan Nasr, known as Abu Omar, on Feb. 17, 2003. Prosecutors said he was snatched in broad daylight, flown from an American air base in Italy to a base in Germany and then on to Egypt, where he asserts that he was tortured." [Based on: New York Times article (23 with CIA convicted of kidnapping cleric / Case in Italy results in first convictions involving capture of terrorist suspects, moving them to other nation.) by Rachel Donadio, p. A9, S.L.P.D., 11/05/09]

2003 - Passed Iraqi Intelligence to U.S.A. / Germany? - "Germany denied a report Monday [02/27/06] that its intelligence service passed information about Saddam Hussein's plans for defending Baghdad to the United States a month before the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. The New York Times said German agents in Baghdad obtained a copy of the Iraqi plan and a German intelligence officer supplied it to the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency in February 2003. 'This account is wrong,' German government spokesman Ulrich Wilhelm said at a news conference. 'The Federal Intelligence Service and, therefore, also the government, had until now no knowledge of such a plan.' " [Based on: News Services article (Germany denies passing Iraq intelligence to U.S.), p. A5, S.L.P.D., 02/28/06]

March 2003

2003 - Bush Threatens Iraq - March 17th, 2003: "President Bush threatens Saddam Hussein and his sons with military force unless they leave the country within 48 hours." 

*Trivia: "[....] A lengthy Time magazine story published in March 2003, barely a week after the war's start, opened with this salty Bush quote from one year earlier: 'F---- Saddam. We're taking him out.' The remark, made in a White House meeting, was the president's dismissive response to talk about coalition-building and possible U.N. actions. [....]" [Based on: article by Eric Mink, S.L.P.D., p. B7, 06/22/05]

*Trivia: "An exhaustive review of more than 600,000 Iraqi documents that were captured after the 2003 U.S. invasion has found no evidence that Saddam Hussein's regime had any operational links with Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida terrorist network. [NP] The Pentagon-sponsored study, scheduled for release later this week [March - 2008], did confirm that Saddam's regime provided some support to other terrorist groups, particularly in the Middle East, U.S. officials told McClatchy Newspapers. [NP] President George W. Bush and his aides used Saddam's alleged relationship with al-Qaida, along with Iraq's supposed weapons of mass destruction, as arguments for invading Iraq after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks." [Based on: News Services article (Saddam had no link to al-Qaida, study says), p A3, S.L.P.D., 03/11/08]

*Trivia: "Britain's justice secretary overturned an order [2009] that would have forced the government to make public the formal minutes of two contentious Cabinet discussions held before the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq. [NP] It was the first time a special ministerial veto has been used to overturn a decision by Britain's Information Tribunal regarding the country's Freedom of Information Act of 2000." [Based on: News Services article (LONDON / Discussions on Iraq will remain private), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 02/25/09]

2003 - U.S. Launches War on Iraq - March 20th, 2003: "U.S. President George W. Bush launches war on Iraq. The Srikes begin at dawn." [Trivia: 1]

*Trivia: "In a long-awaited report, the Senate Intelligence Committee rebuked President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney on Thursday [06/05/08] for making prewar claims - particularly that Iraq had close ties to al-Qaida - that were not backed up by available intelligence. [NP] The report, which was supported by some Republicans but criticized by many others, accuses the president and other members of his administration of repeatedly exaggerating the evidence of an al-Qaida connection to take advantage of the charged climate after the Sept. 11 attacks. [NP] 'In making the case for war, the administration repeatedly presented intelligence as fact when in reality it was unsubstantiated, contradicted, or even nonexistent,' said Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV, D-W.Va., the chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee. 'Sadly, the Bush administration led the nation into war under false pretenses.' [....] In a second report released Thursday, the committee provides new details on a series of clandestine meetings between Defense Department officials and Iranian dissidents seeking support for a covert plan to overthrow the Islamic regime in Tehran. [NP] In that document, the committee accuses national security adviser Stephen Hadley and others of 'inappropriate' conduct for an activity that the committee concludes was intentionally hidden from the CIA. [....] The main focus of the documnts released Thursday was a detailed examination of hundreds of statements that Bush, Cheney and other administration officials made in the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. [....] The report was approved on a 10-5 vote by the bipartisan panel in April [2008]. Sen. Christopher 'Kit' Bond, R-Mo., the ranking Republican member, opposed approval." [Based on: Los Angeles Times article (Senate panel rebukes Bush over Iraq / President and Cheney exaggerated prewar claims, committee says.) by Greg Miller, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 06/06/08]

*Trivia: "[....] In an angry phone call hours after Ashcroft's list reached the White House [in early 2003], President George W. Bush's chief of staff, Andrew H. Card Jr., quickly dismissed the candidates, all Republican lawyers with impeccable creditentials, the sources said. He and White House counsel Alberto Gonzales insisted that Ashcroft promote John Yoo, a onetime deputy in the Office of Legal Counsel who had worked closely with Gonzales and vice presidential adviser David Addington to draft memos supporting a controversial warrantless wiretapping plan and detainee questionng techniques. [....] Ashcroft is expected to address the incident today at a House Judiciary Committee hearing. The panel is exploring the underpinnings of the government's legal strategy for fighting terrorism." [Based on: Washington Post article (Ashcroft refused to appoint loyalist / He battled the administration on a critical appointment.) by Carrie Johnson, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 07/17/08]

*Related Links: http://americanfreepress.net/?p=1217

2003 - Depleted Uranium / Iraq - "The amount of DU [Depleted Uranium] used in Iraq in 2003 is equivalent in atomicity to nearly 250,000 Nagasaki bombs."

[Based on: http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2003/Leuren-Moret-ICT13dec03.htm]

*Trivia: "[....] Britain and America not only used DU in this year's [2003] Iraq war, they dramatically increased its use-from a minimum of 320 tons in the previous war [1991] to at minimum of 1500 tons in this one. And this time the use of DU wasn't limited to anti-tank weapons-as it had largely been in the previous Gulf war-but was extended to the guided missiles, large bunker busters and big 2000-pound bombs used in Iraq's cities. This means that Iraq's cities have been blanketed in lethal particles-any one of which can cause cancer or deform a child. In addition, the use of DU in huge bombs which throw the deadly particles higher and wider in huge plumes of smoke means that billions of deadly particles have been carried high into the air-again and again and again as the bombs rained down-ready to be swept worldwide by the winds. [....]"

[Based on: http://www.rense.com/general64/du.htm]

April 2003

2003 - U.S. Occupation / Iraq - April 14th, 2003: "American forces occupy Saddam Hussein's hometown."

*Trivia: "According to the ministry [Iraqi Health Ministry], the interim Iraqi government recorded 3,487 Iraqi deaths in 15 of the country's 18 provinces from April 5 [2004] - when the ministry began compiling the data - until Sept. 19 [2004]. Of those, 328 were women and children. Another 13,726 Iraqis were injured, the ministry said. [....] Many Iraqi deaths, especially of insurgents, are never reported, so the actual number of Iraqis killed in fighting could be significantly higher. During the same period, 432 American soldiers were killed. [....] Nearly a third of the Iraqi dead - 1,122 - were killed in August [2004], according to the statistics. May [2004] was the second deadliest month, with 749 Iraqis killed. Most of those killed lived in Baghdad; the ministry found that 1,068 had died in the capital." [Based on: Nancy A. Youssef, Knight Ridder Newspapers, 09/26/04]

*Trivia: "In April 2003, the Defense Department approved a list of interrogation techniques for use at the Guantanamo Bay prison that permits making a detainee disrobe entirely for questioning, reversing normal sleep patterns and exposing detainees to heat, cold and 'sensory assault,' including loud music and bright lights, according to defense officials. The classified list of roughly 20 techniques was approved at the highest levels of the Pentagon and Justice Department and represents the first known documentation of an official policy permitting interrogators to use physically and psychologically stressful methods during questioning. [....] The United States has stated publicly that it does not engage in torture or cruel and inhumane treatment of prisoners. Defense officials said Saturday [05/08/04] that the techniques on the list were consistent with international law and contained appropriate safeguards such as legal and medical monitoring." [Based on: Washington Post, May 2004]

*Trivia "A newly declassified narrative of the Bush administration's advice to the CIA on harsh interrogations [2009] shows that the small group of Justice Department lawyers who wrote memos authorizing controversial interrogation techniques were operating not on their own but with direction from top administration officials, including then-Vice President  Dick Cheney and national security adviser Condoleezza Rice. [NP] At the same time, the narrative suggests that then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and then-Secretary of State Colin Powell were largely left out of the decision-making process. The narrative was posted Wednesday [04/22/09] on the Senate Intelligence Committee's website and released by its former chairman, Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va." [Based on: News Services article (Cheney, Rice tied to interrogations), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 04/23/09]

2003 - U.S. Empire-Building? / Iraq - "In late April of last year [2003], Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld held a press conference at the U.S. Central Command base in Doha, Qatar. A reporter from the Arab satellite news service Al Jazeera asked him why the U.S. was empire-building in Iraq. 'We don't seek empires,' the famously short-fused Rumsfeld shot back. 'We're not imperialistic. We never have been. I can't imagine why you'd even ask the question.' Three days later, his boss, President George W. Bush, made his Top Gun landing on the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln and reiterated: 'Other nations in history have fought in foreign lands and remained to occupy and exploit. Americans, following a battle, want nothing more than to return home.' [....] In 1947, Churchill was urged to reconsider his views on British rule in India in light of Gandhi's quiet revolution. His reply: 'I am quite satisfied with my views on India, and I don't want them disturbed by any bloody Indians." [Kevin Horrigan, St. Louis Post-Dispatch]

May 2003

2003 - End? / War in Iraq - May 1st, 2003: "President Bush formally announces an 'end' to the war in Iraq."

*Trivia: "[....] President George W. Bush announced the end of major fighting on May 1, 2003. In the following 12 months, 598 service members died. The death toll was 852 Americans in the year that ended April 30th, 2005. The figures are from Department of Defense information compiled by CNN.com. The number of Americans wounded in the war increased from 3,732 between May 2003 and April 2004 to 7,748 in the following year, according to the New York Times News Service. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. A1, 06/06/05]

2003 - Trivia / Libby Indictment - Events Leading up to July 2003

2. On or about January 28, 2003, President George W. Bush delivered his State of the Union address which included sixteen words asserting that “The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa.”

3. On May 6, 2003, the New York Times published a column by Nicholas Kristof which disputed the accuracy of the “sixteen words” in the State of the Union address. The column reported that, following a request from the Vice President’s office for an investigation of allegations that Iraq sought to buy uranium from Niger, an unnamed former ambassador was sent on a trip to Niger in 2002 to investigate the allegations. According to the column, the ambassador reported back to the CIA and State Department in early 2002 that the allegations were unequivocally wrong and based on forged documents.

4. On or about May 29, 2003, in the White House, LIBBY asked an Under Secretary of State (“Under Secretary”) for information concerning the unnamed ambassador’s travel to Niger to investigate claims about Iraqi efforts to acquire uranium yellowcake. The Under Secretary thereafter directed the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research to prepare a report concerning the ambassador and his trip. The Under Secretary provided LIBBY with interim oral reports in late May and earlyJune 2003, and advised LIBBY that Wilson was the former ambassador who took the trip.

5. On or about June 9, 2003, a number of classified documents from the CIA were faxed to the Office of the Vice President to the personal attention of LIBBY and another person in the Office of the Vice President. The faxed documents, which were marked as classified, discussed, among other things, Wilson and his trip to Niger, but did not mention Wilson by name. After receiving these documents, LIBBY and one or more other persons in the Office of the Vice President handwrote the names “Wilson” and “Joe Wilson” on the documents.

6. On or about June 11 or 12, 2003, the Under Secretary of State orally advised LIBBY in the White House that, in sum and substance, Wilson’s wife worked at the CIA and that State Department personnel were saying that Wilson’s wife was involved in the planning of his trip.

7. On or about June 11, 2003, LIBBY spoke with a senior officer of the CIA to ask about the origin and circumstances of Wilson’s trip, and was advised by the CIA officer that Wilson’s wife worked at the CIA and was believed to be responsible for sending Wilson on the trip.

8. Prior to June 12, 2003, Washington Post reporter Walter Pincus contacted the Office of the Vice President in connection with a story he was writing about Wilson’s trip. LIBBY participated in discussions in the Office of the Vice President concerning how to respond to Pincus.

9. On or about June 12, 2003, LIBBY was advised by the Vice President of the United States that Wilson’s wife worked at the Central Intelligence Agency in the Counterproliferation Division. LIBBY understood that the Vice President had learned this information from the CIA. [....]

[Based on: http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/iln/osc/documents/libby_indictment_28102005.pdf]

*Trivia: "John Bolton, the former Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs who is now the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was contacted by I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby in late May 2003 to find out who sent Ambassador Joseph Wilson on a fact-finding mission to Niger, lawyers involved in the CIA outing investigation told RAW STORY over the weekend. Wilson was sent to Niger to ascertain whether Iraq had sought to purchase uranium from the African country. [....] News reports have identified the Undersecretary as Marc Grossman. This is technically correct, in that he is the one who had received the June 10, 2003 classified Intelligence and Research memo for Libby about Wilson's Niger trip, in addition to information about Plame's covert CIA status and her relationship to Wilson. [NP] But the attorneys said that two former Libby aides, John Hannah and David Wurmser, told the special prosecutor that Libby had actually first contacted Bolton to dig up the information. Wurmser, who worked as a Middle Eastern affairs aide to Vice President Dick Cheney, was on loan from Bolton's office. [NP] Both Wurmser and Hannah have been cooperating with Fitzgerald's probe for some time, the lawyers said. [NP] In addition, sources say that the memo was written on Libby's behest as part of a work-up order orchestrated out of the White House Iraq Group (WHIG), which operated out of the Cheney's office and was chaired by Special Advisor to President Bush, Karl Rove. [....] The attorneys also said that Frederick Fleitz, Bolton's chief of staff and concurrently a senior CIA Weapons Intelligence, Nonproliferation and Arms Control official, supplied Bolton with Plame's identity. Bolton, they added, passed this to his aide, Wurmser, who in turn supplied the information to Hannah. [....] It is unclear whether Bolton played any other role in the Plame outing, but his connection to the Iraq uranium claims certainly gave him a motive to discredit Wilson, who had called into question the veracity of the Niger documents. A probe by the State Department Inspector General revealed that Bolton's office was responsible for the placement of the Niger uranium claims in the State Department's December 2002 "fact sheet" on Iraq's WMD program. [NP] The attorneys said it is unlikely that the information Hannah and Wurmser had provided Fitzgerald and included in the indictment will ever become public, but their testimony in the case was crucial in that it allowed Fitzgerald to put together a timeline that showed how various governmental agencies knew about Plame's covert CIA status."

[Based on: Article (Bolton's chief of staff gave information on outed agent to Libby, lawyers involved in leak case say) by Larisa Alexandrovna and Jason Leopold - Originally published on Wednesday November 2, 2005. Last Updated: 2/8/3907] - [Note: my brackets added. NP = New Paragraph. - D.R.D.] - [T.D. - 02/18/07]

*Link: http://rawstory.com/news/2005/Laywers_involved_in_leak_case_say_1102.html

2003 - Found? / WMD, Iraq - May 30th, 2003: "We found the weapons of mass destruction. We found biological laboratories … And we'll find more weapons as time goes on. But for those who say we haven't found the banned manufacturing devices or banned weapons, they're wrong, we found them." [Based on: — Washington, D.C., May 30, 2003 - George W. Bush]

2003 - Trivia / CIA Leak Case - 2003: "[....] Shortly before testimony ended in the five-week trial, the presiding judge blocked defense attorneys from presenting the testimony of their proposed final witnesses - CIA employees who had briefed Libby each day on crises and terrorist threats around the world. [....] But U.S. District Judge Reggie Walton sided with prosecutors, who argued that it would be unfair to allow such testimony because Libby had decided not to testify and could not be cross-examined. [....] Instead of putting the briefers on the stand, defense attorney John Cline read jurors a lengthy list, approved by both sides, of the issues that CIA briefer Craig Schmall shared with Libby on the morning of June 14, 2003. Schmall testified earlier in the trial that his notes indicate that was the day Libby mentioned Wilson to him. [NP] Cline also read jurors a list of the national security issues confronting Libby between May 2003, when Vice President Dick Cheney first told him [Libby?] about Plame, and March 2004, when Libby appeared before a federal grand jury investigating the leak of her identity. [....] The defense ended its case less than three days after it began. On Tuesday, Libby's attorneys announced that they would not call the two men they had indicated would be their star witnesses: Libby and Cheney." [Based on: Title for Washington Post article ('Scooter' Libby's defense wraps up testimony) by Amy Goldstein & Carol D. Leonnig, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/07] - [My brackets, bold-faced type and question marks added for clarity - D.R.D.] - [Note: NP = New Paragraph]

*Trivia: "[....] Yesterday, Hannah [John Hannah], now the vice president’s national security adviser, highlighted points that Cheney and Libby might have offered if they had testified. Hannah said that Libby essentially had two full-time jobs and, under questioning by defense attorney John Cline, gave the jury a tour of complex and sensitive foreign-policy issues in which Libby was immersed from May 2003 to March 2004. That period is significant, because it began when Cheney first told Libby about Plame and ended with his appearances before the grand jury investigating the leak of her identity. [....]"

[Based on: Article (Cheney, Libby Will Not Testify), 02/14/07?]
http://kerryfoxlive.com/wordpress/?cat=8]

*Trivia:

I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby told a grand jury in 2004 that Vice President Cheney did not encourage him to provide information about an undercover CIA officer to the media, but Libby also said he did not believe that the information was secret and had to be safeguarded, according to audiotapes of Libby’s testimony played in court yesterday.

[....]

On the tapes, Libby said that Cheney did not tell him Plame’s CIA identity was “super-super-secret” and that he used a “curious” tone unlike his regular voice, which “was much more matter-of-fact and straight.” Libby said he did not remember Cheney speaking harshly of Wilson or suggesting nepotism was the reason for his mission. He said Cheney made the reference to Wilson’s wife in the middle of advising Libby on how to respond to claims that Wilson had been sent on the mission because of questions from the vice president’s office.

Libby said a column by the New York Times’s Nicholas Kristof in May 2003, which suggested Cheney’s role, “caught my eye.” But Libby said he did not “have any recollection” of Cheney or President Bush taking note of the article.

Libby also said he could not recall ever asking then-Undersecretary of State Marc Grossman in late May 2003 about Wilson’s trip to Niger. Grossman testified two weeks ago that he directed some of his staff to produce a report about Wilson’s CIA mission after Libby called him urgently trying to learn more about how and why Wilson was sent to investigate whether Iraq was trying to purchase uranium from the African nation.

[Based on: Article (Jurors Listen to Libby’s Grand Jury Tapes), 02/06/07]
http://kerryfoxlive.com/wordpress/?cat=8

*Trivia: "[....] Indeed, three of the witnesses testified that they had been the ones to raise the question of Plame's CIA employment with Libby. Only one indicated that Libby had brought up Wilson's wife himself, but that witness, former CIA briefer Craig Schmall, had no independent recollection of that conversation besides a note mentioning Plame's name on one of his June 14 daily briefings to Libby. (Schmall didn't find this note until after his grand-jury testimony, when a CIA lawyer directed him to review his papers.) [....]"
[Based on: http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1170077832190]

*Trivia: "[....] The story from former Undersecretary of State Marc Grossman, the government's first witness, posed other inconsistencies. He, too, had learned about Plame after Libby asked him to look into Wilson's Niger trip during a May 29 meeting. By June 9, Grossman received a report with further details about Wilson, which noted Plame's role in choosing Wilson for the CIA mission. Grossman found this fact "pretty remarkable" and said he mentioned it to Libby at a meeting a few days later.  [....]"

[Based on: http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1170077832190]

2003 - Conspiring to torture? / Engility Holdings Inc. - "A defense contractor whose subsidiary was accused in a lawsuit of conspiring to torture detainees at the infamous Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq has paid $5.28 million to 71 former inmates held there and at other U.S.-run detention sites between 2003 and 2007. [NP] The settlement in the case involving Engility Holdings Inc. of Chantilly, Va., marks the first successful effort by lawyers for former prisoners at Abu Ghraib and other detention centers to collect money from a U.S. defense contractor in lawsuits alleging torture. Another contractor, CACI, is expected to go to trial over similar allegations this summer. [....]" [Based on: DIGEST article (Contractor pays $5 million in Abu Ghraib case), p. A15, S.L.P.D., 01/09/13]

June 2003

2003 - U.S. Credibility Gap? - June 1st, 2003: "Intelligence gathered by this and other governments leaves no doubt that the Iraq regime continues to possess and conceal some of the most lethal weapons ever devised. This regime has already used weapons of mass destruction against Iraq's neighbors and against Iraq's people . [....] The danger is clear: Using chemical, biological, or one day, nuclear weapons obtained with the help of Iraq, the terrorists could fulfill their stated ambitions and kill thousands, or hundreds of thousands, of innocent people, in our country or any other."
   "With those words March 17th [2003], President George W. Bush justified his decision to give Iraqi President Saddam Hussein 48 hours to leave his country or face military action by the United States. The deadline had no sooner passed than Mr. Bush, operating on what was said to be solid intelligence, ordered a 'decapitation' strike on a bunker where Saddam and his sons were supposed to be hiding. Now, it turns out there was no bunker. Now, it turns out that the basic premise for the war - the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction - was selected 'for bureaucratic reasons.' " [Based on: St. Louis Post- Dispatch article, 06/01/03]

*Trivia: "Over the past month, a growing number of credibility issues began to surface in the United States. Examples include: a deceptive New York Times reporter; a different Jessica Lynch story; incredible U.S. Military Intelligence concerning Iraq; Sammy Sosa's cork bat; multiple trips by Vice President Dick Cheney and his senior aide to the CIA over the past year; Martha Stewart indicted in connection with a stock-trading scandal; the first Catholic Nun [from Missouri] accused of improper sexual conduct, etc." [E.M.]

2003 - Learned about CIA Officer [from Dick Cheney] / I. Lewis Libby Jr. - June 12th, 2003: "I. Lewis Libby Jr., Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff, first learned about the CIA officer at the heart of a leak investigation from Cheney weeks before her identity became public in 2003, lawyers involved in the case said Monday [10/24/05]. Libby's notes of a conversation with Cheney on June 12, 2003, appear to differ from Libby's testimony [2005] to a federal grand jury, the lawyers said. [....] Libby's notes indicate that Cheney got his information about Plame from George Tenet, the director of central intelligence, in response to the vice president's questions about her husband. [....] The notes do not show that Cheney knew Plame's name. But they show that Cheney did know and told Libby that she was employed by the Central Intelligence Agency and that she may have helped arrange her husband's trip. [....] [Based on: New York Times article p. A1 & A5, S.L.P.D., 10/25/05] - [My bold text and underline emphasis added - D.R.D.]

*Trivia: [....] The New York Times reported Tuesday [10/25/05] that notes taken by Cheney chief of staff I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby suggest that the vice president learned about CIA officer Valerie Plame from then-CIA Director George Tenet, then passed the information to Libby in a conversation on June 12, 2003. [....] Cheney told NBC on Sept. 14, 2003, that he didn't know who sent Wilson on a mission to Niger to explore claims that Iraq was seeking nuclear material. 'He never submitted a report that I ever saw when he came back,' Cheney said at the time. 'I don't know Mr. Wilson. I probably shouldn't judge him. I have no idea who hired him.' He made those remarks months after the reported conversations with Tenet and Libby, in which he would have learned about Wilson and his wife. [....] It was Cheney who all but made a direct link between Saddam Hussein and the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, then denied that he had ever done so. He also insisted there was a link between al-Qaida and Iraq. Cheney said in May that the Iraqi insurgency was in its 'last throes,' an assertion rejected by military leaders. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article by Ron Fournier (Cheney's credibility becomes issue as CIA leak investigation proceeds), p. A6, S.L.P.D., 10/26/05]

*Trivia: The Cheney link

   Vice President Dick Cheney was the first to tell his chief of staff, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby Jr., about the CIA officer at the heart of a leak investigation, the New York Times reports, citing lawyers involved in the case.
   Mr. Cheney mentioned the CIA officer to his aide weeks before her identity became public in 2003, reporters David Johnston, Richard W. Stevenson and Douglas Jehl said.
   "Notes of the previously undisclosed conversation between Mr. Libby and Mr. Cheney on June 12, 2003, appear to differ from Mr. Libby's testimony to a federal grand jury that he initially learned about the CIA officer, Valerie Wilson, from journalists, the lawyers said.
   "The notes, taken by Mr. Libby during the conversation, for the first time place Mr. Cheney in the middle of an effort by the White House to learn about Ms. Wilson's husband, Joseph C. Wilson IV, who was questioning the administration's handling of intelligence about Iraq's nuclear program to justify the war.
   "Lawyers involved in the case, who described the notes to the New York Times, said they showed that Mr. Cheney knew that Ms. Wilson worked at the CIA more than a month before her identity was made public and her undercover status was disclosed in a syndicated column by Robert D. Novak on July 14, 2003. [....]

[Based on: Inside Politics, By Greg Pierce, October 26, 200] - see link

http://www.washtimes.com/national/20051026-124551-3687r.htm

2003 - Discussed Wilson's Wife with Bob Woodward / Richard Armitage - June 13th, 2003: "[....] Fitzgerald, he [Former U.S. Deputy Secretary of State, Richard Armitage] said, had requested that he not talk about his role in the case, a restriction that was lifted only Tuesday [09/05/06]. [....] In an interview, Armitage said he had no partisan intent in mentioning that Wilson's wife worked at the CIA at the end of an interview with Novak [Robert Novak] on other subjects in the summer of 2003. He didn't know her by the name Valerie Plame or that she was working undercover. [....] Armitage also said he had discussed Wilson's wife's employment at the CIA in an earlier conversation with Washington Post editor Bob Woodward, on June 13, 2003. He said he hadn't recalled that conversation until Woodward reminded him of it later, and he called the FBI and sought another meeting with Fitzgerald. Knowingly disclosing the identity of an undercover CIA officer is a felony." [Based on: MCCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Armitage: I was source in CIA leak), p. A2, S.L.P.D., 09/08/06] - [My bold text and underline emphasis added - D.R.D.]

*Trivia: "Washington Post Assistant Managing Editor Bob Woodward testified under oath Monday [11/14/05] in the CIA leak case that a senior administration official told him about CIA operative Valerie Plame and her position at the agency nearly a month before her identity was disclosed. Woodward told Special Counsel Patrick J. Fitzgerald that the official casually told him in mid June 2003 that Plame worked as a CIA analyst on weapons of mass destruction, and that he did not believe the information to be classified or sensitive, according to a statement Woodward released Tuesday [11/15/05]. Citing a confidentiality agreement in which the source freed Woodward to testify but would not allow him to discuss their conversations publicly, Woodward and Post editors refused to disclose the official's name or give details about the testimony." [Based on: Staff Reports & News Services article (Bob Woodward testifies in CIA leak case), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 11/16/05] - [My bold text and underline emphasis added - D.R.D.]

*Trivia: "Vanity Fair is reporting that former Washington Post executive editor Ben Bradlee says it is reasonable to assume the former State Department official Richard Armitage is likely the source who revealed the CIA operative Valerie Plame's name to Post Assistant Managing Editor Bob Woodward. In an article to be published in the magazine today, Bradlee is quoted as saying: 'That Armitage is the likely source is a fair assumption.' Armitage was deputy secretary of state in President George W. Bush's first term. In an interview Monday [03/13/06], Bradlee said he does know the identity of Woodward's source but does not recall making that precise statement to a Vanity Fair reporter. He said he has no interest in unmasking the official who first told Woodward about Plame in June 2003. [....] Bradlee, currently Post vice president at large, said he learned the source's name from someone other than Woodward. Woodward said he did not reveal the source of his friend and former boss. Woodward and Bradlee refused to disclose the source's name. Armitage did not return phone calls requesting comment." [Based on: Washington Post article (Article names 'likely' Woodward source), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 03/14/06]

2003 - Libby Mentiones Plame to Craig Schmall? - June 14th, 2003: "[....] Shortly before testimony ended in the five-week trial, the presiding judge blocked defense attorneys from presenting the testimony of their proposed final witnesses - CIA employees who had briefed Libby each day on crises and terrorist threats around the world. [....] But U.S. District Judge Reggie Walton sided with prosecutors, who argued that it would be unfair to allow such testimony because Libby had decided not to testify and could not be cross-examined. [....] Instead of putting the briefers on the stand, defense attorney John Cline read jurors a lengthy list, approved by both sides, of the issues that CIA briefer Craig Schmall shared with Libby on the morning of June 14, 2003. Schmall testified earlier in the trial that his notes indicate that was the day Libby mentioned Wilson to him. [NP] Cline also read jurors a list of the national security issues confronting Libby between May 2003, when Vice President Dick Cheney first told him about Plame, and March 2004, when Libby appeared before a federal grand jury investigating the leak of her identity. [....] The defense ended its case less than three days after it began. On Tuesday, Libby's attorneys announced that they would not call the two men they had indicated would be their star witnesses: Libby and Cheney." [Based on: Title for Washington Post article ('Scooter' Libby's defense wraps up testimony) by Amy Goldstein & Carol D. Leonnig, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 02/15/07]

2003 - Meeting with I Lewis Libby / Judith Miller - June 23rd: 2003 "[....] An Associated Press story Friday [10/21/05] reported that Judy [Judith Miller] had coughed up the details of an earlier meeting with Libby only after prosecutors confronted her with a visitor log showing that she had met with him on June 23rd, 2003. This cagey confusion is what makes people wonder whether her stint in the Alexandria jail was in part a career rehabilitation project. Judy is refusing to answer a lot of questions put to her by Times reporters, showing them the notes that she shared with the grand jury. I admire Arthur Sulzberger Jr. and Bill Keller for aggressively backing reporters in the cross hairs of a prosecutor. But before turning Judy's case into a First Amendment battle, they should have nailed her to a chair and extracted the entire story of her escapade. Judy told The Times that she plans to write a book and intends to return to the newsroom, hoping to cover 'the same thing I've always covered - threats to our country.' If that were to happen, the institution most in danger would be The New York Times."  [Based on: Other Views page article (Judy Miller's account raised many troubling questions) by Maureen Dowd, p. B9, S.L.P.D., 10/25/05]

*Trivia: "Reporter Judith Miller testified Tuesday [01/30/07] that former vice presedential aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby identified a CIA operative to her on two occasions on dates earlier than he had told investigators he first heard the information from another reporter. [NP] Miller ... said Libby identified the wife of a prominent Iraq war critic as a CIA employee in meetings on June 23 and July 8, 2003. [NP] Libby, then Vice President Dick Cheney's chief of staff, told the FBI and a grand jury that he thought he was hearing about Valerie Plame's CIA job for the first time from NBC's Tim Russert on July 10, 2003. [....] Five government officials, including ex-White House press secretary Ari Fleischer, also have testified that they discussed Plame and her CIA job with Libby before July 10. [NP] On Tuesday [01/30/07], the jury saw notes Libby took on or about June 12 that indicated Cheney told Libby then that the war critic's wife worked at the CIA. [....] Libby now says his memory failed him when he spoke with Russert and other reporters. [NP] Special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald brought out that Miller did not mention the June 23 meeting in Libby's office during her first grand jury testimony - after she finally decided Libby had freed her from a promise not to discuss their conversations. [NP] Miller testified that at Fitzgerasld's request she went back and found notes of the June 23 meeting and then described it in a later grand jury appearance. [....] Wilson said he was sent to Niger in 2002 to answer questions from Cheney about reports Iraq was trying to buy uranium for nuclear weapons there. He said he debunked the story and his report should have reached Cheney long before Bush repeated the uranium story in his January 2003 State of the Union address. [NP] Miller recalled that Libby told her that the CIA, not Cheney, sent Wilson to Niger and Wilson's wife worked in the 'bureau.' She initially thought he meant the FBI, but 'through the context of the discussion, I quickly determined it to be the CIA,' she testified. [NP] Miller also discussed a second meeting with Libby, at a local hotel restaurant on July 8, 2003. She said Libby mentioned that Wilson's wife worked for the CIA division specializing in weapons of mass destruction." [Based on: A.P. article (Reporter contradicts Libby on knowledge of CIA operative) by Michael J. Sniffen, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 01/31/07]

July 2003

2003 - Unverified? / Niger Uranium Sold to Iraq - July 6th, 2003: "In N.Y. Times op-ed, Wilson [Joseph Wilson] says he could not verify Niger sold uranium to Iraq." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

2003 - Conversation / Ari Fleischer & I. Lewis Libby - July 7th, 2003: "Former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer testified Monday [01/29/07] that I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby divulged Valerie Plame's identity to him in July 2003, three days before Libby has told investigators he first learned of the undercover CIA officer. [....] Fleischer  ... also made clear that Libby had told him that Wilson's wife held a position in a division of the CIA where most employees work undercover. [NP] Fleischer said he believed Libby had mentioned Plame's name, although he told the jury he could not be sure. Libby 'added that this was something hush-hush or on the QT; that not many people knew this information,' Fleischer testified. [....] Fleischer testified that his lunch at the White House with Libby - the first he ever had with Cheney's top aide - took place July 7, 2003, before Libby spoke with Russert [Tim Russert]. [....] Under cross-examination by defense attorney William Jeffress Jr., Fleischer said that his conversation with Libby about Wilson's wife had been short and that Fleischer had not relayed that information to reporters until he heard a similar account from another White House aide. [....]" [Based on: Washington Post article (Fleischer's testimony could be damaging to defense) by Amy Goldstein & Carol D. Leonnig, p. A2, S.L.P.D., 01/30/07]

2003 - Speaks With I. Lewis Libby / Judith Miller - July 8th, 2003: "Reporter Judith Miller testified Tuesday [01/30/07] that former vice presedential aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby identified a CIA operative to her on two occasions on dates earlier than he had told investigators he first heard the information from another reporter [Tim Russert on the 10th?]. [NP] Miller ... said Libby identified the wife of a prominent Iraq war critic as a CIA employee in meetings on June 23 and July 8, 2003. [....] Miller also discussed a second meeting with Libby, at a local hotel restaurant on July 8, 2003. She said Libby mentioned that Wilson's wife worked for the CIA division specializing in weapons of mass destruction." [Based on: A.P. article (Reporter contradicts Libby on knowledge of CIA operative) by Michael J. Sniffen, p. A6, S.L.P.D., 01/31/07] - [My brackets added - D.R.D.]

2003 - Speaks to Robert Novak / Richard Armitage - July 8th, 2003: "Columnist Robert Novak ... is accusing his primary source of misrepresenting their conversation [07/08/2003] to make the source's role in the disclosure seem more casual than it was. In an unusual column that appears today [09/14/06], Novak says his initial source, former Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, was more sure of Plame's ties to the CIA than Armitage has indicated. Novak adds that Armitage linked her directly to her husband's CIA-sponsored trip to Niger and suggested the disclosure would be a good item for Novak's column. This differs from Armitage's assertions last week [September 2006] that his disclosure was made in an offhand manner and that he did not know why Plame's husband was sent to Niger. Armitage, in an interview Wednesday [09/13/06], said he stood by his account and disputed Novak's. The disagreement between Novak and Armitage now covers even the length of their conversation in Armitage's office at the State Department on July 8, 2003. [....] Plame sued Armitage Wednesday [09/13/06], accusing him of violating her privacy rights. Fitzgerald has not declared his investigation of the leak finished, 2 1/2 years after it began, although he told Armitage in a Feb. 24 letter that 'absent unexpected developments, I do not anticipate seeking any criminal charges against you.' [....]" [Based on: Title & Subtitle for Washington Post article (Novak disputes source's story of leak), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 09/14/06]

*Trivia: "Lawyers  for I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby opened their case Monday [02/12/07] with a parade of prominent Washington reporters who testified that Libby never mentioned the identity of a CIA agent when they interviewed him during the period the agent's identity was leaked to the press. [....] Novak told the jury that he learned about Wilson from Richard Armitage, the deputy secretary of state, and had her identity confirmed by Karl Rove, President George W. Bush's chief political adviser. But as to whether Wilson came up in his conversation with Libby on July 8, 2003, he said: 'I got no help from Mr. Libby on that issue.' [....] In addition to Novak, the other reporters were Bob Woodward, Walter Pincus and Glen Kessler of the Washington Post; David E. Sanger of The New York Times; and Evan Thomas of Newsweek." [Based on: New York Times article (Reporters testify to what Libby didn't say to them), p. A4, S.L.P.D., 02/13/07]

2003 - CIA Leak Testimony / Tim Russert - July 10th?, 2003: "Tim Russert, the Washington bureau chief for NBC News, swiftly and firmly rejected on Wednesday [02/07/07] an assertion by I. Lewis ... Libby that the journalist revealed the identity of an undercover CIA officer to him in a telephone call in the summer of 2003 [July 10th?]. [NP] Testifying as the final prosecution witness in the perjury trial of Libby, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, Russert recounted their conversation that July and how a 'very agitated' Libby had called to complain about MSNBC's 'Hardball.' Russert said the subject of the CIA officer, Valerie Plame, had never come up. [NP] Libby faces five felony counts of lying to investigators about his role in the leak of Plame's identity. He [Libby] has repeatedly testified that he shared information about Plame with other reporters only after hearing it from Russert [July 10th?] in the telephone call. Libby has since acknowledged that Cheney first told him about Plame's CIA job, in mid-June [June 12th], but has said that he forgot the conversation. [....] Russert offered a vivid description of his telephone call with Libby, and said it had rapidly 'evolved into a consumer complaint.' Russert said Libby was upset that 'Hardball' host Chris Matthews had said in two broadcasts that the vice president was responsible for Wilson's mission to Niger for the CIA and had made negative remarks about Libby. [NP] In addition to testifying that he had not mentioned Plame to Libby, Russert said Libby had not brought her up, either. [NP] Russert said he first learned about Plame and her CIA job from the Novak column on July 14. He testified that if Libby had mentioned to him in their earlier phone call that Wilson's wife worked at the CIA, he would have pursued it. 'That would be a significant story,' he said." [Based on: Washington Post article (NBC's Russert testifies that he didn't tell Libby about Plame) by Carol D. Leonnig & Amy Goldstein, p. A2 S.L.P.D., 02/08/07] - [My brackets and bold-faced text added - D.R.D.]

2003 - Talked to Libby and Reporters? / Ari Fleischer - July 2003: "Attorney's for former vice presidential aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby want more information about an unusual immunity-from-prosecution deal that government lawyers gave former White House spokesman Ari Fleishcher in the CIA leak case. [....] Once the deal was struck in February 2004, Fleischer revealed that he had discussed Plame with reporters in July 2003. He also said he learned about Plame from Libby [07/07/03], who was the chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney. [NP] Fleischer's testimony is significant because he says he talked to Libby about Plame days before Libby told the FBI he was surprised to learn of her identity from a reporter." [Based on: A.P. article (Libby'a lawyers question immunity deal in leak case), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 01/27/07] - [The exact day in July 2003 has not been specified. Thus, the purple text (to indicate the "July" date may actually be out of sequence on this timeline.] - [D.R.D. - T.D. - 01/27/07]

2003 - Speaks to Matthew Cooper / Karl Rove - July 11th, 2003: "White House Deputy Chief of Staff Karl Rove spoke with at least one reporter about Valerie Plame's role at the CIA before she was identified as a covert agent in a newspaper column two years ago [2003], but Rove's lawyer said Sunday [07/10/05] that his client did not identify her by name. Rove had a short conversation with Time magazine reporter Matthew Cooper on July 11, 2003, three days before Robert Novak publicly exposed Plame in a column about her husband, Joseph C. Wilson IV. [....] Cooper, according to an internal Time e-mail obtained by Newsweek magazine, spoke with Rove before Novak's column was published. In the conversation, Rove gave Cooper a 'big warning' that Wilson's claims might not be entirely accurate and that it wasn't the director of the CIA or the vice president who sent Wilson on his trip. Rove apparently told Cooper that it was 'Wilson's wife, who apparently works at the agency on WMD (weapons of mass destruction) issues who authorized the trip,' according to a story in Newsweek's July 18 issue. [....] Although the information is revelatory, it still is unknown whether Rove is a focus of the investigation. Rove's lawyer, Robert Luskin, has said he is not a target of the inquiry. Luskin said Sunday [07/10/05] that Rove didn't know Plame's name and was not actively trying to push the information into the public realm. [....] 'Rove did not mention her name to Cooper,' Luskin said." [Based on: Washington Post article by Josh White, S.L.P.D., p. A3, 07/11/05]

2003 - Publicly Identified by Robert Novak / Valerie Plame - July 14th, 2003: "Columnist Robert Novak identifies Wilson's [Joseph Wilson's] wife as a CIA agent; says two Bush officials were sources, who said she suggested sending him to Niger." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

*Trivia: "In a new court filing [2006], the prosecutor in the CIA leak case revealed that Vice President Dick Cheney made handwritten references to CIA officer Valerie Plame - albeit not by name - eight days before her identity was publicly exposed. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Cheney notes enter CIA leak case), p. A3, S.L.P.D., 05/14/06]

2003 - Mentions "Valerie Plame" as CIA Agent / Matthew Cooper - July 17th, 2003: "Matthew Cooper writes on Time.com that Bush officials told him Wilson's wife was CIA agent monitoring weapons of mass destruction." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

2003 - "Released" / Pre-War [Iraq] Intelligence, U.S.A. - July 18th, 2003: "[....] In a tense briefing [04/07/06], White House spokesman Scott McClellan was asked repeatedly to explain his statement from three years ago that portions of a prewar intelligence document on Iraq were declassified on July 18, 2003. Ten days earlier, Cheney's top aide had leaked snippets of intelligence from the document to New York Times reporter Judith Miller to rebut allegations by Bush administration critic Joseph Wilson, the aide has told prosecutors, according to documents revealed this week [April 3-7, 2006]. I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, Cheney's former chief of staff, said he had passed the information to Miller after being told to do so by Cheney, who advised Libby that Bush had authorized it, stated a court filing by Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald. McClellan told reporters on July 18, 2003, that the material being released on Iraq, 'was officially declassified today.' On Friday [04/07/06], McClellan interpreted his own words to mean that's when the material was 'officially released.' Asked when it was declassified, McClellan refused to answer, saying the matter was part of Fitzgerald's ongoing CIA leak inquiry, which has resulted in Libby's indictment. [....] This is the second time in the CIA leak inquiry that the White House's previous public statements have been called into question. After checking with Libby and presidential adviser Karl Rove, McClellan said in 2003 that neither aide was involved in the leak of Plame's CIA identity. Rove remains under investigation." [Based on: A.P. article (White House grilled on intelligence leak), p. A26, S.L.P.D., 04/08/06] - [Paragraph indents untranscribed - D.R.D.]

2003 - Killed / Saddam Hussein's Sons - July 23, 2003: "MOSUL, Iraq - Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's two sons were killed Tuesday during a long gunbattle with U.S. soldiers who raided a mansion after receiving a tip from an informer, the top U.S. military commander in Iraq said." [The Washington Post]

August 2003

2003 - Trivia / Project for the New American Century? - August 10th, 2003: "Sunday [8/10/03] The Washington Post published the results of a lengthy investigation into the Bush administration's claims about an Iraqi nuclear weapons program. The story also described the creation within the White House last August [2002] of a special group charged with winning support from Congress, from the United Nations if necessary and from the American people for a war against Iraq. [....]
   "September 11th left me emotionally battered, struggling and scared, and it was precisely that fear that George W. Bush, Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld and Condoleezza Rice tapped into - in me and everyone else - with their calculated, misleading conjurings of mushroom clouds, poisons and diseases.
   "Only later did I realize that the real campaign for this war began in the spring of 1997, with the creation of the Project for the New American Century, a group of conservative acedemics, ideologues and once-and-future government functionaries. Cheney, Rumsfeld, Paul Wolfowitz, Jeb Bush and many senior officials in the current administration signed its founding statement of principles.
   "On January 26, 1998, the Project issued a public letter to then-President Bill Clinton. It called for regime change in Iraq, by force if necessary.
   "Not quite four years later, the attacks of September 11th supplied an aching touchstone through which the Project, whose backers had returned to positions of power throughout government, could build support for its new-world-order objectives. Facts can be debated and the meaning of intelligence estimates can be argued, but the emotional, psycological and political power of September 11th is enduring and unassailable." [Source: Eric Mink, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 08/13/03] [Link: 1]

September 2003

2003 -  Trivia/ Songs as Weapons? - September 14th, 2003: "[....] The tactic has been common in the U.S. war on terrorism, with forces systematically using loud music on hundreds of detainees in Iraq, Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay. Lt. Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, then the U.S. military commander in Iraq, authorized it on Sept. 14, 2003, 'to create fear, disorient ... and prolong capture shock.' [NP] Now [2008] the detainees aren't the only ones complaining. Musicians are banding together to demand the U.S. military stop using their songs as weapons. [....] According to an FBI memo, one interrogator at Guantanamo Bay bragged he needed only four days to 'break' someone by alternating 16 hours of music and lights with four hours of silence and darkness. [NP] Not all of the music is hard rock. Christopher Cerf, who wrote music for 'Sesame Street,' said he was horrified to learn songs from the children's TV show were used in interrogations. 'I wouldn't want my music to be a party to that,' he told AP. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (Military's use of songs is criticized / Bands want U.S. to stop tormenting prisoners with their music.) by Andrew O. Selsky, p. A11, S.L.P.D., 12/10/08]

2003 - Begins to Circulate / White House Leak Scandal - September 21, 2003: "A White House leak scandal begins to circulate."

2003 - White House Leak / Karl Rove? - September 29th, 2003: "[....] White House press spokesman Scott McClellan, when asked how Mr. Bush knew Mr. Rove wasn't involved in the leaks, replied 'Well, I've made it very clear that it was a ridiculous suggestion in the first place.... I've said that it's not true.... And I have spoken with Karl Rove.... If anyone in this administration was involved in it, they would no longer be in this administration.' [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. D10, 07/14/05]

*Trivia: "Attorney General Alberto Gonzales said Sunday [07/24/05] that he notified White House chief of staff Andrew Card after the Justice Department opened an investigation into who revealed a CIA officer's identity, but he waited 12 hours [till the next morning] to tell anyone else in the executive mansion. [....] "The real question now is, 'Who did the chief of staff speak to?' " Biden asked, speculating as to whether Card might have spoken to Rove or someone else. [Based on: A.P. article, 07/25/05] - [Brackets text added - E.M.]

2003 - Trivia / Lost White House E-Mails? - "[....] Steven McDevitt's written statements, placed on the public record at a congressional hearing, asserted that a study by White House technical staff in October 2005 turned up an estimated 1,000 days on which e-mail was missing. [....] There were no archived e-mails from the office of Vice President Dick Cheney from Sept. 30, 2003, to Oct 6, 2003, just as the Justice Department was launching its investigation into whether anyone at the White House leaked Valerie Plame's CIA identity, according to documents provided to the House panel. The only e-mails that could be recovered for prosecutors were from the personal e-mail accounts of officials in Cheney's office, according to the report by Waxman's staff. [....]" [Based on: A.P. article (White House system leads to lost e-mail, expert says) by Pete Yost, p. A3, S.L.P.D., 02/27/08]

2003 - White House Leak Comment / George W. Bush - September 30th, 2003: "[....] Mr Bush said he took the leaks seriously 'If somebody did leak classified information, I'd like to know it, and we'll take the appropriate action.' [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article, p. D10, 07/14/05]

2003 - Why Weapons Containing Depleted Uranium Are Illegal - September 30th, 2003:

There are two ways to determine if the use of a particular weapon in military operations is illegal. The easiest way is if the weapon is used in violation of a treaty that forbids its use and the State using it is a party to that treaty. If there is no treaty on a specific weapon, then one must determine if the use of that weapon would violate existing rules and principles of binding humanitarian (armed conflict) law. Under these rules (the "weapons test") – derived from The Hague Conventions, the Geneva Conventions, and all other sources of military law – a weapon may be banned if: (1) it has harmful effects outside the legal field of battle (the "geography" test); (2) it has harmful effects after the war is over (the "time" test); (3) its use is unduly inhuman or causes undue suffering (the "humaneness" test); or (4) it has a harmful effect on the environment (the "environment" test). The first two tests arise from the requirement that weapons may not be indiscriminate. Because there is no specific weapon treaty forbidding the use of depleted uranium, the illegality of DU must be shown by the second method.

Weaponry containing depleted uranium (DU) fails all four tests. [....]

[Based on: article by by Karen Parker, J.D. September 30, 2003 @
http://www.mindfully.org/Nucs/2003/Leuren-Moret-ICT13dec03.htm - bottom of page]

October 2003

2003 - Failure To Find W.M.D. / Iraq - "WASHINGTON - The head of a CIA team hunting for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq told Congress Thursday [10/02/03] that he had not found any stockpiles of the chemical or biological arms that President George W. Bush cited as the primary reason to invade Iraq in March." [By Warren P. Strobel & Jim Kuhnhenn, Knight Ridder Newspapers]

2003 - Not Involved in White House Leak? / I. Lewis Libby & Karl Rove - October 7th, 2003: "White House spokesman says Libby and presidential aide Karl Rove were 'not involved' in leaking Plame's name to journalists." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

*Trivia: "[....] Mr McClellan said he had spoken to Rove and two other top administration officials who had 'assured me they were not involved in this.' [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch, p. D10, 07/14/05]

Fall 2003: "Two former CIA officers Tuesday [08/05/08] denied thay they or the spy agency faked an Iraqi intelligence document purporting to link Saddam Hussein with  9/11 bomber Mohammed Atta, as they are quoted as saying in a new book. [NP] The White House issued the statement on behalf of the former officials after a day of adamant denials from the CIA and President George W. Bush's administration about the claim, made in 'The Way of the World,' a book by Washington-based journalist Ron Suskind. [....] Suskind claims the White House concocted the fake letter, meant to come from Tahir Jalil Habbush al-Tikriti, director of Iraqi intelligence under Saddam, in the fall of 2003 to bolster its case for the invasion earlier that year as it was becoming clear that there were no weapons of mass destruction to be found in Iraq. Those weapons were a chief rationale for the war. The letter was provided to a British journalist by an Iraqi government official, according to the book. 'The White House had concocted a fake letter from Habbush to Saddam, backdated to July 1, 2001,' Suskind wrote, 'It said that 9/11 ringleader Mohammad Atta had actually trained for his mission in Iraq thus showing, finally, that there was an operational link between Saddam and al-Qaida, something the vice president's office had been pressing CIA to prove since 9/11 as a justification to invade Iraq. There is no link.' [....] Former CIA Director Tenet also rejected Suskind's allegation that the U.S. had credible intelligence before the invasion that Saddam did not possess weapons of mass destruction. [NP] In a statement, Tenet also denied CIA involvement in the supposedly fake letter. [NP] Suskind told The Associated Press that the criticisms from the White House and Tenet 'is not credible on this issue' and the White House 'is all but obligated to deny this.' " [Based on: A.P. article, (Ex-CIA agents deny saying they faked letter / BOOK'S CLAIM * The U.S. faked letters suggesting Iraq, al Qaida link) by Brett J. Blackledge p A3, S.L.P.D., 08/06/08]

November 2003

2003 - Associated Press Report / Prisoner Abuse, Iraq - November 1st, 2003: "The Associated Press report, published Nov. 1, cited a statement to Arab television by the MP commander, Brig. Gen. Janis Karpinski, that prisoners were treated humanely. Meantime, 'between October and December 2003, at the Abu Ghraib Confinement Facility (BCCF), numerous incidents of sadistic, blatant, and wanton criminal abuses were inflicted on several detainees,' according to the report of a later Army investigation. The Army report said the photos from Abu Ghraib dated from this period. The Army's report found that soldiers also had commited 'egregious acts and grave breaches' at Camp Bucca, in southern Iraq. That report did not come to light until the May 10 issue of The New Yorker magazine. It had been classified 'secret'. [....] The camps held not only men captured in the anti-U.S. insurgency, but also many others picked up by U.S. troops in broad neighborhood sweeps, on slight suspicions or unverified tips [Like the Dark & Middle Age Inquisitions?], or as curfew breakers, checkpoint-dodgers or common criminals. Up to 8,000 are believed still [May 2004] held. " [A.P., 05/09/04] [bracket emphasis by E.M.]

*Trivia: "An Iraqi whose corpse was photographed with grinning U.S. soldiers at Abu Ghraib prison died under CIA interrogation while suspended by his wrists, with his hands cuffed behind his back, according to reports reviewed by The Associated Press [2005?]. Human rights group contend this position is torture. [....] Al-Jamadi's death in November 2003 became public with the release of photos of Abu Ghraib guards giving a thumbs-up over his corpse, packed in ice. One guard was Pvt. Charles Graner, who last month [January 2005] received ten years in a military prison for abusing detainees. [....]" [Based on: A.P. - S.L.P.D., p. A1, 02/18/05]

December 2003

2003 - Capture / Saddam Hussein - December 15th, 2003: "BAGHDAD, Iraq - A force of 600 American soldiers captured Saddam Hussein in a raid Saturday [12/13/03] night on an isolated farm near Tikrit, U.S. military officials said Sunday [12/14/03]." [New York Times]

*Trivia: "When Saddam Hussein was caught a year ago [12/13/03] today [12/13/04] ... there were many in U.S. military and government circles who predicted the capture would stem the brewing insurgency in Iraq. [....] Twelve months later [12/13/04], Saddam's capture is a distant memory. He sits in an undisclosed U.S. facility with no trial date set. In the meantime, bandits and rebels have kidnapped hundreds, car bombings have devestated neighborhoods, and insurgents continue to attack seemingly at will. [....] 'Many Iraqi's thought that the Americans would bring democracy and freedom, so at first, most Iraqi's did not support the resistance,' said Salman al Jumaili, a political analyst at Baghdad University who has written extensively about the growth of the insurgency. 'But they discovered the Americans are an occupational force, and a bad one at that - if there was some serious plan to end the occupation it would lead to the end of the resistance, because most Iraqi's want to live in peace.' As long as there are 140,000-plus U.S. soldiers and Marines in Iraq, Jumaili said, the violence will continue. [....]" [Knight Ridder Newspapers, 12/13/04]

*Trivia: "The revelation that Israel plotted to kill Saddam Hussein at the funeral of a beloved uncle resolved an enduring mystery and infuriated current military chiefs who worry loose talk is harming Israel's security. Operation Bramble Bush, the plot to assassinate Saddam with a missle attack, was shelved in 1992 after five elite commandos were killed training for the mission. [....] On Nov. 5, 1992, the commandos staged a dress rehearsal in the Negrev Desert. 'It was basically a show for the generals,' Zeevi said. [....] As part of the exercise, commandos were to fire a dummy missle at soldiers playing the roles of Saddam and his bodyguards. A live missle was used by mistake, and five soldiers were killed. Six were wounded." [By Karen Laub, A.P., 12/17/03]

2003 - Unentitled to Geneva Convention Protections? / Iraqi Prisoners - December 24th, 2003: "WASHINGTON - Presented last fall [2003] with a detailed list of abuses at Abu Ghraib prison, the U.S. military responded on Dec. 24 [2003] with a confidential letter asserting that many Iraqi prisoners were not entitled to the full protections of the Geneva Conventions. The letter to the International Committee of the Red Cross was drafted by military lawyers and signed by Brig. Gen. Janis Karpinski, commander of the 800th Military Police Brigade, whose soldiers guarded the prisoners. The letter emphasized the 'military necessity' of isolating some inmates at the prison for interrogation because of their 'significant intelligence value' and said that prisoners held as security risks could legally be treated differently from prisoners of war or ordinary criminals. [....] The Red Cross report said that at the time of the October [2003] visits to Abu Ghraib, 'a total of 601 detainees were held as security detainees.' 'many were unaware of any charges against them or what legal process might be ahead of them,' the undated report said." [New York Times, 05/23/04]

*Trivia: "[....] The Senate report [December 2008] traces the abuses to a Feb. 7, 2002, Bush memo that declared that international law on the treatment of war prisoners found in the 1949 Geneva Convention didn't apply to al-Qaida or the Taliban. [....]" [Based on: McCLATCHY NEWSPAPERS article (Top officials blamed for detainee abuse) by Roy Gutman & Jonathan S. Landay, p. A4, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 12/12/08]

2003 - Named Special Counsel / Patrick Fitzgerald - December 30th, 2003: "Patrick Fitzgerald named special counsel to investigate if a crime was committed by Novak's sources in disclosing Plame's [Valerie Plame's] name." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

*Link: http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/iln/osc/index.html

2003 - Worldwide Terrorism Decline? / NOT! - "WASHINGTON - The State Department acknowledged Thursday [06/10/04] that it was wrong in reporting that terrorism declined worldwide last year [2003], a finding used to boost one of President George W. Bush's chief foreign policy claims - success in countering terrorism. Instead both the number of incidents and the toll in victims increased sharply, the department said. Statements by senior administration officials claiming success were based 'on the facts as we had them at the time. The facts that we had were wrong,' department spokesman Richard Boucher said. The April [2004] report said attacks had declined last year [2003] to 190, the lowest level in 34 years, and dropped 45 percent since 2001, Bush's first year as president. The department is now working to determine the correct figures." [By Barry Schweid, A.P., 06/11/04]

*Trivia: "Significant acts of terrorism worldwide reached a 21-year high last year [2003], the State Department announced Tuesday [06/22/04] as it corrected a mistaken report that had been cited to boost President George W. Bush's war on terrorism. [....] In all, the department recorded 208 incidents of terrorism last year [2003], compared with 205 in 2002. There were 175 'significant events' in 2003, which Black [J. Cofer Black] said was the highest number since 1982. [....] Thirty-five U.S. citizens died in international terrorist attacks last year [2003]. [....] The report did not include U.S. troops killed or wounded in Iraq, or attacks by resistance fighters against American troops, 'because they were directed at combatants.' Attacks in Iraq against civilians and unarmed military personnel were included. In all, 3,646 people were wounded worldwide in terror attacks last year [2003], the report said. This represented a sharp increase from the 2,013 wounded in 2002. In April [2004], the department had said that 1,593 people were wounded in 2003, a sharp decline from the previous year. The initial report was issued April 29 [2004]. On June 10 [2004], in response to inquiries by Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., and several analysts, the State Department acknowledged the findings were inaccurate. Powell attributed the errors partly to a new data system and said there was no attempt to manipulate the figures to buttress Bush's stature." [By Barry Schweid, A.P., 06/23/04]

January 2004

2004 - Questionable Credibility? / Dick Cheney - "... Cheney cited a November [2003] article in the Weekly Standard, a conservative magazine, as 'the best source of information' on cooperation between Saddam and al-Qaida. The article was based on a leaked top-secret memorandum. It purportedly set out evidence, compiled by a special Pentagon intelligence cell, that Saddam was in league with al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden. It was written by Douglas Feith, undersecretary of defense for policy, the third-highest Pentagon official and a key proponent of the war. [Jonathan S. Landay, Knight Ridder Newspapers, March 2004]

2004 - Prisoner of War Designation / Saddam Hussein - January 9th, 2004: "The U.S. Defense Department announced that it had designated Saddam Hussein a prisoner of War."

2004 - Revelations / Paul O'Neill - January 11th, 2004: "CRAWFORD, Texas - Former Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill says the United States began laying the groundwork for an invasion of Iraq just days after President George W. Bush took office in January 2001 - more than two years before the start of the U.S.-led war that ousted Saddam Hussein." [A.P.]

*Trivia: "O'Neill said he tried to warn Vice president Dick Cheney that growing budget deficits - expected to top $500 billion this fiscal year alone - posed a threat to the U.S. economy. Cheney cut him off. 'You know, Paul, Reagan proved deficits don't matter,' he said, according to experts. Cheney continued: 'We won the midterms (congressional elections). This is our due.' A month later, Cheney told the Treasury secretary he was fired. [....] In the CBS interview, O'Neill likened Bush at Cabinet meetings to 'a blind man in a room full of deaf people.' " [Based on: Reuters News Service article, 01/12/04]

2004 - The Price of Loyalty - January 13th, 2004: "Responding to an account provided by O'Neill in a book to be published today, 'The Price of Loyalty,' by Ron Suskind, Bush said he was working from his first days in office on how to put into effect an existing national policy of promoting a change of government in Iraq. But the president said his focus at the time was on re-evaluating the ways in which the United States and Britain were enforcing the 'no-flight' zones in northern and southern Iraq." [New York Times News Service]

2004 - Reported Prisoner Abuse / Abu Ghraib Prison, Iraq - January 13th, 2004: "A military police officer reports abuse of detainees at Abu Ghraib prison to his superiors." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Prisoner Abuse Inquiry / Iraq - January 14th, 2004: "Lt. Gen. Ricardo S. Sanchez, the senior American commander in Iraq, orders a criminal inquiry into the reports of abuse." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Privy to Alleged Iraq Prisoner Abuse / Donald Rumsfeld - January 15th, 2004: "Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld became aware of alleged abuse and the photographs and received general descriptions of them in mid-January." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Privy to Alleged Iraq Prisoner Abuse / Richard Meyers - January 15th, 2004: "Gen. Richard B. Meyers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was briefed on the abuse and the photographs in a general sense in mid-January." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - An End to Evil - January 19th, 2004: "Do not pick a fight with David Frum (former Bush speechwriter and stimulating author) or Richard Perle (former Assistant Secretary of Defense and 'eminence grise of foreign policy hard-liners). Their book, 'An End to Evil; How to Win the War on Terror,' provides a devestating reply to every single argument advanced by the left against this war and provides an intellectual and moral boost to those who have supported it from the beginning. [....] Frum and Perle recommend scrapping the regional bureaus at the department of state, which lack clear missions and, in the author's words, tend to 'stop representing America to the world and begin representing the world to America'. [....] Here you will find the Frum/Perle and, more broadly, the conservative answer to such questions as how to deal with France and Saudi Arabia, which are really adversaries; manage the United Nations; undermine the Tehran mullahocracy; defuse the North Korean bomb; wean Pakistan from Saudi-inspired (and underwritten) extremism; police our borders; and lean hard on nations like Egypt, Syria/Lebanon, Venezuela and others to cease all support for terror. But the greatest contribution of 'An End to Evil' is its full-throated, passionate defense of the rightness of our cause. In the Islamists, the authors argue, we are facing the moral equivalent of the Nazis and Communists. Everywhere that the bacillus of Islamism has incubated, it has wrought misery and destruction. Though the authors agree we are not at war with Islam itself, they note that within the Muslim world it is the Islamists, not the moderates, who have the wind at their backs. Spreading democracy is not just benevolent; it is the very best self-defense. 'Our vocation,' Frum and Perle write, 'is to support justice with power. It is a vocation that has earned us terrible enemies. It is a vocation that has made us, at our best moments, the hope of the world.' " [Based on: aticle by Mona Charen, Copyright: Creators Syndicate]

2004 - Status / Prisoner Abuse Investigation, Iraq - January 19th, 2004: "Sanchez requests a senior-level investigation of practices and proceedures at Abu Ghraib, separate from the criminal investigation." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Questionable Credibility? / Dick Cheney - January 22nd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - CIA Director George Tenet on Tuesday [03/09/04] rejected recent assertions by Vice President Dick Cheney that Iraq cooperated with the al-Qaida terrorist network and that the administration had proof of an illicit Iraqi biological warfare program. [....] Tenet acknowledged to Sen. Carl Levin of Michigan, the Committee's senior Democrat, that he had told Cheney that the vice president was wrong in saying that two truck trailers recovered in Iraq were 'conclusive evidence' that Saddam had a biological weapons program. Cheney made the assertion in a Jan. 22 interview with national Public Radio." [Jonathan S. Landay, Knight Ridder Newspapers, March 2004]

February 2004

2004 - Formal Interviews / Saddam Hussein - February-June, 2004: "[....] The inspectors, he [Saddam Hussein] feared, 'would have directly identified to the Iranians where to inflict maximum damage to Iraq,' he told the FBI. [NP] Saddam told the FBI that if United Nations sanctions against his country had been lifted, Iraq would have sought a security agreement with the United States to protect it from Iran. [NP] The summaries of 20 formal interviews and five additional 'casual conversations,' as his captors called them, all between February and June 2004, were obtained under the Freedom of Information Act by the National Security Archive, a private research group at George Washington University. They were posted Monday [06/29/09] on the archives' website, nsarchive.org. [....] Obsessed with Iran, with which Iraq had fought a devestating eight-year war in the 1980s, Saddam did not take seriously the demands from President George W. Bush that he prove he had no unconventional weapons. [NP] 'We did not appreciate how large the threat of Iran loomed in his thinking,' Duelfer [Charles A. Duelfer, a veteran intelligence official who led the hunt for unconventional weapons in Iraq in 2004.'] said. [NP] In the interviews, Saddam described Osama bin Laden as a 'zealot' and denied that Iraq had any substantive ties to al-Qaida. Both that claim, and the assertion that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction, were later confirmed by American intelligence agencies. [NP] 'The interviews show the United States had many policy options short of war,' said Thomas S. Blanton, director of the National Security Archive." [Based on: New York Times article (Saddam interviews reveal misjudgement / Iraqi dictator preferred to ignore U.N. rather than appear weak to Iran, he told FBI during his captivity.), p. A8, S.L.P.D., 07/03/09]

2004 - Presidential Briefing / Prisoner Abuse Allegations, Iraq - February, 2004: "President George W. Bush was briefed on the allegations of abuse in early February at a meeting attended by Rumsfeld and Gen. Peter Pace, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, according to testimony on Friday [05/07/04]." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Gross Mismanagement / U.S. Justice Dept. - February 18th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The federal prosecutor who won convictions in the government's first and only terrorism trial after the Sept. 11 attacks has filed a suit against Attorney General John Ashcroft accusing the Justice Department of 'gross mismanagement' in the war on terrorism." [Knight Ridder Newspapers]

2004 - Record Troop Rotation / Iraq - February 23rd, 2004: "CAMP ARIFJAN, Kuwait - A quarter-million soldiers - all but a few of them Americans - have begun passing through the desert kingdom of Kuwait on their way to or from the war in neighboring Iraq, the largest such rotation of U.S. forces in history, according to military planners overseeing the project."

2004 - Resignation / Richard Perle - February 26th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Richard Perle - one of the most outspoken advocates for invading Iraq - has quietly resigned from the Defense Policy Board, an influential bipartisan Pentagon advisory group. [....] Perle's resignation comes as President George W. Bush finds his administration facing a growing number of congressional, legal and internal investigations into dubious prewar intelligence on Iraq and lucrative contracts for Iraqi reconstruction. [....] Although the Defense Policy Board is a bipartisan advisory committe that has no role in making policy, Perle was an influential member of the group. Other members include Vice President Dick Cheney, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, Undersecretary of Defense Douglas Feith and I. Lewis Libby - Cheny's chief of staff - all of whom were outspoken proponents of a pre-emptive attack on Iraq." [Knight Ridder Newspapers]

2004 - CIA Leak Trivia / Immunity-From-Prosecution Deal, Ari Fleischer - February 2004: "Attorney's for former vice presidential aide I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby want more information about an unusual immunity-from-prosecution deal that government lawyers gave former White House spokesman Ari Fleishcher in the CIA leak case. [....] Once the deal was struck in February 2004, Fleischer revealed that he had discussed Plame with reporters in July 2003. He also said he learned about Plame from Libby, who was the chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney. [NP] Fleischer's testimony is significant because he says he talked to Libby about Plame days before Libby told the FBI he was surprised to learn of her identity from a reporter." [Based on: A.P. article (Libby'a lawyers question immunity deal in leak case), p. A22, S.L.P.D., 01/27/07]

March 2004

2004 - National Defense? / Israel - March 2004: "Most Americans have no idea that the possibility of a full-fledged nuclear ‘suicide bombing’ by the state of Israel itself is a cornerstone of Israel’s national security planning. However, there are some U.S. policymakers who have dared to express their concerns about this dangerous policy, which is known as what Pulitzer Prize-winning author Seymour Hersh referred to, in the book by the same name, 'The Samson Option.'
   "As Hersh has documented—and Israeli historian Avner Cohen has confirmed it in even more detail in his own book, Israel and the Bomb—Israel’s entire national defense policy (from its inception) was framed around the development of powerful nuclear bombs. As Hersh makes clear, the Israelis are willing, if necessary, to 'blow up the world'—including themselves—if they have to do so in order to defeat their Arab foes.
   "The so-called 'Samson Option' for Israel is based on the well-known story of Samson in the Bible, who—after being captured by the Philistines—brought down Dagon’s temple in Gaza and killed himself along with a number of Philistines. As Hersh put it: 'For Israel’s nuclear advocates, the Samson Option became another way of saying 'Never Again'.'
   "The Sampson Option is a matter of concern—even for many high-placed American policy makers who are otherwise staunch supporters of Israel—but this is not something that has received widespread attention in the American press.
   "American Free Press reported one year ago that—buried in brief news notes in some Jewish newspapers in early 2003—former Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres had formally broken Israel’s longstanding policy of denying its nuclear weapons capabilities, although it was not reported in the mass media in America.
   "Peres admitted in a Feb. 20, 2003 speech in Jerusalem that Israel did indeed have nuclear weapons. The Israeli leader made the admission to a delegation from the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations.
   "(Despite all of this, most mainstream reports about Israel’s nuclear programs continue to state that Israel officially denies having nuclear weapons, Peres’ statement notwithstanding.)
   "This admission by Peres was particularly interesting because in 1999, many American Jewish organizations reacted with alarm when then-President Bill Clinton dared to mention Israel’s nuclear program.
   "On May 14, 1999, the influential Jewish weekly, Forward, published an article expressing outrage that 'President Clinton is raising for the first time public concerns about Israel’s nuclear program.'
   "The article pointed out that some 35 members of the U.S. Congress had written a letter to Clinton expressing concerns about imprisoned Israeli nuclear engineer Mordechai Vanunu, who was the first to publicly expose Israel’s nuclear bomb production program.
   "Responding in a letter dated April 22, 1999 to then-Rep. Lynn Rivers (D-Mich.), President Clinton did more than just express his own concerns about Vanunu’s plight. Clinton also said: 'I . . . share your concerns about the Israeli nuclear program. We have repeatedly urged Israel and other non-parties to the Non-Proliferation Treaty to adhere to the treaty and accept comprehensive International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards.
   "Forward reported that 'Jewish leaders reacted with shock at news that Mr. Clinton had weighed in on Mr. Vanunu and Israel’s nuclear program,' and cited the reaction of Anti-Defamation League director Abe Foxman, who attacked Clinton, saying: 'I can’t believe the president would send such a letter. These are very sensitive issues. It is so judgmental.'
   "Foxman’s disgust with Clinton was not unique. Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice president of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, declared: 'The president’s reference to Israel’s nuclear program is surprising and disturbing. As far as we know it’s unprecedented.' " [Based on: Michael Collins Piper, A.F.P., March 2004]

2004 - Signed Interim Constitution / Iraq - March 9th, 2004: "BAGHDAD, Iraq - Iraq's Governing Council signed a landmark interim constitution Monday [03/08/04] that establishes a framework for democratic self-rule after the U.S.-led civil occupation ends this summer." [Washington Post]

2004 - Questionable Credibility / Dick Cheney - March 10th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - CIA Director George Tenet on Tuesday [03/09/04] rejected recent assertions by Vice President Dick Cheney that Iraq cooperated with the al-Qaida terrorist network and that the administration had proof of an illicit Iraqi biological warfare program. [....] Tenet acknowledged to Sen. Carl Levin of Michigan, the Committee's senior Democrat, that he had told Cheney that the vice president was wrong in saying that two truck trailers recovered in Iraq were 'conclusive evidence' that Saddam had a biological weapons program. Cheney made the assertion in a Jan. 22 interview with national Public Radio. [....] Levin also questioned Tenet about a Jan. 9 interview with the Rocky Mountain News, in which Cheney cited a November article in the Weekly Standard, a conservative magazine, as 'the best source of information' on cooperation between Saddam and al-Qaida. The article was based on a leaked top-secret memorandum. It purportedly set out evidence, compiled by a special Pentagon intelligence cell, that Saddam was in league with al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden. It was written by Douglas Feith, undersecretary of defense for policy, the third-highest Pentagon official and a key proponent of the war. 'Did the CIA agree with the contents of the Feith document?' Levin asked. 'Senator, we did not clear the document,' Tenet replied. 'We did not agree with the way the data was characterized in that document.' Tenet, who pointed out that the Pentagon, too, had diavowed the document, said he learned of the article Monday night [03/08/04?], and he planned to speak with Cheney about the CIA's view of the Feith document. In building the case for war, Bush, Cheney and other top officials relied in part on assessments by the CIA and other agencies. But they concealed disputes and dissents over Iraq's weapons programs and links to terrorists that were raging among analysts, U.S. diplomats and military officials. They also used exaggerated and fabricated information from defectors and former Iraqi exile groups that was fed directly into Cheney's office and the Pentagon. Those groups included the Iraqi National Congress, whose leader, Ahmad Chalabi, was close to hawks around Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and the White House, but who was distrusted by the CIA and the State Department." [Based on: Jonathan S. Landay, Knight Ridder Newspapers]

2004 - U.S. Detainee Transfer Memo - March 19th, 2004: "At the request of the CIA, the Justice Department drafted a confidential memo that authorized the agency to transfer detainees out of Iraq for interrogation - a practice that international legal specialists say contravenes the Geneva Conventions. [....] The draft opinion was written by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel and dated March 19th, 2004." [Based on: Dana Priest, The Washington Post, 10/24/04]

2004 - "Against All Enemies" / Richard A. Clark - March 22nd, 2004: "Former Bush counterterrorism coordinator, Richard A. Clark, in his new book [which reaches bookstores today] illustrates the first detailed portrait of the Bush administration's wartime performance by a major participant."

2004 - Western-Style Institutions? / Iraq - March 25th, 2004: "BAGHDAD, Iraq - With less than 100 days until power is handed over to Iraqis, the top U.S. administrator said Wednesday [03/24/04] that he was establishing several Western-style institutions that are expected to put a moderating influence on the fledgling government that takes over June 30. [....] 'One hundred days from now, Iraqis will be sovereign in their own land and responsible for their own future,' Bremer said in an outdoor speech in the Green Zone, the heavily protected area housing coalition headquarters in central Baghdad." [A.P.]

April 2004

2004 - News Conference / President Bush - April 13th, 2004: "In a rare news conference speech this evening, President Bush reportedly said: 'We're changing the world, and the world will be better off and America safer for what we're doing. We are not going to leave; we're going to finish the job.' "

2004 - "Plan of Attack" - April 16th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - President George W. Bush secretly ordered a war plan drawn up against Iraq less than two months after U.S. forces attacked Afghanistan and was so worried the decision would cause a furor he did not tell everyone on his national security team, says a new book on his Iraq policy. Bush feared that if news got out about the Iraq plan as U.S. forces were fighting another conflict, people would think he was too eager for war, journalist Bob Woodward writes in 'Plan of Attack,' a behind-the-scenes account of the 16 months leading to the Iraq invasion." [By Calvin Woodward and Siobhan McDonough, A.P.]

2004 - U.S. Intimidation Tactics / Fallujah, Iraq - April, 2004: "Marines were broadcasting messages by loudspeaker in the city [Fallujah] to agitate insurgents, announcing 'You are cowards for hiding behind women and children. Come out and fight,' and blaring heavy metal music, including AC/DC's 'Shoot to Thrill,' said Marine Lt. Col. Brennan Byrne." [A.P.]

2004 - Global Poverty vs. Military Spending - April 26th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - World finance ministers promised on Sunday [04/25/04] to do more to deal with the crushing burden of global poverty, promising help in such areas as education, debt relief and AIDS. [....] Finance ministers from the world's seven wealthiest countries endorsed a proposal to promote economic development in the Middle East, specifically mentioning the Palestinian areas of the West Bank and Gaza, along with Iraq and Afghanistan. [....] Wolfensohn [World Bank President James Wolfensohn] said he was encouraged that progress had been made and there was a growing realization among wealthy nations that the $900 billion being spent annually on military budgets could not ensure a safer world as long as only $50 billion was being spent on foreign aid. 'This imbalance is just so obviously ludicrous,' he said 'We need to focus on the causes of conflict and the causes of instability.' "

2004 - Prisoner Abuse Photos / Iraq - April 28th, 2004: "The photos were first broadcast Wednesday [04/28/04] on CBS' '60 Minutes II'. [....] World leaders and ordinary Arabs condemned the images." [A.P.]

2004 - Privy to Abuse Photos / George W. Bush - April 28th, 2004: "President Bush said he first saw or heard about the photographs when they were broadcast on the CBS News program '60 Minutes II' on April 28th [2004]." [04/27/04]

May 2004

2004 - Prisoner Abuse Revelations / Iraq - May 4th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The administration is struggling to develop a damage-control strategy to counter the mounting global backlash against the United States over revelations that U.S. military and intelligence personnel abused Iraqi prisoners." [The Washington Post]

2004 - Privy to Abuse Photos / Donald Rumsfeld - May 6th, 2004: "Rumsfeld testified on Friday [05/07/04] that he and Myers first saw most of the photographs [of Iraqi prisoner abuse] - except for those that had appeared in the media - on Thursday evening [05/06/04], and that they had not yet seen several videos of abuse that are reported to be among the investigators' files." [New York Times, 05/09/04]

2004 - Condemnation / Prisoner Abuse, Iraq - May 8th, 2004: "LONDON - The image of a U.S. soldier holding a leash attached to a naked Iraqi prisoner brought more condemnation of the United States on Friday [05/07/04] and some calls for the resignation of Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld." [A.P.]

2004 - Arrested by "Mistake" / Iraqi Prisoners, Iraq - May 11th, 2004: "GENEVA - Up to 90 percent of Iraqi detainees were arrested 'by mistake,' according to coalition intelligence officers cited in a Red Cross report disclosed Monday [05/10/04]. It also said U.S. officers mistreated inmates at the notorious Abu Ghraib prison by keeping them naked in totally dark, empty cells." [A.P.]

2004 - Raided / Ahmad Chalabi - May 21st, 2004: "BAGHDAD, Iraq - Iraq police backed by American soldiers raided the home and offices Thursday [05/20/05] of Ahmad Chalabi, a prominent Iraqi politician once groomed by the Pentagon as a possible replacement for Saddam Hussein." [A.P.]

2004 - Grand Jury Subpoena / Matthew Cooper - May 21st, 2004: "Grand jury subpoenas Cooper and Time for testimony, documents." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

*Trivia: "A federal grand jury has subpoenaed at least two journalists, Tim Russert of NBCs 'Meet The Press' and Matthew Cooper of Time magazine, to testify about whether the White House leaked the identity of an undercover CIA officer to the news media. [....] The investigation follows the disclosure last summer of the identity of Valerie Plame, a CIA officer, by Robert D. Novak, a syndicated columnist who did not identify his sources." [News Services, 05/23/05]

*Trivia: "Cooper agrees [08/24/05] to appear before grand jury after Libby releases him from confidentiality promise." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2004 - Corporate Greed / United States - May 24th, 2004: "Amid an expanding economy and improved productivity, American workers are experiencing sluggish growth in wages. [....] Labor's share of the increase in national income since November 2001, the end of the most recent recession [another word for depression], is the lowest for any recovery since the end of World War II, according to a study from the Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University in Boston. [....] Normally, corporate profits account for about 15 percent to 18 percent of national income growth. This time, the share surged to more than 40 percent." [Chicago Tribune]

2004 - U.S. Fatality Statistics / Iraq - "So far, 46 percent of the 798 Americans killed in the war as of May 26 [2004] have come from small towns outside of metropolitian areas, according to an analysis by the Post-Dispatch of military and U.S. Census statistics. For the analysis, 'small towns' were defined as those of less than 40,000 people located at least 25 miles away from a 'populated place' of 100,000 or more, based on 2000 U.S. Census data. That excludes suburban towns." [St. Louis Post-Dispatch]

June 2004

2004 - Democratic Middle East? - June 2004: "The U.S. government's Energy Information Administration projects that in 20 years, the Persian Gulf will supply between one-half and two-thirds of the oil on the world market - the same percentage as before the 1973 embargo. Fifty years later, in other words, the Middle East will have regained all its old power over oil - and the U.S. government knows it. Whether or not Washington's war in Iraq was directly motivated by oil, American planners clearly hoped it would lay the groundwork for a stable, democratic Middle East - which, among other benefits, would in Washington's view put the world's oil supply in more trustworthy hands." [National Geographic Magazine, June 2004, p. 108]

2004 - Resignation  Announcement / George Tenet - June 4th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - CIA Director George Tenet, battered by Sept. 11 fallout and criticism of Iraq intelligence mistakes, said Thursday [06/03/04] that he would soon resign. [....] Bush said Tenet's deputy, John McLaughlin, would temporarily lead America's spy agency." [A.P.]

*Trivia: "WASHINGTON - George J. Tenet's resignation may have been hastened by a critical, 400-page report from the Senate Intelligence Committee that was presented to the Central Intelligence Agency for comment last month. [....]" [A.P, 06/04/04]

2004 - Status / Radioactive Waste, United States - June 4th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The Senate agreed Thursday [06/03/04] to ease cleanup requirements for tanks holding millions of gallons of highly radioactive waste from Cold War-era bomb making. Critics said the change would leave poisonous sludge in underground tanks and risk contamination of groundwater. An attempt to block the change failed by the narrowest of margins. Senators voted 48-48 on an amendment offered by Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., that would have stripped the provision from a defense authorization bill. The provision allows the Energy Department to reclassify radioactive sludge in 51 tanks at a South Carolinia nuclear site so it can be left in place and covered by concrete, instead of entombed in the Nevada desert. The plan has been approved by South Carolinia officials but criticized by officials in Washington and Idaho, who fear the change would put intense pressure on them to agree to a similar cleanup plan at nuclear sites in their states. The tanks at the Savannah River nuclear complex, near Aiken, S.C., contain 34 million gallons of liquid waste." [A.P.]

*Commentary: "Who needs terrorists when your own political leaders are intent on making bombs and litering the planet with toxic waste?" [Etznab Mathers]

2004 - Unreleased / U.S. Torture Memos - June 9th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Attorney General John Ashcroft faced off Tuesday [06/08/04] with Senate Democrats who demanded that he release memos in which Bush administration lawyers reportedly said that torture may be justified when used against captured al-Qaida terrorists abroad. [....] He said he would not release the memos because President George W. Bush had the right as chief executive to confidential legal advice from the Justice Department. [....] The Post-Dispatch obtained a draft of one of the documents - a March 6, 2003, 'Working Group Report on Detainee Interrogations in the Global War on Terrorism.'
   " 'In order to respect the president's inherent constitutional authority to manage a military campaign, (the prohibition against torture) must be construed as inapplicable to interrogations undertaken pursuant to his Commander-in-Chief authority,' reads one passage that seeks to explain why the federal law banning torture would not apply. '... Congress may no more regulate the president's ability to detain and interrogate enemy combatants than it may regulate his ability to direct troop movements in the battlefield.' [....] '... I am refusing to disclose these memos because I believe it is essential to the operation of the executive branch that the president have the opportunity to get information from his attorney general that is confidential,' Ashcroft said.
   "Durbin challenged Ashcroft, saying: 'Sir, attorney general, with all due respect, your personal belief is not a law, and you are not citing a law and you are not claiming executive privilege. And, frankly, that is what contempt of Congress is all about. You have to give us a specific legal authority which gives you the right to say no or the president has to claim privilege. And you've done neither.'
   "The committee's chairman, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, asked Ashcroft whether the memos were classified.
   " 'Some of these memos may be classified in some ways for some purposes,' Ashcroft responded. 'I don't know.' " [by Karen Branch-Brioso, Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau]

*Trivia "A newly declassified narrative of the Bush administration's advice to the CIA on harsh interrogations [2009] shows that the small group of Justice Department lawyers who wrote memos authorizing controversial interrogation techniques were operating not on their own but with direction from top administration officials, including then-Vice President  Dick Cheney and national security adviser Condoleezza Rice. [NP] At the same time, the narrative suggests that then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and then-Secretary of State Colin Powell were largely left out of the decision-making process. The narrative was posted Wednesday [04/22/09] on the Senate Intelligence Committee's website and released by its former chairman, Sen. Jay Rockefeller, D-W.Va." [Based on: News Services article (Cheney, Rice tied to interrogations), p. A16, S.L.P.D., 04/23/09]

2004 - White House Leak Comment / George W. Bush - June 10th, 2004: "[....] A reporter asked Mr Bush if he would 'stand by your pledge to fire anyone' who leaked the agent's name. 'Yes,' the president answered, adding it would be up to the Justice Department to determine the facts. [....]" [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch article, p. D10, 07/14/05]

2004 - Worldwide Terrorism Decline? / NOT! - June 11th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The State Department acknowledged Thursday [06/10/04] that it was wrong in reporting that terrorism declined worldwide last year, a finding used to boost one of President George W. Bush's chief foreign policy claims - success in countering terrorism. Instead both the number of incidents and the toll in victims increased sharply, the department said. Statements by senior administration officials claiming success were based 'on the facts as we had them at the time. The facts that we had were wrong,' department spokesman Richard Boucher said. The April report said attacks had declined last year to 190, the lowest level in 34 years, and dropped 45 percent since 2001, Bush's first year as president. The department is now working to determine the correct figures." [By Barry Schweid, A.P.]

*Trivia: "Significant acts of terrorism worldwide reached a 21-year high last year [2003], the State Department announced Tuesday [06/22/04] as it corrected a mistaken report that had been cited to boost President George W. Bush's war on terrorism. [....] In all, the department recorded 208 incidents of terrorism last year [2003], compared with 205 in 2002. There were 175 'significant events' in 2003, which Black [J. Cofer Black] said was the highest number since 1982. [....] Thirty-five U.S. citizens died in international terrorist attacks last year [2003]. [....] The report did not include U.S. troops killed or wounded in Iraq, or attacks by resistance fighters against American troops, 'because they were directed at combatants.' Attacks in Iraq against civilians and unarmed military personnel were included. In all, 3,646 people were wounded worldwide in terror attacks last year [2003], the report said. This represented a sharp increase from the 2,013 wounded in 2002. In April [2004], the department had said that 1,593 people were wounded in 2003, a sharp decline from the previous year. The initial report was issued April 29 [2004]. On June 10 [2004], in response to inquiries by Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., and several analysts, the State Department acknowledged the findings were inaccurate. Powell attributed the errors partly to a new data system and said there was no attempt to manipulate the figures to buttress Bush's stature." [A.P., 06/23/04]

2004 - Presidential Criticism / U.S. Diplomats - June 14th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Angered by policies of President George W. Bush that they contend endanger national security, 26 retired U.S. Diplomats and military officers are urging Americans to vote him out of office in November. [....] 'The group does not endorse Kerry, although it more or less goes without saying in the statement,' Harrop [William C. Harrop] said." [A.P.]

2004 - War Coffins Ban / U.S.A. - June 22nd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The Bush administration's policy of barring news photographs of the flag-covered coffins of service members killed in Iraq won the backing of the Republican-controlled Senate on Monday [06/21/04] when lawmakers defeated a Democratic measure to instruct the Pentagon to allow pictures. The 54-39 vote came after little formal debate, with seven Democrats joining 47 Republicans to defeat the provision." [New York Times]

2004 - "Imperial Hubris" - June 23rd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - A new book by the senior CIA officer who headed a special office to track Osama bin Laden and his followers warns that the United States is losing the war against radical Islam. He says the invasion of Iraq has only played into the enemy's hands. In the book, 'Imperial Hubris,' the author is identified only as 'Anonymous.' But former intelligence officials identified him as a 22-year veteran of the CIA who is still serving in a senior counterterrorism post at the agency. They say he headed the bin Laden station from 1996 to 1999. [....] In the book, the author denounced the American invasion of Iraq as 'an avaricious, premeditated unprovoked war against a foe who posed no immediate threat.' " [By Douglas Jehl, New York Times]

2004 - [Corrected] Terrorism Report - June 23rd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Significant acts of terrorism worldwide reached a 21-year high last year, the State Department announced Tuesday [06/22/04] as it corrected a mistaken report that had been cited to boost President George W. Bush's war on terrorism. [....] In all, the department recorded 208 incidents of terrorism last year [2003], compared with 205 in 2002. There were 175 'significant events' in 2003, which Black [J. Cofer Black] said was the highest number since 1982. [....] Thirty-five U.S. citizens died in international terrorist attacks last year [2003]. [....] The report did not include U.S. troops killed or wounded in Iraq, or attacks by resistance fighters against American troops, 'because they were directed at combatants.' Attacks in Iraq against civilians and unarmed military personnel were included. In all, 3,646 people were wounded worldwide in terror attacks last year [2003], the report said. This represented a sharp increase from the 2,013 wounded in 2002. In April [2004], the department had said that 1,593 people were wounded in 2003, a sharp decline from the previous year. The initial report was issued April 29 [2004]. On June 10 [2004], in response to inquiries by Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., and several analysts, the State Department acknowledged the findings were inaccurate. Powell attributed the errors partly to a new data system and said there was no attempt to manipulate the figures to buttress Bush's stature." [By Barry Schweid, A.P.]

2004 - Trivia / U.S. Prisoner Treatment - June 24th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - A letter about the handling of detainees sent in 2002 from the State Department's legal advisor to the Justice Department's deputy assistant attorney general made no attempt at bureaucratic pleasantries. William H. Taft IV said the Justice Department's legal advice to President George W. Bush about how to handle detainees in the war on terrorism was 'seriously flawed' and its reasoning was 'incorrect as well as incomplete.' The Justice Department's arguments were 'contrary to the official position of the United States, the United Nations and all other states that have considered the issue,' Taft said. Taft's Jan. 11 letter, obtained by The Washington Post, was omitted from the hundreds of pages of documents released Tuesday [06/22/04] by the Bush administration. The papers were released as part of an effort to present the administration's policies on detainees since Sept. 11, 2001, as fully compliant with domestic and international law. A fuller picture - of senior administration officials who sought to reinterpret the law and sanction tougher treatment of detainees in the face of strongly expressed internal dissents at the State Department and the military services - emerges from the State Department letter and other previously disclosed memos. [....] Taft, whose role made him the government's principal interpretor of treties, accused Deputy Assistant Attorney General John Yoo in the Jan. 11 letter of preparing advice for Bush based on a series of 'wrong' premises. He also said Yoo's idea that Bush could 'suspend' U.S. obligations to respect the Geneva Conventions was 'legally flawed and procedurally impossible....' On Feb. 7, 2002, Bush signed an order asserting his right to suspend the Geneva Convention protections for Taliban members - contrary to Taft's advice - but saying he had decided not to do so at that time. Bush also declared that all Taliban militia members were 'unlawful combatants' and ineligible for tribunals." [By R. Jeffrey Smith, Washington Post]

2004 - Failed / U.S. War Crimes Exemption - June 24th, 2004: "UNITED NATIONS - Facing global opposition fueled by the Iraqi prisoner abuse scandal, the United States on Wednesday [06/23/04] dropped its attempt to renew a U.N. exemption shielding American troops from international prosecution for war crimes. [....] William Pace, head of the Coalition for an International Criminal Court, which represents more than 1,000 organizations supporting the tribunal, called the U.S. decision 'a victory for international justice.' [....] Last month, the United States circulated a resolution that would have authorized a new one-year exemption after the current one expires next Wednesday [06/30/04]. But it put off a vote to work on a resolution endorsing next week's handover of power in Iraq, which was unanimously adopted on June 8 [2004]." [Based on: Edith M. Lederer, A.P.]

2004 - Transfer of Power / Iraq - June 29th, 2004: "With the passing of a sheaf of documents and a prime minister's oath on a red Quran, the land once ruled by Saddam Hussein received official sovereignty [06/28/04] from U.S. administrators in a secretive ceremony moved up to thwart insurgents' attempts at undermining the transfer." [A.P]

July 2004

2004 - U.S. Employed Shin Bet Forces? / Iraq - July 6th, 2004: "Israeli 'security service' experts, employed by the U.S. military, have played a major role in the interrogation of high-level Iraqi prisoners, according to a leading British journal of global military and intelligence affairs. Interrogators from Shin Bet, one of Israel’s notorious secret services responsible for torturing thousands of Palestinians, have reportedly been working with the U.S. military to 'break' Iraqi prisoners in places likeAbu Ghraib, according to the well-respected Foreign Report, published by Jane’s Information Group (in the United Kingdom). 'At least one aspect of the occupation of Iraq was well planned by Washington. The U.S.A. needed help conducting mass interrogations of Arabic-speaking detainees,' Foreign Report wrote on July 6. 'To make up for this shortfall, the U.S.A. employed Israeli security service (Shin Bet) experts to help their U.S. counterparts ‘break’ their captives. 'Top Shin Bet interrogation experts were sent to Iraq to help with the most difficult interrogations, such as the captured heads of the Iraqi intelligence—and perhaps with former president Saddam Hussein,' Jane’s reported. Jane’s is an independent organization that focuses on intelligence and defense matters and has a worldwide reputation for accuracy and impartiality. An on-line subscription to Foreign Report, where the article was posted on July 6, costs $1,040 per year, according to Melissa Golding at the Jane’s Washington bureau. Many major media outlets subscribe to the on-line service, Golding said. The journal, which is published in London, has no bylines, and the editor does not give interviews. Golding kindly sent American Free Press the full text of the article. While the U.S. mass media is aware of the article published by Jane’s and the extensive U.S.-Israeli cooperation in Iraq, it chooses to withhold this information from the public. The only media report of the Shin Bet interrogators in Iraq came from the Council for the National Interest (CNI), a Washington-based think tank of former diplomats and experts on the Middle East. Asked why the mainstream media would ignore this story, CNI spokesman Terry Walz said: 'The extent to which Israel cooperates with the United States in Iraq is kept deliberately hidden by both parties, because it is an explosive issue. American media has been reluctant to discuss the detail of this alliance. It’s part of the general inability of the press to tell the truth about Israel,' Walz said. U.S. reliance on the Israeli military alliance in the Middle East is so extensive, 'it will be impossible to suppress,' Walz added." [By Christopher Bollyn, A.F.P.]

2004 - "Flawed Data" / Iraq W.M.D. - July 15th, 2004: "LONDON - A report on the merits of intelligence used to justify the Iraq war dealt a blow to Prime Minister Tony Blair on Wednesday [07/14/04] by asserting that intelligence had partly been based on 'seriously flawed' or unsubstantiated information. The report found no evidence of cooperation between Iraq's rulers and al-Qaida and no evidence that Iraq possessed usable stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction. [....] The 200-page report echoed a U.S. Senate committe report released last week [July 2004] that was critical of unsubstantiated U.S. intelligence on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. [....] In a statement to the House of Commons, Blair acknowledged that it was 'increasingly clear' Saddam had no stockpiles of unlawful weapons on the eve of the war." [Cox News Service, 07/15/04]

2004 - NEOCONS / U.S.A. - July 18th, 2004: "I like a guy who won't quit. [....] And I like William Kristol, the editor of The Weekly Standard, the Rupert Murdoch-owned neoconservative newsweekly. Undaunted by the polls, undaunted by the events of the past year, Kristol forges on in defense of the war in Iraq that he and his neocon pals so desperately wanted. [....] The whole neoconservative deal started with Leo Strauss at the University of Chicago teaching young saps that they were philosopher-kings who had to take action that the hoi polloi wouldn't understand. As author James mann discusses in his new book 'The Rise of the Vulcans,' the neocons went to ground during the Clinton administration, waiting for an empty vessel they could fill. Along comes George W. Bush, who had barely ever been out of the country and whose views on foreign policy were - shall we say - unformed. By the time you looked around, the neocons had set up shop: Scooter Libby was running Vice President Dick Cheney's office, which was running the White House; and Cheney's old pal and boss, Donald Rumsfeld, was running the Pentagon with the help of Paul Wolfowitz and Douglas Feith; and every eager-beaver Young Republican in the country was walking around with The Weekly Standard in his jacket pocket; and they had Bush so locked, cocked and ready to rock that the dust at Ground Zero was still settling and he was already looking for an excuse to invade Iraq. So now all the flesh has been ripped off the fish by predators (Democrats, media people, Quisling Republicans); CIA director George Tenet has been tossed over the side (wait 'til he writes his book) , as has Ahmed Chalabi, war provocateur and one-time neocon poster child. The president has made nice with France, of all places, and checked in with the United Nations before installing Chalabi's old rival as Iraq's prime minister. It's a bad time to be a neocon. All of their assumptions were wrong. Postwar Iraq turned out to be a dog's breakfast. The high-tech, hi-speed Army is so desperate for soldiers it's planning to offer bonuses of up to $10,000 to sailors and airmen who would otherwise muster out of the Navy and Air Force. The weapons of mass destruction haven't been found and democracy isn't flowering. But still, Bill Kristol is standing tall." [From article by Kevin Horrigan, St-Louis Post-Dispatch, 07/18/04]

2004 - Declassified / Secret Pre-911 U.S. Hijack Data - July 18th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - A secret intelligence report prepared for President Bill Clinton in December 1998 reported on a suspected plot by Osama bin Laden to hijack a U.S. airliner in an effort to force the United States to release imprisoned conspirators in the 1993 World Trade Center attacks. The one-page declassified version of the President's Daily Brief dated Dec. 4, 1998, contains chilling information the CIA had gleaned from several sources indicating that al-Qaida was working with U.S.-based operatives of the Egyptian group Gama at al-Islamiyya in the purported hijack plot. The briefing shows that the intelligence community and the White House were aware of al-Qaida's interest in hijacking U.S. airliners long before the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. The day the briefing was prepared, then-CIA director George Tenet said in a memo that 'we are at war,' and that no resources should be spared to defeat the terrorists. A report by the presidential commission investigating the Sept. 11 attacks will include the newly declassified document and a previously declassified presidential briefing from Aug. 6, 2001, when it is released this week. It will also contain details of what the commission's executive director, Philip Zelikow, described Saturday [07/17/04] as an 'energetic response' to the hijack threat information by the Clinton administration, including its efforts to determine if the reports were true. The Aug. 6, 2001, brief prepared for President George W. Bush mentioned 1998 intelligence concerning a plot by bin-Laden 'to hijack a U.S. aircraft to gain the release of 'Blind Sheik' Omar Abdel Rahman and other U.S.-held extremists.' The 2001 brief said intelligence officials 'have not been able to corroborate' the plot reports from 1998. The 1998 brief is titled: 'Bin Laden preparing to hijack U.S. aircraft and other attacks.' It was declassified, with some parts covered up, by the White House last Monday [July 2004] at the request of the Sept. 11 commission. The text of the 1998 brief was read to a reporter by an administration official. [....] A White House official said Saturday [07/17/04] that the Bush national security team was not apprised by the Clinton administration about the intelligence report on a suspected hijack plot to free Rahman." [By Susan Schmidt, The Washington Post

2004 - Final Report / 911 Commission - July 23rd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The 567-page report issued Thursday [07/22/04] about what went wrong during the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, boils down to a simple conclusion: The federal government at all levels, did not do its most important job, that of defending the country." [Based on: St. Louis Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau article]

2004 - Copies Mailed / "911 In Plane Site" - July 2004: "In July of 2004, The Power Hour mailed DVD copies of  '911 In Plane Site' to 20 government agencies including The DoD, The U.S. House of Representatives, The Senate, The CIA, The FBI, The Department of Homeland Security, & The President of The United States. To date, we have received only one response to our inquiry. Below [see link] is a copy of the letter we sent to Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld. [....]" [Based on: http://www.911inplanesite.com/dod.htm]

August 2004

2004 - Above the Law? / White House Counsel - August 5th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Attorneys for President George W. Bush's administration ignored the law and their own professional obligations in preparing memos justifying the use of torture against suspected foreign terrorists, legal experts said Wednesday [08/04/04]. [....] The memos 'amount to advice by government lawyers as to how members of the executive branch can violate the statutes and treaties of the United States and nevertheless avoid prosecution,' said John Gibbons, a former federal appeals court judge. 'That's clearly a step over the line in appropriate lawyer conduct.' [....] The memos on torture were prepared  by counsel for the White House and the Departments of Defense and Justice. The documents ignore and misinterpret the U.S. Constitution and laws, international treaties and rules of international law,' the critics said in their statement to Bush and Congress. The lawyers who approved and signed these memoranda have not met their high obligation to defend the Constitution,' said the statement, which also went to Vice President Dick Cheney, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Attorney General John Ashcroft." [Cox News Service]

2004 - Arrest Warrants / Ahmad & Salem Chalabi - August 9th, 2004: "BAGHDAD, Iraq - An Iraqi judge has issued an arrest warrant for Ahmad Chalabi, the one-time Iraqi exile long favored by the Pentagon and Vice President Dick Cheney, accusing him of counterfeiting Iraqi currency, it was learned Sunday [08/08/04]. The judge in Baghdad simultaneously issued a warrant for Chalabi's nephew, Salem Chalabi, on murder charges." [By Tom Lasseter & Warren P. Strobel, Knight Ridder Newspapers]

2004 - Above the Law? / United States - August 10th, 2004: "ATLANTA - The nation's largest lawyers group condemned the government's handling of foreign detainees Monday [08/09/04]. The American Bar Association criticized what it called 'a wide-spread pattern of abusive detention methods.' Those abuses, it said, 'feed terrorism by painting the United States as an arrogant nation above the law.' [....] Some members complained that the  nonpartisan group, with more than 400,000 members, was getting too political, especially as the presidential election nears." [By Gina Holland, A.P.]

2004 - CIA Director Nominee / Porter Goss - August 11th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - President George W. Bush on Tuesday [08/10/04] nominated as CIA director Rep. Porter Goss, R-Fla., a man widely seen as well-qualified but whose selection touched off a firestorm of criticism on political grounds." [By Philip Dine, Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau]

*Trivia: "The Republican congressman selected by President George W. Bush to run the CIA worked as an agency officer overseeing spies in Central America and Western Europe during the 1960's until a mysterious infection forced his retirement from the world of cloak and dagger. [....] Goss, 65, a multimillionaire who rose in local and then national politics after his recovery from illness, has never disclosed details of his CIA employment from roughly 1960 to 1971 except to reveal that he worked in Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Mexico - all tumultuous countries during that decade of the Cold War. Goss was transferred to Europe toward the end of his career. [....] Goss, who speaks Spanish and French, started with the CIA in Miami about the time of the Cuban missle crisis. [....] Goss suffered a mysterious blood infection in 1970; he was so weak during his recovery that the CIA refused to send him back into the field, so he retired. Goss, who is married with four grown children moved to southwest Florida in 1971 to recuperate among a small enclave of former espionage officers. There he founded the newspaper the Island Reporter with two other ex-spy partners and participated in other lucrative business ventures. He served in local politics - becoming Sanibel Island's first mayor in 1974 - and won his seat in Congress in 1988." [By Ted Bridis, A.P.]

2004 - Grand Jury Subpoena / Judith Miller - August 12th, 14th, 2004: "Grand jury subpoenas N.Y. Times reporter Judith Miller, who gathered material for story but did not write one." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

*Trivia: "Miller held [10/07/04] in contempt." [Based on: News Reports, p. A5 S.L.P.D., 10/28/05]

2004 - Possible Beheading / CIA Agent, Iraq - August 12th, 2004: "CAIRO, Egypt - An Islamic Web site carried a videotape Wednesday [08/11/04] that appeared to show militants in Iraq beheading a man identified as a CIA agent. The authenticity of the videotape could not be immediately verified." [A.P.]

2004 - Mentioned by CNN / Project for the New American Century - "A televised CNN News report today [08/21/04] mentioned The Project for the New American Century. Below are quotes [see link] that appeared on the PNAC Web site opening page." [E.M.] [Link: 1]

   "The Project for the New American Century is a non-profit educational organization dedicated to a few fundamental propositions: that American leadership is good both for America and for the world; that such leadership requires military strength, diplomatic energy and commitment to moral principle; and that too few political leaders today are making the case for global leadership."  [William Kristol, Chairman]

   "The Project for the New American Century intends, through issue briefs, research papers, advocacy journalism, conferences, and seminars, to explain what American world leadership entails. It will also strive to rally support for a vigorous and principled policy of American international involvement and to stimulate useful public debate on foreign and defense policy and America's role in the world." [William Kristol, Chairman]

2004 - Released From Confidentiality Promise / Matthew Cooper - August 24th, 2004: "Cooper agrees to appear before grand jury after Libby releases him from confidentiality promise." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2004 - Allegations / Israeli Spying - U.S. Pentagon - August 28th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The FBI is investigating whether an analyst for the Pentagon's No. 3 official [Douglas J. Feith] acted as a spy for Israel, giving the country classified materials about secret White House deliberations on Iran, two federal law enforcement officials said Friday [08/27/04]." [A.P.]

*Trivia: "The inquiry, which has been going on for more than two years, also has focused on other civilians in the secretary of defense's office, said the sources, who spoke on condition they not be identified, but who have firsthand knowledge of the subject. [....] Feith's office, which overseas policy matters, has been the source of numerous controversies over the last three years. His office had close ties to Chalabi and was responsible for postwar Iraq planning that the administration has now acknowledged was inadequate. Before the war, Feith and his aides pushed the now-discredited theory that former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein was in league with al-Qaida." [By Warren P. Strobel, Knight Ridder Newspapers, 08/29/04]

*Trivia: "FBI agents searched files and served subpoenas Wednesday [12/01/04] at the offices of a major pro-Israel lobbying organization as part of an investigation into whether Israel improperly obtained classified information on Iran. The search at the offices of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee was disclosed in a statement by the organization, which repeated that it is cooperating 'in order to get these false and baseless allegations put to rest fully and swiftly.' The FBI previously searched AIPAC's offices on Aug. 27 [2004]. The FBI and Justice Department declined comment. The Israeli government has denied spying on the United States [News Services, 12/02/04]

September 2004

2004 - Trivia / Iraq Casualties - "According to the ministry [Iraqi Health Ministry], the interim Iraqi government recorded 3,487 Iraqi deaths in 15 of the country's 18 provinces from April 5 [2004] - when the ministry began compiling the data - until Sept. 19 [2004]. Of those, 328 were women and children. Another 13,726 Iraqis were injured, the ministry said. [....] Many Iraqi deaths, especially of insurgents, are never reported, so the actual number of Iraqis killed in fighting could be significantly higher. During the same period, 432 American soldiers were killed. [....] Nearly a third of the Iraqi dead - 1,122 - were killed in August [2004], according to the statistics. May [2004] was the second deadliest month, with 749 Iraqis killed. Most of those killed lived in Baghdad; the ministry found that 1,068 had died in the capital." [Based on: Nancy A. Youssef, Knight Ridder Newspapers, 09/26/04]

2004 - Illegal? / War in Iraq - September 17th, 2004: "LONDON - The United States and its coalition partners defended the war in Iraq on Thursday after U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan asserted that it was illegal because it didn't have Security Council support." [A.P.]

2004 - Iraq War Intelligence / Tony Blair - September 29th, 2004: "BRIGHTON, England - Prime Minister Tony Blair acknowledged to his Labor Party Tuesday [09/28/04] that the intelligence used to justify the invasion of Iraq had been wrong. [....] 'The evidence about Saddam having actual biological and chemical weapons, as opposed to the capability to develop them, has turned out to be wrong,' Blair said." [A.P.]

October 2004

2004 - Trivia / WMD, Iraq - October 7th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Contradicting the main argument for a war that has cost more than 1,000 American lives, the top U.S. arms inspector [Charles Duelfer] said Wednesday [10/06/04] he found no evidence that Iraq produced weapons of mass destruction after 1991. [....] Contrary to prewar statements by President George W. Bush, Saddam did not have chemical and biological stockpiles when the war began and his nuclear capabilities were deteriorating, not advancing, Duelfar said." [Based on: Ken Guggenheim, A.P.]

2004 - Held in Contempt / Judith Miller - October 7th, 2004: "Miller held in contempt." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2004 - Held in Contempt / Matthew Cooper & Time - October 13th, 2004: "Cooper, Time held in contempt." [Based on: Illustrated Timeline, p. A13, S.L.P.D., 10/30/05]

2004 - Trivia / Prisoner Abuse, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - October 17th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - many detainees at Guantanamo Bay were regularly subjected to harsh and coercive treatment, several people who worked in the prison said in recent interviews, despite long-standing assertations by military officials that such treatment had not been used except in some isolated cases.
  "In interviews with the New York Times, military guards, intelligence agents and others describe a range of procedures that included treatment they said was highly abusive. They said it took place over a long period of time, as well as rewards for prisoners who cooperated with interrogators.
   "One regular procedure that was described by people who worked at Camp Delta, the main prison facility at the naval base in Cuba, was making uncooperative prisoners strip to their underpants, having them sit in a chair while shackled to a bolt in the floor. The prisoners were then forced to endure strobe lights and screamingly loud rock and rap music played through two close loudspeakers, while the air conditioning was turned up to maximum levels, said one military official who witnessed the procedure.
   "The official said that was designed to make the detainees uncomfortable, as they were accustomed to high temperatures both in their native countries and in their cells.
   "Such sessions could last for up to 14 hours with breaks, said the official, who described the treatment after being contacted by The Times." [By Neil A. Lewis, New York Times News Service]

*Trivia: "[....] In a story published last fall [2004] in The New York Times Magazine, a senior Bush adviser explained the administration's concept of reality to former Wall Street Journal correspondent Ron Suskind. 'We're an empire now,' the adviser declared. 'When we act, we create our own reality.' [....]" [Based on: article by Eric Mink, S.L.P.D., p. B7, 06/22/05]

2004 - Revelation / U.S. Detainee Transfer Memo - October 24th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - At the request of the CIA, the Justice Department drafted a confidential memo that authorized the agency to transfer detainees out of Iraq for interrogation - a practice that international legal specialists say contravenes the Geneva Conventions. [....] The draft opinion was written by the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel and dated March 19th, 2004." [Based on: Dana Priest, The Washington Post]

November 2004

2004 - President George W. Bush / Second Term - November 3rd, 2004: "Democratic candidate, Sen. John Kerry, conceded the 2004 presidential election to incumbent president George W. Bush this afternoon [11/03/04]." [E.M.]

*Trivia: "The Masonic bankers during the last 25 years have lent money to the governments of the industrial nations, which find it harder and harder to repay their enormous debt. The private sector has become exactly that much richer. This monetary power has enough money to stop any intransigent [uncompromising] politicians. Popularly elected politicians no longer have any means of conducting the policies they wish. They cannot take back their power until the debts are paid. For every dollar borrowed, the politicians relinquish more power. The developing countries are in much worse situation. They are not even able to pay interest on their loans." [Based on: Juri Lina, The Barnes Review, September/October 2004, p. 13]

Trivia:

* "Reportedly, the first American V-2 Rocket was launched in April 1946. About three months later [July 6th, 1946], George W. Bush was born.
* "After George W. Bush was declared the winner of the presedential election in December 2000, Mexico's Popocatepetl volcano initiated its largest eruption in 1,200 years.
* "After the first U.S. presidential debate [09/30/04] of 2004, Mount St. Helens began erupting [10/01/04] for the first time in 18 years! (not a lava-dome collapse, but an eruption) Incidentally, that presidential debate was held in the state of Florida, a state previously impacted by four hurricanes!
* "The day before the U.S. presidential election [11/01/04] of 2004, as incumbent President George W. Bush was running for his second term, a volcano erupted on Iceland's Grimsvotn mountain [for the first time in six years].
* "On the day after Sen. John Kerry conceded the 2004 presidential election to incumbent President George W. Bush [11/03/04], the nearly 300-year-old Prince George's County courthouse [Maryland] erupted into a spectacular five-alarm blaze!" [E.M.]

2004 - Trivia / U.S. Federal Debt - November 18th, 2004: WASHINGTON - A divided Senate approved an $800 billion increase in the federal debt limit Wednesday [11/17/04], a major boost in borrowing that Sen. John Kerry and other Democrats blamed on the fiscal policies of President George W. Bush. The mostly party line vote (52-44) was expected to be followed by House passage today [11/18/04]. Enactment would raise the government's borrowing lmit to $8.18 trillion - more than eight times the total federal debt that existed when President Ronald Reagan took office in 1981. [....] The government reached its $7.38 trillion borrowing cap last month [October 2004], and since then, the Treasury Department has paid bills by taking cash from a civil service retirement account, which it plans to repay. [....] Failure to raise the debt ceiling could force a federal default and leave the government unable to pay Social Security recipients, federal workers and other obligations." [A.P.]

December 2004

2004 - FBI Search / AIPAC - December 2nd, 2004: "FBI agents searched files and served subpoenas Wednesday [12/01/04] at the offices of a major pro-Israel lobbying organization as part of an investigation into whether Israel improperly obtained classified information on Iran. The search at the offices of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee was disclosed in a statement by the organization, which repeated that it is cooperating 'in order to get these false and baseless allegations put to rest fully and swiftly.' The FBI previously searched AIPAC's offices on Aug. 27 [2004]. The FBI and Justice Department declined comment. The Israeli government has denied spying on the United States [News Services]

2004 - Revelations / U.S. Prisoner Abuse - December 8th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - More than two months after the Abu Ghraib prison scandal in Iraq shocked the world, an official memo reported that military intelligence officers witnessed further prisoner abuse in Baghdad but were threatened to prevent them from reporting it. The memo was the most recent in a collection of government documents released Tuesday [12/07/04]. It was dated June 25 and written by Vice Adm. Lowell E. Jacoby, who directs the Defense Intelligence Agency. [....] [...] documents released Tuesday [12/07/04] reveal that senior U.S. officials, who claimed they were unaware of the abuse, were repeatedly informed of accusations of abuse through official channels. They also suggest that these and other reports of abuse failed to trigger investigations into what increasingly appears to have been a widespread pattern of prisoner abuse in Afghanistan, Iraq, and at the Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba. [....]" [Knight Ridder Newspapers

2004 - Senate Passage / U.S. Intelligence Bill - December 9th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - The Senate gave final passage Wednesday [12/08/04] to the bill putting a single director in charge of the nation's spy agencies, capping a contentious, five-month legaslative push to respond to the recommendations of the Sept. 11 Commission that investigated the 2001 terrorist attacks. [....] The director will serve as the president's chief intelligence advisor. [....] That panel [911 panel] found that the lack of a single, powerful intelligence director had contributed to a culture in which the nation's 15 spy agencies often hoarded information rather than sharing it. [....]" [Los Angeles Times]

2004 - Revelation / Prisoner Abuse, Iraq - December 15th, 2004: "SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico - U.S. Marines used electric shock on one prisoner and set fire to a puddle of solvent that burned a prisoner, according to U.S. Navy documents released Tuesday [12/14/04]. The documents portray a series of abuse cases stretching beyond the incidents at Abu Ghraib prison outside Baghdad. The files detail a crush of abuse allegations, most from the early months of the U.S. occupation of Iraq. The approximately 10,000 files include investigation reports from the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and witness interviews. All names have been blacked out in the documents, which were released under a federal court ruling. The American Civil Liberties Union, the Center for Constitution Rights and other organizations had sought the records under the Freedom of Information Act. [....]" [A.P.]

2004 - Indefinate Retentions Rejected / Britian - December 17th, 2004: "LONDON - Britain's highest court ruled Thursday [12/16/04] that the British government could not indefinately detain foreigners suspected of terrorism without charging or trying them. It called the process a violation of European human rights laws. A nine-judge panel in the House of Lords ruled 8-1 in favor of nine foreign, Muslim men who have been in detention, most of them in Belmarsh Prison in London, for as long as three years. The prison has been called 'Britian's Guantanamo' by human rights groups. [....] The ruling by the Law Lords, a panel of senior judges who sit in the House of Lords and act as the country's highest court, parallels a June decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that said 'a state of war is not a blank check for the president.' " [New York Times]

2004 - Signed / U.S. Intelligence Law - December 18th, 2004: "WASHINGTON - President George W. Bush on Friday [12/17/04] signed the largest overhaul of U.S. intelligence-gathering in a half-century. [....] The new law establishes a national intelligence center and a poewerful new position of national intelligence director to oversee the nation's 15 separate intelligence agencies. [....] The president also made a point of saying the intelligence director would have complete control over spending by being responsible for both determining the intelligence agencies' annual budgets and directing how the funds are spent. [....] The new law makes the most far-reaching changes to U.S. intelligence-gathering and analysis in nearly 60 years, since the CIA, Department of Defense and national Security Council were created as the Cold War emerged in the wake of World War II. [....]" [A.P.]

2004 - Damages? / U.S. Prisoner Abuse, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba - December 18th, 2004: "PARIS - A Briton released from the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, told Europe's top human rights body Friday [12/17/04] that he was beaten, shackled, kept in a cramped cage and fed rotten food as part of 'systematic abuse' in American custody. [....] Al-Harith, 37, is a Web site designer and father of three from Manchester, England. He said he was kept mostly in a wire cage and given food marked '10 to 12 years beyond their usable date' as well as 'black and rotten' fruit. Sometimes unmuzzled dogs were brought to the cage and encouraged to bark, he said. [....] He and three other Britons were released in March and have filed a suit in a U.S. court seeking $10 million each in damages. They were never charged and maintain that they were innocents caught up in the the American war on terrorism. They were denied access to lawyers, as are most prisoners at Guantanamo. [....]" [A.P.]

2004 - Trivia / Prisoner Abuse, Abu Ghraib - December 22nd, 2004: "WASHINGTON - Internal Army investigations into the suspicious deaths of several Iraqi detainees were cut short when authorities lost records, failed to conduct autopsies and contaminated evidence, according to government documents made public Tuesday [12/21/04] amid mounting questions over prisoner abuses by the U.S. military. [....] They also report new allegations of mistreatment that include mock executions, death threats during interrogations and the use of dogs to force frightened prisoners to urinate at the U.S.-run Abu Ghraib prison near Baghdad. [....]" [Los Angeles Times]

2004 - Statistics Trivia / Terrorist Attacks 2004, Iraq - "Last year [2004], The New York Times reported a statistical breakdown of terrorist attacks in Iraq that left my jaw hanging. According to these figures, the nation was sustaining about 2,300 such strikes a month. That works out to 76 bombings, shootings, mortar attacks and land mine explosions every day in a nation about the size of California. [....]" [Based on article by Leonard Pitts, The Miami Herald - S.L.P.D. posting, p. B3, 02/06/05]

2004 - The High Priests of War - 2004:

A new book just published at the American Free Press by Michael Collins Piper, “The High Priests of War: The Secret History of How America’s Neo-Conservative Trotskyites Came to Power and Orchestrated the War Against Iraq as the First Step in Their Drive for Global Empire,” details the early plans for a war against the Arab world by Henry Kissinger and the neo-cons in the late 1960s and early 1970s. That just happens to coincide with getting the DU “show on the road” and the oil crisis in the Middle East, which caused concern not only to President Nixon. The British had been plotting and scheming for control of the oil in Iraq for decades since first using poison gas on the Iraqis and Kurds in 1912.

The book details the creation of the neo-cons by their “godfather” and Trotsky lover Irving Kristol, who pushed for a “war against terrorism” long before 9/11 and was lavishly funded for years by the CIA. His son, William Kristol, is one of the most influential men in the United States.

Both are public relations men for the Israeli lobby’s neo-conservative network, with strong ties to Rupert Murdoch. Kissinger also has ties to this network and the Carlyle Group, who, one could say, have facilitated these omnicidal wars beginning from the time former President Bush took office. It would be easy to say that we are recycling World Wars I and II, with the same faces.

When I asked Vietnam Special Ops Green Beret Capt. John McCarthy, who could have devised this omnicidal plan to use DU to destroy the genetic code and genetic future of large populations of Arabs and Moslems in the Middle East and Central Asia - just coincidentally the areas where most of the world’s oil deposits are located - he replied: “It has all the handprints of Henry Kissinger.”

[Based on: http://www.sfbayview.com/081804/Depleteduranium081804.shtml]

January 2005

Page last updated 01/09/13